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Tag Archive: Bushehr


NUKEWARS


by Staff Writers
Muscat (AFP) March 13, 2014

 

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif of Shiite Iran on Thursday sought to allay concerns among mainly Sunni Muslim Gulf Arab monarchies mistrustful of Tehran over its nuclear ambitions.

“Our message to the other countries of the Persian Gulf is a message of friendship, fraternity and cooperation,” Zarif said in the Omani capital Muscat, where he is accompanying President Hassan Rouhani on a landmark visit.

The sultanate maintains strong links with Tehran, and has played an important intermediary role between Western countries and the Islamic republic.

Gulf Arab countries have expressed concern about the reliability of Iran’s sole nuclear power plant at Bushehr and the risk of radioactive leaks in case of a major earthquake, as well as a possible military dimension to Iran’s nuclear drive.

Iran insists that its atomic ambitions are peaceful, despite fears in Israel and the West that these mask a covert drive to acquire the bomb.

“Iran is ready for strong and fraternal relations with all the states of the region,” said Zarif, who has embarked on a charm offensive towards the Gulf since Rouhani became Iran’s president in August.

 

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NUKEWARS

Iran’s Rouhani extends hand to Gulf monarchies


by Staff Writers
Muscat (AFP) March 13, 2014

 

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani sought Thursday to mend fences between his mainly-Shiite country and Sunni-dominated Gulf monarchies distrustful of Iran’s nuclear ambitions and its support of the Syrian regime.

Rouhani, winding up a two-day visit to Oman, said the Islamic republic offered “a hand of fraternity to all the countries of the region.”

“Relations with one country should not grow at the expense of another. We want to see the countries of the region live in peace, understanding and friendship,” Rouhani told a business gathering in Muscat.

The sultanate maintains strong links with Iran and has played an important role as mediator between Western countries and Tehran.

But other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which besides Oman also comprises Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, have cool relations with Tehran.

Its Arab neighbours have expressed concern about the reliability of Iran’s sole nuclear power plant at Bushehr in the southern Gulf and the risk of radioactive leaks should it be hit by a major earthquake.

Like world powers, they also fear a possible military dimension to Iran’s nuclear drive, despite repeated assertions by Tehran that its atomic ambitions are peaceful.

Ties between Gulf countries and Iran have also been strained by Tehran’s backing of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime in its battle against rebels supported by the Arab monarchies.

“Cooperation and rapprochement would benefit the whole region,” said Rouhani, adding that his country is “open to investors from the region, especially Omanis.”

Oman and Iran are seeking to expand trade, which reached $1 billion last year, and bilateral investments which they expect will top $10 billion by the end of this year, Iranian Ambassador Ali Akbar Sibeveih said Monday.

 

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Earth Watch Report  –  Nuclear Event

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12.06.2013 Nuclear Event Iran Province of Bushehr, [Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

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Nuclear Event in Iran on Wednesday, 12 June, 2013 at 03:25 (03:25 AM) UTC.

Description
Iran’s Russian-built Bushehr nuclear power plant has suffered a malfunction in its main generator, the Islamic Republic’s ambassador to Moscow said on Monday. Mahmoud Reza Sadjadi did not specify the nature of the malfunction or make clear whether it has caused the plant’s shutdown, Russia’s state Itar-TASS news agency reported. But he stressed that this fault was not caused by the series of earthquakes that shook Iran in recent weeks. “In close cooperation, our and Russian specialists are undertaking efforts to fix the malfunction,” Sadjadi was quoted as saying. He added that the fault “was linked to the work of the generator” and had occurred some time ago, but provided no other details. Bushehr is Iran’s only nuclear power plant and is located on the Gulf in the southern section of the country. The plant was officially opened in September 2011. Its initial construction was begun by Germany in the 1975 before being dropped because of Iran’s Islamic revolution.

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Iran Nuclear

FILE – In this Oct. 26, 2010, file photo, a worker rides a bike in front of the reactor building of the Bushehr nuclear power plant, just outside the southern city of Bushehr, Iran. Several countries monitoring Iran’s nuclear program have picked up information that the country’s only power-producing nuclear reactor was damaged by one or more of several recent earthquakes, with long cracks appearing in at least one section of the structure, two diplomats said Tuesday June 4, 2013.

MEHR NEWS AGENCY, MAJID ASGARIPOUR, FILE — AP Photo

Iran: Bushehr nuclear plant has generator problem

Published: June 10, 2013

— Iran’s Russian-built nuclear power plant has had an electric generator malfunction, an Iranian official said Monday.

The flaw at the Bushehr plant wasn’t caused by recent earthquakes in Iran, Mahmoud Reza Sajjadi, Iran’s ambassador to Russia, was quoted by the ITAR-Tass news agency as saying.

Sajjadi said Russian and Iranian experts are trying to fix the problem, without saying when it occurred or whether it led to the plant’s shutdown.

Russia’s state-controlled Rosatom nuclear agency, which built the plant, had no comment on Sajjadi’s statement.

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Earthquakes

Iran Seismic Activity continues 3 more  EQ  april th  2013 photo IranSeismicActivitycontinues3moreEQaprilth2013_zpse8b20b0c.jpg

4.4 86km ESE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-19 18:33:01 28.561°N 51.594°E 40.1

M4.4 – 86km ESE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-19 18:33:01 UTC

Earthquake location 28.561°N, 51.594°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-04-19 18:33:01 UTC
  2. 2013-04-19 23:03:01 UTC+04:30 at epicenter
  3. 2013-04-19 13:33:01 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

28.561°N 51.594°E depth=40.1km (24.9mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 86km (53mi) ESE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran
  2. 86km (53mi) SSE of Borazjan, Iran
  3. 100km (62mi) WSW of Firuzabad, Iran
  4. 117km (73mi) S of Kazerun, Iran
  5. 278km (173mi) NNE of Manama, Bahrain

4.2 52km N of Dowlatabad, Iran 2013-04-19 20:22:39 33.275°N 51.654°E 15.5

M4.2 – 52km N of Dowlatabad, Iran 2013-04-19 20:22:39 UTC

 

Earthquake location 33.275°N, 51.654°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-04-19 20:22:39 UTC
  2. 2013-04-20 00:52:39 UTC+04:30 at epicenter
  3. 2013-04-19 15:22:39 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

33.275°N 51.654°E depth=15.5km (9.6mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 52km (32mi) N of Dowlatabad, Iran
  2. 64km (40mi) N of Khomeyni Shahr, Iran
  3. 65km (40mi) N of Rehnan, Iran
  4. 67km (42mi) W of Ardestan, Iran
  5. 269km (167mi) S of Tehran, Iran

5.0 57km NNW of Kish, Iran 2013-04-19 21:41:05 27.060°N 53.860°E 10.0

M5.0 – 57km NNW of Kish, Iran 2013-04-19 21:41:05 UTC

 

Earthquake location 27.060°N, 53.860°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-04-19 21:41:05 UTC
  2. 2013-04-20 02:11:05 UTC+04:30 at epicenter
  3. 2013-04-19 16:41:05 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

27.060°N 53.860°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 57km (35mi) NNW of Kish, Iran
  2. 72km (45mi) SSW of Gerash, Iran
  3. 84km (52mi) SW of Lar, Iran
  4. 115km (71mi) WNW of Bandar-e Lengeh, Iran
  5. 291km (181mi) N of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Tectonic Summary

Seismotectonics of the Middle East and Vicinity

No fewer than four major tectonic plates (Arabia, Eurasia, India, and Africa) and one smaller tectonic block (Anatolia) are responsible for seismicity and tectonics in the Middle East and surrounding region. Geologic development of the region is a consequence of a number of first-order plate tectonic processes that include subduction, large-scale transform faulting, compressional mountain building and crustal extension.

Mountain building in northern Pakistan and Afghanistan is the result of compressional tectonics associated with collision of the India plate moving northwards at a rate of 40 mm/yr with respect to the Eurasia plate. Continental thickening of the northern and western edge of the India subcontinent has produced the highest mountains in the world, including the Himalayan, Karakoram, Pamir and Hindu Kush ranges. Earthquake activity and faulting found in this region, as well as adjacent parts of Afghanistan and India, are due to collisional plate tectonics.

Beneath the Pamir-Hindu Kush Mountains of northern Afghanistan, earthquakes occur to depths as great as 200 km as a result of remnant lithospheric subduction. Shallower crustal earthquakes in the Pamir-Hindu Mountains occur primarily along the Main Pamir Thrust and other active Quaternary faults, which accommodate much of the region’s crustal shortening. The western and eastern margins of the Main Pamir Thrust display a combination of thrust and strike-slip mechanisms.

Along the western margin of the Tibetan Plateau, in the vicinity of southeastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the India plate translates obliquely relative to the Eurasia plate, resulting in a complex fold-and-thrust belt known as the Sulaiman Range. Faulting in this region includes strike-slip, reverse-slip and oblique-slip motion and often results in shallow, destructive earthquakes. The relatively fast moving left-lateral, strike-slip Chaman Fault system in southeastern Afghanistan accommodates translational motion between the India and Eurasia plates. In 1505, a segment of the Chaman Fault system near Kabul, Afghanistan ruptured causing widespread destruction of Kabul and surrounding villages. In the same region, the more recent 30 May 1935, M7.6 Quetta, Pakistan earthquake, occurred within the Sulaiman Range, killing between 30,000 and 60,000 people.

Off the south coast of Pakistan and southeast coast of Iran, the Makran trench is the present-day surface expression of active subduction of the Arabia plate beneath the continental Eurasia plate, which converge at a rate of approximately 20 mm/yr. Although the Makran subduction zone has a relatively slow convergence rate, it has produced large devastating earthquakes and tsunamis. For example, the November 27, 1945 M8.0 mega-thrust earthquake produced a tsunami within the Gulf of Oman and Arabia Sea, killing over 4,000 people. Northwest of this active subduction zone, collision of the Arabia and Eurasia plates forms the approximately 1,500-km-long fold and thrust belt of the Zagros Mountains, which crosses the whole of western Iran and extends into northeastern Iraq. Collision of the Arabia and Eurasia plates also causes crustal shortening in the Alborz Mountains and Kopet Dag in northern Iran. Eastern Iran experiences destructive earthquakes that originate on both strike-slip and reverse faults. For example, the 16 September 1978 M7.8 earthquake, along the southwest edge of the Dasht-e-Lut Basin killed at least 15,000 people.

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A Total of 16 Earthquakes in Iran over the  past six days

5.0 57km NNW of Kish, Iran 2013-04-19 21:41:05 27.060°N 53.860°E 10.0
4.4 86km ESE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-19 18:33:01 28.561°N 51.594°E 40.1
4.8 27km W of Marand, Iran 2013-04-18 10:39:39 38.435°N 45.456°E 10.0
4.8 116km E of Khash, Iran 2013-04-17 04:53:26 28.245°N 62.403°E 54.2
5.7 107km E of Khash, Iran 2013-04-17 03:15:53 28.189°N 62.308°E 68.3
4.0 93km WSW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-16 22:50:23 28.487°N 51.700°E 10.1
4.6 79km ESE of Khash, Iran 2013-04-16 19:14:51 27.842°N 61.898°E 56.3
4.1 117km E of Khash, Iran 2013-04-16 13:54:01 28.172°N 62.407°E 65.2
7.8 83km E of Khash, Iran 2013-04-16 10:44:20 28.107°N 62.053°E 82.0
4.3 96km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-14 12:32:18 28.248°N 51.850°E 10.9
4.3 96km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-14 12:32:18 28.248°N 51.850°E 10.9
4.3 96km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-14 12:32:18 28.248°N 51.850°E 10.9
4.3 102km WSW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-14 09:09:41 28.344°N 51.688°E 9.7
4.3 97km WSW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-14 03:01:31 28.400°N 51.707°E 12.0
4.3 101km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-13 08:05:34 28.405°N 51.653°E 10.3
4.4 108km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-13 07:43:17 28.221°N 51.721°E 10.0

Earth Watch Report  –  Earthquakes

 photo Iran41020139earthquakes1_zpsd534955d.jpg

 photo Iran41020139earthquakes2_zpsf4d6851d.jpg

 photo Iran41020139earthquakesEQ3D_zpscda98b89.jpg

4.9 92km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-10 01:00:22 28.481°N 51.604°E 10.0

5.6 94km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-10 01:58:27 28.450°N 51.608°E 10.0

4.3 69km SE of Borazjan, Iran 2013-04-10 06:18:36 28.786°N 51.673°E 10.0

4.8 99km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-10 07:10:41 28.309°N 51.751°E 10.1

5.2 93km WSW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-10 07:59:59 28.438°N 51.738°E 9.9

4.6 86km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-10 12:40:18 28.514°N 51.552°E 9.9

4.3 111km SW of Firuzabad, Iran 2013-04-10 16:54:21 28.245°N 51.656°E 10.0

4.0 109km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-10 23:35:17 28.282°N 51.640°E 10.0

M5.6 – 94km SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran 2013-04-10 01:58:27 UTC

Earthquake location 28.450°N, 51.608°E

 

Event Time

  1. 2013-04-10 01:58:27 UTC
  2. 2013-04-10 06:28:27 UTC+04:30 at epicenter
  3. 2013-04-09 20:58:27 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

28.450°N 51.608°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 94km (58mi) SE of Bandar Bushehr, Iran
  2. 98km (61mi) SSE of Borazjan, Iran
  3. 103km (64mi) WSW of Firuzabad, Iran
  4. 129km (80mi) S of Kazerun, Iran
  5. 267km (166mi) NNE of Manama, Bahrain

 

Tectonic Summary

Seismotectonics of the Middle East and Vicinity

 

No fewer than four major tectonic plates (Arabia, Eurasia, India, and Africa) and one smaller tectonic block (Anatolia) are responsible for seismicity and tectonics in the Middle East and surrounding region. Geologic development of the region is a consequence of a number of first-order plate tectonic processes that include subduction, large-scale transform faulting, compressional mountain building and crustal extension.

 

Mountain building in northern Pakistan and Afghanistan is the result of compressional tectonics associated with collision of the India plate moving northwards at a rate of 40 mm/yr with respect to the Eurasia plate. Continental thickening of the northern and western edge of the India subcontinent has produced the highest mountains in the world, including the Himalayan, Karakoram, Pamir and Hindu Kush ranges. Earthquake activity and faulting found in this region, as well as adjacent parts of Afghanistan and India, are due to collisional plate tectonics.

 

Beneath the Pamir-Hindu Kush Mountains of northern Afghanistan, earthquakes occur to depths as great as 200 km as a result of remnant lithospheric subduction. Shallower crustal earthquakes in the Pamir-Hindu Mountains occur primarily along the Main Pamir Thrust and other active Quaternary faults, which accommodate much of the region’s crustal shortening. The western and eastern margins of the Main Pamir Thrust display a combination of thrust and strike-slip mechanisms.

 

Along the western margin of the Tibetan Plateau, in the vicinity of southeastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the India plate translates obliquely relative to the Eurasia plate, resulting in a complex fold-and-thrust belt known as the Sulaiman Range. Faulting in this region includes strike-slip, reverse-slip and oblique-slip motion and often results in shallow, destructive earthquakes. The relatively fast moving left-lateral, strike-slip Chaman Fault system in southeastern Afghanistan accommodates translational motion between the India and Eurasia plates. In 1505, a segment of the Chaman Fault system near Kabul, Afghanistan ruptured causing widespread destruction of Kabul and surrounding villages. In the same region, the more recent 30 May 1935, M7.6 Quetta, Pakistan earthquake, occurred within the Sulaiman Range, killing between 30,000 and 60,000 people.

Quake hits near Iran’s nuclear city Bushehr, 37 dead

 

 

 

 

International
Damaged houses at Bushehr town in Iran Tuesday. Reuters

 

 

A powerful earthquake struck close to Iran’s only nuclear power station on Tuesday, killing 37 people and injuring 850 as it destroyed homes and devastated two small villages, Iranian media reported.

The 6.3 magnitude quake totally destroyed one village, a Red Crescent official told the Iranian Students’ News Agency (ISNA), but the nearby Bushehr nuclear plant was undamaged, according to Iranian officials and the Russian company that built it.

“Due to the intensity of this earthquake, this tragedy has deepened and we have seen the destruction of many homes in the region, the deaths of 37 people and more than 850 injured,” the governor of Bushehr province, Fereydoun Hassanvand, told Mehr news agency.

Many houses in rural parts of the province are made of mud bricks, which have been known to crumble easily in quake-prone Iran. Some 700 homes were destroyed, Hassanvand said.

Across the Gulf, offices in Qatar and Bahrain were evacuated after the quake, whose epicentre was 89 km (55 miles) southeast of the port of Bushehr, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The early afternoon shock was also felt in financial hub Dubai.

The Russian company that built the nuclear power station, 18 km (11 miles) south of Bushehr, said the plant was unaffected.

“Personnel continue to work in the normal regime and radiation levels are fully within the norm,” Russian state news agency RIA quoted an official at Atomstroyexport as saying.

Iran informed the U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency that there was “no damage to the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant and no radioactive release from the installation”, an agency statement said.

One Bushehr resident said the quake shook her home and the homes of her neighbours but they were not damaged.

“We could clearly feel the earthquake,” Nikoo, who asked to be identified only by her first name, said. “The windows and chandeliers all shook.”

While initial fears about nuclear fallout receded, nearer the epicentre the rescue efforts ramped up into the night in search of survivors and to feed and house hundreds of residents who were traumatised by at least 16 aftershocks.

 

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Date: 09 April 2013 Time: 10:35 AM ET
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earthquake map
Map of earthquake location today (April 9, 2013) in Iran.
CREDIT: USGS.

A nuclear reactor located near a magnitude-6.3 earthquake that struck Iran today (April 9) is working normally, news sources say.

Three people died in a quake whose epicenter was about 55 miles (89 kilometers) southeast of the Bushehr nuclear plant in southwest Iran, the BBC reported. The earthquake was followed by a series of aftershocks, the largest of which was magnitude 5.4.

However, Fereydoon Hasanvand, the governor of Bushehr province, told Iranian state TV that “No damage at all has been caused.”

 

An official from the Russian firm that built the plant, Atomstroyexport, also said the plant’s operation wasn’t affected by the quake.

“Personnel continue to work in the normal regime, and radiation levels are fully within the norm,” the official told the Russian state news agency Ria.

Shaking from the quake could be felt across the Gulf region.

Follow Tia Ghose on Twitter @tiaghose. Follow LiveScience @livescience, Facebook & Google+. Original article on LiveScience.com.

What Caused Iran’s Deadly Earthquake?

Date: 09 April 2013 Time: 12:16 PM ET

Our-amazing-planet

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Zagros Mountains, Iran
The Zagros Mountains mark the boundary between two colliding continental plates.
CREDIT: NASA Earth Observatory

Crashing continents caused today’s (April 9) deadly earthquake in Iran, which killed dozens, according to news reports.

The magnitude-6.3 Iran earthquake hit in the southern Zagros Mountains, a stunning range that marks the boundary between the Arabian and Eurasian tectonic plates, said Bill Barnhart, a research geophysicist at the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Denver office. The Arabian plate is grinding northward at about 0.4 inches (10 millimeters) a year, pushing the boot-shaped Arabian peninsula into the Eurasian plate, which covers most of Europe and Asia.

Just like the Himalaya Mountains, whose grand height and complex tectonics reflect the impact between the Indian and Eurasian plates, the Zagros Mountains are a mix of different earthquake fault styles, Barnhart told OurAmazingPlanet.

 

Today’s quake was a thrust fault earthquake, meaning the ground on one side of the fault moved vertically up and over the other side, shortening the distance between the two sides. The epicenter was 55 miles (89 kilometers) southeast of Bushehr, the city where Iran’s only nuclear power station is located. The quake originated 6.2 miles (10 km) below the Earth’s surface and struck at 4:22 p.m. local time (7:52 a.m. EDT), the USGS reported.

 

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The Iranian nuclear power plant in Bushehr

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‘Devastating’ quake strikes near Iran’s Bushehr nuclear plant, kills 20

A magnitude 6.3 earthquake hits near the port city of Bushehr, Iran, raising concerns about the safety of the nuclear power station located 11 miles south. NBCNews.com’s Dara Brown reports.

 photo 63quakeinIran_zps3e4142e4.jpg

A magnitude-6.3 earthquake struck near Iran’s only nuclear power station Tuesday, killing 20 people and injuring 500, according to one report, and generating tremors that were felt on the other side of the Persian Gulf.

The quake struck about 60 miles southeast of the city of Bushehr on Iran’s south coast, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

Initial reports suggested the city’s nuclear plant had not been affected, but the southern province where the quake struck is vast and remote and details were not immediately clear.

Government news agency IRNA described the quake as “devastating” and reported that the 20 dead were in the villages of Shanbe and Tasouj. One hundred ambulances were being sent to the area from the capital Tehran, it said.

Earlier reports had the death toll at only three.

IRNA said Iran’s Red Crescent Society had sent five assessment teams to the area to coordinate rescue operations, and that helicopters from Fars and Khuzestan provinces were airlifting supplies required by rescue teams.

One Bushehr resident told Reuters by telephone that her home and her neighbors’ homes shook but were not damaged.

“We could clearly feel the earthquake,” said Nikoo, who asked to be identified only by her first name. “The windows and chandeliers all shook.”

 

Read Full Report  Here