Advertisements

Tag Archive: weather


Earth Watch Report Banner photo FSPEarthWatchReport900x228Blogger_zps53ef6af0.jpg

Global Community Report Banner photo FSPLogoGlobalCommunityFulloldworldmapbckgrnd_zps43d3059c.jpg

………………………………………………………………………………..

Queen Mary's Psalter shows men harvesting in 14th century Europe

Climatologists Piece Together a Millennium of Droughts and Downpours

© Photo: Wikimedia commons
Environment
22:00 07.11.2015(updated 22:08 07.11.2015) 

The new Old World Drought Atlas of droughts and wet weather in the Old World gives climate scientists greater perspective on current weather phenomenon.

Climate scientists have produced an atlas reconstructing weather conditions over the last millennium, in an effort to understand more about current changes to the weather.They hope their Old World Drought Atlas (OWDA) will allow for a greater understanding of climate forecasts.

“Climate model projections suggest widespread drying in the Mediterranean Basin and wetting in Fennoscandia in the coming decades largely as a consequence of greenhouse gas forcing of climate,” write the scientists in their paper, published in Science Advances on Friday.

The researchers used archaeological tree ring data to measure more than a thousand years of European weather. They compared their findings to historical accounts of severe droughts, wet weather events or other catastrophes, and found that the tree ring data corresponds with many documented incidents of extreme weather.

……………………………………….

The 700 Year Old Weather Chart That Gives Me Butterflies

Posted by Dan Satterfield

Oh, and look at 1741, and the terrible drought. The trees are showing the results of the cold and dry spell that began in 1739. This is the year of the great Irish famine, and it killed millions as well. Here’s what the paper has to say about the 1741 map:

The Irish famine of 1740–1741: This event has been attributed to unusually low winter and spring temperatures in 1740, resulting in crop failures and subsequent famine (17). The OWDA is not well suited for determining temperature anomalies because it primarily reflects warm season hydroclimate. However, climate field reconstructions of seasonal precipitation from documentary and early instrumental data (18) indicate that spring-summer rainfall over Ireland in 1741 was well below normal relative to the modern average. Drought over Ireland may therefore have contributed to the severity of the famine through its negative impact on food production in 1741. The OWDA map of 1741  indicates severe drought over Ireland that also extended over England and Wales, consistent with previously reported record rainfall deficits.

 

Fig. 2 OWDA maps of known years of hydroclimatic extremes

Is it just me, or does this give you the willies? It’s like looking at that big high pressure over the NW Atlantic on the night of April 14,1912. The Titanic survivors reported the ocean as still as a mill-pond, and I have the surface weather map that proves they were right. That’s how I feel about these rainfall charts. That horrible famine was seven long centuries ago, but the trees still remember, and they tell us that those old faded pieces of parchment were not exaggerating. It was real, and it left millions dead, and millions more in grief.

 

This Old World Drought Atlas will have great benefits in climate research, and historians will find them invaluable as well, but they also give us a warning. Our limited 100 years or so of written weather records can be deceiving. We think we know what a bad crop year is, and how long a bad drought can last, but our lifetimes are rather short, and perhaps we are fools. Knowing this makes fooling with our planet’s temperature control even more egregious.

The paper is open access and you can read it all HERE.

 

Read More Here

 

 

Advertisements

Geoengineering side effects could be potentially disastrous, research shows

Comparison of five proposed methods shows they are ineffective, alter weather systems or could not be safely stopped
Geoengineering techniques need more study, says science coalition

Geoengineering the planet’s climate: even when applied on a massive scale, the most that could be expected is a temperature drop of about 8%, new research shows. Photograph: Nasa/REUTERS

Large-scale human engineering of the Earth’s climate to prevent catastrophic global warming would not only be ineffective but would have severe unintended side effects and could not be safely stopped, a comparison of five proposed methods has concluded.

Science academies around the world as well as some climate activists have called for more research into geoengineering techniques, such as reflecting sunlight from space, adding vast quantities of lime or iron filings to the oceans, pumping deep cold nutrient-rich waters to the surface of oceans and irrigating vast areas of the north African and Australian deserts to grow millions of trees. Each method has been shown to potentially reduce temperature on a planetary scale.

But researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany, modelled these five potential methods and concluded that geoengineering could add chaos to complex and not fully understood weather systems. Even when applied on a massive scale, the most that could be expected, they say, is a temperature drop of about 8%.

The potential side effects would be potentially disastrous, say the scientists, writing in Nature Communications. Ocean upwelling, or the bringing up of deep cold waters, would cool surface water temperatures and reduce sea ice melting, but would unbalance the global heat budget, while adding iron filings or lime would affect the oxygen levels in the oceans. Reflecting the sun’s rays into space would alter rainfall patterns and reforesting the deserts could change wind patterns and could even reduce tree growth in other regions.

In addition, say the scientists, two of the five methods considered could not be safely stopped. “We find that, if solar radiation management or ocean upwelling is discontinued then rapid warming occurs. If the other methods are discontinued, less dramatic changes occur. Essentially all of the CO2 that was taken up remains in the ocean.”

 

Read More Here

.

 

LiveScience

 

 

 

Diagram of geoengineering ideas
A diagram of the geoengineering projects people have proposed to combat climate change. The laws surrounding such projects are still uncertain.
Credit: Diagram by Kathleen Smith/LLNL

 

Current schemes to minimize the havoc caused by global warming by purposefully manipulating Earth’s climate are likely to either be relatively useless or actually make things worse, researchers say in a new study.

 

The dramatic increase in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution is expected to cause rising global sea levels, more-extreme weather and other disruptions to regional and local climates. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that traps heat, so as levels of the gas rise, the planet overall warms.

 

In addition to efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, some have suggested artificially manipulating the world’s climate in a last-ditch effort to prevent catastrophic climate change. These strategies, considered radical in some circles, are known as geoengineering or climate engineering.

 

 

Many scientists have investigated and questioned how effective individual geoengineering methods could be. However, there have been few attempts to compare and contrast the various methods, which range from fertilizing the ocean so that marine organisms suck up excess carbon dioxide to shooting aerosols into the atmosphere to reflect some of the sun’s incoming rays back into space. [8 Ways Global Warming is Already Changing the World]

 

Now, researchers using a 3D computer model of the Earth have tested the potential benefits and drawbacks of five different geoengineering technologies.

 

Will it work?

 

The scientists found that even when several technologies were combined, geoengineering would be unable to prevent average surface temperatures from rising more than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) above current temperatures by the year 2100. This is, the current limit that international negotiations are focused on. They were unable to do so even when each technology was deployed continuously and at scales as large as currently deemed possible.

 

“The potential of most climate engineering methods, even when optimistic deployment scenarios were assumed, were much lower than I had expected,” said study author Andreas Oschlies, an earth system modeler at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research in Kiel, Germany.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

International Law Encourages Use of Geoengineering Weather Modification

 

 

Derrick Broze

According to a new study due to be published in 2014, Geoengineering field research is not only allowed, it is encouraged.

The study was authored by Jesse Reynolds at Tilburg Law School in the Netherlands. Reynolds researched the legal status of geoengineering research by analyzing international documents and treaties.

Geo-engineering is the science of manipulating the climate for the stated purpose of fighting mad made climate change. These include Solar Radiation Management (SRM), the practice of spraying aerosols into the sky in an attempt to deflect the Sun’s rays and combat climate change.

According to a recent congressional report:

“The term “geoengineering” describes this array of technologies that aim, through large-scale and deliberate modifications of the Earth’s energy balance, to reduce temperatures and counteract anthropogenic climate change. Most of these technologies are at the conceptual and research stages, and their effectiveness at reducing global temperatures has yet to be proven. Moreover, very few studies have been published that document the cost, environmental effects, socio-political impacts, and legal implications of geoengineering. If geoengineering technologies were to be deployed, they are expected to have the potential to cause significant transboundary effects.

In general, geoengineering technologies are categorized as either a carbon dioxide removal (CDR) method or a solar radiation management (SRM) method. CDR methods address the warming effects of greenhouse gases by removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. CDR methods include ocean fertilization, and carbon capture and sequestration. SRM methods address climate change by increasing the reflectivity of the Earth’s atmosphere or surface.

Aerosol injection and space-based reflectors are examples of SRM methods. SRM methods do not remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, but can be deployed faster with relatively immediate global cooling results compared to CDR methods.“
Reynolds’ study will be published in the Journal of Energy, Climate and the Environment around the same time that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change presents its Fifth Assessment Report. The study continues the calls for an international body to regulate the controversial weather modification techniques.

Some believe the answer is international agreement for international tests but low-risk domestic research should continue to assist in the overall decision of what to do with geoengineering.

One of the many dangers of manipulating the weather are the loss of blue skies. According to a report by the New Scientist, Ben Kravitz of the Carnegie Institution for Science has shown that releasing sulphate aerosols high in the atmosphere would scatter sunlight into the atmosphere. He says this could decrease the amount of sunlight that hits the ground by 20% and make the sky appear more hazy.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

Yale University

 

09 Jan 2014: Report

Solar Geoengineering: Weighing
Costs of Blocking the Sun’s Rays

With prominent scientists now calling for experiments to test whether pumping sulfates into the atmosphere could safely counteract global warming, critics worry that the world community may be moving a step closer to deploying this controversial technology.

by nicola jones

In 1991, Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines erupted in one of the largest volcanic blasts of the 20th century. It spat up to 20 million tons of sulfur into the upper atmosphere, shielding the earth from the sun’s rays and causing global temperatures to drop by nearly half a degree Celsius in a single year. That’s more than half of the amount the planet has warmed

Studies have shown that such a strategy would be powerful, feasible, fast-acting, and cheap.

due to climate change in 130 years.

Now some scientists are thinking about replicating Mount Pinatubo’s dramatic cooling power by intentionally spewing sulfates into the atmosphere to counteract global warming. Studies have shown that such a strategy would be powerful, feasible, fast-acting, and cheap, capable in principle of reversing all of the expected worst-case warming over the next century or longer, all the while increasing plant productivity. Harvard University physicist David Keith, one of the world’s most vocal advocates of serious research into such a scheme, calls it “a cheap tool that could green the world.” In the face of anticipated rapid climate change, Keith contends that the smart move is to intensively study both the positive and negative effects of using a small fleet of jets to inject

“Mount

Arlan Naeg/AFP/Getty Images
The 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption lowered temperatures nearly half a degree Celsius.

sulfate aerosols high into the atmosphere to block a portion of the sun’s rays.

Yet even Keith acknowledges that there are serious concerns about solar geoengineering, both in terms of the environment and politics. Growing discussion about experimentation with solar radiation management has touched off an emotional debate, with proponents saying the technique may be needed to avert climate catastrophe and opponents warning that deployment could lead to international conflicts and unintended environmental consequences — and that experimentation would create a slippery slope that would inevitably lead to deployment. University of Chicago geophysicist Raymond Pierrehumbert has called the scheme “barking mad.” Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki has dismissed it as “insane.” Protestors have stopped even harmless, small-scale field experiments that aim to explore the idea. And Keith has received a couple of death threats from the fringe of the environmentalist community.

Clearly, there are good reasons for concern. Solar geoengineering would likely make the planet drier, potentially disrupting monsoons in places like India and creating drought in parts of the tropics. The technique could help eat away the protective ozone shield of our planet, and it would cause air pollution. It would also do nothing to counteract the problem of ocean

Some worry that solar geoengineering would hand politicians an easy reason to avoid emissions reductions.

acidification, which occurs when the seas absorb high levels of CO2 from the atmosphere.

Some worry that solar geoengineering would hand politicians an easy reason to avoid reducing greenhouse gas emissions. And if the impacts of climate change worsen and nations cannot agree on what scheme to deploy, or at what temperature the planet’s thermostat should be set, then conflict or even war could result as countries unilaterally begin programs to inject sulfates into the atmosphere. “My greatest concern is societal disruption and conflict between countries,” says Alan Robock, a climatologist at Rutgers University in New Jersey.

As Keith himself summarizes, “Solar geoengineering is an extraordinarily powerful tool. But it is also dangerous.”

Studies have shown that solar radiation management could be accomplished and that it would cool the planet. Last fall, Keith published a book, A Case for Climate Engineering, that lays out the practicalities of such a scheme. A fleet of ten Gulfstream jets could be used to annually inject 25,000 tons of sulfur — as finely dispersed sulfuric acid, for example — into the lower stratosphere. That would be ramped up to a million tons of sulfur per year by 2070, in order to counter about half of the world’s warming from greenhouse gases. The idea is to combine such a scheme with emissions cuts, and keep it running for about twice as long as it takes for CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere to level out.

Under Keith’s projections, a world that would have warmed 2 degrees C by century’s end would instead warm 1 degree C. Keith says his “moderate, temporary” plan would help to avoid many of the problems associated with full-throttle solar geoengineering schemes that aim to counteract all of the planet’s warming, while reducing the cost of adapting to rapid climate change. He estimates this scheme would cost about $700 million annually — less than 1 percent of what is currently spent on clean energy development. If such relatively modest cost projections prove to be accurate, some individual countries could deploy solar geoengineering technologies without international agreement.

‘The thing that’s surprising is the degree to which it’s being taken more seriously,’ says one scientist.

The idea of solar geoengineering dates back at least to the 1970s; researchers have toyed with a range of ideas, including deploying giant mirrors to deflect solar energy back into space, or spraying salt water into the air to make more reflective clouds. In recent years the notion of spraying sulfates into the stratosphere has moved to the forefront. “Back in 2000 we just thought of it as a ‘what if’ thought experiment,” says atmospheric scientist Ken Caldeira of the Carnegie Institution for Science, who did some of the first global climate modeling work on the concept. “In the last years, the thing that’s surprising is the degree to which it’s being taken more seriously in the policy world.”

In 2010, the first major cost estimates of sulfate-spewing schemes were produced. ‎ In 2012, China listed geoengineering among its earth science research priorities. Last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s summary statement for policymakers controversially mentioned geoengineering for the first time in the panel’s 25-year history. And the National Academy of Sciences is working on a geoengineering report, funded in part by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Solar geoengineering cannot precisely counteract global warming. Carbon dioxide warms the planet fairly evenly, while sunshine is patchy: There’s more in the daytime, in the summer, and closer to the equator. Back in the 1990s, Caldeira was convinced that these differences would make geoengineering ineffective. “So we did these simulations, and much to our surprise it did a pretty good job,” he says. The reason is that a third factor has a bigger impact on climate than either CO2 or sunlight: polar ice. If you cool the planet enough to keep that ice, says Caldeira, then this dominates the climate response.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

Geoengineering could bring severe drought to the tropics, research shows

Study models impact on global rainfall when artificial volcanic eruptions are created in a bid to reverse climate change
Layers of Volcanic Dust in the Earth's Atmosphere following eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines

A view from the space shuttle Atlantis of three layers of volcanic dust in the Earth’s atmosphere, following the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines. Photograph: ISS/NASA/Corbis

Reversing climate change via huge artificial volcanic eruptions could bring severe droughts to large regions of the tropics, according to new scientific research.

The controversial idea of geoengineering – deliberately changing the Earth’s climate – is being seriously discussed as a last-ditch way of avoiding dangerous global warming if efforts to slash greenhouse gas emissions fail.

But the new work shows that a leading contender – pumping sulphate particles into the stratosphere to block sunlight – could have side-effects just as serious as the effects of warming itself. Furthermore, the impacts would be different around the world, raising the prospect of conflicts between nations that might benefit and those suffering more damage.

“There are a lot of issues regarding governance – who controls the thermostat – because the impacts of geoengineering will not be uniform everywhere,” said Dr Andrew Charlton-Perez, at the University of Reading and a member of the research team.

The study, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, is the first to convincingly model what happens to rainfall if sulphates were deployed on a huge scale.

While the computer models showed that big temperature rises could be completely avoided, it also showed cuts in rain of up to one-third in South America, Asia and Africa. The consequent droughts would affect billions of people and also fragile tropical rainforests that act as a major store of carbon. “We would see changes happening so quickly that there would be little time for people to adapt,” said Charlton-Perez.

Another member of the research team, Professor Ellie Highwood, said: “On the evidence of this research, stratospheric aerosol geoengineering is not providing world leaders with any easy answers to the problem of climate change.”

 

Read More Here

 

…..

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

The Weather Channel The Weather Channel

Published on Jan 6, 2014

Matt Sampson talks with Janel Klein, who is reporting from the cold in Green Bay, Wisconsin.

…..

Deadly Cold Grips Nation

 

Published on Jan 6, 2014

Temperatures are dipping low across the United States. Matt Sampson talks to Greg Postel about where the cold came from and what to expect next.

…..

Enhanced by Zemanta

The American Dream

22 Signs That Global Weather Patterns Are Going Absolutely Crazy

Global weather patterns seem to get stranger and stranger with each passing year.  Almost every day now, the news is telling us about some bizarre weather event that hasn’t happened “in 100 years” going on in some area of the globe.  All over the planet, we are seeing torrential rainfalls, unprecedented flooding, extreme drought, nightmarish wildfires, record setting tornadoes and very unusual blizzards.  Record high temperatures and record low temperatures are set so frequently now that nobody really seems to even notice anymore.  So exactly what in the world is going on here?  Why does our weather seem to be going absolutely crazy?  Perhaps even more important – can we expect our weather patterns to become even more erratic?  Some meteorologists are suggesting that these unusual weather events are just an “anomaly” and that things will get back to normal soon.  But what if they don’t?

I noted that natural disasters seem to be increasing in both frequency and severity in my recent article entitled “Are We Entering The Worst Period For Natural Disasters In U.S. History?“  But it isn’t just the ground under our feet that seems to be becoming more unstable.  The weather patterns that we all take for granted and that society depends upon seem to be rapidly changing.

The following are 22 signs that global weather patterns are going absolutely crazy…

1. Right now, central Europe is experiencing the worst flooding that it has seen in at least 70 years.

2. On Memorial Day weekend, a vicious winter storm dumped up to 36 inches of snow on parts of upstate New York.

3. Back in mid-May, on one single day some parts of the UK had a couple of inches of snow, some parts of the UK had a month’s worth of rainfall on a single day, and some parts of the UK were hammered by winds of up to 65 miles per hour.

4. The month of April was so cold across the northern United States that one meteorologist said that it was “like something out of the Twilight Zone“…

April has been a freakishly cold month across much of the northern USA, bringing misery to millions of sun-starved and winter-weary residents from the Rockies to the Midwest. “The weather map … looks like something out of The Twilight Zone,” Minneapolis meteorologist Paul Douglas of WeatherNation TV wrote on his blog last week. Record cold and snow has been reported in dozens of cities, with the worst of the chill in the Rockies, upper Midwest and northern Plains. Several baseball games have been snowed out in both Denver and Minneapolis. Cities such as Rapid City, S.D.; Duluth, Minn.; and Boulder, Colo., have all endured their snowiest month ever recorded. (In all three locations, weather records go back more than 100 years.) In fact, more than 1,100 snowfall records and 3,400 cold records have been set across the nation so far in April, according to the National Climatic Data Center.

5. This year Saskatchewan had the coolest spring that it has experienced in 100 years.

6. Moscow just experienced the snowiest winter that it has seen in 100 years.

7. Snow is falling in Russia in places where it should not be falling this time of the year.  On Sunday, residents of Kemerovo were stunned to see that a thin layer of snow had fallen on their city overnight.

8. This spring, there was a record amount of ice on the Baltic Sea due to very cold weather…

“Since record keeping began in the sixties, we’ve never encountered anything like this before,” ice breaker Ulf Gulldne told the local newspaper Örnsköldsviks Allehanda.

On March 29th, 176,000 square kilometers of the Baltic Sea was covered in ice, a record for the time of year. On a map, it means about half of the central and northern parts are frozen over. Far north, the ice is both thick and difficult to break through.

9. The city of Anchorage, Alaska set a record for the longest snow season that it has ever experienced this year.

10. In February, hail the size of “boulders” pounded one poor city in southern India

Hailstones the size of boulders have rained down on villages in southern India.

At least nine people were killed when the violent weather hit several villages in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

The hailstorm which lasted for almost 20 minutes, destroyed crops, houses and live stock, causing devastating financial implications for residents.

11. The tornado that touched down near Oklahoma City on Friday was the widest tornado ever recorded.  It was an EF5 tornado that was 2.6 miles wide at one point with winds of up to 295 miles an hour.

12. The tornado that did such devastating damage to Moore, Oklahoma recently was about 2 miles wide and it sat on the ground for an astounding 40 minutes.

13. During the month of February, Peru, Chile and Bolivia were all hit by unprecedented flooding.

14. At the end of May, more than a foot of rainfall in 24 hours caused nightmarish flooding in San Antonio, Texas.

15. A few weeks ago, unusual levels of rainfall caused the Mississippi River to rise to near record levels.

16. This year the state of Georgia experienced the wettest February ever recorded.

 

 

Read Full Article Here

Earth Watch Report  –  Extreme Weather

Tornado hit the Torda village in the Žitište municipality of Serbia photo GoogleMapoftheTordavillageinthe17D0itiscarontemunicipalityofSerbiahitbyaTornado4-2013_zpsfdcd421f.jpg
Images  derived by Desert Rose from  video  by  mangajoca

Storm damage in serbia 3   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia4_zps2c74ffa9.jpg                   Storm damage in Serbia 4   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia5_zpsbbbc42e8.jpg                     Storm damage in Serbia 5   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia6_zpsd9af4dfd.jpg                                   Storm damage in  serbis 6   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia7_zps965a59cf.jpg                    Storm damage in Serbia 7   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia_zps958e902c.jpg

02.04.2013 Extreme Weather Serbia Municipality of Zitiste , [Zitiste -wide] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Serbia on Tuesday, 02 April, 2013 at 10:53 (10:53 AM) UTC.

Description
High winds described as a tornado struck the village of Torda in the Zitiste municipality over the weekend, causing damages on over 100 structures. Belgrade-based daily Blic is writing that there have been no casualties, but that the material damage is “enormous”. The storm ripped off roofs from houses, turned over vehicles, and ripped out trees. Police, firefighters, electric grid maintenance workers, and those from utilities companies of the municipality of Žitište, where the village is located, were all at the scene. Janos Dobai, head of the Local Community Office (MZ), told reporters that 80 households so far reported damage, while some 100 structures in all were affected. According to him, the village suffered damages worth “millions”. Zitiste Municipality President Dusan Micev said that the local authorities were organizing assistance to the village, but appealed on the provincial and state authorities to help. Torda is an ethnic Hungarian village that has some 1,400 residents who were celebrating Easter when the storm struck on Sunday.

Images  derived by Desert Rose from  video  by  mangajoca

Extreme weather in  Serbia photo ExtremeweatherinSerbia_zps7ea7263e.jpg                   small  tornado  spotted  in  Serbia photo smalltornadospottedinServia_zps2be7b312.jpg

Storm damage in  Serbia 1  -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia2_zps9dac0700.jpg                      Storm damage in  Serbia 2   -  4/2013 photo StormdamageinSerbia3_zps0f924109.jpg

Tornado in Serbia damages more than 100 buildings

Tornado in Serbia has damaged more than 100 buildings. Tornado hit the Torda village in the Žitište municipality of Serbia, B92 mentions.

Tornado in Serbia ripped off roofs and knocked down trees. Tornado damage is estimated in the millions of dollars.

Related post: Serbia snow storm claims 4

Police and firefighters with disaster management team are working on the site.

Below is a you tube video of tornado in Serbian village Torda.

 

Read Full Article  and Watch Video Here

….

 

….

….

Earth Watch Report  –  Landslides

 

30.12.2012 Landslide Colombia Departmento de Huila, [The area is not defined!] Damage level
Details

Landslide in Colombia on Sunday, 30 December, 2012 at 11:10 (11:10 AM) UTC.

Description
At least seven people were injured and some 20 others went missing in a landslide reoccurred Saturday in southern Colombia, relief agencies said. The incident occurred when a bulldozer was removing earth that blocked a driveway below the Andes Mountains in the aftermath of a previous landslide, and about 20 cars were waiting in a queue to pass at the time, said the Risk Management Department. The injured have all been sent to the University Hospital of Neiva. Due to the unstable terrain, light and weather conditions, rescuers have decided to wait until Sunday to resume the search for the 20 missing persons.

 

 

Health And Wellness Report

by: Dr. Daniel Zagst
(NaturalNews) Fat gets a bad rap. It’s not only essential to life and human function, but can actually burn calories and trim up the waistline. Brown adipose tissue (AKA brown fat) is a type of fat found in the bodies of mammals that acts as a furnace for the body. Once thought to only be present in newborns and hibernating mammals, research has shown we all have it, more or less. Not only does brown fat work like a furnace to produce heat when the body gets cold, but its fuel source is that of white fat, the kind we hate and want less of.

White vs. brown

There are two types of fat, white and brown. White fat is the stuff we all want to get rid of, although it serves as a means of energy storage throughout the body. Before food became plentiful and over-eaten, white fat had a major role in survival as energy backup when there was a shortage of food and potentially days between meals. Since we started gorging ourselves with toxic, artificial, and empty calories, white fat accumulation has reached beyond a necessity and has become a burden. Brown fat on the other hand, is plentiful when we are babies and decreases as we age. As adults, there are only a few areas on the upper back and neck that contain stores of brown fat in most people. When introduced to cold temperatures, brown fat burns white fat for heat until we reach the point of shivering, which takes over to produce more heat. Babies don’t shiver because the high amount of brown fat replaces the need to shiver. Its brown color can be contributed to the high number of iron-containing mitochondria within the cells that churn out incredible amounts of heat from gobbling fatty acids.

How much of your fat is brown fat?

Contrary to what you might think, thinner people have more brown fat than fatter people, and brown fat stores increase with exercise and extended cold exposure. In fact, brown fat is a very effective calorie burner. One study exposed healthy males to cold temperatures at their threshold of shivering. Over a three-hour period, the participants burned an extra 250 calories when the brown fat was activated via cold temperatures. People with more brown fat take longer to start shivering when temperatures get cold because of the effectiveness of brown fat to turn white fat into heat. Unfortunately, pharmaceutical companies are hot on the trail of unlocking the secrets of activating brown fat and turning it into a billion dollar drug to combat obesity.

Turn on your own furnace by turning off another

If you are looking to ramp up your brown fat metabolism to burn some extra calories, start by turning down the other furnace. Research shows that brown fat is activated by cold temperatures. By turning down the furnace in your house, you’re encouraging your body to enter thermogenesis, the generation of heat. If you find yourself shivering, it may be too cold. Although shivering itself burns calories, it is easy to slip into a state of hypothermia if you are not careful. Brown fat works best at the threshold of shivering, and longer exposure will lead to the conversion of white fat into brown fat which in turn, leads to more calories burned. Another method to encourage brown fat metabolism is to take cold showers, albeit hard to do, it’ll jump start your metabolism and encourage the breakdown of white fat. Lastly, and probably the most effective method to burn extra calories is by exercising in the cold. The cold temperature combined with exercise will activate both brown fat and metabolic white fat breakdown. It’s time you start embracing the cold weather to trim up for beach season, even if it’s months away.

Sources for this article include:

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/240989.php
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/240759.php
http://getfitguy.quickanddirtytips.com
http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/293/2/E444.long
http://www.nytimes.com

About the author:
Dr. Daniel Zagst is a chiropractic physician at Advanced Health & Chiropractic in Mooresville, NC. He has a BS in Professional Studies of Adjunctive Therapies, Doctorate of Chiropractic from NYCC, and an Advanced Certificate in Sport Science and Human Performance. Find out more at www.dzchiro.com

Why leaving the heating off and avoiding the gym could help you lose weight

By Peta Bee

Five years ago brown fat was 'rediscovered' in adultsFive years ago brown fat was ‘rediscovered’ in adults

By plunging my hand into a bucket of cold tap water, I am about to find out how effective my body is at burning calories.

What seems a rudimentary experiment is, in fact, the basis of a groundbreaking study into the effects of brown — or ‘good’ — fat.

We’re all born with brown fat around our shoulder blades: it plays an important role in maintaining our body temperature as babies, by burning up calories and fat reserves to keep us warm.

Unfortunately, scientists have long thought that brown fat disappears in infancy once its physiological uses have been exhausted.

Then five years ago, brown fat was ‘rediscovered’ in adults, when researchers carrying out scans on adult patients in the winter months noticed areas of fat that seemed to be turned on by the cold weather.

Their scans detected a few ounces of brown fat in the upper back, on the side of the neck, in the dip between the collarbone and the shoulder, and along the spine.

Since then, brown fat has become a rapidly growing area of interest among researchers who believe it could hold a vital key to weight problems.

Within just five years their understanding of it has advanced significantly.

It’s now thought, for instance, that not just the cold, but certain foods can activate it. So, too, can exercise.

So what is brown fat?

Unlike the more familiar, yellowish-white body fat you pile on if you eat too many calories, brown fat — apparently the colour of chocolate — does the opposite, burning excess energy to generate heat and maintain the body’s core temperature.

When ‘switched on’ it is said to produce around 300 times more heat than any other organ in the body.

Because of their higher total body fat, women are known to have proportionately more brown fat than men and it is more detectable in lean people than obese (researchers think this could be because excess white fat stifles the effects of brown fat, or the obese become overweight because their brown fat is inefficient anyway).

There is little doubt about the excitement being generated by the discovery of brown fat.

As one of the lead researchers, Professor Michael Symonds, says: ‘We are on the threshold of what could prove really significant advances in obesity research.’

And what’s so intriguing is that possible treatments could be extremely low-tech.

It’s now established that exposure to cold spurs brown fat into action in some people — could this simple principle be used to tackle obesity?

To answer this, scientists at the University of Nottingham’s Queen’s Medical Centre are using thermal imaging techniques — and a bucket of cold water — to assess changes in brown fat in adult recruits, and see how it affects their weight.

To activate your brown fat: Turn the heating off or down in the car, the office and at homeTo activate your brown fat: Turn the heating off or down in the car, the office and at home

Professor Symonds, who is leading the study, has agreed to let me see the research for myself, and I’m going to have my own levels of brown fat measured — and tested to see if it’s working.

Before my brown fat can be assessed, Dr Lindsay Elvidge, a children’s doctor who is helping Professor Symonds, measures the thickness of the skin at the top of my shoulders using ultrasound — some studies have shown the thicker the skin here, the less active the brown fat beneath.

My skin thickness is average.

The temperature of my brown fat is then measured using a thermal scan. I’m asked to sit in a comfortable position for ten minutes (without moving to ensure my temperature fluctuates as little as possible) before placing my hand in the bucket of water.

At 20c, it is chilly but not freezing. After five minutes of submersion, my hand is turning numb — I can feel it and Dr Elvidge says it’s also being picked up by the thermal imaging camera hidden behind a screen, which is showing my hand as a startling blue.

She says the cameras are displaying a distinct increase in red areas around my lower neck — a sign that my brown fat stores are reacting in the way they should, producing heat and burning calories to keep me warm.

Is my brown fat reaction what they would expect?

Yes, says Professor Symonds, adding that in the overweight the patterns are different.

‘We are finding that the brown fat in overweight or obese children and adults is not activated in the same way,’ he says.

‘The million dollar question is why this happens. Nobody knows whether it is just less active, or if there is less of it.’

In a study published in the Journal of Pediatrics in June, Professor Symonds used thermal imaging to show the neck region in healthy children produces heat.

‘There is only about 50g of brown fat in the neck region of children and it switches on and off throughout the day as it’s exposed to different temperatures or if you exercise or eat,’ he says.

But this effect is less well-defined in adolescents and adults.

‘We do know that you have less brown fat as you get older and that ties in with the other metabolic changes that occur with age,’ says Professor Symonds.

‘We also think there might be subtle changes in brown fat that occur around puberty.’

What he and his team hope to find in their current trial is whether factors such as cool temperatures can be used to manipulate brown fat action, thereby preventing excess weight gain.

‘The more we know about how it works and what switches it on, the better,’ he says. ‘Certain foods, including milk, seem to have a positive thermogenic, or warming effect, on brown fat that triggers it into action.’

In theory, consuming cold, slush puppy-type drinks may be useful, particularly when combined with exercise, he explains.

Equally, hot drinks and a high consumption of high-fat foods are probably not great brown fat triggers.

Several studies, including one at the Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, have proposed that eating chilli peppers might help — they contain a compound, capsaicin, which seems to trick the brain into thinking it is cold, coaxing brown fat into burning a few more calories than normal.

With diet the next area to be studied in this emerging field of science, we could one day see the benefit on supermarket shelves.

‘We could add a heat index to food labels to show whether that product would increase or decrease heat production within brown fat,’ says Professor Symonds.

‘We could inform people whether the foods they select would speed up or slow down the number of calories they burn.’

There is also the potential for the development of drugs that prompt brown fat into action.

Avoid the gym. Take a walk, go for a cycle or just skip outdoors on a cold dayAvoid the gym. Take a walk, go for a cycle or just skip outdoors on a cold day

Already, some scientists are investigating ways in which stubborn white fat could be given some of the beneficial characteristics of energy-burning brown fat.

In one study, published in the journal Cell in August, researchers at Columbia University medical school managed to ‘brown’ white fat with the use of a class of drugs called thiazolidinediones (TZDs), sometimes used to lower blood sugar in type 2 diabetes.

‘Turning white fat into brown fat is an appealing therapeutic approach to staunching the obesity epidemic,’ says lead researcher Professor Domenico Accili. ‘But so far it has been difficult to do so in a safe and effective way.’

This is because these drugs are linked to risky side-effects including liver toxicity and bone loss.

However, Professor Accili concluded ‘TZDs may not be so bad — if you can find a way to tweak their activity’ and they may help to prevent both type 2 diabetes and heart disease in addition to weight problems.

A simpler way to convert white fat into a calorie-burning form of fat could be through exercise. In the flurry of research into the area, scientists have discovered another type of brown fat — initially they spotted it in mice, but now they’ve found it in humans.

Dubbed ‘beige fat’ because of its lighter colour, it is often interspersed in the white fat, and occurs in pea-size deposits rather than in large masses.

Writing in the journal Nature earlier this year, Bruce Spiegelman, a professor of cell biology and medicine at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in the U.S., revealed that in mice studies, exercise appears to temporarily turn white fat into beige fat — this burns calories, although not as effectively as brown fat.

The mouse muscle cells released a newly discovered hormone, irisin, that enabled their bodies to make beige fat from white.

As humans also have irisin that’s identical to mouse irisin, the same could be true in people who exercise.

‘What I would guess is that this is likely to be the explanation for some of the weight-loss effects of exercise,’ Professor Spiegelman says.

In other words, beige fat could be partly responsible for the so-called ‘after-burn’ of calories following a workout.

There is something I am keen to ask him. Every winter I lose half a stone in weight without trying and despite my activity levels and diet remaining unchanged. I literally feel myself ‘shrinking’ when the first cold snap of autumn arrives.

And, like many women, I suffer from Raynaud’s, the circulatory problem that leaves my fingers numb and invariably means I am constantly shifting about to try to stay warm.

Could all of this be sending my brown fat levels into overdrive?

Yes, he says, and is probably the reason my weight has remained stable within half a stone for the past eight years.

The fact I’ve done all my exercise — I run five or six times a week — outdoors, come rain or shine, has also helped to keep my brown fat activated.

And I can see the results myself from his test — the temperature of my brown fat rose 0.15c from its baseline of 34.5c.

It doesn’t sound much, but represents a rapid increase in just five minutes of cold exposure, equating to a 10-15 per cent rise in the number of calories I burn.

The Nottingham study, which will involve 20 adults, will look at the influence of weight, body mass index, food consumption and activity levels on brown fat.

As the results come out in the next couple of years, they could change the way we think about calorie burning.

And if we can activate our brown fat, it could even mean we could eat more without gaining weight.
As Professor Symonds points out: ‘It would turn us into more efficient calorie-gobbling machines.’

HOW TO ACTIVATE YOUR BROWN FAT

  • Turn the heating off or down in the car, the office and at home. If you are walking round in a T-shirt in mid-winter, your environment is too warm. ‘Our modern lifestyles are not conducive to brown fat activation,’ says Professor Symonds.

‘Thirty years ago, our houses and offices were not centrally heated. We had maybe one room in a house that was really warm. Many studies have noted a seasonal variation with more brown fat activation in winter months — so the more cold we are exposed to, the better.’

So turn down the heating and put on a jumper if you feel really cold. ‘We need to feel the cold to burn calories,’ he says.

  • Add chilli peppers to food — the active ingredient capsaicin has been shown to trigger brown fat into action.
  • Avoid the gym. Take a walk, go for a cycle or just skip outdoors on a cold day. If you are really brave, an outdoor swim is guaranteed to get brown fat working. Outdoor exercise of any kind is beneficial.
  • Consume dairy products — yoghurt, milk and cheese are thought to be important in activating brown fat. Steer clear of high-fat, sugary carbohydrates and highly processed foods. It is likely they have an adverse impact on brown fat.
  • Drink cold water or ice-cold juice. Some studies have shown that cold drinks help to keep the body’s core temperature lower during exercise — the effects might also trigger brown fat into action.

Earth Watch Report – Storms

 

….

24.11.2012 Extreme Weather United Arab Emirates Multiple areas, [Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah] Damage level
Details

….

Extreme Weather in United Arab Emirates on Saturday, 24 November, 2012 at 13:17 (01:17 PM) UTC.

Description
The social networking sites have been flooded with news about thunderstorm and heavy rains lashing parts of the UAE. The National Center of Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS), in a statement, has denied rumours on such sites that a thunderstorm with intense rainfall deteriorated visibility in Alsala and that it will pass in Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, the rest of the United Arab Emirates to Oman during the next six hours. The NCMS website says mild weather during daytime and partly cloudy skies at times over some northern and eastern areas. The weather would be pleasant by night. Meanwhile, minimum temperatures have dipped to 10 degree centigrade in some mountainous areas, with a maximum of 32 degrees C in some internal areas.

….

 

….

 

….

Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
13.08.2012 10:45:32 2.9 North America United States Alaska Tyonek There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 10:50:28 4.1 Middle East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 11:21:02 4.2 Middle-East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 10:00:34 4.4 Europe Italy Sicily Sclafani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 10:15:25 3.8 Europe Italy Sicily Sclafani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 09:25:28 2.1 North America United States Nevada Mina There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 09:00:34 2.1 North America United States Alaska Adak VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 09:15:24 2.6 Europe Greece West Greece Selianitika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 08:10:34 3.7 Middle-East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 08:45:32 4.9 South America Peru San Martín Jepelacio VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 08:10:58 5.0 South-America Peru Loreto Barranca VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 08:11:20 4.1 Asia Kyrgyzstan Ysyk-Köl Kadzhi-Say VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 10:05:33 3.7 Caribbean Dominican Republic La Altagracia Otra Banda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 06:25:32 2.1 North America United States California Pearsonville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 07:05:20 3.8 Middle-East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 05:55:27 2.1 North America United States Alaska Glacier View VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 05:50:37 3.8 North America United States Alaska Karluk There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 09:15:43 4.6 Indonesian Archipelago East Timor Gunung Dilarini There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 06:00:30 3.5 Europe Italy Sicily Panarea There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 05:20:29 2.1 Caribbean Puerto Rico Adjuntas Adjuntas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 06:00:55 2.7 Middle-East Iran ?z??rb?yj?n-e Gharb? Salmas VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 04:56:36 4.4 Middle-East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 06:01:19 4.6 Middle East Iran East Azarbaijan Ahar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 03:55:21 2.0 North America United States Alaska Cantwell VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 02:45:48 2.5 North America United States Alaska Ouzinkie VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 02:55:21 2.4 Asia Turkey Bal?kesir Marmara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 02:15:27 2.5 North America United States California Brooktrails There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 02:10:28 2.6 North America United States Alaska Y VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 01:56:37 4.4 Asia Russia Sakhalin Vostok VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 01:55:20 4.3 Europe Russia Sakhalin Vostok VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 01:20:33 4.4 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Maluku Utara Ternate There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 01:55:46 4.4 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Maluku Utara Ternate There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 01:56:08 3.6 South-America Peru Tacna Sobraya There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 07:05:48 2.1 Asia Turkey Kütahya Saphane There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 00:50:20 3.8 Asia Turkey Van Yuvacik There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 01:15:27 2.8 North America United States Alaska Adak There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 00:50:39 4.3 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Aceh Sinabang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 00:05:51 4.3 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Aceh Sinabang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
13.08.2012 00:51:02 2.2 Europe Italy Emilia-Romagna San Prospero VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
12.08.2012 23:45:28 2.6 Europe Greece Thessaly Glossa VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
13.08.2012 02:20:33 2.3 North America Canada British Columbia Princeton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 23:20:27 2.6 North America United States Alaska Kokhanok VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 22:40:26 3.1 Europe Greece West Greece Temeni VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
12.08.2012 22:30:36 2.4 North America United States California Darwin There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 22:20:32 2.2 North America United States California Yorba Linda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. There are nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 22:25:35 4.7 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Central Sulawesi Beteleme VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 22:40:48 4.7 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Central Sulawesi Beteleme VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
12.08.2012 21:45:46 2.3 North America United States Alaska Valdez VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
12.08.2012 22:41:10 2.0 Asia Turkey Tunceli Pulumer VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
12.08.2012 20:35:24 2.3 Asia Turkey Malatya Arguvan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details

…………………………………………….

13.08.2012 Earthquake Iran Province of East Azarbaijan, [About 21 miles west of Ahar] Damage level Details

 

Earthquake in Iran on Saturday, 11 August, 2012 at 15:59 (03:59 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:58 UTC
Description
The death toll from twin earthquakes rose to 300, officials said Sunday, as rescue efforts in northwest Iran continued and more bodies were expected to be found. But some witnesses complained that the government was not aiding the efforts of residents and private agencies to rescue possible victims of Saturday’s tremors. “From the first minutes in the aftermath … the survivors rushed to unearth the dead and alive and injured and that rescue goes on,” said a witness in one of the affected towns. “But official rescues halted or seem to have stopped, as there is no hope of any alive to be unearthed and the number of Red Crescent rescue team is not big enough and few of them are trained enough.” Air-rescue operations were suspended hours after the earthquakes, one of them measuring a magnitude 6.2, struck as night fell and helicopters were unable to fly in the dark in the mountainous region. Much of the efforts now are said to be about providing food and shelter for the survivors. The quakes hit in a sparsely populated region, but entire villages were sent crumbling to the ground. Many others were partially damaged, and more than 2,000 people have been injured. Even with the relatively low population of the region, Naser Zargar, who heads the coroner’s office in the epicenter town of Ahar, told Iran’s official Islamic Republic News Agency, or IRNA, on Saturday that the death count could be over 1,000.The mayor of Varzaghan, one of the hardest-hit towns, said 12 villages in the region had been destroyed. Each of those villages had up to 1,000 residents and as many as a third may have been killed, he told IRNA. Many of the dead are women and children killed under the rubble of falling homes as the earthquake struck in late afternoon, a time when men were still outdoors working in this agricultural region. “Due to the traditional architecture of the villages, using clay bricks mixed with straw, rural areas have sustained most of the damage,” said Reza Sedighi, Ahar’s governor and head of the disaster relief center. He estimated that 25% of the public places, administrative buildings and people’s houses were damaged. The food and canned products that have been delivered to Ahar so far have been insufficient and the area is in desperate need of water, dried food and canned goods, he said. “People need tents and blankets as the weather is cold at night and they have to sleep under they sky, anticipating more tremors,” said Majan Laghaie, a reporter for the independent Shargh newspaper. “We visited many villages, five of them entirely heaps of rubble and debris. … People are shocked and still anticipating more tremors.” Ayatollah Shabestari, the provincial representative of Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, called for two days of mourning. There was early criticism of the government’s response to the disaster, even as President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s Cabinet members sent their official condolences to people of East Azerbaijan province. On Saturday, as the nascent stages of rescue efforts were still underway, Turkish separatists in the region called in to an opposition TV station and complained of the slow response. They appealed to the governments of neighboring Turkey and Azerbaijan to send aid.

Iran has a deadly history of earthquakes. In 2003, more than 25,000 people were killed when a magnitude 6.6 quake struck the southeast part of the country. “Nowhere in the world does a 6 Richter scale earthquake kill so many people,” Iran’s leading seismologist, Bahram Akasheh, told a local news agency on Sunday. “The maximum number of the casualties should have been 10 injured. Due to the inappropriate constructions, our cities and villages are heavily damaged. It shows our crisis management has failed to strengthen the foundation of buildings. “We have predicted an over-7 Richter earthquake in the central or eastern … mountain ranges,” Akasheh said. “We should for sure anticipate for it in the future.” A former member of parliament, Gholamali Masoudi Rayhan, told the semi-official Iranian Labor News Agency, or ILNA, that there were also problems in how state media were covering the disaster.

Earthquake in Iran on Saturday, 11 August, 2012 at 15:59 (03:59 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 08:10 UTC
Description
Overcrowded hospitals in northwest Iran struggled to cope with thousands of earthquake victims on Sunday as rescuers raced to reach remote villages after two powerful quakes killed nearly 300 people. Thousands huddled in makeshift camps or slept in the street after Saturday’s quakes for fear of more aftershocks, 60 of which had already struck. A lack of tents and other supplies left them exposed to the night chill, one witness told Reuters. “I saw some people whose entire home was destroyed, and all their livestock killed,” Tahir Sadati, a local photographer, said by telephone. “People need help, they need warm clothes, more tents, blankets and bread.” The worst damage and most casualties appeared to have been in rural villages around the towns of Ahar, Varzaghan and Harees, near the major city of Tabriz, Iranian media reported. Tabriz resident Ahmad, 41, told Reuters his cousin living in a village near Ahar was killed and his body found. “Nobody knows what happened to his wife and two daughters,” aged 4 and 7, Ahmad said. “We fear that if rescuers don’t get to them soon, they will lose their lives too if they’re still alive.” But Iranian officials said rescue operations had ended by Sunday afternoon and that all those trapped beneath the rubble had been freed, Iran’s English-language Press TV reported.Many villages are hard to reach by road, hindering rescue efforts. Hospitals in Tabriz, Ardabil and other cities nearby took in many of the injured, residents and Iranian media said, and there were long queues of survivors waiting to be treated. “I wanted to go there last night to help but heard there was bad traffic and that it wasn’t safe enough,” Ahmad said. “People in those villages need help.” Abbas Falahi, member of parliament for Ahar and Harees, said people in some villages were still “in dire need of food and drinking water”, the semi-official Mehr news agency reported. “Despite the promises of officials, little first aide has been distributed in the region and most people are left without tents. If the situation continues, the toll will rise,” he said. Aidin, a Tabriz resident, said he went to give blood at a local hospital on Saturday and saw staff struggling to cope with the influx of patients. Most patients had been taken there by their families, he said, indicating a shortage of ambulances. Ahar’s 120-bed hospital was full, said Arash, a college student in the town. There were traffic jams on the narrow road to Tabriz as victims tried to reach hospitals, he said by telephone.

“People are scared and won’t go back into their houses because they fear the buildings aren’t safe.” The U.S. Geological Survey measured Saturday’s first quake at 6.4 magnitude and said it struck 60 km (37 miles) northeast of the city of Tabriz, a trading hub far from Iran’s oil-producing areas and known nuclear facilities. The second, measuring 6.3, struck 11 minutes later near Varzaghan, 49 km (30 miles) northeast of Tabriz. More than 1,000 villages in the area were affected by the earthquakes, Ahmad Reza Shaji’i, a Red Crescent official, told the Iranian Students’ News Agency (ISNA). Some 130 villages suffered more than 70 percent damage, and 20 villages were completely destroyed, he said. “We saw some villages that were truly destroyed,” said Sadati, the photographer who was documenting the quake aftermath. “One good thing was that the earthquake happened during the day, so many people were not in their homes. If it had happened at night the casualties would have been far worse.” Close to 300 people were believed to be dead, said Reza Sadighi, Ahar’s local governor, Fars news agency said. National emergency head Gholam Reza Masoumi said 5,000 people are believed to be injured, according to ISNA.

Nearly 100 ambulances and 1,100 Red Crescent workers were deployed, Shaji’i said, along with 44,000 food packages and 5,600 tents for shelter. The relief agency had enough supplies and most residents in the area had access to clean water but Shaji’i asked residents to donate cash to the relief effort. Tehran officials sent condolences to the victims and declared two days of mourning in the province, ISNA reported. About 36,000 people in the quake-hit area have been given emergency shelter, Masoumi was quoted as saying by ISNA. Iranian lawmaker Mohammad Hassan-Nejad warned that if relief efforts did not speed up, the death toll would swiftly rise. “Relief groups have still not reached many villages, because in normal conditions some of these villages are several hours away,” he told ISNA. “Currently the roads are closed and the only way to reach these villages is by air.”

Photographs posted on Iranian news websites showed numerous bodies, including children, lying on the floor of a white-tiled morgue in Ahar and medical staff treating the injured in the open air as dusk fell on Saturday. Other images showed rescue workers digging people out of rubble – some alive, many dead. Twenty-eight year old Narges in Tehran said she saw dozens of people in a hospital waiting to donate blood for the victims. Iran is crisscrossed by major fault lines and has suffered several devastating earthquakes in recent years, including a 6.6 magnitude quake in 2003 that reduced the historic southeastern city of Bam to dust and killed about 31,000 people. Saturday’s quakes struck in East Azerbaijan province, a mountainous region that neighbors Azerbaijan and Armenia to the north. Buildings in Tabriz, the provincial capital, are substantially built and ISNA reported nobody in the city had been killed or hurt. Homes and business premises in Iranian villages, however, are often made of concrete blocks or mud brick that can crumble and collapse in a strong quake. Water, electricity, and phone lines in the area of Varzaghan are all down, further hindering rescue efforts, Iran’s English-language Press TV reported. Tabriz residents left their homes and crowded the streets following the two quakes, those in the city said. “Everyone was scared last night,” a resident said by telephone. “They set up tents and were sleeping in the streets and in parks.”

************

Rescuers stop searches after Iran quakes kill 250

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) – Residents of the zone in northwestern Iran hit by powerful twin earthquakes described moments of terror and panic with birds crowing loudly in warning seconds before the ground shook. As the death toll rose Sunday to more than 250 with entire villages leveled, rescuers called off searches for survivors and turned their attention to caring for the 16,000 people left homeless.

  • Iranians search the ruins of buildings after Saturday's earthquake.By Arash Khamoushi, APIranians search the ruins of buildings after Saturday’s earthquake.

At least 20 villages were totally destroyed in the quakes on Saturday that were followed by some 36 aftershocks, state television reported. Ahmad Reza Shajiei, a senior government official in charge of rescue operations, said more than 5,000 tents have been set up to shelter the thousands of displaced who spent the night outdoors.

“The moment the earthquake hit, it was like a snake biting from underground. It was the worst experience of my life,” said resident Morteza Javid, 47, from Ahar.

“The walls were shaking and moving from side to side. It took about a minute before I could run out of the house,” he said. “Seconds before the earthquake, crows were making a lot of noise, but I didn’t understand why. It was only after the quake that I learned the crows were warning us.” Javid said he drove more than a dozen injured people to hospitals during the night.

State television said at least 250 died. The semiofficial Mehr news agency quoted a local official who put the toll at 277. State TV said 44,000 food packages and thousands of blankets have been distributed in the stricken area.

In Washington, the White House press secretary sent a message of sympathy for the victims.

“Our thoughts are with the families of those who were lost, and we wish the wounded a speedy recovery,” it said.” We stand ready to offer assistance in this difficult time.”

The U.S. and Iran are locked in a bitter fight over Tehran’s disputed nuclear program, which the West suspect is aimed at producing weapons. Iran denies the allegation.

The U.N. also issued a message of sympathy and offered aid.

The U.S. Geological Survey reported that Saturday’s first quake was magnitude 6.4 and struck 35 miles northeast of the city of Tabriz at a depth of 6.2 miles. State TV quoted local Crisis Committee chief Khalil Saei as saying the epicenter was a region between the towns of Ahar and Haris, about 350 miles northwest of the capital Tehran.

The second quake was a magnitude 6.3 and struck 11 minutes later, the USGS reported. Its epicenter was 30 miles northeast of Tabriz at a depth of 6.1 miles.

The quakes hit the towns of Ahar, Haris and Varzaqan in East Azerbaijan province, state television reported. In addition to 20 villages destroyed, more than 130 others sustained heavy damage, state TV said.

The aftershocks were felt in a wide region near the Caspian Sea, causing panic among the people.

Iran is located on seismic fault lines and is prone to earthquakes. It experiences at least one earthquake every day on average, although most are so small they go unnoticed. In 2003, some 26,000 people were killed by a magnitude 6.6 quake that flattened the historic southeastern city of Bam.

Television showed images of people being evacuated on stretchers, while others were treated for broken limbs and concussions. Dozens of families were sleeping on blankets laid out on the ground in parks. Some were crying, and others shivered from the cold in the mountainous region hit by the quake, near the border with Azerbaijan.

More than 1,100 rescuers worked through the night to pull out those trapped under rubble and to reach some of the more remote villages affected. Some 15 dogs were brought in to search for survivors.

By afternoon, state television reported that search operations had ceased. The government’s attention shifted to providing shelter to the homeless and removing debris from the buildings destroyed.

Officials said the search was ended relatively quickly because the remote area is sparsely populated.

Naimeh Alapour said she ran out of her house without the mandatory Islamic headscarf when she felt the earthquake. Alapour, 35, lives in Tabriz, the provincial capital, about 30 miles from the epicenter of the earthquake.

“I simply took my kid and ran down the steps. The elevator was out of service. I don’t know how I walked nine floors down. It felt like this was the end of the world,” she said.

Officials have announced two days of mourning in East Azerbaijan province.

Interior Minister Mostafa Mohammad Najjar said the government will allocate funds to rebuild the houses destroyed in the quake, aiming to complete the construction before the arrival of cold winter temperatures.

Najjar said the plans aim to construct buildings resistant to earthquake. Most of houses in rural areas are built of mud, and they can crumble when even a moderate quake hits.

According to Najjar, several foreign countries have offered assistance, but he said Iran doesn’t need outside help and can manage the situation. He did not name the countries.

Strong quake jolts western China

(AFP)

BEIJING — A shallow 6.3-magnitude earthquake shook a remote area of China’s western region of Xinjiang, near the border with Tibet, on Sunday, the US Geological Survey said.

It was not immediately clear if there was any damage or casualties and rescue teams had been rushed to the mountainous quake zone to assess the situation, a local official told AFP.

The quake’s epicentre, at a depth of nine kilometres (5.6 miles), was about 280 kilometres east of Hotan town, USGS said. It struck at 6:45 pm (1045 GMT).

The China Earthquake Networks Centre measured it at 6.2-magnitude and put it at a deeper 30 kilometres, the state-run Xinhua news agency said.

“A rescue team and other officials are now on the way to the earthquake zone, which is in a mountainous area,” an official with the emergency office of Yutian county — also known as Keriya — told AFP.

“As of now, we haven’t received any news.”

The county is on the southern edge of China’s vast Taklimakan desert.

On Saturday, a quake measuring 5.3 hit Xinjiang, about 188 km from the town of Shache, according to the USGS.

Xinjiang is a vast region with a population of around 20 million, of whom some nine million are Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking, mainly Muslim ethnic minority.

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

13.08.2012 Volcano Eruption New Zealand Kermadec Island Region, [Monowai Volcano (underwater volcano)] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in New Zealand on Saturday, 11 August, 2012 at 11:31 (11:31 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 06:03 UTC
Description
A swarm of more than 150 earthquakes over two days last month caused a previously dormant volcano to erupt beneath the Pacific Ocean, a scientist said Monday. The eruption of the Havre Volcano, about halfway between New Zealand and Tonga, is believed to have caused a floating island of pumice larger than 4,000 square miles that was encountered by a New Zealand navy ship last week. Cornel de Ronde, principal scientist of New Zealand’s Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, told Radio New Zealand the source of the pumice had been identified in cooperation with French researchers in Tahiti who monitor earthquakes in the southwest Pacific. “When they looked at their physical records they saw that on July 17th and 18th, there were some 157 earthquakes of magnitudes between 3.0 and 4.8,” he said. De Ronde said they occurred near the time of the first sighting of the pumice “raft.” When the institute looked at its database, it found the Havre volcano, which it had previously surveyed. It was a caldera volcano, like White Island off the west coast of New Zealand’s North Island, which erupted last week, but the Havre was not thought to have erupted before, he said. De Ronde said the pumice island was so light that it had floated several hundred kilometers from the volcano when it was encountered by the HMNZS Canterbury, which took samples last week. Scientists were also analyzing samples of rock ejected from Mount Tongariro, on New Zealand’s North Island, to try to find out why it erupted a week ago for the first time in 115 years.

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Sinkholes

Excessive Heat Warning

SAN DIEGO CA
LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
PHOENIX AZ

Heat Advisory

TUCSON AZ

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

CHEYENNE WY
POCATELLO ID
BOISE ID

Fire Weather Watch

GREAT FALLS MT
BILLINGS MT
GLASGOW MT
MISSOULA MT

Extreme Fire Danger

RAPID CITY SD
Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of California, [Lake County] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 06:08 (06:08 AM) UTC.

Description
Two major grass fires are burning in Lake County this weekend, according to state fire officials. The Walker fire, at Walker Ridge and state Highway 20 near the Colusa County border, has consumed around 400 acres, some of them in Colusa County, Battalion Chief Julie Hutchinson said. The fire, reported at 3;49 p.m., is in a fairly remote rural area dominated by oak woodland, Hutchinson said. The second fire, however, is much larger and is threatening inhabited areas. The Wye fire, reported just after 4 p.m., is burning on around 5,000 acres in the area of state Highways 20 and 53. The fire is threatening Spring Valley, an unincorporated community with a reported population of more than 800 people, and reidents in the area have been ordered to evacuate, Hutchinson said. One structure has been lost, but Hutchinson could not confirm whether it was a home. Both fires remain uncontained, and the causes remain under investigation. Around 100 fire personnel are on the scene of the Walker fire, and another 200 to 300 at the Wye fire. Hutchinson said there have not been reports of strong winds, but high temperatures have left the vegetation in the area very dry. “We’ve had a week or more of really high temperatures accompanied by a winter with very little rainfall, so the vegetation has all been very dry, very drought stressed,” Hutchinson said.
13.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Canary-Islands (Esp.) Island of La Gomera, [Garajonay National Park] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Canary-Islands (Esp.) on Sunday, 12 August, 2012 at 12:27 (12:27 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:48 UTC
Description
The Canary Islands are battling forest fires that have caused around 4,700 people to evacuate their homes. Spanish firefighters are struggling to contain the blazes as high temperatures and strong winds spur on the flames. A statement issued to reporters said that officials were “finding it difficult to limit the spread of fire”. “We are living through hell, we have asked the central government for more resources with which to fight the fire,” said Casimimo Curbelo, local government leader of La Gomera. The fires are the worst the Islands, which are located off the coast of Morocco, have experienced in at least a decade, and follow the driest winter in 70 years.

 

Enormous 400ft deep Louisiana sinkhole swallows 100ft tall trees and raises concerns of explosions and radiation leaks

  • Fears that low levels of radiation are being emitted from the sinkhole and residents are being asked to leave
  • Gas bubbles have been bubbling in the Louisiana bayou for weeks and residents have felt small tremors for years
  • Officials said on Friday it will be at least 40 days before they get definitive answers about an enormous sinkhole that opened up in Assumption Parish
  • Some residents have refused to leave their homes

By Daily Mail Reporter

 

A massive 400-foot deep sinkhole that has opened up in a Louisiana bayou has swallowed all of the 100-foot trees in the surrounding area and led to mandatory evacuations.

About 150 people have been ordered to leave their residences after the 400-sqaure-foot gaping hole opened in Assumption Parish amid fears of potential radiation leaks and natural gas explosions.

But despite the authorities enacting the mandatory evacuation, most people have decided to stay following allegations of a cover-up and industrial mis-management from the owners of a nearby salt cavern.

Diesel sheen is seen on the water in an aerial view of the sinkhole. State officials said on that small amounts of diesel hydrocarbons were found in swamp water where an acre of swampland liquefied over the last weekDiesel sheen is seen on the water in an aerial view of the sinkhole. State officials said on that small amounts of diesel hydrocarbons were found in swamp water where an acre of swampland liquefied over the last week

As state scientists monitored the toxicity of naturally occurring radiation at a slurry hole in Assumption Parish, residents said Thursday they were furious with their public state officials because they think they have been withholding information.

The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality said the slurry hole near Bayou Corne is near areas that have been used for oil and gas exploration. Low levels of radioactivity may be remaining from the work, though not at harmful levels, officials say.

 

‘Out of abundance of caution and because of the ongoing incident, I have decided to further enhance our monitoring efforts,’ DEQ Secretary Peggy Hatch said in a statement.

Officials said the first set of 15 samples from the area show that there are no detectable levels of naturally occurring radioactive material on the surface of the sinkhole and Hatch says they’re confident residents aren’t at risk for exposure.

Bubbles come to the surface where pipelines come across Bayou Corne and a pipeline sign is seen on the right Bubbles come to the surface where pipelines come across Bayou Corne and a pipeline sign is seen on the right

Department spokesman Rodney Mallett said such material tends to accumulate in low levels on equipment used to drill for oil and gas.

Gas bubbles have been erupting in the area for weeks. Residents have been especially alarmed at the possibility of a natural gas explosion after 28 residents in Grand Bayou had to evacuate their homes on Christmas 2003 because natural gas was seeping from a salt dome storage cavern and bubbling up into water wells.

Residents have also been reporting earthquakes but despite a battery of tests conducted by federal, parish and local officials, no one has been able to figure out the source of the tremors.

Randy Rousseau, who lives in Grand Bayou and owns a body shop in Belle Rose, said he’s noticed tremors for years. He eventually moved out of his house because he didn’t feel safe and has been unable to sell it because the property value plummeted after several small sinkholes opened up in his yard.

The massive sinkhole has caused the governor to order the evacuation of 150 residents from the parishThe massive sinkhole has caused the governor to order the evacuation of 150 residents from the parish

Scientists said at a community meeting Tuesday the sinkhole might be related to a brine cavern owned by Houston-based Texas Brine Co. contained within an underground salt dome.

It has been reported that local officials at Texas Brine have known since at least January 2011 that there have been problems with the structural integrity of a brine cavern that was plugged in June 2010. Officials did not mention those issues at the meeting.

‘It’s what I’ve been saying all along, that they’ve been hiding things,’ Rousseau said. ‘I think our local officials are trying to do the best they can, but I think they’re being hindered by the higher-ups hiding things.’

Rousseau said he was especially worried after a parish official had him fill out a form asking him to list his next of kin Thursday morning.

‘That’s a little disturbing to me. They said it’s in case they can’t reach us to evacuate. But I mean, come on. They can reach everyone,’ he said.

Rep. Joe Harrison, R-Napoleonville, said he wants more transparency and answers from the Office of Conservation. He said he had no idea about structural issues within the brine cavern until he read about them in the paper.

Residents were told it will be at least 40 days before they get definitive answers about an enormous sinkhole that opened up in Assumption ParishResidents were told it will be at least 40 days before they get definitive answers about an enormous sinkhole that opened up in Assumption Parish

‘There is a serious lack of competence now in the state, and we knew nothing. Nothing. Why did they close the mine? We didn’t get any answers. It’s a real lack of competence now,’ Harrison said.

Sonny Cranch, spokesman for Texas Brine, said they’re continuing to monitor the area for any changes.

‘We’ve installed booms around the perimeter of the sinkhole to contain any floating contaminants, the diesel, anything else,’ Cranch said.

Dr. Madhurendu Kumar, director of the state Department of Natural Resources’ oil and gas division, said the sinkhole could have been caused by structural problems within the salt dome that sits underneath it.

The wall of salt between the brine cavern and the salt dome might be thinner than experts were led to believe, he said.

He said this sinkhole was unusual because it sits on the edge of the dome, when sinkholes normally sit right on top.

Some residents in the area said that they had been experiencing tremors for years before the enormous sinkhole opened upSome residents in the area said that they had been experiencing tremors for years before the enormous sinkhole opened up

Officials said the sinkhole, which has swallowed up and liquefied a 372-foot wide circle of swampland, has not grown in size since Saturday.

The owners of four natural gas pipelines nearby were asked to depressurize and vent off their pipelines as a precaution after the slurry area bent a 400-foot-long section of pipeline.

Governor Bobby Jindal declared a state of emergency Friday in Assumption Parish and ordered an immediate evacuation of 150 homes and several businesses. The evacuation remains in effect.

Officials said on Friday it will be at least 40 days before they get definitive answers about an enormous sinkhole that opened up in Assumption Parish.

Mark Cartwright, president of United Brine Services, a subsidiary of Texas Brine Co., said the company spent the last week ‘intensely focused’ on an emergency response as they try to figure out the cause behind a sinkhole near Bayou Corne.

Low levels of radioactivity may be emanating, though not at harmful levels, officials saidLow levels of radioactivity may be emanating, though not at harmful levels, officials said

Cartwright said they’ll be drilling a relief well to investigate a brine cavern they own, which is housed within the Napoleonville salt dome. It will take at least 40 days to drill the well, and scientists have speculated that the 372-foot-wide and 422-foot-deep sinkhole might be related to structural problems within the cavern, he said.

‘Our efforts are going to be more focused on diagnostics, and looking into what caused this event,’ Cartwright said at a press conference in Gonzales.

Commissioner of Conservation Jim Welsh ordered the company Thursday to drill a well and investigate the salt cavern and ‘further evaluate potential causes of the subsidence near its well site,’ as well as obtain samples of cavern content.

Cartwright said the company was just as shocked as anyone else when the sinkhole erupted last Friday, swallowing up an acre of bald cypress trees and leaving diesel fumes and slurry water in its wake.

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms / Tornadoes / Flooding

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Hector (EP08) Pacific Ocean – East 11.08.2012 13.08.2012 Tropical Depression 270 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Hector (EP08)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 17° 30.000, W 106° 0.000
Start up: 11th August 2012
Status: 12th August 2012
Track long: 311.90 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Aug 2012 05:40:34 N 18° 30.000, W 108° 6.000 20 65 83 Tropical Storm 290 11 999 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
13th Aug 2012 10:38:02 N 18° 6.000, W 111° 24.000 11 65 83 Tropical Depression 270 ° 16 994 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
14th Aug 2012 18:00:00 N 18° 18.000, W 114° 36.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
14th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 18° 6.000, W 113° 30.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
15th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 18° 36.000, W 115° 24.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
16th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 19° 24.000, W 117° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
17th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 20° 0.000, W 118° 30.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
18th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 20° 30.000, W 120° 30.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC
Kai-tak (14W) Pacific Ocean 12.08.2012 13.08.2012 Tropical Depression 275 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 5.18 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Kai-tak (14W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 36.000, E 128° 30.000
Start up: 12th August 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 46.86 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
13th Aug 2012 10:04:19 N 16° 36.000, E 126° 36.000 24 65 83 Tropical Depression 275 ° 17 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
14th Aug 2012 18:00:00 N 19° 6.000, E 122° 54.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
14th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 18° 0.000, E 124° 12.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
15th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 20° 12.000, E 121° 12.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
16th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 22° 0.000, E 117° 42.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
17th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 23° 24.000, E 114° 36.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
18th Aug 2012 06:00:00 N 25° 12.000, E 111° 54.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

…………………………….

Today Tornado USA State of California, [Near to Nuevo, Ramona Expressway] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 08:24 (08:24 AM) UTC.

Description
A menacing thunderstorm spawned a tornado that touched down near Nuevo this afternoon. The tornado downed up to twelve power-lines prompting authorities to shut down both directions of the Ramona Expressway while So Cal Edison removed and repaired the damage. “There are no reported injuries and one vehicle is stranded with the driver trapped while So Cal Edison takes care of the live lines in the roadway,” Riverside County Fire Department spokeswoman Melodie Hendrickson said. A total of six occupants in the single vehicle that was temporarily stranded were assisted to a safe location at approximately 5:20 p.m., according to a Riverside County Fire Department report.

Flash Flood Watch

SAN DIEGO CA

Flood Warning

TALLAHASSEE FL
AUSTIN/SAN ANTONIO TX
TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL

Flood Advisory

MIDLAND/ODESSA TX
Today Flash Flood New Zealand Southland, Christchurch Damage level Details

Flash Flood in New Zealand on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:40 (02:40 AM) UTC.

Description
Residents had to evacuate about 10 homes after torrential rain caused flooding in the Christchurch area on Sunday night. Christchurch City Council’s civil defence manager Murray Sinclair said Dallington was particularly bad, as was St Albans, where Dudley Creek had burst its banks. He said contractors had been putting sandbags on roads in Lyttelton to divert water away from properties and people had evacuated around 10 properties in Lyttelton, Sumner and Akaroa after they flooded. Earthquake-damaged roads in the eastern suburbs were vulnerable to surface flooding because the drains were not taking the water away as effectively as they used to, he said. Dozens of homes were threatened by flash flooding in Lyttelton, after a retaining wall burst. Residents said the wall at the top of Canterbury Street was washed out after a build up of shingle and rocks blocked storm water drains, causing a flash flood on Sunday night. Rowena Laing described seeing a “river of water” washing down a nearby street, Fairfax reports. Firefighters managed to divert the water away from homes. The New Zealand Transport Agency is urging drivers to take care on State Highway 83 from Pukeuri to Duntroon and SH79 from Geraldine to Fairlie due to flooding. And in the North Island, SH29 about 17km west of Auckland near Ruahihi Rd has been reduced to one lane due to a slip on Sunday. Motorists are advised to avoid using this road. More heavy rain is expected to hit Canterbury and eastern Otago on Monday and Tuesday as a front moves slowly across the area. More than 100mm may fall in some places on top of what is already “a very sodden situation”, the Metservice website said. “Members of the public are advised that streams and rivers may rise rapidly and there may be areas of flooding and slips.” Rain or showers are expected across most of the country on Monday.

************************************************************************************************************

Radiation / Nuclear

Today Nuclear Event USA State of Michigan, South Haven [Palisades Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:32 (02:32 AM) UTC.

Description
The Palisades nuclear plant in southwestern Michigan has been removed from service to repair what officials said is a “very small, very minor” cooling water leak. No radioactive materials were released, spokesman Mark Savage said Sunday. The leak was being repaired inside a containment building at the plant in Covert Township, southwest of Grand Rapids. “Palisades is taking this conservative measure at this time because of our unrelenting commitment and focus on nuclear safety,” Savage said in Sunday morning in a release. “Palisades will be returned to service when repairs are completed.” Officials had been monitoring the leak for a month. Cooling water is used to cool off components of a nuclear reactor by picking up and carrying heat from the reactor. The plant’s reactor was shut down June 12 to repair a leak in a refueling water storage tank and was back online by July 11. “Shortly after that we noticed slowly increasing levels of this (cooling water) leakage,” Savage told The Associated Press on Sunday afternoon. Shutting down the plant drops radiation levels in the containment building and allows workers to safely repair the leak, he added. Palisades has been designated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission as one of the nation’s four worst-performing nuclear plants, and it’s come under increasing public and federal scrutiny recently. New Orleans-based Entergy Corp. owns the plant and says it’s working to improve the plant’s safety culture. Last month, Michigan health officials reminded people who live, work or visit within 10 miles of Palisades to have potassium iodide pills on hand. The pills may prevent illnesses associated with radioactive iodine should an accident occur. The Michigan Department of Community Health makes the pills available for free to people near the plant and the state’s other nuclear power plants.

************************************************************************************************************

Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Epidemic Hazard in China on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 06:46 (06:46 AM) UTC.

Description
Two cases of cutaneous anthrax have been confirmed in Lianyungang of east China’s Jiangsu Province, reported a spokesman for the Ministry of Health on Monday. Skin irritations were found among seven villagers in Lianyungang, said Deng Haihua, the spokesman said at a press conference here. The symptoms of the other five villagers were not typical, but they have also been placed under medical observation, he said. All seven villagers are in stable, non-serious conditions, he added. The infected villagers were believed to have taken part in killing a sick cow. Cutaneous, or skin, anthrax is the least serious form of the disease. It is usually contracted when a person with a cut or sore on their skin comes into direct, unprotected contact with anthrax spores on a sick or dead animal. The provincial health department responded shortly after the events were reported. Medical teams were sent to treat the villagers and sanitise the farm and their residences, Deng said. Health departments will raise the monitoring level on anthrax and help educate local people about the disease, he said. Agricultural departments were also informed of the events, he said. “We will closely follow the development of these cases and make sure the disease is under control,” he said.
Biohazard name: Anthrax (cutaneous)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
13.08.2012 Epidemic Hazard Nepal Capital City, Kathmandu Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Nepal on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 04:51 (04:51 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:33 UTC
Description
Fifteen cholera cases have been confirmed in Kathmandu district since the onset of monsoon. Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital has confirmed 14 cases, while one case is reported in Kanti Children’s Hospital. Contaminated water is the main cause of cholera and diarrhoea in Kathmandu, doctors said. The cholera patients, between three and 88 years of age, were from Teku, Tahachal, Kalimati, Swayambhu, Baneshwor, Rabibhawan, Dallu, Bhimsengola, Kalanki and Pinglasthan in Kathmandu, the hospitals involved in the patients’ treatment reported. According to Dr Indra Prasad Prajapati, the hospital director, cholera cases have gone up this year compared to corresponding periods in the preceding years. “Only eight cases were reported last year during this time,” the director said and feared of focal outbreak if the number kept on rising. However, the epidemic could be limited to small focal area with people drinking the same contaminated water, Dr Prajapati said. He further said that three of the total cholera cases were based in Swayambhu. Dr Prajapati said leakage of drainage pipes and water pipelines is mainly responsible for the contamination of water. The contaminated water causes waterborne diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid, cholera, worm infection and jaundice. The doctor suggested to boil, double filter and to treat water with chlorine before drinking it. He also urged the government to disseminate awareness messages and repair the drainage and water supply system at the soonest. A total of 2,167 patients were diagnosed with gastrointestinal infections, including diarrhoea and dysentery in 2010/11 and 1,712 in 2011/12, according to hospitals. A miking campaign to make people aware of waterborne diseases is under way at high risk places, director of Kathmandu District Public Health Office (DPHO), Mahendra Prasad Shrestha, informed. “We are also holding a multi-sectoral meeting with Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Limited (KUKL), Department of Water Supply and Sewerage, the Local Development Minister and others,” DPHO director Shrestha said. He further said that they have further asked the KUKL to increase the amount of chlorine in drinking water for water purification.

………………………………………

Disease alert as Philippines flood toll jumps to 85

  by Jason Gutierrez

Emergency relief officials and doctors deployed to flood devastated communities in the Philippines Sunday to prevent outbreaks of disease as the death toll jumped to 85.

The flooding that submerged 80 percent of Manila early in the week has largely subsided but more than 150 towns and cities around the capital remain under water, affecting more than three million people. Amid the ongoing relief operation, the weather bureau warned of a low pressure area developing some 850 kilometers (528 miles) to the east in the Pacific Ocean that could turn into a storm and bring more rain. Many provinces around Manila remained inundated as overflowing dams continued to release water, the national disaster coordinating agency said. Relief workers were dealing with “clogged pipelines and trash everywhere. Sanitation has emerged as a key problem,” Red Cross secretary general Gwendolyn Pang told AFP. “We have deployed health officers in evacuation centres and in flood-hit communities with the likelihood of diseases erupting.” The health department said water purification tablets were being distributed, while mass immunizations were being carried out to prevent an outbreak of diseases such as flu. Of particular concern is a possible outbreak of leptospirosis, caused by exposure to water contaminated by rat urine, which infected 3,300 people and claimed some 250 lives in the aftermath of similar flooding in 2009. “Many may have escaped the floods, but many could still die from leptospirosis or other diseases,” Ramos said. The Red Cross put up huge rubber bladder tanks for clean water, while local officials sent portable latrines to packed evacuation centers. Food packs were also rushed to some 770,000 people displaced by flooding. Civil defense chief Benito Ramos said more than half of them were living in dire conditions in 948 evacuation centers — mostly schools and churches converted into temporary shelter areas. But in a town north of Manila, at least one family had set up camp on top of elevated tombs at a cemetery as they waited for aid, illustrating the extent of the crisis. In all, more than three million people in 167 towns and 16 cities were affected by the heavy rains and floods, the disaster agency said. “Many have returned to their homes as the waters subsided, but it is far from a normal situation,” Ramos said. “We are trying to help them return to their normal lives with a massive clean-up operation. There is muck everywhere, and it would take some time.” Ramos said the death toll rose to 85 on Sunday from 66 the previous day, with most of the casualties due to drowning. The floods were caused by seasonal southwest monsoon that brought an unusual amount of rainfall over Manila and nearby areas, causing dams and river systems to overflow. If the new low pressure disturbance develops into a major storm, it would bring more misery, Ramos warned.

12.08.2012 Epidemic Hazard Kenya Coast Province, Mombasa Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Kenya on Sunday, 12 August, 2012 at 17:20 (05:20 PM) UTC.

Description
A truck driver was yesterday quarantined at Mombasa’s Aga Khan Hospital on suspicion he was infected with the deadly Ebola virus. The man only identified as Moses, 61, is said to have been in Kampala as from August 3, and arrived yesterday in Mombasa with symptoms resembling those of Ebola. According to Coast provincial director of Public Health and Sanitation Anisa Omar, the man had symptoms of fatigue, sore throat and fever, prompting doctors to seclude him from the rest of the patients at the hospital. “It’s true the man was in Kampala from August 3 and when he arrived, he developed the symptoms. He decided to seek medical attention at the hospital where he was isolated from the other patients after being examined by the doctors,’ Omar said. Anisa said the patient’s blood samples have been taken to the Kenya Medical Research Institute in Nairobi. She however allayed fears of the virus spreading to other parts of the region saying the situation is under control. This comes a week after Public Health Minister Beth Mugo assured the country that the government was doing all it can to shield Kenyans from the deadly virus. Ebola kiled 14 people in Western Uganda two weeks ago.
Biohazard name: Ebola (susp.)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News August 12, 2012: Quakes, M Flare, Weather

Published on Aug 12, 2012 by

Earthquake/Solar Flare Watch: http://youtu.be/zd7Z6dmABf8 [August 12-18, 2012]
[EXPLANATION Video For Earthquake Watches] Last Quake Watch: http://youtu.be/SMiHsOYwdCs
*****Astrotometry™ Response Video: http://youtu.be/DlJAw6x1STc

TODAY’S LINKS
4 Iran Quakes? http://news.am/eng/news/116869.html
Video: http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012-08-11/iran-earthquake/56969296/1
250 Dead: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10000872396390444318104577584474193941882.html
Heat Tracking: http://www.weather.com/news/weather-forecast/heat-wave-tracker-20120627
China Flood: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/news-video/raw-video-floods-devastate-chi…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

Earthquake/Solar Flare Predictions: August 12-18, 2012

Published on Aug 9, 2012 by

SOLAR FLARE PREDICTION:

DCSYMBOLS:
dcsymbols Flare Watch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR0mg03vz6k
BigBytes [dcsymbols] Websites: http://dcsymbols.com/ & http://dcsymbols.com/future/quepaso.htm & http://dcsymbols.com/future/future.htm

PATRICK GERYL:
Patrick Geryl: Flare Watch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KngICgxdpws&feature=youtu.be
Patrick Geryl Website: http://www.howtosurvive2012.com/htm_night/home.htm

EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION:

Suspicious0bservers LAST Quake Watch & Explanation: http://youtu.be/SMiHsOYwdCs
[We had 4 Significant Magnitude Earthquakes During the Last Watch, Luckily None Caused Damage]

Other Earthquake Forecasters: Concurrence & Background

dcsymbols:
http://youtu.be/HE2FIE7D4xY

Astrotometry™:
http://youtu.be/Y5iZ8owQSVI
http://youtu.be/uqDPQdwAm9s

************************************************************************************************************

Space

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 HS15) 14th August 2012 1 day(s) 0.1804 70.2 200 m – 450 m 11.54 km/s 41544 km/h
4581 Asclepius 16th August 2012 3 day(s) 0.1079 42.0 220 m – 490 m 13.48 km/s 48528 km/h
(2008 TC4) 18th August 2012 5 day(s) 0.1937 75.4 140 m – 300 m 17.34 km/s 62424 km/h
(2012 OP4) 18th August 2012 5 day(s) 0.1039 40.4 300 m – 670 m 22.54 km/s 81144 km/h
(2012 EC) 20th August 2012 7 day(s) 0.0815 31.7 56 m – 130 m 5.57 km/s 20052 km/h
(2006 CV) 20th August 2012 7 day(s) 0.1744 67.9 290 m – 640 m 13.24 km/s 47664 km/h
162421 (2000 ET70) 21st August 2012 8 day(s) 0.1503 58.5 670 m – 1.5 km 12.92 km/s 46512 km/h
(2007 WU3) 21st August 2012 8 day(s) 0.1954 76.0 56 m – 120 m 5.25 km/s 18900 km/h
(2012 BB14) 24th August 2012 11 day(s) 0.1234 48.0 27 m – 60 m 2.58 km/s 9288 km/h
(2012 FM52) 25th August 2012 12 day(s) 0.0599 23.3 510 m – 1.1 km 17.17 km/s 61812 km/h
66146 (1998 TU3) 25th August 2012 12 day(s) 0.1265 49.2 3.0 km – 6.8 km 16.03 km/s 57708 km/h
(2009 AV) 26th August 2012 13 day(s) 0.1615 62.8 670 m – 1.5 km 22.51 km/s 81036 km/h
331769 (2003 BQ35) 28th August 2012 15 day(s) 0.1585 61.7 240 m – 530 m 4.64 km/s 16704 km/h
(2010 SC) 28th August 2012 15 day(s) 0.1679 65.3 16 m – 36 m 9.56 km/s 34416 km/h
4769 Castalia 28th August 2012 15 day(s) 0.1135 44.2 1.4 km 12.06 km/s 43416 km/h
(2012 LU7) 02nd September 2012 20 day(s) 0.1200 46.7 440 m – 990 m 8.16 km/s 29376 km/h
(2012 FS35) 02nd September 2012 20 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 2.3 m – 5.2 m 2.87 km/s 10332 km/h
(2012 HG31) 03rd September 2012 21 day(s) 0.0716 27.9 440 m – 990 m 10.33 km/s 37188 km/h
(2012 PX) 04th September 2012 22 day(s) 0.0452 17.6 61 m – 140 m 9.94 km/s 35784 km/h
(2012 EH5) 05th September 2012 23 day(s) 0.1613 62.8 38 m – 84 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(2011 EO11) 05th September 2012 23 day(s) 0.1034 40.2 9.0 m – 20 m 8.81 km/s 31716 km/h
(2007 PS25) 06th September 2012 24 day(s) 0.0497 19.3 23 m – 52 m 8.50 km/s 30600 km/h
329520 (2002 SV) 08th September 2012 26 day(s) 0.1076 41.9 300 m – 670 m 9.17 km/s 33012 km/h
(2011 ES4) 10th September 2012 28 day(s) 0.1792 69.8 20 m – 44 m 12.96 km/s 46656 km/h
(2008 CO) 11th September 2012 29 day(s) 0.1847 71.9 74 m – 160 m 4.10 km/s 14760 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

*************************************************************************************************************

Biological Hazards / Wildlife

Today Biological Hazard USA State of Washington, [Puget Sound Region] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 06:07 (06:07 AM) UTC.

Description
Shellfish collected from a large area of central and south Puget Sound contain enough Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) biotoxin to make people sick. So, the Washington State Department of Health has closed recreational shellfish harvest in Jefferson, Island, Snohomish, Kitsap, King and Pierce Counties. Commercially harvested shellfish have been thoroughly tested and should be safe to eat. Warning signs are posted at beaches used by recreational shellfish harvesters to warn people not to collect shellfish from the closed areas. The closures include clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, geoduck, and other species of molluscan shellfish. Crab is not included in the closure, but “crab butter” should not be eaten. The PSP toxin is produced by algae that are often more common during the warmest months of the year. People can get very sick from eating shellfish contaminated with the toxin. Marine biotoxins are not destroyed by cooking or freezing. Symptoms of PSP can appear within minutes or hours and usually begin with tingling lips and tongue, moving to the hands and feet. This is followed by difficulty breathing, and potentially death. Anyone who has eaten shellfish and begins having these symptoms should get medical help immediately. A person can’t tell if PSP is present by looking at the water or shellfish. For this reason, the term “red tide,” which is often used for PSP, is misleading and inaccurate. PSP can only be detected by laboratory testing.
Biohazard name: Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP)
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Biological Hazard USA State of Texas, Jamaica Beach Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:50 (02:50 AM) UTC.

Description
Thousands of dead fish are washing ashore along the Texas coast from the Colorado River to Galveston Island and Parks and Wildlife biologists suspect low oxygen levels off shore may be to blame. What tides are bringing in on Jamaica Beach is making people pause. “I hope it’s nothing major,” said Mark Gannon, who took his family to the beach Sunday. “I hope the water is safe.” Thousands of dead shad litter the sand. “Any idea what it is?” asked Gannon’s wife Alexia. Her children tried to explain the problem. “At night time, the waves pull up really far so the fish can’t handle that, so they get up on the shore,” said Abby Gannon. Authorities said the answer is not so simple. Biologists with the Parks and Wildlife Department began testing ph, saline and oxygen levels in water samples taken along the coast. “When something’s affecting one [fish] then usually a lot of them are being affected at the same time because it’s such a big group [swimming in schools] together,” said Steven Mitchell of Texas Parks and Wildlife. He suspects low oxygen in the water is a problem. However, he won’t know for sure until biologists are able to test water up to 10 miles off shore. That could take several days. Meanwhile, there is no threat to people on the beach, authorities said. Still, people like the Gannons said their plan to spend the children’s final week of summer vacation on the beach could change a bit. “I imagine as it gets warmer the smell [of the dead shad] will get stronger and we will likely want to go home,” Alexia Gannon said.
Biohazard name: Mass. Die-off (fishes)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
13.08.2012 Biological Hazard USA State of Colorado, Pueblo Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Saturday, 28 July, 2012 at 03:32 (03:32 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 02:58 UTC
Description
After more than three decades without a case of anthrax in Colorado, the lethal bacterial disease has come back to an unusual extent on at least one Logan County ranch. After initial reports of one cow death last week, Veterinary Practice News reported Friday, the death of nearly 60 cattle from the anthrax bacillus. The one cow fatality from early last week has been laboratory-confirmed to have died from anthrax by the Colorado State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. According to the report, officials said they are certain “beyond a reasonable doubt,” based on the clinical signs, that the other cattle died from anthrax as well. The Colorado Department of Agriculture quarantined the affected ranch last week and because no cattle left the Logan County ranch in the months before detection of the clinical signs of anthrax, infected cattle likely did not enter the food chain. Colorado State Veterinarian, Dr. Keith Roehr says drought conditions may have created a favorable environment for bacterial growth; however, he is confident that the outbreak has been contained. The moderator for the International Society for Infectious Diseases website, ProMED mail says, “With this very high number of affected animals on the one Logan County ranch, neighboring ranches up to 5 miles out are at immediate risk from biting flies with contaminated mouthparts. In fact, ranches up to three counties out should be on full alert.”Anthrax is a pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels and deers. It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins. Anthrax is caused by the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. This spore forming bacteria can survive in the environment for years because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drying, etc. this is usually the infectious stage of anthrax. When conditions become favorable, the spores germinate into colonies of bacteria. An example would be a grazing cow ingests spores that in the cow, germinate, grow spread and eventually kill the animal. The bacteria will form spores in the carcass and then return to the soil to infect other animals. The vegetative form is rarely implicated in transmission. There are no reports of person-to-person transmission of anthrax. People get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores. There are three types of human anthrax with differing degrees of seriousness: cutaneous, gastrointestinal and inhalation.

**************************************************************************************************************

Articles of Interest

China reservoir collapse kills at least 10: state media

by Staff Writers
Shanghai (AFP)

 

At least 10 people were killed and dozens injured after the earthen wall of a reservoir collapsed in eastern China, flooding a rural area, state media said Sunday.

The 29-metre (96-foot) wall, part of a reservoir in Zhejiang province, collapsed early Friday, following heavy rainfall after Typhoon Haikui passed through the area, the China Daily newspaper said.

The paper put the death toll at 10 while the official Xinhua news agency said Saturday that 11 people died and 27 were injured.

Local officials in Shenjiakeng village, where the accident took place, could not be immediately reached for comment.

The collapse flooded a “large area” of the village with water and silt, affecting 80 families and damaging at least a third of homes, China Daily said.

Haikui, now a tropical storm, had previously killed at least six people and continues to bring heavy rain to parts of eastern China, Xinhua has reported, quoting government statistics.

Related Links
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

More than 10,000 earthworms found dead in a parking lot of 250m2 North Japan

Posted by Mochizuki

More than 10,000 earthworms found dead in a parking lot of 250m2 North Japan

In Komatsu city Ishikawa, more than 10,000 earthworms found dead in a parking lot. Ishikawa prefecture is facing Japan / Korea sea.

Mr. Kobayashi is living near the parking lot. He comments he found earthworms dead in the evening of 8/5/2012. It kept increasing and now it’s scattered around in the 250 m2 of the area.
There are about 500 dead worms in the space for one car. Because 16 cars can park there, more than 10,000 worms are dead in the whole area including the passageway.

Former director of insects museum visited the place to comment it is rare to see this many worms dead at once. It’s an ordinary type of earthworm. He assumes they came from the near greenery to the parking lot for water because of the intense heat and died there.

Citizens nearby the area talks, “I haven’t seen such a thing. Is this because of the intense heat ?” or “It may increase more.”

Today Power Outage USA State of California, Sacramento Damage level Details

Power Outage in USA on Monday, 13 August, 2012 at 06:06 (06:06 AM) UTC.

Description
Nearly 14,000 households in northeast Sacramento were rolling in darkness Sunday evening for 2 1/2 hours as SMUD struggled to restore power to the affected customers. SMUD spokesman Clint Swett said an equipment problem at a Citrus Heights area substation caused the outage that affected people from Carmichael to Citrus Heights. The outage was first reported at 5:30 p.m., and power was restored by 8 p.m. Swett said it was premature to speculate whether the power failure was caused by the heat. Sacramento topped out at 104 degrees Sunday afternoon. “When we have a power outage, we do our best to restore power first and then investigate what happened,” Swett said.

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
04.08.2012 09:35:26 4.3 Caribbean Sea Dominican Republic Monseńor Nouel Piedra Blanca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 09:10:35 4.3 Caribbean Dominican Republic Monseñor Nouel Piedra Blanca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 08:51:00 4.5 Caribbean Dominican Republic Monseñor Nouel Bonao VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 08:20:30 2.2 North America United States Alaska Pedro Bay There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 08:35:19 2.4 Asia Turkey Kütahya Pazarlar There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 07:35:56 2.1 North America United States Alaska Chenega VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 07:35:24 3.0 Europe Greece West Greece Kamarai VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:35:18 2.3 Asia Turkey Kütahya Simav There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:35:41 2.1 Asia Turkey Ad?yaman Gerger VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:36:03 2.7 Asia Turkey Tokat Yesilyurt VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:36:23 2.5 Asia Turkey Mu?la Ula VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:36:48 2.3 Asia Turkey Kütahya Simav There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:37:06 2.8 Asia Turkey Manisa Golmarmara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:37:26 3.1 Asia Turkey Manisa Golmarmara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 05:37:45 3.6 Asia Turkey Manisa Golmarmara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 04:45:28 4.1 Asia Turkey Manisa Golmarmara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 04:35:19 4.2 Asia Turkey Manisa Golmarmara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 04:35:41 2.5 Europe Greece North Aegean Myrina VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 04:15:25 2.3 North America United States Alaska Akhiok VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 04:15:48 2.2 North America United States Alaska McKinley Park There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 04:36:01 5.2 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Jambi Sungaipenuh VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 04:25:28 5.1 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Jambi Sungaipenuh VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 04:05:26 2.6 North America United States California Coronado VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 04:36:30 3.2 Europe Croatia Splitsko-Dalmatinska Sinj VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 03:30:21 2.3 Asia Turkey Van Toyga There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 03:30:46 2.7 Asia Turkey Van Toyga There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 03:31:07 4.5 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Maluku Amahai VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 03:25:28 4.5 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Maluku Amahai VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 03:31:27 2.0 Europe Italy Abruzzo Fagnano Alto VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 03:20:48 3.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Canterbury Tai Tapu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
04.08.2012 02:25:20 4.6 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia West Java Paseh There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 02:00:29 4.6 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia West Java Paseh There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 02:25:42 4.7 Pacific Ocean – Middle Solomon Islands Lata VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 01:55:32 4.7 Solomon Islands Lata VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 03:21:10 4.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Canterbury Tai Tapu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
04.08.2012 01:25:23 4.1 Asia Taiwan Taitung City VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 01:25:44 2.7 Europe Spain Canary Islands La Restinga There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 01:26:03 3.7 Europe Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Glamoc VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 01:26:25 4.3 Europe Russia Sakhalin Severo-Kuril’sk There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 00:35:52 4.3 Asia Russia Sakhalin Severo-Kuril’sk There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 01:26:46 4.5 Pacific Ocean – West Philippines Soccsksargen Bantogon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 00:40:31 4.5 Pacific Ocean – West Philippines Soccsksargen Bantogon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 00:00:32 2.1 North America United States Alaska Lake Minchumina VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 00:25:20 2.4 Europe Italy Emilia-Romagna San Prospero VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
04.08.2012 00:00:53 5.0 Atlantic Ocean South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Grytviken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
04.08.2012 00:25:51 5.0 Atlantic Ocean – North South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Grytviken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
03.08.2012 23:30:26 3.1 North America United States Alaska Pedro Bay There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
03.08.2012 23:25:24 3.0 Europe Greece Ionian Islands Mavrata VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
03.08.2012 23:25:50 2.2 Europe France Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Fontan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
03.08.2012 23:26:12 4.6 South-America Chile Atacama Diego de Almagro VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details

…………………………………….

4.2 ‘earthquake’ wakes Kuwait Salmiya rocks

KUWAIT CITY, Aug 2: An earthquake of 4.2 magnitude on the Richter scale that struck Kuwait 40 km NW of Salmiya at around 7.30 am Thursday was felt by residents in Salmiya.

Though no casualties were reported, some residents complained the quake mildly upset some of their household arrangements. There were a few broken cutlery. Some residents living near the Salmiya garden said they felt the tremor in two short spells in a span of a few seconds.

Most of the residents were asleep and came to know about it from neighbors who experienced the tremor. Melissa, a resident, said she first noticed tea rippling in the cup in her hand before she realized that the whole house was shaking a bit. “It was a little scary.”

Mujib said it was his first experience of a tremor and initially thought that he was feeling woozy. “It occurred as I was getting up after bending down to pick something up from the floor. I thought I was losing balance as it happens sometimes when you suddenly change positions.”

Thambi felt the quake on the street when he was returning after a short walk. “This is my second experience of earthquake, both were in Kuwait. This one was very mild. Last time, I felt the quake like a strong vibration lasting more than 30 seconds.”

Thambi faltered in his step when the quake occurred, but that was just for a second or two. “Soon after that, I saw a dog running wildly to and fro, barking intensely.”

Khalil Rasul was woken up by a book that fell on his head. But he went back to sleep only to learn about the quake from blogs later.

An online journal had earlier quoted earthquake expert and Assist. Manager of Kuwait University for Scientific Affairs Dr. Ferial Bu Rabee as saying that Kuwait may be vulnerable to a powerful earthquake that can reach up to 8 degrees on Richter scale.

The expert said that such an earthquake can strike southern part of Iran and thus impact bordering GCC countries. She further added that an 8.1 tremor on Richter scale hit the same area of southern Iran back in 1945 and caused huge tsunami waves that reached Karachi and Bombay which are approx. 1,100 kms away from Iran.

She warned that Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran may be vulnerable if an earthquake strikes, such seen recently in Japan. She advised GCC countries to give up their ambitions concerning the construction of nuclear power stations, arguing that “they are time bombs that will destroy the region when the anticipated earthquake strikes.”


By: Valiya S. Sajjad

Are Earthquakes “Communicating” Across Large Distances
Triggering Each Other?
 

MessageToEagle.com – A while back scientists expressed that something unknown has triggered a “terrible and global domino”.

Some researchers suggest that there may be a link between large earthquakes world-wide. Other point out that there is no connection and the earthquakes do not trigger each other. The cluster could just as well be the result of random chance, scientist say.

The past decade has been plagued with what seems to be a cluster of large earthquakes, with massive quakes striking Sumatra, Chile, Haiti and Japan since 2004.

Each of the devastating quakes in the 2000s drew huge media coverage and required extensive rebuilding and economic restoration.

The intense interest in the earthquakes has led some to wonder if we are living in the middle of an “age of great quakes,” similar to a global cluster of quakes in the 1960s.It’s important to know whether these clusters occur because big earthquakes trigger others across the world, Parsons and Geist of the US Geological Survey say, in order to predict whether more severely destructive quakes might be on the way. To determine if the quake clusters in the 1960s and 2000s could be attributed to random chance, the researchers looked at the timing between the world’s largest earthquakes–magnitude 8.3 and above–at one-year intervals during the past 100 years.

They compared simulated lists of large quakes and the list of real quakes during this time with the between-quake intervals expected from a random process.

The intervals between the real-life large quakes are similar to what would be expected from a random process, they found. In other words, the global hazard of large earthquakes is constant in time. Except in the case of local aftershocks, the probability of a new large quake occurring isn’t related to past global quakes.

Aerial photo of the San Andreas Fault in the Carrizo Plain, northwest of Los Angeles Image credit: Leohotens

This could be disappointing news for researchers who thought global communication between quakes might offer a way to predict the most severe seismic activity. But there also may be some good news after a decade of destruction.

If global great earthquakes are occurring at random, the authors say, then a specific number of quakes that cluster together within a short time is unlikely to be repeated in a similar way over a 100-year span.

In addition, if quakes were communicating at global distances, after a big quake, the entire planet would essentially be an aftershock zone. MessageToEagle.com based on information provided by Seismological Society of America

See also:
Do Gateways To The Underworld Open? Next Dangerous And Unexpected Opening In The Ground!

Follow MessageToEagle.com for the latest news on Facebook and Twitter !

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Are Earthquakes “Communicating” Across Large Distances
Triggering Each Other? 

A dog lies on the ground in Pompeii, the famous city next to Naples which was destroyed in AD 79 by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius July 17, 2008. REUTERS/Giampiero Sposito

By Antonio Denti

POZZUOLI, Italy | Fri Aug 3, 2012 12:39pm EDT

(Reuters) – Across the bay of Naples from Pompeii, where thousands were incinerated by Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, lies a hidden “super volcano” that could kill millions in a catastrophe many times worse, scientists say.

The boiling mud and sulphurous steam holes of the area west of Naples known as the Campi Flegrei or Phlegraean Fields, from the Greek word for burning, are a major tourist attraction.

But the zone of intense seismic activity, which the ancients thought was the entrance to hell, also could pose a danger of global proportions with millions of people literally living on top of a potential future volcanic eruption.

“These areas can give rise to the only eruptions that can have global catastrophic effects comparable to major meteorite impacts,” said Giuseppe De Natale, head of a project to drill deep under the earth to monitor the molten “caldera”.

One such meteorite impact is thought to have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago when debris thrown into the atmosphere from the huge explosion plunged the earth into darkness.

Scientists plan to drill 3.5 km (2.2 miles) below the surface to monitor the huge chamber of molten rock near Pompeii and give early warning of any eruption from a 13-km-wide collapsed volcanic caldera.

The Campi Flegrei are similar to the Yellowstone caldera in the U.S. state of Wyoming but of more concern because they are in an area populated by around 3 million people in the Naples hinterland.

“Fortunately, it is extremely rare for these areas to erupt at their full capacity, as it is extremely rare for large meteorites to hit the earth,” De Natale told Reuters.

“But some of these areas, in particular the Campi Flegrei, are densely populated and therefore even small eruptions, which are the most probable, fortunately, can pose risks for the population,” said De Natale, from the Vesuvius observatory at Italy’s National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology.

“That is why the Campi Flegrei absolutely must be studied and monitored. I wouldn’t say like others, but much more than the others exactly because of the danger given that millions of people live in the volcano.”

However, the project, funded by the multi-national International Continental Scientific Drilling Programme, has run into major opposition from some local scientists who say the drilling itself could cause a dangerous eruption or earthquake.

EXPLOSION?

Benedetto De Vivo, a geochemist at Naples University, has said the drilling could cause an explosion.

The Naples city council blocked the project in 2010 but it resumed on the site of an abandoned steel mill at Bagnoli, west of Naples, late last month after the recently elected new mayor, Luigi De Magistris, gave the go-ahead.

De Natale scoffed at the objections, saying that the drilling was perfectly safe and that similar probes had been sent down by mining projects looking for sources of thermal energy in the 1980s and earlier.

“There were dozens of drillings in the past, with much less secure instruments for industrial motives and nobody said anything,” he said.

He added that those raising objections were not experts on drilling and that their suggestions of potential earthquakes or escapes of magma or liquid molten rock, had been exaggerated by the local press.

“Some of the things they suggested are laughable,” he said, adding that the project’s priority will be scientific knowledge and safety of the local population rather than industrial exploitation as in the past.

“We believe the security of millions of people deserves the most powerful methods of inquiry without thinking too much about the economic aspect,” he said.

He added that drilling is the only way to discover the geological history of the area because successive eruptions buried previous evidence. The probe has already found volcanic rock from a major eruption 15,000 years ago.

De Natale’s team has begun drilling a pilot hole at the Bagnoli site, where a long jetty built to load steel is used by joggers and courting couples enjoying the spectacular Neapolitan sunsets.

The pilot hole is aimed not only at studying the stratification of the area but to establish a deep geological observatory with new instruments which De Natale says are many times more sensitive than those in the past.

“This will increase by a thousand or 10,000 times our ability to detect small episodes that are precursors of future eruptions,” he said.

MOVEMENT OF EARTH’S SURFACE

The project also aims to study the cause of a phenomenon known as bradyseism which is a gradual raising and lowering of the earth’s surface because of deep volcanic activity. This is episodic but in the latest phase the ground has risen by 3.5 m (yards) in 15 years, the most since medieval times.

This movement forced the evacuation of 30,000 people temporarily from Pozzuoli in the 1980s and a fishing harbor in the old part of the town was completely abandoned.

Once work is complete on the pilot hole, scientists plan to drill much deeper, to around 3.5 km where temperatures are at around 500 degrees C (930 F). But De Natale said this could take another 18 months and the area for the second phase has not yet been decided.

His team has developed new fiber optic sensors able to withstand the extreme heat that would have destroyed earlier electronic equipment.

“We will be able to identify the smallest signs of a future eruption…this is an enormous mitigation of the volcanic risk,” he said.

De Natale says there will be no risk of an escape of magma because the molten chamber is at 7-km depth or lower and sensors will give ample warning of temperatures that reach 1,000 degrees C at the molten core.

“We will stop everything if we detect temperatures at 500 degrees…we can close the top of the drilling hole hermetically in a fraction of a second,” he said.

Local people are divided on whether the drilling could be dangerous.

“There is a risk that the drilling can lead to a shift of the earth’s surface and if that happened, rather than helping to predict future problems, they will be creating them,” Pozzuoli student Marco Laporta said.

Many are more sanguine. “Back in the 1980s they said we would all be blown up and we weren’t,” pensioner Luigi Bruni said.

(Writing by Barry Moody; Editing by Michael Roddy)

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought

04.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Russia [Asia] Siberia, [Krasnoyarsk Krai, Tomsk Region, Tuva, Khakassia and Irkutsk Region] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Russia [Asia] on Saturday, 28 July, 2012 at 12:07 (12:07 PM) UTC.

Description
Firefighters in Russia’s Siberia had extinguished 45 forest fires covering 522 hectares of forest in the past 24 hours, but 131 wildfires were still burning on the area of almost 15,000 hectares, the regional forestry department said Friday. A total of 29 wildfires covering an area of more than 5,000 hectares were localized, and 14,948 hectares of forest continued to burn in the Krasnoyarsk Krai, Tomsk Region, Tuva, Khakassia and Irkutsk Region. Some 3,000 people, 412 units of fire-fighting equipment and 24 aircrafts have been mobilized to fight the blazes, which are believed to be caused by hot and dry weather in the region where the temperature reaches 35 degrees. Reports said the wildfires posed no threat to populated areas or industry.
Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Oklahoma, [East of Norman] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 03:59 (03:59 AM) UTC.

Description
A wildfire whipped by gusty, southerly winds swept through rural woodlands north and south of Oklahoma City on Friday, burning several homes as firefighters struggled to contain it in 113-degree heat. Oklahoma’s emergency management officials said 25 structures had burned east of Noble, including a handful of homes, and several homes near Luther, north of Oklahoma City, were threatened. Hundreds of residents were told to leave their homes as flames spread through treetops. The state Highway Patrol closed part of the main highway between Oklahoma City and Tulsa because of the Luther-area fire, which may have been deliberately set. Local deputies were looking into reports about passengers in a pickup truck who were seen throwing out newspapers that had been set on fire. “I loaded the kids up, grabbed my dogs, and it didn’t even look like I had time to load the livestock, so I just got out of there,” said Bo Ireland, who lives a few miles from where the Noble-area fire started. “It looked to me that, if the wind shifted even a little bit, I would be in the path of that fire. It was just too close.” There were no immediate reports of injuries or livestock losses. Dayle Bishop stood in a convenience store parking lot about 2 miles away from his house, saying he was pessimistic about his home’s chances. “I know it’s gone,” said Bishop, who works nights as a nurse. “Didn’t even have time to get anything out.” But he noted “it’s just stuff,” and said he may not have made it out of his home had a woman not knocked on his door and woken him up.Charles Wright was with his daughter, Christina, along with their cat, at a makeshift evacuation center doubling as a staging area for fire engines, ambulances and other emergency equipment. He said law enforcement ordered them to leave their home in Norman. “Praying for miracles. Praying for the best, that’s all we can do,” said Wright, who managed to pack some clothes, jewelry and legal papers before fleeing. Ruth Hood splashed water onto two Chihuahua puppies that she grabbed along with several other animals and her children, and left as flames burned in her neighbor’s yard. She said she couldn’t be sure her home would survive. “No guarantee,” Hood said. With the ongoing drought, high temperatures and gusty winds, it took little for fires to begin and spread — and there was little crews could do to fight them. “It’s difficult for the firefighters to get into the area because it’s heavily wooded on either side of the smaller roads. When the winds are blowing 25 mph it just blows the embers and fireballs across the roads as if they weren’t even there,” said Jerry Lojka with the Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management. At mid-afternoon Friday, the temperature at nearby Norman was 113. Winds were from the south and southwest at 14 mph, gusting to 24 mph. “I can tell you the temperatures and the wind are not helping the situation at all. Some homes have been lost in the fire unfortunately, but we don’t know how many,” said Meghan McCormick, a spokeswoman for the Cleveland County Sheriff’s office.Russell Moore, 53, who lives in the Noble area, said he was outside in his yard when a sheriff’s deputy drove down the road and told people to leave. He and his son went to a shelter set up at Noble City Hall, but planned to go to his daughter’s home in Norman. “About all we saw was smoke and a little bit of ash raining down from the sky,” Moore said. “Everybody was piling into their vehicles and leaving as we were.” Lojka said an Oklahoma National Guard helicopter has been dispatched to a fast-moving blaze in Luther, northeast of Oklahoma City. He also said helicopters were helping ground crews with a fire near Mannford and Drumright in Creek County. Helicopters from the National Guard and the Bureau of Indian Affairs were fighting a fire in Creek County. The Oklahoma County Sheriff’s Office said it was investigating reports that someone in a black pickup truck near Luther was tossing out newspapers that had been set on fire. The blaze and smoke led the Oklahoma Highway Patrol to shut down part of the Turner Turnpike, which carries Interstate 44 between Oklahoma City and Tulsa. Traffic was rerouted onto old U.S. Route 66, the famed two-lane highway that crisscrosses Oklahoma. The state was monitoring 11 fires in all Friday afternoon. Gov. Mary Fallin announced a statewide burn ban as the fire danger heightened. She previously had announced a state of emergency for all 77 counties due to the extreme drought.
Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Montana, Lame Deer Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 03:46 (03:46 AM) UTC.

Description
As a wildfire’s flames raced to the edge of Lame Deer’s town limits, police drove the streets with loudspeakers blaring orders for residents of the Northern Cheyenne Reservation community to grab their most important belongings and get out. Buses were waiting to carry people from danger area, which on Thursday night suddenly meant the entire town of 2,000. Desi Small-Rodriguez, a volunteer with the tribe’s disaster and emergency services department, recalled the chaotic scene as the Chalky Fire threatened to burn down the seat of the southeastern Montana reservation. “A lot of people were walking with their belongings, getting on buses, trying to find rides, getting out as told,” Small-Rodriguez said Friday. About 250 people stayed at a Red Cross shelter 25 miles away at the St. Labre Mission. Others took shelter with friends and relatives on other parts of the reservation. Those with no place to go camped out on lawns in nearby communities, or they just refused to leave. The fire had already burned two homes earlier in the day, then wind from a cold front whipped up the flames and drove the fire straight toward town. Things looked grim to Carol Raymond, Rosebud County’s head of disaster and emergency services, who had driven from Forsyth to see firsthand what was happening. “I figured the whole town of Lame Deer would go up in flames,” Raymond said. Firefighters worked overnight trying to keep the flames back. At one point early Friday, the fire jumped Highway 212, but firefighters contained it with a back burn of the surrounding area, and the wildfire skirted around town without destroying any buildings or causing any injuries, Small-Rodriguez said. On Friday, the smoke was choking the town, but rain was assisting firefighters. A red-flag warning was to be in effect until evening, and firefighters prepared for gusty winds and possible thunderstorms. The mandatory evacuation remained in effect.
Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Washington, [Near Pateros and Brewster] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 03:45 (03:45 AM) UTC.

Description
The state is sending firefighters and managers to help battle a 1,000-acre wildfire in the southeast corner of Washington. Other firefighters also are trying to contain a 10,000-acre wildfire in central Washington. The new fire broke out Thursday afternoon five miles south of Asotin and is burning grass, brush and wheat. The state Emergency Operations Center at Camp Murray has been activated to coordinate state assistance. Overnight winds forced firefighters to retreat at the central Washington fire as it grew to 10,000 acres – more than 15 square miles. Spokesman Dan Garner at the incident management center at Brewster High School says no structures are threatened. The fire broke out Wednesday near Pateros and Brewster. It’s burning grass, brush, scattered timber and some wheat land.

………………………………………

USDA Designates More Drought Disaster Areas, Announces New Assistance Efforts

Two measures announced today by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Tom Vilsack are meant to bring relief to farmers and ranchers nationwide as drought conditions have now caused more than half of all counties to be declared disaster areas.

After adding  218 counties in 12 states to the list of designated disaster areas, Vilsack announced two new ways that farmers and ranchers could seek relief. The first is a 3.8 million-acre expansion of emergency haying and grazing areas on conservation land. The second is a 30-day grace period that crop insurance companies have agreed to to extend to farmers on their premiums.

“The assistance announced today will help U.S. livestock producers dealing with climbing feed prices, critical shortages of hay and deteriorating pasturelands. Responding to my request, crop insurance companies indicated that producers can forgo interest penalties to help our nation’s farm families struggling with cash flow challenges. The Obama Administration intends to continue helping those who farm or ranch and live and work in rural America through this period of hardship,” Vilsack said in a statement.

About 66 percent of the nation’s hay acreage and 73 percent of the nation’s cattle acreage is experiencing drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. The 3.8 million acres of conservation land made available for emergency haying and grazing must be used in accordance with rules that will minimize any impact to these areas, the USDA said. The agency said it will conduct follow-up monitoring and evaluation.

The counties designated today are in the following states: Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Wyoming.

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Ernesto (AL05) Atlantic Ocean 02.08.2012 04.08.2012 Tropical Depression 275 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Ernesto (AL05)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 12° 36.000, W 50° 36.000
Start up: 02nd August 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 1,012.54 km
Top category.:
Report by: NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
02nd Aug 2012 04:08:45 N 12° 36.000, W 50° 36.000 30 56 74 Tropical Depression 285 16 1008 MB NHC
03rd Aug 2012 04:49:11 N 13° 24.000, W 58° 18.000 35 83 102 Tropical Storm 275 20 1005 MB NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Aug 2012 05:16:42 N 13° 54.000, W 65° 36.000 30 83 102 Tropical Depression 275 ° 16 1003 MB NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 15° 24.000, W 74° 48.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NHC
05th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 42.000, W 71° 18.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NHC
06th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 6.000, W 77° 54.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NHC
07th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 30.000, W 82° 0.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NHC
08th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 30.000, W 85° 30.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NHC
09th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 0.000, W 88° 54.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NHC
Haikui (12W) Pacific Ocean 03.08.2012 04.08.2012 Tropical Depression 275 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 6.10 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Haikui (12W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 24° 24.000, E 139° 48.000
Start up: 03rd August 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 353.28 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
03rd Aug 2012 09:08:44 N 24° 24.000, E 139° 48.000 24 56 74 Tropical Depression 295 20 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Aug 2012 05:17:37 N 24° 54.000, E 134° 12.000 35 65 83 Tropical Depression 275 ° 20 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 0.000, E 126° 48.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
05th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 26° 36.000, E 128° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
06th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 18.000, E 125° 36.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
07th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 42.000, E 124° 18.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
08th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 28° 0.000, E 123° 6.000 Typhoon III 148 185 JTWC
09th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 28° 36.000, E 121° 36.000 Typhoon III 157 194 JTWC
AL06 Atlantic Ocean 04.08.2012 04.08.2012 Tropical Depression 290 ° 56 km/h 74 km/h 6.10 m NOAA NHC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: AL06
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 13° 48.000, W 27° 48.000
Start up: 04th August 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Aug 2012 05:23:26 N 13° 48.000, W 27° 48.000 26 56 74 Tropical Depression 290 ° 20 1009 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 6.000, W 31° 48.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
05th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 15° 24.000, W 34° 0.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
06th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 36.000, W 36° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
07th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 12.000, W 41° 6.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
08th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 30.000, W 47° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
09th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 30.000, W 53° 0.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC

………………………………………………

Today Flash Flood USA State of New Mexico, Santa Fe Damage level Details

Flash Flood in USA on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 06:36 (06:36 AM) UTC.

Description
Public Service Company of New Mexico said nearly 3,000 customers on Santa Fe’s south side were without electric power for more than two hours Friday evening after lightning struck the local power grid. Spokesman Frederick Bermudez said he couldn’t pinpoint where the lightning hit but said it knocked out power from 5:35 p.m. to 7:45 p.m. to 2,916 homes, businesses and institutions in an area bounded by St. Michael’s Drive on the north, Old Galisteo Road on the south, Old Pecos Trail on the east and Entrada de Santiago on the west. Much of Santa Fe was pounded by heavy rain with lightning and sudden high winds late Friday afternoon, suddenly swelling the Santa Fe River and other areas with swift flows of storm water. A driver on St. Michael’s Drive reported seeing thin funnel cloud on the horizon at about 5:45 p.m. “It was probably a dust devil, but we’ve been seeing that a lot this year,” said Brian Guyer, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Albuquerque. “We’ve had some strong winds in Santa Fe today.” Guyer said the peak wind speed recorded at Santa Fe on Friday was 41 mph. Between two-tenths and four-tenths of an inch of rain fell — not a lot by most standards but what Guyer said was the heaviest rain the city has seen so far this summer. “You had a ton of lightning, some around the Plaza and a lot of lighting strikes up in the foothills,” he said. “It’s still dry, so it wouldn’t surprise me if we might see some fires by tomorrow.”
Today Flash Flood India State of Himachal Pradesh, Kullu Damage level Details

Flash Flood in India on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 04:06 (04:06 AM) UTC.

Description
Hundreds of people residing near Beas river have been evacuated to safe places after flash flood caused by torrential rain over Dhundi peaks at south portal of Rohtang tunnel flooded the Seri rivulet, a tributary to Beas river, on Friday at 8pm. People living close to river between Palchan and Kullu are being evacuated and traffic on national highway has been stopped. Till last report received from Palchan (near Dhundi) at 10.30pm, level of the river was rising continuously and police were evacuating the people from Bahang village, 6km from Manali. According to police, there is no report of any casualty. Sandeep Kumar, a resident of Bahang village, said people are trying to save the household accessories amid chaotic atmosphere and conditions have become even worse after power failure. “Everything was normal till late evening but the situation changed suddenly after 8pm when river water, mixed with sludge, started engulfing its banks. People are risking their lives to remove the household stuffs,” he said. An engineer working with a hydel project near Palchan said over phone that roaring sound of river is shaking the foundation of the houses. “Nobody is going to sleep tonight. Villagers have gathered at many places and are guarding the river banks with floodlights,” he said. According to villagers it is a cloudburst which might have caused devastation at its source on mountains. Kullu deputy commissioner Amitabh Awasthi said , police are patrolling the river banks and have directed people to move to safe places. “We have closed the traffic on national highway. We shall keep an eye on the situation throughout the night,” he said.

 

************************************************************************************************************

Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

03.08.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kibaale District, Mbarara and the Capital City (Kampala)] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 15:57 (03:57 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Friday, 03 August, 2012 at 17:19 UTC
Description
Doctors were slow to respond to an outbreak of Ebola in Uganda because symptoms weren’t always typical, but a World Health Organization official said Friday that authorities are halting the spread of the deadly disease. Joaquim Saweka, the WHO representative in Uganda, told reporters in the capital Kampala that everyone known to have had contact with Ebola victims has been isolated. Ugandan health officials have created an “Ebola contact list” with names of people who had even the slightest contact with those who contracted Ebola. The list now bears 176 names. “The structure put in place is more than adequate,” Saweka said. “We are isolating the suspected or confirmed cases.” Ebola was confirmed in Uganda on July 28, several days after villagers were dying in a remote corner of western Uganda. Ugandan officials were slow to investigate possible Ebola because the victims did not show the usual symptoms, such as coughing blood. At least 16 Ugandans have died of the disease. Delays in confirming Ebola allowed the disease to spread to more villages deep in the western district of Kibaale, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said.”The doctors in Kibaale say the symptoms were a bit atypical of Ebola,” Museveni said in a national address Monday. “They were not clearly like Ebola symptoms. Because of that delay, the sickness spread to another village.” Saweka said that organizations such as Doctors Without Borders and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are helping Ugandan officials to control the spread of Ebola. This is the fourth outbreak of Ebola in Uganda since 2000, when the disease killed 224 people and left hundreds more traumatized in northern Uganda. Ebola is highly infectious and kills quickly. The disease was first reported in 1976 in Congo and is named for the river where it was recognized, according to the CDC. The aid group Doctors Without Borders said in a statement on Wednesday that the first victim of the Ebola outbreak was a 3-month-old girl and that of the 65 people who attended her funeral, 15 later contracted the deadly disease. Funerals in Uganda are typically elaborate affairs that draw huge crowds. Health officials have now taken on the task of safely burying the bodies of Ebola victims, Saweka said.

……………………………………………………

Suspected Ebola cases growing in Uganda

KAMPALA, Uganda — Six more patients suspected to have Ebola have been admitted to the hospital days after investigators confirmed an outbreak of the highly infectious disease in a remote corner of western Uganda, a health official said on Monday.

Stephen Byaruhanga, health secretary of the affected Kibaale district, said possible cases of Ebola, at first concentrated in a single village, are now being reported in more villages.

“It’s no longer just one village. There are many villages affected,” Byaruhanga said.

In a national address, Uganda’s president advised against unnecessary contact among people, saying suspected cases of Ebola should be reported immediately to health officials.

Officials from Uganda’s Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization announced on Saturday that the deadly Ebola virus killed 14 Ugandans this month, ending weeks of speculation about the cause of a strange illness that had some people fleeing their homes in the absence of reliable answers.

If the six new cases are confirmed as Ebola, it would bring to 26 the number of Ugandans infected with Ebola.

This is the fourth occurrence of Ebola in Uganda since 2000, when the disease killed 224 people and left hundreds more traumatized in northern Uganda. At least 42 people were killed in another outbreak in 2007, and there was a lone Ebola case in 2011.

Investigators took nearly a month to confirm Ebola’s presence in Uganda this year. In Kibaale, a district with 600,000 residents, some villagers started abandoning their homes to escape what they thought was an illness caused by bad luck. One family lost nine members, and a clinical officer and her 4-month-old baby died from Ebola, Byaruhanga said.

The confirmation of Ebola’s presence in the area has spread anxiety among sick villagers, who are refusing to go to the hospital for fear they don’t have Ebola and will contract it there. All suspected Ebola patients have been isolated at one hospital where patients admitted with other illnesses fled after Ebola was announced. Only the hospital’s maternity ward still has patients, officials said, highlighting the deadly reputation of Ebola.

Today Epidemic Hazard Nepal Capital City, Kathmandu Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Nepal on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 04:51 (04:51 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 10 people admitted to the Sukraraj Tropical and Disease Control Hospital in Nepali capital Kathmandu have tested positive for cholera. The hospital laboratory said Vibrio Cholera belonging to 01 Ogawa stereotype was detected in all the patients. Doctors at hospital attributed the spread of cholera and diarrhea infection in Kathmandu to contaminated water, according to Saturday’s Republica daily. “Most of the patients who came to the hospital said that they had drunk water supplied by Kathmandu Upatyaka Kahanepani Limited without boiling or treatment,” Tulsha Adhikari, a nursing staff said. She said whole families had been infected and some were brought to the hospital by their neighbors as all family members were sick.
Biohazard name: Cholera
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard Pakistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas, [South Waziristan] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Pakistan on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 04:04 (04:04 AM) UTC.

Description
Five children in South Waziristan have died from measles during the past week, an official said. “Non-availability of measles vaccines has become a big problem and if the desired vaccines were not made available, the situation could slip out of hand,” Dr. Azmat Hayat Khan, agency surgeon, told Central Asia Online August 3. Measles has affected about 400 children, of whom about 100 were hospitalised, he said. He warned of an outbreak throughout the agency if medics failed to immunise children immediately. Letters regarding the unavailability of measles vaccine have gone to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) directorate of health, he said, expressing hope the vaccine would become available in a few days. The Taliban have refused to allow polio vaccination in areas of South Waziristan they control, endangering more than 157,000 children below age 5, he said. The directorate has received the agency surgeon’s letter and is sending vaccines to South Waziristan, FATA Health Director Dr. Fawad Khan said. “We have also started vaccination in Mohmand, Bajaur and Khyber agencies, where measles had killed several children besides sending hundreds to hospitals,” he said.
Biohazard name: Measles (fatal)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

……………………………………

New Swine Flu Outbreak Worries CDC

12 Infected by Pigs in Last Week; No Ongoing Human Spread So Far
By
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Aug. 3, 2012 — With 16 new human cases in the last three weeks — 12 in the last week alone — an outbreak of a variant strain of swine flu is giving CDC officials the jitters.

What worries officials is that the new flu, officially called variant type A H3N2 or H3N2v, carries the M gene from the human H1N1 pandemic flu bug. This gene makes it easier for flu bugs to infect humans and spread among them.

The first human case was detected in July 2011. Since then there have been 29 reported cases, although more cases likely have gone unreported.

“Since the fall of 2011 there has been a big increase in these types of infections,” Joseph Bresee, MD, of the CDC’s Influenza Division, said at a news conference held to announce the new cases. “All 29 cases have had H3N2v with the M gene of pandemic H1N1. This may confer increased transmissibility to and among humans.”

Last year, three people caught the bug from another person. As far as the CDC can tell, that hasn’t happened this year. And there’s been no sustained spread of the new swine flu bug among people.

All the cases so far had contact with pigs. Most cases have been children who came into contact with infected pigs at state fairs. Ten of this week’s new cases were in Ohio. One was in Indiana and another was in Hawaii.

According to Lisa Ferguson of the USDA, the virus has been detected in pigs in 11 states.

Flu is common among pigs, and every year a few people catch a swine flu bug. But this new swine flu looks different.

“We have detected cases of this virus with increasing frequency,” Bresee said. “We expect further cases of human infection, either with contact with swine or from limited human-to-human spread. We expect some of the cases will be severe.”

H3N2v Swine Flu Symptoms

Fortunately, the new flu hasn’t been more serious than seasonal flu. The symptoms are the same: fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, and headaches. Everyone infected so far this year got better without having to be hospitalized. Last year there were three hospitalizations, all in people with underlying conditions known to increase risk of severe flu. There have been no deaths.

Current flu drugs should be just as effective against the new swine flu as against seasonal flu. However, current flu vaccines do not protect against the new swine flu. A vaccine has been produced, and Bresee says it soon will be tested in clinical trials.

Is this the beginning of a new flu pandemic? Maybe. Maybe not. Flu is among the most unpredictable of viruses. H3N2v could become a pandemic virus this year, in 20 years, or never.

Flu spreads through disability centers

A fatal influenza outbreak at two Hunter disability centers is continuing to spread, with more people contracting the illness.

Already three deaths have been reported at Newcastle’s Stockton Center and the Kanangra Center at Morisset over the past week.

Another five people were diagnosed with a respiratory illness yesterday and tests are expected to confirm they have succumbed to H3N2 strain which would make a total of 56 cases at the two centers.

Both centers remain in lockdown with strict infection controls now in place for the 450 residents.

Hunter New England Health is urging people with flu like symptoms not to visit hospitals or aged care facilities.

The Health network says a daily assessment is being made of the residents.

 

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News August 3, 2012: Quakes, Weather, Sun, Planets

Published on Aug 3, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Aerosols: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=78742
Syria: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/03/us-syria-crisis-idUSBRE8610SH20120803

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

************************************************************************************************************

Space

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2004 SB56) 04th August 2012 0 day(s) 0.1393 54.2 380 m – 840 m 13.72 km/s 49392 km/h
(2000 SD8) 04th August 2012 0 day(s) 0.1675 65.2 180 m – 400 m 5.82 km/s 20952 km/h
(2006 EC) 06th August 2012 2 day(s) 0.0932 36.3 13 m – 28 m 6.13 km/s 22068 km/h
(2006 MV1) 07th August 2012 3 day(s) 0.0612 23.8 12 m – 28 m 4.79 km/s 17244 km/h
(2005 RK3) 08th August 2012 4 day(s) 0.1843 71.7 52 m – 120 m 8.27 km/s 29772 km/h
(2009 BW2) 09th August 2012 5 day(s) 0.0337 13.1 25 m – 56 m 5.27 km/s 18972 km/h
277475 (2005 WK4) 09th August 2012 5 day(s) 0.1283 49.9 260 m – 580 m 6.18 km/s 22248 km/h
(2004 SC56) 09th August 2012 5 day(s) 0.0811 31.6 74 m – 170 m 10.57 km/s 38052 km/h
(2008 AF4) 10th August 2012 6 day(s) 0.1936 75.3 310 m – 690 m 16.05 km/s 57780 km/h
37655 Illapa 12th August 2012 8 day(s) 0.0951 37.0 770 m – 1.7 km 28.73 km/s 103428 km/h
(2012 HS15) 14th August 2012 10 day(s) 0.1803 70.2 220 m – 490 m 11.54 km/s 41544 km/h
4581 Asclepius 16th August 2012 12 day(s) 0.1079 42.0 220 m – 490 m 13.48 km/s 48528 km/h
(2008 TC4) 18th August 2012 14 day(s) 0.1937 75.4 140 m – 300 m 17.34 km/s 62424 km/h
(2006 CV) 20th August 2012 16 day(s) 0.1744 67.9 290 m – 640 m 13.24 km/s 47664 km/h
(2012 EC) 20th August 2012 16 day(s) 0.0815 31.7 56 m – 130 m 5.57 km/s 20052 km/h
162421 (2000 ET70) 21st August 2012 17 day(s) 0.1503 58.5 640 m – 1.4 km 12.92 km/s 46512 km/h
(2007 WU3) 21st August 2012 17 day(s) 0.1954 76.0 56 m – 120 m 5.25 km/s 18900 km/h
(2012 BB14) 24th August 2012 20 day(s) 0.1234 48.0 27 m – 60 m 2.58 km/s 9288 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

…………………………………….

Astronomers detect cries of a dying star

By Stuart Gary for Science Online

For the first time astronomers have detected the last gasps of a star being torn apart by a previously dormant giant black hole.

The signals, which came from a galaxy 3.9 billion light years away, were x-rays generated by matter heated to millions of degrees and torn apart as material from the star crosses the black hole’s event horizon.

Known as quasi-periodic oscillations, they are a characteristic feature of stellar black holes, which have about 10 times the mass of the Sun.

Dr Rubens Reis from the University of Michigan is the lead author of the paper published today in the journal Science.

Dr Reis says the findings confirm the constancy of black hole physics.

“This is telling us that the same physical phenomenon we observe in stellar mass black holes is also happening in black holes a million times the mass of the Sun, and in black holes that were previously asleep,” he said.

Dr Reis and colleagues first detected the event with NASA’s Swift Gamma Ray Burst Telescope last year, but did not pick up the oscillations at that time.

The blips in the signals were detected in follow-up observations using the joint Japanese-NASA Suzaku and the European Space Agency ZMM-Newton orbiting X-ray observatories.

“You can think of it as hearing the star scream as it gets devoured,” said University of Michigan astronomy professor Jon Miller, who co-authored the paper.

The oscillating signal repeats at a characteristic frequency, which would sound like an ultra-low D sharp.

On the edge

The oscillations were occurring once every 200 seconds, meaning the stellar material was orbiting less than 9.3 million kilometres from the centre of the black hole.

“Our discovery opens the possibility of studying orbits close to black holes that are very distant,” Professor Miller said.

Professor Joss Bland-Hawthorne from the University of Sydney says it is the closest we have ever seen material to the event horizon of a distant super-massive black hole.

“If this material was any closer, it would pass beyond the event horizon and you presumably wouldn’t see it,” Professor Bland-Hawthorne said.

“This is where the effects of general relativity become extreme.”

*************************************************************************************************************

Earth

Scientists probe link between magnetic polarity reversal and mantle processes

by Staff Writers
Liverpool UK (SPX)


File image.

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that variations in the long-term reversal rate of the Earth’s magnetic field may be caused by changes in heat flow from the Earth’s core into the base of the overlying mantle.

The Earth is made up of a solid inner core, surrounded by a liquid outer core, in turn covered by a thicker or more viscous mantle, and ultimately by the solid crust beneath our feet.

The magnetic field is generated by the motions of the liquid iron alloy in the outer core, approximately 3,000 km beneath the Earth’s crust. These motions occur because the core is losing heat to the overlying solid mantle that extends up to the crust on which we live.

The mantle itself is also in motion but at much slower speeds of millimetres per year as opposed to millimetres per second in the core. This mantle motion is responsible for the drifting of the continents at the surface as well as earthquakes, volcanoes, and changes in the climate over millions of years.

At intervals of hundreds of thousands of years, the North and South magnetic poles reverse and scientists can tell from rock formations precisely at what periods in the past this took place. The most recent reversal happened 780,000 years ago.

Magnetic field variations happen on timescales of months to millions of years. Much of the magnetic field’s variation is thought to be sporadic but new research, led by Liverpool scientists, has found that over long timescales, this variability may be related to the changing pattern of heat loss across the core-mantle boundary occurring over millions of years.

The team performed a detailed synthesis based on latest findings from a number of different areas including the ancient geomagnetic field and its record in rocks, motions in the mantle caused by motions of the continents and the process responsible for generating the magnetic field in the core.

Dr Andrew Biggin, from the University’s School of Environmental Sciences, said: “The magnetic field has undergone big changes in its behaviour that might be due to the mantle’s controlling influence on the core.

In particular, we focused on the time interval between around 200 and 80 million years ago – when dinosaurs were still around – when the magnetic field initially started reversing its polarity very frequently. During this period the polarity was reversing up to 10 times every million years; however 50 million years later, it stopped reversing altogether for nearly 40 million years.

“When these changes in the magnetic field were taking place, the whole of the Earth’s crust and mantle, including all of the continents, were undergoing a big rotation with respect to the geographic and time-averaged geomagnetic poles – the points defining the Earth’s axis of rotation.

“We suspect that this process, called True Polar Wander and caused by the changing density distribution in the mantle, will have changed the pattern of heat flowing out of the core in such a manner as to cause the magnetic field to first become less stable, with lots of reversals, and then become much more stable – and stop reversing.”

The team believes this may not be the only explanation and conjecture that this big drop in the frequency of reversals may also be related to a similar decrease in the number of ‘large igneous provinces’ (LIPs) or concentrated outpourings of magma from the Earth’s core, 50 million years later.

The last LIP happened around 16 million years ago and produced the Columbia Plateau in the North West US. LIPs are thought to be produced by hot plumes of material rising from thermal instabilities near the bottom boundary of the mantle.

The team believes the 50 million year time lag between the magnetic field changing and the occurrence of the LIPs could represent the time it takes for the plumes to travel 2,890 km through the mantle.

If this link were correct it would mean that the rather unstable magnetic field observed in the last 50 million years predicts that a considerable number of LIPs will erupt over the next 50 million years. This in turn could have major implications for the surface conditions – for climate and for life itself.

The research, published in Nature Geoscience, is a collaboration between the University of Liverpool, GFZ Potsdam, IPGP Paris, the University of Oslo and Utrecht University. Future research at Liverpool, is planned and already underway to develop a new tool for understanding the Earth’s system.

Related Links
University of Liverpool
Tectonic Science and News

Today Biological Hazard Japan Multiple areas, [Ise Bay (Ise-wan)] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Japan on Saturday, 04 August, 2012 at 04:02 (04:02 AM) UTC.

Description
Large numbers of jellyfish have been swarming near nine thermal power plants on Ise Bay. Chubu Electric Power Co. estimates that there are close to 24,000 tons of the sea creatures swimming around the area, twice the usual level and the second-most recorded in the past decade. Measures are being taken to ensure the jellyfish don’t clog the power plants’ water intakes and disrupt their operations. Chubu Electric launched a research project in 1999 to predict the number of jellyfish in Ise Bay. They discovered that most jellyfish larvae transform into polyps in three major areas: near the port of Nagoya; along the coast of the Chita Peninsula from Tokoname to Morozaki, Minamichita, in Aichi Prefecture; and along the coast of the Shima Peninsula from Matsusaka to Toba in Mie Prefecture. Every winter, the research group collects samples of polyps and compares them with past results to predict how many larvae will develop into adult jellyfish in the following year. Last winter’s findings indicated the number this year would be 1.5 to 1.8 times higher than usual. “We don’t know the reason why the number is so high this year, but we need to monitor the situation closely,” said Minoru Hamada, 46, an assistant project manager in Chubu Electric’s technology development department.If jellyfish block the water intake, a power plant can’t draw enough water from the sea to cool the steam used to turn the turbine, and the plant has to reduce its electricity output. Each plant has adopted various measures, including putting up nets, to stop the jellyfish from swimming too close, but this is only effective when dealing with small numbers. It is not enough to prevent large amounts of jellyfish from swimming in all at once. The number of jellyfish near the thermal power plants usually peaks in July, August and September. However, this year they started gathering around the plants in May, resulting in reduced electricity output at three of the plants for a total of nine days. They were the Hekinan plant in Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, the Shin-Nagoya plant in Nagoya and the Kawagoe plant in Kawagoe, Mie Prefecture. It’s a pressing problem for Chubu Electric because it has become increasingly dependent on thermal energy since its Hamaoka nuclear plant has been shut down over quake and tsunami fears. “The effect of the jellyfish isn’t fully known yet, but it can have a serious impact on electricity output if they keep increasing, especially during this season when there is high electricity demand,” a Chubu Electric official said. “We need to monitor the jellyfish further and take actions swiftly if necessary.”
Biohazard name: Jellyfish invasion
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

*************************************************************************************************************

Biological Hazards / Wildlife

New bat virus related to deadly Hendra discovered

Australian researchers have discovered a new bat virus they describe as a close relative to the hendra virus.

Cells infected with Hendra virus. Cells infected with Cedar virus. © CSIRO

They say the new virus could help shed light on how Hendra and related Nipah viruses cause disease and death in animals and humans. Hendra is able to infect horses and, in seven known cases, people have caught the infection from horses. Four of them died as a result.

The new virus is named Cedar after the Queensland location where it was discovered.

Initial studies by scientists with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have discovered one surprising key difference – the Cedar virus does not cause illness in several animal species normally susceptible to Hendra and Nipah.

However, they say it is still too early to rule out the possibility that Cedar virus may cause illness and death in horses or other animals.

The new discovery had significant potential implications for protecting animals and humans from the Hendra and Nipah viruses. This tantalising difference may help scientists understand how to better manage and control its deadly cousins.

The findings have been announced today in the journal, PLoS Pathogens, published by the Public Library of Science.

Gary Crameri, a research scientist with the bat virus team at CSIRO’s Australian Animal Health Laboratory in Geelong, Victoria, said the new discovery had significant potential implications for protecting animals and humans from the Hendra and Nipah viruses.

“The significance of discovering a new henipavirus that doesn’t cause disease is that it may help us narrow down what it is about the genetic makeup of viruses like Hendra and Nipah that does cause disease and death,” Crameri said.

 

CSIRO’s Dr Glenn Marsh, research scientist on the Cedar virus discovery team, collecting samples from underneath a bat colony. © CSIRO

“The more that we can learn about bat-borne viruses, the better chance we have of developing anti-virals and vaccines to help protect human health, Australia’s livestock industry and our export trade from the threat of current and emerging animal diseases.

“Over 70 per cent of people and animals infected with Hendra and Nipah viruses die. This ranks henipaviruses amongst the deadliest viruses in existence, yet little is known about just how such viruses actually cause disease or death.”

The discovery was a result of a close partnership with Biosecurity Queensland which played an important role by collecting and screening samples from bat colonies across Queensland.

Dr Hume Field, of Biosecurity Queensland, said field work with bats was an essential part of research into identifying new viruses.

“Bats are being implicated as the natural host of a growing number of viruses in Australia and overseas, yet they appear to tolerate infection themselves, making bat research increasingly important.”

Bats have been identified as playing a role in the spread of viruses including Ebola, Marburg, SARS and Melaka, yet they are an essential part of a diverse ecosystem through their role as pollinators, seed dispersers and insect regulators.

The discovery is part of ongoing research by CSIRO to target diseases that threaten animals, people and the environment and is part of CSIRO’s wider biosecurity effort. It follows CSIRO’s development towards a horse vaccine against Hendra virus.

» More on Hendra virus

 

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]