Tag Archive: Uzbekistan


Afghanistan has been blanketed in snow in recent days.

Afghanistan has been blanketed in snow in recent days.

At least 19 people have been killed after heavy snow blanketed parts of Afghanistan and neighboring Central Asian states.

The deputy governor of Afghanistan’s northwestern province of Jowzjan, Abdul Rahman Mahmoudi, said on February 5 that heavy snow fell from January 31 to late on February 4 and it has been blamed for the deaths of 14 local residents, including five children.

In Tashkent, the capital of neighboring Uzbekistan, snow caused a plane to slip off a runway on February 5. No one was hurt in the incident.

Read More Here

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The Watchers

Shallow earthquake M 5.8 (USGS) struck southeastern Uzbekistan on May 26, 2013 at 06:18 UTC. By preliminary reports USGS is reporting depth of 19.4 kmEMSC is reporting M 6.0 and depth at 10 kmGFZ is reporting M 5.8 at depth of 15 km.

Epicenter was located 19km (12mi) NNE of Bulung’ur, Uzbekistan and 34km (21mi) NE of Jomboy, Uzbekistan at coordinates 39.919°N 67.385°E.

ER reported that data arriving from their readers are telling there might be serious damage near the epicenter as this earthquake was well felt in Tashkent and even more in Dushambe, both at 200 km distance from the epicenter (ER).

Samarkand, the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, reports that the cellular network went down, but no damage known as yet.

Read Full Report  Here

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M5.5 – 9km NNW of Buka, Uzbekistan

 2013-05-24 22:18:33 UTC

Earthquake location 40.895°N, 69.173°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-05-24 22:18:33 UTC
  2. 2013-05-25 03:18:33 UTC+05:00 at epicenter
  3. 2013-05-24 17:18:33 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

40.895°N 69.173°E depth=15.8km (9.8mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 9km (6mi) NNW of Buka, Uzbekistan
  2. 14km (9mi) W of Piskent, Uzbekistan
  3. 22km (14mi) SW of Tuytepa, Uzbekistan
  4. 25km (16mi) ESE of Zafar, Uzbekistan
  5. 41km (25mi) S of Tashkent, Uzbekistan

‘I sneak boys in at 3am and disrespect my parents’: Girl, 15, forced to stand by side of the road with humiliating sign

By Daily Mail Reporter
 

15-year-old Jasmine has had a number of behavioural issues, and the last straw for her parents came when she let a boy into her house in the middle of the night.

So they made her stand out near their home in Palm Coast, Florida, advertising her misdeeds for passers-by to see.

The sign held by Jasmine, whose surname has not been released, read: ‘I sneak boys in at 3am and disrespect my parents and grandparents.’

Punishment: 15-year-old Jasmine, centre, has been forced to pose with a humiliating sign by her parentsPunishment: 15-year-old Jasmine, centre, has been forced to pose with a humiliating sign by her parents

Her mother Melinda and stepfather Mike say the teenager has been acting out ever since she started at high school this fall, according to WESH.

They accuse her of drinking, lying and sneaking out of the house, before the forbidden liaison which led to Jasmine’s unusual punishment on Wednesday.

They insist that they have tried a number of alternative disciplinary methods, but that none have worked so far.

‘I’ve taken all her toys or her electronics away – her phone, no privileges on the TV or computer – and still she just laughs about it,’ Melinda said.

Discipline: Jasmine was being punished following an apparent series of bad behaviourDiscipline: Jasmine was being punished following an apparent series of bad behaviour

 

Mike
Melinda

Parents: Stepfather Mike, left, and mother Melinda, right, say they have tried everything to make her obey them

Mike added that while the punishment might seem brutal, it was motivated by compassion.

‘This is all about love,’ he told WESH. ‘I took my day off of work. I missed out on $300 or $400 today to do this. You know what I mean, to come and do this. I love this kid.’

He added that Jasmine needed to be straightened out before getting into more serious trouble, saying: ‘This is the beginning of what she’s doing to eventually wind up in prison.’

The teenager unsurprisingly took a different view of her punishment, insisting: ‘That’s not love.’

She added, ‘It’s not just embarrassing them, it’s embarrassing me too.’

Harsh: But most passing motorists on Sunday seemed to approve of the unorthodox punishmentHarsh: But most passing motorists on Sunday seemed to approve of the unorthodox punishment

However, Jasmine also admitted that the unorthodox discipline had led her to rethink her behaviour – and her parents have warned her that if she does not mend her ways, they will consider making her hold a sign outside her own school, or even shave her head.

While most passing motorists seemed to approve of Jasmine’s fate, one stopped to make sure she was OK, saying: ‘The way she looks right now, I don’t want her to hurt herself.’

Police investigated the incident, but found no evidence that Mike and Melinda were doing anything illegal.
Watch Video Here

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 23:09:57   18.014   -68.532 83.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.1   2012/10/01 22:55:52   39.776   143.189 37.9  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  6.2   2012/10/01 22:21:45   39.853   143.047 9.7  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.8 2012/10/01 22:04:33   18.573   -64.947 33.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/01 21:33:34   51.634  -177.375 10.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 21:16:51   49.443  -120.513 0.0  BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 21:02:44   60.441  -150.822 12.1  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/01 18:40:52   36.959   141.059 6.7  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.1   2012/10/01 17:32:32   18.713  -107.151 21.3  OFF THE COAST OF JALISCO, MEXICO
MAP  5.0   2012/10/01 17:24:42  -24.588  -179.380 461.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 15:01:08   18.042   -67.154 11.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  2.8 2012/10/01 14:14:47   51.484  -178.135 5.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.0 2012/10/01 13:45:35   40.223   63.890 35.0  WESTERN UZBEKISTAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 13:25:59   -0.554   97.488 10.0  KEPULAUAN BATU, INDONESIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/01 13:24:00   19.387  -155.896 7.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/01 13:05:31   19.568   -64.376 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/01 12:55:37   4.401   127.108 10.0  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/01 11:57:48   58.879  -154.917 118.4  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/01 09:56:04   19.667   -64.350 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 09:42:27   19.645   -64.394 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 08:43:52   38.545   55.603 22.8  TURKMENISTAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 08:06:31  -30.791   -71.210 54.0  COQUIMBO, CHILE
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 06:29:01   19.617   -64.254 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 06:08:39   19.760   -64.305 20.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/10/01 05:17:57   35.956   141.359 42.4  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.7 2012/10/01 04:05:54   56.315  -152.141 9.1  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/01 02:28:56  -43.500   172.820 5.0  SOUTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND
MAP  4.5   2012/10/01 01:36:26  -26.153   178.338 621.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.1 2012/10/01 01:32:33   2.155   -84.794 10.2  OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL AMERICA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/01 01:19:08   62.015  -151.724 90.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/01 01:00:49   40.264   142.724 53.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

…………………………

6.2 magnitude earthquake occurs off Japan’s eastern coast

By

6.2 magnitude earthquake occurs off Japan’s eastern coast

The U.S. Geological Survey reports that early Tuesday morning local time, a magnitude 6.2 earthquake hit off of Japan’s eastern coast. Originating from a depth of 9.7 kilometers (6 miles), it was centered about 96 kilometers (60 miles) off the coast of Miyako, Iwate Prefecture, in the northeast region of the country that was struck by the devastating earthquake and tsunami on March 11th, 2011. There have been no reports of damages or signs of approaching tsunami.

In comparison from Tokyo, the 6.2 magnitude quake was about 550 kilometers (342 miles) from the capital city. Neither the Japan Meteorological Agency or the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued tsunami warnings or advisories on Tuesday as it wasn’t necessary. Geophysicist Gerard Fryer, with the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, says the quake was too small to generate any kind of tsunami, but the residents of northeastern Japan would surely have felt it.

The quake probably gave some frightful flashbacks to those of Japan’s Tohoku region who survived last year’s disaster. The tsunami disaster that took tens of thousands of lives and washed away entire coastal cities was caused by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake just over a year and a half ago, and led to the world’s worst nuclear crisis in 25 years in Fukushima Prefecture.

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 2, 2012 07:48:57 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

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CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

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CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

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CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

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CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

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CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

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CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

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IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

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IC/ENH, Enshi, China

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IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

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IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

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IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

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IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

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IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

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IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Heard volcano (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean) activity update: hotspots detected in late September 2012

BY: T

MODIS hotspots at Heard Island during 17-24 Sep 2012 (Univ. of Hawai'i)

MODIS hotspots at Heard Island during 17-24 Sep 2012 (Univ. of Hawai’i)

MODIS satellite data showed hotspots at Heard Island volcano on 21 and 24 September 2012. This suggests that there was or perhaps still is some new activity at the volcano.
No further hotspots appeared on satellite data since 24 Sep.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Today Heat Wave USA State of California, [Great Los Angeles regio] Damage level Details

Heat Wave in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 04:35 (04:35 AM) UTC.

Description
Blazing temperatures are set to hit the Los Angeles area Monday as numbers may climb to the triple digits in several areas of the city. Officials from the National Weather Service predict temperatures to peak around 100 degrees in downtown L.A., 104 degrees in the Hollywood Hills and a potentially record-breaking 110 degrees in inland and valley areas. The projected temperatures are expected to match heat records set in Southern California in 2008. The combination of intense heat, high winds, and low humidity levels has even prompted the National Weather Service to issue Red Flag warnings, indicating a high risk of wildfires in both the Santa Clarita Valley and the San Gabriel Mountains. “Fire danger is expected to peak on Monday,” NWS officials said, “when record-breaking triple digit heat and widespread single-digit humidities will combine with very dry fuels.” The Red Flag warnings are currently in effect until 6:00pm on Tuesday. People are advised to avoid strenuous activity in the heat, wear loose light clothing and drink plenty of non-alcoholic and non-caffeinated beverages.

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Storms / Flooding /  Landslide

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 02.10.2012 Hurricane I 125 ° 102 km/h 120 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

Photobucket

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: 28th September 2012
Track long: 1,296.94 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000 22 120 148 Hurricane I. 25 17 985 MB NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 05:13:53 N 30° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 130 157 Hurricane I. 95 15 983 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 05:22:55 N 31° 24.000, W 38° 6.000 30 111 139 Tropical Storm 75 16 987 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 10:47:47 N 32° 0.000, W 36° 24.000 28 111 139 Tropical Storm 65 15 985 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 05:15:16 N 33° 54.000, W 34° 12.000 15 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 18 989 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 10:46:51 N 34° 18.000, W 33° 36.000 13 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 14 990 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 05:31:59 N 35° 48.000, W 32° 12.000 11 83 102 Tropical Storm 25 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 05:12:41 N 37° 6.000, W 31° 24.000 6 83 102 Tropical Storm 60 9 990 MB NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 10:40:35 N 35° 6.000, W 27° 12.000 13 102 120 Tropical Storm 140 14 981 MB NOAA NHC
22nd Sep 2012 06:38:52 N 31° 54.000, W 26° 36.000 20 93 111 Tropical Storm 165 15 984 MB NOAA NHC
27th Sep 2012 04:58:41 N 29° 30.000, W 31° 24.000 9 83 102 Tropical Storm 220 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
30th Sep 2012 06:48:45 N 35° 36.000, W 37° 30.000 17 139 167 Hurricane I. 340 19 984 MB NOAA NHC
01st Oct 2012 04:38:54 N 36° 42.000, W 39° 24.000 11 139 167 Hurricane I. 230 16 981 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 05:24:46 N 34° 42.000, W 38° 54.000 9 102 120 Hurricane I 125 ° 15 995 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 34° 54.000, W 34° 6.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, W 36° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 36° 42.000, W 31° 12.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 44° 0.000, W 26° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 48° 0.000, W 27° 0.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
Maliksi (20W) Pacific Ocean 01.10.2012 02.10.2012 Tropical Depression 305 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 5.18 m JTWC Details

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Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Maliksi (20W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 54.000, E 146° 18.000
Start up: 01st October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 290.65 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
01st Oct 2012 04:46:07 N 16° 54.000, E 146° 18.000 20 56 74 Tropical Depression 290 10 JTWC
01st Oct 2012 10:51:23 N 17° 48.000, E 145° 48.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 310 15 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 10:37:02 N 20° 54.000, E 142° 30.000 22 74 93 Tropical Depression 320 ° 19 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 26° 48.000, E 140° 42.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 6.000, E 140° 36.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 12.000, E 141° 54.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 38° 6.000, E 149° 0.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 42° 12.000, E 161° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
Gaemi (21W) Pacific Ocean 01.10.2012 02.10.2012 Tropical Depression 170 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

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 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Gaemi (21W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 18.000, E 114° 48.000
Start up: 01st October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 70.41 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 10:37:35 N 16° 6.000, E 115° 36.000 7 74 93 Tropical Depression 135 ° 9 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 15° 18.000, E 115° 54.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 42.000, E 115° 42.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 0.000, E 115° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 6.000, E 113° 48.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 36.000, E 110° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
07th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 18.000, E 106° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC

………………….

The Yomiuri Shimbun/Asia News Network

JAPAN – Typhoon No. 17 moved out into the Pacific Ocean from southeast Hokkaido via the Sanriku region early Monday after making its way across the country and causing at least 1 death and dozens of injuries.

A 56-year-old man was found dead at a rice paddy in Suzuka, Mie Prefecture. The man was believed to have been swept away by a swollen river.

According to figures compiled by The Yomiuri Shimbun, 23 people in eastern Japan, including 12 in Kanagawa Prefecture, suffered minor or serious injuries due to the typhoon. Injuries, including falls caused by strong winds, were also reported in the Tokai and Kanto-Koshinetsu regions, where the typhoon hit from late Sunday to early Monday.

Airline disruptions continued Monday, affecting 8,000 passengers. Japan Airlines cancelled 54 flights, including those between Haneda and Chitose airports, while All Nippon Airways cancelled 16 flights, including those between Sendai and Itami airports.

Temperatures exceeding 30 C were recorded in many areas following the typhoon. The mercury rose as high as 30.7 C shortly after 10 a.m. in Kasama, Ibaraki Prefecture, with temperatures reaching 30.5 C in Isesaki, Gunma Prefecture, and 30.3 C in Nerima Ward, Tokyo.

Today Landslide Nepal Eastern Region, [Near to Kilbung ] Damage level Details

Landslide in Nepal on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:15 (03:15 AM) UTC.

Description
An official in Nepal says a landslide has swept several vehicles off a mountain highway. Four people are confirmed dead and nine others have been reported missing. Government administrator Purushottam Ghimire says the landslide Sunday night swept away five vehicles traveling on the Mechi highway near Kilbung village in eastern Nepal. He says eight people have been rescued, four bodies have been pulled out and people remain missing. Details were still sketchy Monday morning but rescue teams have reached the area.

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Radiation / Nuclear

Today Nuclear Event South Korea Province of Yeongnam, Busan Metropolitan City [Shingori Nuclear Power plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in South Korea on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
South Korea shut down one of its nuclear reactors Tuesday following a malfunction in its control system but there was no risk of a radiation leak, plant operators said. The 1,000-megawatt Shingori 1 reactor near the southern city of Busan was shut down after a warning signal at 8:10 am (2310 GMT Monday), the state-run Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP) said. “There was a malfunction in the reactor’s control rod, but the reactor is now stable with no danger of a radiation leak,” a KHNP spokesman said. It is the first time the reactor has been shut down since it began operations in February last year. South Korea operates 23 nuclear power plants which meet more than 35 percent of the country’s electricity needs. In July, another 1,000-megawatt reactor at Yeonggwang — some 260 kilometres (156 miles) south of Seoul — went into automatic shutdown after a malfunction.

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Epidemic Hazards /  Diseases

Potentially Dangerous New Malaria Mosquito Identified

University of Notre Dame entomologists are part of a team of researchers that recently discovered a potentially dangerous new malaria-transmitting mosquito. The as yet unnamed, and previously unreported, mosquito breeds in the western areas of Kenya and has an unknown DNA match to any of the existing malaria-transmitting species.

The Anopheles species of mosquitoes which transmits malaria in Africa is already widely studied by researchers. It prefers to rest indoors during the day and feed on humans during the night. Current malaria control programs, including spraying of insecticides and using insecticide-treated bed nets, are designed with these behaviors in mind.

Although the new species has never been implicated in the transmission of malaria, new discoveries in its biting habits pose a threat because it was found to be active outdoors and prefers to bite people earlier in the evening, soon after sunset, when people are not protected by current malaria control techniques.

Neil Lobo, a Notre Dame research associate professor and Brandy St. Laurent, a former Notre Dame doctoral student, joined forces on the team of researchers that made the discovery. y Frank Collins, Notre Dame’s George and Winifred Clark Professor of Biology, Collins was principal investigator of the Malaria Transmission Consortium effort funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The discovery was announced in a paper whose lead author was Jennifer Stevenson of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

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Climate Change

Ocean warming could lead to smaller fish size, study finds

ocean

Changes in ocean and climate systems could lead to smaller fish, according to a new study led by fisheries scientists at the University of British Columbia.

The study, published today in the journal Nature Climate Change, provides the first-ever global projection of the potential reduction in the maximum size of fish in a warmer and less-oxygenated ocean. The researchers used computer modeling to study more than 600 species of fish from oceans around the world and found that the maximum body weight they can reach could decline by 14-20 per cent between years 2000 and 2050, with the tropics being one of the most impacted regions. “We were surprised to see such a large decrease in fish size,” says the study’s lead author William Cheung, an assistant professor at the UBC Fisheries Centre. “Marine fish are generally known to respond to climate change through changing distribution and seasonality. But the unexpectedly big effect that climate change could have on body size suggests that we may be missing a big piece of the puzzle of understanding climate change effects in the ocean.” This is the first global-scale application of the idea that fish growth is limited by oxygen supply, which was pioneered more than 30 years ago by Daniel Pauly, principal investigator with UBC’s Sea Around Us Project and the study’s co-author. “It’s a constant challenge for fish to get enough oxygen from water to grow, and the situation gets worse as fish get bigger,” explains Pauly. “A warmer and less-oxygenated ocean, as predicted under climate change, would make it more difficult for bigger fish to get enough oxygen, which means they will stop growing sooner.” This study highlights the need to curb greenhouse gas emissions and develop strategies to monitor and adapt to changes that we are already seeing, or we risk disruption of fisheries, food security and the way ocean ecosystems work.

 More information: DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1691

Journal reference: Nature Climate Change search and more info website

Provided by University of British Columbia search and more info website

Research reports climate change could cripple Southwestern forests

Climate change could cripple southwestern forests

This shows bare branches and rust-colored foliage denote dead and dying trees in Colorado’s Front Range. Credit: Copyright Daniel Griffin.

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-climate-cripple-southwestern-forests.html#jCp

Combine the tree-ring growth record with historical information, climate records, and computer-model projections of future climate trends, and you get a grim picture for the future of trees in the southwestern United States. That’s the word from a team of scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Arizona, and other partner organizations.

If the Southwest is warmer and drier in the near future, widespread tree death is likely and would cause substantial changes in the distribution of forests and of species, the researchers report this week in the journal Nature Climate Change. Southwestern forests grow best when total winter precipitation is high combined with a summer and fall that aren’t too hot and dry. The team developed a Forest Drought-Stress Severity Index that combines the amount of winter precipitation, late summer and fall temperatures, and late summer and fall precipitation into one number. “The new ‘Forest Drought-Stress Index’ that Williams devised from seasonal precipitation and temperature-related variables matches the records of changing forest conditions in the Southwest remarkably well,” said co-author Thomas W. Swetnam, director of the UA Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. “Among all climate variables affecting trees and forests that have ever been studied, this new drought index has the strongest correlation with combined tree growth, tree death from drought and insects, and area burned by forest fires that I have ever seen.” A. Park Williams of Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico is the lead author of the paper, “Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality.” Six of the paper’s 15 authors are at the UA. A complete list of authors is at the bottom of this release. To figure out which climate variables affect forests, the researchers aligned some 13,000 tree core samples with known temperature and moisture data. The team also blended in events known from tree-ring, archaeological and other paleorecords, such as the late 1200s megadrought that drove the ancient Pueblo Indians out of longtime settlements such as those at Mesa Verde, Colo. By comparing the tree-ring record to climate data collected in the Southwest since the late 1800s, the scientists identified two climate variables that estimate annual southwestern tree-growth variability with exceptional accuracy: total winter precipitation and average summer-fall atmospheric evaporative demand, a measure of the overall dryness of the environment.
Williams said, “Atmospheric evaporative demand is primarily driven by temperature. When air is warmer, it can hold more water vapor, thus increasing the pace at which soil and plants dry out. The air literally sucks the moisture out of the soil and plants.” Finding that summer-fall atmospheric evaporative demand is just as important as winter precipitation has critical implications for the future of southwestern forests, he said.

Climate change could cripple southwestern forests

This Douglas-fir sample from the Southwest has annual tree rings dating back to the year 1527. The narrowing of the rings that formed from the 1560s through the 1590s indicates that the tree grew little during the 16th century megadrought. Credit: Copyright Daniel Griffin. These trends, the researchers noted, are already occurring in the Southwest, where temperatures generally have been increasing for the past century and are expected to continue to do so because of accumulating greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. There still will be wet winters, but increased frequency of warmer summers will put more stress on trees and limit their growth after wet winters, the study reports. “We can use the past to learn about the future,” Williams said. “For example, satellite fire data from the past 30 years show that there has been a strong and exponential relationship between the regional tree-ring drought-stress record and the area of southwestern forests killed by wildfire each year. This suggests that if drought intensifies, we can expect forests not only to grow more slowly, but also to die more quickly.” The study points out that very large and severe wildfires, bark-beetle outbreaks and a doubling of the proportion of dead trees in response to early 21st-century warmth and drought conditions are evidence that a transition of southwestern forest landscapes toward more open and drought-tolerant ecosystems may already be underway. And while 2000s drought conditions have been severe, the regional tree-ring record indicates there have been substantially stronger megadrought events during the past 1,000 years. The strongest megadrought occurred during the second half of the 1200s and is believed to have played an important role in the abandonment of ancient Puebloan cultural centers throughout the Southwest. The most recent megadrought occurred in the late 1500s and appears to have been strong enough to kill many trees in the Southwest. “When we look at our tree-ring record, we see this huge dip in the 1580s when all the tree rings are really tiny,” Williams said. “Following the 1500s megadrought, tree rings get wider, and there was a major boom in new trees. Nearly all trees we see in the Southwest today were established after the late-1500s drought, even though the species we evaluated can easily live longer than 400 years. So that event is a benchmark for us today. If forest drought stress exceeds late 1500 levels, we expect that a lot of trees are going to be dying.” Will future forest drought-stress levels reach or exceed those of the megadroughts of the 1200s and 1500s? Using climate-model projections, the team projected that such megadrought-type forest drought-stress conditions will be exceeded regularly by the 2050s. If climate-model projections are correct, forest drought-stress levels during even the wettest and coolest years of the late 21st century will be more severe than the driest, warmest years of the previous megadroughts. The study forecasts that during the second half of this century, about 80 percent of years will exceed megadrought levels. The current drought, which began in 2000, is a natural case study about what to expect from projected climate scenarios. While average winter precipitation totals in the Southwest have not been exceptionally low, average summer-fall evaporative demand is the highest on record. And trees, Williams says, are paying the price. The team concluded forest drought stress during more than 30 percent of the past 13 years, including 2011 and 2012, matched or exceeded the megadrought-type levels of the 1200s and 1500s. The only other 13-year periods when megadrought-type conditions were reached with such frequencies in the past 1,000 years were during the megadroughts themselves. UA co-author Daniel Griffin said, “This research is distinctly different from work done in a similar vein in two ways: One, it puts these projections for the future in a concrete historical context, and two, it shows that the impacts on the forests will not be restricted to one species or one site at low elevation, but in fact will take place at forests across the landscape.” Griffin is a doctoral candidate in the UA School of Geography and Development. Co-author Craig D. Allen, a research ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, said, “Consistent with many other recent studies, these findings provide compelling additional evidence of emerging global risks of amplified drought-induced tree mortality and extensive forest die-off as the planet warms.” More information: The article, “Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality,” is written by A. Park Williams (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Craig D. Allen (U.S. Geological Survey), Alison K. Macalady (University of Arizona), Daniel Griffin (UA), Connie A. Woodhouse (UA), David M. Meko (UA), Thomas W. Swetnam (UA), Sara A. Rauscher (LANL), Richard Seager (Columbia Univ.), Henri D. Grissino-Mayer (Univ. of Tennessee), Jeffrey S. Dean (UA), Edward R. Cook (Columbia Univ.), Chandana Gangodagamage (LANL), Michael Cai (LANL) and Nate G. McDowell (LANL).

Journal reference: Nature Climate Change search and more info website

Provided by University of Arizona search and more info website

Extreme climate change linked to early animal evolution

by Staff Writers
Riverside, CA (SPX)


This photo shows researchers studying exposures of the Doushanto Formation. Located in China, the formation is most notable for its scientific contributions in the hunt for Precambrian life. Credit: M. Kennedy.

An international team of scientists, including geochemists from the University of California, Riverside, has uncovered new evidence linking extreme climate change, oxygen rise, and early animal evolution.

A dramatic rise in atmospheric oxygen levels has long been speculated as the trigger for early animal evolution. While the direct cause-and-effect relationships between animal and environmental evolution remain topics of intense debate, all this research has been hampered by the lack of direct evidence for an oxygen increase coincident with the appearance of the earliest animals – until now.

In the Sept. 27 issue of the journal Nature, the research team, led by scientists at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, offers the first evidence of a direct link between trends in early animal diversity and shifts in Earth system processes.

The fossil record shows a marked increase in animal and algae fossils roughly 635 million years ago. An analysis of organic-rich rocks from South China points to a sudden spike in oceanic oxygen levels at this time – in the wake of severe glaciation. The new evidence pre-dates previous estimates of a life-sustaining oxygenation event by more than 50 million years.

“This work provides the first real evidence for a long speculated change in oxygen levels in the aftermath of the most severe climatic event in Earth’s history – one of the so-called ‘Snowball Earth’ glaciations,” said Timothy Lyons, a professor of biogeochemistry at UC Riverside.

The research team analyzed concentrations of trace metals and sulfur isotopes, which are tracers of early oxygen levels, in mudstone collected from the Doushantuo Formation in South China. The team found spikes in concentrations of the trace metals, denoting higher oxygen levels in seawater on a global scale.

“We found levels of molybdenum and vanadium in the Doushantuo Formation mudstones that necessitate that the global ocean was well ventilated. This well-oxygenated ocean was the environmental backdrop for early animal diversification,” said Noah Planavsky, a former UCR graduate student in Lyons’s lab now at CalTech.

The high element concentrations found in the South China rocks are comparable to modern ocean sediments and point to a substantial oxygen increase in the ocean-atmosphere system around 635 million years ago.

According to the researchers, the oxygen rise is likely due to increased organic carbon burial, a result of more nutrient availability following the extreme cold climate of the ‘Snowball Earth’ glaciation when ice shrouded much of Earth’s surface.

Lyons and Planavsky argued in research published earlier in the journal Nature that a nutrient surplus associated with the extensive glaciations may have initiated intense carbon burial and oxygenation. Burial of organic carbon – from photosynthetic organisms – in ocean sediments would result in the release of vast amounts of oxygen into the ocean-atmosphere system.

“We are delighted that the new metal data from the South China shale seem to be confirming these hypothesized events,” Lyons said.

The joint research was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the NASA Exobiology Program, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Besides Lyons and Planavsky, the research team includes Swapan K. Sahoo (first author of the research paper) and Ganqing Jiang (principal investigator of the study) of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Brian Kendall and Ariel D. Anbar of Arizona State University; Xinqiang Wang and Xiaoying Shi of the China University of Geosciences (Beijing); and UCR alumnus Clint Scott of United States Geological Survey.

Related Links
University of California – Riverside
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 1. 2012: 7.4 Quake & Strong(G3) Magnetic Storm

ublished on Oct 1, 2012 by Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
Typhoon Flings Car: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/must-see-typhoo…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 RH10) 03rd October 2012 1 day(s) 0.1260 49.0 98 m – 220 m 12.90 km/s 46440 km/h
(2012 QE50) 09th October 2012 7 day(s) 0.0809 31.5 450 m – 1.0 km 11.47 km/s 41292 km/h
(1994 EK) 14th October 2012 12 day(s) 0.1356 52.8 230 m – 520 m 12.22 km/s 43992 km/h
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 13 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

Today Biological Hazard USA MultiStates, [States of North Carolina and Tennessee] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
A dozen people have been sickened and two have died after an outbreak of fungal meningitis tied to injections given at outpatient surgical centers in Tennessee and North Carolina, health officials said. At least 737 people who received lumbar epidural steroid injections between July 30 and Sept. 20 have been notified of the cluster of rare aspergillus meningitis infections, which attack the central nervous system, said Curtis Allen, a spokesman for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Aspergillus is a mold present in the environment, and the meningitis is not related to the more common bacterial or viral types of meningitis. “The main thing is that it’s not transmissible person-to-person,” said Allen. Federal, state and local health officials are investigating the source of the outbreak. Eleven of the victims received injections at the Saint Thomas Outpatient Neurosurgery Center in Nashville. Another patient received an injection at an unidentified clinic in North Carolina. The Tennessee clinic was closed Sept. 20 and has been shuttered until further notice, officials said. The patients were older people, between the ages of 40 and 80, who were receiving the steroid injections as treatment for musculoskeletal disorders, said Woody McMillin, spokesman for the Tennessee Department of Health. Neither federal nor state health officials would identify the brand of epidural steroids given to the patients nor the manufacturer of the drugs. Asked whether the drugs themselves could have been contaminated, McMillin said that’s one possibility. “Right now, we’re not taking anything off the table,” he said. Erica Jefferson, a spokeswoman for the federal Food and Drug Administration, said that it’s too soon to speculate about that because the investigation is still “evolving.” Meningitis caused by aspergillus is very rare, according to the Journal of Microbiology. Symptoms often include a fever and headache that might be present for weeks before a diagnosis is made.
Biohazard name: Meningitis (fungal)
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today HAZMAT USA State of Nebraska, Lincoln [Near to 56th and Highway 2] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:09 (03:09 AM) UTC.

Description
Nuclear waste travels through Nebraska almost daily. On Saturday, a bit of scare here in Lincoln. Officials say the incident at 56th and Highway 2 could have been worse. The truck was carrying low-level waste, but thankfully it didn’t end up causing any harm. Emergency vehicles swarm a flatbed semi Saturday after it stopped too quickly, causing its load to shift, it happened near 56th and Highway 2. That load contained low-level nuclear waste. “The public should stay away from anything labeled radioactive material,” Environmental Health Specialist Ralph Martin said. Ralph Martin is an Environmental Health Specialist who works closely on these types of events. He says in this instance, the low-level waste never left its container, which was a very good thing. “Well, anytime you have radioactive material in a place it’s not meant to be, you would have concern. The levels of this material would be unlikely that anybody could be injured,” Martin said. So we asked the question, what exactly is low-level Nuclear waste? Here’s how the U.S. Nuclear regulatory commission defines it. Items that have been contaminated with radioactive material or that have been exposed to radiation. These items usually include shoe covers and clothing, rags, equipment and syringes. The radioactivity of the items ranges from levels found in nature, to sometimes, highly radioactive. Martin says items like these travel through Nebraska almost daily. But don’t be alarmed, he says, there are strict rules when it comes to transporting it. Low-level waste is usually stored and stabilized in solid containers. Once the radioactivity wears off, officials say it can then be taken to your typical landfill or trash site.

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Articles of Interest

Earth is undergoing true polar wander, scientists say

earth_nasa_300
Scientists developed a computer model to identify four possible instances of true polar wander in the past. And, they say, true polar wander is happening now.

Scientists based in Germany and Norway today published new results about a geophysical theory known as true polar wander. That is a drifting of Earth’s solid exterior – an actual change in latitude for some land masses – relative to our planet’s rotation axis. These scientists used hotspots in Earth’s mantle as part of a computer model, which they say is accurate for the past 120 million years, to identify four possible instances of true polar wander in the past. And, they say, true polar wander is happening now. These scientists published their results in the Journal for Geophysical Research today (October 1, 2012).

The scientists – including Pavel V. Doubrovine and Trond H. Torsvik of the University of Oslo, and Bernhard Steinberger of the Helmholtz Center in Potsdam, Germany – established what they believe is a stable reference frame for tracking true polar wander. Based on this reference frame, they say that twice – from 90 to 40 million years ago – the solid Earth traveled back and forth by nearly 9 degrees with respect to our planet’s axis of rotation. What’s more, for the past 40 million years, the Earth’s solid outer layers have been slowly rotating at a rate of 0.2 degrees every million years, according to these scientists.

Diagram showing solid-body rotation of the Earth with respect to a stationary spin axis due to true polar wander. This diagram is greatly exaggerated. According to Doubrovine and his team, Earth’s solid outer layers have been slowly rotating at a rate of 0.2 degrees every million years. Diagram via Wikimedia Commons.

True polar wander is not:

  • A geomagnetic reversal, or reversal of Earth’s magnetic field, known to have happened before in Earth history.
  • Plate tectonics, which describes the large-scale motions of great land plates on Earth and is thought to be driven by the circulation of Earth’s mantle.
  • Precession of the Earth, whereby our world’s axis of rotation slowly moves, tracing out a circle among the stars, causing the identity of our North Star changes over time.

True polar wander is a geophysical theory, a way of thinking about Earth processes that might happen and that these scientists believe do happen. The theory suggests that if an object of sufficient weight on Earth – for example, a supersized volcano or other weighty land mass – formed far from Earth’s equator, the force of Earth’s rotation would gradually pull the object away from the axis around which Earth spins. A supersized volcano far from Earth’s equator would create an imbalance, in other words. As explained at Princeton.edu:

If the volcanoes, land and other masses that exist within the spinning Earth ever became sufficiently imbalanced, the planet would tilt and rotate itself until this extra weight was relocated to a point along the equator.

That’s the theory of true polar wander. It would cause a movement of Earth’s land masses, but for a different reason than the reason the continents drift in the theory of plate tectonics (formerly called “continental drift”). In the theory of plate tectonics, the continents drift because Earth’s the layer of Earth underlying our planet’s crust, called the mantle, is convective. That is, it circulates, slowly – like water about to boil. In true polar wander, on the other hand, a similar-seeming movement of land masses on Earth’s crust happens in order to correct an imbalance of weight with respect to Earth’s spin.

Scientists’ understanding of true polar wander overlaps with their understanding of plate tectonics in various ways. That’s understandable, since it’s all the same Earth.

Scientists delving into true polar wander want to know when, in which direction, and at what rate the Earth’s solid exterior might be rotating due to true polar wander. To sort it out, they say, you would need a stable frame of reference to which observations of relative motion might be compared. Doubrovine and his team say they found one: volcanic hotspots.

Hotspot forming an island chain. As land plates drift, a successive of volcanoes form over the hotspot. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

In geology, hotspots are volcanic regions fed by Earth’s underlying mantle. For example, the Hawaiian islands are believed to have formed over a hotspot in the mantle. The hotspot created a volcano, but then – as that land plate drifted over time, as described by the theory of plate tectonics – the volcano drifted, too, and was eventually cut off from the hotspot. Gradually, another volcano begins to form over the hotspot, right next to the first one. And then it moves on … and another one forms … and so on … and so on. Earth’s crust produces first one, then another volcano over the hotspot until a long chain of volcanoes forms, such as in Hawaii. Hotspots have long been used to understand the motion of tectonic plates.

Doubrovine and colleagues went a step further in order to understand true polar wander. Instead of treating the hot spots as static – frozen in place at one spot above Earth’s mantle – their computer model let the hotspots’ positions drift slowly. According to these scientists, this drifting is what produced a model of a stable reference frame, which in turn let them draw conclusions about true polar wander.

They say their model does a good job of matching observations of real hotspot tracks on Earth – the path drawn by each hotspot’s island chain – which gives them confidence their results about true polar wander are accurate.

The Hawaiian islands are believed to have formed over a hotspot – a particularly hot place in Earth’s underlying mantle. Scientists expanded on previous thinking about hotspots to suggest that Earth’s solid surface is drifting, minutely, with respect to our planet’s rotation axis.

Bottom line: German and Norwegian scientists have incorporated hotspots in Earth’s mantle into a computer model being used to study true polar wander. They say their work established a stable reference frame for this study that lets them conclude Earth is undergoing true polar wander today.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/09/15 23:44:51  -55.951   -27.774 10.1  SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/15 23:41:25  -16.690   -69.210 197.4  SOUTHERN PERU
MAP  3.0 2012/09/15 19:52:09   19.708  -156.015 11.6  HAWAII REGION, HAWAII
MAP  2.7 2012/09/15 18:31:49   19.569   -64.301 57.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/15 18:27:17   19.576   -64.238 61.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/09/15 17:35:45  -10.768   113.874 30.6  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.6   2012/09/15 16:32:21  -10.771   113.856 9.9  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/15 16:09:45   35.688   140.969 12.6  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.5 2012/09/15 15:59:29   60.037  -152.761 97.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/15 15:30:52   62.889  -150.411 106.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/15 14:51:53   18.930   -65.087 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/15 13:28:09   51.543   178.892 2.4  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/15 12:37:09   39.713  -123.163 2.9  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/15 12:21:40   46.366  -111.049 8.0  WESTERN MONTANA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/15 10:54:34   17.916   -65.460 35.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/09/15 10:26:26   12.558   125.466 35.0  SAMAR, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.1 2012/09/15 09:52:17   18.586   -67.810 80.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/15 09:37:18  -32.832   -66.667 41.6  SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/15 08:43:28   46.164   152.949 42.8  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  3.4 2012/09/15 07:30:08   19.743   -64.257 13.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/15 07:29:09   19.555   -64.293 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.1   2012/09/15 07:04:01   12.564   125.530 23.8  SAMAR, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.3 2012/09/15 06:44:23   51.789  -176.409 67.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/15 06:29:37   19.212   -64.661 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/15 05:59:08   19.394   -64.165 92.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/15 05:57:45   19.705   -64.257 17.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/15 05:52:12   40.380   63.399 23.7  WESTERN UZBEKISTAN
MAP  3.0 2012/09/15 05:20:08   19.535   -64.356 62.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/15 05:18:37   19.625   -64.334 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/09/15 05:14:28   -3.891   -80.141 80.1  PERU-ECUADOR BORDER REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/15 02:36:59   62.432  -147.767 1.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/15 02:23:26   57.378  -154.630 0.2  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/15 00:51:00   19.380  -155.243 3.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.5   2012/09/15 00:50:47  -34.657   -72.665 20.3  OFFSHORE MAULE, CHILE
MAP  4.7   2012/09/15 00:40:15  -34.650   -72.677 24.1  OFFSHORE MAULE, CHILE

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 16, 2012 05:18:57 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

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CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

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IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

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IC/ENH, Enshi, China

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IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

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IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

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IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

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IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

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IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

15.09.2012 04:40 AM Tanna Island, Vanuatu Mount Yasur volcano Volcano Activity 0507-10= Stratovolcano 2010 No. 0 Details

Volcano Activity in Vanuatu on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 04:40 (04:40 AM) UTC.

Description
Volcanic activity on Mount Yasur on Tanna Island in Vanuatu, which has been erupting for hundreds of years, has intensified. The Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory has raised its warning regarding Yasur to level two, with expectations of ash and rock falls around the mountain. The volcano reached a level three rating last year, but Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory manager Esline Garaebiti says a threat of that extent is unlikely. However she says people still need to stay clear of the mountain. “This volcano is quite special and the activity is so strong that we maintain it in level two for quite some time and if the explosions are becoming very strong and the projections go further out from the parking area then we will raise the level to level three.”

 

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Storms / Tornadoes / Flooding / Landslides

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sanba (17W) Pacific Ocean 11.09.2012 16.09.2012 Typhoon IV 355 ° 176 km/h 213 km/h 5.79 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sanba (17W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 11° 6.000, E 133° 48.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,158.44 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:03:46 N 12° 42.000, E 131° 48.000 15 102 130 Tropical Storm 310 18 JTWC
13th Sep 2012 04:24:21 N 14° 48.000, E 129° 48.000 13 167 204 Typhoon II. 335 17 JTWC
14th Sep 2012 05:10:27 N 18° 12.000, E 129° 42.000 19 278 296 Super Typhoon 360 20 JTWC
15th Sep 2012 06:52:46 N 22° 18.000, E 129° 0.000 19 204 250 Typhoon III. 335 15 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
16th Sep 2012 05:12:01 N 27° 0.000, E 128° 6.000 26 176 213 Typhoon IV 355 ° 19 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 0.000, E 127° 54.000 Typhoon II 139 167 JTWC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 43° 0.000, E 130° 18.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 52° 30.000, E 135° 6.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 16.09.2012 Hurricane II 95 ° 130 km/h 157 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,012.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000 22 120 148 Hurricane I. 25 17 985 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
16th Sep 2012 05:13:53 N 30° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 130 157 Hurricane II 95 ° 15 983 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
17th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 31° 48.000, W 37° 0.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 54.000, W 40° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 0.000, W 34° 48.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 35° 30.000, W 32° 30.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 37° 0.000, W 32° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 36° 30.000, W 31° 30.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
Kristy (EP11) Pacific Ocean – East 12.09.2012 16.09.2012 Tropical Depression 315 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 5.49 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Kristy (EP11)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 16° 42.000, W 106° 0.000
Start up: 12th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 818.09 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
13th Sep 2012 05:35:33 N 18° 0.000, W 107° 24.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 11 1002 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:12:13 N 19° 42.000, W 111° 6.000 17 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 15 1000 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:57:35 N 21° 12.000, W 113° 48.000 15 74 93 Tropical Storm 305 11 1001 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
16th Sep 2012 05:19:27 N 23° 42.000, W 116° 12.000 15 65 83 Tropical Depression 315 ° 18 1004 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
17th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 26° 24.000, W 118° 48.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 25° 36.000, W 118° 24.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 0.000, W 118° 30.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC
Lane (EP12) Pacific Ocean – East 15.09.2012 16.09.2012 Tropical Depression 280 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Lane (EP12)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 14° 0.000, W 123° 30.000
Start up: 15th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 62.93 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
16th Sep 2012 05:13:14 N 13° 18.000, W 124° 6.000 11 65 83 Tropical Depression 280 ° 16 1003 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
17th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 15° 36.000, W 127° 18.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 30.000, W 126° 6.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 54.000, W 128° 18.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 18.000, W 129° 42.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 20° 0.000, W 131° 30.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 30.000, W 135° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC

……………………………….

New Typhoon Heads To Korea; North Korea Already Reels

By Evan Ramstad

KCNA via European Pressphoto Agency
Damage from Typhoon Bolaven in North Korea, photographed near Komdok on Aug. 31 by KCNA, released Sept. 7 to EPA for international distribution.

Just as another typhoon headed toward the Korean peninsula, North Korea on Friday summarized the damage from the late summer storm season – 300 dead and another 600 injured or missing.

North Korea’s state news agency said that the worst damage came from the typhoon called Bolaven that swept over the peninsula on Aug. 28 and 29.

That storm alone killed 59 people and left about 26,320 people homeless after about 8,000 houses were destroyed by rain and flooding.

For a country that is so poor and inefficient that each year’s summer storms leave it a disastrous wreck, North Korea provides strikingly precise data about the damage.

Since mid-June, storms and floods damaged or destroyed 87,280 homes and left 298,050 people homeless, its news agency said.

It did not say whether they were temporarily homeless from, say, floodwater, or indeed needed entire new homes.

Among the other damage, 92 drinking water systems were ravaged and 16,900 trees knocked down. “More than 17,150 square meters of railroad were washed away and over 300 sections of railway [were] covered by landslides, with scores of tunnels and railway bridges damaged,” it said.

Now comes Typhoon Sanba, which is heading north from the Philippines toward Okinawa this weekend and the Korean peninsula by Monday. It is a stronger storm than Bolaven, which was billed as the biggest in a decade but didn’t turn out that way.
Stars and Stripes reporter Dave Ornauer on Okinawa warns that he’s never seen a storm as intense as Sanba is shaping up to be.

By the time it hits the Korean peninsula, its winds will have died down from Category 4 to Category 2 speeds, he estimates. Even so, both South and North Korea are well-saturated. And North Korea is in no shape for another big storm.

15.09.2012 Tornado Philippines Province of Zamboanga del Norte, Zambo Sibugay Damage level Details

Tornado in Philippines on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:52 (03:52 PM) UTC.

Description
One people got injured and several establishments were partially damaged when a tornado hit a town in Zamboanga Sibugay early today, local officials said. The tornado, which is locally called “buhawi”, hit Poblacion village, the town center of Kabasalan town about 3:30 a.m today, said Mayor George Cainglet. According to the responding police, a driver of a bicycle cab identified as Bebot Baricua, got injured when a flying debris hit him on the street, making him the only victim of the tornado. Besides him, the roofs of the public market, particularly under the wet section, and the roof of the garage area of the town police center were also tore by the tornado, the police added. “The damage was minimal but the residents went panic as a result of the sudden weather disturbance,” disaster officer Adriano Fuego told the press. The authorities estimated that the total damage caused by the tornado is just P200,000 (about $4,800), and the business at the public market was temporarily halted due to the disaster.

………………………………….

15.09.2012 Flash Flood Taiwan Multiple areas, [Northern regons] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Taiwan on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:48 (03:48 PM) UTC.

Description
Northern Taiwan has seen heavy rainfall Saturday due to the combined effects of seasonal winds and a nearby typhoon, the Central Weather Bureau said. Moisture carried by seasonal winds from the northeast, together with the outer rim of Typhoon Sanba, has caused significant downpours in Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taoyuan County and Yilan County. Xindian District in New Taipei was the hardest-hit area, recording accumulated precipitation of 296 millimeters between midnight and 3 p.m. Saturday, bureau data showed. Rainfall in the areas is likely to continue until Sunday, causing daily minimum temperatures to drop to around 23 degrees Celsius, forecasters said. Meanwhile, strong winds reaching 100 kilometers per hour could be felt in coastal areas across the island due to influence from nearby Sanba. However, the typhoon is not expected to pose further threats to the island as it is heading toward the Ryukyu Islands, the bureau said. As of 2 p.m., Sanba was centered 720 km east of Hualien County in eastern Taiwan, moving at a speed of 23 kph in a north-northwesterly direction. It was packing sustained winds of 191 kph, with gusts reaching 234 kph, the bureau said.
15.09.2012 Flash Flood Philippines Capital City, Manila Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Philippines on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:39 (03:39 PM) UTC.

Description
Parts of Manila were under six feet (1.8 metres) of floodwater on Saturday after heavy rain lashed the capital overnight, forcing more than 400 people to flee their homes, officials said. There was also a strong typhoon lurking in the region, and although it was moving away from the Philippines and towards Japan, forecasters said it was adding to the wild weather. “Typhoon (Sanba) has no direct effect but the storm enhanced the southwestern monsoon so we will continue to experience rains,” said government meteorologist Gary de la Cruz. Low-lying coastal areas of the capital were hardest hit, forcing people to leave their homes, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council said. At least 10 domestic flights were cancelled and universities in affected areas called off classes, the council said.

………………………………….

15.09.2012 Landslide India State of Bengal, Darjeeling Damage level Details

Landslide in India on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:59 (03:59 PM) UTC.

Description
Landslides triggered by heavy overnight rain in the hills caused extensive damage in six tea gardens, while the National Highway 31A which was blocked was cleared by the Border Roads Organisation on Saturday. Work had to be stopped for the day in Takdah and Lopchu gardens because of the landslide, while Bannockburn, Phoobshering, Ging and Pussimbing reported loss of tea bushes, Darjeeling Tea Association (DTA) Principal Secretary, Sandip Mukherjee said. “Takdah received around 18 inches of rainfall in the last 24 hours. A 40ft road in Takdah has been washed away in four places and five culverts have been damaged in landslides. There is no approach road to the garden factory now,” Mukherjee said. He said 13 labour quarters and two culverts were affected by the landslides at Lopchu. “Tea bushes in an acre have been uprooted in Lopchu and road connectivity within the garden has become a major problem. Given the extent of the damage, no work could be carried out in Lopchu,” he said. Road communication in the Ging tea garden, about 20km from Darjeeling, was hit after three culverts were damaged. “In Phoobshering, 6,500 tea bushes have been uprooted by the landslides. There is no approach road to the factory now. Water has also seeped into the garden factory,” he said. He alleged that constructions under the 100-days work scheme aggravated the situation in the tea gardens. District Magistrate Saumitra Mohan said “The NH31A was blocked at Tarkhola, Melli and Kalijhora but all major roads have been cleared of debris with the help of agencies like the Border Roads Organisation and the public works department.” Mohan, also the principal secretary of the GTA, said an order has been issued to all subdivisional officers and block divisional officers, that any project was to be cleared only after taking into account environmental concerns and technical viability.

…………………………….

15.09.2012 Technological Disaster India State of Uttarakhand, Rudraprayag Damage level Details

Technological Disaster in India on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:45 (03:45 PM) UTC.

Description
At least 20 people were killed as dozens of houses collapsed following a cloudburst in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in north India on Friday. Several people are feared trapped under the debris and rescue operations have been launched, Disaster Management and Mitigation department officials said citing initial reports. According to officials, incessant rains since Thursday followed by a cloudburst in the wee hours Friday have left a trail of destruction in Timada, Sansari, Giriya, Chunni and Mangali villages in the district. River Saryu and Kaliganga are flowing above danger mark following rains since Thursday night. Communication and power lines were disrupted and traffic along several roads, including national highways, in the area has been blocked due to landslides, officials said. The local administration has sought the assistance of the Army in view of the large-scale destruction caused by the cloudburst in Rudrap rayag district.

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Radiation / Nuclear

 

 

Yukio Edano OKs Restart of Construction of New Reactors in Aomori, Shimane

 
Yukio “There is no immediate effect on health” Edano, Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry who will have technically lost his portfolio on nuclear issues come September 19 (when the new Nuclear Regulatory Commission under Goshi Hosono’s ministry takes over the nuclear regulatory oversight from NISA), approved the resumption of construction of two new reactors.

So much for the Noda administration’s “pledge” to have zero nuclear power plant operating in 2030. (We’re just shocked. Shocked, aren’t we?)

From Yomiuri Shinbun (9/15/2012):

経産相、大間原発・島根3号機の建設を容認

Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry allows the construction of Ooma Nuke Plant, Reactor 3 at Shimane

枝野経済産業相は15日、青森県の三村申吾知事や原子力施設のある市町村の首長らと青森市で会談し、東日本大震災後に工事を中断した電源開発大間(おおま)原子力発電所(青森県大間町)と中国電力島根原発3号機(松江市)の建設再開・稼働を事実上、容認する考えを伝えた。

On September 15, Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Yukio Edano held a meeting in Aomori City with Governor of Aomori Prefecture Shingo Mimura and the mayors of municipalities where nuclear facilities are located, and told them that he would allow the resumption of construction and operation of Ooma Nucleaer Power Plant by Electric Power Development Co.,Ltd. (in Ooma-cho, Aomori Prefecture) and Reactor 3 of Shimane Nucleaer Power Plant by Chugoku Electric Power Company (in Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture).

両原発の建設が再開されれば、震災後初めての原発建設となる。

It would be the first construction of nuclear reactors after the March 11, 2011 disaster.

政府は14日に決めた「革新的エネルギー・環境戦略」に、2030年代に原発の稼働をゼロにする目標を明記した。運転期間を40年とする政府の原則に従えば、建設を再開した原発は50年代まで稼働できることになり、新たなエネルギー戦略の矛盾を早くも露呈する形となった。

In the “Revolutionary strategy for energy and environment” that was agreed upon on September 14, the national government clearly set the target to have zero nuclear reactors operating in 2030. If the government rule of 40 years of operation is applied, these nuclear reactors would be allowed to operate into 2050, which would be a contradiction to the new energy strategy.

枝野氏は会談で「原子炉の設置と工事計画許可が与えられている原発について、経産省の立場として変更は考えていない」と述べ、19日に発足する原子力規制委員会が安全を確認すれば、建設再開・稼働を認める方針を示した。

Mr. Edano said in the meeting, “As to the nuclear power plants with permits for installing a reactor and for construction plan, we as Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry are not thinking of any change”, indicating the intention to allow the resumption of construction and operation once the Nuclear Regulatory Commission confirms safety. The Commission will be installed on September 19.

建設中の原発は、大間、島根3号機のほか、東京電力東通(ひがしどおり)原発1号機(青森県東通村)がある。ただ、東通1号機について、枝野氏は「東電が原子力について議論できる段階ではまだない」と述べており、建設再開の対象にはならないとみられる。

In addition to Ooma Nuclear Power Plant and Reactor 3 of Shimane Nuclear Power Plant, Reactor 1 of Higashidori Nuclear Power Plant is also under construction by TEPCO (in Higashidori-mura, Aomori Prefecture). However, Mr. Edano said of Higashidori’s Reactor 1, “TEPCO is not in a position yet to discuss nuclear energy”, indicating that the resumption of construction of Higashidori Reactor 1 would be unlikely at this time.

 

7.2 Bq/Kg of cesium from pickled plum in Tokyo

Posted by Mochizuki

7.2 Bq/Kg of cesium from pickled plum in Tokyo

Pickled plum (Ume boshi) is one of the most common Japanese traditional food.

It’s known to be a great preserved food as well,and people often use it for lunch box.

However, they are contaminated as well.

On 9/7/2012, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare measured cesium from pickled plum.

The sample was purchased on 9/6/2012. It was already distributed in Tokyo.

The origin of product is not announced.

7.2 Bq/Kg of cesium from pickled plum in Tokyo

Source

 

 

 

 

 

Insurance company “no coverage for damage caused by nuclear fuel material”

Posted by Mochizuki

Insurance company or life insurance company writes on instruction that they won’t cover damage from nuclear fuel material recently.

A Japanese posted tweeted like this below,

 

最近、保険にこーゆー文言が入るようになった。『核燃料物質によって生じた損害』には保険金をお支払いできませんとな。 twitter.com/sayakaiurani/s…

— HALOPさん (@sayakaiurani) 9月 15, 2012

Insurance company "no coverage for damage caused by nuclear fuel material"

<Translate>

Recently insurance company adds this item on their instruction.

“We won’t pay insurance for the damage caused by nuclear fuel material.”

<End>

 

We need to verify how it was before 311.

 

 
 
 
 
 

Installation of new thermometer to reactor2 still takes time

Posted by Mochizuki
Currently, only 1 measuring point remains available to measure temperature in RPV of reactor2. [Link]

On 9/14/2012, Tepco released the work implementation plan to install new thermometer to RPV of reactor2, but they didn’t announce when to complete the installation clearly.

Installation of new thermometer to reactor2 still takes time

 

Installation of new thermometer to reactor2 still takes time 2

 

Source

 

 

 

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Superbug kills 7th person at NIH hospital in Bethesda

BETHESDA, Md. (AP) – A deadly germ untreatable by most antibiotics has killed a seventh person at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Maryland.

Aerial photo of the NIH Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center, Bethesda, Maryland

The Washington Post reported the death Friday.

NIH officials told the paper that the boy from Minnesota died Sept. 7.

NIH says the boy arrived at the research hospital in Bethesda in April and was being treated for complications from a bone marrow transplant when he contracted the bug.

He was the 19th patient at the hospital to contract an antibiotic-resistant strain of KPC, or Klebsiella pneumoniae.

The outbreak stemmed from a single patient carrying the superbug who arrived at the hospital last summer.

The paper reported the Minnesota boy’s case marked the first new infection of this superbug at NIH since January.

 

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 15. 2012

Published on Sep 15, 2012 by

2012 Explanation Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

Electromagnetic Event: Magnetic Pole Shift Could Be In Progress

Published on Sep 14, 2012 by

There are two dangers presented in this video: 1) The Electromagnetic Event; and 2) The Mega Solar Flare & CME – Music: Instrumental “Soul Survivor” by Akon & Young Jeezy

HAARP:
Emotional & behavioral suppression technology, Silent Sound Spread Spectrum technology, and weather modification are dangerous, unethical, a secret in their truest form, and don’t have a damn thing to do with HAARP — This is what you should know:
1) Things not caused by HAARP: Long Solar Minimum, Jupiter/Saturn Storms, Saturn/Venus Rotation Anomalies, New Radio Emission from Jupiter, Uranus Auroras, the ENA ribbon, and most importunely, earth’s shifting N pole and fading Magnetic Shield. [There is a natural event taking place]
2) Weather Modification that is not HAARP: Radar Rings are different [local VLFs can do it without any help from HAARP], see video called ‘Standing Wave Tank” to see how LF work better on water vapor than HF. Some rings are man made with VLF, others are a natural effect of the EM event; I believe we are trying to stop it.
3) Potential Danger of HAARP: Over-ionization of certain layers or regions, Creating Ozone holes, Increasing our Solar Vulnerability.
4) ****HAARP and the Russian/Norwegian Devices are directly under the auroral electrojet, which is the thing that would kill our grids in a solar storm. The devices are ionospheric heaters capable of expanding the electrojet and scattering the energy.

NIBIRU:
What can I say, there is no star coming in here. That would kill us, and wouldn’t have left any planets here if it had come before. The term ‘dark star’ is a misnomer, it’s not so dark you wouldn’t see it. There IS a possibility that we could see a crossing ‘planet’, but not a star. Here are those possibilities, google will help fill in the blanks.
1) Hypothetical Planet Vulcan [not star trek] happens to be real and comes out from behind the sun.
2) Rogue Planet enters our system. [they outnumber stars in our galaxy]
3) Planetary ‘Birthing’ process where a baby planet comes out of the Sun, Saturn, or Jupiter.
4) A Return to the World described in ‘Symbols of an Alien Sky’
[All but #2 could be lumped in together as caused by an electromagnetic event; I worry this is what is happening now– Sitchen made many documented errors, and it was the Maya, not the Sumerians, who spoke of 2012]

http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/images/ssn_recent2.gif
http://www.ips.gov.au/Solar/1/6
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/01apr_deepsolarmini…
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/30sep_blankyear/
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/solar-minima.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2003/29dec_magneticfield/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3359555.stm
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/09/0909_040909_earthmagfield.html
http://phys.org/news8917.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/magnetic-field-1.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/06/080630-earth-core.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/16dec_giantbreach/
http://news.discovery.com/earth/earth-magnetic-field-north-110304.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/30oct_ftes/
http://www.agu.org/news/press/pr_archives/2012/2012-19.shtml
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/multimedia/pia13763.html
http://phys.org/news/2011-08-giant-arrow-shaped-cloud-saturn-moon.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2011/19may_saturnstorm/
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/now_broadcasting_radio_jupiter-93369
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2010/20may_loststripe/
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/02mar_redjr/
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/media/cassini-062804.html
http://www.universetoday.com/93494/is-venus-rotation-slowing-down/
http://dvice.com/archives/2012/09/video-jupiter-t.php
http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/technology/2012/09/explosion-spotted-on-jupiter-a…
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/15oct_ibex/
http://news.discovery.com/earth/earth-atmosphere-shrinking.html
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/special-reports/2011-spring-extremes/

STARWATER: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LiC-92YgZvQ
Electric Universe: google the Thunderbolts Project

 

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

15.09.2012 Biological Hazard China Tibet Autonomous Region, [Nyingchi Prefecture] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in China on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 15:54 (03:54 PM) UTC.

Description
The highly infectious and sometimes fatal Foot and Mouth Disease infections have been traced in livestock in the Nyingtri region of central Tibet. According to the regional agricultural ministry, a total of 123 live head of cattle and 108 pigs have showed symptoms associated with FMD. After collecting samples, the Chinese National Foot-and-Mouth Disease Reference Laboratory on Thursday confirmed that the livestock were infected with type O FMD. The local authorities have “sealed off and sterilised the infected area, where a total of 612 head of cattle and pigs have been culled and safely disposed of in order to prevent the disease from spreading since the case was confirmed.” While “quietly sending military troops to kill and burry the cattle,” Chinese authorities did not reveal the outbreak to the public. “Insiders say the provincial officials ordered the cover-up in fear that their records might be affected. Further investigation confirmed the disease to be a special type of FMD resistant to the current vaccine.” Following an outbreak of FMD in China’s eastern provinces of Shandong and Jiangsu, which later spread to suburban Beijing in 2005, China had for the first time reported FMD outbreak to the World Health Organisation. FMD is an acute contagious febrile disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The disease can potentially cost huge economic loss to farming and nomadic families who make their living from livestock.
Biohazard name: Foot-mouth disease (FMD)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
15.09.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Indiana, Mishawaka [Baycote Metal Finishing] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 09:30 (09:30 AM) UTC.

Description
A large portion of the southside of MIshawaka, Ind. was evacuated overnight after a chemical spill. Firefighters were called to 1302 Industrial Drive just after 8 p.m. after receiving a call of smoke coming out of a vacant building. The building used to be the home of Baycote Metal Finishing. After the fire was out, a firefighter noticed a low hanging vapor cloud in the building and immediately evacuated the area. The area includes about fifty homes, including an assisted living center. WSBT reports about 200 people were evacuated. The Red Cross set up a shelter for evacuees. Residents reported irritated skin and itchy eyes. Officials say this will be a major clean-up effort. This is a developing story. We will continue to update this story as more information becomes available.
15.09.2012 HAZMAT Czech Republic Multiple region, [Prerov,Osek and Becvou] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in Czech Republic on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 14:15 (02:15 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 15 September, 2012 at 04:16 UTC
Description
The Czech Republic has banned the sale of spirits with more than 20 percent alcohol content as it battles a wave of methanol poisonings that has already killed 19 people. Health Minister Leos Heger says the unprecedented ban is effective immediately and applies nationwide. It covers all possible sales locations, including restaurants, hotels and stores. Kiosks and markets had earlier been banned from selling spirits with more than 30 percent alcohol content. In a brief announcement late Friday, Heger said the measure was taken as the death toll from the poisonings reached 19 and the first person was hospitalized in Prague. Dozens of people have been hospitalized, some in critical condition after drinking vodka and rum laced with methanol. The problem appears largely centered in northeastern Czech Republic.

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Uploaded by on Sep 11, 2011

Documental de Isabel Coixet sobre la desaparición del mar de Aral…

Translation of Spanish  Narration and  partial transcripts by Desert Rose ( Family Survival Protocol)

Documentary By  Isabel Coixet about the  disappearance of the  Aral Sea

Opening Introduction by Isabel Coixet

Aral The Lost Sea  is a documentary that I filmed a few  years  ago that  deals  with  what is to me one of the greatest  ecological mysteries and  environmental disasters  that  exist in the world. The disappearance of  an immense interior  body of water of  what  was once the  coastal city of Moynaq which lies  between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan ,an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south.  In this  documentary  we  go over  the events that  have transpired.  Showing  what  has  happened there since the fated  moment , when the Old Soviet Union signed a  decree to deviate  two  rivers that  fed this body of water.  Allowing them to use the  water for the irrigation of  cotton crops.  Resulting in one  of the  greatest  ecological disasters who’s devastating  results  still linger to this day.  It is my  hope that  this documentary will awaken in us the  ability to  question what has  happened and  whether it  could have been avoided.

A Production  of Miss Wasabi

For

We Are Water Foundation

The objective of the  foundation is to minimize  the negative effects connected to the  availability  of  water  throughout the  world.  An indispensable  resource for the life and  dignity of the  Peoples.  In general to increase  awareness and  collaborate on development  projects to this end.

Aral.  The Lost Sea

Directed  by Isabel Coixet

English Narration By  Sir Ben Kingsley

An Explanation:

They  needed  cotton.  Or so decided  the  Authorities of the time.  Cotton  must  be planted they  decided to provide to all of Russia.  Even if to  achieve this , the Aral Sea, “would have to die like a  soldier in battle”.

And so it was  done.

Aral Sea Ecological DisasterUzbekistan – Oct. 2008

  • The Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking, especially since the 1960’s due to the diversion of the rivers that flow into it by the former Soviet Union. The situation is so bad that in some places, the shoreline has recede more than 100km from where it used to be. Fishing villages now lie in barren desert wasteland and the fish stocks are gone. Frequent dust storms carry polluted, toxic dust across the region and the local climate has even shifted without the water’s moderating properties resulting in scorchingly hot summers and brutally cold winters.
  •  
  • It sounded like an interesting place to see where man has interfered with the course of nature so I just had to go there.
  • More info on the Aral Sea
Aral_Sea_01 Aral_Sea_02
Uzbekistan was once a major part of the famous Silk Road, linking Europe with the Far East. An irrigation canal with a ship rusting away in it.
Aral_Sea_11 Aral_Sea_12
Scenic Muynak, near the airport. The ship cemetery of Muynak. Here, old rusting ships lie in the sand where the Aral Sea used to be.
Aral_Sea_13 Aral_Sea_14
The true “ships of the desert” There used to be hundreds of these ghost ships but most have been scavenged for scrap metal. Few still remain.
Aral_Sea_15 Aral_Sea_16
These ships are the most dramatic example of the Aral Sea catastrophe. Permission to come aboard sir?
Aral_Sea_17 Aral_Sea_18
The water management was (and is still) so poor that the sea continues to shrink even today. A once proud fishing fleet, reduced to rust.

Read More On The Aral And See More Photos Here

Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
26.07.2012 09:35:33 2.3 North America United States Alaska Cordova VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 09:15:27 4.9 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Wellington Castlepoint VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 08:30:32 5.2 Pacific Ocean Tonga Tongatapu Vaini VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 07:50:29 2.2 North America United States Alaska Willow VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 08:00:27 5.8 Indian Ocean Mauritius Cargados Carajos VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 07:20:53 2.5 Caribbean British Virgin Islands Road Town VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 07:25:25 3.4 Caribbean British Virgin Islands Road Town VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 06:05:27 2.8 Caribbean Puerto Rico Maunabo Emajagua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 06:25:29 2.8 Europe Spain Andalusia Sotogrande VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 05:11:41 2.2 North America United States Nevada Mina There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 05:25:29 4.9 Australia & New-Zealand New Zealand Gisborne Ruatoria VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 04:55:29 4.9 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Gisborne Ruatoria VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 05:25:58 2.7 Asia Turkey ?zmir Aliaga VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 04:25:19 2.4 Asia Turkey Bal?kesir Dursunbey VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 03:30:25 2.6 North America United States Alaska Ninilchik There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 03:20:28 5.3 Asia Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Murghob VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 03:22:09 5.3 Asia Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Murghob VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 03:05:27 2.4 North America Canada British Columbia Colwood VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 02:45:29 2.4 North America United States California Cobb There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 03:20:48 2.2 Asia Turkey Mu?la Ula VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 03:21:07 2.3 Asia Turkey Bal?kesir Dursunbey VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 03:21:25 2.5 Europe Albania Durrës Metaj VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 03:15:28 2.1 North America Canada British Columbia Princeton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 01:15:20 3.5 South-America Peru Tacna Sobraya There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 00:35:30 4.7 North America United States Oregon Barview VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 01:16:41 4.3 North America United States Oregon Barview VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 01:15:45 4.3 North-America United States Oregon Barview VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 00:15:25 3.1 South-America Chile Valparaíso Vina del Mar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 00:15:47 5.2 Pacific Ocean – Middle Solomon Islands Guadalcanal Honiara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 00:05:27 5.1 Solomon Islands Guadalcanal Honiara There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 00:30:40 2.9 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Canterbury Methven VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
26.07.2012 00:31:06 2.2 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Canterbury Methven VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
26.07.2012 00:16:10 4.6 Asia Turkey Edirne Enez VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.07.2012 02:15:20 2.7 South-America Chile Antofagasta Calama There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 23:55:28 2.1 North America Canada British Columbia Princeton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 00:05:52 2.7 North America United States Nevada Golconda VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 23:10:31 2.2 North America United States Alaska Cantwell VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.07.2012 00:16:33 3.6 South-America Bolivia Potosí Villa Alota There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 23:16:43 2.5 Caribbean Puerto Rico Humacao Punta Santiago VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 23:30:29 4.7 Asia Japan Fukushima Iwaki VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 23:15:44 4.7 Asia Japan Fukushima Iwaki VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 22:15:26 3.3 South-America Chile Libertador General Bernardo O?Higgins Santa Cruz VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 21:35:31 2.2 North America United States Alaska Happy Valley There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 23:16:06 2.4 Asia Turkey Afyonkarahisar Sultandagi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 22:15:46 4.9 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia North Sulawesi Tondano VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 21:35:56 5.0 Pacific Ocean – West New Caledonia Fayaoue VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 22:16:05 5.0 Pacific Ocean – West Vanuatu Shefa Port-Vila VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 20:35:32 2.1 North America United States California Mojave VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.07.2012 21:10:21 4.5 Asia Uzbekistan Fergana Shohimardon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.07.2012 22:16:55 2.5 North America United States Montana Whitefish VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details

Today Earthquake Solomon Islands Capital City, [About 39 kilometres of Honiara ] Damage level Details

Earthquake in Solomon Islands on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 05:02 (05:02 AM) UTC.

Description
A strong earthquake struck the main island of the Solomon Islands on late Wednesday evening, destroying an unknown number of houses and causing injuries, seismologists and local officials said on Thursday. No tsunami warning was issued. The 6.5-magnitude earthquake at 10:20 p.m. local time (1120 GMT) was centered about 39 kilometers (24 miles) southwest of Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands. It struck about 22.9 kilometers (14.2 miles) deep, making it a shallow earthquake, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Emergency management officials in Honiara said they have received reports that a number of houses in settlements near the epicenter were destroyed and damaged, injuring at least one person. But the extent of the damage in the remote area was not immediately clear, and officials were still working to determine if there were other victims. The USGS estimated that some 137,000 people on Guadalcanal island may have felt moderate to strong shaking, while 348,000 others may have felt light shaking. The tremors caused scores of people to run out of their homes and flee inland or to higher ground in fear of a tsunami, which was not generated. Both the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) and the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Center (JATWC) said there was no threat of a tsunami and did not issue a warning. “A destructive tsunami was not generated based on earthquake and historical tsunami data,” PTWC said in a bulletin.

6.5-magnitude quake hits Solomon Islands

SYDNEY : A strong 6.5-magnitude earthquake hit the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean late Wednesday, the US Geological Survey said.

The tremor, which was just 22 kilometres (14 miles) deep, had its epicentre on the south coast of the island of Guadalcanal, 39 kilometres southwest of the capital Honiara.

The US Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a statement saying: “Based on all available data, a destructive Pacific-wide tsunami is not expected.”

The Solomons National Disaster Management Office could not be reached but Australia said that the quake was unlikely to pose a risk of a tsunami.

“It’s just the usual Pacific kind of event, they get earthquakes of this size regularly,” duty seismologist Mark Leonard told AFP.

“It’s unlikely that it’s going to cause any grief at all.”

The Solomon Islands form part of the Ring of Fire, a zone of tectonic activity around the Pacific Ocean that is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

In 2007, a tsunami following an 8.1-magnitude earthquake killed at least 52 people in the Solomons and left thousands homeless.

Leonard said an earthquake of the magnitude experienced Wednesday would need to be much more shallow to cause that kind of impact.

– AFP/ms

Mild quake rattles Los Angeles area; no damage

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Seismologists say a mild earthquake widely felt throughout Southern California was centered along the coast west of downtown Los Angeles.

No injuries were reported.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude-3.7 quake struck at 3:18 a.m. Wednesday. The quake initially was reported as a magnitude-3.8, but seismologist Kate Hutton says it was later found to be a 3.74 so it was downgraded.

The epicenter was 2 miles east-southeast of Marina del Rey near Culver City and Inglewood. A Sheriff’s Department dispatcher says it “wasn’t much of a quake” and no one called about it.

Dozens of people from as far away as Riverside and the San Fernando Valley logged onto the USGS website to report feeling the jolt.

Fire Department spokesman Matt Spence says firefighters rolled out of stations citywide and surveyed 470 square miles. No infrastructure or other damage was found.

Pacific Ocean Region
Date/Time (UTC) Message Location Magnitude Depth Status Details
25.07.2012 11:28 AM Tsunami Information Bulletin Solomon Islands 6.6 114 km Details

Tsunami Information Bulletin in Solomon Islands, Pacific Ocean

000
WEPA42 PHEB 251128
TIBPAC

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 1128Z 25 JUL 2012

THIS BULLETIN APPLIES TO AREAS WITHIN AND BORDERING THE PACIFIC
OCEAN AND ADJACENT SEAS...EXCEPT ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...
WASHINGTON...OREGON AND CALIFORNIA.

... TSUNAMI INFORMATION BULLETIN ...

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  1121Z 25 JUL 2012
 COORDINATES -   9.8 SOUTH  160.2 EAST
 DEPTH       -  114 KM
 LOCATION    -  SOLOMON ISLANDS
 MAGNITUDE   -  6.6

EVALUATION

 A DESTRUCTIVE TSUNAMI WAS NOT GENERATED BASED ON EARTHQUAKE AND
 HISTORICAL TSUNAMI DATA.

THIS WILL BE THE ONLY BULLETIN ISSUED FOR THIS EVENT UNLESS
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE.

THE JAPAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY MAY ALSO ISSUE TSUNAMI MESSAGES
FOR THIS EVENT TO COUNTRIES IN THE NORTHWEST PACIFIC AND SOUTH
CHINA SEA REGION.  IN CASE OF CONFLICTING INFORMATION... THE
MORE CONSERVATIVE INFORMATION SHOULD BE USED FOR SAFETY.

THE WEST COAST/ALASKA TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER WILL ISSUE PRODUCTS
FOR ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...WASHINGTON...OREGON...CALIFORNIA.
Indian Ocean Region
Date/Time (UTC) Message Location Magnitude Depth Status Details
25.07.2012 00:34 AM Tsunami Information Bulletin Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra 6.6 0 km Details

Tsunami Information Bulletin in Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra, Indian Ocean

000
WEIO23 PHEB 250034
TIBIOX

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0034Z 25 JUL 2012

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR ALL AREAS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN.

... TSUNAMI INFORMATION BULLETIN ...

THIS MESSAGE IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  0028Z 25 JUL 2012
 COORDINATES -   2.5 NORTH   95.8 EAST
 LOCATION    -  OFF W COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
 MAGNITUDE   -  6.6

EVALUATION

 A DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT DOES NOT EXIST BASED ON
 HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA.

 HOWEVER - THERE IS A VERY SMALL POSSIBILITY OF A LOCAL TSUNAMI
 THAT COULD AFFECT COASTS LOCATED USUALLY NO MORE THAN A HUNDRED
 KILOMETERS FROM THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER. AUTHORITIES IN THE
 REGION NEAR THE EPICENTER SHOULD BE MADE AWARE OF THIS
 POSSIBILITY.

THIS WILL BE THE ONLY BULLETIN ISSUED BY THE PACIFIC TSUNAMI
WARNING CENTER FOR THIS EVENT UNLESS ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
BECOMES AVAILABLE.

THE JAPAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY MAY ISSUE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
FOR THIS EVENT. IN THE CASE OF CONFLICTING INFORMATION...THE
MORE CONSERVATIVE INFORMATION SHOULD BE USED FOR SAFETY.

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Volcano blast showers ash on Japanese city

  • News Limited Network

Volcano explodes in Japan

A volcano erupts in southern Japan spewing ash onto Kagoshima City. Rough cut (no reporter narration).

japan volcano Sakaurajima eruption July 25 2012

Video still of Sakurajima in southern Japan erupting on July 25, 2012. Source: Supplied

THE Sakurajima volcano in southern Japan has erupted, spewing volcanic ash onto Kagoshima City.

The eruption at one of Japan’s most active volcanoes showered ash on the streets of Kagoshima, which lies just 2km across a bay from the volcano.

Residents of Kagoshima donned face masks to protect themselves while sweeping away the ash.

The volcano has erupted more than 600 times this year and is expected to continue its intermittent eruptions.

Currently, the volcano warning there is at level three out of a possible five levels.

A level five would mean that the residents living near the crater would have to be evacuated, while level three warns people not to approach the volcano.

Today Volcano Eruption Japan Prefecture of Kagoshima, [Volcano Sakura-jima] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Japan on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 02:59 (02:59 AM) UTC.

Description
A volcano in Sakurajima in southern Japan has erupted, spewing volcanic ash onto Kagoshima City. The eruption at one of Japan’s most active volcanoes caused ash to cover roads. Residents of Kagoshima donned face masks to protect themselves while sweeping away the ash. The volcano has erupted over 600 times this year and is expected to continue its intermittent eruptions. Currently, the volcano warning there is at level three out of a possible five levels. A level five would mean that the residents living near the crater would have to be evacuated, while level three warns people not to approach the volcano.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought

Excessive Heat Warning

ST LOUIS MO
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
WILMINGTON OH
PADUCAH KY

Heat Advisory

MEMPHIS TN
ST LOUIS MO
LINCOLN IL
PEACHTREE CITY GA
SPRINGFIELD MO
TULSA OK
WAKEFIELD VA
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
LITTLE ROCK AR
WILMINGTON OH
LOUISVILLE KY
NASHVILLE TN
CHARLESTON WV
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC
CLEVELAND OH
NEWPORT/MOREHEAD CITY NC
CHARLESTON SC
JACKSONVILLE FL
INDIANAPOLIS IN
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA
PITTSBURGH PA
WILMINGTON NC
RALEIGH NC

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

HANFORD CA
HANFORD CA
25.07.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Manitoba, [Red Sucker Lake First Nation, Wasagamack First Nation, St. Theresa Point First Nation and Garden Hill First Nation] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Canada on Tuesday, 24 July, 2012 at 17:09 (05:09 PM) UTC.

Description
More than 800 people from four northern Manitoba First Nations have been flown to Winnipeg and Brandon due to forest fires near their home communities. Officials said people deemed the most vulnerable, such as those with asthma and other breathing conditions, were flown out first, while others may follow if the fire situation gets worse. “We didn’t have anybody who was acutely distressed from smoke inhalation but we did have folks with runny eyes, coughing, sore throats, which is a normal effect from being involved with the forest fires,” said Janice Lowe from the Brandon Regional Health Authority. The Manitoba Association of Native Firefighters is looking after the evacuations and asked both Brandon and Winnipeg to host the evacuees, due to the large number. “This is the largest evacuation that we’ve handled in recent times,” said Brian Kayes from the City of Brandon. On Monday, the province said 77 forest fires are burning in Manitoba. As of July 20, more than 360 firefighters were battling the blazes, with 12 water bombers and 31 helicopters being used. Fires are currently burning in northeastern and western, central and eastern parts of Manitoba, said officials. The largest numbers of fires are currently burning in the northeastern part of Manitoba. Officials from the Manitoba Association of Native Firefighters said people had to leave Red Sucker Lake First Nation, Wasagamack First Nation, St. Theresa Point First Nation and Garden Hill First Nation. They said it’s tough to determine how long people could be out of their homes, due to the unpredictable nature of forest fires. They said, however, people should be prepared to be out of their homes for approximately three to seven days. Community members said homes are not currently at risk of burning. Some evacuees, however, said leaving was still difficult. “Some people don’t want to go because they don’t want to leave their homes,” said Eric Wood from Garden Hill Public Health.
Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Nebraska, [Fairfield Creek] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 03:10 (03:10 AM) UTC.

Description
More federal firefighters were being deployed to bone-dry Nebraska, where a huge wildfire is threatening more structures and two smaller fires are still out of control. The handful of people living in Sparks, a gateway to canoeing and tubing on the Niobrara River, were on alert for possible evacuation. A 14-mile stretch of the valley already has been evacuated. While a cold front is expected to provide some relief, highs Wednesday will still be in the mid-90s. The front may also bring some rain, but major storms aren’t likely to develop near the fire. Plus, storms could also bring lightning and spark new fires. Hot, windy weather on Monday helped the main Fairfield Creek Fire expand to 58,000 acres, or nearly 92 square miles. Two other smaller fires about 20 miles east of the main fire had burned more than six square miles. And Tuesday’s high temperature again topped Officials estimate the fires, which have already destroyed at least 10 homes, are about 25 percent contained. Some 200 federal firefighters were being sent to join the more than 300 crews already on the front lines. Four helicopters are also fighting the fires, and three firefighters have been injured. Much of the fire-swept land near the river is rugged, forested and populated with cabins, so only 17 residences had been evacuated as of Tuesday morning.
25.07.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Macedonia Municipality of Strumica, [Near to Strumica] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Macedonia on Wednesday, 25 July, 2012 at 09:52 (09:52 AM) UTC.

Description
Reports from Macedonia say two foresters died and one was critically injured on July 24 while trying to put out a forest fire. Four other people — including a teenage boy — were hospitalized after strong winds fanned the flames of the forest fire near Strumica, about 100 kilometers southeast of Skopje. About 50 acres of pine forest was burned before the fire eventually was extinguished by rain. Agriculture Minister Ivo Kotevski said, arson is suspected. The fire appeared to have been started as a result of “carelessness.”

Five Dies as Vacationers Flee Fires in Spain, Croatia

BARCELONA, Spain, (ENS) – Four people have died in two giant wildfires now devastating northeastern Spain’s Catalonia region. Since they blazed up on the weekend, the fires have injured at least 100 people and scorched about 10,000 hectares (38 square miles). Authorities have ordered 150,000 residents to shelter in their homes.

One fire has charred the forests of Costa Brava, one of Spain’s most popular beach and resort destinations.

Inland, the town of La Junquera, in the border area between France and Spain, is at the center of a second huge fire, that police believe was started by a discarded cigarette.

Smoke billows over the Catalonian town of Terrades, July 23, 2012 (Photo by Celia Santacreu)

All four of those who died were French. One man died of a heart attack while trying to protect his home in the Catalonian town of Llers, and another died from burns.

A father and his 15-year-old daughter lost their lives while trying to escape the flames by jumping down a cliff in the Costa Brava town of Port Bou.

Flames forced the father and daughter, as well as three of their family members and some 150 other visitors, out of their cars as they were returning to France from the Spanish coast.

As ash from the Costa Brava fire reaches Barcelona this morning, Spanish firefighters say they are starting to gain control because strong winds that initially fanned the flames have now abated.

Temperatures have soared to over 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees F.) in the stricken area, and water levels in reservoirs are low there and across the country, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment.

Planes are dropping water in an effort to douse the raging fire in the border area between France and northern Catalonia, but until the fires are under control several cross-border roads connecting Barcelona with France have been closed.

Other fires are taking their toll across southern Europe.

In Croatia, hundreds of firefighters have been called up to battle fires all along the Adriatic coast.

Fire threatens the Croatian town of Crikvenica (Photo by Nika G.)

A firefighter died Monday while putting out a fire near Moscenicka Draga on the Istria peninsula, while other fires blaze near Pula at the southern tip of the peninsula.

At least 350 firefighters battled a large fire near the coastal town of Crikvenica, a favorite vacation spot for residents of the nearby Croatian capital of Zagreb.

Homes in Crikvenica were in danger Monday but the firefighters defended them. Residents fled and gathered to watch the situation from a safe distance.

One of the most serious fires has caused locals and tourists to flee the Croatian coastal towns of Selce and Novi Vinodolski.

In the popular resort town of Selce on a long, sandy beach, more than 1,500 visitors were forced to evacuate the Selce autocamp and nearby Club Adriatica.

“The situation is very serious, everyone is trying their best. Houses are in danger, and some have already been victim to the fires,” Slavko Gaus from the county fire department, told the “Croatian Times.”

Thick smoke has forced authorities to close the D8 road, and also the Adriactic highway, reported daily newspaper “24sata.”

More fires are burning on the islands of Rab and Mljet and near the town of Sibenik, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea.

Over 1,500 tourists evacuated as fires rage in Croatia

by Staff Writers
Zagreb (AFP)

A firefighter died and 1,500 tourists were evacuated after forest fires fanned by strong winds broke out on Croatia’s Adriatic coast Monday, with the interior minister warning of a “very difficult” scenario.

“The situation is very difficult … we are doing everything possible to protect people’s lives and property,” Interior Minister Ranko Ostojic told commercial Nova television, as the fires continued to blaze out of control in the increasingly popular tourist area.

“Everything is ready for (further) evacuations,” said the minister, who visited the coastal resort of Selce, close to the northern port of Rijeka, where some 150 firefighters were battling the blaze.

A 45-year firefighter died while battling another blaze that broke out near Moscenicka Draga on the Istria peninsula, fire service official Slavko Gaus told national HRT television.

That fire was brought under control later in the day.

The inferno broke out in the morning in the hinterland of Rijeka, some 180 kilometres (110 miles) southwest of Zagreb, and spread towards Selce.

Strong winds of more than 100 kilometres (60 miles) an hour made tackling the fires very difficult as water-bombing planes could not be used, the authorities said.

In Selce some 1,500 tourists from two campsites, mostly Slovenians and Austrians, were evacuated while a number of other tourists left a nearby hotel, officials said.

Part of the Adriatic coastal highway was closed, police said.

The resort was cut off from electricity and phone lines were down, Nova television reported, showing footage of people in Selce covering their faces with scarves to protect themselves from the thick smoke and ashes.

The roofs of several houses also caught fire.

In fellow former Yugoslav republic Macedonia, 14 people were injured, five of them seriously, in a forest fire at Strumica, 100 kilometres (60 miles) east of Skopje, the country’s farm minister said.

The minister, Lupco Dimovski, said there was information suggesting that this fire may heave been started deliberately

The Macedonia fire was still raging late Monday.

Related Links
Forest and Wild Fires – News, Science and Technology

Drought, culling hits Australia’s feral camels

by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP)

Australia’s feral camel population has dropped by an estimated 250,000 in recent years, but the arid outback is still home to the world’s largest wild herd, officials said Tuesday.

The Australian Feral Camel Management Project said about 750,000 camels were thought to roam the country’s desert heartland.

“Between 2001 and 2008, it was estimated that there could have been as many as a million feral camels in the outback,” said Jan Ferguson, the managing director of Ninti One, which manages the project.

“Since then, however, there has been a major drought, the feral camel management programme has come into effect and population survey techniques have been improved.”

Camels, first introduced as pack animals to help early settlers in the 19th century, roam wild in the states of Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland in the east, as well as the Northern Territory.

About 85,000 were culled under a plan to reduce their impact on sensitive areas and native animals but Ferguson said some populations were still too dense.

Wildlife scientist Glenn Edwards said the latest monitoring, under which about 50 camels fitted with special collars were tracked using satellites, provided a clearer picture of the extensive damage they caused.

“Feral camels can travel 70 kilometres (43 miles) in one day, and hundreds of kilometres within a week, over incredibly harsh terrain,” he said.

“We know that when they herd, they can converge on a natural waterhole used by native animals, and drink it dry within days.

“This has a devastating effect on the local flora and fauna and shows exactly why we need to control the population density of these animals.”

With few natural predators and vast sparsely-populated areas in which to roam, feral camels have put pressure on native Australian species by reducing food sources, destroying habitat and spreading disease.

During some of the worst months of drought, thousands of thirsty camels even besieged a remote town in search of water, leaving residents scared to leave their homes.

Related Links
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Storms / Flooding

 

 

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI
26.07.2012 Tropical Storm North Korea MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Kangwon, North Gyeongsang and South Hwanghae] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in North Korea on Saturday, 21 July, 2012 at 03:31 (03:31 AM) UTC.

Description
Tropical storm Khanun destroyed scores of houses, buildings and transportation infrastructure in southern parts of North Korea this week, killing at least seven people in the reclusive state, state-run media reported on Friday. It weakened quickly over North Korea before Khanun’s remnants dissipated over China. The state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) reported on Friday that flooding triggered by Khanun caused significant damage and casualties in the southern regions of North Korea. It said at least seven people were killed in Kangwon Province, but few other details about casualties were released. “Many hectares of farmland were inundated in Kangwon province and some dwelling houses, public buildings, railways, roads, bridges, breakwaters, electric supply and communication networks were destroyed,” KCNA said in its report, adding that some areas saw up to 200 millimeters (7.8 inches) of rain. “The water supply system was paralyzed in Wonsan and Munchon cities, suspending the provision of drinking water to citizens.” In South Hwanghae province, several houses were destroyed in Haeju City and Jaeryong County while large areas of cropland were submerged in Unchon County. The report did not say whether there were casualties in South Hwanghae province, or in any other regions of North Korea. In South Korea, Khanun also caused flooding, power outages, and affected major transportation systems. One fatality was reported in North Gyeongsang province when the wall of a home collapsed, officials said.

…………………………….

By Brian K. Sullivan

A derecho, the kind of storm that knocked out power to millions in Washington last month, may accompany bad weather forecast for New York City and the rest of the Northeast tomorrow, the U.S. Storm Prediction Center said.

There’s a moderate chance the rare windstorm will develop in an area from Indiana to Massachusetts, the center said on its website. The region is also at risk for severe thunderstorms, hail and possible tornadoes after noon, according to John Hart, a meteorologist at the agency’s Norman, Oklahoma, offices.

“The environment is going to be favorable for considerably severe weather right across the area even if we don’t get a derecho,” Hart said by telephone.

Last month, a derecho knocked out power to at least 4.3 million people from New Jersey to North Carolina as it unleashed winds of as much as 91 miles (146 kilometers) per hour, as powerful as a Category 1 hurricane. Twenty-four deaths were linked to the storm and its aftermath, according to the Associated Press.

A derecho is defined as an event that has wind gusts of at least 58 mph and leaves a swath of damage for 240 miles, according to the storm center’s website.

A storm that swept from Chicago to Kentucky yesterday also seems to have met the definition of a derecho, Hart said. Yesterday’s storm wasn’t as intense as the one that struck the mid-Atlantic, including Washington, on June 29, he said.

Predictions Difficult

Hart said derechos are hard to predict because they require that a number of atmospheric elements come together.

“There is no way to have high confidence in such a forecast,” Hart said. “We decided the risk of that scenario happening was high enough that we would highlight it.”

The area from western Ohio to southern New England will probably be in the path of severe storms tomorrow afternoon, Hart said. New York, Pittsburgh, Cleveland and Cincinnati all have a 45 percent chance of severe thunderstorms, high winds and hail.

Severe storms between the large airline hub cities of Chicago, New York and Atlanta often disrupt air travel throughout the U.S. Such fast-moving storms, which may include tornadoes, accounted for about $8.8 billion in insured losses in the U.S. in the first six months of 2012, according to the Insurance Information Institute in New York.

 

 

Flash Flood Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI

Flood Warning

TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL

Flood Advisory

FAIRBANKS AK
LUBBOCK TX
Today Complex Emergency China Capital City, Beijing Damage level Details

Complex Emergency in China on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 08:01 (08:01 AM) UTC.

Description
A much expected downpour bypassed Beijing Wednesday but battered the neighboring city of Tianjin, flooding many downtown streets and vehicles. As of 11 a.m. Thursday, the maximum precipitation had exceeded 300 millimeters, Tianjin’s meteorological center said in a press release. It said the city proper received an average rainfall of 147 mm, while the outer Xiqing district, one of the worst-battered areas, received 309.8 mm. The local fire prevention bureau sent 190 fire engines and 1,140 rescuers to help rescue flood stranded vehicles and pedestrians. The rain had largely stopped by midday, but the center issued another orange alarm at 11:10 a.m., warning residents of a further rainstorm. The downpour has paralyzed traffic in downtown Tianjin, drowning many roads. Dozens of vehicles were stranded on Baidi road in Nankai district after their engines died in the flood. Many pedestrians complained they had to trek in knee-deep water. In some sections of Xianyang Street, flood water was waist deep. On the badly flooded Friendship Road in Hexi district, five workers kept watch next to sewage wells whose manholes had been removed for faster drainage.

The rain disrupted air traffic at Tianjin’s airport, where 20 flights were canceled and 34 delayed.8 The first flight, an incoming flight from Shanghai, landed in Tianjin after the rain subsided at 11:32 a.m., and the first departing flight took off at 12:08 p.m., according to the airport’s official website. Railway transportation, however, was largely unaffected, including the express rail link to Beijing, the city’s railway authorities confirmed. Vegetable prices were up at the city’s major wholesale markets Thursday. “Each kilo is at least 0.4 yuan — about 30 percent — more expensive than yesterday,” said Cui Hongqing, a wholesaler at Hongqi Market. Cui predicted further price hikes Friday as the rain devastated crops and increased transportation costs. China’s capital Beijing was on guard against heavy rain Wednesday, fearing a repeat of Saturday’s mayhem. Saturday’s downpour, which the local weather bureau described as the “heaviest in 61 years,” killed at least 37 people — some were drowned in private cars. Many office workers were allowed to go home early Wednesday for safety considerations, and city authorities bombarded mobile phone subscribers with text message warnings of an imminent downpour. The much expected rain, however, did not fall in Beijing. The capital was still overcast Thursday, as the central weather bureau has forecast rain in seven northern China provinces and municipalities, including Beijing, over the coming three days.

Scores injured as typhoon lashes Hong Kong

by Staff Writers
Hong Kong (AFP)

Scores of people were injured and trees were ripped from the ground as a typhoon lashed Hong Kong packing winds in excess of 140 kilometres (87 miles) an hour, officials said Tuesday.

Authorities issued a hurricane warning for the first time since 1999 as Typhoon Vicente roared to within 100 kilometres of Hong Kong shortly after midnight, disrupting dozens of flights to the regional hub.

The alarm was downgraded to a strong wind warning by mid-morning as the cyclone passed to the west and weakened over the southern Chinese coast.

The storm brought down hundreds of trees and sent debris crashing into downtown streets as commuters made their way home from work on Monday evening, when people were told to seek shelter.

Ferry, bus and train services were suspended or ran at reduced capacity, the port and schools were closed, and 44 passenger flights were cancelled. More than 270 flights were delayed.

The stock exchange was also closed for the morning but reopened in the afternoon after authorities gave the all clear to go back to work.

“We haven’t experienced this for 10 years. I could hardly walk, the wind kept pushing me,” marketing research manager Alpha Yung, 28, told AFP as she went to work in the almost deserted streets.

Mignon Chan, a 21-year-old marketing assistant, said the storm was “crazy”.

“Last time I suffered this kind of weather I was small. It’s chaotic here, trees fell down, people fell down, but I still have to work. That’s the worst part,” she said.

Almost 140 people sought medical treatment and 268 people took refuge in storm shelters, officials said. Seventy-one people remained in hospital including one who was in a serious condition.

Local media reported that more than 100 commuters stayed in the Tai Wai train station overnight, unable to get home after services were suspended.

A landslide occurred in the upscale Peak neighbourhood but there were no casualties as a result, officials said.

“The wind and rain were pounding on my windows at home last night — bam, bam, bam — they were so strong that I couldn’t sleep,” security guard Tony Chan said as he cleared shattered glass on the street outside an office tower.

Ocean Park tourist attraction said it would remain closed for the day to carry out a “thorough inspection” of the property for possible storm damage.

In the nearby territory of Macau, three major bridges over the city’s harbour were closed overnight as the typhoon approached, the government said.

Mainland offcials said the typhoon hit Taishan city in Guangdong province at 4:00 am (2000 GMT Monday). There were no immediate reports of casualties but officials said damage was still being assessed.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

Today Flash Flood Indonesia Province of West Sumatra, [Padang area] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Indonesia on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 07:57 (07:57 AM) UTC.

Description
Flash floods in West Sumatra of Indonesia on Tuesday evening have killed eight people and caused massive infrastructure damage, local officials said on Thursday. Heavy rains caused the river in Padang city overflowed its banks at about 6:30 p.m. Tuesday when people were breaking their fasting, Ade Edward senior official at the local disaster management and mitigation agency said. “Eight people are dead in the floods and scores of buildings and bridges have collapsed,” he reported from Padang, the capital of West Sumatra province. Edward said that the floods had seriously damaged over 90 houses, 11 mosques, five bridges and one health clinic. Some rescuers are still trapped in the flooded areas, he added. The rescuers had difficulty in reaching some areas where water level was chest-deep, said Edward. The local authorities had delcared a state of emergency and warned residents who live near the rivers to be on alert. More than 250 people are taking shelter in their relative houses or mosques, said Edward.

China censors coverage of deadly Beijing floods

by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP)

Beijing authorities have reportedly ordered Chinese media to stick to positive news about record weekend floods, after the death of at least 37 people sparked fierce criticism of the government.

Censors also deleted microblog posts criticising the official response to the disaster in China’s rapidly modernising capital, which came at a time of heightened political sensitivity ahead of a 10-yearly handover of power.

City propaganda chief Lu Wei told media outlets to stick to stories of “achievements worthy of praise and tears”, the Beijing Times daily reported, as authorities tried to stem a tide of accusations that they failed to do enough.

Many Beijing residents took to the country’s popular microblogs, or weibos, to complain that some of the deaths could have been prevented if better warnings had been issued and the city’s ancient drainage systems modernised.

A call by the Beijing government for donations to an emergency flood relief fund was also criticised by microbloggers, with many ridiculing the authorities for asking ordinary people to pay for the damage.

On Tuesday, over 72,000 postings on a microblog thread focused on the call for donations were deleted.

David Bandurski, who monitors China’s Internet censorship at the Hong Kong-based China Media Project, said most of the microblog postings censored in China over the last two days related to the Beijing floods.

“There could be a number of reasons for this, but the overarching reason could be the upcoming change of leadership at the (Communist Party’s) 18th Party Congress,” Bandurski told AFP.

“This is an important political meeting, so when people are pointing responsibility at local government incompetence, everyone goes into sensitive mode… no one wants to take responsibility for anything.”

This year’s Congress will see President Hu Jintao step down from his position as head of China’s ruling Communist party in a leadership change that will usher in a new generation of leaders expected to be led by Vice President Xi Jinping.

Authorities were still clearing up the damage from Saturday’s disaster as the country’s top leaders gathered in Beijing on Monday for a meeting addressed by Hu that was given front-page coverage in state newspapers.

The China Daily, a state-run English-language newspaper with a predominantly foreign readership, ran an editorial on Tuesday urging Beijing authorities to improve the drainage system, which it said “leaves much to be desired”.

But much of China’s state-run media steered away from critical stories, focusing on human interest angles of residents helping each other out.

Senior Beijing leaders at an emergency meeting late Monday urged greater efforts to find those still missing, identify the bodies and repair flood-damaged roads.

But residents in the worst hit district of Fangshan on the mountainous southwestern outskirts of China’s sprawling capital told AFP the government was doing little to help find their missing loved-ones.

“The government doesn’t help at all, every family is responsible for searching for their own family members,” said Wang Baoxiang, whose 30-year-old nephew had been missing since going out in Saturday’s rains.

According to official assessments released Monday, seven people remained missing, but in the badly hit Fangshan district, locals told AFP reporters that at least 10 people were missing in one small village.

Tuesday’s Beijing Daily quoted mayor Guo Jinlong as saying any increases in the death toll should be reported immediately, amid suspicion that the authorities may be underplaying the impact of the floods.

Guo also urged journalists to “correctly guide public opinion”, code words in China that which mean to only portray the government in a positive light.

“The news media has played a very good role in timely reporting the developments in emergency response operations, correctly leading the public opinion… and playing a role in boosting morale,” Guo said.

“The focus of our rescue work and news propaganda must now be moved toward the suburban areas, especially those areas severely hit by the disaster like Fangshan.”

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

IDF Quarantines Yoav Base Amid ‘Outbreak’

The IDF’s top physician has ordered a base in the Golan sealed and cleansed, and its soldiers screened, amid a spreading bacterial infection

By Gabe Kahn

IDF checkpoint  

IDF checkpoint
Israel news photo: Flash 90

IDF chief medical officer Gen. Itzik Kreis on Tuesday ordered the Yoav base in the Golan Heights quarantined after several soldiers fell ill with a bacterial infection.

Arutz Sheva has learned many soldiers at the base, including soldiers working in the kitchens, complained of itching all over their bodies.

As a result, the base has been sealed and a full sanitization effort is underway. All equipment, personal belongings, textile goods, and even personnel files are being removed in order to be cleansed.

Arutz Sheva further learned that all mattresses on the base were removed and will be replaced. Hazmat teams are spraying and disenfecting structures, vehicles, and grounds, as well.

Meanwhile, IDF medical personnel are screening soldiers and isolating those affected to ensure the infection does not spread.

The IDF spokesperson’s office has thus far declined to comment on the exact nature and full extent of the infection.

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Radiation / Nuclear

25.07.2012 Nuclear Event India State of Rajasthan, Rawatbhata [Rajasthan Atomic Power Station, District of Chittorgarh] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in India on Tuesday, 24 July, 2012 at 10:49 (10:49 AM) UTC.

Description
More than 40 workers at a nuclear power station in northern India have been exposed to tritium radiation in two separate leaks in the past five weeks. The first accident occurred on June 23 when 38 people were exposed during maintenance work on a coolant channel at the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station in Rawatbhata, senior plant manager Vinod Kumar said. Two of them received radiation doses equivalent to the annual permissible limit, he said, but all those involved have returned to work. In a second incident last Thursday, another four maintenance workers at the plant were exposed to tritium radiation while they were repairing a faulty seal on a pipe. India is on a nuclear power drive, with a host of plants based on Russian, Japanese, American and French technology under consideration or construction.

The country’s growing economy is currently heavily dependent on coal, getting less than 3% of its energy from its existing atomic plants, and the government hopes to raise the figure to 25% by 2050. But environmental watchdogs have expressed concerns about safety in India, where small-scale industrial accidents due to negligence or poor maintenance are commonplace and regulatory bodies are often under-staffed and under-funded. The director of the Rajasthan power station, C.P. Jamb, confirmed the second accident to AFP but said the radiation was within permissible limits and posed no health threat. “The workers were exposed to radiation from 10 to 25 per cent of the annual limit,” Jamb said. “Such minor leakages keep on happening but they cause no harm.” C.D. Rajput, director of the unit where the leak happened, also said the radiation exposure “was well under the limits and all the workers are working normally”. No explanation was immediately available as to why the first incident at the plant took a month to emerge.

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Climate Change

Today Climate Change Greenland [Continent-wide] Damage level Photo available! Details

Climate Change in Greenland on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 04:42 (04:42 AM) UTC.

Description
For several days this month, Greenland’s surface ice cover melted over a larger area than at any time in more than 30 years of satellite observations. Nearly the entire ice cover of Greenland, from its thin, low-lying coastal edges to its two-mile-thick center, experienced some degree of melting at its surface, according to measurements from three independent satellites analyzed by NASA and university scientists. On average in the summer, about half of the surface of Greenland’s ice sheet naturally melts. At high elevations, most of that melt water quickly refreezes in place. Near the coast, some of the melt water is retained by the ice sheet and the rest is lost to the ocean. But this year the extent of ice melting at or near the surface jumped dramatically. According to satellite data, an estimated 97 percent of the ice sheet surface thawed at some point in mid-July. Researchers have not yet determined whether this extensive melt event will affect the overall volume of ice loss this summer and contribute to sea level rise. “The Greenland ice sheet is a vast area with a varied history of change. This event, combined with other natural but uncommon phenomena, such as the large calving event last week on Petermann Glacier, are part of a complex story,” said Tom Wagner, NASA’s cryosphere program manager in Washington. “Satellite observations are helping us understand how events like these may relate to one another as well as to the broader climate system.”

Son Nghiem of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., was analyzing radar data from the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Oceansat-2 satellite last week when he noticed that most of Greenland appeared to have undergone surface melting on July 12. Nghiem said, “This was so extraordinary that at first I questioned the result: was this real or was it due to a data error?” Nghiem consulted with Dorothy Hall at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. Hall studies the surface temperature of Greenland using the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites. She confirmed that MODIS showed unusually high temperatures and that melt was extensive over the ice sheet surface. Thomas Mote, a climatologist at the University of Georgia, Athens, Ga; and Marco Tedesco of City University of New York also confirmed the melt seen by Oceansat-2 and MODIS with passive-microwave satellite data from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder on a U.S. Air Force meteorological satellite. The melting spread quickly. Melt maps derived from the three satellites showed that on July 8, about 40 percent of the ice sheet’s surface had melted. By July 12, 97 percent had melted.

This extreme melt event coincided with an unusually strong ridge of warm air, or a heat dome, over Greenland. The ridge was one of a series that has dominated Greenland’s weather since the end of May. “Each successive ridge has been stronger than the previous one,” said Mote. This latest heat dome started to move over Greenland on July 8, and then parked itself over the ice sheet about three days later. By July 16, it had begun to dissipate. Even the area around Summit Station in central Greenland, which at 2 miles above sea level is near the highest point of the ice sheet, showed signs of melting. Such pronounced melting at Summit and across the ice sheet has not occurred since 1889, according to ice cores analyzed by Kaitlin Keegan at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H. A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration weather station at Summit confirmed air temperatures hovered above or within a degree of freezing for several hours July 11-12. “Ice cores from Summit show that melting events of this type occur about once every 150 years on average. With the last one happening in 1889, this event is right on time,” says Lora Koenig, a Goddard glaciologist and a member of the research team analyzing the satellite data. “But if we continue to observe melting events like this in upcoming years, it will be worrisome.” Nghiem’s finding while analyzing Oceansat-2 data was the kind of benefit that NASA and ISRO had hoped to stimulate when they signed an agreement in March 2012 to cooperate on Oceansat-2 by sharing data.

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Solar Activity

2MIN News July 25, 2012

Published on Jul 25, 2012 by

EARTHQUAKE WATCH: http://youtu.be/SMiHsOYwdCs

TODAY’S LINKS
Greenland Ice Melt: http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/news/earth20120724.html
Ecuador Landslide: http://poleshift.ning.com/profiles/blogs/ecuador-earth-movement-is-rampant-in…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

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Space

25.07.2012 Event into space Saudi Arabia Province of Al Jawf, [Al-Shifa Mountain] Damage level Photo available! Details

Event into space in Saudi Arabia on Wednesday, 25 July, 2012 at 09:06 (09:06 AM) UTC.

Description
The deputy chairman of the Astronomy Society in Jeddah and member of the Arab Federation for Space Science and Astrophysics, astrophysicist. Sharaf al-Sufiyani revealed that meteorite debris fell on Al-Shifa mountain last Sunday near the village of Al-Ajbel. He pointed out in his statement to the daily Medina newspaper today that the meteorite debris comprises large rocky pieces which before landing disintegrated into smaller pieces and landed on various locations. One of the dwellers told him that there are two other locations similar debris has fallen. Regarding the timing of the meteorite’s falling, Al-Sufiyani said that it would be too difficult to determine the exact timing which requires specialized laboratories, but it looks not too old because parts of the debris are still scattered on the surface and if it is old then it would have been buried under the ground and would have been too difficult to find. He also said that should this meteorite have fallen on a house or heavily populated region it would have inflicted gross damage. However, thanks to divine providence , our planet earth is surrounded by an atmospheric layer which prevents the landing of lots of meteorite debris onto mother earth otherwise it would have caused a great disaster that is many folds of its weight. Meteorites are universal rocky formations orbiting outer space and whenever these pass through the stratosphere the earth attracts them and so they fall onto earth. Such meteorites burnout as a result of friction against air and if burned before arrival onto earth, scientists call them meteorites however should they land on earth they are called universal debris.

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2009 PC) 28th July 2012 2 day(s) 0.1772 68.9 61 m – 140 m 7.34 km/s 26424 km/h
217013 (2001 AA50) 31st July 2012 5 day(s) 0.1355 52.7 580 m – 1.3 km 22.15 km/s 79740 km/h
(2012 DS30) 02nd August 2012 7 day(s) 0.1224 47.6 18 m – 39 m 5.39 km/s 19404 km/h
(2000 RN77) 03rd August 2012 8 day(s) 0.1955 76.1 410 m – 920 m 9.87 km/s 35532 km/h
(2004 SB56) 04th August 2012 9 day(s) 0.1393 54.2 380 m – 840 m 13.72 km/s 49392 km/h
(2000 SD8) 04th August 2012 9 day(s) 0.1675 65.2 180 m – 400 m 5.82 km/s 20952 km/h
(2006 EC) 06th August 2012 11 day(s) 0.0932 36.3 13 m – 28 m 6.13 km/s 22068 km/h
(2006 MV1) 07th August 2012 12 day(s) 0.0612 23.8 12 m – 28 m 4.79 km/s 17244 km/h
(2005 RK3) 08th August 2012 13 day(s) 0.1843 71.7 52 m – 120 m 8.27 km/s 29772 km/h
(2009 BW2) 09th August 2012 14 day(s) 0.0337 13.1 25 m – 56 m 5.27 km/s 18972 km/h
277475 (2005 WK4) 09th August 2012 14 day(s) 0.1283 49.9 260 m – 580 m 6.18 km/s 22248 km/h
(2004 SC56) 09th August 2012 14 day(s) 0.0811 31.6 74 m – 170 m 10.57 km/s 38052 km/h
(2008 AF4) 10th August 2012 15 day(s) 0.1936 75.3 310 m – 690 m 16.05 km/s 57780 km/h
37655 Illapa 12th August 2012 17 day(s) 0.0951 37.0 770 m – 1.7 km 28.73 km/s 103428 km/h
(2012 HS15) 14th August 2012 19 day(s) 0.1803 70.2 220 m – 490 m 11.54 km/s 41544 km/h
4581 Asclepius 16th August 2012 21 day(s) 0.1079 42.0 220 m – 490 m 13.48 km/s 48528 km/h
(2008 TC4) 18th August 2012 23 day(s) 0.1937 75.4 140 m – 300 m 17.34 km/s 62424 km/h
(2006 CV) 20th August 2012 25 day(s) 0.1744 67.9 290 m – 640 m 13.24 km/s 47664 km/h
(2012 EC) 20th August 2012 25 day(s) 0.0815 31.7 56 m – 130 m 5.57 km/s 20052 km/h
162421 (2000 ET70) 21st August 2012 26 day(s) 0.1503 58.5 640 m – 1.4 km 12.92 km/s 46512 km/h
(2007 WU3) 21st August 2012 26 day(s) 0.1954 76.0 56 m – 120 m 5.25 km/s 18900 km/h
(2012 BB14) 24th August 2012 29 day(s) 0.1234 48.0 27 m – 60 m 2.58 km/s 9288 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife /  Hazmat

Today Biological Hazard United Kingdom Scotland, [Lanarkshire] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in United Kingdom on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 04:54 (04:54 AM) UTC.

Description
A case of anthrax has been confirmed in an injecting drug user in Lanarkshire. The area’s health authority said the patient was being treated at one of its hospitals and was in a critical but stable condition. NHS Lanarkshire believes the patient could have contracted the anthrax bacteria from a contaminated batch of heroin circulating in the area. Anthrax is an acute bacterial infection most commonly found in hoofed animals such as cattle, sheep and goats. It normally infects humans when they inhale or ingest anthrax spores, but cannot be passed from person to person. Symptoms can include a raised, itchy, inflamed pimple which turns into a blister with extensive swelling. The lesion is usually painless, and will later turn into a black eschar. f left untreated the infection can spread to cause blood poisoning. It can take up to a week for symptoms to develop after a person comes into contact with anthrax. Dr David Cromie, consultant in public health medicine at NHS Lanarkshire, said: “It is possible that heroin contaminated with anthrax may be circulating in Lanarkshire and potentially other parts of Scotland.

“There have been recent reports of anthrax from contaminated heroin in other western European countries, the most recent reported outbreak being in Germany. “It is important that drug users are aware of the particular dangers involved when they are injecting heroin.” Dr Cromie said injecting drug users known to Lanarkshire addiction services were being contacted to alert them to the problem. “The advice to drug users is to avoid all heroin use, which we recognise may be very difficult for drug users to follow,” he said. “Muscle-popping, skin-popping, and injecting when a vein has been missed are particularly dangerous. “Smoking heroin carries much less risk than injecting it. If there is any pain or swelling around an injection site drug users should seek urgent medical attention.” The worst outbreak of anthrax in the UK for 50 years occurred among drug users in Scotland between 2009 and 2010. A total of 119 cases were recorded with a total of 14 deaths during the outbreak.

Biohazard name: Heroin containing anthrax
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Biological Hazard Canada Province of Prince Edward Island, [Watershed region] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Canada on Thursday, 26 July, 2012 at 03:13 (03:13 AM) UTC.

Description
Watershed groups on P.E.I .are wading through rivers and streams Wednesday, checking to see if there are any dead fish. Parts of the Island got heavy rain Tuesday night and there’s concern about sediment that could have run into streams. Fred Cheverie, head of the Souris Watershed group, said about 75 millimetres of rain fell in that area. “So we’re just out checking the streams … the water’s pretty high in most of all the streams,” Cheverie said. “Everything looks good so far, we haven’t encountered anything. We hit some crucial zones so things are looking pretty good. We definitely have some red water. Some siltation in the water all right but everything’s no problem so far.” Other watershed groups and environment officials are also checking streams.
Biohazard name: Mass. Die-off (fishes)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status:
25.07.2012 HAZMAT United Kingdom England, Gravesend [Cascades Leisure Centre, Thong Lane] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in United Kingdom on Wednesday, 25 July, 2012 at 12:47 (12:47 PM) UTC.

Description
A swimming pool had to close after a chlorine leak – just as the school holidays got under way. Fire crews were called to Cascades Leisure Centre, Thong Lane, Gravesend, at 10.30pm yesterday. The pool remained closed today on what was expected to be one of the hottest days of the year so far, but was expected to re-open as soon as it had been given the all-clear by plant engineers. Ambulance crews were put on standby today, but did not attend. A Kent Fire and Rescue spokesman said: “We were called out to a chemical drum that had a spillage in the swimming pool plant room. The building was evacuated as a precaution. “Crews in chemical suits removed the chemical and handed back to building management at about 1am.” A Gravesham council spokesman said: “There was a chemical incident at Cascades Leisure Centre about 10pm last night. “The incident was in the pool plant room and involved a chemical reaction in the system. The fire and rescue service was called. The pool was empty at the time. “The pool remains closed this morning as a precautionary measure. The water has been replaced and the chemicals changed. Suppliers are coming to site to investigate the incident.”
25.07.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Minnesota, Willmar [Rice Park (wading pool)] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Wednesday, 25 July, 2012 at 10:04 (10:04 AM) UTC.

Description
A Willmar city worker was treated at Rice Memorial Hospital for a chemical reaction experienced while performing maintenance work Tuesday on the Rice Park wading pool. The man’s identity and condition were not released. The pool had been closed for the maintenance work, and no children were endangered, reported Willmar Police Capt. James Felt. Emergency responders were waiting to meet with the worker to learn what chemical or chemicals he was using and apparently spilled in the small maintenance building at the pool site. A Willmar EMS team transported the worker by ambulance to the hospital while Willmar police, fire and the Kandiyohi County Rescue and the Hazardous Materials Emergency Assistance Team, or HEAT responded shortly after 1 p.m. Tuesday. Police cordoned off the area around Rice Park, located between Second and Third Streets and Rice and Kandiyohi Avenues. Police evacuated residents in several homes on Third Street located downwind of the pool for about 1½ hours. Officers also diverted traffic.

About 10 or 11 people were in their homes at the time and very cooperative with the need to evacuate, according to Willmar Police Sgt. Michael Markkanen. “If it had to happen, it was not a bad time to do it,’’ he said. Few people were at home, and most homes were sealed with their air conditioning units running. Also, a steady, southeast breeze of about 8.5 miles per hour kept any possible fumes from the heavy-traffic area of First Street South, only a block from the park. The decision to evacuate the area was based on the initial concern that chlorine or another hazardous material could be leaking. Two Willmar firefighters, also members of the Kandiyohi County Hazardous Material Emergency Assist Team, donned hazardous material suits to enter the pool building. They isolated the chemicals used by the worker, and placed them in a sealed container for safe transportation and handling. As they worked, two other members of the hazardous materials team waited in standby, and two Willmar firefighters using self-contained breathing apparatus also were in standby. City Administrator Charlene Stevens said the name of the employee will not be released due to privacy concerns. Steve Brisendine, director of Willmar Community Education and Recreation, said information to him was not complete as of Tuesday afternoon. His department oversees the operations of the wading pool.

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Articles of Interest

Tropical plankton invade Arctic waters

by Staff Writers
New York NY (SPX)

Terra Daily


Researchers lower plankton nets over the side during a scientific expedition in northern waters. Credit: Beth Stauffer/Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.

For the first time, scientists have identified tropical and subtropical species of marine protozoa living in the Arctic Ocean. Apparently, they traveled thousands of miles on Atlantic currents and ended up above Norway with an unusual-but naturally cyclic-pulse of warm water, not as a direct result of overall warming climate, say the researchers.

On the other hand: arctic waters are warming rapidly, and such pulses are predicted to grow as global climate change causes shifts in long-distance currents.

Thus, colleagues wonder if the exotic creatures offers a preview of climate-induced changes already overtaking the oceans and land, causing redistributions of species and shifts in ecology. The study, by a team from the United States, Norway and Russia, was just published in the British Journal of Micropalaeontology.

The creatures in question are radiolaria-microscopic one-celled plankton that envelop themselves in ornate glassy shells and graze on marine algae, bacteria and other tiny prey.

Different species inhabit characteristic temperature ranges, and their shells coat much of the world’s ocean bottoms in a deep ooze going back millions of years; thus climate scientists routinely analyze layers of them to plot swings in ocean temperatures in the past. The new study looks at where radiolarians are living now.

In 2010, a ship operated by the Norwegian Polar Institute netted plankton samples northwest of the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, about midway between the European mainland and the North Pole. When the coauthors analyzed the samples, they were startled to find that of the 145 taxa they spotted, 98 had come from much farther south-some as far as the tropics.

Furthermore, the southern radiolaria were in different sizes and apparently different stages of growth for each species, indicating they were reproducing, despite the harsh conditions.

It was the first time since modern arctic oceanographic research began in the early 20th century that researchers had spotted a living population of such creatures in the northern ocean.

Coauthor O. Roger Anderson, a specialist in one-celled organisms at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, said, “When we suddenly find tropical plankton in the arctic, the issue of global warming comes right up, and possible inferences about it can become very charged. So, it’s important to examine critically the evidence to account for the observations.”

He said the invaders were apparently swept up in the warm Gulf Stream, which travels from the Caribbean into the north Atlantic, but usually peters out somewhere between Greenland and Europe. Oceanographers have previously shown that sometimes pulses of warm water penetrate along the Norwegian coast and into the arctic basin; such pulses have occurred in the 1920s, 1930s and 1950s.

Further, the authors say that well-dated fossils of foraminifera-protozoans closely related to radiolaria-found on the arctic seafloor suggest that warm-water plankton may have temporarily established themselves at least several times before-around 4200 and 4100 BC, and again around 220, 370 and 1100 AD.

“All the evidence is that this isn’t necessarily immediate evidence of global warming of the ocean,” said Anderson. Lead author Kjell Bjorklund, of the University of Oslo Natural History Museum said of the invaders, “This doesn’t happen continuously-but it happens.”

That said, oceanographers have noted that such pulses seem to be coming more often and penetrating further-“exactly what one would expect from global warming,” said Rainer Froese, an oceanographer at the Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research who tracks fish global populations. Could this be the start of a switch in currents predicted by climate models?

The most recent pulse began in the early 1980s, and has lasted more or less to the present. Even without that, the arctic ocean itself is warming rapidly; with progressive loss of summer sea ice over past decades, average surface temperature has gone up as much as 5 degrees centigrade (9 degrees Fahrenheit) since 1950 in some patches.

Physical oceanographers have different ideas on the mechanics of how more southerly water–and the things living in it–may arrive in the arctic. However, most agree that it will happen if climate keeps warming, said Arnold Gordon, head of Lamont’s division of ocean and climate physics, who was not involved in the research.

For one, a countercurrent running near Greenland, the North Atlantic Polar Gyre, normally wards off the Gulf Stream; but that gyre is predicted to slow with warming. Atlantic currents might also respond to changing wind patterns, or to the increasing fresh water now pouring into the northern ocean from melting sea ice and glaciers. Either way, this could draw more southerly water into the north, said Gordon.

Louis Fortier, an arctic oceanographer at Laval University in Quebec, said of the recent injections of southerly waters, “Whether or not [such] intrusions are signs of this predicted increased advection in response to climate change, nobody can tell yet, I believe. But for me, the observations so far certainly support the models.”

Paul Snelgrove, a specialist in cold-ocean studies at Memorial University of Newfoundland, agreed. “The question is, are these kinds of incursions becoming more frequent and stronger? If it continues, the case would become more persuasive. Right now, this study is not a definitive test, but it seems like an intriguing teaser as to what might happen.”

Whatever the answer, this is the first time a living population of southern radiolaria has been found so far north. Radiolaria live only about a month, so it must have taken 80-some generations for some species to make the five- to seven-year trip, say the authors. On the way, successive generations could have adapted to colder waters.

In 2009, the surface water in the sample area measured an extraordinary 7.5 degrees C (about 45.5F). A year later, when the samples were taken, it was down to a more normal level of 3.5C (38F), and yet the radiolarians were still there.

However, the fast-changing nature of the ocean makes their presence in the arctic hard to interpret, said Paul Wassman, an arctic biologist at the University of Tromso in Norway. Marine creatures routinely travel vast distances on currents.

Water temperatures may vary widely in the same latitude. Populations of some creatures may live for a while in a narrow tongue of temperate water, then wink out once that gets too diluted, he said.

Bjorklund, Anderson and their coauthor Svetlana Kruglikova of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanography in Moscow note that it is uncertain whether the southern invaders are still there; they have not gotten any new samples since 2010.

In any case, changes in global ocean ecology are already being detected in many places. Warmer-water species are marching poleward, much as creatures are on land, where butterflies have been shifting ranges northward about 6 kilometers per decade, and amphibians and migratory birds are breeding an average of two days earlier.

A 2011 global study on the impact of climate change on fisheries says that many marine species are moving poleward or into deeper, cooler waters in response to warming–among other places, along the U.S. east coast, the Bering Sea, and off Australia.

The North Sea, off Scandinavia and the United Kingdom, has warmed about 2 degrees F in the last 50 to 100 years; there, 15 of 36 fish species studied have moved northward; fish more common nearer the Mediterranean-anchovy, red mullet, sea bass-are being caught by commercial fishermen, while cod, which prefer colder waters, are moving out.

There is also evidence that zooplankton similar to the radiolaria are shifting northward in the North Atlantic. In the Pacific, poisonous algal blooms harmful to the shellfish industry are being detected farther north, into Alaskan waters.

In the arctic itself, earlier and faster melting of sea ice in the summer appears to be shifting plankton species assemblages toward smaller types. This could ultimately damage the food web that feeds much larger creatures, including seals, walruses and whales, said Jody Deming, a biologist at the University of Washington who studies arctic microbes.

In an email, Deming said the new paper “presents an intriguing observation (warmer species making it into Arctic waters and surviving at least on the short term), but without more knowledge of how living radiolarians fit into the larger ecosystem, as both prey and predator, potential impacts on the whole ecosystem cannot be predicted reliably or at all really.”

The big question, said Bjorklund, is what happens next. In the future, radiolaria may serve as useful indicators of how currents, and ecology, are changing. There are at least 60-some radiolaria species peculiar to the arctic; they may be quite different from the new arrivals, but too little is known about the life cycles of either group to say how either will react if they meet on a long-term basis, and how this might affect arctic ecosystems.

Of the southerly radiolaria, Bjorklund said, “Will they adapt? Will they perish? Will they mix with the native fauna?” He said that he and his colleagues are anxious to receive new samples to find out.

Copies of the paper, “Modern incursions of tropical Radiolaria in the Arctic Ocean” are available from the authors or the Earth Institute press office.

Related Links
The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Beyond the Ice Age

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
18.05.2012 06:45:29 2.7 North America United States Alaska Curry VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 06:50:30 4.9 Middle America Panama Provincia de Veraguas Rio Viejo Numero Dos VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 07:20:27 5.0 Middle-America Panama Diafara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 06:25:25 2.0 North America United States California Hearst There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 05:15:28 2.1 North America United States California Scheelite There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 05:25:30 4.6 Middle America Nicaragua Departamento de Rivas San Martin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 06:15:24 4.6 Middle-America Nicaragua San Martin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:35:31 2.2 North America United States California Fort Rosecrans VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 05:10:27 3.3 Asia Turkey Karakoy There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:10:26 6.5 South America Chile Region de Los Lagos Melinka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 04:15:31 6.7 South America Chile Region de Los Lagos Melinka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 04:25:51 6.2 South America Chile Region de Los Lagos Melinka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 05:10:53 5.5 South-America Chile Melinka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:05:30 3.5 Africa Morocco Ain Arsa VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:05:50 2.7 Asia Turkey Karabogurtlen VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:06:10 3.7 Asia Turkey Bereketli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:06:31 3.2 Asia Turkey Mahmutlu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 04:10:47 4.5 Middle East Yemen Muhafazat Shabwah Samhon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 05:11:13 4.5 Middle-East Yemen Samhon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 03:10:26 2.8 North America United States California Muscle Shoals VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 03:30:28 4.8 Asia Japan Okinawa-ken Iyudomari VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 04:06:57 4.9 Asia Japan Iyudomari VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 02:15:25 4.7 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Central Sulawesi Lahuafu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 03:00:30 4.8 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Losoni VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 01:10:37 2.3 North America United States Hawaii ‘Ainapö There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 00:55:29 4.9 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Lampisang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 00:15:24 4.9 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Lampisang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 01:15:28 2.8 Caribbean Puerto Rico La Boca VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 23:56:11 3.1 North America United States Alaska Skwentna There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 23:55:21 5.1 Middle-East Iran Kuhvar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 00:00:50 5.1 Middle East Iran Hormozgan Province Khamar-e Qalandaran VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 23:55:42 4.0 Europe Greece Kontates VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 00:25:26 4.1 Europe Greece Nomos Prevezis Kato Kotsanopoulon VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 22:30:35 2.9 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 22:25:29 2.2 North America United States Alaska Port Graham There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 22:15:30 2.5 North America United States Oregon Yachats VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 22:15:48 5.0 Pacific Ocean – West Vanuatu Torba Province Gavigamana VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 22:55:28 4.9 Pacific Ocean – West Vanuatu Gavigamana VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 21:51:53 2.2 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Robertson There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 21:50:34 4.2 Middle-East Iran Gezeh VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 21:00:26 2.2 North America United States California Atascadero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 There are nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 21:50:56 3.2 Asia Turkey Acidere VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 20:55:26 2.4 North America United States California Jacobs Corner VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 20:30:38 2.0 North America United States Alaska Drift River There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 20:50:30 2.2 Asia Turkey Cat VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 19:45:29 2.0 Asia Turkey Kocadere VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 23:56:32 2.1 North America United States Utah Notom VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 21:51:17 4.2 Asia Uzbekistan Changaul VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 21:52:16 4.1 Asia Tajikistan (( Kurgan-Tyubinskaya Oblast' )) Nidzhoni VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 17:05:30 2.3 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 16:35:28 2.6 Europe Albania Pilur VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 15:30:35 2.5 Asia Turkey Camrik VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 15:30:56 3.3 Europe Greece Karpathos VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 15:31:15 3.6 Europe Greece Menetai VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 15:31:36 2.1 Asia Turkey Yagmurdere VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 14:05:34 2.0 North America United States California Lakeview VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 14:30:30 2.8 Asia Turkey Kurucaova VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 14:30:54 3.1 Asia Turkey Ermisler There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
18.05.2012 00:25:48 2.9 North America United States Idaho Norwood VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:10:44 2.9 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:05:40 2.1 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:05:59 2.4 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 13:01:47 4.8 Pacific Ocean – West Vanuatu (( Aoba/Maewo )) Natarimboe There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 14:31:13 4.8 Pacific Ocean – West Vanuatu Lolovele There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 13:27:11 4.2 Europe Greece Nomos )) (( Piraios Angamandia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:25:32 4.0 Europe Greece Avlona VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 11:40:35 2.8 North America United States California Valle Vista VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. There are nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:25:53 2.4 Asia Turkey Yeniturac VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 11:00:37 2.3 North America United States California Black Oaks There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 12:30:46 2.5 Caribbean Puerto Rico Colonia Lujan VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 10:35:35 3.0 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 10:30:40 4.3 North America United States Texas Meldrum VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 11:20:30 4.6 North-America United States Timpson VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 11:20:48 2.7 Asia Turkey Alakilise There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 10:50:40 4.4 Pacific Ocean Fiji Tuvutha VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 11:21:10 4.4 Pacific Ocean – East Fiji Tuvutha VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 11:15:43 3.7 Caribbean Dominican Republic Provincia de El Seibo Coamo VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 09:18:56 4.4 Asia Japan Iwate-ken Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 10:20:24 4.4 Asia Japan Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:10:30 4.7 South America Chile Region de Valparaiso Quintero VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 09:15:35 4.7 South-America Chile Quintero VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:15:53 2.6 Europe Greece Kalochorion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:16:16 3.2 Europe Albania Zminec VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 08:55:58 4.5 Atlantic Ocean Greenland Nord VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 09:16:38 4.5 Atlantic Ocean – North Greenland Nord VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:16:59 4.6 Pacific Ocean – West Philippines Baeto Point There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 10:20:49 2.6 Europe Greece Kotsikia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 14:31:33 2.8 Europe Cyprus Alambra VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 14:31:52 3.2 Europe Portugal Sagres VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 14:32:14 3.2 Asia Turkey Kabacamersin VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 19:25:53 2.9 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
18.05.2012 08:20:25 2.7 Europe Cyprus Ephtagonia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:17:19 4.4 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Tapadaa VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 19:15:24 4.1 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
17.05.2012 09:17:41 3.3 Europe Cyprus Neokhorio VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 18:40:33 3.2 Asia Azerbaijan Cobankol VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
17.05.2012 09:18:03 2.3 Europe Germany Pechofen VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details

……….

The Dallas Morning News

Associated Press

TIMPSON, Texas (AP) — A moderate earthquake rattled an area in east Texas near the Louisiana border.

National Earthquake Information Center geophysicist Amy Vaughan says the quake happened at 3:12 a.m. Thursday and had a magnitude of 4.3. It was centered near Timpson, Texas.

Shelby County Sheriff’s dispatcher Jacob Allen says the only injury reported they’ve received is an elderly woman who fell out of her bed and cut her arm. Allen says the quake caused broken windows and fallen dishes, but no major damage has been reported.

Vaughan says the quake was felt within 75 miles of its epicenter. She also said the same area was the site of a 3.9 magnitude quake on May 10.

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Volcanic Activity

High lava level reported at Kilauea volcano summit

 Big Island News

HAWAII VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK, Hawaii: Scientists with the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory are reporting a  relatively high lava lake level at the Halema`uma`u crater vent over the past two days, following a summit inflation at Kilauea.

According to Tuesday’s Kilauea activity report:

The summit tiltmeter network recorded another DI deflation around 5 pm last night when the lava lake level started to drop; a laser rangefinder measurement yesterday placed the lava lake surface about 67 m (220 ft) below the Halema`uma`u Crater floor – a pretty high level.

The lava has been close to the level of the deep inner ledge. A photo released by HVO (above) shows continuous spattering at the southern lake margin tossing spatter onto the crusted lake surface as well as onto the rim of the ledge, building a steep spatter rampart (left side of image).

HVO says the summit lava lake is deep within a 520 foot diameter cylindrical vent with nearly vertical sides inset within the east wall and floor of Halema`uma`u Crater. The lava level level fluctuates from about 200 feet to a level that puts it out of sight below the floor of Halema`uma`u Crater. The vent has been mostly active since opening with a small explosive event on March 19, 2008. Most recently, the lava level of the lake has remained below an inner ledge (200 ft below the floor of Halema`uma`u Crater on May 9, 2012) and responded to summit tilt changes with the lake receding during deflation and rising during inflation.

Sumatra faces yet another risk – major volcanic eruptions

OSU

The early April earthquake of magnitude 8.6 that shook Sumatra was a grim reminder of the devastating earthquakes and tsunami that killed tens of thousands of people in 2004 and 2005.

Now a new study, funded by the National Science Foundation, shows that the residents of that region are at risk from yet another potentially deadly natural phenomenon – major volcanic eruptions.

Researchers from Oregon State University working with colleagues in Indonesia have documented six major volcanic eruptions in Sumatra over the past 35,000 years – most equaling or surpassing in explosive intensity the eruption of Washington’s Mount St. Helens in 1980.

Results of the research have just been published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

“Sumatra has a number of active and potentially explosive volcanoes and many show evidence of recent activity,” said Morgan Salisbury, lead author on the study, who recently completed his doctoral studies in OSU’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences. “Most of the eruptions are small, so little attention has been paid to the potential for a catastrophic eruption.

“But our study found some of the first evidence that the region has a much more explosive history than perhaps has been appreciated,” he added.

Until this study, little was known about Sumatra’s volcanic history – in part because few western scientists have been allowed access to the region. The most visible evidence of recent volcanic activity among the estimated 33-35 potentially active volcanoes are their steep-sided cones and lack of vegetation, indicating at least some minor eruptive processes.

But in 2007, an expedition led by OSU’s Chris Goldfinger was permitted into the region and the Oregon State researchers and their Indonesian colleagues set out to explore the earthquake history of the region by studying sediment cores from the Indian Ocean. Funded by the National Science Foundation, it was the first research ship from the United States allowed into Indonesia/Sumatran waters in nearly 30 years.

While searching the deep-sea sediment cores for “turbidites” – coarse gravel deposits that can act as a signature for earthquakes – they noticed unmistakable evidence of volcanic ash and began conducting a parallel investigation into the region’s volcanic history.

“The ash was located only in certain cores, so the activity was localized,” said Adam Kent, a professor of geosciences at OSU and an author on the study. “Yet the eruptions still were capable of spreading the ash for 300 kilometers or more, which gave us an indication of how powerful the explosive activity might have been.”

Salisbury and his colleagues found evidence of six major eruptions and estimated them to be at least from 3.0 to 5.0 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. Mount St. Helens, by comparison, was 5.0.

The Indian Ocean region is certainly known to have a violent volcanic history. The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa between Sumatra and Java is perhaps the most violent volcanic explosion in recorded history, measuring 6.0 on the VEI and generating what many scientists believe to have been one of the loudest noises ever heard on Earth.

Sumatra’s own Toba volcano exploded about 74,000 years ago, generating a major lake – not unlike Oregon’s own Crater Lake, but much larger. “It looks like a giant doughnut in the middle of Sumatra,” said Jason “Jay” Patton, another OSU doctoral student and author on the study.

Sumatra’s volcanoes occasionally belch some ash and smoke, and provide comparatively minor eruptions, but residents there may not be fully aware of the potential catastrophic nature of some of its resident volcanoes, Goldfinger said.

“Prior to 2004, the risk from a major earthquake were not widely appreciated except, perhaps, in some of the more rural areas,” Goldfinger said. “And earthquakes happen more frequently than major volcanic eruptions. If it hasn’t happened in recent memory…”

Kent said the next step in the research is to work with scientists from the region to collect ash and volcanic rock from the island’s volcanoes, and then match their chemical signature to the ash they discovered in the sediment cores.

“Each volcano has a subtly different fingerprint,” Kent said, “so if we can get the terrestrial data, we should be able to link the six major eruptions to individual volcanoes to determine the ones that provide the greatest risk factors.”

In addition to the Oregon State University scientists, two Indonesian researchers were authors on the journal article: Yusuf Djadjadihardja and Udrekh Hanif, of the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology in Jakarta.

Volcano puts on a spectacular lightning show

By Doyle Rice, USA TODAY
By Sonja Behnke, Courtesy of EOS

The violent 2009 eruption of the Mount Redoubt volcanoin southern Alaska gave scientists a rare chance to study volcanic lightning, which can pose a threat to air traffic near volcanic hotspots around the world. Mount Redoubt, for example, is on one of the busiest cargo and passenger airplane routes in the world.

Volcanic lightning is difficult to study due to the often remote location of volcanoes and because many eruptions can be hard to predict. However, scientists were able to set up sensors and instruments ahead of time near Redoubt in 2009 because of increased seismic activity detected before the main eruptions.

The study was led by Sonja Behnke and other scientists from the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, located in Socorro, N.M. It was detailed in this week’s issue of EOS, a publication of the American Geophysical Union.

INTERACTIVE:  The facts behind lightning’s flash

Benkhe and her colleagues discovered that the explosions produced powerful volcanic lightning storms, the largest of which were close to the intensity of the massive supercell thunderstorms that often blast the U.S. Midwest and Great Plains. They also found that the lightning storms lasted from 20 to 70 minutes and produced thousands of lightning flashes.

The team reported that sensors of the Redoubt study recorded the entire eruption sequence and provided excellent two-dimensional observations of the lightning activity, and also substantially extended the body of knowledge concerning volcanic lightning.

USA Today

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Tsunami Information

 Tsunami Information
 
Pacific Ocean Region
Date/Time (UTC) Message Location Magnitude Depth Status Details
18.05.2012 02:09 AM Tsunami Information Bulletin Off Coast Of Southern Chile 6.7 10 km Details

Tsunami Information Bulletin in Off Coast Of Southern Chile, Pacific Ocean

GuID: pacific.TIBPAC.2012.05.18.0209
Date/Time: 2012-05-18 02:09:08
Source: PTWC
Area: Pacific Ocean
Location: Off Coast Of Southern Chile
Magnitude: M 6.7
Depth: 10 km
Tsunami observed: Not observed.

Tsunami Information Bulletin in Off Coast Of Southern Chile, Pacific Ocean

000
WEPA42 PHEB 180209
TIBPAC

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0209Z 18 MAY 2012

THIS BULLETIN APPLIES TO AREAS WITHIN AND BORDERING THE PACIFIC
OCEAN AND ADJACENT SEAS...EXCEPT ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...
WASHINGTON...OREGON AND CALIFORNIA.

... TSUNAMI INFORMATION BULLETIN ...

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  0201Z 18 MAY 2012
 COORDINATES -  44.7 SOUTH   80.3 WEST
 DEPTH       -   10 KM
 LOCATION    -  OFF COAST OF SOUTHERN CHILE
 MAGNITUDE   -  6.7

EVALUATION

 NO DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT EXISTS BASED ON
 HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA.

 HOWEVER - EARTHQUAKES OF THIS SIZE SOMETIMES GENERATE LOCAL
 TSUNAMIS THAT CAN BE DESTRUCTIVE ALONG COASTS LOCATED WITHIN
 A HUNDRED KILOMETERS OF THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER. AUTHORITIES
 IN THE REGION OF THE EPICENTER SHOULD BE AWARE OF THIS
 POSSIBILITY AND TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTION.

THIS WILL BE THE ONLY BULLETIN ISSUED FOR THIS EVENT UNLESS
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE.

THE WEST COAST/ALASKA TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER WILL ISSUE PRODUCTS
FOR ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...WASHINGTON...OREGON...CALIFORNIA.

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

High Wind Warning

LAS VEGAS NV
SAN DIEGO CA

Gale Warning

EUREKA CA
SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA
LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT
POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND
POINT ST GEORGE TO POINT ARENA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HAGUE LINE S OF 1000 FM
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON OUT TO 36N 70W TO 34N 71W
ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Freeze Warning

BURLINGTON VT
MEDFORD OR
ALBANY NY

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

ANCHORAGE AK
EL PASO TX/SANTA TERESA NM
FLAGSTAFF AZ
GRAND JUNCTION CO
ALBUQUERQUE NM
SALT LAKE CITY UT
TUCSON AZ
GOODLAND KS
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX
PHOENIX AZ

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding

Flood Warning

MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
AUSTIN/SAN ANTONIO TX
SPOKANE, WA

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Radiation

Mysterious illness strikes hundreds of flight attendants, causes rashes and hair loss – are ‘toxic uniforms’ really to blame or is it Fukushima?

By Jonathan Benson
(NaturalNews) Hundreds of Alaska Airlines flight attendants have filed a formal complaint about uniforms they suspect might be causing their skin to rash and develop lesions, and their hair to fall out. But based on the timing of the symptoms and their relation to similar symptoms in local marine life and polar bear populations, it appears as though radiation from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster may also be a potential culprit. KING 5 News in Seattle, Wash., first broke the news about the…

Forty million Japanese in ‘extreme danger’ of life-threatening radiation poisoning, mass evacuations likely

By Ethan A. Huff, 
(NaturalNews) Japanese officials are currently engaging in talks with Russian diplomats about where tens of millions of Japanese refugees might relocate in the very-likely event that the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear facility’s Reactor 4 completely collapses. According to a recent report by EUTimes.net, Japanese authorities have indicated that as many as 40 million Japanese people are in “extreme danger” of radiation poisoning, and many eastern cities, including Tokyo, may have to be evacuated in the…

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Epidemic Hazards/Diseases

Mysterious disease outbreak in Nepal

Kathmandu
Around 200 people at Neta of Arman Village Development Committee in Myagdi district in western Nepal were sickened by an unidentified disease in the last four days, local media reported.
The disease affected a majority of 50 families in Neta, said Harka Bahadur Chhantyal, a local resident.
The sick suffered from shaking body, fever and unconsciousness, he added.
Elderly people and children have been mostly affected by the disease.
The villagers have been panic-stricken owing to the rapid spread of the disease, said Chhantyal, who is also the teacher of local Mangala Higher Secondary School.
According to THT Online report, the District Public Health Office has urged the local health post to examine and distribute medicine in an effective manner after the unidentified disease was severe in the village, said District Public Health Officer Dr Jhalak Gautam Sharma.
Meanwhile, the Arman Health Post organized a health camp to examine and distribute medicine to the villagers affected by the disease.

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2012 :Large Solar Flare Dates.

Published on May 17, 2012 by

Large Solar Magnetic Changes Induced by Planetary Alignments

Solar Code Cracked

We have known for a while that there is a direct relationship between planetary alignments and solar activity. Up until now it has been a riddle which no living person was able to decipher. However, it seems that we now have cracked the solar code. The importance of this breakthrough discovery is that for the first time in recent history we are able to know when major magnetic changes and solar flares occur and prepare ourselves for the impact of such events.

Head Principle for Large Magnetic Changes on the Sun:

1. 3 planets which Line Up induce magnetic changes in the Sun. We call this a Triple Line Up. Remark: There can be quite a bit of difference in degrees between 1 day in these Triple Line Ups… Especially for Mercury that moves around 4 degrees/day and Venus around 1.6 degrees/day …

2. A combination of several Triple Line Ups that follow each other up during many days or even weeks triggers large scale changes in the magnetic fields of the Sun. They induce polar reversals, immense filament eruptions, etcetera.

3. These combinations are the most geo-magnetic-effective:
A. Triple Line Up: Saturn — Venus — Jupiter
B. Triple Line Up: Saturn — Mercury — Jupiter
C. Triple Line Up: Jupiter – Mercury — Venus
D. Triple Line Up: Saturn — Venus — Mercury
E. Triple Line Up: Saturn — Mars — Mercury

Large Solar Flares (X Flares) Induced by Planetary Alignments

Head Principle for Large Solar Storms:

1. Lesser solar storms can be induced by two possibilities:
A. 2 planets that heliocentrically align on the same side of the Sun. This is called a Conjunction.
B. 2 planets that heliocentrically align on the opposite sides of the Sun. This is called an Opposition.
C. Combinations of A and B can also induce large solar storms, “especially if Mercury, Venus or Mars are lined up… or make a 90 degree angle to Jupiter or Saturn”.

2. An X flare can only be triggered if there is an extra combination from 3 other planets which line up with each other (we call this a Triple Line Up). Sometimes we see a Triple Line Up appear days before or after the crucial alignment!

3. Extra strength will be delivered if 2 or more groups of Triples appear with the conjunction(s) or opposition(s)… Other configurations like Triangles or Trapeziums are also important. To be studied.

4. Saturn and Jupiter are absolutely necessary in the combinations to induce a solar storm or event. Combinations with Venus or Mercury make them even more powerfull.

5. Another necessary trigger for an X flare is that planets heliocentrically oppose Mercury and Venus across the Sun in the days and weeks before the crucial alignment.

6. Large solar storms are induced by a conjunction of 3 planets (one of them has to be Saturn or Jupiter, and another one of the planets has to be Venus or Mercury).

7. The Conjunctions or Oppositions have to be short in time to deliver strength

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Space

NASA estimates 4,700 ‘potentially hazardous’ asteroids

By Matt Smith, CNN

(CNN) — About 4,700 asteroids are close enough and big enough to pose a risk to Earth, NASA estimated Wednesday after studying data beamed back from an orbiting telescope.

The figure — give or take 1,500 — is how many space rocks bigger than 100 meters (330 feet) across are believed to come within 5 million miles (8 million km) of Earth, or about 20 times farther away than the moon.

“It’s not something that people should panic about,” said Amy Mainzer, an astronomer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. “However, we are paying attention to the issue.”

NASA defines a potentially hazardous asteroid as one large enough to survive the intense heat generated by entry into the atmosphere and cause damage on a regional scale or worse. The figure released Wednesday is lower than a previous rough estimate had projected, but more are now thought to be in orbits inclined like Earth’s, making them more likely to cross its path.

Asteroid found that dates back to early solar system

Mainzer said asteroids in orbits pitched at a similar angle offer not only a hazard, but also an opportunity. They would be easier for spacecraft to reach.

“They’re a population of interest, and we want to keep an eye on them,” she said.

NASA says a 40-meter asteroid would strike the Earth with an impact comparable to a 3-megaton nuclear bomb. A 2-km asteroid striking Earth “would produce severe environmental damage on a global scale,” the space agency estimates, but an impact of that magnitude isn’t likely to occur more than twice per million years.

The estimate comes from infrared scans of the cosmos by the 16-inch WISE telescope, which was launched in December 2009. The instruments aboard the satellite allowed scientists to spot close-in asteroids by picking up the heat they emit, Mainzer said.

Threat? One company wants to mine asteroids

“It allows us to find the very dark asteroids, the ones that are more like a piece of coal and than shiny pavement,” she said. “We can also tell the difference between an asteroid that’s very large and very dark and a small one that’s very shiny.”

Mainzer said between 20% and 30% of the estimated 4,700 potentially hazardous objects have been discovered so far.

Watch Video Here

Kepler Sheds Light on the Secrets of Superflares

Cassie Ryan
The Epoch Times

Data from NASA’s Kepler mission has been used by Japanese astronomers to investigate superflares—gigantic explosions that occur on sun-like stars—in a new study published in Nature on May 16.

Superflares are powerful magnetic events much larger than solar flares. They erupt above giant starspots on a variety of stars, but the mechanism behind them is unclear.

To date, the most plausible theory is that they are associated with hot Jupiters—giant gaseous planets orbiting closely that disrupt the stars’ magnetic fields, triggering superflares when the field lines reconnect.

Looking at observations of around 83,000 stars over 120 days, Hiroyuki Maehara and colleagues at Japan’s Kyoto University found 365 superflares on 148 stars. The data suggests superflares are more frequent on stars younger than our sun that are rapidly rotating, but the events on older stars are nearly as strong.

Astrophysicist Bradley Schaefer at Louisiana State University, who authored an accompanying News and Views article, discussed these stellar outbursts in a telephone interview, describing them as “evocative and exciting and startling.”

“The superflares can be millions or even a billion times the largest one ever seen on our sun, and the average one that Maehara’s finding is thousands to millions times larger,” Schaefer said.

In their paper, Maehara et al. noted that there is no evidence of solar superflares from the last 2,000 years, but a flare in 1859—the Carrington event—was estimated to have only one one-thousandth of the energy generated by the average-sized superflare from the Kepler study.

This blast was 6.5 times more powerful than the largest solar flare experienced in recent history, since satellites were launched into space, in 1989. When the resultant magnetic storm hit Earth, it caused electrical arcing in telegraph wires and fires at telegraph stations, and aurorae were seen near tropical latitudes.

The dataset gathered by Maehara’s team implies that hot Jupiters may not cause superflares as none were observed transiting the stars studied.

Though their origins remain elusive, Schaefer said superflares are significant for a number of reasons and are far more than “just being a big challenge to stellar physicists.” Superflares probably have planets and, if they are associated with hot Jupiters, they could help astronomers to hunt for such planets.

“The statistics of superflare stars should be equal to the statistics of hot Jupiter stars, and hence this might be a way to get demographics for large samples of hot Jupiter stars,” Schaefer explained.

Importantly, such stars could have a catastrophic effect on surrounding celestial bodies when they flare, scorching any nearby planets and life.

“They have implications for where far-future humans can colonize, and for astrobiology,” Schaefer said. “Superflares might form the most efficient way to make complex organic compounds (like amino acids, all this leading to the start of alien life) as in the Miller-Urey experiment.”

This experiment sought to replicate the hypothetical conditions on primitive Earth when lighting strikes or other high-energy radiation could have transformed simple organic compounds such as methane and carbon dioxide into the ingredients needed for life.

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2001 BA16) 18th May 2012 0 day(s) 0.1157 45.0 18 m – 41 m 6.66 km/s 23976 km/h
(2010 KK37) 19th May 2012 1 day(s) 0.0058 2.3 19 m – 43 m 10.94 km/s 39384 km/h
4183 Cuno 20th May 2012 2 day(s) 0.1218 47.4 3.5 km – 7.8 km 14.40 km/s 51840 km/h
(2006 KY67) 23rd May 2012 5 day(s) 0.1499 58.3 68 m – 150 m 13.88 km/s 49968 km/h
(2011 KG4) 24th May 2012 6 day(s) 0.1216 47.3 67 m – 150 m 11.50 km/s 41400 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Earth

Is the Earth actually a living ‘creature’? Chemical clues could finally prove claims our planet is a single organic system

  • ‘Gaia Hypothesis’ claims earth is self-regulating ‘organic’ system that maintains life
  • Sulphur could be key to understanding cycles of Earth
  • Gaia idea initially scorned by scientists but now taken seriously

By Rob Waugh

In the 70s, James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis claimed that Earth's physical and biological processes 'link' to form a self-regulating, basically 'self-aware' systemIn the 70s, James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis claimed that Earth’s physical and biological processes ‘link’ to form a self-regulating, basically ‘self-aware’ system

In the 70s, James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis claimed that Earth’s physical and biological processes ‘link’ to form a self-regulating, basically ‘self-aware’ system.

Their book became a cult classic, and the idea that the Earth is a giant chemical system, almost like an ‘organism’ persists to this day – although it’s never been proved.

In 2010, a poll of 400 academics placed the Gaia Hypothesis the sixth greatest British academic breakthrough of all time.

Now a new chemical clue – sulphur – could allow scientists to work out whether Earth is in fact ‘alive’ – a huge chemical system that in turn sustains us all.

The Gaia hypothesis doesn’t claim that the earth is actually ‘alive’ – but that all living organisms and their non-living surroundings are bound together into a ‘system’ that maintains the conditions for life.

One of the early predictions of Lovelock’s theory – known as the Gaia –  hypothesis was that there should be a sulphur compound made by organisms in the oceans that would transfer to the air and thus to the land.

Scientists are on the brink of testing this theory – and proving the existence of at least one part of a ‘system’ of the Earth.

The most likely candidate for this role was deemed to be dimethyl sulphide.

Harry Oduro of the University of Maryland has created a tool for tracing and measuring the movement of sulphur through ocean organisms, the atmosphere and the land in ways that may help prove or disprove the controversial Gaia theory.

Sulphur, the tenth most abundant element in the universe, is part of many inorganic and organic compounds.

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Mysterious Boom

Mystery ‘earthquake’ boom near McCall puzzles scientists

Matt Standal
NWCN.com

© Unknown

McCall, Idaho — You could call it a mystery earthquake, a sonic boom, or maybe nothing at all. Several witnesses report waking up to what they say was a small earthquake south of McCall early Thursday morning around 4:30 a.m. However, those shaky claims have employees at Idaho’s U.S. Geological Survey scratching their heads in disbelief.

Mickey Hart lives five miles south of McCall just off Hwy. 55. The 50-year-old resident says she’s only experienced one earthquake here, and it was in the summer of 2001. The second earthquake came early Thursday morning around 4:30 a.m. Hart says that’s when her beloved border collie, Mr. Mac, detected the tremor before it hit.

“It was four in the morning, and the house shook,” Hart said. “It woke up my husband and scared the crap out of my dog.” However, for some folks here in Idaho, those reports just don’t seem to make sense. U.S. Geological Survey Technical Information Specialist Tim Merrick said his agency’s seismographs haven’t shown any recent earthquake activity in Idaho. “If there was anything, it would almost certainly show up,” Merrick said. “Our seismology network across the United States is very sensitive.”

Scott VanHoff, USGS Geospatial Mapping Coordinator, agrees. “Idaho looks amazingly quiet, and I don’t see anything,” VanHoff said, adding that the only earthquake he’d seen recorded was yesterday.

USGS records show that event was a magnitude 2.2 earthquake recorded around 9:30 p.m., northwest of Weiser, Idaho. However, other folks in Valley County area maintain they positively did feel an earthquake early Thursday morning.

Captain Brandon Swain with the McCall Fire Dept. says he heard reports of the mystery earthquake from his brother Clint Swain, who lives near Lake Fork. “My brother was awake at about 4:30 or 5 a.m., and the earthquake woke up his wife,” Swain said.

A possible answer

Research geophysicist Joan Gomberg works for the USGS at the University of Washington in Seattle. Gomberg says her seismic records do, in fact, show “something that could be small earthquake,” recorded at 4:42 MDT in the McCall area.

However, Gomberg went on to say that most earthquakes strong enough to be felt by people easily show up on USGS seismographs throughout the United States.

As to why some experts can’t readily see this one, Gomberg offered an interesting explanation.

“This area is at the edged of the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network and where the monitoring network begins to get sparser, so small earthquakes are more likely to be missed,” Gomberg said.

Gomberg also reminds folks that sometimes a sonic boom from a nearby jet can feel like earthquake, along with large mining equipment, and road work.

However, Mickey Hart says she doesn’t need a seismograph to tell her what she experienced was an earthquake. Instead, Hart says she trusts her border collie.

“Mr. Mac new right away. It really shook him up,” Hart said.

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Articles of Interest

Mysterious Rocks Burn California Woman

KRISTV.COM

San Clemente – A woman suffered third-degree burns after what appeared to be the spontaneous combustion of rocks that had been scooped up from a Southern California beach, a fire official said.

The 43-year-old woman’s children collected the rocks Saturday at San Clemente Beach, and she tucked them into the pocket of her shorts, according to the Orange County Register.

While the woman was standing in her kitchen Saturday after returning from the beach, the rocks somehow caught fire, burning the woman’s right thigh and knee, said Capt. Marc Stone of the Orange County Fire Authority.

The woman tried to stop, drop and roll but couldn’t extinguish the flames, Stone said.

The rocks are small, smooth, and orange and green in color. They eventually fell from the shorts onto the wooden floor where they continued to burn and fill the house with smoke, Stone said.

The woman’s husband also suffered second-degree burns to his hand trying to put out the flames.

Authorities didn’t provide any details about what would have caused the rocks to ignite, saying they’re undergoing testing to see what happens.

“There is phosphorous that naturally occurs on the sand at the beach, but no one has ever heard of pants catching fire,” Stone told the Register.

Stone said it could take weeks to complete the investigation.

Source: Associated Press

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 21 23:47 PM
3.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 23:27 PM
4.6     524.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 21 23:19 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 23:12 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 22:40 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nw Balkan Region
Apr 21 21:48 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.7     12.7     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 20:22 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 21 20:01 PM
3.1     51.5     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 21 19:54 PM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     112.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     111.6     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 21 19:28 PM
3.3     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 18:24 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     23.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 17:17 PM
2.9     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 16:23 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 16:18 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
5.0     17.0     MAP

USGS     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 15:28 PM
2.5     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 21 15:19 PM
3.2     6.9     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.4     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.0     MAP

USGS     Puget Sound Region, Washington
Apr 21 14:25 PM
2.6     2.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 14:18 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 21 14:11 PM
4.7     61.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 14:09 PM
2.5     21.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:59 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:44 PM
2.6     28.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 21 13:41 PM
4.3     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 13:39 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 13:37 PM
3.1     0.8     MAP

USGS     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.7     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.8     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Minahassa Peninsula, Sulawesi
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.7     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.5     14.2     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 12:56 PM
2.8     78.8     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 21 12:45 PM
2.9     4.9     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of The Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.2     39.5     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.1     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 12:18 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 12:11 PM
2.5     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.3     100.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.4     90.9     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:35 AM
5.2     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 11:31 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 11:21 AM
2.8     113.7     MAP

EMSC     Montenegro
Apr 21 11:20 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.5     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 10:57 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 10:07 AM
2.6     14.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 09:44 AM
2.5     8.9     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 21 09:32 AM
2.7     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 08:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Ryukyu Isl., Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:41 AM
2.5     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:25 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 08:22 AM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     29.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.9     43.3     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     28.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:44 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:43 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:42 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:40 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 05:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 21 05:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:40 AM
3.6     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.4     607.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.6     606.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:33 AM
4.6     597.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 05:29 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.4     90.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 04:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 03:50 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 03:46 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:21 AM
3.2     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:06 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 02:28 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 21 02:25 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.7     87.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.1     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 21 01:53 AM
2.9     8.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 21 01:49 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 01:47 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 01:26 AM
3.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     27.6     MAP

GEOFON     Tristan Da Cunha Region
Apr 21 01:19 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     16.0     MAP     

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.9     33.0     MAP     

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     27.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 01:04 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 21 00:58 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 00:55 AM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:08 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 21 00:05 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:03 AM
3.2     5.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

Taupo super-eruption secrets revealed

OLIVIA WANNAN

Last updated 11:13 21/04/2012

Lake Taupo

Lloyd Homer/GNS Science

CALM EXTERIOR: Research into the Lake Taupo eruption has thrown up new theories on the tectonic forces involved.

Taupo eruption

A computer-generated graphic of the Lake Taupo eruption.

One of the most intriguing unsolved cases for New Zealand geologists is the ancient Taupo super-eruption.

Victoria University PhD student Aidan Allan has found new evidence that explains how and why the volcano blew.

While the general public is fascinated by the magnitude – the event buried the North Island in debris, with the ash cloud all the way to the Chathams – geologists’ interest lies elsewhere.

They are intrigued because the eruption’s cause isn’t open-and-shut – while most super-volcanoes simply explode, with Taupo there was a short hiatus just as things got underway.

“There were breaks of weeks to months [in the early stages] and then all hell breaks loose,” Mr Allan said.

As geologists worldwide have to make the life-or-death call as to when an eruption has ended, it’s crucial to know why this super-volcano acted the way it did.

Read Full Article  Here

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Alberta, [Near to Symons Valley] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard South Africa State of Eastern Cape, East London Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Illinois, Chicago [W Madison St & S Karlov Ave] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Bolivia Departmento de El Beni, [San Ramon municipality] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood China Province of Guangdong, [Huazhou city and Xinyi city] Damage level Details
1 22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Netherlands Capital city, Amsterdam [North Holland] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood United Arab Emirates Trucial Coast, [Oman Region] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire China Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, [Old Barag] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide]

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Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

MIAMI FL

Tornado Watch

TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL
MIAMI FL
MELBOURNE FL
 NORMAN OK

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

MOUNT HOLLY NJ
NEW YORK NY
MOBILE AL
NEW ORLEANS LA
CAPE FEAR
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Freeze Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr21: Meteor Shower [Where to Look Tonight] & Quake Watch Begins – 6.9 already…

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Space

 Lyrid Meteor Shower


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