Tag Archive: The Loyalty Islands


Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 23:16:47   38.959   22.937 16.7  GREECE
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 22:31:18   38.260   46.780 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/26 21:38:19  -11.569   165.470 34.1  SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/26 21:11:57   10.667   126.806 35.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 19:44:36   33.465   133.450 17.0  SHIKOKU, JAPAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 19:33:11   37.690   141.561 61.0  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.8 2012/10/26 19:18:39   19.384  -155.243 3.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.6 2012/10/26 18:48:13   18.910   -64.522 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:31:54   46.260  -119.384 0.0  WASHINGTON
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:04:57   51.499  -178.225 21.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 17:15:25   35.417  -117.957 2.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 16:28:48   60.736  -151.633 85.4  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 14:18:20   42.016  -126.835 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  2.7 2012/10/26 12:41:49   19.881  -155.686 16.3  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:34   19.383  -155.245 3.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:31   19.386  -155.244 4.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/26 10:52:59   43.224   142.871 131.2  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 10:36:32   38.718   141.990 48.9  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 10:32:52   59.367  -152.218 55.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 08:40:46   19.383   -64.224 80.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 06:28:47   -0.364   132.895 43.2  NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 04:34:59   43.355   -78.634 5.0  NEW YORK
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 04:24:31  -18.032  -178.574 608.0  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 02:56:53   59.477  -152.370 59.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 00:33:14   41.046   142.272 59.8  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 00:10:22   52.389  -174.294 223.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA

 

 

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 22:23:15   -6.126   154.350 62.1  BOUGAINVILLE REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 21:17:01   -7.054   123.441 621.9  BANDA SEA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 21:10:42   -2.088   126.482 35.0  CERAM SEA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 20:56:46  -16.255  -175.946 355.6  TONGA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 20:55:31   18.554   146.531 77.6  PAGAN REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 20:36:28   51.201  -179.933 30.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/27 20:15:00  -21.474   169.833 35.7  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  5.5   2012/10/27 20:13:02   -6.178   151.602 22.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 17:48:08   32.146  -115.206 23.6  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 16:53:00   19.619   -63.980 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 16:46:42   18.172   -68.373 93.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 16:22:10   14.566   -92.195 115.0  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  3.0 2012/10/27 15:52:14   63.171  -144.328 1.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 15:46:29   10.500   126.823 36.7  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/10/27 15:31:11   52.755  -162.915 35.9  SOUTH OF ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 15:00:47   -2.294   100.628 64.6  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 12:33:05  -33.589   -72.028 23.8  OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 12:02:28   62.841  -151.149 111.3  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 10:51:24   -9.175   111.272 69.2  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 10:43:50   17.475   -68.812 83.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 10:32:09   17.414   -68.841 57.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 10:20:59   10.637   126.874 35.1  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 09:32:31   9.897   57.100 10.0  CARLSBERG RIDGE
MAP  4.2 2012/10/27 08:00:10   36.999   70.494 67.0  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 07:02:41  -22.284   179.922 554.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.6   2012/10/27 06:37:34   28.502   128.715 35.5  RYUKYU ISLANDS, JAPAN
MAP  2.5 2012/10/27 06:18:51   18.511   -64.789 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 06:07:59   68.491  -147.349 6.0  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 05:52:18  -10.845   160.919 45.4  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  5.0   2012/10/27 04:06:51   -4.074   140.267 41.6  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 03:56:44   38.259   46.633 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 01:49:15   32.184  -115.220 15.8  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 00:49:37  -27.746   -66.615 144.2  CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 00:34:51   56.972  -158.394 150.9  ALASKA PENINSULA

Panic as magnitude-5 earthquake rattles southern Italy

NBCNewsWorld

Mario Tosti / AFP – Getty Images

People who had been evacuated from a hospital wait in a rescue center in Mormanno, southern Italy, after an earthquake early on Friday.

By NBC News staff and wire reports

ROME — A hospital was evacuated after a magnitude-5 earthquake struck southern Italy early on Friday, authorities said.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. local time (7:05 p.m. ET Thursday) about 3.9 miles underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV).

At least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake, according to INGV’s website.

Italian media reported that an elderly man who lived near the tremor’s epicenter had died of a heart attack.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

Italian news agencies reported scenes of panic in the hospital and said many inhabitants of Mormanno and surrounding towns had come out in the streets.

Police and firefighters were surveying the area for further damage, officials said.

NBC News’ Claudio Lavanga and Reuters contributed to this report.

Scientists convicted of manslaughter for not predicting quake

Magnitude 5 earthquake hits s. Italy, hospital evacuated

By REUTERS

ROME – A magnitude 5 earthquake struck north of Cosenza in southern Italy early on Friday, and police said a hospital had been evacuated after cracks were found in its structure, but there were no reports of injuries.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. (2305 GMT on Thursday) about 6.3 km (3.9 miles) underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV). It said on its website that at least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

AN elderly man died from a heart attack and panic-stricken residents rushed into the streets fearing building collapses when a 5.3-magnitude earthquake struck a southern Italian province.

The 84-year-old victim suffered heart failure when the quake struck the province of Cosenza early on Friday and was dead before emergency services could reach him.

No injuries have been reported but several buildings have been damaged. A local hospital was also evacuated and schools closed as a precautionary measure.

According to the US Geological Survey, the quake, with a 5.3 magnitude at a depth of 3.8km, had its epicentre 6km southeast of Mormanno town in the Calabria region.

“Some plaster fell, a crack appeared in the stairway. We came down in a panic to the streets using our mobile phones for light,” Mormanno bed-and-breakfast owner Giuseppina Capalbi told the Corriere della Sera newspaper.

Many homes in the town centre suffered damage and police said it would take some hours to evaluate the scale of the problem, as local officials decided to close schools.

“There was a lot of panic, but happily there are no injured,” Mormanno mayor Guglielmo Armentano told Ansa.

“In our historic centre, there are some damaged buildings. As a precaution we have evacuated the hospital.”

More than 2200 tremors had struck the same region along the Pollino massif in recent years, but all but a handful were of a magnitude under 3.

Italy frequently falls victim to earthquakes. Among the most devastating was the 6.3-magnitude quake in the central city of L’Aquila that in 2009 killed 309 people and left tens of thousands homeless.

On Monday, six Italian seismologists and a government official were sentenced to six years in jail for multiple manslaughter for underestimating the risk of that earthquake, in a move viewed by some as a dangerous blow to

Related Coverage

 

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 27, 2012 09:19:03 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Niwa observes underwater volcano changes

New Zealand scientists investigating an active undersea volcano that erupted three months ago have discovered significant changes to the seafloor.

Niwa research ship Tangaroa has mapped the Kermadec volcano that erupted 800km northeast of Tauranga on July 19, producing a pumice raft the size of Canterbury.

The eruption was strong enough to breach the ocean surface from a depth of 1100 metres. It was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the pumice on their way back home from Samoa.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

It was mapped in 2002, showing a 1km-high undersea mountain with a 5km wide, 800-metre deep central crater.

This week, scientists found a new volcanic cone which has formed on the edge of the volcano, towering 240 metres above the crater rim.

They also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Several cubic kilometres of new material has also been added to the volcano, with large volumes of freshly erupted pumice accumulating on the caldera floor, raising it by up to 10 metres.

“We couldn’t find any biology on the floor and the immediate vicinity has been completely wiped out,” Wysoczanski said.

Fresh volcanic rocks, up to beach ball size, will be brought back to Niwa for analysis.

Tangaroa embarked on the expedition to study the volcanic chain that stretches for 1000km north from Bay of Plenty. It is due back in Wellington on November 1.

  • Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural territory.

    Enlarge Photo

    LiveScience.com/Janet C. Harvey/Axel Schmitt – Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural te …more 

Related Content

  • In this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of the Salton Sea, where water conservation efforts are attempting to restore the once natural playground and tourist site. The evaporating Salton Sea is the flashpoint for the latest dispute in California's water wars, testing an uneasy alliance that has sought to wean the Golden State from overreliance on Colorado River water.Enlarge GalleryIn this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of …
  • Moonset at Rock Hill, one of five volcanoes that comprise the Salton Buttes. The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study finds.Enlarge PhotoMoonset at Rock Hill, one of five …

Earthquake swarms and a region-wide rotten egg smell recently reminded Southern California residents they live next to an active volcano field, tiny though it may be.

At the time, scientists said the phenomena did not reflect changes in the magma chamber below the Salton Sea. But now, researchers may need to revise estimates of the potential hazard posed by the Salton Buttes — five volcanoes at the lake’s southern tip.

The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Geology reports. The new age — which makes these some of California’s youngest volcanoes — pushes the volcanic quintuplets into active status. The California Volcano Observatory, launched in February by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), already lists the area as a high threat for future blasts.

“The USGS is starting to monitor all potentially active volcanoes in California, which includes the Salton Buttes,” said study author Axel Schmitt, a geochronologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “With our results, I think this will further enhance the need to look into the system,” Schmitt told OurAmazingPlanet.

Schmitt and his colleagues dated zircon crystals in the hardened lava of the buttes with a relatively new technique, a “helium clock” that starts ticking once the minerals begin cooling at the surface.

Resolving the Obsidian Butte riddle

The revised age solves a long-standing archeological conundrum, said Steve Shackley, emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Artifacts created from one of the five buttes, Obsidian Butte, first appear in Native American villages around 510 B.C. to 640 B.C. The Kumeyaay people, whose territory ranged from the coast to the Coso Mountains, crafted projectiles from Obsidian Butte glass, he said. “The men produced some of the best in the world,” Shackley told OurAmazingPlanet.

However, for decades, researchers thought Obsidian Butte erupted thousands of years earlier. To explain why no one collected the valuable obsidian, archeologists hypothesized that Obsidian Butte was submerged under ancient Lake Cahuilla, the precursor to today’s Salton Sea. But geologists had long proved that Lake Cahuilla was ephemeral, flooding and emptying over and over again, so the explanation was always problematic.

“If this dating method is correct, then the Obsidian Butte material wasn’t even available, and that makes more sense archaeologically,” Shackley said.

Rifting brings rising magma

In fact, that Obsidian Butte rises above the Salton Sea is what first attracted Schmitt’s attention. A 30,000-year-old butte should have been buried by a combination of sediment and subsidence by now, he said. “It had to be very young,” Schmitt said.

The buttes exist because California is tearing apart, forming new oceanic crust as magma wells up from below. The sinking Salton Trough is the landward extension of the Gulf of California, and marks the boundary between the Pacific and North America tectonic plates.

The lava source for the volcanoes is a magma chamberbeneath the Salton Sea, which also heats water for a nearby geothermal plant. Decay of uranium isotopes in zircon crystals show magma built up underneath the volcanoes for thousands of years before the latest eruption, the study shows. [50 Amazing Volcano Facts]

If another eruption occurs at the Salton Buttes, it will likely mimic past breakouts, Schmitt said. The volcanoes are made of sticky, slow-moving rhyolite lava. At Obsidian Butte, the lava cooled so quickly it turned into glass. However, pumice and ash found nearby means past breakouts started with a bang.

Schmitt said he hopes to study the area in more detail to better understand the most recent eruption. “The amounts of magma involved are relatively small and the impacts of an explosive eruption, meaning an ash cloud, would most likely be very local,” he said. “We don’t know very well how far any ash would have been dispersed, and that’s something I would like to follow up on in the research.”

Researching future hazards

The National Science Foundation’s EarthScope project funds an extensive seismic imaging project in the Salton Sea that may soon reveal more information about what’s happening deep underground.

“We’ll be looking with great interest to see what we can tell from the Salton Seismic Imaging Project,” said Joann Stock, a Caltech professor and an expert on the region’s volcanic hazards who was not involved in the new study.

“I think [Schmitt’s study] is a great contribution,” she said. “It’s an area where we should be concerned. We know that there’s a lot of hot stuff down there,” she told OurAmazingPlanet.

In August, an earthquake swarm shook the nearby town of Brawley. The USGS attributed the temblors to faults in the Brawley Seismic Zone. In September, a sulfurous stench emanated from the Salton Sea and wafted across the Inland Empire. The odor was tentatively linked to a fish die-off, but could also have been caused by volcanic gases, Stock said.

Reach Becky Oskin at boskin@techmedianetwork.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.

Submarine eruption from Havre volcano built a new volcanic cone

By

Adonai
The Watchers Tweet Tweet New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report) Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found...

New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report)

Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found evidence of a new volcanic cone, 240 m tall and reaching withing 1,100 m below sea level, built on the side of the large submarine caldera of Havre. Aside from new volcanic cone they also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

27.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Kentucky, [Clay County] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:38 (04:38 AM) UTC.

Description
A forest fire burned nearly 100 acres near the Sattler Branch community in Clay County. Fire fighters responded to the blaze late Thursday. By Friday afternoon, the flames were contained. Still, the fire gave folks who live nearby quite a scare. “It’s about that time of year you have to start worrying, leaves and everything is dry. There’s a lot of trees around here. It wasn’t as bad this year as it was last year; it was real close last year,” said resident Rebecca Combs. Back then, Combs says a forest fire came so close to her home that fire fighters had to hose it down to keep it from igniting. “All we could really see was the smoke this time. It was on the other side so it didn’t get really close, but it was close enough to make you nervous,” Combs said. Combs’ sister says their ailing father lives in the home. She says getting him out of the house in an emergency would be difficult. “He’s wheelchair bound so that wouldn’t have been something fun to try to do. It would’ve been a hassle. We try to think about going over fire evacuations any way, just in case because of him,” said sister Monica Baker. People we talked to in Clay County say the threat of fire is a constant concern this time of year. They say people need to be more careful.

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Storms / Flooding

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 27.10.2012 Hurricane I 30 ° 120 km/h 148 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,078.30 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
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Category Course Wave
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27th Oct 2012 17:31:37 N 29° 0.000, W 76° 0.000 15 120 148 Hurricane I 30 ° 12 958 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 36° 24.000, W 72° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, W 72° 6.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
30th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 39° 48.000, W 77° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 40° 48.000, W 77° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
01st Nov 2012 12:00:00 N 43° 48.000, W 76° 48.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
Son-Thin (24W) Pacific Ocean 24.10.2012 27.10.2012 Typhoon IV 300 ° 204 km/h 250 km/h 3.35 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Son-Thin (24W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000
Start up: 24th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,302.25 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
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Date Time Position Speed
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27th Oct 2012 15:47:24 N 17° 30.000, E 108° 48.000 19 204 250 Typhoon IV 300 ° 11 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 20° 54.000, E 105° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
30th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 21° 42.000, E 106° 18.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

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WASHINGTON –  The U.S. military will be moving ships from the Norfolk Naval Station region in Virginia out to sea to get out of the path of Hurricane Sandy.

The Navy says 24 of the larger ships in southeastern Virginia bases, including the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman, are preparing to leave and will be moving out over the next day or so. The orders affect ships at Naval Station Norfolk and Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story in the Hamption Roads area.

Other ships will be secured at the base. Military installations along the Eastern Seaboard, including Andrews Air Force Base and Langley Air Force Base in Virginia and Naval Submarine Base New London in Connecticut were also prepared to move ships and aircraft if needed.

New York faces most intense storm in history

City would actually benefit from a direct hit, forecast say

By Eric Holthaus


Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Fla. on Friday.

NEW YORK (MarketWatch) — As we’ve all heard by now, there is a big storm brewing on the East Coast. Looking at the latest weather models, that may be a bit of an understatement.

The National Weather Service has labelled the hybrid gyre that may result from the merging of Hurricane Sandy and a Midwest snowstorm a “Frankenstorm.” When it hits, the storm could have truly scary implications befitting the Halloween holiday it will coincide with.

You can read my latest forecast post on this rare menace over on the Wall Street Journal’s Metropolis blog.

In fact, computer models are now showing a storm so intense that it would break 100-plus year weather records for the most intense pressure readings ever recorded throughout nearly all of the Mid-Atlantic region northward into New York City and Long Island.

Every hurricane that has ever hit that area — from last year’s Hurricane Irene, to the “Perfect Storm” of 1991, even the Long Island Express of 1938 — would all rank below this storm should current models of the atmosphere pan out. That’s a stunning conclusion, but one worth pondering, even though the storm’s peak impacts won’t be felt until Tuesday and there’s still time for models to shift.

There’s reason to believe the models may be overdoing it. First off, what’s happening right now doesn’t have a clear precedence in the weather records. Our best available number-crunching simulations of the atmosphere simply weren’t designed for this scenario.

Normally, when hurricanes approach the East Coast from Sandy’s angle, they are pulled safely out to sea by a semi-permanent low-pressure center near Iceland. This time around, that low pressure isn’t there. In fact, it’s been replaced by a high pressure so intense it only occurs approximately 0.2% of the time on average.

The coincidence of that strong of a high pressure “block” being in place just when a hurricane is passing by — in and of itself a very rare occurrence — is just mind bogglingly rare. It’s the kind of stuff that’s important enough to rewrite meteorological textbooks. The result: Instead of heading out to sea Sandy’s full force will be turned back against the grain and directed squarely at the East Coast.

To top it off, an intense early-season snowstorm moving eastward out of the Great Lakes will provide an additional boost of energy to Sandy as it approaches the shore, broadening its windfield, strengthening its rainfall and waves, and increasing its destructive potential. This is truly a Frankenstein scenario — a hybrid of weather badness that is now coming alive.

The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center — the same folks at the National Weather Service that gave Sandy its “Frankenstorm” name — have had to manually adjust their official forecasts to tone down the exceptional scenarios that the weather models are currently showing.

It’s not that they don’t think the worst-case scenario is possible. It’s just that it’s never happened before. As a meteorologist, you have to be very, very careful if you are going to predict a historic scenario.

The storm is still a few days away, so there will be plenty of time to see how new model runs change with the addition of data from future Hurricane Hunter flights before the National Weather Service goes in full bore with an unprecedented forecast. For the time being, those from D.C. to Boston should remain especially vigilant and begin to take preparations to make sure they and their families are safe.

Storm may hit New York the hardest

Because the storm is expected to be so huge, the only reason its exact landfall location matters relates to the direction of the winds. Everyone from D.C. to New England will feel some type of effects, but because hurricanes rotate counter-clockwise, those north of the center will have massive amounts of seawater directly deposited on their shores.

For those south of the center, the storm’s circulation will actually be pushing flooding seas away from shore, lessening potential impacts.

Right now, the most reliable model tracks have clustered in a relatively tight range from Delaware to New York City. Counterintuitively, should the center of the storm make a direct strike on New York City, the city may actually be spared some of the more serious coastal impacts from the storm.

Should the storm continue on its current path (the National Hurricane Center’s most likely landfall is now in southern New Jersey), all bets are off for the five boroughs.

The latter scenario — the one that now appears most likely — would have many feet of ocean water funneled into New York Harbor over a period of up to 36 hours. Unlike Irene, which quickly transited New York City last year as a weakening tropical storm, Sandy may actually be in the process of strengthening when it makes landfall.

The result could prove incredibly damaging for coastal residents and critical infrastructure. Keep in mind that Irene was only inches away from flooding subway tunnels in Lower Manhattan. Storm-surge forecasts for this scenario haven’t been officially released yet, but six to 10 feet in the city is not out of the question in a worst-case scenario.

That result would put about 700,000 people’s homes underwater, according to a Climate Central interactive analysis. Add to that waves of 10 to 20 feet on ocean-facing shores, and an additional foot or so of tidal influence from the full moon, and we could be dealing with quite a mess on our hands.

With National Geographic reporting that sea level rise is already accelerating at three to four times the global rate in the Northeast due to climate change, impacts are expected to be worse than if the same exact storm would have hit several years ago.

Should Sandy veer further north of its current track and make landfall right over the city, storm surge could be dramatically lessened, though the city could receive about double the amount of rainfall — up to a foot or more.

For these reasons, if I were a resident of New York right now, I’d be rooting for a direct hit. If given a choice, I’d take 12 inches of rain over six feet of coastal flooding any day.

Meteorologist Eric Holthaus digs deeper into how weather and climate can affect markets for MarketWatch. He can be reached at wxriskforecaster@gmail.com.

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Rolling coverage: East Coast girds for Sandy

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declares State of Emergency as Hurricane Sandy barrels through Caribbean, killing 43

Sandy could be ‘worst case’ superstorm, more powerful than Hurricane Irene; officials will decide Saturday whether to evacuate wide swaths of New York City as ‘Frankenstorm’ approaches

By AND / NEW YORK DAILY NEWS

Resident Antonio Garces tries to recover his belongings from his house destroyed by Hurricane Sandy in Aguacate, Cuba, Thursday Oct. 25, 2012. Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas after causing at least two deaths in the Caribbean. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy leveled homes in Cuba and Jamaica this week and it has been blamed for more than 20 deaths. The storm is marching north towards the U.S., and could slam New York with lashing rain, powerful winds and even snow.

In the face of a potentially devastating storm, Gov. Cuomo declared a state of emergency Friday and city officials considered evacuating as many as 375,000 New Yorkers.

The MTA was also considering a total shut down of buses and subways if the worst predictions about Hurricane Sandy come true.

The deadly tempest, which killed at least 41 people in the Caribbean, according to The Associated Press, is expected to make landfall late Monday night near Delaware.

NEW YORKERS: CLICK HERE TO SEE WHETHER YOU LIVE IN A HURRICANE EVACUATION ZONE

Mayor Bloomberg said he’d make a decision about evacuations in low-lying areas in all five boroughs as soon as Saturday.

“We are taking all the steps that we need to take,” Bloomberg said during a hastily called afternoon press conference on Friday.

HURRICANE27N_1_WEB

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas en route to the East Coast, forecasters predict.

HURRICANE NEW 3

Gilbert Bellamy/Reuters

Residents watch firefighters fight a blaze in a private home in Kingston October 26, 2012. The fire, which destroyed the home, was started by a faulty generator used to provide electricity in the blackout caused by the passing of Hurricane Sandy, firefighters said.

“But the storm is moving at a rate that we’re still not going to have a good sense of when and where it’s going to hit land.”

MTA Chairman Joseph Lhota said officials would begin the second shutdown of all buses and subways in its history if winds reach 39 mph.

“Our first priority is always safety, and the MTA is taking no chances with the safety of our customers, our employees and our equipment,” Lhota said in a statement. “We are hoping for the best but preparing for the worst. Whatever happens, we’ll be ready.”

Parts of the subway that are below sea level are particularly susceptible to flooding.

The MTA halted the subways for the first time in its history during Hurricane Irene last year.

HURRICANE NEW 2

Desmond Boylan/Reuters

People walk on a street littered with debris after Hurricane Sandy hit Santiago de Cuba October 26, 2012.

HURRICANE27N_4_WEB

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Locals walk across the flooded streets of La Plaine, Haiti after Hurricane Sandy caused flooding and claimed more than 20 lives across the Caribbean.

Hurricane Irene was downgraded to a tropical storm before reaching the city but dire predictions in the days before it arrived triggered mandatory evacuations of lower Manhattan and other coastal neighborhoods.

With some forecasts predicting that Sandy could deliver an even more powerful punch, the city is again considering those extreme measures.

“The thing that we worry about the most is that people decide not to listen to the order to evacuate and then later on find themselves in harm’s way and then our police and fire departments have to put their lives on the line,” Bloomberg said.

City officials ordered construction crews to halt work as of Saturday evening and warned residents to prepare “go-bags” equipped with water and First Aid kits.

Officials were also deciding whether to cancel school on Monday.

story_hurricane2

Bryan Smith for New York Daily News

Mayor Michael Bloomberg discusses the city’s preparations ahead of Hurricane Sandy’s possible arrival early next week at City Hall on Friday.

Another major concern is “prolonged power outages,” Bloomberg said, and the city is working closely with ConEd.

“There are probably 20 different forecasts tracts for this storm and any one of them could be right,” Bloomberg said.

City Health Commissioner Thomas Farley said the city was asking six hospitals and 41 chronic care facilities, including nursing homes, in the low-lying areas to move patients who could be easily relocated.

HURRICANE NEW 4

nhc.noaa.gov

Hurricane Sandy path as shown by NOAA map.

The city could decide to evacuate the facilities using city buses as it did during Irene.

Cuomo declared a state of emergency for all 62 counties and said at a Long Island event that the state was taking “every precaution possible.”

A state of emergency gives the state more flexibility to help cities and counties. Cuomo also put the National Guard on alert, which makes Guard personnel and equipment available to help.

story_hurricane3

Julia Xanthos/New York Daily News

Workers from the MTA install plywood over subway grating to prevent flooding expected from Hurricane Sandy near the Staten Island Ferry in lower Manhattan on Friday.

He also said he will call up repair crews and reach out to other states that may have crews available.

The state is also asking for a pre-disaster declaration that would get New York federal aid and assistance, he said.

HURRICANE NEW 1

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Residents of Leogane, Haiti find higher ground as the water level continues to rise Friday, Oct. 26, 2012.

story_hurricane1

Steve Nesius/Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Florida on Friday.

“There’s no need to panic,” he said. “We have a lot of time and we’re prepared for any eventuality, but we’d rather err on the side of caution.”

Cuomo canceled plans to campaign in Florida for President Obama so he could stay in New York. He also scrapped a homeland security conference scheduled for Monday in Albany so the 1,000 first responders who planned to attend could prepare for the storm in their home counties.

A host of other events were canceled as the storm loomed, including an exam for specialized high schools admissions scheduled for Sunday.With News Wire Services
With News Wire Services
tmoore@nydailynews.com

FoxNews.com

With a name like “Frankenstorm,” this could get ugly.

Hurricane Sandy, moving north from the Caribbean, was expected to make landfall Monday night near the Delaware coast, then hit two winter weather systems as it moves inland, creating a hybrid monster storm that could bring nearly a foot of rain, high winds and up to 2 feet of snow.

Experts said the storm would be wider and stronger than last year’s Irene, which caused more than $15 billion in damage, and could rival the worst East Coast storm on record.

Officials did not mince words, telling people to be prepared for several days without electricity. Jersey Shore beach towns began issuing voluntary evacuations and protecting boardwalks

Atlantic Beach casinos made contingency plans to close, and officials advised residents of flood-prone areas to stay with family or be ready to leave. Airlines said to expect cancellations and waived change fees for passengers who want to reschedule.

“Be forewarned,” said Connecticut Gov. Dannel P. Malloy. “Assume that you will be in the midst of flooding conditions, the likes of which you may not have seen at any of the major storms that have occurred over the last 30 years.”

Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell declared a state of emergency Friday morning to help mobilize emergency response. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said that wherever the storm comes ashore, there will be 10 inches of rain and extreme storm surges. Up to 2 feet of snow should fall on West Virginia, with lighter snow in parts of Ohio and Pennsylvania.

The storm threatened to hit two weeks before Election Day, while several states were heavily involved in campaigning, canvassing and get-out-the-vote efforts. Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney and Vice President Joe Biden both canceled weekend campaign events in coastal Virginia Beach, Va., though their events in other parts of the states were going on as planned.

In Rhode Island, politicians asked supporters to take down yard signs for fear they might turn into projectiles in the storm.

With a rare mix of three big merging weather systems over a densely populated region, experts predict at least $1 billion in damage.

STORM TIPS

Residents in the storm’s expected path should have a three days’ supply of water on hand, or one gallon per person per day, enough for drinking, cooking and some bathing, Virginia’s Department of Emergency Management recommends, and to combat extended power outages, residents should purchase battery-powered radios and extra batteries.

And if they meet Tuesday morning around New York or New Jersey, as forecasters predict, they could create a big, wet mess that settles over the nation’s most heavily populated corridor and reaches as far west as Ohio.

Airlines are giving travelers a way out if they want to scrap their plans due to Hurricane Sandy.

All the major airlines are offering waivers to customers who wish to reschedule their flights without incurring the typical fee of up to $150. The offers cover passengers flying in or out of just about any airport from Latin America to New Hampshire. Most waivers for travel in the Northeast are only valid Monday through Wednesday.

The airlines have only canceled a handful of flights so far, nearly all of them in and out of Florida and the Caribbean.

They say there will be hundreds of miles of steady, strong and damaging winds and rain for the entire Eastern region for several days. That could produce a bigger wallop than last year’s damaging Irene, which caused the cancellation of nearly 14,000 flights in a four-day period.

Those hoping to fly in or out of affected areas are asked to check their flight status before heading to the airport. Airlines also promise to update their Facebook pages and Twitter feeds with the latest information. To cancel, passengers should call the airline directly. Some airlines also allow changes to be made on their websites.

Passengers can expect cancellations to increase as the storm moves north over the weekend.

“Airlines and other operators generally stop flying to airports in the potential storm path long before winds reach dangerous levels,” the Federal Aviation Administration said in a statement.

Utilities are lining up out-of-state work crews and canceling employees’ days off to deal with expected power outages. From county disaster chiefs to the federal government, emergency officials are warning the public to be prepared. And President Barack Obama was briefed aboard Air Force One.

“It’s looking like a very serious storm that could be historic,” said Jeff Masters, meteorology director of the forecasting service Weather Underground. “Mother Nature is not saying, `Trick or treat.’ It’s just going to give tricks.”

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecaster Jim Cisco, who coined the nickname Frankenstorm, said: “We don’t have many modern precedents for what the models are suggesting.”

Government forecasters said there is a 90 percent chance — up from 60 percent two days earlier — that the East will get pounded.

Coastal areas from Florida to Maine will feel some effects, but the storm is expected to vent the worst of its fury on New Jersey and the New York City area, which could see around 5 inches of rain and gale-force winds close to 40 mph. Eastern Ohio, southwestern Pennsylvania and western Virginia could get snow.

And the storm will take its time leaving. The weather may not start clearing in the mid-Atlantic until the day after Halloween and Nov. 2 in the upper Northeast, Cisco said.

“It’s almost a weeklong, five-day, six-day event,” he said from a NOAA forecast center in College Park, Md. “It’s going to be a widespread, serious storm.”

It is likely to hit during a full moon, when tides are near their highest, increasing the risk of coastal flooding. And because many trees still have their leaves, they are more likely to topple in the event of wind and snow, meaning there could be widespread power outages lasting to Election Day.

Eastern states that saw outages that lasted for days after last year’s freak Halloween snowstorm and Hurricane Irene in late August 2011 are already pressuring power companies to be more ready this time.

Asked if he expected utilities to be more prepared, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick responded: “They’d better be.”

Jersey Central Power & Light, which was criticized for its response to Irene, notified employees to be ready for extended shifts. In Pennsylvania, PPL Corp. spokesman Michael Wood said, “We’re in a much better place this year.”

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg on Thursday said the city was striking a tone of calm preparedness.

“What we are doing is we are taking the kind of precautions you should expect us to do, and I don’t think anyone should panic,” Bloomberg said. The city has opened an emergency situation room and activated its coastal storm plan.

Some have compared the tempest to the so-called Perfect Storm that struck off the coast of New England in 1991, but that one hit a less populated area. Nor is this one like last year’s Halloween storm, which was merely an early snowfall.

“The Perfect Storm only did $200 million of damage and I’m thinking a billion” this time, Masters said. “Yeah, it will be worse.”

As it spun away from the Bahamas late Friday, Sandy was blamed for more than 43 deaths across the Caribbean. The 18th named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season hit the Bahamas after cutting across Cuba, where it tore roofs off homes and damaged fragile coffee and tomato crops. It is expected to move north, just off the Eastern Seaboard.

Norje Pupo, a 66-year-old retiree in Holguin, was helping his son clean up early Thursday after an enormous tree toppled in his garden.

“The hurricane really hit us hard,” he said. “As you can see, we were very affected. The houses are not poorly made here, but some may have been damaged.”

The Associated Press contributed to this story.

27.10.2012 Tropical Storm Cuba MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Holguin] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in Cuba on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 02:49 (02:49 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:35 UTC
Description
The Cuban government said on Thursday night that 11 people died when the storm barreled across the island, most killed by falling trees or in building collapses in Santiago de Cuba province and neighboring Guantanamo province. The Cuban deaths were an unusually high number for the communist island which prides itself on protecting its people from storms by ordering mass evacuations.

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Radiation

Fish Off Japan’s Coast Said to Contain Elevated Levels of Cesium

By

TOKYO — Elevated levels of cesium still detected in fish off the Fukushima coast of Japan suggest that radioactive particles from last year’s nuclear disaster have accumulated on the seafloor and could contaminate sea life for decades, according to new research.

Asahi Shimbun, via Getty Images

A broker inspected octopus from Fukushima at a market in Tokyo in August.

World Twitter Logo.

The findings published in Friday’s issue of the journal Science highlight the challenges facing Japan as it seeks to protect its food supply and rebuild the local fisheries industry.

More than 18 months after the nuclear disaster, Japan bans the sale of 36 species of fish caught off Fukushima, rendering the bulk of its fishing boats idle and denying the region one of its mainstay industries.

Some local fishermen are trying to return to work. Since July, a handful of them have resumed small-scale commercial fishing for species, like octopus, that have cleared government radiation tests. Radiation readings in waters off Fukushima and beyond have returned to near-normal levels.

But about 40 percent of fish caught off Fukushima and tested by the government still have too much cesium to be safe to eat under regulatory limits set by the Japanese government last year, said the article’s author, Ken O. Buesseler, a leading marine chemistry expert at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, who analyzed test results from the 12 months following the March 2011 disaster.

Because cesium tends not to stay very long in the tissues of saltwater fish — and because high radiation levels have been detected most often in bottom-feeding fish — it is likely that fish are being newly contaminated by cesium on the seabed, Mr. Buesseler wrote in the Science article.

“The fact that many fish are just as contaminated today with cesium 134 and cesium 137 as they were more than one year ago implies that cesium is still being released into the food chain,” Mr. Buesseler wrote. This kind of cesium has a half-life of 30 years, meaning that it falls off by half in radioactive intensity every 30 years. Given that, he said, “sediments would remain contaminated for decades to come.”

Officials at Japan’s Fisheries Agency, which conducted the tests, said Mr. Buesseler’s analysis made sense.

“In the early days of the disaster, as the fallout hit the ocean, we saw high levels of radiation from fish near the surface,” said Koichi Tahara, assistant director of the agency’s resources and research division. “But now it would be reasonable to assume that radioactive substances are settling on the seafloor.”

But that was less of a concern than Mr. Buesseler’s research might suggest, Mr. Tahara said, because the cesium was expected to eventually settle down into the seabed.

Mr. Tahara also stressed that the government would continue its vigorous testing and that fishing bans would remain in place until radiation readings returned to safe levels.

Naohiro Yoshida, an environmental chemistry expert at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, said that while he agreed with much of Mr. Buesseler’s analysis, it was too early to reach a conclusion on how extensive radioactive contamination of Japan’s oceans would be, and how long it would have an impact on marine life in the area.

Further research was needed on ocean currents, sediments and how different species of fish are affected by radioactive contamination, he said.

As much as four-fifths of the radioactive substances released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant are thought to have entered the sea, either blown offshore or released directly into the ocean from water used to cool the site’s reactors in the wake of the accident.

Sea currents quickly dispersed that radioactivity, and seawater readings off the Fukushima shore returned to near-normal levels. But fish caught in the area continue to show elevated readings for radioactive cesium, which is associated with an increased risk of cancer in humans.

Just two months ago, two greenling caught close to the Fukushima shore were found to contain more than 25,000 becquerels a kilogram of cesium, the highest cesium levels found in fish since the disaster and 250 times the government’s safety limit.

The operator of the Fukushima plant, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, said that the site no longer released contaminated water into the ocean, and that radiation levels in waters around the plant had stabilized.

But Yoshikazu Nagai, a spokesman for the company, said he could not rule out undetected leaks into the ocean from its reactors, the basements of which remain flooded with cooling water.

To reduce the chance of water from seeping out of the plant, Tokyo Electric is building a 2,400-foot-long wall between the site’s reactors and the ocean. But Mr. Nagai said the steel-and-concrete wall, which will reach 100 feet underground, would take until mid-2014 to build.

 

 

Fukushima owner says plant may be leaking radiation into sea

 

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

TEPCO, operator of the Fukushima nuclear facility, failed to confirm that radiation leaks at the plant had fully stopped. This came after a US report that irradiated fish are still being caught off the coast of Japan following the 2011 meltdown.

­The Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) told journalists Friday they could not confirm that radiation had stopped leaking from the nuclear power plant struck by a massive earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. Still, they said that radiation levels in the seawater and seabed soil around the plant were declining.

A recent article in the academic journal Science revealed that 40 percent of bottom-dwelling marine species in the area show cesium-134 and 137 levels that are still higher than normal.

The numbers aren’t going down. Oceans usually cause the concentrations to decrease if the spigot is turned off,” Ken Buesseler, study author and senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution told the Associated Press. “There has to be somewhere they’re picking up the cesium.”

Option one is the seafloor is the source of the continued contamination. The other source could be the reactors themselves,” Buesseler added.

Radioactive cesium is a human-made radioactive isotope produced through nuclear fission of the element cesium. It has a half-life of 30 years, making it extremely toxic.

TEPCO confirmed that the radioactive water used to cool the plant’s reactors leaked into the ocean several times, most recently in April.

The plant is struggling to find space to store the tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water used to cool the broken reactors and prevent it from a meltdown.

The company managed to collect the water used to cool the spent fuel rods and circulate it back into reactor cores, so the reactors are now being cooled with recycled water. However, groundwater is still seeping through cracks in basement where the reactor and turbine are stored, posing further dangers.

With the groundwater seeping in, the volume of decontaminated water collected and stored at the Fukushima Daiichi plant could triple within three years, TEPCO told the AP.

The accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant was triggered by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake that struck northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. An enormous tsunami crashed onto the land, resulting in the flash-flooding of four of the plant’s six reactors, shattering the cooling system. This led to a series of oxygen blasts, and a partial meltdown of the reactor core.

The incident was the biggest nuclear disaster in 25 years since the tragedy at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Multiple cases of contamination of air and seawater by radioactive material have been reported. Over 140,000 people were forced to leave an evacuation area 40 kilometers in diameter around the plant. Most of those people are still living in shelters. Full management of the disaster, including dismantling the reactors, is expected to take around 40 years.

 

 

Fukushima ‘running out of space’ to store dirty water

by Our Foreign Desk

Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant is struggling to find space to store tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water, it emerged today.

About 200,000 tons of radioactive water used to cool the broken reactors are being stored in hundreds of gigantic tanks built around the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant.

Operator Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco) has already chopped down trees to make room for more tanks and predicts the volume will more than triple within three years.

“Our land is limited and we could eventually run out of storage space,” said water treatment manager Yuichi Okamura.

Tepco’s tanks are filling up mostly because leaks in reactor facilities are allowing ground water to pour in.

Outside experts say that if contaminated water is released, there will be a lasting impact on the environment.

And they fear that because of the reactor leaks and water flowing from one part of the plant to another, that may already be happening.

Nuclear engineer Masashi Goto said the contaminated water build-up poses a long-term threat.

He said that the radioactive water in the basements may already be getting into the underground water system, where it could reach far beyond the plant, possibly into the ocean or public water supplies.

“You never know where it’s leaking and once it’s out you can’t put it back,” he said.

He added that the Tepco roadmap for dealing with the problem was “wishful thinking.”

“The longer it takes, the more contaminated water they get.”

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

27.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 12:43 UTC
Description
Another person has died of the Marburg viral disease in the southwestern district of Kabale, bringing the total number of such deaths to seven. Lydia Rusanyuka died Saturday morning at Rushoroza health center three after spending less than a week under medical care inside the isolation center. The deadly virus claimed its seventh victim just a little over a week since its outbreak in the district was first reported by health experts. The medics had settled onto the conclusion after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute had tested positive. Rusanyuka, the mother of a mortuary attendant who also succumbed to the disease had been tested positive with the virus prior to her death. Her son, Jason Tumukunde also died of the same disease. Doctor Patrick Tusiime, the Kabale District health officer has said the deceased will be buried in Bukora, Kitumba sub-county Kabale district today. Meanwhile, the wife of the late Tumukunde, his sister and their eight-year-old daughter remain in isolation at Rushoroza after testing positive.

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Climate Change

Opposite Behaviors? Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks, Antarctic Grows

by Maria-Jose Vinas for NASA’s Earth Science News
Greenbelt MD (SPX)


September 2012 witnessed two opposite records concerning sea ice. Two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low for the satellite era (left), Antarctic sea ice reached a record winter maximum extent (right). But sea ice in the Arctic has melted at a much faster rate than it has expanded in the Southern Ocean, as can be seen in this image by comparing the 2012 sea ice levels with the yellow outline, which in the Arctic image represents average sea ice minimum extent from 1979 through 2010 and in the Antarctic image shows the median sea ice extent in September from 1979 to 2000. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio and NASA Earth Observatory/ Jesse Allen. View Arctic larger. View Antarctic larger.

The steady and dramatic decline in the sea ice cover of the Arctic Ocean over the last three decades has become a focus of media and public attention. At the opposite end of the Earth, however, something more complex is happening.

A new NASA study shows that from 1978 to 2010 the total extent of sea ice surrounding Antarctica in the Southern Ocean grew by roughly 6,600 square miles every year, an area larger than the state of Connecticut. And previous research by the same authors indicates that this rate of increase has recently accelerated, up from an average rate of almost 4,300 square miles per year from 1978 to 2006.

“There’s been an overall increase in the sea ice cover in the Antarctic, which is the opposite of what is happening in the Arctic,” said lead author Claire Parkinson, a climate scientist with NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. “However, this growth rate is not nearly as large as the decrease in the Arctic.”

The Earth’s poles have very different geographies. The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by North America, Greenland and Eurasia. These large landmasses trap most of the sea ice, which builds up and retreats with each yearly freeze-and-melt cycle. But a large fraction of the older, thicker Arctic sea ice has disappeared over the last three decades. The shrinking summer ice cover has exposed dark ocean water that absorbs sunlight and warms up, leading to more ice loss.

On the opposite side of the planet, Antarctica is a continent circled by open waters that let sea ice expand during the winter but also offer less shelter during the melt season. Most of the Southern Ocean’s frozen cover grows and retreats every year, leading to little perennial sea ice in Antarctica.

Using passive-microwave data from NASA’s Nimbus 7 satellite and several Department of Defense meteorological satellites, Parkinson and colleague Don Cavalieri showed that sea ice changes were not uniform around Antarctica.

Most of the growth from 1978 to 2010 occurred in the Ross Sea, which gained a little under 5,300 square miles of sea ice per year, with more modest increases in the Weddell Sea and Indian Ocean. At the same time, the region of the Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas lost an average of about 3,200 square miles of ice every year.

Parkinson and Cavalieri said that the mixed pattern of ice growth and ice loss around the Southern Ocean could be due to changes in atmospheric circulation. Recent research points at the depleted ozone layer over Antarctica as a possible culprit.

Ozone absorbs solar energy, so a lower concentration of this molecule can lead to a cooling of the stratosphere (the layer between six and 30 miles above the Earth’s surface) over Antarctica. At the same time, the temperate latitudes have been warming, and the differential in temperatures has strengthened the circumpolar winds flowing over the Ross Ice Shelf.

“Winds off the Ross Ice Shelf are getting stronger and stronger, and that causes the sea ice to be pushed off the coast, which generates areas of open water, polynyas,” said Josefino Comiso, a senior scientist at NASA Goddard.

“The larger the coastal polynya, the more ice it produces, because in polynyas the water is in direct contact with the very cold winter atmosphere and rapidly freezes.” As the wind keeps blowing, the ice expands further to the north.

This year’s winter Antarctic sea ice maximum extent, reached two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low, was a record high for the satellite era of 7.49 million square miles, about 193,000 square miles more than its average maximum extent for the last three decades.

The Antarctic minimum extents, which are reached in the midst of the Antarctic summer, in February, have also slightly increased to 1.33 million square miles in 2012, or around 251,000 square miles more than the average minimum extent since 1979.

The numbers for the southernmost ocean, however, pale in comparison with the rates at which the Arctic has been losing sea ice – the extent of the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean in September 2012 was 1.32 million square miles below the average September extent from 1979 to 2000. The lost ice area is equivalent to roughly two Alaskas.

Parkinson said that the fact that some areas of the Southern Ocean are cooling and producing more sea ice does not disprove a warming climate.

“Climate does not change uniformly: The Earth is very large and the expectation definitely would be that there would be different changes in different regions of the world,” Parkinson said. “That’s true even if overall the system is warming.” Another recent NASA study showed that Antarctic sea ice slightly thinned from 2003 to 2008, but increases in the extent of the ice balanced the loss in thickness and led to an overall volume gain.

The new research, which used laser altimetry data from the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat), was the first to estimate sea ice thickness for the entire Southern Ocean from space.

Records of Antarctic sea ice thickness are much patchier than those of the Arctic, due to the logistical challenges of taking regular measurements in the fierce and frigid waters around Antarctica. The field data collection is mostly limited to research icebreakers that generally only travel there during spring and summer – so the sole means to get large-scale thickness measurements is from space.

“We have a good handle of the extent of the Antarctic sea ice, but the thickness has been the missing piece to monitor the sea ice mass balance,” said Thorsten Markus, one of the authors of the study and Project Scientist for ICESat-2, a satellite mission designed to replace the now defunct ICESat. ICESat-2 is scheduled to launch in 2016. “The extent can be greater, but if the sea ice gets thinner, the volume could stay the same.”

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 26. 2012

Published on Oct 26, 2012 by

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Methane Followup: http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/10/24/14670511-climate-changing-methane-…
Saturn Storm: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121025105209.htm
Saturn Storm Visualizations: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-after-effects-saturn-super-storm-video.html
Hawaii Volcano Update: http://news.discovery.com/earth/kilauea-lava-lake-threatens-to-spill-121024.html
Soyuz/ISS Update: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-soyuz-astronauts-docks-space-station.html
China’s Largest Fresh Lake: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931543.htm
China NavSat: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931037.htm
Italy Quake: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/9634929/One-dead-as-5….

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 27. 2012

 

Published on Oct 27, 2012 by

All Images seen and Information heard here can be found at the Links Below, with gratitude. [Click SHOW MORE]

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Fukushima Worry: http://www.weather.com/news/japan-nuclear-water-worries-20121025

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

CANYON OF FIRE:

A filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on Oct 26th. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. Click on the circle to animate the event:

The glowing walls of the canyon are formed in a process closely related to that of arcade loops, which appear after many solar flares. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

As erupting magnetic filaments often do, this one launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space. The Solar and Heliospheric Observary recorded the expanding cloud: movie. The CME does not appear to be heading for Earth or any other planet.

Solar activity at low levels with possible Earth-directed CME…

By

chillymanjaro
 
The Watchers Tweet Tweet Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600. A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected. SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of...

Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600.

A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected.

STEREO Behind COR2 image from 21:40 UTC on OCtober 27 and earlier STEREO Ahead COR2 image from 18:54 UTC on October 27

SOHO’s LASCO C2 latest image is recorded at 11:12 UTC on October 26.

SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on October 26. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. This solar filament launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space but luckily, it was not Earth-directed. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

GOES X-Ray flux show mostly quit conditions, only 3 C-class flares were observed during the past 24 hours.

All four visible Sunspot regions (1596, 1598, 1599, 1600) are currently stable. Three low-level C-class flares were observed from behind the west limb, likely from old Region 1594. Region 1598 remained the most magnetically complex region on the visible disk and produced a B9 flare at 12:35 UTC on October 27. Region 1596 has shown signs of penumbral decay, mainly in its trailer spots. There are no large coronal holes on the Earthside of the Sun.

There will be a slight chance for an isolated M-Class flare throughout the weekend. NOAA/SWPC forecasters estimated 15 % chances of M-class event. Sunspot 1598 is the one to watch.

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Space

NASA: Rare, enormous gas storm detected on Saturn

By Todd Sperry, CNN
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • The storm, first detected in 2010, let out something of a cosmic burp
  • If on Earth, it would cover North America top to bottom and wrap the globe many times
  • The storm also led to a drastic change in the ringed planet

(CNN) — NASA says the Cassini spacecraft recorded the aftermath of a massive storm on Saturn that let out an “unprecedented belch of energy.”

Not only was the size of the storm unusual, but what the storm was made of left scientists puzzled.

The source of the cosmic burp, which rapidly changed the atmosphere’s temperature, was ethylene gas, an odorless, colorless gas that has rarely been observed on Saturn, NASA said.

“This temperature spike is so extreme it’s almost unbelievable,” said Brigette Hesman, the study’s lead author who works at Goddard. “To get a temperature change of the same scale on Earth, you’d be going from the depths of winter in Fairbanks, Alaska, to the height of summer in the Mojave Desert,” Hesman said in a statement released by NASA.

NASA’s NuStar gets first look at black hole at the center of the Milky Way

Scientists still haven’t figured out from where the ethylene gas came.

By comparison, a storm of similar size on Earth would cover North America from top to bottom and wrap the planet many times, researchers said.

The Cassini spacecraft first detected the disruption on December 5, 2010, and has been following it since, but researchers said the ethylene gas disruption that followed the storm was unexpected.

A storm this size happens once every 30 years, or once every Saturn year, NASA scientists said.

Launched in 1997, the Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency.

A full report will be published in November’s issue of the Astrophysical Journal.

A COMET IN TROUBLE?

Amateur astronomers have been keeping a close eye on Comet 168P/Hergenrother since October 1st when it suddenly brightened 500-fold, from 15th to 8th magnitude. At the time, the comet was making its closest approach to the sun (1.4 AU). Some observers speculated that solar heating caused the fragile comet to break apart. On Oct. 26th, a group of astronomers found evidence to support this idea. “Using the Faulkes North (F65) telescope,” writes Ernesto Guido et al., “we detected a fragmentation in Comet 168P.”

“Our images, taken on Oct. 26th, reveal the presence of a secondary nucleus, or fragment, about two arcseconds away from the main central condensation of comet 168P.” This is probably a chunk of rocky ice emerging from the haze of gas and dust that surrounds the main nucleus, still hidden inside. Comets are notoriously fragile, so its no surprise that Comet 168P/Hergenrother is breaking apart in this way.

The only question is, what happens next? Will the comet spit in two, with two heads and two tails, one tracking the fragment and the other tracking the parent? Or is this the prelude to a more complete disintegration? Amateur astronomers are encouraged to monitor developments while the comet remains bright enough to see through backyard telescopes. Here are the comet’s coordinates. For best results, we recommend the Comet Hunter Telescope.

Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 8 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 9 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 12 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 18 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 22 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
(2007 VB188) 25th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1446 56.3 14 m – 32 m 10.32 km/s 37152 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

 

 

Galactic Dinners –
The Milky Way Slowly Consuming Ancient Star Cluster

MessageToEagle.com – Based on current models, galaxies grow by consuming other star systems and the so-called galactic cannibalism process is widespread in the universe.

Around the Milky Way galaxy and in the vicinity of our immediate cosmic neighborhood, known as the “Local Group” of galaxies, traces of spiral galaxies swallowing dwarf galaxies have been known to astronomers since 1997.

Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, researchers have recently discovered a band of stars, or stellar stream.
It is the first of its kind found in the southern Galactic sky, a region that has been hard to examine due to a relative lack of deep-sky imaging there. Deeper imaging enables astronomers to detect fainter stars.

 

Credits: NASA
This stellar stream, named the Triangulum stream, could be the remnant of an ancient star cluster slowly being ingested by the Milky Way, Earth’s home galaxy.

“The Milky Way is constantly gobbling up small galaxies and star clusters,” said Ana Bonaca, a Yale graduate student and lead author of a study forthcoming in Astrophysical Journal Letters.

 


Click on image to enlarge

M33, the Triangulum Galaxy, is a perennial favorite of amateur and professional astronomers alike, due to its orientation and relative proximity to us. It is the second nearest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way (after M31, the Andromeda Galaxy) and a prominent member of the “local group” of galaxies. From our Milky Way perspective, M33’s stellar disk appears at moderate inclination, allowing us to see its internal structure clearly, whereas M31 is oriented nearly edge-on. The Galaxy Evolution Explorer imaged M33 as it appears in ultraviolet wavelengths. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
The discovery will help astronomers reconstruct how the Milky Way’s mass is distributed, further revealing its dynamic structure.

“The more powerful gravity of our Milky Way pulls these objects apart and their stars then become part of the Milky Way itself.”

 

Researchers have previously found evidence of the Milky Way eating up dwarf galaxies.Bonaca argues that the newly found stellar stream is the remnant of a star cluster rather than of a larger galaxy, because the stream is very narrow.

“Our discovery is more of a light snack than a big meal for the Milky Way,” says Marla Geha, associate professor of astronomy at Yale and a co-author of the study.

“Studying this digestion process in detail is important because it gives us new insight into how all galaxies form and evolve.”

 

Galaxies are believed to form hierarchically through the merger of smaller galaxies and still smaller star clusters.
Stellar streams form as they are ripped apart by the gravitational force of galaxies.
This process may be the primary way galaxies such as the Milky Way grow in mass, the researchers say.

 

 

A map of stars in the outer region of the Milky Way as traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Streams of stars are seen throughout both the Northern (top) and Southern Galactic hemispheres, corresponding to small galaxies and star clusters which are in the process of being ingested by the Milky Way. The newest discovery is designated as the Triangulum Stream. Credits: yale.edu
Triangulum was found by searching a region recently surveyed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), an international collaboration that is mapping the sky through wide-field photometry.

Bonaca, Geha and co-author Nitya Kallivayalil, a Yale postdoctoral fellow, relied specifically on the survey’s Data Release 8, which included information about vast new areas of the southern galactic sky.

The study is available now on the arXiv preprint server.

MessageToEagle.com via cordis.europa.eu

See also:
ESA’s New Satellite Cheops Will Study Super-Earths

 

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

By: Meg Rossman

A loud, unexplained noise set off dozens of calls to the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office Friday morning after residents reported hearing an explosion so loud it shook their homes. YNN’s Meg Rossman reveals the source behind that explosion and why there’s no mystery behind that mystery boom.

NIAGARA COUNTY, N.Y. — It was the mystery boom heard ’round the world – or at least Niagara County that caused the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office to field dozens of calls similar to this exchange from concerned residents:

Dispatch: “Niagara County 911 what’s your emergency?”Caller: “…I heard an explosion and my windows all shook.

Dispatch: “You don’t see any fire or anything?

Caller: “No. No, I don’t.”

No fire and no damage but after several reports just after midnight Friday, Niagara County Undersheriff Michael J. Filicetti said deputies went to investigate.”We actually had several units respond down to the, mostly it was the Newfane area, Town of Somerset, Barker area,” he explained. “They checked around and couldn’t find anything.”

But they were offered plenty of suggestions, everything ranging from a sonic boom to a meteor.

“As of early this morning, we still hadn’t figured out what caused it,” Filicetti said.

According to officials at Columbia University, it’s not out of the question for tremors like Friday’s to be caused by landslides, sonic booms or even a meteor. In this case, however, the source turned out to be a 2.5 magnitude earthquake centered in the Town of Barker.

Dispatch: “Niagara County 9-1-1 what’s the address of your emergency?

Caller: “It’s not actually an emergency. I heard that explosion…”

So how do you explain that mystery boom?”They likely experienced a jolt and that jolt would likely set one’s house in motion and I suspect that’s the noise they heard,” Andrew Whittaker explained.

Whittaker, a structural engineering professor from the University at Buffalo, said it’s a common occurrence with minor earthquakes so close to the surface. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the area sits on a fault line and experiences several very minor quakes every few years, though none of any apocalyptic proportions.

“We have no evidence whatsoever that a large magnitude event is around the corner,” Whittaker said.

Mystery solved.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife

DNR: More than 11,000 deer dead of EHD

Virus will not impact this hunting season

  • By Steve Kelso

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WOOD) – The number of Michigan deer dead of a virus continues to rise.

More than 11,000 deer that have been reported dead of epizootic hemorrhagic disease, or EHD, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

The disease causes extensive internal hemorrhages, according to the DNR. White-tailed deer usually develop symptoms seven days after exposure. Between eight and 36 hours after the start of symptoms like rapid pulse and breathing, fever and weakness, the deer lie down and die.

EHD is spread by a gnat called the midge — a species that multiplied well in this summer’s drought. It has been know to exist in Michigan for years, but this year’s outbreak is the worst in history.

“It is way worse than any other outbreak. We have had a few that got over 1,000 or maybe over a thousand a few years back, but this is by far the worst we have seen it,” said DNR Wildlife Biologist John Niewoonder.

The hardest-hit areas are in southwest Michigan, a DNR map shows. Ionia County has also seen a big outbreak. There have been 2,244 reported cases there. Kent County has had 1,637 reported cases.

The DNR says that the number of deer dead of EHD is actually much higher than the 11,000 or so reported, but admits that there is no telling exactly how many deer have died.

The DNR had hoped that by October, the numbers would be on the decrease because a hard freeze should kill off the midges.

Hunters should still feel free to hunt, the DNR says, and the agency will not put any limitations on deer hunting this year. But after this season concludes, the DNR will consider numbers gathered from deer check stations as they decide how many permits to issue next year.

“Typically these re-evaluations don’t result in big changes because the population just doesn’t change that much from one year to the next. This year may be different because of the disease. Hunters may notice bigger changes for next year than they normally would,” said Niewoonder.

It is important to put the number of dead deer in perspective. While there are more than 11,000 deer dead from EHD, hunters harvested more than 440,000 last year and an average of more than 50,000 die every year in car crashes.

The DNR says it does not anticipate that Michigan’s deer herd is in danger.

Humans cannot contract EHD. It occasionally infects domesticated animals — usually hoof stock, the DNR says — but they rarely get sick.

Online:

DNR field offices contact information

Details on this year’s EHD outbreak and FAQ

Watch video here

27.10.2012 Biological Hazard USA State of California, South Lake Tahoe Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 17:27 (05:27 PM) UTC.

Description
A total of 3 chipmunks tested positive for the plague in the South Lake Tahoe area. California Department of Public Health tested 38 chipmunks and 3 squirrels for the plague during the this month’s surveillance effort, El Dorado County Department of Environmental Health spokesperson Karen Bender said. The department said the results of the tests are not surprising, but do warrant precaution. The plague is an infectious bacterial disease that is spread by wild rodents and their fleas. People can be infected by close contact with the rodents or their fleas. “Risk of transmission is significantly reduced during the winter months because rodents and their fleas are less active when the weather is cold,” Interim El Dorado County Health Officer, Dr. Robert Hartmann said. Cases of the plague are common in mountain and foothill areas of California, but cases in people are rare. The plague can be treated by antibiotics if detected early. Symptoms of the plague appear within two weeks of exposure and include fever, nausea, weakness and swollen lymph nodes.
Biohazard name: Yersinia pestis (chipmunks)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Articles of Interest

 

 

Rocket Explosion:
New Space Debris Cloud Threatens Future Space Missions

 

MessageToEagle.com – ‘Briz-M’, a Russian rocket recently exploded into some 500 fragments. Most of the debris is now, floating in low Earth orbit.

The good news is that the ISS can avoid a possible collision.

The bad news is that this new space junk cloud has become a threat to future space missions.

The rocket was previously floating inert in space after it failed on a mission to deliver two satellites to its intended orbits in a botched August launch. The rocket engine stalled seven seconds after ignition, leaving some 10 to 15 tons of rocket fuel unused in its tanks. On October 16, Briz-M detonated and shattering into hundreds of fragments.

A proton-M rocket carrying Briz-M.
The debris from the explosion was first noticed by Australian astronomer Robert McNaught. Russia is carefully monitoring the fragments, but there is a risk the number may increase further as the space junk pieces collide with each other and break apart, an industry source told Interfax on Thursday.

The space junk poses no immediate danger, but could threaten future space missions. “We just expanded the list of potential threats with new entries,” the source explained.

The debris is spread across altitudes ranging from 250 to 5,000 kilometers.Both American and Russian space experts believe most of the scrap will continue to orbit the earth.

Air Force Lt. Col. Monica Matoush, a Pentagon spokesperson, said the U.S. military was tracking debris from the Breeze M breakup.

The Defense Department’s joint functional component command for space, known by the acronym JFCC-Space, monitors objects in orbit and issues collision alerts to U.S. government, international and commercial satellite owners.

“The resulting debris field and impact to space objects on orbit are being assessed at this time, however JFCC-Space is currently tracking over 500 pieces of debris,” Matoush said in an email Tuesday. ”

We expect that number to fluctuate as work to characterize the debris field continues.”

The explosion of Briz-M has cteared a space debris cloud that can threaten future space missions. Image credit: ESA

 

“Although some of the pieces have begun to re-enter, most of the debris will remain in orbit for an extended period of time,” US State Department spokesperson Jamie Mannina said in a statement.

The International Space Station orbits Earth at an altitude of about 400 kilometers. The station is not currently on a collision course with any of the fragments, and can be repositioned in the future if any danger arises.

Experts are worried how the debris cloud will affect future space missions.

© MessageToEagle.com

See also:
New Supercomputer Can Prevent Asteroid Impact By Using An Atomic Bomb

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.3   2012/10/25 23:05:27   39.855   16.044 3.8  SOUTHERN ITALY
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 22:58:19   11.214   126.100 45.1  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 22:33:49  -50.133   113.885 9.1  SOUTHEAST INDIAN RIDGE
MAP  2.6 2012/10/25 22:11:06   37.733  -121.365 9.3  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/25 22:09:11   51.508  -178.230 25.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/25 20:50:04   17.552   -68.919 66.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.4   2012/10/25 20:49:34   -5.905   -76.116 8.0  NORTHERN PERU
MAP  3.4 2012/10/25 20:26:45   18.159   -68.659 110.0  ISLA SAONA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  2.5 2012/10/25 19:51:31   19.830  -155.599 15.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.0   2012/10/25 18:57:08   -3.939   140.288 44.4  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.3   2012/10/25 18:40:40  -19.830  -178.196 604.1  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/25 17:37:24   59.271  -152.148 53.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 16:54:17   31.943   131.661 41.7  KYUSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.6 2012/10/25 16:12:00   37.640  -118.948 7.9  LONG VALLEY AREA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.5 2012/10/25 12:57:36   63.781  -148.382 10.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 11:19:55   60.630   -43.993 9.9  WESTERN GREENLAND
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 10:57:21   32.707  -115.251 15.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/25 10:42:21   60.156  -153.882 200.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.8   2012/10/25 10:32:28   38.306   141.733 48.1  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.1   2012/10/25 10:31:18   22.450   120.514 21.3  TAIWAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/25 10:09:44   0.665   124.548 163.5  MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/25 09:25:59  -17.974  -178.448 599.5  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 07:04:36   60.593  -152.038 115.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 05:39:31   -6.965   155.468 86.0  BOUGAINVILLE REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 05:37:59  -32.866   -69.930 91.8  MENDOZA, ARGENTINA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/25 04:35:39   18.916   -64.243 34.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 03:07:26   51.580  -178.083 4.7  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 01:39:43   -6.319   130.430 142.8  BANDA SEA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/25 01:21:59   59.819  -147.419 10.1  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/25 01:11:32   59.513  -155.530 11.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/25 00:42:30   63.738  -148.906 124.9  CENTRAL ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 23:32:40   57.988  -155.593 102.1  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 22:12:02   0.085   123.564 137.3  MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 22:05:51  -22.821   -63.751 523.1  SALTA, ARGENTINA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 21:57:37   31.451  -116.858 18.4  OFFSHORE BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 21:19:48   -5.420   151.861 47.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 20:08:07   51.569  -178.171 12.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 18:29:07   39.264  -123.156 7.0  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.4   2012/10/24 17:56:01   17.844   -81.690 32.7  CAYMAN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 16:03:58   44.956  -114.564 22.5  SOUTHERN IDAHO
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 13:36:43   65.240  -134.216 5.0  NORTHERN YUKON TERRITORY, CANADA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/24 12:54:37   18.020   -65.423 18.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 11:29:59   19.498  -155.780 10.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 11:20:41   59.907  -147.356 0.0  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 10:00:49   19.368  -155.237 3.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 09:33:45   59.870  -147.421 11.3  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/24 08:35:14   51.279  -177.774 25.6  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 07:59:02   61.511  -148.037 12.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 07:35:26   59.481  -154.834 201.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/24 07:05:43   36.446   140.763 69.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.7   2012/10/24 06:50:48   54.778  -163.536 90.5  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 05:56:17   61.494  -146.560 26.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 05:43:44   59.581  -152.361 84.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 03:08:17   61.853  -149.981 16.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 01:55:27   10.049   -85.500 11.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/24 01:36:43   16.581   -97.336 46.8  OAXACA, MEXICO
MAP  6.5   2012/10/24 00:45:34   10.121   -85.314 20.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/24 00:35:42   19.663   -64.265 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 00:02:52   -4.750   145.221 45.7  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.5   2012/10/23 22:15:29  -18.423  -177.822 628.7  FIJI REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/23 22:00:54   51.606  -178.015 6.7  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 21:55:17   38.755   142.351 42.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.6 2012/10/23 20:01:02   51.577  -178.354 9.0  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/23 19:11:53   2.150   92.447 29.0  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/23 18:00:44   -6.583   147.923 38.3  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/23 17:47:57   -6.635   147.918 53.4  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/23 16:34:18  -10.809   113.654 25.9  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/23 16:17:56   42.094   47.695 20.6  CAUCASUS REGION, RUSSIA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/23 15:25:43   51.265  -177.752 20.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 15:20:42   38.956   20.662 10.0  GREECE
MAP  3.2 2012/10/23 12:43:48   58.444  -150.322 3.1  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/23 11:53:27   19.178   -64.126 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/23 11:28:39   60.162  -152.321 92.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/23 10:45:21  -25.717   -70.556 32.4  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
MAP  6.0   2012/10/23 09:39:31  -22.316   171.675 127.0  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  5.2   2012/10/23 09:33:20  -57.575   148.078 10.0  WEST OF MACQUARIE ISLAND
MAP  5.9   2012/10/23 08:53:39   29.090   139.244 443.0  IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/23 08:22:15   18.889   -65.004 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/10/23 07:45:52   40.299  -124.532 8.7  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 07:29:43   36.006  -120.567 5.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/23 05:52:19   61.398  -150.053 13.6  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/23 05:38:28   -8.994   124.106 103.0  KEPULAUAN ALOR, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 05:22:05   36.296  -120.856 8.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/23 04:37:57   35.577  -120.883 5.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 03:55:47   38.767  -122.742 2.3  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 02:10:08   58.059  -152.767 96.0  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 00:37:09   39.570   143.027 26.5  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/23 00:21:12   14.215   -89.814 260.5  GUATEMALA

………………………………..

Earthquake-Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear Plants

Nuclear Plants Vulnerable to Earthquakes

The American government has officially stated that fracking can cause earthquakes. Some fracking companies now admit this fact The scientific community agrees. See this, this, this, this and this.

Earthquakes can – of course – damage nuclear power plants. For example, even the operator of Fukushima and the Japanese government now admit that the nuclear cores might have started melting down before the tsuanmi ever hit. More here.

Indeed, the fuel pools and rods at Fukushima appear to have “boiled”, caught fire and/or exploded soon after the earthquake knocked out power systems. See this, this, this, this and this. And fuel pools in the United States store an average of ten times more radioactive fuel than stored at Fukushima, have virtually no safety features, and are vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attacks. And see this.

Indeed, American reactors may be even more vulnerable to earthquakes than Fukushima.

But American nuclear “regulators” have allowed numerous nuclear power plants to be built in earthquake zones (represented by black triangles in the following diagram):

 Earthquake Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear PlantsSome plants are located in very high earthquake risk zones:

No1 Earthquake Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear Plants (Note: Ignore the long lines in the diagram … they represent the Missouri and Mississippi rivers, which present a huge danger of flooding nuclear reactors , but not an earthquake risk).

And they have covered up the risks from earthquakes for years … just like the Japanese regulators did. For example:

  • The NRC won’t even begin conducting its earthquake study for Indian Point nuclear power plant in New York until after relicensing is complete in 2013, because the NRC doesn’t consider a big earthquake “a serious risk”
  • Congressman Markey has said there is a cover up. Specifically, Markey alleges that the head of the NRC told everyone not to write down risks they find from an earthquake greater than 6.0 (the plant was only built to survive a 6.0 earthquake)
  • We have 4 reactors in California – 2 at San Onofre 2 at San Luis Obisbo – which are vulnerable to earthquakes and tsunamis

For example, Diablo Canyon is located on numerous earthquake faults, and a state legislator and seismic expert says it could turn into California’s Fukushima:

see  video here

On July 26th 2011 the California Energy Commission held hearings concerning the state’s nuclear safety. During those hearings, the Chairman of the Commission asked governments experts whether or not they felt the facilities could withstand the maximum credible quake. The response was that they did not know.

This is similar to what happened at Fukushima: seismologists dire warnings were ignored (and see this.)

Yet the Nuclear Regulatory Commission doesn’t even take earthquake risk into account when deciding whether or not to relicense plants like Diablo Canyon.

Are They Fracking With Us?

American nuclear regulators are allowing earthquake-inducing fracking to be conducted mere feet from nuclear power plants.

As the Herald Standard reports:

Chesapeake Energy has a permit to frack just one mile from the Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Station in Shippingport. Whether that is cause for alarm, experts can’t say.

***

“Hydraulic fracturing near a nuclear plant is probably not a concern under normal circumstances,” [Richard Hammack, a scientist at the Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory] said. “If there is a pre-stress fault that you happen to lubricate there (with fracking solution), that is the only thing that might result in something that is (seismically) measurable.”

That’s not very reassuring, given that “lubrication” of faults is the main mechanism by which fracking causes earthquakes. (Indeed,  the point is illustrated by the analogous fact that leading Japanese seismologists say that the Fukushima earthquake “lubricated” nearby faults, making a giant earthquake more likely than ever.)

And as Akron Beacon Journal notes, fracking is allowed with 500 feet of nuclear plants:

“We’re not aware of any potential impacts and don’t expect any,” said FirstEnergy spokeswoman Jennifer Young today. “We see no reason to be particularly concerned.”

***

[But] experts can’t say if the proposed well so close to two nuclear power plants is cause for concern.

***

DEP spokesperson John Poister told the Shale Reporter that there are no required setbacks specifically relating to a required distance between such shale wells and nuclear facilities, just a blanket regulation requiring a 500-foot setback from any building to a natural gas well.

REYKJAVIK (Reuters) – Icelandic authorities warned people in the north of the island on Thursday to prepare for a possible big earthquake after the biggest tremors in the area for 20 years.

The north Atlantic island, where almost 320,000 people live, is a hotspot of volcanic and seismic activity as it straddles a fault in the earth’s surface.

The Civil Protection Department said in a statement that recent small quakes in an area under the sea about 20 km (12 miles) off the north of Iceland had prompted it to issue a warning to local people.

It said such shocks, one of which was a magnitude 5.6, often led to stronger quakes. Warnings were issued when there were grounds to expect a natural or manmade event that could threaten health and human safety, it added.

“People are anxious because they don’t know what might happen,” said Amundi Gunnarsson, chief of the fire brigade in Fjallabyggd, one of the small towns in the area, and a member of the Civil Protection Department.

“At the same time, life goes on as usual. People are going to work and children are going to school, but everyone is on alert,” he told Reuters by telephone.

The coastal area in the north is home to several small towns and a population of several thousand people.

The biggest town in the north of Iceland, Akureyri, has a population of about 17,000 people, and lies roughly 100 km south of the seismic activity.

Geologist Benedikt Ofeigsson said houses in Iceland could typically withstand quakes of a magnitude about 7.

“Of course there could be some damage to in walls and concrete in such strong earthquakes, but what is important that houses have stood firm,” he told Reuters.

(Reporting by Robert Robertsson, writing by Patrick Lannin; Editing by Alistair Scrutton and Keith Weir)

Today Earthquake Italy Provincia di Cosenza (Calabria), [Cosenza regio] Damage level Details

Earthquake in Italy on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 04:36 (04:36 AM) UTC.

Description
A magnitude 5 earthquake struck north of Cosenza in southern Italy early on Friday, and police said a hospital had been evacuated after cracks were found in its structure, but there were no reports of injuries. The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. (7.05 p.m. EDT on Thursday) about 6.3 km (3.9 miles) underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV). It said on its website that at least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake. An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure. No injuries were reported, the official said. Italian news agencies reported scenes of panic in the hospital and said many inhabitants of Mormanno and surrounding towns had come out in the streets. Police and fire fighters are surveying the area for further damage, officials said.
Today Earthquake Iceland North Atlantic Ocean, [North of the island (under the sea)] Damage level Details

Earthquake in Iceland on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
Icelandic authorities warned people in the north of the island yesterday to prepare for a possible earthquake after the biggest tremors in the area for 20 years. The north Atlantic island, where almost 320,000 people live, is a hotspot of volcanic and seismic activity. The Civil Protection Department said in a statement that recent small quakes in an area under the sea about 20km off the north of Iceland had prompted it to issue a warning. It said such shocks, one of which was a magnitude 5.6, often led to stronger quakes

………………………….

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 26, 2012 05:49:05 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

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IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

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IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

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IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

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IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Hawaii’s big Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes linked

New model says they are connected underground and relieve pressure in each other

By Becky Oskin

OurAmazingPlanet

The past decade of eruptions of Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano may have acted as a pressure-relief valve for neighboring Mauna Loa, according to a new model suggesting two of the planet’s biggest volcanoes connect deep underground.

Scientists know each of the two Hawaiian volcanoes has its own plumbing —separate, shallow magma chambers. Such chambers are the source of Kilauea’s rising lava lake, which is threatening to spill over. But 50 miles (80 kilometers) down, in a part of the Earth’s mantle layer called the asthenosphere, Mauna Loa and Kilauea are dynamically coupled, said Helge Gonnermann, a professor at Rice University in Houston, who is the lead author of a new study showing the link.

“It’s like groundwater in an aquifer or oil in an oil reservoir,” Gonnermann told OurAmazingPlanet. “We know that there is melt that extends beneath both volcanoes. Changes in pressure can be transmitted to both volcanoes.”

The Hawaiian Islands are hotspot volcanoes, formed as the Pacific plate moves over a plume of hot magma in the mantle. Pressure changes in the pooled magma in the mantle could rapidly affect both volcanoes, the model indicates.

The model helps explains some intriguing observations: When one volcano inflates, the other starts to bulge about six months later. At times, such as in 2005, both volcanoes inflate at the same, GPS data show

The study suggests that Mauna Loa’s and Kilauea’s opposing pattern — when one is active, the other is quiet — occurs because eruptions at one volcano release pressure in the other.

The model suggests Mauna Loa, which produced its most recent blast in 1984, had accumulated enough magma for another eruption, but its pressure was relieved by Kilauea’s heightened activity.

“The hypothesis coming out of this model is that if we hadn’t seen this increased activity at Kilauea, then we would not have seen this pressure relief,” Gonnermann said.

The summit of Kilauea has recently started inflating, giving the researchers a real-world test. “If Kilauea continues to inflate like it is right now, and if our model holds water, we should also see another period of inflation at Mauna Loa in about half a year,” Gonnermann said.

The scientists also hope to test the model in other hotspot volcanoes, such as those of the Galapagos.

The findings are detailed in the November issue of the journal Nature Geosciences.

Reach Becky Oskin at boskin@techmedianetwork.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.

вулкан Алаид

Kuril’s Alaid volcano.
© Photo: ru.wikipedia.org

The Kuril Island volcano named Alaid, in Russia’s Far East has begun spewing ash with the giant ash cloud rising to an altitude of up to 700 meters.

The Alaid Volcano is the tallest and northernmost volcano in the islands, with a crater which is approximately 1.5-km-wide.

The first signs of activity were recorded on October 7th when thermal anomalies were observed a cloud of steam appeared.

Volcanologists are issuing warnings regarding the likelihood of an eruption of ash emissions which may reach a height of 10-15 kilometers above sea level.

Voice of Russia, Russia 24

25.10.2012 03:12 AM Australian Antarctic Territory in the Southern Ocean, Heard Island and McDonald Islands Madison Complex Volcano (Madison Peak) Volcano Activity 0304-001 Stratovolcano No. 0 Details

Volcano Activity in Heard Island and McDonald Islands on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
One of Australia’s two active volcanoes seems to be erupting. We say seems because the volcano in question, on Heard Island, is located in the southern reaches of the Indian Ocean, 2000km north of Antarctica and closer to Africa than to Australia. That’s about as close to the middle of nowhere as it is possible to be. Heard Island and its neighbour MacDonald Island are Australian territories and are uninhabited, but each possesses an active volcano. Scientific expeditions venture there infrequently, due to conservation issues and the fact the islands have a wretched climate, are thousands of miles from anywhere nice and can only be accessed or supplied by ship. That means little attention is paid to the islands, with the satellite images such as the one below seldom acquired. But NASA’s Earth Observatory says the image and other analysis detected heat signatures on Heard Island’s 2475m Mawson Peak that suggest recent volcanic activity. “Although not definitive, this natural-color satellite image also suggests an ongoing eruption,” NASA writes. “The dark summit crater (much darker than Mawson’s shaded southwestern face) is at least partially snow-free, and there’s a faint hint of an even darker area—perhaps a lava flow—within. Shortwave infrared data (collected along with the visible imagery) shows hot surfaces within the crater, indicating the presence of lava in, or just beneath, the crater.” The Australian Government’s official Heard and McDonald Island website, which has a nifty .aq domain, reports eruptions on McDonald Island. In 1992. Heard Island’s remote location means any eruptions are unlikely to bother anyone, as the region has no history of colossal, world-shaking, events. Penguins and expeditions that plan to visit the islands are, however, in jeopardy. Two of the latter are scheduled for the near future. In 2013 a solo adventurer plans to sail to the islands and then kayak ashore.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of North Carolina, [Croatan National Forest ] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:09 (03:09 AM) UTC.

Description
A sudden, unexpected burst of high winds caused a controlled burn in the Croatan National Forest to get out of control and burn 21,000 acres this summer, according to a report on the fire. The U.S. Forest Service released its “Learning Analysis” of the fire that prompted road closures in the forest and affected the region for weeks with heavy smoke. The report shows that the controlled burn that began on June 14 to remove undergrowth and improve habitat for the red cockaded woodpecker in 1,567 acres went well at first. Subsequent burns on June 15 and June 16 also had no issues. However, the report cites a sudden burst of high winds during a 20- to 30-minute window around 2:30 p.m. on June 16 that sent embers across South Little Road outside of the controlled burn area as the reason behind the wildfire. The report shows that maximum winds had been up to only 15 mph, but that the wind suddenly picked up to 23 mph. “The winds that kicked up for that half an hour were what we suspect as contributing to us having a spot fire,” Barry Garten, acting district ranger for the Croatan National Forest, said on Thursday. “We did everything that we possibly could to make sure that everything was in good shape but when the wind comes up like that, a kind of anomaly of a wind that no one saw, it makes it difficult to keep everything in check.”

According to the report, a forest service helicopter spotted the new fire at about 3 p.m. June 16 and estimated its size at 50 to 75 acres. By 6 p.m., it had grown to 235 acres. Forestry officials opted not to fight the fire through the night of June 16, citing safety concerns, according to the report. By the morning of June 17, the fire had spread to 2,800 acres. The report lists that the controlled burn created a “smoke screen” that made detecting the wildfire difficult. The report also mentioned the importance of maintaining communication with the National Weather Service about weather conditions during controlled burns. The report, put together by eight forestry officials that were not directly connected to the fire, mentioned that the preparation, plan and practices established for controlled burns were followed and that officials took appropriate action once the wildfire started.

25.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Colorado, [Wetmore area] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Wednesday, 24 October, 2012 at 03:06 (03:06 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 03:07 UTC
Description
Colorado authorities said they were hoping to determine Wednesday how many buildings had been burned by a fast-moving wildfire that sprang up Tuesday afternoon. The blaze in south-central Custer County was quickly spread by 50 mph winds. The high winds prevented crews from fighting the fire from the air. Officials said the wildfire was ignited by a house fire in a subdivision south of Wetmore and that it had burned into “broken terrain” of relatively uninhabited areas of Custer and Pueblo counties. More than 300 homes have been evacuated, said Steve Segin of the Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center. A separate wildfire in Estes Park has consumed 979 acres and was only partially contained, the National Park Service reported.

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Storms/ Flooding

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 26.10.2012 Hurricane III 335 ° 148 km/h 185 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 824.38 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 05:01:30 N 12° 42.000, W 78° 36.000 0 74 93 Tropical Storm 0 12 998 MB NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 04:57:08 N 15° 12.000, W 77° 12.000 17 93 111 Tropical Storm 15 12 989 MB NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 05:02:54 N 19° 24.000, W 76° 18.000 20 148 185 Hurricane I. 10 12 954 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:02:25 N 25° 18.000, W 76° 6.000 20 148 185 Hurricane III 335 ° 12 968 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 36.000, W 77° 24.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
27th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 28° 54.000, W 76° 54.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
28th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 24.000, W 75° 24.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 0.000, W 72° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
30th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 37° 30.000, W 72° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 76° 30.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
Tony (AL19) Atlantic Ocean 23.10.2012 25.10.2012 Tropical Depression 70 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Tony (AL19)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 22° 18.000, W 51° 42.000
Start up: 23rd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 886.99 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 04:48:04 N 22° 18.000, W 51° 42.000 11 56 74 Tropical Depression 350 9 1006 MB NOAA NHC
23rd Oct 2012 05:00:42 N 23° 0.000, W 51° 48.000 15 56 74 Tropical Depression 355 12 1006 MB NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 04:49:58 N 26° 42.000, W 49° 12.000 19 65 83 Tropical Storm 50 10 1004 MB NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 05:00:08 N 30° 6.000, W 40° 18.000 37 83 102 Tropical Storm 70 10 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
25th Oct 2012 17:59:58 N 31° 0.000, W 36° 18.000 33 65 83 Tropical Depression 70 ° 16 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 12.000, W 27° 48.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
Son-Thin (24W) Pacific Ocean 24.10.2012 26.10.2012 Typhoon I 285 ° 102 km/h 130 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Son-Thin (24W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000
Start up: 24th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 779.31 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
24th Oct 2012 04:45:21 N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000 20 65 83 Tropical Storm 305 10 JTWC
25th Oct 2012 04:49:30 N 12° 24.000, E 121° 36.000 30 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 14 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:05:24 N 14° 36.000, E 116° 6.000 19 102 130 Typhoon I 285 ° 12 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 17° 36.000, E 107° 18.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 42.000, E 109° 42.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
28th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 19° 12.000, E 104° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
29th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 21° 42.000, E 103° 42.000 Tropical Depression 28 46 JTWC
Murjan (01A) Indian Ocean 25.10.2012 26.10.2012 Tropical Depression 270 ° 56 km/h 74 km/h 0.00 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Murjan (01A)
Area: Indian Ocean
Start up location: N 10° 30.000, E 53° 54.000
Start up: 25th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 252.63 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
25th Oct 2012 04:47:31 N 10° 30.000, E 53° 54.000 26 65 83 Tropical Storm 70 12 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:06:12 N 9° 36.000, E 50° 18.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 270 ° 0 JTWC

………………………………………

Hurricane Sandy: Florida coastline under storm warning

Satellite image provided by the National Hurricane Center showing Sandy moving north towards the US coastline, 25 October 2012 Sandy is expected to bring high winds, heavy rain and extreme tides to the eastern US seaboard

Hurricane Sandy has swept north over the Bahamas towards the US, having reportedly killed some 20 people as it tore through Cuba, Haiti and Jamaica.

Schools, offices, airports and bridges had closed across the Bahamas as residents stocked up on supplies.

Forecasters warn the storm could pose a major threat to the US East Coast.

Early on Friday, Sandy had dropped to a category one hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 90 mph (150 kph), said the US National Hurricane Center.

It was moving north at about 13 mph centred between Cat Island and Eleuthera in the central Bahamas about 185 miles south-east of Freeport on Grand Bahama Island.

Florida was already being lashed by heavy rain and high winds, with the coastal state being put under a tropical storm warning.

“We’re looking for tropical-storm force winds along the coast and then some very dangerous surf conditions over the next couple of days,” said James Franklin, the NHC’s chief hurricane forecaster.

“So we can’t really emphasise enough to keep people out of the water, the winds are going to be very strong.”

Some US broadcasters were already referring to Sandy as The Halloween Hurricane – or even Frankenstorm, due to the possibility of it blending with a winter storm over the United States – as it was expected to bring coastal flooding and power outages around All Hallow’s Eve – on 31 October.

The storm was expected to head north-west at a slower pace on Friday, getting gradually larger all the while.

Although it is forecast to weaken, the NHC said it would likely remain a hurricane during the next 48 hours.

Guantanamo battered

Earlier on Thursday Sandy had caused a storm surge leading to severe flooding along Cuba’s south-eastern coastline.

Civil emergency authorities revealed 11 people died as the storm lashed the communist island – nine of those in Santiago de Cuba, the island’s second-largest city.

TV footage of the popular tourist destination showed fallen trees, toppled houses and debris-choked streets.

More than 50,000 people had been moved from their homes in the city as a precaution.

Strong winds and rain also battered the US naval base and detention facility at Cuba’s Guantanamo Bay, confining some workers to their quarters, delaying a hearing and prompting a number of prisoners to be moved to safer accommodation.

Elsewhere, nine deaths were reported in Haiti – where much of the infrastructure remains in a very poor condition following a massive earthquake in 2010.

New map

In Jamaica earlier, more than 1,000 people sought refuge in shelters as Sandy caused widespread power outages, flooded streets and damaged buildings.

One elderly Jamaican was killed when a boulder fell on his house.

A 48-hour curfew was imposed in the island’s major towns to deter the looting that had accompanied previous storms.

Related Stories

One person killed as Hurricane Sandy batters Jamaica

Forecasters warned the category one hurricane would grow in size

A man has been crushed to death by boulders as Hurricane Sandy sweeps across Jamaica, moving north to Cuba.

The category one hurricane struck the island on Wednesday, unleashing heavy rains and winds of 125km/h (80mph).

Schools and airports are closed, and a curfew has been imposed in major towns. A police officer was shot and injured by looters in the capital, Kingston.

A hurricane warning has also been issued in Cuba, where Sandy is expected to make its next landfall.

Moving at 22km/h, the hurricane struck Kingston on Wednesday evening and headed north, emerging off the island’s northern coast near the town of Port Antonio.

Sandy has prompted a hurricane watch in the Bahamas, while Florida has been placed on tropical storm watch.

“It’s a big storm and it’s going to grow in size after it leaves Cuba,” said forecaster Michael Brennan from the National Hurricane Center (NHC) in Miami.

Officer shot

The NHC predicts that Sandy could dump up to 50cm (inches) of rain across parts of Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and eastern Cuba.

“These rains may produce life-threatening flash floods and mudslides, especially in areas of mountainous terrain,” the centre warned in a statement.

More than 1,000 Jamaicans have sought refuge in shelters, with residents reporting widespread power outages, flooded streets and damages to buildings.

An elderly man was crushed to death by stones that fell from a hillside as he tried to get into his house in a rural village, authorities said.

Much of the island’s infrastructure is in a poor state of repair, and a lack of effective planning regulation has resulted in homes being built close to embankments and gullies.

“A part of the roof of my veranda just went like that [and] at least five of my neighbours have lost their entire roofs,” a resident of the coastal city of Iter Boreale told Reuters news agency.

Boarding up windows in the capital Kingston Kingston prepares for the arrival of the hurricane

The country’s sole energy provider, the Jamaica Public Service Company, said 70% of its customers were without electricity.

Authorities have imposed a 48-hour curfew in all major towns. But looters in Kingston ignored the order and wounded a senior officer in a shooting, police said.

In some southern Jamaican towns, crocodiles were caught in rushing floodwaters, which carried them out of mangrove thickets, the Associated Press reports.

One big croc was washed into a family’s front yard in the city of Portmore, according to the news agency.

While Jamaica was ravaged by winds from Hurricane Ivan in 2004, the eye of a hurricane hasn’t crossed the island since Hurricane Gilbert in 1988.

Almost 50 people were killed by that storm, and the then Prime Minister, Edward Seaga, described the hardest hit areas near where Gilbert made landfall as looking “like Hiroshima after the atom bomb”.

Related Stories

Hurricane Sandy Heads Toward Cuba, May Strike U.S.

By Brian K. Sullivan

Hurricane Sandy, which closed businesses and airports on Jamaica as it moved north in the Caribbean, may strike the U.S. East Coast next week with the potential to cause millions of dollars in damage.

Sandy’s top winds reached 85 miles (137 kilometers) an hour as it moved off the north coast of Jamaica and headed toward Cuba, according to a U.S. National Hurricane Center advisory at 8 p.m. New York time.

“The table is set for some pretty major weather,” said Henry Margusity, an expert senior meteorologist at AccuWeather Inc. in State College, Pennsylvania. “Is it going to be an epic storm or is going to be just your typical nor’easter? We will have the answers next week.”

Sandy is expected to cross Cuba overnight and the Bahamas tomorrow, according to the hurricane center. The storm may then move parallel to the U.S. East Coast and either be pushed into the Atlantic Ocean or pulled into the coastline.

A computer model based in Europe took the storm up Delaware Bay, while another by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration had Sandy curve into Portland, Maine, Margusity said. Both events would take place early next week.

The Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency said residents should monitor the storm’s progress.

Weather Patterns

One of the major weather patterns determining where Sandy will end up is the North Atlantic Oscillation, which is currently blocking weather systems moving off the U.S. The system may turn Sandy into the U.S. coast, Margusity said.

A storm on that potential track may do millions in damage from downed trees, power outages and flooding, he said.

Before then, Sandy is forecast to cross eastern Cuba and the Bahamas, where hurricane warnings have been issued, according to the hurricane center.

As much as 20 inches (51 centimeters) of rain may fall on parts of Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica, the center said. Three inches are possible in Florida.

To contact the reporter on this story: Brian K. Sullivan in Boston at bsullivan10@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Dan Stets at dstets@bloomberg.net

Hybrid of Sandy, Winter Storm Threatens East Coast

Hurricane Sandy aftermath in Santo Domingo
ORLANDO BARRIA / EPAA boy plays next to firefighters in a flooded street amidst garbage that was dragged by the heavy rains in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic after Hurricane Sandy hit the country on Oct. 25, 2012. About 8,755 people have been forced to leave their homes due to heavy rains caused by Hurricane Sandy.

(WASHINGTON) — Much of the U.S. East Coast has a good chance of getting blasted by gale-force winds, flooding, heavy rain and maybe even snow early next week by an unusual hybrid of hurricane and winter storm, federal and private forecasters say.

Though still projecting several days ahead of Halloween week, the computer models are spooking meteorologists. Government scientists said Wednesday the storm has a 70 percent chance of smacking the Northeast and mid-Atlantic.

(PHOTOS: The Most Destructive U.S. Hurricanes of All Time)

Hurricane Sandy in the Caribbean, an early winter storm in the West, and a blast of arctic air from the North are predicted to collide, sloshing and parking over the country’s most populous coastal corridor starting Sunday. The worst of it should peak early Tuesday, but it will stretch into midweek, forecasters say.

“It’ll be a rough couple days from Hatteras up to Cape Cod,” said forecaster Jim Cisco of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration prediction center in College Park, Md. “We don’t have many modern precedents for what the models are suggesting.”

It is likely to hit during a full moon when tides are near their highest, increasing coastal flooding potential, NOAA forecasts warn. And with some trees still leafy and the potential for snow, power outages could last to Election Day, some meteorologists fear. They say it has all the earmarks of a billion-dollar storm.

Some have compared it to the so-called Perfect Storm that struck off the coast of New England in 1991, but Cisco said that one didn’t hit as populated an area and is not comparable to what the East Coast may be facing. Nor is it like last year’s Halloween storm, which was merely an early snowstorm in the Northeast.

Today Flash Flood Philippines Province of Zamboanga Sibugay, [Buug and Lamare] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Philippines on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 05:13 (05:13 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 1,250 families evacuated to safer ground as flash flood, triggered by incessant rains, hit the town of Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay, a military officer said here. Two families were also forced to flee their homes due to landslides near the mining village of Lamare, Bayog town in the adjacent province of Zamboanga del Sur Thursday. No one was hurt or injured during the incident as the two families managed to flee before huge chunks of crumbling earth destroyed their houses made of light materials. Capt. Alberto Caber, Spokesman of the Army’s 1st Division, said ground troops and civilian disaster response teams reported that the flood water swelled in the Barangay Poblacion – the town center of Buug and in the nearby village of Bula-an, prompting residents residents to flee to higher ground. “The flood water reached as [high] as five feet, prompting the rescue and evacuation Thursday of the affected residents in the area,” Caber said. He said local disaster officials on the ground reported that the flood was triggered by continuous rains since Wednesday night.

Local weather bureau of Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said the incessant rain was triggered by the monsoon and enhanced by the tail ends of tropical storm Ofel. Close to 6,250 persons were evacuated by the rescuing police and military troops to the nearby Villa Castor Elementary School. Caber said no casualty was reported while local authorities have yet to assess the damage brought by the flood. Maj. Gen. Ricardo Rainier Cruz III, 1st Army Division chief, directed the military units located in the coastal areas to closely monitor the water level. “As the need arises, [we will] undertake rescue and retrieval operations jointly with the PNP, local officials and civilian volunteers,” Cruz said.

Today Flash Flood Turkey Province of Gaziantep, [Gaziantep-Sanl urfa Highway] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Turkey on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 05:11 (05:11 AM) UTC.

Description
Three people were killed early on Thursday in the province of Gaziantep in southeastern Turkey when a passenger bus was drifted in flood. The passenger bus was among several vehicles which were drifted by flood along the Gaziantep-Sanl urfa Highway after flash floods hit the city, said the report, adding that several people were also missing. Search and rescue teams were dispatched for searching for the missing people since the early hours of the day, said the report. The floods came during the holidays of Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), a four-day Islamic holiday. Thousands of people were jamming the roads during the Eid to visit relatives, with authorities calling on drivers to be careful while driving.
Today Flash Flood Malaysia Capital City, Kuala Lumpur [Jalan Damansara] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Malaysia on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:23 (03:23 AM) UTC.

Description
Petty traders preparing for Hari Raya Haji shoppers had their business interrupted by flash floods. Lemang stall operators along Jalan Damansara had to wait for the floods to subside after heavy rain at 5pm yesterday before reopening for business. The flash floods also caused a 3km-long jam on the Sprint Highway from Section 16. Muslims are celebrating Hari Raya Haji today amid a forecast of heavy rain by the Meteorology Department.

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Radiation / Nuclear

Fukushima Update: Unit 4 Is Sinking … Unevenly

… And May Begin Tilting

The spent fuel pool at Fukushima Unit 4 is the top short-term threat to humanity, and is a national security issue for America.

As such, it is disturbing news that the ground beneath unit 4 is sinking.

Specifically, Unit 4 sunk 36 inches right after the earthquake, and has sunk another 30 inchessince then.

Moreover, Unit 4 is sinking unevenly, and the building may begin tilting.

An international coalition of nuclear scientists and non-profit groups are calling on the U.N. to coordinate a multi-national effort to stabilize the fuel pools. And see this.

Given the precarious situation at Unit 4, it is urgent that the world community pool its scientific resources to come up with a fix.

Minor hydrogen leak at closed Calif. nuclear plant

The Associated Press

LOS ANGELES—The operators of the shuttered San Onofre nuclear power plant say a hydrogen leak is the latest problem to plague the troubled plant, but it was small and presented no risk to workers or the public.Plant operator Southern California Edison said in a statement Monday that the leak was discovered in a non-nuclear part of the facility Sunday and has been reported to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

The Orange County Register (http://bit.ly/RSeFa9) reports that hydrogen is used to cool electrical generators at the plant, and a pipe fitting will be replaced because of the leak.

The plant located between Los Angeles and San Diego hasn’t produced power since Jan. 31 because of excessive wear in its reactors, and it’s not clear when, or if, it will return to service.

———

Information from: The Orange County Register, http://www.ocregister.com

25.10.2012 Nuclear Event France Lower Normandy, Flamanville [Flamanville Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in France on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 15:47 (03:47 PM) UTC.

Description
A contained radioactive water leak detected at EDF’s Flamanville nuclear plant did not cause any damage to the environment or harm any employees, France’s nuclear safety watchdog ASN and EDF said on Thursday. The nuclear safety agency said on its website EDF had detected a leak in a water pipe that feeds the plant’s reactor 1 primary circuit late on Wednesday. It was stopped and did not cause any radioactive contamination. The incident was defined as a grade 1 incident on the international nuclear event scale (INES), where the maximum 7 is the most severe. There were 66 Level 1 incidents in 2011 in France according to the ASN.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

25.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Description
Health experts have confirmed an outbreak of the deadly Marburg virus in the western district of Kabale after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute tested positive. Police Thursday stopped the burial of Boaz Turyahikayo a lecturer at Uganda Christian University and his sister Mildrid Asasira after it emerged that their family had lost four people from a mysterious disease in just a month. The other two are Lillian Banegura their mother and an elder brother Bernard Rutaro who passed away early this month. Dr. Patrick Tusiime the Kabale district health officer said a team from the Ministry of Health and World Health Organization is on its way to oversee the burial of the two victims. The Marburg virus was last reported in Uganda in 2008. It carries symptoms similar to those of Ebola that include fever, vomiting and internal bleeding.
Biohazard name: Marburg virus disease (MVD)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard Canada Province of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Canada on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:24 (03:24 AM) UTC.

Description
Measles hasn’t been seen in the Saskatoon Health Region in the past 15 years, but Thursday the region is reporting a case of the disease. Parents of infants should to check their children’s vaccination records, said Julie Kryzanowski, the region’s medical health officer. About one in four children younger than two are not properly covered by the vaccine because their immunizations are not up to date, she said. “We’re at about 76 per cent coverage rate for children under two years with two doses, so public health will be calling parents of children who are behind with their measles vaccine,” Kryzanowski said. “We’ve set up extra drop in clinics in Saskatoon and some of the surrounding communities of our health region starting Saturday and running through next week.” Measles can be quite serious. “If somebody isn’t protected by immunization and they are exposed to a case of measles, over 90 per cent will be infected,” Kryzanowski said. “Whenever we see a single case of measles we are concerned about the risk of an outbreak because measles is so contagious.” While rare, there are cases seen across the country. “Most of the cases of measles that we do see in Canada are sporadic cases and usually attributed to travel internationally or people coming from overseas to Canada and bringing the measles virus with them.” The case here has been linked to a case in Prince Albert reported last month.
Biohazard name: Measles
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Climate Change

Climate-changing methane ‘rapidly destabilizing’ off East Coast, study finds

NOAA

In this visualization, the Gulf Stream is seen as the dark red current coming into the Atlantic from the Gulf of Mexico.

By Miguel Llanos, NBC News

A changing Gulf Stream off the East Coast has destabilized frozen methane deposits trapped under nearly 4,000 square miles of seafloor, scientists reported Wednesday. And since methane is even more potent than carbon dioxide as a global warming gas, the researchers said, any large-scale release could have significant climate impacts.

Temperature changes in the Gulf Stream are “rapidly destabilizing methane hydrate along a broad swathe of the North American margin,” the experts said in a study published Wednesday in the peer-reviewed journal Nature.

Using seismic records and ocean models, the team estimated that 2.5 gigatonnes of frozen methane hydrate are being destabilized and could separate into methane gas and water.

It is not clear if that is happening yet, but that methane gas would have the potential to rise up through the ocean and into the atmosphere, where it would add to the greenhouse gases warming Earth.

The 2.5 gigatonnes isn’t enough to trigger a sudden climate shift, but the team worries that other areas around the globe might be seeing a similar destabilization.

USGS

Methane hydrate samples

“It is unlikely that the western North Atlantic margin is the only area experiencing changing ocean currents,” they noted. “Our estimate … may therefore represent only a fraction of the methane hydrate currently destabilizing globally.”

The wider destabilization evidence, co-author Ben Phrampus told NBC News, includes data from the Arctic and Alaska’s northern slope in the Beaufort Sea.

And it’s not just under the seafloor that methane has been locked up. Some Arctic land area are seeing permafrost thaw, which could release methane stored there as well.

An expert who was not part of the study said it suggests that methane could become a bigger climate factor than carbon dioxide.

“We may approach a turning point” from a warming driven by man-made carbon dioxide to a warming driven by methane, Jurgen Mienert, the geology department chair at Norway’s University of Tromso, told NBC News.

“The interactions between the warming Arctic Ocean and the potentially huge methane-ice reservoirs beneath the Arctic Ocean floor point towards increasing instability,” he added.

For thousands of years, permafrost has trapped Siberia’s carbon-rich soil, a compost of Ice Age plant and animal remains. But global warming is melting the permafrost and exposing the soil, causing highly flammable methane to seep out. NBC’s Jim Maceda reports.

He also noted, however, that “one of the big unknowns is the magnitude of rapid methane escape from the ocean floor, and how natural filter systems react and affect the future ocean, its environment and the climate.”

Relate: Thawing Arctic permafrost is releasing methane

Another unknown is what caused the Gulf Stream changes, said Phrampus, an earth sciences PhD candidate at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas.

“Multiple events can play a factor, such as changing sea level or an addition of cold/fresh water from the north,” Phrampus said, adding he was hopeful that the changes might be “reversible under their own influence.”

But, he added, “we need more data to resolve this, and we are currently investigating this process.”

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Solar Activity

3MIN News October 23. 2012: X Flare

Published on Oct 23, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
New York Stalls Fracking: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-10-21/fracking-needs-rules-not-flawed-stud…
Mars Canyon: http://www.universetoday.com/98122/valles-marineris-the-grandest-canyon-of-all/
Wyoming Windfarm: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-huge-farm-wyoming.html
California Tornados: http://www.weather.com/news/california-severe-20121022

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

3MIN News October 24. 2012

 

Published on Oct 24, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Uruguay Waves: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/waves-crash-ove…
Italy Quake Trial: http://www.weather.com/news/italy-earthquake-trial-20121021
Russia Sends Human ISS Capsule: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/24/c_131926094_2.htm
Antarctic Melt: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-australia-antarctic-runway.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 25. 2012

 

Published on Oct 25, 2012 by

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Australia Volcano: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/travel/penguin-panic-is-this-aussie-volcano-e…
Gulf Stream Methane: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/346009/description/Gulf_Stream_mig…
Catastrophic Methane Release: http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/extinction_causes/Clathrate_gun_hypothesis
Permian Methane Event: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/08/030828071722.htm
Solar Plasma Penetration: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMOVAMFL8H_index_0.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 11 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 12 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 16 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 20 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 24 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 29 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Sinkholes

Tremors reported at giant Louisiana sinkhole

By Amber Stegall

(Source: Assumption Office of Emergency Preparedness) (Source: Assumption Office of Emergency Preparedness)

BAYOU CORNE, LA (WAFB) –

A sharp tremor was recorded by USGS monitors just after 9 p.m. Wednesday at the site of the giant Louisiana sinkhole in Assumption Parish.

The giant sinkhole appeared in August near the Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas.

The Assumption Parish Police Jury says the tremor was large enough that the body wave phases could easily be identified. A body wave travels through the interior of the earth.

The preliminary location of the tremor was just SE of Oxy #3 cavern at a depth of 500m.  There is no additional information specific to this seismic activity at this time.

The sinkhole is now about four acres in size.

Residents were forced from their homes on August third, two months after the bayous started bubbling. They are still evacuated from their homes.

SLIDESHOW: Giant Louisiana Sinkhole

The Assumption Parish, LA sinkhole continues to grow. The ground opened up on August 3, 2012 and residents were evacuated from their homes. The sinkhole, or slurry, is consuming land and trees.

 

 

 

Today Unusual geological event USA State of Louisiana, [Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas, Assumption Parish] Damage level Details

 

Unusual geological event in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:10 (03:10 AM) UTC.

Description
A sharp tremor was recorded by USGS monitors just after 9 p.m. Wednesday at the site of the giant Louisiana sinkhole in Assumption Parish. The giant sinkhole appeared in August near the Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas. The Assumption Parish Police Jury says the tremor was large enough that the body wave phases could easily be identified. A body wave travels through the interior of the earth. The preliminary location of the tremor was just SE of Oxy #3 cavern at a depth of 500m. There is no additional information specific to this seismic activity at this time. The sinkhole is now about four acres in size. Residents were forced from their homes on August third, two months after the bayous started bubbling. They are still evacuated from their homes.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife /  Hazmat

26.10.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Texas, Texas City [Dallas Group of America Inc] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 15:44 (03:44 PM) UTC.

Description
Officials say nine people have been slightly hurt in a chemical tank leak that restricted outdoor activities in a Southeast Texas city. Emergency authorities in Texas City lifted the shelter-in-place order shortly after 5 a.m. Thursday in a storage tank spill involving hydrochloric acid. Diane Tracy with New Jersey-based Dallas Group of America Inc. says company officials are investigating Wednesday night’s accident. Tracy says one Dallas Group employee, four workers with a neighboring transportation company and four firefighters were injured. Tracy says all nine victims were treated and released from a hospital. Homeland Security coordinator Bruce Clawson says the victims suffered acid exposure in the leak around 11 p.m. Wednesday. A shelter-in-place order was issued just before midnight Wednesday.
25.10.2012 HAZMAT USA State of California, Santa Monica [Lincoln and Ocean Park boulevards] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 11:25 (11:25 AM) UTC.

Description
Fire crews have blocked off the parking lot outside Albertson’s grocery store in Santa Monica while a hazardous materials team investigates a low-level radioactive substance which was found inside a trash bin close by. The material was discovered Wednesday morning near the store on Lincoln and Ocean Park boulevards, according to reports. The store has not been evacuated but the parking lot has been blocked off. “We do have firefighters inside the Albertson’s doing radiation monitoring,” Santa Monica Fire Department Chief Mark Bridges told KNX Newsradio. “They are not getting any radiation readings inside the store, but outside we’re getting above-normal readings.” Bridges also confirmed that “low-level radioactive material”, thought to be medical waste, was found in a trash bin.

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Articles of Interest

Today Unusual geological event USA State of California, [Salton Buttes area] Damage level Details

Unusual geological event in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
Earthquake swarms and a region-wide rotten egg smell recently reminded Southern California residents they live next to an active volcano field, tiny though it may be. At the time, scientists said the phenomena did not reflect changes in the magma chamber below the Salton Sea. But now, researchers may need to revise estimates of the potential hazard posed by the Salton Buttes – five volcanoes at the lake’s southern tip. The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Geology reports. The new age – which makes these some of California’s youngest volcanoes – pushes the volcanic quintuplets into active status. The California Volcano Observatory, launched in February by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), already lists the area as a high threat for future blasts. “The USGS is starting to monitor all potentially active volcanoes in California, which includes the Salton Buttes,” said study author Axel Schmitt, a geochronologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “With our results, I think this will further enhance the need to look into the system,” Schmitt told OurAmazingPlanet. Schmitt and his colleagues dated zircon crystals in the hardened lava of the buttes with a relatively new technique, a “helium clock” that starts ticking once the minerals begin cooling at the surface.

The National Science Foundation’s EarthScope project funds an extensive seismic imaging project in the Salton Sea that may soon reveal more information about what’s happening deep underground. “We’ll be looking with great interest to see what we can tell from the Salton Seismic Imaging Project,” said Joann Stock, a Caltech professor and an expert on the region’s volcanic hazards who was not involved in the new study. “I think (Schmitt’s study) is a great contribution,” she said. “It’s an area where we should be concerned. We know that there’s a lot of hot stuff down there,” she told OurAmazingPlanet. In August, an earthquake swarm shook the nearby town of Brawley. The USGS attributed the temblors to faults in the Brawley Seismic Zone. In September, a sulfurous stench emanated from the Salton Sea and wafted across the Inland Empire. The odor was tentatively linked to a fish die-off, but could also have been caused by volcanic gases, Stock said.

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.5   2012/10/15 17:52:21   14.150   -91.000 76.5  GUATEMALA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 17:23:57   19.369  -155.231 3.2  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 17:19:19   35.791  -118.504 3.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/15 16:35:37   -3.235   136.997 68.9  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/15 16:05:12  -10.843   113.701 19.5  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 14:00:37   19.704   -64.087 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 13:43:20   59.294  -149.786 25.4  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/15 13:33:35   19.767   -64.269 35.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  3.0 2012/10/15 12:44:38   38.815  -122.798 2.4  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 09:55:52   18.749   -64.811 51.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/10/15 07:49:03  -13.157   165.525 45.2  VANUATU
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 05:23:04   36.853  -121.315 7.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/15 04:02:15   44.389  -111.053 6.2  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.7 2012/10/15 03:45:21   44.395  -111.049 8.0  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 03:22:33   44.396  -111.072 15.6  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, IDAHO
MAP  2.8 2012/10/15 03:20:45   44.386  -111.050 7.1  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 03:06:13   44.376  -111.087 1.1  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, IDAHO
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 03:05:44   44.404  -111.050 16.9  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 02:54:52   44.394  -111.043 12.4  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 02:52:58   44.377  -111.008 11.7  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  4.4 2012/10/15 02:46:42   19.203   -69.044 61.3  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.6   2012/10/15 01:19:03   51.912   159.446 21.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/15 00:05:38  -38.267   175.925 155.2  NORTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 23:07:59   25.159   101.940 10.0  YUNNAN, CHINA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 22:40:56   12.747   -88.783 66.5  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  2.8 2012/10/14 21:24:22   18.903   -64.984 9.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 19:36:52   55.648   161.750 83.0  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/14 19:34:54   17.965   -67.448 11.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/14 17:43:07   31.985  -115.065 22.7  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.0 2012/10/14 16:53:07   40.645  -125.272 23.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/14 16:30:09   40.712   74.099 10.0  KYRGYZSTAN
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 16:29:21   36.855  -121.315 7.7  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 16:25:53   -1.202   26.778 10.0  DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
MAP  5.0   2012/10/14 14:16:52   48.388   154.450 53.4  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  5.1   2012/10/14 13:18:53  -10.264   161.409 62.0  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  5.1   2012/10/14 13:17:29   36.167   69.240 53.7  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  3.4 2012/10/14 13:11:37   19.326   -65.651 77.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/14 12:14:41   42.778   142.552 35.4  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/14 11:59:41   63.475  -144.981 -5.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.6   2012/10/14 11:11:35   38.227   144.340 24.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.2   2012/10/14 11:09:35   48.373   154.440 35.3  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 10:50:17  -35.306   -73.933 20.4  OFF THE COAST OF MAULE, CHILE
MAP  5.4   2012/10/14 10:41:25   14.711   -92.393 83.2  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  5.3   2012/10/14 10:13:39   41.861   46.362 10.0  GEORGIA (SAK’ART’VELO)
MAP  4.4 2012/10/14 10:08:25   41.694   46.385 9.5  AZERBAIJAN
MAP  4.3 2012/10/14 09:58:27   60.105  -152.543 86.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.8   2012/10/14 09:41:59   48.304   154.532 35.5  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 09:27:32   35.678  -118.040 13.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/14 09:25:11   36.123   70.231 120.2  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  2.9 2012/10/14 09:16:24   61.176  -151.981 89.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/14 07:45:31   40.406  -125.224 3.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 07:28:37   33.386  -109.206 5.0  ARIZONA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 06:16:48   -2.586   142.288 25.4  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAP  5.9   2012/10/14 04:58:08   -7.191   156.064 60.9  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 03:42:26   4.550   125.156 42.7  KEPULAUAN SANGIHE, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 03:37:31  -34.620   -72.285 23.1  OFFSHORE LIBERTADOR O’HIGGINS, CHILE
MAP  2.6 2012/10/14 02:27:13   19.345  -155.497 8.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.8 2012/10/14 01:15:15   36.593  -117.379 10.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 01:02:40   -2.757   100.073 27.5  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 23:36:53   59.995  -141.110 5.8  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/13 23:07:52   -2.521   142.301 6.7  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAP  5.1   2012/10/13 22:36:31  -16.964  -174.438 47.4  TONGA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/13 21:34:36   19.722   -64.296 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 21:13:59   32.919  -117.907 8.3  GULF OF SANTA CATALINA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 20:51:44   47.723  -122.620 21.2  SEATTLE-TACOMA URBAN AREA, TONGA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/13 20:22:32   19.721   -64.171 36.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/13 20:12:49   62.010  -147.771 13.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/13 20:03:52   62.020  -150.248 53.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/13 18:44:12   41.744   46.342 17.4  AZERBAIJAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/13 17:59:08   36.678   71.143 202.9  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/13 17:52:51  -19.895  -173.949 25.6  TONGA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 17:11:13   59.429  -153.166 107.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 15:50:13   40.315  -124.468 7.5  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 15:31:43   40.312  -124.640 10.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 12:10:38   62.328  -151.457 11.7  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 11:35:37   51.636  -178.137 8.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 11:04:53   19.498  -155.800 11.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.1   2012/10/13 10:03:58  -11.059   162.767 38.1  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  2.9 2012/10/13 09:53:25   19.649   -64.199 29.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/13 09:45:58   52.425  -169.157 28.4  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/13 08:25:51   18.800   -65.573 43.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/10/13 08:25:46  -22.267   170.431 36.0  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  4.7   2012/10/13 07:08:42   37.561   95.763 30.3  NORTHERN QINGHAI, CHINA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 06:17:11   19.383  -155.246 3.6  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.3 2012/10/13 05:39:07   59.976  -141.042 0.0  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 04:03:09   34.971   -84.353 8.0  GEORGIA, USA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 03:13:27   61.723  -146.510 11.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 02:40:44   18.843  -155.162 9.2  HAWAII REGION, HAWAII
MAP  4.4 2012/10/13 01:24:54   16.808  -100.215 30.8  OFFSHORE GUERRERO, MEXICO

……………………………..

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 15, 2012 19:49:05 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

Indian Ocean Region
Date/Time (UTC) Message Location Magnitude Depth Status Details
12.10.2012 00:37 AM Tsunami Information Bulletin Aru Islands Region Indonesia 6.7 0 km Details
Original Bulletin
Tsunami Information Bulletin in Aru Islands Region Indonesia, Indian Ocean
000
WEIO23 PHEB 120037
TIBIOX

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0037Z 12 OCT 2012

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR ALL AREAS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN.

... TSUNAMI INFORMATION BULLETIN ...

THIS MESSAGE IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  0032Z 12 OCT 2012
 COORDINATES -   5.1 SOUTH  134.1 EAST
 LOCATION    -  ARU ISLANDS REGION  INDONESIA
 MAGNITUDE   -  6.7

EVALUATION

 A DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT DOES NOT EXIST BASED ON
 HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA.

 HOWEVER - THERE IS A VERY SMALL POSSIBILITY OF A LOCAL TSUNAMI
 THAT COULD AFFECT COASTS LOCATED USUALLY NO MORE THAN A HUNDRED
 KILOMETERS FROM THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER. AUTHORITIES IN THE
 REGION NEAR THE EPICENTER SHOULD BE MADE AWARE OF THIS
 POSSIBILITY.

THIS WILL BE THE ONLY BULLETIN ISSUED BY THE PACIFIC TSUNAMI
WARNING CENTER FOR THIS EVENT UNLESS ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
BECOMES AVAILABLE.

THE JAPAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY MAY ISSUE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
FOR THIS EVENT. IN THE CASE OF CONFLICTING INFORMATION...THE
MORE CONSERVATIVE INFORMATION SHOULD BE USED FOR SAFETY.

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Eruption continues at Paluweh; activity not specified

BY: VOLCANOBULLETIN

The CVGHM (or VSI) raised the Alert Level for Paluweh to ORANGE on 13 October based on ‘seismic and visual monitoring without specifying the activity; eruptive activity is most definitely on-going.

The Darwin VAAC has detected no ash plumes from Paluweh in the past 7 days.


Links / Sources:

Odd “Sombrero” Uplift Observed In Andean Mountains Due To Magma Chamber

Radar data from ERS-1, -2 and Envisat show a central uplift of about 10 mm per year near the Uturuncu volcano (dark red). The surrounding region shows a slower subsidence at a rate of about 2 mm per year (blue). Data were acquired 1992–2010. Scientists refer to the deformation pattern as the ‘sombrero uplift’. Credit: Y. Fialko, SIO/UCSD

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

Geophysicists at University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have identified a unique phenomenon in Altiplano-Puna plateau, located in the central Andes near the borders of Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Magma underneath the Earth’s crust is forcing the ground up in one spot, and at the same time sinking the ground around it. The result is something the researchers have described as the “sombrero uplift,” after the popular Mexican hat.

According to their report on the phenomenon, published in the journal Science, the two UC San Diego scientists recorded uplift in the crust that measured about 0.4 inches per year for 20 years across an area 62 miles wide; the surrounding area sunk at a lower rate—about eight-hundredths of an inch.

“It’s a subtle motion, pushing up little by little every day, but it’s this persistence that makes this uplift unusual. Most other magmatic systems that we know about show episodes of inflation and deflation,” said Yuri Fialko, a professor of geophysics at UCSD and Planetary Physics at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography.

Fialko and co-author Jill Pearse said the phenomenon was the result of a diapir, or a blob of magma, that rises to Earth’s crust like heated wax inside a lava lamp.

Using satellite data from European Remote Sensing (ERS) and Envisat missions, the geophysicists were able to study the uplift in great detail. In 2006, the team asked for the satellites to gather more data from their orbits over Altiplano-Puna.

“It was really important to have good data from different lines of sight, as this allowed us to estimate contributions from vertical and horizontal motion of Earth’s surface, and place crucial constraints on depth and mechanism of the inflation source,” Fialko said.

“Back in 2006, it looked like the satellites stopped acquiring data from the ascending orbits over the area of interest. Fortunately, ESA was very responsive to our requests, and generated an excellent dataset that made our study possible.”

“Satellite data and computer models allowed us to make the important link between what’s observed at the surface and what’s happening with the magma body at depth,” he added.

Fialko said the study’s findings could fuel future research around magmatic events, including the formation of large calderas. Although this diapir in the Altiplano-Puna plateau appears unlikely to cause such a phenomenon—the creation of large calderas, “supervolcanoes,” are highly destructive events that spew thousands of cubic kilometers of magma into the atmosphere. An event of this type would dwarf the Icelandic volcano eruption in 2011 that ejected large amounts of ash into the atmosphere and disrupted global air travel, Fialko said.

Diapirs have been known to exist before, but this new study is the first to recognize an active diapir currently rising through the crust. Fialko said a less prominent uplift phenomenon is taking place near Socorro, New Mexico.

The Altiplano-Puna plateau is a highly active area for magma and is part of a South American volcanic arc that extends along the northwest side of the continent. Experts have described the area as the largest known active magma body in Earth’s continental crust.

Source: Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

redOrbit (http://s.tt/1pVLE)

Once Again Activity has been recorded at The Cerro Machin Volcano in Colombia

El nuevodia
According to the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Manizales, an earthquake measuring 2.6 on the Richter scale occurred yesterday at 11:54 am. The communique also points out that the incident “is associated with rock fracturing within the volcanic edifice.” The volcano-tectonic earthquake occurred to the southeast of the main dome at a depth of 12.33 kilometers (  approx. 8  miles). Although the movement was felt in the district Tapias, rural zone of Ibagué, Eduardo Rodríguez, director of the Departmental Committee for Risk Management, confirmed that no emergencies have been reported thus far. The Cerro Machin volcano alert remains yellow. There have been three earthquakes reported in the vicinity of the volcano within a week. On Sunday two separate  seismic occurrences were recorded at 9:32 and 9:35 pm with a magnitude of 4.6 and 3.9 on the Richter scale, respectively, located  southeast of  the main dome at a  depth of   12 kilometers ( approx. 7 miles).   The two municipalities which  experienced the tremors are Cajamarca and Ibague.

Translation Desert Rose

 Moscow Time

Вулкан Ключевской

Photo: RIA Novosti

The Klyuchevskoy volcano, the highest active volcano in Eurasia, has started erupting in Kamchatka, in the Russian Far East.

The luminescence over the volcano summit is evidence that glowing lava is flowing in the crater.

The volcano may start blowing out ash any moment now.

The Level of Concern Colour Code has been raised to Yellow, which is a potential danger warning for aircraft. The giant volcano last erupted from September 2009 to December 2010, and it began to again wake up in June this year. Klyuchevskoy volcano is 4,750 metres above sea.

Voice of Russia,TASS

Scientist warns of Fuji eruption chaos

By North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy

A Japanese scientist has warned Mount Fuji is due for a “big-scale explosive eruption” that could affect millions of people and cause billions of dollars worth of damage.

Last month a study found the magma chamber under the mountain has come under immense pressure, which could even trigger a volcanic eruption.

It said the added pressure could have been caused by last year’s earthquake, which was followed a few days later by another large tremor directly underneath Fuji.

Professor Toshitsugu Fujii, the head of Japan’s volcanic eruption prediction panel, says an eruption could cause chaos and carnage all the way to Tokyo.

“Mount Fuji has been resting for 300 years now, and this is abnormal,” he told Saturday AM.

“It usually erupts in some form every 30 years.

“So the next eruption could be a big-scale explosive eruption.”

Ever since last year’s massive 9.0-magnitude earthquake off Japan’s north-east, the country’s meteorological agency has been keeping a closer eye on Mount Fuji.

Of even greater concern to the agency was a magnitude-6.2 quake right under the volcano a few days after the big one.

“It’s known that when a large earthquake happens, it can trigger a nearby volcano to erupt,” Professor Fujii said.

“That’s what happened 300 years ago, when Fuji erupted just 40 days after a big quake.”

If there is a large eruption, the government fears it could cause more than $30 billion in damage to public health and agriculture.

Ash accumulations in some areas could be as high as 60 centimetres.

Even Tokyo, 100 kilometres to the north-east, could be coated in volcanic ash.

“Volcanic rocks will fall near the mountain,” Professor Fujii said.

“Tokyo will be covered in a few centimetres of ash. Yokohama will be under 10 centimetres.

“Trains will stop, planes won’t fly and crops will fail.

“Millions will be affected.”

For the hundreds of thousands who live in the shadow of Fuji, an eruption is a constant worry.

Haruo Tomitsuka, a professional photographer who lives by a lake on the east side of the mountain, has been taking photos of Fuji for nearly three decades.

“I’m worried about an eruption, but mostly I worry it will change the beautiful shape of the mountain,” he said.

But for now Fuji remains a sleeping giant, and everyone living in the shadow of the national symbol is hoping the volcano’s slumber will long continue.

12.10.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara, [Mount Rokatenda Volcano, Pulue Island] Damage level Details

Volcano Activity in Indonesia on Friday, 12 October, 2012 at 09:54 (09:54 AM) UTC.

Description
Hundreds of local residents have been forced to evacuate as hot ashes spewed by Mount Rokatenda in Pulue Island, Sikka, East Nusa Tenggara on Thursday. “Volcanic ashes have reached four villages: Nitunglea, Rokirole, Kesokoja and Lidi. Our team has distributed masks and medicine for the residents,” Sikka disaster management agency head Silvanus Tibo said on Friday. Rokatenda’s volcanic activities have increased since Oct. 1, records show that there have been more than 50 volcanic earthquakes and 15 local tectonic earthquakes coupled with flames. The volcano’s last eruption was on March 23, 1985, with volcanic ashes reaching two kilometers above the mountain’s peak. Rokatenda also erupted during the period of Aug. 4 to Sept.25 1928. Nearly 6,000 people are currently living in four villages surrounding Mount Rokatenda.
Today Volcano Eruption Russia [Asia] Kamchatka Peninsula, [Klyuchevskaya Sopka Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 12:23 (12:23 PM) UTC.

Description
The highest active volcano in Eurasia, Klyuchevskaya Sopka has started to erupt, officials with the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said. On the night of October 15, there was light seen over the summit of the volcano indicating a blowout of lava in its crater, Vesti.ru reports. Experts believe the release of ash to the height of 6 feet above sea level may start any moment. Lava flows on the slopes of the volcano are also expected. Yellow aviation color code has been assigned to the volcano to warn about the potential danger that the volcanic ash and gases may pose to aircraft engines. Nothing has been said about the possible threat to human settlements. The nearest settlement is 30 kilometers far from Klyuchevskaya Sopka. The last eruption of Klyuchevskaya Sopka took place from September 2009 to December 2010. In June this year, the giant began to wake up again.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  • Staff writers and wires
  • From: News Limited Network
Spring Snow at Falls Creek

Making the most of the snow fun at Falls Creek in Victoria is Romy Jackson 3, with her Teddy Bear ‘PJ’. . Picture: Chris Hocking Herald Sun

SNOW has fallen across New South Wales and the ACT as a cold snap hits the region.

The unseasonal weather saw residents in areas including the Blue Mountains and southern tablelands waking up to snow on Friday.

There is also snow around Canberra, following the coldest October day there in more than 40 years. There was a maximum temperature of 8C in the Canberra area on Thursday, 11 degrees below the October average and the coldest since 1967.

Overnight snow fell in the hills between Canberra and Bungendore and in areas around Goulburn and Crookwell to the north.

The Bureau of Meteorology said many areas could see snow, frost and hail as the result of a low pressure system moving across NSW.

“We’ve had quite a few reports of snow. We’re expecting snow down to 700m over many parts of the state,” said meteorologist Julie Evans.

There has been 2.5cm of snow on the ground reported at Nerriga, in the southern tablelands. In the Blue Mountains, snow has been falling between Blackheath and Katoomba.

Sussex Inlet on the south coast experienced a thunderstorm about 4am on Friday, with “extensive small hail” falling, Ms Evans said.

“We do get this late season snow but it doesn’t happen very often,” she added.

“The last time was in 2008 when we saw snow in the Snowy Mountains and central tablelands in November.”

In some areas, the temperatures will struggle to reach double figures on Friday, with central western Orange seeing a high of 9C. On Saturday, temperatures will dip below zero with Walcha, in the state’s north, due to get a low of -4C.

The low pressure was expected to affect Sydney in the form of heavy rain on Friday, along with a “sharp increase in wind”, Ms Evans said.

Coastal areas will bear the brunt and surfing conditions were described by the meteorologist as dangerous.

On Saturday there is likely to be extensive frost up and down the tablelands but temperatures are set to improve across the state as the weekend progresses.

Ausgrid has warned residents in Sydney, the Central Coast and Hunter Valley to beware of powerlines that may have fallen as a result of the bad weather.

Ulladulla on the NSW south coast was hit by strong winds and rainfall.

The town saw 225mm of rain fall in less than 24 hours and there were gusts of 47 knots on Friday morning, approaching 90km an hour.

South of the town, heavy storms led to even higher falls, with 288mm at Burrill Lake in the same period.

In Sydney, large swells caused the cancellation of ferries between Manly and Circular Quay.

The Great Western Highway has been closed in both directions at Wentworth Falls due to heavy snow and black ice.

The cold front  had already swept through South Australia, causing unseasonal snow flurries around Adelaide and trapping a schoolgroup who were hiking in Victoria.

In Queensland, there also have been reports of sleet hitting part of the state’s southeast.

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Storms / Flooding / Tornadoes

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Prapiroon (22W) Pacific Ocean 08.10.2012 15.10.2012 Typhoon II 240 ° 139 km/h 167 km/h 2.74 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Prapiroon (22W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000
Start up: 08th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 430.67 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
08th Oct 2012 05:04:27 N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000 9 83 102 Tropical Storm 270 15 JTWC
08th Oct 2012 11:07:36 N 18° 0.000, E 135° 6.000 11 93 120 Tropical Storm 280 16 JTWC
08th Oct 2012 16:15:09 N 18° 18.000, E 134° 12.000 17 102 130 Tropical Storm 290 1155 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 05:29:14 N 17° 42.000, E 132° 36.000 9 120 148 Typhoon I. 260 15 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 10:49:25 N 17° 30.000, E 132° 6.000 9 120 148 Typhoon I. 245 15 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 15:14:10 N 18° 0.000, E 131° 48.000 7 130 157 Typhoon I. 300 9 JTWC
10th Oct 2012 05:20:41 N 18° 24.000, E 130° 54.000 9 157 194 Typhoon II. 295 15 JTWC
10th Oct 2012 16:31:28 N 18° 54.000, E 129° 48.000 13 167 204 Typhoon II. 295 17 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 05:19:36 N 19° 12.000, E 128° 48.000 11 167 204 Typhoon II. 290 16 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 10:17:17 N 19° 30.000, E 128° 30.000 7 176 213 Typhoon II. 315 11 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 16:18:03 N 19° 18.000, E 128° 30.000 0 176 213 Typhoon II. 0 15 JTWC
12th Oct 2012 05:08:38 N 19° 48.000, E 128° 42.000 6 185 232 Typhoon III. 45 9 JTWC
12th Oct 2012 17:03:46 N 20° 12.000, E 129° 18.000 7 167 204 Typhoon II. 60 14 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 06:20:18 N 20° 48.000, E 129° 54.000 6 148 185 Typhoon I. 45 11 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 17:33:17 N 21° 42.000, E 130° 36.000 9 139 167 Typhoon I. 35 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 06:47:02 N 22° 12.000, E 130° 36.000 6 120 148 Typhoon I. 15 9 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 17:17:10 N 22° 42.000, E 131° 18.000 6 120 148 Typhoon I. 55 13 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 15:22:11 N 22° 24.000, E 131° 6.000 4 139 167 Typhoon II 240 ° 9 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 25° 24.000, E 131° 18.000 Typhoon II 139 167 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 30.000, E 130° 54.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 24.000, E 133° 24.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 30° 12.000, E 137° 36.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 33° 54.000, E 143° 24.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
Anais (01S) Indian Ocean 12.10.2012 15.10.2012 Cyclone IV 220 ° 185 km/h 232 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Anais (01S)
Area: Indian Ocean
Start up location: S 7° 54.000, E 71° 0.000
Start up: 12th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 518.09 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Oct 2012 17:05:45 S 7° 54.000, E 71° 0.000 11 65 83 Tropical Storm 241 16 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 06:22:52 S 8° 54.000, E 70° 6.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 225 11 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 17:34:12 S 10° 0.000, E 68° 30.000 17 120 148 Cyclone I. 245 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 06:49:22 S 10° 54.000, E 66° 54.000 20 157 194 Cyclone II. 250 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 17:19:20 S 11° 24.000, E 65° 54.000 9 194 241 Cyclone III. 235 15 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:55:10 S 12° 24.000, E 64° 54.000 11 185 232 Cyclone IV 220 ° 12 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 15° 0.000, E 59° 18.000 Cyclone III 167 204 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 S 14° 12.000, E 61° 6.000 Cyclone IV 204 250 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 16° 12.000, E 56° 48.000 Cyclone II 139 167 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 17° 42.000, E 54° 18.000 Cyclone I 102 130 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 19° 24.000, E 52° 54.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
Rafael (AL17) Carib Sea 13.10.2012 15.10.2012 Hurricane I 335 ° 111 km/h 139 km/h 3.35 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Rafael (AL17)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 15° 24.000, W 63° 24.000
Start up: 13th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 437.98 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
13th Oct 2012 06:11:55 N 15° 24.000, W 63° 24.000 17 65 83 Tropical Storm 325 10 1007 MB NOAA NHC
13th Oct 2012 17:26:58 N 15° 54.000, W 64° 6.000 15 676 83 Hurricane V. 330 16 1006 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 06:41:30 N 18° 24.000, W 63° 36.000 22 83 102 Tropical Storm 355 17 1004 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 17:22:25 N 20° 0.000, W 64° 6.000 19 93 111 Tropical Storm 335 11 997 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:51:33 N 22° 30.000, W 65° 18.000 17 111 139 Hurricane I 335 ° 11 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 30.000, W 65° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 48.000, W 65° 54.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
17th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 31° 30.000, W 62° 36.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
18th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 55° 0.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
19th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 48° 0.000, W 39° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
20th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 49° 0.000, W 26° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
Paul (EP16) Pacific Ocean – East 14.10.2012 15.10.2012 Hurricane I 10 ° 120 km/h 148 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Paul (EP16)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 14° 12.000, W 114° 6.000
Start up: 14th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 136.48 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
14th Oct 2012 06:42:57 N 14° 12.000, W 114° 6.000 20 83 102 Tropical Storm 270 10 1001 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 17:25:26 N 14° 48.000, W 115° 6.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 300 12 1001 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:51:05 N 16° 12.000, W 114° 54.000 11 120 148 Hurricane I 10 ° 16 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 22° 6.000, W 114° 12.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 36.000, W 114° 42.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
17th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 12.000, W 114° 12.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
18th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 0.000, W 117° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
19th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 29° 30.000, W 122° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
Maria (23W) Pacific Ocean 14.10.2012 15.10.2012 Typhoon I 350 ° 93 km/h 120 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Maria (23W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000
Start up: 14th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 119.07 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
14th Oct 2012 17:15:13 N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000 19 65 83 Tropical Storm 290 10 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 15:21:40 N 22° 42.000, E 141° 6.000 33 93 120 Typhoon I 350 ° 15 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 30.000, E 140° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 18.000, E 141° 36.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 32° 6.000, E 146° 42.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 35° 48.000, E 154° 6.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 37° 24.000, E 164° 24.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC

…………………………………..

19 killed, 1,500 fishermen missing in Bangladesh storm

by Staff Writers
Dhaka (AFP)

At least 19 people were killed and an estimated 1,500 fishermen are missing after tropical storms smashed into Bangladesh’s southern coastal islands and districts early Thursday, police said.

Police said at least 1,500 mud, tin and straw-built houses were also levelled in the storms that swept Bhola, Hatiya and Sandwip Islands and half a dozen coastal districts after Wednesday midnight.

At the worst-hit island of Hatiya, at least seven people were killed after they were buried under their houses or hit by fallen trees, said local police chief Moktar Hossain. More than 1,000 houses were flattened.

“More than 100 fishing trawlers, each carrying at least 10 fishermen, have been missing since the storm,” he told AFP, calling it one of the most powerful in decades.

Many fishermen are expected to have taken shelter in other remote islands in the Bay of Bengal or in the neighbouring Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest.

In the past, many fishermen thought to be missing from storms returned home to coastal villages a week or two later.

Four people were killed in Bhola, three each in Sandwip and Companyganj and two at Char Jabbar, police said.

The police chief of Bhola district, Bashir Ahmed, told AFP more than 500 fishermen were missing from the country’s largest island and at least 500 mud and straw-built houses were levelled by the sudden storm.

Bangladesh’s weather office forecast heavy rain in the coastal region and advised fishermen to take care near the shore, but there was no major storm warning.

“We only got the warning signal number three. But the storm was so powerful, the weather office should have hoisted the signal number seven or eight,” said Ahmed, referring to the intensity of the storm on a scale of ten.

“It caught the fishermen and coastal people by surprise. Till now we haven’t had any reports from the missing fishermen,” he said, adding the authorities had sent relief to thousands of affected people.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

13.10.2012 Flood Philippines Government of South Cotabato, [Communities in Lake Sebu] Damage level Details

Flood in Philippines on Saturday, 13 October, 2012 at 09:21 (09:21 AM) UTC.

Description
The provincial government of South Cotabato has ordered the evacuation of around 600 residents from three upland communities in Lake Sebu town following a series of landslides in the area since last week. Lawyer Hilario de Pedro III, acting Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (PDRRMO) chief, said Friday they decided to evacuate residents from sitios Bentung, Lemuti and Tokobokong in Barangay Lamlahak, Lake Sebu to avert a possible tragedy due to the threats of landslides in the area. He said the three communities are considered as high-risk or in a danger zone due to the “multiple landslides” that occurred in the area since September 28. A PDRRMO report cited that the landslides initially displaced 109 families in the area.
It said the incident was caused by almost a week of continuous rains that eventually triggered several ridges of the area’s barren mountain slopes to give in. “(The rains) generated earth cracks which caused the soil descent,” de Pedro said. John Lorca, PDRRMO’s disaster operations chief, said 25 families were also affected in another landslide that occurred in the area earlier this week. He said two houses were destroyed in the incident, which was caused anew by the heavy rains in the area. Lorca said that three to four hectares of the area’s mountains were deemed highly vulnerable to landslides due to the presence of ground cracks. De Pedro, who is also the acting provincial administrator, said 155 families or a total of 620 individuals have been evacuated from the affected communities. He said the provincial government initially delivered food and other relief items to the evacuees, who are currently taking temporary shelter at the village center in Lamlahak. The official said they initially requested the Department of Environment and Natural Resources’ Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) to conduct an assessment of the affected areas and determine whether it’s still safe for the residents to return there.

……………………..

Today Tornado USA State of Mississippi, Wren [Monroe County] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:47 (02:47 PM) UTC.

Description
Significant damage from a possible tornado has been reported in Monroe County in northeast Mississippi. Law enforcement reported the roof of a home was removed with numerous trees downed about three miles south southeast of the town of Wren at around 7:04 p.m. Sunday. The National Weather Service issued a tornado warning for northern Monroe County from 6:52 p.m. to 7:30 p.m., indicating that a rotating severe storm was located near Wren and or seven miles northwest of Aberdeen, moving east at 25 mph. Luckily, there have not been any reports of injuries. The severe storm was associated with a cold front that was moving across the state. Mississippi is approaching what is considered the state’s second severe weather season in the late fall. The month of November is historically the second most active month for tornadoes behind April. The state observes Severe Weather Awareness Day on Oct. 24. Statewide tornado drills will also be conducted.
Today Tornado USA State of Kentucky, Mayfield Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 11:32 (11:32 AM) UTC.

Description
Forecasters say strong winds spun up a small tornado in Mayfield. Only one injury was reported after the storm on Sunday, but property damage included the scoreboard toppled at War Memorial Stadium. Graves County Sheriff Dewayne Redmon said Lions Club Park was heavily damaged. National Weather Service meteorologist Rick Shanklin said an EF-1 tornado struck near the Mills Manor nursing home with winds of 105 mph. No residents of the home were hurt, but cars were moved about in the parking lot and car windows blew out. Graves County Emergency Management Director Jamey Locke said at least two businesses and about a dozen homes were damaged. A homeowner was injured when the storm blew the roof of another building into his house.
Today Tornado USA State of Texas, Lexington [Lee County] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 03:15 (03:15 AM) UTC.

Description
A small tornado damaged a farm in Lexington, about 70 miles east of Austin in Lee County. Cecil and Darene Rexroat’s home in lexington was hit hard Saturday night. “It was like a bomb went off,” said home owner Darene Rexroat. The damage is easy to see. The tin on the roof crumpled like paper. Limbs of a centuries old tree broken off and thrown around the yard. Glass shattered and scattered inside. “About 6:45, apparently, there was a tornado that came through here. We weren’t at home,” said Darene Rexroat. Dispatchers at the Lee County Sheiff’s Office said the tornado was small, and quickly disappated after touching the ground. The Rexroat home took most of the damage. “It was scary. It was scary not knowing what, what was damaged or how damaged or anything like that because we couldn’t get in because the electrical line was laying on the ground so we didn’t go anywhere near it,” said Darene. Rexroat says professionals will come look at the house monday. In the mean time, she and her husband will be hard at work. A task that will be made a little easier with the company of friends and neighbors. Helping the Rexroat’s find serenity and peace among the destruction.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Today Epidemic Hazard Myanmar (Burma) Sagaing Division, Tamu Town [India-Myanmar Borderline] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Myanmar (Burma) on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:19 (02:19 PM) UTC.

Description
An unkown disease showing symptoms of fever is now fast spreading in Tamu town, neighbouring Moreh on the Indo-Myanmar border. The disease is suspected to be dengue. An official of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Society, however, maintained that they have received reports about outbreak of an unknown disease showing symptoms of fever but no definite information about the particular disease has been received so far.
Biohazard name: Unknown fever illness (Susp. Dengue)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 12. 2012

Published on Oct 12, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Spring Snow Kills Livestock: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/snow-causes-livestock-deaths/22654
Late Cold Down South: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/snow-causes-havoc-across-eastern-australia…
RadNet: http://radiationnetwork.com/USA.JPG

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]
Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

2MIN News October 13. 2012

 

Published on Oct 13, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Public Opinion Sways: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/angelafritz/comment.html?entrynum=28
Sept US Climate Report: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/news/ncdc-releases-september-2012-us-monthly-climate…
Nigeria Floods: http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2012/10/12/266191/floodhit-nigeria-declares-ntl-…
Gulf Stream Deviation: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121012122648.htm
Atlanta Wave Clouds: http://www.weather.com/news/wave-clouds-atlanta-20121012
Trolls: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-trolls-criminals-britain-social-media.html
Change in NE Trade Winds: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-documented-decrease-frequency-hawaii-northeast.html
New Arctic Ice High: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-antarctic-sea-ice-high.html
LA Tornado: http://www.myfoxla.com/video?clipId=7834247&autostart=true
Oceanic Acidity: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-oceans-acidity-threat-shellfish-humans.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

3MIN News October 14. 2012

 

Published on Oct 14, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Glaciers Cracking: http://www.iop.org/news/12/oct/page_58615.html
Record NE Lows: http://www.weather.com/news/daily-weather-extra-20121008
Soyuz: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-soyuz-rocket-galileo-satellites.html
Chinese Launch: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/14/c_131905260_4.htm

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

 

3MIN News October 15. 2012

 

Published on Oct 15, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Starwater on the Moon: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-solar-particles-source-lunar-soils.html
Agenda 21 Article: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/15/us-usa-campaign-teaparty-agenda-idU…
Satellite Falls from Orbit: http://space.brevardtimes.com/2012/10/satellite-falls-out-of-orbit-due-to.html
SpaceRef: http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42332

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 


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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 0 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 3 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 21 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 22 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 23 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 25 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings /  Sounds

Wellington ‘hum’ becomes nationwide obsession

Wellington ‘hum’ becomes nationwide obsession

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks had surrounded the city

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks had surrounded the city

By Lloyd Burr

News of the ‘Wellington hum’ has reverberated across the country with the local council inundated with calls on theories about the phenomenon.

The Wellington City Council says calls have flooded in since the noise was first reported in parts of the city three days ago.

The cause of the noise is still unknown but council spokesperson Clayton Anderson says there are several theories floating around.

“We’ve had around 20 phone calls and got around a dozen emails from around New Zealand from people speculating what it is,” he says.

One theory is that the Wellington sewerage pump station is reverberating through the pipes into people’s house.

Another caller said the work being carried out on the Mt Victoria Tunnel ventilation shaft could be producing a low-pitched hum.

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks – fictional mutant aliens from the TV series Doctor Who – had surrounded the city.

But Daleks or not, it appears the noise is spreading with the council receiving its first call from a resident in Berhampore last night.

It takes the total to around 20 noise complaints from Mt Victoria, Mt Cook, Newtown, Berhampore and Karori.

“We’ve put the word out to our business units about what could potentially be making that noise and they’ve all come back saying it’s not us,” says Mr Anderson.

He says the council will continue to go out and monitor noise complaints.

3 News

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Environmental Pollution

Today Biological Hazard Nepal Bhaktapur District, Bode Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Nepal on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 07:41 (07:41 AM) UTC.

Description
Authorities in Bhaktapur’s Bode have culled more than 1500 chickens following a suspected outbreak of bird flu, health officials said. The outbreak of avian influenza initially killed 500 chickens out of 2000 at the poultry farm of a local Om Khadka. A meeting of health officials is underway at Bhaktapur to confirm whether the reported case is of bird flu.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Environment Pollution USA Gulf of Mexico, [Location of Deepwater Horizon disaster] Damage level Details

Environment Pollution in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
The Federal On-Scene Coordinator for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in New Orleans issued a Notice of Federal Interest to BP and Transocean Tuesday. Coast Guard Capt. Duke Walker issued the NOFI following sample results from an oil sheen located in the vicinity of where the Deepwater Horizon drill rig exploded and sank more than two years ago. The sheen was first reported to the National Response Center Sept. 16 by BP based on satellite images from the 9th and 14th overpasses in the Mississippi Canyon, block 252, approximately 50 miles off the coast of Louisiana. The sheen is not feasible to recover and does not pose a risk to the shoreline. The Coast Guard, in concert with BP and NOAA, has conducted regular assessments of the sheen by aircraft and boat since its discovery. The observed sheen size has varied over time depending upon the conditions present. Samples of the sheen were taken by Coast Guard Marine Safety Unit Morgan City Sept. 26 and sent to the Coast Guard Marine Safety Lab in New London, Conn. The Marine Safety Laboratory results indicate the sheen correlates to oil that originated from BP’s Macondo Well. The exact source of the sheen is uncertain at this time but could be residual oil associated with wreckage and/or debris left on the seabed from the Deepwater Horizon incident in 2010. The NOFI effectively informs BP and Transocean that the Coast Guard matched the sheen samples to the Deepwater Horizon spill or sunken drilling debris and that either party or both may be held accountable for any cost associated with further assessments or operations related to this sheen. The Gulf Coast Incident Management Team remains committed to the continued cleanup of the Gulf Coast and all shorelines affected as a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion. The FOSC is determined to continue response activities to remove all oil where it is technologically feasible, environmentally beneficial and safe for workers to perform recovery operations.

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Articles of Interest

Today Power Outage USA State of Michigan, [METRO Detroit region] Damage level Details

Power Outage in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:31 (02:31 PM) UTC.

Description
About 18,000 DTE Energy customers are without power after high winds blasted through southeast Michigan overnight. The outages include 7,000 customers without power in Wayne County, with the rest scattered throughout Macomb, Oakland and Washtenaw counties, DTE spokesman Scott Simons said this morning. “They should be back by sometime today,” Simons said. “It was high winds: gusts up to 45 miles per hour.” DTE provides electric power to 2.1 million customers throughout southeast Michigan. The power outage closed Detroit Public Schools’ Thirkell Elementary, 7724 14th Street, for the day today. National Weather Service meteorologist Mike Richter said today that the highest winds blew through between 8 p.m. and midnight Sunday. High gusts at 44 m.p.h. were clocked at Detroit Metro Airport at 9:52 p.m. Sunday and City Airport 10:42 p.m. “It was a really strong cold front that moved through, so we had a good burst of wind,” Richter said this morning from the agency’s White Lake Township office. “We’re going to have gusts about 25 m.p.h through most of the day today — considerably cooler today. It’s not going to get much warmer than what it is now.” Today’s high temperature is expected to reach 53 degrees, with a 30% chance of light showers across the region, he said. Temperatures will start to climb again on Tuesday, with a high of 60 degrees and a high of 70 degrees expected on Wednesday. Another front arrives with chances of rain Wednesday night and into Thursday, Richter said. Temperatures will drop again to highs around 60 on Thursday, then down to highs in the mid-50s for the weekend. “It’s going to be a little bit of a roller coaster ride,” Richter said.

……………………….

Scientists Uncover Diversion of Gulf Stream Path in Late 2011

by Staff Writers
Cape Cod, MA (SPX)


illustration only

At a meeting with New England commercial fishermen last December, physical oceanographers Glen Gawarkiewicz and Al Plueddemann from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) were alerted by three fishermen about unusually high surface water temperatures and strong currents on the outer continental shelf south of New England.

“I promised them I would look into why that was happening,” Gawarkiewicz says.

The result of his investigation was a discovery that the Gulf Stream diverged well to the north of its normal path beginning in late October 2011, causing the warmer-than-usual ocean temperatures along the New England continental shelf.

The researchers’ findings, “Direct interaction between the Gulf Stream and the shelfbreak south of New England,” were published in the August 2012 issue of the journal Scientific Reports.

To begin to unravel the mystery, Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues assembled data from a variety of sources and recreated a record of the Gulf Stream path during the fall of 2011.

First, they tapped into data collected by a program called eMOLT, a non-profit collaboration of fishing industry, research, academic and government entities, run by James Manning of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center. For more than a decade the program has recorded near-bottom ocean temperatures by distributing temperature probes to lobstermen.

Manning and scientists from WHOI, including Robert Todd and Magdalena Andres, analyzed a time series of temperatures from two eMOLT sites, OC01 and TA51, which were located over the outer continental shelf near the shelfbreak, and identified two events when temperatures suddenly increased by 6.2 and 6.7 degrees C, respectively, to highs of more than 18 degrees C.

“These are very dramatic events for the outer continental shelf, at least 2 degrees C warmer than we’ve seen since 2001,” says Gawarkiewicz. “Near-bottom temperatures of 18 degrees C on the outer shelf are extremely high for late autumn.” The maximum recorded temperature in December 2011 was the warmest bottom temperature recorded in 6 years of records at the OC01 site.

In typical years, the warm Gulf Stream waters only indirectly influence ocean currents and temperatures near the continental shelfbreak south of New England when eddies, called warm core rings, pinch off from the Gulf Stream and drift toward the outer continental shelf. Such rings normally drift past a site after a few weeks, and therefore cause only limited warming of the water on the outer shelf.

Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues collected additional data on water temperature and salinity from December 4, 2011 through January 4, 2012, from instruments on temporary test moorings placed 12 km south of the shelfbreak by the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). The researchers compared those salinity measurements to historical data, and discovered that high salinity levels – consistent with the salinity of waters carried by the Gulf Stream – coincided with the warming periods.

The extent and duration of the two 2011 warming events combined with the high salinity observed by the researchers suggested the cause was not a transient warm core ring, but the Gulf Stream itself that carried warm, salty water to the outer shelf.

To solidify that finding, Gawarkiewicz received serendipitous help from students in the Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) program at Cape Fear Community College in Wilmington, NC, who had deployed a surface drifter during the period coinciding with the two warming events. Drifters use satellites to transmit their positions roughly every six hours, key information for the WHOI scientists, who analyzed the drifter tracks and speeds.

“Drifters around the edges of warm core rings drift toward the continental shelf at about 1 knot,” Gawarkiewicz says. “But we saw the drifter cut across the slope towards the shelf at about 2.5 knots. It only took it eight days to travel from Cape Fear, North Carolina, to a point 40 miles south of Georges Bank, a total distance of 580 miles.”

The periods of high speeds for the drifters coincided with the records for high temperatures on the outer shelf, which told the scientists that the core of the Gulf Stream had diverted to 39.9 degrees N at 68 degrees W – 125 miles north of its mean position, further north than had ever been recorded by satellite altimeters at this particular longitude.

The temporary shift in Gulf Stream path observed last fall potentially has significant longer-term implications. Studies have shown that temperature increases of 2 degrees C have caused major shifts in silver hake populations, for example, and in spring 2012, migratory bluefish and striped bass were observed off the coast of Cape Cod much earlier than in previous years.

But, the scientists say, more research is needed to determine just how the Gulf Stream’s behavior in 2011 affected the continental shelf ecosystem and marine organisms.

It is unclear what might have caused this shift in the Gulf Stream path. It occurred shortly after Hurricanes Irene and Katia drenched the east coast with rain, and this might have impacted the Gulf Stream separation from the continental shelf near Cape Hatteras.

Another possibility is that a cold core ring, an eddy south of the Gulf Stream core, might have deflected the Gulf Stream. Further research will be necessary to determine exactly how and why this occurred, which will be helpful in the long term in predicting Gulf Stream motions.

In the meantime, Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues will be keeping an eye on what the Gulf Stream does this fall, with the hope of someday being able to predict such a shift. “We’re checking in from time to time to monitor it. We’ll be talking to the fishermen, and academics, and keeping an eye on things,” he says.

Fishermen David Spencer, Fred Mattera, and Norbert Stamps first alerted the researchers to the anomaly. Profile data were made available by the OOI, which is funded by the National Science Foundation and managed by the Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Tim Shaw and David Calhoun at Cape Fear Community College provided drifter data. WHOI scientists on this project were supported by the NSF, the Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region, the Penzance Endowed Fund in Support of Assistant Scientists, and the Postdoctoral Scholar Program at WHOI.

Related Links
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 23:51:59   18.316   -67.322 19.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO
MAP  4.0 2012/09/24 22:55:14   31.849  -115.000 10.0  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.1 2012/09/24 22:22:13   13.133   -89.322 48.2  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.5   2012/09/24 21:57:36   23.088   121.310 23.8  TAIWAN
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 21:11:17   41.130  -121.659 4.4  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/24 18:41:12   19.282  -155.451 7.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.3 2012/09/24 15:56:36   19.109   -64.689 55.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/24 13:57:34   11.940   142.839 37.7  SOUTH OF THE MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/09/24 13:56:54   44.761  -110.771 6.5  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.5 2012/09/24 11:33:54   63.486  -146.078 0.7  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.5   2012/09/24 10:31:23  -21.187  -174.211 8.2  TONGA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/24 08:37:23   19.511   -64.675 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/24 08:37:08   18.642   145.607 246.6  PAGAN REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.8 2012/09/24 06:37:41   19.213   -64.709 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/24 06:29:41   19.488   -64.195 73.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 06:23:00   19.198   -64.551 13.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/24 05:41:27   51.292  -179.802 57.6  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/24 05:10:31   18.935   -64.697 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/24 05:07:15   19.207   -64.761 31.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/24 04:55:37   60.082  -153.244 135.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 04:19:43   19.172   -64.758 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/24 04:03:30   18.709   -64.448 86.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 03:51:35   18.699   -64.386 92.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/24 03:36:51   19.287   -64.677 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.2 2012/09/24 03:09:04  -20.219   -69.185 98.6  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.9   2012/09/24 02:46:13   10.075   126.606 35.6  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/24 02:34:48   19.221   -64.744 62.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 02:32:16   19.258   -64.732 57.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/09/24 02:01:37   -5.711   -11.535 9.9  ASCENSION ISLAND REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 01:49:07   18.826   -64.347 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 01:36:43   32.165  -115.231 10.0  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  2.7 2012/09/24 01:29:13   19.310   -64.756 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/24 01:18:50  -20.401  -178.071 431.3  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 01:16:34   19.090   -64.702 55.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/24 01:15:08   18.677   -64.392 83.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/24 00:53:53   19.517   -64.796 38.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 00:47:39   19.661   -64.171 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/24 00:37:01   18.961   -64.587 95.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.1   2012/09/24 00:27:58   5.667   126.623 35.1  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.1 2012/09/24 00:18:49   19.020   -64.613 80.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.5   2012/09/23 23:42:28   11.715   143.311 9.8  SOUTH OF THE MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 22:56:54   19.010   -64.644 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 22:55:45   18.687   -66.109 105.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 22:46:58   19.277   -64.786 47.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/23 22:39:09   19.192   -64.771 6.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/23 22:37:29   -0.580   -19.913 10.0  CENTRAL MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 22:27:53   19.206   -64.757 52.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 22:24:33   19.210   -64.778 14.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/23 22:20:27   19.029   -64.586 81.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/23 22:16:33   19.091   -64.607 80.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/23 22:14:40   19.090   -64.701 64.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 22:03:01   19.280   -64.738 6.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 21:57:36   19.113   -64.689 62.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/23 21:54:58   19.186   -64.743 23.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 21:51:58   18.713   -64.449 87.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 21:49:15   18.911   -64.535 81.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 21:39:12   19.153   -64.761 52.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/09/23 21:35:05   10.238   -85.891 31.9  COSTA RICA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/23 21:31:25   19.233   -64.781 30.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/23 21:25:06   19.130   -64.752 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/23 21:20:19   19.319   -64.812 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/23 21:18:06   19.078   -64.676 65.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 21:16:39   19.092   -64.697 65.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/23 21:15:20   19.185   -64.794 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 21:10:50   36.014  -118.400 5.3  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/23 21:08:44   19.190   -64.799 4.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/23 21:07:46   19.110   -64.633 82.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 20:49:25   19.212   -64.802 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 20:25:01   19.007   -64.773 10.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/23 20:06:19   19.036   -64.666 71.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:59:15   19.178   -64.730 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:52:15   19.120   -64.769 94.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/09/23 19:44:45   19.277   -64.534 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 19:41:26   19.156   -64.766 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/09/23 19:38:45   19.057   -64.636 65.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:37:37   19.164   -64.751 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 19:35:06   19.003   -64.652 73.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 19:33:16   19.259   -64.784 47.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/09/23 19:27:05   19.051   -64.676 68.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/23 19:25:10   19.227   -64.744 51.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:21:11   19.389   -64.885 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/09/23 19:18:17   19.158   -64.754 45.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:11:42   19.232   -64.862 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 19:06:23   51.992   179.916 169.4  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 18:57:29   19.127   -64.742 68.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/23 18:43:56   19.007   -64.632 68.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 18:39:10   19.135   -64.720 57.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/23 18:33:25   19.124   -64.600 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/23 17:59:59   19.139   -64.715 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 16:13:14   19.145   -64.685 52.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 15:45:09   19.102   -64.695 70.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/23 15:23:53   10.525   126.304 35.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/23 14:58:21   9.979   -85.599 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/23 14:36:54   -7.254   130.519 131.1  KEPULAUAN TANIMBAR REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/23 13:53:57   39.987   53.722 46.6  TURKMENISTAN
MAP  4.3 2012/09/23 13:29:34   -3.353   146.290 39.1  BISMARCK SEA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 13:04:10   19.148   -64.681 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/23 12:46:54   18.764   -64.326 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/23 12:33:54   -6.255   130.380 129.4  BANDA SEA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/23 12:28:30  -20.347   -69.226 92.6  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  2.9 2012/09/23 11:14:20   19.643   -64.350 30.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/23 10:57:45  -21.876   170.791 112.3  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 10:23:32   19.677   -64.157 38.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/09/23 10:21:02   19.439   -64.515 56.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/23 09:10:44   38.492   43.128 10.0  EASTERN TURKEY
MAP  3.6 2012/09/23 09:07:17   19.291   -68.766 82.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.2 2012/09/23 08:47:16  -13.186   -77.248 61.1  OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL PERU
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 08:44:48   19.279   -63.967 98.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/23 08:42:31   19.555   -64.088 72.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 08:31:58   19.251   -67.567 33.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/09/23 06:40:53  -16.750   175.543 22.6  FIJI REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/09/23 06:30:27   13.168   126.280 37.8  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/23 05:59:51   19.438   -64.569 20.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/23 05:40:58   38.618   46.789 10.1  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  4.4 2012/09/23 05:34:43   19.461   -64.601 14.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/23 04:26:12   34.024  -116.621 10.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/23 03:43:05   9.771   -85.553 13.0  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/23 01:51:35   12.925   -88.748 57.1  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  3.1 2012/09/23 01:11:25   19.264   -65.254 7.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/23 00:40:11   -8.181   -73.987 148.6  PERU-BRAZIL BORDER REGION 
  • ANSS Home     Advanced National Seismic System

United States

Canada &  Alaska

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 25, 2012 07:18:52 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

An Expedition to the Earth’s Fiery Heart

by Staff Writers
Munich, Germany


illustration only

On 22. September, a French-German team sets out from La Reunion to map the upwelling of hot magma that powers one of the oldest and most active regions of volcanic activity in the world. An expedition blog will keep interested landlubbers up to date.

Volcanic activity on and around La Reunion is driven by a localized upwelling of hot buoyant magma. Unlike most magma sources, this is not located on the boundary between two tectonic plates, and rises from much greater depths.

It is a so-called hotspot, and has left behind on the overlying mobile crust a track of volcanic activity that stretches 5500 km northwards to the Deccan Plateau in India. Some 65 million years ago, in a process that had a massive impact on world climate, the Deccan area was covered with enormous amounts of lava as the Indian Plate passed over the hotspot.

Such a long-lived upwelling of hot molten rock, which penetrates the overlying material like a blowtorch, is referred to as a mantle plume. Where exactly mantle plumes originate is the subject of a controversial debate among geoscientists.

During the course of a French-German expedition, LMU geophysicist Dr. Karin Sigloch, leader of the German contingent, wants to find out more about the putative plume under La Reunion. The goal is to determine the depth of the plume and to map the conduits by which the magma reaches the Earth’s surface.

The largest plume survey campaign ever
“We want to look deeper into the Earth’s interior than any previous expedition, down to the bottom of the mantle at a depth of about 2900 km; earlier efforts reached half that depth, at most,” says Sigloch. To achieve this goal, the researchers must deploy a dense array of seismometers over a wide area.

On 22 September, the team will board the French research vessel Marion Dufresne on a cruise that will place nearly 60 seismometers on the seabed, dispersed over an area of some 4 million km2. As 30 additional instruments will be installed on land, this will be the largest such campaign ever undertaken. Data from a further 70 or so observatories located along the coasts of the Indian Ocean will complement the results obtained with the new network.

The data collected will be used to create three-dimensional tomographic images that will give us a picture of the Earth from the bottom of the crust to the core, and provide new insights into the structure, dynamics and history of the Earth.

As they effectively short-circuit the transport of heat from the core to the surface, plumes may play an important role in the Earth’s heat budget, and are a major force in shaping the Earth’s surface. Analysis of the new data will begin in a year’s time, after the German RV Meteor retrieves the newly deployed seismometers from the seabed.

In addition to the team from LMU, researchers from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven, the universities in Frankfurt and Munster, the University of La Reunion and the Institut de Physique du Globe in Paris (IPG Paris) are involved in the project.

Read the expedition blog here.

Related Links
LMU
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

August 2012: Earth’s 4th warmest August on record

Posted by: Dr. Jeff Masters,  ,

August 2012 was the globe’s 4th warmest August on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). NASA rated August 2012 the 6th warmest on record. August 2012 global land temperatures were the 2nd warmest on record, and global ocean temperatures were the 5th warmest on record. August 2012 was the 330th consecutive month with global temperatures warmer than the 20th century average; the last time global temperatures were below average was February 1985. Global satellite-measured temperatures in August for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere were 3rd warmest in the 34-year record, according to the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH). Wunderground’s weather historian, Christopher C. Burt, has a comprehensive post on the notable weather events of August in his August 2012 Global Weather Extremes Summary.


Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average for August 2012. Most areas of the world experienced much higher-than-average monthly temperatures, including much of Canada, Southeast Europe, and Western Asia. Central Russia was much cooler than average. Image credit: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) .

El Niño watch continues
Sea surface temperatures were at 0.5°C above average as of September 17 in the equatorial Pacific off the coast of South America, and have been near or above the 0.5°C above average–the threshold needed for a weak El Niño event–since the beginning of July. However, winds, pressures, and cloud cover over the region have not responded in the fashion typically associated with an El Niño, and NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center (CPC) classified conditions as being neutral in their September 6 El Niño discussion. They continued their El Niño watch, and gave a 69% chance that an El Niño event will be in place by the end of September. El Niño conditions tend to decrease Atlantic hurricane activity, by increasing wind shear over the tropical Atlantic. Wind shear has been close to average over the tropical Atlantic since the beginning of hurricane season in June. However, the past few runs of the GFS model have predicted a significant rise in wind shear over the Caribbean and tropical Atlantic by early October, which may represent El Niño finally beginning to kick in and affect the atmospheric circulation over the Atlantic.


Figure 2. Arctic sea ice extent as of September 18, 2012 (black line) compared to the previous record low years, in millions of square kilometers. This year’s extent is far below any previous year, and is close to its minimum for the year. Satellite measurements of ice extent began in 1979. Image credit: Danish Meteorological Institute.

Arctic sea ice falls to all-time record low during August
August 2012 Arctic sea ice extent reached its lowest August extent in the 35-year satellite record, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). The new sea ice record was set on August 26, a full three weeks before the usual end of the melting season. Every major scientific institution that tracks Arctic sea ice agrees that new records for low ice area, extent, and volume have been set (see the comprehensive collection of sea ice graphs here.) Satellite records of sea ice extent date back to 1979, though a 2011 study by Kinnard et al. shows that the Arctic hasn’t seen a melt like this for at least 1,450 years (see a more detailed article on this over at skepticalscience.com.) The latest September 18, 2012 extent of 3.5 million square kilometers is approximately a 50% reduction in the area of Arctic covered by sea ice, compared to the average from 1979 – 2000. The amount of open ocean exposed this September compared to September 1980 is about 43% of the size of the contiguous United States. The ice extent is close to its minimum for the year, and should start in increase within the next week or two, but that open water over the Arctic will provide a significant amount of heat and moisture to the atmosphere over the next few months that will significantly alter weather patterns. One possible impact may be an increase in the intensity and duration of extreme weather events during fall and winter.

24.09.2012 Extreme Weather United Kingdom Multiple region, [South west, northern England and Scotland] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in United Kingdom on Monday, 24 September, 2012 at 13:34 (01:34 PM) UTC.

Description
Britain is bracing itself for a battering from gales and torrential rain – with forecasters predicting a month’s rainfall in one day. The Met Office and Environment Agency warned homeowners to be on standby as rivers threatened to burst their banks and motorists were advised to drive with caution. Fire crews across the south were also on alert as the wind and rain were predicted to get worse. Forecasters predict up to 80mm rainfall and 50mph winds over the next 36 hours, with pockets of the south west, northern England and Scotland particularly threatened by flooding. The Environment Agency has warned of significant travel disruption and flooding of properties over the next 24 hours. Paul Mott, senior meteorologist at MeteoGroup, warned: “There is going to be a big change in the weather from what we have had recently. “There is likely to be some localised flooding, and gusts of up to 60mph in parts of Scotland, which is enough to pull up the odd tree.” Parts of Britain have basked in warm temperatures in the mid-20s during September, a welcome break from the rain and wind that dogged much of July and August. But Environment Agency director of operations David Jordan said: “We are expecting flooding across the country from this evening and in to Monday and Tuesday. “We strongly urge people to sign up to flood warnings, keep a close eye on local weather forecasts and be prepared for the possibility of flooding.

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24.09.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Spain Autonomous Community of Valencia, [Chulilla, Gestalgar, Pedralba and Bugarra] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Spain on Monday, 24 September, 2012 at 14:46 (02:46 PM) UTC.

Description
Around 2,000 people have had to be evacuated on Monday due to a wildfire that hit the Autonomous Community of Valencia in east Spain. The fire, which broke out around 50 kilometers north-west of the city of Valencia has sent villagers of Chulilla, Gestalgar, Pedralba and Bugarra to be evacuated because of the threat of the advancing flames. Over 600 people are currently combating the fire, among them firemen and members of Spain’s Emergency Military Unit (UME), with the help of a total of 31 planes and helicopters. However, fire-fighting has been made more difficult by strong gusts of wind in the region, while the smoke and dust has led to eight small roads being closed to the public. Authorities are optimistic that the arrival of cooler weather from the north-west will see a fall in temperatures and a reduction in wind-speeds, while there is also the possibility of some rain falling in the afternoon.

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Forest fire forces 2,000 to evacuate in Spain

by Staff Writers
Valencia, Spain (AFP)

 

Firefighters battled a forest fire whipped up by strong winds in the Spanish region of Valencia on Monday, forcing the evacuation of about 2,000 people, officials said.

The blaze broke out Sunday afternoon and spread quickly, threatening villages about 50 kilometres (30 miles) inland of the eastern city Valencia, which lies on the Mediterranean coast.

About 2,000 people have been evacuated from villages in the area since it broke out Sunday afternoon and several roads were cut off, Valencia officials said.

Some 500 firefighters on the ground, backed by 27 aircraft, were attempting to get the fire under control, they said.

“We are trying to protect areas of housing,” said senior Valencia region government policymaker Serafin Castellano.

“Right now our biggest enemy is the weather, a lot of wind,” he told COPE radio.

Dramatic images in the Spanish media showed flames lighting up the night sky and illuminating clouds of smoke that billowed along hillsides just behind houses.

Enrique Silvestre, mayor of one of the evacuated villages, Chulilla, said the situation was “very difficult”.

“The wind is not helping at all and the night was terrible,” the mayor told Cadena SER radio.

Spain is at particularly high risk of fires this summer after suffering its driest winter in 70 years.

Flames destroyed more than 184,000 hectares (454,000 acres) of land between January 1 and September 16, the largest amount in a decade, according to agriculture ministry figures.

Related Links
Forest and Wild Fires – News, Science and Technology

Five dead, 73 hurt in Ecuador bush fires

Forest fires devastating Ecuador have left five people dead and 73 injured, consuming more than 17,600 hectares of woodland and crops.

The five deaths, including one of the firefighters, occurred in the provinces of Azuay, Bolivar, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi and Tungurahua, while most of the 73 injured were in Chimborazo and Pichincha.

In all there have been 3069 forest fires since June 1, when a period of drought set in.

The fires have wiped out 17,484ha of woods and scrubland high in the Andes as well as 142ha of crops, while another 31ha of crops were affected but not completely destroyed.

A Hercules C-130 aircraft of the Brazilian air force with a team of 29 soldiers and capable of carrying 12,000 litres of water has arrived in Quito to help extinguish the flames.

Meanwhile, the Ecuadorian armed forces have deployed 21 aircraft, both helicopters and planes, as well as 5693 soldiers, trucks and other equipment.

The province with the most blazes is Pichincha in the Andes region.

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Storms / Flooding /  Tornadoes  / Avalanche

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Jelewat (18W) Pacific Ocean 20.09.2012 25.09.2012 SuperTyphoon 340 ° 259 km/h 278 km/h 5.49 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Jelewat (18W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 13° 42.000, E 132° 18.000
Start up: 20th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 370.49 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd Sep 2012 06:41:44 N 11° 42.000, E 129° 54.000 6 93 120 Tropical Storm 200 9 JTWC
23rd Sep 2012 06:04:26 N 11° 48.000, E 128° 54.000 7 139 167 Typhoon I. 270 11 JTWC
24th Sep 2012 08:06:11 N 13° 36.000, E 128° 30.000 9 241 296 Typhoon IV. 350 10 JTWC
24th Sep 2012 10:43:47 N 14° 12.000, E 128° 12.000 13 232 278 Typhoon IV. 335 14 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
25th Sep 2012 10:29:06 N 16° 24.000, E 127° 30.000 15 259 278 SuperTyphoon 340 ° 18 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
26th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 18° 42.000, E 125° 30.000 SuperTyphoon 222 269 JTWC
26th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 42.000, E 126° 30.000 SuperTyphoon 241 296 JTWC
27th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 48.000, E 124° 36.000 Typhoon IV 204 250 JTWC
28th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 0.000, E 123° 24.000 Typhoon IV 194 241 JTWC
29th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 18.000, E 124° 36.000 Typhoon III 167 204 JTWC
30th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 18.000, E 128° 48.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
Miriam (EP 13) Pacific Ocean – East 22.09.2012 25.09.2012 Hurricane III 310 ° 167 km/h 204 km/h 3.05 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Miriam (EP 13)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 13° 42.000, W 107° 30.000
Start up: 22nd September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 538.55 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd Sep 2012 06:35:22 N 13° 42.000, W 107° 30.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 275 10 1005 MB NOAA NHC
23rd Sep 2012 06:07:18 N 14° 54.000, W 108° 30.000 13 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1002 MB NOAA NHC
24th Sep 2012 08:09:13 N 16° 48.000, W 111° 18.000 19 148 185 Hurricane I. 305 15 979 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
25th Sep 2012 10:37:14 N 18° 42.000, W 114° 18.000 9 167 204 Hurricane III 310 ° 10 968 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
25th Sep 2019 12:00:00 N 19° 0.000, W 114° 30.000 Hurricane III 157 194 NOAA NHC
26th Sep 2019 12:00:00 N 20° 42.000, W 115° 6.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
26th Sep 2019 00:00:00 N 19° 48.000, W 114° 54.000 Hurricane III 148 185 NOAA NHC
27th Sep 2019 00:00:00 N 21° 48.000, W 115° 12.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
28th Sep 2019 00:00:00 N 23° 42.000, W 115° 24.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
29th Sep 2019 00:00:00 N 25° 30.000, W 115° 0.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
30th Sep 2019 00:00:00 N 27° 0.000, W 114° 30.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC

Ewiniar (19W) Pacific Ocean 24.09.2012 25.09.2012 Tropical Depression 10 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 3.05 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Ewiniar (19W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 18° 30.000, E 139° 0.000
Start up: 24th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 232.44 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
24th Sep 2012 08:04:10 N 18° 30.000, E 139° 0.000 26 46 65 Tropical Depression 335 17 JTWC
24th Sep 2012 10:42:45 N 19° 36.000, E 138° 54.000 20 56 74 Tropical Depression 350 17 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
25th Sep 2012 10:28:32 N 22° 48.000, E 138° 30.000 19 74 93 Tropical Depression 10 ° 10 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
26th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 36.000, E 141° 6.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
26th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 25° 36.000, E 140° 24.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
27th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 29° 24.000, E 141° 12.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
28th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 31° 18.000, E 141° 48.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
29th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, E 144° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
30th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 39° 24.000, E 150° 0.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 JTWC

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Hurricane Miriam in the Pacific strengthens to Category 2

by Staff Writers
Miami (AFP)

 

Hurricane Miriam, churning far off the Mexican coast in the Pacific Ocean, strengthened to a Category 2 storm early Monday, US forecasters said.

The storm located 415 miles (665 kilometers) south southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, now displayed sustained winds of 105 miles (165 kilometers) an hour, the US National Hurricane Center said.

The center said Miriam was likely to strengthen further “during the next day or so” and possibly even become a major hurricane.

But it is then expected to move further north and lose strength once it encounters cold water and winds.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

Super-typhoon Jelawat

Strengthening of Typhoon Jelawat Monday has boosted the mighty storm’s status to “Super-typhoon.”

The powerful and extremely dangerous storm has continued to be of great interest to residents of northern Philippines and Taiwan. Those land masses could eventually feel directs effects of Jelawat, depending upon the path it takes.

Jelawat was not yet a “super-typhoon” at the time (about 0600 UTC Monday) of this impressive visible satellite shot, showing the tight, small eye of a well-wrapped tropical cyclone. Southern Philippines is at the lower left. (Joint Typhoon Warning Center)

By 1200 UTC, Monday, top sustained winds about the tightly wrapped storm were reckoned to be 130 knots, or 150 mph, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) said.

The JTWC define “super-typhoon” as a typhoon having highest 1-minute surface winds of at least 65 m/s (130 knots, 150 mph).

Late Monday morning, Eastern Time, the eye of Jelawat was located about 435 miles east of Manila, Philippines. Storm movement was towards the north-northwest at 5 mph, according to the JTWC.

The storm’s dangerous winds and heaviest rains were well east of the Philippines. However, interaction of the storm with the monsoon flow was triggering locally excessive rains in southeastern Philippines.

As it drifts towards the north and west, Jelawat will pose little or no direct threat to land before at least Wednesday, although it will continue to be a very powerful and dangerous storm.

However, beginning Wednesday, the exact path taken by the storm would be critical for both the Philippines and Taiwan.

Although the JTWC have forecast a track east of any land through at least Friday, when a position east of Taiwan is expected, some numerical forecast models have shown a more westerly track, passing over or near the northern mainland of the Philippines. Likewise, the more westerly scenarios could imply a late-week threat to Taiwan.

Elsewhere, Jelawat was joined as of Monday by a second tropical cyclone, the much weaker Tropical Storm Ewiniar.

Ewiniar was only a minimal tropical storm as of late morning, Eastern Time, having a center about 1,000 miles south of Tokyo, Japan.

Ewinar was forecast to strengthen by midweek, but without posing any threat to mainland Japan or any other sizable land mass.

1.5m people displaced by floods in India

GUWAHATI, India: Floods have forced nearly 1.5 million people to flee their homes in north-eastern India where authorities have declared a health alert, officials said on Monday. “Eighteen of 27 districts of Assam have been hit by floods with 1.4 million displaced and 11 people drowned in separated incidents in the past week,” the Disaster Management agency said in a statement.

The floods, caused by relentless rains, marked the second round of massive flooding in two months to hit India’s impoverished northeast and come towards the end of India’s June-to-September monsoon season. Nearly 130 people died and six million were displaced by floods in Assam state in July. Rescue officials said in the latest floods, at least 2,200 villages had been swamped by overflowing waters from the rain-swollen Brahmaputra River. Himanta Biswa Sarmah, the health minister of Assam state, told AFP that a “maximum health alert” to avert outbreaks of diarrhea or diseases such as typhoid had been declared in the devastated zone. The annual monsoon provides vital irrigation for India’s farmers but also claims many casualties from flooding and landslides.

Officials said flooding victims had been evacuated to temporary shelters on higher ground. “We’ve dispatched doctors and paramedics to ensure there is no outbreak of disease,” Sarmah said in Guwahati, Assam’s largest city. Victims and an opposition party staged protests in flood-hit areas against what they said were shortages of emergency supplies in the Congress-ruled state. “The government has failed to provide adequate relief supplies including food and medicines,” said Sarbananda Sonowal, a local leader of India’s main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party. “In many parts of the state people are even living without food,” he added. Rehab India Foundation, a voluntary group said heavy rains disrupted its plans to supply food and other essential items to flood-hit people.

Almost the entire 420 square kilometres (162 square miles) of Kaziranga National Park was also flooded, the Press Trust of India reported. The wildlife park is home to the world’s single largest population of one-horned rhinos. A 2012 census in Kaziranga counted 2,290 of the rhinos, out of a global population of 3,300. The species declined to near extinction in the early 1990s and is listed as “vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

23.09.2012 Flood USA State of Alaska, [Southcentral Alaska] Damage level Details

Flood in USA on Friday, 21 September, 2012 at 03:14 (03:14 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Sunday, 23 September, 2012 at 13:43 UTC
Description
Floodwaters are on the rise in Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula, but they’re falling in the tourist town of Talkeetna. The Kenai River near Cooper Landing still hadn’t crested and there were reports of minor flooding, mainly areas close to the shoreline, National Weather Service forecaster Christian Cassell said late Saturday night. A flood warning is in effect until 10 p.m. Monday for the area and Cassell said moderate flooding is likely. “Cooper Landing homeowners are preparing for possible evacuation as Kenai Lake and the upper Kenai River banks are expected to reach broad crest Monday,” Kenai Peninsula Borough emergency officials said in a statement. Meanwhile, nearly 200 miles north, floodwaters receded Saturday from much of Talkeetna. That allowed residents to begin cleaning up the muddy mess left when the river flooded. But officials warned that the danger hadn’t passed and advised that people boil their water. Cassell said water levels have come down dramatically after rivers and streams draining from the Talkeetna Mountains crested. Meteorologists say they don’t expect rainfall to significantly increase river levels there, but a flood warning remained in effect for the area as many waterways remained above flood stage. The Talkeetna River crested at 15.65 feet on Friday, just below the level considered major flooding. It had receded to 12.5 feet by Saturday afternoon, just above the 12-foot flood mark. Only two streets in Talkeetna remained flooded, the Anchorage Daily News reported. Talkeetna is the last stop for climbers heading to Mount McKinley, North America’s tallest mountain. It also has an eclectic population, and h

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24.09.2012 Tornado Philippines National Capital Region, Quezon City [Silangan] Damage level Details

Tornado in Philippines on Monday, 24 September, 2012 at 19:17 (07:17 PM) UTC.

Description
At least 120 houses were damaged in Barangay Bagong Silangan, Quezon City, after a tornado tore through the community around 5:30 p.m. on Sunday. Barangay chairperson Crisell Beltran said the tornado blew off the roofs of houses and uprooted several trees and electric posts, causing a power outage in the area. According to residents, the tornado hit the communities of Area 5 and Lingayen in Sitio Veterans, Panther Street in Sitio Veterans 4 and a house in Spring Country. Fortunately, no one was reported killed or hurt when it struck. Beltran, meanwhile, asked the city government to provide assistance to affected residents, particularly those who need to repair their damaged houses. Most of the houses in the area which is situated near a small creek were made of light materials.

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‘We heard screams… then it hit’: Nepal avalanche survivors

by Staff Writers
Kathmandu (AFP)

 

Huddled in their sleeping bags, the climbers first heard the avalanche roar towards them and then the sound of screaming before being swept hundreds of metres down the slopes of “Killer Mountain”.

Survivors of the weekend tragedy on Nepal’s Manaslu mountain, which killed at least nine people, said the scene resembled a war zone, with an entire camp destroyed by the wall of snow.

“We were sleeping in our tent after having dinner, when all of a sudden we heard the noise of other climbers screaming. Within moments, we were hit by the avalanche,” said Andreas Reiter, one of the trek’s survivors.

Reiter was among a group of European adventurers who were near the peak of the 8,156-metre (26,759-foot) Manaslu when the avalanche struck. They were asleep. It was 4:00 am on Sunday.

“I witnessed one of the team members die,” the 26-year-old German, who has broken his back, was quoted as telling The Himalayan Times as he recovered in hospital in Kathmandu.

Rescuers scaled down the search Monday for two French climbers and a Canadian still missing on Manaslu, the world’s eighth-highest peak and one of the most challenging.

Pravin Nepal, an orthopaedic surgeon at Norvic Hospital in Kathmandu, told AFP Reiter’s spinal cord was broken.

“He is undergoing an MRI test. He can speak and move his hands and legs.”

Another German being treated at the hospital was being treated for frostbite, the medic said.

Also among the survivors was Glen Plake, 48, a three-time freestyle skiing world champion from California. He described the site of the avalanche as “a war zone”.

“It was a major, major accident… There were 25 tents at camp three and all of them were destroyed,” he told the Epic TV video subscription service.

“Twelve tents at camp two were banged up and moved around.”

Plake told the company’s blog he was reading when he and a companion with whom he was sharing his tent heard a roar.

“Greg looked at me and said ‘that was a big gust of wind’, then a second later, ‘No, that was an avalanche’.

“Then it hit us. I was swept 300 metres over a serac and down the mountain and came to a stop still in my sleeping bag, still inside the tent, still with my headlamp on.”

Christian Trommsdorff, of France’s national union of mountain guides, said the avalanche happened at about 7,400 metres and carried away part of camp number three at 6,800 metres.

Expedition leader Garrett Madison said he and his team were sleeping at camp two, further down the mountain, when they were awoken by “snow, wind and ice penetrating our tents”.

“Fortunately everybody in our group was okay. However when we climbed up to camp three shortly after to investigate we discovered the debris from a massive avalanche and found many climbers in distress,” Madison wrote on the Alpine Ascents blog.

“During the rescue and recovery in the following hours we were able to coordinate and assist evacuating over a dozen climbers on 10 helicopter flights from just below camp three.”

Manaslu is nicknamed “Killer Mountain” by locals because a series of snowslides have claimed the lives of scores of mountaineers since it was first conquered in 1956.

The latest deaths mean at least 62 people have died, according to an AFP tally.

It saw its worst disaster when a South Korean expedition was buried by snow while attempting to climb the northeast face in 1972. The 15 dead included 10 Sherpas and the Korean expedition leader.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

Hopes fade for missing climbers after Nepal avalanche

by Staff Writers
Kathmandu (AFP)


Three still missing after deadly Nepal avalanche: police
Kathmandu (AFP) Sept 24, 2012 – Two French climbers and a Canadian were still missing Monday, police said, after an avalanche killed at least nine people ahead of an attempt on one of the world’s highest mountains.”We have now stopped helicopter rescue operations. Two French and a Canadian mountaineer are still missing. Sherpa guides are in the mountains searching for them,” said district police chief Basanta Bahadur Kunwar.Nepal’s tourism board had earlier put the missing figure at seven, but police said four of those were among 13 already rescued on Sunday.Kunwar said five mountaineers had been airlifted from among the survivors at Manaslu base camp Sunday and were being treated in Kathmandu.

“The other eight mountaineers who are at the base camp have not sustained any injuries. They have said they will either walk down or will make an attempt to reach the peak again and have told officials that they should not be rescued.”

 

Rescuers scaled down a search Monday for two French climbers and a Canadian missing in a Nepal avalanche which killed at least nine people attempting to scale one of the world’s highest peaks.

Police said they had halted a helicopter rescue mission as hopes faded for the trio, part of a group hit by a wall of snow in their tents near the peak of the 8,156-metre (26,759-foot) Manaslu in the early hours of Sunday.

“We have now stopped helicopter rescue operations. Two French and a Canadian mountaineer are still missing. Sherpa guides are in the mountains searching for them,” district police chief Basanta Bahadur Kunwar told AFP.

Nepal’s tourism board had earlier put the missing figure at seven, but police said four of those were among 13 already rescued on Sunday.

Among those reported missing was a doctor from the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, cardiologist Dominique Ouimet, the man’s sister said.

“The tents seem to have disappeared because the avalanche came by,” Isabelle Ouimet told Radio Canada, adding that her brother was at camp three when the avalanche struck.

Kunwar said five mountaineers had been airlifted from among the survivors at Manaslu base camp Sunday and were being treated in Kathmandu.

“The other eight mountaineers who are at the base camp have not sustained any injuries. They have said they will either walk down or will make an attempt to reach the peak again and have told officials that they should not be rescued.”

Eight of the dead have been identified, Nepal tourism board spokesman Sarad Pradhan told AFP, adding that four were French, one a Nepali mountain guide, one a Spaniard, one German and one Italian.

Harrowing accounts of the avalanche began to emerge from survivors being treated in Kathmandu.

“We were sleeping in our tent after having dinner, when all of a sudden we heard the noise of other climbers screaming. Within moments, we were hit by the avalanche,” Andreas Reiter, 26, from Germany, was quoted as telling the Himalayan Times from his hospital bed in the capital.

“I witnessed one of the team members die.”

SNGM vice-president Christian Trommsdorff described the French victims as three mountain guides from the Chamonix area in the Alps and their clients, who were part of two expeditions.

The avalanche happened at around 7,400 metres and carried away part of camp number three at 6,800 metres, Trommsdorff told AFP.

Manaslu, the eighth-highest mountain in the world, is considered one of the most dangerous, with scores of deaths in recent years and just a few hundred successful ascents.

Laxmi Dhakal, head of the home ministry’s disaster response division, confirmed the avalanche had hit camp three and said it had created “a flood of snow”.

Nepal is home to eight of the world’s 14 peaks over 8,000 metres, including the world’s highest, Mount Everest, and attracts thousands of mountaineers every year.

Most come in the spring, when Himalayan conditions are at their best, but there is also a short climbing season in late September and October after the monsoon rains end.

Manaslu is nicknamed “Killer Mountain” by locals because a series of snowslides have claimed the lives of scores of mountaineers since it was first conquered in 1956. The latest deaths mean at least 62 people have died, according to an AFP tally.

It saw its worst disaster when a South Korean expedition was buried by snow while attempting to climb the northeast face in 1972. The 15 dead included 10 Sherpas and the Korean expedition leader.

Those who attempt the summit are experienced climbers who will tackle other Himalayan peaks as well, said Dawa Steven Sherpa, two-time summiteer of Everest from Kathmandu.

“People who normally climb up Manaslu have bigger peaks in mind, or they are people who are attempting to climb all the 8,000m peaks,” he told AFP.

“Very few people climb Manaslu for the sake of just climbing Manaslu.”

Nepal’s worst-ever climbing disaster happened in 1995 when a huge avalanche struck the camp of a Japanese trekking group in the Mount Everest region, killing 42 people including 13 Japanese.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

25.09.2012 Epidemic Hazard Qatar Ad Dawhah, Doha Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Qatar on Monday, 24 September, 2012 at 04:46 (04:46 AM) UTC.

Description
According to the World Health Organization, a British tourist to Qatar has been infected with an unknown virus that has damaged his kidneys and lungs. The United Nations health body, which issued a statement through its “global alert and response” system, said tests on the patient, a 49-year-old Qatari man, confirmed the presence of a new, or novel, coronavirus. The tourist was hospitalized in Qatar, but after his condition deteriorated, he was transferred to a hospital in the UK. After conducting various examinations, doctors have concluded that the tourist was infected with an unknown virus thought to have mutated from the coronavirus, known to be the cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
Biohazard name: SARS like symptomes
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

 

………………………..

New ‘Sars-like’ coronavirus identified by UK officials

By Michelle Roberts Health editor, BBC News online

Coronavirus In both cases to date, the infection was acquired in the Middle East

A new respiratory illness similar to the Sars virus that spread globally in 2003 and killed hundreds of people has been identified in a man who is being treated in Britain.

The 49-year-old man, who was transferred to a London hospital by air ambulance from Qatar, is the second person confirmed with the coronavirus.

The first case was a patient in Saudi Arabia who has since died.

Officials are still determining what threat the new virus may pose.

The World Health Organization has not recommended any travel restrictions.

Sars was very quick off the mark infecting hospital staff etc and this new virus does not to me appear to be in the same ‘big bang’ group”

Prof John Oxford A virology expert at Queen Mary, University of London

Prof John Watson, head of the respiratory diseases department at the UK’s Health Protection Agency, said: “In the light of the severity of the illness that has been identified in the two confirmed cases, immediate steps have been taken to ensure that people who have been in contact with the UK case have not been infected, and there is no evidence to suggest that they have.

“Further information about these cases is being developed for healthcare workers in the UK, as well as advice to help maintain increased vigilance for this virus.”

He said there was no specific evidence of the virus spreading from person to person and he had no advice for the public or returning travellers.

Peter Openshaw, director of the Centre for Respiratory Infection at Imperial College London, told Reuters that at this stage the novel virus looked unlikely to prove a concern, and may well only have been identified due to sophisticated testing techniques.

And Prof John Oxford, a virology expert at Queen Mary, University of London, said he felt “somewhat relaxed” about the news.

“Sars was very quick off the mark infecting hospital staff etc and this new virus does not to me appear to be in the same ‘big bang’ group.”

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which includes ones that cause the common cold and Sars (severe acute respiratory syndrome).

This new virus is different from any coronaviruses that have previously been identified in humans.

There have been a small number of other cases of serious respiratory illness in the Middle East in the past three months, one of whom was treated in the UK but has since died.

This person’s illness is also being investigated, although there is no evidence as yet to suggest that it is caused by the same virus or linked to the current case. No other confirmed cases have been identified to date in the UK.

Sars is a serious respiratory infection that caused a global outbreak in 2002, spreading from Hong Kong to more than 30 different countries around the world and killing around 800 people. Although it has not been eradicated its spread was fully contained in 2003. Like other coronaviruses, it is spread through droplets of body fluids – produced by sneezing and coughing.

Related Stories

24.09.2012 Epidemic Hazard Ghana Capital City, [Greater Accra ] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Ghana on Friday, 07 September, 2012 at 18:57 (06:57 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Monday, 24 September, 2012 at 12:29 UTC
Description
Over 200 cases of Cholera have been recorded within two weeks in the Greater Accra region, raising concerns about the sanitation situation in the region’s busy centres. Health officials say they are marveled by the increase in the figures and say they intend intensifying their sensitization programmes. Last week, there reports of an outbreak of the disease in parts of the Upper East Region following the floods in the area. The Disease Control Officer at the regional Ghana Health Service unit, Ato Ashong told XYZ News something drastic measures will have to be taken to reverse the trend. According to Mr Ashong, the cases have shot up from double figures to more than two hundred cases in the last few days. He said the unit is not certain about what might have caused the sudden upsurge in the disease but assured that it will be liaising with health centres across the region to handle the cases.
23.09.2012 Epidemic Hazard USA State of New York, New Paltz [Mountain Laurel Waldorf School] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 22 September, 2012 at 05:13 (05:13 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Sunday, 23 September, 2012 at 04:02 UTC
Description
An elementary school aged student at the Mountain Laurel Waldorf School in New Paltz has come down with a case of the measles. “It’s significant because about 30 percent of people who get measles can suffer serious complications and there is a fatality rate associated with measles,” said Dutchess County Director of Communicable Diseases, Linda Squires. Officials said a number of students at the school were not vaccinated and are now at risk of becoming ill. Measles is a highly contagious virus that could easily be spread by simply breathing in the same air as someone who has the illness. “What’s interesting about measles is that someone is in a room and has left, for two hours after that time, that air is still able to transmit measles to other persons in that area,” Squires explained. Ulster and Dutchess County health officials are advising anyone who may have visited the school since September 10 to ensure they are up to date with their vaccinations. “It’s recommended that people get that after the age of 12 months and then again between the ages of 4-6, and it should provide lifelong immunity,” Squires added. Children, pregnant women, and people with pre-existing medical conditions are at a higher risk of having serious complications after contracting the virus. Symptoms include fever, red watery eyes, runny nose, cough and a rash all over the body. Some children also can get an ear infection and fewer numbers can develop pneumonia as a result.

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Climate Change

Dramatic Arctic Sea Ice Melt Could Mean
Extremely Harsh Winter In Europe And North America
 


MessageToEagle.com – Climate scientists warn that the rapid and extensive Arctic sea ice melt due to global warming, may cause extreme weather this winter in North America and Europe. A few months ago, researchers from the University of Reading announced that Europe’s future climate will bring violent Winter storms.

Now, climate scientist Jennifer Francis, a researcher at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers University said that “shrinking Arctic ice can be tied to such recent weather events as prolonged cold spells in Europe, heavy snows in the Northeastern U.S. and Alaska, and heat waves in Russia.”

Previously scientists predicted that it would take 30 or 40 more years before the Arctic was ice-free in the summer, Los Angeles Times reports.

However, since 2005 the rate of summer melt increased enormously and today scientists say Arctic ice covers about 1 million square miles

“I think that what we can expect in the next few years is further collapse leading to an ice-free Arctic in summer. It really is a dramatic change,” said Peter Wadhams, an ocean physics professor at the University of Cambridge

“The loss of Arctic ice has several effects. Ice reflects heat and solar energy back into space.With less ice cover, that heat energy is instead absorbed by the ocean, which warms and melts more ice.Currently, the Arctic region is the fastest-warming region on the planet, and the change in temperature will probably influence weather patterns here and in Europe, according to Francis.

The heating and cooling of Arctic seawater has been affecting the jet stream — the river of air that flows from west to east high above the Earth’s surface — and has slowed it down, Francis said.

The jet stream controls the formation and movement of storm systems, so when its movement slows, weather conditions persist for longer periods of time over the same area. They get “stuck.”

“If you’re in a nice dry pattern with sunny skies, it’s great if it lasts for a few days. But If it lasts for a few weeks, well then you’re starting to talk about a drought,” Francis said. “If you have a rainy pattern and it hangs around for a long time, then that becomes a situation that could lead to flooding.”

Arctic warming will influence weather to the south during the late fall and winter. While Francis said it would probably result in severe weather this winter, it was impossible to predict when and where those events would occur.

Record ice melts this year and in 2007 have alarmed many scientists, mostly because they thought it would take many more years to reach this state.

James Overland, an oceanographer with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, said forecasts failed to account for the physics of lost solar energy reflection and warming ocean water.

“These are really surprises to most scientists,” Overland said. “In looking at climate models that are used to look forward, they’ve tended to say the Arctic may be ice-free by 2040 or 2050. It looks like things are happening a lot faster, and it’s because not all of the physics that we’re seeing today were well-handled in these climate models.”

Overland, who is also an associate professor at the University of Washington’s Department of Atmospheric Sciences, said these effects are known as “Arctic amplification” and would carry heavy consequences for wildlife like polar bears and walruses by reducing their habitat.

The sea ice in the Arctic Ocean dropped below the previous all-time record set in 2007. This year also marks the first time that there has been less than 4 million square kilometers (1.54 million square miles) of sea ice since satellite observations began in 1979. This animation shows the 2012 time-series of ice extent using sea ice concentration data from the DMSP SSMI/S satellite sensor. The black area represents the daily average (median) sea ice extent over the 1979-2000 time period. Layered over top of that are the daily satellite measurements from January 1 — September 14, 2012. A rapid melt begins in July, whereby the 2012 ice extents fall far below the historical average

The frozen cap of the Arctic Ocean appears to have reached its annual summertime minimum extent and broken a new record low on Sept. 16, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) has reported. Analysis of satellite data by NASA and the NASA-supported NSIDC at the University of Colorado in Boulder showed that the sea ice extent shrunk to 1.32 million square miles (3.41 million square kilometers).

The new record minimum measures almost 300,000 square miles less than the previous lowest extent in the satellite record, set in mid-September 2007, of 1.61 million square miles (4.17 million square kilometers). For comparison, the state of Texas measures around 268,600 square miles.

NSIDC cautioned that, although Sept. 16 seems to be the annual minimum, there’s still time for winds to change and compact the ice floes, potentially reducing the sea ice extent further. NASA and NSIDC will release a complete analysis of the 2012 melt season next month, once all data for September are available.

Satellite data reveal how the new record low Arctic sea ice extent, from Sept. 16, 2012, compares to the average minimum extent over the past 30 years (in yellow). Sea ice extent maps are derived from data captured by the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer aboard NASA’s Nimbus-7 satellite and the Special Sensor Microwave Imager on multiple satellites from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Credit: NASA/Goddard Scientific Visualization Studio

Arctic sea ice cover naturally grows during the dark Arctic winters and retreats when the sun re-appears in the spring. But the sea ice minimum summertime extent, which is normally reached in September, has been decreasing over the last three decades as Arctic ocean and air temperatures have increased. This year’s minimum extent is approximately half the size of the average extent from 1979 to 2000. This year’s minimum extent also marks the first time Arctic sea ice has dipped below 4 million square kilometers.

“Climate models have predicted a retreat of the Arctic sea ice; but the actual retreat has proven to be much more rapid than the predictions,” said Claire Parkinson, a climate scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. “There continues to be considerable inter-annual variability in the sea ice cover, but the long-term retreat is quite apparent.”

The thickness of the ice cover is also in decline.

“The core of the ice cap is the perennial ice, which normally survived the summer because it was so thick”, said Joey Comiso, senior scientist with NASA Goddard. “But because it’s been thinning year after year, it has now become vulnerable to melt”.

The disappearing older ice gets replaced in winter with thinner seasonal ice that usually melts completely in the summer.

Will Remote Nunavut Extending To The North Pole Be Soon Green Again? 

MessageToEagle.com – Will Nunavut that extends to the North Pole and includes most of Canada’s Arctic islands be soon green again?

It’s one of the most remote and sparsely settled regions in the world. It has a population of only 31,906 mostly Inuit, spread over an area the size of Western Europe.

Global climate change means that recently discovered ancient forests in Canada’s extreme north could one day return, according to Alexandre Guertin-Pasquier of the University of Montreal’s Department of Geography, who is presenting his findings at the Canadian Paleontology Conference in Toronto.

Until 1999, Nunavut was part of the Northwest Territories“According to the data model, climate conditions on Bylot Island will be able to support the kinds of trees we find in the fossilized forest that currently exist there, such as willow, pine and spruce.

Iqaluit is the territorial capital and the largest community of the Canadian territory of NunavutI’ve also found evidence of a possible growth of oak and hickory near the study site during this period.,” Guertin-Pasquier said.

“Although it would of course take time for a whole forest to regrow, the findings show that our grandchildren should be able to plant a tree and watch it grow.”


The fossilized forest found on Bylot Island in Nunavut is between 2.6 and 3 million years old according to estimations based on the presence of extinct species and on paleomagnetic analyses. Paleomagentic analysis involves looking at how the Earth’s magnetic field has affected the magnetic sediment in rocks – like a compass, they turn to follow the magnetic poles.


Click on image to enlarge
Scientists can use this information to date rocks as the history of the movement of the magnetic poles is relatively well known.

Wood samples in the ancient forest have been preserved throughout the eons in peat and by permafrost.

“We studied the sediments in the forest and discovered pollen that are usually found in climates where the annual average temperature is around 0 degrees Celsius or 32 Fahrenheit,” Guertin-Pasquier said.


Click on image to enlarge
By comparison, current average conditions on Bylot Island are around -15°C ( 5°F). The samples were taken from few drill holes 10 cm in diameter of one to two metres deep. The harshness of the Arctic winter and the remoteness of the forest mean that scientists have very little opportunity to delve into its secrets.


Click on image to enlarge
Even during the summer, the Guertin-Pasquier and his colleagues had to endure extreme conditions such as 80 km/h winds.

“There is so much mystery that surrounds this forest – for example, how these trees managed to survive the relentless dark of the Arctic winter,” he said, adding that the next steps for this line of research could include looking more closely at other plant remains in order to get a better understanding of what the local flora was.
MessageToEagle.com.

See also:
Stunning Images Of Arctic Circle Reveal Bizarre White Tendrils Emerge From The Ground

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 24. 2012: MIMIC Anomaly

Published on Sep 24, 2012 by

2012 Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
MIMIC ANomaly: http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time/mimic-tpw/global2/main.html
Vesta Water: http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/5036/dawn-sees-hydrated-minerals-on-vesta
$2T EU Bailout: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/23/us-eurozone-bailout-fund-idUSBRE88M…
Japan vs China: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/24/us-china-japan-idUSBRE88N01M20120924

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News Sept 23. 2012

Published on Sep 23, 2012 by

2012 Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
Alaska River Floods: http://youtu.be/5ETKzZA3fag More: http://www.weather.com/news/alaska-flooding-20120922
Old Antarctica Article: http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2012/0823/Antarctica-started-warming-600-yea…
Antarctica Record ice: http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/Latest-News-Wires/2012/0921/While-Arctic…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

Mysterious Solar Phenomenon We May Have To Worry About 

MessageToEagle.com – Coronal cavities are voids in coronal emission often observed above high latitude filament channels.

Sometimes, these cavities have areas of bright X-ray emission in their centers.

Now, NASA scientists focus on this mysterious phenomenon because it seems to be strongly related to dangerous coronal mass ejections (CMEs).
And CMEs, scientists have to worry about.


Click on image to enlargeThe faint oval hovering above the upper left limb of the sun in this picture is known as a coronal cavity. NASA’s Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) captured this image on Aug. 9, 2007. A team of scientists extensively studied this particular cavity in order to understand more about the structure and magnetic fields in the sun’s atmosphere. Credit: NASA/STEREO
The Sun’s abnormal behavior is a cause for concern even we all know that activity near the Sun’s surface rises and falls through an 11-year cycle that is due to peak in 2013 or 2014.

What causes giant explosions in the sun’s atmosphere? How do they form?


The cavity as it appeared on the west limb on 2008 July 21. The location of the cavity is indicated by a box. Source
Scientists want to better understand the complexity of solar activity and its dangerous events. It’s crucial to find a way to predict them and minimize the damage they might cause.

“We don’t really know what gets these CMEs going,” says Terry Kucera, a solar scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. “So we want to understand their structure before they even erupt, because then we might have a better clue about why it’s erupting and perhaps even get some advance warning on when they will erupt.”

A team of researchers used NASA data to study a precursor of CMEs called coronal cavities – a larger formation, appearing from the side almost as the filament inside a large light bulb.

The bright structure around and above that light bulb is called a streamer, and the inside “empty” area is called a coronal prominence cavity.

According to scientists, the cavity is in the shape of a croissant, with a giant inner tube of looping magnetic fields.


The cavity appears to be 30% less dense than the streamer surrounding it, and the temperatures vary greatly throughout the cavity, but on average range from 1.4 million to 1.7 million Celsius (2.5 to 3 million Fahrenheit), increasing with height.

Of course, to describe a cavity, a space that appears empty from our viewpoint, from 93 million miles away – is not any easy task for scientists.

However, scientists recognize the cavities as basic building blocks of the coronal magnetic field and an important part of the development of solar activity.


Click on image to enlargeThe evolution of the part of the cavity over several days – visible from Earth, July 2008. Source
The Aug. 9, 2012 cavity lay at a fortuitous angle that maximized observations of the cavity itself, as opposed to the prominence at its base or the surrounding plasma.

“Our point with all of these research projects into what might seem like side streets, is ultimately to figure out the physics of magnetic fields in the corona,” says Sarah Gibson, a solar scientist at the High Altitude Observatory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo.
Gibson is also an author on all three cavity papers.

“Sometimes these cavities can be stable for days and weeks, but then suddenly erupt into a CME. We want to understand how that happens.”

We’re accessing so much data, so it’s an exciting time – with all these observations, our understanding is coming together to form a consistent story.”
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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 0 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 1 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 9 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 10 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 10 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 11 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 11 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 13 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
277830 (2006 HR29) 11th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.1917 74.6 190 m – 440 m 7.88 km/s 28368 km/h
(2008 BW2) 11th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.1678 65.3 3.1 m – 6.8 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2005 GQ21) 12th October 2012 17 day(s) 0.1980 77.0 620 m – 1.4 km 23.86 km/s 85896 km/h
(2012 GV17) 12th October 2012 17 day(s) 0.1500 58.4 160 m – 370 m 16.11 km/s 57996 km/h
256004 (2006 UP) 14th October 2012 19 day(s) 0.1374 53.5 65 m – 140 m 3.06 km/s 11016 km/h
(2005 ST1) 14th October 2012 19 day(s) 0.1319 51.3 230 m – 510 m 12.88 km/s 46368 km/h
(2011 OB57) 14th October 2012 19 day(s) 0.1553 60.4 17 m – 37 m 4.95 km/s 17820 km/h
(2012 KB4) 14th October 2012 19 day(s) 0.1271 49.4 22 m – 49 m 4.98 km/s 17928 km/h
(2004 RX10) 15th October 2012 20 day(s) 0.0819 31.9 150 m – 340 m 11.86 km/s 42696 km/h
(2006 WV1) 15th October 2012 20 day(s) 0.0910 35.4 17 m – 39 m 6.15 km/s 22140 km/h
(2012 LA) 16th October 2012 21 day(s) 0.0449 17.5 8.3 m – 19 m 1.86 km/s 6696 km/h
329275 (1999 VP6) 17th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.1766 68.7 300 m – 670 m 7.15 km/s 25740 km/h
136993 (1998 ST49) 18th October 2012 23 day(s) 0.0737 28.7 790 m – 1.8 km 16.63 km/s 59868 km/h
(2002 TR190) 19th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1712 66.6 430 m – 960 m 13.58 km/s 48888 km/h
(1998 XX2) 20th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.1356 52.8 290 m – 650 m 10.62 km/s 38232 km/h
(2003 UC5) 21st October 2012 26 day(s) 0.1750 68.1 260 m – 580 m 35.80 km/s 128880 km/h
(2008 CT1) 22nd October 2012 27 day(s) 0.0674 26.2 8.2 m – 18 m 15.82 km/s 56952 km/h
(2008 GD110) 23rd October 2012 28 day(s) 0.1482 57.7 33 m – 75 m 5.20 km/s 18720 km/h
(1992 JD) 24th October 2012 29 day(s) 0.1946 75.7 26 m – 59 m 8.29 km/s 29844 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Sinkholes

09/22/2012 Sinkhole Site Video (Update)

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.1 2012/09/21 23:07:02   19.037   -64.288 42.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.2 2012/09/21 22:59:26   36.262   70.287 113.1  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  3.2 2012/09/21 20:44:55   18.706   -68.224 27.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/21 19:36:51   36.785   142.333 24.7  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.1 2012/09/21 17:24:05   19.457   -64.165 72.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/21 17:19:04   36.526   71.273 90.2  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  2.6 2012/09/21 15:56:48   56.983  -154.121 19.3  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/21 15:39:16   35.520   22.734 46.1  CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN SEA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/21 12:22:29   19.739   -64.121 30.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.4   2012/09/21 12:17:26  -19.654   -69.149 98.8  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.9   2012/09/21 11:59:38   -8.979   157.978 35.1  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  4.3 2012/09/21 11:12:05   12.167   -88.743 35.2  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
MAP  2.8 2012/09/21 10:39:00   17.974   -67.086 6.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  4.5   2012/09/21 10:09:26   40.459   77.421 29.6  SOUTHERN XINJIANG, CHINA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/21 09:22:26  -32.965   -69.678 100.9  MENDOZA, ARGENTINA
MAP  5.0   2012/09/21 08:47:40   35.300   22.679 15.1  CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN SEA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/21 08:28:29   19.648   -64.203 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/21 08:11:28   19.499   -64.109 75.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.1 2012/09/21 06:37:01   10.225   -85.594 25.7  COSTA RICA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/21 05:08:30   57.197  -157.848 2.7  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/21 05:01:57   9.939   126.099 35.3  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.1 2012/09/21 04:53:33   54.716  -154.315 12.4  SOUTH OF ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/21 04:36:16   63.037  -148.469 76.5  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/21 03:28:36   32.099   58.499 25.9  EASTERN IRAN
MAP  4.7   2012/09/21 03:25:50  -25.646   178.468 572.0  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  2.8 2012/09/21 03:16:45   61.735  -149.718 37.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/21 02:18:45   19.292   -66.159 73.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/21 02:14:50  -10.836   113.985 8.8  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/21 00:30:44   -8.364   121.227 31.5  FLORES REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/21 00:03:54   35.248   135.388 370.4  WESTERN HONSHU, JAPAN

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/09/20 22:42:33   51.949  -177.631 9.8  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/20 22:17:41   51.121   179.245 23.6  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.4   2012/09/20 21:21:06   5.978   126.383 111.2  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  5.7   2012/09/20 21:03:40  -20.753  -178.373 544.2  FIJI REGION
MAP  3.8 2012/09/20 20:47:36   62.692  -149.807 10.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/20 20:01:18   52.472  -170.057 127.2  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/20 17:44:51   -5.735   149.821 120.5  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/20 17:21:58   19.006   -64.557 65.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/20 17:15:06   19.633   -64.434 17.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/20 16:58:43   17.569   -94.854 114.1  VERACRUZ, MEXICO
MAP  4.9   2012/09/20 16:32:43   10.657   126.978 35.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.0   2012/09/20 15:52:34   2.178   126.830 83.3  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/20 12:42:40   10.332   126.205 46.6  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/09/20 12:13:12   33.452  -116.441 2.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/20 11:42:15   18.557   -64.535 1.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/20 10:07:06  -34.271   -72.226 17.5  OFFSHORE LIBERTADOR O’HIGGINS, CHILE
MAP  4.1 2012/09/20 09:29:52   13.981   -91.017 71.3  GUATEMALA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/20 08:44:31   19.271   -64.047 94.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/20 08:40:16   40.378  -125.146 0.0  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/20 07:57:51   56.912  -154.004 46.1  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/20 07:31:29   56.909  -154.095 43.4  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/20 07:15:03   19.427   -64.198 87.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/20 06:23:43   52.586   -32.043 9.8  REYKJANES RIDGE
MAP  4.9   2012/09/20 06:08:05  -13.927   -72.699 66.5  CENTRAL PERU
MAP  5.2   2012/09/20 05:40:20  -20.537  -176.155 209.6  FIJI REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/20 05:39:35   19.701   -64.203 25.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/20 05:37:39   17.854   -65.536 16.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/20 03:32:41  -20.259   167.190 31.9  LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/09/20 01:52:20   35.301  -117.094 20.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/20 01:51:15   13.296   -89.807 77.4  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.5   2012/09/20 00:20:33   0.069   92.070 10.2  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 22, 2012 08:18:43 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara,