Tag Archive: Strait Of Gibraltar


Russia’s ‘carrier-killer’ Moskva enters Mediterranean

Published time: September 11, 2013 15:18
Edited time: September 12, 2013 11:14

Missile cruiser "Moskva" (RIA Novosti/Vitaliy Ankov)

Missile cruiser “Moskva” (RIA Novosti/Vitaliy Ankov)

Russia’s Moskva missile cruiser, dubbed a “carrier-killer” by NATO, has passed through the Straits of Gibraltar and is now heading toward the eastern Mediterranean to assume command of the Russian naval force there.

The Russian Navy said in a statement that the Moskva cruiser passed through the Straits of Gibraltar on September 10.

Interfax news agency added that the Moskva cruiser, “commanded by Sergey Tronev, Captain 1st Rank of the Guards… has enough room for maneuver now.”

“The Black Sea flagship entered the Russian Navy’s area of responsibility in the Mediterranean at 11:00 pm Moscow time yesterday,” the agency reported a military source as saying.

The missile-carrying cruiser is expected to join its final destination in eastern Mediterranean on September 15 or 16.

Upon arrival, the command of the Russian Navy unit in the Mediterranean, currently stationed onboard the Admiral Panteleyev anti-submarine ship, will be relocated to the Moskva.

“The armaments and technical equipment of the missile cruiser are in working condition. The crew is ready to perform combat missions,” the source said.

Missile cruiser "Moskva" belonging to Russia's Black Sea Fleet firing anti-aircraft missiles during joint drills with other fleets. (RIA Novosti/Vitaliy Ankov)

The missile cruiser, initially known to Western naval intelligence as “Slava” (Glory), was launched in 1979 and entered service in 1983. It was later renamed the “Moskva” in 1995. Designed to be carrier-killers, the cruisers of Class 1164 are equipped with 16 anti-ship launchers P-1000 Vulkan, or Volcano (SS-N-12 Sandbox anti-ship missiles, according to NATO classification).

Another two vessels, the landing ship Nikolay Filchenkov and the guard ship Smetlivy, will join the Russian naval unit later. They will be pass through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits by September 12-14 and will then head to the eastern Mediterranean.

Russia’s Defense Ministry has said the maneuvers are part of the “stage-by-stage rotation of warships and support ships of the standing naval force in the Mediterranean.”

Read More Here

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Earthquakes

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 23:37 PM
2.6     5.3     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 23:02 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:54 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 22:53 PM
2.8     6.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:51 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 29 22:50 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:39 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.9     48.2     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Fyr Of Macedonia
Apr 29 22:26 PM
2.6     1.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     52.6     MAP

EMSC     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     49.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 29 21:16 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Otago    , New Zealand
Apr 29 21:14 PM
4.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 20:48 PM
3.2     95.8     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 29 20:46 PM
2.5     83.6     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 20:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 19:57 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 29 19:44 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 19:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 29 19:21 PM
2.6     29.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 29 19:03 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 18:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:31 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:16 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 29 17:49 PM
2.7     8.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     37.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 16:57 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:15 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Long Valley Area, California
Apr 29 16:05 PM
2.6     4.6     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 29 16:01 PM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     47.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     41.7     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.3     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 13:54 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.6     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 12:56 PM
2.5     12.0     MAP

USGS     San Francisco Bay Area, California
Apr 29 12:53 PM
2.7     10.6     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 12:50 PM
2.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     212.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     220.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     61.7     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.4     103.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     97.8     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 11:34 AM

EMSC     Azores Islands, Portugal
Apr 29 11:15 AM
3.1     1.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 10:57 AM
3.2     5.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:46 AM
2.8     14.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     39.9     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     0.0     MAP

GEONET     Gisborne   , New Zealand
Apr 29 10:05 AM
3.8     25.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:04 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 09:51 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:40 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:03 AM
2.7     3.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     35.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     36.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 29 08:59 AM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.4     23.3     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 07:18 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 06:25 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.3     0.0     MAP

USGS     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     114.8     MAP

EMSC     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 05:54 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 29 05:41 AM
2.7     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 05:32 AM
2.5     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Germany
Apr 29 05:28 AM
2.6     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Off Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.4     24.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 29 04:07 AM
2.7     23.7     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.2     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 29 03:13 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 03:13 AM
2.7     31.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 03:09 AM
3.1     32.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 03:03 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
4.9     15.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 02:55 AM
3.3     46.2     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 02:14 AM
4.8     51.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
5.0     0.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
4.6     14.9     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece

 Apr 29 01:58 AM

 2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     15.2     MAP

USGS     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     18.9     MAP

EMSC     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 01:42 AM
2.9     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 01:04 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.3     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 29 00:27 AM
2.5     16.7     MAP

sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

Earthquakes

Published on Apr 28, 2012 by

EARTHQUAKE/SPACEWEATHER/PLANETARY GEOMETRY DATASET:
http://www.4shared.com/office/jQf-jJVD/Earthquakes_Planetary_Bodies_S.html?
TRY THIS IF THAT FIRST LINK BUGS YOU OUT: http://www.mediafire.com/view/?8yd7ddtd2rd7ffb
Sources Used to Compile Data Set: USGS, SDO, SOHO, JPL, Stellarium, fourmilab [Google them if you don’t know.]

PLANETARY GEOMETRY:
Bigbytes – http://dcsymbols.com/future/quepaso.htm
dcsymbols – http://www.youtube.com/user/dcsymbols

EARTH’s ANGULAR VELOCITY & WEATHER CORRELATION
John Thomas Bryant Jr. – http://www.youtube.com/user/astrotometry

SOLAR/SEISMIC CONNECTION:
1) Solar Activity as a Trigger Mechanism For Earthquakes. Simpson, John F. University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, Revised December 16, 1967
[In my opinion, only valuable for the theorized trigger mechanism]
2) Long-Period Trends in Global Seismic and Geomagnetic Activity and their Relation to Solar Activity. S. Odintsov, K. Boyarchuk, K. Georgieva, B. Kirov, D. Atanasov. Russian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia University, Bulgaria. Accepted March 18, 2005.
3) Does the Solar Cycle Modulate Seismic and Volcanic Activty? A. Mazzarella, A. Palumbo. University of Naples, Italy. Accepted April 10, 1989.

SOLAR/ATMOSPHERIC CONNECTION:
Physical Mechanism of the Action of Solar Activty and other Geophysical Factors on the State of the Lower Atmosphere, meteorological parameters, and Climate. M. I. Pudovkin, O. M. Raspoov. Phys.-Usp. 36 644 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1063-7869/36/7/A09). 1993.

CHINA QUAKE – 5/12/2008:
Formation Mechanism of Great Positive TEC Disturbances Prior to Wenchuan Earthquake on May 12, 2008. M. V. Klimenko, V. V. Klimenko, I. E. Zakharenkova, S.A. Pulinets, B. Zhao, M. N. Tsidilina. West Dept. of N.V. Pushkov, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Fedorov Institute of Applied geophysics, IKI (Moscow), Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Accepted March 31, 2011

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Volcanic Activity

Nicaragua Monitors Microseismic Activity Increase in Volcano

Imagen activaManagua, Apr 29 (Prensa Latina) Nicaraguan Experts reported Sunday more seismic activity at Masaya volcano, about 20 kilometers south of Managua, with an increase in expulsions of sulfur gases, which keeps the disaster warning system in high alert.According to the report, a crack in the main crater causes higher emissions and a sound similar to a jet engine.

Specialists of the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Attention to Disasters (SINAPRED) and the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER), told the press that they detected this unusual behavior several days ago, but for now there is no reason for alarm.

The INETER geophysics director, Angelica Munoz, told the site El 19 Digital they monitor Masayaâ�Ös situation closely because of rising emissions and temperature above the normal range.

Technical teams assess the seismic tremor, but there is no emergency declared and the gates of Masaya Volcano National Park remain open to the public, said the director of INETER, Jorge Castro, and the executive secretary of SINAPRED, Guillermo Gonzalez.

sgl/ isa/rmh/mjm

Modificado el ( domingo, 29 de abril de 2012 )

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Deadly tent collapse due to high winds

Moscow swelters in record heat

by Staff Writers
Moscow (AFP) April 29, 2012


6.4-magnitude quake strikes off Tonga: USGS
Sydney (AFP) April 28, 2012 – A strong 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the Pacific nation of Tonga on Saturday, US seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning was issued.The quake happened at 11:08 PM (1008 GMT) 78 kilometres (49 miles) from the town of Neiafu, on the south coast of the island Vava’u, at a depth of about 130 kilometres (80 miles), the US Geological Survey (USGS) said.The epicentre of the tremor was 280 kilometres (173 miles) north of the capital Nuku’alofa.The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said in a statement that the quake did not generate a tsunami. The USGS had initially reported it as a 6.7-magnitude quake.

Tonga, almost 2,000 kilometres (1,240 miles) northeast of New Zealand, lies on the so-called Pacific “Ring of Fire”, where continental plates collide causing frequent seismic activity.

 

Moscow sweltered in unseasonable heat on Sunday, with temperatures of nearly 29 degrees Celsius (84.2 Fahrenheit), a record for April since data collection began 130 years ago, authorities said.

“At 4:00 p.m. (1200 GMT), the temperature reached 28.6 degrees Celsius, an absolute record for the month of April,” an official from the Russian capital’s weather service told the Interfax news agency.

“The previous record for the month goes back to April 24, 1950, with 28 degrees,” he added.

The mercury had already climbed to 26.3 degrees on Saturday.

Several central and eastern European countries recorded unseasonably high temperatures on Saturday, with a record 32 degrees recorded in northern Austria.

Central, eastern Europe swelter in record heat
Vienna (AFP) April 28, 2012 – Summer came early to central and eastern Europe as unseasonally high temperatures were recorded Saturday in several parts of Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic.

Temperatures “are exceptionally mild for April”, Austria’s ZAMG meteorological centre said, reporting a record 32 Celsius (90 Fahrenheit) in the northern region of Lower Austria.

The centre said the main reason for the summer weather gracing the region was a strong southern wind from Africa’s Sahara desert.

Temperatures hovering around 28 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) in Vienna drew large crowds to the banks of the Danube while Germany’s Bild carried frontpage pictures of Berlin residents sunbathing in 30 degrees.

Prague experienced its hottest April 28 in 212 years, with mercury hitting 27.7 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) while unusually high temperatures were also recorded in Poland and Slovakia.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

  Short Time Event(s)

  29.04.2012 Extreme Weather Bangladesh Tripura, Panisagar [Dharmanagar town area] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Bangladesh on Sunday, 29 April, 2012 at 18:32 (06:32 PM) UTC.

Description
At least three persons including a 76-year-old man was killed and 500 houses collapsed when rain storms swept different parts of Tripura, official sources said on Sunday.A 76-year-old farmer died in Dharmanagar town area and a 30-year-old man died in Panisagar in northern Tripura district when lightning struck them on Saturday, police said.A nine-year-old boy died of electrocution when he came in contact of live wire at Sonamura in Sipahijala district, police said.The pre-monsoon rain accompanied by hailstorm swept different parts of the state collapsing at least 500 houses, uprooting many trees and electric posts.Security forces and civil defence volunteers were engaged in distribution of relief and immediate relieves were given to the next of keens of the deceased, official sources said.At least 12 persons had died within this month due to lightning and electrocution.

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT
POINT ST GEORGE TO POINT ARENA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION

Hard Freeze Warning

BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY

Freeze Warning

ALBANY NY
NEW YORK NY
BUFFALO NY
TAUNTON MA
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
BURLINGTON VT
STATE COLLEGE PA

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Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Watch

NORMAN OK
AMARILLO TX

Flash Flood Watch

ST LOUIS MO
SPRINGFIELD MO

Flood Warning

NORMAN OK
TULSA OK
SPRINGFIELD MO
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
SPOKANE, WA
WICHITA KS
ST LOUIS MO
BOISE ID
 FAIRBANKS AK

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Radiation/Biological Hazard

Poisonous Cloud Could Be Heading Towards The United States
How Dangerous Is It?
28 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – A highly poisonous cloud depleted with uranium and radioactive material is heading towards the United States

There are many conflicting reports and it remains unclear just how dangerous the cloud is.

On April 22, at 2:a5 am, the Mitsui petrochemical plant exploded in the town Wagi Yamaguchi, Japan. One worker, and 11 people were injured.

In their press release, the plant owner Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. (Toshikazu Tanaka, President & CEO) declared that “causes of the accident are under investigation by authorities.”

Read Full Article Here

4/27/2012 — Cloud of depleted URANIUM heading towards Hawaii and West Coast?!


full website post here plus links to monitor radiation detection at several world wide locations

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Climate Change

“Warming hole” delayed climate change over eastern United States

by Staff Writers
Boston MA (SPX) Apr 30, 2012


Observed change in surface air temperature between 1930 and 1990. Observations are from the NASA GISS Surface Temperature Analysis. Image courtesy of Eric Leibensperger.

Climate scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have discovered that particulate pollution in the late 20th century created a “warming hole” over the eastern United States-that is, a cold patch where the effects of global warming were temporarily obscured.

While greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane warm the Earth’s surface, tiny particles in the air can have the reverse effect on regional scales.

“What we’ve shown is that particulate pollution over the eastern United States has delayed the warming that we would expect to see from increasing greenhouse gases,” says lead author Eric Leibensperger (Ph.D. ’11), who completed the work as a graduate student in applied physics at SEAS.

“For the sake of protecting human health and reducing acid rain, we’ve now cut the emissions that lead to particulate pollution,” he adds, “but these cuts have caused the greenhouse warming in this region to ramp up to match the global trend.”

At this point, most of the “catch-up” warming has already occurred.

The findings, published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, present a more complete picture of the processes that affect regional climate change. The work also carries significant implications for the future climate of industrial nations, like China, that have not yet implemented air quality regulations to the same extent as the United States.

Until the United States passed the Clean Air Act in 1970 and strengthened it in 1990, particulate pollution hung thick over the central and eastern states. Most of these particles in the atmosphere were made of sulfate, originating as sulfur emissions from coal-fired power plants. Compared to greenhouse gases, particulate pollution has a very short lifetime (about 1 week), so its distribution over the Earth is uneven.

“The primary driver of the warming hole is the aerosol pollution-these small particles,” says Leibensperger. “What they do is reflect incoming sunlight, so we see a cooling effect at the surface.”

This effect has been known for some time, but the new analysis demonstrates the strong impact that decreases in particulate pollution can have on regional climate.

The researchers found that interactions between clouds and particles amplified the cooling. Particles of pollution can act as nucleation sites for cloud droplets, which can in turn reflect even more sunlight than the particles would individually, leading to greater cooling at the surface.

The researchers’ analysis is based on a combination of two complex models of Earth systems. The pollution data comes from the GEOS-Chem model, which was first developed at Harvard and, through a series of many updates, has since become an international standard for modeling pollution over time. The climate data comes from the general circulation model developed by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Both models are rooted in decades’ worth of observational data.

Since the early 20th century, global mean temperatures have risen-by approximately 0.8 degrees Celsius from 1906 to 2005-but in the U.S. “warming hole,” temperatures decreased by as much as 1 degree Celsius during the period 1930-1990. U.S. particulate pollution peaked in 1980 and has since been reduced by about half. By 2010 the average cooling effect over the East had fallen to just 0.3 degrees Celsius.

“Such a large fraction of the sulfate has already been removed that we don’t have much more warming coming along due to further controls on sulfur emissions in the future,” says principal investigator Daniel Jacob, the Vasco McCoy Family Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Engineering at SEAS.

Jacob is also a Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard and a faculty associate of the Harvard University Center for the Environment.

Besides confirming that particulate pollution plays a large role in affecting U.S. regional climate, the research emphasizes the importance of accounting for the climate impacts of particulates in future air quality policies.

“Something similar could happen in China, which is just beginning to tighten up its pollution standards,” says co-author Loretta J. Mickley, a Senior Research Fellow in atmospheric chemistry at SEAS. “China could see significant climate change due to declining levels of particulate pollutants.”

Sulfates are harmful to human health and can also cause acid rain, which damages ecosystems and erodes buildings.

“No one is suggesting that we should stop improving air quality, but it’s important to understand the consequences. Clearing the air could lead to regional warming,” Mickley says.

Leibensperger, Jacob, and Mickley were joined by co-authors Wei-Ting Chen and John H. Seinfeld (California Institute of Technology); Athanasios Nenes (Georgia Institute of Technology); Peter J. Adams (Carnegie Mellon University); David G. Streets (Argonne National Laboratory); Naresh Kumar (Electric Power Research Institute); and David Rind (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies). The research was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); neither EPRI nor the EPA has officially endorsed the results. The work also benefited from resources provided by Academic Computing Services at SEAS.

Related Links
Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

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Solar Activity

2MIN Apr29: World Update, Spaceweather

Published on Apr 29, 2012 by

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Space

Tiny ‘spherules’ reveal details about Earth’s asteroid impacts

by Staff Writers
West Lafayette, IN (SPX) Apr 27, 2012


Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock. The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to the surface as a thin layer. This sample was found in Western Australia and formed 2.63 billion years ago in the aftermath of a large impact. Credit: Oberlin College photo/Bruce M. Simonson.

Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock.

The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into the Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded into space as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten and vaporized rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to Earth as a thin layer. The round or oblong particles were preserved in layers of rock, and now researchers have analyzed them to record precise information about asteroids impacting Earth from 3.5 billion to 35 million years ago.

“What we have done is provide the foundation for understanding how to interpret the layers in terms of the size and velocity of the asteroid that made them,” said Jay Melosh, an expert in impact cratering and a distinguished professor of earth and atmospheric sciences, physics and aerospace engineering at Purdue University.

Findings, which support a theory that the Earth endured an especially heavy period of asteroid bombardment early in its history, are detailed in a research paper appearing online in the journal Nature on Wednesday (April 25). The paper was written by Purdue physics graduate student Brandon Johnson and Melosh. The findings, based on geologic observations, support a theoretical study in a companion paper in Nature by researchers at the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colo.

The period of heavy asteroid bombardment – from 4.2 to 3.5 billion years ago – is thought to have been influenced by changes in the early solar system that altered the trajectory of objects in an asteroid belt located between Mars and Jupiter, sending them on a collision course with Earth.

“That’s the postulate, and this is the first real solid evidence that it actually happened,” Melosh said.

“Some of the asteroids that we infer were about 40 kilometers in diameter, much larger than the one that killed off the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago that was about 12-15 kilometers. But when we looked at the number of impactors as a function of size, we got a curve that showed a lot more small objects than large ones, a pattern that matches exactly the distribution of sizes in the asteroid belt. For the first time we have a direct connection between the crater size distribution on the ancient Earth and the sizes of asteroids out in space.”

Because craters are difficult to study directly, impact history must be inferred either by observations of asteroids that periodically pass near the Earth or by studying craters on the moon. Now, the new technique using spherules offers a far more accurate alternative to chronicle asteroid impacts on Earth, Melosh said.

“We can look at these spherules, see how thick the layer is, how big the spherules are, and we can infer the size and velocity of the asteroid,” Melosh said. “We can go back to the earliest era in the history of the Earth and infer the population of asteroids impacting the planet.”

For asteroids larger than about 10 kilometers in diameter, the spherules are deposited in a global layer.

“Some of these impacts were several times larger than the Chicxulub impact that killed off the dinosaurs 65 million years ago,” Johnson said. “The impacts may have played a large role in the evolutional history of life. The large number of impacts may have helped simple life by introducing organics and other important materials at a time when life on Earth was just taking hold.”

A 40-kilometer asteroid would have wiped out everything on the Earth’s surface, whereas the one that struck 65 million years ago killed only land animals weighing more than around 20 kilograms.

“Impact craters are the most obvious indication of asteroid impacts, but craters on Earth are quickly obscured or destroyed by surface weathering and tectonic processes,” Johnson said. “However, the spherule layers, if preserved in the geologic record, provide information about an impact even when the source crater cannot be found.”

The Purdue researchers studied the spherules using computer models that harness mathematical equations developed originally to calculate the condensation of vapor.

“There have been some new wrinkles in vapor condensation modeling that motivated us to do this work, and we were the first to apply it to asteroid impacts,” Melosh said.

The spherules are about a millimeter in diameter.

The researchers also are studying a different type of artifact similar to spherules but found only near the original impact site. Whereas the globally distributed spherules come from the condensing vaporized rock, these “melt droplets” are from rock that’s been melted and not completely vaporized.

“Before this work, it was not possible to distinguish between these two types of formations,” Melosh said. “Nobody had established criteria for discriminating between them, and we’ve done that now.”

One of the authors of the Southwest Research Institute paper, David Minton, is now an assistant professor of earth and atmospheric sciences at Purdue.

Findings from the research may enable Melosh’s team to enhance an asteroid impact effects calculator he developed to estimate what would happen if asteroids of various sizes were to hit the Earth. The calculator, “Impact: Earth!” allows anyone to calculate potential comet or asteroid damage based on the object’s mass.

Related Links
Purdue University
Asteroid and Comet Impact Danger To Earth – News and Science

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 23:28 PM
3.8     2.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 23:11 PM
3.0     220.7     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.6     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 24 22:04 PM
3.1     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:57 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 24 21:55 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:53 PM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     543.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.8     527.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     534.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 20:26 PM
3.0     28.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.4     37.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:45 PM
2.5     18.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:44 PM
3.3     18.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     14.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 19:22 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:20 PM
4.4     194.0     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     23.5     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.6     22.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     14.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 19:07 PM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:58 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:48 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.8     1.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
3.5     52.1     MAP

EMSC     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     35.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 18:17 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     52.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     51.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:55 PM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:36 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:31 PM
3.3     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:26 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 17:07 PM
2.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 16:53 PM
2.7     4.1     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 16:35 PM
2.8     130.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 15:52 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.6     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     8.7     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 15:05 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 15:04 PM
2.9     47.6     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     52.9     MAP

EMSC     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.7     527.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.8     533.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.5     511.1     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.6     27.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     12.7     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 14:52 PM
3.4     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:44 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:37 PM
3.5     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:28 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:23 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 14:17 PM
2.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Iraq
Apr 24 13:36 PM
3.0     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 24 13:25 PM
2.5     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:54 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 24 12:53 PM
4.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:51 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.4     58.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     607.8     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     608.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:22 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 24 12:13 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:10 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 12:10 PM
2.9     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:01 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:39 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:29 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.2     87.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.6     72.0     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     12.3     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 10:38 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 24 09:57 AM
3.3     68.8     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:50 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 08:57 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 08:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 08:01 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 07:23 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 07:14 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:39 AM
2.4     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:32 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 06:14 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 06:10 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 05:53 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 24 05:36 AM
2.5     0.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 05:12 AM
3.2     58.9     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 24 04:45 AM
3.4     101.9     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 24 04:38 AM
3.4     12.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 03:57 AM
2.8     76.2     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.5     23.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.4     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 03:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 03:02 AM
4.2     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 02:50 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     21.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Maui Region, Hawaii
Apr 24 02:42 AM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 02:33 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Isl.
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     35.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.1     48.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     56.6     MAP

EMSC     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     47.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 01:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 01:01 AM
2.6     4.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 00:34 AM
2.9     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 24 00:14 AM
2.4     31.0     MAP

 

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Volcanic Activity

Mount  Etna  Spews  Ash and  Lava

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Etna’s fingers of fire: Europe’s most active volcano sends molten lava streaming menacingly down its mountainside

  • Fourth eruption of 11,000ft volcano in last month alone

By Mail Foreign Service

Etna, erupted for the seventh – and without doubt the most spectacular – time this year today, spewing forth molten lava hundreds of metres into the air.

Residents living close by were covered in hot ash but Europe’s tallest and most active volcano didn’t seem to pose any threat to human safety.

Local inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Catania were grateful that Etna at least didn’t close the local airport as it did last month, preventing a visiting Serie A football team from leaving the island.

Spewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again todaySpewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again today

Mexican volcano keeps locals awake

2012-04-24 12:02

line

The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)

Xalitzintla – Residents at the foot of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano no longer sleep soundly since the towering mountain roared back into action over a week ago, spewing out a hail of rocks, steam and ash.

“We close our eyes, but we don’t sleep much. In the past, there was only smoke but this time it’s stronger,” said Francisco Jimenez, who lives in the nearby town of Xalitzintla in central Mexico, 55km from Mexico City.

The volcano, Mexico’s second highest peak at 5 452m, started rumbling and spurting high clouds of ash and steam on 13 April, provoking the authorities to raise the alert to level five on a seven-point scale.

The alert extended a security cordon around the volcano but stopped short of starting evacuations of about 685 000 residents from nearby communities.

Over the weekend, residents watched as Popocatepetl, which means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language, lived up to its name, spouting glowing rocks and shaking the ground beneath their feet.

“When we went out to see, my son cried: ‘We have to leave!’ We were ready to leave for Mexico City but then it calmed down a bit,” said 67-year-old Leopolda Perez of Xalitzintla.

‘Relative calm’ state

Authorities from the National Centre of Disaster Prevention maintained their alert level and said on Monday that the volcano remains at a “relative calm” state.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, Popocatepetl registered more intense rumblings from 1994, with the strongest in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Juan Carlos Salazar, head of civil protection for the central state of Puebla, said that while many people thought lava was now coming out of the volcano, the crater was only spewing glowing rocks, with no risk to the population.

Popocatepetl is an explosive volcano that can suddenly erupt at tremendous force, thrusting out rocks and ashes at large distances. That kind of volcano can be more dangerous than those releasing only flowing lava.

Residents nervous

Residents say they are used to the permanent threat of the volcano, which they affectionately nickname “Don Gregorio” or “Don Goyo”, but many say the new activity makes them nervous again.

“We’ve been watching out for many nights, waiting to see what happens,” said Gabino Santibanez, mayor of San Pedro Benito Juarez, a small town only 9km from the glowing crater.

Locals said that most frightening was the unusual rumbling coming from the volcano, which many compared to an aircraft turbine.

“We’ve never heard a noise like it,” said Maximiliano Grajales.

About 4.5 million people live on the outskirts of the volcano, which lies at the crossroads of the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico.

Preparations made

Officials in the area have prepared temporary shelters for possible evacuations and even taken stock of livestock, in case of possible theft.

“Some people won’t want to leave because of their animals. Thieves pillaged houses during the 2000 evacuation,” Grajales said.

Some now wear face masks to protect their lungs from falling ashes as Don Goyo rumbles and smokes nearby.

– SAPA
 Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
13 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

Heat wave shifts to central US — drought-hit West Texas in the cross-hairs

By Miguel Llanos, msnbc.com

The heat wave that baked the Southwest the previous two days is shifting to the central U.S.

Starting Tuesday, highs will reach into the 80s from Texas all the way up to the border with Canada, weather.com reported.

“Over 30 locations may tie or set new daily record highs Tuesday in the Rockies and Plains,” it added, and some areas as far north as Nebraska could reach into the 90s.

On Wednesday, West Texas will get blasted by triple-digit heat, forecasters said, worsening the prolonged drought that area has experienced. Midland will feel some of the worst of the heat.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record” for an April 25, National Weather Service forecaster Jack Ciccone of the Midland office told msnbc.com. The forecast is for 101 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 degrees above the existing record set in 1996.

Read Full Article Here
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

 

 

 

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China [Northern and Eastern Region] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather India State of Assam, [Tinsukia district ] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, Purchase [Westchester County Airport] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Mexico State of Jalisco, [Primavera forest] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Vietnam Province of Binh Thuan, [About 20km from Phan Thiet town] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Selby Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Explosion Canada Province of British Columbia, Prince George [Lakeland Mills sawmill] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level

V

 

Freeze Warning

 

ALBANY NY
BLACKSBURG VA
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA


Red Flag Warning

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

 

MELBOURNE FL
JACKSONVILLE FL
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

 

 

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Flooding

Flood Warning

 

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA



Flood Advisory

 

 FAIRBANKS AK
MISSOULA MT

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Radiation

press release

April 24, 2012, 10:29 a.m. EDT

Nuclear Famine Report: Limited Nuclear Exchange In One Of World’s Regions Would Trigger Mass Global Starvation After Slashing Chinese, U.S. Food Production

CHICAGO, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — Amidst Growing Tensions in Asia, India-Pakistan Confrontation Used to Show Dire Consequences Around the Globe; More Than A Billion People Would be at Risk Under “Nuclear Famine” Scenario.

More than a billion people around the world would face starvation following a limited regional nuclear weapons exchange (such as a clash between India and Pakistan) that would cause major worldwide climate disruption driving down food production in China, the U.S. and other nations, according to a major new report released today by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and its U.S. affiliate, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR).

Dr. Ira Helfand, the author of “Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk–Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture, Food Supplies, and Human Nutrition,” said: “The grim prospect of nuclear famine requires a fundamental change in our thinking about nuclear weapons. The new evidence that even the relatively small nuclear arsenals of countries such as India and Pakistan could cause long lasting, global damage to the Earth’s ecosystems and threaten hundreds of millions of already malnourished people demands that action be taken. The needless and preventable deaths of one billion people over a decade would be a disaster unprecedented in human history. It would not cause the extinction of the human race, but it would bring an end to modern civilization as we know it.”

The findings and the methodology on which the study is based will be published in a forthcoming issue of the peer-reviewed journal Climatic Change. Released during the World Summit of Nobel Laureates in Chicago April 23-25, 2012, the Helfand report was made possible with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among the specific findings outlined in the report:

Corn production in the U.S. would decline by an average of 10 percent for an entire decade, with the most severe decline (20 percent) in Year 5. Soybean production would decline by about 7 percent, with the most severe loss, more than 20 percent, in Year 5.

There would be a significant decline in middle-season rice production in China. During the first four years, rice production would decline by an average of 21 percent; over the next six years the decline would average 10 percent.

Resulting increases in food prices would make food inaccessible to hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest. Even if agricultural markets continued to function normally, 215 million people would be added to the rolls of the malnourished over the course of a decade. The 925 million people in the world who are already chronically malnourished (with a baseline consumption of 1,750 calories or less per day), would be put at risk by a further 10 percent decline in their food consumption.

Significant agricultural shortfalls over an extended period would almost certainly lead to panic and hoarding on an international scale, further reducing accessible food.

The IPPNW/PSR report concludes: “There is an urgent need to reduce the reliance on nuclear weapons by all nuclear weapons states and to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons convention that will ban these weapons completely.”

Read Full Article Here

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Climate Change

Hunger crisis stalks Chad’s children

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Almost 130,000 children are at risk of developing acute malnutrition in the central African nation of Chad within this year, according to the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

The crisis is worsening by the day and aid agencies say funds are not coming in quick enough to help.

Charles Stratford reports.

 

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Solar Activity

2MIN News: Volcanos, Spaceweather, Planetary/Lunar Position

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Sun-Diving Comet – Earth Directed CME – 24th April 2012.wmv

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

With thanks and gratitude for SolarWatcher’s dedicated time and effort uploading this video.

A Sun-Diving comet was caught on the Soho satellite feed on 23rd April 2012. Shortly after the comet’s death plunge, a large Halo coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed and is currently earth directed. Impact on the earth’s magnetic field is expected around 26th/27th April 2012.

 

 

 

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

>

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

 
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Articles of Interest

Teenager disappears into ground as sinkhole opens up in Chinese pavement

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

A Chinese teenager is lucky to escape with minor injuries after falling into a sinkhole in Xi’an, northern China. Report by Sam Datta-Paulin.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     124.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     113.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     112.8     MAP

EMSC     Syria-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 23:38 PM
3.1     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 23:27 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 23:15 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.8     39.5     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.9     32.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 22 23:05 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 22 22:25 PM
2.6     2.1     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 22 22:04 PM
2.9     1.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 22 21:55 PM
3.1     51.3     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     591.3     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     590.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     595.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 22 21:37 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 22 21:37 PM
3.0     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 22 21:09 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 22 20:48 PM
3.3     85.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 22 19:54 PM
2.7     36.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 19:28 PM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 19:08 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 22 18:31 PM
4.7     368.0     MAP

USGS     Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 22 18:12 PM
4.6     85.7     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 22 18:11 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     La Paz, Bolivia
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.4     155.6     MAP

EMSC     La Paz, Bolivia
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.4     140.0     MAP

GEOFON     Peru-bolivia Border Region
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.6     134.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 22 18:01 PM
3.0     10.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 17:30 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 22 17:16 PM
2.8     18.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 17:14 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 16:51 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 22 16:18 PM
3.5     4.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 22 16:06 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Kep. Tanimbar Region, Indonesia
Apr 22 15:37 PM
5.0     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tanimbar Islands Reg., Indonesia
Apr 22 15:37 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 15:21 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 14:28 PM
3.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 22 14:27 PM
2.5     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 14:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 13:58 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 13:58 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:56 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 13:50 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 13:50 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 22 13:37 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:15 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 22 13:13 PM
5.0     180.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 22 13:13 PM
4.7     156.0     MAP

GEOFON     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.0     9.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:09 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 22 13:04 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 22 13:04 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 12:27 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.2     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 12:07 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 12:02 PM
3.1     8.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.3     39.2     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.3     34.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 10:33 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Island Of New Zealand
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.0     MAP

USGS     South Island Of New Zealand
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.3     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 10:01 AM
2.6     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 09:47 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu,
Japan     Apr 22 09:45 AM
4.5     24.5     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 09:45 AM
4.5     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 22 09:32 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 22 09:19 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 22 09:19 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 09:07 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 22 08:59 AM
2.5     51.9     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 22 08:57 AM
2.6     27.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 08:46 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 08:37 AM
2.4     17.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.4     20.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.4     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:14 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:14 AM
4.5     88.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:13 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Guatemala
Apr 22 08:07 AM
4.1     67.0     MAP

USGS     Guatemala
Apr 22 08:07 AM
4.1     67.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 22 08:00 AM
3.0     40.5     MAP
USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 22 07:54 AM
3.1     6.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:50 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 07:26 AM
2.9     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:19 AM
2.8     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:09 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 22 07:09 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 22 07:06 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 07:05 AM
2.4     8.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 22 07:04 AM
2.5     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 22 07:03 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:01 AM
3.5     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 22 06:58 AM
2.5     9.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Alaska
Apr 22 06:56 AM
3.4     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:50 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:40 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Iran
Apr 22 06:38 AM
4.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:26 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:15 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 05:59 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 05:56 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 22 05:11 AM
2.6     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 22 04:34 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Chile-bolivia Border Region
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.1     137.0     MAP

EMSC     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.4     133.0     MAP

USGS     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.4     122.8     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 04:00 AM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 03:23 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
4.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
4.9     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 01:54 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 22 01:11 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.5     344.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.8     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.8     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:22 AM
4.2     20.0     MAP

USGS     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:22 AM
4.2     10.4     MAP

GEOFON     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:21 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 00:08 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Syria
Apr 22 00:06 AM
3.0     15.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
2 23.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
11 22.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Central Region, [ The area was not defined.] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Minnesota, Duluth [Edgewater Resort and Water Park] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Florida, Hillsborough Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Western Australia, Broome [Cable Beach] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Japan Prefecture of Kagoshima, [About 2 kilometers west of Sata Cape] Damage level Details
  Today Flash Flood Kenya Rift Valley Province, [Hell’s Gate National Park] Damage level Details
2 23.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee] Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Explosion Japan Prefecture of Yamaguchi, [Mitsui Chemicals] Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident China Municipality of Shanghai, Shanghai Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Zimbabwe Mashonaland West Province, Kadoma Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Incident Pakistan State of Sindh, Karachi [Jinnah International Airport] Damage level

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Storms, Flooding

Destructive Snowstorm Targets Interior Northeast

by Jonathan Erdman, weather.com Sr. Meteorologist
Updated: April 23, 2012 6:15 am ET
The snow season “that largely wasn’t” in the Northeast will be “book-ended” by two destructive winter storms.

A heavy, wet snowstorm in 2011 downed trees and power lines, knocking out power to over 3 million customers in the Northeast just before Halloween 2011, in a storm dubbed “Snowtober”.

Snowtober 2011: Photos | A record-setter | #1 winter storm of 2011-2012

Unfortunately, another “Snowtober”-type destructive snowstorm will wreak havoc in parts of the Northeast kicking off this week. Let’s get to the critical details.
Click here to track current power outages

Read Full Article  and  Watch Video Here

Lakeshore Flood Warning

 BUFFALO NY

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

CARIBOU ME
TAUNTON MA
CHICAGO IL
NORTHERN INDIANA
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
BUFFALO NY
SOUTH OF NEW ENGLAND
GULF OF MAINE TO THE HAGUE LINE
GEORGES BANK...FROM THE NORTHEAST CHANNEL TO THE GREAT SOUTH
CHANNEL INCLUDING WATERS EAST OF CAPE COD...TO THE HAGUE LINE
GAYLORD MI
GRAY ME
CLEVELAND OH
ANCHORAGE AK

Freeze Warning

OMAHA/VALLEY NE
BLACKSBURG VA
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC
QUAD CITIES IA IL
MORRISTOWN TN
INDIANAPOLIS IN
NORTHERN INDIANA
GRAND RAPIDS MI
LINCOLN IL

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

MOBILE AL
MIAMI FL
CHICAGO IL
TALLAHASSEE FL
 MELBOURNE FL

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Radiation

Is Fukushima’s Doomsday Machine About to Blow?

By (about the author)

opednews.com

Mounting troubles at Japan’s hobbled Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant now pose a real threat to human survival. If the area in which Unit 4 is struck by another 7.0 magnitude earthquake, there’s a 70 percent chance that “the entire fuel pool structure will collapse” and massive doses of lethal nuclear radiation will be released into the atmosphere. The disaster would release approximately “134 million curies is Cesium-137 — roughly 85 times the amount of Cs-137 released at Chernobyl as estimated by the U.S. National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP).” Experts believe that the amounts are sufficient to “destroy the world environment and our civilization,” which makes containment “an issue of human survival.” (“The Greatest Single Threat to Humanity: Fuel Pool Number 4,” Washington’s blog)

The structural integrity of Unit 4’s cooling pool was greatly compromised by the earthquake and following tsunami which struck the facility over a year ago. At present, the pools are not adequately protected or reinforced, which means that a sizable tremor could “cause a disaster worse than the three reactor meltdowns.” If such a disaster were to occur, “people should get out of Japan, and residents of the West Coast of America and Canada should shut all of their windows and stay inside,” says nuclear expert Arnie Gundersen.

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr22


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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

NorCal Sonic Boom Possible Meteor Impact

Overnight meteor shower continued Sunday morning.

By Lori Preuitt
|  Sunday, Apr 22, 2012  |  Updated 1:58 PM PDT
Possible Sonic Boom a Meteor in NorCal

This is from a very active Leonid meteor shower, but you get the idea.

People in Northern California and Nevada reported hearing a loud boom in the sky above the Sierra Sunday morning.

The Tuolumne County sheriff’s department said they are investigating the possibility that it might have been the physical impact of an overnight meteor shower. Some people in the Tahoe area said they saw what they believed to be a meteor just prior to the sound. Others said they saw a fireball streak across the sky at the same time.

People who live in in Lake Tahoe, El Dorado County, Placer County, Tuolumne County, Amador County and Nevada County contacted our sister station in Sacramento. KCRA is reporting that they heard the sound just after 8:30 a.m.

The Associated Press reported the explosion rattled windows and shook houses from Reno to Winnemucca in Nevada, and from the Sacramento to Bakersfield.

Meteorologists in California and Nevada including our own Rob Mayeda said there were meteor showers Saturday night that could have still been going on Sunday morning.

Read Full Article Here

Inexplicable Earthquake Swarm in Canada; “Sounds like dynamite exploding.”

http://sheilaaliens.net/?p=539 “A New Brunswick town has been experiencing small earthquakes over the past month and residents are getting worried.”
source: http://www.globalnews.ca/video/natural+phenomenon+rocks+nb+town/video.html?v=…
Canada’s EQ Center:
http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/index-eng.php

And an interesting article by CanadianBusiness from today entitled
“Manmade earthquakes trigger government drill-down into possible fracking link”:

“VANCOUVER – A booming gas extraction process that has environmentalists all shaken up is being probed by two different studies to determine if it’s also causing the depths of Canada to rattle and roll.

The research into whether hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, can trigger earthquakes is being conducted just as a pair of independent papers were released internationally this week suggesting they do.

The studies out of mid-continent U.S. and Britain found that shallow, man-made tremors may be linked to the blasting of water, sand and chemicals deep underground to break open rock to obtain crude oil and natural gas.

Experts and critics alike are waiting for conclusive results from home soil before suggesting industry practices should be altered.

“These are tiny earthquakes and they’re the variety that occur thousands of times a day around the world,” said John Cassidy, a federal government seismologist in Victoria, B.C., of the international findings.
He said mounting interest and unusual vibrations in British Columbia have prompted closer study at home.

“The idea is to be able to provide well-grounded science advice that can be used by regulators across the country for their decision-making.”

A four-year study was launched by the federal Natural Resources Department on April 1. With the aid of industry regulators and universities, it will seek to unearth whether fracking has inducing quakes in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Quebec, Cassidy said.

A provincial study is also underway in a region of northeastern B.C. called the Horn River Basin, where at least 11 energy companies are developing significant shale gas extraction projects. The study, being conducted by the BC Oil and Gas Commission with commercial co-operation, should be completed later this year.”
Read more: http://www.canadianbusiness.com/article/80131–manmade-earthquakes-trigger-go…

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Wildlife

Mass Dolphin Death Mystery In Peru, Authorities Blame It On Viral Infection

By Sreeja VN | Apr 22, 2012 08:14 AM EDT

Investigations are on into the deaths of hundreds of dolphins that washed up on the northern coast of Peru. Around 877 carcasses of dolphins and porpoises were found on Peruvian beaches in two and half months. Peruvian officials and environmentalists are trying to unravel the mystery behind the phenomenon.

No concrete reasons have been figured out yet but the authorities believe that it could possibly be a viral infection that may have killed the dolphins in huge numbers. While environmental groups in the country blame the seismic oil exploration work carried out by BPZ Energy Company for the dolphin deaths.

Read Full Article Here

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Articles of Interest

World — 22 April 2012
100% Certainty of Total Catastrophic Failure of the Entire Power Infrastructure Within 3 Years (Video)

Mac Slavo
SHTFplan

As smart grid metering systems expand across the developed world, many are starting to ask whether the threats posed by the new devices, which officials promise will save energy and reduce end user utility costs, outweigh their benefits. In addition to documented health concerns resulting from radiation emissions and no cost savings being apparent, opponents of the technology argue that smart meters are violative of basic privacy rights and give the government yet another digital node of unfettered access to monitor and control personal electricity consumption.

Now, an alarming new documentary suggests that security problems with the inter-connected and seemingly convenient smart grid may be so serious that they could lead to a catastrophic failure of our nation’s entire power infrastructure.

In an interview for the upcoming documentary titled Take Back Your Power, Cyber defense expert David Chalk warns that our nation is in crisis. Not only are our smart power grids susceptible to hacking, but they may very well already be infected with Trojan viruses and back doors that will ultimately lead to disastrous consequences:

Read Full Article Here

4/21/2012 — Solar poles to flip next month (1yr early) — TWO north poles = Quadri-polar(???)

Published on Apr 21, 2012 by

update 115am CDT 4/23/2012: Per the Japanese.. last time this sort of thing occurred was about 300 years ago:

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/features/science/T120420005829.htm

quote the article:

“Magnetic field polarity at the solar poles will reverse and become quadrupolar in May, meaning positive fields will emerge in the North and South poles and negative fields will emerge on the equator, according to the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and other institutes.

When a similar phenomenon occurred about 300 years ago, the Earth’s average temperature fell slightly. ”

Per the Japanese Hinode team (pronounced hee-no-day) — in about one months time — (may 2012) the suns north pole will reach a magnetic point of “zero” and then form into MULTIPLE positive poles — creating TWO solar north poles, and TWO corresponding south poles .. also.. this is happening a year ahead of the expected “nominal” time.

full website post here: http://sincedutch.wordpress.com/2012/04/22/4212012-solar-poles-to-flip-next-m…

some are asking IS there a difference between .. quadri , quadru, quadra … quick answer.. no difference.. all are variants of Quadri … which means four in Latin ..

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/quadri-
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/quadra-
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/quadru-

thanks to jeorgekite:

http://www.youtube.com/jeorgekite

download the japanese pdf below his video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eTdlI9bc4Mw

Here is the press release from HINODE Japan:

http://hinode.nao.ac.jp/news/120419PressRelease/index_e.shtml

Polar Field Reversal as observed with Hinode
19 April 2012
Naional Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ/NINS)
RIKEN
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency(JAXA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Science and Technology Facilities Council(STFC)
European Space Agency(ESA)

The polarity of the extended uni-polar magnetic field in the solar polar region is known to reverse every 11 years, and the reversal occurs at around the maximum of solar activity, which is expected to take place at around 2013 May (NOAA ).

High latitude magnetic fields have been observed with solar telescopes on the ground. However, actual process of the polar field reversal is poorly understood because of the difficulty of the observations on the extreme limb combined with atmospheric seeing effect. The solar optical telescope aboard the Hinode satellite allows us for the first time to perform extremely high-quality observations of the deep polar region of the Sun (Figure A). The initial discoveries include that there are many magnetic patches with intense magnetic field in the polar regions. Their field strength is close to that of sunspots, and their size is as large as small sunspots called pore.

The international research team led by Saku Tsuneta, a professor at NAOJ, has been performing the monthly polar observations with Hinode from September 2008. We here report the discovery that the average magnetic flux of the north polar region is rapidly and steadily decreasing during the period of 2008 and 2012 (Figure B). The reversal (from minus to plus polarity) is taking place in sequence from lower latitude to higher latitude. The average magnetic flux of the polar region soon becomes zero. The estimated completion of the reversal of the north polar region will take place in 1 months or so, about one year earlier than the nominal expected reversal time.

In striking contrast to the north polar situation, the magnetic flux of the south polar region has been very stable, and maintains the plus polarity (Figure C). These latest Hinode observations suggest that the global magnetic field of the Sun will become different from the normal bipolar configuration.

Observations of the polar magnetic fields are the key for understanding the cyclic solar dynamo. Their results will shed light on the origin of the solar magnetism, and will contribute to our understating on the Sun’s effect to the solar-terrestrial environment.

HERE COME THE GREEN POLICE: DHS LAUNCHES ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE UNITS

04-20-2012 1:44 pm – The Rat – ConstitutionClub.org
Sleep well tonight, America. The ever-vigilant Obama Regime stands at red alert in its unflinching effort to protect you, your loved ones and life as you know it. From “climate change” and “melting Arctic ice.” Uh huh. The epic battle is on – and O’s Army is all over it – just like Dennis Quaid in The Day After Tomorrow. Where would our nation be were it not for Barack Hussein Obama’s extraordinary aptitude for keeping his priorities straight? Other countries should be so fortunate.

Not a minute too soon, the Department of Homeland Security has announced that it is creating “environmental justice” units that will be empowered to oversee regulations in conjunction with local governments throughout the country. The framework for the Environmental Justice Working Group includes eleven federal government agencies, including the TSA, the Secret Service and FEMA. Go big or go home, right?

In its just-released Environmental Justice Strategy document, the DHS says the idea is to “include environmental justice practices in our larger mission efforts involving federal law enforcement and emergency response activities” and to incorporate environmental justice in “securing the homeland.” Roll that around in your head for awhile:

“Federal law enforcement” agents conducting “emergency response activities” in the name of “environmental justice” for the purpose of “securing the homeland.” The Green Police. Oh. My. God.

Lest you think these people are crazy as a loon, (which they are), here’s the official explanation from the Regime:

Our nation’s vision of homeland security is a homeland that is safe and secure, resilient against terrorism and other hazards – where American interests and aspirations, and the American way of life can thrive. In seeking to fulfill this vision, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) aspires to avoid burdening minority and low-income populations with a disproportionate share of any adverse human health or environmental risks associated with our efforts to secure the nation.

What a complete crock of crap. Since when is terrorism a mere “hazard,” – comparable to environmentalist wacko-ism? The “American way of life”? As defined by whom – Barack Obama, Al Gore and the rest of the greenies? And – why must the Divider-in-Chief single out – as he always does – “minority and low-income populations”? And their “disproportionate share”? That “efforts to secure the nation” part is hysterical as well. How low of a common denominator are these people playing to?

The DHS document also lists concerns such as “climate change” and “melting Arctic ice,” despite recent reports confirming that the amount of floating ice in the Arctic’s Bering Sea “reached all-time record high levels last month,” according to the US National Snow and Ice Data Center. Then again, liberals never let facts or data get in the way of “securing the nation” according to their agendas, do they?

Memo to O: If you’re so interested in securing the nation, why do you continue your incessant efforts to divide its people? Why do continue your relentless drive to mortgage the future of “the nation’s” grandchildren – all for the self-serving reason of pandering for votes?

In the event that you missed Audi’s Green Police ad during the Super Bowl, it gave a glimpse of things to come – courtesy of the courageous Barack Hussein Obama – without whom, America may very well have been denied the Chevy Volt.

Hell, the O-man reduced NASA to little more than a Muslim-outreach program – why shouldn’t he straighten out the Secret Service, too? Besides, they’ve been somewhat distracted lately anyway.

I can see the television series now – a Maxwell Smart or Barney Fife character – riding a Segway – as he battles diabolical conservatives hellbent on destroying the planet’s environment. Must-see TV.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
4.2     123.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
3.8     122.8     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 23:47 PM
2.6     41.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:40 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:32 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:27 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 20 23:14 PM     
6.0     10.0     MAP   

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 20 23:04 PM
2.5     69.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 22:39 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     28.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:28 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 22:23 PM
2.5     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     16.9     MAP

USGS     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.4     70.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.6     54.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 21:40 PM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 21:31 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 20 21:28 PM
2.6     63.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 21:05 PM
2.5     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 21:04 PM
3.4     12.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 20 21:03 PM
2.9     15.1     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 20 20:56 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 20 20:37 PM
2.8     34.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 20:25 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:48 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 19:47 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     11.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:32 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:16 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:26 PM
2.7     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:05 PM
3.7     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     7.3     MAP

EMSC     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 17:45 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.5     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:19 PM
4.6     44.3     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.4     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:32 PM
4.2     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 20 16:18 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
4.7     34.1     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 20 16:11 PM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:57 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 20 15:55 PM
3.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:48 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 20 15:45 PM
2.5     26.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 20 15:23 PM
2.4     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:09 PM
3.7     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Magadanskaya Oblast’, Russia
Apr 20 14:54 PM
4.2     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:51 PM
2.4     28.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 14:46 PM
2.7     21.5     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 20 14:34 PM
2.9     125.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:00 PM
2.5     24.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 20 13:19 PM
3.3     105.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 12:15 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 12:13 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 20 11:52 AM
2.7     203.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 11:23 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 10:49 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 20 09:55 AM
2.7     9.0     MAP

USGS     Bougainville Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.1     MAP

EMSC     Bougainville Region, P.n.g.
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 08:35 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 08:17 AM
2.8     115.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 07:31 AM
2.5     13.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:29 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 07:25 AM
2.7     7.5     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 07:07 AM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 07:02 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Italy
Apr 20 06:52 AM
2.7     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 06:50 AM
2.4     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 06:11 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 05:51 AM
3.2     51.2     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 05:22 AM
3.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 20 04:57 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:49 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:43 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:12 AM
4.3     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:11 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 04:03 AM
2.8     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 03:59 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.7     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iraq
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:52 AM
4.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.1     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 03:41 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Libertador General Bernardo O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     111.7     MAP

EMSC     Libertador O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     112.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     44.3     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
4.9     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.0     45.5     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:55 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 02:55 AM
3.0     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:54 AM
3.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 20 02:53 AM
2.6     6.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:48 AM
3.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:45 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Peru
Apr 20 02:43 AM
4.5     87.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 20 02:42 AM
2.5     121.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 01:57 AM
3.3     121.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:51 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:48 AM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:30 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 20 01:29 AM
2.4     116.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:28 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.1     34.2     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 20 01:14 AM
3.3     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 20 01:07 AM
2.4     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:00 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 00:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.5     118.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.3     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.0     MAP

 

 

Two earthquakes rock Indonesia

Posted: 21 April 2012 0946 hrs

JAKARTA: A strong 6.6-magnitude earthquake rocked Indonesia’s Papua region on Saturday, sending panicked residents running from their homes and schools, officials said.

Authorities said there was no threat of a tsunami, and that the worst-hit area was the town of Ransiki in western Papua, where students attending morning classes ran from school buildings that shook for around a minute.

“We’ve had reports of mostly superficial damage to buildings, but two houses have caved and a church wall has collapsed,” Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) official Yulson Sineri, told AFP.

“There are so far no reports of victims, but there has been some damage to buildings in Ransiki,” he said.

The quake struck at 10:16 am (0116 GMT) at a depth of 30 kilometres (19 miles), 83 kilometres southeast of Manokwari, according to the USGS.

Authorities said the quake was felt in various parts of the West Papua province, on the western tip of New Guinea island.

The BMKG reported the quake’s magnitude at 6.8, with a depth of 10 kilometres.

A hotel receptionist at the Mansinam Beach Resort in Manokwari reported a minute of shaking, but said she saw no damage.

“All our guests panicked and ran out of the building, but they went back after the quake was over and everything is back to normal as far as I can see,” Anita, who goes by one name, told AFP.

The Papua region was struck by two mild aftershocks, while a 6.1-magnitude quake hit off Sumatra island, with no reports of damage or casualties.

Earlier on Saturday, a strong 6.1-magnitude earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island on Saturday, the US Geological Survey said, but no tsunami warning was issued.

The quake struck at 5:14 am (2314 GMT Friday) at a depth of about 34 kilometres (21 miles), 427 kilometres southwest of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra. There were no immediate reports of damage.

Aceh province was shaken earlier this month by two huge earthquakes, triggering an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

– AFP/ck

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Colombia prepares for imminent volcano eruption

Friday, 20 April 2012 11:14 Mary Cecelia Bittner

Nevado del Ruiz

Colombia‘s government has called for high risk areas to be prepared for the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano.

The Interior Ministry has ordered the fire departments of 19 municipalities in the central Caldas and Tolima departments to be on high alert after the Colombian Geological Survey (SGC) announced that an eruption is “probable” in the coming days or weeks.

The alert level was raised from yellow to orange in March as the volcano became increasingly active. Last week a column of gas and steam approximately 1,200 meters tall extended from its crater.

The national director of the firefighting system warned that there is urgent need for a special contingency plan that outlines tactics to be used in emergency volcanic situations, especially for search and rescue groups. He called for a focus on high risk areas in or near the paths of rivers that originate in the Ruiz, whose levels may be elevated by pyroclastic fragments and the melting of ice.

The director of the Colombian Fire Department Federation in the town of Riosucio explained that local firemen are preparing a plan and educating communities.

In 1985 The Nevado del Ruiz erupted, wiping out the town of Armero and killing 25,000 people.

Villages rocked by volcano eruption

(UKPA) – 6 hours ago

A 17,886ft volcano outside Mexico City has exhaled dozens of towering plumes of ash and shot fragments of glowing rock down its slopes, frightening the residents of surrounding villages with hours of low-pitched roaring not heard in a decade.

A white cloud of ash, gas, water vapour and superheated rock spewed from the cone of Popocatepetl high above the village of Xalitzintla, whose residents said they were awakened by a window-rattling series of eruptions.

Mexico’s National Disaster Prevention Centre said that a string of eruptions had ended in the early morning, then started up again at 5.05am, with at least 12 in two hours.

“Up on the mountain, it feels incredible,” said Aaron Sanchez Ocelotl, 45, who was in his turf grass fields when the eruptions happened. “It sounds like the roaring of the sea.”

The white cone of Popo, as most call the mountain, is an iconic backdrop to Mexico City’s skyline on clear days, but its 40-mile distance means even a moderately large eruption is unlikely to do more than dump ash on one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas.

It is a different matter for the villages on the flanks of the volcano, where the quiet of the corn fields and fruit orchards was pervaded by the volcano’s spooky roaring.

“Everyone needs to take this seriously. This buzzing, this roaring isn’t normal,” said Gregorio Fuentes Casquera, the assistant mayor of Xalitzintla, a village of 2,600 people about seven miles from the summit. He said the town had prepared 50 buses and was sending out its six-member police forces to alert people to be ready to evacuate.

Dozens of women lined up in Xalitzintla’s main square to get free face masks and bottles of water. Health authorities were giving out 10 masks and 10 bottles of water to each family, and the surgical-style masks, intended to filter out the fine ash released by the volcano, were becoming common among the town’s students, who are required to wear them in school. Few adults wore them.

President Felipe Calderon said live on national television that authorities are keeping open roads around the mountain, preparing emergency shelters and making sure residents know the latest information about a potential eruption.

Authorities this week raised the alert level due to increasing activity at the volcano, whose most violent eruption in 1,200 years occurred on December 18 2000. More than 30 million people live within view of the volcano, which sits at a point where the states of Mexico, Puebla, and Morelos come together. It has been erupting intermittently since December 1994.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Heat Wave India State of Uttar Pradesh, [UP-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Mexico State of Veracruz, Alamo Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of California, [San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  Today HAZMAT USA State of Minnesota, loc: 1350 Gardena Avenue Northeast, Fridley, MN [Totino-Grace High School] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Pakistan State of Punjab, [Residential area of Rawalpindi] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Extreme Weather Israel [Jordan Valley-wide] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

 

LA CROSSE WI
QUAD CITIES IA IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
GREEN BAY WI
CHICAGO IL

 

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CAPE FEAR TO 31N OUT TO 32N 73W TO 31N 74W
JUNEAU AK
NEW ORLEANS LA
ANCHORAGE ALASKA

 

Flood Warning

 

LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA


Flood Advisory

 

FAIRBANKS AK



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Radiation/Nuclear

NRC Action Will Force Major Court Fight

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Apr 18, 2012


File image: Vogtle nuclear reactor project.

An adverse decision by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will force parties concerned about the already troubled Vogtle nuclear reactor project in Georgia to file a motion this week in federal court, according to representatives of nine organizations that are seeking to slow down the Vogtle project so that necessary post-Fukushima safety enhancements can be taken into account on the front end – before billions of ratepayer dollars are spent.

In a phone-based news conference held just hours after the NRC rejection of their motion to stay construction, the groups explained that the NRC is violating federal law by issuing the Vogtle license without fully considering important public safety and environmental implications of the catastrophic Fukushima accident in Japan.

The new court proceeding would unfold against a backdrop of more than 30-plus license changes for the Vogtle reactors that Southern Company has said are needed and that the nine groups believe may result in possible delays and cost overruns.

The nine groups are the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, Center for a Sustainable Coast, Citizens Allied for Safe Energy, Friends of the Earth, Georgia Women’s Action for New Directions, North Carolina Waste Awareness and Reduction Network, Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Nuclear Watch South, and the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

They have asked federal judges to order the NRC to prepare a new environmental impact statement (EIS) for the proposed Vogtle reactors that would detail how cooling systems for the proposed reactors and spent fuel storage pools would meet new regulatory requirements in light of the Fukushima accident to protect the site, and nearby communities, against earthquakes, flooding and prolonged loss of electric power to the site.

Post-Fukushima safety requirements may also lead to a change in the economics of the Vogtle project compared to other energy alternatives.

Sara Barczak, High Risk Energy Choices program director, Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, said: “As evidenced by today’s NRC decision, regulators unfortunately continue to ignore the real ramifications that this risky, expensive nuclear project could have on utility customers and local communities. There are serious safety and economic concerns that will eventually come to a front. Before billions more dollars are spent, post-Fukushima issues should be dealt with in order to best protect surrounding communities and ratepayers’ pocketbooks.”

Diane Curran, Harmon, Curran, Spielberg and Eisenberg, L.L.P., attorney for organizations, said: “The NRC predicts we are going to lose our case in federal court and therefore it refuses to order the suspension of construction at Vogtle while our court case proceeds. But the NRC only digs itself in deeper with this decision, which confirms that the NRC applied the wrong standard in refusing to supplement the EIS for Vogtle to address the environmental implications of the Fukushima accident – whether there was an ‘imminent risk’ of a Fukushima-like accident.

“But that is not the correct standard for whether a supplemental environmental analysis should be required. The standard is whether there is a significant risk of a severe accident sometime during the operating life of the reactor – not tomorrow.”

Dr. Arjun Makhijani, president, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, said: “In denying a stay of the license, the Commission completely ignored our principal concern about the harm that will be caused by going ahead with construction now – that the costs of Fukushima-related backfits that may be required will be much greater after construction starts than if that issue is settled before construction, which is what we ask. The NRC gave short shrift to the interests of the public and specifically the ratepayers who are bearing the risks of Vogtle 3 and 4.

“For instance, the NRC ignored its own statements, as recent as January 2012, that the frequency of earthquakes of a given ground motion in the eastern region is now estimated to be higher than before. The Commission has failed to learn the lessons of the more than one hundred reactors to which it gave construction licenses in the 1970s that were later cancelled at great damage to ratepayers and the public in general in part because safety-related backfits were needed once construction had begun.”

Rev. Charles Utley, Environmental Justice coordinator, Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, said: “As residents living within view of Plant Vogtle, we oppose the siting yet another nuclear plant in our backyard. For years we have participated in public hearings, legal actions and many other tactics to slow, stop and reverse this fundamental injustice. For our children, our homes and our community, we will never give up.”

Curran added: “The decision also vividly illustrates how NRC tries to have it both ways, telling the public to ‘trust us’ that it is taking the Fukushima accident seriously, at the same time it refuses to be accountable to the public by supplementing the environmental impact statement for Vogtle or by even holding a hearing on whether it should be supplemented.

“Attendance at the only hearing the NRC has held on the question of whether the NRC should supplement the environmental study for Vogtle was limited to Southern Nuclear Operating Co. and the NRC technical staff. The NRC would not let the public participate and refused these groups’ request for a hearing on the very same issue. We should have learned from the Japanese accident that such a cozy relationship between industry and government regulators leads to complacency and poor regulatory decisions.”

In February, the groups asked the NRC to delay construction of the new Vogtle reactors until the court decided their case. Since the NRC refused their request today, they will re-file the stay motion on construction with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit later this week. They contend that construction should not be allowed until the NRC decides whether the proposed new reactors should be re-designed to provide for more rigorous protection against earthquakes and extended power outages.

To build reactors that might need to be significantly modified later and extensively backfitted in light of new post-Fukushima regulatory requirements risks wasting ratepayer dollars, causing unnecessary pollution, and even possible abandonment of the project.

The NRC’s order today is available online.

Related Links
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Nuclear Power News – Nuclear Science, Nuclear Technology
Powering The World in the 21st Century at Energy-Daily.com

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr20

 

 

 

Incoming Plasma Clouds to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars

Spaceweather.com
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:08 CDT

On April 18th and 19th, a series of minor CMEs puffed away from the sun. Three of them are heading in our general direction. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have prepared an animated forecast track of the ensemble.

© Goddard Space Weather Lab

According to the forecast, the clouds are going to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars and rover Curiosity en route to Mars. The impact on our planet, on April 22nd around 00:50 UT, is expected to be minor with auroras likely only at higher latitudes.
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Space

Black Hole In Scorpius Seen Firing Fast Cosmic Bullets 20 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – Located about 28,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius, there is a black hole named H1742-322.

Racing outward at about one-quarter the speed of light, “bullets” of ionized gas are thought to arise from a region located just outside the black hole’s event horizon, the point beyond which nothing can escape.

Using the Very Large Baseline Array and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite, an international team of astronomers have successfully managed to capture a detailed image of the black hole eruption.

The Very Large Baseline Array is a set of 10 radio telescopes that spans 5,000 miles from Mauna Kea in Hawaii to St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. It provides astronomers with the sharpest vision of any telescope on Earth or in space.

A black hole in the constellation Scorpius is firing fast cosmic bullets.“If your eyes were as sharp as the VLBA, you could see a person on the moon,” said physicist Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta.

“Like a referee at a sports game, we essentially rewound the footage on the bullets’ progress, pinpointing when they were launched,” said Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta in Canada.

Discovered by NASA’s HEAO-1 satellite in 1977, the system is composed of a normal star and a black hole of modest but unknown masses.Their orbit around each other is measured in days, which puts them so close together that the black hole pulls a continuous stream of matter from its stellar companion.

The flowing gas forms a flattened accretion disk millions of miles across, several times wider than our sun, centered on the black hole.

As matter swirls inward, it is compressed and heated to tens of millions of degrees, so hot that it emits X-rays.

Some of the infalling matter becomes re-directed out of the accretion disk as dual, oppositely directed jets.

Read Full Article Here

A wonderful night in April – April 21 and the 3D Lyrid Meteor Shower

Dr. Tony Phillips
Science@NASA
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:02 CDT

This weekend, NASA scientists, amateur astronomers, and an astronaut on board the International Space Station will attempt the first-ever 3D photography of meteors from Earth and space.

“The annual Lyrid meteor shower peaks on April 21-22,” says Bill Cooke, the head of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office. “We’re going to try to photograph some of these ‘shooting stars’ simultaneously from ground stations, from a research balloon in the stratosphere, and from the space station.”

 

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Articles of Interest

Vietnam baffled by mystery disease

(UKPA)

Vietnam has asked the World Health Organization to help investigate a mystery disease that has killed 19 people and left 171 others sick.

Le Han Phong, chairman of the People’s Committee in Ba To district in Quang Ngai province, said patients first experience a rash on their hands and feet along with high fever, loss of appetite and eventually organ failure.

He said nearly 100 people remain in hospital, including 10 in critical condition. Patients with milder symptoms are being treated at home.

Mr Phong said the first case was detected last year and that the disease had died down until a spate of new infections were recently reported, mostly in one impoverished village.

A Ministry of Health investigation was inconclusive.

 

 

Incurable Mystery Hand, Foot and Mouth Virus Kills 19 Vietnamese Children to Date

Russia Today
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 13:41 CDT
Print
Red Cross volunteer

© Quang Tuan / Vietnam Red Cross
A Red Cross volunteer talks to Hoang Thi Kim Phung, whose two-and-a-half -month-old son was admitted to hospital in Long An, Vietnam, with symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease
Hanoi has asked the World Health Organization for help to cure a virulent disease affecting children. Symptoms include blistering on hands, feet and mouths accompanied by high fever and eventual organ failure.

­Nineteen children died from the illness in 2011 alone.

The virus spreads through direct contact with an infected person’s oral discharges or saliva, the fluid from burst blisters or the stool of infected persons.

The Red Cross mission in Vietnam reports the disease has already infected over 28,000 children this year, which is more than 10 times the number of infected children in the same period last year.

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), last year a record 110,000 children became infected, with 169 deaths.

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) disease mostly affects children under three years old (80 per cent of totals cases) the Red Cross said. There is no known treatment for HFMD.

Human HFMD differs from a similar foot-and-mouth disease affecting cattle, sheep, and pigs.

The virus was first detected last year in central Vietnam. Initially the disease died away, but later many new infections were reported. Most of those infected are from one impoverished villages.

Last year HFMD killed 19 people, reportedly most of them children. One hundred and seventy-one people were hospitalized, 10 in a critical condition. Some patients get milder symptoms and are able to be treated at home.

Vietnam’s Ministry of Health launched a fruitless investigation.

In previous years the registered HFMD cases were mild and most patients recovered after a maximum 10 days, but the new virulent strain EV71 has developed into a fatal disease.

The IFRC say it needs $840,000 to sponsor a program preventing the spread of the disease.

Vietnamese authorities are conducting a campaign to improve sanitation and hygiene practices in internal migrant families living in densely-populated areas.

Cases of HFMD are also on increase in other Asian countries, including Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.

HFMD (Hand, foot and mouth disease) awareness posters (Vietnam Red Cross / p-VNM0322)

 

 

Did Climate Change Cause Witch Hysteria?

Alan Burke
Salem News
Salem Witch Trials

© Public domain / Artist unknown
An engraving depicting a scene from the Salem Witch Trials. The central figure in this 1876 illustration of the courtroom is usually identified as Mary Walcott, 17, one of several girls in Salem with a psychological disorder known as mass hysteria, and whose condition was blamed on witchcraft..

Salem – The Salem witch tragedy of 1692 took less than two years to play out. Yet 300 years later, explanations for how and why it happened are still coming.

One theory recently gaining exposure thanks to bloggers comes from a 2004 college thesis that places the blame on something we think of as a strictly modern phenomenon: climate change.

Proposed in a Harvard thesis, the paper by economist Emily Oster has earned attention due to the modern swirl of controversy surrounding the possibility that human interaction has altered world temperatures.

Currently an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, Oster linked periodic outbreaks of violence against people accused of witchcraft with dramatic temperature drops.

“The most active period of the witchcraft trials (mainly in Europe) coincides with a period of lower-than-average temperature known to climatologists as the ‘little ice age,'” Oster wrote. “The colder temperatures increased the frequency of crop failure, and colder seas prevented cod and other fish from migrating as far north, eliminating this vital food source for some northern areas of Europe.”

When crops failed, “people would have searched for a scapegoat in the face of deadly changes in weather patterns,” she wrote. Thus, desperate people traced their troubles to unpopular neighbors and outcasts allied to the devil.

Oster noted that the persecutions “spread even across the Atlantic Ocean to Salem, Massachusetts.”

Moreover, she added, “The coldest segments of this ‘little ice age’ period were in the 1590s and between 1680 and 1730.”

 

 

 

 

Mysterious Balancing Rocks Resist Quakes’ Shakes

Andrea Mustain
OurAmazingPlanet
PBR

© James Brune
A Precariously Balanced Rock, or PBR.

San Diego – In the western San Bernardino Mountains, near the highway that links Los Angeles and Las Vegas, scientists recently discovered a geological mystery: colossal rocks perched in precarious poses right next door to the San Andreas Fault.

It’s not the rocks’ balancing act that is perplexing, said Lisa Grant Ludwig, a scientist who presented this puzzle to colleagues this week here at the annual meeting of the Seismological Society of America.

It’s how the rocks have managed to stay that way with such an aggressive maker of powerful earthquakes just a few miles away.

 

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 19 23:51 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 19 23:41 PM
4.4     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 23:36 PM
3.2     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:34 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 23:22 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:03 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     135.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     122.7     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
5.2     102.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 23:01 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 22:54 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 19 22:36 PM
2.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 22:18 PM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 22:11 PM
2.9     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.8     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:32 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 19 21:13 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:49 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:25 PM
3.2     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:12 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:09 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:06 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:00 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:55 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 19:32 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     New South Wales, Australia
Apr 19 19:09 PM
3.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 18:48 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 18:37 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 17:47 PM
2.5     16.1     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     72.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 17:03 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 19 17:02 PM
3.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 16:36 PM
2.6     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 16:26 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Kamchatka
Apr 19 16:17 PM
4.0     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     25.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 15:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 19 15:11 PM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 14:58 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 14:43 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 19 13:40 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 13:38 PM
2.4     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 19 13:31 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 13:04 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 12:58 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:36 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 12:31 PM
2.5     2.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 19 12:19 PM
3.0     77.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:15 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:46 AM
3.0     1.7     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:45 AM
2.8     1.5     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 11:24 AM
2.5     75.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 11:00 AM
3.1     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     589.0     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     545.0     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.7     553.1     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.7     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.9     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:54 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 10:51 AM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 10:34 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:14 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 10:13 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 19 09:40 AM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 19 09:34 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:25 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:16 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 19 09:06 AM
4.6     104.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 08:31 AM
2.9     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 19 07:56 AM
2.9     7.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:52 AM
3.3     159.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.7     46.8     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:22 AM
3.1     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.8     14.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 06:25 AM
3.3     112.1     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic
Apr 19 06:15 AM
3.4     100.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 05:00 AM
4.7     32.1     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
5.2     18.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
4.9     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
4.9     18.2     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 19 02:32 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:14 AM
3.4     144.1     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:00 AM
3.3     71.0     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     17.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     18.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 01:20 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
Apr 19 01:17 AM
2.7     11.9     MAP

USGS     Coquimbo, Chile
Apr 19 01:14 AM
4.7     52.3     MAP

GEOFON     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.7     97.0     MAP

USGS     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.4     94.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr  19 00:24 AM
4.5     59.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 19 00:24 AM
4.8     71.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 19 00:13 AM
2.6     8.6     MAP

 

Earthquake swarm on Iran-Iraq border continues

Posted on April 20, 2012
April 20, 2012 IRAN5.1 and 5.0 earthquakes are the latest in a swarm of about six earthquakes that have erupted along the convergent plate boundaries between the Arabian and Eurasian plate. The swarm is about 528 km (328 miles) SW of TEHRAN, Iran. The epicenter of the earthquakes is located on the convergent boundary where the two tectonic plates are colliding along the border of Iraq and Iran in what’s known as the Alpide Belt. Three moderate earthquakes have erupted along the epicenter in less than 20 hours. Most of the volcanoes in Iran lie in the north and south of the country, so this region outside the Tigris River is not considered a high-risk region for magma intrusion. Might this be the precursor to some event? We will have to wait and see.

New research puts focus on earthquake, tsunami hazard for southern California

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

Scientists will convene in San Diego to present the latest seismological research at the annual conference of the Seismological Society of America (SSA), April 17-19. This year’s meeting is expected to draw a record number of registrants, with more than 630 scientists in attendance, and will feature 292 oral presentations and 239 poster presentations.

“For over 100 years the Annual Meeting of SSA has been the forum of excellence for presenting and discussing exciting new developments in seismology research and operations in the U.S. and globally,” said Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade, president of SSA, which is a scientific society devoted to the advancement of earthquake science. von Hillebrandt-Andrade is manager of the NOAA National Weather Service Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program in Puerto Rico.

A special public town hall meeting is scheduled for the evening of April 17, featuring talks by experts on the seismic hazard to San Diego from future earthquakes and tsunamis.

“We are extremely excited by the range, depth, and quality of science to be presented at this meeting” said David Oglesby, associate professor of earth sciences at the University of California, Riverside. “The meeting will cover all aspects of seismology and earthquake science, from geology to numerical models, and from seismograms to tsunamis.

“Our location near the US-Mexican border also help to illuminate the exciting opportunities in international scientific collaborations,” said Oglesby, who is a co-organizer of the conference program along with Raul Castro, a seismologist at the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Baja California.

The presentations by the international gathering of seismologists will focus on a broad range of topics, covering the Earth’s surface to its center. Some highlights that focus more closely on the San Diego area include:

Downtown San Diego:
The city of San Diego sits atop a fault system that poses considerable seismic hazard to the millions of the region’s residents. In an evaluation by Ivan Wong and colleagues from the URS Corporation, an international engineering consulting firm, the potential hazard from both strong ground shaking and surface faulting was quantified in the downtown area.

Several rupture scenarios of the Rose Canyon fault system were considered including rupture of the associated San Diego fault that traverses downtown San Diego.

The surface faulting hazard for locations along the San Diego fault is estimated to be low because of its low rate of activity but the ground shaking hazard is probably high throughout much of San Diego because of the distributed nature of the Rose Canyon fault system.

The behavior of the Rose Canyon fault system as it traverses San Diego is poorly understood. It is unclear what the role of individual faults in the fault system are in the vicinity of San Diego Bay and the downtown area in a large magnitude 7+ earthquake and how often such events may occur.

“It is clear however that the threat to the city from a future large earthquake is considerable and that research is needed to define what that level of hazard is,” said Ivan Wong, principal seismologist and vice president of URS Corporation.

San Jacinto Fault Zone:
Geophysicist Tom Rockwell, and colleagues from San Diego State University will describe the latest research findings on the San Jacinto Fault (SJF) Zone, which is a seismically active, major component of the overall southern San Andreas Fault system, and of particular importance to the San Diego region. They have mapped evidence of past ruptures consistent with very large earthquakes along the Clark Fault, an individual strand associated with the SJF.

Tom Rockwell and other presenters will discuss their work at a news briefing on April 19, beginning at 12:10 p.m. (local time) in the Terrace Salon 2 room of the Town and Country Resort and Convention Hotel.

Offshore faults:
A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

The new map covers a series of faults in the near-shore portion of the region known as the Inner Continental Borderland, located between the coast and the San Clemente fault, about 35-40 miles offshore.

The crumpled and uplifted seafloor from Santa Monica Bay to the Mexican border includes several high-angled and north-south trending faults. Using high-resolution seismic reflection data from a number of sources, including multiple sources of sonar beamed from research ships and unmanned underwater vehicles, the researchers were able to revise the current map in some surprising ways.

The data show linkages between faults that were not known previously, for example, and in some cases show a fault slip rate of 1-2 millimeters per year.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Popocatepetl Volcano Threatening to Erupt, 19 Million Prepare to Evacuate

By Sami K. Martin , Christian Post Contributor
April 18, 2012|11:57 am

The Popocatepetl volcano is making movement and threatening to erupt, causing Mexican officials to raise the alert level from yellow phase three to yellow phase two.

The volcano has already begun spewing red-hot bits of rock, and its opening has expanded. These are signs that the volcano, still quite active, could soon erupt. In a statement by Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention, the volcano could produce “moderate exhalations, some with ash, sporadic low to moderate explosions with likely burning fragments, and flaming magma within the crater.”

Residents and tourists have been advised to remain at least seven miles away from the volcano’s base, lest magma or hot rock injure anyone. Mexico has been experiencing natural disasters with increasing frequency.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Popocatépetl Volcano Erupts Spewing Hot Rock Fragments and Ash in Mexico

Alex Sosnowski
AccuWeather
Thu, 19 Apr 2012 11:40 CDT
Print
Popocatepetl volcano

© AP
Birds fly in the foreground as a plume of ash and steam rise from Popocatepetl volcano as seen from San Andres Cholula, Mexico, Wednesday April 18, 2012. Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano is continuing to spout gases and hot rock fragments and it is dusting towns on its flanks with volcanic ash.
A volcano within view of Mexico City continues to erupt.

Steam, smoke and hot fragments of rock began to be ejected from Popocatepetl this past weekend.

The volcano is located about 50 miles southeast of Mexico’s capital, Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is home to approximately 21 million people.

According to Reuters, Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention this week raised the alert level to three on a scale from one to seven, with seven being the greatest threat.

If eruptions intensify, evacuations of nearby villages may be necessary.

The volcano has had a long history of frequent minor to moderate eruptions.

In 2000, thousands of residents surrounding the nearly 18,000-foot mountain were forced to evacuate. Popocatepetl is North America’s second highest volcano.

Eruptions have occurred in November and June of 2011.

According to VolcanoDiscovery.com, Popocatepetl was dormant during the 1950s, 60s, 70s and 80s.

This is a very active volcanic region of the globe and is known as the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

Mexico authorities were recommending limiting access to the area, including air travel due to the frequency of the volcanic activity of late.

Ash from volcanoes can be carried into the intake of engines, leading to failure.

During a major eruption, smoke and ash can be carried for hundreds and thousands of miles downwind, depending on weather conditions. Such was the case with Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland during 2010.

Accord to Smithsonian, the last major eruption of Popocatepetl, which including a pyroclastic flow, occurred around 800 AD.

A pyroclastic flow is a combination of lethal hot gas and ash, similar to what happened in Pompeii, Italy.

Popocatepetl is the Aztec word for smoking mountain.

Surface winds in the vicinity of the volcano during April 19, 2012, were generally from the west and northwest, carrying smoke and ash away from the Mexico capital.

The town of Puebla, located southeast of Popocatepetl was reporting volcanic ash in the vicinity for a few hours during April 18.

This story was first published on Monday, April 16, 2012 and has been updated.

Reventador volcano (Ecuador), activity update: steaming and ash emission

Thursday Apr 19, 2012 09:04 AM | Age: 23 hrs
BY: T

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

Reventador continues to be mildly active with ongoing weak to moderate steam and ash emissions. The Instituto Geofísico reports a 2 km high column of steam and ash rising from Reventador volcano on 18 April. The ash cloud moved to the NW.
IG characterizes the actual activity level (visual and seismic activity) of Reventador “moderate”. No major changes have been observed at the volcano in recent days.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Tamil Nadu, Valparai [Vellamalai Top Division Tea Estate] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Samoa Capital city, Apia [Tafaigata prison] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather Turkey [Statewide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Indiana, Indianapolis [Zionsville Road, Pike Township] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, New York City [John F. Kennedy International Airport ] Damage level
Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire India State of Andhra Pradesh, [Tirumala Forest] Damage level
Details
  Today Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Pocklington [East Yorkshire] Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of Pennsylvania, [Limerick Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Bolivia Departamento de La Paz, El Castillo Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Texas, Pleasanton Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Turkey Province of Karabük, [Villages of Cıraklar, Kadibükü and Cercen, Safranbolu district ] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Dominican Republic Moca Municipio, [Canca, Tamboril and Ceiba de Madera] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Biological Hazard South Africa State of Western Cape, Cape Town [Koeel Bay] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of , [About 120 miles west of Tampa] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Pennsylvania, Wissinoming [James Sullivan Elementary School] Damage level
Details
1 20.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CHICAGO IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
JUNEAU AK
ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GAYLORD MI
GREEN BAY WI
MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
 DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

******************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding

 

 

 

Flood Warning

 

LAKE CHARLES LA
LITTLE ROCK AR
JACKSON, MS
SHREVEPORT LA



Winter Weather Advisory

 

GREEN BAY WI
GAYLORD MI
MARQUETTE MI

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Climate Change

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change

by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change
by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

Severe outbreaks of new, invasive pests triggered by rising temperatures could threaten Southeast Asia’s multi-billion dollar cassava industry, as well as the livelihoods of the hundreds of thousands of small farmers that rely on the crop for income, according to research from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

“Warmer conditions and longer dry seasons linked to climate change could prove to be the perfect catalyst for outbreaks of pests and diseases. They are already formidable enemies affecting food crops,” said Pramod K. Aggarwal, regional program leader for Asia at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Around five million small producers across Southeast Asia supply cassava to domestic and foreign processing industries, which convert the roots to animal feed and biofuels and also extract starch for use in a wide variety of food and other products. Thailand’s cassava industry accounts for more than 60 percent of global exports. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of tapioca starch, made from the cassava root. In 2011, Thai farmers exported 2.8 billion metric tons of tapioca starch worth almost 48 billion Thai Baht, according to the Thai Tapioca Starch Association.

For cassava in Southeast Asia, mealybugs and whiteflies are already endemic in the region. But new threats, such as the tiny green mite (Mononychellus mcgregori), are already emerging, says the research, published recently in the scientific journal Tropical Plant Biology.

“The cassava pest situation in Asia is pretty serious as it is,” said Tony Bellotti, a cassava entomologist at CIAT. “But according to our studies, rising temperatures could make things a whole lot worse.”

The research was discussed at “Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia: Research and Development Priorities,” a conference convened in Bangkok this week by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

“One outbreak of an invasive species is bad enough, but our results show that climate change could trigger multiple, combined outbreaks across Southeast Asia, Southern China and the cassava-growing areas of Southern India,” added Belloti. “It’s a serious threat to the hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers for whom cassava is a lifeline, and their main source of income.”

The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

An invasive species-one whose movement is aided by the boom in global travel and trade, and which has no natural enemies in Asia-green mite populations could explode if left unchecked.

The report calls for a range of responses to minimize the risk of outbreaks, and to limit damage where outbreaks occur, under the broad banner of Integrated Pest Management. This includes renewed scientific focus on breeding cassava plants with increased resistance to the pests, minimal use of pesticides to avoid killing any possible natural enemies, as well as the identification, rearing and introduction of so-called “biological control agents”-predator and parasite species that hunt down and kill the pests.

In 2009, Thailand showed how a sudden, severe cassava mealybug outbreak could be swiftly brought under control through the use of the parasitic wasp Anagyrus lopezi, which was released into Thai cassava fields in 2010.

“These pest outbreaks need to be continually monitored,” Bellotti said. “Our research shows that there are specific niches that these exotic species can exploit, not just in Asia, but in Africa and the Americas too.”

Scientists emphasize the importance of taming these threats to cassava because the crop is one of the few that can prosper as the climate changes. Previous CIAT research identified cassava as a “Rambo root,” exceptionally tolerant of higher temperatures and droughts. But while the plant can survive the changing temperatures, in order to fully realize its potential to thrive in the face of climate change, it needs assistance in overcoming the crop pests that also come with modified climates.

The Climate Smart Agriculture conference in Bangkok featured leading agriculture, climate and development experts, as well as government representatives from 14 countries in South and Southeast Asia, who brought similar experiences of how agriculture has changed, discussed the most up-to-date research on the impacts of climate change on food security, and identified the priorities to make agriculture “climate-smart.”

These regions are home to more than 30 percent of the world’s population, but half of the world’s poor and malnourished. Agriculture is the backbone of most economies in the region, with nearly 50 percent of the population dependent on the sector for food and livelihoods. Agriculture, along with forestry and land use change, also account for almost one third of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and some of the most innovative approaches to reducing these emissions have been developed in Southeast Asia, one of the leading exporters of rice and cassava to the rest of the world.

In Vietnam, some farmers are switching from rice to shrimp farming to respond to increased salinity and other changes in water resources. Scientists are also working with farmers to disseminate varieties in Mekong Delta countries that can tolerate a larger amount of saltwater flooding, more acidic water and soil, elevated levels of pollution, and new strains of pests and diseases-all while decreasing the crop’s water usage and emissions footprint.

“Last year’s record flooding in Thailand and Southeast Asia was preceded by a record drought in 2010. These and many other extreme weather events have hammered global food prices,” said Bruce Campbell, program director at CCAFS. “With climate change in South and Southeast Asia expected to reduce agriculture productivity by as much as 50 percent in the next three decades, agriculture must become more productive, more resilient and more climate-friendly. Agriculture needs to shift from being climate dependent to being climate-smart.”

The research was published in Tropical Plant Biology, vol 4, numbers 3-4 Dec 2011.

Related Links
CGIAR
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr19: Earth-Directed CME/Quake Watch Peaks 21st/22nd


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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

M 4.2      2012/04/18 09:47      Depth 12.5 km      STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR, SPAIN
11:47:27 AM at epicenter – Moderate earthquake with an epicenter 36 km from tourist location Almeria, where the people must have felt the shaking.

New Brunswick town plagued for weeks by ‘earthquake swarm’ — and no one knows why

  Apr 17, 2012 – 8:17 PM ET | Last Updated: Apr 18, 2012 8:55 AM ET

Springtime in McAdam, a tiny village in southwestern New Brunswick not far from the Maine border, is like springtime in most other parts of Canada. Locals chatter about the NHL playoffs, the garden they are planting, the grass that needs to be cut, the fish they can’t wait to catch and the cottage they can’t wait to get to, once the warm weather really settles in.

Lately, however, an interloper has elbowed its way into the community’s daily dialogue. Pushing aside the playoffs. Pushing its way to the very top of the talking points.

“Everybody is talking about the earthquakes,” says David Blair, a retired science teacher and lifetime McAdam resident from his home on Old Harvey Road, just east of downtown.

Courtesy of David Blair

Retired science teacher David Blair with a seismograph set up in his basement. “Everybody is talking about the earthquakes,” he says.

“You’ll be out and about and people will say, ‘Did you feel the one last night, or did you feel the one this morning? Some people will say yes, others might say no. It really depends on what you are doing.’

“If you are quiet at home and there is not a lot of noise you are probably going to feel or hear it. But if you are banging around, or if the grandkids are banging around, you sometimes won’t know if it’s the kids — or if it was an earthquake — they are about the same magnitude, I guess.”

Residents were initially rattled awake at 1:40 a.m. on March 10 by a 2.4-magnitude earthquake that was followed three minutes later by a 1.4-magnitude aftershock. People described hearing what sounded like an explosion. Pictures fell off walls. Window panes rattled. Floorboards creaked and groaned. Some houses even shook, while locals, initially, felt a surge of panic that eased, somewhat, by morning with the realization that a bomb had not gone off but a small earthquake had.

Read Full Article Here

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Bay Area yachting community reeling from deadly racing accident

One sailor is dead and four are missing after a rogue wave struck the yacht Low Speed Chase during a race around the Farallon Islands. Three crew members are rescued after the boat capsizes.

By Lee Romney, Los Angeles TimesApril 17, 2012

SAN FRANCISCO — The winds gusted above 25 knots and the swells topped 12 feet. In short, sailors participating in this year’s race around the craggy Farallon Islands, 27 miles west of the Golden Gate, faced typically grueling conditions. Then something went terribly wrong.

A rogue wave pummeled the 38-foot Low Speed Chase as it rounded the islands Saturday, knocking five crew members overboard. As the captain sought to rescue them from the 50-degree water, the boat capsized and was hurled onto the rocks.

The body of Marc Kasanin, 46, a lifelong sailor and artist from Belvedere, Calif., was recovered soon after the accident. Four other sailors are missing and presumed dead. Three survivors, including the yacht’s captain, were rescued by the Coast Guard, which has suspended search operations.

Read Full Article Here

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of Michigan, Grand Rapids [Kent County Jail] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard China Province of Sichuan, Chengdu [Sichuan University] Damage level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China Capital city, Beijing Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard United Kingdom Wales, Swansea [Swansea nursing homes] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Incident Ireland Capital city, Dublin [Dublin Airport] Damage level Details
  18.04.2012 Extreme Weather Egypt Northern Governorates, [Cairo, Alexandria, Marsa Matrouh, Suez and Assuit] Damage level Details
  18.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
1 19.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution USA State of Tennessee, Memphis [University of Memphis ] Damage level Details
2 19.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Australia State of New South Wales, [Pacific Highway, Near to Port Macquarie] Damage level Details
2 19.04.2012 CBRNE Afghanistan Province of Takhar, [The area is not defined.] Damage level Details
1 19.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard USA State of Connecticut, Rocky Hill [Connecticut State Veterans Home] Damage level Details

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Storms, Flooding

Hailstorms hammer San Joaquin Valley crops

Issue Date: April 18, 2012
By Steve Adler

A supercell that pounded a large swath of the San Joaquin Valley with huge hailstones fills the sky along Highway 99 in the Traver area, which absorbed the brunt of the damage from the 1 1/2-inch hailstones that rained down.
Photo/Ed Needham

A series of freak April storms hammered the San Joaquin Valley last week, damaging vulnerable crops with a one-two-three punch of hail, lightning and tornados that caused millions of dollars of crop losses.

It will be several weeks before an accurate tabulation of losses can be made, but for some growers it amounted to 100 percent of this year’s production. A number of crops suffered damage from the unrelenting power of hailstones measuring 1.5 inches in diameter or larger.

Nature’s fury came in the form of “supercells”—large thunderstorms that moved slowly across the valley from Kings County, through parts of Tulare County, up to Merced County and all the way eastward to Mariposa County.

The most destructive storm brought torrents of hail across a six-to-eight mile-wide swath of farmland that extended some 30 miles, accompanied by thunderstorms and numerous lightning strikes.

The epicenter of the more significant of two supercells last Wednesday was in Tulare County near Traver. Grower Ed Needham, who was caught driving near Traver when the storm struck, described it as “the sound of someone hitting my truck with a hammer.”

Read Full Article Here

Flood Warning

SHREVEPORT LA
LAKE CHARLES LA
EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
LITTLE ROCK AR
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

JUNEAU AK
LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA

Freeze Warning

ALBANY NY

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER

MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

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Radiation

China Syndrome? Japan Times on Melt Through: “Molten ‘lava’ melted bottom of containment vessel,” says nuclear engineer given access by top official — Huge amounts of fission materials released into environment

Published: April 18th, 2012 at 9:53 am ET
By ENENews

Yomiuri: “The worst-case scenario is a China syndrome” […] A China syndrome refers to a situation in which nuclear fuel in a reactor melts and goes through a containment vessel –Masao Yoshida, former chief of the Fukushima Daiichi plant

Title: Fukushima: Probability theory is unsafe
Source: The Japan Times Online
Author: Kenichi Ohmae, Nuclear engineer
Date: Apr. 18, 2012
Emphasis Added

[…] As a nuclear core designer and someone who earned a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in nuclear engineering, I volunteered to look into the situation at Fukushima No. 1 in June of 2011. Mr. Goushi Hosono, minister of nuclear power and environment, personally gave me access to the information and personnel who were directly involved in the containment operations of the postdisaster nuclear plants. After three months of investigation, I analyzed and wrote a long report detailing minute by minute how the nuclear reactors were actually disabled (pr.bbt757.com/eng/)

Here are the highlights of my findings:

1. Three of the six reactors of Fukushima No. 1 had a complete core meltdown a few days after the tsunami hit. The molten fuel penetrated not only through the bottom of the thick pressure vessel, but also poked holes at the bottom of the containment vessel, thus releasing fission materials into the environment. The meltdown itself started at 11p.m. on the day of the tsunami, March 11, 2011…..

Read Full Article Here

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Lights In Th Sky

UFO Fireball Lights Up Arizona Sky 2011

Published on Apr 16, 2012 by

Many residents around Arizona have reported seeing a “glowing object” fly across the night sky Wednesday.

ABC15 is working to confirm what it really was. We started getting reports of the possible meteor around 7:45 p.m.

Our multimedia journalist Brien McElhatten captured two photos when he saw a glowing orange light before an object started streaking across the sky.

One photo shows how the glowing light looked in Chandler. The other image was taken as McElhatten kept the shutter open to show the object streaking across the sky.

“It had a big old tail, and it was so bright. I couldn’t believe what I was witnessing,” Valley resident Holly Pickard told ABC15.

Law enforcement in the Valley also saw the object.

“We received four calls (total) regarding the light in the sky,” a Phoenix Police spokesman told ABC15. “Our air unit, myself, and other officers also observed it as well. We all made our wishes and went back to work.”

A spokesman with the Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office said their aviation unit did confirm seeing the meteor over Deer Valley Airport, but there hasn’t been any reports of an impact site.

Sharon Roesch wrote, “It was huge and incredible- we were driving and too much in shock.”

Althea Keegan wrote, “It had a green tail and burned out just as I had my camera ready to snap a picture.”

The ABC15 newsroom confirmed that there have been similar reports in San Diego, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas.

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Solar Activity

3MIN News Apr18: Disaster Update, Planetary/Solar Conditions


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Space

Press Release

Release No.: 2012-12For Release: Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Some Stars Capture Rogue Planets

Cambridge, MA – New research suggests that billions of stars in our galaxy have captured rogue planets that once roamed interstellar space. The nomad worlds, which were kicked out of the star systems in which they formed, occasionally find a new home with a different sun. This finding could explain the existence of some planets that orbit surprisingly far from their stars, and even the existence of a double-planet system.

“Stars trade planets just like baseball teams trade players,” said Hagai Perets of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

The study, co-authored by Perets and Thijs Kouwenhoven of Peking University, China, will appear in the April 20th issue of The Astrophysical Journal.

To reach their conclusion, Perets and Kouwenhoven simulated young star clusters containing free-floating planets. They found that if the number of rogue planets equaled the number of stars, then 3 to 6 percent of the stars would grab a planet over time. The more massive a star, the more likely it is to snag a planet drifting by.

They studied young star clusters because capture is more likely when stars and free-floating planets are crowded together in a small space. Over time, the clusters disperse due to close interactions between their stars, so any planet-star encounters have to happen early in the cluster’s history.

Rogue planets are a natural consequence of star formation. Newborn star systems often contain multiple planets. If two planets interact, one can be ejected and become an interstellar traveler. If it later encounters a different star moving in the same direction at the same speed, it can hitch a ride.

Read Full Article Here

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Diseases

China reports bird flu outbreak

by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP) April 18, 2012

Agricultural authorities in northwest China have culled about 95,000 chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus, state press reported Wednesday.

The outbreak in Touying township of the Ningxia region was discovered on Friday last week after over 23,000 chickens began showing symptoms, Xinhua news agency said, citing the Ministry of Agriculture.

The ministry said the “epidemic is now under control”, the report said, while work teams have been sent to the area to step up prevention measures.

China is considered one of the nations most at risk of bird flu epidemics because it has the world’s biggest poultry population and many chickens in rural areas are kept close to humans.

In January, a man in southwest China’s Guizhou province died after contracting the bird flu virus, the second such fatality reported in China this year, health authorities said.

 

Related Links
Epidemics on Earth – Bird Flu, HIV/AIDS, Ebola

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Articles of Interest

Mapping Disease to Climate

—By Julia Whitty

| Tue Apr. 17, 2012 11:37 AM PDT

Sea-Surface Temperate (SST) (oceans) and Normalized Dirrerence Vegetation Index (NDVI) (land) observed globally for January 2007: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio.

Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomaly color scale.Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomaly color scale.

Vegetation Anomaly percent color scale.Vegetation Anomaly percent color scale.

This map from the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio shows a snapshot of the relationship between environmental extremes and a deadly disease outbreak in Africa in January 2007. (Click here for larger image.) Specifically:….

Read Full Article Here

Sea-life In America’s Midwest?

redOrbit

Ammonites

© Anneka / Shutterstock

New research from the American Museum of Natural History shows that America’s Great Plains region may have once been home to some typically sea-bound creatures.

Ammonites – a type of shelled mollusk, now extinct and closely related to the nautiluses and squids of today – may have lived in methane seeps when a seaway once covered America’s midwest. The findings have been published online in the journal Geology, and shed some new light on how and where these ancient animals lived.

During the Late Cretaceous period, around 80 to 65 million years ago, scientists believe America was split into two land masses by the Western Interior Seaway. Sediments were deposited in this seaway, creating geologic formations in some parts of Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. As popular destinations for paleontologists, the researchers have narrowed their focus on a giant mound of fossilized material where methane-rich fluids are believed to have migrated through sediments onto the seafloor.

Read Full Article Here

Two new geological faults found in Thai North

The Nation/Asia News Network
Wednesday, Apr 18, 2012

The Mineral Resources Department is analysing the Nakhon Nayok Fault to determine if it is active and the result will be announced next year, Lertsin Raksasakulwong, director of the Environmental Geology Division, said yesterday.

The Mae Ing and Phetchabun faults will be put on the department’s list this year, he said.

The Mae Ing Fault has experienced a tremor stronger than 4.0 magnitude, while the Phetchabun Fault has spawned a quake greater than 5.0.

The Tha Khaeg Fault, which runs mainly in Laos and was last active more than 30 years ago, has been taken off the department’s hot list.

There remain 13 faultlines in 22 provinces, including Mae Chan in Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai; Mae Hong Son; Meoi in Tak and Kamphaeng Phet; Mae Tha in Chiang Mai, Lamphun and Chiang Rai; Thoen in Lampang and Phrae; Phayao in Phayao, Chiang Rai and Lampang; Pua in Nan; Uttaradit; and Three Pagodas in Kanchanaburi.

The other is Si Sa Wat in Kanchanaburi, Suphan Buri and Uthai Thani. The Tha Khaeg Fault will soon be officially deleted from the 13-fault list. The inclusion of Mae Ing and Phetchabun will make a total of 14.

Read Full Article Here

4 injured in severe turbulence on flight to Denver

5:33 PM, Apr 17, 2012

KUSA – Two passengers and two U.S. Airways flight attendants were injured after a flight from Phoenix to Denver hit severe turbulence Saturday night. One of the flight attendants was still hospitalized as of Tuesday morning.

U.S. Airways spokesman Andrew Christie confirmed the incident.

Jackie Walden was sleeping on board flight 496 when she says she was abruptly awoken.

“I’ve flown so much, and this was terrifying,” she said.

She described a feeling that the plane was diving for several seconds.

“We were holding on for dear life,” she said.

Read Full Article Here
http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1
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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 23:56 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 23:29 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:37 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:30 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 22:25 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:18 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:16 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 22:12 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:55 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Syria-iraq Border Region
Apr 17 21:49 PM
3.1     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:45 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:29 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:26 PM
3.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 21:24 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:18 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:12 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 21:10 PM
2.5     110.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:02 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:52 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 20:49 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 17 20:31 PM
4.1     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 20:23 PM
3.0     9.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 17 20:15 PM
2.8     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:01 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 19:59 PM
2.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     12.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 19:37 PM
3.7     75.0     MAP

GEOFON     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

USGS     East Of The South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     1.0     MAP     

EMSC     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.0     2.0     MAP     

USGS     New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.4     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 18:09 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 17:35 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     9.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 17:03 PM
2.6     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 16:50 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 16:33 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:52 PM
3.6     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:33 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.7     201.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.6     210.6     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
5.0     200.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:04 PM
2.9     17.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     56.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

EMSC     Kerkira Region, Greece
Apr 17 14:27 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 14:20 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 13:59 PM
2.8     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 13:53 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 13:27 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:26 PM
3.8     30.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:20 PM
3.9     20.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 13:03 PM
3.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:43 PM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Hawaii Region, Hawaii
Apr 17 12:36 PM
3.0     36.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     26.2     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.8     73.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     65.3     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:25 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 12:12 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 11:50 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 11:11 AM
3.0     99.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.7     126.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.9     80.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     63.6     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     54.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 17 10:05 AM
2.7     120.0     MAP

GEOFON     Chile-argentina Border Region
Apr 17 09:49 AM
4.2     147.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:46 AM
3.3     40.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 09:29 AM
3.2     6.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 17 09:22 AM
2.5     89.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece-turkey Border Region
Apr 17 09:13 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:03 AM
3.9     73.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     44.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     15.1     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 08:42 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 08:24 AM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     27.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:54 AM
2.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:49 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 07:32 AM
2.6     78.1     MAP

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea    

Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     208.2     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     211.0     MAP     

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea   

 Apr 17 07:13 AM     
7.0     202.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     207.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 07:07 AM
3.2     19.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 17 06:20 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oregon
Apr 17 06:14 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 06:10 AM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.4     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Samoa Islands Region
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 05:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 05:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 17 05:19 AM
2.5     2.9     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 17 04:53 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 04:48 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     31.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
4.8     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.1     36.6     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 03:57 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 03:55 AM
3.1     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:54 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     37.0     MAP     

EMSC     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     30.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     29.0     MAP     

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 03:43 AM
3.7     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 03:32 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     43.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
5.1     41.7     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 03:18 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:54 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:46 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.7     34.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.9     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:30 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 01:19 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 00:19 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 17 00:12 AM
3.4     24.8     MAP

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile near the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, causing mudslides and some minor damage, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

“We could feel the ground shaking,” said journalist Richard Madan. “It felt like we were standing on a subway track but multiply that by about 200.”

Read Full Article Here
http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/.element/apps/cvp/3.0/swf/cnn_416x234_embed.swf?context=embed&videoId=world/2012/04/17/bpr-chile-earthquake-manuel.cnn

Did N. Sumatra earthquakes set off a chain-reaction? Planet shaken by shocking number of tremors since April 11, 2012

Posted on April 17, 2012
April 17, 2012WORLD – The shocking number of earthquakes that have rattled the globe, especially along tectonic plate boundaries, since the double 8.0+ magnitude earthquakes struck off the coast of Northern Sumatra on April 11 could be early indication the planet may be shifting towards a new catastrophic model. Romania’ s top seismologist, Gheorghe Marmureanu, told the Bucharest Herald: “There is no doubt something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes.” I said in my book: “If you keep seismically shaking the Earth, like a bottle of soda, its structural integrity eventually will become compromised and it will start to fracture like an egg. In this case, the fracturing will be thermal dissipation by hyper-volcanism, mega-thrust earthquakes, and greater tectonic boundary plate agitation around volcanic arcs and subduction zones…if this is what’s indeed happening, the pressure will continue to build in the interior of the planet until it eventually destabilizes all tectonic plates in a spectral pattern of continous seismic oscillation. Every earthquake generates and emits enough kinetic energy through the earth to potentially trigger more seismic disturbances.” – The Extinction Protocol, page 495

7.0-magnitude quake hits off Papua New Guinea: USGS

by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) April 17, 2012


Quake sends Indonesians fleeing from Aceh parliament
Banda Aceh, Indonesia (AFP) April 17, 2012 – A moderate earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island Tuesday, US seismologists said, sending people running in fear from Aceh province’s parliament.The 5.1-quake hit at 10:24 am (0324 GMT) at a depth of around 42 kilometres (26 miles), 80 kilometres southwest of the provincial capital Banda Aceh, the US Geological Survey said.”The epicentre was located in the sea and was felt by people in Banda Aceh,” said Arif Achir of Indonesia’s meteorology and geophysics agency, adding there was no tsunami threat or immediate reports of damage.

An AFP correspondent said the quake lasted around 45 seconds, sending people running from parliament and children from classrooms.

Aceh province was shaken last Wednesday by two huge earthquakes that triggered an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

A 7.0-magnitude quake struck off the northeast of Papua New Guinea on Tuesday, the US Geological Survey said, but there was no tsunami warning issued.

The quake hit at 5:13 pm (0713 GMT) 141 kilometres (88 miles) north of the country’s second largest city of Lae and 443 kilometres from the capital Port Moresby at a depth of 201 kilometres, it said.

“A destructive tsunami was not generated based on earthquake and historical tsunami data,” the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said in a statement.

Geoscience Australia measured the quake at 6.8 magnitude and at a depth of 215 kilometres but agreed it was unlikely to generate dangerous waves in the developing Pacific island nation.

“It’s pretty deep so it’s not a tsunami threat we believe, even though it’s slightly offshore,” Geoscience Australia seismologist Clive Collins told AFP.

Collins said there had been reports of the quake being felt as far away as Goroko, a highland region about 250 kilometres from the epicentre.

“There would be quite some shaking to the areas close by… because it’s about 20 kilometres offshore,” Collins said.

“So it’s obviously been felt in a wide area around Papua New Guinea, which you would expect from something that big.”

Quakes of such magnitude are common in impoverished PNG, which sits on the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a hotspot for seismic activity due to friction between tectonic plates.

“That northern part of Papua New Guinea is subject to quite strong earthquakes reasonably frequently,” Collins said, adding that the biggest risk in the mountainous country was generally from landslips caused by tremors.

“There are very steep valleys and if it’s been wet you get landslides which generally cause trouble. But I think this being a little bit offshore it may not be such a problem,” he said.

“Of course it will be a while before we know that.”

A giant tsunami in 1998 killed more than 2,000 people near Aitape, on the country’s northwest coast.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

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Volcanic Activity

Santorini’s underwater volcano activity resumes

20:54 17 APR 2012

(AGI) Washington – Santorini’s volcanic basin is showing signs of resumed volcanic activity. According to researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, satellite research tools suggest that a build-up of some 14m cubic metres of lava at a depth of 5km took place between September and January last.
Widely touted by academics as the cause of the Minoan civilisation’s obliteration, what is left of the volcano – a small archipelago – last witnessed significant geological activity in January of 2011. Having published his findings in the latest issue of Geophysical Research Letters, the Institute’s Andrew Newman says “our research shows that the lava build-up is accelerating,” suggesting that even though the build-up may not indicate an imminent eruption, it may cause minor volcanic events, including ash fall-out, landslides and even tsunami type phenomena.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Unusual geological event Canada Province of New Brunswick, McAdam Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Ontario, [Uxbridge area] Damage level Details
  Today Flood Nigeria Edo State, Benin City Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire China Province of Liaoning, [Qipan Mountain] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution Australia State of New South Wales, [Pacific Highway, Near to Port Macquarie] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of Michigan, Traverse City [Cherry Capital Airport] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of California, San Diego Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Haryana, Gurgaon [Government High School Sector 40] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, Seattle [Bell Harbor Marina, Elliott Bay] Damage level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Greece Island of Thera, [Santorini volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Hailstorm USA State of California, [San Joaquin Valley] Damage level Details
1 18.04.2012 CBRNE Afghanistan Province of Takhar, [The area is not defined.] Damage level Details

Gale Warning

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT

Freeze Warning

STATE COLLEGE PA
BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY
GRAND RAPIDS MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
ALBANY NY

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

ALBUQUERQUE NM

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Flooding

Flood Warning

KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS
 NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
SHREVEPORT LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR

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Radiation/ Nuclear

Ukraine nuclear plant halts reactor after electrical failure

by Staff Writers
Kiev (AFP) April 17, 2012

A reactor at a nuclear power station in the south of Ukraine has been shut down following an electrical failure but radiation levels were not elevated, authorities said on Tuesday.

The second reactor of the Yuzhno-Ukrainskaya Nuclear Power Station in the south of Ukraine was shut down following the failure of its main transformer and the subsequent breakage of the high voltage power line late Monday, the emergencies ministry said.

“The reactor no 2 has been switched to the minimum capacity and unplugged from Ukraine’s energy grid,” the emergencies ministry said in a statement on its website.

“Radiation and fire safety levels are normal,” it said, adding the nuclear power station’s employees were taking steps to bring the situation under control.

Ukraine is home to the now defunct Chernobyl nuclear plant whose fourth reactor exploded in April 1986 with fallout hitting the three Soviet republics along with a large part of Europe.

The Chernobyl nuclear plant is located about 100 kilometres (60 miles) north of Kiev and close to the borders with Russia and Belarus. The explosion remains the world’s worst nuclear disaster.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes

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Solar Activity

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION:

Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

Using data from SDO, Steele Hill of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center assembled a must-see movie of the event. It shows the explosion unfolding at 304Å, a wavelength which traces plasma with a temperature around 80,000 K.

Coverage of the blast was not limited to space telescopes. Amateur astronomers saw it, too. Jim Lafferty sends this picture from his backyard observatory in Redlands, California:

“Yesterday’s prominence on the sun’s eastern limb was was one of the largest in years—short lived, it was mostly gone in a few hours,” says Lafferty. “It was a wonderful sight in the eyepiece and in the camera!”

2MIN News Apr17: Massive CME & Earthquakes


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Articles of Interest

Toxic gases hamper search at Pakistan avalanche site

by Staff Writers
Islamabad (AFP) April 17, 2012

Toxic gases Tuesday hampered the search for 138 people buried by an avalanche at a high-altitude Pakistan army camp, as teams from the United States and Norway arrived at the site to help operations.

A huge wall of snow crashed into the remote Siachen Glacier base high in the mountains in disputed Kashmir more than a week ago, smothering an area of one square kilometre (a third of a square mile).

Rescuers have dug tunnels in the hard mass of snow and ice to try to reach the buried soldiers and civilians at the Gayari base, but toxic gases have built up inside one of them, the military said in a statement.

A rise in the temperature has increased the risk of further snow slides, the statement said, forcing workers on the site to take extra precautions.

Specialist teams from Norway and the United States arrived at Gayari, while Swiss and German teams have returned home after helping the efforts.

Search teams are looking for the trapped soldiers and civilians at six different points on the site, around 4,000 metres (13,000 feet) up in the mountains.

More than 450 rescuers are working at the site near the de facto border with India in the militarised region of Kashmir, though experts have said there is virtually no chance of finding any survivors.

Kashmir has been the cause of two wars between India and Pakistan and the nuclear-armed rivals fought over Siachen in 1987, though guns on the glacier have largely fallen silent since a peace process began in 2004.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes

S.Lanka fishermen accused of damaging tsunami buoy

by Staff Writers
Colombo (AFP) April 17, 2012

Five Sri Lankan fishermen have been charged with vandalising a tsunami warning buoy just weeks before an earthquake triggered a major alert across the Indian Ocean, police said Tuesday.

Parts of the electronic floating device were removed from the buoy’s deep-sea mooring off the coast last month and later recovered in the southern coastal district of Matara.

The fishermen appeared before the chief magistrate in Matara on Monday and were remanded in custody until April 30, police spokesman Ajith Rohana told AFP.

“They said they thought the device could be a nice ornament they can fit onto their boat,” a court official said by telephone.

Tsunami warnings are vital to Sri Lanka, which had its south and east coasts devastated in the December 2004 tsunami when 31,000 people died in the island.

On April 11, a 8.6-magnitude earthquake off Indonesia’s Sumatra island set off high-level tsunami alerts around the Indian Ocean but no large waves were created and it caused little damage.

The Deep ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) buoy, which belongs to India, is part of a wider warning system to detect unusual rises in sea levels and predict tsunamis.

“The Indian authorities complained to us that one of their buoys had been cut from the moorings,” Sarath Lal Kumara, spokesman for Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Centre, told AFP.

He said police investigations led to the arrest of the five men and the recovery of some of the parts of the buoy, which cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

Huge tire fire causes Kuwait ‘catastrophe’

by Staff Writers
Kuwait City (AFP) April 17, 2012

Hundreds of Kuwaiti firemen on Tuesday fought to contain a massive fire in a dump for used tires, with some members of parliament calling the blaze an environmental catastrophe.

Firemen from the national guard, the army and the oil sector joined efforts to extinguish the fire that was still raging 10 hours after it broke out in the dump of more than five million tires, the fire department said.

Environment authorities advised residents in the area to stay away and to use masks, but the education ministry rejected calls by MPs to suspend classes at local schools.

A number of MPs described the fire as an “environmental catastrophe” and vowed to demand a debate on the issue in a special parliamentary session next week. Some said they will demand an official probe.

Medics said that one man was treated for minor burns.

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Earthquakes

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 16 23:57 PM
3.2     80.6     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     9.6     MAP

EMSC     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 23:53 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 16 23:51 PM
2.8     30.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 16 23:42 PM
2.8     28.6     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 16 23:25 PM
2.5     28.4     MAP

USGS     Nevada
Apr 16 23:15 PM
2.8     10.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:00 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 21:40 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 21:35 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:31 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:18 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:49 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 20:46 PM
2.6     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:45 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:41 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:30 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 20:26 PM
3.3     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 20:24 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 16 20:16 PM
4.8     87.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 16 20:16 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 16 19:58 PM
3.0     2.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 16 19:46 PM
2.8     169.5     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 16 19:39 PM
2.7     55.5     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 19:28 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 19:09 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 19:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:59 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:46 PM
3.1     8.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 16 18:36 PM
5.0     150.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:03 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.3     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 17:53 PM
2.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 16 17:04 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:03 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     38.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 16 16:39 PM
3.7     149.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 16:13 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:41 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 15:11 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.7     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.8     40.7     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 16 14:39 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 14:24 PM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 14:23 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 14:14 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     East Of Severnaya Zemlya
Apr 16 13:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:44 PM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:43 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 13:23 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 13:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:00 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.2     14.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:56 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:47 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:39 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 12:33 PM
2.9     107.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:28 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:24 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:23 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:21 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:19 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:12 PM
3.3     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:03 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.5     51.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:01 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:56 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 16 11:51 AM
2.6     132.0     MAP

EMSC     Canary Islands, Spain Region
Apr 16 11:45 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:44 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:42 AM
3.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:36 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:34 AM
2.8     11.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 11:32 AM
2.5     122.5     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.6     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:19 AM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 11:15 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:50 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 16 10:46 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:43 AM
2.9     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 16 10:41 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:40 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.2     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:38 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:36 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:25 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 10:22 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:22 AM
3.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:19 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:15 AM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     9.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     14.7     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Malay Peninsula, Thailand
Apr 16 09:44 AM
3.9     10.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 09:41 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 09:31 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 09:21 AM
3.2     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:54 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:40 AM
3.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 08:33 AM
3.5     56.0     MAP

GEONET     Whanganui
Apr 16 08:23 AM
2.4     12.0     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 16 08:12 AM
3.9     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Java, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.8     36.7     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 07:27 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 16 06:56 AM
3.2     42.2     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 16 06:52 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 06:27 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:25 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:12 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 06:08 AM
3.4     15.1     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.5     10.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 04:37 AM
2.5     47.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:24 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northeastern Iran
Apr 16 04:22 AM
4.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:16 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 03:37 AM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.3     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

“There is no doubt that something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes,” said Marmureanu.

croatiantimes.com

A leading earthquake scientist has warned that the planet could be cracking up after a series of massive quakes in just 48 hours.

Expert Gheorghe Marmureanu – from Romania’s National Institute of Earth Physics – says 39 quakes had hit the globe within two days.

The series started with two massive quakes in Indonesia measuring 8.6 and 8.2 on the Richter scale rapidly followed by three more only slightly smaller in Mexico within hours.

Read Full Article Here

Mexico quake causes ‘tsunami’ at Devil’s Hole

By Henry Brean
LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL
Posted: Apr. 10, 2012 | 6:00 p.m.

A powerful earthquake in southern Mexico last month churned the waters of a normally tranquil spring pool west of Pahrump, and a team of researchers was there to capture the bizarre phenomenon on video.

About 10 minutes after the magnitude-7.4 quake struck in the mountains east of Acapulco, some 1,700 miles from Southern Nevada, the water in Devil’s Hole began to slosh back and forth. The inch-high waves gradually grew, eventually surging to more than 2 feet and splashing across the metal catwalks researchers use to study the warm spring pool and its tiny population of endangered Devil’s Hole pup-fish.

The National Park Service is calling the event a “tsunami in the desert.”

“To see it change that dramatically in such a short period of time was amazing,” said Jeffrey Goldstein, a Park Service bio-technician who filmed the waves.

The video has since been posted on YouTube, where it has been viewed more than 32,000 times.

Read Full Article Here

Magnitude-5.5 Quake Jolts Southern Greece, No Injuries Reported

    2012-04-16 20:44:21     Xinhua       Web Editor: Li

A moderate earthquake measuring 5.5 magnitude on the Richter scale jolted southern Peloponnese in Greece on Monday noon, local media cited the Euro-mediterranean Seismic Institute as saying.

No injuries or major material damages have been reported by local authorities.

The epicenter of the quake was traced at a distance of some 19 kilometers off the coast of the city of Methoni at a depth of about 40 kilometers, according to seismologists. The tremor was felt in a major part of Peloponnese.

Earthquake-prone Greece is regularly hit by moderate tremors and catastrophic ones many times in recent years. The earthquake in 1999 measuring 6 degrees on the Richter scale in Athens caused many deaths and extensive damages.

M 3.9      2012/04/16 08:12     Depth 5.0 km      OKLAHOMA, USA
03:12:00 AM at epicenter – Epicenter location see below in list
One of the many aftershocks in the greater Shawnee area still irritating the local people, especially when they happen in the middle of the night. Only a few seconds but long enough shaking to wake up.
Approx. 85,000 people will have felt a light shaking and nearly 2.5 million a weak shaking !
Light shaking would have been (theoretically) experienced in the vicinity of Prague, Chandler, Stroud, Boley, Shawnee and McLoud

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff
updated 1:24 AM EDT, Tue April 17, 2012
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • An earthquake in 2010 killed hundreds in Chile
  • Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire”
  • No tsunami warning has been issued
  • The quake has a depth of 16.1 miles

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile about 26 miles (42 kilometers) from the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, but there were no immediate reports of major damage, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

No tsunami warning has been issued, according to Chile’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service, although the government did issue a “mandated preventive evacuation off the coast of Tangoy and Constitution.”

The same region of the country was hit with an 8.8-magnitude earthquake in February 2010, killing hundreds of people.

Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines circling the Pacific Basic that is prone to frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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Volcanic Activity

Russian Volcano Spews Ash to 9,500 Meters

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

© Photo NASA/JSC

07:16 17/04/2012
PETROPAVLOVSK KAMCHATSKY, April 17 (RIA Novosti)

Russia’s northernmost active volcano is churning out ash to a height of 9,500 meters (over 31,000 feet) in the country’s Far East, local scientists reported on Tuesday.

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009 and has been periodically spewing ash from three to ten kilometers.

“A powerful eruption of ashes took place 05.59 a.m. local time [17:59 GMT on Monday], a source at the Far Eastern Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said.

The official said the column of ashes could be clearly seen from a distance of 40 kilometers spreading to the east.

“It is the most powerful eruption this year,” the expert said.

According to scientists, the volcanic activity over the past two-three years has significantly altered the contour of the volcano with the crater increasing in size by 50% and the slopes becoming far steeper than before.

Although the current eruption poses no immediate threat to nearby settlements, the ensuing ash fallouts could be hazardous to health and the environment.

The clouds of volcanic ash could also pose threat to air traffic because the tiny particles cause problems with aircraft engine turbines.

So far, local authorities issued no warnings to air traffic in the area.

There are more than 150 volcanoes on Kamchatka, 29 of them active.

Sangay volcano (Ecuador), activity update: growing lava dome, lava flows and ash explosions

Tuesday Apr 17, 2012 02:30 AM
BY: T
View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

During an overflight on 13 April, an explosion from Sangay volcano was observed at 08:25 local time. It generated an ash and steam column of 2 km above the summit crater.
A new vent was detected, both on visible and thermal images, located next to the active dome on the SE flank (Ñuñurqu). The activity in this area has intensified since October, when the last aerial survey had taken place.
Extensive lava flows are descending on the SE flank of the dome and reaching the base of the cone.
Strong fumarolic activity was seen on the SE flank of the dome and on the S flank of the central crater.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Ecuador Northern Volcanic Zone , [Sangay Volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Connecticut, Rocky Hill [Connecticut State Veterans Home] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Zimbabwe Masvingo Province, [Masvingo-Beitbridge road] Damage level Details
2 17.04.2012 Vehicle Incident United Kingdom England (The English Channel), [About 20 miles south of the Isle of Wight] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Nigeria State of River, [Obite Gas production facilities – Total] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident India State of Assam, [Golaghat District] Damage level Details
1 17.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT, WA
MARQUETTE MI
CHICAGO IL
GAYLORD MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

Freeze Warning

 GREEN BAY WI
LA CROSSE WI
 GRAND RAPIDS MI

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Flooding

Flash Flood Watch

 NEW ORLEANS LA
 LAKE CHARLES LA

Flood Warning

EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
ST LOUIS MO
LAKE CHARLES LA
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA
DES MOINES IA

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Solar Activity

LYRID METEOR SHOWER:

Earth is approaching the debris field of ancient Comet Thatcher, source of the annual Lyrid meteor shower. Forecasters expect the shower to peak on April 21-22; a nearly-new moon on those dates will provide perfect dark-sky conditions for meteor watching. Usually the shower is mild (10-20 meteors per hour) but unmapped filaments of dust in the comet’s tail sometimes trigger outbursts 10 times stronger. [video] [Lyrid chat]

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION (UPDATED): Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

This event confirms suspicions that an active region of significance is rotating onto the Earth-facing side of the sun. Stay tuned for updates

Solar wind
speed: 310.3 km/sec
density: 0.4 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 0206 UT

X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C8 1800 UT Apr16
24-hr: M1 1745 UT Apr16
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2359 UT

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Space

Flat Pancake-Shaped Galaxy Harbors Three Black Holes

MessageToEagle.com – Universe is still a big mystery. The bright galaxy NGC 3621 is the so-called “flat galaxy” which appears to be just a classical spiral. But it is rather unusual astronomical object

Bulgeless and therefore described as a pure-disc galaxy, NGC 3621 lies far beyond the local group of galaxies, some 22 million light-years away in the constellation of Hydra (The Sea Snake). The winding spiral arms of this gorgeous island universe are loaded with luminous young star clusters and dark dust lanes.

It is comparatively bright and can be seen well in moderate-sized telescopes.

NGC 3621 is flat and pancake-shaped.Apparently, it hasn’t yet experienced a galactic collision with another galaxy.Merging with other galaxy would have disturbed the thin disc of stars.Over time, this should create a bulge in the galaxy’s center.

This galaxy is of further interest to astronomers because its relative proximity allows them to study a wide range of astronomical objects within it, and use some of its brighter stars as standard candles to establish important estimates of extragalactic distances and the scale of the Universe.

Previously, astronomers thought, that bulgeless galaxies should not be able to host an Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). And yet, several observations of AGN in bulgeless galaxies currently indicate that a classical bulge is not a requirement for a nuclear black hole.

Today, they know much more about NGC 3621 and other flat galaxies.

NGC 3621 – is a galaxy full of surprises. It is bulgeless but has three central black holes. Credits: ESO

Read Full Article Here       

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Articles of Interest

Underground water in eastern Shasta County mysteriously disappears

Some believe quakes causing lowered levels

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.<br /><br />

Photo by Andreas Fuhrmann

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

Stephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.<br /><br /> Photo by Andreas FuhrmannStephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.

Stephen Wolf thinks something strange is happening underground in eastern Shasta County and it is draining water wells and maybe even causing sinkholes and subsiding pavement.

A retired marine geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, Wolf said he has seen what is happening in eastern Shasta County before. After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, water well levels in the area of the quake fell significantly, he said.

Following the 6.9 magnitude quake in the Santa Cruz Mountains, Wolf wrote a paper for the USGS about the effects the quake had on surface and groundwater.

“The correlation is there. The behavior is identical,” said Wolf, who has lived in the tiny eastern Shasta County community of Cassel since 2001.

Back in October, 131 earthquakes hit the Lassen Peak area. Most were less than 2.0 in magnitude. But since then the water table has fallen significantly, Wolf said.

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

“We’ve never had a water problem before. We never thought about the water table going down,” Amos said.

Terry Briggs, who owns Gallagher Pump in Fall River Mills, said what is going on in Cassel is unusual. He said the drop in the water table in eastern Shasta County is the most dramatic he has seen in the past 10 to 15 years.

“It always moves up and down a little bit, but this was way more,” Briggs said.

Since January, he has had to help homeowners whose water tables have dropped below their pumps.

Briggs said he isn’t sure why the water level is dropping. Seismic activity may be affecting wells. Rainfall levels also affect the water level, he said. And Cassel, like the rest of the north state, went through a dry winter.

Wolf said the seismic activity further fractures the rocky, volcanic soil, allowing the water to flow deeper into the Earth.

Every time a small quake rattles the area around Lassen Peak, his toilet fills with dirty, silted water, he said. That is the silt that is broken loose from the volcanic soil underground, he said.

Officials at the USGS said they are hesitant to draw a correlation between the quakes and the drop in the water level in Cassel.

Read Full Article Here

Incredible Images Show Giant Sinkhole In Sweden Keeps Expanding!

MessageToEagle.com – It looks like something taken straight from a horror movie. An enormous hole leading to hell, some would say. But this is not a movie.

This is a real and dangerous phenomenon. New shocking images clearly show the enormous pit in Sweden is expanding.

The 200 foot wide open pit is called the “Fabiangropen” (Fabian pit) and is in the Malmberget area is located at Gällivare, 75km from Kiruna, Sweden.

As you can see on the map, it is in the northern regions of Sweden.

Due to presence of many orebodies, mining at Malmberget is conducted at different levels at 600m, 815m and 1,000m.

According to the locals sometimes the tremor around here can last up to 45 minutes!

The enormous sinkhole at Malmberget is expanding. This is an image showing the giant pit from above.

Read Full Article Here

Total shuts down Nigerian gas plant after leak

Reuters 

ABUJA (Reuters) – French oil major Total has shut down a gas plant in Nigeria’s onshore Niger Delta, following a leak caused by a technical incident, the company said in a statement.

The leak occurred on a block that also contains crude oil in Rivers state, one of the three states that make up the Niger Delta, a vast wetlands region veined with hundreds of kilometres of labyrinthine creeks and waterways.

“On April 3rd, Total E&P Nigeria Limited (TEPNG) was alerted about some water and gas resurgence points, observed in an uninhabited area close to its onshore Obite gas production facilities, on the OML 58 license,” a statement on the company’s website said.

Read Full Article Here

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 15 23:44 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 23:30 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 22:58 PM
2.9     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 22:27 PM
4.4     30.7     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 22:27 PM
4.4     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 15 22:00 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 15 21:41 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 15 21:26 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 20:26 PM
3.3     53.8     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 15 19:59 PM
4.3     244.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 15 19:45 PM
3.7     78.4     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 19:16 PM
3.4     95.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 15 19:11 PM
2.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Santa Cruz Islands
Apr 15 19:10 PM
4.5     46.0     MAP

EMSC     Java, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.7     67.0     MAP

USGS     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Java, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.6     58.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 15 18:08 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 16:57 PM
2.6     112.1     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 15 16:52 PM
2.7     2.7     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 16:49 PM
2.7     104.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.2     55.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.4     41.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.5     43.1     MAP

EMSC     Lebanon – Syria Region
Apr 15 15:43 PM
3.0     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 15 15:06 PM
3.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 14:29 PM
4.5     65.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 14:29 PM
4.5     65.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 13:57 PM
5.1     30.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 13:57 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 13:57 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.5     14.7     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 11:37 AM
2.5     15.6     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 11:05 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 10:44 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.7     30.7     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 15 10:30 AM
3.3     6.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 10:20 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 10:20 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 09:51 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 09:50 AM
4.9     14.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 09:50 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 15 09:46 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.2     168.0     MAP

USGS     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.5     182.0     MAP

EMSC     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.5     182.0     MAP

EMSC     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.3     52.9     MAP

GEOFON     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.4     27.0     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.5     49.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.5     39.0     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.4     45.5     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 15 07:10 AM
2.8     8.9     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 06:08 AM
3.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     15.2     MAP     

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Mexico-guatemala Border Region
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Tabasco, Mexico
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.6     19.1     MAP

EMSC     Tabasco, Mexico
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 15 04:54 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 15 04:45 AM
3.6     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 04:28 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
4.8     13.5     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 15 04:04 AM
3.0     110.5     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 03:21 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan
Apr 15 02:57 AM
4.4     146.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 15 02:57 AM
4.3     148.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Kazakhstan
Apr 15 02:56 AM
3.4     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:49 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:48 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:48 AM
4.4     9.9     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 15 02:46 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.3     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 02:35 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 15 02:29 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 15 02:22 AM
3.0     91.9     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 02:05 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 00:59 AM
3.3     89.3     MAP

Energy and Earthquakes: A Whole Lot of Shaking Going On

In recent years oil and gas production has been on the rise in the United States. So have minor earth shakes. Is there a link?

A new study (PDF) by the U.S. Geological Survey fingers increased energy production in the midcontinental United States1 for the recent uptick in magnitude3 or higher2 earthquakes.

Earthquakes of Magnitude 3 or Greater Way Up in Recent Years

Just how much has seismicity increased? Here are the numbers of earthquakes of magnitude 3 or greater over the past few decades:

1970-2000:   21 3
2001-2008:   29 3
2009:   50
2010:   87
2011: 134

Considered “minor,” magnitude 3 quakes are rarely strong enough to do damage but typically large enough to be felt.

Interestingly, over the same period that the number of these types of quakes has been rising, the United States has seen a rather sizable increase in the extraction of oil and gas.

So is oil and gas production causing the uptick in the country’s shaking? Could it be that the increase in earthquakes is specifically tied to the growing practice of using hydraulic fracturing (fracking) to release oil and gas from shale and other tight formations? And what about the high-pressure injection of wastewater from the production into geologic formations at a mile or more beneath the Earth’s surface?

Read Full Article Here

Is the Recent Increase in Felt Earthquakes in the Central US Natural or Manmade?


By David J. Hayes, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of the Interior

Last week, following the publication of an abstract intended to preview an upcoming talk by a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist, a number of news articles started popping up about new scientific evidence of a link between unconventional oil and gas production here in the United States, and seismic activity (earthquakes).

Unfortunately – although not surprisingly given the limited information available in the abstract – the accuracy of these media reports varied greatly. With this blog post, I want to clarify a few points about USGS’s important and ongoing work to study induced seismicity.

Science will continue to play a critical role as the Obama administration moves forward with an all-of-the-above strategy for American energy. USGS’s contributions to this effort, including scientist Bill Ellsworth’s work on the correlation between wastewater injection sites and seismicity, represent an important part of the overall dialogue about how we can continue to expand domestic oil and gas production safely and responsibly.

Read Full Article Here

Strong quake hits west Indonesia, no tsunami

April 15, 2012 11:13 GMT

BANDA ACEH, Indonesia (AP) — Officials say a strong earthquake measuring magnitude 6.2 has struck off the coast of western Indonesia but there is no danger of a tsunami.

The U.S. Geological Survey says Sunday’s quake was centered about 400 miles (650 kilometers) southwest of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province, at a depth of 9 miles (15 kilometers).

Indonesian meteorological official Suharjono says there is no threat of a tsunami. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

Two powerful quakes measuring magnitude 8.6 and 8.2 triggered a tsunami watch on Wednesday in more than two dozen nations and island territories, from Australia and India to as far off as Africa.


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Volcanic Activity

Increased Activity Reported For Two Volcanoes  in Costa Rica


Rincón de la Vieja Rumbles

Thursday last the Turrialba sent experts scurrying to analyse the recent activity at the colossus souteast of San José. On Saturday, however, the Volcán Rincón de la Vieja, decided on a rumble of its own.

It was around 2pm when residents heard the rumbles from the volanco located north of San José in the province of Guanacaste.

Maria Martinez, volcanologist from the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (OVSICORI), explained that the phreatic eruption occurred i the lake and spewed water and sediment over the outer edge on the north side of the volcano.

Authorities recommend not to approach the area and do not rule a new explosion.

The entrance to the national park is closed.

Both OVSICORI as the National Emergency Commission (CNE) will continue to closely monitor the volcano.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Drought in England could last beyond Christmas – agency

LONDON (Reuters) – A drought affecting parts of England could last until after Christmas, Britain’s environment agency warned on Monday, as rain over the spring and summer is unlikely to replenish low water levels.

In a country more usually associated with damp and drizzle, drought has been declared in seventeen counties in England’s southeast and central regions, after two dry winters left rivers and ground waters depleted.

Although public water supplies in these areas are unlikely to be affected, the lack of rain is taking its toll on the environment and farmers, causing problems for wildlife, wetlands and crop production, the agency said in a statement.

“A longer term drought, lasting until Christmas and perhaps beyond, now looks more likely and we are working with businesses, farmers and water companies to plan ahead to meet the challenges of a continued drought,” said Trevor Bishop, head of water resources at the Environment Agency.

Bishop urged the British public to conserve water supplies.

Images of umbrella-touting spectators at the often sodden summer tennis championship Wimbledon have reinforced Britain’s image as a rainy country.

In fact, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and other European countries have higher average annual rainfall than Britain.

Read Full Article Here

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  15.04.2012 Extreme Weather Iran Capital city, Tehran Damage level Details
 
  15.04.2012 Landslide Vietnam Province of Thai Nguyen, [Phan Me Mine] Damage level Details
  15.04.2012 Hailstorm Serbia District of Rasina, Trstenik Damage level Details
 
  15.04.2012 Complex Emergency USA State of Iowa, Des Moines Damage level Details
1 16.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Oklahoma , [Oklahoma-wide] Damage level Details
1 15.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Kansas, [Russel region] Damage level Details
1 15.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Iowa, [Iowa-wide] Damage level Details

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

CORPUS CHRISTI TX

Flood Warning

 LITTLE ROCK AR
TOPEKA KS

QUAD CITIES IA IL
LAKE CHARLES LA
NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
SHREVEPORT LA
SPRINGFIELD MO
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
ST LOUIS MO
OMAHA/VALLEY NE

Flash Flood Warning

CORPUS CHRISTI TX

High Wind Warning

SIOUX FALLS SD
ABERDEEN SD

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Storms

Midwest tornadoes: authorities say 5 dead in Okla.

By ROCHELLE HINES, Associated Press

Sunday, April 15, 2012

(04-15) 02:00 PDT Oklahoma City (AP) —

Tornadoes reported across the Midwest and Plains on Saturday and early Sunday left five people dead in Oklahoma and damaged houses, a hospital, a jail, an Air Force base and other buildings around the region, officials said.

Oklahoma authorities said five people died early Sunday after a tornado hit in and around the northwest Oklahoma town of Woodward. Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management spokeswoman Keli Cain said the state medical examiner’s office confirmed the fatalities in the Woodward area. She didn’t know the gender or age of the victims or details of their deaths.

Tornadoes Leave Significant Damage in Plains

by weather.com

A large tornado captured in Woodward, Oklahoma Saturday night. More severe storms are expected to continue through Sunday.

(Track storms here)

Updated: April 15, 2012 at 9:30 p.m. E/T
Fast Facts

  • 5 confirmed fatalities in Woodward, Oklahoma; 29 people were injured in the town and the tornado was rated a preliminary EF3 by the National Weather Service
  • Thousands without power in Oklahoma and Kansas
  • 75 percent of Thurman, Iowa destroyed; tornado that touched down was rated EF2 (wind speeds of up to 130 mph) with a path length of about 10 miles
  • Tornado that hit Wichita, KS area rated a preliminary EF3, with some of the strongest damage observed at McConnell AFB
  • Ottawa/Dickinson Counties: Preliminary EF1 tornado with winds of up to 100 mph
  • Red Cross is focusing food and shelter efforts to impacted areas in Kansas, Iowa and Oklahoma. For shelter locations go to RedCross.org.

NWS Wichita: Prelim. EF4 near Kanopolis Lake, KS. A farmstead was decimated, trees stripped of bark, roads scoured.

Thurman , IA EF1/ EF2 damage. Only minor injuries with 6 minute warning. tout.com/m/3yakxs

Preliminary damage estimate in Sedgwick County/Wichita is $283 million. Will this end up being our second billion dollar disaster of 2012?

Read Full Report Here

Latest from Woodward, Oklahoma

April 15, 2012 9:30pm

Meteorologist Eric Fisher in Woodward, Oklahoma. Out of Saturday’s 120+ tornado reports this was the only deadly tornado. Meteorologist Eric Fisher walks through some of the devastation that left homes and lives in shambles.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

Neighbors help neighbors recover

April 15, 2012 8:15pm

Storm Tracker Jim Cantore is in Thurman, Iowa. Officials say 75 percent of this small town of about 250 people was destroyed by a possible tornado. Cantore talks about the volunteer response to the disaster.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

Five dead in Oklahoma storms

April 15, 2012

Keli Cain with the Oklahoma Dept. of Emergency Management says five people have been killed in Oklahoma and many more are injured. Severe weather, including tornadoes, rolled through the state Saturday and early Sunday.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

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Radiation

Fuel Pool 35 Miles from Major American City –

which Is Highly Vulnerable to Earthquakes –

Contains More Radioactive Cesium than Released By Fukushima, Chernobyl and All Nuclear Bomb Tests COMBINED

Radioactive Fuel Fires: Not Just a Japanese Problem

The spent fuel pools at Fukushima are currently the top short-term threat to humanity.

But fuel pools in the United States store an average of ten times more radioactive fuel than stored at Fukushima, have virtually no safety features, and are vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attacks.

If the water drains out for any reason, it will cause a fire in the fuel rods, as the zirconium metal jacket on the outside of the fuel rods could very well catch fire within hours or days after being exposed to air. See this, this, this and this. (Even a large solar flare could knock out the water-circulation systems for the pools.)

The pools are also filling up fast, according to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission:

fig044 Fuel Pool 35 Miles from Major American City   which Is Highly Vulnerable to Earthquakes   Contains More Radioactive Cesium than Released By Fukushima, Chernobyl and All Nuclear Bomb Tests COMBINED

The New York Times notes that squeezing more rods into pools may increase the risk of fire:

The reactor operators have squeezed spent fuel more tightly into the pools, raising the heat load and, according to some analyses, raising the risk of fire if the pools were ever drained.

Read Full Article Here

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Climate Change

Forget global warming: Scientists discover glaciers in Asian mountain range are actually getting BIGGER

By Ian Garland

Photos taken by a French satellite show glaciers in a mountain range west of the Himalayas have grown during the last decade.

The growing glaciers were found in the Karakoram range, which spans the borders between Pakistan, India and China and is home to the world’s second highest peak, K2.

The startling find has baffled scientists and comes at a time when glaciers in other parts of the region, and across the world, are shrinking.

Global cooling? Glaciers are growing in the Karakoram range, home to K2Global cooling? Glaciers are growing in the Karakoram range, home to K2

French scientists from the National Centre for Scientific Research and the University of Grenoble, were forced to rely on satellite images, to study the region – because much of the Karakoram range is inaccessible.

They compared observations made in 1999 and 2008 and found a marginal mass increase.

They estimated the glaciers had gained between 0.11 and 0.22 metres of ice each year

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr15: Tornados, Earthquakes, Solar/Planetary Update

Solar X-rays:Geomagnetic Field: >

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

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 Wildlife

Loss of predators affecting ecosystem health

by Staff Writers
Corvallis, OR (SPX)


In Idaho and Montana, hundreds of wolves are now being killed in an attempt to reduce ranching conflicts and increase game herd levels.

A survey on the loss in the Northern Hemisphere of large predators, particularly wolves, concludes that current populations of moose, deer, and other large herbivores far exceed their historic levels and are contributing to disrupted ecosystems. The research, published by scientists from Oregon State University, examined 42 studies done over the past 50 years.

It found that the loss of major predators in forest ecosystems has allowed game animal populations to greatly increase, crippling the growth of young trees and reducing biodiversity. This also contributes to deforestation and results in less carbon sequestration, a potential concern with climate change.

“These issues do not just affect the United States and a few national parks,” said William Ripple, an OSU professor of forestry and lead author of the study. “The data from Canada, Alaska, the Yukon, Northern Europe and Asia are all showing similar results. There’s consistent evidence that large predators help keep populations of large herbivores in check, with positive effects on ecosystem health.”

Densities of large mammalian herbivores were six times greater in areas without wolves, compared to those in which wolves were present, the researchers concluded. They also found that combinations of predators, such as wolves and bears, can create an important synergy for moderating the size of large herbivore populations.

“Wolves can provide food that bears scavenge, helping to maintain a healthy bear population,” said Robert Beschta, a professor emeritus at OSU and co-author of the study. “The bears then often prey on young moose, deer or elk – in Yellowstone more young elk calves are killed by bears than by wolves, coyotes and cougars combined.”

In Europe, the coexistence of wolves with lynx also resulted in lower deer densities than when wolves existed alone.

In recent years, OSU researchers have helped lead efforts to understand how major predators help to reduce herbivore population levels, improve ecosystem function and even change how herbivores behave when they feel threatened by predation – an important aspect they call the “ecology of fear.”

“In systems where large predators remain, they appear to have a major role in sustaining the diversity and productivity of native plant communities, thus maintaining healthy ecosystems,” said Beschta. “When the role of major predators is more fully appreciated, it may allow managers to reconsider some of their assumptions about the management of wildlife.”

In Idaho and Montana, hundreds of wolves are now being killed in an attempt to reduce ranching conflicts and increase game herd levels.

The new analysis makes clear that the potential beneficial ecosystem effects of large predators is far more pervasive, over much larger areas, than has often been appreciated.

It points out how large predators can help maintain native plant communities by keeping large herbivore densities in check, allow small trees to survive and grow, reduce stream bank erosion, and contribute to the health of forests, streams, fisheries and other wildlife.

It also concludes that human hunting, due to its limited duration and impact, is not effective in preventing hyper-abundant densities of large herbivores. This is partly “because hunting by humans is often not functionally equivalent to predation by large, wide-ranging carnivores such as wolves,” the researchers wrote in their report.

“More studies are necessary to understand how many wolves are needed in managed ecosystems,” Ripple said. “It is likely that wolves need to be maintained at sufficient densities before we see their resulting effects on ecosystems.”

“The preservation or recovery of large predators may represent an important conservation need for helping to maintain the resiliency of northern forest ecosystems,” the researchers concluded, “especially in the face of a rapidly changing climate.”

The research was published online in the European Journal of Wildlife Research, a professional journal.

Related Links
Oregon State University
Darwin Today At TerraDaily.com

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Articles of Interest

Fungus threat escalates for food, wildlife: scientists

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 11, 2012

Species of fungus, driven by trade, travel and climate change, pose a mounting threat to food supplies and biodiversity, scientists said on Wednesday.

Widely unknown to the general public, seven fungal epidemics are under way, striking bees, bats, frogs, soft corals and sea turtles as well as rice and wheat, they said.

Human health and livelihoods are at stake, for fungus costs $60 billion a year in losses to corn, wheat and rice alone, according to their assessment, published by the science journal Nature.

“In both animals and plants, an unprecedented number of fungal and fungal-like species have recently caused some of the most severe die-offs and extinctions ever witnessed in wild species, and are jeopardising food security,” it warned.

The paper said a lethal skin fungus called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, discovered in 1997, has infected 500 species of frogs and toads in 54 countries, on all continents where amphibians are found.

Some areas of Central America have lost more than 40 percent of their amphibian species.

Bats in North America and Canada are being decimated by “white nose syndrome,” a pathogen called Geomyces destructans, which causes a white fungal patch to grow on their muzzles. The fungus is believed to have a natural home in cave soil.

Species of the Microsporidia family of fungus are being blamed in part for for so-called colony collapse disorder among honeybees.

In tropical climates, the fungus Fusarium solani is causing eggs laid by the loggerhead turtle to fail to hatch, while a soft coral, the sea fan, is in decline, its immune system depressed by a soil fungus.

A pathogen called Magnaporthe oryzae, causing a disease called rice blast, has led to losses of 10-35 percent in the rice harvest in 85 countries.

Another fast-emerging concern for farmers is wheat rust, caused by Puccinia graminis. A strain called Ug99 can cause 100-percent crop loss, helped by farmers’ over-dependence on a single wheat type.

Fungal destruction of these crops, and also of corn, potatoes and soybeans, currently amounts to 125 million tonnes a year, according to the study. Tackling this problem would be enough to feed one in 12 of the world’s population.

Fungus is spread by tough, virulent and long-living spores that can be borne by wind or water.

But human intervention, through trade, transport and global warming, is accelerating its spread, the study said.

For instance, the amphibian fungus B. dendrobatidis has gained a foothold in some ecoystems by the introduction of the North American bullfrog, which is resistant to the disease.

In the mid-19th century, a fungus called Phytophthora infestans triggered a catastrophic disease in potatoes known as late blight, causing millions of deaths from famine and an exodus to America.

The fungus originated in the Andes but hitched a ride in tubers to Mexico, and from there to the United States and finally to Ireland, according one theory.

“Crop losses due to fungal attack challenge food security and threaten biodiversity, yet we are woefully inadequate at controlling their emergence and proliferation,” said Sarah Gurr, a professor of molecular plant pathology at Oxford University.

Addressing fungal epidemics starts at the bottom, with better understanding of how the pathogen interacts with hosts and the environment. In terms of action, “effective prevention and timely control” are best, as these stop an early outbreak in its tracks, according to the study.

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