Tag Archive: Southern Ocean


WHALES AHOY


by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP) April 18, 2014

Japan said Friday it would redesign its controversial Antarctic whaling mission in a bid to make it more scientific, after a United Nations court ruled it was a commercial hunt masquerading as research.

The bullish response, which could see harpoon ships back in the Southern Ocean next year, sets Tokyo back on a collision course with environmentalists.

Campaigners had hailed the decision by the International Court of Justice, with hopes that it might herald the end of a practice they view as barbaric.

“We will carry out extensive studies in cooperation with ministries concerned to submit a new research programme by this autumn to the International Whaling Commission (IWC), reflecting the criteria laid out in the verdict,” said Yoshimasa Hayashi, minister of agriculture, forestry and fisheries.

Japan, a member of the IWC, has hunted whales under a loophole allowing for lethal research. It has always maintained that it was intending to prove the whale population was large enough to sustain commercial hunting.

But it never hid the fact that the by-product of whale meat made its way onto menus.

“The verdict confirmed that the (IWC moratorium) is partly aimed at sustainable use of whale resources.

“Following this, our country will firmly maintain its basic policy of conducting whaling for research, on the basis of international law and scientific foundations, to collect scientific data necessary for the regulation of whale resources, and aim for resumption of commercial whaling.”

Hayashi, who had met with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe earlier in the day, confirmed a previous announcement that the 2014-15 hunt in the Southern Ocean would not go ahead.

Last month’s court ruling does not apply to Japan’s two other whaling programmes: a “research” hunt in coastal waters and in the northwestern Pacific, and a much smaller programme that operates along the coast, which is not subject to the international ban.

 

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SBS News

  • null

    (AP)
   
Hundreds of Japanese officials and pro-whaling lobbyists have eaten whale in defiance of a international court ruling that ordered the country to stop its Antarctic whaling program.
By

SBS with AAP
UPDATED 2:05 PM – 16 Apr 2014

The 26th whale meat tasting event in Tokyo was hosted near the nation’s parliament and was attended by lawmakers, officials and pro-whaling lobbyists.

Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi told attendees that the country must protect its whale-eating culture.

“[Japan] has a policy of harvesting and sustainably using the protein source from the ocean, and that is unshakable,” Associated Press quoted Mr Hayashi as saying.

Meanwhile, a lower house MP criticised the arguments against whaling as emotional and not based on reason.

“Japan’s whaling is based on scientific reasons, while counterarguments by anti-whaling groups are emotional, saying they are against the hunts because whales are cute or smart,” the Japan Times reported Shunichi Suzuki of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party as saying.

 

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Japan ‘will continue whaling in Pacific’

Updated: 15:21, Friday April 18, 2014

Japan 'will continue whaling in Pacific'

Japan has decided to continue its whaling program in the Pacific Ocean, reports say, despite losing a United Nations court case on its other “research” hunt in the Antarctic.

If confirmed, the move will likely spark anger among environmentalists who hailed a ruling in March by the UN’s International Court of Justice (ICJ) that Tokyo’s hunt in the Southern Ocean was a commercial activity disguised as science.

Japan has exploited a loophole in a 1986 moratorium that allowed it to conduct lethal research on the mammals, but has openly admitted their meat makes its way onto dinner tables.

Campaigners urged Tokyo to follow the spirit of the ruling, and not just its letter, which specifically referred to Japan’s hunt in the Antarctic, not its other research scheme in the northwest Pacific or its smaller coastal program.

But after the ICJ verdict, a government review has said the Pacific hunt should press ahead, public broadcaster NHK and Kyodo News Agency reported on Friday.

The review suggests the Pacific mission should reduce its catch and focus more on carrying out research that does not involve catching whales.

A spokesman for the fisheries agency said he was unable to comment.

 

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The Telegraph

Aerial footage released by the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society appears to show the bloodied remains of three minke whales

By Hannah Strange

Activists have captured rare images of protected whales slaughtered by a Japanese fleet in what is said to be an internationally recognised ocean sanctuary, offering a stark insight into Japan’s secretive but much-criticised whaling practices.

The bloodied carcasses of three minke whales lie on the deck of the Japanese ship Nisshin Maru in the aerial shots and footage taken by the anti-whaling campaign group, Sea Shepherd, as its vessels pursued the fleet through the Southern Ocean. The group said a fourth whale had already been killed.

“There’s three carcasses on the ship, a fourth carcass has been cut up. There’s blood all over the place, meat being carted around on this factory ship deck, offal and innards being dumped in the ocean,” said Bob Brown, chairman of Sea Shepherd Australia

“That’s just a gruesome, bloody, medieval scene which has no place in this modern world.”

The images, purportedly taken inside the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary, drew international opprobium and renewed calls for Japan to end the controversial whaling programme which critics say is endangering populations of the marine mammals.

 

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Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources negotiations aim to ban fishing across much of Southern Ocean

Graphic: proposed areas of protection in Antarctica

Emperor Penguin in Australian Antarctic Territory

Emperor Penguin in Australian Antarctic Territory. Photograph: Pete Oxford/Corbis

Fishing and oil drilling could be banned across more than two million square kilometres of the frigid seas around Antarctica in a historic attempt to conserve the last pristine ocean.

Negotiations this week at a meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) will centre on a proposal for a 1.25m square kilometre “no take” zone, which would cover much of the Ross Sea. Another proposal would establish several other smaller protected areas in the seas around East Antarctica, adding a further 1.9m sq km protection zone. A third reserve, proposed by Germany and backed by Britain, would bar fishing from a large portion of the Weddell Sea, which is the site of the British Antarctic Survey’s research station, and where Ernest Shackleton’s ship Endurance was crushed by ice in 1915.

The prize, says a coalition of 30 conservation groups including Greenpeace and WWF, is the long-term protection of the nutrient-rich seas around the continent, which are home to more than 10,000 unique species – including most of the world’s penguins, whales, seabirds, squid and Antarctic toothfish. The seas are also full of krill, the minute shrimp-like creatures that eat algae and plankton and are the main food for whales, penguins, seals, albatrosses and petrels, but are also increasingly used as feed for fish farms and health supplements.

According to some scientists, the two proposed marine protection areas are vitally important because they support a high percentage of all marine life. At the moment just 1% of the world’s oceans is protected, with the result that most of the world’s fishing grounds have been significantly depleted.

 

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EcoAlert: Changes in Earth’s Orbit Appear to be Key to Antarctic Warming

Antarctica-warming-660
Image Credit:  Adventure Journal

Analysis of an ice core taken by the National Science Foundation- (NSF) funded West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide drilling project reveals that warming in Antarctica began about 22,000 years ago, a few thousand years earlier than suggested by previous records. This timing shows that West Antarctica did not “wait for a cue” from the Northern Hemisphere to start warming, as scientists had previously supposed.

For more than a century scientists have known that Earth’s ice ages are caused by the wobbling of the planet’s orbit, which changes its orientation to the sun and affects the amount of sunlight reaching higher latitudes.

The Northern Hemisphere’s last ice age ended about 20,000 years ago, and most evidence had indicated that the ice age in the Southern Hemisphere ended about 2,000 years later, suggesting that the South was responding to warming in the North.
But research published online Aug. 14 in the journal Nature shows that Antarctic warming began at least two, and perhaps four, millennia earlier than previously thought.

Most previous evidence for Antarctic climate change had come from ice cores drilled in East Antarctica, the highest and coldest part of the continent. However, a U.S.-led research team studying the West Antarctic core found that warming there was well underway 20,000 years ago.

WAIS Divide is a large-scale and multi-year glaciology project supported by the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), which NSF manages. Through USAP, NSF coordinates all U.S. science on the southernmost continent and aboard vessels in the Southern Ocean and provides the necessary logistics to make the science possible.

 

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Russia blocks creation of two huge Marine Protected Areas in Antarctica

An extraordinary meeting of the Commission of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to establish Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in the Ross Sea region and in East Antarctica wrapped up on Tuesday without an agreement after Russia with support from Ukraine blocked the initiative.

The MPAs initiative will be again discussed at the CCAMLR regular meeting in Hobart, Australia

The MPAs initiative will be again discussed at the CCAMLR regular meeting in Hobart, Australia

The nyet squad

The nyet squad

“The outcome is not what we expected or hoped for … We did not reach a consensus,” Terje Lobach, the Commission’s chairperson, said on Tuesday at the end of the meeting in the northern German town of Bremerhaven.

Delegates at the conference in Bremerhaven looked at two proposals to create huge ocean sanctuaries off Antarctica.

The first, which was proposed by the United States and New Zealand, would have covered an area of 1.6 million square kilometers (640,000 square miles) of the Ross Sea, a deep bay on the Pacific side of the continent.

The other, supported by the European Union, France, and Australia, would have protected 1.9 million square kilometers on the Indian Ocean side of Antarctica.

However, the Russian delegation supported by neighboring Ukraine, raised questions about the CCAMLR legal power to implement any such proposal, according to environmental groups.

“The actions of the Russian delegation have put international cooperation and goodwill at risk, the two key ingredients needed for global marine conservation”, said Andrea Kavanagh, in charge of the Southern Ocean Sanctuaries campaign at the US green group Pew Environment.

 

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 6 February, 2013 

MessageToEagle.com – The location of an underwater volcanic vent, marked by a low-lying plume of shimmering water, has been revealed by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton.

Writing in the journal PLOS ONE the researchers describe how the vent, discovered in a remote region of the Southern Ocean, differs from what we have come to recognise as “classic” hydrothermal vents. Using SHRIMP, the National Oceanography Centre’s high resolution deep-towed camera platform, scientists imaged the seafloor at Hook Ridge, more than 1,000 metres deep.

The study, funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), aimed to build on our knowledge of how deep-sea creatures associated with hydrothermal activity evolve and migrate between different regions.

A ‘black smoker’ hydrothermal vent near Antarctica. Photo credits: NOAA.
Hydrothermal vents are like hot springs, spewing jets of water from the seafloor out into the ocean. The expelled water, if hot enough, is rich in dissolved metals and other chemicals that can nourish a host of strange-looking life, via a process called “chemosynthesis.” The hot water, being more buoyant than the surrounding cold seawater, rises up like a fountain or “plume,” spreading the chemical signature up and out from the source.

The Hook Ridge vent, however, was found to lack the high temperatures and alien-like creatures that we now associate with hot hydrothermal vents. Instead there was a low-lying plume of shimmering water, caused by differences relative to the surrounding seawater in certain properties, such as salinity.

 

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Crossroads News : Changes In The World Around Us And Our Place In It

Environmental  –  Seas / Oceans :  Bacteria – Adaptation

Freshwater Flows Into the Arctic and Southern Oceans Appear to Determine the Composition of Microbial Populations

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX)


illustration only

Differing contributions of freshwater from glaciers and streams to the Arctic and Southern oceans appear to be responsible for the fact that the majority of microbial communities that thrive near the surface at the Poles share few common members, according to an international team of researchers, some of whom were supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

In a paper published in the Oct. 8 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the researchers report that only 25 percent of the taxonomic groups identified by genetic sequencing that are found at the surface of these waters are common between the two polar oceans. The differences were not as pronounced among microbes deeper in the oceans, with a 40 percent commonality for those populations.

The findings were produced by research supported by NSF during the International Polar Year 2007-2009 (IPY), a global scientific deployment that involved scientists from more than 60 nations. NSF was the lead U.S. agency for the IPY.

“Some of the DNA samples were collected during “Oden Southern Ocean 2007-2008,” a unique collaborative effort between NSF’s Office of Polar Programs and the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat to perform oceanographic research in the difficult-to-reach and poorly studied Amundsen Sea,” said Patricia Yager, a researcher at the University of Georgia and a co-author on the paper.

The Oden cruise was among the first IPY deployments. In addition, some of the samples used in the research were gathered as part of NSF’s Life in Extreme Environments Program.

The Polar regions often are described as being, in many ways, mirror images of one another–the Arctic being a ocean surrounded by continental landmasses, while Antarctica is a continent surrounded by an ocean–but the new findings add a biological nuance to those comparisons.

“We believe that differences in environmental conditions at the poles and different selection mechanisms were at play in controlling surface and deep ocean community structure between polar oceans,” said Alison Murray of the Desert Research Institute in Reno, Nev., and a co-author on the PNAS paper. “Not surprisingly, the Southern and Arctic oceans are nearest neighbors to each other when compared with communities from lower latitude oceans.”

One of the most notable differences in environmental conditions between the two polar oceans is freshwater input. In the Southern Ocean, glacial melt water accounts for most of the freshwater that flows into the systems. In contrast, the Arctic Ocean receives much bigger pulses of freshwater from several large river systems with huge continental drainage basins, in addition to glacial melt water.

The group found that the differences between the poles were most pronounced in the microbial communities sampled from the coastal regions. “This likely is a result of the significant differences in freshwater sourcing to the two polar oceans,” said Jean-Francois Ghiglione, lead author of the article and professor at the Observatoire Oceanologique in Banyuls-Sur-Mer, France.

While the surface microbial communities appear to be dominated by environmental selection, such as through the freshwater inputs, the deep communities are more constrained by historical events and connected through oceanic circulation, providing evidence for biogeographically defined communities in the global ocean, according to the authors.

The team compared 20 samples from the Southern Ocean and 24 from the Arctic from both surface and deep waters. They also included an additional 48 samples from lower latitudes to investigate the polar signal in global marine bacterial biogeography.

The researchers specifically compared samples from coastal and open oceans and between winter and summer, to test whether or how environmental conditions and dispersal patterns shape communities in the polar oceans. Samples were processed and analyzed using an identical approach, based on a special technique of DNA sequencing called pyrosequencing, involving more than 800,000 sequences from the 92 samples.

“Our analyses identified a number of key organisms in both poles in the surface and deep ocean waters that are important in driving the differences between the communities,” Murray said. “Further research is needed to address the ecological and evolutionary processes underlying these patterns.”

The collaborative research was the result of an international effort coordinated by Murray, that involved national polar research programs from six countries–Canada, France, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden and the United States. Support for the work also came from the Sloan Foundation’s Census of Marine Life program, which stimulated field efforts at both poles and a separate program targeting marine microbes, the International Census of Marine Microbes, that developed the approach and conducted the sequencing effort.

“The collective energies required to bring this study to fruition were remarkable,” Murray said. “Through using similar strategies and technologies from sample collection through next- generation sequencing, we have a highly comparable, unprecedented dataset that for the first time has really allowed us to look in depth across a relatively large number of samples into the similarities of the microbial communities between the two polar oceans.”

 

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Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

Boffins nail oceanic carbon capture process

It’s official: the Southern Ocean sucks

By Richard Chirgwin

The world’s oceans are known to be carbon sinks, but the process that draws CO2 from the air down into the deep ocean hasn’t been documented.

Until now.

A team of British and Australian scientists have identified huge plunging currents – as much as 1,000 kilometers wide – that appear to be key to the process of storing CO2 in the deep ocean. Those currents, the researchers say, are the result of local eddies (resulting from a combination of wind, currents, and massive whirlpools) that create localized pathways down from the surface.

Published in Nature Geoscience, the research used Argo robotic floats to help explore ocean dynamics up to 2 Km down, along with analysis of temperature, salinity, and pressure data.

The Argo floats – 80 in total – were deployed in 2002 and collected data for ten years as the basis of this research. CTD (conductivity, density and temperature) profilers were also used to collect data at depths of up to 7 Km, the researchers say.

The Southern Ocean is an important carbon sink (at least for those who believe that anthropogenic carbon emissions are driving climate change – a list which now includes formerly skeptical scientist Richard Muller). It’s calculated to take up as much as 40 percent of the CO2 absorbed by oceans (which in turn soak up a quarter of total annual emissions).

The British Antarctic Survey’s Dr Jean-Baptiste Sallée says the study means scientists are “better placed to understand the effects of changing climate and future carbon absorption by the ocean.”

Collaborator Dr Richard Matear of Australia’s CSIRO noted that while observations had measured the CO2 found in the deep ocean, it’s important to identify the pathways used to get there – particularly since significant climate change could change the behavior of those processes.

Southern Ocean currents are also affected by other atmospheric changes like ozone depletion, which could also change its effectiveness as a carbon sink.

He told The Conversation that the processes the team is researching “sets how much carbon the ocean can take up”.

As well as mapping the processes for incorporation in future modeling, the scientists believe the research could also help assess the effectiveness of methods proposed to increase the ocean’s carbon capture. ®

Earthquakes

 

RSOE EDIS

 

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
26.05.2012 07:25:23 2.7 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:25:49 2.4 Asia Turkey Cukurgol Yaylasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:26:11 4.4 Asia China Kuqa Chang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:26:32 2.1 Europe Italy La Fruttarola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:20:33 4.4 Asia Afghanistan Razer VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:22:21 4.4 Asia Afghanistan Velayat-e Badakhshan Razer VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:20:59 2.0 Europe Italy Masseria Salituri VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:21:19 2.6 Asia Turkey Cinarli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:50:35 5.0 Asia Russia Taymyrskiy (Dolgano-Nenetskiy) Avtonomnyy Okrug Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:21:39 5.1 Europe Russia Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:51:01 4.6 Asia Russia Taymyrskiy (Dolgano-Nenetskiy) Avtonomnyy Okrug Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:21:58 4.9 Europe Russia Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:20:48 2.0 Europe Italy Ponte di San Pellegrino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:10 2.3 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:29 4.0 Europe Romania Tipau VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:50 2.4 Asia Turkey Kizlaralani There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:22:12 2.2 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:45:42 2.3 North America United States Alaska Iniskin There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 04:20:26 2.8 Asia Turkey Karakisla VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:20:48 2.3 Europe Italy Cancelli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:21:09 4.8 Middle-America Guatemala Churirin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:40:41 4.8 Middle America Guatemala Departamento de Suchitepequez Churirin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 04:21:30 2.3 Europe Italy San Biagio VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:21:52 2.4 Asia Turkey Killik VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:15 2.5 Europe Italy Palata Pepoli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:36 2.4 Europe Italy Il Motto VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:58 3.2 Europe Portugal Pontinha There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:15:35 5.1 Pacific Ocean – West New Caledonia Wakone VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:17:12 5.1 Pacific Ocean – West New Caledonia Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Wakone VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 03:15:57 3.3 Europe Greece Mikhoion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:16:20 3.1 Europe Greece Rovianitis VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:00:27 2.3 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Cerro Prieto There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:15:24 2.1 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:35:56 2.9 Caribbean Puerto Rico El Combate VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:15:44 2.9 Europe Greece Sougia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:30:37 2.1 North America United States Alaska Happy Valley There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:16:05 3.3 Europe Greece Rodhakinon VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:16:29 3.0 Europe Greece Kaleryiana VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:13:17 2.1 North America United States Alaska Golden VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 01:10:36 2.0 Europe Italy Alberica VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:10:56 2.5 Europe Greece Ayioi Pandes VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:17 2.1 Europe Italy San Biagio VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:38 2.4 Europe Italy Torre Tre Ponti There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:58 2.6 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:12:22 2.4 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:05:34 2.3 Europe Italy Sant’Agostino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:05:56 2.6 Europe Greece Sotaina VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:12:22 2.3 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:40:39 4.0 North America United States Alaska Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 01:12:44 4.0 North-America United States Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:55:38 3.9 North America United States Alaska Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 00:06:25 2.0 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:06:45 2.2 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:07:07 2.4 Asia Turkey Kalkan There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:07:29 2.4 Europe Italy La Collevata VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:30:39 3.0 Caribbean British Virgin Islands The Settlement VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 00:07:51 2.3 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:08:14 3.4 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:16:42 2.6 Asia Turkey Dorumlar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:05:54 2.1 Europe Italy Villa Magri VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:06:20 2.5 Europe Greece Kalamakion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:06:42 3.0 Asia Turkey Suruguden There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:05:30 2.2 Europe Italy Gavello VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:07:05 4.5 South-America Ecuador Santo Tomas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:05:51 2.3 Asia Turkey Bekdemir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:36:24 2.7 North America United States Alaska Happy Valley There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 21:15:40 4.6 Asia Japan Iwate-ken Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 22:06:14 4.6 Asia Japan Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:05:31 3.0 Asia Turkey Ortakaracik VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:05:52 2.1 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:06:15 2.6 Europe Greece Tsoukalaiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:06:39 4.0 Europe Russia Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:06:36 2.2 Asia Turkey Inlice VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:00:41 2.5 Europe Italy Mirandola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 19:40:38 2.1 North America United States Washington Grisdale VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 20:01:02 2.4 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:21 2.0 Europe Greece Koumaria VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:40 2.0 Europe Greece Ambeloi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:59 4.7 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:55:33 3.1 Caribbean Puerto Rico Vinet VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:00:29 2.1 Europe Italy Gavello VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:25:40 2.6 North America United States Alaska Boswell Bay VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:00:54 2.3 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:10:41 2.2 North America United States California Mercuryville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:01:14 2.0 Europe Macedonia Dabile VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:21:21 3.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 18:01:36 4.4 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Silabuhan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:01:57 3.0 Asia Turkey Tepecik VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:02:18 2.2 Europe Albania Himare VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:02:40 2.4 Europe Italy Sala Bolognese VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:00:35 2.3 Asia Turkey Cokene VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:30:41 2.5 North America United States Hawaii Pähala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 17:00:56 2.0 Asia Turkey Kandilli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:00:56 2.4 Asia Turkey Kandilli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:15 3.2 Europe Italy San Giacomo Roncole VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:50:33 2.1 North America United States Alaska Port William There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:55:30 3.5 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:55:54 4.0 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:58:59 4.2 Europe Italy Ponte di San Pellegrino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:20:35 2.1 North America United States California Sepulveda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:56:16 2.5 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:56:37 2.4 Asia Turkey Kozagac There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:25:46 4.5 Europe Sweden (( Skaraborgs Lan )) Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:56:56 4.5 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:57:16 3.2 Europe France Saint-Andre VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:57:37 2.4 Asia Turkey Yenikoy There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:55:34 3.1 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:55:55 3.4 Asia Turkey Kadidagi Koyu see Kadidagi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:16 2.6 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:37 2.0 Europe Greece Vasilitsion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:58:21 2.1 Asia Turkey Irsadiye VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:58 2.3 Asia Turkey Tuncbilek VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:30:41 4.8 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County Horoera VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 14:57:20 4.8 Australia & New-Zealand New Zealand Horoera VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:57:41 2.9 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:36 2.1 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:58:02 2.3 Europe Greece Alexandreia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:58 2.3 Asia Turkey Karacaviran VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:55:25 2.4 Asia Turkey Bayindir Yaylasi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:05:47 4.3 Asia Turkey Malatya Ili Sogutlu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 13:55:50 4.6 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:13 2.0 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:33 2.0 Europe Italy L’Orlanda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:58 2.2 Europe Greece Kamariotissa VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:55:24 2.1 Europe Spain Moalde VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:55:49 2.8 Asia Turkey Nize There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:12 3.9 Europe Italy La Fruttarola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:33 2.0 Europe Czech Republic Prostredni Dvur VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:53 3.2 Asia Turkey Aslankent VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:57:15 2.2 Asia Turkey Cayhisar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:57:36 2.7 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:31:03 3.4 North America United States Alaska Hospital Valley VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 12:57:57 2.8 Europe Greece Akrotirion There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:50:35 2.7 North America United States Alaska Tanana VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:50:59 2.8 North America United States Alaska Kantishna VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:55:21 3.5 Europe Greece Tsaflaiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:25:40 3.1 Caribbean Dominican Republic Provincia de La Altagracia Cabo Engano VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:55:47 2.1 Asia Turkey Isiktepe VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:15:45 3.8 Caribbean Dominican Republic Provincia de La Altagracia Cabo Engano VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:05:34 2.4 North America United States California Solromar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:56:54 2.7 Europe France Port-Cros VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:01:14 3.4 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 11:57:15 2.7 Asia Turkey Sarkoy VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:57:36 2.5 Europe Italy Santa Bianca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:50:55 2.9 Europe Italy L’Orlanda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:51:16 3.6 Europe Greece Kattavia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:51:35 2.2 Asia Turkey Haciomerli VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 09:52:38 2.0 North America United States California Caldwell Pines There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 10:30:41 4.1 North America Canada British Columbia Port Alice VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 10:51:56 4.1 North-America Canada Port Alice VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:15:40 2.2 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:50:56 2.8 Europe Bulgaria Vitanovtsi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:01:26 3.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 09:05:41 2.5 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California El Centinela There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 12:58:20 2.5 Europe Greece Kattavia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 09:00:34 4.4 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:51:17 4.4 North-America United States Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:52:51 4.6 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:51:38 3.1 Europe Greece Khamaitoulon VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:50:33 2.5 Asia Turkey Colpan There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:50:54 3.2 Asia Turkey Uzumlu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:16 2.4 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:34 3.6 Asia Azerbaijan Neft Daslari VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:56 4.6 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Haatua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:01:44 3.4 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 21:11:06 2.0 North America United States Utah Circleville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:57:56 2.2 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:58:17 2.5 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:58:39 2.8 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details

 

 

 

……….

Western Bulgaria Earthquake Strongest for Sofia since 1858

Bulgaria: Western Bulgaria Earthquake Strongest for Sofia since 1858
A file photo shows destruction from the 1928 earthquake in Chirpan; the small Bulgarian town was hit by another quake in 1942. Photo from Lost Bulgaria

The earthquake that the Bulgarian capital Sofia experienced at 3 am on Tuesday has been the strongest in its history since 1858, i.e. in 154 years, historical records indicate.

On Tuesday, Bulgaria’s territory saw over 60 weak aftershocks after the 5.8-5.9-magnitude it experienced early Tuesday morning, according to the Geophysics Institute of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

All of the 60 aftershocks had magnitudes of over 1 on the Richter scale, and their epicenters were around the western Bulgarian city of Pernik, where the initial earthquake hit at about 2:58 am on Tuesday. Some of the major aftershocks had a magnitude of 4.2-4.7, and were felt in Pernik and Sofia.

On September 30, 1858, when the future Bulgarian capital was still only a provincial town in the Ottoman Empire, it suffered an earthquake that had an estimated magnitude of 6.6-7.0 on the Richter Scale, damaging some 80% of its buildings.

As a result of the earthquake, 19 out of the 24 then mosques in Sofia saw their minarets collapse, while only two out of the seven churches remained operational. The 1858 earthquake claimed 4 lives in Sofia, and created huge cracks in the ground outside of the town.

The May 22, 2012, earthquake in Sofia, Pernik, and other parts of Western and Southern Bulgaria luckily, also pales in comparison with the strongest earthquake in the country ever – the March 17, 1942, earthquake in the southeastern town of Chirpan

Another strong earthquake in Bulgaria was the 1977 quake with its epicenter in Vrancea, Romania, which killed between 100 and 250 people in the Bulgarian Danube town of Svishtov, according to various estimates.

The latest earthquake in Sofia is comparable to the December 7, 1986 earthquake in Northeastern Bulgaria, which killed two people, and destroyed 150 buildings in the town of Strazhitsa.

After 2000, Bulgaria has seen a total of seven earthquakes with a magnitude beyond 4 on the Richter scale. The strongest one was in 2009 in the Black Sea near the town of Shabla, with a magnitude of 4.8.

New quake shakes nervous Christchurch

  • From: AFP

NERVOUS shoppers fled into the streets when a 4.7-magnitude earthquake rattled the New Zealand city of Christchurch, halting rebuilding work following last year’s tremor that killed 185.

These were no immediate reports of damage or injuries and police and ambulance services said they had received no calls for assistance.

The quake struck at 12.44pm (AEST) at a shallow depth of eight kilometres about 25 kilometres east of New Zealand’s second largest city, the US Geological Survey said.

The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority, which is overseeing reconstruction after the deadly 6.3 tremor in February last year, said it suspended demolition work in the city centre as a precaution.

Christchurch has experienced thousands of aftershocks in the past 18 months, delaying efforts to rebuild and further unsettling residents.

AFP

Seismic Hazard: Faults Discovered Near Lake Tahoe Could Generate Earthquakes Ranging from 6.3 to 6.9

ScienceDaily  :  Results of a new U.S. Geological Survey study conclude that faults west of Lake Tahoe, Calif., referred to as the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone, pose a substantial increase in the seismic hazard assessment for the Lake Tahoe region of California and Nevada, and could potentially generate earthquakes with magnitudes ranging from 6.3 to 6.9. A close association of landslide deposits and active faults also suggests that there is an earthquake-induced landslide hazard along the steep fault-formed range front west of Lake Tahoe.


Lake Tahoe Faults, Shaded Relief Map. Shaded relief map of western part of the Lake Tahoe basin, California. Faults lines are dashed where approximately located, dotted where concealed, bar and ball on downthrown side. Heavier line weight shows principal range-front fault strands of the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone (TSFFZ). Opaque white boxes indicate approximate segment boundaries and right steps in range front separating principal fault strands. EB— Emerald Bay; ELP—Ellis Peak; EP—Echo Peak; MT—Mt. Tallac; RP—Rubicon Peak; TW—Twin Peaks (Credit: James Howle , U.S. Geological Survey)

Using a new high-resolution imaging technology, known as bare-earth airborne LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging), combined with field observations and modern geochronology, USGS scientists, and their colleagues from the University of Nevada, Reno; the University of California, Berkeley; and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, have confirmed the existence of previously suspected faults. LiDAR imagery allows scientists to “see” through dense forest cover and recognize earthquake faults that are not detectable with conventional aerial photography.

“This study is yet one more stunning example of how the availability of LiDAR information to precisely and accurately map the shape of the solid Earth surface beneath vegetation is revolutionizing the geosciences,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “From investigations of geologic hazards to calculations of carbon stored in the forest canopy to simply making the most accurate maps possible, LiDAR returns its investment many times over.”

Motion on the faults has offset linear moraines (the boulders, cobbles, gravel, and sand deposited by an advancing glacier) providing a record of tectonic deformation since the moraines were deposited. The authors developed new three-dimensional techniques to measure the amount of tectonic displacement of moraine crests caused by repeated earthquakes. Dating of the moraines from the last two glaciations in the Tahoe basin, around 21 thousand and 70 thousand years ago, allowed the study authors to calculate the rates of tectonic displacement.

“Although the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone has long been recognized as forming the tectonic boundary between the Sierra Nevada to the west, and the Basin and Range Province to the east, its level of activity and hence seismic hazard was not fully recognized because dense vegetation obscured the surface expressions of the faults,” said USGS scientist and lead author, James Howle. “Using the new LiDAR technology has improved and clarified previous field mapping, has provided visualization of the surface expressions of the faults, and has allowed for accurate measurement of the amount of motion that has occurred on the faults. The results of the study demonstrate that the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone is an important seismic source for the region.”

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

High Wind Warning

 

SALT LAKE CITY UT
SAN DIEGO CA
GRAND JUNCTION CO
FLAGSTAFF AZ
ALBUQUERQUE NM




Dust Storm Warning

 

FLAGSTAFF AZ



Gale Warning

 

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION
HONOLULU HI
ANCHORAGE ALASKA



Fire Weather Watch

 

EL PASO TX/SANTA TERESA NM
ALBUQUERQUE NM
TALLAHASSEE FL

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Storms, Flooding,Landslides

 

  Active tropical storm system(s)

 
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details

 

 

 

 

Bud Pacific Ocean – East 21.05.2012 26.05.2012 Tropical Storm 360 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 3.66 m NHC Details

 

 

 

 Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Bud
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 9° 18.000, W 99° 36.000
Start up: 21st May 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 800.22 km
Top category.:
Report by: NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd May 2012 07:05:36 N 9° 48.000, W 101° 48.000 15 56 74 Tropical Depression 290 12 1005 MB NHC
23rd May 2012 08:05:27 N 12° 54.000, W 105° 54.000 22 65 83 Tropical Storm 315 12 1004 MB NHC
24th May 2012 06:05:39 N 14° 12.000, W 107° 54.000 9 111 139 Tropical Storm 350 12 991 MB NHC
25th May 2012 06:05:32 N 17° 6.000, W 105° 54.000 17 185 222 Hurricane III. 30 12 960 MB NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th May 2012 07:05:26 N 19° 42.000, W 105° 36.000 11 93 111 Tropical Storm 360 ° 12 1000 MB NHC

 

Sanvu Pacific Ocean 21.05.2012 26.05.2012 Typhoon I. 50 ° 139 km/h 167 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

 

 

 Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Sanvu
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 10° 48.000, E 145° 54.000
Start up: 21st May 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 1,006.04 km
Top category.:
Report by: TSRC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd May 2012 07:05:29 N 13° 24.000, E 144° 6.000 17 74 93 Tropical Storm 340 12 TSRC
23rd May 2012 08:05:09 N 16° 24.000, E 140° 54.000 20 93 120 Tropical Storm 315 12 TSRC
24th May 2012 06:05:36 N 18° 42.000, E 139° 12.000 15 120 148 Typhoon I. 340 12 TSRC
25th May 2012 06:05:35 N 22° 12.000, E 139° 12.000 17 148 185 Typhoon I. 25 12 TSRC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th May 2012 07:05:07 N 24° 42.000, E 141° 18.000 17 139 167 Typhoon I. 50 ° 12 TSRC

 

 

Beryl Atlantic Ocean 26.05.2012 01.01.1970 ER ° 0 km/h 0 km/h 0.00 m Details

 

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Beryl
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 32° 30.000, W 74° 48.000
Start up: 26th May 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NHC
Useful links:

………………………………………

Tornado damages 15 homes in North Port, Florida

Herald Tribune

A possible tornado damaged 15 homes in North Port on Thursday evening, leaving one family homeless,

According to a news release from the City of North Port:

At about 6:30 pm Firefighters received a call of structural damage to a home from a tornado. When firefighters arrived on scene they discovered roof damage to a mobile home in the Holiday Park community. A flurry of calls came in from the Highland Ridge community nearby, and that is where several more homes received damage.

Three fire engines, three ambulances and three command cars responded to assess the damage to the neighborhood. While firefighters conducted a ground survey, the Sarasota Sheriff’s helicopter surveyed from the air.

“The damage was relatively minor and there were no injuries to citizens or first responders,” said Battalion Chief James Woods, “that’s the outcome we want”.

Only one family was displaced for the night, with enough damage to the house that the power had to be disconnected.

James and Elsie Hudson’s home at the corner of Talbrook and Gable lost its roof in the storm.

“I didn’t know what it was,” Elsie Hudson told SNN. “When I ran to the back to the lanai, everything was gone.”

The winds had taken off part of the home’s roof, and rain water was flowing into the living room, she said. The power was disconnected and the couple decided to stay with relatives.

The Red Cross was on scene to help storm victims, SNN Local News 6 was reporting.

The storm struck suddenly, and although the National Weather Service had been monitoring throughout the evening, inclement weather was not evident on the radar.

  Today Tornado USA State of Florida, North Port Damage level
Details

Tornado in USA on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:21 (05:21 AM) UTC.

Description
Although Jimmy Jones’ home was damaged in Thursday evening’s tornado, he called a roofing company to secure his neighbor’s roof after parts of it flew off. The two families had only a few moments’ warning before the twister ripped through their Highland Ridge neighborhood near South Biscayne Drive and North Port Boulevard, damaging 17 homes.Around 6:30 p.m., Jones called 911 to say it looked like a funnel cloud was forming down the street from his home.“I got off the phone and the funnel came toward my home. I told my wife and daughter to get in the tub,” he said Thursday night. “It was so loud it sounded like a freight train was rushing through the neighborhood. It was very scary.”Seconds later, parts of his fence became projectiles, embedded in the exterior wall of his home.According to city Emergency Management Coordinator Richard Berman, a EF0 tornado with winds of 80 mph, about 150 yards wide, touched down in Holiday Park, hit a four-block radius around Gabo Road, then passed through the area by the Gene Matthews Boys & Girls Club.Within two minutes, the tornado had damaged roofs and ripped apart pool cages, fences, tree limbs and sheds, then burst through Highland Ridge Park, knocking over wooden benches, toppling a tree behind the Boys & Girls Club and twisting metal bleachers at the North Port Bike Park. The roof of a manufactured home at Holiday Park also reportedly was damaged.“The Sarasota (County) Sheriff’s Office sent (the) Air One (helicopter) up to do an aerial view of the damage,” said North Port Fire Marshal Mike Frantz. “Thankfully, no one was injured, including our first responders. The Red Cross came to help any of the (families) whose homes were damaged, and to help if firefighters needed them.”Overall damage was estimated at $50,000, according to the National Weather Service in Ruskin, near Tampa.On Friday, a man in a Lowe’s store vest drove near Elroy Hall’s Talbrook Road home. He said he was sorry about the damage to his roof and left a case of bottled water.“I’m very appreciative of the help,” said Hall, who, along with his parents Elsie, 86, and James, 96, now is staying with his brother, who also has a home in North Port. “My neighbor Jimmy called Suncoast Roofing and they came over and put tarps and wood on the roof.”Hall said he was at Winn-Dixie when the tornado struck the home with his parents inside. He said they were scared, but were all right.Richard Edwards, who lives on Gabo, retrieved Hall’s rain gutter across North Port Boulevard near the tennis courts at Highland Ridge Park.“I was in my backyard when I saw the funnel form above my head,” Edwards said. “I ran to get my camcorder, but realized it was serious. I ran inside and told my wife the tornado was in the backyard. As I said it, it moved to the front yard and jumped across the road. It was so loud and scary. My house only has minor damage. I think it may have started in (nearby) Holiday Park and reformed in my backyard.”Lou Sperduto, city Property Maintenance manager, said the two sets of bike park bleachers probably would have to be replaced. They cost about $2,500 each. Gianni Tsiogas, 13, and two of his friends were riding their bikes along Talbrook when the tornado came toward them.“We rode as fast as we could and then dropped our bikes and ran to someone’s front porch,” Gianni said. “It reminded me of when I lived in Port Charlotte during Hurricane Charley (in 2004). It was scary.”Read more here: http://www.bradenton.com/2012/05/25/4053481/tornado-damages-17-homes-in-north.html#storylink=cpy

Weather officials have confirmed a tornado touched down about two miles south of Marathon City in Marathon County, and was on the ground intermittently for about five minutes.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or major structural damage.

Jeff Last is a meteorologist with the National Weather Service. He says that at about 7 p.m. Thursday, a Wisconsin State Patrol officer saw the tornado touch down. It was on the ground off and on for several miles as it moved northeast.

Last says the tornado lifted off the ground about two miles northwest of Rib Mountain State Park.

He says the storm was fast-moving.

Local authorities are surveying the area. So far, they have seen several downed trees.

Streamline winds also downed trees as storms moved across the state.

Source: The Associated Press

Hurricane Bud heading for area near Puerto Vallarta

MSNBC
Hurricane Bud lost some strength as it moved closer to Mexico’s Pacific Coast and was forecast to hit land south of the popular tourist town of Puerto Vallarta Friday night, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said.

Bud weakened overnight from a powerful Category 3 storm, but it’s dangerous as a Category 2 with 110 mph winds. And it’s expected to dump heavy rains in several states in western Mexico, threatening floods and landslides.The government of Jalisco state prepared hundreds of cots and dozens of heavy vehicles like bulldozers that could be needed to move debris.

Officials in Puerto Vallarta said they were in close contact with managers of the hundreds of hotels in the city in case tourists needed to move to eight emergency shelters. It said the sea along the city’s famous beachfront was calm, but swimming had been temporarily banned as a precaution.

At Mexico’s largest Pacific port of Manzanillo, skies were overcast and rainy before the forecast landfall.

The hurricane is the Pacific’s first of the 2012 season.

“Hurricane conditions are expected to reach the coast within the hurricane warning area this afternoon,” the center said in an advisory.

Located about 105 miles southwest of Manzanillo, the hurricane was moving north-northeast at around 8 mph and Mexico’s government issued a hurricane watch along the coast from Punta San Telmo to Cabo Corrientes.

Bud is expected to soak the states of Michoacan, Colima and Jalisco and southern Nayarit with around 6 to 8 inches of rain.

In some places, the storm could dump as much as 15 inches of rain.

“These rainfall amounts could produce life-threatening flash floods and mudslides,” the center said. “Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed to completion.”

Most of Mexico’s oil platforms and exporting ports are in the Gulf of Mexico and affected by storms in the Atlantic, where forecasters are expecting a “near normal” hurricane season this year with up to 15 tropical storms and four to eight hurricanes.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Visit msnbc.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy

Late-season storm could bring summer snow to Sierra, California

Cathy Locke
Sacramento Bee

© Randy Pench
A skier walks toward the lift at Alpine Meadows where green grass contrasts with snow. While the valley bakes under an unrelenting sun, some head up the hill for a ski weekend on the Fourth of July. Sunday, July 3, 2011.

The advice this Memorial Day weekend, particularly for folks heading into the Sierra, is “Be prepared.”

National Weather Service and state transportation officials say travelers can expect everything from snow showers and accumulations of up to 6 inches in the high country today and Saturday to temperatures in the 80s in the Sacramento Valley on Sunday and Monday.

“We have a cool-weather system dropping down from British Columbia and washing over Northern California,” said Karl Swanberg, a forecaster with the National Weather Service in Sacramento.

A high of 69 degrees is forecast for the Sacramento area today, 15 degrees below the average high of 84 for this time of year. The drop in temperature will be accompanied by a 30 percent chance of rain and a slight chance of afternoon thunder-showers.

In the mountains, a winter weather advisory is in effect from 5 a.m. to 6 p.m. today, and snow levels are expected to drop to about the 5,500-foot elevation, with some accumulation above 6,000 feet.

“The road surface is warm this time of year,” Swanberg said, which should help keep snow from accumulating on the roadway. “But there could be enough to cause slippery conditions.”

California Department of Transportation officials say motorists should be prepared for winter driving conditions and warn that chain controls could be in effect at times today.

High temperatures today in the Sierra are expected to range from the mid-30s to about 50 degrees. Southwesterly winds of 15 to 30 mph also are forecast, with gusts to 45 mph.

Although storms this late in the spring are somewhat unusual, it’s still May, the tail end of the potentially active period of the season, Swanberg said, and people should plan accordingly.

“Bring along the coat, the gloves and the long pants, and expect a brief period of winter driving conditions,” he said.

Although snow showers will continue at higher elevations through much of Saturday, the Valley will begin to dry out. Highs in the Sacramento area are expected to be in the low to mid-70s Saturday and in the low 80s Sunday and Monday.

A high around 48 degrees is forecast for South Lake Tahoe on Saturday, but temperatures are expected to reach the low 60s on Sunday and Monday.

 

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

SIOUX FALLS SD



Hurricane Statement

 

JACKSONVILLE FL
MELBOURNE FL



Tropical Storm Watch

 

JACKSONVILLE FL
CHARLESTON SC
CHARLESTON SC
CHARLESTON SC



Winter Storm Warning

 

BILLINGS MT
GREAT FALLS MT
MISSOULA MT



Flood Warning

 

WICHITA KS
DULUTH MN
SIOUX FALLS SD



Flood Advisory

 

KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
FAIRBANKS AK
DULUTH MN

 

 

 

  25.05.2012 Flood Serbia Osečina Damage level
Details

 

 

Flood in Serbia on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 18:33 (06:33 PM) UTC.

Description
200 households in the western Serbian town of Osečina are threatened by floods and traffic has been interrupted in the area of Valjevo.MUP Emergency Sector chief Predrag Marić says that one elderly person has been evacuated and that nobody is currently in immediate danger.He added that there was a danger of torrential floods on many rivers in eastern Serbia.More rainfall is expected this weekend.According to him, water levels of the Sava and Danube Rivers in Belgrade are dropping and there is no danger that they could overflow.Marić said that all regional rescue teams would be on standby over the weekend and be sent to potential flood sights.He noted that around 140 municipalities out of 170 had drafted a flood protection operation plan, adding that the new government would have to address the issue.The Tamnava River overflowed its banks in the Koceljeva municipality and flooded between 1,500 and 2,000 hectares of arable land.The Koceljeva-Donje Crniljevo road has been closed due to the flood.Koceljeva Mayor Milutin Cvejić stressed that residential areas are not threatened by the flood.Several roads near the western town of Valjevo have been closed due to heavy rainfall, floods and mudslides, Roads of Serbia public company has stated.The Loznica-Osečina road in the village of Komirić is completely closed due to floods caused by the Jadar River.The Zavlaka-Krupanj road in the village of Mojković is also closed.Roads of Serbia public company teams are working on clearing the roads.

 

 

  25.05.2012 Landslide Indonesia West Java, [Bogor] Damage level
Details

 

 

Landslide in Indonesia on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 18:36 (06:36 PM) UTC.

Description
An official says a landslide on Indonesia’s main island of Java has killed at least six gold miners.Six other workers at the illegal mine are still missing after the landslide in West Java’s district of Bogor.Disaster management agency official Budi Aksomo said Friday several days of rain caused the landslide at the mountainous site Thursday.He added that eight miners were found alive.Rescuers are still evacuating the bodies from the scene and searching for the missing miners.
Seasonal downpours often cause landslides and flash floods in Indonesia, an archipelego nation where millions of people live on mountains or near fertile flood plains.

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Radiation

Utility Says It Underestimated Radiation Released in Japan

By REUTERS

TOKYO (Reuters) — The amount of radioactive materials released in the first days of the Fukushima nuclear disaster was almost two and a half times the initial estimate by Japanese safety regulators, the operator of the crippled plant said in a report released on Thursday.

The operator, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, said the meltdowns it believes took place at three reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi plant released about 900,000 terabecquerels of radioactive substances into the air during March 2011. The accident, which followed an earthquake and a tsunami, occurred on March 11.

The latest estimate was based on measurements suggesting the amount of iodine-131 released by the nuclear accident was much larger than previous estimates, the utility said in the report. Iodine-131 is a fast-decaying radioactive substance produced by fission that takes place inside a nuclear reactor. It has a half-life of eight days and can cause thyroid cancer.

It is difficult to judge the health effects of the larger-than-reported release, since even the latest number is an estimate, and it does not clarify how much exposure people received or continue to receive from contaminated soil and food. Experts have been divided on the health impacts since the disaster because the studies of assessing radiation risks are based mainly on a different type of exposure — the large doses delivered quickly by the atomic bombs in Japan in 1945.

Although people who lived closest to the plant were evacuated, many people remain in areas with significantly higher radiation levels than normal.

Tokyo Electric said it had initially been unable to accurately judge the amount of radioactive materials released soon after the accident because radiation sensors closest to the plant were disabled in the disaster.

“If this information had been available at the time, we could have used it in planning evacuations,” a spokesman for Tokyo Electric, Junichi Matsumoto, said at a news conference.

More than 99 percent of the radiation released by the accident came in the first three weeks, the utility company added.

The newly released information is likely to add to concerns among many Japanese that they were never told the extent of the accident or the risks it posed.

A terabecquerel is a trillion becquerels, a commonly used measure of the radiation emitted by a radioactive material.

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Climate Change

Pollution teams with thunderclouds to warm atmosphere

by Staff Writers
Richland WA (SPX)


Inside a thunderstorm cloud, warm air rises in updrafts, pushing tiny aerosols from pollution or other particles upwards. Higher up, water vapor cools and condenses onto the aerosols to form droplets, building the cloud. At the same time, cold air falls, creating a convective cycle. Generally, the top of the cloud spreads out like an anvil.

Pollution is warming the atmosphere through summer thunderstorm clouds, according to a computational study published May 10 in Geophysical Research Letters. How much the warming effect of these clouds offsets the cooling that other clouds provide is not yet clear. To find out, researchers need to incorporate this new-found warming into global climate models.

Pollution strengthens thunderstorm clouds, causing their anvil-shaped tops to spread out high in the atmosphere and capture heat – especially at night, said lead author and climate researcher Jiwen Fan of the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

“Global climate models don’t see this effect because thunderstorm clouds simulated in those models do not include enough detail,” said Fan. “The large amount of heat trapped by the pollution-enhanced clouds could potentially impact regional circulation and modify weather systems.”

Clouds are one of the most poorly understood components of Earth’s climate system. Called deep convective clouds, thunderstorm clouds reflect a lot of the sun’s energy back into space, trap heat that rises from the surface, and return evaporated water back to the surface as rain, making them an important part of the climate cycle.

To more realistically model clouds on a small scale, such as in this study, researchers use the physics of temperature, water, gases and aerosols – tiny particles in the air such as pollution, salt or dust on which cloud droplets form.

In large-scale models that look at regions or the entire globe, researchers substitute a stand-in called a parameterization to account for deep convective clouds. The size of the grid in global models can be a hundred times bigger than an actual thunderhead, making a substitute necessary.

However, thunderheads are complicated, dynamic clouds. Coming up with an accurate parameterization is important but has been difficult due to their dynamic nature.

Inside a thunderstorm cloud, warm air rises in updrafts, pushing tiny aerosols from pollution or other particles upwards. Higher up, water vapor cools and condenses onto the aerosols to form droplets, building the cloud. At the same time, cold air falls, creating a convective cycle. Generally, the top of the cloud spreads out like an anvil.

Previous work showed that when it’s not too windy, pollution leads to bigger clouds . This occurs because more pollution particles divide up the available water for droplets, leading to a higher number of smaller droplets that are too small to rain. Instead of raining, the small droplets ride the updrafts higher, where they freeze and absorb more water vapor. Collectively, these events lead to bigger, more vigorous convective clouds that live longer.

Now, researchers from PNNL, Hebrew University in Jerusalem and the University of Maryland took to high-performance computing to study the invigoration effect on a regional scale.

To find out which factors contribute the most to the invigoration, Fan and colleagues set up computer simulations for two different types of storm systems: warm summer thunderstorms in southeastern China and cool, windy frontal systems on the Great Plains of Oklahoma. The data used for the study was collected by different DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement facilities.

The simulations had a resolution that was high enough to allow the team to see the clouds develop. The researchers then varied conditions such as wind speed and air pollution.

Fan and colleagues found that for the warm summer thunderstorms, pollution led to stronger storms with larger anvils. Compared to the cloud anvils that developed in clean air, the larger anvils both warmed more – by trapping more heat – and cooled more – by reflecting additional sunlight back to space. On average, however, the warming effect dominated.

The springtime frontal clouds did not have a similarly significant warming effect. Also, increasing the wind speed in the summer clouds dampened the invigoration by aerosols and led to less warming.

This is the first time researchers showed that pollution increased warming by enlarging thunderstorm clouds. The warming was surprisingly strong at the top of the atmosphere during the day when the storms occurred. The pollution-enhanced anvils also trapped more heat at night, leading to warmer nights.

“Those numbers for the warming are very big,” said Fan, “but they are calculated only for the exact day when the thunderstorms occur. Over a longer time-scale such as a month or a season, the average amount of warming would be less because those clouds would not appear everyday.”

Next, the researchers will look into these effects on longer time scales. They will also try to incorporate the invigoration effect in global climate models.

Reference: Jiwen Fan, Daniel Rosenfeld, Yanni Ding, L. Ruby Leung, and Zhanqing Li, 2012. Potential Aerosol Indirect Effects on Atmospheric Circulation and Radiative Forcing through Deep Convection, Geophys. Res. Lett. May 10, DOI 10.1029/2012GL051851.

Related Links
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
The Air We Breathe at TerraDaily.com

‘Scientific experts’ confounded by increasing snow cover on Mount Kilimanjaro

Apolinari Tairo
eTN Tanzania

© worldtopjourneys.com

Constituting the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is slowly building up its snow cover, allaying the fears of prominent scientists who had predicted witnessing the eminence lose its famous white hat. The drifts are slowly thickening on the top point of this summit, giving new hopes to Mount Kilimanjaro environmental watchdogs and tourists that the peak may not lose its beautiful snowy cap, as scientific experts have long been warning.

Covered in mist for most of the day, Mount Kilimanjaro is the most tourist-attractive site in Tanzania, pulling in tens of thousands of foreigners and locals each year. The snow, which once had disappeared on some parts of the mountain, is piling up again gradually, making a beautiful picture out of the Kibo peak.

Sources from Kilimanjaro environmental groups said this precipitation could rise to cover most areas of the mountain, but the effects of climate change and global warming could still affect the peak’s snow layers, which have been becoming thinner and thinner.

Environmentalists had warned that this highest peak in Africa could lose its ice cover and glaciers between 2018 and 2020 unless global campaigns to save the mountain’s ecology were taken and a stop put to rampant tree-felling and unchecked agricultural activity on its slopes.

The writer of this article observed during this week’s flight closer to the mountain, recovering snow piled up, covering the whole mountain peak.

Despite several warnings by scientists over disappearing snow, new hopes are rising to see this highest peak in Africa regain its face through stringent environmental protection campaigns.

Kilimanjaro Area Governor Mr. Leonidas Gama said environmental degradation has to be checked by all possible means lest Kilimanjaro residents live to regret it, adding that after inspecting the natural plants and plantation forests on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro aboard a hired helicopter, he found people harvesting timber, and livestock grazing in different areas, with total impunity.

“The situation has become alarming and has to be arrested now, to restore the former glories of the mountain, the highest peak in Africa, one of the World Heritage sites and an absolute destination choice of foreign visitors to our country,” Gama said.

He said residents should be sensitized to the need to lend their hands to reforestation practices, so as to ensure that the region becomes once again a choice place to live in, with all its natural resources intact. He expressed the need to deploy security organizations to curb the ever-worsening scourge of timber-harvesting from natural and reserved forest areas.

This reporter observed with enthusiasm during the recent flight around the mountain’s peak that there was a deepening of the snow, which had once practically disappeared.

Standing freely and majestically with its frozen cover gleaming in the sun, our beloved Kilimanjaro has been in great danger of losing its eye-catching glaciers. The mountain is located some 330 kilometers and 3 degrees south of the equator.

Mount Kilimanjaro is an awesome and magnificent peak, one of the prides of Africa, and one of the chief free-standing mountains in the world. It is composed of three independent peaks – Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira – covering a total area of 4,000 kilometers.

The snow-capped Kibo, with permanent glaciers covering its entire tip, is the highest at 5,895 meters altitude and is the most attractive sight, pulling in over 40,000 foreign and local tourists per year.

This peak is indeed considered one of the leading tourist attractions in Tanzania, due to its beautiful appearance and its strange geological characteristics.

Global warming effects are being felt in most parts of Africa with important impacts indeed on tourist sites, included in which are Tanzanian wildlife parks and Mount Kilimanjaro’s unique ecosystem.

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Epidemic Hazards/Diseases

 

  Today Epidemic Hazard Ireland West Cork, Damage level
Details

 

 

Epidemic Hazard in Ireland on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:27 (05:27 AM) UTC.

Description
Seventeen new case of measles have been reported during the last six days in an outbreak in southern Ireland.The total number of confirmed cases in West Cork, Ireland, stands at 42. Public health officials are urging parents to make certain their children are fully protected against the highly infectious illness, according to CorkIndependent.com.“At the moment, the best way to ensure safety is to ensure that babies are not exposed to older children who may not be vaccinated and who are incubating the disease,” Dr. Fiona Ryan, a consultant in public health medicine, said, CorkIndependent.com reports. “Some cases have unvaccinated brothers and sisters, so they are very likely to become infected. Unfortunately the symptoms are very non-specific before they get the rash.”Two doses of the MMR vaccine are recommended, with the first dose to be given at 12 months of age and the second between the ages of four and five.Children or teenagers who have not received both doses of the vaccine can have it administered by a general practitioner free of charge. Those affected in the outbreak have mainly been teenagers, but children under the age of 12 months are considered especially at risk.“We have a worry that it will spread to other children,” Ryan said, according to CorkIndependent.com. “We are expecting more cases.“In West Cork, we have quite a number of children that haven’t been vaccinated. There are so many unvaccinated that you are getting a lot of spread. It’s a very, very infectious disease.”The nationwide MMR vaccination rate in Ireland for children aged 24 months is 92 percent, but in West Cork 14 percent of children at that age remain unvaccinated.
Biohazard name: measles
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

  Today Epidemic Hazard Pakistan [Bajaur Agency] Damage level
Details

 

 

Epidemic Hazard in Pakistan on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:19 (05:19 AM) UTC.

Description
At least eight children have died in the past three days and dozens are sick after a measles outbreak across Bajaur Agency, senior health official Dr. Khursheed Khan told Central Asia Online.About 30 other children are sick, but their condition is good now, Khursheed said May 25.Vaccinators have been deployed to vaccinate the children. “We have also sent a mobile hospital to the affected areas to ensure that children in inaccessible areas are administered vaccine,” he said.He attributed the outbreak to a lapse in vaccinations in some insurgency-prone areas over the past three months.In North Waziristan Agency, 20 children have died from measles in the past two weeks, he said.
Biohazard name: measles
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Solar Activity

2MIN News May25: ArticQuake, Hurricane Bud, Solar/Planetary Update

Published on May 25, 2012 by

New Link: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2149227/Gospel-Barnabas-cause-… Thanks Dee

http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/storms/2012/Bud
http://phys.org/news/2012-05-spacex-readies-space-station-rendezvous.html
http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/4777/nomads-of-the-galaxy

Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

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Space

UPCOMING CLOSE APPROACHES TO EARTH

1 AU = ~150 million kilometers
1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers 
Object
Name
Close
Approach
Date
Miss
Distance
(AU)
Miss
Distance
(LD)
Estimated
Diameter*
H
(mag)
Relative
Velocity
(km/s)
(2012 KO11)  2012-May-25 0.0731 28.4 30 m – 66 m 24.8 8.88
(2012 HL8)  2012-May-25 0.1316 51.2 49 m – 110 m 23.7 6.64
(2012 KD6)  2012-May-25 0.0335 13.0 52 m – 120 m 23.5 10.47
(2012 KX)  2012-May-26 0.0566 22.0 59 m – 130 m 23.3 7.07
154330 (2002 VX94)  2012-May-26 0.1869 72.8 670 m – 1.5 km 18.0 13.62
(2012 KF25)  2012-May-26 0.0291 11.3 23 m – 52 m 25.3 8.61
(2002 AW)  2012-May-26 0.1924 74.9 210 m – 460 m 20.6 6.95
(2012 KB4)  2012-May-27 0.0904 35.2 22 m – 49 m 25.4 3.44
(2012 KP24)  2012-May-28 0.0004 0.1 16 m – 36 m 26.1 13.33
(2001 CQ36)  2012-May-30 0.0258 10.0 77 m – 170 m 22.7 5.62
(2002 OA22)  2012-May-31 0.1197 46.6 360 m – 820 m 19.3 7.01
(2007 LE)  2012-Jun-02 0.0478 18.6 390 m – 870 m 19.2 19.77
(2012 KO18)  2012-Jun-02 0.0827 32.2 100 m – 220 m 22.1 15.29
(2012 JW11)  2012-Jun-02 0.1309 51.0 110 m – 250 m 21.9 5.14
(2012 HK31)  2012-Jun-04 0.0336 13.1 22 m – 49 m 25.4 3.03
(2012 KN18)  2012-Jun-05 0.0424 16.5 34 m – 76 m 24.5 10.29
(2008 MG1)  2012-Jun-05 0.1268 49.3 290 m – 640 m 19.8 22.32
(2009 LE)  2012-Jun-06 0.1150 44.8 50 m – 110 m 23.6 13.61
(2006 SG7)  2012-Jun-06 0.0857 33.4 71 m – 160 m 22.9 16.47
(2001 LB)  2012-Jun-07 0.0729 28.4 210 m – 470 m 20.5 11.56
(2012 JU11)  2012-Jun-09 0.0731 28.4 27 m – 60 m 25.0 3.77
(2012 GX11)  2012-Jun-10 0.1556 60.5 170 m – 380 m 21.0 6.38
(2012 KM11)  2012-Jun-14 0.0933 36.3 30 m – 66 m 24.8 5.91
(2012 HN40)  2012-Jun-15 0.1182 46.0 240 m – 530 m 20.3 13.79
(2002 AC)  2012-Jun-16 0.1598 62.2 740 m – 1.7 km 17.8 26.71
137120 (1999 BJ8)  2012-Jun-16 0.1769 68.8 670 m – 1.5 km 18.0 14.88
(2011 KR12)  2012-Jun-19 0.1318 51.3 140 m – 310 m 21.4 10.10
(2004 HB39)  2012-Jun-20 0.1605 62.5 77 m – 170 m 22.7 8.88
(2008 CE119)  2012-Jun-21 0.1811 70.5 21 m – 46 m 25.5 3.22
308242 (2005 GO21)  2012-Jun-21 0.0440 17.1 1.4 km – 3.1 km 16.4 13.27
(2011 AH5)  2012-Jun-25 0.1670 65.0 17 m – 39 m 25.9 5.84
(2012 FA14)  2012-Jun-25 0.0322 12.5 75 m – 170 m 22.8 5.28
(2004 YG1)  2012-Jun-25 0.0890 34.7 140 m – 310 m 21.4 11.34
(2010 AF3)  2012-Jun-25 0.1190 46.3 16 m – 36 m 26.1 6.54
(2008 YT30)  2012-Jun-26 0.0715 27.8 370 m – 820 m 19.3 10.70
(2010 NY65)  2012-Jun-27 0.1023 39.8 120 m – 270 m 21.7 15.09
(2008 WM64)  2012-Jun-28 0.1449 56.4 200 m – 440 m 20.6 17.31
(2010 CD55)  2012-Jun-28 0.1975 76.8 64 m – 140 m 23.1 6.33
(2004 CL)  2012-Jun-30 0.1113 43.3 220 m – 480 m 20.5 20.75
(2008 YQ2)  2012-Jul-03 0.1057 41.1 29 m – 65 m 24.8 15.60
(2005 QQ30)  2012-Jul-06 0.1765 68.7 280 m – 620 m 19.9 13.13
(2011 YJ28)  2012-Jul-06 0.1383 53.8 150 m – 330 m 21.3 14.19
276392 (2002 XH4)  2012-Jul-07 0.1851 72.0 370 m – 840 m 19.3 7.76
(2003 MK4)  2012-Jul-08 0.1673 65.1 180 m – 410 m 20.8 14.35
(1999 NW2)  2012-Jul-08 0.0853 33.2 62 m – 140 m 23.1 6.66
189P/NEAT  2012-Jul-09 0.1720 66.9 n/a 0.0 12.47
(2000 JB6)  2012-Jul-10 0.1780 69.3 500 m – 1.1 km 18.6 6.42
(2010 MJ1)  2012-Jul-10 0.1533 59.7 52 m – 120 m 23.6 10.35
(2008 NP3)  2012-Jul-12 0.1572 61.2 57 m – 130 m 23.3 6.08
(2006 BV39)  2012-Jul-12 0.1132 44.1 4.2 m – 9.5 m 29.0 11.11
(2005 NE21)  2012-Jul-15 0.1555 60.5 140 m – 320 m 21.3 10.77
(2003 KU2)  2012-Jul-15 0.1034 40.2 780 m – 1.7 km 17.7 17.12
(2007 TN74)  2012-Jul-16 0.1718 66.9 20 m – 45 m 25.6 7.36
(2007 DD)  2012-Jul-16 0.1101 42.8 19 m – 42 m 25.8 6.47
(2006 BC8)  2012-Jul-16 0.1584 61.6 25 m – 56 m 25.1 17.71
144411 (2004 EW9)  2012-Jul-16 0.1202 46.8 1.3 km – 2.9 km 16.5 10.90
(2012 BV26)  2012-Jul-18 0.1759 68.4 94 m – 210 m 22.2 10.88
(2010 OB101)  2012-Jul-19 0.1196 46.6 200 m – 450 m 20.6 13.34
(2008 OX1)  2012-Jul-20 0.1873 72.9 130 m – 300 m 21.5 15.35
(2010 GK65)  2012-Jul-21 0.1696 66.0 34 m – 75 m 24.5 17.80
(2011 OJ45)  2012-Jul-21 0.1367 53.2 18 m – 39 m 25.9 3.79
153958 (2002 AM31)  2012-Jul-22 0.0351 13.7 630 m – 1.4 km 18.1 9.55
(2011 CA7)  2012-Jul-23 0.1492 58.1 2.3 m – 5.1 m 30.3 5.43
(2012 BB124)  2012-Jul-24 0.1610 62.7 170 m – 380 m 21.0 8.78
(2009 PC)  2012-Jul-28 0.1772 68.9 61 m – 140 m 23.2 7.34
217013 (2001 AA50)  2012-Jul-31 0.1355 52.7 580 m – 1.3 km 18.3 22.15
(2012 DS30)  2012-Aug-02 0.1224 47.6 18 m – 39 m 25.9 5.39
(2000 RN77)  2012-Aug-03 0.1955 76.1 410 m – 920 m 19.0 9.87
(2004 SB56)  2012-Aug-04 0.1393 54.2 380 m – 840 m 19.2 13.72
(2000 SD8)  2012-Aug-04 0.1675 65.2 180 m – 400 m 20.9 5.82
(2006 EC)  2012-Aug-06 0.0932 36.3 13 m – 28 m 26.6 6.13
(2006 MV1)  2012-Aug-07 0.0612 23.8 12 m – 28 m 26.7 4.79
(2005 RK3)  2012-Aug-08 0.1843 71.7 52 m – 120 m 23.6 8.27
(2009 BW2)  2012-Aug-09 0.0337 13.1 25 m – 56 m 25.1 5.27
277475 (2005 WK4)  2012-Aug-09 0.1283 49.9 260 m – 580 m 20.1 6.18
(2004 SC56)  2012-Aug-09 0.0811 31.6 74 m – 170 m 22.8 10.57
(2008 AF4)  2012-Aug-10 0.1936 75.3 310 m – 690 m 19.7 16.05
37655 Illapa  2012-Aug-12 0.0951 37.0 770 m – 1.7 km 17.7 28.73
(2012 HS15)  2012-Aug-14 0.1803 70.2 220 m – 490 m 20.4 11.54
4581 Asclepius  2012-Aug-16 0.1079 42.0 220 m – 490 m 20.4 13.48

* Diameter estimates based on the object’s absolute magnitude.

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Mysterious Sightings

Fireball, UFO, flare? US Airways Express flight crew sees mysterious object

Todd Sperry
newsnet5.com

US Airways jet

© Associated Press Graphics Bank

A US Airways Express flight crew reported seeing what looked like a flare with a smoke trail in the vicinity of its aircraft while on approach to Philadelphia International Airport on Tuesday.

According to authorities, what the crew witnessed remains a mystery. The aircraft with 34 passengers and three crew members landed safely.

Flight 4321, originating from Elmira-Corning Regional Airport, was about 500 feet above the ground in Philadelphia when the incident took place.

After landing in Philadelphia, the aircraft taxied to the gate, according to US Airways spokesman Liz Landau. Runway 17 was closed for about 30 minutes after the incident for investigation, the FAA said. Law enforcement authorities are investigating the incident.

The aircraft involved was a Bombardier Dash 8 twin engine plane operated for US Airways by Piedmont Airlines.

CNN’s Aaron Cooper contributed to this report.

Source: 2012 Cable News Network, Inc.

Strange objects over Blue Springs, Missouri

Chris Oberholtz and Dave Jordan
KCTV

(US) Strange lights in the night sky over Blue Springs have UFO investigators interested.

Neighbors say in the past two weeks they have seen multi-colored lights in the sky, and the Missouri UFO Network is now conducting its own investigation. The video of these orbs hovering is causing quite the debate in Blue Springs and is the topic of discussion in the quiet suburb.

Robert Kover first noticed it two weeks ago and went down to get a closer look. He was confronted by a neighbor who thought he was spying on women, until he handed her his binoculars.

“I showed her the star that in the sky, just to get somebody else’s perspective on it, and they said they had never seen anything like it before,” Kover said.

Becky Neely said it was vibrating red, green and blue lights.

“It was like nothing I’ve ever seen before, but with binoculars we could see it fairly well, and it was off in the distance,” Neely said.

Teresa Price saw it as well, at least twice. The same night Kover and Neely did and again when she was walking her dogs the following week. However, this time, things were even more bizarre.

“It was up in the sky and then it just dropped and stayed stationary in that lower position,” Teresa Price said.

Price had seen KCTV5’s recent news report on domestic drones that are now being used by local governments and law enforcement agencies and thought that was what it was.

“It kind of made me think that there is some sort of drone out there. Why is it out at night? I don’t know,” Price said.

Kover called the KCTV5 Investigative Hotline and posted a sighting on a UFO spotters website. The night of a interview, KCTV5’s Dave Jordan spotted similar sightings.

Kover was contacted by Margie Kay with the Missouri UFO Network, who decided to investigate for herself the following night.

Kay interviewed everyone who claimed to have seen the UFOs and then set up telescopes to watch the sightings herself. Neighbors came out hoping to see similar activity that captivated the community.

As the sky darkened, one of them appeared. Kay initially dismissed it.

“I am 90 percent sure we are looking at Vega in this instance, and they’re some other planets out right now,” said Margie Kay with the Missouri UFO Network.

But she came to a different conclusion after others starting appearing. And after she put in a call to a colleague to take a look at what she thought was Vega, that person described it as Pure White.

“That is not what we are seeing. We’re seeing colors in this. I see green in this one and in the other I see red, green and blue,” Kay said. “I don’t think it’s a planet at this point. I don’t know what it is. It’s unidentified.”

KCTV5 contacted Blue Springs police, and they have said they haven’t received any calls about this. KCTV5 also contacted NORAD, and a spokesman said that he did hear about similar sighting, but he wasn’t sure if it was in Missouri because that division of NORAD monitors the entire Midwest.

Watch Video Here

Show In The Sky:
Strange, Dancing, Shape-Shifting Lights Over Milford, Pennsylvania


MessageToEagle.com – These strange lights seen dancing in the skies over Milford, Pennsylvania were filmed with an android phone.

As you can see the light, flicker, change not only color, but shape as well!

What could they be?

Youtube user lisah6083 who filmed these mysterious lights says they look like stars, but she also points out it was a crystal clear night.

“You could see every star in the sky but they are so small that my camera doesn’t even pick them up.These were large bright objects moving slowly to the left.

No noise. And they had a orange, flickering type appearance.

I believe some of them even disappeared in a flash. Hard to tell they are moving in the pic, but in person they were all moving in a clear path across the sky.

When the seem to “squiggle” in the sky that’s just me moving my camera. The noise in the background is a motorcycle that came across…. completely oblivious to the lights in the sky, ” lisah6083 says.

The lights appear at about 0:17According to lisah6083 there was also another eyewitness who saw the dancing lights in the sky.

It was an amazing light show in the night sky.

Have you taken any interesting images or filmed something unusual? Remember you can always send the images to us so we can publish them.

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Mysterious Object Falls From The Sky After Explosion

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Biological Hazards/Wildlife

Hundreds of endangered antelopes dying in Kazakhstan Astana: A massive wave of deaths has been reported among the endangered saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan. Around 540 carcasses of the animal has been found in the country, RIA Novosti reported Thursday.

According to the Kazakh agriculture ministry, the carcasses were found in the Kostanai region.

“Aviation monitoring today (Thursday) discovered a new concentration of saiga deaths with the approximate number of dead animals reaching beyond 400,” the ministry said.

Last year, at least 12,000 saiga antelopes died in Kazakhstan, presumably from pasteurellosis infection and from overeating. In November 2010, Kazakhstan introduced a ban on saiga hunting.

The latest statistics put the number of saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan at 85,500. The country spends $800,000 annually to prevent the deaths.

Saiga were virtually exterminated in the 1920s but then their numbers increased in the 1950s. The animals mostly became endangered because of hunting and the high demand for their horns in traditional Chinese medicine.

Saiga are also found in Russia’s Kalmykia region and in Mongolia.

IANS

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Articles of Interest

Latest Southern Ocean research shows continuing deep ocean change

by Staff Writers
Canberra, Australia (SPX)


Deploying a mooring carrying a suite of monitoring sensors into the sea ice. Credit: Steve Rintoul.

Comparing detailed measurements taken during the Australian Antarctic program’s 2012 Southern Ocean marine science voyage to historical data dating back to 1970, scientists estimate there has been as much as a 60 per cent reduction in the volume of Antarctic Bottom Water, the cold dense water that drives global ocean currents.

In an intensive and arduous 25-day observing program, temperature and salinity samples were collected at 77 sites between Antarctica and Fremantle. Such ship transects provide the only means to detect changes in the deep ocean.

The new measurements, which have not yet been published, suggest the densest waters in the world ocean are gradually disappearing and being replaced by less dense waters.

“The amount of dense Antarctic Bottom Water has contracted each time we’ve measured it since the 1970s,” said Dr Steve Rintoul, of CSIRO and the Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems CRC. “There is now only about 40 per cent as much dense water present as observed in 1970.”

The ocean profiles also show that the dense water formed around Antarctica has become less saline since 1970.

“It’s a clear signal to us that the oceans are responding rapidly to variations in climate in polar regions. The sinking of dense water around Antarctica is part of a global pattern of ocean currents that has a strong influence on climate, so evidence that these waters are changing is important,” Dr Rintoul said.

The research was carried out by more than 50 scientists on the Australian Antarctic Division’s research and resupply vessel Aurora Australis, which sailed to Commonwealth Bay, west along the Antarctic coast, and returned into Fremantle.

The Australian Antarctic Division’s Chief Scientist, Dr Nick Gales, said the findings of the oceanographic study are profoundly important.

“Not only will this research improve our understanding of ocean currents, but will also feed into our knowledge of how the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic continent drives the world’s climate processes,” Dr Gales said.

Dr Rintoul was Chief Scientist on the recent voyage and has made a dozen voyages to the Southern Ocean. “When we speak of global warming, we really mean ocean warming: more than 90 per cent of the extra heat energy stored by the earth over the last 50 years has gone into warming up the ocean.

The Southern Ocean is particularly important because it stores more heat and carbon dioxide released by human activities than any other region, and so helps to slow the rate of climate change” Dr Rintoul said. “A key goal of our work is to determine if the Southern Ocean will continue to play this role in the future.”

The causes of the observed changes in the Southern Ocean are not yet fully understood. Changes in winds, sea ice, precipitation, or melt of floating glacial ice around the edge of Antarctica may be responsible. Data collected on the latest voyage will help unravel this mystery.

A major challenge is the lack of observations at high latitude, where much of the ocean is covered by sea ice in winter. During the voyage scientists deployed nine drifting profilers, called Argo floats, which will transmit profiles of temperature and salinity every 10 days for the next five years. These ice-capable floats in the seasonal ice zone in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean are funded through Australia’s Integrated Marine Observing System.

“The Argo floats have revolutionised our ability to measure the ocean, particularly in winter when ship observations are very rare,” said Dr Rintoul. “On this voyage, we deployed a new kind of float designed to survive encounters with the sea ice. These floats will allow us to see how dense water forms in winter for the first time.”

The Aurora Australis visited Commonwealth Bay as part of a celebration of the centenary of Sir Douglas Mawson’s Australian Antarctic Expedition. Dr Rintoul’s team had the opportunity to repeat oceanographic measurements made by Mawson’s team 100 years ago, obtaining one of the few century-long records obtained anywhere in the ocean.

“Our measurements collected in 2012 are quite different to those collected by Mawson in 1912,” Dr Rintoul said. “This is an indication of a change in the ocean currents that may be related to a reduction in the amount of dense water formed near Antarctica.”

“Mawson’s expedition really marked the transition from the “Heroic Age” of Antarctic exploration to a period where science was the primary motivation for Antarctic expeditions. I think he would have gotten a real kick out of the idea that measurements made by his team a century ago are still useful and that Australian scientists are continuing his legacy by studying Antarctica and its connection to the rest of the globe.”

Related Links
CSIRO
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

Ancient giant turtle fossil revealed

by Staff Writers
Raleigh NC (SPX)


This is a reconstruction of Carbonemys preying upon a small crocodylomorph. Credit: Artwork by Liz Bradford.

Picture a turtle the size of a Smart car, with a shell large enough to double as a kiddie pool. Paleontologists from North Carolina State University have found just such a specimen – the fossilized remains of a 60-million-year-old South American giant that lived in what is now Colombia.

The turtle in question is Carbonemys cofrinii, which means “coal turtle,” and is part of a group of side-necked turtles known as pelomedusoides. The fossil was named Carbonemys because it was discovered in 2005 in a coal mine that was part of northern Colombia’s Cerrejon formation.

The specimen’s skull measures 24 centimeters, roughly the size of a regulation NFL football. The shell which was recovered nearby – and is believed to belong to the same species – measures 172 centimeters, or about 5 feet 7 inches, long. That’s the same height as Edwin Cadena, the NC State doctoral student who discovered the fossil.

“We had recovered smaller turtle specimens from the site. But after spending about four days working on uncovering the shell, I realized that this particular turtle was the biggest anyone had found in this area for this time period – and it gave us the first evidence of giantism in freshwater turtles,” Cadena says.

Smaller relatives of Carbonemys existed alongside dinosaurs. But the giant version appeared five million years after the dinosaurs vanished, during a period when giant varieties of many different reptiles – including Titanoboa cerrejonensis, the largest snake ever discovered – lived in this part of South America.

Researchers believe that a combination of changes in the ecosystem, including fewer predators, a larger habitat area, plentiful food supply and climate changes, worked together to allow these giant species to survive. Carbonemys’ habitat would have resembled a much warmer modern-day Orinoco or Amazon River delta.

In addition to the turtle’s huge size, the fossil also shows that this particular turtle had massive, powerful jaws that would have enabled the omnivore to eat anything nearby – from mollusks to smaller turtles or even crocodiles.

Thus far, only one specimen of this size has been recovered. Dr. Dan Ksepka, NC State paleontologist and research associate at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, believes that this is because a turtle of this size would need a large territory in order to obtain enough food to survive.

“It’s like having one big snapping turtle living in the middle of a lake,” says Ksepka, co-author of the paper describing the find.

That turtle survives because it has eaten all of the major competitors for resources. We found many bite-marked shells at this site that show crocodilians preyed on side-necked turtles. None would have bothered an adult Carbonemys, though – in fact smaller crocs would have been easy prey for this behemoth.”

The paleontologists’ findings appear in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. Dr. Carlos Jaramillo from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama and Dr. Jonathan Bloch from the Florida Museum of Natural History contributed to the work.

“New pelomedusoid turtles from the late Palaeocene Cerrejon Formation of Colombia and their implications for phylogeny and body size evolution” Authors: Edwin Cadena, Dan Ksepka, North Carolina State University; Carlos Jaramillo, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama; Jonathan Bloch, Florida Museum of Natural History Published: In the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

Related Links
North Carolina State University
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

 

 

Today Chemical Accident USA State of California, Santa Maria [C & D Zodiac Inc.] Damage level
Details

 

 

Chemical Accident in USA on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:29 (05:29 AM) UTC.

Description
Hazardous material response crews are cleaning up about 20 gallons of industrial-strength paint that spilled this morning at C & D Zodiac Inc. in Santa Maria, sending one woman to the hospital for treatment of nausea.The spill happened just before 8 a.m., and in the wake of the incident, employees’ cars were streaming out of the lot on Airpark Drive due to a mandatory evacuation of the building. Some 800 employees were evacuated.The paint reportedly spilled after some shelving collapsed, dropping and puncturing some cans of water-based paint used to coat aircraft interiors.C & D Zodiac designs and manufactures aircraft interiors, such as overhead baggage bins.
Scott Johnson, battalion chief with the Santa Maria Fire Department, said the paint had a low level of flammability and posed little hazard, but gave off some biting fumes that made several employees feel ill.“There was a nice amount of fumes in there and a big mess,” he added.Employees were expected to return to work around 11:30 a.m. after cleanup was complete, said C&D Zodiac General Manager Tony Guy.

 

 

  25.05.2012 Chemical Accident USA State of Nebraska, [Tyson Fresh Meats Pork Plant] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Chemical Accident in USA on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 08:37 (08:37 AM) UTC.

Description
About 30 workers at the Tyson Foods pork plant in Madison, Neb., were taken to the hospital Thursday night after an anhydrous ammonia leak.The employees were directly exposed to ammonia and needed medical care, a spokeswoman for Faith Regional Health Services in Norfolk told KTIV-TV in Sioux City, Iowa.Ten of the injured workers were taken by ambulance to the Norfolk hospital about 8:45 p.m.“Patients were quickly assessed for severity of inhalation and potential contamination,” Kelly Driscoll, vice president of patient care services, told KTIV.“All 10 patients were found to suffer from minor chemical inhalation, were treated and then released.”The leak was at the Tyson Fresh Meats Pork Plant.
The Tyson plant, with 1,200 full-time employees, is the largest employer in Madison, which has a population of 2,438.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Environmental

Rising CO2 levels linked to global warming during last deglaciation

by Staff Writers
Corvallis, OR (SPX)


The ocean circulation warms the northern hemisphere at the expense of the south, the researchers say, but when the fresh water draining off the continent at the end of the last Ice Age entered the North Atlantic, it essentially put the brakes on the current and disrupted the delivery of heat to the northern latitudes.

Many scientists have long suspected that rising levels of carbon dioxide and the global warming that ended the last Ice Age were somehow linked, but establishing a clear cause-and-effect relationship between CO2 and global warming from the geologic record has remained difficult.

A new study, funded by the National Science Foundation and published in the journal Nature, identifies this relationship and provides compelling evidence that rising CO2 caused much of the global warming.

Lead author Jeremy Shakun, who conducted much of the research as a doctoral student at Oregon State University, said the key to understanding the role of CO2 is to reconstruct globally averaged temperature changes during the end of the last Ice Age, which contrasts with previous efforts that only compared local temperatures in Antarctica to carbon dioxide levels.

“Carbon dioxide has been suspected as an important factor in ending the last Ice Age, but its exact role has always been unclear because rising temperatures reflected in Antarctic ice cores came before rising levels of CO2,” said Shakun, who is a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Post-doctoral Fellow at Harvard University and Columbia University.

“But if you reconstruct temperatures on a global scale – and not just examine Antarctic temperatures – it becomes apparent that the CO2 change slightly preceded much of the global warming, and this means the global greenhouse effect had an important role in driving up global temperatures and bringing the planet out of the last Ice Age,” Shakun added.

Here is what the researchers think happened.

Small changes in the Earth’s orbit around the sun affected the amount of sunlight striking the northern hemisphere, melting ice sheets that covered Canada and Europe.

That fresh water flowed off of the continent into the Atlantic Ocean, where it formed a lid over the sinking end of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation – a part of a global network of currents that brings warm water up from the tropics and today keeps Europe temperate despite its high latitudes.

The ocean circulation warms the northern hemisphere at the expense of the south, the researchers say, but when the fresh water draining off the continent at the end of the last Ice Age entered the North Atlantic, it essentially put the brakes on the current and disrupted the delivery of heat to the northern latitudes.

“When the heat transport stops, it cools the north and heat builds up in the Southern Hemisphere,” Shakun said. “The Antarctic would have warmed rapidly, much faster than the time it takes to get CO2 out of the deep sea, where it was likely stored.

“The warming of the Southern Ocean may have shifted the winds as well as melted sea ice, and eventually drawn the CO2 out of the deep water, and released it into the atmosphere,” Shakun said. “That, in turn, would have amplified warming on a global scale.”

The researchers constructed a record of global surface temperature from 80 temperature reconstructions spanning the end of the Ice Age and found that average temperature around the Earth correlated with – and generally lagged behind – rising levels of CO2.

Peter Clark, an Oregon State University scientist and co-author on the paper, said changes in solar radiation were the likely trigger for the series of effects that followed. His 2009 study, published in Science, confirmed an earlier theory that wobble in the Earth’s axis, which changes the amount of sunlight captured by Earth, first caused melting of the large northern ice sheets.

“It has long been known that Earth’s slow wobble is caused primarily by the gravitational influences of the larger planets, such as Jupiter and Saturn, which pull and tug on the Earth in slightly different ways over periods of thousands of years,” said Clark, a professor in OSU’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences.

Shakun said there is “an enormous amount” of carbon sequestered in the deep ocean.

“The Southern Ocean is connected to all the deep ocean basins,” he pointed out, “so the most likely mechanisms to draw it out of the ocean were certainly there.”

The question now, the researchers say, is how human-generated carbon dioxide will affect the planet when there isn’t an ice age.

“CO2 was a big part of bringing the world out of the last Ice Age,” Shakun said, “and it took about 10,000 years to do it. Now CO2 levels are rising again, but this time an equivalent increase in CO2 has occurred in only about 200 years, and there are clear signs that the planet is already beginning to respond.”

“While many of the details of future climate change remain to be figured out, our study bolsters the consensus view that rising CO2 will lead to more global warming,” Shakun added.

Other authors on the study include Feng He, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Shaun Marcott, Alan Mix, and Andreas Schmittner, Oregon State University; Zhengyu Liu, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Peking University; Bette Otto-Bliesn

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Cyber Space

This Internet provider pledges to put your privacy first. Always.

Step aside, AT&T and Verizon. A new privacy-protecting Internet service and telephone provider still in the planning stages could become the ACLU’s dream and the FBI’s worst nightmare .

by er, National Center for Atmospheric Research; and Edouard Bard, CNRS-Universite Aix-Marseille.

Nicholas Merrill is planning to revolutionize online privacy with a concept as simple as it is ingenious: a telecommunications provider designed from its inception to shield its customers from surveillance.

Merrill, 39, who previously ran a New York-based Internet provider, told CNET that he’s raising funds to launch a national “non-profit telecommunications provider dedicated to privacy, using ubiquitous encryption” that will sell mobile phone service and, for as little as $20 a month, Internet connectivity.

The ISP would not merely employ every technological means at its disposal, including encryption and limited logging, to protect its customers. It would also — and in practice this is likely more important — challenge government surveillance demands of dubious legality or constitutionality.

A decade of revelations has underlined the intimate relationship between many telecommunications companies and Washington officialdom. Leading providers including AT&T and Verizon handed billions of customer telephone records to the National Security Agency; only Qwest refused to participate. Verizon turned over customer data to the FBI without court orders. An AT&T whistleblower accused the company of illegally opening its network to the NSA, a practice that the U.S. Congress retroactively made legal in 2008.

By contrast, Merrill says his ISP, to be run by a non-profit called the Calyx Institute with for-profit subsidiaries, will put customers first. “Calyx will use all legal and technical means available to protect the privacy and integrity of user data,” he says.

Merrill is in the unique position of being the first ISP exec to fight back against the Patriot Act’s expanded police powers — and win.

Nick Merrill, who once challenged a demand from the FBI for user data, is planning to create the world's first privacy-protective Internet and mobile phone provider.Nick Merrill says that “we will use all legal and technical means to resist having to hand over information, and aspire to be the partner in the telecommunications industry that ACLU and EFF have always needed but never had.”

(Credit: Sarah Tew/CNET)

In February 2004, the FBI sent Merrill a secret “national security letter” (not an actual court order signed by a judge) asking for confidential information about his customers and forbidding him from disclosing the letter’s existence. He enlisted the ACLU to fight the gag order, and won. A federal judge barred the FBI from invoking that portion of the law, ruling it was “an “unconstitutional prior restraint of speech in violation of the First Amendment.”

Merrill’s identity was kept confidential for years as the litigation continued. In 2007, the Washington Post published his anonymous op-ed which said: “I resent being conscripted as a secret informer for the government,” especially because “I have doubts about the legitimacy of the underlying investigation.” He wasn’t able to discuss his case publicly until 2010…..

Read Full Article Here

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Survival / Sustainability

Pet Food Alternatives for Long-Term Emergencies

Tess Pennington
Ready Nutrition
April 2012


In a long-term emergency we want our entire family to thrive, and that includes our beloved pets. Dogs and cats will have vital roles to play during a long-term emergency and we want them on their A-game!

Cats are very skilled at trapping and will keep the rodents away from your retreat and your food supply, thus keeping diseases at bay. Dogs on the other hand, are ideal to have on a retreat because they will be a good alert system, make excellent hunting companions, protect the family and help to herd livestock. Larger breeds could even help pull small wagons to help even more around the homestead.

To keep these animals healthy, keep their needs in mind when making your emergency preparations. Due to the cost of pet food, storing dry food is preferred over storing the wet food. When storing dry goods for dogs and cats, look for dry food that does not have a lot of oils in them; as the oils can make the food go rancid more quickly.

Stockpiled pet food will only last for so long.  What’s a pet owner to do when the kibble supply runs dry?

Making your own pet food is a more financially reasonable option for some. The cost is actually comparable to the price of kibble, and the nutrition content of homemade pet food is far higher.

Creating pet food is not so much about having the recipe to do so – it’s about knowing the proper ratios for optimum nutrition for your pet. The following information is geared towards healthy adult pets without special dietary needs.

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Long Term Food Storage Basics – How to Pack Rice, Wheat, Beans and Dry Goods

Uploaded by on Apr 4, 2011

More Homesteading and Preparedness Info: http://www.ReadyNutrition.com/

Fox News Report on Inflation, Higher Prices and Emergency Preparedness.

Tess Pennington of Ready Nutrition demonstrates some best practices and a multi-barrier process for packaging food for short and long term storage in mylar bags (or large food grade buckets) with oxygen absorbers, a vacuum seal, and a heat seal. With proper storage techniques the shelf life of your food preps can exceed 20 years for most dry goods like rice, wheat, sugar, beans, oats, wheat and pasta.

More Homesteading and Preparedness Info: http://www.ReadyNutrition.com/

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Activism

A naval commander for the 99% stands trial

by

Consider the story of Leah Bolger, the latest American hero up on trial:

She is a young female artist in the Midwest. She joins the Navy at 22, is made commander and serves two decades as an anti-submarine warfare specialist. After retiring she joins Veterans for Peace and becomes the organization’s first female president. Then, in October of 2011, she commits the crime of interrupting a public congressional hearing of the Super Committee to deliver a message from the 99 percent: End the wars and tax the rich to fix the deficit.

Because of her 45-second transgression, Commander Bolger now faces a court trial this Thursday morning, April 12, where she could receive a maximum jail sentence of six months. Bolger, 54, intends to plead guilty and use her court appearance to draw the connection between America’s deficit debacle and the three-quarters-of-a-trillion-dollar defense budget we, as voting taxpayers, spend as a base-mark for failed and unending military ventures overseas.

Bolger has no illusions about what Americans are up against: a corporate-run military machine that she says “is so big and complicated and intertwined with the government and Congress and the media that I don’t know where you can start unraveling the knot.” But one place to begin is with the Occupy movement, which she says has placed too little emphasis on ending America’s wars in Afghanistan, Iraq and elsewhere.

Read Full Article Here

20-Year Veteran to Face Jail Time for Act of Civil Disobedience

Kevin Zeese, News Report:

“Retired Naval Commander Leah Bolger will appear in court Thursday, April 12th 2012 on charges stemming from her arrest on October 26th, 2011. Bolger, who is a peace activist and the President of Veterans For Peace, interrupted a public hearing of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction, commonly known as the Super Committee.”

Read Full Article Here

Report On UC Davis Pepper Spray Incident Finds Police Conduct ‘Objectively Unreasonable’

Adam Peck, News Report:

“Two reports commissioned by the University of California-Davis to investigate the infamous pepper spray incident from last fall have been released to the public, and they appear to verify most of the facts put forth by Occupy protesters and fly in the face of the allegations made by the university and its police department.” ….

Read Full Article Here

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Articles of Interest

City of Roswell, GA, bullies Andrew Wordes to death over his backyard chickens

By Ethan A. Huff,
(NaturalNews) An innocent man who had legally been raising a few dozen chickens and other small birds in the backyard of his suburban Atlanta home is now dead, following a crusade of terror perpetrated against him by the City of Roswell in Georgia. Andrew Wordes, who died during a recent raid on his property in which county marshals tried to illegally evict him, was the obvious victim of a rogue state gone mad — and his blood is now on the hands of the Roswell City Administrator, the Roswell City…

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