Tag Archive: Solar System


 

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All Sky Fireball Network

 

Every night, a network of NASA all-sky cameras scans the skies above the United States for meteoritic fireballs. Automated software maintained by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office calculates their orbits, velocity, penetration depth in Earth’s atmosphere and many other characteristics. Daily results are presented here on Spaceweather.com.

On May. 20, 2014, the network reported 8 fireballs.
(8 sporadics)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point–Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

Near Earth Asteroids

 

Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.

 

On May 21, 2014 there were 1475 potentially hazardous asteroids.

 

Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:

Notes: LD means “Lunar Distance.” 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.

Asteroid
Date(UT)
Miss Distance
Size
2010 JO33
May 17
4 LD
43 m
2014 KD
May 19
7.7 LD
57 m
2014 KD2
May 20
5.2 LD
41 m
2005 UK1
May 20
36.7 LD
1.1 km
1997 WS22
May 21
47.1 LD
1.5 km
2002 JC
May 24
48.7 LD
1.4 km
2014 HQ124
Jun 8
3.3 LD
620 m
2011 PU1
Jul 18
7.6 LD
43 m

…..

Notes: LD means “Lunar Distance.” 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.

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Space Weather

by Dr. Tony Phillips.

All Sky Fireball Network

 

Every night, a network of NASA all-sky cameras scans the skies above the United States for meteoritic fireballs. Automated software maintained by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office calculates their orbits, velocity, penetration depth in Earth’s atmosphere and many other characteristics. Daily results are presented here on Spaceweather.com.

On May. 11, 2014, the network reported 9 fireballs.
(7 sporadics, 2 eta Aquariids)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point–Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

Near Earth Asteroids

Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.

On May 14, 2014 there were 1473 potentially hazardous asteroids.

Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:

Asteroid
Date(UT)
Miss Distance
Size
2014 HT178
May 8
5.9 LD
21 m
2014 JD
May 9
7.7 LD
24 m
2014 JG55
May 10
0.3 LD
7 m
2014 JW55
May 13
4.3 LD
23 m
2014 JH15
May 17
8 LD
59 m
2010 JO33
May 17
4 LD
43 m
2005 UK1
May 20
36.7 LD
1.1 km
1997 WS22
May 21
47.1 LD
1.5 km
2002 JC
May 24
48.7 LD
1.4 km
2014 HQ124
Jun 8
3.2 LD
615 m

Notes: LD means “Lunar Distance.” 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.

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Hercolubus. WHAT?????

BPEarthWatch BPEarthWatch

 

Published on Dec 3, 2013

UPDATE. Solar and Quake Links http://www.bpearthwatch.com
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herc%C3%…
Hercobulus would be found in a solar system called Tilo course, that would be closer to the Earth and in the twentieth century prophesied that produce catastrophe of apocalyptic end times , the 11 of August of 1999 .
The writer cited Rabolú supposedly astronomical data considered relevant to consider the alleged threat of Tilo. 4 5 6 These data would be his size, 6 times larger than Jupiter in July and that the action of its huge gravitational field would be the producer of a major disaster. Affirms that Hercobulus is about 500 AU (astronomical units: the average distance between Earth and the Sun, about 150 million kilometers) from Earth and when approaching to 4 AU from Earth, generate a catastrophe. Also mentions that in 1999 and the planet would be observed as a major star at dawn. 8
According Rabolú in his book, Hercobulus would have passed through the Earth some 13,000 years ago, destroying the ancient civilization of Atlantis .
Hercolubus or Red Planet has aroused curiosity in many followers of the philosophies pertaining to the current New Age , however lacks the slightest scientific basis . Rabolú follower of the doctrine Gnostic touted by the late Samael Aun Weor (Víctor Gómez Rodríguez), argues that the goal of the approach is the assumption Hercobulus purification earth aura.

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ThunderboltsProject ThunderboltsProject

Published on Jun 18, 2013

URGENT: PLEASE READ THIS. The video presented here is still in development. For the present listing of credits (being developed simultaneously with extensive scientific review), see our credits page:
http://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2013/…

We believe that this critical analysis of textbook comet theory can have a major impact on human understanding of these remarkable bodies. It can also reach well beyond the specialized science of comets to provoke a reconsideration of the Sun, planetary history, and a good deal more. We live in an Electric Universe, and the enigmatic behavior of comets provides unique insights into the role of charged particles and electrified plasma throughout the Cosmos.

We ask for your help in inviting scientists and other centers of influence to consider the factual content in this film. For the next 60-90 days we will consider all critical suggestions prior to final editing, and we’ll be especially diligent in addressing any statements of fact that a knowledgeable viewer may call into question. Our conviction is that essential facts, now confirmed by leading investigators, will not allow the institutions of science to hold onto theories that, for too long, have been proclaimed as established science.

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Veterans Today

Image Source

Mayan Calendar Guatamala Pyramid and End of Baktun13

By Harold Saive – Chemtrailsplanet.net

 

(3/27/2013) – The Mayan’s didn’t use their calendar to predict doom in 2012 but their 394 year Baktun cycle may predict a long period of low solar activity and years of extreme global cooling starting now.

Marking the end of the thirteenth Baktun on Dec 21, 2012 places the onset of solar events that led to the Maunder Minimum – also referred to as the “Little Ice Age”.

 

Are we ready yet for potentially disastrous impacts of space weather?

“Comparing a future solar event to the 1859 Carrington event: “Directly or indirectly, a comparable geomagnetic storm today (and foreseeable future) would likely include widespread and long-term disruptions on transportation and commerce, agriculture and food stocks, medical facilities, satellite-based communication and navigation systems, national security, etc.” — By Steve Trackton – The Capital Weather Gang – A review of the 2012 Space Weather Enterprise Forum presented by The National Space Weather Program Council.

______________________________

Are we ready yet for potentially disastrous impacts of space weather?

“Comparing a future solar event to the 1859 Carrington event: “Directly or indirectly, a comparable geomagnetic storm today (and foreseeable future) would likely include widespread and long-term disruptions on transportation and commerce, agriculture and food stocks, medical facilities, satellite-based communication and navigation systems, national security, etc.” — By Steve Trackton – The Capital Weather Gang – A review of the 2012 Space Weather Enterprise Forum presented by The National Space Weather Program Council.

Our Sun is Losing Energy: The typical peak-to-peak solar cycle have long been established to be about 11 years. The last solar minimum began in 2001 following an unremarkable maximum. But in April 2009 the solar minimum was officially recognized as having lasted far longer than normal. It was not until the middle of 2010 when sunspot numbers began to increase, signalling an overdue, but very weak return to a solar maximum. Relative to Earth, the maximum would be even weaker than forecast due a mysterious absence of earth-directed solar flares – a persistent event that continues to defy the label of “coincidence.”

The health of Earth’s atmosphere – extending out to the magnetosphere – relies on the energy of solar flares to maintain what we have come to expect as a “normal” electrical balance between Earth, Sun and the solar system. For unknown reasons, what little solar flare activity is taking place has been mostly directed away from Earth – causing our atmosphere to experience conditions not much different than an extended “minimum” – as if the solar maximum had not yet returned. If flares continues to miss earth for much longer, the return of the next solar minimum could delay a replenishing solar charge of our magnetosphere for years.

Changes in our Solar System:

  • Along with a decline in solar energy NASA has detected increased seismic activity on Mars
  • The rotation of Venus and possibly Saturn has measurably slowed.
  • Jupiter has exhibited significant weather changes including loss of a characteristic “stripe” as it gained a new red spot.
  • During 2012 telescopes recorded a giant flash on Jupiter that was larger than Earth. NASA called it a comet or asteroid but didn’t explain the telltale concentric rings and the absence of evidence that anything penetrated Jupiter’s atmosphere.
  • The 30 year cycle of Saturn Storms has broken stride to appear ten years earlier than predicted.
  • Hubble has been scanning space for years but only recently has been able to “see” auroras on Uranus.
  • In 2005 data from NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor and Odyssey missions revealed that the carbon dioxide “ice caps” near Mars’s south pole had been diminishing for three summers in a row.
  • Habibullo Abdussamatov, head of space research at St. Petersburg’s Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory in Russia, says the Mars melting ice caps data is evidence that the current global warming on Earth is being caused by changes in the sun.
  • Earthquakes are on the rise within our own moon.

 

Read Full Article Here

Man Warns Of Incoming Asteroid That Could Change The World As We Know It


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Email from Raymond

My name is Raymond I am a scientist working for various astronomy departments around the world, both public sectors and private sectors. I am not a conspiracy theorist, i am not one of those convinced that `the moon landing was faked` or `2012 nibiru would hit earth`. I look at facts.
However, a few weeks ago,an asteroid 18 meters wide exploded 40 miles above a Russian town, do you know what it would have done if it hit earth? It would have killed many thousands. The shockwaves of the explosion were recorded across the world thousands of miles away. This isnt a theory or assumption these are facts.Now this is what we have seen. The asteroid was part of a large body of similar objects coming in from the asteroid belt. There is one which we have not detected until now, because a/ we could not determine its exact projected path and b/ we did not want to scare people.
Exactly 2 hours later the faxes came through from our U.S observatory.This object, half a mile wide is heading for earth and will hit Canada or Mexico in the next 7 days. Exact time and day will be added here later. This will be an extinction level event. The blast itself will kill millions, and the rest of the living beings will be erased within a matter of motnhsEven when i heard the news i did not believe it. I insisted on seeing a copy, and asked them to recalculate everything. The calculations were sadly correct.So here i am, to tel you all that these final days are ones to be embraced. Tell the ones around you that you love them, pray to whichever God or higher faith you believe in. Please make ammends with enemies, and spread the love and warmth.I am sorry. I really am.

Cosmic Ommmmmm

For further research go to: http://freemantv.com/space-war-news/

 

Comet Pan-STARRS has been brightening steadily for the past few months. By now Comet Pan-STARRS (C/2011 L4) became a naked-eye object while it makes its closest approach to the Sun, inside the orbit of Mercury. It is now closer to the Sun than Venus. At the closest approach, the comet will be 100 million miles away from Earth.   Comet C/2011 L4 was discovered by astronomers at the University of Hawaii, as part of the Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System or Pan-STARRS,  in June 2011 with the 1.8 meter (70.7 inch) telescope atop Mount Haleakala. At the time of discovery it was about 1.2 billion km (700...
  • The Watchers

Comet Pan-STARRS has been brightening steadily for the past few months. By now Comet Pan-STARRS (C/2011 L4) became a naked-eye object while it makes its closest approach to the Sun, inside the orbit of Mercury. It is now closer to the Sun than Venus. At the closest approach, the comet will be 100 million miles away from Earth.


Comet C/2011 L4 was discovered by astronomers at the University of Hawaii, as part of the Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System or Pan-STARRS,  in June 2011 with the 1.8 meter (70.7 inch) telescope atop Mount Haleakala. At the time of discovery it was about 1.2 billion km (700 million miles) from the Sun, just beyond the orbit of Jupiter. It is believed that this comet originated in the Oort cloud, located in the distant outer Solar System. It was probably gravitationally disturbed by a distant passing star, sending it on a long journey toward the Sun. After leaving the planetary region of the Solar System, the post-perihelion orbital period is estimated to be about 110000 years.

Comet Pan-STARRS on the night of discovery (Credit: Henry Hsieh, PS1SC)

Comet Pan-STARRS (C/2011 L4) is now visible to observers in the southern hemisphere. It emerges in the western sunset horizon, and it could be easily visible through binoculars or a small telescope and even to the naked eye. Southern Hemisphere skywatchers report that its condensed appearance and high surface brightness have been helping its visibility in twilight. It will be visible for observes at mid-northern latitudes this week.

This comet has a second fainter dust tail, called a Type III tail, composed of heavier dust particles, dimly visible in the latest photos  alongside the brighter Type II tail. There is also a third ion tail, currently not visible with the naked eye. Dust tails form when the heat of the sun vaporizes dust-laden ices in the comet’s nucleus. Gases like carbon monoxide and cyanogen, which are normally neutral, get their energy levels pumped up by the sun’s ultraviolet light, shed their outer electrons and become “ionized.”

Comet PanSTARRS seen from Australia on March 1, 2013 (Credit: Rob Kaufman)

 

Read Full Article Here

Published on Feb 28, 2013

Sott.net has been tracking the startling increase in fireballs in our skies over the past 6 or 7 years. In conjunction with the release of Laura Knight Jadczyk’s very topical new book: Comets and the Horns of Moses, we’ve put together this video summary of the state of affairs vis a vis the celestial threat to all life on earth.

Ok,  I am  not  saying  that  this is  true  or  factual.  I  don’t  know  .  I am  not  an   Astrophysicist nor  am I  a  scientist.  I  did  however  find  an  article  that  speaks  of  Mr  McCanney and  I  found it  very  interesting.  I  will be including  here  for  you to  read  as  well if  you  wish.  If  nothing  else  it  will be a  good  read  :). 

So please  use  discernment  when  watching this  video and  reading  his  background.

~Desert Rose~

********************************************************************************

 

Since the original video has  been  made private  and unavailable I  have  had to  replace it  with  another.

Thanks to Shaun for the heads up on this video

Mini Solar System Entering Our’s, Says Astrophysicist

Published on Feb 19, 2013

Mini Solar System Entering Our’s, Says Astrophysicist
http://www.rumormillnews.com/cgi-bin/…

….

There is also another video that  does not allow embed’s the  link is as follows if you would like to see it

ALERT NEWS DANGER.Mini Solar System Entering Our Solar System, Says Astrophysicist Jim McCanney.

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Planet-X, Comets and Earth Changes by J.M. McCanney

Harrison Koehli
Sott.net
Mon, 21 Mar 2011 21:27 CDT

Planet-X Comets and Earth Changes Cover

© jmccanneyscience.com press

Planet-X, Comets & Earth Changes
by James M. McCanney
Minneapolis, MN: jmccanneyscience.com press, 2007 (first published in 2002)
182 pp.

A new model of the Universe

A scientific revolution in the theories of the nature of comets, solar system formation and astronomical phenomena in general is long overdue. For example, the impossibilities and contradictions inherent in the “dirty snowball comet model” and the “nebular collapse” theory of the origin of the solar system are legion. The theories fall short of explaining observed phenomena, but you’ll never hear the scientists promoting them admit as much. Unfortunately, it seems that in all their mental excavations, the mass-produced scientists of our time have dug themselves into a trench of dreary proportions, carried along by the inertial stream of their cherished professors’ naïve opinions. In fact, they can’t even tell how deep they are in it, or that their theories are as woefully outdated as the mastodon fossils of which they catch passing glimpses. And thanks to James McCanney’s work over the last thirty-odd years, they find themselves plunged, in the words of Mullah Nasr Eddin, “into the deepest galoshes that have ever been worn on sweaty feet.”

James McCanney is something of a maverick in the scientific community. Having taught physics and mathematics at Cornell University, he was ousted because of pressure put on University authorities by professors in the astronomy department who didn’t like what he was publishing. In that sense, academia is a tad like life in the Mob: “You can’t say these things. If you do, we’ll ruin you.” But while McCanney may have suffered the fate of any scientist who attempts to go against the grain, his theories continue to hold up, predicting newly observed phenomena without having to resort to the “creeping crud” of widely accepted, bogus theories (McCanney’s term for the shameless “revision” of old theories to account for unexpected observations).

McCanney’s first book in a series presenting his ideas, Planet-X, Comets & Earth Changes: A Scientific Treatise on the Effects of a New Large Planet or Comet Arriving in Our Solar System and Expected Earth Weather and Earth Changes, introduces his theoretical work on these topics. It’s divided into thirteen short chapters describing the scientific concepts in layman’s terms, followed by reprints of his original scientific papers published in the early 1980s. The net result is three-fold: first he takes apart the current theories, evangelized for decades by inept institutions such as NASA and the NOAA. Then he presents his own theories, accounting for all those pesky “anomalies” ignored or explained away by mainstream scientists. Besides accounting for these anomalies, as he explains in Part II of his “3-Part Comet Paper”, included in Appendix II:

Any alternate theory concerning comet behavior and the origin of the solar system (OSS) must re-explain many observed phenomena in a self-consistent context. These include the origin of comet nuclei and the reason for the observed “families” of comets arriving from many specific directions in space, comet wandering, sunward spikes, sunward fan tails, occasional separation of the tail from the nucleus, comet splitting, the cause of Type I, II, and III tails, the spiraling of tail material, the stratification in some tails, multiple tails, the shrinking of the coma as the comet approaches the Sun, and the maintenance of meteoroid streams.

In relating the above to the formation of planets, moons and asteroids, the theory must also explain the internal heat and radioactivity of the planets, the orientation of the rotational axes of the planets, the spacing of planetary and lunar orbits, the asteroid belt, the source of planetary atmospheres, the size distribution of celestial bodies, the cause of retrograde orbits of selected moons, and last, but not least, the magnetic fields of the planets. This must all be done in a context consistent with data (although not necessarily with uniformitarian theory) in other fields such as geology, biology, archaeology, anthropology, etc.” (“3-Part Comet Paper” Part II, p. 61)

Following that, he describes what it all means for us living on planet Earth, what has happened in the past and will happen again – effects of which most scientists are either unaware or unable to speak due to signed non-disclosure agreements. But first, what exactly can’t the current theories explain? Surely, there can’t be any holes in the “wisdom” parroted about as if it were holy dogma these days, right? To avoid any excess sarcasm (there’s enough of that already, and more to come!), I’ll let you guess my answer to that one. I’ll just say that these “anomalies” have all either been ignored or the current theories simply modified with “correcting factors” to account for the unexpected data (thus creating even more inconsistencies).

The nebular theory of OSS, for example, has mighty difficulty (without fudging numbers or creating new physical phenomena) explaining the formation of large proto-planets let alone small comet nuclei in terms of gravitational collapse of gas clouds, Saturn’s large energy output, Venus’ greater energy output than input from the Sun, the moon Titan’s high temperature compared to the little sunlight it receives, the maintenance of Pluto’s atmosphere, electrical current flow between Jupiter and its moon Io, and various other electrical phenomena observed in space, to name just a handful. The “dirty snowball comet model” (DSCM), in turn, can’t quite wrap itself around the continual renewal of comet coma, their curvature and well defined edges, “sunward spikes” with intense radio signals coming off the nucleus, tail spiraling, etc. As McCanney points out above, any good theory must account for all of those, and more. So what does he offer instead? The “comet capture theory of OSS” and the “plasma discharge comet model” (PDCM), according to which our solar system, and space in general, is not electrically neutral. Rather, we live in an electric universe.

Nebular Collapse

An illustration of the current “nebular collapse” theory of solar system formation taught to all students of space science.

Let’s start big, like galaxy big. According to the received wisdom, our solar system formed more or less at one time, four-point-something billion years ago (give or take a day or two). You can read about it on Wikipedia. Basically, in the beginning was the Great Nebular Cloud, which was pretty bored and lonely being a just cloud and so collapsed and flattened into a Really Big Disc, out of which several varied planets and moons gradually coalesced. If it sounds like a myth, it’s because it most likely is. According to McCanney’s theory (described in the paper in Appendix I), the picture is pretty different, being both logical and accounting for those aforementioned “anomalies”, including the “missing mass” problem, the spiral shape and symmetry of galactic arms, and the surplus of twin star systems observed in our galaxy. In this model, stars and planets, as well as smaller comet nuclei, are all formed at the same time from cosmic dust continually emanating from and returning back into the galactic center. Basically, the cosmic dust collapses inward toward the nucleus, and condensed material is ejected outward in a “shotgun effect”. (Because all these objects are formed in the same way, this means that stars may actually have solid cores, the source of heavy isotopes ejected in supernovae.)

Ejected bodies will naturally stabilize into dual orbiting systems, explaining the observation that over 80% of star systems are actually twin-star systems, the remainder probably also being twinned, although with more introverted companions of the unlit variety (e.g., brown dwarfs or gas giants). (Incidentally, McCanney believes Jupiter is the Sun’s unlit twin, as they alone share the same spin axis among solar system bodies, but we here at SOTT favor the brown dwarf theory, for which Walter Cruttenden gives some evidence in his book Lost Star of Myth and Time.) As these two bodies stabilize in their orbit of one another, they eject smaller bodies to go out into the world and find their own solar system.

So where do comets come from? Aside from being rudely deflected from the sphere of our stellar young lovers, another source of comets is the material ejected from stellar novae, the small bits flying away at great speeds with the biggest bits staying behind. (This may explain the “families” of comets that appear to come from the same source in space.) These ejected bodies from the galactic center and supernovae will later be captured into the orbit of one or another of the bodies of an already-paired star system, in the manner in which comets are “captured” into solar systems by large planets like Jupiter, falling into stable orbits over time and accreting mass in the methods described below. So while stellar pairs may enforce their privacy at first, they can’t forestall the inevitability of certain “cosmic accidents”.

But before we continue our story of cosmic “Married with Children”, we need a few more concepts with which to work, namely, from the plasma discharge model. McCanney writes:

It has always been assumed that the solar wind contains equal currents of electrons and protons to maintain an electrically neutral solar system. But there is no reason for assuming this is so. It would be impossible to detect the overall current leaving the Sun at any given moment. The few points at which the solar wind has been monitored can in no way be extrapolated to say that there are equal currents of protons and electrons in the solar wind as has been done by theorists. External characteristics, e.g., comet phenomena and electrical phenomena in Saturn’s rings, indicate that there must be an excess current of protons. In solar prominences are seen composite streamers of similarly charged particles moving in the local magnetic field, so there can be no doubt that the Sun has the ability to selectively eject composite streamers of similarly charged particles. (“3-Part Comet Paper” Part I, p. 25)

Sunward Spike

Comet Arend-Roland’s sunward spike – a high energy electron beam connecting the discharging comet and the Sun.

Basically, electrons’ movement is slightly retarded in the Sun’s corona, with solar flares hurling out an excess number of protons. The excess protons in the solar wind creates a separation of charge throughout the entire solar system – a giant capacitor with a positively charged, doughnut-shaped nebular cloud of dust and gases stretching to the far reaches of the solar system, and the negatively charged the surface of the Sun. An electrical potential exists between these two poles and any object moving through plasma regions of varying charge density will become charged, depending on its size and relative velocity. When new bodies (e.g., comets) enter this plasma region from outer space, they ignite and begin to discharge the solar capacitor. The comet nucleus acquires a negative charge, with electrons flowing towards it in the form of a sunward spike. The excess protons and other positively charged ions (including light elements up to sulfur) making up the nebular cloud and zodiacal disc (which contains the heavy elements) flow into and form the comet tail. So the comet tail has nothing to do with water vapor streaming from a melting “snowball”, although that’s not to say that water can’t be a component of a comet tail – quite the contrary.

The Sun is an interesting thing (seriously!). Compare it with a gas giant like Saturn. Both are surrounded by a plane of stratified, ring-like structures: the familiar rings of Saturn and the Sun’s zodiacal disc (the dusty material spanning the plane of the ecliptic) with rings at certain distances, e.g., between Mars and Jupiter. In fact, both Saturn and Jupiter exhibit certain star-like properties and electrical phenomena, leading McCanney to some interesting hypotheses. Besides rings and satellites, they display interplanetary electrical discharges (e.g., between Jupiter and Io), energetic particles, differential rotation (the equator of the Sun rotates faster than the poles), high temperatures, exothermic radiation, and highly energetic atmospheric lightning. According to McCanney, this lightning is actually what triggers fusion reactions (the burning of hydrogen and helium) on the Sun’s surface, i.e., not in its core. Like the gas giants, the Sun should have a solid core, where radioactive decay takes place.

This brings us back to family matters and unplanned parenthood. If planets can become stars, can comets become moons or planets, and if so, how? Let’s follow a comet as it journeys into the solar system and see what happens based on McCanney’s comet capture theory. As a small comet enters the solar system, it will be seen to light up, discharging a relatively small and localized region of the capacitor. Several types of tail may be observed, in addition to the brightly lit coma. These tail shapes vary according to different charge-ratio values (in relation to the Sun) and the stratification of dust and gases in the tail itself. Sudden neutralization of the nucleus can cause what is observed as tail separation, and curved tails form depending on whether the comet is moving “downstream” or “upstream” through the zodiacal disc (i.e., relative angular velocity). Some comets have been observed to “wander”, that is, change their orbital descent (e.g., Hale-Bopp’s period changed from 4200 to 2650 years in just one passage). In McCanney’s model, this is explained by the vast amount of material drawn into the comet tail. Comets are attracting these materials, not discharging them through “melting” of nonexistent ice and gas jets. This dusty material produces a gravitational drag, and has the effect of circularizing eccentric orbits, making them more uniform. As a comet’s orbit becomes circular (due to tail drag), it stops moving through the differently charged areas around the Sun, remaining in one region of electrical equipotential, thus losing its visibly charged tail. In essence, it evolves into an asteroid or potential moon in a stable orbit, its fiery early years over.

However, while comets are usually relatively small in size, some are potentially huge, discharging the entire solar capacitor, which can drain much of its energy and cause violent solar storms. So, how do planets form? McCanney follows Velikovsky in thinking that Venus is a relatively recent addition to our solar system, entering our solar system as a planet-sized comet that accreted a lot of mass in the process, becoming the young, hot planet we see today. (It will eventually become a water planet, like Earth.) The high temperatures, brought on by electrical heating during its passage through the solar capacitor, can cause the nuclei of large comets to become molten, self-gravitating into the spherical shape common to planets and most moons. Comets as planets-to-be also may explain the varied axes of rotation of the known planets, as well as the initial formation of their atmospheres. As light elements up to sulfur have been observed in comet tails, they’re the likely pre-existent source of atmosphere in cometary planets captured by star systems. While small comets don’t have enough mass to attract and hold the chemical volatiles from space, large comets do, gravitationally attracting the materials into an atmosphere.

So yeah, it seems that comets are actually the seeds of planets. Most get cast onto barren earth, but some may grow to bear fruit. However, as we’ll see below, this “childhood stage” of planetary evolution is anything but easy-going. In fact, when a full discharge of the solar capacitor occurs, it’s more like the Cosmic Terrible Twos.

To sum up so far, here’s the list of theoretical results included in Part III of McCanney’s “Comet Paper”:

  1. The formation of a “stellar capacitor” around stellar objects undergoing nuclear fusion in their atmospheres (the negatively charged stellar object is surrounded by rings and a doughnut-shaped nebular cloud of ionized dust, molecules, and ions, forming an electrical capacitor which may discharge under certain conditions).

    Comet Discharge

    © J.M. McCanney
    McCanney’s comet model.
  2. Comets are asteroidal bodies (not ice balls) which discharge this stellar capacitor, developing a net negative electrical charge. The comet nucleus attracts quantities of dust and ions, forming the visible comet tail. …
  3. Comet nuclei are captured by the solar system at random time intervals and evolve into the planets, moons and asteroids. Comets are accumulating matter and are not melting away as suggested by the ice ball comet model (IBCM). Only rarely do comet nuclei reach planetary dimensions. The members of the solar system have varying ages.
  4. Gravitational encounters with members of the solar system and the “tail drag” are the primary effects which move newly captured comets into stable non-overlapping orbits. The solar system is a dynamic ever-evolving system.
  5. The gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn and possibly Uranus and Neptune) maintain fusion in their atmospheres. The fusion is ignited by energetic lightning bolts in their turbulent atmospheres, implying that the Sun does the same. Observations of Jupiter and Saturn by Voyagers I and II show the same electrical phenomena as observed around the Sun. Jupiter and the Sun were the original twin stars of our solar system, other bodies being captured one by one at later dates.
  6. Gravity is not the sole force governing the cosmos. Electrical effects generally produce only subtle effects, but occasionally they may dominate the workings of the solar system.
  7. Major Earth-altering events (caused by gravitational and electrical effects) may occur when large comets pass nearby. (“3-Part Comet Paper” Part III, pp. 42 – 43)

Quasar

© Arp, H., “Quasars, Redshifts, and Controversies”
A quasar connected to a galaxy. Following current theories, the galaxy is traveling 1800km/sec, and the quasar 21,000km/sec. In other words, the galaxy is 107 million light years away while the quasar is 1.2 billion light years away, an absurdity.

To these can be added the two topics discussed in the third paper itself. Firstly, red-shift observations have been used to show that comet tails move away from the nucleus; however, this is actually based on an assumption about red-shift. There are other causes of red-shift besides Doppler effects, for example, as a measure of charge (McCanney’s calls it “induced electric dipole red-shift”). This not only accounts for red-shift but also bending of light and supports other observations questioning the validity of using red-shift (as in the Hubble constant) to estimate the distances of stars and the age of universe. (In other words, it throws such theories as the Big Bang and the expanding universe into question, as well as General Relativity.)

Secondly, electrical current flow is necessary to explain magnetic fields. Stellar and planetary magnetic dynamos are not “self-generating”, but externally powered by interaction with other charged bodies and their own inner cores and atmospheres. Only planets with moons have a magnetic field worth speaking of. While all planets and moons discharge the solar capacitor to one degree or another, moons charge in the manner of a comet (by moving through varying regions of solar wind) and the current flow between them and their planets helps create and maintain the planet’s magnetic field. The magnetic field is connected to the jet-stream and plays an important role in Earth’s weather patterns too. Incidentally, a magnetic field (which buffers the planet from high energy particles from the Sun) is necessary for life.

Worlds in Collision, Earth in Upheaval

Anyways, that’s the science so far. But what does it mean for us? For those of us like Sherlock Holmes in the contemporary BBC production Sherlock, what does it matter to us if the Earth revolves around the Sun or vice versa? Or, in this case, what’s the difference if comets are dirty snowballs or “hot, radioactive nuclear conglomerates” discharging the solar capacitor? Well, as McCanney writes:

Today we are finding the remnants of … ancient societies. There were huge cities in what we now call South America long before the so-called Ice Age or the alleged crossing of the Bering Strait by early hunting tribes. What we are learning is that the history that is being taught as “standard knowledge” is totally wrong. There is a tremendous effort in numerous sectors of modern society to keep the truth of our real past from being told. The seats of knowledge in our universities, certain religious centers and the governments of western society are doing their very best to prevent this information from reaching the general public. They fear that this knowledge will set people free from the domination they are currently under. (p. ix)

shoemaker-levy impact

Comet Shoemaker-Levy impacts Jupiter, causing massive explosions.

These ancient societies (just barely) lived through worldwide cataclysms of immense destruction. They understood their severity and passed on this understanding in the form of legend, myth, and symbol – a warning for the future, us. We have yet to re-experience such an event in recent history, but we are beginning to catch glimpses of just what may occur. When comet Shoemaker-Levy was heading towards Jupiter in 1994, scientists were still harping on the “ice ball comet” meme, expecting relatively benign “splat” as this harmless ice ball pummeled into the gas giant. Instead, it broke up into several mini “ice ball” fragments and unleashed more explosive power than all the world’s nuclear arsenal combined. But it turns out that a rare direct collision of relatively small comet fragments is the least of our worries (as if that weren’t enough).

As long as a comet is discharging the solar capacitor, it doesn’t need to collide with Earth for us to experience its effects. Large solar flares triggered by electrical interactions with comets, electrical currents flowing to Earth, and gravitational tidal waves can all take their toll. This “action-at-a-distance” phenomenon can cause extreme weather and storms, volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, pollution events (e.g., pandemics, plagues, “Black Death”, raining fire, etc.), pole shifts, mass extinctions, meteor showers, mountain building, and huge electric discharges between Earth and a large, passing comet.

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