Tag Archive: Portugal Region


Earthquakes

 

 

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 23:28 PM
3.8     2.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 23:11 PM
3.0     220.7     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.6     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 24 22:04 PM
3.1     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:57 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 24 21:55 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:53 PM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     543.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.8     527.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     534.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 20:26 PM
3.0     28.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.4     37.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:45 PM
2.5     18.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:44 PM
3.3     18.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     14.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 19:22 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:20 PM
4.4     194.0     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     23.5     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.6     22.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     14.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 19:07 PM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:58 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:48 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.8     1.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
3.5     52.1     MAP

EMSC     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     35.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 18:17 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     52.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     51.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:55 PM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:36 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:31 PM
3.3     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:26 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 17:07 PM
2.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 16:53 PM
2.7     4.1     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 16:35 PM
2.8     130.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 15:52 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.6     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     8.7     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 15:05 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 15:04 PM
2.9     47.6     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     52.9     MAP

EMSC     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.7     527.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.8     533.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.5     511.1     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.6     27.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     12.7     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 14:52 PM
3.4     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:44 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:37 PM
3.5     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:28 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:23 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 14:17 PM
2.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Iraq
Apr 24 13:36 PM
3.0     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 24 13:25 PM
2.5     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:54 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 24 12:53 PM
4.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:51 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.4     58.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     607.8     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     608.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:22 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 24 12:13 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:10 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 12:10 PM
2.9     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:01 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:39 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:29 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.2     87.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.6     72.0     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     12.3     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 10:38 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 24 09:57 AM
3.3     68.8     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:50 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 08:57 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 08:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 08:01 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 07:23 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 07:14 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:39 AM
2.4     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:32 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 06:14 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 06:10 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 05:53 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 24 05:36 AM
2.5     0.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 05:12 AM
3.2     58.9     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 24 04:45 AM
3.4     101.9     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 24 04:38 AM
3.4     12.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 03:57 AM
2.8     76.2     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.5     23.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.4     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 03:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 03:02 AM
4.2     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 02:50 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     21.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Maui Region, Hawaii
Apr 24 02:42 AM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 02:33 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Isl.
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     35.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.1     48.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     56.6     MAP

EMSC     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     47.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 01:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 01:01 AM
2.6     4.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 00:34 AM
2.9     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 24 00:14 AM
2.4     31.0     MAP

 

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Volcanic Activity

Mount  Etna  Spews  Ash and  Lava

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Etna’s fingers of fire: Europe’s most active volcano sends molten lava streaming menacingly down its mountainside

  • Fourth eruption of 11,000ft volcano in last month alone

By Mail Foreign Service

Etna, erupted for the seventh – and without doubt the most spectacular – time this year today, spewing forth molten lava hundreds of metres into the air.

Residents living close by were covered in hot ash but Europe’s tallest and most active volcano didn’t seem to pose any threat to human safety.

Local inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Catania were grateful that Etna at least didn’t close the local airport as it did last month, preventing a visiting Serie A football team from leaving the island.

Spewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again todaySpewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again today

Mexican volcano keeps locals awake

2012-04-24 12:02

line

The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)

Xalitzintla – Residents at the foot of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano no longer sleep soundly since the towering mountain roared back into action over a week ago, spewing out a hail of rocks, steam and ash.

“We close our eyes, but we don’t sleep much. In the past, there was only smoke but this time it’s stronger,” said Francisco Jimenez, who lives in the nearby town of Xalitzintla in central Mexico, 55km from Mexico City.

The volcano, Mexico’s second highest peak at 5 452m, started rumbling and spurting high clouds of ash and steam on 13 April, provoking the authorities to raise the alert to level five on a seven-point scale.

The alert extended a security cordon around the volcano but stopped short of starting evacuations of about 685 000 residents from nearby communities.

Over the weekend, residents watched as Popocatepetl, which means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language, lived up to its name, spouting glowing rocks and shaking the ground beneath their feet.

“When we went out to see, my son cried: ‘We have to leave!’ We were ready to leave for Mexico City but then it calmed down a bit,” said 67-year-old Leopolda Perez of Xalitzintla.

‘Relative calm’ state

Authorities from the National Centre of Disaster Prevention maintained their alert level and said on Monday that the volcano remains at a “relative calm” state.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, Popocatepetl registered more intense rumblings from 1994, with the strongest in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Juan Carlos Salazar, head of civil protection for the central state of Puebla, said that while many people thought lava was now coming out of the volcano, the crater was only spewing glowing rocks, with no risk to the population.

Popocatepetl is an explosive volcano that can suddenly erupt at tremendous force, thrusting out rocks and ashes at large distances. That kind of volcano can be more dangerous than those releasing only flowing lava.

Residents nervous

Residents say they are used to the permanent threat of the volcano, which they affectionately nickname “Don Gregorio” or “Don Goyo”, but many say the new activity makes them nervous again.

“We’ve been watching out for many nights, waiting to see what happens,” said Gabino Santibanez, mayor of San Pedro Benito Juarez, a small town only 9km from the glowing crater.

Locals said that most frightening was the unusual rumbling coming from the volcano, which many compared to an aircraft turbine.

“We’ve never heard a noise like it,” said Maximiliano Grajales.

About 4.5 million people live on the outskirts of the volcano, which lies at the crossroads of the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico.

Preparations made

Officials in the area have prepared temporary shelters for possible evacuations and even taken stock of livestock, in case of possible theft.

“Some people won’t want to leave because of their animals. Thieves pillaged houses during the 2000 evacuation,” Grajales said.

Some now wear face masks to protect their lungs from falling ashes as Don Goyo rumbles and smokes nearby.

– SAPA
 Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
13 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

Heat wave shifts to central US — drought-hit West Texas in the cross-hairs

By Miguel Llanos, msnbc.com

The heat wave that baked the Southwest the previous two days is shifting to the central U.S.

Starting Tuesday, highs will reach into the 80s from Texas all the way up to the border with Canada, weather.com reported.

“Over 30 locations may tie or set new daily record highs Tuesday in the Rockies and Plains,” it added, and some areas as far north as Nebraska could reach into the 90s.

On Wednesday, West Texas will get blasted by triple-digit heat, forecasters said, worsening the prolonged drought that area has experienced. Midland will feel some of the worst of the heat.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record” for an April 25, National Weather Service forecaster Jack Ciccone of the Midland office told msnbc.com. The forecast is for 101 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 degrees above the existing record set in 1996.

Read Full Article Here
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

 

 

 

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China [Northern and Eastern Region] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather India State of Assam, [Tinsukia district ] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, Purchase [Westchester County Airport] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Mexico State of Jalisco, [Primavera forest] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Vietnam Province of Binh Thuan, [About 20km from Phan Thiet town] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Selby Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Explosion Canada Province of British Columbia, Prince George [Lakeland Mills sawmill] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level

V

 

Freeze Warning

 

ALBANY NY
BLACKSBURG VA
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA


Red Flag Warning

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

 

MELBOURNE FL
JACKSONVILLE FL
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

 

 

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Flooding

Flood Warning

 

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA



Flood Advisory

 

 FAIRBANKS AK
MISSOULA MT

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Radiation

press release

April 24, 2012, 10:29 a.m. EDT

Nuclear Famine Report: Limited Nuclear Exchange In One Of World’s Regions Would Trigger Mass Global Starvation After Slashing Chinese, U.S. Food Production

CHICAGO, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — Amidst Growing Tensions in Asia, India-Pakistan Confrontation Used to Show Dire Consequences Around the Globe; More Than A Billion People Would be at Risk Under “Nuclear Famine” Scenario.

More than a billion people around the world would face starvation following a limited regional nuclear weapons exchange (such as a clash between India and Pakistan) that would cause major worldwide climate disruption driving down food production in China, the U.S. and other nations, according to a major new report released today by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and its U.S. affiliate, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR).

Dr. Ira Helfand, the author of “Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk–Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture, Food Supplies, and Human Nutrition,” said: “The grim prospect of nuclear famine requires a fundamental change in our thinking about nuclear weapons. The new evidence that even the relatively small nuclear arsenals of countries such as India and Pakistan could cause long lasting, global damage to the Earth’s ecosystems and threaten hundreds of millions of already malnourished people demands that action be taken. The needless and preventable deaths of one billion people over a decade would be a disaster unprecedented in human history. It would not cause the extinction of the human race, but it would bring an end to modern civilization as we know it.”

The findings and the methodology on which the study is based will be published in a forthcoming issue of the peer-reviewed journal Climatic Change. Released during the World Summit of Nobel Laureates in Chicago April 23-25, 2012, the Helfand report was made possible with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among the specific findings outlined in the report:

Corn production in the U.S. would decline by an average of 10 percent for an entire decade, with the most severe decline (20 percent) in Year 5. Soybean production would decline by about 7 percent, with the most severe loss, more than 20 percent, in Year 5.

There would be a significant decline in middle-season rice production in China. During the first four years, rice production would decline by an average of 21 percent; over the next six years the decline would average 10 percent.

Resulting increases in food prices would make food inaccessible to hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest. Even if agricultural markets continued to function normally, 215 million people would be added to the rolls of the malnourished over the course of a decade. The 925 million people in the world who are already chronically malnourished (with a baseline consumption of 1,750 calories or less per day), would be put at risk by a further 10 percent decline in their food consumption.

Significant agricultural shortfalls over an extended period would almost certainly lead to panic and hoarding on an international scale, further reducing accessible food.

The IPPNW/PSR report concludes: “There is an urgent need to reduce the reliance on nuclear weapons by all nuclear weapons states and to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons convention that will ban these weapons completely.”

Read Full Article Here

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Climate Change

Hunger crisis stalks Chad’s children

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Almost 130,000 children are at risk of developing acute malnutrition in the central African nation of Chad within this year, according to the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

The crisis is worsening by the day and aid agencies say funds are not coming in quick enough to help.

Charles Stratford reports.

 

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Solar Activity

2MIN News: Volcanos, Spaceweather, Planetary/Lunar Position

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Sun-Diving Comet – Earth Directed CME – 24th April 2012.wmv

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

With thanks and gratitude for SolarWatcher’s dedicated time and effort uploading this video.

A Sun-Diving comet was caught on the Soho satellite feed on 23rd April 2012. Shortly after the comet’s death plunge, a large Halo coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed and is currently earth directed. Impact on the earth’s magnetic field is expected around 26th/27th April 2012.

 

 

 

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

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Status
Status

From n3kl.org

 
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Articles of Interest

Teenager disappears into ground as sinkhole opens up in Chinese pavement

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

A Chinese teenager is lucky to escape with minor injuries after falling into a sinkhole in Xi’an, northern China. Report by Sam Datta-Paulin.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 19 23:51 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 19 23:41 PM
4.4     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 23:36 PM
3.2     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:34 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 23:22 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:03 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     135.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     122.7     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
5.2     102.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 23:01 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 22:54 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 19 22:36 PM
2.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 22:18 PM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 22:11 PM
2.9     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.8     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:32 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 19 21:13 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:49 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:25 PM
3.2     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:12 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:09 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:06 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:00 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:55 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 19:32 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     New South Wales, Australia
Apr 19 19:09 PM
3.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 18:48 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 18:37 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 17:47 PM
2.5     16.1     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     72.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 17:03 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 19 17:02 PM
3.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 16:36 PM
2.6     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 16:26 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Kamchatka
Apr 19 16:17 PM
4.0     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     25.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 15:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 19 15:11 PM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 14:58 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 14:43 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 19 13:40 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 13:38 PM
2.4     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 19 13:31 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 13:04 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 12:58 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:36 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 12:31 PM
2.5     2.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 19 12:19 PM
3.0     77.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:15 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:46 AM
3.0     1.7     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:45 AM
2.8     1.5     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 11:24 AM
2.5     75.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 11:00 AM
3.1     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     589.0     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     545.0     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.7     553.1     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.7     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.9     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:54 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 10:51 AM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 10:34 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:14 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 10:13 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 19 09:40 AM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 19 09:34 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:25 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:16 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 19 09:06 AM
4.6     104.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 08:31 AM
2.9     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 19 07:56 AM
2.9     7.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:52 AM
3.3     159.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.7     46.8     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:22 AM
3.1     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.8     14.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 06:25 AM
3.3     112.1     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic
Apr 19 06:15 AM
3.4     100.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 05:00 AM
4.7     32.1     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
5.2     18.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
4.9     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
4.9     18.2     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 19 02:32 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:14 AM
3.4     144.1     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:00 AM
3.3     71.0     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     17.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     18.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 01:20 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
Apr 19 01:17 AM
2.7     11.9     MAP

USGS     Coquimbo, Chile
Apr 19 01:14 AM
4.7     52.3     MAP

GEOFON     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.7     97.0     MAP

USGS     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.4     94.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr  19 00:24 AM
4.5     59.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 19 00:24 AM
4.8     71.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 19 00:13 AM
2.6     8.6     MAP

 

Earthquake swarm on Iran-Iraq border continues

Posted on April 20, 2012
April 20, 2012 IRAN5.1 and 5.0 earthquakes are the latest in a swarm of about six earthquakes that have erupted along the convergent plate boundaries between the Arabian and Eurasian plate. The swarm is about 528 km (328 miles) SW of TEHRAN, Iran. The epicenter of the earthquakes is located on the convergent boundary where the two tectonic plates are colliding along the border of Iraq and Iran in what’s known as the Alpide Belt. Three moderate earthquakes have erupted along the epicenter in less than 20 hours. Most of the volcanoes in Iran lie in the north and south of the country, so this region outside the Tigris River is not considered a high-risk region for magma intrusion. Might this be the precursor to some event? We will have to wait and see.

New research puts focus on earthquake, tsunami hazard for southern California

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

Scientists will convene in San Diego to present the latest seismological research at the annual conference of the Seismological Society of America (SSA), April 17-19. This year’s meeting is expected to draw a record number of registrants, with more than 630 scientists in attendance, and will feature 292 oral presentations and 239 poster presentations.

“For over 100 years the Annual Meeting of SSA has been the forum of excellence for presenting and discussing exciting new developments in seismology research and operations in the U.S. and globally,” said Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade, president of SSA, which is a scientific society devoted to the advancement of earthquake science. von Hillebrandt-Andrade is manager of the NOAA National Weather Service Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program in Puerto Rico.

A special public town hall meeting is scheduled for the evening of April 17, featuring talks by experts on the seismic hazard to San Diego from future earthquakes and tsunamis.

“We are extremely excited by the range, depth, and quality of science to be presented at this meeting” said David Oglesby, associate professor of earth sciences at the University of California, Riverside. “The meeting will cover all aspects of seismology and earthquake science, from geology to numerical models, and from seismograms to tsunamis.

“Our location near the US-Mexican border also help to illuminate the exciting opportunities in international scientific collaborations,” said Oglesby, who is a co-organizer of the conference program along with Raul Castro, a seismologist at the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Baja California.

The presentations by the international gathering of seismologists will focus on a broad range of topics, covering the Earth’s surface to its center. Some highlights that focus more closely on the San Diego area include:

Downtown San Diego:
The city of San Diego sits atop a fault system that poses considerable seismic hazard to the millions of the region’s residents. In an evaluation by Ivan Wong and colleagues from the URS Corporation, an international engineering consulting firm, the potential hazard from both strong ground shaking and surface faulting was quantified in the downtown area.

Several rupture scenarios of the Rose Canyon fault system were considered including rupture of the associated San Diego fault that traverses downtown San Diego.

The surface faulting hazard for locations along the San Diego fault is estimated to be low because of its low rate of activity but the ground shaking hazard is probably high throughout much of San Diego because of the distributed nature of the Rose Canyon fault system.

The behavior of the Rose Canyon fault system as it traverses San Diego is poorly understood. It is unclear what the role of individual faults in the fault system are in the vicinity of San Diego Bay and the downtown area in a large magnitude 7+ earthquake and how often such events may occur.

“It is clear however that the threat to the city from a future large earthquake is considerable and that research is needed to define what that level of hazard is,” said Ivan Wong, principal seismologist and vice president of URS Corporation.

San Jacinto Fault Zone:
Geophysicist Tom Rockwell, and colleagues from San Diego State University will describe the latest research findings on the San Jacinto Fault (SJF) Zone, which is a seismically active, major component of the overall southern San Andreas Fault system, and of particular importance to the San Diego region. They have mapped evidence of past ruptures consistent with very large earthquakes along the Clark Fault, an individual strand associated with the SJF.

Tom Rockwell and other presenters will discuss their work at a news briefing on April 19, beginning at 12:10 p.m. (local time) in the Terrace Salon 2 room of the Town and Country Resort and Convention Hotel.

Offshore faults:
A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

The new map covers a series of faults in the near-shore portion of the region known as the Inner Continental Borderland, located between the coast and the San Clemente fault, about 35-40 miles offshore.

The crumpled and uplifted seafloor from Santa Monica Bay to the Mexican border includes several high-angled and north-south trending faults. Using high-resolution seismic reflection data from a number of sources, including multiple sources of sonar beamed from research ships and unmanned underwater vehicles, the researchers were able to revise the current map in some surprising ways.

The data show linkages between faults that were not known previously, for example, and in some cases show a fault slip rate of 1-2 millimeters per year.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Popocatepetl Volcano Threatening to Erupt, 19 Million Prepare to Evacuate

By Sami K. Martin , Christian Post Contributor
April 18, 2012|11:57 am

The Popocatepetl volcano is making movement and threatening to erupt, causing Mexican officials to raise the alert level from yellow phase three to yellow phase two.

The volcano has already begun spewing red-hot bits of rock, and its opening has expanded. These are signs that the volcano, still quite active, could soon erupt. In a statement by Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention, the volcano could produce “moderate exhalations, some with ash, sporadic low to moderate explosions with likely burning fragments, and flaming magma within the crater.”

Residents and tourists have been advised to remain at least seven miles away from the volcano’s base, lest magma or hot rock injure anyone. Mexico has been experiencing natural disasters with increasing frequency.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Popocatépetl Volcano Erupts Spewing Hot Rock Fragments and Ash in Mexico

Alex Sosnowski
AccuWeather
Thu, 19 Apr 2012 11:40 CDT
Print
Popocatepetl volcano

© AP
Birds fly in the foreground as a plume of ash and steam rise from Popocatepetl volcano as seen from San Andres Cholula, Mexico, Wednesday April 18, 2012. Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano is continuing to spout gases and hot rock fragments and it is dusting towns on its flanks with volcanic ash.
A volcano within view of Mexico City continues to erupt.

Steam, smoke and hot fragments of rock began to be ejected from Popocatepetl this past weekend.

The volcano is located about 50 miles southeast of Mexico’s capital, Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is home to approximately 21 million people.

According to Reuters, Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention this week raised the alert level to three on a scale from one to seven, with seven being the greatest threat.

If eruptions intensify, evacuations of nearby villages may be necessary.

The volcano has had a long history of frequent minor to moderate eruptions.

In 2000, thousands of residents surrounding the nearly 18,000-foot mountain were forced to evacuate. Popocatepetl is North America’s second highest volcano.

Eruptions have occurred in November and June of 2011.

According to VolcanoDiscovery.com, Popocatepetl was dormant during the 1950s, 60s, 70s and 80s.

This is a very active volcanic region of the globe and is known as the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

Mexico authorities were recommending limiting access to the area, including air travel due to the frequency of the volcanic activity of late.

Ash from volcanoes can be carried into the intake of engines, leading to failure.

During a major eruption, smoke and ash can be carried for hundreds and thousands of miles downwind, depending on weather conditions. Such was the case with Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland during 2010.

Accord to Smithsonian, the last major eruption of Popocatepetl, which including a pyroclastic flow, occurred around 800 AD.

A pyroclastic flow is a combination of lethal hot gas and ash, similar to what happened in Pompeii, Italy.

Popocatepetl is the Aztec word for smoking mountain.

Surface winds in the vicinity of the volcano during April 19, 2012, were generally from the west and northwest, carrying smoke and ash away from the Mexico capital.

The town of Puebla, located southeast of Popocatepetl was reporting volcanic ash in the vicinity for a few hours during April 18.

This story was first published on Monday, April 16, 2012 and has been updated.

Reventador volcano (Ecuador), activity update: steaming and ash emission

Thursday Apr 19, 2012 09:04 AM | Age: 23 hrs
BY: T

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

Reventador continues to be mildly active with ongoing weak to moderate steam and ash emissions. The Instituto Geofísico reports a 2 km high column of steam and ash rising from Reventador volcano on 18 April. The ash cloud moved to the NW.
IG characterizes the actual activity level (visual and seismic activity) of Reventador “moderate”. No major changes have been observed at the volcano in recent days.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Tamil Nadu, Valparai [Vellamalai Top Division Tea Estate] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Samoa Capital city, Apia [Tafaigata prison] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather Turkey [Statewide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Indiana, Indianapolis [Zionsville Road, Pike Township] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, New York City [John F. Kennedy International Airport ] Damage level
Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire India State of Andhra Pradesh, [Tirumala Forest] Damage level
Details
  Today Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Pocklington [East Yorkshire] Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of Pennsylvania, [Limerick Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Bolivia Departamento de La Paz, El Castillo Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Texas, Pleasanton Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Turkey Province of Karabük, [Villages of Cıraklar, Kadibükü and Cercen, Safranbolu district ] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Dominican Republic Moca Municipio, [Canca, Tamboril and Ceiba de Madera] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Biological Hazard South Africa State of Western Cape, Cape Town [Koeel Bay] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of , [About 120 miles west of Tampa] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Pennsylvania, Wissinoming [James Sullivan Elementary School] Damage level
Details
1 20.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CHICAGO IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
JUNEAU AK
ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GAYLORD MI
GREEN BAY WI
MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
 DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

 

Flood Warning

 

LAKE CHARLES LA
LITTLE ROCK AR
JACKSON, MS
SHREVEPORT LA



Winter Weather Advisory

 

GREEN BAY WI
GAYLORD MI
MARQUETTE MI

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Climate Change

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change

by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change
by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

Severe outbreaks of new, invasive pests triggered by rising temperatures could threaten Southeast Asia’s multi-billion dollar cassava industry, as well as the livelihoods of the hundreds of thousands of small farmers that rely on the crop for income, according to research from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

“Warmer conditions and longer dry seasons linked to climate change could prove to be the perfect catalyst for outbreaks of pests and diseases. They are already formidable enemies affecting food crops,” said Pramod K. Aggarwal, regional program leader for Asia at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Around five million small producers across Southeast Asia supply cassava to domestic and foreign processing industries, which convert the roots to animal feed and biofuels and also extract starch for use in a wide variety of food and other products. Thailand’s cassava industry accounts for more than 60 percent of global exports. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of tapioca starch, made from the cassava root. In 2011, Thai farmers exported 2.8 billion metric tons of tapioca starch worth almost 48 billion Thai Baht, according to the Thai Tapioca Starch Association.

For cassava in Southeast Asia, mealybugs and whiteflies are already endemic in the region. But new threats, such as the tiny green mite (Mononychellus mcgregori), are already emerging, says the research, published recently in the scientific journal Tropical Plant Biology.

“The cassava pest situation in Asia is pretty serious as it is,” said Tony Bellotti, a cassava entomologist at CIAT. “But according to our studies, rising temperatures could make things a whole lot worse.”

The research was discussed at “Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia: Research and Development Priorities,” a conference convened in Bangkok this week by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

“One outbreak of an invasive species is bad enough, but our results show that climate change could trigger multiple, combined outbreaks across Southeast Asia, Southern China and the cassava-growing areas of Southern India,” added Belloti. “It’s a serious threat to the hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers for whom cassava is a lifeline, and their main source of income.”

The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

An invasive species-one whose movement is aided by the boom in global travel and trade, and which has no natural enemies in Asia-green mite populations could explode if left unchecked.

The report calls for a range of responses to minimize the risk of outbreaks, and to limit damage where outbreaks occur, under the broad banner of Integrated Pest Management. This includes renewed scientific focus on breeding cassava plants with increased resistance to the pests, minimal use of pesticides to avoid killing any possible natural enemies, as well as the identification, rearing and introduction of so-called “biological control agents”-predator and parasite species that hunt down and kill the pests.

In 2009, Thailand showed how a sudden, severe cassava mealybug outbreak could be swiftly brought under control through the use of the parasitic wasp Anagyrus lopezi, which was released into Thai cassava fields in 2010.

“These pest outbreaks need to be continually monitored,” Bellotti said. “Our research shows that there are specific niches that these exotic species can exploit, not just in Asia, but in Africa and the Americas too.”

Scientists emphasize the importance of taming these threats to cassava because the crop is one of the few that can prosper as the climate changes. Previous CIAT research identified cassava as a “Rambo root,” exceptionally tolerant of higher temperatures and droughts. But while the plant can survive the changing temperatures, in order to fully realize its potential to thrive in the face of climate change, it needs assistance in overcoming the crop pests that also come with modified climates.

The Climate Smart Agriculture conference in Bangkok featured leading agriculture, climate and development experts, as well as government representatives from 14 countries in South and Southeast Asia, who brought similar experiences of how agriculture has changed, discussed the most up-to-date research on the impacts of climate change on food security, and identified the priorities to make agriculture “climate-smart.”

These regions are home to more than 30 percent of the world’s population, but half of the world’s poor and malnourished. Agriculture is the backbone of most economies in the region, with nearly 50 percent of the population dependent on the sector for food and livelihoods. Agriculture, along with forestry and land use change, also account for almost one third of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and some of the most innovative approaches to reducing these emissions have been developed in Southeast Asia, one of the leading exporters of rice and cassava to the rest of the world.

In Vietnam, some farmers are switching from rice to shrimp farming to respond to increased salinity and other changes in water resources. Scientists are also working with farmers to disseminate varieties in Mekong Delta countries that can tolerate a larger amount of saltwater flooding, more acidic water and soil, elevated levels of pollution, and new strains of pests and diseases-all while decreasing the crop’s water usage and emissions footprint.

“Last year’s record flooding in Thailand and Southeast Asia was preceded by a record drought in 2010. These and many other extreme weather events have hammered global food prices,” said Bruce Campbell, program director at CCAFS. “With climate change in South and Southeast Asia expected to reduce agriculture productivity by as much as 50 percent in the next three decades, agriculture must become more productive, more resilient and more climate-friendly. Agriculture needs to shift from being climate dependent to being climate-smart.”

The research was published in Tropical Plant Biology, vol 4, numbers 3-4 Dec 2011.

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