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Tag Archive: Norovirus Outbreak


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As Many As 200 Sickened In Seattle Tower Norovirus Outbreak

Norovirus is highly contagious and causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

12/08/2015 05:18 pm ET

ASSOCIATED PRESS

SEATTLE (AP) — As many as 200 people have gotten sick in a norovirus outbreak at a downtown Seattle office building, health officials reported Monday.

Illness at the Russell Investments Center grew exponentially after a catered event in the building, but several cases were reported before the event last Tuesday, according to Public Health-Seattle & King County, which is still investigating the outbreak that began last week.

Between 175 and 200 cases have been reported to the health department either independently or through a survey of people who went to the catered event in the building.

“We anticipate that number is probably low,” said Dr. Meagan Kay, medical epidemiologist for communicable diseases with the Seattle and King County Public Health Department.

Two people spent one night in a hospital because of norovirus, and another eight people were treated in emergency rooms during the past week.

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Earth Watch Report   –  Biological Hazards

9 people infected with the Norovirus have died this month at a health care facility in VictoriaNorovirus linked to 9 deaths2:39

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01.08.2013 Biological Hazard Canada Province of British Columbia, Victoria [Selkirk Place Care Facility] Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in Canada on Wednesday, 31 July, 2013 at 04:54 (04:54 AM) UTC.

Description
A serious outbreak of norovirus may have caused the deaths of nine people at the Selkirk Place Care Facility in Victoria this month. The Vancouver Island Health Authority said although the cause of death in each case has not been determined, it believes the flu-like virus likely contributed. VIHA confirmed 100 patients, half the population at the facility, are sick, with three having to be hospitalized since July 11. Norovirus – once known as Norwalk virus �” is highly contagious and often spreads in places like schools, cruise ships and nursing homes, especially during the winter. Sometimes mistakenly called stomach flu, the virus causes bouts of vomiting and diarrhea for a few days. A new strain of the virus evolves every two or three years; the latest was identified earlier this year and is known as the Sydney strain. There are no drugs for the treatment of norovirus itself, although it is important to drink lots of fluids to guard against dehydration. This latest outbreak comes just two months after 29 people on a cruise ship heading for Vancouver came down with the virus.
Biohazard name: Norovirus (fatal)
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

Biological Hazard in Canada on Wednesday, 31 July, 2013 at 04:54 (04:54 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Thursday, 01 August, 2013 at 07:14 UTC
Description
A fast-spreading norovirus outbreak that sickened more than 150 and could be linked to nine deaths may be coming to an end at a Victoria, B.C., seniors’ home, the Vancouver Island Health Authority said Wednesday. The virus infected 106 residents and 53 staff members at Selkirk Place since the outbreak began July 11. While nine people have also died since then, and norovirus may have been a contributing factor, the health authority said the causes of deaths still have to be determined. “The residents are generally quite elderly and frail and have multiple health conditions,” spokeswoman Sarah Plank said in a phone interview. “So they’re certainly at risk from it, but generally people don’t die of norovirus, but rather with norovirus.” Norovirus is part of a group of viruses that causes severe vomiting and diarrhea. Most people are able to recover after a few days, but for elderly people with chronic illnesses, the highly contagious virus is something their bodies can ill-afford, said chief medical officer Dr. Richard Stanwick. “What you have is a virus that would give you and I some grief for maybe three days, but for somebody who is struggling with sometimes 10 to 11 medical conditions, this is really just one more thing the body just can’t handle,” he said.

“Unfortunately what happens is the norovirus creates a stressor and pushes people over into heart failure or other conditions that will ultimately claim their life.” While norovirus is common in the summertime and in long-term care homes, Plank said the outbreak at Selkirk Place was unusually wide-spreading. Forty people became ill within 24 hours of the first case, she said. “Usually if it’s just one or two cases, you can confine it, you isolate the patients and you keep them to their own floor so you can contain the outbreak to just one floor or one unit,” she said. “But in this one, because there was such a large number of people who became ill so quickly, it spread to more people than we would normally see.” Stanwick said the norovirus that swept through Selkirk Place was likely “the garden variety,” and not a new, nastier strain that was detected in Australia and the U.S. last year. However, the fact that so many people became ill so rapidly is concerning, and suggests the virus came from a common source, he said. “From time to time, we do eventually discover that somebody had a sick child who came in, who was just feeling a little off,” he said. “It doesn’t always present as this violent illness, but it’s enough that they can actually shed the virus and unknowingly pass it on because they’re so mildly ill, they didn’t realize they had a norovirus infection.” Stanwick said the health authority will be investigating who at the Victoria care home may have been sick prior to the outbreak, as well as whether anyone who may have had the virus was handling the facility’s food. Plank said staff at Selkirk Place did everything they could to control the outbreak, including isolating sick residents in their rooms, doing additional cleaning, restricting visitors, rescheduling hospital visits, and allowing only healthy residents to dine in common areas. Eleven people remain ill at the care home, but Plank said she believes the outbreak has peaked, and the worst is over. Still, Stanwick warns that norovirus is still circulating in the community, causing at least one summer camp on Vancouver Island to send children home after an outbreak.

Norovirus linked to 9 deaths in B.C. care home

Virus is highly contagious and causes vomiting and diarrhea

Posted: Jul 30, 2013 6:35 PM PT

Last Updated: Jul 31, 2013 3:41 PM PT

An outbreak of norovirus has been linked to the deaths of nine people at the Selkirk Place care facility in Victoria this month.

The Vancouver Island Health Authority said although the cause of death in each case has not been determined, it believes the gastrointestinal virus likely contributed.

VIHA confirmed 100 patients, half the population at the facility, are sick, with three having to be hospitalized since July 11.

Norovirus — once known as Norwalk virus — is highly contagious and often spreads in places like schools, cruise ships and nursing homes, especially during the winter.

The stomach bug causes bouts of vomiting and diarrhea which can last for a few days.

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological  Hazards

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24.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of Wyoming, [Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Friday, 21 June, 2013 at 02:57 (02:57 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Monday, 24 June, 2013 at 05:29 UTC
Description
An outbreak of the potent norovirus – one that causes violent stomach flu symptoms – has been reported at Yellowstone National Park this week, CBS reported this Saturday, June 22. It is believed that the norovirus is on the rise in the area, as nearly 200 people have been reported to have contracted the highly contagious virus. The norovirus Yellowstone story came about after roughly 50 visitors began to report symptoms of the stomach flu to park officials. The norovirus is considered highly contagious due to its ability to be spread extremely easily through a single touch from an infected individual or even on surfaces that have been contamined. In addition to the visitors, it is believed that around 150 employees may also have caught the norovirus. A local physician announced that this most recent stomach flu outbreak is the most widespread he’s ever seen in the area, spurring the National Park Service to issue an official warning announcement this June 19 to wash their hands frequently to avoid “a greater-than-normal gastrointestinal illness.” According to RedOrbit, the very first reports of the norovirus Yellowstone case occurred this June 7, 2013, when national park visitors began to complain of having serious stomach aches. Park Service officials again remind people to wash their hands frequently.

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Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
07.06.2012 11:40:30 2.6 Asia Turkey Mersincik There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 11:40:49 5.7 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Ha`atafu VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 11:41:07 2.8 Asia Turkey Cukurgol Yaylasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:45:40 2.7 North America United States Hawaii ‘Ainapö There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 11:41:28 2.5 Europe Portugal Ilha do Farol VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:38:09 2.1 North America United States California Plaster City There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 10:38:36 2.1 North America United States California Kane Spring VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 11:35:34 3.1 Caribbean Puerto Rico Arenas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 10:35:34 2.2 Europe Germany Lippersdorf VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:35:55 2.4 Europe Greece Kato Loutron VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:36:19 3.0 Asia Turkey Atmaca There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:10:57 4.7 South America Chile Region de Coquimbo Tunga de Petorca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 10:36:59 4.7 South-America Chile Tunga de Petorca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:37:20 2.4 Europe Italy Medolla VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:55:43 2.4 North America United States Alaska Eureka Roadhouse VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 08:50:43 2.0 North America United States Hawaii Pähala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 11:41:50 2.4 Asia Turkey Kosehasan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:25:44 2.8 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California El Misterioso There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 08:40:40 4.8 Pacific Ocean Tonga Haatua There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 09:30:31 4.8 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Haatua There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 09:30:56 2.7 Asia Turkey Ciftlikkoy There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:30:32 2.2 Europe Italy Palata Pepoli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:05:31 2.1 North America United States Hawaii ‘Äpua (historical) There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 08:30:53 2.8 Europe Italy Pioppa VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:31:12 2.3 Europe Italy Poggio Renatico VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 07:35:28 2.1 North America United States Hawaii Pähala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:25:28 5.0 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Warmomi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 08:15:45 4.7 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Mubrani VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:05:28 2.7 North America United States Hawaii ‘Ainapö There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:25:46 2.0 Europe Italy Sparta There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 07:00:40 2.3 North America United States Alaska Iniskin There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:26:08 2.2 Asia Turkey Kecelan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 10:37:42 2.5 Europe Cyprus Sandalaris VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:20:32 5.8 South-America Chile La Mina Fortuna There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:30:40 5.8 South America Chile Region del Maule La Mina Fortuna There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:26:30 2.4 Europe Romania Bradetu VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 05:50:35 2.7 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 06:20:53 2.5 Europe Greece Elevtherokhorion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:21:17 2.1 Europe Italy Mondine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:21:38 3.1 Europe Portugal Pontinha VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:21:59 2.4 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:22:23 4.8 Asia Japan Sakihama VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:22:42 2.2 Asia Turkey Yenikoy VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 05:15:29 2.0 Europe Italy Rovereto VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 05:15:55 2.6 Asia Turkey Hallac There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. There are nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. EMSC Details
07.06.2012 04:35:38 2.1 North America United States Hawaii Lae ‘Apuki (historical) There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. Vulkán 0 Vulkán 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 04:15:23 3.2 Europe Italy Zocca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:23:00 4.1 Asia Azerbaijan Calayir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 04:15:44 2.2 Europe Italy Resega VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 04:16:11 2.7 Europe Poland Mala Strona VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 05:16:17 2.7 Middle-East Iran Aghbolagh-e Pa’in There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 04:16:35 5.1 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Pasirputih VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 03:25:29 4.9 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Pasirputih VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 03:15:28 2.6 Europe Greece Kato Dhiminion There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 06:00:57 2.0 North America United States Washington Anglin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 07:26:56 2.6 Asia Turkey Ulukoy VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 07:27:17 2.3 Asia Turkey Esenkiyi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 07:27:38 2.0 Asia Turkey Geyikli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 03:15:50 5.0 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Haatua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 02:55:34 5.1 Pacific Ocean Tonga Haatua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 03:16:10 2.7 Europe Italy Tarsia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 07:28:00 2.2 Europe Greece Kontaiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 01:40:59 2.7 North America United States Alaska Pile Bay Village There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 02:15:23 2.2 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 02:20:35 2.1 North America United States Tennessee South Hills VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. There are nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 06:23:19 4.4 Europe Russia Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 00:40:32 2.1 North America United States California Dales There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 01:10:34 2.2 Europe Italy San Giacomo Roncole VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 01:10:55 3.7 Middle-East Iran Sheykh Salem VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 00:10:34 2.7 Europe Albania Kalenje VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:08:27 2.0 North America United States Nevada Curtis (historical) VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 23:05:34 2.8 Asia Turkey Guney There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:05:54 4.6 Middle-East Iran Sheykh Salem VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:06:16 2.1 Europe Italy Scortichino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:06:34 3.7 Middle-East Iran Sheykh Salem VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:06:53 2.1 Asia Turkey Cukurgol Yaylasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:07:14 4.3 Middle-East Iran Chahar Mahal VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:07:34 2.5 Europe Italy Alberica VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 23:07:55 2.3 Asia Turkey Bayir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 22:05:24 2.6 Europe Greece Kalomoiraiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 22:05:49 2.8 Asia Turkey Karaca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 22:05:50 2.9 Asia Turkey Karaca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 22:06:11 2.6 Europe Greece Douvia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:10:41 2.0 North America United States Alaska Birches VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 22:06:33 2.6 Europe Italy Palata Pepoli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:02:30 2.5 North America United States Hawaii Volcano There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 21:00:33 2.4 Asia Turkey Gulpinar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:00:57 4.9 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Hinako VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:01:15 2.4 Asia Turkey Sagur VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:25:48 2.4 North America United States Alaska Port William There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 22:35:57 2.1 North America United States California Cameron VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 21:01:33 3.0 Asia Turkey Cerdin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:00:29 2.6 Asia Turkey Taslik There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:00:49 2.6 Asia Turkey Cukurgol Yaylasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:01:10 2.2 Asia Turkey Alakilise There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:01:54 4.4 Europe Portugal Corvo VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:01:36 4.8 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Pasirputih VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:03:39 5.0 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Pasirputih VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 20:01:57 2.0 Europe Greece Monoxilitai VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 20:02:19 2.4 Europe Greece Ampelos VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 19:15:32 2.8 Caribbean British Virgin Islands The Settlement VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 20:02:40 4.8 Europe Russia Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 19:35:32 4.7 Asia Russia Respublika Tyva Kagzhirba VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 19:55:47 2.8 Caribbean Puerto Rico Arenas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 22:06:55 5.1 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Haatua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 19:00:32 3.2 Asia Turkey Bahcelikisla There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 21:15:59 2.3 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 18:05:40 2.4 North America United States California Paicines VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 18:00:48 2.6 North America United States Alaska Ugashik There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 19:00:53 4.8 Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo Alombi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 18:55:33 4.8 Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo Alombi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 19:01:13 2.5 Europe Greece Ayios Evstratios VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
07.06.2012 00:16:50 2.3 North America United States Hawaii Opihikao There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 17:15:37 2.3 North America United States Alaska Iniskin There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 17:30:35 2.7 Asia Turkey Camarasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 16:30:32 2.3 Asia Turkey Ciftlikkoy There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 16:31:47 5.2 Asia Russia Respublika Tyva Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 16:30:53 5.2 Europe Russia Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 16:31:12 3.4 Europe Romania Plostina VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 15:25:45 2.0 North America United States Alaska Chulitna VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 15:30:34 2.0 Asia Turkey Cinarli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:27:23 2.4 North America United States Alaska Toklat VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 19:50:51 2.7 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Jesus Gonzalez Ortega There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 14:10:35 2.0 North America United States California Pinnacles VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 14:25:28 2.4 Asia Turkey Kayakoy VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:25:54 3.2 Asia Georgia Zhdanovi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:35:43 4.5 Pacific Ocean Fiji Vatoa VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 15:30:56 4.5 Pacific Ocean – East Fiji Vatoa VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:26:16 2.4 Europe Italy La Collevata VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:26:36 2.2 Asia Turkey Inlice VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 14:26:55 2.5 Europe Greece Varyiani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 13:50:52 2.7 Caribean Puerto Rico Aceitunas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 13:25:33 2.0 Europe Italy Resega VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 13:25:53 3.1 Europe Greece Monoxilitai VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:23:58 2.7 North America United States Alaska Chickaloon VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 12:20:37 2.6 Asia Turkey Rindali VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:20:55 2.1 Europe Italy Riva Verde VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:21:14 2.4 Europe Italy Bosellina VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:21:36 2.0 Asia Turkey Karaca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:21:55 2.7 Asia Turkey Bayir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:22:18 2.5 Europe Greece Velotoula VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:36:12 4.4 Atlantic Ocean Argentina Provincia de Santiago del Estero El Negrito VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 13:26:17 4.4 South-America Argentina El Negrito VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 12:22:39 2.5 Asia Turkey Naldoken VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 13:26:35 2.7 Europe Cyprus Ayia Marina VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 13:26:57 4.0 Europe Ireland Aghleam VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
06.06.2012 15:55:31 4.0 Europe Ireland County Mayo Aghleam VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
06.06.2012 21:11:09 2.2 North America United States Alaska Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 06:01:20 4.5 Europe Italy Regione Emilia-Romagna Lido Adriano VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
07.06.2012 00:17:13 2.1 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California La Puerta There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details

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Earthquake hits Taiwan

AP

A powerful earthquake has hit off the coast of south-eastern Taiwan, but no casualties or damage were reported on the island.

Taiwan’s Central Weather Bureau said the quake struck on Wednesday at 9.08 a.m. (0108 GMT) and had a magnitude of 5.9. It put its epicentre about 52 kilometres southeast of the coastal city of Taitung.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the magnitude was 5.7. The quake was not felt in the capital of Taipei, about 400 kilometres north of the epicentre.

Italy earthquake death toll rises to 25

A woman holds a helmet that she found in front of a damaged building in Cavezzo near Modena May 30, 2012. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini

ROME | Tue Jun 5, 2012 10:47am EDT

(Reuters) – The number of people killed in two earthquakes that struck northern Italy in May rose to 25 on Tuesday, as aftershocks continued to spread fear among residents in the area.

The latest victim was a woman admitted to hospital after being injured in the second of two deadly tremors to strike the area in just over a week, health authorities in Bologna said.

A man, also seriously injured by the second tremor, remains in hospital and his life is in danger, the authorities said.

A 6.0 magnitude earthquake on May 20 was followed by a similar-size quake nine days later, destroying businesses and making thousands homeless.

The quake was the most deadly to strike Italy since 2009 when a tremor partially destroyed the central city of L’Aquila killing about 300 people.

The epicenter of the latest quake lies to the north of the city of Modena in what is one of the most productive regions of Italy.

Damages have been estimated at around 5 billion euros but could be higher as tremors continue to shake buildings in the area, preventing any resumption of reconstruction work.

(Reporting By Antonella Cinelli; Writing by Stephen Jewkes; Editing by Jon Hemming)

Mayo earthquake surprises geologists

LORNA SIGGINS and ÁINE RYAN

A LEADING seismologist has said yesterday’s earthquake off the west coast was “unexpected” and poses “very interesting questions for geologists”.

The earthquake, which registered a magnitude of four on the Richter scale, was recorded as 60km west of Belmullet, Co Mayo, at a depth of 3km, at 8.58am. It was the largest local seismic event ever recorded, according to Tom Blake of the Irish National Seismic Network (INSN) and the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies.

It was also the second-largest local earthquake on record in either Britain or Ireland, he said – the first being of 5.4 magnitude on July 19th, 1984, off the west coast of Wales and felt in Waterford and Wicklow.

A 2.7 magnitude tremor was recorded in Lisdoonvarna, Co Clare, in May 2010.

The Irish Coast Guard recorded instances of structural damage to houses in Erris, Co Mayo, yesterday and the British Geological Survey said the impact was felt in Galway, Mayo and Sligo.

The Geological Survey of Ireland said earthquakes of this magnitude at this depth were “not very unusual although not common”.

However, Mr Blake said that while the earthquake was classified as “moderate”, it was “significant” in that it challenged existing information about seismic activity off the west coast.

The location, just 23km south to southeast of the Corrib gas wells, prompted a call by Sinn Féin councillor for Mayo Rose Conway-Walsh for reassurance that this was not connected to seismic testing Shell EP Ireland was due to initiate on the Corrib gas field last Friday.

She also said many concerned residents wanted to know whether the existing Corrib gas infrastructure had been damaged.

North Mayo hostel owner Betty Schult said the earthquake had shaken the foundations of her 250-year-old stone cottage and she was concerned about the impact on the offshore pipeline for the Corrib gas project and the refinery, situated on bog.

Mr Blake said he had examined the seismic traces and they were “caused by earthquakes and nothing else”.

Shell EP Ireland said the seismic survey had not started and it had “no reason to believe that this event has had any impact on the sub-sea infrastructure”.

“However, as a precautionary measure, a visual inspection of the offshore infrastructure will be carried out in the coming days,” it said.

Phil O’Hara of Aclare, Co Sligo, reported a chunk of her chimney on the ground, while in Westport, Co Mayo, Lorella Errani said she was reading about the earthquake near her mother’s home in Ravenna, Italy, when she heard a “deep rumbling noise”.

The seismic activity was tracked in the Cliffs of Moher visitor centre in Co Clare and on the INSN network of permanent recorders.

The tremors had caused “no unusual wave activity”, said Irish Coast Guard officer Ray Malanaphy. The Coast Guard said it had confirmed this with two vessels working on the Corrib gas field.

Dr Brian McConnell of the Geological Survey said there could be some small aftershocks.

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Volcanic Activity

“Whopping” number of earthquakes shake around Hawaii volcano

HAWAII VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK, Hawaii: A large number of earthquakes has been rattling the Volcano area on Hawaii Island over the last few days. The quakes have been small, with no damage reported. Still, a handful of those temblors have been 3.0 magnitude and over.

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory’s “Recent Earthquakes in Hawaii” page shows a constant swarm of quakes surrounding the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, home of the active Kilauea Volcano. We took a screen grab of the screen of the USGS HVO earthquake page, and it shows the long list stretching all the way back to Friday, June 1st.

16 earthquakes have already registered on the list before noon on Tuesday, Hawaii time.

On Tuesday, the HVO staff makes mention of the quakes on their Kilauea volcano update page:

The GPS network recorded weak extension overall for the past few months with superimposed contraction and extension fluctuations corresponding to DI tilt events. Seismic tremor levels were generally low, decreasing from a peak around 11 am Sunday. A whopping thirty-three earthquakes were strong enough to be located beneath Kilauea volcano: 4 deep earthquakes below the southwest rift zone, 3 beneath the west edge of the summit area, 7 within and below the upper east rift, 1 north of the middle east rift zone, 7 on south flank faults, and 11 mostly shallow long-period (LP) earthquakes within the Koa`e Fault Zone beneath the Kulanaokuaiki Camp Ground; a quick check this morning showed no obvious new cracking on the surface near the campground.

The rise of the Kilauea summit lava lake level in Halemaumau crater continued with several overflows of the inner ledge. At Pu`u `O`o, scientists report lava also rose within the east collapse pit; to the southeast, lava flows continued to advance on the coastal plain.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  06.06.2012 Extreme Weather Kuwait [Statewide] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Kuwait on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 16:49 (04:49 PM) UTC.

Description
At least 1,500 people needed medical attention for respiratory complications during the sandstorm that hit Kuwait Saturday and Sunday, according to statistics collected from hospitals and polyclinics around the state. Dr Shujaa Al-Enizy, director of the Rashid Center for Allergies, indicated that 414 patients stopped by on Sunday alone, compared to only 120 during the sandstorm on Thursday. All these patients suffer from chronic respiratory diseases who came for treatment for complications as a result of the bad weather, Al-Enizy added. Meanwhile, Al-Adan Hospital treated 445 children for respiratory problems on Saturday, according to head of the pediatric department Dr Marzouq Al-Azmi. Head of the emergency room at the same hospital Dr Ridha Janna indicated in the meantime that 34 men and 32 women received treatment the same day for the same reasons. In Jahra, head of the governorate’s health directorate Dr Abdul-Aziz Al-Farhoud noted that 275 people headed to medical facilities as of Sunday afternoon; 226 of whom to the Jahra Hospital. And in Farwaniya, deputy director of the Farwaniya Hospital indicated that 409 people were treated at his hospital including 90 children. The Amiri Hospital reportedly treated 90 people including 44 children for respiratory problems, while 64 people including 34 children were treated at the Mubarak Hospital
  06.06.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Wyoming, [Medicine Bow National Forest] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 12:22 (12:22 PM) UTC.

Description
Firefighters are eyeing better weather conditions in their effort to control a 1,000-acre wildfire in the Medicine Bow National Forest in southeast Wyoming. Forest Service spokesman Aaron Voos says the forecast is for lighter winds and cooler temperatures on Wednesday and Thursday. The fire is burning about 20 miles northwest of Wheatland and about 5 miles southeast of Laramie Peak in an area mixed with ponderosa pine, brush and grass. Lightning is suspected to have started it on Sunday night and strong winds have caused it to spread rapidly. There is a church camp and other structures in the area but so far no structures are threatened. About 120 firefighters and a helicopter are on site, but fire managers are calling in four air tankers to aid the effort.

Gale Warning

POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND
LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA

Freeze Warning

ELKO NV
POCATELLO ID

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Storms, Flooding

  Active tropical storm system(s)
 
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Kuena (20S) Indian Ocean 07.06.2012 07.06.2012 Tropical Storm 310 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 4.88 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Kuena (20S)
Area: Indian Ocean
Start up location: S 9° 30.000, E 56° 12.000
Start up: 07th June 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
07th Jun 2012 11:06:53 S 9° 30.000, E 56° 12.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 310 ° 16 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
08th Jun 2012 12:00:00 N 8° 54.000, E 52° 6.000 Tropical Storm 65 83 JTWC
08th Jun 2012 00:00:00 N 9° 18.000, E 53° 36.000 Tropical Storm 65 83 JTWC
09th Jun 2012 00:00:00 N 8° 12.000, E 50° 36.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 JTWC

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06.06.2012 Snow Storm New Zealand Southland, Christchurch Damage level Details

Snow Storm in New Zealand on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 14:10 (02:10 PM) UTC.

Description
Conditions are improving after a rare snowstorm crippled travel in and around the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, leaving thousands without power. Various reports along with data accessed by Accuweather.com indicate that around 3-6 inches of wet snow fell Wednesday morning local time, causing numerous flight cancellations at Christchurch Airport. Additionally, TVNZ reports that about 3,000 people are still without power across suburbs of Christchurch. The strong storm system responsible for the rare event arrived Tuesday evening, bringing gusty winds and rain. Overnight, temperatures plummeted to the freezing point and rain changed over to wet snow. Snow is rare in Christchurch, according to Accuweather.com meteorologist Eric Wanenchak, with the city averaging “only 1-2 snow events per season.” While the snow cleared out by Wednesday afternoon as the storm system exited, near freezing temperatures will continue to create hazardous travel through the overnight hours as roads again become icy. Accuweather.com predicts a brief dry spell for Christchurch and the South Island of New Zealand for the next 24 hours, but an additional front could bring in more cold air along with additional snow showers Thursday night and Friday.

Flash Flood Warning

TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN

Flood Warning

CHEYENNE WY
DENVER CO
PENDLETON OR
GREAT FALLS MT
LITTLE ROCK AR
BILLINGS MT

DULUTH MN

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Radiation

Exceptionally high radiation levels found in Koriyama, Fukushima Prefecture

by The Extinction Protocol

June 6, 2012JAPAN – 6/2/2012, contamination level of elementary and junior high school was measured in Koriyama Fukushima. The dosimeter calculates Bq/cm2. It is converted to Bq/m2 by multiplied by 10^4. It is the total of cesium 134 and 137. Koriyama is located approximately 34 miles (55 km) west of Fukushima Daiichi. –Fukushima Diary

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

27 children die of mysterious disease

Patna,   DHNS:

With three more deaths reported on Tuesday, altogether 27 children have died so far in the last 11 days in Muzaffarpur and Gaya due to a mysterious disease. It is suspected that most of the children have succumbed to brain-fever, also called encephalitis, but the health department officials in Bihar have not confirmed the cause of the death yet.

“It is yet to be confirmed whether the deaths are due to encephalitis or any other ailment,” said Dr SP Singh, Director-in-chief, Health Services. Singh has sought a detailed report from the civil surgeons of the two districts.

Meanwhile, Health Commissioner Amarjit Sinha rushed to Muzaffarpur on Tuesday and took stock of the alarming situation.  Altogether 19 children have died in the district due to ‘brain fever’. He assured the parents that those children admitted in Muzaffarpur hospitals would be shifted to Patna for best possible treatment.

  06.06.2012 Epidemic Hazard Turks and Caicos Islands [Providenciales area] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Turks and Caicos Islands on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 16:50 (04:50 PM) UTC.

Description
Epidemiologists at the Trinidad-based Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) have identified the mystery illness that has sickened scores of people, mainly tourists, and caused widespread concern and speculation at resorts in Providenciales. The Turks and Caicos Islands’ (TCI) Ministry of Health and Education (MOHE) and Environmental Health Department (EHD) said in a press statement that laboratory tests conducted at the CAREC Reference Laboratory have confirmed norovirus as the cause of the outbreak. Noroviruses, loosely referred to as “the hospital sickness” in some parts of the world, are transmitted directly from person to person and indirectly via contaminated water and food and are highly contagious. Outbreaks often occur in closed or semi-closed environments, including hospitals and cruise ships, where the infection spreads rapidly either by person-to-person transmission or through contaminated food.Many norovirus outbreaks have been traced to food that was handled by a single infected person. The infection usually requires little medical intervention other than supportive therapy and mostly resolves without incident. Investigations by public health authorities in the TCI are ongoing. The local team has recently been strengthened with the arrival of Dr Lisa Indar, food-borne diseases manager at CAREC, and Leslie Edwards, an epidemiologist also from CAREC. Additional assistance is being provided by the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) in the form of two environmental health officers with extensive experience working with the hotel industry. Infection control measures promoted throughout the TCI focus on proper hygiene, deep cleaning and sanitization, vital to prevent the spread of norovirus. Public health teams continue to conduct active surveillance at airports and affected hotels to educate and monitor the implementation of these measures. The Ministry of Health and Education (MOHE) and EHD have encouraged the public to practice healthy hygienic measures at all times, such as frequent hand washing, especially when preparing meals, before eating and after using the toilet. Anyone experiencing diarrhea, abdominal pain or vomiting has been advised to report to the nearest health care facility. Health surveillance team members continue to interview persons experiencing such signs and symptoms.

Meanwhile, the T CI Tourist Board has emphasised that TCI tourism remains open for business. Except for one or two properties on Providenciales, all airports, resorts, cruise port and auxiliary services across the country are providing the usual friendly and professional services that have become a trademark of Brand TCI. “We would like to encourage the travel public to be guided by official statements issued by local government and tourism officials on this subject,” the board said in a statement. “The entire country remains appreciative of your patronage and understanding during this period and we wish to reassure you that the Turks and Caicos Islands is a safe and warm destination to visit,” the statement concluded.

Biohazard name: Norovirus Outbreak
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Food Shortage

Maize1

NAIVASHA 2012-05-28 | Kenya will be facing an acute food shortage in the coming months due to the mysterious maize disease which has affected 50 percent of the crop countrywide. Already Transnzoia and Uasin Ngishu Counties which produce 80 percent of the maize consumed in the country have lost over 50 percent of the produce to the disease. This came as the parliamentary committee on agriculture and Mps drawn from South Rift demanded compensation from the government over the losses. The Mps attributed the problem to the importation of contaminated grains by unscrupulous traders eager to make high profits. According to the legislators, the country stood to loose billions of shillings in the scam as more maize needed to be imported to address the deficit caused by the disease.  According to Konoin Mp Julius Kones he had confidential information from KEPHIS which indicated that the disease was seed borne and not soil borne as the government was advocating. “Government agencies have tried to sway the debate towards a problem with soil which is an attempt to cover the real culprits for out problems,” He said that area leaders were ready to lead the farmers in major demonstrations if the matter was not addressed. “We want the government to compensate the affected farmers and supply them with fresh certified seeds with immediate effect,” His sentiments were echoed by Keiyo North Mp Lucas Chepkitony who termed the disease as serious and a threat to thousand of livelihoods. The Mp who is also the Vice in the parliamentary committee on agriculture accused the Ministry of agriculture for the current problem. He wondered how the contaminated maize ended up in the country yet there were government institutions mandated with inspecting imported grains. “Farmers have undergone losses running to millions of shillings yet the concerned ministry is sleeping on the job and taking us in circles,” he said. The Mps were addressing the press during the ongoing workshop on the process of budget making at Simba Lodge Naivasha. The chairman parliamentary committee on agriculture John Mututho termed the impasse as a major scam which could cost the country billions of shillings. He said that the committee had information as to who imported the contaminated grains adding that this would be presented in parliament. “Maize in Transnzoia and Uasin Ngishu Counties have been affected and this could see the price of 2kg packet of maize flour shoot to Sh300,”

Farmer panic! Crops die as gov’t blocks wells

Big Brother refuses to allow citizens to rescue harvest

By Jack Minor

GREELEY, Colo. – Farmers in Colorado are watching their fields dry up amid one of the worst droughts in the state’s history.

But just a few feet beneath them, the water is so plentiful it’s flooding basements and causing septic systems to overflow.

Yet the government will not permit farmers to pump the water to save their crops.

With a lower-than-normal snowpack, farmers in northeastern Colorado who rely on the South Platte River are facing severe water shortages in which they are not able to even water some of their crops.

Dennis Hoshiko, a fourth-generation onion farmer with 2,500 acres, said he has let around 15 percent of his land sit fallow this season because of a lack of water.

“We have entire sections where the seeds were planted a month ago in dry earth, and they have not sprouted yet because they have not been watered.”

While it may seem to be a case of battling Mother Nature, the problem could be solved if government officials would simply flip a switch.

Many of the farmers have wells that draw groundwater for use in situations like this. But in 2006, the Colorado Supreme Court ordered 440 wells shut down and curtailed the pumping of another 1,000.

Under long-established Colorado water doctrine, water is distributed under the principle of first in use, first in right whereby prior users have senior rights to junior users. The decision to shut down the wells came about during a historic drought in the early 2000s that caused water in the South Platte River to become scarce.

Senior right holders such as the cities of Boulder, Centennial, Highlands Ranch and Sterling, which had experienced phenomenal growth in the 1990s, became concerned their water supply in the river basin was being depleted by junior water-right well owners who were pumping water from the Alluvium Aquifer, which flows into the South Platte River Basin.

Following the shutdowns, the volume of water discharged into the artificial recharge systems in the South Platte Basin has increased, reaching more than 350,000 acre-feet in 2009. The increase in ground water has now come to the point where local basements are being flooded, causing damage to the homes.

Doug Leafgren, president of Northern Colorado Geotech, which conducts soil and percolation testing, said his organization has noticed higher groundwater levels during their subsurface investigations in the county over the past four or five years.

Glen Fritzler, a farmer who operates the nationally known Fritzler Corn Maze that has been featured on the “Today” show, said he has spent more than $50,000 in home repairs because of flooding over the past few years.

While the flooding is a concern, Fritzler said the rising groundwater levels are causing area septic systems to fail, forcing human waste to rise to the surface.

Leafgren said septic systems require four feet of soil above a “limiting zone” to work effectively.

“If an older system previously maintained four feet of suitable soil, but groundwater has since decreased this zone, there is potential for contamination of the groundwater system with human waste,” he said. “It could also be possible that higher groundwater would cause the waste to come to the ground surface.”

Despite the rising ground-water levels, officials still refuse to let the farmers turn on their wells, and that means many farmers will be out of water in the next few weeks.

“If we are not allowed to turn our wells on, our crops will dry up and we will lose everything,” Fritzler said. “What is so maddening is that we have the water we need right under our feet, and it is so plentiful it is flooding our basements. We cannot use it.”

Recognizing the severity of the situation, the state legislature recently passed a bill commissioning a study, but it is not required to be completed until June 1, 2013. There is no provision in the legislation requiring officials to permit farmers to turn the wells on before then.

State Sen. Scott Renfroe, one of the bill’s sponsors, said the legislation originally had those provisions, but it was stripped from the final legislation.

“It was not stripped by Democrats, because in Colorado water knows no party lines,” he said. “The opposition came from those who have senior water rights which are generally the big cities such as Denver and Boulder.”

Renfroe said he agrees the wells need to be turned on now. However, he said the study is at least a step in the right direction.

“We have farmers who are hurting from both a lack of water and rising water table,” he said. “Some have said the salt content is so high their soil only has two years of productive use left.”

Renfroe added: “This study should have been done five years ago when the wells were first turned off. I know it’s a baby step, but it’s a huge accomplishment when you consider the environment at the capital. There are many people who want to maintain the status quo. I understand the concerns of senior water holders, and this legislation has a lot of protections for them, but we need to find a way to benefit everybody.”

Fritzler said while he is glad the study will be conducted, he and other farmers cannot wait until next year.

“I have enough irrigation water from the South Platte for perhaps two to three more weeks. The only way we could go beyond that would be for Denver to get significant rainfall every three to five days and that isn’t going to happen.”

Hoshiko said he is in better shape than many farmers, because he has been able to purchase senior water rights but noted that many farmers are not as fortunate.

“Last night I saw a 14-year-old boy shoveling ditches and getting ready to do flood irrigation after the sun went down, and right beside him is a well that is capable of producing 1,200 gallons a minute, but they can’t touch it,” Hoshiko said. “The crops are sitting in dry dirt because we are in one of the worst droughts in Colorado history and we can’t use the water that is right under our feet.”

He said what is frustrating is that droughts like the current one are precisely the reason the wells were drilled.

“Our predecessors built these wells years ago to get us through droughts like this. If they were alive today they would slap us silly for how we are wasting this resource.”

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Earth

Earth nearing ‘tipping point,’ study warns

By Stephanie Pappas

Earth is rapidly headed toward a catastrophic breakdown if humans don’t get their act together, according to an international group of scientists.

Writing Wednesday (June 6) in the journal Nature, the researchers warn that the world is headed toward a tipping point marked by extinctions and unpredictable changes on a scale not seen since the glaciers retreated 12,000 years ago.

“There is a very high possibility that by the end of the century, the Earth is going to be a very different place,” study researcher Anthony Barnosky told LiveScience. Barnosky, a professor of integrative biology from the University of California, Berkeley, joined a group of 17 other scientists to warn that this new planet might not be a pleasant place to live.

“You can envision these state changes as a fast period of adjustment where we get pushed through the eye of the needle,” Barnosky said. “As we’re going through the eye of the needle, that’s when we see political strife, economic strife, war and famine.” [ Top 10 Ways to Destroy Earth ]

The danger of tipping
Barnosky and his colleagues reviewed research on climate change, ecology and Earth’s tipping points that break the camel’s back, so to speak. At certain thresholds, putting more pressure on the environment leads to a point of no return, Barnosky said. Suddenly, the planet responds in unpredictable ways, triggering major global transitions.

The most recent example of one of these transitions is the end of the last glacial period. Within not much more than 3,000 years, the Earth went from being 30 percent covered in ice to its present, nearly ice-free condition. Most extinctions and ecological changes (goodbye, woolly mammoths) occurred in just 1,600 years. Earth’s biodiversity still has not recovered to what it was.

Today, Barnosky said, humans are causing changes even faster than the natural ones that pushed back the glaciers — and the changes are bigger. Driven by a 35 percent increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide since the start of the Industrial Revolution, global temperatures are rising faster than they did back then, Barnosky said.

Likewise, humans have completely transformed 43 percent of Earth’s land surface for cities and agriculture, compared with the 30 percent land surface transition that occurred at the end of the last glacial period. Meanwhile, the human population has exploded, putting ever more pressure on existing resources. [ 7 Billion Population Milestones ]

“Every change we look at that we have accomplished in the past couple of centuries is actually more than what preceded one of these major state changes in the past,” Barnosky said.

Backing away from the ledge
The results are difficult to predict, because tipping points, by their definition, take the planet into uncharted territory. Based on past transitions, Barnosky and his colleagues predict a major loss of species (during the end of the last glacial period, half of the large-bodied mammal species in the world disappeared), as well as changes in the makeup of species in various communities on the local level. Meanwhile, humans may well be knotting our own noose as we burn through Earth’s resources.

“These ecological systems actually give us our life support, our crops, our fisheries, clean water,” Barnosky said. As resources shift from one nation to another, political instability can easily follow.

Pulling back from the ledge will require international cooperation, Barnosky said. Under business-as-usual conditions, humankind will be using 50 percent of the land surface on the planet by 2025. It seems unavoidable that the human population will reach 9 billion by 2050, so we’ll have to become more efficient to sustain ourselves, he said. That means more efficient energy use and energy production, a greater focus on renewable resources, and a need to save species and habitat today for future generations.

“My bottom line is that I want the world in 50 to 100 years to be at least as good as it is now for my children and their children, and I think most people would say the same,” Barnosky said. “We’re at a crossroads where if we choose to do nothing we really do face these tipping points and a less-good future for our immediate descendents.”

Follow Stephanie Pappas on Twitter @sipappas or LiveScience @livescience. We’re also on Facebook & Google+.

Extreme Earth:
Where Is The Hottest Place On Earth?
  MessageToEagle.com – There are many extreme places on our wonderful Earth.

Among them is the hottest place on Earth. But where exactly is it?

To answer that question is not as easy as it might seem.

This question is in fact still widely debated because, how the temperature is measured plays an important role when scientists attempt to decide what place is hotter than the other.

Many people think the hottest place on Earth is Al Azizyah, Libya, with a recorded temperature of 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius).

In Death Valley, California, USA, temperature 134 Fahrenheit in 1913, which makes it another very hot spot on this planet.

But there are also other places where the temperature can be extreme.

We can take for example Lut, a huge desert located in the eastern region of Iran. It is an amazing, but extremely inhospitable place where few, if any organisms can survive. On one occasion, NASA’s satellite Aqua recorded surface temperatures as high as 71 °C (159 °F)!

Lut Desert as seen from space by the International Space Station. Image credit: NASA

In 2004, ecologist Steve Running visited the Flaming Mountain, a ridge of dark red sandstone on the edge of the Taklimakan Desert and the Tian Shan range.The surface of the mountain is said to reach temperatures of 50 to 80°C (122 to 175°F) in the summer, and a nearby tourist center marks the spot with a huge golden thermometer. It is the hottest place in China, if not the world, or so says the local lore.And that got Running thinking: exactly where is the hottest place on Earth? With some colleagues at the University of Montana, he did some research and found that the location of the world’s hottest spot changes, though the conditions don’t. Think dry, rocky, and dark-colored lands.

In July 1913, observers in Furnace Creek, California-Death Valley-watched the thermometer reach 56.7°C (134°F) and declared it to be the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth. But just nine years later, on September 13, 1922, a weather station in El Azizia, Libya, recorded a temperature of 58.0°C (136.4°F).

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA’s satellite “Aqua” from 2003 – 2005 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located the Lut desert, where land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 degrees C (159-160 degrees F).

“Yet most of the places that call themselves the hottest on Earth are not even serious contenders,” says Running. The reason is partly about where the measurements are made. But it is also a tale about how temperature is measured.

“The World Meteorological Organization has approximately 11,119 weather stations on Earth’s land surface collecting surface temperature observations,” notes David Mildrexler, also from the University of Montana. “When compared to the 144.68 million square kilometers of land surface, that’s one station every 13,012 square kilometers.”

“The Earth’s hot deserts-such as the Sahara, the Gobi, the Sonoran, and the Lut-are climatically harsh and so remote that access for routine measurements and maintenance of a weather station is impractical,” he adds. “The majority of Earth’s hottest spots are simply not being directly measured by ground-based instruments.”

That’s where satellites come in and that is what we have to keep in mind when considering the hottest place on Earth.

For the time being, the Lut desert with its incredible 71 °C (159 °F) remains Earth’s hottest spot.

@ MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Geological Rift That Baffles Scientists Is Still Expanding

Underground Neutrino Experiment May Solve
One Of The Universe’s Biggest Puzzles
  MessageToEagle.com – In the biggest result of its kind in more than ten years, physicists have made the most sensitive measurements yet in a decades-long hunt for a hypothetical and rare process involving the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.

If discovered, the researchers say, this process could have profound implications for how scientists understand the fundamental laws of physics and help solve some of the universe’s biggest mysteries—including why there is more matter than antimatter and, therefore, why regular matter like planets, stars, and humans exists at all.

The experiment, the Enriched Xenon Observatory 200 (EXO-200), is an international collaboration that includes the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and is led by Stanford University and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratory.

The EXO-200 experiment has placed the most stringent constraints yet on the nature of a so-called neutrinoless double beta decay.

In doing so, physicists have narrowed down the range of possible masses for the neutrino, a tiny uncharged particle that rarely interacts with anything, passing right through rock, people, and entire planets as it zips along at nearly the speed of light.

The collaboration, consisting of 80 researchers, has submitted a paper describing the results to the journal Physical Review Letters.

In a normal double beta decay, which was first observed in 1986, two neutrons in an unstable atomic nucleus turn into two protons; two electrons and two antineutrinos—the antimatter counterparts of neutrinos—are emitted in the process.But physicists have suggested that two neutrons could also decay into two protons by emitting two electrons without producing any antineutrinos.”People have been looking for this process for a very long time,” says Petr Vogel, senior research associate in physics, emeritus, at Caltech and a member of the EXO-200 team. “It would be a very fundamental discovery if someone actually observes it.”

A neutrino is inevitably produced in a single beta decay. Therefore, the two neutrinos that are produced in a neutrinoless double beta decay must somehow cancel each other out.

This large copper cylindrical vessel is the Enriched Xenon Observatory 200’s (EXO-200) time projection chamber, the part of the detector that contains the liquid xenon, isotopically enriched in xenon-136. The photo shows the chamber being inserted into the cryostat, which keeps the experiment at extremely low temperatures. (Credit: EXO)

For that to happen, physicists say, a neutrino must be its own antiparticle, allowing one of the two neutrinos to act as an antineutrino and annihilate the other neutrino. That a neutrino can be its own antiparticle is not predicted by the Standard Model—the remarkably successful theory that describes how all elementary particles behave and interact.

If this neutrinoless process does indeed exist, physicists would be forced to revise the Standard Model.

The process also has implications for cosmology and the origin of matter, Vogel says. Right after the Big Bang, the universe had the same amount of matter as antimatter. Somehow, however, that balance was tipped, producing a slight surplus in matter that eventually led to the existence of all of the matter in the universe. The fact that the neutrino can be its own antiparticle might have played a key role in tipping that balance.

In the EXO-200 experiment, physicists monitor a copper cylinder filled with 200 kilograms of liquid xenon-136, an unstable isotope that, theoretically, can undergo neutrinoless double beta decay. Very sensitive detectors line the wall at both ends of the cylinder. To shield it from cosmic rays and other background radiation that may contaminate the signal of such a decay, the apparatus is buried deep underground in the DOE’s Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, New Mexico, where low-level radioactive waste is stored. The physicists then wait to see a signal.

The process, however, is very rare. In a normal double beta decay, half of a given sample would decay after 1021 years—a half-life roughly 100 billion times longer than the time that has elapsed since the Big Bang.

One of the goals of the experiment is to measure the half-life of the neutrinoless process (if it is discovered). In these first results, no signal for a neutrinoless double beta decay was detected in almost seven months’ of data—and that non-detection allowed the researchers to rule out possible values for the half-life of the neutrinoless process. Indeed, seven months of finding nothing means that the half-life cannot be shorter than 1.6 × 1025 years, or a quadrillion times older than the age of the universe. With the value of the half-life pinned down, physicists can calculate the mass of a neutrino—another longstanding mystery. The new data suggest that a neutrino cannot be more massive than about 0.140 to 0.380 electron volts (eV, a unit of mass commonly used in particle physics); an electron, by contrast, is about 500,000 eV, or about 9 × 10-31 kilograms.

More than ten years ago, the collaboration behind the Heidelberg-Moscow Double Beta Decay Experiment controversially claimed to have discovered neutrinoless double beta decay using germanium-76 isotopes. But now, the EXO-200 researchers say, their new data makes it highly unlikely that those earlier results were valid.

The EXO-200 experiment, which started taking data last year, will continue its quest for the next several years.

MessageToEagle.com via California Institute of Technology

See also:
No Empty Space In The Universe – Dark Matter Fills The Intergalactic Space

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Solar Activity

3MIN News June 6 2012

Published on Jun 6, 2012 by

UPDATE: Japan Fish Deaths: http://en.rocketnews24.com/2012/06/05/something-fishys-going-on-in-a-fishing-…

TODAYS LINKS
Wildfire: http://www.weather.com/news/new-mexico-fire-20120604
China Pollution: http://phys.org/news/2012-06-china-embassies-issuing-pollution.html
X-37B: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2154405/Secret-mission-accompl…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

SOLAR ACTIVITY UPDATE: M2.1-Class Flare/CME (June 7th, 2012).

Published on Jun 6, 2012 by

Region 1494 (S18W06)
produced an M2/1b at 06/2006Z associated with Type II (est. speed
1148 km/s) and Type IV radio sweeps. An associated CME was first
visible in SOHO LASCO C2 imagery at 06/2036Z. Further analysis will
be conducted as more images become available to determine
geoeffectiveness. A filament eruption was observed in SDO AIA 193
imagery around 05/1945Z near N12W10. The CME was first visible in
STEREO COR 2 imagery at 05/2039Z. The majority of the ejecta appears
to be north of the ecliptic plane, however, there is a weak
Earth-directed component. A model run is in progress to determine
geoeffectiveness. The Penticton 10 cm Flux value was estimated due
to flare enhancement.

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Space

Cosmic Mystery:
Unexplained Ancient Radiation Burst Hit Our Planet Over 1200 Years Ago
  MessageToEagle.com – It remains a cosmic mystery. Some time between AD 774 and AD 775, our planet was hit by an extremely intense burst of high-energy radiation of unknown origin.

Was this peculiar event a result of extraordinary auroras or gigantic solar flares?

Why are there no ancient astronomical records describing such an unusual event?

Scientists detected the mysterious radiation burst when looking at the amounts of the radioactive isotope carbon-14 in tree rings that formed during the AD 775 growing season in the Northern Hemisphere.

The increase in 14C levels is so clear that the scientists, led by Fusa Miyake, a cosmic-ray physicist from Nagoya University in Japan, conclude that the atmospheric level of 14C must have jumped by 1.2% over the course of no longer than a year, about 20 times more than the normal rate of variation.

“The work looks pretty solid,” says Daniel Baker, a space physicist at the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics in Boulder, Colorado. “Some very energetic event occurred in about AD 775.”Cosmic rays normally account for the steady production of carbon-14 in our atmosphere.Carbon-14 is mildly radioactive. Sooner or later, the carbon-14 atoms in a dead plant or animal decay away and by measuring the amount of remaining 14C it’s possible to estimate the age of plant and animal up to about 60,000 years old

The big mystery scientists are now trying to solve is to determine where those gamma rays originated.

To our best knowledge, only floods of ?-rays from supernova explosions or proton storms from giant solar flares can produce a 14C spike. But neither seems likely, Miyake says, because each should have been large enough to have had other effects that would have been observed at the time.

Is a massive supernova responsible for the mysterious ancient radiation burst? Image credit: NASAA massive supernova, for example, should have been bright enough to produce a ‘new’ star visible even in the daytime, as was the case for two known supernovae in AD 1006 and AD 1054. Such an explosion would have needed to be brighter than either of these, Miyake says, because those events were not large enough to leave traces in the 14C record.

One possibility is that ancient astronomers did not record the event because it occurred in the far southern skies, which was the reason why they couldn’t see it. However, if it did happen, today’s X-ray and radio astronomers should have found signs of a “tremendously bright” remnant of the explosion, Miyake point out.

As for solar flares, he says, anything that could have produced the required amount of super-high-energy protons would have vastly exceeded the most intense solar outburst ever recorded. In addition, such a gigantic flare would probably have destroyed the ozone layer, with devastating ecological consequences.

An extraordinary aurora should have been documented by ancient astronomers. Image credit: Daniel HershmanDaniel Baker believes it is too early to dismiss solar flares as these are sometimes associated with coronal mass ejections (CMEs) – huge eruptions of magnetically charged plasma from the Sun’s atmosphere that send streams of charged particles towards Earth.

It might be possible, he says, for CMEs to be accompanied by conditions in which an unusual number of protons are accelerated to super-high energies, even without the flare itself being “ridiculously strong”.

Cosmic rays hitting Earth. Credit: NSF/J. Yang“We know much more these days about how important proton acceleration is at the shock fronts that precede CME structures as they propagate towards Earth,” Baker says. “I would like to think about whether a strong CME moving directly towards Earth could have produced the intense proton population that impacted Earth’s atmosphere.”

“It would be fascinating,” Baker adds, “if there were some record in China or in the Middle East that reported powerful aurora or some other such event” around the same time as the observed 14C increase.

Was a massive supernova, or giant solar flare responsible for the radiation burst that took place over 1200 years ago? We do not know. Perhaps it was caused by something scientists have not yet considered, or maybe we speculating about an event that took place on Earth rather than in space…

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
No Empty Space In The Universe – Dark Matter Fills The Intergalactic Space

NASA SDO’s View of 2012 Venus Transit

Published on Jun 6, 2012 by

Launched on Feb. 11, 2010, the Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, is the most advanced spacecraft ever designed to study the sun. During its five-year mission, it will examine the sun’s atmosphere, magnetic field and also provide a better understanding of the role the sun plays in Earth’s atmospheric chemistry and climate. SDO provides images with resolution 8 times better than high-definition television and returns more than a terabyte of data each day.

On June 5 2012, SDO collected images of the rarest predictable solar event–the transit of Venus across the face of the sun. This event happens in pairs eight years apart that are separated from each other by 105 or 121 years. The last transit was in 2004 and the next will not happen until 2117.

The videos and images displayed here are constructed from several wavelengths of extreme ultraviolet light and a portion of the visible spectrum. The red colored sun is the 304 angstrom ultraviolet, the golden colored sun is 171 angstrom, the magenta sun is 1700 angstrom, and the orange sun is filtered visible light. 304 and 171 show the atmosphere of the sun, which does not appear in the visible part of the spectrum.

Source: http://www.youtube.com/user/NASAexplorer

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2001 LB) 07th June 2012 0 day(s) 0.0729 28.4 200 m – 450 m 11.56 km/s 41616 km/h
(2012 JU11) 09th June 2012 2 day(s) 0.0736 28.6 27 m – 60 m 3.80 km/s 13680 km/h
(2012 GX11) 10th June 2012 3 day(s) 0.1556 60.5 170 m – 380 m 6.38 km/s 22968 km/h
(2012 KM11) 14th June 2012 7 day(s) 0.0942 36.7 30 m – 67 m 5.92 km/s 21312 km/h
(2012 HN40) 15th June 2012 8 day(s) 0.1182 46.0 230 m – 510 m 13.79 km/s 49644 km/h
(2002 AC) 16th June 2012 9 day(s) 0.1598 62.2 740 m – 1.7 km 26.71 km/s 96156 km/h
137120 (1999 BJ8) 16th June 2012 9 day(s) 0.1769 68.8 670 m – 1.5 km 14.88 km/s 53568 km/h
(2011 KR12) 19th June 2012 12 day(s) 0.1318 51.3 140 m – 310 m 10.10 km/s 36360 km/h
(2004 HB39) 20th June 2012 13 day(s) 0.1605 62.5 77 m – 170 m 8.88 km/s 31968 km/h
(2008 CE119) 21st June 2012 14 day(s) 0.1811 70.5 21 m – 46 m 3.22 km/s 11592 km/h
308242 (2005 GO21) 21st June 2012 14 day(s) 0.0440 17.1 1.4 km – 3.1 km 13.27 km/s 47772 km/h
(2011 AH5) 25th June 2012 18 day(s) 0.1670 65.0 17 m – 39 m 5.84 km/s 21024 km/h
(2012 FA14) 25th June 2012 18 day(s) 0.0322 12.5 75 m – 170 m 5.28 km/s 19008 km/h
(2004 YG1) 25th June 2012 18 day(s) 0.0890 34.7 140 m – 310 m 11.34 km/s 40824 km/h
(2010 AF3) 25th June 2012 18 day(s) 0.1190 46.3 16 m – 36 m 6.54 km/s 23544 km/h
(2008 YT30) 26th June 2012 19 day(s) 0.0715 27.8 370 m – 820 m 10.70 km/s 38520 km/h
(2010 NY65) 27th June 2012 20 day(s) 0.1023 39.8 120 m – 270 m 15.09 km/s 54324 km/h
(2008 WM64) 28th June 2012 21 day(s) 0.1449 56.4 200 m – 440 m 17.31 km/s 62316 km/h
(2010 CD55) 28th June 2012 21 day(s) 0.1975 76.8 64 m – 140 m 6.33 km/s 22788 km/h
(2004 CL) 30th June 2012 23 day(s) 0.1113 43.3 220 m – 480 m 20.75 km/s 74700 km/h
(2008 YQ2) 03rd July 2012 26 day(s) 0.1057 41.1 29 m – 65 m 15.60 km/s 56160 km/h
(2005 QQ30) 06th July 2012 29 day(s) 0.1765 68.7 280 m – 620 m 13.13 km/s 47268 km/h
(2011 YJ28) 06th July 2012 29 day(s) 0.1383 53.8 150 m – 330 m 14.19 km/s 51084 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife

  06.06.2012 Biological Hazard Japan Prefecture of Chiba, Isumi City [Port of Ohara] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Japan on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 14:04 (02:04 PM) UTC.

Description
Something terribly fishy is going on at the fishing port of Ohara (pronounced Oh-hara) in Isumi City of Chiba Prefecture, and it has nothing to do with espionage or political corruption. There are tons and tons of dead sardines washing up on the shore, and not only is the sight disturbing, but the huge amount of dead fish is literally smelling up the entire surrounding area. According to the news, the dead fish started washing up around noon of June 3rd, and as of early afternoon on June 4th, the situation still remained pretty much out of control. The amount of dead sardines that has washed up is thought to total several dozen metrics tons, so you can imagine how bad the smell of rotting fish must be. We’ve seen the pictures uploaded onto Twitter, and the port looks completely filled with fish – it almost looks like a carpet of sardines. It doesn’t seem likely that any fishing boats will be setting sail from this port soon. There are also, of course, the usual posts and comments on the internet on how this could be an omen, a sign of a coming great natural disaster. When we inquired with a local inn, we were told that the port was scheduled to be closed from June 1st to 5th, but given the emergency, local fishermen are currently out in full force trying to resolve the situation. Already more than 2 full days into the bizarre occurrence, the smell has to be almost unbearable, but the people of Ohara still have no idea when they will be able to get rid of all the sardines. We sincerely hope they will be able to solve the problem quickly.
Biohazard name: Mass Die-off (Fish)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected
  06.06.2012 Biological Hazard China Province of Gansu, Luyang [Jingtai County] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in China on Wednesday, 06 June, 2012 at 12:21 (12:21 PM) UTC.

Description
China’s northwestern Gansu province has reported an outbreak of the highly epidemic H5N1 bird flu virus in poultry, the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) announced Wednesday. More than 6,200 chickens at a farm in a village in Luyang, a town in Jingtai county, showed symptoms of suspected avian flu Friday, and 260 of them have died, according to the MOA. The National Avian Influenza Reference Laboratory on Tuesday confirmed the epidemic was H5N1 bird flu after testing samples collected at the farm, the MOA said. Local authorities have sealed off and sterilized the infected area, where a total of 18,460 chickens have been culled and safely disposed of in order to prevent the disease from spreading since the case was confirmed, according to the MOA. A team was dispatched by the ministry to the quarantined area to guide epidemic prevention and monitoring. Bird flu, or avian influenza, is a contagious disease of animal origin caused by viruses that normally infect only birds and, less commonly, pigs. It can be fatal to humans.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Articles of Interest

66-foot concrete dock washes ashore in Oregon, may be from 2011 Japan tsunami

By Eric Pfeiffer | The Sideshow

A massive, 66-foot concrete dock mysteriously washed up on the Oregon shore this week. And officials are trying to figure out if the floating structure had traveled all the way from Japan after the March 2011 tsunami.

Local affiliate KATU reports that the dock has a placard with Japanese writing that they are attempting to translate. In addition, the station traced a phone number on the placard to a business located in Tokyo.

The Oregon Parks and Recreation Department sent a picture of the placard to the Japanese consulate in Portland for review.

“We don’t know where it’s from,” said Chris Havel with the parks department. “We don’t know if it’s from Japan or not but we have to eliminate those possibilities as we go forward.”

Even if the dock did travel thousands of miles to reach the shores of Oregon, it did not defy physics to get arrive there. While the structure is nearly 70 feet long, 7 feet tall and 19 feet wide and made of concrete and metal, it was also reportedly designed to float.

The dock was first spotted floating offshore but has now made its way to land. Kirk Tite was walking along the beach on Tuesday with his two sons and described the dock as a “massive hunk of concrete and metal covered in sea creatures.” They also found a Japanese symbol and imprint on tires attached to the dock, although those could simply indicate that the tires themselves were made in Japan.

Click to see more photos

(AP Photo/The Oregonian, Lori Tobias)

“It says Shibata, Japan, which could mean it was made in Shibata, Japan, but it could also be from Shibata, Japan,” Tite said.

KATU says that after officials determine the dock’s origin, the parks department will either have it towed back to sea or dismantled on land.

http://www.katu.com/news/local/Derelict-dock-washes-ashore-Agate-Beach-Newport-157360015.html?embed
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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]