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Tag Archive: Mariana Islands


Earth Watch Report  –  Earthquakes

5.5 78km SSE of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands 2013-01-16 02:38:24 17.432°N 145.988°E 124.0

M5.5 – 78km SSE of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands 2013-01-16 02:38:24 UTC

Earthquake location 17.432°N, 145.988°E

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Earth Watch Report – Volcanic Activity

 

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28.11.2012 Volcano Activity Mariana Islands [Pagan volcano] Damage level
Details

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Volcano Activity in Mariana Islands on Wednesday, 28 November, 2012 at 18:25 (06:25 PM) UTC.

Description
An intense volcanic activity was monitored by the CNMI Emergency Management Office and captured through satellite images from Nov. 24, 2012, to the present. The volcano has been emitting steam and gas since Friday, Nov. 24, 2012. The vog shows that it’s heading south from Pagan volcano. A gas plume from Pagan has been observed in MODIS satellite images. Minor steam and gas plumes from Pagan have been seen as well. It is possible that the plume could be followed by an ash emission; the presence of a gas plume does not necessarily indicate that eruptive activity will occur soon. Pagan is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only source of information is satellite observation and occasional reports from observers who visit the island. Also an intense earthquake was recorded at the EMO and National Earthquake Information Center yesterday at 5:34pm Saipan time. The preliminary magnitude is 5.3 on the Richter scale. It was centered some 45 km (27 miles) south of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands and 276 km (171 miles) north of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. Base on all available data no tsunami is expected and there is no tsunami threat for the Marianas

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Earth Watch Report  –  Seismic Activity

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: November 16, 2012 13:19:04 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Autonomous Region, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Hainan Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Ecuador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermadec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

Earth Watch Report

 

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: November 12, 2012 06:19:19 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Ecuador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermadec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 23:16:47   38.959   22.937 16.7  GREECE
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 22:31:18   38.260   46.780 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/26 21:38:19  -11.569   165.470 34.1  SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/26 21:11:57   10.667   126.806 35.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 19:44:36   33.465   133.450 17.0  SHIKOKU, JAPAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 19:33:11   37.690   141.561 61.0  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.8 2012/10/26 19:18:39   19.384  -155.243 3.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.6 2012/10/26 18:48:13   18.910   -64.522 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:31:54   46.260  -119.384 0.0  WASHINGTON
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:04:57   51.499  -178.225 21.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 17:15:25   35.417  -117.957 2.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 16:28:48   60.736  -151.633 85.4  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 14:18:20   42.016  -126.835 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  2.7 2012/10/26 12:41:49   19.881  -155.686 16.3  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:34   19.383  -155.245 3.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:31   19.386  -155.244 4.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/26 10:52:59   43.224   142.871 131.2  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 10:36:32   38.718   141.990 48.9  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 10:32:52   59.367  -152.218 55.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 08:40:46   19.383   -64.224 80.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 06:28:47   -0.364   132.895 43.2  NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 04:34:59   43.355   -78.634 5.0  NEW YORK
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 04:24:31  -18.032  -178.574 608.0  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 02:56:53   59.477  -152.370 59.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 00:33:14   41.046   142.272 59.8  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 00:10:22   52.389  -174.294 223.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA

 

 

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 22:23:15   -6.126   154.350 62.1  BOUGAINVILLE REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 21:17:01   -7.054   123.441 621.9  BANDA SEA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 21:10:42   -2.088   126.482 35.0  CERAM SEA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 20:56:46  -16.255  -175.946 355.6  TONGA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 20:55:31   18.554   146.531 77.6  PAGAN REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 20:36:28   51.201  -179.933 30.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/27 20:15:00  -21.474   169.833 35.7  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  5.5   2012/10/27 20:13:02   -6.178   151.602 22.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 17:48:08   32.146  -115.206 23.6  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 16:53:00   19.619   -63.980 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 16:46:42   18.172   -68.373 93.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 16:22:10   14.566   -92.195 115.0  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  3.0 2012/10/27 15:52:14   63.171  -144.328 1.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 15:46:29   10.500   126.823 36.7  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/10/27 15:31:11   52.755  -162.915 35.9  SOUTH OF ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 15:00:47   -2.294   100.628 64.6  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 12:33:05  -33.589   -72.028 23.8  OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 12:02:28   62.841  -151.149 111.3  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 10:51:24   -9.175   111.272 69.2  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 10:43:50   17.475   -68.812 83.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 10:32:09   17.414   -68.841 57.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 10:20:59   10.637   126.874 35.1  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 09:32:31   9.897   57.100 10.0  CARLSBERG RIDGE
MAP  4.2 2012/10/27 08:00:10   36.999   70.494 67.0  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 07:02:41  -22.284   179.922 554.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.6   2012/10/27 06:37:34   28.502   128.715 35.5  RYUKYU ISLANDS, JAPAN
MAP  2.5 2012/10/27 06:18:51   18.511   -64.789 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 06:07:59   68.491  -147.349 6.0  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 05:52:18  -10.845   160.919 45.4  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  5.0   2012/10/27 04:06:51   -4.074   140.267 41.6  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 03:56:44   38.259   46.633 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 01:49:15   32.184  -115.220 15.8  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 00:49:37  -27.746   -66.615 144.2  CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 00:34:51   56.972  -158.394 150.9  ALASKA PENINSULA

Panic as magnitude-5 earthquake rattles southern Italy

NBCNewsWorld

Mario Tosti / AFP – Getty Images

People who had been evacuated from a hospital wait in a rescue center in Mormanno, southern Italy, after an earthquake early on Friday.

By NBC News staff and wire reports

ROME — A hospital was evacuated after a magnitude-5 earthquake struck southern Italy early on Friday, authorities said.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. local time (7:05 p.m. ET Thursday) about 3.9 miles underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV).

At least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake, according to INGV’s website.

Italian media reported that an elderly man who lived near the tremor’s epicenter had died of a heart attack.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

Italian news agencies reported scenes of panic in the hospital and said many inhabitants of Mormanno and surrounding towns had come out in the streets.

Police and firefighters were surveying the area for further damage, officials said.

NBC News’ Claudio Lavanga and Reuters contributed to this report.

Scientists convicted of manslaughter for not predicting quake

Magnitude 5 earthquake hits s. Italy, hospital evacuated

By REUTERS

ROME – A magnitude 5 earthquake struck north of Cosenza in southern Italy early on Friday, and police said a hospital had been evacuated after cracks were found in its structure, but there were no reports of injuries.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. (2305 GMT on Thursday) about 6.3 km (3.9 miles) underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV). It said on its website that at least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

AN elderly man died from a heart attack and panic-stricken residents rushed into the streets fearing building collapses when a 5.3-magnitude earthquake struck a southern Italian province.

The 84-year-old victim suffered heart failure when the quake struck the province of Cosenza early on Friday and was dead before emergency services could reach him.

No injuries have been reported but several buildings have been damaged. A local hospital was also evacuated and schools closed as a precautionary measure.

According to the US Geological Survey, the quake, with a 5.3 magnitude at a depth of 3.8km, had its epicentre 6km southeast of Mormanno town in the Calabria region.

“Some plaster fell, a crack appeared in the stairway. We came down in a panic to the streets using our mobile phones for light,” Mormanno bed-and-breakfast owner Giuseppina Capalbi told the Corriere della Sera newspaper.

Many homes in the town centre suffered damage and police said it would take some hours to evaluate the scale of the problem, as local officials decided to close schools.

“There was a lot of panic, but happily there are no injured,” Mormanno mayor Guglielmo Armentano told Ansa.

“In our historic centre, there are some damaged buildings. As a precaution we have evacuated the hospital.”

More than 2200 tremors had struck the same region along the Pollino massif in recent years, but all but a handful were of a magnitude under 3.

Italy frequently falls victim to earthquakes. Among the most devastating was the 6.3-magnitude quake in the central city of L’Aquila that in 2009 killed 309 people and left tens of thousands homeless.

On Monday, six Italian seismologists and a government official were sentenced to six years in jail for multiple manslaughter for underestimating the risk of that earthquake, in a move viewed by some as a dangerous blow to

Related Coverage

 

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 27, 2012 09:19:03 UTC

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CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Niwa observes underwater volcano changes

New Zealand scientists investigating an active undersea volcano that erupted three months ago have discovered significant changes to the seafloor.

Niwa research ship Tangaroa has mapped the Kermadec volcano that erupted 800km northeast of Tauranga on July 19, producing a pumice raft the size of Canterbury.

The eruption was strong enough to breach the ocean surface from a depth of 1100 metres. It was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the pumice on their way back home from Samoa.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

It was mapped in 2002, showing a 1km-high undersea mountain with a 5km wide, 800-metre deep central crater.

This week, scientists found a new volcanic cone which has formed on the edge of the volcano, towering 240 metres above the crater rim.

They also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Several cubic kilometres of new material has also been added to the volcano, with large volumes of freshly erupted pumice accumulating on the caldera floor, raising it by up to 10 metres.

“We couldn’t find any biology on the floor and the immediate vicinity has been completely wiped out,” Wysoczanski said.

Fresh volcanic rocks, up to beach ball size, will be brought back to Niwa for analysis.

Tangaroa embarked on the expedition to study the volcanic chain that stretches for 1000km north from Bay of Plenty. It is due back in Wellington on November 1.

  • Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural territory.

    Enlarge Photo

    LiveScience.com/Janet C. Harvey/Axel Schmitt – Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural te …more 

Related Content

  • In this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of the Salton Sea, where water conservation efforts are attempting to restore the once natural playground and tourist site. The evaporating Salton Sea is the flashpoint for the latest dispute in California's water wars, testing an uneasy alliance that has sought to wean the Golden State from overreliance on Colorado River water.Enlarge GalleryIn this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of …
  • Moonset at Rock Hill, one of five volcanoes that comprise the Salton Buttes. The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study finds.Enlarge PhotoMoonset at Rock Hill, one of five …

Earthquake swarms and a region-wide rotten egg smell recently reminded Southern California residents they live next to an active volcano field, tiny though it may be.

At the time, scientists said the phenomena did not reflect changes in the magma chamber below the Salton Sea. But now, researchers may need to revise estimates of the potential hazard posed by the Salton Buttes — five volcanoes at the lake’s southern tip.

The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Geology reports. The new age — which makes these some of California’s youngest volcanoes — pushes the volcanic quintuplets into active status. The California Volcano Observatory, launched in February by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), already lists the area as a high threat for future blasts.

“The USGS is starting to monitor all potentially active volcanoes in California, which includes the Salton Buttes,” said study author Axel Schmitt, a geochronologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “With our results, I think this will further enhance the need to look into the system,” Schmitt told OurAmazingPlanet.

Schmitt and his colleagues dated zircon crystals in the hardened lava of the buttes with a relatively new technique, a “helium clock” that starts ticking once the minerals begin cooling at the surface.

Resolving the Obsidian Butte riddle

The revised age solves a long-standing archeological conundrum, said Steve Shackley, emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Artifacts created from one of the five buttes, Obsidian Butte, first appear in Native American villages around 510 B.C. to 640 B.C. The Kumeyaay people, whose territory ranged from the coast to the Coso Mountains, crafted projectiles from Obsidian Butte glass, he said. “The men produced some of the best in the world,” Shackley told OurAmazingPlanet.

However, for decades, researchers thought Obsidian Butte erupted thousands of years earlier. To explain why no one collected the valuable obsidian, archeologists hypothesized that Obsidian Butte was submerged under ancient Lake Cahuilla, the precursor to today’s Salton Sea. But geologists had long proved that Lake Cahuilla was ephemeral, flooding and emptying over and over again, so the explanation was always problematic.

“If this dating method is correct, then the Obsidian Butte material wasn’t even available, and that makes more sense archaeologically,” Shackley said.

Rifting brings rising magma

In fact, that Obsidian Butte rises above the Salton Sea is what first attracted Schmitt’s attention. A 30,000-year-old butte should have been buried by a combination of sediment and subsidence by now, he said. “It had to be very young,” Schmitt said.

The buttes exist because California is tearing apart, forming new oceanic crust as magma wells up from below. The sinking Salton Trough is the landward extension of the Gulf of California, and marks the boundary between the Pacific and North America tectonic plates.

The lava source for the volcanoes is a magma chamberbeneath the Salton Sea, which also heats water for a nearby geothermal plant. Decay of uranium isotopes in zircon crystals show magma built up underneath the volcanoes for thousands of years before the latest eruption, the study shows. [50 Amazing Volcano Facts]

If another eruption occurs at the Salton Buttes, it will likely mimic past breakouts, Schmitt said. The volcanoes are made of sticky, slow-moving rhyolite lava. At Obsidian Butte, the lava cooled so quickly it turned into glass. However, pumice and ash found nearby means past breakouts started with a bang.

Schmitt said he hopes to study the area in more detail to better understand the most recent eruption. “The amounts of magma involved are relatively small and the impacts of an explosive eruption, meaning an ash cloud, would most likely be very local,” he said. “We don’t know very well how far any ash would have been dispersed, and that’s something I would like to follow up on in the research.”

Researching future hazards

The National Science Foundation’s EarthScope project funds an extensive seismic imaging project in the Salton Sea that may soon reveal more information about what’s happening deep underground.

“We’ll be looking with great interest to see what we can tell from the Salton Seismic Imaging Project,” said Joann Stock, a Caltech professor and an expert on the region’s volcanic hazards who was not involved in the new study.

“I think [Schmitt’s study] is a great contribution,” she said. “It’s an area where we should be concerned. We know that there’s a lot of hot stuff down there,” she told OurAmazingPlanet.

In August, an earthquake swarm shook the nearby town of Brawley. The USGS attributed the temblors to faults in the Brawley Seismic Zone. In September, a sulfurous stench emanated from the Salton Sea and wafted across the Inland Empire. The odor was tentatively linked to a fish die-off, but could also have been caused by volcanic gases, Stock said.

Reach Becky Oskin at boskin@techmedianetwork.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.

Submarine eruption from Havre volcano built a new volcanic cone

By

Adonai
The Watchers Tweet Tweet New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report) Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found...

New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report)

Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found evidence of a new volcanic cone, 240 m tall and reaching withing 1,100 m below sea level, built on the side of the large submarine caldera of Havre. Aside from new volcanic cone they also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

27.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Kentucky, [Clay County] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:38 (04:38 AM) UTC.

Description
A forest fire burned nearly 100 acres near the Sattler Branch community in Clay County. Fire fighters responded to the blaze late Thursday. By Friday afternoon, the flames were contained. Still, the fire gave folks who live nearby quite a scare. “It’s about that time of year you have to start worrying, leaves and everything is dry. There’s a lot of trees around here. It wasn’t as bad this year as it was last year; it was real close last year,” said resident Rebecca Combs. Back then, Combs says a forest fire came so close to her home that fire fighters had to hose it down to keep it from igniting. “All we could really see was the smoke this time. It was on the other side so it didn’t get really close, but it was close enough to make you nervous,” Combs said. Combs’ sister says their ailing father lives in the home. She says getting him out of the house in an emergency would be difficult. “He’s wheelchair bound so that wouldn’t have been something fun to try to do. It would’ve been a hassle. We try to think about going over fire evacuations any way, just in case because of him,” said sister Monica Baker. People we talked to in Clay County say the threat of fire is a constant concern this time of year. They say people need to be more careful.

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Storms / Flooding

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 27.10.2012 Hurricane I 30 ° 120 km/h 148 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,078.30 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
27th Oct 2012 17:31:37 N 29° 0.000, W 76° 0.000 15 120 148 Hurricane I 30 ° 12 958 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 36° 24.000, W 72° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, W 72° 6.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
30th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 39° 48.000, W 77° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 40° 48.000, W 77° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
01st Nov 2012 12:00:00 N 43° 48.000, W 76° 48.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
Son-Thin (24W) Pacific Ocean 24.10.2012 27.10.2012 Typhoon IV 300 ° 204 km/h 250 km/h 3.35 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Son-Thin (24W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000
Start up: 24th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,302.25 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
27th Oct 2012 15:47:24 N 17° 30.000, E 108° 48.000 19 204 250 Typhoon IV 300 ° 11 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 20° 54.000, E 105° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
30th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 21° 42.000, E 106° 18.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

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WASHINGTON –  The U.S. military will be moving ships from the Norfolk Naval Station region in Virginia out to sea to get out of the path of Hurricane Sandy.

The Navy says 24 of the larger ships in southeastern Virginia bases, including the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman, are preparing to leave and will be moving out over the next day or so. The orders affect ships at Naval Station Norfolk and Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story in the Hamption Roads area.

Other ships will be secured at the base. Military installations along the Eastern Seaboard, including Andrews Air Force Base and Langley Air Force Base in Virginia and Naval Submarine Base New London in Connecticut were also prepared to move ships and aircraft if needed.

New York faces most intense storm in history

City would actually benefit from a direct hit, forecast say

By Eric Holthaus


Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Fla. on Friday.

NEW YORK (MarketWatch) — As we’ve all heard by now, there is a big storm brewing on the East Coast. Looking at the latest weather models, that may be a bit of an understatement.

The National Weather Service has labelled the hybrid gyre that may result from the merging of Hurricane Sandy and a Midwest snowstorm a “Frankenstorm.” When it hits, the storm could have truly scary implications befitting the Halloween holiday it will coincide with.

You can read my latest forecast post on this rare menace over on the Wall Street Journal’s Metropolis blog.

In fact, computer models are now showing a storm so intense that it would break 100-plus year weather records for the most intense pressure readings ever recorded throughout nearly all of the Mid-Atlantic region northward into New York City and Long Island.

Every hurricane that has ever hit that area — from last year’s Hurricane Irene, to the “Perfect Storm” of 1991, even the Long Island Express of 1938 — would all rank below this storm should current models of the atmosphere pan out. That’s a stunning conclusion, but one worth pondering, even though the storm’s peak impacts won’t be felt until Tuesday and there’s still time for models to shift.

There’s reason to believe the models may be overdoing it. First off, what’s happening right now doesn’t have a clear precedence in the weather records. Our best available number-crunching simulations of the atmosphere simply weren’t designed for this scenario.

Normally, when hurricanes approach the East Coast from Sandy’s angle, they are pulled safely out to sea by a semi-permanent low-pressure center near Iceland. This time around, that low pressure isn’t there. In fact, it’s been replaced by a high pressure so intense it only occurs approximately 0.2% of the time on average.

The coincidence of that strong of a high pressure “block” being in place just when a hurricane is passing by — in and of itself a very rare occurrence — is just mind bogglingly rare. It’s the kind of stuff that’s important enough to rewrite meteorological textbooks. The result: Instead of heading out to sea Sandy’s full force will be turned back against the grain and directed squarely at the East Coast.

To top it off, an intense early-season snowstorm moving eastward out of the Great Lakes will provide an additional boost of energy to Sandy as it approaches the shore, broadening its windfield, strengthening its rainfall and waves, and increasing its destructive potential. This is truly a Frankenstein scenario — a hybrid of weather badness that is now coming alive.

The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center — the same folks at the National Weather Service that gave Sandy its “Frankenstorm” name — have had to manually adjust their official forecasts to tone down the exceptional scenarios that the weather models are currently showing.

It’s not that they don’t think the worst-case scenario is possible. It’s just that it’s never happened before. As a meteorologist, you have to be very, very careful if you are going to predict a historic scenario.

The storm is still a few days away, so there will be plenty of time to see how new model runs change with the addition of data from future Hurricane Hunter flights before the National Weather Service goes in full bore with an unprecedented forecast. For the time being, those from D.C. to Boston should remain especially vigilant and begin to take preparations to make sure they and their families are safe.

Storm may hit New York the hardest

Because the storm is expected to be so huge, the only reason its exact landfall location matters relates to the direction of the winds. Everyone from D.C. to New England will feel some type of effects, but because hurricanes rotate counter-clockwise, those north of the center will have massive amounts of seawater directly deposited on their shores.

For those south of the center, the storm’s circulation will actually be pushing flooding seas away from shore, lessening potential impacts.

Right now, the most reliable model tracks have clustered in a relatively tight range from Delaware to New York City. Counterintuitively, should the center of the storm make a direct strike on New York City, the city may actually be spared some of the more serious coastal impacts from the storm.

Should the storm continue on its current path (the National Hurricane Center’s most likely landfall is now in southern New Jersey), all bets are off for the five boroughs.

The latter scenario — the one that now appears most likely — would have many feet of ocean water funneled into New York Harbor over a period of up to 36 hours. Unlike Irene, which quickly transited New York City last year as a weakening tropical storm, Sandy may actually be in the process of strengthening when it makes landfall.

The result could prove incredibly damaging for coastal residents and critical infrastructure. Keep in mind that Irene was only inches away from flooding subway tunnels in Lower Manhattan. Storm-surge forecasts for this scenario haven’t been officially released yet, but six to 10 feet in the city is not out of the question in a worst-case scenario.

That result would put about 700,000 people’s homes underwater, according to a Climate Central interactive analysis. Add to that waves of 10 to 20 feet on ocean-facing shores, and an additional foot or so of tidal influence from the full moon, and we could be dealing with quite a mess on our hands.

With National Geographic reporting that sea level rise is already accelerating at three to four times the global rate in the Northeast due to climate change, impacts are expected to be worse than if the same exact storm would have hit several years ago.

Should Sandy veer further north of its current track and make landfall right over the city, storm surge could be dramatically lessened, though the city could receive about double the amount of rainfall — up to a foot or more.

For these reasons, if I were a resident of New York right now, I’d be rooting for a direct hit. If given a choice, I’d take 12 inches of rain over six feet of coastal flooding any day.

Meteorologist Eric Holthaus digs deeper into how weather and climate can affect markets for MarketWatch. He can be reached at wxriskforecaster@gmail.com.

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New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declares State of Emergency as Hurricane Sandy barrels through Caribbean, killing 43

Sandy could be ‘worst case’ superstorm, more powerful than Hurricane Irene; officials will decide Saturday whether to evacuate wide swaths of New York City as ‘Frankenstorm’ approaches

By AND / NEW YORK DAILY NEWS

Resident Antonio Garces tries to recover his belongings from his house destroyed by Hurricane Sandy in Aguacate, Cuba, Thursday Oct. 25, 2012. Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas after causing at least two deaths in the Caribbean. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy leveled homes in Cuba and Jamaica this week and it has been blamed for more than 20 deaths. The storm is marching north towards the U.S., and could slam New York with lashing rain, powerful winds and even snow.

In the face of a potentially devastating storm, Gov. Cuomo declared a state of emergency Friday and city officials considered evacuating as many as 375,000 New Yorkers.

The MTA was also considering a total shut down of buses and subways if the worst predictions about Hurricane Sandy come true.

The deadly tempest, which killed at least 41 people in the Caribbean, according to The Associated Press, is expected to make landfall late Monday night near Delaware.

NEW YORKERS: CLICK HERE TO SEE WHETHER YOU LIVE IN A HURRICANE EVACUATION ZONE

Mayor Bloomberg said he’d make a decision about evacuations in low-lying areas in all five boroughs as soon as Saturday.

“We are taking all the steps that we need to take,” Bloomberg said during a hastily called afternoon press conference on Friday.

HURRICANE27N_1_WEB

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas en route to the East Coast, forecasters predict.

HURRICANE NEW 3

Gilbert Bellamy/Reuters

Residents watch firefighters fight a blaze in a private home in Kingston October 26, 2012. The fire, which destroyed the home, was started by a faulty generator used to provide electricity in the blackout caused by the passing of Hurricane Sandy, firefighters said.

“But the storm is moving at a rate that we’re still not going to have a good sense of when and where it’s going to hit land.”

MTA Chairman Joseph Lhota said officials would begin the second shutdown of all buses and subways in its history if winds reach 39 mph.

“Our first priority is always safety, and the MTA is taking no chances with the safety of our customers, our employees and our equipment,” Lhota said in a statement. “We are hoping for the best but preparing for the worst. Whatever happens, we’ll be ready.”

Parts of the subway that are below sea level are particularly susceptible to flooding.

The MTA halted the subways for the first time in its history during Hurricane Irene last year.

HURRICANE NEW 2

Desmond Boylan/Reuters

People walk on a street littered with debris after Hurricane Sandy hit Santiago de Cuba October 26, 2012.

HURRICANE27N_4_WEB

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Locals walk across the flooded streets of La Plaine, Haiti after Hurricane Sandy caused flooding and claimed more than 20 lives across the Caribbean.

Hurricane Irene was downgraded to a tropical storm before reaching the city but dire predictions in the days before it arrived triggered mandatory evacuations of lower Manhattan and other coastal neighborhoods.

With some forecasts predicting that Sandy could deliver an even more powerful punch, the city is again considering those extreme measures.

“The thing that we worry about the most is that people decide not to listen to the order to evacuate and then later on find themselves in harm’s way and then our police and fire departments have to put their lives on the line,” Bloomberg said.

City officials ordered construction crews to halt work as of Saturday evening and warned residents to prepare “go-bags” equipped with water and First Aid kits.

Officials were also deciding whether to cancel school on Monday.

story_hurricane2

Bryan Smith for New York Daily News

Mayor Michael Bloomberg discusses the city’s preparations ahead of Hurricane Sandy’s possible arrival early next week at City Hall on Friday.

Another major concern is “prolonged power outages,” Bloomberg said, and the city is working closely with ConEd.

“There are probably 20 different forecasts tracts for this storm and any one of them could be right,” Bloomberg said.

City Health Commissioner Thomas Farley said the city was asking six hospitals and 41 chronic care facilities, including nursing homes, in the low-lying areas to move patients who could be easily relocated.

HURRICANE NEW 4

nhc.noaa.gov

Hurricane Sandy path as shown by NOAA map.

The city could decide to evacuate the facilities using city buses as it did during Irene.

Cuomo declared a state of emergency for all 62 counties and said at a Long Island event that the state was taking “every precaution possible.”

A state of emergency gives the state more flexibility to help cities and counties. Cuomo also put the National Guard on alert, which makes Guard personnel and equipment available to help.

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Julia Xanthos/New York Daily News

Workers from the MTA install plywood over subway grating to prevent flooding expected from Hurricane Sandy near the Staten Island Ferry in lower Manhattan on Friday.

He also said he will call up repair crews and reach out to other states that may have crews available.

The state is also asking for a pre-disaster declaration that would get New York federal aid and assistance, he said.

HURRICANE NEW 1

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Residents of Leogane, Haiti find higher ground as the water level continues to rise Friday, Oct. 26, 2012.

story_hurricane1

Steve Nesius/Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Florida on Friday.

“There’s no need to panic,” he said. “We have a lot of time and we’re prepared for any eventuality, but we’d rather err on the side of caution.”

Cuomo canceled plans to campaign in Florida for President Obama so he could stay in New York. He also scrapped a homeland security conference scheduled for Monday in Albany so the 1,000 first responders who planned to attend could prepare for the storm in their home counties.

A host of other events were canceled as the storm loomed, including an exam for specialized high schools admissions scheduled for Sunday.With News Wire Services
With News Wire Services
tmoore@nydailynews.com

FoxNews.com

With a name like “Frankenstorm,” this could get ugly.

Hurricane Sandy, moving north from the Caribbean, was expected to make landfall Monday night near the Delaware coast, then hit two winter weather systems as it moves inland, creating a hybrid monster storm that could bring nearly a foot of rain, high winds and up to 2 feet of snow.

Experts said the storm would be wider and stronger than last year’s Irene, which caused more than $15 billion in damage, and could rival the worst East Coast storm on record.

Officials did not mince words, telling people to be prepared for several days without electricity. Jersey Shore beach towns began issuing voluntary evacuations and protecting boardwalks

Atlantic Beach casinos made contingency plans to close, and officials advised residents of flood-prone areas to stay with family or be ready to leave. Airlines said to expect cancellations and waived change fees for passengers who want to reschedule.

“Be forewarned,” said Connecticut Gov. Dannel P. Malloy. “Assume that you will be in the midst of flooding conditions, the likes of which you may not have seen at any of the major storms that have occurred over the last 30 years.”

Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell declared a state of emergency Friday morning to help mobilize emergency response. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said that wherever the storm comes ashore, there will be 10 inches of rain and extreme storm surges. Up to 2 feet of snow should fall on West Virginia, with lighter snow in parts of Ohio and Pennsylvania.

The storm threatened to hit two weeks before Election Day, while several states were heavily involved in campaigning, canvassing and get-out-the-vote efforts. Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney and Vice President Joe Biden both canceled weekend campaign events in coastal Virginia Beach, Va., though their events in other parts of the states were going on as planned.

In Rhode Island, politicians asked supporters to take down yard signs for fear they might turn into projectiles in the storm.

With a rare mix of three big merging weather systems over a densely populated region, experts predict at least $1 billion in damage.

STORM TIPS

Residents in the storm’s expected path should have a three days’ supply of water on hand, or one gallon per person per day, enough for drinking, cooking and some bathing, Virginia’s Department of Emergency Management recommends, and to combat extended power outages, residents should purchase battery-powered radios and extra batteries.

And if they meet Tuesday morning around New York or New Jersey, as forecasters predict, they could create a big, wet mess that settles over the nation’s most heavily populated corridor and reaches as far west as Ohio.

Airlines are giving travelers a way out if they want to scrap their plans due to Hurricane Sandy.

All the major airlines are offering waivers to customers who wish to reschedule their flights without incurring the typical fee of up to $150. The offers cover passengers flying in or out of just about any airport from Latin America to New Hampshire. Most waivers for travel in the Northeast are only valid Monday through Wednesday.

The airlines have only canceled a handful of flights so far, nearly all of them in and out of Florida and the Caribbean.

They say there will be hundreds of miles of steady, strong and damaging winds and rain for the entire Eastern region for several days. That could produce a bigger wallop than last year’s damaging Irene, which caused the cancellation of nearly 14,000 flights in a four-day period.

Those hoping to fly in or out of affected areas are asked to check their flight status before heading to the airport. Airlines also promise to update their Facebook pages and Twitter feeds with the latest information. To cancel, passengers should call the airline directly. Some airlines also allow changes to be made on their websites.

Passengers can expect cancellations to increase as the storm moves north over the weekend.

“Airlines and other operators generally stop flying to airports in the potential storm path long before winds reach dangerous levels,” the Federal Aviation Administration said in a statement.

Utilities are lining up out-of-state work crews and canceling employees’ days off to deal with expected power outages. From county disaster chiefs to the federal government, emergency officials are warning the public to be prepared. And President Barack Obama was briefed aboard Air Force One.

“It’s looking like a very serious storm that could be historic,” said Jeff Masters, meteorology director of the forecasting service Weather Underground. “Mother Nature is not saying, `Trick or treat.’ It’s just going to give tricks.”

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecaster Jim Cisco, who coined the nickname Frankenstorm, said: “We don’t have many modern precedents for what the models are suggesting.”

Government forecasters said there is a 90 percent chance — up from 60 percent two days earlier — that the East will get pounded.

Coastal areas from Florida to Maine will feel some effects, but the storm is expected to vent the worst of its fury on New Jersey and the New York City area, which could see around 5 inches of rain and gale-force winds close to 40 mph. Eastern Ohio, southwestern Pennsylvania and western Virginia could get snow.

And the storm will take its time leaving. The weather may not start clearing in the mid-Atlantic until the day after Halloween and Nov. 2 in the upper Northeast, Cisco said.

“It’s almost a weeklong, five-day, six-day event,” he said from a NOAA forecast center in College Park, Md. “It’s going to be a widespread, serious storm.”

It is likely to hit during a full moon, when tides are near their highest, increasing the risk of coastal flooding. And because many trees still have their leaves, they are more likely to topple in the event of wind and snow, meaning there could be widespread power outages lasting to Election Day.

Eastern states that saw outages that lasted for days after last year’s freak Halloween snowstorm and Hurricane Irene in late August 2011 are already pressuring power companies to be more ready this time.

Asked if he expected utilities to be more prepared, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick responded: “They’d better be.”

Jersey Central Power & Light, which was criticized for its response to Irene, notified employees to be ready for extended shifts. In Pennsylvania, PPL Corp. spokesman Michael Wood said, “We’re in a much better place this year.”

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg on Thursday said the city was striking a tone of calm preparedness.

“What we are doing is we are taking the kind of precautions you should expect us to do, and I don’t think anyone should panic,” Bloomberg said. The city has opened an emergency situation room and activated its coastal storm plan.

Some have compared the tempest to the so-called Perfect Storm that struck off the coast of New England in 1991, but that one hit a less populated area. Nor is this one like last year’s Halloween storm, which was merely an early snowfall.

“The Perfect Storm only did $200 million of damage and I’m thinking a billion” this time, Masters said. “Yeah, it will be worse.”

As it spun away from the Bahamas late Friday, Sandy was blamed for more than 43 deaths across the Caribbean. The 18th named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season hit the Bahamas after cutting across Cuba, where it tore roofs off homes and damaged fragile coffee and tomato crops. It is expected to move north, just off the Eastern Seaboard.

Norje Pupo, a 66-year-old retiree in Holguin, was helping his son clean up early Thursday after an enormous tree toppled in his garden.

“The hurricane really hit us hard,” he said. “As you can see, we were very affected. The houses are not poorly made here, but some may have been damaged.”

The Associated Press contributed to this story.

27.10.2012 Tropical Storm Cuba MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Holguin] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in Cuba on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 02:49 (02:49 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:35 UTC
Description
The Cuban government said on Thursday night that 11 people died when the storm barreled across the island, most killed by falling trees or in building collapses in Santiago de Cuba province and neighboring Guantanamo province. The Cuban deaths were an unusually high number for the communist island which prides itself on protecting its people from storms by ordering mass evacuations.

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Radiation

Fish Off Japan’s Coast Said to Contain Elevated Levels of Cesium

By

TOKYO — Elevated levels of cesium still detected in fish off the Fukushima coast of Japan suggest that radioactive particles from last year’s nuclear disaster have accumulated on the seafloor and could contaminate sea life for decades, according to new research.

Asahi Shimbun, via Getty Images

A broker inspected octopus from Fukushima at a market in Tokyo in August.

World Twitter Logo.

The findings published in Friday’s issue of the journal Science highlight the challenges facing Japan as it seeks to protect its food supply and rebuild the local fisheries industry.

More than 18 months after the nuclear disaster, Japan bans the sale of 36 species of fish caught off Fukushima, rendering the bulk of its fishing boats idle and denying the region one of its mainstay industries.

Some local fishermen are trying to return to work. Since July, a handful of them have resumed small-scale commercial fishing for species, like octopus, that have cleared government radiation tests. Radiation readings in waters off Fukushima and beyond have returned to near-normal levels.

But about 40 percent of fish caught off Fukushima and tested by the government still have too much cesium to be safe to eat under regulatory limits set by the Japanese government last year, said the article’s author, Ken O. Buesseler, a leading marine chemistry expert at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, who analyzed test results from the 12 months following the March 2011 disaster.

Because cesium tends not to stay very long in the tissues of saltwater fish — and because high radiation levels have been detected most often in bottom-feeding fish — it is likely that fish are being newly contaminated by cesium on the seabed, Mr. Buesseler wrote in the Science article.

“The fact that many fish are just as contaminated today with cesium 134 and cesium 137 as they were more than one year ago implies that cesium is still being released into the food chain,” Mr. Buesseler wrote. This kind of cesium has a half-life of 30 years, meaning that it falls off by half in radioactive intensity every 30 years. Given that, he said, “sediments would remain contaminated for decades to come.”

Officials at Japan’s Fisheries Agency, which conducted the tests, said Mr. Buesseler’s analysis made sense.

“In the early days of the disaster, as the fallout hit the ocean, we saw high levels of radiation from fish near the surface,” said Koichi Tahara, assistant director of the agency’s resources and research division. “But now it would be reasonable to assume that radioactive substances are settling on the seafloor.”

But that was less of a concern than Mr. Buesseler’s research might suggest, Mr. Tahara said, because the cesium was expected to eventually settle down into the seabed.

Mr. Tahara also stressed that the government would continue its vigorous testing and that fishing bans would remain in place until radiation readings returned to safe levels.

Naohiro Yoshida, an environmental chemistry expert at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, said that while he agreed with much of Mr. Buesseler’s analysis, it was too early to reach a conclusion on how extensive radioactive contamination of Japan’s oceans would be, and how long it would have an impact on marine life in the area.

Further research was needed on ocean currents, sediments and how different species of fish are affected by radioactive contamination, he said.

As much as four-fifths of the radioactive substances released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant are thought to have entered the sea, either blown offshore or released directly into the ocean from water used to cool the site’s reactors in the wake of the accident.

Sea currents quickly dispersed that radioactivity, and seawater readings off the Fukushima shore returned to near-normal levels. But fish caught in the area continue to show elevated readings for radioactive cesium, which is associated with an increased risk of cancer in humans.

Just two months ago, two greenling caught close to the Fukushima shore were found to contain more than 25,000 becquerels a kilogram of cesium, the highest cesium levels found in fish since the disaster and 250 times the government’s safety limit.

The operator of the Fukushima plant, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, said that the site no longer released contaminated water into the ocean, and that radiation levels in waters around the plant had stabilized.

But Yoshikazu Nagai, a spokesman for the company, said he could not rule out undetected leaks into the ocean from its reactors, the basements of which remain flooded with cooling water.

To reduce the chance of water from seeping out of the plant, Tokyo Electric is building a 2,400-foot-long wall between the site’s reactors and the ocean. But Mr. Nagai said the steel-and-concrete wall, which will reach 100 feet underground, would take until mid-2014 to build.

 

 

Fukushima owner says plant may be leaking radiation into sea

 

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

TEPCO, operator of the Fukushima nuclear facility, failed to confirm that radiation leaks at the plant had fully stopped. This came after a US report that irradiated fish are still being caught off the coast of Japan following the 2011 meltdown.

­The Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) told journalists Friday they could not confirm that radiation had stopped leaking from the nuclear power plant struck by a massive earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. Still, they said that radiation levels in the seawater and seabed soil around the plant were declining.

A recent article in the academic journal Science revealed that 40 percent of bottom-dwelling marine species in the area show cesium-134 and 137 levels that are still higher than normal.

The numbers aren’t going down. Oceans usually cause the concentrations to decrease if the spigot is turned off,” Ken Buesseler, study author and senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution told the Associated Press. “There has to be somewhere they’re picking up the cesium.”

Option one is the seafloor is the source of the continued contamination. The other source could be the reactors themselves,” Buesseler added.

Radioactive cesium is a human-made radioactive isotope produced through nuclear fission of the element cesium. It has a half-life of 30 years, making it extremely toxic.

TEPCO confirmed that the radioactive water used to cool the plant’s reactors leaked into the ocean several times, most recently in April.

The plant is struggling to find space to store the tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water used to cool the broken reactors and prevent it from a meltdown.

The company managed to collect the water used to cool the spent fuel rods and circulate it back into reactor cores, so the reactors are now being cooled with recycled water. However, groundwater is still seeping through cracks in basement where the reactor and turbine are stored, posing further dangers.

With the groundwater seeping in, the volume of decontaminated water collected and stored at the Fukushima Daiichi plant could triple within three years, TEPCO told the AP.

The accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant was triggered by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake that struck northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. An enormous tsunami crashed onto the land, resulting in the flash-flooding of four of the plant’s six reactors, shattering the cooling system. This led to a series of oxygen blasts, and a partial meltdown of the reactor core.

The incident was the biggest nuclear disaster in 25 years since the tragedy at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Multiple cases of contamination of air and seawater by radioactive material have been reported. Over 140,000 people were forced to leave an evacuation area 40 kilometers in diameter around the plant. Most of those people are still living in shelters. Full management of the disaster, including dismantling the reactors, is expected to take around 40 years.

 

 

Fukushima ‘running out of space’ to store dirty water

by Our Foreign Desk

Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant is struggling to find space to store tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water, it emerged today.

About 200,000 tons of radioactive water used to cool the broken reactors are being stored in hundreds of gigantic tanks built around the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant.

Operator Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco) has already chopped down trees to make room for more tanks and predicts the volume will more than triple within three years.

“Our land is limited and we could eventually run out of storage space,” said water treatment manager Yuichi Okamura.

Tepco’s tanks are filling up mostly because leaks in reactor facilities are allowing ground water to pour in.

Outside experts say that if contaminated water is released, there will be a lasting impact on the environment.

And they fear that because of the reactor leaks and water flowing from one part of the plant to another, that may already be happening.

Nuclear engineer Masashi Goto said the contaminated water build-up poses a long-term threat.

He said that the radioactive water in the basements may already be getting into the underground water system, where it could reach far beyond the plant, possibly into the ocean or public water supplies.

“You never know where it’s leaking and once it’s out you can’t put it back,” he said.

He added that the Tepco roadmap for dealing with the problem was “wishful thinking.”

“The longer it takes, the more contaminated water they get.”

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

27.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 12:43 UTC
Description
Another person has died of the Marburg viral disease in the southwestern district of Kabale, bringing the total number of such deaths to seven. Lydia Rusanyuka died Saturday morning at Rushoroza health center three after spending less than a week under medical care inside the isolation center. The deadly virus claimed its seventh victim just a little over a week since its outbreak in the district was first reported by health experts. The medics had settled onto the conclusion after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute had tested positive. Rusanyuka, the mother of a mortuary attendant who also succumbed to the disease had been tested positive with the virus prior to her death. Her son, Jason Tumukunde also died of the same disease. Doctor Patrick Tusiime, the Kabale District health officer has said the deceased will be buried in Bukora, Kitumba sub-county Kabale district today. Meanwhile, the wife of the late Tumukunde, his sister and their eight-year-old daughter remain in isolation at Rushoroza after testing positive.

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Climate Change

Opposite Behaviors? Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks, Antarctic Grows

by Maria-Jose Vinas for NASA’s Earth Science News
Greenbelt MD (SPX)


September 2012 witnessed two opposite records concerning sea ice. Two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low for the satellite era (left), Antarctic sea ice reached a record winter maximum extent (right). But sea ice in the Arctic has melted at a much faster rate than it has expanded in the Southern Ocean, as can be seen in this image by comparing the 2012 sea ice levels with the yellow outline, which in the Arctic image represents average sea ice minimum extent from 1979 through 2010 and in the Antarctic image shows the median sea ice extent in September from 1979 to 2000. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio and NASA Earth Observatory/ Jesse Allen. View Arctic larger. View Antarctic larger.

The steady and dramatic decline in the sea ice cover of the Arctic Ocean over the last three decades has become a focus of media and public attention. At the opposite end of the Earth, however, something more complex is happening.

A new NASA study shows that from 1978 to 2010 the total extent of sea ice surrounding Antarctica in the Southern Ocean grew by roughly 6,600 square miles every year, an area larger than the state of Connecticut. And previous research by the same authors indicates that this rate of increase has recently accelerated, up from an average rate of almost 4,300 square miles per year from 1978 to 2006.

“There’s been an overall increase in the sea ice cover in the Antarctic, which is the opposite of what is happening in the Arctic,” said lead author Claire Parkinson, a climate scientist with NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. “However, this growth rate is not nearly as large as the decrease in the Arctic.”

The Earth’s poles have very different geographies. The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by North America, Greenland and Eurasia. These large landmasses trap most of the sea ice, which builds up and retreats with each yearly freeze-and-melt cycle. But a large fraction of the older, thicker Arctic sea ice has disappeared over the last three decades. The shrinking summer ice cover has exposed dark ocean water that absorbs sunlight and warms up, leading to more ice loss.

On the opposite side of the planet, Antarctica is a continent circled by open waters that let sea ice expand during the winter but also offer less shelter during the melt season. Most of the Southern Ocean’s frozen cover grows and retreats every year, leading to little perennial sea ice in Antarctica.

Using passive-microwave data from NASA’s Nimbus 7 satellite and several Department of Defense meteorological satellites, Parkinson and colleague Don Cavalieri showed that sea ice changes were not uniform around Antarctica.

Most of the growth from 1978 to 2010 occurred in the Ross Sea, which gained a little under 5,300 square miles of sea ice per year, with more modest increases in the Weddell Sea and Indian Ocean. At the same time, the region of the Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas lost an average of about 3,200 square miles of ice every year.

Parkinson and Cavalieri said that the mixed pattern of ice growth and ice loss around the Southern Ocean could be due to changes in atmospheric circulation. Recent research points at the depleted ozone layer over Antarctica as a possible culprit.

Ozone absorbs solar energy, so a lower concentration of this molecule can lead to a cooling of the stratosphere (the layer between six and 30 miles above the Earth’s surface) over Antarctica. At the same time, the temperate latitudes have been warming, and the differential in temperatures has strengthened the circumpolar winds flowing over the Ross Ice Shelf.

“Winds off the Ross Ice Shelf are getting stronger and stronger, and that causes the sea ice to be pushed off the coast, which generates areas of open water, polynyas,” said Josefino Comiso, a senior scientist at NASA Goddard.

“The larger the coastal polynya, the more ice it produces, because in polynyas the water is in direct contact with the very cold winter atmosphere and rapidly freezes.” As the wind keeps blowing, the ice expands further to the north.

This year’s winter Antarctic sea ice maximum extent, reached two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low, was a record high for the satellite era of 7.49 million square miles, about 193,000 square miles more than its average maximum extent for the last three decades.

The Antarctic minimum extents, which are reached in the midst of the Antarctic summer, in February, have also slightly increased to 1.33 million square miles in 2012, or around 251,000 square miles more than the average minimum extent since 1979.

The numbers for the southernmost ocean, however, pale in comparison with the rates at which the Arctic has been losing sea ice – the extent of the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean in September 2012 was 1.32 million square miles below the average September extent from 1979 to 2000. The lost ice area is equivalent to roughly two Alaskas.

Parkinson said that the fact that some areas of the Southern Ocean are cooling and producing more sea ice does not disprove a warming climate.

“Climate does not change uniformly: The Earth is very large and the expectation definitely would be that there would be different changes in different regions of the world,” Parkinson said. “That’s true even if overall the system is warming.” Another recent NASA study showed that Antarctic sea ice slightly thinned from 2003 to 2008, but increases in the extent of the ice balanced the loss in thickness and led to an overall volume gain.

The new research, which used laser altimetry data from the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat), was the first to estimate sea ice thickness for the entire Southern Ocean from space.

Records of Antarctic sea ice thickness are much patchier than those of the Arctic, due to the logistical challenges of taking regular measurements in the fierce and frigid waters around Antarctica. The field data collection is mostly limited to research icebreakers that generally only travel there during spring and summer – so the sole means to get large-scale thickness measurements is from space.

“We have a good handle of the extent of the Antarctic sea ice, but the thickness has been the missing piece to monitor the sea ice mass balance,” said Thorsten Markus, one of the authors of the study and Project Scientist for ICESat-2, a satellite mission designed to replace the now defunct ICESat. ICESat-2 is scheduled to launch in 2016. “The extent can be greater, but if the sea ice gets thinner, the volume could stay the same.”

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 26. 2012

Published on Oct 26, 2012 by

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Methane Followup: http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/10/24/14670511-climate-changing-methane-…
Saturn Storm: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121025105209.htm
Saturn Storm Visualizations: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-after-effects-saturn-super-storm-video.html
Hawaii Volcano Update: http://news.discovery.com/earth/kilauea-lava-lake-threatens-to-spill-121024.html
Soyuz/ISS Update: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-soyuz-astronauts-docks-space-station.html
China’s Largest Fresh Lake: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931543.htm
China NavSat: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931037.htm
Italy Quake: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/9634929/One-dead-as-5….

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 27. 2012

 

Published on Oct 27, 2012 by

All Images seen and Information heard here can be found at the Links Below, with gratitude. [Click SHOW MORE]

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Fukushima Worry: http://www.weather.com/news/japan-nuclear-water-worries-20121025

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

CANYON OF FIRE:

A filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on Oct 26th. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. Click on the circle to animate the event:

The glowing walls of the canyon are formed in a process closely related to that of arcade loops, which appear after many solar flares. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

As erupting magnetic filaments often do, this one launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space. The Solar and Heliospheric Observary recorded the expanding cloud: movie. The CME does not appear to be heading for Earth or any other planet.

Solar activity at low levels with possible Earth-directed CME…

By

chillymanjaro
 
The Watchers Tweet Tweet Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600. A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected. SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of...

Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600.

A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected.

STEREO Behind COR2 image from 21:40 UTC on OCtober 27 and earlier STEREO Ahead COR2 image from 18:54 UTC on October 27

SOHO’s LASCO C2 latest image is recorded at 11:12 UTC on October 26.

SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on October 26. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. This solar filament launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space but luckily, it was not Earth-directed. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

GOES X-Ray flux show mostly quit conditions, only 3 C-class flares were observed during the past 24 hours.

All four visible Sunspot regions (1596, 1598, 1599, 1600) are currently stable. Three low-level C-class flares were observed from behind the west limb, likely from old Region 1594. Region 1598 remained the most magnetically complex region on the visible disk and produced a B9 flare at 12:35 UTC on October 27. Region 1596 has shown signs of penumbral decay, mainly in its trailer spots. There are no large coronal holes on the Earthside of the Sun.

There will be a slight chance for an isolated M-Class flare throughout the weekend. NOAA/SWPC forecasters estimated 15 % chances of M-class event. Sunspot 1598 is the one to watch.

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Space

NASA: Rare, enormous gas storm detected on Saturn

By Todd Sperry, CNN
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • The storm, first detected in 2010, let out something of a cosmic burp
  • If on Earth, it would cover North America top to bottom and wrap the globe many times
  • The storm also led to a drastic change in the ringed planet

(CNN) — NASA says the Cassini spacecraft recorded the aftermath of a massive storm on Saturn that let out an “unprecedented belch of energy.”

Not only was the size of the storm unusual, but what the storm was made of left scientists puzzled.

The source of the cosmic burp, which rapidly changed the atmosphere’s temperature, was ethylene gas, an odorless, colorless gas that has rarely been observed on Saturn, NASA said.

“This temperature spike is so extreme it’s almost unbelievable,” said Brigette Hesman, the study’s lead author who works at Goddard. “To get a temperature change of the same scale on Earth, you’d be going from the depths of winter in Fairbanks, Alaska, to the height of summer in the Mojave Desert,” Hesman said in a statement released by NASA.

NASA’s NuStar gets first look at black hole at the center of the Milky Way

Scientists still haven’t figured out from where the ethylene gas came.

By comparison, a storm of similar size on Earth would cover North America from top to bottom and wrap the planet many times, researchers said.

The Cassini spacecraft first detected the disruption on December 5, 2010, and has been following it since, but researchers said the ethylene gas disruption that followed the storm was unexpected.

A storm this size happens once every 30 years, or once every Saturn year, NASA scientists said.

Launched in 1997, the Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency.

A full report will be published in November’s issue of the Astrophysical Journal.

A COMET IN TROUBLE?

Amateur astronomers have been keeping a close eye on Comet 168P/Hergenrother since October 1st when it suddenly brightened 500-fold, from 15th to 8th magnitude. At the time, the comet was making its closest approach to the sun (1.4 AU). Some observers speculated that solar heating caused the fragile comet to break apart. On Oct. 26th, a group of astronomers found evidence to support this idea. “Using the Faulkes North (F65) telescope,” writes Ernesto Guido et al., “we detected a fragmentation in Comet 168P.”

“Our images, taken on Oct. 26th, reveal the presence of a secondary nucleus, or fragment, about two arcseconds away from the main central condensation of comet 168P.” This is probably a chunk of rocky ice emerging from the haze of gas and dust that surrounds the main nucleus, still hidden inside. Comets are notoriously fragile, so its no surprise that Comet 168P/Hergenrother is breaking apart in this way.

The only question is, what happens next? Will the comet spit in two, with two heads and two tails, one tracking the fragment and the other tracking the parent? Or is this the prelude to a more complete disintegration? Amateur astronomers are encouraged to monitor developments while the comet remains bright enough to see through backyard telescopes. Here are the comet’s coordinates. For best results, we recommend the Comet Hunter Telescope.

Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 8 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 9 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 12 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 18 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 22 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
(2007 VB188) 25th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1446 56.3 14 m – 32 m 10.32 km/s 37152 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

 

 

Galactic Dinners –
The Milky Way Slowly Consuming Ancient Star Cluster

MessageToEagle.com – Based on current models, galaxies grow by consuming other star systems and the so-called galactic cannibalism process is widespread in the universe.

Around the Milky Way galaxy and in the vicinity of our immediate cosmic neighborhood, known as the “Local Group” of galaxies, traces of spiral galaxies swallowing dwarf galaxies have been known to astronomers since 1997.

Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, researchers have recently discovered a band of stars, or stellar stream.
It is the first of its kind found in the southern Galactic sky, a region that has been hard to examine due to a relative lack of deep-sky imaging there. Deeper imaging enables astronomers to detect fainter stars.

 

Credits: NASA
This stellar stream, named the Triangulum stream, could be the remnant of an ancient star cluster slowly being ingested by the Milky Way, Earth’s home galaxy.

“The Milky Way is constantly gobbling up small galaxies and star clusters,” said Ana Bonaca, a Yale graduate student and lead author of a study forthcoming in Astrophysical Journal Letters.

 


Click on image to enlarge

M33, the Triangulum Galaxy, is a perennial favorite of amateur and professional astronomers alike, due to its orientation and relative proximity to us. It is the second nearest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way (after M31, the Andromeda Galaxy) and a prominent member of the “local group” of galaxies. From our Milky Way perspective, M33’s stellar disk appears at moderate inclination, allowing us to see its internal structure clearly, whereas M31 is oriented nearly edge-on. The Galaxy Evolution Explorer imaged M33 as it appears in ultraviolet wavelengths. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
The discovery will help astronomers reconstruct how the Milky Way’s mass is distributed, further revealing its dynamic structure.

“The more powerful gravity of our Milky Way pulls these objects apart and their stars then become part of the Milky Way itself.”

 

Researchers have previously found evidence of the Milky Way eating up dwarf galaxies.Bonaca argues that the newly found stellar stream is the remnant of a star cluster rather than of a larger galaxy, because the stream is very narrow.

“Our discovery is more of a light snack than a big meal for the Milky Way,” says Marla Geha, associate professor of astronomy at Yale and a co-author of the study.

“Studying this digestion process in detail is important because it gives us new insight into how all galaxies form and evolve.”

 

Galaxies are believed to form hierarchically through the merger of smaller galaxies and still smaller star clusters.
Stellar streams form as they are ripped apart by the gravitational force of galaxies.
This process may be the primary way galaxies such as the Milky Way grow in mass, the researchers say.

 

 

A map of stars in the outer region of the Milky Way as traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Streams of stars are seen throughout both the Northern (top) and Southern Galactic hemispheres, corresponding to small galaxies and star clusters which are in the process of being ingested by the Milky Way. The newest discovery is designated as the Triangulum Stream. Credits: yale.edu
Triangulum was found by searching a region recently surveyed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), an international collaboration that is mapping the sky through wide-field photometry.

Bonaca, Geha and co-author Nitya Kallivayalil, a Yale postdoctoral fellow, relied specifically on the survey’s Data Release 8, which included information about vast new areas of the southern galactic sky.

The study is available now on the arXiv preprint server.

MessageToEagle.com via cordis.europa.eu

See also:
ESA’s New Satellite Cheops Will Study Super-Earths

 

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

By: Meg Rossman

A loud, unexplained noise set off dozens of calls to the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office Friday morning after residents reported hearing an explosion so loud it shook their homes. YNN’s Meg Rossman reveals the source behind that explosion and why there’s no mystery behind that mystery boom.

NIAGARA COUNTY, N.Y. — It was the mystery boom heard ’round the world – or at least Niagara County that caused the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office to field dozens of calls similar to this exchange from concerned residents:

Dispatch: “Niagara County 911 what’s your emergency?”Caller: “…I heard an explosion and my windows all shook.

Dispatch: “You don’t see any fire or anything?

Caller: “No. No, I don’t.”

No fire and no damage but after several reports just after midnight Friday, Niagara County Undersheriff Michael J. Filicetti said deputies went to investigate.”We actually had several units respond down to the, mostly it was the Newfane area, Town of Somerset, Barker area,” he explained. “They checked around and couldn’t find anything.”

But they were offered plenty of suggestions, everything ranging from a sonic boom to a meteor.

“As of early this morning, we still hadn’t figured out what caused it,” Filicetti said.

According to officials at Columbia University, it’s not out of the question for tremors like Friday’s to be caused by landslides, sonic booms or even a meteor. In this case, however, the source turned out to be a 2.5 magnitude earthquake centered in the Town of Barker.

Dispatch: “Niagara County 9-1-1 what’s the address of your emergency?

Caller: “It’s not actually an emergency. I heard that explosion…”

So how do you explain that mystery boom?”They likely experienced a jolt and that jolt would likely set one’s house in motion and I suspect that’s the noise they heard,” Andrew Whittaker explained.

Whittaker, a structural engineering professor from the University at Buffalo, said it’s a common occurrence with minor earthquakes so close to the surface. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the area sits on a fault line and experiences several very minor quakes every few years, though none of any apocalyptic proportions.

“We have no evidence whatsoever that a large magnitude event is around the corner,” Whittaker said.

Mystery solved.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife

DNR: More than 11,000 deer dead of EHD

Virus will not impact this hunting season

  • By Steve Kelso

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WOOD) – The number of Michigan deer dead of a virus continues to rise.

More than 11,000 deer that have been reported dead of epizootic hemorrhagic disease, or EHD, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

The disease causes extensive internal hemorrhages, according to the DNR. White-tailed deer usually develop symptoms seven days after exposure. Between eight and 36 hours after the start of symptoms like rapid pulse and breathing, fever and weakness, the deer lie down and die.

EHD is spread by a gnat called the midge — a species that multiplied well in this summer’s drought. It has been know to exist in Michigan for years, but this year’s outbreak is the worst in history.

“It is way worse than any other outbreak. We have had a few that got over 1,000 or maybe over a thousand a few years back, but this is by far the worst we have seen it,” said DNR Wildlife Biologist John Niewoonder.

The hardest-hit areas are in southwest Michigan, a DNR map shows. Ionia County has also seen a big outbreak. There have been 2,244 reported cases there. Kent County has had 1,637 reported cases.

The DNR says that the number of deer dead of EHD is actually much higher than the 11,000 or so reported, but admits that there is no telling exactly how many deer have died.

The DNR had hoped that by October, the numbers would be on the decrease because a hard freeze should kill off the midges.

Hunters should still feel free to hunt, the DNR says, and the agency will not put any limitations on deer hunting this year. But after this season concludes, the DNR will consider numbers gathered from deer check stations as they decide how many permits to issue next year.

“Typically these re-evaluations don’t result in big changes because the population just doesn’t change that much from one year to the next. This year may be different because of the disease. Hunters may notice bigger changes for next year than they normally would,” said Niewoonder.

It is important to put the number of dead deer in perspective. While there are more than 11,000 deer dead from EHD, hunters harvested more than 440,000 last year and an average of more than 50,000 die every year in car crashes.

The DNR says it does not anticipate that Michigan’s deer herd is in danger.

Humans cannot contract EHD. It occasionally infects domesticated animals — usually hoof stock, the DNR says — but they rarely get sick.

Online:

DNR field offices contact information

Details on this year’s EHD outbreak and FAQ

Watch video here

27.10.2012 Biological Hazard USA State of California, South Lake Tahoe Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 17:27 (05:27 PM) UTC.

Description
A total of 3 chipmunks tested positive for the plague in the South Lake Tahoe area. California Department of Public Health tested 38 chipmunks and 3 squirrels for the plague during the this month’s surveillance effort, El Dorado County Department of Environmental Health spokesperson Karen Bender said. The department said the results of the tests are not surprising, but do warrant precaution. The plague is an infectious bacterial disease that is spread by wild rodents and their fleas. People can be infected by close contact with the rodents or their fleas. “Risk of transmission is significantly reduced during the winter months because rodents and their fleas are less active when the weather is cold,” Interim El Dorado County Health Officer, Dr. Robert Hartmann said. Cases of the plague are common in mountain and foothill areas of California, but cases in people are rare. The plague can be treated by antibiotics if detected early. Symptoms of the plague appear within two weeks of exposure and include fever, nausea, weakness and swollen lymph nodes.
Biohazard name: Yersinia pestis (chipmunks)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Articles of Interest

 

 

Rocket Explosion:
New Space Debris Cloud Threatens Future Space Missions

 

MessageToEagle.com – ‘Briz-M’, a Russian rocket recently exploded into some 500 fragments. Most of the debris is now, floating in low Earth orbit.

The good news is that the ISS can avoid a possible collision.

The bad news is that this new space junk cloud has become a threat to future space missions.

The rocket was previously floating inert in space after it failed on a mission to deliver two satellites to its intended orbits in a botched August launch. The rocket engine stalled seven seconds after ignition, leaving some 10 to 15 tons of rocket fuel unused in its tanks. On October 16, Briz-M detonated and shattering into hundreds of fragments.

A proton-M rocket carrying Briz-M.
The debris from the explosion was first noticed by Australian astronomer Robert McNaught. Russia is carefully monitoring the fragments, but there is a risk the number may increase further as the space junk pieces collide with each other and break apart, an industry source told Interfax on Thursday.

The space junk poses no immediate danger, but could threaten future space missions. “We just expanded the list of potential threats with new entries,” the source explained.

The debris is spread across altitudes ranging from 250 to 5,000 kilometers.Both American and Russian space experts believe most of the scrap will continue to orbit the earth.

Air Force Lt. Col. Monica Matoush, a Pentagon spokesperson, said the U.S. military was tracking debris from the Breeze M breakup.

The Defense Department’s joint functional component command for space, known by the acronym JFCC-Space, monitors objects in orbit and issues collision alerts to U.S. government, international and commercial satellite owners.

“The resulting debris field and impact to space objects on orbit are being assessed at this time, however JFCC-Space is currently tracking over 500 pieces of debris,” Matoush said in an email Tuesday. ”

We expect that number to fluctuate as work to characterize the debris field continues.”

The explosion of Briz-M has cteared a space debris cloud that can threaten future space missions. Image credit: ESA

 

“Although some of the pieces have begun to re-enter, most of the debris will remain in orbit for an extended period of time,” US State Department spokesperson Jamie Mannina said in a statement.

The International Space Station orbits Earth at an altitude of about 400 kilometers. The station is not currently on a collision course with any of the fragments, and can be repositioned in the future if any danger arises.

Experts are worried how the debris cloud will affect future space missions.

© MessageToEagle.com

See also:
New Supercomputer Can Prevent Asteroid Impact By Using An Atomic Bomb

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.7 2012/10/03 23:05:49   36.900  -117.418 8.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/03 22:48:58  -14.331   -76.217 32.0  NEAR THE COAST OF CENTRAL PERU
MAP  4.7   2012/10/03 22:23:22   46.760   97.920 12.6  WESTERN MONGOLIA
MAP  5.0   2012/10/03 21:02:39   -5.765   151.126 56.9  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/03 20:25:52   38.529  -122.323 0.1  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.8 2012/10/03 19:51:08   39.724  -119.436 10.9  NEVADA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/03 18:30:14   53.395  -164.278 20.0  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  5.4   2012/10/03 18:28:33   5.860   126.955 144.5  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.3 2012/10/03 16:49:04   19.141   -65.120 84.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/03 16:25:14   57.427  -154.107 13.6  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/03 14:41:28   44.884   9.865 10.0  NORTHERN ITALY
MAP  5.7   2012/10/03 13:32:35   -0.451   97.648 10.0  KEPULAUAN BATU, INDONESIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/03 10:04:04   19.802   -64.287 24.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/03 09:39:59   38.070   141.898 35.4  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.4 2012/10/03 09:20:45   44.655   7.311 10.0  NORTHERN ITALY
MAP  4.7   2012/10/03 08:16:41   44.352  -129.006 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  4.8   2012/10/03 08:02:16   14.851   147.797 35.1  MARIANA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/03 06:44:56   18.192   -67.845 50.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO
MAP  4.2 2012/10/03 06:26:41   12.296   -87.831 64.7  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
MAP  5.3   2012/10/03 06:26:17   -6.277   152.746 30.5  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/03 03:31:03   57.241  -154.888 12.6  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/03 03:22:30   62.448  -151.512 107.2  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/03 02:36:14   62.911  -148.674 82.6  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/03 02:13:13   44.475  -128.814 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  4.6   2012/10/03 00:50:29   53.216  -166.719 39.8  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.7 2012/10/03 00:35:53   19.684   -64.335 33.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/03 00:19:51   60.613  -147.537 6.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 22:41:21   19.635   -64.387 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 22:38:48   19.580   -64.407 47.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 21:00:48   19.637   -64.269 18.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.8 2012/10/02 19:59:32   51.552  -178.046 5.0  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/02 19:43:09   24.678  -110.179 15.4  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.3   2012/10/02 19:41:30  -65.008   177.926 16.6  BALLENY ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 19:17:14   19.662   -64.273 56.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/02 19:16:02   37.142   71.812 138.9  TAJIKISTAN
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 19:15:19   19.732   -64.250 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.0   2012/10/02 18:39:08  -20.607  -174.229 3.1  TONGA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/02 18:37:41   26.847   92.788 51.6  ASSAM, INDIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/02 18:23:16   -6.071   146.248 118.1  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/02 17:50:19  -27.498   -68.945 79.6  CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/02 17:37:24   -2.876   101.931 116.6  SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/02 17:24:58   -6.336   130.286 135.2  BANDA SEA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 16:46:51   19.457   -64.275 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/02 14:55:31   -3.632   101.476 57.5  SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.5 2012/10/02 13:28:08   19.476   -64.164 85.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/02 12:05:13   19.666   -64.235 55.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/02 11:37:53   39.774   143.243 29.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.1   2012/10/02 11:35:52  -21.109  -174.474 34.7  TONGA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/02 10:02:22   32.800  -116.154 6.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/02 09:08:11   18.216   -68.175 125.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  4.4 2012/10/02 08:43:35   37.558   72.321 190.1  TAJIKISTAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/02 08:34:55   32.461   76.641 12.6  HIMACHAL PRADESH, INDIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/02 08:28:15   32.805  -116.144 10.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/02 07:16:10   50.251   179.183 30.2  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/02 06:25:32   8.293   123.314 41.1  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  2.5 2012/10/02 05:43:29   34.215  -117.090 5.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/02 04:41:36   52.038   176.335 46.0  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/02 04:21:03   52.473   173.398 49.5  NEAR ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/02 04:12:32   52.094   176.423 50.0  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.3   2012/10/02 03:33:30  -18.820  -174.836 96.7  TONGA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/02 03:20:53   36.220  -118.318 5.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/02 03:17:12   45.897   142.685 342.6  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/02 03:14:04   59.818  -150.519 60.3  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/02 03:05:47   18.513   -67.368 19.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO
MAP  2.8 2012/10/02 02:57:00   40.329  -125.431 6.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/02 02:38:32   51.559  -178.031 4.8  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/02 01:51:39   39.600   143.424 33.2  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/02 01:10:46   36.206   140.937 17.7  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

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Earthquake at Katla Volcano

An earthquake of a magnitude of 3.2 hit Katla volcano, which lies underneath the Mýrdalsjökull icecap in south Iceland, just before 9:30 this morning.

myrdalsjokull-katla_ps
Mýrdalsjökull, under which Katla volcano lies. Photo by Páll Stefánsson.According to Gunnar Guðmundsson, seismologist at the Icelandic Office of Meteorology, the earthquake hit at a depth of 100 meters. Several smaller earthquakes occurred shortly before the larger one but no earthquakes have been recorded since, mbl.is reports.

Gunnar says there have been quakes of this strength before in the volcano but that they are not common. There has been little activity in Katla in the last month and there is no evidence of any further developments, he adds.

The glacier-covered volcano is monitored closely. A major glacial outburst flood occurred in July 2011, tearing a hole in the Ring Road in South Iceland.

Click here to read more about seismic activity in Katla and here to read about other recent earthquakes in Iceland.

ZR

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 4, 2012 08:48:51 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

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CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Suwanosejima volcano (Japan): new explosion reported & activity summary for August 2012

BY: T

An explosion was reported this morning (around 07 am GMT time) with an ash plume reaching 10,000 (about 3 km) altitude.

Summary for August 2012 activity (JMA):
No explosive eruptions occurred at Otake crater in August (as in July). The plume was observed only August 19th and the height was approx. 300 m above the crater rim during this period (maximum. 400 m in July). Weak volcanic glows in the crater were recorded at night with a high-sensitivity camera on August 8th-10th, 12th-14th, 18th-20th and 24th.
Seismic activity remained at low levels, with 17 A-type events (29 in July) and 39 B-type events (123 in July).
No volcanic tremor was observed in August (total tremor duration 38h 5m in July).
No unusual ground deformation was seen in GPS observation data.
At Otake crater, no eruption was observed during this period, but eruptions nevertheless have occurred repeatedly over a long time.


Links / Sources:

NASA Radar to Study Volcanoes in Alaska and Japan

This UAVSAR interferogram shows active volcano Mount St. Helens (left) and dormant volcano Mount Adams, both in Washington state. This UAVSAR interferogram shows active volcano Mount St. Helens (left) and dormant volcano Mount Adams, both in Washington state. The sensor collected data for this image during flights in July 2009 and August 2010 to compute the surface deformation that could indicate activity in the volcanoes’ magma. No deformation was evident during this period. (NASA image)
› Larger image

A NASA aircraft carrying a unique 3-D aerial radar developed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., has left California for a 10-day campaign to study active volcanoes in Alaska and Japan.

The modified NASA C-20A (G-III) aircraft, with JPL’s Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) installed in a pod under its belly, departed NASA’s Dryden Aircraft Operations Facility in Palmdale, Calif., Oct. 2, en route to Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Tacoma, Wash. Along the way, it will image volcanoes in the western United States. After refueling, the aircraft will travel on to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson near Anchorage, Alaska, where UAVSAR will image a series of volcanoes, including those in the Aleutian Islands.

UAVSAR can see below Earth’s surface to monitor very subtle deformations. NASA scientists periodically use UAVSAR to monitor subtle changes in volcanic activity. The radar uses a technique called interferometry, which sends pulses of microwave energy from the sensor on the aircraft to the ground to detect and measure very subtle Earth surface deformations.

The plane will then fly to Japan’s Yokota Air Force Base near Tokyo. Yokota is the staging location for science missions to collect data about volcanoes on several islands in Japan that pose a hazard to nearby populations. On its return, the aircraft will repeat the route, acquiring data from the opposite viewing direction, before arriving back at its base in Palmdale Oct. 11.

This study builds on UAVSAR research of U.S. West Coast and Hawaiian volcanoes acquired from 2009 through 2011 and additional observations of Central and South American volcanoes gathered in 2010 and 2011.

The aircraft features a high-precision autopilot designed and developed by engineers at NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center. The Precision Platform Autopilot guides the aircraft using a kinematic differential Global Positioning System developed by JPL along with the aircraft’s inertial navigation system to enable it to fly repeat paths to an accuracy of 15 feet (4.6 meters) or less. With the precision autopilot engaged, the synthetic aperture radar is able to acquire repeat-pass data that can measure land-surface changes within millimeters.

UAVSAR provides a measurement system that complements satellite-based observations by providing rapid revisits and imaging of active volcanoes to better understand their deformation prior to, during or after an eruption.

In addition to the NASA study of volcanoes, the UAVSAR team is working with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency scientists to define cross-calibration sites, including flight lines over disaster and forested areas, between the UAVSAR and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Polarimetric and Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar with L-band 2 (PISAR-L2).

For more on UAVSAR, visit: http://uavsar.jpl.nasa.gov/index.html .

Written by Beth Hagenauer, Public Affairs
NASA Dryden Flight Research Center

 

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Storms / Flooding / Landslides

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 04.10.2012 Tropical Depression 40 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

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Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: 28th September 2012
Track long: 1,762.49 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 11:12:43 N 21° 30.000, W 51° 18.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000 22 120 148 Hurricane I. 25 17 985 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 10:59:20 N 30° 42.000, W 51° 24.000 24 120 148 Hurricane I. 50 13 985 MB NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 05:13:53 N 30° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 130 157 Hurricane I. 95 15 983 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 05:22:55 N 31° 24.000, W 38° 6.000 30 111 139 Tropical Storm 75 16 987 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 10:47:47 N 32° 0.000, W 36° 24.000 28 111 139 Tropical Storm 65 15 985 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 05:15:16 N 33° 54.000, W 34° 12.000 15 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 18 989 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 10:46:51 N 34° 18.000, W 33° 36.000 13 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 14 990 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 05:31:59 N 35° 48.000, W 32° 12.000 11 83 102 Tropical Storm 25 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 11:00:20 N 36° 24.000, W 32° 6.000 7 83 102 Tropical Storm 360 9 993 MB NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 05:12:41 N 37° 6.000, W 31° 24.000 6 83 102 Tropical Storm 60 9 990 MB NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 11:02:24 N 36° 48.000, W 30° 36.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 120 18 983 MB NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 10:40:35 N 35° 6.000, W 27° 12.000 13 102 120 Tropical Storm 140 14 981 MB NOAA NHC
22nd Sep 2012 06:38:52 N 31° 54.000, W 26° 36.000 20 93 111 Tropical Storm 165 15 984 MB NOAA NHC
27th Sep 2012 04:58:41 N 29° 30.000, W 31° 24.000 9 83 102 Tropical Storm 220 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
27th Sep 2012 12:03:57 N 28° 54.000, W 31° 30.000 9 93 111 Tropical Storm 220 10 992 MB NOAA NHC
29th Sep 2012 11:21:43 N 31° 54.000, W 35° 54.000 19 111 139 Tropical Storm 340 20 992 MB NOAA NHC
30th Sep 2012 06:48:45 N 35° 36.000, W 37° 30.000 17 139 167 Hurricane I. 340 19 984 MB NOAA NHC
01st Oct 2012 04:38:54 N 36° 42.000, W 39° 24.000 11 139 167 Hurricane I. 230 16 981 MB NOAA NHC
02nd Oct 2012 05:24:46 N 34° 42.000, W 38° 54.000 9 102 120 Tropical Storm 125 15 995 MB NOAA NHC
02nd Oct 2012 10:57:37 N 34° 30.000, W 38° 6.000 11 102 120 Tropical Storm 105 16 995 MB NOAA NHC
03rd Oct 2012 04:47:11 N 34° 24.000, W 35° 42.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 90 18 996 MB NOAA NHC
03rd Oct 2012 11:00:21 N 34° 54.000, W 34° 36.000 17 83 102 Tropical Storm 75 19 998 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Oct 2012 11:03:25 N 38° 24.000, W 28° 24.000 37 74 93 Tropical Depression 40 ° 16 996 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 47° 0.000, W 26° 30.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 44° 30.000, W 26° 30.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 49° 0.000, W 27° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
Gaemi (21W) Pacific Ocean 01.10.2012 04.10.2012 Tropical Depression 235 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 3.35 m JTWC Details

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 Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Gaemi (21W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 18.000, E 114° 48.000
Start up: 01st October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 290.77 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 05:30:45 N 16° 24.000, E 115° 18.000 9 65 83 Tropical Storm 170 15 JTWC
02nd Oct 2012 10:37:35 N 16° 6.000, E 115° 36.000 7 74 93 Tropical Storm 135 9 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 04:52:53 N 15° 30.000, E 117° 54.000 9 93 120 Tropical Storm 110 15 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 11:01:04 N 15° 18.000, E 117° 30.000 7 102 130 Tropical Storm 245 8 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Oct 2012 11:04:11 N 14° 42.000, E 118° 6.000 7 83 102 Tropical Depression 235 ° 11 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 42.000, E 117° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
05th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 14° 42.000, E 115° 48.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 48.000, E 113° 42.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
07th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 54.000, E 108° 42.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 JTWC
08th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 18.000, E 104° 24.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC
Oscar (AL15) Atlantic Ocean 03.10.2012 04.10.2012 Tropical Depression 345 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 5.49 m NOAA NHC Details

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 Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Oscar (AL15)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 18.000, W 41° 30.000
Start up: 03rd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 145.59 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
04th Oct 2012 11:03:02 N 20° 0.000, W 42° 30.000 15 65 83 Tropical Depression 345 ° 18 1006 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
05th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 23° 48.000, W 39° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 0.000, W 41° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC

…………………………………..

Today Landslide China Province of Yunnan, Zhenhe [Youfang Elementary School] Damage level Details

Landslide in China on Thursday, 04 October, 2012 at 08:35 (08:35 AM) UTC.

Description
Chinese state media say a landslide has buried 18 elementary school students in a southwest region that was already recovering from a devastating earthquake. The landslide destroyed the Youfang Elementary School and two farmhouses in Zhenhe village early Thursday. Normally, the students would not have been in school, because China is in the middle of a week-long national holiday period. But officials say the students were making up for classes that were canceled following last month’s earthquake, that left 81 people dead. Zhenhe village is located in southwestern Yunnan province, a mountainous, earthquake-prone region.

 

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Today Epidemic Hazard Pakistan State of Punjab, Rawalpindi Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Pakistan on Thursday, 04 October, 2012 at 03:03 (03:03 AM) UTC.

Description
The second case of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) from Rawalpindi was confirmed by the National Institute of Health (NIH) on Wednesday. Meanwhile, World Health Organisation (WHO) has warned against the increase in CCHF cases this year if precautionary measures are not taken before Eidul Azha. This year, 38 confirmed cases of CCHF have been reported from across the country and more are expected after Eidul Azha, according to WHO. Out of these 38 cases, 14 deaths have been reported so far. This is the first time in eight years that there has been such an increase in the number of CCHF cases in the country. According to the NIH, the case is from Choa Saidan Shah in Chakwal district from where a previous CCHF case was reported which resulted in the patient’s death. Imtiaz, 45, was brought to the Holy Family Hospital (HFH) Rawalpindi on September 27, with high-grade fever. His test samples were sent to NIH where it was confirmed that he was infected with the deadly disease. People should take precautionary measures while slaughtering sacrificial animals like wearing gloves, properly covering their face, especially eyes and mouth. Those who come into contact with newly-skinned animal hides should also take safety measures. Patients infected with the virus should be quarantined to prevent its spread through his secretions.
Biohazard name: Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard Canada Province of Northwest Territories, [ Northwest Territories-wide] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Canada on Thursday, 04 October, 2012 at 03:01 (03:01 AM) UTC.

Description
A superbug skin infection has been spreading in the Northwest Territories since January. By August, there were 462 recorded cases of MRSA, which is the highest it has ever been in the territory. The infection, which is otherwise known as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, is resistant to some antibiotics. “The complication in the health care system is that we have to use different antibiotics that are more costly and also have more side effects. And if the bacteria become resistant to those antibiotics than we would have very little left to treat,” said Dr. Dr. André Corriveau, the N.W.T.’s chief public health officer. Corriveau is alarmed that the infection is becoming more common among babies and toddlers, given the fact that children at that age are more susceptible to more severe infections. The rates are highest in the Tlicho and Beaufort Delta regions. MRSA is a bacteria which lives on the skin or in the nose of healthy people. It can cause skin and soft tissue infections, and can also cause severe invasive infections such as pneumonia. The infection also spreads easily between people. Corriveau said cuts and other skin breaks should be promptly cleaned and disinfected, and people should consult with a health care provider if there is any sign of infection.
Biohazard name: MRSA
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

02.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Democratic Republic of the Congo Province of Orientale, [Haut Uele District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Democratic Republic of the Congo on Friday, 17 August, 2012 at 03:03 (03:03 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 10:00 UTC
Description
The Ebola epidemic that affects the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), is the probable cause of 36 deaths in the 81 patients registered until last Saturday. According to a report from the Ministry of Health published today, on September 29 there were 81 cases including 20 confirmed, 32 probable, 29 suspected and 36 deaths registered. The laboratory tests revealed that 10 of the deaths were directly linked to the disease. Currently, 216 people who had contact with the 81 reported cases are under surveillance. An epidemic was declared in mid-August in the Eastern Province, where almost all the cases were detected. Meanwhile, the International Committee fighting against Ebola conducted an investigation in May, which revealed a large number of cases. Given the current situation, the Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta and Doctors Without Borders (MSF) are working together to face this hemorrhagic fever. So far, there is no treatment or vaccine against Ebola, which kills between the 25 and 90 percent of those infected, according to WHO. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, body fluids (sweat, saliva), as well as sexual contact. Careless handling of contaminated corpses can also lead to infection. Media reports stated that since the first appearance of the disease, this country has seen eight epidemics.

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Climate Change

Study finds Southern Hemisphere becoming drier

A decline in April-May rainfall over south-east Australia is associated with a southward expansion of the subtropical dry-zone according to research published today in Scientific Reports, a primary research journal from the publishers of Nature.

CSIRO scientists Wenju Cai, Tim Cowan and Marcus Thatcher explored why autumn rainfall has been in decline across south-eastern Australia since the 1970s, a period that included the devastating Millennium drought from 1997-2009. Previous research into what has been driving the decline in autumn rainfall across regions like southern Australia has pointed the finger at a southward shift in the storm tracks and weather systems during the late 20th century. However, the extent to which these regional rainfall reductions are attributable to the poleward expansion of the subtropical dry-zone has not been clarified before now. Mr Cowan said rainfall patterns in the subtropics are known to be influenced by the Hadley cell, the large-scale atmospheric circulation that transports heat from the tropics to the sub-tropics. “There has been a southward expansion of the edge of the Hadley cell – also called subtropical dry-zone – over the past 30 years, with the strongest expansion occurring in mid-late autumn, or April to May, ranging from 200 to 400 kilometres,” Mr Cowan said. The CSIRO researchers found that the autumn southward expansion of the subtropical dry-zone is greatest over south-eastern Australia, and to a lesser extent, over the Southern Ocean to the south of Africa. “The Hadley cell is comprised of a number of individual branches, so the impact of a southward shift of the subtropical dry-zone on rainfall is not the same across the different semi-arid regions of the Southern Hemisphere,” says CSIRO’s Dr Wenju Cai.

The researchers tested the hypothesis that the dry-zone expansion would give rise to a southward shift in the average rainfall during April and May, and questioned how rainfall across semi-arid regions, including southern-coastal Chile and southern Africa, would be affected. “During April and May, when the dry-zone expansion is strong, rainfall over south-eastern Africa, south-eastern Australia and southern-coastal Chile is higher than over regions immediately to their north,” Dr Cai said. Using high-quality observations and an atmospheric model the CSIRO team found that for south-eastern Australia, up to 85% of recent rainfall reduction can be accounted for by replacing south-eastern Australia rainfall with rainfall 400km to the north. Such a southward shift of rainfall can explain only a small portion of the southern Africa rainfall trend, but none of the autumn drying observed over southern Chile. “For south-east Australia, autumn is an important wetting season,” Dr Cai explained. “Good autumn rainfall wets the soil and effectively allows for vital runoff from follow-on winter and spring rain to flow into catchments.” According to the study an important issue remains as to why the poleward expansion is largest in autumn, and there is still uncertainty about the role of external forcings – such as greenhouse gases – as climate models underestimate the southward expansion of the Hadley cell edge. This research was conducted through CSIRO’s Water for a Healthy Country Flagship, and was funded by the Goyder Institute for Water Research and the Australian Climate Change Science Programme. Wenju Cai, Tim Cowan and Marcus Thatcher are from CSIRO’s Marine and Atmospheric Research division.

Journal reference: Scientific Reports search and more infoNature search and more info website

  Provided by CSIRO search and more info website

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 2. 2012

Published on Oct 2, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 3. 2012

Published on Oct 3, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
Beached Pilot Whales: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/02/pilot-whales-indonesia_n_1932375.htm…
Black Hole Jets: http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2012/sep/27/origins-of-galactic-jet-…
Drought Monitor: http://www.drought.gov/drought/content/products-current-drought-and-monitorin…
Dry US: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=79316
EU Weather Forecast: http://www.wsi.com/4010a794-a7f6-4110-bb24-1fa9dfeb71f0/news-scheduled-foreca…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 QE50) 09th October 2012 5 day(s) 0.0809 31.5 450 m – 1.0 km 11.47 km/s 41292 km/h
(1994 EK) 14th October 2012 10 day(s) 0.1356 52.8 230 m – 520 m 12.22 km/s 43992 km/h
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 11 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 14 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife/ Hazmat

03.10.2012 HAZMAT Zimbabwe Mashonaland West Province, Kadoma Damage level Details

HAZMAT in Zimbabwe on Wednesday, 03 October, 2012 at 11:13 (11:13 AM) UTC.

Description
Four people died from suspected food poisoning in Kadoma last week, while six others are battling for life at Harare Central Hospital. The poison also claimed birds, goats and dogs. The dogs died after eating goats that died after consuming the food in a chain reaction that has left people at Hezelmare 19 Mine and surrounding areas shocked. On the fateful Friday afternoon last week, Gift Watungwa (37) allegedly took a 20kg bucket of maize to the mill and on arrival he requested for an empty sack to transfer his maize, but the mill operator Mr Norbert Mhazi said he did not have any. Instead, he was shown a pile of maize and mealie-meal bags on the other side of the room. Watungwa allegedly took a bag that used to contain mealie- meal and put his maize inside. He headed home where another mineworker Douglas Pepukai (22) prepared sadza using mealie-meal from the bag.

The sadza was served with chicken bought at Hezelmare Shopping Centre. After eating the food, the 10 men started complaining of stomach pains and their condition continued to deteriorate before they fell unconscious. Another worker, who did not eat the food, made a report to the police and they were taken to Kadoma General Hospital. The 10 were subsequently transferred to Harare Central Hospital after their condition got serious. Acting Mashonaland West police spokesperson Assistant Inspector Ian Kohwera confirmed the incident. He said the bodies of the dead were awaiting post-mortem at Harare Central Hospital mortuary. The other six victims are still admitted at Harare Hospital where their condition was reported to be stable. “We are investigating a case in which four people have so far died after eating food suspected to have been contaminated with poison,” said Asst Insp Kohwera. “Investigations are still at their infancy and we are following on a number of leads.” The mill operator is assisting police with investigations.

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Articles of Interest

Today Power Outage USA State of California, Santa Cruz Damage level Details

Power Outage in USA on Thursday, 04 October, 2012 at 02:59 (02:59 AM) UTC.

Description
A flood of an underground utility vault on Dakota Street in Santa Cruz caused about 6,600 Pacific Gas & Electric Co. customers to lose power Wednesday morning. The outage was reported about 4:30 a.m. at homes and business near Ocean Street and Broadway, said PG&E spokeswoman Monica Tell. Utility representatives initially reported that the power outage was caused when a vehicle that struck a power pole. Tell said later Wednesday that the collision was not related to the outage. Power was restored to all customers about 11:15 a.m.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

USGS

 

 

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.4   2012/09/13 23:40:02  -10.809   113.738 9.8  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/13 22:53:23   64.049  -148.983 18.5  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/13 22:41:14  -11.238   162.665 35.3  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/09/13 22:39:47   53.585  -163.510 39.9  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/13 21:16:44  -15.563  -175.610 328.3  TONGA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/13 19:54:46   51.967   178.232 3.9  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/09/13 18:09:13   19.617   -64.354 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/13 17:33:45   47.345  -120.014 12.7  WASHINGTON
MAP  5.1   2012/09/13 17:23:47   82.878   116.960 9.8  NORTH OF SEVERNAYA ZEMLYA
MAP  5.2   2012/09/13 17:22:09   35.761   140.450 38.3  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.9 2012/09/13 17:13:43   51.954   178.529 2.7  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/13 16:08:07   19.051   -66.748 29.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/13 15:51:17   18.969   -66.823 52.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/13 12:58:51   18.127   -65.665 6.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/13 12:22:57   61.570  -146.355 31.6  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/13 11:19:07   21.671   142.924 300.7  MARIANA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/09/13 08:34:29   59.986  -152.715 99.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/13 08:17:55   30.049   70.174 24.5  PAKISTAN
MAP  4.4 2012/09/13 08:01:43   26.828   53.863 18.0  SOUTHERN IRAN
MAP  3.1 2012/09/13 07:35:32   19.130   -64.568 43.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/13 06:49:19   60.151  -153.898 192.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/13 06:04:12   19.131   -63.899 99.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.0 2012/09/13 05:58:04   59.610  -153.130 102.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.4   2012/09/13 05:54:47   10.268   126.989 10.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.2 2012/09/13 05:46:13   14.039   -90.981 56.9  GUATEMALA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/13 04:54:16   59.127  -154.040 100.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/13 02:42:20   36.742   43.599 10.0  IRAQ
MAP  5.2   2012/09/13 01:55:02  -18.762   175.780 89.4  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/13 01:19:40   59.524  -152.347 67.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/13 00:27:20   19.637   -64.223 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/13 00:22:33   10.338   -62.352 47.7  GULF OF PARIA, VENEZUELA

 

 

 

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 14, 2012 08:18:58 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

 

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

 

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

 

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

 

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

 

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

 

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

 

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

 

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

 

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

 

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

 

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

 

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

 

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

 

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

 

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

 

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

 

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

 

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

 

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

 

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

 

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

 

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

 

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

 

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

 

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

 

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

 

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

 

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

 

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

 

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

 

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

 

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

 

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

 

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

 

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

 

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

 

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

 

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

 

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

 

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

 

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

 

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

 

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

 

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

 

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

 

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Guatemala volcano erupts, forcing 33,000 to evacuate homes

Guatemala volcano: At least 17 villages near the Volcan del Fuego, six miles from the colonial city of Antigua, are being evacuated. The eruption of the volcano could cause a disruption in airline flights in and out of Guatemala.

By Alberto Arce and Romina Ruiz-Goiriena, Associated Press

Plumes of dark smoke rise from the Volcan de Fuego ( Volcano of Fire) as seen from Palin, south of Guatemala City, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. Officials are carrying out “a massive evacuation of thousands of people” in five communities.

(AP Photo/Moises Castillo)

Guatemala City

A long-simmering volcano outside one of the Guatemala‘s most famous tourist attractions exploded into a series of powerful eruptions Thursday, hurling thick clouds of ash nearly two miles (three kilometers) high, spewing rivers of lava down its flanks and forcing the evacuation of more than 33,000 people from surrounding communities.

Guatemala’s head of emergency evacuations, Sergio Cabanas, said the evacuees were leaving some 17 villages around the Volcan del Fuego, which sits about six miles southwest (16 kilometers) from the colonial city of Antigua. The ash was blowing south and authorities said Antigua was not currently in danger, although they expected the eruption to last for at least 12 more hours.

The agency said the volcano spewed lava nearly 2,000 feet (600 meters) down slopes billowing with ash around Acatenango, a 12,346-foot-high (3,763-meter-high) volcano whose name translates as “Volcano of Fire.”

RECOMMENDED: The world’s most active volcanoes

“A paroxysm of an eruption is taking place, a great volcanic eruption, with strong explosions and columns of ash,” said Gustavo Chicna, a volcanologist with the National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology. He said the cinders spewing from the volcano were settling a half-inch thick in many places.

He said extremely hot gases were also rolling down the sides of the volcano, which was entirely wreathed in ash and smoke. The emergency agency warned that flights through the area could be affected.

There was a general orange alert, the second-highest level, but a red alert south and southeast of the mountain, where, Chicna said, “it’s almost in total darkness.”

Teresa Marroquin, disaster coordinator for the Guatemalan Red Cross, said the organization had set up 10 emergency shelters and was sending hygiene kits and water. “There are lots of respiratory problems and eye problems,” she said.

RECOMMENDED: The world’s most active volcanoes

 

 

 

14.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Guatemala Departmento de Sacatepequez, [Volcan of Fuego] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Volcano Eruption in Guatemala on Wednesday, 05 September, 2012 at 02:58 (02:58 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 14 September, 2012 at 02:50 UTC
Description
At least 17 villages near the Volcan del Fuego, six miles from the colonial city of Antigua, are being evacuated. The eruption of the volcano could cause a disruption in airline flights in and out of Guatemala. A long-simmering volcano outside one of the Guatemala’s most famous tourist attractions exploded into a series of powerful eruptions Thursday, hurling thick clouds of ash nearly two miles (three kilometers) high, spewing rivers of lava down its flanks and forcing the evacuation of more than 33,000 people from surrounding communities. Guatemala’s head of emergency evacuations, Sergio Cabanas, said the evacuees were leaving some 17 villages around the Volcan del Fuego, which sits about six miles southwest (16 kilometers) from the colonial city of Antigua. The ash was blowing south and authorities said Antigua was not currently in danger, although they expected the eruption to last for at least 12 more hours.

The agency said the volcano spewed lava nearly 2,000 feet (600 meters) down slopes billowing with ash around Acatenango, a 12,346-foot-high (3,763-meter-high) volcano whose name translates as “Volcano of Fire.” “A paroxysm of an eruption is taking place, a great volcanic eruption, with strong explosions and columns of ash,” said Gustavo Chicna, a volcanologist with the National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology. He said the cinders spewing from the volcano were settling a half-inch thick in many places. He said extremely hot gases were also rolling down the sides of the volcano, which was entirely wreathed in ash and smoke. The emergency agency warned that flights through the area could be affected. There was a general orange alert, the second-highest level, but a red alert south and southeast of the mountain, where, Chicna said, “it’s almost in total darkness.” Teresa Marroquin, disaster coordinator for the Guatemalan Red Cross, said the organization had set up 10 emergency shelters and was sending hygiene kits and water. “There are lots of respiratory problems and eye problems,” she said.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought

Droughts are pushing trees to the limit

by Staff Writers
Tucson AZ (SPX)


In the summer of 2002, pinyon pines began dying in large numbers from drought stress and an associated bark beetle outbreak. This aerial photo was taken near Los Alamos, N.M. Credit: Craig D. Allen, USGS.

As temperatures rise and droughts become more severe in the Southwest, trees are increasingly up against extremely stressful growing conditions, especially in low to middle elevations, University of Arizona researchers report in a study soon to be published in the Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences.

Lead author Jeremy Weiss, a senior research specialist in the UA department of geosciences, said: “We know the climate in the Southwest is getting warmer, but we wanted to investigate how the higher temperatures might interact with the highly variable precipitation typical of the region.”

Weiss’ team used a growing season index computed from weather data to examine limits to plant growth during times of drought.

“The approach we took allows us to model and map potential plant responses to droughts under past, present and future conditions across the whole region,” explained Julio Betancourt, a senior scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey who co-authored the study along with Jonathan Overpeck, co-director of the UA Institute of the Environment. Betancourt holds adjunct appointments in the UA department of geosciences, the UA School of Geography and Development, the UA School of Natural Resources and the Environment and the UA Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research.

“Our study helps pinpoint how vegetation might respond to future droughts, assuming milder winters and hotter summers, across the complex and mountainous terrain of the Southwest,” Betancourt said.

For this study, the researchers used a growing season index that considers day length, cold temperature limits and a key metric called vapor pressure deficit to map and compare potential plant responses to major regional droughts during 1953-56 and 2000-03.

A key source of plant stress, vapor pressure deficit is defined as the difference between how much moisture the air can hold when it is saturated and the amount of moisture actually present in the air. A warmer atmosphere can hold more water vapor, and during droughts it acts like a sponge sucking up any available moisture from the ground surface, including from plants.

Both droughts – with the more recent one occurring in warmer times – led to widespread tree die-offs, and comparisons between them can help sort out how both warming and drying affected the degree of mortality in different areas.

Weiss pointed out that multiyear droughts with precipitation well below the long-term average are normal for the Southwest. He said the 1950s drought mainly affected the U.S.-Mexico borderlands and southern High Plains and happened before warming in the region started. The 2000s drought centered on the Four Corners area and occurred after regional warming began around 1980.

The actual causes of physiological plant stress and tree death during droughts are being investigated by various research teams using models and field and greenhouse experiments. One possibility is prolonged embolism, or the catastrophic disruption of the water column in wood vessels as trees struggle to pump moisture from the soil in the heat of summer.

The other is carbon starvation as leaves shut their openings, called stomates, to conserve leaf water, slowing the uptake of carbon dioxide needed for photosynthesis. Stomatal closure is triggered by deficits in the ambient vapor pressure, which controls the rate of evaporation for water and is very much influenced by temperature.

“When the air is hotter and drier, it becomes more difficult for plants to conserve water while taking up carbon dioxide,” Weiss explained. “As plants become starved of carbon, it also weakens their defenses and renders them more susceptible to insect pests.”

To make matters worse, Weiss said, the size of the “atmospheric sponge” grows faster during increasingly hotter summers like those over the last 30 years, absorbing even more moisture from soil and vegetation.

“When warmer temperatures combine with drought, relatively stressful growing conditions for a plant become even more stressful,” Weiss explained. “You could say drought makes that atmospheric sponge thirstier, and as the drought progresses, there is increasingly less moisture that can be evaporated from soil and vegetation to fill – and cool – the dry air.”

“In a sense, it’s a vicious circle. Warmer temperatures during droughts lead to even drier and hotter conditions.”

The researchers mapped relatively extreme values of vapor deficit pressure for areas of tree die-offs during the most recent drought determined from annual aerial surveys conducted by the U.S. Forest Service.

“Our study suggests that as regional warming continues, drought-related plant stress associated with higher vapor pressure deficits will intensify and spread from late spring through summer to earlier and later parts of the growing season, as well to higher elevations,” the authors write. This could lead to even more severe and widespread plant stress.

The results are in line with other trends of warming-related impacts in the Southwest over the past 30 years, including earlier leafout and flowering, more extensive insect and disease outbreaks, and an increase in large wildfires.

“We’re seeing climatic growing conditions already at an extreme level with just the relatively little warming we have seen in the region so far,” Weiss said. “Our concern is that vegetation will experience even more extreme growing conditions as anticipated further warming exacerbates the impacts of future droughts.”

Weiss added: “We also know that part of the regional warming is linked to human-caused climate change. Seeing vapor-pressure deficits at such extreme levels points to the conclusion that the warmer temperatures linked to human-caused climate change are playing a role in drying out the region.”

Betancourt said: “We have few ways of knowing how this is going to affect plants across an entire landscape, except by modeling it. There is not much we can do to avert drought-related tree mortality, whether it is due to climate variability or climate change.”

Instead, Betancourt suggested, land managers should focus on how to manage the regrowth of vegetation in the aftermath of increased large-scale ecological disturbances, including wildfires and drought-related tree die-offs.

“Models like the one we developed can provide us with a roadmap of areas sensitive to future disturbances,” Betancourt said. “The next step will be to start planning, determine the scale of intervention and figure out what can be done to direct or engineer the outcomes of vegetation change in a warmer world.”

Related Links
University of Arizona
Forestry News – Global and Local News, Science and Application

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Storms/ Flooding

 

 

 

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sanba (17W) Pacific Ocean 11.09.2012 14.09.2012 SuperTyphoon 360 ° 278 km/h 296 km/h 6.10 m JTWC Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sanba (17W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 11° 6.000, E 133° 48.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 561.55 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 09:49:04 N 11° 6.000, E 133° 48.000 33 65 83 Tropical Storm 345 20 JTWC
12th Sep 2012 05:03:46 N 12° 42.000, E 131° 48.000 15 102 130 Tropical Storm 310 18 JTWC
12th Sep 2012 10:43:24 N 13° 6.000, E 131° 0.000 17 120 148 Typhoon I. 295 15 JTWC
13th Sep 2012 04:24:21 N 14° 48.000, E 129° 48.000 13 167 204 Typhoon II. 335 17 JTWC
13th Sep 2012 11:08:12 N 15° 36.000, E 129° 30.000 17 213 259 Typhoon IV. 340 19 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
14th Sep 2012 05:10:27 N 18° 12.000, E 129° 42.000 19 278 296 SuperTyphoon 360 ° 20 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
15th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 6.000, E 128° 48.000 SuperTyphoon 259 315 JTWC
15th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 24° 18.000, E 128° 12.000 SuperTyphoon 241 296 JTWC
16th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 6.000, E 127° 36.000 SuperTyphoon 222 269 JTWC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 0.000, E 127° 24.000 Typhoon IV 176 213 JTWC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 36.000, E 129° 48.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 49° 18.000, E 134° 48.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC

 

 

Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 14.09.2012 Hurricane I 330 ° 111 km/h 139 km/h 5.18 m NOAA NHC Details

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 909.73 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 11:12:43 N 21° 30.000, W 51° 18.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Hurricane I 330 ° 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
15th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 29° 6.000, W 54° 0.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 30° 42.000, W 52° 42.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 31° 24.000, W 50° 24.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 32° 18.000, W 44° 36.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 30.000, W 38° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 35° 30.000, W 32° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC

 

 

 

Kristy (EP11) Pacific Ocean – East 12.09.2012 14.09.2012 Tropical Depression 295 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

 

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Kristy (EP11)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 16° 42.000, W 106° 0.000
Start up: 12th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 393.54 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
13th Sep 2012 05:35:33 N 18° 0.000, W 107° 24.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 11 1002 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 11:10:36 N 18° 30.000, W 108° 30.000 17 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 15 1002 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
14th Sep 2012 05:12:13 N 19° 42.000, W 111° 6.000 17 83 102 Tropical Depression 295 ° 15 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
15th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 22° 24.000, W 115° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 21° 12.000, W 113° 48.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 23° 30.000, W 117° 6.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 25° 18.000, W 119° 18.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 26° 30.000, W 119° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 26° 30.000, W 117° 30.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC

 

 

…………………………..

NASA sees Sanba become a super typhoon

NASA sees Sanba become a super typhoon

NASA’s Aqua satellite passed over Super Typhoon Sanba on Sept. 13 at 12:47 a.m. EDT. AIRS infrared data found an eye (the yellow dot in the middle of the purple area) about 20 nautical miles wide, surrounded by a thick area of strong thunderstorms (purple) with very cold cloud temperatures. Credit: Ed Olsen, NASA/JPL Tropical Storm Sanba exploded in intensity between Sept. 12 and 13, becoming a major Category 4 Typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. NASA’s Aqua satellite captured infrared data that showed a large area of powerful thunderstorms around the center of circulation, dropping heavy rain over the western North Pacific Ocean.

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-nasa-sanba-super-typhoon.html#jCp

NASA’s Aqua satellite passed over Super Typhoon Sanba on Sept. 13 at 0447 UTC (12:47 a.m. EDT). The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument captured an infrared image of Sanba and found an eye about 20 nautical miles (23 miles/37 km) wide, surrounded by a thick area of strong convection (rising air that forms the thunderstorms that make up the storm) and strong thunderstorms. Forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning center noted that the AIRS imagery showed that there was “no banding outside of this ring, consistent with an annular typhoon.” On Sept. 13 at 1500 UTC (11 a.m. EDT), Sanba’s maximum sustained winds were near 135 knots (155 mph/250 kmh). Sanba had higher gusts into the Category 5 typhoon category. The Saffir-Simpson scale was slightly revised earlier in 2012, so a Category 4 typhoon/hurricane has maximum sustained winds from 113 to 136 knots (130 to 156 mph /209 to 251 kmh). A Category 5 typhoon’s maximum sustained winds begin at 137 knots (157 mph /252 kmh). Sanba was located about 600 nautical miles (690 miles/1,111 km) south of Kadena Air Base, near 16.8 North latitude and 129.5 East longitude. It was moving to the north at 9 knots (10.3 mph/16.6 kmh) and generating wave heights of 40 feet. Sanba is expected to continue on a north-northwesterly track through the western North Pacific and move through the East China Sea, passing close to Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan on Sept. 15. Provided by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center search and more info website

 

 

 

As Isaac Swept Ashore, Miss. River Flowed Backwards

Terrell Johnson   weather.com

Rare Reversal Last Occurred with Hurricane Katrina

FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/GettyImages

People brave the rain and strong winds for a walk along the banks of the Mississippi River in New Orleans early in the day on August 28, 2012 in Louisiana, where Hurricane Isaac made landfall. Starting in the late afternoon, the river reversed course and began flowing away from the Gulf of Mexico.

Most of the time, rivers large and small are as consistent as the tides, flowing from their headwaters to their mouths, where they empty into oceans, lakes, seas and valleys. For nearly 24 hours during Hurricane Isaac, however, exactly the opposite happened in the mighty Mississippi River.

The category 1 storm’s intense winds and storm surge, which came ashore near New Orleans on Aug. 28, pushed salt water from the Gulf of Mexico up the fresh water river as far north as Baton Rouge, more than 200 miles from the mouth of the Mississippi, surging the river there more than 8 feet over its previous height.

During the night in Belle Chase, La., just south of New Orleans, the U.S. Geological Survey’s stream gage measured the river flowing backwards at 182,000 cubic feet per second. Normally, the river flows at about 125,000 cubic feet per second toward the Gulf of Mexico.

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Cantore Talks About Isaac

“One of the unique things about Isaac was that, unlike most storms that tend to blow on through, Isaac ended up hanging around for a while,” said USGS Public Affairs Officer Alex Demas. “Because it hung around for a while, the storm surge built up enough momentum that it was able to push the river back up its channel.”

The Mississippi last flowed backward during 2005’s devastating Hurricane Katrina, when it crested at 13 feet above its previous level. At its highest point during Isaac, the river crested at 12.4 feet above its previous level.

(MORE: Photos of Isaac’s Impact, Aftermath)

“We saw an impact as far as 300 miles upstream from the mouth,” from Isaac’s surge up the river, said Greg Arcement, the director of the USGS Louisiana Water Science Center in Baton Rouge. “It had actually quite an impact when you think about it.”

What had officials concerned wasn’t just the impacts from storm surge, however. By the time Isaac arrived, severe drought throughout the Midwest had left the Mississippi several feet below its normal levels, which meant that salt water moving upstream from the ocean might easily overpower the depleted fresh water in the river.

Keeping Salt Water from Moving Up

Salt water is heavier than fresh water. When surging salt water meets fresh water that’s been laid low by a months-long drought, the salt water can travel upstream to places it normally doesn’t, explains Suzanne Van Cooten, Ph.D., a hydrologist with the National Weather Service’s Lower Mississippi River Forecast Center.

“It’s very similar to how a cold front and a warm front work,” she said. “It basically works like a wedge — as the column of fresh water gets shallower because we’re in low flow, it has less weight. So the salt water is able to push underneath the fresh water and just move on up, because it doesn’t have as much weight to displace.”

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Denser salt water flows upstream along the bottom of the Mississippi River, underneath the less dense fresh river water.

That creates what the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers calls a “salt water wedge.” If it moves up far enough along the Mississippi, the wedge can threaten cities and towns that rely on the river for their drinking water as well as industrial water supplies.

To prevent that, the Corps periodically builds a saltwater barrier sill, a kind of underwater levee, made from earth along the banks of the river and sandbars exposed by the drought. The sill stops the toe of the wedge from moving forward.

“It’s basically a speed bump at the bottom of the river, to prevent the salt water from moving upstream,” explains Dave Ramirez, the lead hydraulic engineer with the Corps’ New Orleans District.

The Corps builds these sills about every 7 to 8 years, and they work well in normal conditions. Fears rose sharply that Isaac would destroy this one when the storm approached, however.

“The toe of the wedge was about up to river mile 89 [before the storm], which is about the limit of where we want to see it,” said Ramirez, explaining that the wedge was about 89 miles up the river from the mouth of the Mississippi. “We didn’t really know if the sill would hold, because we’ve never had a salt water wedge during a hurricane.”

Thankfully, Isaac left the sill undisturbed. After the storm passed, Ramirez and his team inspected the salt water wedge and determined that it had actually regressed 20 miles back downstream, where he said it was expected to remain for the next few weeks.

 

 

 

13.09.2012 Flash Flood Pakistan State of Balochistan, [Balochistan-wide] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Flash Flood in Pakistan on Wednesday, 12 September, 2012 at 03:09 (03:09 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Thursday, 13 September, 2012 at 03:31 UTC
Description
After six days of heavy rains, floodwaters are threatening Sindh and the army has moved in to rescue people in the worst-hit areas. The death toll of rain-related mishaps has crossed 100, as 18 more people died on Wednesday. After record-breaking rain in Jacobabad and Kashmore, thousands of people are stranded in the low-lying areas, where, according to reports, five to six feet water has accumulated. Torrents coming downhill from Balochistan have played havoc with ten union councils in the Thull taluka of Jacobabad. As hundreds of houses collapsed due to flooding, at least 18 people, including women and children, were reported to have died. Another 78 were reportedly injured. On Wednesday, hundreds of army personnel were dispatched to the rain-hit areas, including RD-44 and Bahoo Khoso, where thousands of people have been stranded for the past five days. In Ghotki, a teenage girl was crushed by a wall in the Katcho Bhindi area. A three-year-old girl, Kariman, drowned in rainwater in Rehmoonwali. Rainwater has also entered the Shahi Wah and Pat Feeder canals, breaching both in at least four places. The water is now heading towards the outskirts of Jacobabad. Relief camps have been set up in Shikarpur, Jacobabad and Kashmore. The people are, however, reluctant to go to the camps as neither food nor medicines are available. The district administrations have arranged cooked meals for the rain-hit people, but instead of being distributed among them, the food is being taken away by the influential.

 

 

 

 

Flash Floods Hit Las Vegas

Associated Press and weather.com

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Las Vegas floodingAP Photo/Las Vegas Review-Journal, John Locher

University of Nevada, Las Vegas students relax on inflatable pool toys in floodwater at UNLV in Las Vegas Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2012. Storms drenched parts of the Southwest on Tuesday, delaying flights and stranding motorists in the Las Vegas area and flooding two mobile home parks in Southern California.

LAS VEGAS  — Intense thunderstorms swept through the Las Vegas area on Tuesday, flooding washes, delaying flights, snarling traffic and prompting helicopter rescues of stranded motorists in water-filled intersections, authorities said.

Television news video showed yellow school buses inching along roads after school in areas east of downtown Las Vegas, and muddy brown water up to the lower sills of picture windows of stucco homes in other neighborhoods.

In southeast Las Vegas, authorities recommended that the residents of about 45 homes damaged by flooding should leave in case the damage start electrical fires. The Clark County Fire Department was going door-to-door Tuesday night suggesting that residents leave their homes, said county spokesman Dan Kulin.

A Twitter photo showed dozens of cars swamped by water up to their headlights in a parking lot outside the Thomas & Mack sports arena at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

But after responding to numerous 911 calls, officials in Clark County, North Las Vegas, Henderson and Las Vegas said no serious injuries were reported.
The National Weather Service issued severe thunderstorm and flash flood warnings before and after almost an inch of rain was reported at McCarran International Airport just before 2 p.m. Meteorologist Michael Staudenmaier said more than 1.75 inches of rain were reported in downtown Las Vegas.

September 11, 2012 was the wettest September day on record in Las Vegas, according to weather.com meteorologist Nick Wiltgen. The city received 1.18″ of rain.

Firefighters responded to more than 20 calls about people in stalled cars, Kulin said.

A Las Vegas police helicopter was dispatched during the height of the storm to pluck several people from swamped vehicles on area roadways, Officer Bill Cassell said.

The Las Vegas area is crisscrossed with concrete-lined flood control channels and pocked by lake-sized water retention basins. Since 1985, Clark County Regional Flood Control District officials say they’ve spent $1.7 billion constructing about 573 miles of storm drains and 90 basins.

Police officer Jose Hernandez noted that homeless people sometimes live in normally dry tunnels beneath key areas like the Las Vegas Strip. After rains fall, the channels and tunnels fill quickly as water flows west to east across Las Vegas toward the Lake Mead reservoir on the Colorado River.

Crews searched in vain along a wash northeast of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, after at least two callers separately reported that they saw a person in the water during the height of the storm.

Departures were postponed and arrivals were delayed after the airport ordered a stop on fueling operations during lightning, airport spokeswoman Linda Healey said.

Staudenmaier said the rainfall amounts put the region on pace to exceed the 4.5 inches of rain it normally gets in a year.

 

 

 

 

Flooding in Nigeria

 

Flooding in Nigeria

acquired September 8, 2012 download large image (5 MB, JPEG, 7280×4552)
Flooding in Nigeria

acquired September 23, 2009 download large image (7 MB, JPEG, 7280×4552)

Between early July and early September 2012, flooding claimed an estimated 137 lives in Nigeria and forced thousands more to relocate, according to Reuters. In addition to the challenges posed by heavy rains, Nigerians had to cope with the release of water from the Lagdo Dam in neighboring Cameroon, which further swelled the Benue River. Flooding from the dam release was blamed for 30 deaths in Nigeria, Agence France-Presse reported.

These images show a stretch of the Benue River in eastern Nigeria, around the city of Lau. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured the top image on September 8, 2012. For comparison, the bottom image shows the same area nearly three years earlier, on September 23, 2009. These images use a combination of visible and infrared light to better distinguish between water and land. Water varies from electric blue to navy, vegetation is bright green, and clouds range in color from nearly white to pale blue-green.

In 2009, the Benue River was a relatively thin river bordered by small, isolated water bodies. Three years later, the river had spilled over its banks, engulfing the small lakes on either side. Flood waters often carry heavy loads of sediment, and such sediment might account for the relatively light shades of blue along part of the river.

Despite thousands of displaced residents, no major damage to agriculture and industry had yet been reported, Reuters stated.

  1. References

  2. Agence France-Presse. (2012, September 9) Thirty dead in Nigeria flood, 120,000 displaced. Accessed September 10, 2012.
  3. Reuters. (2012, September 9) Nigeria floods kill 17, displace thousands. Accessed September 10, 2012.

NASA image courtesy LANCE MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Michon Scott.

Instrument: 
Terra – MODIS

 

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

An Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo risks spreading to major towns if not brought under control soon, the World Health Organisation said on Thursday.

The death toll has more than doubled since last week to 31, including five health workers dying from the contagious virus for which there is no known treatment. Ebola causes massive bleeding and kills up to 90 percent of its victims.

“The epidemic is not under control. On the contrary the situation is very, very serious,” Eugene Kabambi, a WHO spokesman in Congo’s capital Kinshasa told Reuters by telephone.

“If nothing is done now, the disease will reach other places, and even major towns will be threatened,” he said.

The disease has so far struck in the towns of Isiro and Viadana in Orientale province in the north east.

In August, 16 people in neighboring Uganda died of the disease, although health experts said the two epidemics are not connected and have blamed the Congolese outbreak on villagers eating contaminated meat in the forests which cover the region.

(Reporting by Jonny Hogg; Writing by Richard Valdmanis; Editing by David Lewis and Robin Pomeroy)

 

 

 

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Solar Activity

3MIN News Sept 13. 2012: SuperTyphoon- Record Ice Melt/Flooding- Spaceweather

Published on Sep 13, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Isaac Reversed Mississippi: http://www.weather.com/news/weather-hurricanes/miss-river-flowing-backward-is…
Vegas Flooding: http://www.weather.com/news/vegas-flooding-20120912
Utah Flood: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/residents-recov…
Nigeria Flood: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=79149
Himalayan Melting: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120912125826.htm
Arctic Ice Melt: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/arctic-ice-melt…
And this: http://www.weather.com/news/arctic-sea-ice-record-low-20120911
Wunderground Typhoon & Tropical Storm Map: http://www.wunderground.com/tropical/

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 

 

 

Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2007 PB8) 14th September 2012 0 day(s) 0.1682 65.5 150 m – 340 m 14.51 km/s 52236 km/h
226514 (2003 UX34) 14th September 2012 0 day(s) 0.1882 73.2 260 m – 590 m 25.74 km/s 92664 km/h
(1998 QC1) 14th September 2012 0 day(s) 0.1642 63.9 310 m – 700 m 17.11 km/s 61596 km/h
(2002 EM6) 15th September 2012 1 day(s) 0.1833 71.3 270 m – 590 m 18.56 km/s 66816 km/h
(2002 RP137) 16th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1624 63.2 67 m – 150 m 7.31 km/s 26316 km/h
(2009 RX4) 16th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1701 66.2 15 m – 35 m 8.35 km/s 30060 km/h
(2005 UC) 17th September 2012 3 day(s) 0.1992 77.5 280 m – 640 m 7.55 km/s 27180 km/h
(2012 FC71) 18th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1074 41.8 24 m – 53 m 3.51 km/s 12636 km/h
(1998 FF14) 19th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.0928 36.1 210 m – 480 m 21.40 km/s 77040 km/h
331990 (2005 FD) 19th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1914 74.5 320 m – 710 m 15.92 km/s 57312 km/h
(2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 10 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 11 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 12 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 15 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 15 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 16 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 20 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 21 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 21 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
277830 (2006 HR29) 11th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.1917 74.6 190 m – 440 m 7.88 km/s 28368 km/h
(2008 BW2) 11th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.1678 65.3 3.1 m – 6.8 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2005 GQ21) 12th October 2012 28 day(s) 0.1980 77.0 620 m – 1.4 km 23.86 km/s 85896 km/h
(2012 GV17) 12th October 2012 28 day(s) 0.1500 58.4 160 m – 370 m 16.11 km/s 57996 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

……………………….

Spectacular Photo Of “Herschel’s Ray” In Vela –
A Strangely-Shaped Leftover From A Vast Explosion
  

MessageToEagle.com – ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile presents a beautiful Herschel’s Ray commnonly known as the Pencil Nebula – a part of the Vela Supernova Remnant.

This peculiar cloud of glowing gas is part of a huge ring of wreckage left over after a supernova explosion that took place about 11 000 years ago. This detailed view was produced by the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope.

Despite the tranquil and apparently unchanging beauty of a starry night, the Universe is far from being a quiet place. Stars are being born and dying in an endless cycle, and sometimes the death of a star can create a vista of unequalled beauty as material is blasted out into space to form strange structures in the sky.


Click on image to enlargeWide-field view of the sky around the Pencil Nebula. Credits: ESO
This new image from the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile shows the Pencil Nebula against a rich starry background. This oddly shaped cloud, which is also known as NGC 2736, is a small part of a supernova remnant in the southern constellation of Vela (The Sails).

These glowing filaments were created by the violent death of a star that took place about 11 000 years ago. The brightest part resembles a pencil; hence the name, but the whole structure looks rather more like a traditional witch’s broom.


The Vela supernova remnant is an expanding shell of gas that originated from the supernova explosion. Initially the shock wave was moving at millions of kilometres per hour, but as it expanded through space it ploughed through the gas between the stars, which has slowed it considerably and created strangely shaped folds of nebulosity.

The Pencil Nebula is the brightest part of this huge shell.


Click on image to enlargeThe Pencil Nebula, a strangely shaped leftover from a vast explosion. Credits: ESO
This new image shows large, wispy filamentary structures, smaller bright knots of gas and patches of diffuse gas. The nebula’s luminous appearance comes from dense gas regions that have been struck by the supernova shock wave. As the shock wave travels through space, it rams into the interstellar material.

At first, the gas was heated to millions of degrees, but it then subsequently cooled down and is still giving off the faint glow that was captured in the new image.

By looking at the different colours of the nebula, astronomers have been able to map the temperature of the gas. Some regions are still so hot that the emission is dominated by ionised oxygen atoms, which glow blue in the picture. Other cooler regions are seen glowing red, due to emission from hydrogen.

The Pencil Nebula measures about 0.75 light-years across and is moving through the interstellar medium at about 650 000 kilometres per hour. Remarkably, even at its distance of approximately 800 light-years from Earth, this means that it will noticeably change its position relative to the background stars within a human lifetime.

Even after 11 000 years the supernova explosion is still changing the face of the night sky.

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Curiosity Leaves Morse Code Symbols On Mars

Curiosity Begins Its Longest Journey So Far

Curiosity Sends Interplanetary Voicemail From Mars And Beams Back First Telephoto

Curiosity Beams Back Strong And Clear Data From Martian Surface!

Curiosity Begins Driving: Landing Site Named In Honor Of Sci-Fi Writer Ray Bradbury

 

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Biological  Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

Megan Gannon, News Editor

The gray wolf (Canis lupus)
CREDIT: Kramer, Gary | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Less than two decades after wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park, viral diseases like mange threaten the stability of the new population.

Humans had killed off gray wolves in the region by the 1930s, but in 1995, U.S. wildlife officials tried to restore the native population by bringing 31 wolves captured from Canada into the national park.

The new wolf community initially expanded rapidly, climbing to more than 170 at its peak. But researchers from Penn State University say that the most recent data show the number of animals has dipped below 100.

“We’re down to extremely low levels of wolves right now,” researcher Emily S. Almberg, a graduate student in ecology, said in a statement. “We’re down to [similar numbers as] the early years of reintroduction. So it doesn’t look like it’s going to be as large and as a stable a population as was maybe initially thought.”

The researchers point to pathogens as the culprit in the population’s instability. By 1997, all of the new wolves at the park that were tested for disease had at least one infection, including canine distemper, canine parvovirus and canine herpesvirus. Starting in 2007, wolves inside the park were testing positive for mange — an infection in which mites burrow under the skin causing insatiable scratching and so much hair loss that infected wolves often freeze to death in the winter.

A group of wolves known as Mollie’s pack was the first in Yellowstone to show signs of mange, in January 2007, but they recovered from the disease by March 2011. Meanwhile, another group, called the Druid pack — once one of the park’s most stable new packs — was decimated by the end of winter 2010 after showing signs of mange just half a year earlier, the researchers said.

“It was in a very short amount of time that the majority of the animals [in Druid] became severely infected,” Almberg said in a statement. “The majority of their hair was missing from their bodies and it hit them right in the middle of winter. The summer before it got really bad, we saw that many of the pups had mange.”

The Penn State researchers found that distance made a difference in the spread of the disease. For every six miles between a pack of mangy wolves and an uninfected pack, there was a 66 percent drop in risk of disease for the healthy pack, the researchers said. Thus the high wolf densities afforded by protection within Yellowstone may come at the cost of some population stability, the researchers wrote in their paper in the current issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

Mange was introduced into the Yellowstone ecosystem in 1905 in an attempt to accelerate wolf eradication during an era when wildlife officials tried to cut down predator populations. When the wolves were gone, the disease likely persisted among regional carnivores, like coyotes and foxes, the researchers said.

“Many invasive species flourish because they lack their native predators and pathogens, but in Yellowstone we restored a native predator to an ecosystem that had other canids (animals in the dog family) present that were capable of sustaining a lot of infections in their absence,” said Almberg. “It’s not terribly surprising that we were able to witness and confirm that there was a relatively short window in which the reintroduced wolves stayed disease-free.”

 

 

 

 

HAZMAT in USA on Friday, 14 September, 2012 at 03:03 (03:03 AM) UTC.

Description
The Texas Department of State Health Services is looking for piece of equipment containing potentially dangerous radioactive material that was lost Tuesday by an oil and gas crew in a rural part of West Texas. The sealed radioactive source, a small stainless steel cylinder approximately 7 inches long and an inch across, contains Americium-241/Beryllium….The cylinder is stamped with the words “danger radioactive” and “do not handle” along with a radiation warning symbol. Anyone who sees it should stay at least 25 feet away and notify local law enforcement. This type of device is used to evaluate oil and gas wells and is usually stored in a protective shielding. A Halliburton crew was transporting it from a well outside of Pecos to another well south of Odessa. On arrival, the crew noticed the shielding was not locked and the device was missing. DSHS is assisting law enforcement with the search and investigating the loss of the radioactive material.

 

 

13.09.2012 HAZMAT Czech Republic Multiple region, [Prerov,Osek and Becvou] Damage level
Details

 

 

HAZMAT in Czech Republic on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 14:15 (02:15 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Thursday, 13 September, 2012 at 16:19 UTC
Description
Czech police say they have discovered two possible sources of methanol poisoning that has killed at least 18 people. About 400 liters (106 gallons) of illegal alcohol was seized and two male suspects arrested in the northeastern part of the country where most victims lived. Around 500 bottles and several barrels of illicit booze have been found in a garage in the eastern city of Zlin on Thursday. Methanol tests still have to be conducted. Health Minister Leos Heger said Thursday a majority of alcohol samples taken elsewhere that have been tested so far contained dangerous levels of methanol that is mainly used for industrial purposes. About two dozen people are hospitalized, some in critical condition after drinking vodka and rum laced with methanol.

 

 

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Articles of Interest

 

 

 

13.09.2012 Technological Disaster China Province of Hubei, Wuhan Damage level
Details

 

 

Technological Disaster in China on Thursday, 13 September, 2012 at 13:37 (01:37 PM) UTC.

Description
A platform elevator at a construction site in southern China has dropped 30 floors in a free fall, killing 19 workers. The accident happened Thursday in Wuhan city in Hubei province. A government notice posted by local Wuhan newspapers on their official microblogging sites says the elevator fell 100 meters (328 feet). It says the municipal government is halting all construction in Wuhan for security checks. Work safety is a big problem in China, where regulations are routinely ignored.

 

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.4 2012/09/11 23:28:29   52.732  -168.289 21.4  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/11 22:32:44   52.742  -168.256 20.9  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/11 22:16:39   45.349   151.189 47.9  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  3.4 2012/09/11 21:40:13   53.008  -168.745 55.7  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.0   2012/09/11 20:52:07   11.796   143.389 20.8  SOUTH OF THE MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.9 2012/09/11 19:41:40   41.237  -117.464 0.0  NEVADA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/11 19:24:59   6.019   -82.482 16.8  SOUTH OF PANAMA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/11 18:15:36   52.917  -168.207 23.1  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/09/11 18:10:09   10.734   126.774 28.9  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/11 17:30:36   52.754  -168.225 34.9  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.8 2012/09/11 17:29:54   18.810   -68.784 138.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  2.8 2012/09/11 17:23:58   52.918  -168.212 17.1  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/11 17:14:48   59.450  -152.726 69.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.0 2012/09/11 16:52:56   52.836  -168.411 34.3  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/09/11 16:44:33   38.792  -123.579 10.5  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/11 16:42:39   52.902  -168.323 53.4  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  5.8   2012/09/11 16:36:49   11.840   143.197 3.4  SOUTH OF THE MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  4.4 2012/09/11 14:57:54   51.913  -171.404 39.5  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/11 14:23:04   19.389  -155.245 3.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.3   2012/09/11 14:21:36  -10.762   113.819 8.9  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/11 14:08:31  -10.697   113.772 19.0  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/11 12:23:35   35.374  -118.543 5.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/11 11:33:13   38.822  -122.831 2.7  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/11 11:12:15   37.478   141.932 42.3  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.8   2012/09/11 11:09:46   23.838   94.378 42.2  MYANMAR
MAP  4.7   2012/09/11 10:15:57   73.393   7.942 10.3  GREENLAND SEA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/11 09:56:50  -37.212   52.326 10.0  SOUTH INDIAN OCEAN
MAP  4.7   2012/09/11 08:28:07   14.392   146.895 34.9  ROTA REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  3.4 2012/09/11 07:51:37   19.556   -64.510 74.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/09/11 07:48:47  -10.805   113.940 15.2  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/11 07:44:58   -3.059   130.187 47.2  SERAM, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/11 07:24:40  -37.927   -73.448 19.4  BIO-BIO, CHILE
MAP  5.1   2012/09/11 06:35:38  -31.826   -68.252 108.6  SAN JUAN, ARGENTINA
MAP  3.9 2012/09/11 05:55:17   41.265  -117.453 0.0  NEVADA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/11 04:25:42  -20.674   -68.782 93.7  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.8   2012/09/11 04:17:04   -6.090   105.295 76.5  SUNDA STRAIT, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/11 03:39:55   56.946  -155.119 66.6  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  5.0   2012/09/11 03:21:24   24.656   99.257 22.0  YUNNAN, CHINA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/11 03:20:21   24.808   99.380 22.2  YUNNAN, CHINA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/11 02:24:13   3.721   92.706 22.5  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAP  5.5   2012/09/11 01:28:19   45.294   151.189 14.7  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  3.5 2012/09/11 00:48:35   19.506   -64.154 65.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/11 00:39:48   19.636   -67.760 18.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
  By Tico Times
Magnitudes and frequencies should decrease in the coming days, experts say.

aftershockmap

Tico Times

The National Seismological Network released this map with the aftershocks registered from September 5.  Courtesy of RSN

The latest report from the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (Ovsicori), released Monday morning, states that 1,650 aftershocks have been registered since the magnitude-7.6 earthquake that hit the country last Wednesday.

The strongest aftershock was felt Saturday, with a magnitude of 5.6. However, it was felt only in the Central Valley.

Ovsicori seismologist Walter Jiménez said the aftershocks will continue in upcoming days, but he also stated that the magnitudes and frequencies of them will go down, ranging from 2 to 3 in magnitude.

 By Tico Times
Experts confirmed the Sept. 5 magnitude-7.6 earthquake was the ‘Big One’ they’ve been expecting, but the fault rupture was only of 50 percent.

After a series of analyses conducted in the northwestern province of Guanacaste, experts from the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (Ovsicori) reported Tuesday that another quake of equal or greater magnitude could occur in Nicoya Peninsula, but predicting when it would happen is “impossible .”

Marino Protti, Ovsicori’s lead scientist, explained that the magintude-7.6 earthquake on Sept. 5 caused a 40 percent slip and an inclination of 1.8 meters on the fault located in Nicoya.

He also said that although the quake was the “big one” experts had been expecting for Guanacaste, the fault ruptured by only 50 percent, meaning that the possibility that another earthquake of equal or greater magnitude in the area still remains.

Ovsicori’s report, released Tuesday, also stated that the earthquake triggered the activation of three faults in Aguas Zarcas (in the northern region), the Guanacaste Volcanic Area and Irazú Volcano (north of Cartago). Seismologists will continue monitoring the areas.

By Tuesday morning, the total count of aftershocks from the recent earthquake was 1,650. On Sept. 5  at 8:42 a.m., the 7.6-magnitude earthquake shook the country and was felt as far away as Nicaraguan and Panama. Its epicenter was located 20 kilometers northwest of Sámara in the Nicoya Península.

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 12, 2012 08:19:07 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

krakatau 2012 September Eruption

Published on Sep 11, 2012 by

Anak Krakatau had the largest eruption in over 10 years on the 2nd of September 2012. I visited the volcano on the 8th of September to check out the action. Lots of smoke, warm lava and new land had been generated.

 

 

11.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Indonesia Sunda Strait, [Anak Krakatoa Volcano] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Monday, 03 September, 2012 at 18:44 (06:44 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:21 UTC
Description
Ongoing activity by Indonesia’s Mount Anak Krakatau has residents of nearby coastal areas concerned as the volcano spewed more lava, officials said. On Monday the volcano in the Sunda Strait spewed hot lava and other volcanic material 2,000 feet above its peak, the Antara news agency reported. “Tremors have not stopped rocking this area since yesterday,” Hamdani, the head of the volcano monitoring post in the village of Hargopancuran, South Lampung, said. Black clouds were obscuring the peak of the volcano, Hamdani said. Officials warned fishermen to stay away from the volcano although they said the ongoing tremors would not cause a tsunami.

…………………………………

11.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Nicaragua Chinandega Department, [ San Cristobal volcano] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Volcano Eruption in Nicaragua on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 18:12 (06:12 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:37 UTC
Description
Activity in the San Cristobal volcano in Nicaragua has calmed a day after three loud explosions were accompanied by a huge eruption of ash and gas that led officials to evacuate about 3,000 people from nine nearby communities. Officials say the area remains under an alert. Nicaragua’s geological institute says sporadic explosions have been heard Sunday and occasional ash columns have billowed up to heights between 4,950 feet and 16,500 feet. On Saturday, the 5,740-foot volcano spewed out clouds of ash that traveled 31 miles. San Cristobal has been active since 1520.

 

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Summer 2012 Recap

Summer 2012 was the third hottest summer on record for the contiguous United States since recordkeeping began in 1895. According to the latest statistics from NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center, the average temperature for the contiguous United States between June and August was over 74° Fahrenheit, which is more than 2° F above the twentieth-century average. Only the summers of 2011 and 1936 have had higher summer temperatures for the Lower 48.

Map of the U.S for June through August, 2012 with various shaded regions showing shades of blue and red where blue is cooler and red is warmer temperatures.

Reds show June-August temperatures up to 8° F warmer than average. Blues show temperatures up to 2° F cooler than average—the darker the color, the larger the difference. (Map by NOAA climate.gov team, based on U.S. Climate Division Data from the National Climatic Data Center.)

These maps show patterns of temperature (above) and precipitation (below) across the United States from June through August 2012 compared to the recent long-term average (1981-2010). The summer season was warmer than average for a large portion of contiguous United States, with the Southeast and parts of the Northwest being exceptions. Sixteen states across the West, Plains, and Upper Midwest had summer temperatures among their ten warmest. Colorado and Wyoming each had their record-hottest summer, and much of the Northeast was warmer than average, with seven states from New Hampshire to Maryland having a top-ten-warmest summer.

Map of the U.S for June through August, 2012 with various shaded regions showing shades of green and brown where green shows heavier precipitation and brown showing less.

Browns indicate areas that received less than 100 percent of average June-August precipitation, while greens indicate up to 200 percent of average. (Map by NOAA climate.gov team, based on U.S. Climate Division Data from the National Climatic Data Center.)

Drier-than-average conditions prevailed across much of the central United States, from the Rocky Mountains to the Ohio Valley. Nebraska’s summer precipitation was almost 6 inches below average, and Wyoming’s precipitation was more than 2 inches below average, marking the driest summer on record for both states. Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, South Dakota, Nebraska, and New Mexico had summer precipitation totals among their ten driest.

However, the summer was wetter than average across the West Coast, the Gulf Coast, and New England. Florida had its wettest summer on record, partially driven by Tropical Storm Debby in June and Hurricane Isaac in August. The total statewide summer precipitation was almost 9 inches above the long-term average. In addition, Louisiana and Mississippi each had one of their ten-wettest summer seasons.

A comparison of drought maps* from August 28 (left) and September 4 (right) show how little relief Hurricane Isaac (estimated track shown by blue line) brought to parched states in the central U.S. A handful of states in the Lower Mississippi and Lower Ohio Valleys saw modest improvements. Maps by NOAA Climate.gov team, based on U.S. Drought Monitor Data.) *Update: This is an updated version of the image, with a more accurate estimate of the track of Isaac through the Lower Mississippi Valley. See original.

The U.S. Climate Extremes Index (USCEI), an index that tracks the highest and lowest 10 percent of extremes in temperature, precipitation, drought, and tropical cyclones across the contiguous U.S. was more than one and a half times the average value during summer 2012, and marked the eighth largest USCEI value for the season. Extremes in warm daytime temperatures, warm nighttime temperatures, and extremely dry conditions covered large areas of the Nation, contributing to the above-average USCEI value.

These climate statistics and many others are part of NOAA’s National Climate Summary. The National Climatic Data Center produces these monthly climate reports as part of the suite of climate services that NOAA provides government, business, and community leaders so they can make informed decisions.

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Storms / Flooding

 

 

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sanba (17W) Pacific Ocean 11.09.2012 12.09.2012 Typhoon II 310 ° 130 km/h 157 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

 

 

 

 

 

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sanba (17W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 11° 6.000, E 133° 48.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 174.61 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 09:49:04 N 11° 6.000, E 133° 48.000 33 65 83 Tropical Storm 345 20 JTWC
11th Sep 2012 16:17:59 N 12° 12.000, E 133° 12.000 22 74 93 Tropical Storm 330 17 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 15:18:36 N 13° 42.000, E 130° 18.000 17 130 157 Typhoon II 310 ° 15 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
13th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 15° 42.000, E 129° 42.000 Typhoon III 157 194 JTWC
13th Sep 2012 18:00:00 N 17° 36.000, E 129° 18.000 Typhoon IV 176 213 JTWC
14th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 19° 12.000, E 128° 54.000 Typhoon IV 194 241 JTWC
15th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 22° 30.000, E 127° 42.000 Typhoon IV 204 250 JTWC
16th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 26° 30.000, E 127° 6.000 SuperTyphoon 213 259 JTWC
17th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 31° 24.000, E 127° 6.000 Typhoon IV 194 241 JTWC

 

 

 

Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 12.09.2012 Tropical Depression 300 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 3.96 m NOAA NHC Details

 

 

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 173.12 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 16:46:42 N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000 17 56 74 Tropical Depression 275 12 1006 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 16:51:03 N 19° 6.000, W 47° 36.000 24 93 111 Tropical Depression 300 ° 13 997 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
13th Sep 2012 18:00:00 N 23° 18.000, W 52° 36.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 21° 24.000, W 50° 36.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 25° 24.000, W 53° 48.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 29° 0.000, W 54° 0.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 31° 0.000, W 51° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 32° 30.000, W 46° 30.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC

 

 

 

……………………………

Tropical storm Leslie hammers Newfoundland

Tropical storm Leslie arrived in Newfoundland, Canada, Tuesday morning. Tropical storm Leslie brought heavy rains and hurricane-force wind gusts up to 81 m.p.h.

By Staff, Associated Press

The Canadian Hurricane Centre shows the forecast tracks of tropical storm Leslie and Michael in the Atlantic.

Canadian Hurricane Center

Fortune, Newfoundland

The Canadian Hurricane Centre says the center of Tropical Storm Leslie has made landfall in Fortune, Newfoundland.

Meteorologist Bob Robichaud says the potent storm touched down at about 8:30 a.m. AST (7:30 a.m. EST, 1130 GMT) as it continued to barrel north-northeast.

He says a swath of the province from Fortune, on the Burin Peninsula, all the way east to St. John’s on the Avalon Peninsula was getting pounded with stiff winds and heavy rains.

Winds were still building, with the St. John’s airport recording hurricane-force gusts of up to 81 mph (131 kph), while waves were reaching 10 yards (meters) at an offshore buoy.

There were widespread power outages in St. John’s and communities along the southeastern coast of the Avalon Peninsula.

Heavy rains also drenched province’s western portion.

Rains ravage Sindh, leaving up to 58 dead

Commuters wade through rainwater at Clock Tower Road during the downpour in Sukkur. PHOTO: PPI

SUKKUR: At least 58 people, including women and children, were killed, and hundreds injured, in rain-related incidents throughout upper Sindh over the past 24 hours. An emergency has been declared in Jacobabad and Kandhkot, where the army has been called in to provide relief.

Almost all cities and towns are submerged in a mixture of rain and sewage, while the drainage system has collapsed. Much of the region experienced blackouts for over 30 hours till the filing of this report.

According to the Met office, Sukkur, Rohri and other nearby areas received 178 mm of rain till Monday morning, while 441 mm of rain has been recorded in Jacobabad – the highest in a century. Reports from different parts of upper Sindh reveal that hundreds of katcha houses have collapsed in different areas, due to which at least 58 people have been killed while hundreds are reportedly injured.

The most affected area is Kandhkot, the district headquarters of Kashmore, where 24 persons have been killed. Some 15 people were killed in Shikarpur, two in Khairpur, five in Sukkur, five in Ghotki and other areas and four in Jacobabad. Three people have died in Larkana, while 5,000 houses were damaged in Shikarpur. In Lakhi Ghulam Shah, boats are being used for transport due to the high level of flooding.

Archaeological site at risk

Meanwhile, the archaeological site of Moen Jo Daro is also under threat, as recent rainfall has partially damaged its stupa, while rainwater has been accumulating in different areas of the historical site, including the Great Bath.

Culture Department Additional Secretary Ashfaq Mussavi said that although they have access to generators and heavy machinery, they’re avoiding their use as they could damage the walls of the site. He added that more than 30 officials are draining out the water to prevent further damage.

Damage to agriculture

The devastating rains have also caused extensive damage to the agriculture sector throughout upper Sindh. Standing crops in Jacobabad, Kashmore, Kandhkot, Shikarpur, Larkana and other areas which comprise the rice cultivating belt have been destroyed. The crisis has been exacerbated since the crops were grown unseasonally late – farmers had earlier halted cultivation in protest over an acute shortage of water. In Sukkur, Khairpur and Ghotki districts, standing crops of paddy, cotton and sugarcane have been destroyed by the rains.

In the wake of devastating rains throughout upper Sindh, all the canals of the Guddu and Sukkur barrages have been shut to prevent breaches.

While the casualties in lower Sindh remained low, the damage to infrastructure was substantial. Torrential rain continued in Badin district on Monday, damaging mud houses and ravaging crops on thousands of acres, creating panic near to the Left Bank Outfall Drain (LBOD). According to official reports, Badin received 51 mm of rain. Deputy Commissioner Kazim Hussain Jatoi said that the LBOD was being monitored, adding that no relief camp had been established so far.

Jatoi said the main crops affected were cotton, rice, chillies and vegetables. Mithan Mallah, the district president of the Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, alleged that the government did not inform fishermen about heavy rains in the region. “We rescued 250 fishermen and around 150 are still at the sea,” he told the Daily Sindh Express.

An eight-year-old boy Kazim Ali Shah died when the wall of his house collapsed in Allah Bachayo Bhatti village late Sunday night.

Authorities claim that dozens of machines have been fixed on the banks of the LBOD but only one pumping machine was seen when the Daily Sindh Express visited the drain on Monday.

Extensive damage was also reported in Naukot and Umerkot.

On the directives of Sindh Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah, the Provincial Minister for Rehabilitation Haji Muzaffar Ali Shujra, along with Secretary Rehabilitation/Director General of the Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) Syed Hashim Raza Zaidi, called an emergency meeting on Monday at the PDMA office. Shujra called on all affected district administrations to declare a rain emergency in their districts and mobilise all the available resources to provide relief to the victims.

The Sindh CM also cancelled leave grants for commissioners, deputy commissioners, revenue officers and officials, doctors and staff of hospitals and other essential services.

WITH ADDITIONAL REPORTING BY HAMEED SOOMRO IN BADIN, IMAM DINO RANTO IN SAJAWAL, GM WALHARI IN UMERKOT AND SAGAR LASHARI IN NAUKOT

Published in The Express Tribune

Flooding in Pakistan kills at least 78 people in three days

Flood victims in Dera Ghazi Khan A state of emergency has been declared in the Dera Ghazi Khan district

At least 78 people have died in floods in in Pakistan in the last three days, officials say.

They say that Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and Pakistani-administered Kashmir are the worst hit regions, accounting for more than 60 deaths.

Hundreds of tents have been sent to these areas as part of relief efforts.

Officials say many people continue to live in low-lying areas prone to flash floods, despite warnings to relocate. More rain is due in the next two days.

The heavy monsoon rain – which began falling last week – had destroyed more than 1,600 houses while damaging a further 5,000, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) spokesman Irshad Bhatti said.

He said that most of the casualties were caused by houses collapsing and people being caught in rapidly rising water.

Police told the AFP news agency that an Afghan refugee family of eight – including two women and six children – were all killed in the north-western district of Swabi when the roof of their mud house collapsed on Sunday night.

Officials say that a state of emergency has been declared in the Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur districts of Punjab province, where troops have joined rescue work.

Weather forecasters say that most of the rain expected over the next two days will fall in Pakistani-administered Kashmir, Sindh and Balochistan provinces.

Questions

The BBC’s Aleem Maqbool in Islamabad says that while the number of people affected is far lower than the previous two years, in Punjab canals have burst their banks and low-lying areas of Sindh province are under water. In Balochistan, communication links have been severed.

In November 2011 at least five million people were affected by flooding in Sindh, which also killed livestock and destroyed crops, homes and infrastructure as the country struggled to recover from record downpours in 2010.

About eight million people in total were affected in 2011 and an estimated 20 million the year before. There was also large scale structural damage.

Our correspondent says that questions have already been asked about what the disaster management authorities have done in the last 12 months to prevent flooding.

Until recently, areas in southern Pakistan were still under water from last year’s monsoon rains, with locals complaining that even the basic work of clearing debris from drainage channels had not been done.

 

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 11. 2012

Published on Sep 11, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Summer Weather Records: http://www.climatewatch.noaa.gov/article/2012/summer-2012-recap
Pakistan Flood: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19545784
Jupiter Impact: http://www.universetoday.com/97294/viewing-alert-jupiter-may-have-been-impact…
Occupy Hong Kong: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-11/hsbc-says-court-to-evict-hong-kong-o…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

Jupiter Impact 10 Sept. 2012 11:35 UT

Picture

An apparent object impact captured about 6:35 am on Sept. 10, 2012 from Dallas, Texas USA. The impact was observed by Dan Peterson visually this morning. His observation was posted later on the ALPO_Jupiter forum. When I saw the post, I went back and examined the videos that I had collected this morning. Click on the image to the left  to see a larger version. This is a screen capture from QuickTime of a single frame from the video. The video was captured with a 12″ LX200GPS, 3x Televue Barlow, and Point Grey Flea 3 camera. The capture software was Astro IIDC.
Here is a link to a 4 sec. video of the event on Flickr.

An apparent object impact captured about 6:35 am on Sept. 10, 2012 from Dallas, Texas USA. Credit: George Hall.

UPDATE: Yes, there was an impact! An amateur astronomer in Dallas Texas, George Hall captured the impact flash in his webcam — click here to see his website and image – at about 6:30 am on Sept. 10, 2012.

——-

From astronomer Heidi Hammel of the Space Science Institute comes news about a potential new impact on Jupiter. She reports there has been a visual sighting of an apparent fireball on Jupiter earlier today (about 10 hours ago, as of this posting) so the impact site should be visible again over the next few hours. According to amateur astronomers discussing this on G+, the impact area on Jupiter won’t be visible again until about 05:00 UTC, (01:00 EDT). The amateur who observed the flash was Dan Petersen, from Oregon, who made the observation at approximately 11:35 UTC on September 10. Petersen reported it to Richard Schmude of the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers (ALPO). Hammel says the report sounds realistic, but obviously it needs confirmation if possible: a) by looking for any ‘impact scar’ tonight or over the next few days; b) by searching any webcam video that any observers might have been recording at the time. From the time and position given, the flash was on the North Equatorial Belt at approximately L1=335, L2=219, L3=257. “Let’s hope someone has a record of it!” Hammel says.

If it was the impact was sizable enough, it might have left an impact scar like those seen after the Shoemaker-Levy/9 impacts and this one in 2010:

Color image of impact on Jupiter on June 3, 2010. Credit: Anthony Wesley

Anthony Wesley from Australia captured the flash of an impact in June 3, 2010. There was also a similar impact and flash in later in 2010 and a big one in 2009.

On the Cloudy Nights astronomy forum, Petersen described his sighting:

This morning (9/10/2012) at 11:35:30 UT, I observed a bright white two second long explosion just inside Jupiter’s eastern limb, located at about Longitude 1 = 335, and Latitude = + 12 degrees north, inside the southern edge of the NEB. This flash appeared to be about 100 miles in diameter. I used my Meade 12″ LX200 GPS telescope and a binoviewer working at 400X for the observation, seeing was very good at the time. I was thinking about imaging Jupiter this morning but decided to observe it instead, had I been imaging I’m sure I would have missed it between adjusting webcam settings and focusing each avi. We’ll have to wait and see if a dark spot develops inside the southern regions of the NEB over the next day or two. Good luck imaging this. My best guess is that it was a small undetected comet that is now history, hopefully it will sign its name on Jupiter’s cloud tops.

If you make any observations or find you have webcam footage that may show such an impact, please send us an email.

Simulated view showing where impact may have occurred (Lat +1... on Twitpic

Via astronomer Pete Lawrence (@Avertedvision on Twitter) is a simulated view showing where impact may have occurred (X marks the spot).

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2007 PB8) 14th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1682 65.5 150 m – 340 m 14.51 km/s 52236 km/h
226514 (2003 UX34) 14th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1882 73.2 260 m – 590 m 25.74 km/s 92664 km/h
(1998 QC1) 14th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1642 63.9 310 m – 700 m 17.11 km/s 61596 km/h
(2002 EM6) 15th September 2012 3 day(s) 0.1833 71.3 270 m – 590 m 18.56 km/s 66816 km/h
(2002 RP137) 16th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1624 63.2 67 m – 150 m 7.31 km/s 26316 km/h
(2009 RX4) 16th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1701 66.2 15 m – 35 m 8.35 km/s 30060 km/h
(2005 UC) 17th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1992 77.5 280 m – 640 m 7.55 km/s 27180 km/h
(2012 FC71) 18th September 2012 6 day(s) 0.1074 41.8 24 m – 53 m 3.51 km/s 12636 km/h
(1998 FF14) 19th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.0928 36.1 210 m – 480 m 21.40 km/s 77040 km/h
331990 (2005 FD) 19th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.1914 74.5 320 m – 710 m 15.92 km/s 57312 km/h
(2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 12 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 13 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 14 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 18 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 23 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 23 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 26 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
277830 (2006 HR29) 11th October 2012 29 day(s) 0.1917 74.6 190 m – 440 m 7.88 km/s 28368 km/h
(2008 BW2) 11th October 2012 29 day(s) 0.1678 65.3 3.1 m – 6.8 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Mysterious Smells

By City News Service

A strong sulphuric odor first noticed throughout Riverside County on Sunday night hung in the air today, but authorities were at a loss to explain it.

(Flickr/Phil Konstantin)

“It’s not something originating here in the city,” Riverside Public Utilities Chief Deputy Director Steve Badgett told City News Service. “It hit me when I went out to get my paper this morning 45 miles away.”

The rotten-egg odor wafted into Riverside around 10 p.m. Sunday and was reported in Murrieta, Indio, Calimesa and other locations, as well.

Officials at the Eastern Municipal Water District, which services customers from Moreno Valley to Temecula, said the stench was not connected to any of the district’s operations.

The EMWD directed further inquiries to the South Coast Air Quality Management District, but calls to the agency were not immediately returned.

Badgett said there were indications the source of the smell might be the Salton Sea, but there was no confirmation.

“We had that storm system dragging everything up from the desert yesterday, so who knows?” he said. “The weather pattern is high humidity and no air movement above us.”

Rotten smell reeks havoc across Southern California

A massive fish die-off in the Salton Sea is the prime suspect in a rotten smell that swept the region, but experts can’t recall a bad odor ever traveling so far.

By Hector Becerra, Phil Willon and Andrew Blankstein, Los Angeles TimesSeptember 10, 2012, 10:31 p.m.

When the rotten egg smell wafted into the Santa Clarita United Methodist Church in Saugus on Monday morning, Kathy Gray thought the church’s sewer pipe had burst.

More than 70 miles to the east, steelworker Chris Tatum’s nostrils got the punch in Riverside. He assumed a brush fire had just broken out.

“It reeks,” he said. “It smells like rotten mush.”

Southern California awoke Monday morning to a foul odor that wouldn’t go away.Residents clogged 911 lines with calls, prompting health officials from Ventura County to Palm Springs to send investigators looking for everything from a toxic spill to a sewer plant leak.

The prime suspect, however, lay more than 100 miles away from Los Angeles. The leading theory is that the stink was caused by the annual die-off of fish in the Salton Sea. Officials believe Sunday evening’s thunderstorms and strong winds churned up the water and pushed that dead-fish smell to points west overnight.

Officials from the Air Quality Management District and other agencies said they have never dealt with a stench quite like this. Although the fish die-off usually causes foul odors in parts of the Inland Empire, officials cannot recall it traveling this far.

“It’s very unusual that any odor would be this widespread, from the Coachella to Los Angeles County,” said Sam Atwood, spokesman for the South Coast Air Quality Management District. “We’re talking well over 100 miles. I can’t recall ever confirming an odor traveling that distance.”

The Salton Sea did track 40-mph winds Sunday night, and officials said that probably served as a trigger.

“The winds could have stirred up the water,” said Bill Meister, president of the Sea and Desert Interpretive Assn. “Because the lake is so shallow, and there is 100 years worth of decayed material at the bottom, you’d get that rotten egg smell.”

At its deepest points, the Salton Sea is only about 50 feet, said Andrew Schlange, general manager of the Salton Sea Authority. The 360-square-mile body of murky, highly saline water is also receding into the desert. More water is evaporating from the sea than is flowing in from agricultural runoff. In some places the falling waterline has uncovered thermal fields studded with features like geysers and boiling mud pots spewing clouds of steam and sulfur dioxide gas that smells like rotten eggs.

The “accidental sea” was created in 1905 when the Colorado River jumped its banks during a rainy season and gushed north for months, filling an ancient salt sink. It’s 35 miles long, 15 miles wide and 227 feet below sea level.

Schlange said it’s a common occurrence for fish populations to explode and then suffer die-offs when oxygen is depleted from the sea.

“The problem is [the odor] would have to have migrated 50 to 100 miles, without it being dissipated by mixing with other air. It doesn’t seem possible,” he said. “I’ve been in Southern California my whole life, and I’m not aware of any time in the past where the odor from the Salton Sea has migrated as far as people are telling us.”

Schlange said several factors could explain the far-traveling smell. In the last week, the blistering heat reduced oxygen levels in parts of the Salton Sea, causing fish to die and settle to the bottom, where they decomposed with other organic material.

Then a thunderstorm barreled through the area Sunday night, churning moisture-laden air counterclockwise and pushing it from the southeast.

“That atmospheric flow would bring the smell up from the Salton Sea into the L.A. Basin here,” said Bill Patzert, a climatologist for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in La Cañada Flintridge. “This was an ill wind that dropped from the Coachella Valley into the Inland Empire cul-de-sac and boogied west … into the San Gabriel Valley and L.A. County. The stink is normal around the Salton Sea. The strong winds are the unique occurrence that moved it into our ‘hood.’ ”

Whatever its provenance, the stench made the rounds.

Pacoima comedian Jose Chavez said at first he thought some eggs he bought had gone bad.

“When I realized it wasn’t the eggs, I thought it must be me, so I changed my clothes,” Chavez said. “Finally I saw the reports…. With the weather the way it is, the smell was awful.”

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 Hazmat

 

 

HAZMAT in Czech Republic on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 14:15 (02:15 PM) UTC.

Description
Czech officials say at least three more people have died after drinking bootleg alcohol tainted with toxic methanol, bringing the death toll to six. Police spokeswoman Miluse Zajicova says a 45-year-old man died in a hospital in the eastern town of Prerov, and a 21-year-old woman was found dead in nearby Osek and Becvou. Petra Pekarova, spokeswoman for Prague’s General University Hospital, said Tuesday that a 38-year-old man had died there of methanol poisoning. Authorities announced Monday that three deaths in the country’s east had been linked to the cheap, illicit liquor. About two dozen other people have been hospitalized, some in critical condition. Authorities have launched a nationwide check of restaurants, bars, liquor stores and street markets in an effort to discover the origin of the bootleg booze.

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.5 2012/09/08 23:27:54   61.523  -146.435 15.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/08 22:44:23   19.242   -64.633 15.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/09/08 21:11:41   11.938   43.461 10.0  NEAR THE COAST OF DJIBOUTI
MAP  3.3 2012/09/08 21:03:55   19.618   -64.170 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/08 20:55:50   23.602   126.748 10.0  SOUTHEAST OF THE RYUKYU ISLANDS
MAP  5.6   2012/09/08 20:29:32   10.095   -85.321 35.6  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/08 19:19:50   53.110   156.548 270.7  KAMCHATKA PENINSULA, RUSSIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/08 18:47:16   60.244  -152.426 89.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/08 18:27:13   -6.598   106.696 8.8  JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/08 17:45:38   -6.716   146.149 139.9  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/08 16:31:24   -3.364   135.482 34.3  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.1   2012/09/08 16:27:39   2.405   126.732 35.0  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/08 14:10:41   19.610   -64.394 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/09/08 13:03:12   19.612   -64.408 43.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/08 12:35:40   1.140   120.665 35.7  MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/08 12:27:09   18.864   -67.584 5.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/08 12:01:10   10.039   -85.435 43.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/08 11:11:34   51.669  -168.128 34.1  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/08 10:54:17   32.461  -115.602 12.8  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  6.1   2012/09/08 10:51:43   -3.189   135.084 14.1  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.1 2012/09/08 10:01:07   37.329   37.085 3.5  CENTRAL TURKEY
MAP  4.5   2012/09/08 09:50:22   10.361   -85.654 35.8  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/08 09:22:20  -10.903   113.843 25.1  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/08 08:39:23   36.294  -120.311 7.1  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/08 07:36:36  -10.790   113.964 9.8  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/08 07:35:39   53.798  -164.969 52.5  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/08 07:18:18   6.648   95.614 250.3  NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/08 07:14:50   19.621   -64.364 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.7   2012/09/08 06:54:19   21.517   145.921 9.2  MARIANA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/08 05:21:05   58.834  -153.269 120.3  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/08 05:09:56   -7.051   -12.394 10.0  ASCENSION ISLAND REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/09/08 04:57:45   45.122  -122.692 22.6  OREGON
MAP  3.6 2012/09/08 04:54:30   19.510   -64.256 66.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/08 04:43:21   58.937  -152.731 53.2  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/09/08 04:11:49   -9.820   160.367 48.7  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  4.2 2012/09/08 03:17:37   38.527   55.691 12.5  TURKMENISTAN
MAP  4.2 2012/09/08 02:27:22   12.090   -88.533 35.1  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.6   2012/09/08 01:41:26   33.754   132.183 55.7  SHIKOKU, JAPAN
MAP  6.0   2012/09/09 05:39:21   49.473   155.517 56.8  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/09/09 05:33:23   60.625  -147.676 13.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/09 05:14:53   16.230   -98.198 11.9  OAXACA, MEXICO
MAP  4.4 2012/09/09 03:30:27  -10.749   114.053 22.2  SOUTH OF BALI, INDONESIA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/09 02:09:00   18.629   -66.737 27.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/09 01:58:53   35.379   -96.543 4.9  OKLAHOMA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/09 00:13:50  -28.087  -176.526 9.9  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION

………………………

Strong 6.0 quake hits Indonesia

  • From: AP

A MODERATELY strong earthquake has hit eastern Indonesia, causing panic among residents, but there were no immediate reports of damage or injuries. No tsunami warning was issued.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the 6.0-magnitude quake struck off the eastern province of Papua. It says it was fairly shallow, just 20 kilometers beneath the sea, which often causes more shaking than deeper quakes.

Witnesses said shocked residents and hotel guests in Nabire town ran outside screaming.

Indonesia has frequent earthquakes because of its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.

Video: Moment of deadly China earthquake, landslide caught on

Published on Sep 7, 2012 by

A series of earthquakes hit rural southwestern China on Friday, collapsing homes and triggering landslides. At least 50 people were killed, and the death toll is expected to rise.

08.09.2012 Earthquake China Province of Sichuan, [About 51 km NE Zhaotong (affected also Yunnan and Guizhou provinces)] Damage level Details

Earthquake in China on Friday, 07 September, 2012 at 08:32 (08:32 AM) UTC.

Description
A shallow earthquake hit southwestern China on Friday, killing at least 24 people, state media said. 150 people were also hurt in the quake that hit Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. An official from the Yunnan provincial government earthquake office, who like many Chinese bureaucrats would not give his name, earlier said 20 people had died. The quake destroyed or damaged 20,000 homes. Buildings in rural areas in China are often constructed poorly. In 2008, a severe earthquake in Sichuan province, just north of Yunnan, killed nearly 90,000 people, with many of the deaths blamed on poorly built buildings, including schools. The U.S. Geological Survey said the magnitude 5.6 quake hit at a depth of 9.8 kilometers (6.1 miles). Shallower earthquakes often cause more damage than deeper ones.

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LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 9, 2012 05:19:07 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Nicaraguan volcano spews ash cloud, residents evacuated

By Ivan Castro

MANAGUA (Reuters) – Nicaragua’s highest volcano belched an ash plume up to 3 miles (5 km) into the atmosphere on Saturday, prompting the evacuation of hundreds of nearby residents.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage, authorities said. But the government issued a yellow alert, indicating emergency plans had been activated.

The plume formed a cloud extending 30-miles (48 km) from the 5,725-foot (1,745-meter) San Cristobal volcano, which is about 95 miles (154 km) north of the capital Managua in the country’s volcano-dotted northwest, said the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies, or Ineter.

Javier Mejia, executive director of Ineter, which monitors seismic and volcanic activity, said he recommended that civil aviation authorities close down the air space near San Cristobal because of the ash plume and cloud, the largest recorded in recent years.

The volcano has long been active, and stirred in mid-2008, when it expelled gas and rumbled with a series of small eruptions. For months it has emitted “abundant gases in a constant manner,” Ineter said in its monthly bulletin.

The government expects to evacuate about 3,000 people from around San Cristobal, though numerous families already have evacuated of their own, said Guillermo Gonzalez, who heads Sinapred, a government emergency and disaster relief agency.

“A response plan exists for volcano eruptions and every community has clearly defined places for people to go to once they are evacuated,” Gonzalez said.

In a preliminary report, Ineter said “more gas emissions and sporadic explosions” could be expected from San Cristobal.

The volcano is one of the most active along Nicaragua’s Pacific coast, according to the institute, and at times averages nearly 100 seismic movements a day.

Government spokeswoman Rosario Murillo earlier said as many as 20,000 people could ultimately be affected.

(Reporting by Ivan Castro; writing by Simon Gardner and Herbert Lash; editing by Will Dunham and Todd Eastham)

09.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Nicaragua Chinandega Department, [ San Cristobal volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Nicaragua on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 18:12 (06:12 PM) UTC.

Description
Nicaragua’s tallest volcano belched an ash cloud nearly a mile into the atmosphere on Saturday, prompting the evacuation of hundreds of nearby residents who heard explosions emanating from its crater. The 5,725-foot (1,745-meter) San Cristobal volcano, which sits around 95 miles north of the capital Managua in the country’s northwest, has been active in recent years, and stirred in mid-2008, when it expelled gas and rumbled with a series of small eruptions. Government spokeswoman Rosario Murillo said authorities were still assessing the strength of the volcanic activity, and said nearby residents were being evacuated. He said as many as 20,000 people could ultimately be affected by the gas and ash from the volcano.
08.09.2012 02:47 AM Chiltepe Peninsula Natural Reserve, Nicaragua Apoyeque Volcano Volcano Activity 1404-091 Pyroclastic shield 4640 BC +-200é No. 0 Details

Volcano Activity in Nicaragua on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 02:47 (02:47 AM) UTC.

Description
The Apoyeque Volcano (caldera type volcano), located northwest of the capital, was calm Friday, but officials continued monitoring it for volcanic tremors, a release from the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER) said. The agency registered 21 low-intensity volcano-related tremors between Thursday afternoon and Friday morning, prompting the government to issue a green advisory alert. Seismic activity near the volcano, located 10 kilometers northwest of Managua, “decreased Friday morning, but it doesn’t mean that it has disappeared,” INETER Geophysics Director Angélica Munoz told reporters. She also announced that a group of experts will travel to the volcano to investigate the earthquakes causes. The tremors began after a magitude-7.6 earthquake hit neighboring Costa Rica on Wednesday.

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Storms / Flooding / Tornadoes

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Leslie (AL12) Atlantic Ocean 30.08.2012 08.09.2012 Hurricane I 360 ° 102 km/h 120 km/h 4.27 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Leslie (AL12)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 14° 6.000, W 43° 24.000
Start up: 30th August 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,576.63 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
31st Aug 2012 04:48:01 N 14° 42.000, W 46° 48.000 30 83 102 Tropical Storm 280 12 1002 MB NOAA NHC
01st Sep 2012 05:02:48 N 17° 24.000, W 52° 48.000 33 102 120 Tropical Storm 295 19 999 MB NOAA NHC
02nd Sep 2012 05:34:37 N 20° 12.000, W 58° 24.000 30 102 120 Tropical Storm 305 11 998 MB NOAA NHC
03rd Sep 2012 04:53:21 N 23° 24.000, W 61° 42.000 17 93 111 Tropical Storm 325 19 998 MB NOAA NHC
04th Sep 2012 05:13:40 N 24° 0.000, W 63° 6.000 0 102 120 Tropical Storm 0 12 998 MB NOAA NHC
05th Sep 2012 05:20:37 N 25° 12.000, W 62° 48.000 4 102 120 Tropical Storm 345 9 994 MB NOAA NHC
06th Sep 2012 04:44:33 N 26° 12.000, W 62° 30.000 4 120 148 Hurricane I. 10 9 985 MB NOAA NHC
07th Sep 2012 05:21:34 N 26° 30.000, W 62° 12.000 0 120 148 Hurricane I. 0 19 985 MB NOAA NHC
08th Sep 2012 05:14:29 N 27° 36.000, W 62° 18.000 6 102 120 Tropical Storm 350 9 983 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
08th Sep 2012 18:28:25 N 28° 36.000, W 62° 30.000 13 102 120 Hurricane I 360 ° 14 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
10th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 34° 30.000, W 61° 0.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
10th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 32° 48.000, W 61° 48.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
11th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 58° 0.000 Hurricane III 148 185 NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 45° 0.000, W 55° 0.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 47° 0.000, W 51° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
Michael (AL13) Atlantic Ocean 04.09.2012 08.09.2012 Hurricane III 325 ° 167 km/h 204 km/h 4.27 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Micahel (AL13)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 25° 54.000, W 42° 48.000
Start up: 04th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 464.75 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
04th Sep 2012 05:09:18 N 25° 54.000, W 42° 48.000 7 56 74 Tropical Depression 305 8 1012 MB NOAA NHC
05th Sep 2012 05:21:26 N 27° 24.000, W 43° 42.000 0 83 102 Tropical Storm 0 11 1005 MB NOAA NHC
06th Sep 2012 04:47:08 N 29° 18.000, W 42° 12.000 11 120 148 Hurricane I. 50 16 990 MB NOAA NHC
07th Sep 2012 05:20:37 N 30° 48.000, W 40° 48.000 7 167 204 Hurricane II. 25 9 970 MB NOAA NHC
08th Sep 2012 05:11:40 N 31° 48.000, W 41° 48.000 9 157 194 Hurricane II. 320 10 974 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
08th Sep 2012 18:29:12 N 32° 36.000, W 42° 6.000 7 167 204 Hurricane III 325 ° 14 971 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
10th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 33° 48.000, W 45° 6.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
10th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 36.000, W 43° 48.000 Hurricane III 148 185 NOAA NHC
11th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 38° 12.000, W 48° 12.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 48° 0.000, W 47° 30.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC

………………………….

NOWATA, Okla. – Authorities say four people — including an infant — have been killed as thunderstorms swept through northeast Oklahoma.

Nowata County Undersheriff Doug Sonenberg tells KSWO-TV (http://www.kswo.com/global/story.asp?s=19489100 ) the infant and two adults were killed Friday when heavy winds destroyed a mobile home. They were found in a creek.

The Oklahoma Highway Patrol also reported that Ash Grove, Mo., resident Jimmy King was killed when straight-line winds flipped the semi he was driving onto a cement barrier wall and trapped him inside near Afton.

Troopers say the 70-year-old King was pinned in the wreckage for nearly three hours and died at the scene of massive injuries.

The storms were part of a system that unleashed winds of 25 mph to 35 mph as it moved through the state.

___

Information from: KSWO-TV, http://www.kswo.com

USGS Helps Assess Tangipahoa Dam Health

JACKSON, Miss. – The U.S. Geological Survey mapped the damage caused to Tangipahoa Dam in 3-D earlier this week, using new technology to get a detailed view of the troubled dam. The dam was damaged during heavy rainfall in Hurricane Isaac and caused thousands of people downstream to be evacuated late last week.

Using terrestrial lidar, or T-lidar, the crew captured multiple scans of the dam, including two large landslides on its downstream side. In the larger of the two slides, much of the base of the slide was still underwater and necessitated the use of a kayak-towed acoustic Doppler profiler to measure the toe of the slide.

The first T-lidar scans took place Saturday, with more completed on Monday to assess whether additional movement of the slides had occurred.  Monday’s scan showed little change; information that has been provided along with other data to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as they continue to address the issue.

“We were fortunately already mobilizing this fabulous 3-D imaging technology when our field crews learned of the need to monitor the stability of the Tangipahoa Dam,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “I know of no other technology that could compete with T-lidar for providing both the precision and ease of deployment or that has the potential to determine whether a structure is in danger of failing when time is of the essence.”

Isaac is the first storm in which USGS has used its terrestrial lidar capabilities to map urban flooding.

“We brought our T-lidar capabilities into the area affected by Isaac as part of a pilot project to assess its use for mapping flood levels in urban areas, and to develop flood inundation maps that will help forecast future flood effects,” said Toby Minear, a research hydrologist at the USGS California Water Science Center, who completed the scans of the dam.  “What we’ve found is that, not only can it help assess current flood levels and high-water marks, it has the potential to play a pivotal role in helping assess the health of structures threatened by floodwaters, providing critical information to those who need it in a matter of minutes.”

T-lidar allows scientists to quickly generate 3-D maps of buildings, dams, levees and other structures, and can show areas of storm damage as well.  In a four-to-five minute scan, the instrument collects millions of topographic data points in a full 360-degree view to quickly produce highly accurate topographic information and can map areas up to two-thirds of a mile away.

Acoustic Doppler instruments, such as the one used to map the underwater portion of the slide at Tangipahoa Dam, are frequently used to measure stream or lake geometry and water velocity. An acoustic signal is bounced off the river or lake bottom and the amount of time required for the signal to return to the sensor provides a measurement of the distance to the bottom.

USGS crews also deployed storm surge sensors just below the dam, and at four bridge crossings downstream between the dam and the USGS’ real-time permanent streamgage on the Tangipahoa at Osyka.  The sensors allowed the USGS to monitor river levels as actions were taken to release the pressure on the dam and reduce water levels.

Today Flash Flood Philippines Central Visayas, Cebu City Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Philippines on Sunday, 09 September, 2012 at 04:31 (04:31 AM) UTC.

Description
At least one house was destroyed while another was damaged in Cebu City in the wake of a flash flood brought by heavy rain Saturday, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reported Sunday. In a report on its website, the NDRRMC said the incident occurred Saturday afternoon in Sitio Lukana in Kalunasan village in Cebu City. The NDRRMC said the flash flood was due to the overflowing of the Guadalupe River. “One house was totally damaged while another was partially damaged. As of reporting time, no casualty was reported,” it said. It said the Bureau of Fire Protection, the village disaster risk reduction and management council, and the Philippine Red Cross responded to the incident.

……………………

08.09.2012 Tornado USA State of New York, New York City [Breezy Point, Queens] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 16:40 (04:40 PM) UTC.

Description
Firefighters are assessing damage caused by a cyclone that struck a beachfront neighborhood in New York City. Videos taken by bystanders show a funnel cloud hurling sand and debris in the air as it moved through the Breezy Point section of the Rockaway peninsula in Queens on Saturday. A Fire Department spokesman says there were power lines down and possibly other damage. The general manager of the Breezy Point Surf Club tells The Associated Press the storm ripped up cabanas and even picked up industrial-sized metal trash bins. The National Weather Service issued a tornado warning for Queens and Brooklyn as the storm moved through the city. It expired at 11:30 a.m. The service says radar detected a “strong rotation” in the storm.

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Radiation / Nuclear

Fukushima I Nuke Plant: Inside the Treated Water Buffer Tank

Published on Sep 7, 2012 by

TEPCO submerged a video camera inside the butter tank that stores the treated water before the water is fed back into the reactors (Units 1, 2, and 3). The amount of water being fed to the reactors for cooling has been fluctuating significantly, and TEPCO hasn’t identified the cause yet.

There are white bits (particles) floating in the water. TEPCO explains the bubbling in the video as “nitrogen”.

For your own copy of the video, go to TEPCO’s Photos and Videos page:
http://photo.tepco.co.jp/en/date/2012/201209-e/120906-01e.html

For more on the problem of the reactor cooling system, read my post: http://bit.ly/PZTFC0

For continued coverage of Fukushima I Nuke Plant accident and radiation contamination in Japan, visit my blogs:
http://www.exskf.com (English)
http://www.exskf-jp.com (Japanese)

#Fukushima I Nuke Plant: Video Inside the Buffer Tank Shows White Particles Floating in the Treated Water, Rust on the Bottom

TEPCO still hasn’t identified the cause for the decreased water flow into the reactors (1, 2, and 3), but the company suspects some rust or foreign particles clogging the system somewhere. On September 5, a video camera was submerged into one of the buffer tanks that store the treated water before the water is fed back into the reactors.

White particles floating around, like near the bottom of the ocean. I wonder what they are. TEPCO explains the bubbling seen in the video as “nitrogen”.

Here’s a photo of the strainer of one of the 5 “chiller” machines (to cool water), from TEPCO’s 9/5/2012 Photos and Videos page. Rust flakes and curled-up white bits. (It looks like bits of jellyfish…) Click to enlarge.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Any Foodborne Transmission Among Hantavirus- Swine Flu or WNV?

Not a lot, but some

Mangoes are likely responsible for the ongoing Salmonella Braenderup outbreak and Cantaloupes are almost certainly the source of the recent Salmonella Typhimurium outbreak, but what roles do food and water play in spreading Hantavirus, swine flu and West Nile Virus?
None of the three are typically thought of as foodborne diseases, but that does not tell the
whole story.
Hantavirus
For example, the federal Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta reports that people can contract Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome if they eat food contaminated by urine, droppings or saliva from an infected rodent.
That might not happen at your house. Hantavirus infections typically occur in people who are camping, hunting or doing other outdoor activities. This year 10,000 people who visited Yosemite National Park have been warned about Hantavirus because they may have stayed in the park’s Curry Village an area containing permanent tent-like structures.
Three confirmed and one possible case of Hantavirus have been linked to that location.
CDC says many Hantavirus victims probably touch something contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva and then touch their own nose or mouth. Rodent bites would also do, but those are rare.
Airborne transmission is also likely from tiny droplets of urine, rodent droppings and nesting material get into the air.
Any number of rodents — from deer mice to cotton rats — can spread the virus. CDC has tracked Hantavirus in the U.S. since 1993, the year when attention was first focused  on the virus after unexplained deaths began occurring in the Four Corners area of the American Southwest.
The exposure of Yosemite’s many park visitors to Hantavirus this year does not mean that anything extraordinary is going on. Through early July, only 15 new confirmed cases had been recorded since last year when the total count since 1993 stood at 587.
The mean age for a Hantavrirus victim from 1993 to 2011 was 37, with two out three being men from the Four Corners states of Utah, Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico. California and Texas had the most cases.
Swine Flu
More than 300 variant influenza viruses have now been recorded in the U.S. Most of these “swine flu” viruses have been found in Indiana and Ohio, which recently experienced the first deaths. The term “variant” means they are similar to viruses circulating in swine.
The current U.S. outbreak of swine flu involves the H3N2 Influenza A Variant Virus. In addition to the one death, 15 of the 288 people infected required hospitalization.
CDC reports that swine flu has not been shown to be transmissible to people through eating properly handled and prepared pork (pig meat) or other products derived from pork. Key to proper preparation is cooking pork to 145 °F throughout.
West Nile Virus (WNV)
About 30,000 Americans have suffered from West Nile Virus since 1999.  Unless you count one case where a nursing mother with West Nile Virus gave it to her baby, WNV is not much of a foodborne disease.
But standing water is another story. Mosquitos do their breeding in standing water, bird baths or pets’ water bowls. Breeding areas mean more mosquitos and more WNV-carrying mosquito bites.
Dr. Lyle Petersen, CDC’s director of the division of vector-borne infectious diseases, says cases of West Nile Virus are on the rise.
“As of August 28th, 2012, a total of 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds or mosquitoes. Only Alaska and Hawaii have reported no West Nile virus activity. Forty-three states have reported at least one human case of West Nile virus disease.”
CDC received reports of 1,590 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 66 deaths, Petersen told an Aug. 29 press briefing.
“Of these, 889 (56 percent) were classified as neuroinvasive disease, such as meningitis or encephalitis; and 701 (or 44 percent) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease. These numbers represent a 40 percent increase over last week’s report of 1,118 total cases, 629 neuroinvasive disease cases, and 41 deaths.
“The 1,590 cases reported thus far in 2012, is the highest number of West Nile virus disease cases reported to the CDC through the last week in August since West Nile virus was first detected in the United States in 1999.  More than 70 percent of the cases have been reported from 6 states, which in descending order are Texas, South Dakota, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Michigan.  Nearly half of the cases are from Texas.”
The following article provides in-depth information on Hantavirus infection.
http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/16/12/3669.full

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Climate Change

Warmer Temperatures Likely Driving Increase of Metal Concentrations in Rocky Mountain Watershed

Warmer air temperatures since the 1980s may explain significant increases in zinc and other metal concentrations of ecological concern in a Rocky Mountain watershed, according to a new study published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, led by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Rising concentrations of zinc and other metals in the upper Snake River just west of the Continental Divide near Keystone, Colo., may be the result of falling water tables, melting permafrost, and accelerating mineral weathering rates, all driven by warmer air temperatures in the watershed.  Researchers observed a fourfold increase in dissolved zinc over the last 30 years during the month of September.

“This study provides another fascinating, and troubling, example of a cascading impact from climate warming as the rate of temperature-dependent chemical reactions accelerate in the environment, leaching metals into streams,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “The same concentration of metals in the mountains that drew prospectors to the Rockies more than a century ago are now the source of toxic trace elements that are harming the environment as the planet warms.”

Increases in metals were seen in other months as well, with lesser increases seen during the high-flow snowmelt period. During the study period, local mean annual and mean summer air temperatures increased at a rate of 0.2-1.2 degrees Celsius per decade.

Generally, high concentrations of dissolved metals in the upper Snake River watershed are the result of acid rock drainage, or ARD, formed by natural weathering of pyrite and other metal-rich sulfide minerals in the bedrock. Weathering of pyrite forms sulfuric acid through a series of chemical reactions, and mobilizes metals like zinc from minerals in the rock and carries these metals into streams.

Increased sulfate and calcium concentrations observed over the study period lend weight to the hypothesis that the increased zinc concentrations are due to acceleration of pyrite weathering. The potential for comparable increases in metals in similar Western watersheds is a concern because of impacts on water resources, fisheries and stream ecosystems. Trout populations in the lower Snake River, for example, appear to be limited by the metal concentrations in the water, said USGS scientist Andrew Todd, lead researcher on the project.

“Acid rock drainage is a significant water quality problem facing much of the Western United States,” Todd said. “It is now clear that we need to better understand the relationship between climate and ARD as we consider the management of these watersheds moving forward.”

In cases where ARD is linked directly with past and present mining activities it is called acid mine drainage, or AMD. Another Snake River tributary, Peru Creek, is largely devoid of life due to AMD generated from the abandoned Pennsylvania Mine and smaller mines upstream, and has become a target for potential remediation efforts.

The Colorado Division of Reclamation Mining and Safety, in conjunction with other local, state and federal partners, is conducting underground exploration work at the mine to investigate the sources of heavy metals-laden water draining from the adit. The study conducted by Todd and colleagues has implications in such efforts because it suggests that establishing attainable clean-up objectives could be difficult if natural background metal concentrations are a “moving target.”

Collaborators include USGS, CU Boulder and the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR). The data analyzed for the study came from INSTAAR, the USGS and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 8. 2012: Earth-Sun Connection- Planetary Positions

Published on Sep 8, 2012 by

STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
US WInd Map: http://hint.fm/wind/
China Quake Update: http://www.china.org.cn/china/2012-09/08/content_26464807.htm
Rain Records: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2011 ES4) 10th September 2012 1 day(s) 0.1792 69.8 20 m – 44 m 12.96 km/s 46656 km/h
(2008 CO) 11th September 2012 2 day(s) 0.1847 71.9 74 m – 160 m 4.10 km/s 14760 km/h
(2007 PB8) 14th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1682 65.5 150 m – 340 m 14.51 km/s 52236 km/h
226514 (2003 UX34) 14th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1882 73.2 260 m – 590 m 25.74 km/s 92664 km/h
(1998 QC1) 14th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1642 63.9 310 m – 700 m 17.11 km/s 61596 km/h
(2002 EM6) 15th September 2012 6 day(s) 0.1833 71.3 270 m – 590 m 18.56 km/s 66816 km/h
(2002 RP137) 16th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.1624 63.2 67 m – 150 m 7.31 km/s 26316 km/h
(2009 RX4) 16th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.1701 66.2 15 m – 35 m 8.35 km/s 30060 km/h
(2005 UC) 17th September 2012 8 day(s) 0.1992 77.5 280 m – 640 m 7.55 km/s 27180 km/h
(2012 FC71) 18th September 2012 9 day(s) 0.1074 41.8 24 m – 53 m 3.51 km/s 12636 km/h
(1998 FF14) 19th September 2012 10 day(s) 0.0928 36.1 210 m – 480 m 21.40 km/s 77040 km/h
331990 (2005 FD) 19th September 2012 10 day(s) 0.1914 74.5 320 m – 710 m 15.92 km/s 57312 km/h
(2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 15 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 16 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 20 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 20 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 21 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 26 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 26 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 29 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife

09.09.2012 Biological Hazard Vietnam MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Haiphong, Ha Tinh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Thanh Hoa and Quang Ngai] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Vietnam on Wednesday, 05 September, 2012 at 13:32 (01:32 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Sunday, 09 September, 2012 at 03:39 UTC
Description
The strain appeared to be a mutation of the H5N1 virus which swept through the country’s poultry flocks last year, forcing mass culls of birds in affected areas, according to agriculture officials. The new virus “is quickly spreading and this is the big concern of the government”, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Diep Kinh Tan said. Experts cited in the report said the new virus appeared in July and had spread through Vietnam’s northern and central regions in August. Outbreaks have been detected in six provinces so far and some 180,000 birds have been culled, the Animal Health department said. The Central Veterinary Diagnosis Centre said the virus appeared similar to the standard strains of bird flu but was more toxic. The centre will test how much protection existing vaccines for humans offer, the report said. Some experts suggested that the new strain resulted from widespread smuggling of poultry from China into the northern parts of Vietnam. Two people have died this year from the virulent disease — but long before the new strain was identified. According to the World Health Organisation, Vietnam has recorded one of the highest numbers of fatalities from bird flu in southeast Asia, with at least 59 deaths since 2003. The avian influenza virus has killed more than 330 people around the world, and scientists fear it could mutate into a form readily transmissible between humans, with the potential to cause millions of deaths.

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Articles of Interest

08.09.2012 Non-categorized event China Province of Chongquing, Chongquing [Yangtze River] Damage level Details

Non-categorized event in China on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 16:43 (04:43 PM) UTC.

Description
For a river known as the “golden watercourse,” red is a strange color to see. Yet that’s the shade turning up in the Yangtze River and officials have no idea why. The red began appearing in the Yangtze, the longest and largest river in China and the third longest river in the world, yesterday near the city of Chongquing, where the Yangtze connects to the Jialin River. The Yangtze, called “golden” because of the heavy rainfall it receives year-round, runs through Chongqing, Southwest China’s largest industrial and commercial center, also known as the “mountain city” because of the hills and peaks upon which its many buildings and factories stand. The red color stopped some residents in their tracks. They put water from the river in bottles to save it. Fishermen and other workers who rely on the river for income kept going about their business. While the river’s red coloring was most pronounced near Chongqing it was also reported at several other points. Officials are reportedly investigating the cause.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/09/07 22:34:45   61.421  -146.741 24.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/07 21:57:41  -22.831   -66.433 204.8  JUJUY, ARGENTINA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/07 21:11:51   10.805   126.784 35.3  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/07 20:06:23   52.164  -173.332 81.8  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/07 19:32:25   36.114  -120.037 9.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/07 19:31:16   1.325   91.779 15.6  NORTH INDIAN OCEAN
MAP  4.7   2012/09/07 19:12:24   12.466   -88.666 52.6  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  5.0   2012/09/07 18:44:01   21.573   143.341 263.6  MARIANA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/07 17:59:11   -7.705   129.083 150.9  KEPULAUAN BABAR, INDONESIA
MAP  5.4   2012/09/07 17:41:05  -10.780   113.870 25.3  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.1 2012/09/07 15:01:12   60.007  -152.618 79.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/07 14:22:52   60.214  -152.348 101.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/07 13:57:04   10.966   126.910 50.5  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.1 2012/09/07 13:23:48   36.121  -119.999 10.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.7 2012/09/07 13:22:10   36.116  -120.058 14.8  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/07 12:54:55   52.280  -175.916 217.4  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  5.3   2012/09/07 12:30:32   2.449   128.259 166.5  HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/07 10:43:08   7.173   126.999 16.8  MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
MAP  4.5   2012/09/07 09:41:28  -10.834   113.790 18.9  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/07 09:27:09   -4.736  -105.704 10.1  CENTRAL EAST PACIFIC RISE
MAP  4.3 2012/09/07 07:52:14   7.340   -75.132 68.1  NORTHERN COLOMBIA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/07 07:03:10   34.066  -118.398 1.5  GREATER LOS ANGELES AREA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.2   2012/09/07 06:58:59   -6.830   72.224 9.8  CHAGOS ARCHIPELAGO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/07 06:17:28   36.661   141.155 12.1  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.4 2012/09/07 05:46:13   9.502   -85.233 11.7  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/07 05:21:10  -10.862   113.835 27.1  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/07 05:12:47   27.603   104.189 10.0  SICHUAN-YUNNAN-GUIZHOU REGION, CHINA
MAP  5.6   2012/09/07 04:16:30   27.582   103.990 9.8  SICHUAN-YUNNAN-GUIZHOU REGION, CHINA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/07 03:58:01   27.577   104.054 10.0  SICHUAN-YUNNAN-GUIZHOU REGION, CHINA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/07 03:26:24   10.551   -86.177 35.4  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  5.6   2012/09/07 03:19:42   27.532   103.960 10.0  SICHUAN-YUNNAN-GUIZHOU REGION, CHINA
MAP  3.6 2012/09/07 03:01:14   19.573   -64.415 20.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/07 02:37:02  -22.360   -68.288 107.5  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
MAP  4.5   2012/09/07 01:21:27   10.388   -85.213 43.2  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/07 00:55:46   0.137   98.536 46.4  NIAS REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/07 00:52:42  -14.370   167.321 178.2  VANUATU

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08.09.2012 Earthquake China Province of Sichuan, [About 51 km NE Zhaotong (affected also Yunnan and Guizhou provinces)] Damage level Details

Earthquake in China on Friday, 07 September, 2012 at 08:32 (08:32 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 07 September, 2012 at 10:32 UTC
Description
Chinese state media say a series of earthquakes in southwestern China has killed at least 43 people and injured scores of others. The official Xinhua news agency says the 5.7-magnitude quake and several subsequent tremors hit Yunnan and Guizhou provinces Friday, damaging about 40,000 homes in the area. At least 16 aftershocks have been reported. Television footage showed hundreds of people gathered on st