Tag Archive: Kuril Islands


Earth Watch Report  –  Earthquakes

 photo Russia-58and46MagEQAugust4th2013_zps23737d2b.jpg

M5.8 – 196km ESE of Dolinsk, Russia

 2013-08-04 15:56:34 UTC

Earthquake location 46.947°N, 145.329°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-08-04 15:56:34 UTC
  2. 2013-08-05 01:56:34 UTC+10:00 at epicenter
  3. 2013-08-04 10:56:34 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

46.947°N 145.329°E depth=367.4km (228.3mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 196km (122mi) ESE of Dolinsk, Russia
  2. 197km (122mi) E of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia
  3. 197km (122mi) E of Korsakov, Russia
  4. 249km (155mi) E of Kholmsk, Russia
  5. 1335km (830mi) NNE of Tokyo, Japan

M4.6 – 78km SSE of Kuril’sk, Russia

 2013-08-04 17:10:02 UTC

Earthquake location 44.548°N, 148.132°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-08-04 17:10:02 UTC
  2. 2013-08-05 03:10:02 UTC+10:00 at epicenter
  3. 2013-08-04 12:10:02 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

44.548°N 148.132°E depth=60.9km (37.8mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 78km (48mi) SSE of Kuril’sk, Russia
  2. 246km (153mi) NE of Nemuro, Japan
  3. 259km (161mi) ENE of Shibetsu, Japan
  4. 313km (194mi) ENE of Abashiri, Japan
  5. 1217km (756mi) NNE of Tokyo, Japan

Tectonic Summary

Seismotectonics of the Kuril-Kamchatka Arc

The Kuril-Kamchatka arc extends approximately 2,100 km from Hokkaido, Japan, along the Kuril Islands and the Pacific coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula to its intersection with the Aleutian arc near the Commander Islands, Russia. It marks the region where the Pacific plate subducts into the mantle beneath the Okhotsk microplate, part of the larger North America plate. This subduction is responsible for the generation of the Kuril Islands chain, active volcanoes located along the entire arc, and the deep offshore Kuril-Kamchatka trench. Relative to a fixed North America plate, the Pacific plate is moving towards the northwest at a rate that increases from 75 mm/year near the northern end of the arc to 83 mm/year in the south.

Plate motion is predominantly convergent along the Kuril-Kamchatka arc with obliquity increasing towards the southern section of the arc. The subducting Pacific plate is relatively old, particularly adjacent to Kamchatka where its age is greater than 100 Ma. Consequently, the Wadati-Benioff zone is well defined to depths of approximately 650 km. The central section of the arc is comprised of an oceanic island arc system, which differs from the continental arc systems of the northern and southern sections. Oblique convergence in the southern Kuril arc results in the partitioning of stresses into both trench-normal thrust earthquakes and trench-parallel strike-slip earthquakes, and the westward translation of the Kuril forearc. This westward migration of the Kuril forearc currently results in collision between the Kuril arc in the north and the Japan arc in the south, resulting in the deformation and uplift of the Hidaka Mountains in central Hokkaido.

The Kuril-Kamchatka arc is considered one of the most seismically active regions in the world. Deformation of the overriding North America plate generates shallow crustal earthquakes, whereas slip at the subduction zone interface between the Pacific and North America plates generates interplate earthquakes that extend from near the base of the trench to depths of 40 to 60 km. At greater depths, Kuril-Kamchatka arc earthquakes occur within the subducting Pacific plate and can reach depths of approximately 650 km.

This region has frequently experienced large (M>7) earthquakes over the past century. Since 1900, seven great earthquakes (M8.3 or larger) have also occurred along the arc, with mechanisms that include interplate thrust faulting, and intraplate faulting. Damaging tsunamis followed several of the large interplate megathrust earthquakes. These events include the February 3, 1923 M8.4 Kamchatka, the November 6,1958 M8.4 Etorofu, and the September 25, 2003 M8.3 Hokkaido earthquakes. A large M8.5 megathrust earthquake occurred on October 13, 1963 off the coast of Urup, an island along the southern Kuril arc, which generated a large tsunami in the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Okhotsk, and caused run-up wave heights of up to 4-5 m along the Kuril arc. The largest megathrust earthquake to occur along the entire Kurile-Kamchatka arc in the 20th century was the November 4, 1952 M9.0 event. This earthquake was followed by a devastating tsunami with run-up wave heights as high as 12 m along the coast of Paramushir, a small island immediately south of Kamchatka, causing significant damage to the city of Severo-Kurilsk.

On October 4,1994, a large (M8.3) intraplate event occurred within the subducted oceanic lithosphere off the coast of Shikotan Island causing intense ground shaking, landslides, and a tsunami with run-up heights of up to 10 m on the island.

The most recent megathrust earthquake in the region was the November 15, 2006 M8.3 Kuril Island event, located in the central section of the arc. Prior to this rupture, this part of the subduction zone had been recognized as a seismic gap spanning from the northeastern end of the 1963 rupture zone to the southwestern end of the 1952 rupture. Two months after the 2006 event, a great (M8.1) normal faulting earthquake occurred on January 13, 2007 in the adjacent outer rise region of the Pacific plate. It has been suggested that the 2007 event may have been caused by the stresses generated from the 2006 earthquake.

More information on regional seismicity and tectonics

Instrumental Intensity

ShakeMap Intensity Image

 

5.5 Magnitude Earthquake in Russia Rattled the Countryside

quake21

Sunday in Russia, a magnitude 5.5 earthquake occurred, which rattled the remote countryside. It happened at 10:56 UTC, at 46.919°N 145.291°E and a depth of 379.4 km (235.7 mi).

The three closest cities to the quake’s epicenter were Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Korsakov, and Dolininsk. Each was 194 km (121 mi) away from the epicenter, so were largely unaffected by the earthquake.

The moderate earthquake’s epicenter places it in the seismotectonically active area of the Kuri-Kamchatka arc. It extends approximately 2,100 km from Hokkaido, Japan, along the Kuril Islands  and the Pacific coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula to its intersection with the Aleutian arc near the Commander Islands, Russia.

This is the area where the Pacific plate subducts into the mantle beneath the Okhotsk microplate, part of the larger North America plate. This subduction is responsible for the generation of the Kuril Islands chain, which are actually active volcanoes located along the entire arc, and the deep offshore Kuril-Kamchatka trench.

The central section of the arc is comprised of an oceanic island arc system. This differs from the continental arc systems of the northern and southern sections.

Oblique convergence in the southern Kuril arc results in the partitioning of stresses into both trench-normal thrust earthquakes and trench-parallel strike-slip earthquakes, as well as the westward movement of the Kuril forearc.

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The Atlantic

The Creepy, Long-Standing Practice of Undersea Cable Tapping

fiberoptic-banner.jpg

Barta IV/Flickr

In the early 1970’s, the U.S. government learned that an undersea cable ran parallel to the Kuril Islands off the eastern coast of Russia, providing a vital communications link between two major Soviet naval bases. The problem? The Soviet Navy had completely blocked foreign ships from entering the region.

Not to be deterred, the National Security Agency launched Operation Ivy Bells, deploying fast-attack submarines and combat divers to drop waterproof recording pods on the lines. Every few weeks, the divers would return to gather the tapes and deliver them to the NSA, which would then binge-listen to their juicy disclosures.

The project ended in 1981, when NSA employee Ronald Pelton sold information about the program to the KGB for $35,000. He’s still serving his life prison term.

The operation might have ended, but for the NSA, this underwater strategy clearly stuck around.

In addition to gaining access to web companies’ servers and asking for phone metadata, we’ve now learned that both the U.S. and the U.K. spy agencies are tapping directly into the Internet’s backbone — the undersea fiber optic cables that shuttle online communications between countries and servers. For some privacy activists, this process is even more worrisome than monitoring call metadata because it allows governments to make copies of everything that transverses these cables, if they wanted to.

The British surveillance programs have fittingly sinister titles: “Mastering the Internet” and “Global Telecoms Exploitation,” according to The Guardian.

A subsidiary program for these operations — Tempora — sucks up around 21 million gigabytes per day and stores the data for a month. The data is shared with NSA, and there are reportedly 550 NSA and GCHQ analysts poring over the information they’ve gathered from at least 200 fiber optic cables so far.

The scale of the resulting data harvest is tremendous. From The Guardian:

This includes recordings of phone calls, the content of email messages, entries on Facebook and the history of any internet user’s access to websites — all of which is deemed legal, even though the warrant system was supposed to limit interception to a specified range of targets.

In an interview with online security analyst Jacob Appelbaum, NSA leaker Edward Snowden called the British spy agency GCHQ “worse than” the NSA, saying it represents the first “full take” system, in which surveillance networks catch all Internet traffic regardless of its content. Appelbaum asked Snowden if “anyone could escape” Tempora:

“Well, if you had the choice, you should never send information over British lines or British servers,” Snowden said. “Even the Queen’s selfies with her lifeguards would be recorded, if they existed.”

The U.S.’s own cable-tapping program, known by the names OAKSTAR, STORMBREW, BLARNEY and FAIRVIEW, as revealed in an NSA PowerPoint slide, apparently functions similarly to Tempora, accessing “communications on fiber cables and infrastructure as data flows past,” according to The Washington Post. The slide indicates that Prism and these so-called “upstream” programs work together somehow, with an arrow saying “You Should Use Both” pointing to the two operations.

So how does one tap into an underwater cable?

The process is extremely secretive, but it seems similar to tapping an old-fashioned, pre-digital telephone line — the eavesdropper gathers up all the data that flows past, then deciphers it later.

Screen Shot 2013-07-16 at 11.17.56 AM.png

More than 550,000 miles of flexible undersea cables about the size of garden watering hoses carry all the world’s emails, searches, and tweets. Together, they shoot the equivalent of several hundred Libraries of Congress worth of information back and forth every day.

In 2005, the Associated Press reported that a submarine called the USS Jimmy Carter had been repurposed to carry crews of technicians to the bottom of the sea so they could tap fiber optic lines. The easiest place to get into the cables is at the regeneration points — spots where their signals are amplified and pushed forward on their long, circuitous journeys. “At these spots, the fiber optics can be more easily tapped, because they are no longer bundled together, rather laid out individually,” Deutsche Welle reported.

 

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Earth Watch Report  –  Earthquakes

Russia Map

Image Source

4.5

118km SE of Kuril’sk,

2013-02-14 23:35:43

44.540°N

149.024°E

56.0

4.8

136km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 20:26:15

67.621°N

142.485°E

10.0

4.6

135km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 17:17:42

67.655°N

142.451°E

15.9

4.9

131km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 15:14:56

67.614°N

142.623°E

16.5

4.9

138km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 15:08:35

67.572°N

142.512°E

16.9

4.6

126km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 13:44:29

67.867°N

142.436°E

10.0

6.6

134km WSW of Druzhina, Russia

2013-02-14 13:13:53

67.580°N

142.593°E

10.1

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.3 2012/10/22 23:27:33   63.405  -151.294 7.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/22 23:05:07   -4.860   133.972 10.0  NEAR THE SOUTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/22 21:50:02   19.130   -64.730 59.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/22 21:39:45   51.472  -178.154 13.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/22 21:39:33   56.422  -158.152 73.9  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/22 21:38:07   19.387  -155.239 3.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.4 2012/10/22 19:23:04   51.982  -175.044 71.6  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/22 15:11:31   18.684   -64.357 81.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.1   2012/10/22 14:46:43   2.865   147.691 15.1  FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/22 12:37:58   44.910  -125.348 27.9  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  4.8   2012/10/22 11:58:24   50.157   156.840 40.8  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.8 2012/10/22 10:46:13   19.524   -64.168 77.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.2   2012/10/22 09:56:00  -56.339   -25.749 46.0  SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/22 09:27:10   38.020   141.889 53.9  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.6 2012/10/22 08:19:10   58.245  -155.136 6.1  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/22 05:26:30   19.664   -64.264 63.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/10/22 03:43:35   51.720   176.289 36.6  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/22 02:04:22   61.065  -155.867 15.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/22 01:43:21   39.083   142.305 66.3  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/22 01:02:25   4.220   124.547 319.6  CELEBES SEA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/22 00:49:45   52.669  -169.341 49.7  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/22 00:32:11  -16.473  -174.764 37.7  TONGA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.2 2012/10/21 23:47:35   31.301  -115.584 10.0  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.0 2012/10/21 23:28:42   19.065   -66.457 38.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/21 23:26:25   52.399  -169.027 29.1  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/21 23:03:14   40.310  -124.522 19.1  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.0   2012/10/21 20:44:20   12.655   -88.147 92.1  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  3.6 2012/10/21 20:40:08   40.901  -123.934 21.9  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.5   2012/10/21 20:28:20   12.683   -88.106 65.6  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.3 2012/10/21 19:14:21   -5.441   128.202 365.0  BANDA SEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/21 19:05:23   18.719   -64.368 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/21 16:38:20   27.753   59.395 10.0  SOUTHEASTERN IRAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/21 16:13:23   24.956   56.139 33.0  NEAR THE COAST OF OMAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/21 15:30:45   -7.346   128.594 158.5  KEPULAUAN BARAT DAYA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/21 15:21:02   36.281  -120.840 9.8  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/21 15:07:31   19.521   -69.823 17.9  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/21 13:54:03   61.786  -152.024 60.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/21 13:32:03   10.128   -85.525 41.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/21 11:57:28   53.434   142.634 9.9  SAKHALIN, RUSSIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/21 11:40:38  -37.617   -73.440 16.5  BIO-BIO, CHILE
MAP  4.4 2012/10/21 10:58:29   38.182   74.130 156.0  TAJIKISTAN
MAP  3.1 2012/10/21 10:51:50   19.045   -63.914 93.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/21 10:44:16   35.631   -97.214 4.7  OKLAHOMA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/21 09:58:34   19.379  -155.241 3.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/21 08:43:54   52.208   176.552 31.8  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/21 07:54:47   13.783   96.225 30.0  ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/21 07:51:34   36.307  -120.847 10.9  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/21 07:37:47   36.309  -120.849 10.2  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/21 07:18:06   19.058   -64.332 56.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/21 07:18:03   36.306  -120.858 8.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/21 07:15:12   17.934   -65.782 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/10/21 06:55:10   36.310  -120.856 9.2  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/21 06:27:45   21.072   122.075 156.1  TAIWAN REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/21 02:41:15   -8.021   108.224 71.0  JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/21 02:27:11   60.313  -144.676 11.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.7   2012/10/21 01:25:23   66.296   -18.685 9.9  ICELAND REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/21 00:52:32   19.728   -65.603 63.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/21 00:10:36   66.372   -18.554 10.2  ICELAND REGION

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/20 23:30:06   -5.409   68.581 10.0  CHAGOS ARCHIPELAGO REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/20 23:17:14   19.317   -63.807 90.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  6.2   2012/10/20 23:00:33  -13.565   166.601 35.6  VANUATU
MAP  4.8   2012/10/20 22:46:38   49.920   88.493 16.8  RUSSIA-MONGOLIA BORDER REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/20 22:38:56   32.520  -115.645 12.4  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.3 2012/10/20 22:14:56  -17.537  -178.958 515.7  FIJI REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/20 21:51:11   6.756   -73.051 165.2  NORTHERN COLOMBIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/20 21:48:51  -21.486   -66.713 208.0  POTOSI, BOLIVIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/20 17:31:58   37.471   69.174 10.4  TAJIKISTAN
MAP  4.9   2012/10/20 16:29:51   -3.546   100.573 35.8  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/20 13:39:50   19.491   -64.202 72.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/20 10:56:40   2.593   -79.848 10.0  SOUTH OF PANAMA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/20 10:38:20   7.378   91.870 30.3  NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/10/20 08:49:39   24.447   122.525 78.8  TAIWAN REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/20 07:51:21   18.013   -66.621 14.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  3.2 2012/10/20 07:28:58   18.809   -64.316 51.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/20 06:03:41   18.969   -65.828 17.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/20 03:42:06   10.936   -74.136 49.7  NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF COLOMBIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/20 03:34:17   51.132  -176.232 13.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/20 03:25:11   61.093  -150.397 37.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/20 02:49:16   30.113   130.983 24.9  KYUSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.3 2012/10/20 00:25:52  -32.208   -71.931 21.4  OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE

………………….

A 5.3 magnitude earthquake hit Alexandria early on Friday morning.

Hatem Oada, head of the National Institute for Astronomical and Geophysical Research, said in a statement to the state-run MENA news agency that regional seismic networks indicate the tremor hit at 5:35 am, Cairo time. No damages or injuries have been reported.

The epicenter of the quake was in the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Delta. This region is not typically seismically active, Oada said.

Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm

Strong 6.2-magnitude earthquake rattles Vanuatu

AFP

SYDNEY, Oct 21, 2012 (AFP) – – A strong 6.2-magnitude earthquake rattled the South Pacific island of Vanuatu Sunday, seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning was issued.

The quake struck at 10:00 am (2300 GMT Saturday) 500 kilometres (310 miles) northwest of the capital Port Vila at a depth of 35 kilometres, the United States Geological Survey said.

The USGS had earlier put the magnitude at 6.6.

Vanuatu lies on the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a zone of frequent seismic activity caused by friction between shifting tectonic plates.

It has been rocked by several large quakes in recent years, averaging about three magnitude 7.0 or above incidents every year without any major damage.

ajc/jw

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Mýrdalsjökull – earthquakes during the last 48 hours
(Preliminary results)

Earthquake location   23 Oct 00:15 GMT

Map of earthquake epicentres

Time and magnitude of earthquake   23 Oct 00:15 GMT

Graph showing earthquake timing and magnitude

ICELAND EARTHQUAKE Swarm Oct 19-20. 2012

Published on Oct 22, 2012 by EQForecaster

Biggest earthquakes during the last 48 hours
Size Time Quality Location
5.2 21 Oct 01:25:15 Checked 19.3 km NNE of Siglufjörður
4.9 20 Oct 22:53:46 38.3 116.8 km NE of Kolbeinsey
4.8 21 Oct 00:10:20 Checked 20.4 km NNE of Siglufjörður
4.4 21 Oct 01:03:42 90.0 20.1 km NNE of Siglufjörður
4.3 21 Oct 02:20:01 90.0 27.5 km NNE of Siglufjörður
4.1 21 Oct 00:10:21 90.0 16.6 km NE of Siglufjörður

Icelandic Met Office
http://en.vedur.is/earthquakes-and-volcanism/earthquakes/

Verdict set for Monday in Italy quake scientists trial

by Staff Writers
Rome (AFP)

A verdict in the trial of seven top Italian scientists for manslaughter for underestimating the risks of an earthquake which killed 309 people in L’Aquila, central Italy, in 2009, is expected on Monday.

“The verdict is expected on October 22,” said Enzo Musco, a lawyer for Professor Gian Michele Calvi who is one of the defendants.

The prosecutor’s office has asked for sentences of four years in prison for each of the seven who were all members of the Major Risks Committee.

The committee met in the central Italian city on March 31, 2009 — six days before the powerful earthquake devastated the region — after a series of small tremors in the preceding weeks had sown panic among local inhabitants.

Prosecutor Fabio Picuti said the experts had provided “an incomplete, inept, unsuitable and criminally mistaken” analysis after that meeting, which reassured locals and prevented them from preparing for the quake.

The experts had said after their meeting that they could not predict an earthquake but urged local authorities to ensure safety rules were respected.

The seven include Enzo Boschi, who at the time was the head of Italy’s National Institute for Geophysics and Vulcanology.

The La Repubblica daily on Friday also reported on a separate case against an engineer who lost his daughter in the earthquake but was put on trial for failing to respect anti-quake regulations in one of his constructions.

Diego De Angelis, 67, was convicted on Thursday and sentenced to three years in prison.

Related Links
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When the Earth Quakes

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 23, 2012 03:49:10 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

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IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Lava Dome on Top of Mount Merapi Collapses

SP/Imron Rosyid Taufikur

Mount Merapi erupting in 2010. (JG Photo/Boy T Harjanto). Mount Merapi erupting in 2010. (JG Photo/Boy T Harjanto).

Solo, Central Java. A lava dome that formed on top of Mount Merapi following its 2010 eruption has collapsed, prompting volcanology officials to issue a warning on Friday of a possible deadly cold lava stream on the mountain slope.

Tri Mujianto, from the Merapi mountain observatory in Jrakah, in the Selo subdistrict of Boyolali, said the lava dome had disappeared but he could not say precisely when.

“The dome is now no longer there but we were not able to monitor when it collapsed. Some [of the material] may have fallen inside [the crater] while some may have flowed into the channel of Apu River,” he said.

They have not been able to determine the cause of the collapse, as there has been no rain in the crater area for days. They also haven’t been able to estimate the volume of cold lava in the collapsed dome.

Tri said the alert status for Merapi remained at the normal level but warned that should rains fall over the crater, cold lava stream may flow down through natural river channels. A cold lava stream is congealed lava and other volcanic mud and debris flushed down the slopes of a volcano by heavy rains.

“Entering the rainy season, the frequency of cold lava stream is rising. We have checked the conditions at the craters several times and it appears to still be very much unstable. People on the slopes of Merapi, especially those living on the banks of rivers originating from the peak, should remain alert,” he said.

Meanwhile, Subandriyo, the head of the Volcanology office in Yogyakarta, said that parts of the lava dome facing Boyolali district had collapsed, and ventured that it was due to its fragile condition.

“The collapse was not directly recorded because there were so many small deflagrations. On the scale, they did not even reach one kilometer down the slope,” Subandriyo said.

He warned that rains with intensity of more than 20 millimeters and lasting more than two hours were enough to trigger flash floods of cold lava down the mountain’s slope.

Related articles

Merapi Victims Mend Their Villages and Lives 10:00am Jun 7, 2012

The Hidden Past of Indonesia’s Gunung Lawu 7:11pm Feb 29, 2012

Documentary Tells Stories Of Mt. Merapi’s Impact 6:02pm Dec 11, 2011

Battling Merapi’s Mudflows an Uphill Battle 10:36pm Nov 20, 2011

Hungry Monkeys Eye Merapi Villagers’ Crops 11:04pm Nov 15, 2011

Volcanism in the American Southwest

Contact Information:
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Office of Communications and Publishing
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr, MS 119
Reston, VA 20192
John Bwarie 1-click interview
Phone: 626-318-5547Leslie Gordon 1-click interview
Phone: 650-329-4006
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. — Experts in volcano hazards and public safety have started a conversation about volcanoes in the southwestern United States, and how best to prepare for future activity. Prior to this meeting, emergency response planning for volcanic unrest in the region had received little attention by federal or state agencies.Though volcanic eruptions are comparatively rare in the American Southwest, the states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah host geologically-recent volcanic eruption deposits and are vulnerable to future volcanic activity. Compared with other parts of the western U.S., comparatively little research has been focused on this area, and eruption probabilities are poorly understood.“A volcanic eruption in the American southwest is an example of a low-probability, but high-impact event for which we should be prepared to respond,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “No one wants to be exchanging business cards during an emergency, and thus a small investment in advance planning could pay off in personal relationships and coordination between scientists and first responders.””The goal of the conference is to increase awareness of volcanism and vulnerabilities in the American Southwest, and to begin coordination among volcano scientists, land managers, and emergency responders regarding future volcanic activity,” said Dr. Jacob Lowenstern, one of the organizers of the conference, and the U.S. Geological Survey Scientist-In-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. “This is the first time these federal, state, and local agencies have met to discuss their roles, responsibilities, and resources, should an eruption occur.”The “Volcanism in the American Southwest” conference on Oct. 18-19 in Flagstaff, Ariz. was organized by the USGS, Northern Arizona University, University at Buffalo, and New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, the meeting included interdisciplinary talks, posters, and panel discussions, providing an opportunity for volcanologists, land managers, and emergency responders to meet, converse, and begin to plan protocols for any future volcanic activity.

More information about the meeting, including presentation abstracts, is online.

……………………….

20.10.2012 05:44 PM Sunda Strait, Indonesia Mt. Anak Krakatoa Volcano Volcano Activity 0602-00= Caldera 2009 No. 0 Details

Volcano Activity in Indonesia on Saturday, 20 October, 2012 at 17:44 (05:44 PM) UTC.

Description
Indonesia issued today an official alert at the straight of Sunda for the increasing activity of Mt. Anak Krakatoa. Dense clouds surrounding the mountain blind it from human eyes while fishers and tourists must remain at a distance of two kilometres, said Andi Suardi, head of the watch deport in Hargopancuran. Just 30 days earlier, Anak Krakatoa spewed lava and other material 2,000 meters high above the peak; there have been since hundreds of quakes in the area and black clouds continue to veil the mouth of the mountain. Situated between Sumatra and Java Islands, Anak Krakatoa emerged from sea late in the 1930s and from 1950, growing an average of five meters per year. Science has confirmed another five active volcanos and the authorities have activated the alert in their vicinity, and Indonesia has more than 400 volcanos and some 130 remain active.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Wave snatches Polish woman to her death in Spain

by Staff Writers
Barcelona (AFP)

A huge wave dragged a Polish woman to her death as she walked on a Spanish beach with a friend on Friday in a storm that also left a young French man missing.

As the powerful storm smashed into northeastern Catalonia, a big wave snatched away the 37-year-old Polish woman in the holiday resort of Lloret del Mar in the early hours, emergency services officials said.

“She was walking along the beach with a friend when she was surprised by a wave that dragged her in,” said a police spokesman.

Her corpse was found five nautical miles down the coast near Blanes later in the morning, officials said, and she was identified by her clothes and jewellery.

The French man, described only as a young person, disappeared after going fishing in a rocky area of the coast of Roses, about 100 kilometres (60 miles) further north.

Only his fishing rod was recovered.

Emergency services were alerted by the French man’s friend after he went fishing in a rocky area known as Carretera de Canyelles and failed to return, an emergency services spokesman said.

“This morning we found his fishing rod in a rocky area and began a search of the land and sea with helicopters and specialized vehicles,” he said.

Catalonia’s emergency services declared a state of alert on Friday because of forecasts for the weekend of heavy rain, rough seas with waves higher than 2.5 metres (eight feet) and strong winds.

The authorities warned people to avoid breakwaters, coastal paths and beaches affected by the waves.

Storms also beat down on the neighbouring northern Spanish region of Aragon, causing floods in the province of Zaragoza.

Spain has been punished by extreme weather in the past year.

After the driest winter in 70 years, forest fires scorched more than 184,000 hectares (454,000 acres) of land in the first nine months of 2012, the largest amount in a decade, according to government figures.

Related Links
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

Bitterly cold end to Labour weekend

Bitterly cold end to Labour weekend

New Zealand

While the roads remained clear of any snow, ewes and lambs picked their way through the icy crust

While the roads remained clear of any snow, ewes and lambs picked their way through the icy crust

By Hamish Clark

It’s been a bitterly cold end to Labour Weekend, with bad weather sweeping across the South Island.

Snow fell in Canterbury from Lake Tekapo up to Methven, while over on the West Coast, a tornado flattened an old theatre in the northern township of Hector.

The storm arrived at the break of dawn and blanketed the countryside. Temperatures dived in the wintry blast to near freezing – a turnaround on yesterday’s 20degC highs.

Five-to-10cm of snow covered the Canterbury Foothills, falling as far south as Twizel and Tekapo, cutting short holiday-makers’ long weekend away.

One by one, caravans, campervans and boats joined the queue home, although one classic bike was left on the side of the road.

“We have just come back from Twizel on the old motorbike and been in the snow,” says motorcyclist Grant Jones. “I have just blown a head casket on her, so she is on the trailer now until home.”

While the roads remained clear of any snow, ewes and lambs picked their way through the icy crust.

“[We have] few lambing ewes and a few sorry looking lambs,” says farming student Hamish Forrester.

Over on the West Coast, there was not much left of an old Hector theatre and dancehall north of Westport – a tornado flattened it in the middle of the night.

But if Tourism New Zealand ever wanted the perfect promo, this was it – visitors say they loved seeing the snow in Tekapo.

3 News

Central Australia baking in rare October heat

Brett Dutschke, Monday October 22, 2012 – 17:09 EDT Much of central Australia is baking in heat not experienced at this time of year in decades.

Temperatures have been reaching the high thirties each day for about a week, the longest it has been this hot at this time of year in more than 20 years.

Today is Yulara’s eighth day of reaching 35 degrees or more. In more than 20 years of record there hasn’t been a longer run of such heat at this time of year.

Alice Springs has reached at least 38 degrees in each of the past six days, beating the previous September/October record of four days, most recently set in 2008.

Across the border in far southwest Queensland, Birdsville has almost equalled its longest run of 40-degree days for this time of year. Sunday was the fourth day of 40 or more. This is only one day short of the October record of five days, set in 1988. Monday had only reached 39.4 degrees by 3:30pm. Birdsville’s records go back to the 1950s.

This heat has a few more days to go, at least until Wednesday in Yulara and Alice Springs and until Thursday in Birdsville, when a cooler southerly change is due. This change will drop temperatures by about 10 degrees.

Before the cooler change arrives Alice Springs is on target for nine consecutive days of 35 degrees, also a record for this time of year.

– Weatherzone

Today Snow Storm China Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, [Xinjiang-wide] Damage level Details

Snow Storm in China on Tuesday, 23 October, 2012 at 03:30 (03:30 AM) UTC.

Description
The persistent snow and rain hit the northwestern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, causing a dramatic temperature drop. This has resulted in the freezing of the road surface on several sections of Sayram Lake-Guozigou Highway, causing traffic congestion in the direction to Urumqi, capital of Xinjiang, northwest China.
22.10.2012 Extreme Weather Zambia Copperbelt Province, Lufwanyama Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Zambia on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 14:32 (02:32 PM) UTC.

Description
A hailstorm has left a trail of destruction, damaging furniture and ripping off roofing sheets at Lumanto Basic School in Lufwanyama. The storm, which happened last Friday, damaged a 1×2 classroom block at the school, whose window panes and part of the wall collapsed. Lufwanyama district education board secretary Hilda Kulelwa confirmed the tragedy in an interview yesterday. Ms Kulelwa said the hailstorm struck when schoolchildren were on lunch break and no one was hurt. “We had a very strong wind yesterday (Friday) which ripped off iron sheets at Lumanto Basic School. The desks are also damaged. The storm struck as soon as the grade nines finished their practical examinations,” she said. Ms Kulelwa said the damage left by the hailstorm will affect the school timetable as some classes will have to be rescheduled until the affected block is rehabilitated. She said the matter has been reported to the district commissioner and the provincial education officer. And Lufwanyama district commissioner Alex Kalela said his office will write to the provincial permanent secretary, requesting for the rehabilitation of the school as soon as possible. “The children are writing their final examinations and we don’t want their timetable to be affected. We are appealing to the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit to quickly repair the roofs before the rains start,” Mr Kalela said.

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Storms / Flooding / Landslides / Tornado

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 23.10.2012 Tropical Depression 0 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 68.44 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 05:01:30 N 12° 42.000, W 78° 36.000 0 74 93 Tropical Depression 0 ° 12 998 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
24th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 14° 48.000, W 77° 54.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 16° 36.000, W 77° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 18° 30.000, W 77° 6.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
26th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 42.000, W 75° 48.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 25° 42.000, W 75° 24.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
28th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 28° 12.000, W 73° 36.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
AL19 Atlantic Ocean 23.10.2012 23.10.2012 Tropical Depression 355 ° 56 km/h 74 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: AL19
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 22° 18.000, W 51° 42.000
Start up: 23rd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 05:00:42 N 23° 0.000, W 51° 48.000 15 56 74 Tropical Depression 355 ° 12 1006 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
24th Oct 2012 18:00:00 N 27° 42.000, W 47° 6.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 06:00:00 N 26° 42.000, W 49° 36.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 18:00:00 N 30° 0.000, W 40° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
26th Oct 2012 18:00:00 N 33° 30.000, W 34° 0.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC

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22.10.2012 Hailstorm South Africa State of Gauteng, [Ekurhuleni area] Damage level Details

Hailstorm in South Africa on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 14:30 (02:30 PM) UTC.

Description
Ekurhuleni metro police ran for cover as hail the size of golf balls shattered their car windscreens and side mirrors, spokesman Kobeli Mokheseng said. The hail “came down like a ton of bricks” for about five minutes on Saturday between 2pm and 3pm, he said. “Metro police officers who were patrolling… ran for cover following heavy rain and winds blowing uncontrollably,” said Mokheseng. He said metro police were still assessing the damage, and that no one was hurt. The hail appeared to have been heaviest in Edenvale, Midrand, Germiston, Boksburg and Benoni. People took to the social networking site, Twitter, to express their dismay at the damage it caused. “What a scary experience yesterday really bad weather hail were so big damaged my younger sister’s kids playroom,” a Twitter user wrote. “Tennis ball sized hail at our place on Saturday crazy.” Another Twitter user wrote: “Talk about hail damage… 12 windows KO!!!!”. “Every car in the East Rand that wasn’t under cover or was on the road is damaged. Mine has 3 dents on boot,” wrote another person. “My mom’s Clio took a beating… Hail damage all over! It went right through the body work.” The Sunday Times showed a photograph of a Benoni man, Jimmy Sales, inspecting his car’s shattered rear windscreen under the headline “This weather is insane”. The newspaper carried an inset picture of a hailstone almost the size of a cricket ball which was among those which fell at the Glendower Golf Club, reportedly damaging several cars in the parking lot and gouging chunks out of the green.
22.10.2012 Flash Flood Bulgaria Province of Burgas, [Varvara and Ahtopol, Municipality of Tsarevo] Damage level Details

Okla. Interstate Reopens After Dust Storm

Associated Press

Overlay

Dust Storm Causes Big Pile-up

BLACKWELL, Okla. — Transportation officials say a stretch of Interstate 35 in northern Oklahoma is open again after a massive dust storm triggered a multi-vehicle accident.

(Weather Extra: Satellite Shows Blowing Dust in the Plains)

Oklahoma Department of Transportation spokesman Cole Hackett said the 8-mile stretch of Interstate 35 reopened Thursday evening.

Transportation workers had been called in earlier Thursday to close the highway between U.S. 60 and Oklahoma 11. The area just south of the Kansas state line remained closed for several hours as crews cleared debris from the crash and waited for winds to die down.

weather.com

The Oklahoma Highway Patrol said visibility was less than 10 feet as gusts as high as 55 mph blew dust over the roadway Thursday afternoon.

No one was killed in the multi-vehicle accident, though Blackwell Police Chief Fred LeValley said nine people were injured.

In a scene reminiscent of the Dust Bowl days, choking dust suspended on strong wind gusts shrouded Interstate 35, which links Dallas and Oklahoma City to Kansas City, Mo. Video from television station helicopters showed the four-lane highway virtually disappearing into billowing dust on the harsh landscape near Blackwell, plus dozens of vehicles scattered in the median and on the shoulders.

“I’ve never seen anything like this,” said Jodi Palmer, a dispatcher with the Kay County Sheriff’s Office. “In this area alone, the dirt is blowing because we’ve been in a drought. I think from the drought everything’s so dry and the wind is high.”

(MORE: The Dust Bowl 2012 vs 1930s)

The highway patrol said the dust storm caused a multi-car accident, and local police said nearly three dozen cars and tractor-trailers were involved. Blackwell Police Chief Fred LeValley said nine people were injured, but there were no fatalities.

State transportation workers were called into to close the highway between U.S. 60 and Oklahoma 11, an 8-mile stretch of the cross-country roadway.

The area is just south of the Kansas state line in far northern Oklahoma. Interstate 35 runs from the Mexican border in south Texas to Duluth, Minn.

A red flag fire warning was in place for parts of northern Oklahoma on Thursday, as is a blowing dust advisory.

The National Weather Service forecast for the area said winds would subside to 20 mph or lower overnight but that gusts as high as 28 mph could continue. Calm winds were expected by Friday night.

The area has suffered through an extended drought and many farmers had recently loosened the soil while preparing for the winter wheat season.

(PHOTOS: Drought Disaster 2012)

“You have the perfect combination of extended drought in that area … and we have the extremely strong winds,” said Gary McManus, the Oklahoma associate state climatologist.

“Also, the timing is bad because a lot of those farm fields are bare. The soil is so dry, it’s like powder. Basically what you have is a whole bunch of topsoil waiting for the wind to blow it away. It’s no different from the 1930s than it is now.”

Steve Austin, a Kay County commissioner, said visibility was terrible.

“It looked like a huge fog was over the city of Ponca City,” he said. “We’ve had dust storms before, but I don’t remember anything of this magnitude in years.”

Flash Flood in Bulgaria on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:57 (09:57 AM) UTC.

Description
There are no flooded and isolated settlements after the heavy rain in the coastal municipality of Tsarevo on Sunday. A bridge has been hit by a tidal wave on the road between the southeastern village of Varvara and town of Ahtopol, municipality mayor Georgi Lapchev said. He added that the road was closed and experts were working to restore the damaged section. He said there was a roundabout route. He noted that Sunday’s heavy rain caused damages and other settlements might experience problems as well.
22.10.2012 Flash Flood Indonesia State of Papua, [Panja district] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Indonesia on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:55 (09:55 AM) UTC.

Description
Flash floods in Papua in eastern Indonesia on Sunday night has displaced over 1,000 people and damaged over 200 houses and other public facilities, an official of disaster relief agency said here on Monday. Spokesman of the National Disaster Management and Mitigation Agency Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said that heavy rains at mountainous area led to overflow of Eranouli river and caused flash floods in Eranouli village in Panja district at about 21:00 pm Jakarta time (1400 GMT). “Over 200 houses and scores of office building have been damaged and about 1,000 people have escaped to higher grounds,” he said. The waters inundated the village by up to 2 meters high, said Sutopo. The waters also damaged a health clinic and a clean water facility, he said.
21.10.2012 Flash Flood India State of Sikkim, Chungthan Damage level Details

Flash Flood in India on Sunday, 21 October, 2012 at 10:50 (10:50 AM) UTC.

Description
A flash flood triggered by torrential rain has killed at least nine construction workers and left 15 others missing and feared dead in India’s remote northeast. Karma Zyatso, chief secretary of Sikkim state, says the workers, who lived in camps, were swept away by the swirling waters of a flooded river Friday in Chungthan, a small town in the mountainous region. Zyatso said Sunday that authorities had recovered nine bodies and were searching for the 15 missing workers, who were building roads.

………………………….

Eleven killed, 10 missing in Peru landslide

by Staff Writers
Lima (AFP)

At least 11 Peruvians were killed and 10 more are missing after a mudslide Wednesday slammed into a small village in a mountainous jungle region, officials said.

Those killed in the landslide include five children, Ronald Garcia, the provincial mayor, told RPP national radio network.

The avalanche of mud and rocks swept away 24 homes when it crashed into the village of El Porvenir, in the northern department of San Martin, at dawn.

The head of Peru’s Civil Defense Institute, Alfredo Murgueytio, told the daily El Comercio in an interview posted online that rescuers pulled 11 bodies from the rubble, and that 10 people are still missing.

Mayor Garcia said that some of the missing people may have fled into the hills to save their lives.

“Whole families are missing,” said Garcia. More than 80 families live in the village, he said.

El Porvenir residents are mostly coffee farmers, officials said.

Heavy rain in Peru’s Andean region in recent weeks has triggered several landslides.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

Today Tornado USA State of California, [Sutter, Yuba and Butte counties] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Tuesday, 23 October, 2012 at 03:29 (03:29 AM) UTC.

Description
Tornadoes reportedly touched down Monday afternoon in three Northern California counties, knocking down some trees and power lines as a powerful storm blew over the region. Officials said no injuries were reported by the tornadoes, which were caused by the first storm of the season in Northern California. The National Weather Service said preliminary reports indicated that the tornadoes touched down in Sutter, Yuba and Butte counties. The unstable weather prompted the agency to issue a tornado warning for Placer County. Officials said they received reports from residents of toppled trees and power lines and damage to rooftops after shingles were ripped off by powerful winds.
22.10.2012 Tornado USA State of Pennsylvania, Fern Glen [Lancaster County] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:47 (09:47 AM) UTC.

Description
Authorities have confirmed that a tornado caused a pavilion to collapse at a Lancaster County park, injuring 15 people and causing millions of dollars in damage. The EF-1 tornado touched down shortly after 8 p.m. Friday and over the next 10 minutes traveled about 16 miles from Fern Glen to Paradise in Lancaster County, packing maximum winds of 100 to 110 m.p.h., the National Weather Service said Sunday. Officials said several dozen people attending a baseball game near Paradise sought shelter at the 40-by-40-foot pavilion, but high winds collapsed it. Police said 10 to 12 people were injured, but the weather service put the injury total at 15. Authorities said most of the injuries were minor; one person had a broken bone. The tornado damage was sporadic and contained within a larger area of straight-line wind damage, weather observers said. Officials said 50 structures were damaged, including several barns that were destroyed. Two small high-tension towers and thousands of trees were toppled. The county emergency management office estimated damage at $3 million to $5 million.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

22.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard India State of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in India on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:49 (09:49 AM) UTC.

Description
More than 20 schoolchildren, who have fallen sick in some posh localities of the city, are attending their classes, posing a danger to others kids. Teachers suspect students are afflicted with chickenpox. With blisters over body, fever and tiredness, these students are going to school. The parents say they have to send their children to schools as their absence from the school would affect studies and they might miss the chance of writing their annual test because of falling short of minimum attendance necessary to appear in examination. “I know many children who are suffering from chickenpox, a woman teacher, residing in Arera Colony, told TOI. Instead of quarantining such kids, their parents were sending them to schools, which may trigger the spread of the contagious disease, she said. These kids, some from my locality, are from the posh localities, she said. The health officials should take some steps and visit schools.
Biohazard name: Chicken Pox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected
21.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard India Capital City, New Delhi Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in India on Sunday, 21 October, 2012 at 03:43 (03:43 AM) UTC.

Description
Hospitals in the city have reported cases of rickettsial disease caused by tick bites – a rare infectious fever that is common in hilly regions having a tropical climate. Though doctors said the disease “is very rare” in Delhi, AIIMS has reported at least two cases in its paediatric unit over the past six weeks. Serological reports from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) confirmed that these patients were afflicted with scrub typhus, a variant of rickettsia. Doctors at three private hospitals said they had sent samples to the NCDC and received confirmed reports. Serological tests to confirm the infection is not available in government and most private hospitals. The Director of Health Services (DHS) Dr N V Kamat said the city’s infectious disease surveillance programme was yet to be notified about the cases. Dr V K Paul, the head of paediatrics in AIIMS, said: “The disease is very rare and we do not often get patients suffering from the it in Delhi. But we have received confirmation from the NCDC that two of our patients were diagnosed with Scrub Typhus over the past six weeks.” Dr Atul Gogia, associate consultant of internal medicine in Sir Ganga Ram Hospital said: “We have seen 8-10 cases of scrub typhus in the past month. We used to see a case once a year. This year, there has been a sudden jump. So we are sending every suspected, unexplained fever for tests.” Dr Gogia said patients have a characteristic black mark, known as eschar, left by the mite on the body accompanied by fever.
Biohazard name: Typhus (Scrub)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Solar Activity

3MIN News October 20. 2012: Contact the Australian Bureau of Meteorology re:Buoy 53046

Published on Oct 20, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
OK Dust Storm: http://www.weather.com/news/dust-storm-shuts-down-interstate-20121018
Buoy Event: Google Sidapan Buoy Malaysian and look for recent news.

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

3MIN News October 21. 2012: M9 Flare. 6.6 Quake. Magnetic Instability

Published on Oct 21, 2012 by

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 22. 2012

Published on Oct 22, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Central Australia Heat: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/central-australia-baking-in-rare-october-h…
Cold/Tornado in NZ: http://www.3news.co.nz/Bitterly-cold-end-to-Labour-weekend/tabid/423/articleI…
Record Lava Height: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/lava-reaches-re…
France Floods: http://www.weather.com/news/france-floods-evacuations-20121021

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

JUST IN: Solar Activity Ramps Up – Warning Issued  

by Mitch Battros – Earth Changes Media

Solar activity has increased to active during the past 24 hours, featuring a long duration M9.1 flare and six C flares.

The M9.1 flare was released by sunspot region 1598 on the east limb of the Sun and peaked at 18:14 UT on October 20th. A high-speed shock wave registered 516 kilometers per second (320 miles per second) observed at 18:15 UT. An associated CME was observed by LASCO C2 at 19:00 UT, but is not directed towards Earth.

Earlier today sunspot region 1596 produced a M1.3 (2003UT), C7.8 (0316UT), and C5.6 (0534UT). Both regions 1596 and 1598 maintain potential for further isolated M-class to X-class activity.

Solar wind speed is expected to increase slightly days one and two under the influence of a coronal hole wind stream. NASA and NOAA has issued a WARNING for high flying aircraft, the ISS, NSSO and NSTAC due to an increased possibility of satellite deep dielectric discharge.

In a flux of high energy charged particles, they penetrate the spacecraft or satellite’s outer surface and bury themselves in dielectric materials such as circuit boards and the insulation in coaxial cables. The buildup of charge will continue until the dielectric strength of the material is exceeded, when a sudden electrical discharge will occur. This miniature lightning stroke can cause permanent damage in the associated or nearby circuitry.

Watch for increased extreme weather events which include earthquake, volcano, tornado, and cyclone activity over the next 48 to 72 hours.

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 13 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 19 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 20 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 20 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 23 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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22.10.2012 Event into space USA State of California, Novato Damage level Details

Event into space in USA on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:50 (09:50 AM) UTC.

Description
A gray, 2-inch rock that hit a Novato home is the first confirmed chunk of the meteor that dramatically exploded over the Bay Area, a scientist said Sunday. Lisa Webber, 61, found the meteorite in her yard on Saturday, three days after the object fell onto the roof of her home on St. Francis Avenue. She had heard a strange sound at the time but didn’t think twice about it until she read a Chronicle story saying debris from the meteor would be found in a band stretching east of San Rafael toward Napa and Sonoma. Some have marveled at the potential cosmic significance of the fact that it hit a home belonging to a man of the cloth – Webber’s husband, Kent Webber, is pastor at Presbyterian Church of Novato. The space rock, in fact, had first hit the roof of his study, she said. “It’s just science – and it’s cool,” said Lisa Webber, an administrative nurse at UCSF Medical Center. “It’s wonderful. It’s like the heavens coming down, and history and this thing probably came from an asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter – I mean, how cool is that?” Peter Jenniskens, a leading meteor hunter at the Seti Institute in Mountain View, confirmed that the space rock was indeed debris from the meteor that streaked over the sky Wednesday night.”The significance of this find is that we can now hope to use our fireball trajectory to trace this type of meteorite back to its origins in the asteroid belt,” Jenniskens wrote on his group’s website. At the time the object hit her roof, Webber thought the sound she heard had come from an animal that was rummaging on her property. She checked the roof, found nothing, and quickly forgot about it until she read The Chronicle on Friday night. That’s when she went searching through the yard and found a rock. She summoned her neighbor’s son, the two put a magnet to the object, and they stuck together. On Saturday, neighbor Luis Rivera climbed onto the roof and found an indentation left by the meteorite. “The surprising thing about it all is that it’s something from the orbit between Mars and Jupiter, and it ended up in Novato,” Rivera said. “And when Lisa was relating all of this to me, it took a while to sink in as to the odds of this happening.”

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Russia may build rocket to destroy Earth-threatening asteroids

by Staff Writers
Moscow (XNA)


illustration only

Russia could start building a space rocket capable of destroying asteroids threatening the Earth, chief of rocket and space corporation Energia said Friday.

“There are three large asteroids, including Apophis, whose orbits cross the Earth’s orbit and which could hit the Earth in the next several decades,” Vitaly Lopota told the state newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

To change the orbit of a small planet of Apophis’ size, a 70-ton rocket was needed to “tow” an asteroid away from Earth or to destroy it with a thermonuclear blast, Lopota said.

Apophis was discovered in 2004. It will approach the Earth dangerously close, at about 30,000 km, which is less than one-tenth of the Moon’s distance from Earth, in 2029.

Experts calculate impact of a collision between Apophis and the Earth will be equal to a 1,700-Megaton explosion.

Lopota said existing Russian rocket carriers with RD-171 engines could be redesigned to produce a rocket capable of destroying an asteroid. Energia was ready to build such a rocket within three to five years, he said.

Currently, RD-171 engines made by NPO Energomash have been used on Zenit-3SL missiles employed in the Russia-Ukraine-Norway-U.S. joint project Sea Launch.

“We call them Tsar Engines, which no other country possesses,” Lopota said, referring to Russian artifacts, the Tsar Cannon and Tsar Bell, which were the world’s largest in their time.

Source: Xinhua News Agency

Related Links
Roscosmos
Asteroid and Comet Impact Danger To Earth – News and Science

Astronomers Uncover A Surprising Trend in Galaxy Evolution

by Francis Reddy for Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt MD (SPX)


This plot shows the fractions of settled disk galaxies in four time spans, each about 3 billion years long. (full size chart) There is a steady shift toward higher percentages of settled galaxies closer to the present time. At any given time, the most massive galaxies are the most settled. More distant and less massive galaxies on average exhibit more disorganized internal motions, with gas moving in multiple directions, and slower rotation speeds. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.

A comprehensive study of hundreds of galaxies observed by the Keck telescopes in Hawaii and NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has revealed an unexpected pattern of change that extends back 8 billion years, or more than half the age of the universe.

“Astronomers thought disk galaxies in the nearby universe had settled into their present form by about 8 billion years ago, with little additional development since,” said Susan Kassin, an astronomer at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., and the study’s lead researcher. “The trend we’ve observed instead shows the opposite, that galaxies were steadily changing over this time period.”

Today, star-forming galaxies take the form of orderly disk-shaped systems, such as the Andromeda Galaxy or the Milky Way, where rotation dominates over other internal motions. The most distant blue galaxies in the study tend to be very different, exhibiting disorganized motions in multiple directions. There is a steady shift toward greater organization to the present time as the disorganized motions dissipate and rotation speeds increase. These galaxies are gradually settling into well-behaved disks.

Blue galaxies – their color indicates stars are forming within them – show less disorganized motions and ever-faster rotation speeds the closer they are observed to the present. This trend holds true for galaxies of all masses, but the most massive systems always show the highest level of organization.

Researchers say the distant blue galaxies they studied are gradually transforming into rotating disk galaxies like our own Milky Way.

“Previous studies removed galaxies that did not look like the well-ordered rotating disks now common in the universe today,” said co-author Benjamin Weiner, an astronomer at the University of Arizona in Tucson. “By neglecting them, these studies examined only those rare galaxies in the distant universe that are well-behaved and concluded that galaxies didn’t change.”

Rather than limit their sample to certain galaxy types, the researchers instead looked at all galaxies with emission lines bright enough to be used for determining internal motions. Emission lines are the discrete wavelengths of radiation characteristically emitted by the gas within a galaxy. They are revealed when a galaxy’s light is separated into its component colors. These emission lines also carry information about the galaxy’s internal motions and distance.

The team studied a sample of 544 blue galaxies from the Deep Extragalactic Evolutionary Probe 2 (DEEP2) Redshift Survey, a project that employs Hubble and the twin 10-meter telescopes at the W. M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii. Located between 2 billion and 8 billion light-years away, the galaxies have stellar masses ranging from about 0.3 percent to 100 percent of the mass of our home galaxy.

A paper describing these findings will be published Oct. 20 in The Astrophysical Journal.

The Milky Way galaxy must have gone through the same rough-and-tumble evolution as the galaxies in the DEEP2 sample, and gradually settled into its present state as the sun and solar system were being formed.

In the past 8 billion years, the number of mergers between galaxies large and small has decreased sharply. So has the overall rate of star formation and disruptions of supernova explosions associated with star formation. Scientists speculate these factors may play a role in creating the evolutionary trend they observe.

Now that astronomers see this pattern, they can adjust computer simulations of galaxy evolution until these models are able to replicate the observed trend. This will guide scientists to the physical processes most responsible for it.

The DEEP2 survey is led by Lick Observatory at the University of California at Santa Cruz in collaboration with the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Hawaii at Manoa, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Md., the University of Chicago and the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and the European Space Agency. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., manages the telescope. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, Md., conducts Hubble science operations. STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. in Washington.

Related Links
NASA’s Hubble website
Stellar Chemistry, The Universe And All Within It

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

Many in Bay Area heard and saw bright meteor on October 17

October 17 meteor via Wes Jones.  Used with permission.

October 17 meteor via Wes Jones. Used with permission.
Many in and around San Francisco’s Bay Area heard a loud boom and saw a fireball streaking across the sky on October 17, 2012.

Looking for info on this weekend’s Orionid meteor shower? Click here.

A bright fireball, reportedly with hues of red and orange, streaked across the night sky visible from San Francisco’s Bay Area on Wednesday, October 18, around 8 p.m. local time (3UTC on October 18). Many say they heard a boom, which was so loud it “shook their homes,” some residents said, making them think it may be an earthquake.

If you observed it, you might want to tell someone what you saw. Here’s a place to report your meteor sighting.

Wes Jones in Belmont, California caught the meteor disappearing behind the trees while using a wide-field camera. Image copyright Wes Jones. Used with permission.

Belmont, California astronomer Wes Jones captured the fireball as it sailed across the sky on October 17, just as it was entering the trees.

Here is the capture data for the Wes Jones’ image above:

Camera: Interactiveastronomy Skyeye Camera
Camera Location: 122°16’31.73″ W, 37°31’1.17″ N
Altitude: 17 Meters
Exposure Duration: 30 seconds
File Write Time: 07:44:44 PM PDT 10/17/2012

Click here for live Interactiveastronomy Skyeye Camera feeds.

The video above is raw footage from the security camera at Lick Observatory, located in the hills above San Jose, California. Camera is a little out of focus. Round structure to the left is the 40-inch Nickel refracting telescope dome. Lights in the background are the San Jose cityscape. Video posted to YouTube by Erik Kovacs.

Screen grab from Google maps (not clickable) of area where October 17, 2012 meteorite might have fallen. One expert said it might have come down in the hills north of Martinez, California. If so, he said, hikers might be able to find pieces of the meteorite.

Jonathan Braidman, astronomy instructor at Oakland’s Chabot Space and Science Center, told SuiSunCityPatch.com that the meteor may have been “roughly the size of a car when it broke up over the Bay Area.” He said hikers might be able to find small pieces of the meteorite in the hills north of Martinez, California.

Was the October 17, 2012 meteor seen over the Bay Area associated with the Orionid meteor shower? If it were associated, it would have to have radiated from the same point in the sky as the Orionids. That point is in the the same famous constellation Orion the Hunter, shown here. Can anyone who saw the October 17 meteor tell us if it radiated from this constellation? More about this weekend’s Orionid meteor shower here.

Is the October 17, 2012 meteor associated with the Orionid meteor shower? That shower is coming up this weekend. Although I didn’t see it, and don’t know if its path could be traced back to the constellation Orion – which is the radiant point for all meteors in the Orionid shower – the answer is likely that the two are not associated. Meteors in annual showers are tiny, icy bits left behind by comets orbiting the sun. The Orionids, in particular, come from one of the most famous comets, Comet Halley, which last visited Earth in 1986. The meteor seen over the Bay Area on October 17, 2012 was more likely a larger, rocky meteor, just a random chunk of space debris that entered Earth’s atmosphere and vaporized due to friction with the air.

EarthSky’s meteor shower guide 2012

The October 17, 2012 meteor sighting is reminiscent of another meteor sighting earlier this year, when – on the morning of April 22, 2012 – many in Nevada and California saw a bright flash across the sky, and heard an audible boom, or explosion. The object was later called “a small asteroid” whose estimated weight was some 70 metric tons.

Read more about the April 22 meteor sighting in California and Nevada here

Wikimedia Commons image of a bollide or fireball – a piece of space debris entering Earth’s atmosphere and causing a particularly bright streak across the sky.

Astronomers use the word bolide to describe an exceptionally bright fireball such as this one. The term bolide – which comes the Greek word bolis, meaning a missile or to flash – is particularly applicable when the object is so bright it can be seen in broad daylight, when the object explodes in the atmosphere and when it creates audible sounds. In other words, all of these phenomena are known to occur, and astronomers even have a word for it.

Bright meteors or bollides were also seen in the U.K. and New Zealand in 2012. They are not uncommon, if you are considering the entire globe.

However, from any one spot on Earth, they are uncommon, Among astronomers, it’s sometimes said you might witness one bolide, or very bright fireball, in your lifetime. So if you saw this one, this was yours!

Bottom line: Many in San Francisco’s Bay Area saw an exceptionally bright meteor, and heard a loud boom, on the night of October 17, 2012. Photo and video in this post, plus information on the Orionid meteor shower, which peaks on the morning of October 21.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Environmental Pollution

23.10.2012 Biological Hazard USA State of Florida, [Collier County beaches] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Thursday, 18 October, 2012 at 14:33 (02:33 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Tuesday, 23 October, 2012 at 03:43 UTC
Description
Concentrations of red tide have been detected from Charlotte County to Collier County. Hundreds of dead fish are washing ashore and a foul odor now fills the air at many beaches throughout Southwest Florida. Many residents and visitors are hoping that red tide is on its way out of town, but at Wiggins Pass State Park in Collier County, things aren’t looking too great. Thousands of dead fish remain in sight. But beachgoers we spoke with said they aren’t letting the toxic algae ruin their fun. “This is the first time I’ve seen this,” said Karl Udo, who has been visiting Southwest Florida from Germany for over 20 years. “It’s no good.” The toxic algae started to wash through Collier County beaches just last week, carrying with it the unpleasant stench. “You got to breathe through your mouth. So don’t take deep breaths through your nose,” said Liz Koch, who is visiting from Chicago. The latest tests done by county officials show that red tide is at medium levels throughout some of Collier’s beaches. The toxin can cause respiratory irritation, a concern for county officials with tourist season in sight.

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21.10.2012 Environment Pollution USA State of New Mexico, [Kirtland Air Force Base] Damage level Details

Environment Pollution in USA on Sunday, 21 October, 2012 at 04:00 (04:00 AM) UTC.

Description
Crews working on an old Air Force fuel spill have found potentially cancer-causing chemicals beneath a southeast Albuquerque neighborhood, Kirtland Air Force Base announced. The New Mexico Environment Department said Friday that Air Force crews found the pollutant Perchloroethylene, or PCE, in water around 500 feet underground while installing test wells. However, officials say they don’t believe the recently discovered pollutant is connected to a decades-old Kirtland Air Force Base jet fuel spill threatening Albuquerque’s water supply that could be as large as 24 million gallons. Davis tsaid that the chemicals likely came from a dry cleaner. Jim Davis, head of New Mexico Environment Department Resource Protection, told reporters that the chemical is threatening groundwater and not residents in the neighborhood above the contamination. Still, the discovery could trigger action under the federal Superfund law, a program aimed at the nation’s most serious hazardous chemical contamination problems. New Mexico Environment Department Secretary David Martin praised crews for making the discovery.The department has launched a probe to see if any businesses that used PCE were located in the vicinity of the well clusters in the past. The Air Force is two years away from finalizing a cleanup plan in connection with a toxin-laden plume from a 40-year underground pipe leak was discovered at Kirtland Air Force Base. The spill was first discovered in 1999 when the Air Force noticed a pool of fuel coming up out of the ground at its old aircraft fuel storage center, which dates back to the 1950s. Air Force officials say the fuel was leaking from an underground pipe for at least 40 years as tests on elements in the plume — which contains the cancer-causing Benzyne and other harmful toxins — show it dates back to at least the 1970s. Less than half a million gallons have been pumped out of the ground.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.5 2012/10/18 23:22:28   59.663  -151.391 54.3  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/18 21:24:22  -62.721   155.813 10.0  BALLENY ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/18 17:38:48   61.168  -147.125 7.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/18 17:26:30   62.549  -149.949 65.5  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/18 16:26:50   -0.121   125.563 20.0  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/18 15:50:07   60.587  -149.625 68.6  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/18 12:31:40   18.609   -65.649 77.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/18 12:14:52   19.377  -155.240 3.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.5   2012/10/18 11:26:42  -20.598  -178.360 545.7  FIJI REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/18 09:00:05   -6.505   98.031 14.9  SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/18 08:38:35   39.321   -29.875 10.0  AZORES ISLANDS, PORTUGAL
MAP  3.3 2012/10/18 07:10:26   19.631   -64.224 61.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/18 05:23:14  -34.689   -71.906 43.0  LIBERTADOR O’HIGGINS, CHILE
MAP  3.6 2012/10/18 05:21:11   42.217  -101.978 5.0  NEBRASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/18 04:56:45   51.655  -175.225 37.4  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/18 04:32:32   53.391   -35.141 9.7  REYKJANES RIDGE
MAP  5.1   2012/10/18 04:14:32   -8.098   123.597 32.7  FLORES REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/18 03:37:04   63.280  -151.086 5.4  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/18 03:10:20   19.383  -155.241 2.0  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.0   2012/10/18 02:33:29   23.855   81.294 14.8  MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA
MAP  5.7   2012/10/18 01:27:15  -54.273   143.919 10.2  WEST OF MACQUARIE ISLAND
MAP  4.6   2012/10/18 00:35:12   48.330   154.451 48.2  KURIL ISLANDS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.1 2012/10/17 22:43:02   19.671   -64.358 34.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/17 21:21:35   59.627  -150.866 32.2  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/17 20:50:43   68.444  -144.526 9.8  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.0   2012/10/17 19:38:56   1.301   97.229 35.2  NIAS REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/17 18:40:49   64.048  -148.951 15.2  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/17 18:34:00   38.718  -112.566 0.1  UTAH
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 18:23:03   18.804   -64.129 36.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/17 17:42:45   51.540  -174.965 31.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  5.5   2012/10/17 17:23:42  -19.011  -174.162 29.8  TONGA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/17 15:58:56   -1.124   126.870 39.2  KEPULAUAN SULA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/17 15:37:42   19.062   -66.355 62.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  5.0   2012/10/17 14:50:00  -14.946  -173.713 29.5  SAMOA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/17 11:32:18   36.465  -121.035 5.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 11:08:54   35.748  -113.088 4.9  ARIZONA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 09:40:32   18.774   -64.872 30.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 09:39:04   50.146   179.994 31.2  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/17 09:33:01   65.430  -147.984 34.4  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/17 09:27:05   65.396  -148.033 25.7  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/17 08:24:24   65.608  -148.096 0.2  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/17 08:19:43   65.475  -148.003 17.3  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/17 08:09:53   52.054  -173.369 45.3  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/17 07:23:38   45.273  -112.791 12.1  WESTERN MONTANA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/17 07:02:01   52.626  -167.031 6.5  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 07:00:26   50.223   179.099 31.5  RAT ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/17 06:36:12   19.354  -155.213 1.0  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.8   2012/10/17 05:49:23   -4.885   151.624 153.0  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/17 05:48:03   19.184   -64.839 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/17 04:42:40   35.678   -97.115 5.0  OKLAHOMA
MAP  6.0   2012/10/17 04:42:31   4.191   124.573 337.4  CELEBES SEA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/17 03:50:16   40.898  -124.552 16.7  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/17 03:30:47   18.707   -70.873 12.7  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  2.7 2012/10/17 02:57:32   32.483   -96.960 12.1  NORTHERN TEXAS
MAP  4.5   2012/10/17 02:55:22   12.428   -88.853 35.2  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  3.4 2012/10/17 02:50:27   18.081   -68.135 90.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  3.1 2012/10/17 02:12:44   19.096   -66.773 23.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/17 01:26:41   14.155   -91.187 62.0  GUATEMALA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/17 00:44:05   36.705   140.291 54.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.2 2012/10/17 00:36:57   65.040  -152.191 17.1  NORTHERN ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.7   2012/10/16 23:42:55  -38.538   176.117 103.9  NORTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND
MAP  4.0 2012/10/16 23:12:23   43.592   -70.676 6.6  MAINE
MAP  2.9 2012/10/16 21:31:01   19.064   -66.397 55.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/16 21:23:20   18.149   -68.491 66.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  4.4 2012/10/16 19:19:34   36.760   71.299 172.7  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  4.2 2012/10/16 19:03:23   16.158   -61.966 174.4  GUADELOUPE REGION, LEEWARD ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/10/16 17:51:59   -5.500   147.137 225.6  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/16 15:59:09   18.043   -65.489 17.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/16 15:37:15   39.353  -118.100 12.6  NEVADA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/16 15:10:59   39.749   15.550 260.3  SOUTHERN ITALY
MAP  2.9 2012/10/16 15:03:24   19.180   -64.841 67.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/16 14:36:33   61.735  -150.780 59.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/16 13:50:00   16.216   -94.023 96.4  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  5.3   2012/10/16 13:39:26   31.221   130.192 168.3  KYUSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.7   2012/10/16 13:07:14   48.228   154.538 58.6  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  5.6   2012/10/16 12:41:24   49.569   156.526 64.7  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/10/16 12:39:36   19.383  -155.244 3.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.7 2012/10/16 12:36:19   18.011   -67.624 35.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO
MAP  4.9   2012/10/16 12:31:07   32.946   141.354 43.7  IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/16 11:38:19   51.868  -175.141 66.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/16 11:17:56   19.381  -155.244 3.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/16 10:25:20   37.459   35.689 26.6  CENTRAL TURKEY
MAP  2.6 2012/10/16 07:28:24   63.377  -152.266 8.0  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/16 06:22:46   42.252  -124.793 24.6  OFFSHORE OREGON
MAP  2.7 2012/10/16 05:32:31   60.737  -150.114 93.7  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/16 04:30:45   34.822  -121.050 2.8  OFFSHORE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/16 04:15:34   38.268   46.960 32.4  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  5.4   2012/10/16 02:03:29   31.289   140.288 102.6  IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/16 01:16:04   37.273   37.083 5.1  CENTRAL TURKEY
MAP  5.0   2012/10/16 00:16:42  -36.828   78.729 9.8  MID-INDIAN RIDGE
MAP  3.4 2012/10/16 00:02:11   62.223  -145.689 16.0  CENTRAL ALASKA

………………………….

Dominican Republic Shaken by 4.7-Magnitude Earthquake Near Constanza

By the Caribbean Journal staff

The Dominican Republic was shaken by its second earthquake since Sunday on Tuesday night, according to the United States Geological Survey.

The quake had a magnitude of 4.7 on the Richter scale, according to the USGS.

The epicentre was about 26 kilometres south-southwest of Constanza in La Vega, and 31 kilometres north-northwest of Azua.

It occurred at approximately 10:30 PM local time.

Light shaking was felt across the Dominican Republic, including in Peralta in Azul and in the capital, Santo Domingo.

The quake came just a few days after a 4.4-magnitude quake on Sunday off the coast of Samana on the country’s northern peninsula.

This one was towards the southern portion of the Dominican Republic, west of the capital, and far east of the border of Haiti.

It was not yet clear if any damage or injuries had been reported.

Earthquake hits Boston and Maine

The 4.5 magnitude earthquake was centered near Lake Arrowhead in Maine.

An earthquake in Southern Maine reverberated all the way to the Boston metropolitan area at 7:12 p.m. Tuesday evening.

“Notice how it seemed to kind of ‘roll’ through, shaking momentarily but kind of coming in a wave,” New England Sports Network, based in Boston, reported of feeling the quake.

Registering at a 4.5 magnitude, the temblor was centered 3.7 miles Maine’s Lake Arrowhead, Reuters reported.

There were no reported injuries or damage.

Maine has experienced over 80 earthquakes since 1997, according to the state’s Bureau of Geology. The state’s most serious earthquake was in 1904. It registered as a 5.1 on the Richter scale, and was felt through most of New England and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

4.0-M earthquake centered in ME shakes New England

PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — An earthquake that hit southern Maine Tuesday night rattled nearby New England states as far as Connecticut, including the Boston area, but caused no injuries or apparent damage.

The U.S. Geological Survey at first estimated the 7:12 p.m. quake as a 4.6 magnitude, but later downgraded that to 4.0. The epicenter, about 3 miles west of Hollis Center, Maine, is about 3 miles deep. That location is about 20 miles west of Portland.

About 10 miles away in Waterboro, about 20 customers and staff at Waterboro House of Pizza ran outside when they heard a loud bang and the building shook.

“It was loudest bang you ever heard in your life. We actually thought it was an explosion of some type,” said owner Jessica Hill. “The back door and door to the basement blew open.”

In the same town, employees at the Milk Room said towels and other items started falling off shelves.

“I heard a bang, and it felt like the building was just shaking it went on for three seconds and then it started shaking again,” said George Moutsos, an employee.

In nearby Saco, Sue Hadiaris said, “The whole house shook. It felt like a train was coming right through the house. It was very unnerving because you could feel the floor shaking. There was a queasy feeling.”

Afterward, Hadiaris called her 15-year-old niece in Falmouth to make sure she was safe. “She said, `We can cross that off our bucket list. We’ve lived through an earthquake,”‘ Hadiaris said.

Lynette Miller, a spokeswoman for the Maine Emergency Management Agency, said her dogs started barking several seconds before the quake. “It was several seconds of good shaking but nothing falling down,” Miller said from her home in Readfield, about 60 miles north of Portland.

The Seabrook Station nuclear plant, about 63 miles away in New Hampshire, declared an unusual event — the lowest of four emergency classifications, but said it was not affected. The plant has been offline for refueling.

“There has been no impact at all to the plant from the earthquake and our refueling maintenance activities have not been affected,” said Alan Griffith, spokesman for Next EnergyEra Seabrook Station.

Jim Van Dongen, public information officer for the New Hampshire Department of Safety said New Hampshire 911 got about 1,000 calls in the first hour after the quake, but they later dropped off. He said no major damage was reported.

Brief, but noticeable shaking was felt in downtown Boston and the surrounding area.

In Melrose, just north of Boston, Peter Ward said the shaking he felt seemed to last about four seconds. “It felt like a big gust of wind shaking the house. I don’t want to overstate it, but the glass did rattle a little,” he said.

Former Maine resident Victoria Brett, who also has lived in San Francisco, felt the quake in Northampton, Mass.

“At first, it felt like something slowly wiggling the outside walls of the house. Then the table and floor started vibrating. I looked around and the water in the glass flower vase looked like a wave pool. I knew right away it was an earthquake,” she said.

Earthquakes are rare in New England but they’re not unheard of. In 2006 there was a series of earthquakes around Maine’s Acadia National Park, including one with a magnitude of 4.2 that caused boulders to fall from ledges onto Acadia National Park’s loop road. One of the park’s trails was closed for three years because of damage from the quake.

The strongest earthquake recorded in Maine occurred in 1904 in the Eastport area, near the state’s eastern border with Canada, according the Weston Observatory at Boston College. With a magnitude estimated at 5.7 to 5.9, it damaged chimneys and brick walls and could be felt in Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

East Coast quakes are rarely strong enough to be felt over a wide area. A quake of magnitude 5.8 on Aug. 23, 2011, was centered in Virginia and felt all along the coast, including in New York City and Boston. Experts say the region’s geology can make the effects felt in an area up to 10 times larger than quakes of similar size on the West Coast.

Related Articles

Reported by: Ashley Cullins

RENO, Nev. (KRNV & MyNews4.com) — Some rattling and rolling in the area has earthquake experts on alert. In the past week more than 100 small earthquakes have shaken the earth beneath Spanish Springs.

So far they’ve been too small to feel, but quake experts want you to know they’re happening. There’s no reason to panic – but it’s a good reminder to make sure you’re prepared.

“People can consider certain mitigation steps in case these earthquakes increase in intensity and there’s a larger one,” said Ken Smith, associate director of the Nevada Seismological Laboratory.

Smith says most injuries from earthquakes are caused by falling or flying objects – and you don’t want to wait for a big quake to get ready.

“Secure your water heaters. Secure your valuables. Secure your book cases,” Smith said.

It’s not strange for a dozen quakes this size to happen in a week, but there have been at least 115 since October 8, and about 60 of those have been since Thursday.

“These things are totally unpredictable,” Smith said. “It could stop today, or it could keep going at a level of very small events that no one would feel.”

Or they could get stronger. so far they’re small – with the biggest two quakes shaking at magnitude one – but there’s potential for one that really rocks Reno.

“We have faults around here that are capable of magnitude seven type events,” Smith said.

So this week the Great Nevada Shakeout will teach people to drop, cover and hold-on just in case there’s a big quake. It’s Nevada’s largest earthquake drill and it’s this Thursday, October 18 at 10:18 am.

Earthquake Rattles Western Nebraska

 

The US Geological Survey (USGS) says an  earthquake occurred Wednesday evening in Western Nebraska.  About 1330 miles southeast of Rapid City.

The 3.6 magnitude earthquake occurred at 11:21 pm at a  depth of about4 miles ,  18 miles northwest of Hyannis, Nebraska.

Although not as common as in some other   states earthquakes do occur in Nebraska.  The strongest occurred on November 15, 1877 with a magnitude of 5.1.  Two  shocks 45 minutes apart rocked most of Nebraska and portions of surrounding  states , including South Dakota.

California, Other States Preparing for Earthquakes

Associated Press

AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes, File

In this Oct. 15, 2009 file photo, children participate in the “Great California ShakeOut” earthquake drill at the Para Los Ninos Elementary School in Los Angeles. Millions in the United States and several countries are set to participate in an earthquake preparedness drill, dubbed the “Great ShakeOut,” Thursday, Oct. 18, 2012.

LOS ANGELES — Get ready to rumble. Millions in the United States and several countries are set to participate in an earthquake preparedness drill Thursday.

Dubbed the “Great ShakeOut,” homeowners, schoolchildren and office workers across the West and Southeast will practice dropping to the ground, covering their heads and holding on to something sturdy – a technique that experts say minimizes injuries during strong shaking. Residents in British Columbia, Italy, Puerto Rico and Guam also signed up for the exercise.

(MORE: Earthquake Safety and Preparedness)

Organizers estimated some 14 million people, including 9.3 million in California, will participate. Newcomers include Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia, where a magnitude-5.8 hit last year that was felt along the East Coast.

Play Video

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Northeast Shaken by Quake

In Los Angeles, commuters at Union Station will be asked to duck and take cover. Subways and light-rail trains will slow down so that operators can visually inspect the tracks – a process that’s expected to take 15 minutes. In an actual quake, trains can be stopped. Transportation officials also planned to show the public tips to safely evacuate a train.

Southern California held the first safety drill in 2008 based on a fictional magnitude-7.8 event on the southern San Andreas Fault. The entire state participated the following year and the exercise has since spread around the world.

“It’s not looking at earthquakes as doom and gloom,” said organizer Mark Benthien. “It’s all about what we’re going to do as a community to be prepared so that when there’s an earthquake, we’ll get back on our feet and recover.”

Southern California has not experienced a seismic disaster since the 1994 Northridge quake, which killed 72 people and caused $25 billion in damage to the Los Angeles region.

Listado Terremotos últimos 10 días

List of Earthquakes For The Last  10 days

Terremotos de los últimos 10 días en las Islas Canarias de magnitud igual o superior a 1.5 o sentidos:
List  of  earthquakes for the last  10 days for the  Canary Islands of magnitude equal to or  greater than 1.5
La información de terremotos de magnitud inferior se puede obtener en Catálogo y boletines sísmicos.
 Information for  earthquakes  of lesser intensity can be obtained  at Catálogo y boletines sísmicos.Esta información está sujeta a modificaciones como consecuencia de la continua revisión del análisis sísmico.This information is subject to  modification as a  consequence of continuous revision and analysis  of seismic  data.Event       Date                  Time             Lat.            Long.        Depth          Mag.                 Location         Info.
Evento Fecha Hora(GMT)* Latitud Longitud Prof.
(km)
Int. Máx. Mag. Tipo Mag. (**) Localización Info
1170963 19/10/2012 17:21:12 27.7721 -18.0876 11 2.5 mbLg W FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1170881 18/10/2012 21:38:00 27.6812 -18.0863 20 1.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1170640 17/10/2012 05:31:59 27.7946 -18.1027 12 1.7 mbLg NW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1170134 14/10/2012 14:37:28 27.6978 -18.0196 21 I-II 2.2 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1169884 12/10/2012 12:45:00 27.6916 -18.0169 20 2.6 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1169573 10/10/2012 08:49:04 27.7369 -18.0301 12 2.0 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1169505 10/10/2012 05:09:26 27.6900 -18.0335 22 1.9 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1169479 09/10/2012 20:23:56 27.6965 -18.0199 23 2.5 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
*** Translation by  Desert Rose

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 19, 2012 18:18:57 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Katla Eruption Levees in South Iceland Checked

Chief of Police in Hvolsvöllur, a representative of the Icelandic Road Administration and geophysicist Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson will discuss at a meeting on Thursday whether the levees to the east of Vík, which lies across the Ring Road near the river Múlakvísl, must be raised to prove effective in case of a volcanic eruption in Katla.

vik01_bv Vík. Photo by Bernhild Vögel.

Geologist Ari Trausti Guðmundsson stated in an article in Morgunblaðið yesterday that it is important to raise the levees judging by the information available on the volume and depth of flooding from Katla, ruv.is reports.

The volcano lies underneath the Mýrdalsjökull icecap and a volcanic eruption is likely to cause a major glacier outburst.

The levees are the responsibility of the Icelandic Road Administration and according to a report conducted by Einar Hafliðason, a representative of the Road Administration, last spring there was no need to raise the levees given the conditions at hand.

The levees are now five meters high and 4,000-5,000 meters long.

Scientists are monitoring the volcano closely due to ongoing seismic activity.

Kilauea Volcano lava lake reaches highest level

Published on Oct 16, 2012 by

16.10.2012 06:37 PM Pacific Ocean – Northwest, Japan Unnamed Underwater Volcano, About 3 miles north-northeast of Minami-Iwoto island Volcano Eruption 0804-093 Submarine volcano ? No. 0 Details

Volcano Eruption in Japan on Tuesday, 16 October, 2012 at 18:37 (06:37 PM) UTC.

Description
An underwater volcanic eruption was detected Wednesday morning close to Minami-Iwoto island in the Pacific Ocean and an expert speculated that the eruption could form a permanent island. A coast guard vessel spotted a white plume of smoke rising from the sea about three miles north-northeast of the island. It was the first time since July 2005 that volcanic smoke had been detected in the area, which is located about 745 miles south of central Tokyo. According to an announcement by the 3rd Regional Coast Guard Headquarters of the Japan Coast Guard, based in Yokohama, the volcano spewed ash and smoke about 100 meters into the air, and the surrounding sea area changed to a yellowish-green color while other parts became a cloudy gray. According to the Meteorological Agency, the volcano, known as Fukutokuokanoba, has erupted seven times since 1904, when its activities were first recorded. On three occasions, land masses were formed, but all later sank below the waterline. Tokyo Institute of Technology Prof. Kenji Nogami, an expert in geoscience, said: “In the 1986 eruption, a new island appeared after lava accumulated. The island was washed away by waves, but seabed upheaval reduced the water depth to 22 meters in 1999. It’s possible that this (recent) volcanic activity could form a permanent island.”
15.10.2012 12:23 PM Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia [Asia] Klyuchevskaya Sopka Volcano Volcano Eruption 1000-26= Stratovolcano 2009 No. 0 Details

Volcano Eruption in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 12:23 (12:23 PM) UTC.

Description
The highest active volcano in Eurasia, Klyuchevskaya Sopka has started to erupt, officials with the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said. On the night of October 15, there was light seen over the summit of the volcano indicating a blowout of lava in its crater, Vesti.ru reports. Experts believe the release of ash to the height of 6 feet above sea level may start any moment. Lava flows on the slopes of the volcano are also expected. Yellow aviation color code has been assigned to the volcano to warn about the potential danger that the volcanic ash and gases may pose to aircraft engines. Nothing has been said about the possible threat to human settlements. The nearest settlement is 30 kilometers far from Klyuchevskaya Sopka. The last eruption of Klyuchevskaya Sopka took place from September 2009 to December 2010. In June this year, the giant began to wake up again.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Global drought a ‘new normal’: report

by Staff Writers
New York (UPI)


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Increasing drought conditions across the planet are part of a “new normal” which oddly presents new business opportunities, a new Bank of America Merrill Lynch report says.

The report comes just after insurer Munich Re’s findings that North America has borne the brunt of weather-related natural catastrophes, with 30,000 deaths and insured losses of $510 billion in the 1980-2011 period.

The ongoing drought is the worst in the United States since at least 1956, with 63 percent of the lower 48 states suffering drought conditions in August, says the BofA Merrill Lynch report, “Global Drought — Opportunities and Risks.”

While conditions are far from those in the Dust Bowl years of the 1930s, drought conditions are the new normal, the report said.

Previous reports in a series focused on obesity, energy efficiency and safety and security.

“Food, water and energy security are increasingly bigger issues, and as governments, businesses and other players struggle to adapt to and mitigate drought conditions, there will be an evolving set of opportunities and risks for investors,” the bankers said in their findings.

For investors interested in the fight against drought and in promoting food, water and energy security, the financial group has introduced a screen that identifies liquid stocks exposed to global drought-related themes under the Bloomberg ticker MLEIARID.

The stocks included in the screen are those that it considers to be long-term solution providers in such areas as water, fertilizers, crop science, energy efficiency, second-generation biofuels and renewables.

“The severity of the global drought underscores the long-term challenges for national and global economies,” said Sarbjit Nahal, a co-author of the report.

“Food, water and energy security are increasingly bigger issues, and as governments, businesses and other players struggle to adapt to and mitigate drought conditions, there will be an evolving set of opportunities and risks for investors.”

The Munich Re report also cited conditions in which North American stakeholders could benefit by learning about the weather risks.

The study was prepared in order to support underwriters and Munich Re clients in North America, the world’s largest insurance and reinsurance market.

“The North American continent is exposed to every type of hazardous weather peril — tropical cyclone, thunderstorm, winter storm, tornado, wildfire, drought and flood. One reason for this is that there is no mountain range running east to west that separates hot from cold air,” said the report.

Nowhere in the world is the rising number of natural catastrophes more evident than in North America, it said.

Munich Re’s Geo Risks Research unit head Peter Hoppe called on all concerned to “collaborate and close ranks” to meet the situation.

Peter Roder, Munich Re board member with responsibility for the U.S. market, said, “We should prepare for the weather risk changes that lie ahead, and nowhere more so than in North America.”

Related Links
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Today Extreme Weather Malaysia State of Pulau Pinang, Kampung Sungai Burung Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Malaysia on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 15:01 (03:01 PM) UTC.

Description
Twenty-two houses at Kampung Sungai Burung and Jalan Baru Sungai Korok here were badly damaged during a severe thunderstorm today. In the noon incident, the winds blew away rooftops while falling trees compounded the destruction on the houses. Resident Zulkiflee Mat Yusof, 50, said many of the electrical items in his house were damaged by rain water, fanned by the winds into the house. A Bakso stall operator who only wanted to be identified as Anis, 31, said she was busy serving customers when the thunderstorm struck. “It was so sudden that I had no time to act,” she said, finding her stall and wares completely destroyed in the aftermath. Senior citizen Jamaludin Ahamad, 65, said he and his family were having their lunch in the living room when a tree at the back of the house fell and hit the kitchen roof.

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Storms / Flooding / Tornadoes

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Maria (23W) Pacific Ocean 14.10.2012 19.10.2012 Tropical Depression 100 ° 56 km/h 74 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Maria (23W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000
Start up: 14th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,379.19 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
14th Oct 2012 17:15:13 N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000 19 65 83 Tropical Storm 290 10 JTWC
15th Oct 2012 05:06:53 N 19° 30.000, E 142° 6.000 17 93 120 Tropical Storm 345 13 JTWC
15th Oct 2012 10:54:07 N 20° 54.000, E 141° 24.000 28 93 120 Tropical Storm 335 10 JTWC
15th Oct 2012 15:21:40 N 22° 42.000, E 141° 6.000 33 93 120 Tropical Storm 350 15 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 04:50:36 N 25° 24.000, E 140° 42.000 17 93 120 Tropical Storm 350 16 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 10:53:28 N 26° 54.000, E 141° 6.000 28 102 130 Tropical Storm 15 15 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 16:20:31 N 27° 36.000, E 141° 36.000 15 102 130 Tropical Storm 30 16 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 05:09:34 N 28° 54.000, E 143° 30.000 20 102 130 Tropical Storm 70 11 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:10:15 N 29° 30.000, E 144° 48.000 24 93 120 Tropical Storm 60 19 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 16:13:13 N 30° 24.000, E 146° 18.000 30 83 102 Tropical Storm 55 16 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 10:43:32 N 32° 12.000, E 153° 18.000 48 74 93 Tropical Storm 80 18 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
19th Oct 2012 12:08:22 N 31° 12.000, E 158° 48.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 100 ° 15 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
20th Oct 2012 06:00:00 N 30° 30.000, E 162° 12.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

………………………….

Tropical Cyclone Anais

HOUSTON –

Tropical Cyclone Anais is estimated to have a maximum wind of 115 mph as of early this morning, which is equivalent to a category 3 hurricane in the Atlantic Ocean.
The southwestern Indian Ocean is prone to tropical cyclones but what makes Anais so rare is that it is occurring in October, which is early springtime in the southern Hemisphere.

The peak period for tropical events in this part of the world is normally during our winter months of January-March.

Anais is forecast to move southwest in the general direction of Madagascar for the next five days and weaken as it moves into cooler waters and unfavorable winds.

We rarely hear much about the southern Indian Ocean storms as the area has little land and the storms mostly stay at sea.

Occasionally Madagascar or the island nations of Mauritius and Reunion will take a hit, and more rarely a storm will reach mainland Africa.

Forecast responsibility for this region is through the French weather service, Meteo France, located in La Reunion to the east of Madagascar.

The countries in the Indian Ocean simply refer to these storms as Tropical Cyclones, regardless of intensity.

Tropical Cyclone Anais is the same thing as a hurricane in the Atlantic or typhoon in the western Pacific.

However, note that it rotates the opposite direction, clockwise, because it is in the southern Hemisphere.

To illustrate how unusual this event is, Anais is like having a Category 3 hurricane in the Caribbean in April.

Tropical cyclones are occurring more frequently than before

by Staff Writers
Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX)


Storm surges are considered to be the most dangerous and the most destructive aspect of tropical cyclones. The study shows that globally warm years has been associated with a significantly higher risk of extreme hurricane storm surges like the one that followed Katrina, which hit the New Orleans area in 2005 and caused devastating floods and thousands of deaths. Credit: Credit: LCDR Mark Moran, NOAA Corps, NMAO/AOC.

Are there more tropical cyclones now than in the past? – or is it just something we believe because we now hear more about them through media coverage and are better able detect them with satellites?

New research from the Niels Bohr Institute clearly shows that there is an increasing tendency for cyclones when the climate is warmer, as it has been in recent years. The results are published in the scientific journal PNAS.

How can you examine the frequency of tropical cyclones throughout history when they have not been systematically registered? Today cyclones are monitored from satellites and you can follow their progress and direction very accurately. But it is only the last approx. 40 years that we have been able to do this.

Previously, they used observations from ships and aircraft, but these were not systematic measurements. In order to get a long-term view of the frequency of cyclones, it is necessary to go further back in time and use a uniform reference.

Climate scientist Aslak Grinsted of the Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen therefore wanted to find some instruments that have stood and registered measurements continuously over a long period of time.

Correlation between sea levels and cyclones
“Tropical cyclones typically form out in the Atlantic Ocean and move towards the U.S. East Coast and the Gulf of Mexico.

“I found that there were monitoring stations along the Eastern Seaboard of the United States where they had recorded the daily tide levels all the way back to 1923.

“I have looked at every time there was a rapid change in sea level and I could see that there was a close correlation between sudden changes in sea level and historical accounts of tropical storms,” explains Aslak Grinsted.

Aslak Grinsted now had a tool to create statistics on the frequency of cyclones that make landfall – all the way back to 1923. He could see that there has been an increasing trend in the number of major storm surges since 1923.

Correlation between cyclones and climate
Together with colleagues in China and England, he then looked at the global temperatures over the period to see whether there was a trend for a higher frequency of cyclones in a warmer climate.

The global temperature has increased 0.7 degrees C since 1923, but there are variations. For example, there was a warm period in the 1940s but the temperature has really risen since 1980.

“We simply counted how many extreme cyclones with storm surges there were in warm years compared to cold years and we could see that there was a tendency for more cyclones in warmer years,” says Aslak Grinsted.

But not all cyclones are equally harmful and those with the highest storm surges tend to cause the most damage. Cyclones with a strength like Katrina, which hit the New Orleans area in 2005 and caused devastating floods and thousands of deaths, make landfall every 10-30 years on average.

“We have calculated that extreme hurricane surges like Katrina are twice as likely in warm years than in cold years. So when the global climate becomes 3 degrees warmer in the future, as predictions show, what happens then?,” reflects Aslak Grinsted.

Related Links
University of Copenhagen
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

By Bill Deger, Meteorologist

At least eight people were injured as a round of severe storms, including a few tornadoes, swept through the Mississippi Valley and South Wednesday and Wednesday night.

According to preliminary reports compiled by the Storm Prediction Center (SPC), at least four tornadoes touched down across Arkansas and Mississippi.

Photos: Late-Night Tornadoes Keep People Up All Night

A potent cold front moving across the Lower Mississippi Valley acted as the ignition for the thunderstorms. Enough humid air was in place to support the growth of severe thunderstorms capable of spawning tornadoes. Twisting winds in the atmosphere aided the rotation in thunderstorms, further aiding tornado development.

Strong winds, wind damage or hail was reported across a half dozen states in total, from Illinois to Mississippi.

One particularly damaging tornado tracked across Sharkey County, Miss., shortly before 11:00 p.m. local time, destroying numerous mobile homes and injuring five near the town of Louise, which sustained “heavy” damage according to local law enforcement.

The same tornadic thunderstorm narrowly missed nearby Yazoo City, which was devastated by a pair of tornadoes in 2010.

The towns of Clarendon and West Jericho, Ark., and Shelby, Miss., were also impacted by tornadoes Wednesday evening, according to various reports.

Severe storm reports from Wed., Oct. 17. Strong winds and wind damage incidents are indicated in blue, while tornadoes are plotted in red and hail in green. (SPC)

It is possible that more tornadoes will be confirmed to have touched down across the region as other incidents of wind damage are assessed by the National Weather Service over the next couple of days.

One such incident occurred in Scott County, Miss., where a person was injured when a tree fell onto their mobile home.

Strong thunderstorm winds heavily damaged about a dozen buildings in Bland, Mo., earlier in the day, including the town’s post office, where two people sustained minor injuries.

As of 4:30 a.m. EST Thursday, there were nearly 100 reports of severe weather and damage from the severe weather outbreak. Eighty of the reports alone were wind damage, ranging from downed trees and power lines to partially collapsed structures.

While not as prolific, a few storms produced one-inch diameter hail stones in Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee.

Today Tornado USA State of Mississippi, [East of Jackson] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 03:21 (03:21 AM) UTC.

Description
The National Weather Service has confirmed that at least four tornadoes were part of the storm system that raked northern and central Mississippi on Wednesday night and Thursday morning. The biggest of the four storms was a twister that traveled 16 miles from Scott into Newton counties east of Jackson. With a half-mile-wide damage path, it was rated EF-3 on the Fujita scale, with peak winds estimated at 140 mph. That storm blew down trees as well as three electrical transmission towers. One person was injured when a tree fell through a roof. Authorities said Thursday that at least seven people were injured when a line of storms pushed across the state.
Today Tornado USA State of Arkansas, Clarendon Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 02:59 (02:59 AM) UTC.

Description
As severe storms pounded central and eastern Arkansas Wednesday evening, the Monroe County town of Clarendon experienced widespread power outages and heavy damage to some buildings. With most of the town without power for much of the night, several community members drove around town trying to offer help as best they could. Metal awnings from a building were ripped off and tossed across the street, and trees were downed, including one that hit a Clarendon video store just moments after the owner, Denise Davenport, left. Davenport said she left after friends called her and told her the storm was approaching. Shortly afterward, she says she heard the city’s weather sirens sound. Davenport also credits the support from the community for keeping her safe in a dangerous situation.

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Radiation / Nuclear

By John Breneman
jbreneman@seacoastonline.com
SEABROOK — An “unusual event” indeed. The 4.0 magnitude earthquake that rumbled across the Seacoast and beyond Tuesday evening triggered normal safety protocols at the Seabrook Station nuclear power plant.

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission declared an “unusual event” — NRC-speak for the lowest of its four levels of emergency classifications — at 7:20 p.m. Tuesday. The declaration was prompted by on-site ground motion resulting from an earthquake centered near Hollis, Maine — about 50 miles from the plant.

“There was absolutely no impact to the plant from the earthquake,” said Al Griffith, spokesman for NextEra Energy, the plant’s owner. Griffith said a series of mandated safety checks were conducted at the plant, concluding at 1:49 a.m., some six and a half hours after the tremor.

Citing the “robustness” of the plant’s design, Griffith assured that it is capable of withstanding a far, far greater impact than Tuesday’s quake.

There are seismic monitors on site and Griffith said officials will be conducting “a very thorough examination and analysis of all of our data.”

An NRC resident inspector assigned to Seabrook responded to the site last night to confirm that there were no immediate safety issues at the plant, which is currently shut down for a scheduled refueling and maintenance outage.

“The reactor was fully shut down at the time the earthquake occurred,” said Neil Sheehan, regional public officer for the NRC.

“Following procedures used when there is seismic activity affecting the plant, NextEra personnel conducted initial walkdowns, i.e., visual inspections, and confirmed that all key safety systems were functioning properly and that there was no significant structural damage,” Sheehan said in a statement. “The company will subsequently gather more seismic data and perform more detailed inspections.”

Asked about the need to be vigilant in preparing for and reacting to any seismic activity, particularly in the wake of the March 2011 disaster following an earthquake and tsunami at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, Sheehan said, “What happened at Fukushima served as a vivid reminder” of why the highest safety protocols are put in place and enforced.

Last April, NextEra Energy conducted a tsunami drill Tuesday at the Seabrook Station plant in order to identify strengths and weaknesses of the plant in case of such a disaster.

Gavin Allwright Talks About Fukushima.

Published on Oct 16, 2012 by

Gavin Allwright Talks About Fukushima @ Bridgewater Anti-Nuclear Rally Say No To Hinkley C.
http://www.greenheartproject.org/en/

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Today Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Description
Health experts have confirmed an outbreak of the deadly Marburg virus in the western district of Kabale after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute tested positive. Police Thursday stopped the burial of Boaz Turyahikayo a lecturer at Uganda Christian University and his sister Mildrid Asasira after it emerged that their family had lost four people from a mysterious disease in just a month. The other two are Lillian Banegura their mother and an elder brother Bernard Rutaro who passed away early this month. Dr. Patrick Tusiime the Kabale district health officer said a team from the Ministry of Health and World Health Organization is on its way to oversee the burial of the two victims. The Marburg virus was last reported in Uganda in 2008. It carries symptoms similar to those of Ebola that include fever, vomiting and internal bleeding.
Biohazard name: Marburg virus disease (MVD)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
17.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Portugal Atlantic Ocean – North, [Madeira Autonomous Region] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Portugal on Friday, 12 October, 2012 at 16:59 (04:59 PM) UTC.

Description
Eighteen people are confirmed to be suffering from dengue fever in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira and another 191 probably have the mosquito-borne disease which is also called “breakbone fever” because of the severe pain it can cause. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC.L) which monitors disease in the European Union, said the outbreak was “significant but not entirely unexpected” given that the most efficient carriers of the disease, mosquitoes known as Aedes aegypti, have an established presence in Madeira. “Portuguese public health authorities are implementing control measures to reduce the risk of sustained transmission locally, the export of infected vectors from the island, and to minimise the impact on the affected population,” it said. The ECDC said the risk for tourists visiting Madeira and for residents of the island would “depend on the course of the outbreak in the coming weeks and the effectiveness of the control measures.” It did not recommend any restrictions on travel or tourism to Madeira, but advised people to protect themselves adequately against mosquito bites, particularly during the day which is when dengue-carrying mosquitoes are most active.
Biohazard name: Dengue Fever
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms: The disease is a viral infection that can cause a range of symptoms, from mild flu-like illness to more serious illnesses including rashes and bone pain. Severe and potentially deadly forms develop in around 5 percent of patients.
Status: confirmed

Epidemic Hazard in Portugal on Friday, 12 October, 2012 at 16:59 (04:59 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Wednesday, 17 October, 2012 at 03:06 UTC
Description
The United Kingdom’s Health Protection Agency reported 18 confirmed cases of dengue fever on the Madeira archipelago in Portugal and 191 probable cases since early October. The reported cases mark the first time that the mosquito-borne viral infection has been reported in Madeira. Health authorities in Madeira are looking into the cases and are implementing prevention and control measures along with a public awareness campaign. “Dengue fever cannot be passed from person to person and infection occurs after being bitten by the Aedes mosquito carrying the virus,” Jane Jones, a travel-associated infection expert at the HPA, said. “To minimize the risk of being bitten it is advisable to wear appropriate clothing to cover up – such as long sleeve tops and trousers, and to use insect repellents.” Dengue can cause multiple clinical symptoms, including a mild flu-like illness. It can also cause more serious symptoms such as rash, bone pain and severe complications. “There is no specific preventive medicine or vaccination against dengue fever and prevention relies on avoiding mosquito bites particularly around dusk and dawn when the day biting mosquitoes are most active,” Dipti Patel, the joint director of the National Travel Health Network and Center, said. “Anyone who develops a fever or flu-like symptoms within two weeks of returning from a trip to Madeira should seek medical advice from NHS Direct or their GP.” Approximately 2.5 billion people worldwide are at risk of acquiring dengue fever, according to the World Health Organization.
17.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Zambia Central State, [Lukanga Swamps (Kapiri Mposhi district)] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Zambia on Friday, 12 October, 2012 at 15:30 (03:30 PM) UTC.

Description
The diarrhoeal disease which broke-out last week and has since claimed over 14 lives of fishermen in Lukanga Swamps in Kapiri Mposhi district has been confirmed to be cholera. Kapiri Mposhi District Medical Officer, Charles Mwinuna confirmed to ZANIS today that according to the second-round of tests conducted on the samples obtained from the patients admitted at Waya clinic in the area, the diarrheal disease was confirmed cholera. Over 20 patients are admitted to Waya clinic after experiencing severe diarrhoea and vomiting. Dr Mwinuna said officers from the District Health Management Team have since been dispatched to Lukanga Swamps and were treating people with cholera symptoms. He also said precautionary measures were being taken to ensure that the disease does not spread to other areas in the district. Dr Mwinuna said the health personnel dispatched to Lukanga Swamps are also conducting further tests and contact tracing of the origin of patients admitted to the clinic and were sensitizing the community on hygiene and providing chlorine to households to reduce the chances of spreading the diarrheal disease. Fourteen people have so far died of the disease which was earlier mistaken to be severe diarrhoea. The diarrhoea and vomiting disease broke out at Kaswende, Waya, Kabosha and Ngwenya fishing camps on Lukanga Swamps. The bodies of the deceased are being buried at a cholera designated graveyard in the area Meanwhile, a traditional leader has appealed to the Ministry of Health to open-up cholera Centres in all fishing camps to treat patients and reduce chances of further spreading the diarrheal disease. Headwoman Agnes Chimbuleni noted that the disease has claimed many lives in the area because of the distances patients had to cover to Waya clinic from the fishing camps for treatment.
Biohazard name: Cholera
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Climate Change

Scientists use tidal data to link frequency and intensity of storms to rises in temperature

view gallery VIEW GALLERY

Scientists have found support for the controversial idea that global warming is causing more frequent and destructive hurricanes, a subject that has been hotly debated during the past decade.

Data gathered from tide gauges, which monitor the rapid changes to sea levels caused by storm surges, show a significant link between both the frequency and intensity of tropical storms and increases in annual temperatures since the tidal records began in 1923.

The study found that during the 90-year period, when the average global temperature has increased by 0.7C, extreme hurricanes similar to Katrina, which devastated New Orleans in 2005, were nearly twice as likely in warmer years as colder years.

Although scientists were not able to prove that climate change is causing more large hurricanes, they believe the study is consistent with the predictions that global warming and warmer seas could bring about more intense tropical storms.

Hurricanes form when the sea’s surface temperature increases above 26C. However, they result from a chaotic interaction between the difference in sea and air temperatures, humidity and wind, so there is disagreement about how frequent they will become in a warmer world.

Studying the link between global warming and tropical storms has been hampered by the lack of data on hurricanes before the satellite age. Many hurricanes out at sea were missed before the first weather satellites were launched about 40 years ago.

However, a network of tide gauges around the south-east coast of the US has produced a reliable record of the rapid changes to sea level caused by storm surges resulting from tropical cyclones, said Aslak Grinsted of the Niels Bohr Institute at Copenhagen University.

“I found that there were monitoring stations along the eastern seaboard of the United States where they had recorded the daily tide levels all the way back to 1923. I have looked at every time there was a rapid change in sea level and I could see there was a close correlation between sudden changes in sea level and historical accounts of tropical storms,” Dr Grinsted said.

Once the correlation between storm surges and tropical storms was established, the researchers analysed global temperature records to compare the number of storm surges in warm years with the number observed in cold years.

“We simply counted how many extreme cyclones with storm surges there were in warm years compared with cold years and we could see that there was a tendency for more cyclones in warmer years,” Dr Grinsted said.

Storms of destruction: devastating weather

Wilma (2005)

The most intense Atlantic hurricane on record started in the Caribbean Sea near Jamaica, moving across the Gulf of Mexico to Cancun where it hit land with devastating consequences.

Katrina (2005)

The most costly hurricane in history caused damages of $85bn. The category-3 storm formed over the Bahamas crossed Florida and the Gulf of Mexico before striking New Orleans.

Gilbert (1988)

The second most intense hurricane observed in the Atlantic. It began to the east of Barbados before hitting Jamaica and the Gulf of Mexico. It raged for nine days, killing 433 people.

Dinosaur-era acoustics: Global warming may give oceans the ‘sound’ of the Cretaceous 

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX)


illustration only

Global temperatures directly affect the acidity of the ocean, which in turn changes the acoustical properties of sea water. New research suggests that global warming may give Earth’s oceans the same hi-fi sound qualities they had more than 100 million years ago, during the Age of the Dinosaurs.

The reason for this surprising communication upgrade is that whales vocalize in the low-frequency sound range, typically less than 200 hertz, and the new research predicts that by the year 2100, global warming will acidify saltwater sufficiently to make low-frequency sound near the ocean surface travel significantly farther than it currently does – perhaps twice as far.

Rhode Island acoustician David G. Browning, lead scientist on the research team, will present his findings at the 164th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA), held Oct. 22 – 26 in Kansas City, Missouri.

He explains the sea change this way: “We call it the Cretaceous acoustic effect, because ocean acidification forced by global warming appears to be leading us back to the similar ocean acoustic conditions as those that existed 110 million years ago, during the Age of Dinosaurs.”

Their work builds on the recent investigation by other researchers who analyzed historic levels of boron in seafloor sediments to reconstruct ocean acidity for the past 300 million years.

Using boron’s sound absorption traits and impact on low-frequency transmission, Browning and his colleagues were able to predict the soundscape of ancient oceans to conclude that 300 million years ago, during the Paleozoic, the low frequency sound transmission in the ocean was similar to conditions today.

They also found that transmission improved as the ocean became more acidic, reaching its best transmission value around 110 million years ago – allowing low frequency sound to travel twice as far.

“This knowledge is important in many ways,” notes Browning.

“It impacts the design and performance prediction of sonar systems. It affects estimation of low frequency ambient noise levels in the ocean. And it’s something we have to consider to improve our understanding of the sound environment of marine mammals and the effects of human activity on that environment.”

If further work validates this model, future SCUBA divers might hear in the oceans with the same clarity as the dinosaurs.

Related Links
American Institute of Physics
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

Tropical collapse caused by lethal heat

by Staff Writers
Leeds UK (SPX)


illustration only

Scientists have discovered why the ‘broken world’ following the worst extinction of all time lasted so long – it was simply too hot to survive.

The end-Permian mass extinction, which occurred around 250 million years ago in the pre-dinosaur era, wiped out nearly all the world’s species. Typically, a mass extinction is followed by a ‘dead zone’ during which new species are not seen for tens of thousands of years. In this case, the dead zone, during the Early Triassic period which followed, lasted for a perplexingly long period: five million years.

A study jointly led by the University of Leeds and China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), in collaboration with the University of Erlangen-Nurnburg (Germany), shows the cause of this lengthy devastation was a temperature rise to lethal levels in the tropics: around 50-60 degrees C on land, and 40 degrees C at the sea-surface.

Lead author Yadong Sun, who is based in Leeds while completing a joint PhD in geology, says: “Global warming has long been linked to the end-Permian mass extinction, but this study is the first to show extreme temperatures kept life from re-starting in Equatorial latitudes for millions of years.”

It is also the first study to show water temperatures close to the ocean’s surface can reach 40 degrees C – a near-lethal value at which marine life dies and photosynthesis stops. Until now, climate modellers have assumed sea-surface temperatures cannot surpass 30 degrees C. The findings may help us understand future climate change patterns.

The dead zone would have been a strange world – very wet in the tropics but with almost nothing growing. No forests grew, only shrubs and ferns. No fish or marine reptiles were to be found in the tropics, only shellfish, and virtually no land animals existed because their high metabolic rate made it impossible to deal with the extreme temperatures. Only the polar regions provided a refuge from the baking heat.

Before the end-Permian mass extinction the Earth had teemed with plants and animals including primitive reptiles and amphibians, and a wide variety of sea creatures including coral and sea lillies.

This broken world scenario was caused by a breakdown in global carbon cycling. In normal circumstances, plants help regulate temperature by absorbing Co2 and burying it as dead plant matter. Without plants, levels of Co2 can rise unchecked, which causes temperatures to increase.

The study, published [19 October 2012] in the journal Science, is the most detailed temperature record of this study period (252-247 million years ago) to date.

Sun and his colleagues collected data from 15,000 ancient conodonts (tiny teeth of extinct eel-like fishes) extracted from two tonnes of rocks from South China. Conodonts form a skeleton using oxygen.

The isotopes of oxygen in skeletons are temperature controlled, so by studying the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the conodonts he was able to detect temperature levels hundreds of millions of years ago.

Professor Paul Wignall from the School of Earth and Environment at the University of Leeds, one of the study’s co-authors, said: “Nobody has ever dared say that past climates attained these levels of heat.

Hopefully future global warming won’t get anywhere near temperatures of 250 million years ago, but if it does we have shown that it may take millions of years to recover.”

The study is the latest collaboration in a 20-year research partnership between the University of Leeds and China University of Geosciences in Wuhan. It was funded by the Chinese Science Foundation.

‘Lethally hot temperatures during the early Triassic greenhouse’ by Yadong Sun (University of Leeds and China University of Geosciences), Michael Joachimski (University Erlangen-Nurnberg, Germany), Paul B. Wignall (University of Leeds), Chunbo Yan (China University of Geosciences), Yanlong Chen (University of Graz, Austria), Haishui Jiang (China University of Geosciences, Lina Wang (China University of Geosciences) and Xulong Lai (China University of Geosciences) is published in Science on 19 October 2012.

Related Links
University of Leeds
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

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Solar Activity

Massive solar flare erupts from sun

Reported by

A large solar flare has burst forth from the sun, showcasing the awesome scale in the universe.

A gigantic solar flare, 100,000 miles across, has erupted from the sun, showcasing how truly great the scale of things can be in the universe. In comparison, the Earth only has a diameter of roughly 7926 miles.

Massive solar flare erupts from sun

An image of the solar flare. Earth would fit more than ten times along the length of the flare.

Solar flares are a massive energy release of the sun, sometimes up to a sixth of the sun’s total energy output, or 160,000,000,000 megatons of TNT, which can be seen as a sudden brightening in the sun and is often followed by a coronal mass ejection (CME), essentially a burst of solar material being flung out into the solar system.

These CMEs usually reach earth about one or two days later, and it is the earth’s interaction with these ionized particles which, together with regular solar winds, are the cause of auroras. If a solar flare is powerful enough though, they may cause damage, disturbing power grids and radio systems. A particularly disastrous solar flare may even permanently disable many electronic components, such as transformers, leading to widespread power outages.

Solar flares affect the entire solar system though; one hazard that would be encountered during a manned missions to Mars for example, would be the radiation emitted from solar winds, which the astronauts would somehow have to shield against during the entire flight.

2MIN News October 17. 2012

Published on Oct 17, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Record Temp: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/MediaDetail2.php?MediaID=1209&MediaTypeID=1
Reversals can happen quickly: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-extremely-reversal-geomagnetic-field-climate.html
Titan Surface Features: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-saturn-moon-titan.html
Antarctic Rift: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/pine-island-rift.html
Shakeout: http://community.fema.gov/connect.ti/readynpm/viewevent?cid=191601&eid=11…
Tropical Storms more Common: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-tropical-cyclones-frequently.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 18. 2012

Published on Oct 18, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Lake Michigan Low: http://www.weather.com/news/lake-michigan-levels-20121017
Sea Level Rise: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-sea-level-northeast-coast.html
Adaptation is the Answer?: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-late-global-emissions-scientists-policies.html
Uranus Weather: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-keck-weather-uranus-sharp-focus.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 19. 2012: F1 Layer at it Again

Published on Oct 19, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
UK Odd Weather: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19995084
NC Fish Deaths: http://www.newbernsj.com/news/local/massive-fish-kill-continues-in-the-neuse-…
Greek Protests: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/19/c_131916376.htm
Australian Cloud Seeding: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/permanent-cloud-seeding-gets-green-light/2…
Geoengineering Experiment: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/oct/15/pacific-iron-fertilisation-…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

Bright Light, Loud Boom May Have Been Meteor

Astronomy experts will be searching an area near Martinez Thursday as they hunt for remnants of Wednesday night’s meteor

By Lori Preuitt
|Watch NBC  Video  Here

The Bay Area was buzzing Wednesday night after a bright streak moved across the sky. It was accompanied by a loud boom.

This happened around 7:40 p.m.

Early bets said it was a meteor.  The Orionids meteor shower is happening right now, but experts told NBC Bay Area that Wednesday’s streak was not from Orion because the earth is shielding us from those meteors tonight.

Whatever it was, it caught the attention of hundreds, if not thousands of people.

NASA Ames astronomer Peter Jennikens helped us get the photo at the top of this article and below. Jennikens said he will be up all night researching where the meteor may have landed. He will be out early Thursday morning looking for remnants. He’s hoping to get more video from security cameras that might have been rolling when the meteor hit.

Beppy Tobeler told us on our Facebook page that she saw it from Dublin Security Storage. “It was so low and close I thought it was someone setting off fireworks,” Tobeler said. She said it sailed across the sky and broke up in several pieces.

Steve Siegel said he saw it from Sunnyvale. He described it as a super bright streak going north about 30 degrees into the sky. He said it lasted for 7 or 8 seconds.

 “I saw one giant, bright as close as a firework ball of light with long tail out visiting my parents in Forestville. One of the coolest things I’ve ever seen nothing at all like a shooting star,” Jessica Collins said on our Facebook page.

People at the Lick Observatory posted two raw clips of the what they said was a meteor breaking up over San Jose. It was taken by a security camera from the top of the observatory.

NASA posted on a science Website earlier this week that said this is the week to watch for the Orionid meteor shower caused by Halley’s Comet.

An article on NASA Science News said that every year in mid-to-late October, the Earth passes through a stream of dusty debris from Comet Halley. It promised sightings in the pre-dawn hours. Wednesday night’s streak was in the evening hours. Also, usually the meteor showers related to Hailey’s Comet are much smaller than what is being described.

NASA said that the highlight of the Orionid meteor shower is coming this weekend

“We expect to see about 25 meteors per hour when the shower peaks on Sunday morning, Oct 21st,” says Bill Cooke, the head of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office.

Read more about the Orionid meteor shower here.

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 18 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 19 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 21 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 23 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 24 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 24 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Earth Changes

An extremely brief reversal of the geomagnetic field, climate variability and a super volcano

An extremely brief reversal of the geomagnetic field, climate variability and a super volcano

41,000 years ago, a complete and rapid reversal of the geomagnetic field occured. Magnetic studies of the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences on sediment cores from the Black Sea show that during this period, during the last ice age, a compass at the Black Sea would have pointed to the south instead of north. Moreover, data obtained by the research team formed around GFZ researchers Dr. Norbert Nowaczyk and Prof. Helge Arz, together with additional data from other studies in the North Atlantic, the South Pacific and Hawaii, prove that this polarity reversal was a global event. Their results are published in the latest issue of the scientific journal “Earth and Planetary Science Letters“.

What is remarkable is the speed of the reversal: “The field geometry of reversed polarity, with field lines pointing into the opposite direction when compared to today’s configuration, lasted for only about 440 years, and it was associated with a field strength that was only one quarter of today’s field,” explains Norbert Nowaczyk. “The actual polarity changes lasted only 250 years. In terms of geological time scales, that is very fast.” During this period, the field was even weaker, with only 5% of today’s field strength. As a consequence, the Earth nearly completely lost its protection shield against hard cosmic rays, leading to a significantly increased radiation exposure.

This is documented by peaks of radioactive beryllium (10Be) in ice cores from this time, recovered from the Greenland ice sheet. 10Be as well as radioactive carbon (14C) is caused by the collision of high-energy protons from space with atoms of the atmosphere.

The Laschamp event

The polarity reversal now found with the magnetisation of Black Sea sediments has already been known for 45 years. It was first discovered after the analysis of the magnetisation of several lava flows near the village Laschamp near Clermont-Ferrand in the Massif Central, which differed significantly from today’s direction of the geomagnetic field. Since then, this geomagnetic feature is known as the ‘Laschamp event’. However, the data of the Massif Central represent only some point readings of the geomagnetic field during the last ice age, whereas the new data from the Black Sea give a complete image of geomagnetic field variability at a high temporal resolution.

Abrupt climate changes and a super volcano

Besides giving evidence for a geomagnetic field reversal 41,000 years ago, the geoscientists from Potsdam discovered numerous abrupt climate changes during the last ice age in the analysed cores from the Black Sea, as it was already known from the Greenland ice cores. This ultimately allowed a high precision synchronisation of the two data records from the Black Sea and Greenland. The largest volcanic eruption on the Northern hemisphere in the past 100 000 years, namely the eruption of the super volcano 39400 years ago in the area of today’s Phlegraean Fields near Naples, Italy, is also documented within the studied sediments from the Black Sea. The ashes of this eruption, during which about 350 cubic kilometers of rock and lava were ejected, were distributed over the entire eastern Mediterranean and up to central Russia. These three extreme scenarios, a short and fast reversal of the Earth’s magnetic field, short-term climate variability of the last ice age and the volcanic eruption in Italy, have been investigated for the first time in a single geological archive and placed in precise chronological order.

Our World is Changing: Looking Beyond ‘the 2012’

Published on Oct 16, 2012 by

DEDICATED
~October.15.2012~ You were a wonderful pet. I miss you already.

Information courtesy of NASA, NOAA, the US Library, the Goddard Space Flight Center, the Jet Propulsion Lab, the Environmental Visualization Laboratory, the NASA Earth Observatory, SDO, SOHO, Stereo, ISWA, SSEC, HAARP, and SolarIMG – Your information, images, and videos were essential to this video.

http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/images/ssn_recent2.gif
http://www.ips.gov.au/Solar/1/6
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/01apr_deepsolarmini…
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/30sep_blankyear/
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/solar-minima.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2003/29dec_magneticfield/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3359555.stm
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/09/0909_040909_earthmagfield.html
http://phys.org/news8917.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/05/magnetic-field-1.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/06/080630-earth-core.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/16dec_giantbreach/
http://news.discovery.com/earth/earth-magnetic-field-north-110304.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/30oct_ftes/
http://www.agu.org/news/press/pr_archives/2012/2012-19.shtml
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/multimedia/pia13763.html
http://phys.org/news/2011-08-giant-arrow-shaped-cloud-saturn-moon.html
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2011/19may_saturnstorm/
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/now_broadcasting_radio_jupiter-93369
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2010/20may_loststripe/
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/02mar_redjr/
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/media/cassini-062804.html
http://www.universetoday.com/93494/is-venus-rotation-slowing-down/
http://dvice.com/archives/2012/09/video-jupiter-t.php
http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/technology/2012/09/explosion-spotted-on-jupiter-a…
http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2009/15oct_ibex/
http://news.discovery.com/earth/earth-atmosphere-shrinking.html
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/special-reports/2011-spring-extremes/

STARWATER: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LiC-92YgZvQ
Electric Universe: google the Thunderbolts Project

NOAA Environmental Visualization Lab: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php
Thunderstorms = Ozone Holes & UV Radiation: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/337/6096/835.abstract
US Floods: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:USfloodmap8May2011.png
US Drought: You need no link.
2011 US Tornado Records: http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/2011_tornado_information.html
US Record Wildfires 2011: http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2012/08/record-wildfire-year
2011 Weather: http://earthsky.org/earth/a-look-back-at-summer-2011s-weather-extremes-and-di…
2011 Texas Fire Record: http://blog.chron.com/sciguy/2011/09/this-historic-texas-wildfire-season-has-…
2011/12 Bad Winter: http://www.Real-Science.com/images-from-the-winter-that-wasnt
2011/12 Winter– Europe Deaths: http://www.worldweatherpost.com/2012/02/03/europe-cold-wave-deaths-hit-200-lo… Europe Cold: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NWS-NOAA_Europe_Extreme_minimum_temperature…
Warm US Winter: http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2012/03/26/us-winter-2011-2012-fourth-warmest-…
Atmospheric Ions: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=electric%20currents%20atmosphe…

Noctilucent Clouds: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=12&month=07&year=2012 ; http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/aim/news/noctilucent-season2012.html ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirrus_cloud ; http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2012/07aug_meteorsmoke/

Hot Flow Anomaly: http://www.space.com/14796-venus-space-weather-explosions.html
Magnetic Reconnection: http://ia700500.us.archive.org/15/items/CIL-10110/reconnectionAng_512kb.mp4
More Quakes: http://www.thehorizonproject.com/earthquakes.cfm
Summer Ozone Holes over the US: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/07/120726-storms-ozone-hole-glob…
Pilot Mistakes Venus for Airplane: http://news.cnet.com/8301-17852_3-57415375-71/pilot-mistakes-venus-for-plane-…
Heavy Elements in CMEs: ftp://sohoftp.nascom.nasa.gov/pub/oldwww/explore/faq/cme.html#CME_COMPOS
CMEs cause Earth Ejections: http://pwg.gsfc.nasa.gov/istp/polar/coronal.html
Longwave Radiation Flow: http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/maproom/.Global/.Precipitation/Pentad_OLR.html

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

 

 

Massive fish kill continues in the Neuse River

Massive fish kill continues in the Neuse River

A massive fish kill on the Neuse River Tuesday washed up on the beach by Neuse Harbor. Mitch Blake, Neuse Riverkeeper, viewed the fish kill Tuesday afternoon, saying there were several hundred thousand washed up on the beach and in the river. For 21 days, mostly Atlantic menhaden have been dying over a large portion of the river from New Bern to Hancock Creek, Blake said.

Chuck Beckley/Sun Journal

By Eddie Fitzgerald, Sun Journal Staff
Published: Wednesday, October 17, 2012 at 15:35 PM.

A massive fish kill on the Neuse River that has been ongoing for nearly a month has resulted in thousands of menhaden washed up on beaches near Neuse Harbor.

Mitch Blake, Neuse Riverkeeper, viewed the area Tuesday afternoon, saying there were several hundred thousand dead fish washed up on the beach and in the river.

For 21 days, mostly Atlantic menhaden have been dying over a large portion of the river from New Bern to Hancock Creek, Blake said in an email.

Some of the dead menhaden have ulcers that National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration officials have identified as Aphanomyces invadans from six samples analyzed in Beaufort. Fish samples were taken from the Neuse River in an impaired region by the Neuse Riverkeeper Foundation at the first sign of menhaden showing problems, Blake said.

“Over the 21-day period fish have been reported dead from New Bern to Hancock Creek and include areas in Slocum, Beard, Goose, Upper Broad, Northwest and Duck Creek,” he said.

Very few other species have been reported dead during the fish kill, except for isolated spots around Bay Point, which also had red drum, striped bass and spot.

“At this time we continue to see large schools of Atlantic menhaden, some floating, some are sinking to the bottom upon death,” Blake said. “An accurate count has not been totaled due to the massive area but just (Tuesday) I counted areas that were over 500 yards in length with approximately 90 dead fish per foot. With numbers like this it could easily go into the millions. In these areas there are dead, decaying, and in some cases just bones to reveal the timeline and magnitude of the kill.”

Joe Freemon, who lives in Neuse Harbor, said that on Tuesday there was a solid belt of dead fish on the beach of the river that bordered his property.

“You could stand there and see lots of others floating on top of the water,” Freemon said. “It’s the biggest (fish kill) I’ve seen and I’ve been on the water here over 50 years. You could smell it a couple of hundred feet away. … It’s a bad situation and unfortunate. ”

Blake said experts have told him the fish kill may continue due to the complexity of the area and lack of funding to run the proper analyzing equipment.

“There have been issues with oxygen, phytoplankton, stratification, nitrogen, pollutants among others, so the exact cause of death in the areas listed, has been complex to say the least,” he said.

Blake said he has been talking to a lot of people in the scientific community about what is causing the fish to die.

“I’m trying to put together a team to analyze it better,” Blake said.

As a nonprofit and staff of three to cover the Neuse Basin, The Neuse Riverkeeper Foundation depends on community support and volunteers.

“I’ve been working diligently to get information to the scientific community, the translation that comes from that is very important to the communities and people along the Neuse,” Blake said. “I think these menhaden stocks are extremely important to the dynamics of the estuary and millions of dead fish adding to the nutrient load creates its own set of concerns. As a community we have to address the impacts we have on the basin and we deserve to know where these impacts are coming from.”

Jill Paxson, environmental senior specialist with the N.C. Division of Water Quality, said for the past three weeks her office has been inundated with calls about menhaden fish kills, and not only in the Neuse River. There has been large kills in the Pamlico Sound also, she said.

Paxson said menhaden have a tough time living in a fresh and salt water estuary like the Neuse River. Some of the tributaries are shallow and the water can cool or warm up fast, causing a strain for the fish, she said.

“It is a very difficult place if you are a fish,” she said.

Paxson said as a precaution people should not go in the water around the fish or let their pets in the water and should wash if they do come in contact with the fish or water.

People usually don’t eat menhaden. They are on the bottom of the food chain and are eaten by larger fish like tuna and sharks, Paxson said.

Eddie Fitzgerald can be reached at 252-635-5675 or at eddie.fitzgerald@newbernsj.com. Follow him on Twitter @staffwriter3.

 

 

Today Biological Hazard Vietnam Province of Dien Bien , Noong Luong Commune [Dien Bien District] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Vietnam on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 06:39 (06:39 AM) UTC.

Description
Cases of bird flu have been reported in Noong Luong Commune, Dien Bien District in the northern mountainous province of Dien Bien. Director of the provincial Department of Animal Health Cao Thi Tuyet Lan said bird flu outbreaks were discovered last Friday in two households in the commune’s Village 12, with nearly 720 livestock suffering from the disease. Three days later, local authority discovered nearly 400 other livestock infected with the H5N1 virus in Village 15. Since the outbreak, authorities have detected and culled more than 1,000 sick livestock in the commune. The province banned sick livestock from being transported, processed and traded out of the affected area, and closely supervised slaughter and trade in other districts and communes of the province. The provincial People’s Committee also quarantined the affected areas, and counted the number of livestock, especially ducks in Noong Luong Commune and Muong Thanh District, to ensure that a bird flu epidemic does not spread. The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development also gave guidance on carrying out preventive measures such as sterilisation of farms where infected poultry have been reported.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Biological Hazard USA State of Hawaii, Kahului [Kite Beach (Kaa Point)] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 03:07 (03:07 AM) UTC.

Description
Officials closed beaches around Kanaha Beach Park Thursday morning after a shark bit a stand-up paddle board around 7:30 a.m. off of an area known as “Kite Beach,” or Kaa Point. Stand-up paddle boarder David Peterson of Pukalani was not injured, officials said. The 55-year-old paddle board and surfboard shaper said he was standing on his board waiting for waves to come in and “all of a sudden (I get) knocked off my board. I didn’t see anything.” He said the shark had a hold of his board and would not let go of it, so Peterson hit the shark with his paddle as he was in the water. The shark let go but then came between him and the board and with his hands Peterson pushed the shark away and jumped back on his board. Peterson said he suffered some scrapes from getting back onto the damaged board. Otherwise, he wasn’t hurt. The shark is estimated to be 6 to 8 feet long. Staff officials said it is unknown what type of shark was involved. Shark warning signs were to be posted, according to the state Department of Land and Natural Resources.
Biohazard name: Shark attack (non-fatal)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
17.10.2012 Biological Hazard Nepal Bhaktapur District, Bode Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Nepal on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 07:41 (07:41 AM) UTC.

Description
Authorities in Bhaktapur’s Bode have culled more than 1500 chickens following a suspected outbreak of bird flu, health officials said. The outbreak of avian influenza initially killed 500 chickens out of 2000 at the poultry farm of a local Om Khadka. A meeting of health officials is underway at Bhaktapur to confirm whether the reported case is of bird flu.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

Biological Hazard in Nepal on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 07:41 (07:41 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Wednesday, 17 October, 2012 at 14:38 UTC
Description
Hundreds of birds have been culled in central Nepal following confirmation of a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak on a poultry farm. Animal health officials decided to cull all birds and destroy eggs suspected to be infected with a strain of H5N1 virus in Bhaktapur district, 15 km east of the capital Kathmandu. The Directorate of Animal Health killed 780 chickens at the poultry farm following the confirmation and around 150 crates of eggs and six sacks of feeds stored at the farm were also destroyed as part of preventive measures. Samples were sent to an animal health laboratory for examination after a sudden spurt in deaths at the farm. According to officials out of 2,500 chickens at the farm, 1,200 had already died of infection from the virus. “Surveillance will be intensified and veterinary officials deployed to monitor other poultry farms in the area,” said Dr Narayan Prasad Ghimire, a senior veterinary officer at Department of Animal Health. High alert was issued in and around Kathmandu to prevent the spreading of the virus.
Today Chemical Accident United Kingdom England, Bamber Bridge [Lancashire] Damage level Details

Chemical Accident in United Kingdom on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 11:08 (11:08 AM) UTC.

Description
A grenade left over from the second World War left 13 people needing hospital treatment in England. The casualties were exposed to toxic fumes after workmen disturbed the stockpile of phosphorous grenades left in the sealed-up cellar of a property in Bamber Bridge near Preston, Lancashire. It is thought one of the grenades, issued to members of the Home Guard during the war, was dislodged and cracked, Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service said. The devices, glass bottles about eight inches long, were intended to release a highly flammable mixture of phosphorus and benzene after being thrown, self-igniting on exposure to air. They were to be used by reservists against Nazi occupiers if Britain had fallen to German invasion, but had lain forgotten for almost 70 years in the sealed-off cellar of a former fire station, now used as a printing firm premises. A further six such devices were found in cellar space which had been bricked up for some years.

Firefighters were first called to reports of a fire at the premises of Sprint Print on Station Road in Bamber Bridge at 12.23pm yesterday. On arrival they established the smoke was in fact chemical fumes from what was thought to be a small container or bottle of acid in the cellar. Two drainage company employees investigating a report from the occupier of damp masonry are thought to have inadvertently dislodged one of the bottles in the stockpile, causing it to leak. They were exposed to the fumes and were injured along with three workers at Sprint Print. Of these five casualties, two suffered chemical burns and three experienced breathing problems. Two paramedics and six hospital staff at the Royal Preston Hospital – where the casualties had been taken – subsequently also complained of breathing difficulties. All 13 casualties responded well to treatment and have been allowed home. The cracked grenade was made safe and removed for disposal by an army disposal team and the rest of the stockpile will be disposed of in a controlled explosion, the fire service said.

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Articles of Interest

Today Power Outage USA State of Iowa, Sioux City Damage level Details

Power Outage in USA on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 02:58 (02:58 AM) UTC.

Description
Winds gusting up to 52 miles per hour and transformer fires were blamed for power outages Thursday that affected more than 2,000 homes and businesses in Sioux City. Service was restored to many of the homes within a few hours. The first outages were reported at 5:47 a.m. near 15th and Pierce streets. Outages caused by transformer fires were reported at 10:17 a.m. at 4105 Gordon Drive and about 12:30 p.m. at 2116 W. Third St. Officials at MidAmerican Energy Co. aren’t sure what caused the transformer fires but suspect the weather was a factor, company spokeswoman Tina Potthoff said. The company’s transmission system had been trouble-free before the powerful wind gusts arrived, she said. The top of a power pole exploded with a bang at Ultra No Touch Car Wash at 4105 Gordon Drive, said manager Brandon Swift. The flash was so intense, he thought something at the business had been struck by lighting.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.5   2012/10/15 17:52:21   14.150   -91.000 76.5  GUATEMALA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 17:23:57   19.369  -155.231 3.2  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 17:19:19   35.791  -118.504 3.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/15 16:35:37   -3.235   136.997 68.9  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/15 16:05:12  -10.843   113.701 19.5  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 14:00:37   19.704   -64.087 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 13:43:20   59.294  -149.786 25.4  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/15 13:33:35   19.767   -64.269 35.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  3.0 2012/10/15 12:44:38   38.815  -122.798 2.4  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 09:55:52   18.749   -64.811 51.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/10/15 07:49:03  -13.157   165.525 45.2  VANUATU
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 05:23:04   36.853  -121.315 7.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/15 04:02:15   44.389  -111.053 6.2  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.7 2012/10/15 03:45:21   44.395  -111.049 8.0  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 03:22:33   44.396  -111.072 15.6  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, IDAHO
MAP  2.8 2012/10/15 03:20:45   44.386  -111.050 7.1  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 03:06:13   44.376  -111.087 1.1  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, IDAHO
MAP  2.5 2012/10/15 03:05:44   44.404  -111.050 16.9  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  3.1 2012/10/15 02:54:52   44.394  -111.043 12.4  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  2.6 2012/10/15 02:52:58   44.377  -111.008 11.7  YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING
MAP  4.4 2012/10/15 02:46:42   19.203   -69.044 61.3  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.6   2012/10/15 01:19:03   51.912   159.446 21.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/15 00:05:38  -38.267   175.925 155.2  NORTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 23:07:59   25.159   101.940 10.0  YUNNAN, CHINA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 22:40:56   12.747   -88.783 66.5  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  2.8 2012/10/14 21:24:22   18.903   -64.984 9.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 19:36:52   55.648   161.750 83.0  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/14 19:34:54   17.965   -67.448 11.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/14 17:43:07   31.985  -115.065 22.7  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.0 2012/10/14 16:53:07   40.645  -125.272 23.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/14 16:30:09   40.712   74.099 10.0  KYRGYZSTAN
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 16:29:21   36.855  -121.315 7.7  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 16:25:53   -1.202   26.778 10.0  DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
MAP  5.0   2012/10/14 14:16:52   48.388   154.450 53.4  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  5.1   2012/10/14 13:18:53  -10.264   161.409 62.0  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  5.1   2012/10/14 13:17:29   36.167   69.240 53.7  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  3.4 2012/10/14 13:11:37   19.326   -65.651 77.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/14 12:14:41   42.778   142.552 35.4  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/14 11:59:41   63.475  -144.981 -5.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.6   2012/10/14 11:11:35   38.227   144.340 24.8  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.2   2012/10/14 11:09:35   48.373   154.440 35.3  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/10/14 10:50:17  -35.306   -73.933 20.4  OFF THE COAST OF MAULE, CHILE
MAP  5.4   2012/10/14 10:41:25   14.711   -92.393 83.2  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  5.3   2012/10/14 10:13:39   41.861   46.362 10.0  GEORGIA (SAK’ART’VELO)
MAP  4.4 2012/10/14 10:08:25   41.694   46.385 9.5  AZERBAIJAN
MAP  4.3 2012/10/14 09:58:27   60.105  -152.543 86.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.8   2012/10/14 09:41:59   48.304   154.532 35.5  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 09:27:32   35.678  -118.040 13.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/14 09:25:11   36.123   70.231 120.2  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  2.9 2012/10/14 09:16:24   61.176  -151.981 89.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/14 07:45:31   40.406  -125.224 3.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/14 07:28:37   33.386  -109.206 5.0  ARIZONA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 06:16:48   -2.586   142.288 25.4  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAP  5.9   2012/10/14 04:58:08   -7.191   156.064 60.9  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 03:42:26   4.550   125.156 42.7  KEPULAUAN SANGIHE, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/14 03:37:31  -34.620   -72.285 23.1  OFFSHORE LIBERTADOR O’HIGGINS, CHILE
MAP  2.6 2012/10/14 02:27:13   19.345  -155.497 8.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.8 2012/10/14 01:15:15   36.593  -117.379 10.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/14 01:02:40   -2.757   100.073 27.5  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 23:36:53   59.995  -141.110 5.8  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/13 23:07:52   -2.521   142.301 6.7  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAP  5.1   2012/10/13 22:36:31  -16.964  -174.438 47.4  TONGA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/13 21:34:36   19.722   -64.296 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 21:13:59   32.919  -117.907 8.3  GULF OF SANTA CATALINA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 20:51:44   47.723  -122.620 21.2  SEATTLE-TACOMA URBAN AREA, TONGA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/13 20:22:32   19.721   -64.171 36.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/13 20:12:49   62.010  -147.771 13.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/13 20:03:52   62.020  -150.248 53.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/13 18:44:12   41.744   46.342 17.4  AZERBAIJAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/13 17:59:08   36.678   71.143 202.9  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/13 17:52:51  -19.895  -173.949 25.6  TONGA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 17:11:13   59.429  -153.166 107.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 15:50:13   40.315  -124.468 7.5  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 15:31:43   40.312  -124.640 10.4  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 12:10:38   62.328  -151.457 11.7  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 11:35:37   51.636  -178.137 8.9  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 11:04:53   19.498  -155.800 11.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.1   2012/10/13 10:03:58  -11.059   162.767 38.1  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  2.9 2012/10/13 09:53:25   19.649   -64.199 29.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/13 09:45:58   52.425  -169.157 28.4  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/13 08:25:51   18.800   -65.573 43.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/10/13 08:25:46  -22.267   170.431 36.0  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  4.7   2012/10/13 07:08:42   37.561   95.763 30.3  NORTHERN QINGHAI, CHINA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 06:17:11   19.383  -155.246 3.6  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.3 2012/10/13 05:39:07   59.976  -141.042 0.0  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/13 04:03:09   34.971   -84.353 8.0  GEORGIA, USA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/13 03:13:27   61.723  -146.510 11.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/13 02:40:44   18.843  -155.162 9.2  HAWAII REGION, HAWAII
MAP  4.4 2012/10/13 01:24:54   16.808  -100.215 30.8  OFFSHORE GUERRERO, MEXICO

……………………………..

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 15, 2012 19:49:05 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

Indian Ocean Region
Date/Time (UTC) Message Location Magnitude Depth Status Details
12.10.2012 00:37 AM Tsunami Information Bulletin Aru Islands Region Indonesia 6.7 0 km Details
Original Bulletin
Tsunami Information Bulletin in Aru Islands Region Indonesia, Indian Ocean
000
WEIO23 PHEB 120037
TIBIOX

TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0037Z 12 OCT 2012

THIS BULLETIN IS FOR ALL AREAS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN.

... TSUNAMI INFORMATION BULLETIN ...

THIS MESSAGE IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY.

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES.  ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

 ORIGIN TIME -  0032Z 12 OCT 2012
 COORDINATES -   5.1 SOUTH  134.1 EAST
 LOCATION    -  ARU ISLANDS REGION  INDONESIA
 MAGNITUDE   -  6.7

EVALUATION

 A DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT DOES NOT EXIST BASED ON
 HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA.

 HOWEVER - THERE IS A VERY SMALL POSSIBILITY OF A LOCAL TSUNAMI
 THAT COULD AFFECT COASTS LOCATED USUALLY NO MORE THAN A HUNDRED
 KILOMETERS FROM THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER. AUTHORITIES IN THE
 REGION NEAR THE EPICENTER SHOULD BE MADE AWARE OF THIS
 POSSIBILITY.

THIS WILL BE THE ONLY BULLETIN ISSUED BY THE PACIFIC TSUNAMI
WARNING CENTER FOR THIS EVENT UNLESS ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
BECOMES AVAILABLE.

THE JAPAN METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY MAY ISSUE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
FOR THIS EVENT. IN THE CASE OF CONFLICTING INFORMATION...THE
MORE CONSERVATIVE INFORMATION SHOULD BE USED FOR SAFETY.

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Eruption continues at Paluweh; activity not specified

BY: VOLCANOBULLETIN

The CVGHM (or VSI) raised the Alert Level for Paluweh to ORANGE on 13 October based on ‘seismic and visual monitoring without specifying the activity; eruptive activity is most definitely on-going.

The Darwin VAAC has detected no ash plumes from Paluweh in the past 7 days.


Links / Sources:

Odd “Sombrero” Uplift Observed In Andean Mountains Due To Magma Chamber

Radar data from ERS-1, -2 and Envisat show a central uplift of about 10 mm per year near the Uturuncu volcano (dark red). The surrounding region shows a slower subsidence at a rate of about 2 mm per year (blue). Data were acquired 1992–2010. Scientists refer to the deformation pattern as the ‘sombrero uplift’. Credit: Y. Fialko, SIO/UCSD

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

Geophysicists at University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have identified a unique phenomenon in Altiplano-Puna plateau, located in the central Andes near the borders of Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Magma underneath the Earth’s crust is forcing the ground up in one spot, and at the same time sinking the ground around it. The result is something the researchers have described as the “sombrero uplift,” after the popular Mexican hat.

According to their report on the phenomenon, published in the journal Science, the two UC San Diego scientists recorded uplift in the crust that measured about 0.4 inches per year for 20 years across an area 62 miles wide; the surrounding area sunk at a lower rate—about eight-hundredths of an inch.

“It’s a subtle motion, pushing up little by little every day, but it’s this persistence that makes this uplift unusual. Most other magmatic systems that we know about show episodes of inflation and deflation,” said Yuri Fialko, a professor of geophysics at UCSD and Planetary Physics at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography.

Fialko and co-author Jill Pearse said the phenomenon was the result of a diapir, or a blob of magma, that rises to Earth’s crust like heated wax inside a lava lamp.

Using satellite data from European Remote Sensing (ERS) and Envisat missions, the geophysicists were able to study the uplift in great detail. In 2006, the team asked for the satellites to gather more data from their orbits over Altiplano-Puna.

“It was really important to have good data from different lines of sight, as this allowed us to estimate contributions from vertical and horizontal motion of Earth’s surface, and place crucial constraints on depth and mechanism of the inflation source,” Fialko said.

“Back in 2006, it looked like the satellites stopped acquiring data from the ascending orbits over the area of interest. Fortunately, ESA was very responsive to our requests, and generated an excellent dataset that made our study possible.”

“Satellite data and computer models allowed us to make the important link between what’s observed at the surface and what’s happening with the magma body at depth,” he added.

Fialko said the study’s findings could fuel future research around magmatic events, including the formation of large calderas. Although this diapir in the Altiplano-Puna plateau appears unlikely to cause such a phenomenon—the creation of large calderas, “supervolcanoes,” are highly destructive events that spew thousands of cubic kilometers of magma into the atmosphere. An event of this type would dwarf the Icelandic volcano eruption in 2011 that ejected large amounts of ash into the atmosphere and disrupted global air travel, Fialko said.

Diapirs have been known to exist before, but this new study is the first to recognize an active diapir currently rising through the crust. Fialko said a less prominent uplift phenomenon is taking place near Socorro, New Mexico.

The Altiplano-Puna plateau is a highly active area for magma and is part of a South American volcanic arc that extends along the northwest side of the continent. Experts have described the area as the largest known active magma body in Earth’s continental crust.

Source: Brett Smith for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online

redOrbit (http://s.tt/1pVLE)

Once Again Activity has been recorded at The Cerro Machin Volcano in Colombia

El nuevodia
According to the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Manizales, an earthquake measuring 2.6 on the Richter scale occurred yesterday at 11:54 am. The communique also points out that the incident “is associated with rock fracturing within the volcanic edifice.” The volcano-tectonic earthquake occurred to the southeast of the main dome at a depth of 12.33 kilometers (  approx. 8  miles). Although the movement was felt in the district Tapias, rural zone of Ibagué, Eduardo Rodríguez, director of the Departmental Committee for Risk Management, confirmed that no emergencies have been reported thus far. The Cerro Machin volcano alert remains yellow. There have been three earthquakes reported in the vicinity of the volcano within a week. On Sunday two separate  seismic occurrences were recorded at 9:32 and 9:35 pm with a magnitude of 4.6 and 3.9 on the Richter scale, respectively, located  southeast of  the main dome at a  depth of   12 kilometers ( approx. 7 miles).   The two municipalities which  experienced the tremors are Cajamarca and Ibague.

Translation Desert Rose

 Moscow Time

Вулкан Ключевской

Photo: RIA Novosti

The Klyuchevskoy volcano, the highest active volcano in Eurasia, has started erupting in Kamchatka, in the Russian Far East.

The luminescence over the volcano summit is evidence that glowing lava is flowing in the crater.

The volcano may start blowing out ash any moment now.

The Level of Concern Colour Code has been raised to Yellow, which is a potential danger warning for aircraft. The giant volcano last erupted from September 2009 to December 2010, and it began to again wake up in June this year. Klyuchevskoy volcano is 4,750 metres above sea.

Voice of Russia,TASS

Scientist warns of Fuji eruption chaos

By North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy

A Japanese scientist has warned Mount Fuji is due for a “big-scale explosive eruption” that could affect millions of people and cause billions of dollars worth of damage.

Last month a study found the magma chamber under the mountain has come under immense pressure, which could even trigger a volcanic eruption.

It said the added pressure could have been caused by last year’s earthquake, which was followed a few days later by another large tremor directly underneath Fuji.

Professor Toshitsugu Fujii, the head of Japan’s volcanic eruption prediction panel, says an eruption could cause chaos and carnage all the way to Tokyo.

“Mount Fuji has been resting for 300 years now, and this is abnormal,” he told Saturday AM.

“It usually erupts in some form every 30 years.

“So the next eruption could be a big-scale explosive eruption.”

Ever since last year’s massive 9.0-magnitude earthquake off Japan’s north-east, the country’s meteorological agency has been keeping a closer eye on Mount Fuji.

Of even greater concern to the agency was a magnitude-6.2 quake right under the volcano a few days after the big one.

“It’s known that when a large earthquake happens, it can trigger a nearby volcano to erupt,” Professor Fujii said.

“That’s what happened 300 years ago, when Fuji erupted just 40 days after a big quake.”

If there is a large eruption, the government fears it could cause more than $30 billion in damage to public health and agriculture.

Ash accumulations in some areas could be as high as 60 centimetres.

Even Tokyo, 100 kilometres to the north-east, could be coated in volcanic ash.

“Volcanic rocks will fall near the mountain,” Professor Fujii said.

“Tokyo will be covered in a few centimetres of ash. Yokohama will be under 10 centimetres.

“Trains will stop, planes won’t fly and crops will fail.

“Millions will be affected.”

For the hundreds of thousands who live in the shadow of Fuji, an eruption is a constant worry.

Haruo Tomitsuka, a professional photographer who lives by a lake on the east side of the mountain, has been taking photos of Fuji for nearly three decades.

“I’m worried about an eruption, but mostly I worry it will change the beautiful shape of the mountain,” he said.

But for now Fuji remains a sleeping giant, and everyone living in the shadow of the national symbol is hoping the volcano’s slumber will long continue.

12.10.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara, [Mount Rokatenda Volcano, Pulue Island] Damage level Details

Volcano Activity in Indonesia on Friday, 12 October, 2012 at 09:54 (09:54 AM) UTC.

Description
Hundreds of local residents have been forced to evacuate as hot ashes spewed by Mount Rokatenda in Pulue Island, Sikka, East Nusa Tenggara on Thursday. “Volcanic ashes have reached four villages: Nitunglea, Rokirole, Kesokoja and Lidi. Our team has distributed masks and medicine for the residents,” Sikka disaster management agency head Silvanus Tibo said on Friday. Rokatenda’s volcanic activities have increased since Oct. 1, records show that there have been more than 50 volcanic earthquakes and 15 local tectonic earthquakes coupled with flames. The volcano’s last eruption was on March 23, 1985, with volcanic ashes reaching two kilometers above the mountain’s peak. Rokatenda also erupted during the period of Aug. 4 to Sept.25 1928. Nearly 6,000 people are currently living in four villages surrounding Mount Rokatenda.
Today Volcano Eruption Russia [Asia] Kamchatka Peninsula, [Klyuchevskaya Sopka Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 12:23 (12:23 PM) UTC.

Description
The highest active volcano in Eurasia, Klyuchevskaya Sopka has started to erupt, officials with the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said. On the night of October 15, there was light seen over the summit of the volcano indicating a blowout of lava in its crater, Vesti.ru reports. Experts believe the release of ash to the height of 6 feet above sea level may start any moment. Lava flows on the slopes of the volcano are also expected. Yellow aviation color code has been assigned to the volcano to warn about the potential danger that the volcanic ash and gases may pose to aircraft engines. Nothing has been said about the possible threat to human settlements. The nearest settlement is 30 kilometers far from Klyuchevskaya Sopka. The last eruption of Klyuchevskaya Sopka took place from September 2009 to December 2010. In June this year, the giant began to wake up again.

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  • Staff writers and wires
  • From: News Limited Network
Spring Snow at Falls Creek

Making the most of the snow fun at Falls Creek in Victoria is Romy Jackson 3, with her Teddy Bear ‘PJ’. . Picture: Chris Hocking Herald Sun

SNOW has fallen across New South Wales and the ACT as a cold snap hits the region.

The unseasonal weather saw residents in areas including the Blue Mountains and southern tablelands waking up to snow on Friday.

There is also snow around Canberra, following the coldest October day there in more than 40 years. There was a maximum temperature of 8C in the Canberra area on Thursday, 11 degrees below the October average and the coldest since 1967.

Overnight snow fell in the hills between Canberra and Bungendore and in areas around Goulburn and Crookwell to the north.

The Bureau of Meteorology said many areas could see snow, frost and hail as the result of a low pressure system moving across NSW.

“We’ve had quite a few reports of snow. We’re expecting snow down to 700m over many parts of the state,” said meteorologist Julie Evans.

There has been 2.5cm of snow on the ground reported at Nerriga, in the southern tablelands. In the Blue Mountains, snow has been falling between Blackheath and Katoomba.

Sussex Inlet on the south coast experienced a thunderstorm about 4am on Friday, with “extensive small hail” falling, Ms Evans said.

“We do get this late season snow but it doesn’t happen very often,” she added.

“The last time was in 2008 when we saw snow in the Snowy Mountains and central tablelands in November.”

In some areas, the temperatures will struggle to reach double figures on Friday, with central western Orange seeing a high of 9C. On Saturday, temperatures will dip below zero with Walcha, in the state’s north, due to get a low of -4C.

The low pressure was expected to affect Sydney in the form of heavy rain on Friday, along with a “sharp increase in wind”, Ms Evans said.

Coastal areas will bear the brunt and surfing conditions were described by the meteorologist as dangerous.

On Saturday there is likely to be extensive frost up and down the tablelands but temperatures are set to improve across the state as the weekend progresses.

Ausgrid has warned residents in Sydney, the Central Coast and Hunter Valley to beware of powerlines that may have fallen as a result of the bad weather.

Ulladulla on the NSW south coast was hit by strong winds and rainfall.

The town saw 225mm of rain fall in less than 24 hours and there were gusts of 47 knots on Friday morning, approaching 90km an hour.

South of the town, heavy storms led to even higher falls, with 288mm at Burrill Lake in the same period.

In Sydney, large swells caused the cancellation of ferries between Manly and Circular Quay.

The Great Western Highway has been closed in both directions at Wentworth Falls due to heavy snow and black ice.

The cold front  had already swept through South Australia, causing unseasonal snow flurries around Adelaide and trapping a schoolgroup who were hiking in Victoria.

In Queensland, there also have been reports of sleet hitting part of the state’s southeast.

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Storms / Flooding / Tornadoes

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Prapiroon (22W) Pacific Ocean 08.10.2012 15.10.2012 Typhoon II 240 ° 139 km/h 167 km/h 2.74 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Prapiroon (22W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000
Start up: 08th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 430.67 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
08th Oct 2012 05:04:27 N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000 9 83 102 Tropical Storm 270 15 JTWC
08th Oct 2012 11:07:36 N 18° 0.000, E 135° 6.000 11 93 120 Tropical Storm 280 16 JTWC
08th Oct 2012 16:15:09 N 18° 18.000, E 134° 12.000 17 102 130 Tropical Storm 290 1155 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 05:29:14 N 17° 42.000, E 132° 36.000 9 120 148 Typhoon I. 260 15 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 10:49:25 N 17° 30.000, E 132° 6.000 9 120 148 Typhoon I. 245 15 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 15:14:10 N 18° 0.000, E 131° 48.000 7 130 157 Typhoon I. 300 9 JTWC
10th Oct 2012 05:20:41 N 18° 24.000, E 130° 54.000 9 157 194 Typhoon II. 295 15 JTWC
10th Oct 2012 16:31:28 N 18° 54.000, E 129° 48.000 13 167 204 Typhoon II. 295 17 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 05:19:36 N 19° 12.000, E 128° 48.000 11 167 204 Typhoon II. 290 16 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 10:17:17 N 19° 30.000, E 128° 30.000 7 176 213 Typhoon II. 315 11 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 16:18:03 N 19° 18.000, E 128° 30.000 0 176 213 Typhoon II. 0 15 JTWC
12th Oct 2012 05:08:38 N 19° 48.000, E 128° 42.000 6 185 232 Typhoon III. 45 9 JTWC
12th Oct 2012 17:03:46 N 20° 12.000, E 129° 18.000 7 167 204 Typhoon II. 60 14 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 06:20:18 N 20° 48.000, E 129° 54.000 6 148 185 Typhoon I. 45 11 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 17:33:17 N 21° 42.000, E 130° 36.000 9 139 167 Typhoon I. 35 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 06:47:02 N 22° 12.000, E 130° 36.000 6 120 148 Typhoon I. 15 9 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 17:17:10 N 22° 42.000, E 131° 18.000 6 120 148 Typhoon I. 55 13 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 15:22:11 N 22° 24.000, E 131° 6.000 4 139 167 Typhoon II 240 ° 9 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 25° 24.000, E 131° 18.000 Typhoon II 139 167 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 30.000, E 130° 54.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 24.000, E 133° 24.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 30° 12.000, E 137° 36.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 33° 54.000, E 143° 24.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
Anais (01S) Indian Ocean 12.10.2012 15.10.2012 Cyclone IV 220 ° 185 km/h 232 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Anais (01S)
Area: Indian Ocean
Start up location: S 7° 54.000, E 71° 0.000
Start up: 12th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 518.09 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Oct 2012 17:05:45 S 7° 54.000, E 71° 0.000 11 65 83 Tropical Storm 241 16 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 06:22:52 S 8° 54.000, E 70° 6.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 225 11 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 17:34:12 S 10° 0.000, E 68° 30.000 17 120 148 Cyclone I. 245 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 06:49:22 S 10° 54.000, E 66° 54.000 20 157 194 Cyclone II. 250 11 JTWC
14th Oct 2012 17:19:20 S 11° 24.000, E 65° 54.000 9 194 241 Cyclone III. 235 15 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:55:10 S 12° 24.000, E 64° 54.000 11 185 232 Cyclone IV 220 ° 12 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 15° 0.000, E 59° 18.000 Cyclone III 167 204 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 S 14° 12.000, E 61° 6.000 Cyclone IV 204 250 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 16° 12.000, E 56° 48.000 Cyclone II 139 167 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 17° 42.000, E 54° 18.000 Cyclone I 102 130 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 S 19° 24.000, E 52° 54.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
Rafael (AL17) Carib Sea 13.10.2012 15.10.2012 Hurricane I 335 ° 111 km/h 139 km/h 3.35 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Rafael (AL17)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 15° 24.000, W 63° 24.000
Start up: 13th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 437.98 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
13th Oct 2012 06:11:55 N 15° 24.000, W 63° 24.000 17 65 83 Tropical Storm 325 10 1007 MB NOAA NHC
13th Oct 2012 17:26:58 N 15° 54.000, W 64° 6.000 15 676 83 Hurricane V. 330 16 1006 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 06:41:30 N 18° 24.000, W 63° 36.000 22 83 102 Tropical Storm 355 17 1004 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 17:22:25 N 20° 0.000, W 64° 6.000 19 93 111 Tropical Storm 335 11 997 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:51:33 N 22° 30.000, W 65° 18.000 17 111 139 Hurricane I 335 ° 11 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 30.000, W 65° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 48.000, W 65° 54.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
17th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 31° 30.000, W 62° 36.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
18th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 55° 0.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
19th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 48° 0.000, W 39° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
20th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 49° 0.000, W 26° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
Paul (EP16) Pacific Ocean – East 14.10.2012 15.10.2012 Hurricane I 10 ° 120 km/h 148 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Paul (EP16)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 14° 12.000, W 114° 6.000
Start up: 14th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 136.48 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
14th Oct 2012 06:42:57 N 14° 12.000, W 114° 6.000 20 83 102 Tropical Storm 270 10 1001 MB NOAA NHC
14th Oct 2012 17:25:26 N 14° 48.000, W 115° 6.000 15 83 102 Tropical Storm 300 12 1001 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 10:51:05 N 16° 12.000, W 114° 54.000 11 120 148 Hurricane I 10 ° 16 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 22° 6.000, W 114° 12.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 36.000, W 114° 42.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
17th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 12.000, W 114° 12.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
18th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 0.000, W 117° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
19th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 29° 30.000, W 122° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
Maria (23W) Pacific Ocean 14.10.2012 15.10.2012 Typhoon I 350 ° 93 km/h 120 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Maria (23W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000
Start up: 14th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 119.07 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
14th Oct 2012 17:15:13 N 17° 48.000, E 142° 24.000 19 65 83 Tropical Storm 290 10 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
15th Oct 2012 15:21:40 N 22° 42.000, E 141° 6.000 33 93 120 Typhoon I 350 ° 15 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
16th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 30.000, E 140° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
16th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 27° 18.000, E 141° 36.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
17th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 32° 6.000, E 146° 42.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
18th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 35° 48.000, E 154° 6.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
19th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 37° 24.000, E 164° 24.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC

…………………………………..

19 killed, 1,500 fishermen missing in Bangladesh storm

by Staff Writers
Dhaka (AFP)

At least 19 people were killed and an estimated 1,500 fishermen are missing after tropical storms smashed into Bangladesh’s southern coastal islands and districts early Thursday, police said.

Police said at least 1,500 mud, tin and straw-built houses were also levelled in the storms that swept Bhola, Hatiya and Sandwip Islands and half a dozen coastal districts after Wednesday midnight.

At the worst-hit island of Hatiya, at least seven people were killed after they were buried under their houses or hit by fallen trees, said local police chief Moktar Hossain. More than 1,000 houses were flattened.

“More than 100 fishing trawlers, each carrying at least 10 fishermen, have been missing since the storm,” he told AFP, calling it one of the most powerful in decades.

Many fishermen are expected to have taken shelter in other remote islands in the Bay of Bengal or in the neighbouring Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest.

In the past, many fishermen thought to be missing from storms returned home to coastal villages a week or two later.

Four people were killed in Bhola, three each in Sandwip and Companyganj and two at Char Jabbar, police said.

The police chief of Bhola district, Bashir Ahmed, told AFP more than 500 fishermen were missing from the country’s largest island and at least 500 mud and straw-built houses were levelled by the sudden storm.

Bangladesh’s weather office forecast heavy rain in the coastal region and advised fishermen to take care near the shore, but there was no major storm warning.

“We only got the warning signal number three. But the storm was so powerful, the weather office should have hoisted the signal number seven or eight,” said Ahmed, referring to the intensity of the storm on a scale of ten.

“It caught the fishermen and coastal people by surprise. Till now we haven’t had any reports from the missing fishermen,” he said, adding the authorities had sent relief to thousands of affected people.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

13.10.2012 Flood Philippines Government of South Cotabato, [Communities in Lake Sebu] Damage level Details

Flood in Philippines on Saturday, 13 October, 2012 at 09:21 (09:21 AM) UTC.

Description
The provincial government of South Cotabato has ordered the evacuation of around 600 residents from three upland communities in Lake Sebu town following a series of landslides in the area since last week. Lawyer Hilario de Pedro III, acting Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (PDRRMO) chief, said Friday they decided to evacuate residents from sitios Bentung, Lemuti and Tokobokong in Barangay Lamlahak, Lake Sebu to avert a possible tragedy due to the threats of landslides in the area. He said the three communities are considered as high-risk or in a danger zone due to the “multiple landslides” that occurred in the area since September 28. A PDRRMO report cited that the landslides initially displaced 109 families in the area.
It said the incident was caused by almost a week of continuous rains that eventually triggered several ridges of the area’s barren mountain slopes to give in. “(The rains) generated earth cracks which caused the soil descent,” de Pedro said. John Lorca, PDRRMO’s disaster operations chief, said 25 families were also affected in another landslide that occurred in the area earlier this week. He said two houses were destroyed in the incident, which was caused anew by the heavy rains in the area. Lorca said that three to four hectares of the area’s mountains were deemed highly vulnerable to landslides due to the presence of ground cracks. De Pedro, who is also the acting provincial administrator, said 155 families or a total of 620 individuals have been evacuated from the affected communities. He said the provincial government initially delivered food and other relief items to the evacuees, who are currently taking temporary shelter at the village center in Lamlahak. The official said they initially requested the Department of Environment and Natural Resources’ Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) to conduct an assessment of the affected areas and determine whether it’s still safe for the residents to return there.

……………………..

Today Tornado USA State of Mississippi, Wren [Monroe County] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:47 (02:47 PM) UTC.

Description
Significant damage from a possible tornado has been reported in Monroe County in northeast Mississippi. Law enforcement reported the roof of a home was removed with numerous trees downed about three miles south southeast of the town of Wren at around 7:04 p.m. Sunday. The National Weather Service issued a tornado warning for northern Monroe County from 6:52 p.m. to 7:30 p.m., indicating that a rotating severe storm was located near Wren and or seven miles northwest of Aberdeen, moving east at 25 mph. Luckily, there have not been any reports of injuries. The severe storm was associated with a cold front that was moving across the state. Mississippi is approaching what is considered the state’s second severe weather season in the late fall. The month of November is historically the second most active month for tornadoes behind April. The state observes Severe Weather Awareness Day on Oct. 24. Statewide tornado drills will also be conducted.
Today Tornado USA State of Kentucky, Mayfield Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 11:32 (11:32 AM) UTC.

Description
Forecasters say strong winds spun up a small tornado in Mayfield. Only one injury was reported after the storm on Sunday, but property damage included the scoreboard toppled at War Memorial Stadium. Graves County Sheriff Dewayne Redmon said Lions Club Park was heavily damaged. National Weather Service meteorologist Rick Shanklin said an EF-1 tornado struck near the Mills Manor nursing home with winds of 105 mph. No residents of the home were hurt, but cars were moved about in the parking lot and car windows blew out. Graves County Emergency Management Director Jamey Locke said at least two businesses and about a dozen homes were damaged. A homeowner was injured when the storm blew the roof of another building into his house.
Today Tornado USA State of Texas, Lexington [Lee County] Damage level Details

Tornado in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 03:15 (03:15 AM) UTC.

Description
A small tornado damaged a farm in Lexington, about 70 miles east of Austin in Lee County. Cecil and Darene Rexroat’s home in lexington was hit hard Saturday night. “It was like a bomb went off,” said home owner Darene Rexroat. The damage is easy to see. The tin on the roof crumpled like paper. Limbs of a centuries old tree broken off and thrown around the yard. Glass shattered and scattered inside. “About 6:45, apparently, there was a tornado that came through here. We weren’t at home,” said Darene Rexroat. Dispatchers at the Lee County Sheiff’s Office said the tornado was small, and quickly disappated after touching the ground. The Rexroat home took most of the damage. “It was scary. It was scary not knowing what, what was damaged or how damaged or anything like that because we couldn’t get in because the electrical line was laying on the ground so we didn’t go anywhere near it,” said Darene. Rexroat says professionals will come look at the house monday. In the mean time, she and her husband will be hard at work. A task that will be made a little easier with the company of friends and neighbors. Helping the Rexroat’s find serenity and peace among the destruction.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

Today Epidemic Hazard Myanmar (Burma) Sagaing Division, Tamu Town [India-Myanmar Borderline] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Myanmar (Burma) on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:19 (02:19 PM) UTC.

Description
An unkown disease showing symptoms of fever is now fast spreading in Tamu town, neighbouring Moreh on the Indo-Myanmar border. The disease is suspected to be dengue. An official of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Society, however, maintained that they have received reports about outbreak of an unknown disease showing symptoms of fever but no definite information about the particular disease has been received so far.
Biohazard name: Unknown fever illness (Susp. Dengue)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 12. 2012

Published on Oct 12, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Spring Snow Kills Livestock: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/snow-causes-livestock-deaths/22654
Late Cold Down South: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/snow-causes-havoc-across-eastern-australia…
RadNet: http://radiationnetwork.com/USA.JPG

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]
Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

2MIN News October 13. 2012

 

Published on Oct 13, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Public Opinion Sways: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/angelafritz/comment.html?entrynum=28
Sept US Climate Report: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/news/ncdc-releases-september-2012-us-monthly-climate…
Nigeria Floods: http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2012/10/12/266191/floodhit-nigeria-declares-ntl-…
Gulf Stream Deviation: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121012122648.htm
Atlanta Wave Clouds: http://www.weather.com/news/wave-clouds-atlanta-20121012
Trolls: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-trolls-criminals-britain-social-media.html
Change in NE Trade Winds: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-documented-decrease-frequency-hawaii-northeast.html
New Arctic Ice High: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-antarctic-sea-ice-high.html
LA Tornado: http://www.myfoxla.com/video?clipId=7834247&autostart=true
Oceanic Acidity: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-oceans-acidity-threat-shellfish-humans.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

3MIN News October 14. 2012

 

Published on Oct 14, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Glaciers Cracking: http://www.iop.org/news/12/oct/page_58615.html
Record NE Lows: http://www.weather.com/news/daily-weather-extra-20121008
Soyuz: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-soyuz-rocket-galileo-satellites.html
Chinese Launch: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/14/c_131905260_4.htm

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

 

3MIN News October 15. 2012

 

Published on Oct 15, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Starwater on the Moon: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-solar-particles-source-lunar-soils.html
Agenda 21 Article: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/15/us-usa-campaign-teaparty-agenda-idU…
Satellite Falls from Orbit: http://space.brevardtimes.com/2012/10/satellite-falls-out-of-orbit-due-to.html
SpaceRef: http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42332

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 


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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 0 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 3 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 21 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 22 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 23 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 25 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings /  Sounds

Wellington ‘hum’ becomes nationwide obsession

Wellington ‘hum’ becomes nationwide obsession

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks had surrounded the city

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks had surrounded the city

By Lloyd Burr

News of the ‘Wellington hum’ has reverberated across the country with the local council inundated with calls on theories about the phenomenon.

The Wellington City Council says calls have flooded in since the noise was first reported in parts of the city three days ago.

The cause of the noise is still unknown but council spokesperson Clayton Anderson says there are several theories floating around.

“We’ve had around 20 phone calls and got around a dozen emails from around New Zealand from people speculating what it is,” he says.

One theory is that the Wellington sewerage pump station is reverberating through the pipes into people’s house.

Another caller said the work being carried out on the Mt Victoria Tunnel ventilation shaft could be producing a low-pitched hum.

The most bizarre theory was from a man convinced Daleks – fictional mutant aliens from the TV series Doctor Who – had surrounded the city.

But Daleks or not, it appears the noise is spreading with the council receiving its first call from a resident in Berhampore last night.

It takes the total to around 20 noise complaints from Mt Victoria, Mt Cook, Newtown, Berhampore and Karori.

“We’ve put the word out to our business units about what could potentially be making that noise and they’ve all come back saying it’s not us,” says Mr Anderson.

He says the council will continue to go out and monitor noise complaints.

3 News

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Environmental Pollution

Today Biological Hazard Nepal Bhaktapur District, Bode Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Nepal on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 07:41 (07:41 AM) UTC.

Description
Authorities in Bhaktapur’s Bode have culled more than 1500 chickens following a suspected outbreak of bird flu, health officials said. The outbreak of avian influenza initially killed 500 chickens out of 2000 at the poultry farm of a local Om Khadka. A meeting of health officials is underway at Bhaktapur to confirm whether the reported case is of bird flu.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Environment Pollution USA Gulf of Mexico, [Location of Deepwater Horizon disaster] Damage level Details

Environment Pollution in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
The Federal On-Scene Coordinator for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in New Orleans issued a Notice of Federal Interest to BP and Transocean Tuesday. Coast Guard Capt. Duke Walker issued the NOFI following sample results from an oil sheen located in the vicinity of where the Deepwater Horizon drill rig exploded and sank more than two years ago. The sheen was first reported to the National Response Center Sept. 16 by BP based on satellite images from the 9th and 14th overpasses in the Mississippi Canyon, block 252, approximately 50 miles off the coast of Louisiana. The sheen is not feasible to recover and does not pose a risk to the shoreline. The Coast Guard, in concert with BP and NOAA, has conducted regular assessments of the sheen by aircraft and boat since its discovery. The observed sheen size has varied over time depending upon the conditions present. Samples of the sheen were taken by Coast Guard Marine Safety Unit Morgan City Sept. 26 and sent to the Coast Guard Marine Safety Lab in New London, Conn. The Marine Safety Laboratory results indicate the sheen correlates to oil that originated from BP’s Macondo Well. The exact source of the sheen is uncertain at this time but could be residual oil associated with wreckage and/or debris left on the seabed from the Deepwater Horizon incident in 2010. The NOFI effectively informs BP and Transocean that the Coast Guard matched the sheen samples to the Deepwater Horizon spill or sunken drilling debris and that either party or both may be held accountable for any cost associated with further assessments or operations related to this sheen. The Gulf Coast Incident Management Team remains committed to the continued cleanup of the Gulf Coast and all shorelines affected as a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion. The FOSC is determined to continue response activities to remove all oil where it is technologically feasible, environmentally beneficial and safe for workers to perform recovery operations.

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Articles of Interest

Today Power Outage USA State of Michigan, [METRO Detroit region] Damage level Details

Power Outage in USA on Monday, 15 October, 2012 at 14:31 (02:31 PM) UTC.

Description
About 18,000 DTE Energy customers are without power after high winds blasted through southeast Michigan overnight. The outages include 7,000 customers without power in Wayne County, with the rest scattered throughout Macomb, Oakland and Washtenaw counties, DTE spokesman Scott Simons said this morning. “They should be back by sometime today,” Simons said. “It was high winds: gusts up to 45 miles per hour.” DTE provides electric power to 2.1 million customers throughout southeast Michigan. The power outage closed Detroit Public Schools’ Thirkell Elementary, 7724 14th Street, for the day today. National Weather Service meteorologist Mike Richter said today that the highest winds blew through between 8 p.m. and midnight Sunday. High gusts at 44 m.p.h. were clocked at Detroit Metro Airport at 9:52 p.m. Sunday and City Airport 10:42 p.m. “It was a really strong cold front that moved through, so we had a good burst of wind,” Richter said this morning from the agency’s White Lake Township office. “We’re going to have gusts about 25 m.p.h through most of the day today — considerably cooler today. It’s not going to get much warmer than what it is now.” Today’s high temperature is expected to reach 53 degrees, with a 30% chance of light showers across the region, he said. Temperatures will start to climb again on Tuesday, with a high of 60 degrees and a high of 70 degrees expected on Wednesday. Another front arrives with chances of rain Wednesday night and into Thursday, Richter said. Temperatures will drop again to highs around 60 on Thursday, then down to highs in the mid-50s for the weekend. “It’s going to be a little bit of a roller coaster ride,” Richter said.

……………………….

Scientists Uncover Diversion of Gulf Stream Path in Late 2011

by Staff Writers
Cape Cod, MA (SPX)


illustration only

At a meeting with New England commercial fishermen last December, physical oceanographers Glen Gawarkiewicz and Al Plueddemann from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) were alerted by three fishermen about unusually high surface water temperatures and strong currents on the outer continental shelf south of New England.

“I promised them I would look into why that was happening,” Gawarkiewicz says.

The result of his investigation was a discovery that the Gulf Stream diverged well to the north of its normal path beginning in late October 2011, causing the warmer-than-usual ocean temperatures along the New England continental shelf.

The researchers’ findings, “Direct interaction between the Gulf Stream and the shelfbreak south of New England,” were published in the August 2012 issue of the journal Scientific Reports.

To begin to unravel the mystery, Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues assembled data from a variety of sources and recreated a record of the Gulf Stream path during the fall of 2011.

First, they tapped into data collected by a program called eMOLT, a non-profit collaboration of fishing industry, research, academic and government entities, run by James Manning of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center. For more than a decade the program has recorded near-bottom ocean temperatures by distributing temperature probes to lobstermen.

Manning and scientists from WHOI, including Robert Todd and Magdalena Andres, analyzed a time series of temperatures from two eMOLT sites, OC01 and TA51, which were located over the outer continental shelf near the shelfbreak, and identified two events when temperatures suddenly increased by 6.2 and 6.7 degrees C, respectively, to highs of more than 18 degrees C.

“These are very dramatic events for the outer continental shelf, at least 2 degrees C warmer than we’ve seen since 2001,” says Gawarkiewicz. “Near-bottom temperatures of 18 degrees C on the outer shelf are extremely high for late autumn.” The maximum recorded temperature in December 2011 was the warmest bottom temperature recorded in 6 years of records at the OC01 site.

In typical years, the warm Gulf Stream waters only indirectly influence ocean currents and temperatures near the continental shelfbreak south of New England when eddies, called warm core rings, pinch off from the Gulf Stream and drift toward the outer continental shelf. Such rings normally drift past a site after a few weeks, and therefore cause only limited warming of the water on the outer shelf.

Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues collected additional data on water temperature and salinity from December 4, 2011 through January 4, 2012, from instruments on temporary test moorings placed 12 km south of the shelfbreak by the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). The researchers compared those salinity measurements to historical data, and discovered that high salinity levels – consistent with the salinity of waters carried by the Gulf Stream – coincided with the warming periods.

The extent and duration of the two 2011 warming events combined with the high salinity observed by the researchers suggested the cause was not a transient warm core ring, but the Gulf Stream itself that carried warm, salty water to the outer shelf.

To solidify that finding, Gawarkiewicz received serendipitous help from students in the Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) program at Cape Fear Community College in Wilmington, NC, who had deployed a surface drifter during the period coinciding with the two warming events. Drifters use satellites to transmit their positions roughly every six hours, key information for the WHOI scientists, who analyzed the drifter tracks and speeds.

“Drifters around the edges of warm core rings drift toward the continental shelf at about 1 knot,” Gawarkiewicz says. “But we saw the drifter cut across the slope towards the shelf at about 2.5 knots. It only took it eight days to travel from Cape Fear, North Carolina, to a point 40 miles south of Georges Bank, a total distance of 580 miles.”

The periods of high speeds for the drifters coincided with the records for high temperatures on the outer shelf, which told the scientists that the core of the Gulf Stream had diverted to 39.9 degrees N at 68 degrees W – 125 miles north of its mean position, further north than had ever been recorded by satellite altimeters at this particular longitude.

The temporary shift in Gulf Stream path observed last fall potentially has significant longer-term implications. Studies have shown that temperature increases of 2 degrees C have caused major shifts in silver hake populations, for example, and in spring 2012, migratory bluefish and striped bass were observed off the coast of Cape Cod much earlier than in previous years.

But, the scientists say, more research is needed to determine just how the Gulf Stream’s behavior in 2011 affected the continental shelf ecosystem and marine organisms.

It is unclear what might have caused this shift in the Gulf Stream path. It occurred shortly after Hurricanes Irene and Katia drenched the east coast with rain, and this might have impacted the Gulf Stream separation from the continental shelf near Cape Hatteras.

Another possibility is that a cold core ring, an eddy south of the Gulf Stream core, might have deflected the Gulf Stream. Further research will be necessary to determine exactly how and why this occurred, which will be helpful in the long term in predicting Gulf Stream motions.

In the meantime, Gawarkiewicz and his colleagues will be keeping an eye on what the Gulf Stream does this fall, with the hope of someday being able to predict such a shift. “We’re checking in from time to time to monitor it. We’ll be talking to the fishermen, and academics, and keeping an eye on things,” he says.

Fishermen David Spencer, Fred Mattera, and Norbert Stamps first alerted the researchers to the anomaly. Profile data were made available by the OOI, which is funded by the National Science Foundation and managed by the Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Tim Shaw and David Calhoun at Cape Fear Community College provided drifter data. WHOI scientists on this project were supported by the NSF, the Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region, the Penzance Endowed Fund in Support of Assistant Scientists, and the Postdoctoral Scholar Program at WHOI.

Related Links
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.7 2012/09/19 23:51:51   18.740   -67.386 12.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/19 21:30:11   3.345   128.302 121.3  NORTH OF HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/19 21:18:34   4.621   126.632 97.9  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/19 20:16:56   52.499  -168.047 26.3  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/19 18:34:48   61.998  -151.125 89.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/19 17:07:25   59.659  -152.972 96.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/19 15:02:47   65.653  -144.998 10.9  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/19 10:45:40   -9.810   124.570 35.3  TIMOR REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/19 10:00:00   60.568  -153.189 137.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/19 09:17:48   37.235   37.098 10.0  CENTRAL TURKEY
MAP  2.7 2012/09/19 08:33:41   60.306  -143.104 0.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/19 07:57:24   66.247   -18.785 10.3  ICELAND REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/09/19 07:39:25   18.792   -64.222 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/19 07:31:47  -10.864   113.891 37.8  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/19 06:44:24  -29.381  -177.017 59.5  KERMADEC ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND
MAP  2.8 2012/09/19 06:26:58   19.029   -67.299 9.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.6 2012/09/19 05:44:25   19.561   -63.512 37.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/09/19 04:57:03   35.398  -117.823 7.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/19 04:35:56   19.319  -155.213 8.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.2 2012/09/19 04:34:35   19.599   -64.419 43.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.1 2012/09/19 04:27:02   13.008   -88.660 70.7  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  3.5 2012/09/19 02:07:14   59.447  -151.916 58.0  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/19 01:57:33   -5.657   146.707 36.1  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/19 00:32:09   1.501   127.329 116.5  HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/19 00:15:11  -20.180   168.912 48.5  LOYALTY ISLANDS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.8 2012/09/18 21:15:17   18.975   -66.837 11.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 21:09:40   33.694  -116.737 20.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 19:57:10   43.085  -126.533 10.5  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  2.5 2012/09/18 19:34:28   32.642  -115.703 8.4  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 19:22:25   59.271  -153.328 93.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/18 19:10:38   9.792   -85.561 44.2  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  2.9 2012/09/18 18:54:00   57.200  -154.806 40.6  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/18 17:52:24   18.990   -64.516 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/18 17:40:38   19.659   -64.236 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/18 16:35:03   -7.280   105.886 44.6  JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/18 16:06:02   54.094  -163.611 147.0  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/18 15:59:37   3.776   92.650 10.4  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAP  3.1 2012/09/18 15:31:50   67.326  -166.875 23.6  BERING STRAIT
MAP  2.9 2012/09/18 14:59:17   19.091   -66.582 54.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/18 14:46:50   51.898  -179.987 159.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/18 14:34:25   18.976   -65.149 42.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 14:32:54   18.993   -65.221 17.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/18 12:32:38   56.992  -154.127 9.1  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/18 11:51:52   67.268  -166.824 24.4  BERING STRAIT
MAP  2.9 2012/09/18 10:48:51   19.008  -155.421 44.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.2 2012/09/18 10:25:36   19.095   -66.900 55.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/09/18 10:15:36  -20.740   167.405 35.0  LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  2.7 2012/09/18 09:42:21   17.899   -65.740 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/18 09:10:24   9.801   -85.635 17.2  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/18 09:03:29   9.726   -85.622 14.4  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/18 08:20:40   12.268   -89.250 35.4  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
MAP  5.1   2012/09/18 08:05:38   4.481   126.380 28.1  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/18 07:08:25   42.234  -124.719 35.9  OFFSHORE OREGON
MAP  4.8   2012/09/18 06:42:30  -10.771   114.033 39.3  SOUTH OF BALI, INDONESIA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 06:33:40   19.076   -66.146 50.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/18 05:20:02   18.358   -68.089 109.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  3.0 2012/09/18 04:30:33   19.783   -64.234 38.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/09/18 04:14:26   56.955  -154.135 30.1  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/18 03:53:32  -31.896   -69.203 64.6  SAN JUAN, ARGENTINA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/18 03:51:36  -29.215  -176.820 58.1  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/18 03:26:01   56.966  -154.118 27.4  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/09/18 03:23:42   -6.173   103.788 10.0  SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.4 2012/09/18 01:52:37   56.953  -154.101 38.5  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/09/18 01:46:42   1.405   126.003 22.3  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  5.1   2012/09/18 01:44:50   56.937  -154.142 38.6  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/09/18 00:52:24   49.062   154.770 80.1  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/09/18 00:20:51   18.078   -67.223 33.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO

……………

List Of Earthquakes  on the Canary Islands

Listado Terremotos

¿Ha sentido algún terremoto?
Earthquakes of the  last  2  days on the  Canary Islands Mgnitude 1.5 or greater
Terremotos de los últimos 2 días en las Islas Canarias de magnitud igual o superior a 1.5 o sentidos:
The earthquake  information for lesser magnitudes  can be found at this link   Catálogo y boletines sísmicos.
La información de terremotos de magnitud inferior se puede obtener en Catálogo y boletines sísmicos.This data  is  subject  to change as a  consequence of continuous  revisions of seismic  analysis

Esta información está sujeta a modificaciones como consecuencia de la continua revisión del análisis sísmico.

Translation  by Desert Rose

95 Tremors in the Canary Islands Region between 9/17/2012 and 9/18/2012

Event     Date              Time            Lat.        Long.      Depth               Mag.   Type                  Location

Evento Fecha Hora(GMT)* Latitud Longitud Prof.
(km)
Int. Máx. Mag. Tipo Mag. (**) Localización Info
1166716 20/09/2012 17:36:11 27.7012 -18.0111 21 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166709 20/09/2012 15:24:23 27.6983 -17.9930 28 2.4 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166640 20/09/2012 08:51:54 27.7227 -18.0269 21 2.2 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166601 20/09/2012 05:38:00 27.7024 -18.0260 21 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166569 19/09/2012 21:29:26 27.7239 -18.0672 21 1.8 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166486 19/09/2012 05:08:31 27.7030 -18.0327 21 1.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166475 19/09/2012 00:50:00 27.7188 -18.0141 22 1.8 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166474 18/09/2012 22:32:54 27.6298 -18.0865 14 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166466 18/09/2012 21:05:06 27.7194 -18.0215 23 2.0 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166428 18/09/2012 15:13:36 27.6615 -17.9935 19 1.6 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166429 18/09/2012 14:21:31 27.7023 -18.0231 20 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166422 18/09/2012 13:44:05 27.7263 -18.0070 21 2.4 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166423 18/09/2012 13:43:13 27.7074 -18.1414 19 2.0 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166348 18/09/2012 06:03:03 27.7480 -18.0772 11 2.1 mbLg W FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166347 18/09/2012 05:43:33 27.7016 -17.9932 26 2.4 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166350 18/09/2012 05:30:50 27.7069 -18.0159 21 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166335 18/09/2012 02:00:06 27.7172 -18.0061 22 1.9 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166334 18/09/2012 01:44:59 27.7116 -18.0057 23 1.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166333 18/09/2012 01:20:05 27.7154 -18.0037 21 1.8 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166313 17/09/2012 23:58:02 27.6961 -18.0187 22 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166312 17/09/2012 23:26:31 27.7065 -17.9957 22 2.0 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166311 17/09/2012 21:42:46 27.7030 -18.0078 24 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166308 17/09/2012 21:10:53 27.6954 -18.0087 22 1.8 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166306 17/09/2012 21:01:03 27.7032 -18.0052 20 2.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166301 17/09/2012 20:55:02 27.7141 -18.0022 20 2.3 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166283 17/09/2012 20:50:45 27.7009 -18.0074 22 2.1 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166282 17/09/2012 20:20:41 27.7107 -18.0105 22 2.5 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166280 17/09/2012 20:14:15 27.7036 -17.9998 21 2.0 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166279 17/09/2012 19:53:08 27.7042 -17.9886 20 1.9 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166278 17/09/2012 19:47:08 27.7155 -18.0153 23 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166273 17/09/2012 18:29:37 27.7204 -18.0029 19 1.6 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166266 17/09/2012 17:49:38 27.6889 -17.9883 22 2.2 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166265 17/09/2012 17:34:22 27.6855 -18.0191 22 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166260 17/09/2012 16:54:36 27.6945 -18.0669 27 2.1 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166247 17/09/2012 16:11:02 27.7200 -17.9911 22 2.5 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166243 17/09/2012 16:06:47 27.7324 -17.9921 21 2.1 mbLg S FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166240 17/09/2012 16:04:37 27.7184 -17.9992 20 2.8 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166245 17/09/2012 15:52:56 27.7575 -18.0872 10 1.8 mbLg W FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166231 17/09/2012 15:39:07 27.7118 -18.0222 22 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166226 17/09/2012 15:34:51 27.7601 -18.0891 10 1.8 mbLg W FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166221 17/09/2012 15:32:59 27.7876 -18.1054 11 1.7 mbLg NW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166224 17/09/2012 15:32:23 27.7054 -18.0069 25 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166225 17/09/2012 15:26:48 27.7398 -18.0069 19 1.5 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166220 17/09/2012 15:15:08 27.7021 -18.0191 22 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166204 17/09/2012 14:04:42 27.6965 -18.0061 21 2.0 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166205 17/09/2012 14:02:27 27.6968 -18.0169 20 1.8 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166217 17/09/2012 13:49:28 27.6801 -18.0791 16 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166214 17/09/2012 13:40:08 27.7179 -17.9985 22 2.0 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166213 17/09/2012 13:20:35 27.7305 -18.0298 23 1.5 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166202 17/09/2012 13:05:19 27.6834 -18.0092 20 2.2 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166197 17/09/2012 12:50:25 27.7269 -17.9985 22 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166198 17/09/2012 12:47:52 27.6832 -18.0099 15 1.6 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166199 17/09/2012 12:43:14 27.7365 -18.0161 23 1.7 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166171 17/09/2012 11:52:38 27.6973 -18.0285 21 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166148 17/09/2012 11:16:04 27.6981 -18.0131 22 1.8 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166146 17/09/2012 11:06:18 27.6948 -18.0032 22 2.2 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166144 17/09/2012 11:04:19 27.7143 -17.9947 20 2.4 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166141 17/09/2012 10:54:41 27.7256 -18.0145 21 1.6 mbLg SW FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166142 17/09/2012 10:48:49 27.7211 -18.0185 22 1.6 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166143 17/09/2012 10:47:50 27.6981 -18.0208 22 2.0 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166103 17/09/2012 10:00:35 27.7061 -17.9905 24 1.5 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166085 17/09/2012 09:43:12 27.7059 -18.0168 23 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166072 17/09/2012 09:20:44 27.7104 -18.0355 23 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166075 17/09/2012 09:16:04 27.6991 -18.0086 22 2.2 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166069 17/09/2012 09:11:26 27.7119 -18.0034 21 2.4 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166068 17/09/2012 09:04:48 27.7181 -18.0060 22 1.9 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166060 17/09/2012 08:33:14 27.6835 -18.0236 22 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166064 17/09/2012 08:21:17 27.7925 -18.0067 21 1.5 mbLg N FRONTERA.IHI [+]
1166057 17/09/2012 08:19:27 27.7142 -18.0143 21 1.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166054 17/09/2012 08:04:36 27.6896 -18.0120 22 1.7 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166055 17/09/2012 07:50:51 27.7225 -17.9935 24 2.0 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166056 17/09/2012 07:45:42 27.7203 -18.0018 23 1.5 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166038 17/09/2012 07:33:30 27.7105 -18.0003 23 2.5 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166033 17/09/2012 06:58:53 27.7155 -18.0042 20 2.6 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166030 17/09/2012 06:17:57 27.6933 -18.0103 22 2.1 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166027 17/09/2012 05:58:53 27.7211 -18.0139 21 2.0 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166028 17/09/2012 05:57:22 27.7019 -18.0153 22 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166025 17/09/2012 05:35:02 27.7107 -18.0187 22 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166026 17/09/2012 05:30:04 27.7022 -17.9972 21 2.2 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166023 17/09/2012 05:27:21 27.7165 -18.0316 22 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166024 17/09/2012 05:06:16 27.7155 -18.0297 23 2.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166016 17/09/2012 04:22:17 27.7244 -17.9950 21 1.9 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166017 17/09/2012 04:16:07 27.6996 -18.0234 23 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166019 17/09/2012 04:06:08 27.6913 -18.0453 22 1.8 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166014 17/09/2012 03:53:17 27.6975 -18.0212 23 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166012 17/09/2012 03:37:23 27.7079 -17.9951 22 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166011 17/09/2012 03:06:03 27.6989 -18.0075 22 2.0 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166010 17/09/2012 02:38:58 27.7092 -18.0085 21 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166009 17/09/2012 02:38:07 27.6933 -18.0160 22 2.1 mbLg SW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166008 17/09/2012 02:21:35 27.7018 -18.0065 23 1.9 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1166007 17/09/2012 01:54:23 27.7107 -18.0084 22 1.7 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1165994 17/09/2012 01:28:49 27.7114 -18.0118 21 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1165993 17/09/2012 01:24:55 27.7166 -18.0028 20 II 3.0 mbLg NW EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1165992 17/09/2012 00:59:44 27.7033 -18.0202 20 1.5 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]
1165990 17/09/2012 00:30:25 27.7068 -17.9991 22 1.6 mbLg W EL PINAR.IHI [+]

……………………………..

More quakes raise panic near Vietnamese dam

A man in Quang Nam Province swings his arms to describe earthquakes that rattled his house early on Monday. The tremors have left his wife and son in a panic, he said.

The central province of Quang Nam, which has been disturbed by tremors caused by the Song Tranh 2 dam, was hit by more earthquakes Monday and Tuesday.

Two earthquakes, the bigger of which registered 2.7 on the Richter scale, occurred early Monday, and three others early on Tuesday.

Nguyen Quoc Viet, who lives near the dam, said he was sleeping when a tremor woke him Monday. 

“The bed shook. I knew it was another earthquake, and I just ran out of the house.”

Ho Van Tien, who felt a quake while exercising at 5 p.m., said the tremors lasted around seven seconds. He said it was the biggest of the recent quakes he’d experienced.

Many local residents agreed the late quake Monday was the worst, while scientists later said it occurred as close as five kilometers from the earth’s surface.

The quakes added to a series of at least 17 since September 3, including one of a magnitude 4.2, which have panicked local residents.

Scientists said the quakes were “normal” reservoir-induced ones, caused by the increased pressure of the dam’s water on the earth’s surface as water from the reservoir is absorbed into fault lines in the area, triggering seismic activity.

Geologists sent to the province said the quakes were not dangerous, but local authorities did not believe them.

Many local residents have packed their clothes and blankets and are ready to leave at a moment’s notice. Others have built wooden houses, leaving their cracked concrete houses abandoned.

Many parents have also pulled their children out of schools downstream from the dam. 

RELATED CONTENT

Local officials have demanded that the dam’s investor, the state-owned monopoly Electricity of Vietnam, not to store any more water at the dam, and compensate affected families, at least with rice.

The Song Tranh 2 hydropower dam, the biggest in the central region, was built at a cost of more than VND4.15 trillion (US$197.53 million). It caused first quakes in November 2010 soon after it was completed, and more in April this year after it developed cracks. The cracks were fixed by the end of August.

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 20, 2012 19:18:44 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Mount Soputan Volcano Erupts In Central Indonesia, Spewing Ash

JAKARTA, Indonesia — One of Indonesia’s most active volcanos has erupted, shooting ash and smoke nearly 1 1/2 kilometers (one mile) into the sky.

State volcanology official Kristianto says Mount Soputan on central Indonesia’s Sulawesi island erupted Tuesday afternoon.

Kristianto, who uses one name, says there is no plan for an immediate evacuation since the nearest villages are outside the danger area of about 6.5 kilometers (4 miles) from the crater.

Mount Soputan is about 1,350 miles (2,160 kilometers) northeast of Jakarta. It last erupted in July last year, causing no casualties.

Indonesia straddles the “Pacific Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanos and fault lines around the Pacific Basin. It has more active volcanoes than any other nation. Another mountain, Gamalama, erupted last week on the Molucca Islands.

Volcanic Activity Up in Several Locations

Steam and ash billow out of Mount Gamalama on Ternate Island on Sunday. (AP Photo)

Steam and ash billow out of Mount Gamalama on Ternate Island on Sunday. (AP Photo)

Solo, Central Java. As two volcanos in the eastern part of Indonesia continued to erupt on Monday, Mount Merapi in Central Java has been displaying increasing activity, with rumblings in the past week.

“In the evenings, there are rumblings that are accompanied by the ground shaking,” Sapto, from Samiran village in the district of Boyolali on the slope of Merapi, said on Monday.

He said that the 2,968-meter volcano was also active during the day, as evidenced by the thick column of ash billowing out from its crater.

Sapto said that as of Monday, local authorities had not issued any information to the public regarding the volcano.

Subiso, head of Selo subdistrict in Boyolali, confirmed that no official advisories or warnings had been issued yet about the increased activity on Merapi.

However, he said that the rumbling sounds from the volcano were almost routine in the area, and added that the situation there “is still safe.”

Ngatini, another resident said that the rumblings did not disturb local residents too much.

“If an eruption is imminent, the rumbling will be heard continuously and there will be some ash rain,” she said.

Merapi last erupted in October 2010, spewing enormous amounts of ash. Pyroclastic flows, fast-moving currents of superheated gas and rock, killed more than 300 people along the heavily populated slopes and forced 350,000 to evacuate.

Meanwhile, with a small eruption still taking place on Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, authorities there are maintaining the alert status for the volcano and have banned all human activities within a 2.5-kilometer radius of the crater.

Farid Sukendar, head of the Lokon volcano observation post, said that  the mountain erupted after dusk on Saturday, spewing superheated volcanic material up to 600 meters and ash up to 1,500 meters into the atmosphere.

“This volcano is active and therefore we should remain vigilant because it could erupt any time,” he said.

Arnold Poli, secretary of the town of Tomohon, located at the base of the mountain, said that the authorities were continuously monitoring the volcano. He said that the series of eruptions had not affected the activities of the local population but added the authorities were calling on everyone to remain alert.

He also said that despite the volcanic activity, the government had yet to evacuate anyone from the villages of Kinilow and Kakaskasen III, the two villages closest to the smoldering crater.

“No one has yet been ordered to evacuate,” he said.

Mount Soputan, in North Sulawesi’s South Minahasa district, and Mount Karangetang in the Sitaro Islands district across from the northernmost tip of Sulawesi remained on a government-ordered standby alert status, or just one rung below the most severe alert.

“There are now three volcanoes in North Sulawesi under the standby alert status,” said Hooke Makarawung, head of the North Sulawesi Disaster Mitigation Office (BPBD).

“People should remain vigilant.”

He said that about 110 people had been evacuated from the slopes of Karangetang and that the North Sulawesi administration had sent relief supplies to them.

Djauhari Kansil, the deputy governor of North Sulawesi, said that those evacuated were from East Siau subdistrict, but he added that in the daytime, the people were allowed to return to their village to work their fields.

They have been asked to return to the shelters in the evening.

The volcanology office also announced on Monday that it had raised the alert level for Mount Gamalama, on Ternate Island in North Maluku province, to standby.

The office, on its website, said that the alert status was raised on Sunday.

The site offered no further details.

The 1,715-meter Gamalama, a conical volcano that dominates Ternate Island, last erupted in December, destroying more than 100 houses and leaving farmers devastated after a thick layer of ash smothered fruit trees and crops.

Four villagers were confirmed dead in that eruption.

Metro TV reported on Monday that the mountain spewed a white column of ash about 500 meters into the atmosphere.

There was also some volcanic debris thrown up by the mountain but on a smaller scale.

It also said the local volcanology authorities had declared a 2.5-kilometer exclusion radius around the crater of the erupting volcano.

On Sunday evening, the smoke and volcanic debris thrown up by Gamalama reached about 1,000 meters into the atmosphere, according to the report.

Anak Krakatau in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra also showed some signs of activity earlier this month. The volcano is the remnant of Krakatau, the site of an earth-shattering eruption in 1883.

SP, JG

Related articles

Life Goes On in Manado as Mount Lokon Erupts 12:15pm Sep 20, 2012

Alert Levels Rising Along With Smoke and Ash From Marapi 8:02pm Sep 19, 2012

Two Indonesian Volcanoes Awaken, Rattling Nerves 11:34am Sep 17, 2012

Indonesian Vulcanology Office Issues Warning for Tangkuban Perahu 9:15pm Sep 6, 2012

Taking the Water, With a Side of Eggs, at Bandung’s Tangkuban Perahu 8:03pm Jul 25, 2012

Cumbal volcano (Colombia) activity update: seismic swarms

BY: T

Seismic unrest has been increasing. 2 earthquake swarms occurred on 23 and 26 August, with 115 and 94 quakes, respectively. White gas emissions from the El Verde fumarole could be observed on 24 August. INGEOMINAS mintains yellow alert for the volcano.

18.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Indonesia Sulawesi, [Soputan Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Tuesday, 18 September, 2012 at 15:40 (03:40 PM) UTC.

Description
One of Indonesia’s most active volcanos has erupted, shooting ash and smoke nearly 1 1/2 kilometers (one mile) into the sky. State volcanology official Kristianto says Mount Soputan on central Indonesia’s Sulawesi island erupted Tuesday afternoon. Kristianto, who uses one name, says there is no plan for an immediate evacuation since the nearest villages are outside the danger area of about 6.5 kilometers (4 miles) from the crater. Mount Soputan is about 1,350 miles (2,160 kilometers) northeast of Jakarta. It last erupted in July last year, causing no casualties. Indonesia straddles the “Pacific Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanos and fault lines around the Pacific Basin. It has more active volcanoes than any other nation. Another mountain, Gamalama, erupted last week on the Molucca Islands.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

2nd Major Wind Storm Hits Anchorage

Rachel D’Oro

Overlay

Alaska Vacation Forecast

ANCHORAGE, Alaska  — A second major wind storm in less than two weeks swept through Alaska’s largest city on Sunday, but unlike the earlier storm, its greatest intensity was mostly on higher elevations where gusts as high as 120 mph were reported, weather forecasters said.

Chugach Electric said as many as 6,000 customers between Anchorage and the northern Kenai Peninsula were without power at the height of the storm. Fewer than two dozen customers remained in the dark, utility spokesman Phil Steyer said.

The outages are known or suspected to be caused by fallen trees, although not as many as the stronger storm earlier this month that downed hundreds of trees across the city. That storm blew a lot of leaves off branches, making “less surface area now for the wind to catch on,” Steyer said.

iWitness/cindymbrice

The storm two weeks ago brought down trees and caused thousands of power outages. Only 6,000 outages were reported Sunday.

Era Aviation commuter planes were grounded Saturday evening, though only partially because of the weather. Spokesman Steve Smith said the statewide airline also learned recently that electronic components for cockpit voice recorders on its 12-plane fleet must be replaced to conform to federal regulatory specifications.

Smith said the equipment could be replaced within a few hours and a few days, depending on the aircraft. In the meantime, some passengers have been rerouted to other carriers, he said. With moderate rains in the area, the National Weather service issued a flood warning for Anchorage’s Chester Creek.

The storm turned out to be less dramatic than expected in the lower elevation Anchorage bowl, with the fiercest winds concentrated in higher elevations, such as the Hillside area and Turnagain Arm south of town.

“It looks like we’re dodging a bullet in the bowl,” weather service meteorologist John Papineau said.

For Anchorage police, the storm brought far fewer calls than the last one, with just a few reports of downed trees and of two flooded intersections, dispatcher Eric Anderson said.

(MORE: Anchorage Recovers from First Storm)

“It’s pretty uneventful so far,” he said. “We’re pretty happy about that.”

The weather service said wind gusts of 35-40 mph were hitting parts of anchorage Sunday night.

With weather service instruments in some of the windiest spots knocked out by the earlier storm, the agency was relying on wind measurements taken by weather enthusiasts, meteorologist Emily Niebuhr said.

The storm, whose long front has stretched over much of south-central Alaska, was expected to shift to the east and diminish later Sunday, Papineau said.

More rain was expected early in the week, he said.

Record loss of Arctic ice may trigger extreme weather

Arctic sea ice is shrinking at a rate much faster than scientists ever predicted and its collapse, due to global warming, may well cause extreme weather this winter in North America and Europe, according to climate scientists.

Last month, researchers announced that Arctic sea ice had dwindled to the smallest size ever observed by man, covering almost half the area it did 30 years ago, when satellites and submarines first began measuring it. While the loss of summer sea ice is likely to open up new shipping lanes and may connect the West Coast of the United States to the Far East via a trans-polar route, researchers say it will also affect weather patterns and Arctic wildlife. “It’s probably going to be a very interesting winter,” climate scientist Jennifer Francis said Wednesday in a teleconference with reporters. Francis, a researcher at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers University, has argued that shrinking Arctic ice can be tied to such recent weather events as prolonged cold spells in Europe, heavy snows in the Northeastern U.S. and Alaska, and heat waves in Russia. Decades ago, Arctic ice covered about 6 million square miles of sea in the winter, and would shrink to about 3 million square miles in the summer. The rate of summer melt increased enormously around 2005, however, and today scientists say Arctic ice covers about 1 million square miles. “This is a very small amount of ice indeed,” said Peter Wadhams, an ocean physics professor at the University of Cambridge. Wadhams said that while Arctic ice used to build up over many years, new ice formations are now breaking up and melting each summer. “I think that what we can expect in the next few years is further collapse leading to an ice-free Arctic in summer,” Wadhams said. “It really is a dramatic change.” Previously, scientists had predicted that it would take 30 or 40 more years before the Arctic was ice-free in the summer.

The loss of Arctic ice has several effects. Ice reflects heat and solar energy back into space. With less ice cover, that heat energy is instead absorbed by the ocean, which warms and melts more ice. Currently, the Arctic region is the fastest-warming region on the planet, and the change in temperature will probably influence weather patterns here and in Europe, according to Francis. The heating and cooling of Arctic seawater has been affecting the jet stream – the river of air that flows from west to east high above the Earth’s surface – and has slowed it down, Francis said. The jet stream controls the formation and movement of storm systems, so when its movement slows, weather conditions persist for longer periods of time over the same area. They get “stuck.” “If you’re in a nice dry pattern with sunny skies, it’s great if it lasts for a few days. But If it lasts for a few weeks, well then you’re starting to talk about a drought,” Francis said. “If you have a rainy pattern and it hangs around for a long time, then that becomes a situation that could lead to flooding.” Arctic warming will influence weather to the south during the late fall and winter. While Francis said it would probably result in severe weather this winter, it was impossible to predict when and where those events would occur. Record ice melts this year and in 2007 have alarmed many scientists, mostly because they thought it would take many more years to reach this state. James Overland, an oceanographer with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, said forecasts failed to account for the physics of lost solar energy reflection and warming ocean water. “These are really surprises to most scientists,” Overland said. “In looking at climate models that are used to look forward, they’ve tended to say the Arctic may be ice-free by 2040 or 2050. It looks like things are happening a lot faster, and it’s because not all of the physics that we’re seeing today were well-handled in these climate models.” Overland, who is also an associate professor at the University of Washington’s Department of Atmospheric Sciences, said these effects are known as “Arctic amplification” and would carry heavy consequences for wildlife like polar bears and walruses by reducing their habitat. Wednesday’s telephone news conference was hosted by Climate Nexus, a New York-based nonprofit that seeks to publicize the effects of climate change. (c)2012 Los Angeles Times Distributed by MCT Information Services

During the first six months of 2012, sea surface temperatures in the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem were the highest ever recorded, according to the latest Ecosystem Advisory issued by NOAA’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC). Above-average temperatures were found in all parts of the ecosystem, from the ocean bottom to the sea surface and across the region, and the above average temperatures extended beyond the shelf break front to the Gulf Stream.
The annual 2012 spring plankton bloom was intense, started earlier and lasted longer than average. This has implications for marine life from the smallest creatures to the largest marine mammals like whales. Atlantic cod continued to shift northeastward from its historic distribution center. The Northeast US Continental Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) extends from the Gulf of Maine to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. The NEFSC has monitored this ecosystem with comprehensive sampling programs from 1977 onward; prior to 1977, this ecosystem was also monitored by the NEFSC through a series of separate but coordinated programs dating back decades. “A pronounced warming event occurred on the Northeast Shelf this spring, and this will have a profound impact throughout the ecosystem,” said Kevin Friedland, a scientist in the NEFSC’s Ecosystem Assessment Program. “Changes in ocean temperatures and the timing of the spring plankton bloom could affect the biological clocks of many marine species, which spawn at specific times of the year based on environmental cues like water temperature.” Friedland said the average sea surface temperature (SST) exceeded 10.5 degrees C (51°F) during the first half of 2012, exceeding the previous record high in 1951. Average SST has typically been lower than 9 degrees C (48°F) over the past three decades. Sea surface temperature in the region is based on both contemporary satellite remote-sensing data and long-term ship-board measurements, with historical SST conditions based on ship-board measurements dating back to 1854. In some nearshore locations like Delaware and Chesapeake Bays in the Middle Atlantic Bight region, temperatures were more than 6 degrees C (11°F) above historical average at the surface and more than 5 degrees C (9°F) above average at the bottom. In deeper offshore waters to the north, bottom waters were 1 degree C (2°F) warmer in the eastern Gulf of Maine and greater than 2 degrees C (3.6°F) warmer in the western Gulf of Maine.
Ocean bottom temperature data cited in the advisory posted today came from a variety of sources, including eMOLT, a cooperative research program between the Northeast Fisheries Science Center and lobstermen who deploy temperature probes attached to lobster traps. While some of the temperature probes from the eMOLT program are still in the water and have not yet been returned, those that have been returned indicate that bottom water temperatures in 2012 were the warmest since the eMOLT program began in 2001. Atlantic cod distribution in the Gulf of Maine continues a northeasterly shift, with the spring 2012 data consistent with a response to ecosystem warming. Warming ocean temperatures and the resulting impact on the distribution of 36 fish stocks was reported by the Center in a 2009 study published in Marine Ecology Progress Series. That study analyzed annual NEFSC spring survey data from 1968 to 2007 and other information and found that about half of the 36 fish stocks studied in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, many of them commercially valuable species, have been shifting northward over the past four decades, with some disappearing from US waters as they move farther offshore. Friedland notes that although cod didn’t shift as much as other species like hake in the 2009 study, the effects of warming water on ocean currents and other ocean circulation patterns could change that. “Cod distribution continues to be dynamic, with northerly shifts detected in the spring 2012 data, consistent with a response to ecosystem warming,” Friedland said. “The big question is whether or not these changes will continue, or are they a short-term anomaly?” Mike Fogarty, who heads the Ecosystem Assessment Program, says the abundance of cod and other finfish is controlled by a complex set of factors, and that increasing temperatures in the ecosystem make it essential to monitor the distribution of many species, some of them migratory and others not. “A complex combination of factors influence ocean conditions, and it isn’t always easy to understand the big picture when you are looking at one specific part of it at one specific point in time, “Fogarty said, a comparison similar to not seeing the forest when looking at a single tree in it. “We now have information from a variety of sources collected over a long period of time on the ecosystem, and are continually adding more data to clarify specific details. The data clearly show a relationship between all of these factors.” The 2012 spring plankton bloom, one of the longest duration and most intense in recent history, started at the earliest date recorded since the ocean color remote sensing data series began in 1998. In some locations, the spring bloom began in February, and was fully developed by March in all areas except Georges Bank, which had an average although variable spring bloom. The 2012 spring bloom in the Gulf of Maine began in early March, the earliest recorded bloom in that area. “What this early start means for the Northeast Shelf ecosystem and its marine life is unknown,” Fogarty said. “What is known is that things are changing, and we need to continue monitoring and adapting to these changes.” Intensive surveys of environmental conditions on the Northeast Shelf from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina to Nova Scotia were conducted from 1977 to 1987 as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment & Prediction (MARMAP) program. The efforts continued at reduced levels through the 1990s and are ongoing today as part of the Center’s Ecosystems Monitoring (EcoMon) program. Plankton samples are collected six times a year in each of the four subareas of the Northeast Shelf: the Middle Atlantic Bight, Southern New England, Georges Bank, and the Gulf of Maine. EcoMon scientists also collect water samples and other oceanographic data about conditions during each season in each of the four areas to provide a long-term view of changing conditions on the Shelf. Ecosystem advisories have been issued twice a year by the NEFSC’s Ecosystems Assessment Program since 2006 as a way to routinely summarize overall conditions in the region. The reports show the effects of changing coastal and ocean temperatures on fisheries from Cape Hatteras to the Canadian border. The advisories provide a snapshot of the ecosystem for the fishery management councils and also a broad range of stakeholders from fishermen to researchers. The Spring 2012 Ecosystem Advisory with supporting information is available online.

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Storms /  Flooding / Landslides

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 20.09.2012 Tropical Depression 120 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 5.79 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,607.33 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 16:46:42 N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000 17 56 74 Tropical Depression 275 12 1006 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 16:51:03 N 19° 6.000, W 47° 36.000 24 93 111 Tropical Storm 300 13 997 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 11:12:43 N 21° 30.000, W 51° 18.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 18:13:35 N 22° 36.000, W 52° 12.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 315 15 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 17:08:52 N 28° 0.000, W 53° 30.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 360 17 988 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000 22 120 148 Hurricane I. 25 17 985 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 10:59:20 N 30° 42.000, W 51° 24.000 24 120 148 Hurricane I. 50 13 985 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 17:35:38 N 30° 54.000, W 49° 54.000 24 130 157 Hurricane I. 70 17 983 MB NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 05:13:53 N 30° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 130 157 Hurricane I. 95 15 983 MB NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 18:00:15 N 30° 30.000, W 41° 42.000 37 130 157 Hurricane I. 90 20 983 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 05:22:55 N 31° 24.000, W 38° 6.000 30 111 139 Tropical Storm 75 16 987 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 10:47:47 N 32° 0.000, W 36° 24.000 28 111 139 Tropical Storm 65 15 985 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 16:41:39 N 32° 54.000, W 35° 18.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 50 16 987 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 05:15:16 N 33° 54.000, W 34° 12.000 15 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 18 989 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 10:46:51 N 34° 18.000, W 33° 36.000 13 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 14 990 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 18:19:45 N 34° 24.000, W 32° 54.000 13 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 11 990 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 05:31:59 N 35° 48.000, W 32° 12.000 11 83 102 Tropical Storm 25 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 11:00:20 N 36° 24.000, W 32° 6.000 7 83 102 Tropical Storm 360 9 993 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 17:37:42 N 37° 12.000, W 31° 48.000 7 83 102 Tropical Storm 20 9 993 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
20th Sep 2012 17:59:47 N 36° 12.000, W 29° 24.000 17 83 102 Tropical Depression 120 ° 19 981 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
21st Sep 2012 18:00:00 N 33° 30.000, W 26° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 35° 0.000, W 27° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
22nd Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 32° 30.000, W 26° 0.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
23rd Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 32° 0.000, W 26° 0.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
24th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 32° 0.000, W 25° 54.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
25th Sep 2012 06:00:00 N 32° 0.000, W 26° 0.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
18W Pacific Ocean 20.09.2012 20.09.2012 Tropical Depression 265 ° 46 km/h 65 km/h 5.18 m JTWC Details

  Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: 18W
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 13° 42.000, E 132° 18.000
Start up: 20th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
20th Sep 2012 15:58:27 N 13° 42.000, E 132° 18.000 26 46 65 Tropical Depression 265 ° 17 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
21st Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 12° 36.000, E 130° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC
21st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 13° 6.000, E 130° 48.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 JTWC
22nd Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 12° 6.000, E 129° 18.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
22nd Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 12° 18.000, E 129° 36.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
23rd Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 12° 6.000, E 128° 48.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
24th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 12° 30.000, E 128° 18.000 Typhoon III 148 185 JTWC
25th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 13° 18.000, E 127° 54.000 Typhoon IV 176 213 JTWC

………………………………

Five dead as storm rips across South America

by Staff Writers
Asuncion (AFP)

A fierce storm packing 140-kilometer (87-mile) an hour winds tore across the heart of South America on Wednesday, killing five people in Paraguay and wreaking havoc in Argentina and Uruguay.

The Roque Alonso suburb of the Paraguayan capital Asuncion was devastated by the storm and widespread looting was reported in its aftermath.

Four police cadets died and 15 were injured when the roof of their dormitory collapsed, and a 16-year-old boy died at a shopping center when a water tank collapsed on him outside a pharmacy.

“Roque Alonso has to be built all over again,” police commander Heriberto Marmol said.

Dozens of injured people flooded Asuncion hospitals and traffic was gridlocked in parts of the city.

A crowd of thousands braved torrential rain for a concert by the rock band Scorpions only to see the show cancelled.

Nationwide, at least 5,000 homes were destroyed and more than 80 people injured in storm-related incidents, Aldo Saldivar of the national emergency response center said.

The storm also blew the roof off homes and barns in Neembucu, south of the capital and knocked out power in the town of Encarnacion for many hours.

The wind was less severe further south in Argentina and Uruguay, around 100 kilometers (62 mph) per hour, but strong gusts still ripped of roofs and toppled trees and power lines, plunging some regions into darkness.

 

RUDRAPRAYAG, India (CNN) — The death toll in cloudburst that triggered a massive landslide and affected nearly five villages of northern India’s Uttarakhand state, rose to 50 and about 20 people are still reported to be missing.

The cloudburst preceded by incessant rains led to a massive landslide in the state’s Rudraprayag district caused heavy damage in the hilly region rendering almost 500 people homeless.

Search and the rescue operations are in full swing in the cloudburst-hit area, but the official says rains have disrupted the relief and rescue work.

Speaking to Asian News International in the state capital Dehradun, director of the Disaster Management and Mitigation Department (DMMD), Piyush Rautela said the rescue operations are in full swing in the region and also the basic necessities are being provided to the homeless people staying in relief camps.

“The incident happened on September 13 and 14 which affected four to five villages around Ukhimath. Again there were incidents of landslides in the morning of September 16. From this incident, so far 50 bodies have been recovered, and 20 people are still reported to be missing. The operation to search the missing people is going on.

The personnel from ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police Force), NDRF (National Disaster Response Force) and PAC (Provincial Armed Constabulary) are engaged in rescue operations. All our rescue teams are working. Two relief camps are there in Ukhimath for those who have been affected. About 500 people are staying there.

All the necessary items like food and other basic facilities are being provided to them,” he said

The cloudburst that occurred in the wee hours on last Friday, wreaked havoc in several villages of the area and killed most of the victims in their sleep.

Heavy monsoons have always resulted in calamities in different parts of India with each passing year.

The annual monsoon, vital for South Asia’ s agricultural dependent economy, often wreaks havoc as floods and landslides inundate vast swathes of low-lying lands.
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

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Radiation

 

 

 

Mutated sunflower in Kagawa prefecture

Posted by Mochizuki
Fukushima Diary

Mutated sunflower in Kagawa prefecture

Mutated sunflower was found in Manno cho Kagawa prefecture. Kagawa is in Shikoku.
大きな地図で見る

For the question of the prefectural agriculture and distribution department, an expert commented it may be prolification flower, which is a sort of mutation. This is a rare phenomenon for sunflower.

General causes are

1. Excessive fertilizer

2. Unusual heat

However, it was growing naturally.

The central flower is about 20cm diameter, 14 other ones are 3cm diameter.

It withered 1 week later.

Source

 

 

 
 
 

34% of Fukushima city people want to evacuate, local gov “Measures need to be taken”

Posted by Mochizuki
Fukushima Diary
For the questionnaire, 34% of the people answered they want to evacuate Fukushima city, and local government staff is commenting they need to take measures about this situation.

In May, Fukushima city government sent questionnaires to 5,000 people of over 20 years old living in Fukushima city and to 500 people who evacuated to out of Fukushima city. The valid response rate was 55%.

The result showed 34% of them answered “They want to evacuate even now.”. 31% of them answered “They used to want to evacuate.”.

Among people who evacuated to out of Fukushima city, 27% of them answered “They don’t want to come back.”. 19% of them answered “They don’t want to come back to Fukushima city if possible.”
However, 55% of them answered “They want to come back to Fukushima city.”

The city government staff comments, “The result is very severe. We need to take some measures. “.

 

Related article..Thyroid disease rate spiked to 43.7%, “About 1 in 2 children have nodule or cyst in Fukushima city”
Source 1 2

 

 

 
 
 
 

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, “Safety limit food is safe enough to keep eating”

Posted by Mochizuki
Fukushima Diary
Before 311, nuclear material to contain more than 100 Bq/Kg of Cs 134 or 137 was treated as nuclear waste. Now it is the safety limit of food in Japan.

Japanese government is still investing into making people consume radioactive food.

On 9/12/2012,  Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Consumer Affairs Agency, food safety commission of Japan and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries published the leaflets.

The purpose is like this below,

食品中の放射性物質に関する国・自治体や生産現場における対策の状況や、食品
に含まれる放射性物質が極めてわずかであることなどを、直接消費者に情報提供す
ることで、正しい理解と不安の解消を図る。

<Translate>

The purpose is to help people understand and resolve their anxiety about radiation properly by supplying consumers with information about how Japanese and local governments take measures about food contamination, and the fact that only little amount of radiation is contained in food.

<End>

 

On the leaflet, they emphasized it’s safe to keep eating potentially contaminated food only if it’s under the safety limit.

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, "Safety limit food is safe enough to keep eating"

 

<Translate>
If it’s under the safety limit, it’s safe to keep eating.

New safety limit has been introduced since April 2012. If it’s under this safety limit, the total dose for the entire life is less than 1mSv, which is safe adequately.

This safety limit is strictly determined by FAO and WHO and it doesn’t have to be more strict.
<End>

The leaflet is to be distributed at supermarkets or chain stores.

Source

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Pink grasshopper in Yamagata prefecture

Posted by Mochizuki
Fukushima Diary
Pink grasshopper in Yamagata prefecture 2

In Kahoku machi Yamagata prefecture, mutated grasshopper was found on 9/12/2012.

Kahoku machi Yamagata is about 130km from Fukushima plant.

Pink grasshopper in Yamagata prefecture

It’s usually green.
It’s about 3cm, found in Nishisato kindergarten.

Ms. Goto (4) commented, “I’m happy because I like pink.”

 

Source

 

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

18.09.2012 Epidemic Hazard USA State of Arizona, [Concho Valley] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in USA on Tuesday, 18 September, 2012 at 18:42 (06:42 PM) UTC.

Description
Residents in the Concho Valley area off of Highway 61 noticed hundreds of prairies dogs had died in a short span of time. Prairie dogs are considered sentinel animals to the fact that plague is in the area. Officials with Arizona Game and Fish were notified by an alert resident and further contact was made with health officials from Apache and Coconino counties, the state health department, as well as experts at Northern Arizona University. NAU is home to the Microbial Genetics and Genomics Center and has been a key player in testing for plague for the past 10 years. The lab sent a team to the area to trap fleas in the prairie dog holes that had recent die-offs. The team’s first visit was on August 27 and results from the lab testing showed positive for plague.
Biohazard name: Yersinia pestis (plague)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Climate Change

Climate change to fuel northern spread of avian malaria

Climate change to fuel northern spread of avian malaria

Avian malaria was found in Alaska in the Common redpoll, pictured here. Credit: Jenny Carlson, SF StateRead more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-climate-fuel-northern-avian-malaria.html#jCp
Malaria has been found in birds in parts of Alaska, and global climate change will drive it even farther north, according to a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE.
The spread could prove devastating to arctic bird species that have never encountered the disease and thus have no resistance to it, said San Francisco State University Associate Professor of Biology Ravinder Sehgal, one of the study’s co-authors. It may also help scientists understand the effects of climate change on the spread of human malaria, which is caused by a similar parasite. Researchers examined blood samples from birds collected at four sites of varying latitude, with Anchorage as a southern point, Denali and Fairbanks as middle points and Coldfoot as a northern point, roughly 600 miles north of Anchorage. They found infected birds in Anchorage and Fairbanks but not in Coldfoot. Using satellite imagery and other data, researchers were able to predict how environments will change due to global warming—and where malaria parasites will be able to survive in the future. They found that by 2080, the disease will have spread north to Coldfoot and beyond. “Right now, there’s no avian malaria above latitude 64 degrees, but in the future, with global warming, that will certainly change,” Sehgal said. The northerly spread is alarming, he added, because there are species in the North American arctic that have never been exposed to the disease and may be highly susceptible to it.

Climate change to fuel northern spread of avian malaria

Avian malaria was found in Alaska in the Savannah sparrow, pictured here. Credit: Jenny Carlson, SF State “For example, penguins in zoos die when they get malaria, because far southern birds have not been exposed to malaria and thus have not developed any resistance to it,” he said. “There are birds in the north, such as snowy owls or gyrfalcons, that could experience the same thing.” The study’s lead author is Claire Loiseau, a former postdoctoral fellow in Sehgal’s laboratory at SF State. Ryan Harrigan, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California, Los Angeles, provided data modeling for the project. The research was funded by grants from the AXA Foundation and National Geographic. Researchers are still unsure how the disease is being spread in Alaska and are currently collecting additional data to determine which mosquito species are transmitting the Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. The data may also indicate if and how malaria in humans will spread northward. Modern medicine makes it difficult to track the natural spread of the disease, Sehgal said, but monitoring birds may provide clues as to how global climate change may effect the spread of human malaria. More information: “First evidence and predictions of Plasmodium transmission in Alaskan bird populations” was written by Claire Loiseau, Ryan J. Harrigan, Anthony K. Cornel, Sue L. Guers, Molly Dodge, Timothy Marzec, Jenny S. Carlson, Bruce Seppi and Ravinder N. M. Sehgal and published Sept. 19 in PLoS ONE. Journal reference: PLoS ONE search and more info website Provided by San Francisco State University search and more info website

Shrinking Snow Depth On Arctic Sea Ice Threatens Ringed Seal Habitat

A ringed seal peaks out from its snow cave. (Credit: Brendan Kelly, NSF)

As sea ice in the Arctic continues to shrink during this century, more than two thirds of the area with sufficient snow cover for ringed seals to reproduce also will disappear, challenging their survival, scientists report in a new study.

The ringed seal, currently under consideration for threatened species listing, builds caves to rear its young in snow drifts on sea ice. Snow depths must be on average at least 20 centimeters, or 8 inches, to enable drifts deep enough to support the caves.

“It’s an absolute condition they need,” said Cecilia Bitz, an associate professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington. She’s a co-author of the study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

But without sea ice, the platform that allows the snow to pile up disappears, ultimately reducing the area where the seals can raise their pups.

Bitz typically focuses on studying the area and thickness of sea ice. “But when a seal biologist telephoned and asked what our climate models predict for snow depth on the ice, I said, ‘I have no idea,'” she said. “We had never looked.”

That biologist was co-author Brendan Kelly of the National Science Foundation and he was curious about the snow depth trend because he was contributing to a governmental report in response to the petition to list the seals as threatened.

The researchers, including lead author and UW atmospheric sciences graduate student Paul Hezel, found that snowfall patterns will change during this century but the most important factor in determining snow depth on the ice will be the disappearance of the sea ice.

“The snowfall rate increases slightly in the middle of winter by the end of the century,” Hezel said. However, at the same time sea ice is expected to start forming later in the year than it does now. The slightly heavier snowfall in the winter won’t compensate for the fact that in the fall — which is also when it snows the heaviest — snow will drop into the ocean instead of piling up on the ice.

The researchers anticipate that the area of the Arctic that accumulates at least 20 centimeters of snow will decrease by almost 70 percent this century. With insufficient snow depth, caves won’t hold up.

Other climate changes threaten those caves, too. For instance, the snow will melt earlier in the year than it does now, so it’s possible the caves won’t last until the young seals are old enough to venture out on their own. In addition, more precipitation will fall as rain, which soaks into the snow and can cause caves to collapse.

The research is important for more than just the ringed seals. “There are many other reasons to study snow cover,” Hezel said. “It has a huge thermodynamic impact on the thickness of the ice.”

Snow on sea ice in fall and winter acts like a blanket that slows the release of heat from the relatively warm ocean into the atmosphere. That means deeper snow tempers sea ice growth.

In the spring, snow has a different impact on the ice. Since snow is more reflective than ice, it creates a cooling effect on the surface. “So the presence of snow helps sustain the icepack into spring time,” Hezel said.

To produce the study, the scientists examined 10 different climate models, looking at historic and future changes of things like sea ice area, precipitation, snowfall and snow depth on sea ice. The resulting prediction for declining snow depth on sea ice this century agreed across all of the models.

The new research comes too late to be cited in the report about ringed seals that was written by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in response to the petition to list the ringed seal as threatened. However, it confirms results that were based on a single model that Bitz provided for the report two years ago. NOAA expects to issue its final decision soon.

The UW scientists on this study were funded by the Office of Naval Research.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Washington. The original article was written by Nancy Gohring.

Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.


Journal Reference:

P. J. Hezel, X. Zhang, C. M. Bitz, B. P. Kelly, F. Massonnet. Projected decline in spring snow depth on Arctic sea ice caused by progressively later autumn open ocean freeze-up this century. Geophysical Research Letters, 2012; 39 (17) DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052794

Antarctic Ice Area Sets Another Record – NSIDC Is Silent

Day 256 Antarctic ice is the highest ever for the date, and the eighth highest daily reading ever recorded. All seven higher readings occurred during the third week of September, 2007 – the week of the previous Arctic record minimum.

arctic.atmos.uiuc.edu/cryosphere/timeseries.south.anom.1979-2008

NSIDC does not mention the record Antarctic cold or ice on their web site, choosing inside to feature an article about global warming threatening penguins.

National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)

NSIDC does have a completely nonsensical discussion page explaining why Antarctic ice does not affect the climate.

Scientists monitor both Arctic and Antarctic sea ice, but Arctic sea ice is more significant to understanding global climate because much more Arctic ice remains through the summer months, reflecting sunlight and cooling the planet.

Nonsense. There is very little sunlight reaching the Arctic Ocean in September, and much more reaching Antarctic ice – because it is located at lower latitudes. Arctic ice took its big decline in mid-August, after the sun was already low in the sky.

Sea ice near the Antarctic Peninsula, south of the tip of South America, has recently experienced a significant decline. The rest of Antarctica has experienced a small increase in Antarctic sea ice.

Antarctic ice is nearing an all-time record high, and is above average everywhere.

Antarctica and the Arctic are reacting differently to climate change partly because of geographical differences. Antarctica is a continent surrounded by water, while the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Wind and ocean currents around Antarctica isolate the continent from global weather patterns, keeping it cold. In contrast, the Arctic Ocean is intimately linked with the climate systems around it, making it more sensitive to changes in climate.

Antarctic and Arctic ice move opposite each other. NSIDC`s dissonance about this is astonishing.

Quick Facts on Sea Ice

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 19. 2012

Published on Sep 19, 2012 by

2012 Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
Canary Quakes: http://www.geo.ign.es/ign/layoutIn/volcaListadoTerremotos.do?zona=2&canti…
Antarctic Ice Record: http://stevengoddard.wordpress.com/2012/09/16/antarctic-ice-area-sets-another…
Sea Temp Record: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-sea-surface-temperatures-highs-northeast.html
India Landslide: http://www.todaysthv.com/news/article/227182/288/Heavy-rains-lead-to-deadly-l…
Oil Sill EU/UK: https://www.offshoreenergytoday.com/psa-investigates-hydrocarbon-leak-on-ula-…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

3MIN News Sept 18. 2012

Published on Sep 18, 2012 by

2012 Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
ANOTHER Alaska Windstorm: http://www.weather.com/news/major-wind-storm-hits-anchorage-20120917
Extreme Weather is Coming: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-loss-arctic-ice-trigger-extreme.html
Ringed Seals Threatened: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120917132345.htm
Tracking Tropics: http://www.wunderground.com/tropical/

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 6 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 9 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 9 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 10 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 14 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 15 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 15 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 18 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
277830 (2006 HR29) 11th October 2012 21 day(s) 0.1917 74.6 190 m – 440 m 7.88 km/s 28368 km/h
(2008 BW2) 11th October 2012 21 day(s) 0.1678 65.3 3.1 m – 6.8 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2005 GQ21) 12th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.1980 77.0 620 m – 1.4 km 23.86 km/s 85896 km/h
(2012 GV17) 12th October 2012 22 day(s) 0.1500 58.4 160 m – 370 m 16.11 km/s 57996 km/h
256004 (2006 UP) 14th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1374 53.5 65 m – 140 m 3.06 km/s 11016 km/h
(2005 ST1) 14th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1319 51.3 230 m – 510 m 12.88 km/s 46368 km/h
(2011 OB57) 14th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1553 60.4 17 m – 37 m 4.95 km/s 17820 km/h
(2012 KB4) 14th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1271 49.4 22 m – 49 m 4.98 km/s 17928 km/h
(2004 RX10) 15th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.0819 31.9 150 m – 340 m 11.86 km/s 42696 km/h
(2006 WV1) 15th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.0910 35.4 17 m – 39 m 6.15 km/s 22140 km/h
(2012 LA) 16th October 2012 26 day(s) 0.0449 17.5 8.3 m – 19 m 1.86 km/s 6696 km/h
329275 (1999 VP6) 17th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.1766 68.7 300 m – 670 m 7.15 km/s 25740 km/h
136993 (1998 ST49) 18th October 2012 28 day(s) 0.0737 28.7 790 m – 1.8 km 16.63 km/s 59868 km/h
(2002 TR190) 19th October 2012 29 day(s) 0.1712 66.6 430 m – 960 m 13.58 km/s 48888 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

18.09.2012 Biological Hazard China Province of Guangdong, Zhanjiang Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in China on Tuesday, 18 September, 2012 at 12:13 (12:13 PM) UTC.

Description
The H5N1 avian flu virus has been detected in the city of Zhanjiang in south China’s Guangdong province, experts confirmed on Tuesday. The virus has infected 14,050 ducks and killed 6,300 of them since Sept. 11, when symptoms were first reported, a Ministry of Agriculture official said. After the epidemic was confirmed, local authorities cordoned off an infected area in the city and killed all poultry in the area before starting to decontaminate it, the official said. China is particularly prone to bird flu epidemics, as it has the world’s largest poultry population and many rural farmers live in close proximity to their poultry.
Biohazard name: H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
18.09.2012 Biological Hazard Germany Multiple areas, [Regensburg and Berlin] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Germany on Tuesday, 18 September, 2012 at 03:39 (03:39 AM) UTC.

Description
A fourth case of anthrax has been confirmed in a German heroin user since June, reports the Robert Koch Institut (RKI) in a news release Friday, September 14. According to the release (translated), the individual saw a doctor in mid-September presenting with a soft tissue infection in the area of injection site. The presumptive diagnosis of anthrax was confirmed by the RKI using real-time PCR laboratory on the wound material. Germany has now confirmed 4 cases in two states, two in Regensburg and two in Berlin since June 2012. The RKI says, the fact that the anthrax strains that were isolated from the first three anthrax cases in 2012 are similar or at least very closely related to the strains of the German and British cases of the years 2009/2010, suggests that the same source of infection might still be active. This case is the eleventh of anthrax among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Europe reported since June. In addition to the four cases in Germany, there have been four in the United Kingdom, two in Denmark and one in France. The RKI reminds the public, since anthrax is not passed on from person-to-person, there is no risk of transmission.
Biohazard name: Anthrax contained heroin
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status:
19.09.2012 Biological Hazard Vietnam MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Haiphong, Ha Tinh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Thanh Hoa and Quang Ngai] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Vietnam on Wednesday, 05 September, 2012 at 13:32 (01:32 PM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Wednesday, 19 September, 2012 at 13:14 UTC
Description
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has decided to stop transport of live water-fowl from North and Central Vietnam to the South, in an effort to curb spread of the new highly toxic strain of avian flu virus. Pham Van Dong, deputy director of the Department of Animal Health, stated this at a meeting held yesterday in Hanoi by the National Steering Committee for Avian Flu Prevention and Control. The new strain, 2.3.2.1 C, which has been detected, is highly toxic and therefore extremely deadly. The virus strain has recently spread to Vietnam and is now present in affected areas in the northern and central provinces of Hai Phong, Ha Tinh, Ninh Binh, Nam Dinh, Bac Kan, Thanh Hoa and Quang Ngai. Fearing the virus may spread to South Vietnam, the Department of Animal Health was asked to isolate the virus and ban transport of live water-fowl from infected areas. Dong said that slaughterhouses practicing good hygiene should be mentioned to localities from the central province of Thua Thien-Hue to Ho Chi Minh City. Because the new strain is different from the earlier A/H5N1 virus, the ministry has urged for experiments and tests to confirm whether the vaccine used to combat A/H5N1 is also effective against the new strain. If the existing vaccine is ineffective, studies on new vaccines should be conducted soon. The Central Veterinary Diagnosis Center has been asked to study the new strain to help find a specific medication to fight the virus.

…………………..

A substantial escape of hydrocarbons occurred on the Ula field in the Norwegian North Sea on 12 September. The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSA) has decide to investigate this incident.

No people were injured and no damage caused to the installation beyond the equipment directly involved. But the PSA considers the incident to have had a substantial potential.

The leak arose in the separator module on Ula’s production platform (PP). Nobody was in the module when the incident occurred.

While the facility was automatically shut down, all personnel on the installation were evacuated to the drilling platform (DP). Production on Ula has been suspended for the time being.

One reason why the PSA has resolved to conduct an investigation is the substantial potential involved in the incident.

Objectives include establishing the course of events and identifying the direct and underlying causes. The resulting report will be published on the PSA’s website.

The Ula oil field lies in Norway’s North Sea sector and has three conventional steel platforms for production, drilling and quarters. These are linked by bridges. BP is the operator.

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Press Release, September 18, 2012; Image: BP

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18.09.2012 HAZMAT Czech Republic Multiple region, [Prerov,Osek and Becvou] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in Czech Republic on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 14:15 (02:15 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Tuesday, 18 September, 2012 at 18:52 UTC
Description
The Czech Republic has the 23rd victim of methyl alcohol, an autopsy has confirmed, Stepanka Zatloukalova, from the police presidium said. She said methanol was not confirmed as the cause of death of another two people. They, too, died of alcohol, but not of methyl alcohol, Zatloukalova said. Tens of other people are hospitalised. Some of the cured have gone blind. The first victim in the series of methanol-related poisonings was reported on September 6. The sale of drinks with more than 20 percent of alcohol have been banned in the country since Friday evening. Extensive police raids and checks have uncovered barrels with dangerous alcohol since the “prohibition” was introduced on Friday and some distributors of the bootleg alcohol have been arrested. Both producers and sellers complain about the ban because it inflicts huge damage on them.

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Articles of Interest

Tornado Of Fire Caught On Tape In Australia Fire Twister

Published on Sep 16, 2012 by

THERE’S something mean and magical about Australia’s Outback. An Alice Springs filmmaker captured both when a whirlwind of fire erupted before his eyes.
Chris Tangey of Alice Springs Film and Television was scouting locations near Curtin Springs station, about 80km from Ularu, last week when confronted by a fiery phenomenon.
He had just finished his tour of the station when workers encountered difficulties with a grader. So he went to help them.
A small fire was burning in nearby bushland, so Mr Tangey decided to start filming.
He caught the sight of his life.
A twister touched down on the spot fire, fanning it into a furious tower of flame.
“It sounded like a jet fighter going by, yet there wasn’t a breath of wind where we were,” he told the Northern Territory News.
“You would have paid $1000 a head if you knew it was about to happen.”
The column of fire danced about the landscape for about 40 minutes, he said, as he and the station workers stood transfixed.

There was talk of making a quick getaway, Mr Tangey said. But everyone was too hypnotised to feel scared – and he continued furiously filming.

“The bizarre thing was that it rarely moved,” he said.

“These things just stood there because there was no wind to move them … but it was flickering incredibly fast.”

Darwin weather forecaster David Matthews said small twisters were common in isolated areas. But the fiery vortex was highly unusual.

“The flames would have assisted by trying to suck in air and that could have helped generate those circular winds,” Mr Matthews said.

 

 

 

Mysteriously Boiling Water In Russian River Reported 


MessageToEagle.com – The problem with rivers around the world continues. A while back the Yangtze River in China turned red, and now there are reports of a river in Russia that has suddenly started to boil.

Hundreds of shocked residents that live in Yekaterinburg, Russia describe how a small river named Olkhovka that passes through the city unexpectedly turned into a stream of extremely hot water.

 

Olkhovka river in Russia begins to boil, causing yet another environmental disaster.

No one knew what caused the phenomenon, but the fact is that the river ecosystem was severely affected, causing the death of thousands of fish lying on the banks.

“The water is really hot. The shore of the river is littered with dead fish,” a Professor from a local university said.

The local urban traffic control service reported the problem.

According to them, the most likely cause to the disaster is that a great leakage of hot water that had flowed into the river Olkhovka of such intensity that could be water vapor on the surface.

“The problem is that when the river connects to the pond, the water flows through a tunnel, and no one knows exactly where there was a rush, “Russian urban traffic control dispatchers said.

Industries that might be involved, among which is the “heat supply company Sverdlovsk” deny any connection with thermal pollution of the watercourse. But local authorities are well aware that this is a problem caused by human action.

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Strange Red Appearance Of Azov Sea – Locals Panic

Exploding Lakes – Horrifying Natural Phenomena

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Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.3 2012/09/17 23:28:38   23.334   100.045 15.0  YUNNAN, CHINA
MAP  5.0   2012/09/17 21:15:45  -14.902   167.409 146.9  VANUATU
MAP  2.8 2012/09/17 21:12:30   36.644  -120.949 9.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA