Tag Archive: Ionian Sea


Earthquakes

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 23:43 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 23:38 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 27 23:08 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 22:56 PM
3.5     9.0     MAP

USGS     Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 27 22:55 PM
2.7     41.8     MAP

EMSC     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.9     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Cochabamba, Bolivia
Apr 27 21:36 PM
4.0     42.0     MAP

USGS     Cochabamba, Bolivia
Apr 27 21:36 PM
4.0     42.3     MAP

EMSC     Azores Islands Region
Apr 27 21:32 PM
3.0     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 27 21:20 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Taiwan
Apr 27 21:08 PM
4.2     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 27 20:15 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 27 20:11 PM
2.6     4.7     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 19:44 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 27 19:22 PM
4.9     58.2     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 27 19:22 PM
4.9     58.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 19:17 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 27 18:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Libertador General Bernardo O’higgins, Chile
Apr 27 18:34 PM
4.7     50.2     MAP

EMSC     Libertador O’higgins, Chile
Apr 27 18:34 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 18:18 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.6     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Maule, Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.6     51.0     MAP

USGS     Maule, Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.7     41.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 17:36 PM
2.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 16:44 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 16:22 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 16:22 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 16:02 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.5     71.5     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.4     46.9     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.3     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.4     43.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 27 14:47 PM
2.6     20.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 14:24 PM
2.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 14:13 PM
3.2     12.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 27 13:38 PM
2.8     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 13:35 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 27 13:27 PM
3.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 13:15 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 27 13:11 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 13:05 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 12:53 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:46 PM
3.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:37 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 27 12:36 PM
3.1     118.6     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 12:34 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 27 12:30 PM
2.9     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 27 12:28 PM
2.9     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:18 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 27 12:00 PM
2.8     84.8     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:47 AM
2.9     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:19 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:08 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:49 AM
3.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 10:43 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Germany
Apr 27 10:33 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Germany
Apr 27 10:33 AM
2.5     1.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 27 10:32 AM
4.6     49.2     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 27 10:32 AM
4.6     50.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu , New Zealand
Apr 27 10:32 AM
3.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 27 10:24 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:19 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
Apr 27 09:46 AM
3.4     25.8     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 27 09:39 AM
3.3     121.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 09:16 AM
3.1     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 09:14 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Xinjiang, China
Apr 27 09:01 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Luzon, Philippines
Apr 27 08:59 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

USGS     Luzon, Philippines
Apr 27 08:59 AM
4.5     42.1     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 27 08:52 AM
2.5     25.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 08:52 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 08:49 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Northern California
Apr 27 08:38 AM
4.1     6.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 27 08:38 AM
3.8     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 27 08:01 AM
3.0     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of New Guinea, Png.
Apr 27 07:49 AM
4.3     123.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of New Guinea, Papua
Apr 27 07:49 AM
4.3     123.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:49 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:39 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:15 AM
3.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:11 AM
2.9     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     29.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 06:46 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 06:28 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 06:07 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 27 05:49 AM
4.5     219.0     MAP

GEOFON     Afghanistan-tajikistan Border Region
Apr 27 05:49 AM
5.0     221.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 27 05:49 AM
4.5     224.5     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 27 05:39 AM
3.1     49.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
5.0     27.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
5.1     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
4.9     33.9     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 27 05:36 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 27 05:17 AM
4.2     157.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 05:11 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:45 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 04:42 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 27 04:37 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:33 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:58 AM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 03:51 AM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 03:37 AM
3.0     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 03:32 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:10 AM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:01 AM
2.8     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 02:55 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 02:54 AM
3.4     19.0     MAP

USGS     Western Montana
Apr 27 02:38 AM
2.6     9.7     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 27 01:46 AM
3.1     107.8     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:41 AM
4.8     60.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:40 AM
4.8     15.6     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:40 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:38 AM
2.9     36.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 27 01:27 AM
3.1     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:26 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:21 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:18 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:01 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 27 00:59 AM
2.6     9.0     MAP

GEONET     West Coast
Apr 27 00:58 AM
3.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 27 00:50 AM
3.0     86.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 27 00:36 AM
2.6     101.1     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 27 00:35 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 00:22 AM
3.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 00:02 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

sources: USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

Nyamuragira volcano (DR Congo): new lava lake forming in summit crater ?

Saturday Apr 28, 2012 00:23 AM | Age: 9 hrs
BY: T

Nyamuragira volcano in the DR Congo might be forming a new lava lake in its summit caldera.
The volcano’s last eruption from the Kimanura fissure NE of the summit caldera seems to have ended by now. Until early to mid March, a lava lake was observed in the eastern vent and a strong heat source could be detected on satellite imagery, but has now disappeared.
Seismic explosion signals from a source under the summit were noted on 24 February from the summit crater and overflights showed increased degassing from the central pit, which contained a lava lake until 1940. This activity increased in April and a strong SO2 odor from this area suggests the presence of near-surface magma. Scientists and the park rangers are speculating about the possibility that a new lava lake in the summit crater might be about to form.

  Current Emergencies

15 28.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

Popocatépetl volcanic activity

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

The Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico has presented 12 low-intensity exhalations, which were accompanied by emissions of water vapor, gas and only on three occasions moderate amounts of ash.

VIDEO: View of Popocatepetl volcano with fumes and gas being released.

Video by Odette Cid, http://www.demotix.com/users/cid-autant.


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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Texas, [Kountze Region] Damage level Details

High Wind Warning

 GREAT FALLS MT

Gale Warning

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION
POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND

Freeze Warning

BUFFALO NY
CLEVELAND OH
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
BURLINGTON VT
STATE COLLEGE PA
CHARLESTON WV
BINGHAMTON NY
NEW YORK NY
ALBANY NY
TAUNTON MA
PITTSBURGH PA
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
GRAND RAPIDSMI
GRAND JUNCTION CO

Hard Freeze Warning

SALT LAKE CITY UT

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Storms, Flooding

 

India – Cyclone ravages 40 Tinsukia villages, 3 killed.

A severe cyclone accompanied by heavy hailstorm that reaped through the Tinsukia district in the late afternoon Wednesday claimed three lives, besides causing heavy damage to property. More than 40 villages under Kakopathar, Pengeree and Dhola police stations have faced the fury of the cyclone. At Majbari village of Kakopathar, a big tree fell over a nine-year-old girl killing her instantly. There are reports of injuries to several other people in the areas affected by the cyclone. The cyclone played havoc in the entire areas destroying hundreds of residential houses, animal sheds, granaries, schools and other government buildings. There are reports of heavy losses of livestock and wild animals in the cyclone. The National Highways 37 and 52 have been blocked by uprooted trees for several hours. The power supply and telecommunication system have also been disrupted in the cyclone-affected areas of the district, which are yet to be fully repaired. The exact amount of losses in the cyclone is yet to be assessed. The storm destroyed hundreds of houses, demolished a hospital and a church, besides uprooting trees and disrupting power supply in the two districts. The storm accompanied by rains lasted for about 30 minutes, leaving a trail of destruction in most parts of the two districts with Doomdooma circle in Tinsukia being among the worst hit. A few names of affected villages and tea estates are Talap, Dangri, Tezipathar, Katorbasti, Borali, Maithong, Laina, Khobang, Dhola, Haikhati, Ghutung Gaon, Kherbari, Samguri, Kakopathar, Dirak in Tinsukia district. In Laina tea estate alone, some 91 houses were demolished, its hospital roof blown away and a church pulled down. Road communication was severely disrupted in several areas with uprooted trees and electric poles blocking highways and other roads. Government officials failed to give estimate of the total number of displaced people, affected villages and tea estates since the assessment was being carried out. Around 3,000 people are believed to have been rendered homeless. Most parts of the district plunged into darkness since midnight and the powert supply has not yet been restored.

 

 

  Current Emergencies

  26.04.2012 Flash Flood MultiCountries [Haiti and Dominican Republic] Damage level Details
Local – 25 April 2012, 9:27 AM
Storm Olga. File.

SANTO DOMINGO.- The Emergency Operations Center (COE) issued flash flood and mudslide warnings to four provinces and alerts to 13 others, as a frontal system will bring downpours ant thunderstorms to many parts of the country.

The COE declared Montecristi, Puerto Plata, Santiago and Maria Trinidad Sanchez provinces under warnings, and issued alerts for Valverde, Samaná, Santiago Rodriguez, Espaillat, Dajabón and Hermanas Mirabal.

It said Monseñor Noel, La Vega, Duarte, Monte Plata, Hato Mayor, San Pedro and El Seibo provinces should also be on the lookout for flash floods.

 Short Time Event(s)

27.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Colorado, [Prowers, Kiowa and Bent counties] Damage level Details

7 Homes, Hog Farm Destroyed in Colorado Tornadoes

EADS, Colo. April 27, 2012 (AP)

At least seven homes and a hog farm were destroyed early Friday after authorities said rare nighttime tornadoes ripped through sparsely populated counties on the southeastern Colorado plains.

State officials say no deaths have been reported, only minor injuries from the twisters reported in Prowers, Kiowa and Bent counties. Preliminary findings indicate five tornadoes touched down.

Officials in the Prowers County city of Lamar said deputies and state troopers spotted a fast and large tornado south of town that ripped through homes.

One home in Bent County and two in Prowers County were destroyed, said state emergency management division spokeswoman Micki Trost. In Kiowa County, four homes and a former church building were damaged or destroyed, said Chris Sorensen of the county sheriff’s office.

The damage included one home in Chivington, in Kiowa County, that was totaled after the five people sleeping inside escaped, owner Therisa Brown said. She added there was no warning before her home was demolished.

“We woke up to the roof getting ripped off,” Brown said. “We went to the living room, and we lifted a wall off of a friend who was staying with us. That’s when the tornado circled back, and it hit the house again. We barely made it into the bathroom.”

Read Full Article Here

 

Most of Colombia’s 32 regions are suffering from flooding.

The country has seen widespread flooding in recent years, with some 3.6 million people, about 8% of the population, affected. 2012 seems set to continue this pattern. Army engineers have been busy evacuating people and livestock from disaster zones, working on roads, combating landslides, building emergency bridges and delivering aid. They were recently summoned to try to block off a burst river bank in one municipality of the capital Bogota. In the flood plains around the Chicu River, it was easy to spot the engineering problems. There are huge potholes in the streets, infrastructure was placed on delicate and unstable wetland. This is Bogota’s main problem. The capital lies at an altitude of 2,600m (8,530ft), and is criss-crossed by countless rivers that are constantly at risk of overflowing. Indeed Colombia as a whole, with its varied topography ranging from huge flood plains and savannahs to volcanic regions and the Andes, is more at risk than most from natural disasters. Repair work is often a race against time before more rains come. People dependent on farming this land are among those who are suffering most. On 24 April, the President enacted a law aimed at improving natural disaster response and prevention at both national and local level. More than 60,000 people were affected so far this year and the rains are forecast to continue until June.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

BILLINGS MT
GREAT FALLS MT

Flood Warning

MISSOULA MT
BOISE ID
SPOKANE, WA
NORTH PLATTE NE
LAKE CHARLES LA
POCATELLO ID

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Radiation/Biological Hazard

  Current Emergencies

1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
  27.04.2012 Biological Hazard Kazakhstan [Statewide] Damage level Details
  • Chinese health workers cull chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus at Hong Kong's Sham Shui Po poultry market in 2008. Agricultural authorities in northwest China have culled about 95,000 chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus, state press have reportedChinese health workers cull chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus …

Agricultural authorities in northwest China have culled about 95,000 chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus, state press reported Wednesday.

The outbreak in Touying township of the Ningxia region was discovered on Friday last week after over 23,000 chickens began showing symptoms, Xinhua news agency said, citing the Ministry of Agriculture.

The ministry said the “epidemic is now under control”, the report said, while work teams have been sent to the area to step up prevention measures.

China is considered one of the nations most at risk of bird flu epidemics because it has the world’s biggest poultry population and many chickens in rural areas are kept close to humans.

In January, a man in southwest China’s Guizhou province died after contracting the bird flu virus, the second such fatality reported in China this year, health authorities said.

 Short Time Event(s)

1 28.04.2012 Nuclear Event USA State of California, [Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Diablo Canyon nuclear plant in California knocked offline by jellyfish-like creatures called salp

Diablo Canyon Power Plant / AP

This photo provided by the Diablo Canyon Power Plant on Friday shows salp, a gelatinous sea creature, at a nuclear reactor intake structure.

By James Eng, msnbc.com

In Japan, it was a monstrous earthquake and tsunami that brought down the Fukushima nuclear plant. In California, it’s a tiny, jellyfish-like sea creature called salp that’s causing problems at the Diablo Canyon atomic plant.

An invasion of salp has prompted Pacific Gas and Electric Co. to temporarily shut down a nuclear reactor at Diablo Canyon, in Avila Beach, San Luisa Obispo County, on the central California coast.

A giant swarm of the transluscent barrel-shaped organisms this week clogged intake screens that are used to keep marine life out of the seawater that is used as a coolant for the nuclear plant.

On Wednesday, PG&E officials reduced power output at the Unit 2 reactor, then decided to shut it down altogether “until conditions improve at the intake structure.” The plant’s other reactor, Unit 1, had already been shut down earlier in the week for a planned refueling and maintenance outage.

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr27: Solar Activity, GeoMagnetics, World Update

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

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Epidemic/Pandemic

  Current Emergencies

3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Epidemic Ukraine Multiple areas, [Western part of the country] Damage level Details
27.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard USA State of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Damage level Details

Euro 2012: Ukraine advises visiting supporters to get measles jabs

• Measles outbreak hit western areas of Ukraine in March
• ‘Epidemic expected to accelerate and spread’

Football fans measles jabs

Football supporters have been urged to have measles vaccinations if they are travelling to Ukraine for Euro 2012. Photograph: Carl Recine/Action Images

Ukraine – which hosts the European Championship in June together with Poland – has urged fans to get vaccinated against measles before visiting, the Kiev Post newspaper reported on Wednesday.

“If you plan to come to Ukraine, please get vaccinated at home,” the newspaper quoted Oleksandr Kravchuk, deputy head of the state sanitary and epidemiological service, as saying. “The situation with measles is unfavourable in our country.”

The European Centre of Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), a European Union agency in charge of fighting infectious diseases, reported a measles outbreak in the former Soviet republic last month with more than 5,000 cases registered.

The outbreak was concentrated in the west of the country bordering on Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.

“The epidemic is expected to accelerate and spread geographically during the peak transmission season for measles from February to June,” ECDC said.

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Wildlife

Dolphins are Mysteriously Dying Around the World

By Eddie Sage on 27 April 2012

Since January, dead dolphins have washed ashore in Peru, the death toll reaching a staggering 877. Scientists are still trying to explain the bizarre deaths, and their best prediction at the moment is that its due to a virus outbreak or acoustic trauma.

Environmental authorities are investigating the deaths of more than 800 dolphins that have washed up on the northern coast of Peru this year.

The dolphins may have died from an outbreak of Morbillivirus or Brucella bacteria, said Peruvian Deputy Environment Minister Gabriel Quijandria, according to Peru’s state-run Andina news agency. Speaking to CNN, he said he expects test results to be ready within the week.

“Right now, the most probable hypothesis is that it’s a virus outbreak,” he said.

Quijandria said Thursday that 877 dolphins have washed up in a 220-kilometer (137-mile) area from Punta Aguja to Lambayeque, in the north of the country.

More than 80% of those dolphins were found in an advanced state of decomposition, making it difficult to study their deaths, according to Andina.

Earlier last week, the Peruvian government put together a panel from different ministries to analyze a report by the Peruvian Sea Institute (IMARPE). Officials have been able to conclude that the dolphins’ deaths were not due to lack of food, interaction with fisheries, poisoning with pesticides, biotoxin poisoning or contamination by heavy metals.

“When you have something this large, my gut would tell me that there’s something traumatic that happened,” Sue Rocca, a marine biologist with the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, told CNN. She floated a number of number of possibilities as to what could have killed the animals, including acoustic trauma, but concluded that investigators just don’t know yet. “More investigation needs to be done,” she said.

More then 200 Dolphins have beached themselves on Manila Bay, Philippians

Read Full Article Here

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Articles of Interest

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Terror Attack Ukraine Dnipropetrovska Oblast, Dnepropetrovsk Damage level Details

Ukraine Terrorist Attacks

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

We have it confirmed officially that four explosions happened in the Ukraine’s third largest city of Dnepropetrovsk in the east of the country. Twenty-seven people have received injuries, no people passed away so far as we understand. Twenty-five of them have been hospitalized, nine of them are children and some of them are in a very severe condition with very severe wounds. Now, the authorities are still trying to determine what exactly happened, but we do know that four self-made explosive devices went off with about a 20-minute difference each.

All were put in trash bins at tramway stops. Interesting that all those tram stops were on the very same tramway line in the central part of Dnepropetrovsk. Now panic is gripping the city, with people staying in their offices too afraid to go home fearing that more blasts could happen. The public transport has been suspended in the central part of the city, and mobile phones do not work, probably because authorities are afraid of more blasts and that’s why they are jamming all the cell phone connections.

Also, the Internet is just literally flooded with panic-driven messages that as many as 10 explosions have in fact happened in the city, but this has not been yet confirmed by the authorities. We for now know only of four explosions in the city of Dnepropetrovsk. But we are certainly waiting for any more developments from the eastern Ukrainian city.

Certainly, the authorities have already launched an investigation on terrorist attack, but nobody has yet claimed any responsibility for these actions and such things are in fact untypical for Ukraine. These things could be called irregularity, because Ukraine is not known for terrorist attacks on its soil. But investigators are saying that this is most likely a terrorist attack, because, as I’ve said, all of the four explosive devices were self-made and the fact that they went off with a particular time difference certainly adds to the theory that this was an orchestrated terrorist attack on Ukraine’s third largest city. Now, certainly while we are waiting for more information and explanation on who is behind this attack, already this attack has some serious implications, especially given that in just about 40 days Ukraine will have the Euro 2012 football championship starting here. And certainly with such string of explosions in its third largest city with a population over one million people puts serious concerns about the security during the football tournament and could in fact jeopardize the whole football championship. We have to wait and see what the authorities have to say, and whether they would be able to find those responsible for this attack in Dnepropetrovsk.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
4.7     92.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 25 23:19 PM
2.7     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:50 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:49 PM
4.5     13.8     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:49 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 25 22:42 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Italy
Apr 25 22:38 PM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 25 22:18 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 22:11 PM
4.6     44.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 22:11 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 22:06 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 25 21:02 PM
2.7     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 20:45 PM
4.7     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 20:45 PM
4.6     88.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 25 20:29 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 25 20:17 PM
4.7     262.0     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 25 20:17 PM
4.8     256.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 25 18:17 PM
2.5     46.1     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 18:16 PM
3.4     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 17:52 PM
3.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
Apr 25 17:40 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 17:33 PM
2.5     24.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 25 16:54 PM
2.8     1.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:31 PM
5.1     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:31 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:30 PM
5.1     22.7     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 25 16:19 PM
2.8     141.3     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.8     93.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.6     109.6     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.6     110.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 16:18 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 16:17 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 16:17 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 15:16 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 25 14:37 PM
3.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 14:21 PM
2.4     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 25 14:13 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 14:07 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 25 13:39 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Mid Atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 13:01 PM
3.1     400.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 12:58 PM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Azores-cape St. Vincent Ridge
Apr 25 12:42 PM
2.4     27.0     MAP

USGS     Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
Apr 25 12:31 PM
2.5     0.2     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 12:07 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Whanganui
Apr 25 11:54 AM
2.9     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 11:49 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 11:30 AM
4.5     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 11:30 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 10:45 AM
2.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.5     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 25 10:25 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greenland Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Norwegian Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.6     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     Greenland Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.2     9.2     MAP

GEOFON     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.1     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 25 08:52 AM
2.5     20.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 25 08:23 AM
3.7     76.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 08:16 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.2     50.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 07:49 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 07:48 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.7     13.8     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Democratic Republic Of Congo
Apr 25 07:24 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 07:22 AM
3.3     3.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 25 07:00 AM
2.7     63.5     MAP

USGS     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
5.0     122.8     MAP

GEOFON     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
4.8     99.0     MAP

EMSC     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
5.0     100.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 25 06:51 AM
2.8     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 25 06:24 AM
3.9     28.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 25 06:24 AM
3.9     27.8     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 05:42 AM
3.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of Santa Catalina, California
Apr 25 05:29 AM
3.0     13.3     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 05:23 AM
3.1     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Southern Chile
Apr 25 05:02 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Aisen, Chile
Apr 25 05:01 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off Coast Of Aisen, Chile
Apr 25 05:01 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Alaska
Apr 25 04:47 AM
2.8     11.1     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Mariana Islands
Apr 25 04:46 AM
4.7     226.0     MAP

USGS     Guam Region
Apr 25 04:45 AM
4.8     214.5     MAP

EMSC     Guam Region
Apr 25 04:45 AM
4.8     216.0     MAP

EMSC     Caucasus Region, Russia
Apr 25 04:17 AM
3.4     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 25 03:45 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP
EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 03:26 AM
2.5     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 25 03:23 AM
5.0     156.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 25 03:23 AM
4.8     159.7     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 25 03:23 AM
5.3     134.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 25 03:21 AM
2.8     153.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 25 03:19 AM
2.9     11.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     9.6     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 02:37 AM
3.0     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 02:08 AM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 25 01:26 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 00:55 AM
2.6     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 25 00:42 AM
3.4     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 25 00:04 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

 

sources : USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

 

 

Quake rocks Andaman Nicobar Islands

The Hindu

PTI

A tremor with moderate intensity shook parts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands on Wednesday.

No injury or casualty has been reported.

The epicentre of the tremor measuring 5.7 on the Richter Scale was between Little Andaman and Car Nicobar, said disaster management director Ashok Sharma.

The earthquake occurred at 1.12 PM and originated at a depth of 10 km, he said.

It may be recalled following a massive earthquake off Sumatra coast on April 11, a tsunami alert had been sounded in the islands.

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Volcanic Activity

Volcano Watch: Heavy Breathing in Santorini

Analysis by Sarah Simpson
Wed Apr 25, 2012 07:27 AM ET

SantoriniCliffsThe iconic white roofs of the Greek isles of Santorini may not stay that way forever. Those buildings are perched, after all, on the rim of a massive underwater volcano blamed for destroying the Minoan civilization of Crete. And it’s restless.

ANALYSIS: White Roofs Help Volcanoes Chill Out

About 3600 years ago, at the height of Minoan civilization, Santorini let loose with one of the largest volcanic eruptions in history. The explosion blanketed nearby islands with piles of ash hundreds of feet thick and sent out a gigantic tsunami that devastated Crete, about 68 miles to the south.

Smaller eruptions across the ensuing millennia ended abruptly in 1950. Then, after 60 years of calm, the caldera reawakened early last year with an escalating swarm of earthquakes. When geologists took a closer look, they could see the ground was swelling as well, as though the sleeping giant were yawning.

Read Full Article Here

Lava from Puu Oo spreads over coastal plain

By Star-Advertiser staff

POSTED: 03:35 p.m. HST, Apr 25, 2012
LAST UPDATED: 08:12 p.m. HST, Apr 25, 2012

COURTESY USGS/HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY
The flows active on the coastal plain for the last month and a half have entered Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park in this Monday photo. These flows were just 80 f eet within the Park boundary, and 0.6 miles from the ocean.

Lava flows from Puu Oo vent are spreading over the coastal plain in Kalapana and over the weekend entered the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. But the flows are still about a half-mile from the ocean.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory released new lava photos taken Monday that show slow-moving breakouts of pahoehoe lava, with the characteristic look of bunched up rope as it cools.

Other photos released in the last month show how the lava has been spreading on the plain, rather than moving directly to the south, toward the ocean.

The plain is below the Pulama Pali and the Royal Gardens subdivision.

The observatory also released video and thermal images showing the summit lava lake rising at Halemaumau Crater.

A glow from the lava lake illuminates the gas plume coming from the vent at night. The lava level rises and falls as the volcano goes through inflation and deflation cycles. The lake level is about 230 feet below the floor of Halemaumau Crater

Current Emergencies

14 26.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

  Short Time Event(s)

  25.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level Details

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Hard Freeze Warning

GRAND FORKS ND

Rare Weather Phenomenon Hit Part of Twin Lakes Area this Morning

By: KTLO
Posted: Wednesday, April 25, 2012

National Weather Service Meteorologist B. J. Simpson says a rare weather phenomenon occurred this morning at the Twin Lakes Area. Between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m. the temperature in Mountain Home rose some 18 degrees going from 64 to 82 degrees before dropping back into the upper 60’s just before 7 a.m. Local weather observer Chuck Beall at Mallard Point
reported about a 20 degree rise in a 90-minute span this morning before it dropped back.
Simpson on the phenomenon.

National Weather Service meteorologist B. J. Simpson on this mornings “heat burst” that saw the temperature rise some 18 degrees between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m.

Listen to the  Broadcast Here

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Storms, Flooding

Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Flash Flood MultiCountries [Haiti and Dominican Republic] Damage level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Indonesia Province of East Kalimantan, [Island of Borneo] Damage level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, [Southern regions] Damage level Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of California, [Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details
  Today Heat Wave USA State of Texas, San Angelo Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard India State of Maharastra, Mumbai (Bombay) [Girgaum] Damage level Details
  Today Flood Canada Province of British Columbia, [Princeton and Kimberley] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Vehicle Incident India State of West Bengal, Salar Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of South Carolina, Columbia [Columbia Nuclear Fuel plant. Westinghouse Ltd] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Florida, Deerfield Beach Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire New Zealand Northland, [Manawatu Region] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level Details
1 25.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level Details
3 25.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee] Damage level Details

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

LOUISVILLE KY
PADUCAH KY

Severe Thunderstorm Watch

LOUISVILLE KY
 NORMAN OK

Severe Weather Statement

LOUISVILLE KY
PADUCAH KY

Gale Warning

MARQUETTE MI
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
CHICAGO IL
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GEORGES BANK...FROM THE NORTHEAST CHANNEL TO THE GREAT SOUTH
CHANNEL INCLUDING WATERS EAST OF CAPE COD...TO THE HAGUE LINE

Flood Warning

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA
SPOKANE, WA
POCATELLO ID

Flash Flood Warning

JACKSON KY

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Solar Activity

3MIN News Apr25: Solar Watch/Magnetic Storm Watch

Published on Apr 25, 2012 by

Solar X-rays:Geomagnetic Field: >

Status
Status

From n3kl.org
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Solar System

NASA releases photo of meteor blazing across Nevada skies

Lisa Warren / NASA-JPL via AP

An image provided by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory shows a meteor over Reno, Nevada on April 22, 2012.

By David R Arnott, msnbc.com

NASA has released a photograph of a flaming meteor that unleashed a powerful sonic boom Sunday morning, rattling houses in California and Nevada when its disintegration released energy equivalent to a 5-kiloton explosion.

The former space rock entered Earth’s atmosphere around 8 a.m. PT on April 22 and exploded over California’s Central Valley, according to NASA, which pinpointed the location in a map posted on its website.

According to space.com, several witnesses initially thought they had experienced an earthquake.

“An event of this size might happen about once a year,” said Don Yeomans of NASA’s Near-Earth Object Program Office. “But most of them occur over the ocean or an uninhabited area, so getting to see one is something special.”

Hunt is on for pieces of van-sized California meteor

Wanted: fragments of a minivan-sized meteor that exploded over northern California and Nevada on Sunday morning and may well have survived to strike Earth.

Meteorites – meteors that make landfall – can provide crucial information about the chemical composition of the early solar system. “It’s like getting sample return without having to go there,” says Bill Cooke of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office at the Marshall Space Flight Centre in Huntsville, Alabama.

However, meteorites are rare. Though meteors frequently streak across the sky, they tend to burn up before reaching the ground or they land in the sea. There’s reason to think the recent meteor is different.

Apart from exploding over land, it created a sonic boom, so it must have stayed intact for long enough for it to get down into the denser air low in the atmosphere – just 16 kilometres above the Earth’s surface, Cooke reckons – raising the chance that some of it hit the dirt.

Read Full Article Here

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

Minor temblor in Appling confirmed

Staff Writer

Tuesday, April 24, 2012 4:03 PM

Last updated 8:23 PM

A mysterious boom that shook portions of Appling late Monday was confirmed Tuesday as a minor earthquake, according to Columbia County authorities.

The event, which registered a 2.1 magnitude on the Richter scale, occurred at 9:26 p.m. and was located near Columbia and Appling-Harlem roads, Emergency Services Director Pam Tucker said.

The temblor was not listed on national earthquake monitors, but was confirmed by a seismologist at Savannah River Site, she said.

“This would explain the loud boom and shaking that many residents felt,” she said.

Earthquakes occur periodically in the area, which lies along the fall line, where the Coastal Plains and Piedmont regions meet.

For decades, scientists have monitored the region around the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ earth-and-concrete Thurmond Dam for seismic activity, which has included dozens of small quakes.

According to the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colo., Thurmond Lake is one of the major earthquake centers in Georgia and South Carolina, where pressure changes caused by water in reservoirs can promote seismic movement.

The largest recent quake in the lake area occurred in Lincoln County on Aug. 2, 1974, and registered 4.2. Three other quakes were recorded in nearby Edgefield County, S.C., in 1996, measuring 2.5, 2.3 and 2.2.

Experts say Augusta is unlikely to experience a serious quake.

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Articles of Interest

 Warning signs from ancient Greek tsunami

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 25, 2012


This figure shows the study area in Greece (Thermaikos Gulf). Red stars indicate drilling sites, where researchers have found high-energy layers, which are interpreted a of a tsunami origin. Credit: Klaus Reicherter, RWTH Aachen University.

In the winter of 479 B.C., a tsunami was the savior of Potidaea, drowning hundreds of Persian invaders as they lay siege to the ancient Greek village.

New geological evidence suggests that the region may still be vulnerable to tsunami events, according to Klaus Reicherter of Aachen University in Germany and his colleagues.

The Greek historian Herodotus described the strange retreat of the tide and massive waves at Potidaea, making his account the first description of a historical tsunami. Reicherter and colleagues have added to the story by sampling sediments on the Possidi peninsula in northern Greece where Potidaea (and its modern counterpart, Nea Potidea) is located.

The sediment cores show signs of “high-energy” marine events like significant waves, and excavations in the suburbs of the nearby ancient city of Mende have uncovered a high-energy level dated to the 5th century B.C. The Mende layer contains much older marine seashells that were probably scoured from the ocean bed and deposited during a tsunami.

Earthquake forecast modeling in the North Aegean Basin near the peninsula suggests that future earthquakes in the area could produce significant tsunami waves, although the area is not included currently in the ten “tsunami” prone regions of Greece.

However, Reicherter and colleagues say their new findings suggest the Thermaikos Gulf where the peninsula is located should be included in tsunami hazard calculations, especially since the area is densely populated and home to many holiday resorts.

Reicherter will present his findings at the Annual Meeting of the Seismological Society of America (SSA) on April 19 in San Diego.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

New CU-NOAA monitoring system clarifies murky atmospheric questions

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 25, 2012


A new technique to measure CO2 and trace gas emissions may be of help in monitoring greenhouse gases. Credit: National Park Service.

A University of Colorado Boulder-led team has developed a new monitoring system to analyze and compare emissions from man-made fossil fuels and trace gases in the atmosphere, a technique that likely could be used to monitor the effectiveness of measures regulating greenhouse gases.

The research team looked at atmospheric gas measurements taken every two weeks from aircraft over a six-year period over the northeast United States to collect samples of CO2 and other environmentally important gases. Their method allowed them to separate CO2 derived from fossil fuels from CO2 being emitted by biological sources like plant respiration, said CU-Boulder Senior Research Associate Scott Lehman, who led the study with CU-Boulder Research Associate John Miller.

The separation was made possible by the fact that CO2 released from the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas has no carbon-14, since the half-life of that carbon radio isotope is about 5,700 years – far less than the age of fossil fuels, which are millions of years old.

In contrast, CO2 emitted from biological sources on Earth like plants is relatively rich in carbon-14 and the difference can be pinpointed by atmospheric scientists, said Lehman of CU’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research.

The team also measured concentrations of 22 other atmospheric gases tied to human activities as part of the study, said Miller of the CU-headquartered Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. The diverse set of gases impact climate change, air quality and the recovery of the ozone layer, but their emissions are poorly understood.

The authors used the ratio between the concentration level of each gas in the atmosphere and that of fossil fuel-derived CO2 to estimate the emission rates of the individual gases, said Miller.

In the long run, measuring carbon-14 in the atmosphere offers the possibility to directly measure country and state emissions of fossil fuel CO2, said Miller. The technique would be an improvement over traditional, “accounting-based” methods of estimating emission rates of CO2 and other gases, which generally rely on reports from particular countries or regions regarding the use of coal, oil and natural gas, he said.

“While the accounting-based approach is probably accurate at global scales, the uncertainties rise for smaller-scale regions,” said Miller, also a scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder. “And as CO2 emissions targets become more widespread, there may be a greater temptation to underreport. But we’ll be able to see through that.”

A paper on the subject was published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, published by the American Geophysical Union. Co-authors include Stephen Montzka and Ed Dlugokencky of NOAA, Colm Sweeney, Benjamin Miller, Anna Karion, Jocelyn Turnbull and Pieter Tans of NOAA and CIRES, Chad Wolak of CU’s INSTAAR and John Southton of the University of California, Irvine.

One surprise in the study was that the researchers detected continued emissions of methyl chloroform and several other gases banned from production in the United States. Such observations emphasize the importance of independent monitoring, since the detection of such emissions could be overlooked by the widely used accounting-based estimation techniques, said Montzka.

The atmospheric air samples were taken every two weeks for six years by aircraft off the coastlines of Cape May, N.J., and Portsmouth, N.H.

Fossil fuel emissions have driven Earth’s atmospheric CO2 from concentrations of about 280 parts per million in the early 1800s to about 390 parts per million today, said Miller. The vast majority of climate scientists believe higher concentrations of the greenhouse gas CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere are directly leading to rising temperatures on the planet.

“We think the approach offered by this study can increase the accuracy of emissions detection and verification for fossil fuel combustion and a host of other man-made gases,” said Lehman. He said the approach of using carbon-14 has been supported by the National Academy of Sciences and could be an invaluable tool for monitoring greenhouse gases by federal agencies like NOAA.

Unfortunately, NOAA’s greenhouse gas monitoring program has been cut back by Congress in recent years, said Lehman. “Even if we lack the will to regulate emissions, the public has a right to know what is happening to our atmosphere. Sticking our heads in the sand is not a sound strategy,” he said.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
The Air We Breathe at TerraDaily.com

How humans have transformed Earth: Incredible video illuminates every road, shipping route and flight path

  • Three per cent of the planet’s land surface is under tarmac – an area the size of India

By Rob Waugh and Ted Thornhill
UPDATED: 10:26 EST, 25 April 2012

From space Earth looks completely untouched.

However, it’s deceptive, as a new video shows in mesmerising fashion.

‘Anthropocene’ demonstrates just how much the planet has been transformed by humans by illuminating every road, shipping route and flight path.

SCROLL DOWN FOR VIDEO

Illuminating: Anthropocene is a three-minute rollercoaster ride through the latest chapter in the story of how one species has transformed a planetIlluminating: Anthropocene is a three-minute rollercoaster ride through the latest chapter in the story of how one species has transformed a planet

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:57 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:47 PM
3.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:37 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 23:22 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 23:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     9.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 22:47 PM
3.0     56.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     29.4     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     46.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.7     47.2     MAP

GEOFON     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:59 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 21:34 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 23 21:25 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 21:24 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     42.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.6     68.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:19 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:11 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 23 21:03 PM
2.7     38.8     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 23 20:55 PM
2.6     6.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
4.9     89.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
5.0     93.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 20:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:39 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:27 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 19:15 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 19:15 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:52 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:38 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 18:20 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 18:09 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 23 17:58 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:55 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:51 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:47 PM
3.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 17:42 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Greater Los Angeles Area, California
Apr 23 17:37 PM
3.9     13.1     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     116.7     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.9     107.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 17:34 PM
3.7     26.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.5     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:50 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.2     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.4     15.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.5     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:41 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 16:36 PM
2.7     9.2     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 16:36 PM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:33 PM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:27 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:22 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.2     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     5.0     MAP

USGS     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     117.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.1     140.0     MAP

USGS     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     129.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 14:40 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 23 14:39 PM
2.6     18.5     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 14:32 PM
2.4     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 14:19 PM
2.7     9.1     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 14:15 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.4     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 13:57 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 13:42 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 23 13:39 PM
3.2     89.6     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 12:59 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 12:47 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 23 12:38 PM
3.1     0.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 11:07 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Corsica, France
Apr 23 11:00 AM
2.8     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 10:58 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.0     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.1     16.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 10:43 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 10:41 AM
2.9     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 09:53 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu
Apr 23 09:52 AM
3.4     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 23 09:00 AM
2.6     11.7     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 23 08:15 AM
3.3     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Jujuy Province, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.6     172.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.4     182.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.3     176.9     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     42.9     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     43.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 07:21 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     50.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     44.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 06:57 AM
3.0     138.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:33 AM
2.4     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 23 06:32 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 06:29 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.6     125.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan-xinjiang Border Region
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.8     117.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.5     129.8     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 23 06:17 AM
2.9     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 06:06 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:31 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:19 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 05:13 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:56 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:51 AM
3.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 23 03:08 AM
4.8     238.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     192.4     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     200.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 23 03:04 AM
2.9     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     18.6     MAP

EMSC     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 02:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 02:38 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 02:01 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 02:00 AM
2.8     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 23 01:40 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 01:27 AM
3.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 01:00 AM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:40 AM
2.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

 

 

Sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

 

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
12 23.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level
Details
  Today Landslide Colombia Departmento de Caquetá, [Malvinas section, Florencia region] Damage level
Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, [Coastal area] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA Capital city, Washington D.C. Damage level
Details
  Today Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Explosion Norway Ostfold, Fredrikstad Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Heat Wave USA State of Nevada, Las Vegas Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Russia [Asia] Nenets Autonomous Okrug, [Trebs oil field, Timan-Pechora Basin] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level
Details
1 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee]

 

 

 

 

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby Town

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby TownPhoto: Tungurahua’s recent eruption makes gravel fall on local town.

Click Here to Enlarge Photo

Over the weekend, the Tungurahua’s volcanic eruption had a strong explosion that caused gravel to fall down in the nearby town of Pillate, Ecuador.

The explosion, characterized by its loud “cannon ball shot”, was immediately detected by locals and scientists observing the volcano’s progress. The explosion was later followed by a slight tremor and a constant pulsation of “high energy” said reports.

The constant cloud coverage surrounding the volcano has caused scientists, from the Geophysical Institute branch of the National Polytechnic School to have trouble determining its current state. Most of the direct observations are conducted in the Guadalupe Observatory, the closest in the vicinity.

Tungurahua, located in the Andes Mountains in Ecuador, is 5,016 meters high and its eruptions began in 1999. Since then, the volcano has transitioned from times of high activity and those of calm.

However, Tungurahua is not the only volcano causing extreme damage and concern in the Hispanic world. Popocatépetl, located in Mexico City, has also been under close watch due to its recent activity which included ash blasts.

 

 

Residents evacuated over eruption fears

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 04/24/2012 7:31 AM

Local residents around Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, have been asked to evacuate the area, following the mountain’s steady increase of activity since 4 p.m. Monday.

“We are on alert status [Level 3],” National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said on Monday.

“We ask that local disaster mitigation agencies follow the technical recommendations we have given them. There should be no community activity within a 2.5 kilometer radius of the volcano’s crater.”

Mt Lokon is located on the outskirts of Tomohon. It is 1,580 meters high and is located 20 kilometers west from Manado, North Sulawesi.

According to the Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG), Mt Lokon last erupted on June 14, 2011, sending ash and debris 1,500 meters into the sky.

The following day, another eruption threw volcanic material 600 meters into the air. Two residents died as a result of the eruptions.

Other eruptions occurred in 1991 and 2001, with the earlier one causing Rp 1 billion (US$108,000) in damage, as well as the death of Swiss tourist Vivian Clavel.

The 2001 eruption covered Manado in ash and debris. The dust coming from the mountain formed a 400 meter plume. (png)

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Late snow storm sucker-punches US northeast

by Staff Writers
New York (AFP) April 23, 2012

Just as the US northeast was easing from a mild winter into a historically warm spring, a storm left thousands without power and prematurely leafy trees sagging under snow.

The spring storm that started Sunday and moved slowly through on Monday left tens of thousands of people without electricity, including nearly 25,000 in New York state, Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

“Outage numbers are likely to continue to climb,” his office said.

The hard-hit areas ranged from upstate New York and Pennsylvania to West Virginia and Maryland.

Flood watches were in place in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, the national weather service said, while on higher ground, the rain turned to heavy snow.

An inch (2.5 centimeter) an hour of snow was expected, with 14 inches (35 centimeter) already recorded in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, weather.com reported.

“Winds will combine with heavy snow to reduce visibilities, leading to hazardous driving conditions through Monday night from western New York to northern West Virginia,” the weather site said.

Trees could collapse under the weight of early leaves and wet snow.

This will “likely lead to downed trees and powerlines, leading to power outages, possibly for several days,” weather.com said. “These downed trees may make roads impassable in some areas.”

The region saw record warm spring temperatures after an unusually mild winter.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
BLACKSBURG VA
CHARLESTON WV
 MORRISTOWN TN
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC



Red Flag Warning

JACKSONVILLE FL
GRAND JUNCTION CO
CHEYENNE WY
 TALLAHASSEE FL

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Storms, Flooding

By , Senior Meteorologist
Apr 23, 2012; 3:14 PM ET

A small tornado has been caught on video on the ground in the Netherlands.

The twister was stirring up dust over tilled land in southeastern Netherlands, near the Germany border, late last Friday, local time.

Although the video did not clearly show a funnel, it did reveal dark cloud bases, confirming that it was more than a mere “dust devil.”

Weather observations from nearby Maastricht, seen by meteorologists at AccuWeather.com, indicated that a thunderstorm was in the area at the reported time of the tornado.

Even so, temperature and dew point, key markers used in forecasting tornadoes, were relatively low, suggesting that the phenomenon was an example of a “cold air funnel.”

Dutch-language text accompanying the video seemed to indicate that it showed a “confirmed” EF0-rated tornado.

Tornadoes are not unheard-of in western Europe. For instance, “weak” tornadoes are occasionally sighted in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

 

BUFFALO NY



Flood Warning

 

SPOKANE, WA
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA





 


 


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Climate Change

CU research shows warming climate threatens ecology at mountain research site west of Boulder

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


Climate warming is affecting high mountain ecological systems at NSF-funded site west of Boulder. Credit: University of Colorado.

A series of papers published this month on ecological changes at 26 global research sites – including one administered by the University of Colorado Boulder in the high mountains west of the city – indicates that ecosystems dependent on seasonal snow and ice are the most sensitive to changes in climate.

The six papers appeared in the April issue of the journal BioScience. The papers were tied to data gathered at sites in North America, Puerto Rico, the island of Moorea near Tahiti, and Antarctica, which are known as Long-Term Ecological Research, or LTER, sites and are funded by the National Science Foundation.

CU-Boulder’s Niwot Ridge site, one of the five original LTER sites designated by NSF in 1980, encompasses several thousand acres of subalpine forest, tundra, talus slopes, glacial lakes and wetlands stretching up to more than 13,000 feet on top of the Continental Divide.

As part of the new reports, LTER scientists in association with NSF have come up with a new evaluation system of the research sites that brings in the “human dimension,” said CU-Boulder Professor Mark Williams, the principal investigator on CU’s Niwot Ridge LTER site.

“In the past we tried to look at pristine ecosystems, but those are essentially gone,” said Williams. “So we’ve come up with an approach that integrates human activities with our ecological research.”

One of the six papers, “Long-Term Studies Detect Effects of Disappearing Ice and Snow,” was led by Portland State University Professor Andrew Fountain and co-authored by several others, including Williams, a geography professor and a fellow at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. According to the authors, there are big changes occurring in temperate areas beyond the poles, where warming temperatures have triggered declines in polar bear and penguin populations.

Key measurements at the Niwot Ridge site – which has climate records going back more than 60 years thanks to pioneering work by CU biology Professor John Marr in the 1950s – are temperature and precipitation logs from two stations, one at 12,700 feet in elevation and a second at 10,000 feet.

Although the climate at the higher meteorological station – by far the highest long-term climate station in the United States – has been getting slightly wetter and cooler in recent decades, the station at 10,000 feet in a subalpine forest is getting significantly warmer and drier.

Williams said warming at 10,000 feet and lower may be causing enhanced surface water evaporation and transport that moves westward and higher in the mountains, with the water vapor being converted to snow that falls atop the Continental Divide.

Snow cover increases reflectivity of incoming sunlight, further cooling the alpine area and overriding the overall warming signal in the West, which is believed to be a 2 or 3 degree Fahrenheit rise over the past decade due to rising greenhouse gases.

“These two Niwot Ridge stations are less than five miles away from each other – you can see one from the other – but there are totally different trends occurring,” he said. In many places in the mountainous West, only a small increase in temperature can cause the climate to cross a “threshold” that triggers earlier and more intense snow melting, said Williams, principal investigator on a 2011 grant of $5.9 million from NSF to CU to continue long-term ecological studies at Niwot Ridge.

With snowpack roughly half of normal in 2012 and snow melting in the high country that began more than three months earlier than last year, the outlook is not good for montane and subalpine forests in Colorado and other parts of the West, he said.

Low snowpack and early melt invariably have a huge impact on the Colorado economy, said Williams. Despite near record snowfall in 2010-11, warming temperatures have caused less snow and shorter winters in recent years and affected the ski industry – one of Colorado’s largest economic drivers, said Williams.

As for the future of flora and fauna in subalpine and alpine regions like Niwot Ridge, there will be “winners and losers” as the climate warms, said Williams. Animals like American pikas, potato-sized denizens of alpine talus slopes in the West, need heavy snowpack to insulate them from cold winters as they huddle in hay piles beneath the rocks. In lower, more isolated mountain ranges in Nevada, researchers are already seeing a marked decline in American pika populations.

The predictions of the study authors are that microbes, plants and animals that depend on snow and ice will decrease if they are unable to move higher into areas of snow and ice. But shallower snow could cause big game like deer and elk to move higher in altitude to browse, according to the authors.

A big concern in temperate mountains like Colorado is the heath and welfare of coniferous trees as the climate changes, said Williams. “Trees in Colorado’s mountains are under a tremendous amount of stress due to drought and pine beetle outbreaks. And the fire danger, at least now, is through the roof,” he said.

“If some of these forested areas disappear, I think the chances of them coming back are pretty low,” Williams said. “The climate they grew up in doesn’t exist anymore. As we lose trees to drought, beetles and wildfires, we are likely to see an invasion of grasses and shrubs in areas where we have never seen them, causing a complete restructuring of our forest community.”

As snowline moves up due to warming temperatures, so will parts of alpine tundra in the West, Williams said. “The tundra may be able to function reasonably well for several decades – it will be awhile before warming climate change pushes the tundra off the tops of mountains. But that is the direction we are heading.”

Williams co-authored three of the six BioScience studies, including the main LTER overview paper and a paper on ecosystem and human influences on stream flow in response to climate change at LTER sites. CU-Boulder Professor Tim Seastedt was a co-author on another of the papers, a study on the past, present and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER network.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Warming set to make corn prices pop

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 22, 2012

Climate change will more than quadruple US corn prices in years of peak volatility, environmental scientists said on Sunday.

In a study of the factors that drive up prices in the world’s key market for corn, more frequent heatwaves, predicted as a result of global warming, proved far more important than government policies to promote biofuels or than higher oil prices.

“Severe heat is the big hammer,” said Noah Diffenbaugh of Stanford University in California.

“Even one or two degrees of global warming is likely to substantially increase heatwaves that lead to low-yield years and more price volatility.”

The study found that climate change would increase year-on-year corn price volatility by a factor of 4.1.

The fluctuations were based on a projection for 2020-40 compared to volatility in recent history.

The study, published in Nature Climate Change, used a computer scenario based on warming that ultimately reaches 2.0 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.

Many climate scientists say 2 C (3.6 F), enshrined as a goal by the UN, is an under-estimate.

Current trends of carbon emissions are placing Earth on a track for warming of 3 C (5.4 F) or more, according to some estimates. This figure is the overall global average, so it disguises big regional variations, including seasonal bouts of extreme weather.

Before the results of the study became clear, it was not obvious to Diffenaugh that climate change would be a more important factor than higher oil prices or government policies to promote biofuels.

“Frankly, I was surprised that climate had the largest effect of these three influences. These are substantial changes in price volatility that come from relatively moderate global warming,” Diffenaugh noted.

The researchers found that climate’s yo-yo effect was accentuated by government support for biofuels.

By growing corn for fuel, this removed a buffer of surplus grain, making the market more inelastic.

“Our results suggest that energy policy decisions are likely to interact with climate change to affect corn price volatility, and that the market effect of a binding biofuel mandate is likely to intensify as the climate warms,” said Diffenbaugh.

Unless corn farmers increase their crops’ heat tolerance by as much as 3.3 C (6 F), areas of high production will have to move north from the current US corn belt, the researchers said in a press release.

“By the time today’s elementary schoolers graduate from colleage, the US corn belt could be forced to move to the Canadian border to escape devastating heat waves brought on by rising global temperatures,” it said.

Related Links
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr23: CME Impact, Full Updates, Quake Watch Extended

 

 

Reports of SeaGulls Moving Inland/US & China and Solar Update

Published on Apr 23, 2012 by

Also a Solar Update.
Links @ http://www.mrcometwatch.com

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Space

Space Weather News for April 23, 2012
http://spaceweather.com

SIERRA FIREBALL DECODED:

An explosion over California that rattled homes across at least two states on Sunday, April 22nd, has been analyzed by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office:  It was a natural meteoroid the size of a mini-van. Analysts say the space rock exploded in the atmosphere with an energy equal to nearly 4 kilotons of TNT and might have sprayed the Sierra Nevada mountains with meteorites.  Visit http://spaceweather.com for more information.

AURORA WATCH:

At the time this alert is being written on April  23rd, a minor geomagnetic storm is underway. The storm is likely due to Earth’s passage through the wake of a CME that swept past our planet earlier in the day.  Sign up for aurora alerts at http://spaceweathertext.com (text) or http://spaceweatherphone.com (voice).

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Articles of Interest

Japan chemical plant blast kills one

TOKYO: A blast at a chemical plant in western Japan killed one worker and injured at least fifteen others on Sunday, police said.

The accident occurred at a factory operated by comprehensive chemical manufacturer Mitsui Chemicals in Yamaguchi prefecture, some 700 kilometres (434 miles) southwest of Tokyo, an official at Yamaguchi prefectural police said. The deceased was a 22-year-old male employee, police said, with Jiji Press identifying him as Shota Sunakawa.

Nine other company employees and workers for subcontract companies were severely or slightly injured, while at least four residents in the neighbourhood were slightly injured, police said. “The fire is not extinguished yet as the fire department is cooling the plant while waiting for combustible materials to burn out,” he told.

“It may take more than a few days for us to find out the cause of the accident, but we are investigating it as a case of professional negligence resulting in death and injury,” he said. The plant had been manufacturing materials to make adhesives, he said. afp

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part I)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2006. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (Elizabeth Ruiz/AFP/Getty Images)

Kiril Novoselsky, professor of economics and a consultant for several museums, recently conducted a field trip to the Yucatan Peninsula and Cozumel Island, Mexico. On his way through Mayan football fields, pyramids, and prophecies, he came across Russian influence from the past century.

Near the famous Chichen Itza Pyramid, he discovered Pre-Columbian fields that were created for ball games.

“I was very surprised by the fact that the Mayans were obsessed with football,” said Novoselsky, who is also a member of the Russian Geographical Society. “Football was a sacred game. The captain of the winning team was sacrificed to gods, and it was a big honor.”

If I hadn’t read anything about the topic before, I would think that these things aren’t from the current human civilization.

—Kiril Novoselsky

The golden age of classic Mayan civilization ended in the late 9th century. Cities became empty and silent. Lianas and roots of trees penetrated stone walls of temples and pyramids, destroying them.

Archeologists classify several periods of Mayan civilization: pre-classic (2000 to 300 B.C.), classic (300 B.C. to A.D. 900), and post-classic (900 to 1530).

During these last centuries, highly populated and economically developed cities disappeared in jungles. The Mayan city Tikal, mentioned on a stela in 869, was the last historical mention of a Mayan city.

Invasions of other tribes as well as wars are considered possible reasons for the Mayan civilization’s decline. The true reason, however, still remains a mystery to scientists.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part II)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

The coastal archaeological site Tulum, located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, on the Caribbean Sea, is one of the best-preserved Pre-Columbian Mayan sites. (CRIS BOURONCLE/AFP/Getty Images)

Another interesting complex is Fort Tulum, on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. During the time of the Mayan civilization’s decline, several tribes moved to the coast and built Fort Tulum to protect inhabitants from attacks of fellow tribes.

“All those grey stones were once colored in bright colors. Different colors symbolized different nature powers: heaven, earth, moon, sun, fire, and so on,” Novoselsky said.

In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.

—Kiril Novoselsky

Mayan Prophecies

Mayan life is described in a sacred book called “Popol Vuh.” Novoselsky said it could be compared to the Bible, “but all information is in allegoric form.” “There are some interpretations, but I think they are all far from the truth,” he said.

All commentaries were either destroyed or written with the hieroglyphic script, which is difficult to read. “Most secrets are still hidden. One of the most popular interpretations is the prophecy about the end of the days in 2012,” Novoselsky said.

As to whether he believes in this prophecy, Novoselsky said, “As a scientist, I investigated this question.”

He mentioned the well-known esoteric researcher Drunvalo Melchisedek, who had discussed this question with Guatemalan priests and found out that the predicted transformation would be a process that would happen gradually—not in two days, but during 200 years.

“In their opinion, the year 2012 is a milestone of the old epoch and the beginning of something new, maybe the beginning of a new culture. And they emphasized that this would happen slowly and gradually without cataclysms and earthquakes,” Novoselsky said. “People living in the center of the Mayan civilization haven’t any panic about this prophecy.”

He added, “In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.”

Hundreds of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2005. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (LUIS BARRERA/AFP/Getty Images)

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion

by Staff Writers
Madison WI (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today.

Then something happened. Over several tens of millions of years – a relative blink of an eye in geologic terms – a burst of evolution led to a flurry of diversification and increasing complexity, including the expansion of multicellular organisms and the appearance of the first shells and skeletons.

The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

New research shows that the answer may lie in a second geological curiosity – a dramatic boundary, known as the Great Unconformity, between ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks and younger sediments.

“The Great Unconformity is a very prominent geomorphic surface and there’s nothing else like it in the entire rock record,” says Shanan Peters, a geoscience professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who led the new work. Occurring worldwide, the Great Unconformity juxtaposes old rocks, formed billions of years ago deep within the Earth’s crust, with relatively young Cambrian sedimentary rock formed from deposits left by shallow ancient seas that covered the continents just a half billion years ago.

Named in 1869 by explorer and geologist John Wesley Powell during the first documented trip through the Grand Canyon, the Great Unconformity has posed a longstanding puzzle and has been viewed – by Charles Darwin, among others – as a huge gap in the rock record and in our understanding of the Earth’s history.

But Peters says the gap itself – the missing time in the geologic record – may hold the key to understanding what happened.

In the April 19 issue of the journal Nature, he and colleague Robert Gaines of Pomona College report that the same geological forces that formed the Great Unconformity may have also provided the impetus for the burst of biodiversity during the early Cambrian.

“The magnitude of the unconformity is without rival in the rock record,” Gaines says. “When we pieced that together, we realized that its formation must have had profound implications for ocean chemistry at the time when complex life was just proliferating.”

“We’re proposing a triggering mechanism for the Cambrian explosion,” says Peters. “Our hypothesis is that biomineralization evolved as a biogeochemical response to an increased influx of continental weathering products during the last stages in the formation of the Great Unconformity.”

Peters and Gaines looked at data from more than 20,000 rock samples from across North America and found multiple clues, such as unusual mineral deposits with distinct geochemistry, that point to a link between the physical, chemical, and biological effects.

During the early Cambrian, shallow seas repeatedly advanced and retreated across the North American continent, gradually eroding away surface rock to uncover fresh basement rock from within the crust. Exposed to the surface environment for the first time, those crustal rocks reacted with air and water in a chemical weathering process that released ions such as calcium, iron, potassium, and silica into the oceans, changing the seawater chemistry.

The basement rocks were later covered with sedimentary deposits from those Cambrian seas, creating the boundary now recognized as the Great Unconformity.

Evidence of changes in the seawater chemistry is captured in the rock record by high rates of carbonate mineral formation early in the Cambrian, as well as the occurrence of extensive beds of glauconite, a potassium-, silica-, and iron-rich mineral that is much rarer today.

The influx of ions to the oceans also likely posed a challenge to the organisms living there. “Your body has to keep a balance of these ions in order to function properly,” Peters explains. “If you have too much of one you have to get rid of it, and one way to get rid of it is to make a mineral.”

The fossil record shows that the three major biominerals – calcium phosphate, now found in bones and teeth; calcium carbonate, in invertebrate shells; and silicon dioxide, in radiolarians – appeared more or less simultaneously around this time and in a diverse array of distantly related organisms.

The time lag between the first appearance of animals and their subsequent acquisition of biominerals in the Cambrian is notable, Peters says. “It’s likely biomineralization didn’t evolve for something, it evolved in response to something – in this case, changing seawater chemistry during the formation of the Great Unconformity. Then once that happened, evolution took it in another direction.” Today those biominerals play essential roles as varied as protection (shells and spines), stability (bones), and predation (teeth and claws).

Together, the results suggest that the formation of the Great Unconformity may have triggered the Cambrian explosion.

“This feature explains a lot of lingering questions in different arenas, including the odd occurrences of many types of sedimentary rocks and a very remarkable style of fossil preservation. And we can’t help but think this was very influential for early developing life at the time,” Gaines says.

Far from being a lack of information, as Darwin thought, the gaps in the rock record may actually record the mechanism as to why the Cambrian explosion occurred in the first place, Peters says.

“The French composer Claude Debussy said, ‘Music is the space between the notes.’ I think that is the case here,” he says. “The gaps can have more information, in some ways, about the processes driving Earth system change, than the rocks do. It’s both together that give the whole picture.”

Related Links
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 23:20 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 13 22:18 PM
3.5     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 13 22:13 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Italy
Apr 13 22:13 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 13 21:39 PM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Syria
Apr 13 21:33 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 13 21:31 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 13 21:20 PM
3.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 20:48 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.5     30.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.5     9.8     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 13 20:39 PM
4.1     80.0     MAP

USGS     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 13 20:28 PM
4.5     213.0     MAP

EMSC     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 13 20:28 PM
4.5     213.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 20:04 PM
2.4     25.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.6     27.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.7     8.0     MAP     I Felt It

EMSC     Romania
Apr 13 19:56 PM
2.9     141.0     MAP

USGS     Izu Islands, Japan Region
Apr 13 19:54 PM
4.1     429.2     MAP

EMSC     Izu Islands, Japan Region
Apr 13 19:54 PM
4.1     429.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.7     16.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.8     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 13 19:50 PM
3.1     151.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.8     66.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.5     64.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 19:34 PM
2.5     14.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 13 19:16 PM
3.4     139.8     MAP

GEONET     Bay Of Plenty
Apr 13 19:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 13 18:47 PM
3.0     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 13 18:42 PM
2.6     21.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 18:12 PM
4.0     10.3     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 18:12 PM
4.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 13 17:50 PM
2.7     11.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 13 17:45 PM
2.7     1.5     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 13 17:04 PM
4.5     80.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 13 17:04 PM
4.4     67.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.8     502.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.8     488.6     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.9     420.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.5     35.8     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 13 15:52 PM
4.5     245.2     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 13 15:52 PM
4.5     245.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.4     14.8     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 15:09 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Mexico-guatemala Border Region
Apr 13 13:50 PM
4.6     129.0     MAP

EMSC     Guatemala
Apr 13 13:49 PM
4.6     111.0     MAP

USGS     Guatemala
Apr 13 13:49 PM
4.6     102.5     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
5.3     14.3     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.8     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.8     15.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
5.0     35.2     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.3     30.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.7     11.2     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 11:35 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Gibraltar
Apr 13 11:01 AM
3.1     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 10:30 AM
3.2     15.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 13 10:16 AM
3.3     12.8     MAP

GEOFON     Myanmar-india Border Region
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.4     70.0     MAP

USGS     Myanmar
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.3     73.4     MAP

EMSC     Myanmar
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.4     10.1     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     8.7     MAP

EMSC     Tyrrhenian Sea
Apr 13 09:59 AM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 13 09:54 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 09:45 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 13 08:10 AM
2.7     4.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 13 07:54 AM
2.7     31.1     MAP

USGS     Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 13 07:47 AM
2.9     37.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 13 07:46 AM
3.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 07:41 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 07:41 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 07:15 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 13 07:07 AM
3.2     137.6     MAP

USGS     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 13 06:48 AM
4.5     63.4     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 13 06:48 AM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:44 AM
2.4     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 13 06:39 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 13 06:22 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 13 06:22 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

USGS     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.7     26.8     MAP

GEOFON     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.3     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.7     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Maule, Chile
Apr 13 06:13 AM
4.7     40.0     MAP

USGS     Maule, Chile
Apr 13 06:13 AM
4.7     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 05:50 AM
3.3     12.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
4.9     17.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 13 05:31 AM
2.9     5.3     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.8     15.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.2     10.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.5     21.0     MAP

USGS     San Pedro Channel, California
Apr 13 04:18 AM
2.6     0.1     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 13 04:15 AM
4.8     56.0     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 13 04:15 AM
4.9     60.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 13 04:15 AM
5.0     46.5     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.6     154.0     MAP

USGS     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.5     154.8     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 13 03:52 AM
2.6     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 13 03:51 AM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.5     15.5     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 03:23 AM
3.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.4     14.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 13 02:20 AM
3.2     68.2     MAP

EMSC     Russia-mongolia Border Region
Apr 13 01:35 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 13 01:09 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 13 00:54 AM
3.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Armenia-azerbaijan-iran Border Reg.
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

Ruins left over from the 2004 temblor that nearly destroyed Banda Aceh.
The Nation/Asia News Network
Friday, Apr 13, 2012

A fierce earthquake from the Nicobar Islands could strike over Songkran, sending a tsunami crashing into the Andaman Coast, an expert warned yesterday after finding that the 8.6magnitude Sumatran tremor three days ago was exceptionally deep.

“Whenever there is a quake rooted in the [Earth’s] mantle, a following quake will be likely in the next few days,” said Professor Thanawat Jaruphongsakul, a senior seismologist at Chulalongkorn University.

Fear of another devastating tsunami panicked Thailand and Southeast Asia on Wednesday.

An underwater quake, with its epicentre at the Nicobar Islands, about 150 kilometres north of Aceh on Sumatra, would affect six coastal provinces of Thailand on the Andaman Sea, especially Ranong, which lies closest to a fault line connecting with the Nicobar Islands, he said.

The quakes on Wednesday originated from mantlelevel crust, 20 kilometres below the Earth’s surface, which is regarded as a layer that would cause very high magnitude tremblers.

The quake that hit Japan in March came from a shallower layer, so it would take up to 100150 years for the next quake. However Wednesday’s quakes, with their epicentre at Aceh, followed just eight years after the massive one that triggered a continentwide tsunami that killed hundreds of thousands of people in many countries, he said.

“Why did Wednesday’s quakes emerge just eight years afterwards? This is new to most seismologists and geologists, who are unfamiliar with quakes with depth rooting to the mantle layer,” he said.

Seismologists were closely watching and cautiously studying the 9.0 quake that devastated Sendai in Japan on March 11 last year. The first tremor on March 9 was recorded at 7.3 on the Richter scale. That one was understood by seismologists as the main shock, but there were two aftershocks on an even greater scale at 9.0 on March 11 that followed, he said.

The tsunamis created on Wednesday were not powerful or harmfully high because the quake was the horizontal dipslide type. But a mantlebased quake at an island with active underwater volcanoes located north of the Nicobar Islands would probably be a vertical strikeslip type, which would directly impact the six Thai coastal provinces, and possibly deluge them with tsunamis, he added.

Professor Michio Hashzume, a wellknown Japanese seismologist, said Wednesday’s quakes were a new type known to have started in the mantle. It was difficult to tell whether a new quake would follow within a few days, like the Sendai quakes, which were similar to Wednesday’s quakes. Then there was a 7.3, followed by a 9.0 two days later.

If there are quakes near the Nicobar Islands, they may cause huge collapses in the seabed and outer crust. The seabed may rise and form new islands, he said.

Minor earthquake in sea off Italy’s Sicily

  • From: AAP
  • April 13, 2012 5:50PM

A 4.3 MAGNITUDE earthquake has struck in the sea off Italy’s Sicily, sending residents into the streets but with no immediate reports of victims or injuries, officials said.

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Volcanic Activity


Turrialba Volcano Increases Activity

Thursday morning the Turrialbla volcano unleashed a new series of eruptions, with experts converging on the colossus to take a close look at the smoke emanations coming from its centre.



For a live view of the volcano (photos update every 10 seconds) click here.

According to the Red Sismológica Nacional (RSN) and the Observatorio Vulcanologio y Sismologico de Costa Rica (OVISCORI) the activity does not present any danger, but will continue to monitor the volcano much closer.

The alert followed reports by area residents of hearing a large rumble and then the sighting of dark coloured smoke, produced by gas fumes from the volcano.

Last January the volcano became a concern for residents and experts following the emanation of white gas fumes.

Several RSN experts are on their way to the top of the volcano and the OVISCORI is keeping the national park closed and under a green alert.

Fiery lava and ash spew from Italy’s Mount Etna volcano

Published on Apr 13, 2012 by itnnews

Mount Etna has begun spewing blood-red lava and grey and white ash into the air, the volcano’s 24th eruption in a series that started this year. Report by Sophie Foster.



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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather Saudi Arabia Capital city, Riyadh Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of Alaska, [Juneau area] Damage level Details
  Today Extreme Weather India MultiStates, [States of Bengal and Kolkata] Damage level Details
  Today Technological Disaster Pakistan State of Punjab, Gujranwala Damage level Details
  Today Tornado USA State of Oklahoma, Norman Damage level Details
  13.04.2012 Volcano Activity Costa Rica Cartago, [Turrialba Volcano, Turrialba County] Damage level Details
1 13.04.2012 Hailstorm China MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Jiangxi and Guizhou] Damage level Details

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php

Fire Weather Watch

Lubbock,Texas
Tiyan, Guam

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Storms, Flooding

Tornado Watch

TORNADO WATCH OUTLINE UPDATE FOR WT 164
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
340 AM CDT SAT APR 14 2012
  OKLAHOMA COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE

CRAIG                CREEK               DELAWARE
KAY                  LINCOLN             LOGAN
MAYES                NOBLE               NOWATA
OSAGE                OTTAWA              PAWNEE
PAYNE                ROGERS              TULSA
WAGONER              WASHINGTON

Flash Flood Watch

St. Louis , Missouri
Springfield, Missouri

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

Norman, Oklahoma

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Radiation

Fukushima leak may have flowed into Pacific: TEPCO

by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP)

About 12 tonnes of radioactive water has leaked at Japan’s crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, with the facility’s operator saying Thursday that some may have flowed into the Pacific Ocean.

Tokyo Electric Power Co. said the leak was found early Thursday from a pipe attached to a temporary decontamination system, and the water had already gone through some of the cleansing process.

The water, once it has been used to cool the reactors, contains massive amounts of radioactive substances and is put into the water-processing facility so it can be recycled for use as a coolant.

“Our officials confirmed that cooling water leaked at a joint in the pipes,” a TEPCO spokesman told AFP, adding that “it is possible that part of the water may have flowed outside the facility and poured into the ocean”.

The leak has since been plugged, the spokesman added, saying the utility was probing the cause of the accident and how much, if any, water flowed into the Pacific.

The accident was the latest of several leaks of radioactive water at the troubled plant, undermining the government’s claim made in December that the shuttered Fukushima reactors were now under control.

In one incident last month, about 120 tonnes of radioactive water leaked at the plant’s water decontamination system and about 80 litres (21 gallons) seeped into the ocean, according to TEPCO.

The plant about 220 kilometres (135 miles) northeast of Tokyo was crippled by meltdowns and explosions caused by Japan’s massive earthquake and tsunami in March last year.

Radiation was scattered over a large area and made its way into the sea, air and food chain in the weeks and months after the disaster.

Tens of thousands of people were evacuated from their homes around the plant and swathes of this zone remain badly polluted. The clean-up is proceeding slowly, amid warnings that some towns could be uninhabitable for three decades.

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Climate Change

Key ice shelf in Antarctica has shrunk by 85 percent

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP)

A vast ice shelf in the Antarctic peninsula, a hotspot for global warming, has shrunk by 85 percent in 17 years, the European Space Agency (ESA) said on Thursday.

Images taken by its Envisat satellite show that the so-called Larsen B ice shelf decreased from 11,512 square kilometres (4,373 square miles) in 1995, an area about the size of the Gulf state of Qatar, to only 1,670 sq km (634 miles) today.

Larsen B is one of three ice shelves that run from north to south along the eastern side of the peninsula, the tongue of land that projects towards South America.

From 1995 to 2002, Larsen B experienced several calving events in which parts of the shelf broke away. It had a major breakup in 2002 when half of the remainder disintegrated.

Larsen A broke up in January 1995.

“Larsen C so far has been stable in area, but satellite observations have shown thinning and an increasing duration of melt events in summer,” the agency said in a press release.

Ice shelves are thick floating mats of ice, attached to the shore, that are created by the runoff into the sea from glaciers.

Scientists say they are extremely sensitive to changes in atmospheric temperature and can be hollowed out from below by warmer ocean currents.

The northern Antarctic peninsula has been subject to atmospheric warming about 2.5 degrees Celsius (4.5 degrees Fahrenheit) over the last 50 years, a figure that is several times greater than the global average.

Ice shelves are not the same as ice sheets, the vast blanket of frozen water that covers Antarctica.

If these melted, even partially, they would drive up sea levels, threatening small island states and coastal cities. But the scientific evidence is that the icesheets so far are stable.

“These observations are very relevant for measuring the future behaviour of the much larger ice masses of West Antarctica if warming spreads further south,” ESA quoted Helmut Rott, a professor at the University of Innsbruck in Austria, as saying.

Related Links
Earth Observation News – Suppiliers, Technology and Application

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Solar  Activity

Massive Solar Flare rocked Earth with Earthquakes & Volcano eruptions this week! (April 13, 2012)

Published on Apr 13, 2012 by adrinilinjunky

A massive Earth directed Solar Flare that launched off the Sun on (April 9th 2012). The expected arrival date was 2 days later which was (April 11th 2012). This was also the day; the Earth just got rocked by all the magor Earthquakes such as a 8.6 off the coast of Sumatra, 7.0 Michoacan Mexico, 6.2 the off the coast of Oregon, 4.3 Utah, 5.0 North Indian Ocean, 6.9 in the Gulf of California & many other less magnitude quakes. So it clearly shows that Solar Flares/CME affect & have a magor impact on our Seismic activity dealing in reguards to Earthquakes & volcano eruptions.

http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater
http://quakes.globalincidentmap.com/
http://spaceweather.com/

2MIN News Apr13: MAGNETIC STORM

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Articles of Interest

Long-term studies detect effects of disappearing snow and ice

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX)


File image: sea ice.

Ecosystems are changing worldwide as a result of shrinking sea ice, snow, and glaciers, especially in high-latitude regions where water is frozen for at least a month each year-the cryosphere.

Scientists have already recorded how some larger animals, such as penguins and polar bears, are responding to loss of their habitat, but research is only now starting to uncover less-obvious effects of the shrinking cryosphere on organisms.

An article in the April issue of BioScience describes some impacts that are being identified through studies that track the ecology of affected sites over decades.

An article in the April issue of BioScience describes some impacts that are being identified through studies that track the ecology of affected sites over decades.

The article, by Andrew G. Fountain of Portland State University and five coauthors, is one of six in a special section in the issue on the Long Term Ecological Research Network. The article describes how decreasing snowfall in many areas threatens burrowing animals and makes plant roots more susceptible to injury, because snow acts as an insulator.

And because microbes such as diatoms that live under sea ice are a principal source of food for krill, disappearing sea ice has led to declines in their abundance-resulting in impacts on seabirds and mammals that feed on krill. Disappearing sea ice also seems, unexpectedly, to be decreasing the sea’s uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

On land, snowpack changes can alter an area’s suitability for particular plant species, and melting permafrost affects the amount of carbon dioxide that plants and microbes take out of the atmosphere-though in ways that change over time. Shrinking glaciers add pollutants and increased quantities of nutrients to freshwater bodies, and melting river ice pushes more detritus downstream.

Disappearing ice on land and the resulting sea-level rise will have far-reaching social, economic, and geopolitical impacts, Fountain and his coauthors note. Many of these changes are now becoming evident in the ski industry, in infrastructure and coastal planning, and in tourism. Significant effects on water supplies, and consequently on agriculture, can be predicted.

Fountain and his colleagues argue that place-based, long-term, interdisciplinary research efforts such as those supported by the Long Term Ecological Research Network will be essential if researchers are to gain an adequate understanding of the complex, cascading ecosystem responses to the changing cryosphere.

Other articles in the special section on the Long Term Ecological Research Network detail further notable scientific and societal contributions of this network, which had its origins in 1980 and now includes 26 sites.

The achievements include contributions to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, to ecological manipulation experiments, to bringing decision makers and researchers together, and to mechanistic understanding of long-term ecological changes.

Deadly March Tornadoes Were First Billion-Dollar Disaster of 2012

The swarms of March caused more than $1.5 billion in damage and killed 40. However, the drama is difficulty to qualify because tornadoes are ‘atypical events’ by nature

By Andrea Mustain and OurAmazingPlanet

tornado damage

Tornado damage in Henryville, Ind., after a tornado swept through the small community on March 2, 2012. Image: Michael Raphael/FEMA

A swarm of tornadoes that tore through the Midwest and Southeast in early March has earned the grim title of the nation’s first billion-dollar weather disaster of 2012.

From March 2 through the early hours of March 3, 132 tornadoes were reported across nine states. Although those numbers are preliminary, and will undoubtedly decrease once overlapping reports are eliminated, their aftermath was devastating, causing more than $1.5 billion in damage and killing 40 people.

The storms killed four people in Ohio, but they took the greatest toll in Indiana, killing 13, and Kentucky, where 23 people died.

The costly disaster follows on the heels of a record-breaking year for devastation wrought by the vagaries of the weather and longer-term climate conditions. Last year, the United States experienced 14 separate events that caused $1 billion or more in damage. Five of those events were tornado outbreaks.

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

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