Tag Archive: HAZMAT in USA


Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/10/31 22:48:46   36.048  -117.515 1.9  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/31 22:46:31   52.273  -171.545 62.3  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/31 21:27:05   -4.620   153.369 43.0  NEW IRELAND REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/31 19:10:06   19.592   -65.278 17.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/31 16:40:13   18.288   -65.470 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/31 16:26:38  -30.157  -177.791 61.0  KERMADEC ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND
MAP  3.2 2012/10/31 15:29:53   40.974  -123.700 12.6  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/31 15:19:42   19.387  -155.249 3.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/31 15:15:07   -5.333   34.833 10.0  TANZANIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/31 14:21:04   53.569  -164.854 29.8  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/31 13:00:15   41.792  -127.083 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/31 12:35:13  -18.645  -177.530 315.9  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/31 12:05:59   36.087   -89.772 6.3  SOUTHEASTERN MISSOURI
MAP  3.2 2012/10/31 09:52:58   37.088  -121.503 8.1  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/31 06:53:56   -2.048   99.713 21.3  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/31 06:50:02   36.014   139.837 46.9  EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.0 2012/10/31 02:57:43   62.045  -146.545 40.7  CENTRAL ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.2 2012/10/30 23:26:16   58.955  -154.355 122.7  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/30 23:19:10   19.403  -155.296 3.3  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/30 23:02:19   61.432  -150.725 63.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/30 22:49:52   2.127   127.035 88.5  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/30 22:23:36   61.439  -150.695 66.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/30 22:02:46   61.496  -150.723 67.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/30 21:16:17   34.238  -116.811 8.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/30 18:04:35   61.618  -140.669 16.5  SOUTHERN YUKON TERRITORY, CANADA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/30 17:43:02   34.774  -118.282 0.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/30 17:35:54   33.377  -116.848 7.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.0 2012/10/30 17:33:30   52.568  -132.312 1.1  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/30 17:25:59   37.499  -118.534 14.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/30 16:56:49   14.458   146.827 40.7  ROTA REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  4.6   2012/10/30 15:22:53  -17.979  -178.566 623.1  FIJI REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/30 14:10:59   52.285  -131.948 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/30 13:45:10   59.787  -152.482 65.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/30 13:12:29  -37.949   177.681 67.8  OFF EAST COAST OF THE NORTH ISLAND, N.Z.
MAP  2.8 2012/10/30 13:12:29   59.863  -154.185 199.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/30 12:53:40   12.554   -87.961 87.8  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/30 12:53:05  -24.742  -179.616 541.2  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.4 2012/10/30 12:18:20   6.836   -73.056 148.2  NORTHERN COLOMBIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/30 11:43:55   -5.341   102.728 41.9  SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/30 10:59:33  -18.219  -174.809 9.8  TONGA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/30 10:11:41   53.391   108.066 17.9  LAKE BAYKAL REGION, RUSSIA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/30 10:02:51   63.087  -151.604 15.0  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/30 09:40:47   18.791   -64.495 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/30 09:01:59   52.901  -163.745 23.3  SOUTH OF ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/30 08:44:21   2.739   128.664 224.5  HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/30 08:09:27   36.662   26.508 157.0  DODECANESE ISLANDS, GREECE
MAP  2.9 2012/10/30 08:01:00   36.604  -121.212 8.7  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/30 07:57:39   19.558   -65.271 7.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/30 07:45:31   19.406   -65.276 57.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/30 07:35:00   19.248   -64.115 93.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/30 07:29:00   34.657  -121.306 11.3  OFFSHORE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/30 07:12:35  -17.917  -178.592 560.7  FIJI REGION
MAP  5.2   2012/10/30 07:12:30   -4.615   151.864 156.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/30 06:30:19   60.637  -151.155 18.8  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/30 06:09:19   36.459  -121.038 6.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/30 05:50:13   62.832  -149.513 0.0  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/30 05:22:17  -23.001   -69.708 75.7  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
MAP  4.7   2012/10/30 04:40:15   52.170  -131.604 10.2  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/30 03:07:44   19.084   -65.145 33.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/30 02:58:31   19.401  -155.258 2.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.0   2012/10/30 02:55:15   52.484  -131.486 5.1  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  6.2   2012/10/30 02:49:03   52.324  -131.908 9.7  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/10/30 02:17:33   36.362   70.802 185.3  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/30 00:41:34  -36.203  -100.250 10.0  SOUTHEAST OF EASTER ISLAND
MAP  4.1 2012/10/30 00:35:10   52.412  -131.645 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/30 00:34:17   33.880  -115.996 0.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.0 2012/10/30 00:32:18   52.467  -132.126 10.4  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.7   2012/10/29 23:51:42   -8.176   123.412 19.6  FLORES REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/29 23:40:17   -8.163   123.453 9.1  FLORES REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/29 22:41:13  -15.263  -172.934 34.2  SAMOA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/29 22:23:42   62.159  -148.814 20.5  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/29 22:00:33   52.616  -132.260 10.3  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/29 22:00:17   61.565  -140.683 15.6  SOUTHERN YUKON TERRITORY, CANADA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/29 21:52:17   61.317  -141.645 17.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/29 21:46:58   3.253   121.881 604.5  CELEBES SEA
MAP  3.9 2012/10/29 21:41:33   61.455  -141.129 10.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/29 21:20:36   -4.752   153.162 81.7  NEW IRELAND REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/29 21:06:07   61.422  -141.146 10.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/29 20:49:49   52.366  -131.459 26.6  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/29 20:10:40   32.182  -115.187 0.1  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  5.1   2012/10/29 19:49:06   -0.452   132.742 28.9  NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/29 19:28:58   19.400  -155.258 2.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.1 2012/10/29 16:33:09   52.231  -131.964 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/29 15:55:46   19.360  -154.965 38.6  HAWAII REGION, HAWAII
MAP  4.0 2012/10/29 15:38:30   52.074  -132.137 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.7   2012/10/29 15:29:53   -0.155   125.245 62.3  MOLUCCA SEA
MAP  4.0 2012/10/29 15:15:02   51.989  -132.225 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.0 2012/10/29 15:01:07   52.013  -131.757 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/10/29 14:54:53   80.651   -3.355 10.0  NORTH OF SVALBARD
MAP  4.8   2012/10/29 14:35:14   12.104   -88.260 35.0  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/29 14:22:50  -37.675   -73.894 13.7  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
MAP  2.5 2012/10/29 12:47:36   19.427  -155.276 1.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.9 2012/10/29 12:39:24   35.205   -90.636 23.1  ARKANSAS
MAP  4.4 2012/10/29 12:05:15   52.574  -132.552 10.2  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/29 11:49:05   35.611   -81.999 6.1  NORTH CAROLINA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/29 10:30:44  -24.600   179.264 526.6  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  3.4 2012/10/29 07:50:54   33.389  -109.237 4.8  ARIZONA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/29 06:28:33   -8.169   123.431 9.7  FLORES REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/29 06:03:54   52.921  -132.341 14.3  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/29 05:48:42   38.816  -122.780 2.2  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/29 04:59:36   13.303   -89.516 68.2  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  3.9 2012/10/29 04:25:16   36.592  -121.201 9.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/29 03:47:55   52.387  -132.351 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.0 2012/10/29 02:40:53   52.411  -132.465 10.0  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/10/29 02:22:44   0.922   98.432 54.5  NIAS REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/29 01:49:02   52.491  -131.953 10.3  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/10/29 01:40:37   67.623  -162.719 17.1  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/29 00:30:23   58.864  -137.615 14.1  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/29 00:26:50   52.306  -132.130 10.1  QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.1 2012/10/29 00:18:51   52.637  -130.987 10.0  HECATE STRAIT REGION, CANADA

…………………………………………….

Second largest earthquake to hit Canada since 1949

Canadian Press

6.4 magnitude aftershock hits south of Haida Gwaii after 7.7 earthquake; no tsunami alert issued

Map locates a violent earthquake measuring 7.7 which jolted British Columbia’s north-central coast Saturday night, frightening residents and forcing many to temporarily leave their homes for higher ground ahead of a possible tsunami.

Photograph by: Sean Vokey , Canadian Press

VANCOUVER — The Haida Gwaii region continues to feel the aftershocks of a violent earthquake measuring 7.7 that jolted British Columbia’s north-central coast Saturday night, frightening residents and forcing many to temporarily leave their homes for higher ground ahead of a possible tsunami.

The largest, a 6.4 magnitude tremor, struck Sunday afternoon, 136 kilometers south of Masset. There have been over 40 aftershocks in the area.

Tsunami warnings were issued for the North Coast Saturday, the Haida Gwaii islands, parts of the central B.C. coast, the coast of Alaska and as far away as Hawaii.

Early Sunday morning the warnings were downgraded to advisory status, meaning evacuations were no longer necessary, and they were cancelled altogether a few hours later.

Residents near the centre of the quake said the violent jolting lasted for up to a minute, but no injuries or major damage had been reported.

Carsten Ginsburg, who lives in the small community of Bella Coola southeast of Prince Rupert, said the quake lasted about 40 seconds.

“It shook everything. The electricity went out, the power lines were swinging all over the place and stuff was falling off the shelves.”

Brent Ward, an earth scientist at Simon Fraser University, said the earthquake was the second largest to hit the country since 1949, when another earthquake was recorded in the same area with a magnitude of 8.1.

“It’s an earthquake in an area that gets a lot of earthquakes,” he said. “It’s a tectonically active area.”

Ward said the area is known as the Queen Charlotte fault, where the earth’s plates slide horizontally across each other in a strike-slip action, similar to what happens along California’s San Andreas fault.

“Stresses build up because of that movement, and every so often we get the release of that stress in the form of an earthquake.”

Ward said he wasn’t surprised the tsunami warning was shortlived because the strike-slip movement along the fault doesn’t generally trigger tsunamis.

“To trigger a tsunami you need to have a vertical movement of the sea floor, and it’s that vertical movement that displaces water and triggers the tsunami,” he said. “Because it’s sliding across each other, you’re not generally moving the water.”

In fact, hours after the earthquake, Dennis Sinnott, who works at the Institute of Ocean Sciences, said the largest wave hit Langara Island, a northern Haida Gwaii island, and measured just 69 centimetres.

The quake also set off emergency sirens across the Pacific on the islands of Hawaii, but even as people were moving to higher ground, the warning was called off.

In Alaska, the wave surge was just 10 centimetres, much smaller than officials had been forecasting.

Kelli Kryzanowski, manager of strategic initiatives Emergency Management B.C., said the initial earthquake occurred at 8:04 p.m. inland on Haida Gwaii and was initially recorded at a magnitude of 7.1 but was quickly upgraded to a magnitude of 7.7.

Kryzanowski said small waves generated by the quake, measured at 28 centimetres and 44 centimetres, also hit the northern tip of Vancouver Island.

“What we’re seeing at this time are relatively small sea-level fluctuations,” she said.

B.C. Justice Minister Shirley Bond said there appeared to be little damage from the quake.

“We’re certainly grateful at this point,” said Bond, who spoke to reporters during a late night conference call. “We’re very grateful for that, but we’ll wait until we can actually see the impact.”

After the quake, Ginsburg said he ran home as quickly as he could to see if there was a tsunami warning.

“Which of course there was,” he added.

Ginsburg owns the Float House Inn on the public wharf in Bella Coola and had about six customers celebrating a birthday party.

They all evacuated to about 35 metres above sea level.

“I’m assuming that it’s OK,” he said laughing. “I’m keeping my fingers crossed.”

Bella Coola resident Barb Cornish, 60, said she considers herself a very calm person.

“But I found it quite unnerving,” she told The Canadian Press.

Cornish lives in a log house and had been told that it’s one of the safest places to be in the event of an earthquake.

But she said it sure didn’t feel safe Saturday night.

“The log house swayed and creaked and my light over my kitchen table was swaying, some chimes went off. I stood up and I could feel the undulations under my feet, to the point where I almost got nauseated.”

Geoff Ray said he has felt a lot of earthquakes, but this was the most powerful quake he’s ever experienced in the 37 years he’s lived on Haida Gwaii.

Ray operates the Breezeway Accommodations bed and breakfast in Queen Charlotte City and said the beams of his building were “visibly shaking quite a lot, there were things falling off shelves.”

“(It was) an exciting experience, there’s no doubt about that.”

Lenore Lawrence, a resident of Queen Charlotte City, said the quake was “definitely scary,” adding she wondered if “this could be the big one.”

She thought the shaking lasted more than a minute.

While several things fell off her mantle and broke, she said damage in her home was minimal.

Residents rushed out of their homes in Tofino when the tsunami sirens sounded, but they were allowed to return about two hours after the quake.

Yvette Drews, a resident of Tofino, said she ran out of her home with her two children and mother in-law and drove to a local school when she heard the community’s tsunami sirens go off.

They were told by police that they could return home.

But while on the way home, Drews said she heard the tsunami sirens go off again.

“Well that just freaked me out, hearing the siren and the voice,” she said.

The quake shook Vancouver Island, the Haida Gwaii area, Prince Rupert, Quesnel and Houston, and was even felt in Metro Vancouver and Alaska.

“It’s a good wake-up call for everyone to make sure they have an earthquake kit and a plan if an earthquake like this hits an area that they live,” said Ward.

 

Tsunami threat in Hawaii downgraded to advisory

VANCOUVER, British Columbia (AP) — A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck off the west coast of Canada, but there were no reports of major damage. Residents in parts of British Columbia were evacuated, but the province appeared to escape the biggest quake in Canada since 1949 largely unscathed.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the powerful temblor hit the Queen Charlotte Islands just after 8 p.m. local time Saturday at a depth of about 3 miles (5 kilometers) and was centered 96 miles (155 kilometers) south of Masset, British Columbia. It was felt across a wide area in British Columbia, both on its Pacific islands and on the mainland.

“It looks like the damage and the risk are at a very low level,” said Shirley Bond, British Columbia’s minister responsible for emergency management said. “We’re certainly grateful.”

The National Weather Service issued a tsunami warning for coastal areas of British Columbia, southern Alaska and Hawaii, but later canceled it for the first two and downgraded it to an advisory for Hawaii.

Gerard Fryer, a senior geologist with the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, said the first waves hitting shore in Hawaii were smaller than expected.

Hawaii Gov. Neil Abercrombie said early Sunday that the Aloha State was lucky to avoid more severe surges after the powerful earthquake struck off the coast of Canada. Abercrombie said beaches and harbors are still closed statewide.

“We’re very, very grateful that we can go home tonight counting our blessings,” Abercrombie said.

The weather service also canceled a tsunami advisory for Oregon, leaving northern California as the only spot in North America still under a tsunami advisory.

Dennis Sinnott of the Canadian Institute of Ocean Science said a 69-centimeter (27 inch) wave was recorded off Langara Island on the northeast tip of Haida Gwaii, formerly called the Queen Charlotte Islands. The islands are home to about 5,000 people, many of them members of the Haida aboriginal group. Another 55 centimeter (21 inch) wave hit Winter Harbour on the northeast coast of Vancouver Island.

“It appears to be settling down,” he said. “It does not mean we won’t get another small wave coming through.”

Canada’s largest earthquake since 1700 was an 8.1 magnitude quake on August 22, 1949 off the coast of British Columbia, according to the Canadian government’s Natural Resources website. It occurred on the Queen Charlotte Fault in what the department called Canada’s equivalent of the San Andreas Fault — the boundary between the Pacific and North American plates that runs underwater along the west coast of the Haida Gwaii.

In 1970 a 7.4 magnitude quake struck south of the Haida Gwaii.

The USGS said the temblor shook the waters around British Columbia and was followed by a 5.8 magnitude aftershock after several minutes. Several other aftershocks were reported.

The quake struck 25 miles (40 kilometers) south of Sandspit, British Columbia, on the Haida Gwaii archipelago. People in coastal areas were advised to move to higher ground.

Urs Thomas, operator of the Golden Spruce hotel in Port Clements said there was no warning before everything began moving inside and outside the hotel. He said it lasted about three minutes.

“It was a pretty good shock,” Thomas, 59, said. “I looked at my boat outside. It was rocking. Everything was moving. My truck was moving.”

After the initial jolt, Thomas began to check the hotel.

“The fixtures and everything were still swinging,” he said. “I had some picture frames coming down.”

Lenore Lawrence, a resident of Queen Charlotte City on the Haida Gwaii, said the quake was “definitely scary,” adding she wondered if “this could be the big one.” She said the shaking lasted more than a minute. While several things fell off her mantle and broke, she said damage in her home was minimal.

Many on the B.C. mainland said the same.

“I was sitting at my desk on my computer and everything just started to move. It was maybe 20 seconds,” said Joan Girbav, manager of Pacific Inn in Prince Rupert, British Columbia. “It’s very scary. I’ve lived here all my life and I’ve never felt that.”

Residents rushed out of their homes in Tofino, British Columbia on Vancouver Island when the tsunami sirens sounded, but they were allowed to return about two hours after the quake.

In Hawaii, the tsunami warning spurred residents to stock up on essentials at gas stations and grocery stores and sent tourists in beachside hotels to higher floors in their buildings. Bus service into Waikiki was cut off an hour before the first waves, and police in downtown Honolulu shut down a Halloween block party. In Kauai, three schools used as evacuation centers quickly filled to capacity.

Fryer said the largest wave in the first 45 minutes of the tsunami was measured in Maui at more than 5 feet (1.5 meters), about 2 feet (60 centimeters) higher than normal sea levels. No major damage was reported.

In Alaska, the wave or surge was recorded at 4 inches (10 centimeters), much smaller than forecast, said Jeremy Zidek, a spokesman for the Alaska Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. The quake was felt in Craig and other southeast Alaska communities, but Zidek said there were no immediate reports of damage.

Canada quake triggers Hawaii tsunami scare

By Alan Duke and Holly Yan, CNN
Cars are seen on Ala Wai Blvd. in Honolulu's Waikiki in Hawaii on Saturday before the arrival of the first tsunami waves.
Cars are seen on Ala Wai Blvd. in Honolulu’s Waikiki in Hawaii on Saturday before the arrival of the first tsunami waves.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: the largest wave was about 2.5 feet above ambient sea level
  • NEW: Tsunami advisory lifted
  • Hawaii evacuations are lifted
  • The tsunami was caused by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake in western Canada

(CNN) — A tsunami warning for Hawaii, triggered by a powerful earthquake in Canada, proved nothing more than a pre-Halloween scare for thousands of people this weekend.

“The tourists are doing their best Chicken Little impressions,” one CNN iReporter in West Maui, Hawaii, wrote early Sunday.

Sirens announced the tsunami warning across Hawaii on Saturday night, as thousands of revelers packed streets in Honolulu for the annual Hallowbaloo festival and many others in costumes headed to Halloween parties.

Restaurants, clubs and the festival immediately shut down and the parties turned into bumper-to-bumper traffic jams as residents headed to higher ground.

Visions of the devastating quake and tsunami that killed thousands in Japan in March 2011 fueled the fright, but the waves proved to be smaller and less powerful than feared.

While the warning said waves could surge between 3 and 6 feet, the largest wave, measured in Kahului on the island of Maui, was about 2.5 feet above ambient sea level, according to Gerard Fryer, senior geophysicist at the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center.

The evacuation orders for coastal residents and the tsunami warning were canceled by 1 a.m. in Hawaii (7 a.m. ET) and a tsunami advisory was put in its place. That advisory was lifted three hours later.

Honolulu Mayor Peter Carlisle said early Sunday that people who had evacuated could return to their homes. CNN affiliate Hawaii News Now reported that was also the case for coastal residents in various parts of the state.

Earlier, local television showed images of bumper-to-bumper traffic on roads leading from the coast to higher ground. About 80,000 people live in evacuation zones on the island of Oahu, where Honolulu is located.

Read the latest developments in our live blog

Even Hawaiians accustomed to tsunami warnings spared no effort in bracing for the worst.

Honolulu resident Victoria Shioi filled her bathtub with water, set her refrigerator to the coldest setting and gathered candles in case of water or power outages.

“Also backed up my computer and put the external (hard drive) in the waterproof safe,” Shioi said.

The tsunami was spawned by a sizable earthquake in western British Columbia, prompting a local tsunami warning.

“A (magnitude) 7.7 is a big, hefty earthquake — not something you can ignore,” Fryer said. “It definitely would have done some damage if it had been under a city.”

Instead, the quake struck about 139 kilometers (86 miles) south of Masset on British Columbia’s Queen Charlotte Islands. No major damage was reported.

The Alaska Tsunami Warning Center issued a warning for western British Columbia from Vancouver to the southern panhandle of Alaska.

Canadians as far away as Prince Rupert, on mainland British Columbia, felt the quake.

Tanya Simonds said she felt as if her house was “sliding back and forth on mud,” but didn’t see any damage from the tremor.

Shawn Martin was at a movie theater when the quake struck.

“It just felt like the seats were moving. It felt like someone was kicking your seat,” he said.

Martin said more than hundred cars headed toward a popular intersection in the city known for its higher ground.

Thousands of miles across the Pacific, residents in Hawaii did the same.

CNN’s Joe Sutton, Jake Carpenter, Chandler Friedman and Maggie Schneider contributed to this report.

8 minor quakes jolt Surigao del Norte town in a day

MANILA, Philippines – Eight earthquakes, many of which occurred within an hour of each other, were recorded east of Burgos town in Surigao del Norte on Sunday, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said.

A 4.1-magnitude tremor which has a depth of 21 kilometers was felt in the eastern part of Burgos at 6:20 a.m.

At 9:43 a.m., a 4.8-magnitue quake was recorded 137 km east of Burgos at a 62-km depth.

The third earthquake, felt at 9:53 a.m., measured 5.3 and rattled the eastern part of Burgos.

At 10:35 a.m., a 4.5-magnitude quake hit Burgos for the fourth time. It was plotted 118 km east of Burgos with a depth of 71 km.

The fifth tremor, measured 5.5 and located 113 km east of Burgos with a depth of 85 km, occurred at 10:43 a.m.

At 11:04 a.m., a 4.9-magnitude shake was recorded 117 km east of Burgos with a depth of 125 km.

A small earthquake measuring 3.5 magnitude struck at 11:37 a.m. It was located 116 km east of the town with a depth of 62 km.

The eighth earthquake happened at 2:15 p.m. and it measured 4.2-magnitude. It was located 57 km of Burgos and has a depth of 7 km.

B.C. shaken by aftershock following powerful earthquake

Eugene Tanner/AP Visitors and Oahu residents watch the ocean water surge in and out of the Ala Wai Harbor carrying various debris during a tsunami Saturday in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Petti Fong and Graham Slaughter
Staff Reporters

VANCOUVER—The second largest earthquake in Canadian history was still rattling nerves Sunday, with aftershocks off the northern coast of British Columbia.

On Saturday night, a massive 7.7 magnitude earthquake hit about 30 kilometres north of Sandspit, B.C., in the Haida Gwaii islands shortly after 8 p.m. local time, sending tremors north through the island chain and south as far as Metro Vancouver.

It was the largest earthquake to be felt in Canada since an 8.1-magnitude quake in the same region back in 1949.

A surprisingly strong 6.4-magnitude aftershock in the same area shook residents again Sunday afternoon around 2 p.m.

Earthquake expert Brent Ward from Simon Fraser University said he expects aftershocks for days ahead, but generally in the 4- to 5-magnitude range.

“We don’t really understand how to predict earthquakes enough to know if something like this could be an indicator of a larger earthquake in the same vicinity occurring in the future,” Ward said Sunday. “If we get another earthquake that’s greater than 7.7, it wouldn’t be an aftershock, it would be a new earthquake.”

Saturday’s massive quake also caused a sleepless night for a whole section of western North America, watching and waiting for a tsunami warning to pass.

Based on historical records, earthquakes in the area of Saturday evening’s rumblings don’t generally trigger tsunamis, Ward said. But he added that evacuations are a worth the effort because tsunami waves can sweep through coastal communities with devastating consequences.

Neil Goodwin, a fishing lodge manager from Sandspit, was in his living room Saturday night when the rumbling started.

“It was the kind of shaking that if you weren’t holding onto something, you’d be on the floor,” he said. “It wasn’t very violent for probably the first 10 seconds, and then it really amped up.”

As the power cut out, Goodwin, 35, used the flashlight on his cellphone to find his two dogs and escape his house. He didn’t have time to assess the damage or find his cat.

Goodwin drove to one of two hills designated as safety point in tsunami drills, where he stood with his neighbours and watched the waves grow in size and strength.

“Within 10 minutes, pretty much 90 per cent of everyone in town was in one of the two points,” he said.

In Queen Charlotte, Canadian Coast Guard Malcolm Dunderdale spent a sleepless night in the dark after the power cut out within seconds of the shaking, which he said lasted about 30 to 45 seconds.

After gathering his cellphone, mobile radios and general tsunami kits, plus blankets and pillows, Dunderdale said, there was nothing to do but wait.

The first tsunami reached the West Coast at Langara Island, part of Haida Gwaii, at 9:16 p.m., about an hour and a half after the earthquake struck. But the waves caused no damage.

The earthquake also triggered tsunami warnings in Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California and Hawaii. The last of the tsunami advisories were lifted Sunday morning.

The biggest waves — about 1.5 metres high — appeared to hit Maui, the Associated Press reported. There were no immediate reports of damage, though one person died in a fatal crash near a road that was closed because of the threat near Oahu’s north shore.

Earthquakes hit California

Robert Kirchgassner
The Celebrity Cafe

While the East Coast is bracing for the onslaught of Hurricane Sandy, southern California is contending with a pair of small earthquakes which struck Sunday.

NBC reported that the tremors measured 3.9 on the Richter scale.

Buildings shook in downtown Los Angeles, but no damages or injuries were reported.
UPI reported that the first quake hit at 12:47 a.m., beginning from a depth of 11 miles. Its epicenter was 66 miles north of San Diego.

The next one occurred at 8:24 a.m., with the epicenter five miles east of Santa Clarita, 24 miles north of Los Angeles.

California was struck by a 3.5 magnitude earthquake a week earlier. It occurred at 1:40 p.m. near the city of Blue Lake, which is over 200 miles east of Sacramento.

Sunday’s quake occurred three hours after a 7.7 magnitude tremor hit the west coast of Canada, which led to a brief tsunami warning in Hawaii.

The Los Angeles Times reported that no warnings were issued for California at that time.

Ark. earthquake felt in Memphis area

An earthquake that registered 3.9 on the Richter Scale hit eastern Arkansas Monday morning, and was felt by several Memphis-area residents as well.

According to the US Geological Survey website, the tremor hit around 7:39 a.m.

The epicenter was about 6 miles from Parkin, Ark., and about 30 miles from Memphis.

Several Memphis residents were chattering almost immediately on social media about the several seconds of tremors that shook Midtown.

“About 8 minutes ago, felt about 8-10 seconds of tremors in midtown,” tweeted @JeffGinMEM around 7:50 a.m. Monday.

Former Jackson resident Jada Love posted on her Facebook, “Did anyone else in Midtown Memphis feel earthquake tremors…?”

Tiffany Renee Daniel responded, “I’m in Southaven and I swear I just felt something too I was just sitting here trying to explain it away.”

Love lives in a fourth-story apartment and said she could hear a low rumbling and felt her couch shake. She said her parents, who are in the Bartlett/Arlington area, did not feel anything.

But Kevin Thompson did at his home in the Rivercrest neighborhood in north Bartlett.

“My wife and I had been awake and talking for a while. We felt an initial boom-rumble, and then the bed was shaking a little. We concluded that it was the kids pounding on the floor upstairs, but we thought it was weird because we had never felt the bed shake like that before,” he said. “A few minutes later, we saw that some of our friends on Facebook talking about the earthquake. That’s when the shaking started to make more sense.”

That experience was similar to what was reported by many residents of the Memphis area.

“A little after 7:30 this morning I felt my house shake and heard a rumbling noise! I thought it was my imagination! Felt better when I heard it really was an earthquake,” said Stacey Alpert of Cordova.

Kevin O’Brien lives just south of Olive Branch. When he felt the tremors Monday morning, at first he thought his cat was somehow shaking the couch.

“It seemed a bit too strong a shake for our smallish cat and my suspicion quickly shifted to earthquake when I saw the Halloween decoration hanging from the dinette light fixture swinging,” he said. “Still, I looked outdoors to confirm that the cat had not snuck into the house.”

Tremors shake up 5 districts

TNN

VIJAYAWADA: Panic spread across several villages in five districts in the state due to mild tremors on Monday. People ran out of their houses when the earth shook for a few seconds. Though no casualties were reported from any of the districts, there was panic in many places in Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nalgonda, and Khammam.

There were reports of tremors even at Hayathnagar in Rangareddy district around the same time. The earth quake monitoring centre at Vijayawada termed the incident as ‘very minor’ and said there was nothing to worry about. “It’s common to experience such tremors when the rocky layers of earth make adjustments within themselves,” said RDO S Venkata Rao.

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 29, 2012 03:19:30 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: November 1, 2012 07:48:55 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Tjörnes Fracture Zone volcano (North of Iceland): seismic swarm continues with no end in sight

BY: T

https://i0.wp.com/images.volcanodiscovery.com/uploads/pics/eyfjall4.jpg

Location of quakes (Icelandic Met Office)

https://i1.wp.com/images.volcanodiscovery.com/uploads/pics/quakes-tfz-30oct12.png

Time and depth of quakes at the TFZ

The earthquake swarm in the Tjörnes Fracture Zone north off Iceland continues into its 10th day. After a decline in intensity during 25-28 Oct, the frequency of quakes has again picked up. There are often more than 100 quakes a day including some above magnitude 3. The Icelandic Met Office maintains a warning for a possible larger quake in the area.

 – By L. Arias
Access to one of Costa Rica’s most popular national parks remains open to tourists.
Poás Volcano

Experts from the National Seismological Network are keeping the volcano under surveillance. Courtesy of RSN

The Poas Volcano early Sunday awoke residents of the province of Alajuela with a strong rumble.

At about 1 a.m., the volcano’s crater ejected mud and ash more than 500 meters into the air. Ashes traveled hundreds of meters around the national park, rangers reported.

Although the volcano is frequently active, this kind of strong explosion has not been recorded since 2006. Experts said the activity was normal, but they will continue monitoring the volcano.

Poás Volcano National Park will remain open to tourists while experts determine if there is any risk to visitors.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Cold snap hits France with first signs of winter

Published on Oct 28, 2012 by

http://www.euronews.com/ “C’est l’hiver avant l’heure;” or ‘it is winter before it should be’, was one local person’s reaction to heavy snow falls which have hit eastern parts of France.

The cold snap brought power cuts with up to 50,000 households in the Isere region in the Alps deprived of electricity.

Authorities have issued an “Orange” warning, the second highest alert, and rescue services have been fully mobilised.

Up to 50 centimetres of snow fell in some parts making driving hazardous. An icy wind and fresh falls of snow on top of the ice only added to the dangerous conditions.

Many drivers were forced to abandon their cars while emergency services were called to clear trees from roads felled in the high winds, with gusts blowing up to 130 kilometres per hour recorded in one area.

Parts of the south of France were the worst hit by the high winds where on the riviera two people have been reported missing.

A search has been mounted for a 12-year-old boy on the island of Porquerolles. Emergency services say his bike has been found. A 26-year-old windsurfer is also missing.

In the port of Marseille the ferry Napoleon Bonaparte was damaged when strong winds broke the ship’s moorings.

The hull smashed against the dock flooding two of its watertight compartments.

Cold snap to sweep through China

English People Daily Online

Cold Snap in China

© Xinhua/Lin Hong
Citizens wearing thick clothes walk on a street in Changchun, capital of northeast China’s Jilin Province, Oct. 28, 2012. A cold front swept the province on Sunday, lowering the temperature nine to 11 degrees centigrade in most parts of the province and bringing the lowest temperature down to less than zero.

Beijing — China’s central and eastern regions will experience temperature drops in coming days, while the southern parts will receive moderate to heavy rain, the national meteorological watchdog forecast Sunday.

Strong wind will make temperatures in northeastern regions fall by six to ten degrees Celsius on Sunday. A blast of cold air is forecast to sweep across the central and eastern parts from Monday, the National Meteorological Center said on its website.

The center also forecast that fog will shroud parts of Hubei, Jiangsu and Anhui provinces on Sunday morning, reducing visibility to less than 1,000 meters.

Over the next three days, parts of South China will see moderate to heavy rain, and some regions may experience torrential rain, the center said.

Son-Tinh, the 23rd tropical storm of the year, strengthened to a super-typhoon on Saturday night and was located 260 km southeast of Vietnam’s Thanh Hoa at 5 a.m. Sunday.

Son-Tinh is expected to move northwestward at a speed of 10 to 15 km per hour and make landfall in Vietnam’s northern coastal regions on Sunday night, the center said.

Sweden braces for week of heavy snow

Ice Age Now

Meteorologists predict heavy snowfall throughout the country and have issued a nationwide class 1 warning.

“There may be large quantities of snow,” explained Lisa Frost of the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SMHI.

“As it’s the first snow and it’s quite early in the season, we’re issuing the warning – especially as some people haven’t changed to their winter tyres yet.”

Throughout Monday, the Dalarna and Värmland counties have been slammed by a lengthy snow storm, which has left 10 cm (4 inches) of snow. SMHI forecast a further 10 cm before Tuesday.

Meanwhile, the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) is already fighting the blizzards.

The season’s lowest temperature was recorded on Sunday night with Nattavaara in far northern Sweden hitting -22.1C (-6F).

Surprise October snow hits central Germany – Suspected record

TheLocal.de

Winter appeared overnight in many parts of Germany on Saturday with unseasonal heavy snow fall and subzero temperatures hitting central and southern areas.

Meteorologists say this is the first time for decades that snow has fallen on low lying areas in October. More flurries are expected over the weekend.

As much as 17cm of snow fell overnight in Thuringen forest in central Germany – a suspected record for this time of year.

Heavy snow also fell on Bavaria, Saxony, Rhineland-Palatinate, Hesse and Saarland, with further flurries expected on Saturday in Leipzig, Dresden and Munich, according to the DWD.

“This happens maybe once every 30 or 40 years,” meteorologist Christoph Hartmann of the German weather service (DWD) told Die Welt newspaper on Saturday, referring to the unusual snowfall in October.

The severe drop in temperature – by 20 degrees within a week – also occurs “very, very seldom,” he added.

With winter’s first onslaught, fallen trees blocked train lines between Leipzig and Munich, causing delays and diversions to the ICE high speed rail network.

A further 10-15 cm of snow is expected overnight in the Alps and in the Ore Mountains in Saxony, where DWD said temperatures could fall as low as minus ten.

Austria – Rare October snow catches drivers by surprise

Ice Age Now

Only twice before since records began has there been snow in October in all the nine provinces of Austria, on the 31 October 1941 as well as in the night of 23 and 24 October 2003.

Austrian weather expert Alexander Orlik from the central weather institute ZAMG said: “It is true the snow is very early this year and that is an indication that it will be a long hard winter, but not proof.”

The early snow caught many drivers unaware who had not yet changed over to winter tyres – causing problems on the roads. The legal deadline to have winter tyres is 1 November in Austria.

In Carinthia parts of the region were left without electricity as the snow fell as a result of heavy snow meaning trees toppled onto the lines .

Early Snow Pummels West Virginia

By KRIS MAHER

Parts of West Virginia were digging out from up to three feet of snow dumped in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, a deluge that cut power to hundreds of thousands of residents and shut down main highways.

The thick blanket of snow at higher elevations across the ridges of the Appalachian Mountains, including in parts of Maryland and Pennsylvania, also brought concerns that rivers and creeks in low-lying areas could flood later in the week as the snow melts, with temperatures expected to reach 60 degrees. Falling trees and storm-related traffic accidents claimed the lives of three people in Maryland, three in Pennsylvania and one in West Virginia, state officials said Tuesday.

Close to 300,000 West Virginia residents were without power Tuesday afternoon, as high winds and heavy snow snapped branches and downed power lines, and officials expected the number to rise. Outages at several utilities had left some areas without access to water, and officials were sending out trucks to deliver bottled water.

“West Virginia continues to be hard hit,” said Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin, a Democrat. “Right now, my main focus is on life safety, power restoration and critical infrastructure.…We are doing everything we can to help the folks in need.”

More than 30 of West Virginia’s 55 counties had snow, with the heaviest snowfall at higher elevations, said Liz Sommerville, a National Weather Service meteorologist in Charleston, W.Va. Bowden, above 3,000 feet, recorded 24 inches by early Tuesday, compared with 16 inches in Beckley, elevation 2,300 feet, and 9 inches in the capital of Charleston, elevation 980 feet.

“Trees are coming down. I got a feeling that a lot of weaker structures are going to come down,” said Gary Berti, of Davis, W.Va., where 30 inches of snow had fallen by Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Berti, 54 years old, said all the stores along the main street of Davis were closed Tuesday and only pickup trucks with four-wheel drive were braving secondary roads. Restaurants without power were making food for rescue workers using gas stoves, he said: “They’re cooking everything they’ve got because they know they’re going to lose it.”

Snow was expected to keep falling on mountainous areas through Wednesday, and blizzard warnings remained in effect in more than a dozen counties Tuesday. At lower elevations, snow was expected to turn to rain by Tuesday night.

The West Virginia Department of Transportation reported accidents on three major highways in the state and said fallen trees and power lines were complicating efforts to clear roads. The agency urged residents to stay home. Marshall University canceled classes at various campuses around the state, and West Virginia State University closed for the day.

Western Maryland recorded two feet of snow, and blizzard warnings remained in effect Tuesday. While eastern areas of the state endured some flooding, officials were bracing for worse, said Ed McDonough, a spokesman for the Maryland Emergency Management Agency. More than 300,000 people in the state were without power Tuesday, with many outages in the Baltimore area. About 50 people were evacuated late Monday from the town of Crisfield, which sits on the Chesapeake Bay, after floodwaters spilled into homes.

In Pennsylvania, 1.25 million residents remained without power Tuesday. Gov. Tom Corbett warned that the central part of the state could see minor flooding, but far less than what storms last year brought to the region. The highest point in the state, Mount Davis, received 9 inches of snow, with several more inches expected. There is “nothing of major significance at this point in time that we have great concern about,” Gov. Corbett said at a midday news briefing.

Pennsylvania officials planned to have a shelter open in West Chester, Pa., to house 1,300 people from New Jersey, and another in East Stroudsburg, Pa., to aid 500 people displaced in New York. In addition, Pennsylvania officials were providing 35 ambulances and a large vehicle to transport people, as well as providing a rescue team requested by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to New Jersey.

—Jennifer Corbett Dooren contributed to this article.

31.10.2012 Extreme Weather USA State of Alaska, [Novarupta volcan] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in USA on Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 at 19:24 (07:24 PM) UTC.

Description
Strong winds swept ash from the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century into the atmosphere Tuesday, creating a haze over Alaska’s Kodiak Island and prompting the National Weather Service to issue flight warnings for the area. Powerful northwest winds funneled through the mountains at the Katmai Bay, sending ash around 4,000 feet into the sky southeast toward Kodiak. Brian Hagenbuch, general meteorologist at the National Weather Service Anchorage office, was the first to spot the ash. “When the sun came up yesterday, I noticed it looked foggy on the Larson Bay camera,” one of many cameras set up by the FAA to monitor weather conditions. But as the sun continued to rise, he noted the fog looked smoggy and brown. Around 10 a.m., Hagenbuch checked the visible satellite and found a “milky, dome-shaped plume.” He then double-checked on infra-red equipment that is used specifically to spot ash even through cloud cover, which verified his findings. Having confirmed his suspicions, Hagenbuch put together a “Significant Meterological Event” warning, called a SIGMET, to alert pilots of the hazardous conditions in the area. Hagenbuch says that very strong winds “from time to time” will stir up the ash from Novarupta. The Novarupta volcanic eruption of June 6, 1912, occurred in what is now the Katmai National Park and Preserve. For three days, the volcano spewed 100 times more material than the Mount St. Helens eruption, shooting plumes 20 miles into the air and burying the valley downwind in over 500 feet of ash and volcanic rock. Four years later, when botanist Robert Griggs visited the valley, steam still poured from vents across the valley, prompting the crew to name it The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. Hagenbuch will update, and possibly cancel, the SIGMET on the National Weather Service’s website Wednesday. Hagenbuch notes that there is “much less” ash in the air than Tuesday.

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Storms /  Flooding / Landslides

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Rosa (EP17) Pacific Ocean – East 30.10.2012 31.10.2012 Hurricane V 275 ° 743 km/h 93 km/h 2.44 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Rosa (EP17)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 14° 24.000, W 116° 6.000
Start up: 30th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 60.60 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
31st Oct 2012 05:22:06 N 14° 30.000, W 117° 0.000 7 74 93 Tropical Storm 275 8 1003 MB NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 10:48:56 N 14° 30.000, W 117° 18.000 7 743 93 Hurricane V. 275 8 1003 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
31st Oct 2012 10:48:56 N 14° 30.000, W 117° 18.000 7 743 93 Tropical Depression 275 ° 8 1003 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
02nd Nov 2012 06:00:00 N 14° 42.000, W 118° 48.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
03rd Nov 2012 06:00:00 N 14° 30.000, W 119° 30.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
04th Nov 2012 06:00:00 N 14° 30.000, W 120° 0.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
05th Nov 2012 06:00:00 N 15° 0.000, W 120° 30.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC

…………………………………….

Crew member dead, captain missing after Canadian-built replica of HMS Bounty sinks

Paul Koring and Jane Taber
The Globe and Mail

sandy_bounty.jpg

Washington – One crew member has died and the captain is missing in high seas and raging winds after the Canadian-built replica of HMS Bounty was abandoned and sank Monday morning.

U.S. Coast Guard Jayhawk helicopters rescued 14 others from life rafts in a dramatic dawn rescue about 150 kilometres off Cape Hatteras, N.C.

As the crew abandoned the sinking ship, struggling to get into life rafts before dawn, three were tossed into the sea by waves sweeping over the stricken vessel. “One of those managed to get to a raft, but not the other two,” U.S. Coast Guard spokesman Lieutenant-Commander Jamie Frederick told The Globe and Mail at 13:30 pm.

The dead crew member, 42-year-old Claudene Christian, was found unresponsive in the water on Monday evening. The Coast Guard said she was taken to a hospital in Elizabeth City, where she was later pronounced dead.

Rescuers continued to search for the missing captain of HMS Bounty, 63-year-old Robin Walbridge.

The Coast Guard says Captain Walbridge and Ms. Christian were able to put on survival suits designed to keep them afloat and protect them from chilly waters for 15 hours.

Helicopters were used in the search and two Coast Guard cutters have also gone out to sea to help search.

“We’re throwing all the assets we have out there so that we can keep searching for these folks,” Cdmr Frederick said.

Earlier he confirmed that “14 are safe on shore.”

Storm damages crops in Haiti, fueling food price woes

Susana Ferreira
Reuters
  • © The Associated Press/Dieu Nalio Chery
    Many homes remain underwater in southern Haiti.

    Huge crop losses in southern Haiti raise famine worries

  • Flooding raises specter of cholera
  • Crop losses in Cuba, Jamaica as well

Port-au-Prince – As Hurricane Sandy barreled toward the U.S. East Coast on Monday, the full extent of the storm’s havoc on Haiti was just beginning to emerge.

Extensive damage to crops throughout the southern third of the country, as well as the high potential for a spike in cases of cholera and other water-borne diseases, could mean Haiti will see the deadliest effects of Sandy in the coming days and weeks.

Haiti reported the highest death toll in the Caribbean, as swollen rivers and landslides claimed at least 52 lives, according to the country’s Civil Protection office. More than three days of constant rain left roads and bridges heavily damaged, cutting off access to several towns and a key border crossing with the Dominican Republic.

“The economy took a huge hit,” Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe told Reuters. He also said Sandy’s impact was devastating, “even by international standards,” adding that Haiti was planning an appeal for emergency aid.

“Most of the agricultural crops that were left from Hurricane Isaac were destroyed during Sandy,” he said, “so food security will be an issue.”

Sandy also destroyed banana crops in eastern Jamaica as well as decimating the coffee crop in eastern Cuba.

But the widespread loss of crops and supplies in the south, both for commercial growers and subsistence farmers, is what has Haitian authorities and aid organizations had worried about most.

The past several months have seen a series of nationwide protests and general strikes over the rising cost of living. Even before Hurricane Sandy hit, residents complained that food prices were too high.

© The Associated Press/Dieu Nalio Chery
Carmene Chales, left, walks with Anes Michaelange and one-year-old Alexandra Alexandre through an area where Hurricane Sandy triggered flooding in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Saturday, Oct. 27, 2012.

Peasant Crop Losses

A rise in food prices in Haiti triggered violent demonstrations and political instability in April 2008. Jean Debalio Jean-Jacques, the Ministry of Agriculture’s director for the southern department, said he worried that the massive crop loss “could aggravate the situation.”

“The storm took everything away,” said Jean-Jacques. “Everything the peasants had in reserve – corn, tubers – all of it was devastated. Some people had already prepared their fields for winter crops and those were devastated.”

In Abricots on Haiti’s southwestern tip, the community was still recovering from the effects of 2010’s Hurricane Tomas and a recent dry spell when Sandy hit.

“We’ll have famine in the coming days,” said Abricots Mayor Kechner Toussaint. “It’s an agricultural disaster.”

The main staples of the local diet, bananas and breadfruit, were ripped out by winds and ruined by heavy rains.

In the southwestern Grand Anse department, a boat that regularly comes from Port-au-Prince to deliver supplies and pick up produce to sell in the capital had not come in more than a week because of the storm. The cost of basic things, like fuel, had already jumped.

In Camp-Perrin, a mountainous region in the southwest peninsula where Sandy’s first fatality was recorded after a woman tried to cross a swollen river, coffee planters lamented the loss of a harvest they were weeks away from collecting.

“Coffee is the bank account of the peasants,” said Maurice Jean-Louis, a planter and head of a coffee growers’ cooperative in Camp-Perrin. Rain flooded many storage areas as well, soaking coffee beans that were set aside for export. He called the damage “incalculable.”

Cholera in the Capital

In the capital, Port-au-Prince, Sandy destroyed concrete homes and tent camps alike, where 370,000 victims of the 2010 earthquake are still living. Haitian authorities said 18,000 families were left homeless in the disaster.

Aid organizations began reporting a sharp rise in suspected cholera cases in several departments, with at least 86 new cases alone coming from Port-au-Prince’s earthquake survivor camps, according to Dr. Juan Carlos Gustavo Alonso of the Pan American Health Organization. Many communities are still cut off and only accessible by helicopter, he said, so the broader rise in cholera was “still too early to tell.”

Since October 2010, a cholera outbreak has sickened almost 600,000 people and killed more than 7,400 in Haiti.

Both the Haitian state and international aid organizations distributed food, water and other items to affected camps and communities throughout the weekend, including personal distributions by President Michel Martelly.

“These stocks are running dangerously low,” said George Ngwa, spokesman for OCHA, a humanitarian coordinating body in Haiti. “After Tropical Storm Isaac in August, these stocks have not been replenished. What we’re doing is scraping the bottom.”

Powerful storm kills at least 30 in Philippines, Vietnam

By Jethro Mullen, CNN
Boats sit in the Beilun River, which separates China and Vietnam, on Tuesday, October 30. Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency reported. Boats sit in the Beilun River, which separates China and Vietnam, on Tuesday, October 30. Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency reported.

A Chinese soldier hands over a Vietnamese baby he rescued from the flood to his mother at a waterlogged market near the China-Vietnam on Monday.

A Chinese soldier hands over a Vietnamese baby he rescued from the flood to his mother at a waterlogged market near the China-Vietnam on Monday.
A man stands on a flooded road in Sanya, China, on Sunday, October 28.
A man stands on a flooded road in Sanya, China, on Sunday, October 28.

An uprooted tree crushes a car in China on Sunday. An uprooted tree crushes a car in China on Sunday.

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • More than a thousand rescue workers have been deployed in Vietnam
  • Helicopters are on standby to search for an oil rig adrift from its towboats
  • Tropical Storm Son-Tinh had already killed at least 27 people in the Philippines

Have you been affected by Tropical Storm Son-Tinh? If so, share your images and footage with CNN iReport, but please stay safe.

Hong Kong (CNN) — As Hurricane Sandy lashes the East Coast of the United States with wind and rain, Southeast Asia is dealing with the trail of death and damage from a powerful storm that has killed at least 30 people in the region over the past few days.

Superstorm Sandy threatens ‘catastrophe’ of a lifetime

Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency (VNA) reported.

Son-Tinh was at typhoon level when it thumped into northern Vietnam late Sunday with winds as strong as 133 kilometers per hour (83 mph). It left three people dead and two injured, according to an initial estimate from the Office of the National Search and Rescue Committee reported by (VNA).

More than a 1,300 rescue workers and soldiers have been deployed to work with local authorities on search and rescue efforts in the aftermath of the storm, VNA said.

Helicopters were on standby for a search and rescue mission for an oil rig with 35 people on board that became disconnected from its towboats miles out at sea amid strong waves generated by the storm, according to VNA.

And five people were missing Sunday after winds from Son-Tinh sank an engineering vessel near a cargo terminal in Sanya, a city on the southern Chinese island of Hainan, China’s state-run news agency Xinhua reported.

Son-Tinh is expected to gradually weaken over the course of Monday, regional weather agencies said. At least 260,000 people in Vietnam had been relocated to safer areas as it approached Sunday.

The storm had already killed 27 people when it swept across the central Philippines during the second half of last week, causing flash floods and landslides, according to the Philippine National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. Nine people remain missing, the council said Monday.

East Asia is buffeted for several months a year by heavy storms that roll in from the western Pacific Ocean. In August, a big typhoon, named Bolaven, killed more than 60 people on the Korean peninsula.

Storm Barrels Through Region, Leaving Destructive Path

  • Brendan Smialowski/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
  • Mark Lennihan/Associated Press
  • Hiroko Masuike/The New York Times
  • Damon Winter/The New York Times
  • Chang W. Lee/The New York Times
  • Fred R. Conrad/The New York Times
  • Hiroko Masuike/The New York Times
  • Justin Lane/European Pressphoto Agency
  • Kirsten Luce for The New York Times.
  • Frank Franklin Ii/Associated Press
  • Suzanne DeChillo/The New York Times
  • Michael Kirby Smith for The New York Times
  • Michael Kirby Smith for The New York Times
  • Michael Kirby Smith for The New York Times
  • Spencer Platt/Getty Images
  • Hiroko Masuike/The New York Times
  • Hiroko Masuike/The New York Times
  • Marcus Yam for The New York Times
  • Charles Sykes/Associated Press
  • Michael Nagle for The New York Times

The mammoth and merciless storm made landfall near Atlantic City around 8 p.m., with maximum sustained winds of about 80 miles per hour, the National Hurricane Center said. That was shortly after the center had reclassified the storm as a post-tropical cyclone, a scientific renaming that had no bearing on the powerful winds, driving rains and life-threatening storm surge expected to accompany its push onto land.

The storm had unexpectedly picked up speed as it roared over the Atlantic Ocean on a slate-gray day and went on to paralyze life for millions of people in more than a half-dozen states, with extensive evacuations that turned shorefront neighborhoods into ghost towns. Even the superintendent of the Statue of Liberty left to ride out the storm at his mother’s house in New Jersey; he said the statue itself was “high and dry,” but his house in the shadow of the torch was not.

The wind-driven rain lashed sea walls and protective barriers in places like Atlantic City, where the Boardwalk was damaged as water forced its way inland. Foam was spitting, and the sand gave in to the waves along the beach at Sandy Hook, N.J., at the entrance to New York Harbor. Water was thigh-high on the streets in Sea Bright, N.J., a three-mile sand-sliver of a town where the ocean joined the Shrewsbury River.

“It’s the worst I’ve seen,” said David Arnold, watching the storm from his longtime home in Long Branch, N.J. “The ocean is in the road, there are trees down everywhere. I’ve never seen it this bad.”

In New York, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s office said late Monday night that at least five deaths in the state were attributable to the storm. At least three of those involved falling trees. About 7 p.m., a tree fell on a house in Queens, killing a 30-year-old man, the city police said. About the same time, two boys, ages 11 and 13, were killed in North Salem in Westchester County, when a tree fell on the house they were in, according to the State Police.

In Morris County, N.J., a man and a woman were killed when a tree fell on their car Monday evening, The Associated Press reported.

In Manhattan, NYU Langone Medical Center’s backup power system failed Monday evening, forcing the evacuation of patients to other facilities.

In a Queens beach community, nearly 200 firefighters were battling a huge blaze early on Tuesday morning that tore through more than 50 tightly-packed homes in an area where heavy flooding slowed responders.

Earlier, a construction crane atop one of the tallest buildings in the city came loose and dangled 80 stories over West 57th Street, across the street from Carnegie Hall.

Soon power was going out and water was rushing in. Waves topped the sea wall in the financial district in Manhattan, sending cars floating downstream. West Street, along the western edge of Lower Manhattan, looked like a river. The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, known officially as the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel in memory of a former governor, flooded “from end to end,” the Metropolitan Transportation Authority said, hours after Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York ordered it closed to traffic.Officials said water also seeped into seven subway tunnels under the East River.

Joseph J. Lhota, the transit authority chairman, called the storm the most devastating disaster in the 108-year history of the subway system.

“We could be fishing out our windows tomorrow,” said Garnett Wilcher, a barber who lives in the Hammells Houses, a block from the ocean in the Rockaways in Queens. Still, he said he felt safe at home. Pointing to neighboring apartment houses in the city-run housing project, he said, “We got these buildings for jetties.”

Hurricane-force winds extended up to 175 miles from the center of the storm; tropical-storm-force winds spread out 485 miles from the center. Forecasters said tropical-storm-force winds could stretch all the way north to Canada and all the way west to the Great Lakes. Snow was expected in some states.

Businesses and schools were closed; roads, bridges and tunnels were closed; and more than 13,000 airline flights were canceled. Even the Erie Canal was shut down.

Subways were shut down from Boston to Washington, as were Amtrak and the commuter rail lines. About 1,000 flights were canceled at each of the three major airports in the New York City area. Philadelphia International Airport had 1,200 canceled flights, according to FlightAware, a data provider in Houston. And late Monday night, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said cabs had been instructed to get off New York City roads.

A replica of the H.M.S. Bounty, a tall ship built for the 1962 movie “Mutiny on the Bounty” starring Marlon Brando and used in the recent “Pirates of the Caribbean” series, sank off the North Carolina coast. The Coast Guard said the 180-foot three-masted ship went down near the Outer Banks after being battered by 18-foot-high seas and thrashed by 40-m.p.h. winds. The body of one crew member, Claudene Christian, 42, was recovered. Another crew member remained missing.

Delaware banned cars and trucks from state roadways for other than “essential personnel.”

“The most important thing right now is for people to use common sense,” Gov. Jack Markell said. “We didn’t want people out on the road going to work and not being able to get home again.”

By early evening, the storm knocked out power to hundreds of thousands of homes, stores and office buildings. Consolidated Edison said that as of 1:30 a.m. Tuesday, 634,000 customers in New York City and Westchester County were without power. Con Edison, fearing damage to its electrical equipment, shut down power pre-emptively in sections of Lower Manhattan on Monday evening, and then, at 8:30 p.m., an unplanned failure, probably caused by flooding in substations, knocked out power to most of Manhattan below Midtown, about 250,000 customers. Later, an explosion at a Con Ed substation on East 14th Street knocked out power to another 250,000 customers.

In New Jersey, more than two million customers were without power as of 1:30 a.m. Tuesday, and in Connecticut nearly 500,000.

President Obama, who returned to the White House and met with top advisers, said Monday that the storm would disrupt the rhythms of daily life in the states it hit. “Transportation is going to be tied up for a long time,” he said, adding that besides flooding, there would probably be widespread power failures. He said utility companies had lined up crews to begin making repairs. But he cautioned that it could be slow going.

“The fact is, a lot of these emergency crews are not going to get into position to start restoring power until some of these winds die down,” the president said. He added, “That may take several days.”

Forecasters attributed the power of the storm to a convergence of weather systems. As the hurricane swirled north in the Atlantic and then pivoted toward land, a wintry storm was heading toward it from the west, and cold air was blowing south from the Arctic. The hurricane left more than 60 people dead in the Caribbean before it began crawling toward the Northeast.

“The days ahead are going to be very difficult, Gov. Martin O’Malley of Maryland said. “There will be people who die and are killed in this storm,” he said.

Alex Sosnowski, a senior meteorologist with AccuWeather, said potentially damaging winds would continue on Tuesday from Illinois to the Carolinas — and as far north as Maine — as the storm barreled toward the eastern Great Lakes.

Mr. Cuomo, who ordered many of the most heavily used bridges and tunnels in New York City closed, warned that the surge from Hurricane Sandy could go two feet higher than that associated with Tropical Storm Irene last year. The PATH system, buses and the Staten Island Ferry system were also suspended.

Mr. Lhota, the chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, has said he expected to restore at least some service about 12 hours after the storm ended. But possible flooding within the subway system could prevent a full-scale reopening.

The storm headed toward land with weather that was episodic: a strong gust of wind one minute, then mist. More wind. Thin sheets of rain dancing down the street. Then, for a moment, nothing. The sky lightened. Then another blast of rain. Then more wind.

The day brought a giddiness to schoolchildren who had the day off and to grown-ups who were fascinated by the rough, rising water. Some went surfing, discounting the danger. Felquin Piedra, 38, rode his Jet Ski from Queens to Lower Manhattan.

“I love the waves,” Mr. Piedra yelled from New York Harbor. “The water is warm. I’ve jumped in several times.”

But even when landfall was still hours away, there was no holding back the advance guard of the storm — fast-moving bands of rain and punishing winds.

It added up to devastation. Driving through places like Pompton Plains, N.J., late Monday afternoon was like an X-Games contest for drivers. They had to do tree-limb slaloms on side streets and gunned their engines anxiously as they passed wind funnels of leaves swirling on highways.

On City Island, off the Bronx mainland, Cheryl Brinker sprayed “Sandy Stay Away” on her boarded-up art studio, expanding a collage she started during Tropical Storm Irene last year. But by midafternoon, nearby Ditmars Street was under as much as five feet of water and Steve Van Wickler said the water had cracked the cement in his cellar. “It’s like a little river running in my basement,” he said. “There are cracks and leaks everywhere.”

In some places, caravans of power-company trucks traveled largely empty roads; Public Service Electric and Gas said that 600 line workers and 526 tree workers had arrived from across the country, but could not start the repairs and cleanup until the wind had subsided, perhaps not until Wednesday.

They will see a landscape that, in many places, was remade by the storm. In Montauk, at the end of Long Island, a 50-seat restaurant broke in half. Half of the building floated away and broke into pieces on the beach.

The 110-foot-tall lighthouse at Montauk Point — the oldest in the state, opened in 1796 — shuddered in the storm despite walls that are six feet thick at the base. The lighthouse keeper, Marge Winski, said she had never felt anything like that in 26 years on the job.

“I went up in tower and it was vibrating, it was shaking,” she said. “I got out of it real quick. I’ve been here through hurricanes, and nor’easters, but nothing this bad.”

Sandy kills dozens in U.S., millions left without power

CTVNews.ca Staff

With at least 50 people dead, transit crippled in New York City and millions of people along the U.S. East Coast struggling without electricity, communities face a daunting challenge of repairing the damage wrought by superstorm Sandy.

In New York, where 18 people were killed, Mayor Michael Bloomberg surveyed the destruction in the hardest-hit neighbourhoods Tuesday. He said he saw homes so utterly destroyed only “chimneys and foundations” were left.

But despite the daunting challenge of recovery efforts, Bloomberg said “New Yorkers are resilient.”

About a third of New York’s fleet of taxis were operating Tuesday, bus service was partially restored, and the New York Stock Exchange was expected to reopen Wednesday.

U.S. President Barack Obama declared New York and Long Island a “major” disaster area.

The declaration means federal funding is now available to residents of the hardest-hit areas, who awoke to a tragic aftermath of the deadly storm that slammed ashore in New Jersey on Monday evening.

New York had seen a four-metre surge of seawater crash ashore overnight, inundating the city’s tunnels and electrical systems and causing massive damage to the city’s famed subway. The storm left New York with no running trains, a vacated business district and entire neighbourhoods under water.

New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority said the subway system, which remains closed, had suffered the worst damage in its 108-year history.

As of midday Tuesday, Sandy’s sustained winds were already diminishing from the 130 km/h it was packing at landfall near Atlantic City, N.J. on Monday evening.

But forecasters warn the storm system will continue to affect a region stretching from the U.S. eastern seaboard north to Canada, and as far west as Wisconsin and Illinois, as it churns across Pennsylvania before veering into western New York state sometime Wednesday.

New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie gave a bleak update at a morning news conference Tuesday, saying seaside rail lines were washed away, and there was no safe place on the state’s barrier islands for him as large parts of the coast are still under water.

“We are in the midst of urban search and rescue. Our teams are moving as fast as they can,” Christie said. “The devastation on the Jersey Shore is some of the worst we’ve ever seen. The cost of the storm is incalculable at this point.”

The effects aren’t contained to America’s largest city. More than 7.4 million homes and businesses in an area that stretches from the Carolinas in the south to Ohio in the northeast are without power Tuesday. Tens of thousands were also without electricity in southern parts of Ontario and Quebec too, as Sandy carries its combination of rain and wind northwards.

In Canada, a Toronto woman was killed Monday evening after she was struck by a falling sign blown down in the powerful storm’s high winds.

Most of the Sandy-related wind warnings issued by Environment Canada have been called off however, except for the Sarnia region, areas along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec and Inverness County in Nova Scotia.

The storm was officially downgraded from hurricane status, but it came ashore packing a lot of energy due to its unusually low barometric pressure. Combined with a cold-weather system from the north, and the high tide of the full moon, the storm is forecast to continue wreaking havoc across a 1,300-kilometre region that’s home to 50 million people through Wednesday.

Forecasters are even warning as much as one metre of snow could fall in some states, some of which has already fallen in West Virginia and other higher ground inland.

Notable effects of post-tropical storm Sandy:

  • U.S. death toll so far is 50, including 18 people in New York, and numerous others killed in a total of seven states.
  • In Canada, one woman is dead after she was struck by debris from a wind-blown sign in the west-end of Toronto Monday evening.
  • Sandy had already been blamed for 69 deaths when it tore through the Caribbean.
  • Concerns during the peak of the storm prompted shutdowns at two nuclear plants in New York and New Jersey, as well as an alert at America’s oldest nuclear plant at Barneget Bay, N.J.
  • 200 patients, including those on respirators and babies in intensive care, evacuated after New York University’s Tisch Hospital lost power.
  • Winds toppled a construction crane atop a 74-storey luxury high-rise in midtown Manhattan, forcing the evacuation of nearby buildings.
  • Fire destroyed at least 50 homes in the Breezy Point section of Queens.
  • Four unoccupied row houses in Baltimore collapsed in the storm.
  • Wind gusts of more than 100 km/h prompted the closure of the port in Portland, Maine.
  • Flooding in areas from Virginia to Atlantic City, where the storm washed away a 15-metre section of the famous boardwalk. New York City’s now-flooded subway remains shut.
  • The Holland Tunnel connecting New York to New Jersey is closed, as is a tunnel between Brooklyn and Manhattan. The Brooklyn Bridge, the George Washington Bridge, the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is also barricaded due to high winds.
  • More than 12,000 commercial flights are cancelled, with more expected. New York’s LaGuardia, Newark Liberty and Kennedy airports are all closed.
  • One crew member of the Canadian-built HMS Bounty sunk in storm-battered seas off North Carolina was found and later pronounced dead. 14 others rescued alive, but the captain is still missing.

An estimated 360,000 residents of 30 Connecticut communities were under mandatory and voluntary evacuation orders.

While it could take days to determine the extent of the storm damage, early estimates peg the potential price tag anywhere between $10 billion and $20 billion, which could make it one of the costliest storms in U.S. history.

Ahead of Sandy making landfall Monday, U.S. President Barack Obama declared states of emergency in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.

“Please listen to what your state and local officials are saying,” Obama said from the White House. “When they tell you to evacuate, you need to evacuate. Don’t delay, don’t pause, don’t question the instructions that are being given, because this is a powerful storm.”

On the U.S. presidential election front, both Obama and Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney suspended campaigning Monday, with just a week left before voting day.

Cyclone Nilam spares Chennai

T. Ramakrishnan

  • Onlookers gather to get a glimpse of ‘Pratibha Cauvery’ that ran aground near Elliots Beach on Wednesday. Photo: V. Ganesan
    The Hindu Onlookers gather to get a glimpse of ‘Pratibha Cauvery’ that ran aground near Elliots Beach on Wednesday. Photo: V. Ganesan
  • Cyclone ‘Nilam’ hits the Mamallapuram beach, in Chennai on Wednesday. Photo: B. Jothi Ramalingam
    The Hindu Cyclone ‘Nilam’ hits the Mamallapuram beach, in Chennai on Wednesday. Photo: B. Jothi Ramalingam
  • A bird’s eye view of Marina beach in Chennai on Wednesday. Nilam evoked fears of large-scale destruction among the people in coastal districts in north Tamil Nadu. Photo: PTI
    A bird’s eye view of Marina beach in Chennai on Wednesday. Nilam evoked fears of large-scale destruction among the people in coastal districts in north Tamil Nadu. Photo: PTI
  • An aerial view of the cyclone Nilam ravaged Marina on Wednesday evening. Schools, colleges and other educational establishments have announced holiday for the third day on Thursday. Photo: S.R. Raghunathan
    The Hindu An aerial view of the cyclone Nilam ravaged Marina on Wednesday evening. Schools, colleges and other educational establishments have announced holiday for the third day on Thursday. Photo: S.R. Raghunathan
  • A man takes cover from gusty winds at Anna Salai in Chennai on Wednesday. Photo: M. Vedhan
    The Hindu A man takes cover from gusty winds at Anna Salai in Chennai on Wednesday. Photo: M. Vedhan
  • Image shows Cyclone Nilam as captured by Kalpana-1 satellite on Wednesday.
    India Meteorological Department Image shows Cyclone Nilam as captured by Kalpana-1 satellite on Wednesday.

Storm makes landfall near Mamallapuram; rain claims four lives in Tamil Nadu

Cyclonic storm Nilam, which threatened to hit the Chennai coast, spared the city, but made landfall near Mamallapuram, about 60 km south of Chennai, on Wednesday evening.

Four persons were reported to have died during the day in different parts of the State, but a Revenue department official clarified that Kancheepuram district, where the storm crossed the coast between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m., did not report even a single death.

Nilam evoked fears of large-scale destruction among the people in coastal districts in north Tamil Nadu.

The exact details about the landfall would be known on Thursday after an assessment by the Meteorological Department, according to Y.E.A. Raj, Deputy Director General of Meteorology.

Though many areas in the northern belt received heavy rainfall on Tuesday night, the intensity was not much during the day when Nilam made the last leg of its journey. According to a bulletin issued on the basis of observations at 8-30 a.m., the storm lay centred about 260 km south southeast of Chennai, and by 6 p.m, it made landfall.

At the time of crossing the coast, Chennai recorded the maximum wind speed of 75 km per hour and Kalpakkam 65 km per hour. Hereafter, it was expected to weaken rapidly after making northwestward movement.

A holiday has been declared for schools and colleges in all coastal districts, including Chennai, on Thursday.

Today Tropical Storm India MultiStates, [States of Tamin Nadu and Andhra Pradesh] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in India on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:22 (04:22 AM) UTC.

Description
A tropical storm slammed into southern India, bringing heavy rain and a storm surge flooding low-lying areas and displacing more than 100,000 people. Just before the storm made landfall Wednesday, an oil tanker with 37 crew ran aground off Chennai. One of its lifeboats capsized in the choppy waters, and one crewmember drowned, the Press Trust of India news agency reported. Coast guard officers were searching for the lifeboat’s six other occupants. Andhra Pradesh state said two people died there when their homes collapsed due to heavy rain Wednesday night in Nellore and Chittoor districts, and PTI reported another death in Tamil Nadu state, a 46-year old man who slipped into the rough sea from a pier and drowned. Sri Lanka reported two deaths earlier from the cyclone. The storm from the Bay of Bengal had maximum winds of 75 kilometers (45 miles) per hour after landfall but was weakening. A storm surge of up to 1.5 meters (5 feet) was expected to flood low-lying coastal areas, the India Meteorological Department said. Heavy to very heavy rain was forecast for Thursday, and fishermen were asked to stay at shore. State authorities turned 282 schools into relief centers in Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu. The city’s port halted cargo operations, officials said. Twenty-three ships were moved to safer areas. About 150,000 people were moved to shelters in Nellore, district official B. Sridhar said.
Today Tropical Storm Sri Lanka [Statewide] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in Sri Lanka on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:20 (04:20 AM) UTC.

Description
In Sri Lanka, thousands have been displaced due to heavy rain and strong winds. The nation’s Disaster Management Center said 4,627 people were displaced by flooding and 56 fled because of a landslide threat in the island’s central region. One woman died Tuesday after a tree branch fell on her, while another person was killed in flooding, the agency said. Floods also damaged about 1,000 houses, it said.
01.11.2012 Tropical Storm USA State of New York, New York City Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in USA on Tuesday, 30 October, 2012 at 03:43 (03:43 AM) UTC.

Description
Winds from hurricane Sandy have seriously damaged a building in Manhattan as the centre of the storm heads towards land. Part of the facade of a four story building in the West Village collapsed at about 6.30pm, leaving rooms open to the elements but no one injured. Elsewhere parts of midtown Manhattan were evacuated when a crane on top of a skyscraper partially collapsed. The Fire Department of New York initially reported a “multi-dwelling building collapse” on Twitter, although pictures quickly emerged showing that the front wall of the top two floors of the building was missing, rather than the entire structure collapsing. Images showed a fire truck at the scene, with a writer from the Huffington Post reporting that firefighters had to enter the building to help people out. The fire department later said that no one had been hurt. “There are no injuries or people trapped at 92 8th Ave building collapse, which involved the facade of the structure,” it said in a tweet. “Firefighters went in and rescued the residents. Some residents said same thing happened to same building 20 years ago,” said Meg Robertson, a reporter at HuffPost Live. She posted several pictures of the scene on her Twitter account. The building, 92 8th Avenue, is located between 14th and 15th streets in Manhattan. The main threat to buildings in New York City had been expected to come from flooding, with a mandatory evacuation order in place in many places along Manhattan’s coastline. Earlier a crane on top of the One 57 building, which is under construction on west 57th street further north in Manhattan, appeared to come loose from its bearings in high winds. Pictures showed the crane hanging upside down from the top of the building, which is set to be luxury flats. Police and the fire department evacuated all buildings north and south of 57th street, between Sixth and Seventh avenues, CNN reported. The Le Parker Meridien hotel on West 56th Street was also evacuated, according to reports, with guests being transferred to a different hotel. In New York bridges across the East River have been closed, including the Brooklyn, Manhattan and Williamsburg bridges, with people warned to stay inside.
Today Landslide Canada Province of British Columbia, Langley [7700 block of 264th Street] Damage level Details

Landslide in Canada on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:36 (04:36 AM) UTC.

Description
City workers in Langley, B.C., are cleaning up after two mudslides stuck on Wednesday morning, forcing the evacuation of one home and the closure of 264th Street between 72nd and 84th avenues. Just after 5 a.m. PT, mud rushed down the side of a steep slope and crossed a rural stretch of the 7700 block of 264th Street, moving a cement barrier. The slide also covered the side of a home below the road. No one was injured and there was only minor damage to the house. About 100 metres of 264th Street has been closed for much of the morning. It’s not clear when the road might reopen. While officials were cleaning up the first slide, officials confirmed they were responding to reports of a second landslide in the municipality, this time at 252A Street and 72nd Avenue. The second slide was much smaller and did not affect any roads or homes, city officials said. City officials say small mudslides on the hills into Glen Valley are common this time of year. A rainfall warning is in effect in the area with between 10 and 20 millimetres expected to fall throughout the day.

………………………………………………

National Data Buoy  Center

10 Buoys in event mode

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Radiation / Nuclear

Associated Press

LONGVIEW, Wash. (AP) — Oregon State University researchers have found traces of radioactive cesium from last year’s Japanese nuclear reactor disaster in West Coast albacore tuna.

The amount is far too small to harm people who eat the fish, the scientists said.

Scientists from the university and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration collected and tested fish caught off the West Coast before and after the March 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami that caused a nuclear reactor to release radioactive material, the Longview Daily News (http://bit.ly/QIcdV8) reported.

The team’s findings are in line with work by researchers in California, who announced in May that they had found traces of radioactive cesium in bluefin tuna caught off the southern coast.

“We’re still processing new fish, but so far the radiation we’re detecting is far below the level of concern for human safety,” said Delvan Neville, a graduate researcher with OSU’s Radiation Health Physics program and a co-investigator on the project.

Albacore tuna is a $41 million business in the Pacific Northwest, and fishermen from the region caught about 10,000 tons last year, according to the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Washington fishermen accounted for about 53 percent of the haul, and the remainder came through Oregon docks.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration and NOAA have jointly stated they have “high confidence” in the safety of U.S. seafood products because the radiation levels are so low.

The OSU team said its findings could reveal information about where Pacific albacore tuna travel and how the ocean’s ecosystem can be linked to events thousands of miles away.

___

Information from: The Daily News, http://www.tdn.com

FACTBOX-U.S. nuclear units in the path of Hurricane Sandy 

by Thomson Reuters

Oct 26 (Reuters) - U.S. electric companies from Maine to
Florida are preparing for heavy wind, rain and flooding that
could take down power lines and could close some East Coast
nuclear plants early next week when Hurricane Sandy comes
ashore.
    There are more than a dozen nuclear plants near Hurricane
Sandy's path in North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, New York and Connecticut, providing power to
millions of customers in the region. 
    The following lists the nuclear reactors and utilities in
Sandy's potential path.

 Plant                 State              Size    Company
                                          (MW)    

 Brunswick             North Carolina     1,858   Duke 

 Surry                 Virginia           1,638   Dominion

 North Anna            Virginia           1,863   Dominion

 Calvert Cliffs        Maryland           1,705   Constellation

 Salem                 New Jersey         2,332   PSEG

 Hope Creek            New Jersey         1,161   PSEG

 Peach Bottom          Pennsylvania       2,244   Exelon

 Limerick              Pennsylvania       2,264   Exelon

 Three Mile Island     Pennsylvania        805    Exelon

 Susquehanna           Pennsylavnia       2,450   PPL

 Oyster Creek          New Jersey          615    Exelon

 Indian Point          New York           2,063   Entergy

 Millstone             Connecticut        2,102   Dominion

 Pilgrim               Massachusetts       685    Entergy

 Seabrook              New Hampshire      1,247   NextEra

 Vermont Yankee        Vermont             620    Entergy

 (Reporting By Scott DiSavino; Editing by Bob Burgdorfer)
 By Christine Harvey

Nuclear reactors in the mid-Atlantic and Northeast are being monitored for potential impacts by Hurricane Sandy, a Category 1 storm that may strike anywhere from Delaware to southern New England.

“Because of the size of it, we could see an impact to coastal and inland plants,” Neil Sheehan, a spokesman based in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, said by phone. “We will station inspectors at the sites if we know they could be directly impacted.”

Men walk amid the destruction caused by hurricane Sandy east of Havana in Mayari, Cuba. Source: AFP/Getty Images

The NRC met earlier today to discuss the necessary precautions to take for the storm, Sheehan said. Plants must begin to shut if wind speeds exceed certain limits, he said.

As of 2 p.m. New York time, Sandy had winds of 75 miles (121 kilometers) per hour, according to the National Hurricane Center in Miami. It was about 430 miles south-southeast of Charleston, South Carolina, moving north at 7 mph.

The current Hurricane Center track calls for the system to come ashore just south of Delaware Bay on Oct. 30.

Contingency Plans

Nuclear plants in the projected path of the hurricane include North Anna and Surry in Virginia, Calvert Cliffs in Maryland, Hope Creek and Salem in New Jersey, Indian Point in New York and Millstone in Connecticut. The NRC is considering enhancing inspector coverage of these reactors, Sheehan said in an e-mail today.

Public Service Enterprise Group Inc. (PEG) must shut all units at the Salem and Hope Creek plants two hours before the onset of hurricane-force winds greater than 74 mph, according to Sheehan. An “unusual event” would be declared if the winds are sustained for greater than 15 minutes or if the water level reaches 99.5 feet or higher, he said. Such an event is the lowest of four level of emergency used by the commission.

Salem Unit 2 is currently shut for refueling, while Unit 1 was operating at 83 percent of capacity today during maintenance on the circulating water system. Hope Creek ran at full power. The three units have a combined capacity of 3,365 megawatts.

“We are in phase one of our severe-weather plan,” Joe Delmar, a company spokesman, said in an e-mail responding to questions. “This includes inspecting, removing and securing outside areas for potential missiles, objects that could go airborne, and staging of emergency equipment and supplies.”

Millstone Reactor

Nuclear generation in the Northeastern region dropped 1.1 percent to 18,016 megawatts, with seven plants shut, an NRC report today showed.

Dominion Resources Inc.’s Millstone plant is monitoring Sandy’s progress and preparing to adjust staff as it comes closer, according to Ken Holt, a plant spokesman based in Richmond, Virginia. The plant must shut if winds reach 90 mph.

“We would shut down in advance of the storm if they were expected to be 90 miles per hour at the site,” Holt said by phone today. “Floods and high winds are a threat because they can knock off off-site power and we’d then need to activate emergency generators for power to put the plant to safe conditions.”

Today Nuclear Event USA State of Minnesota, Red Wing [Prairie Island Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in USA on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:05 (04:05 AM) UTC.

Description
Xcel Energy Inc. says its Prairie Island nuclear plant near Red Wing declared an “unusual event” after some security equipment failed. The Minneapolis-based utility says the event happened around 2:15 p.m. Wednesday and was declared over just before 6 p.m. Xcel says there was no release of radioactive material and that there is no danger to the public or plant employees. Plant officials made the declaration after some security equipment temporarily failed. The equipment has been restored, and plant officials are investigating the cause. The plant maintained security during the event. Xcel says it notified federal, state and local officials. The declaration is the lowest of four emergency classifications. Prairie Island’s Unit 2 continues to operate at full power. Unit 1 remains offline has part of a scheduled refueling outage.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

01.11.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 at 17:33 UTC
Description
The death toll of the deadly Marburg hemorrhagic fever in Uganda has risen to eight and nine other people have tested positive of the highly infectious diseases, a top ministry of health official said. Christine Ondoa, Minister of Health told reporters on Monday that the latest patient died on October 27 at an isolation ward at Rushoroza Health Centre, in the western Ugandan district of Kabale, the epicenter of the outbreak. The disease broke out on October 4 in Kabale. Five people have tested positive of the highly infectious viral hemorrhagic fever in Kabale, two others in the capital Kampala and another two in the western district of Ibanda. “To date, the death toll of both the probable and confirmed cases stands at eight. Since the onset of the outbreak, we have collected a total of 45 samples of which nine were confirmed positive,” said Ondoa. She said the ministry has established temporary isolation facilities in Kabale, Mbarara, Ibanda and Kampala to accommodate the suspected and confirmed cases. “We have assembled a team of experts to work in the newly established isolation facilities and they are expected in these districts today. We also plan to undertake infection control procedures in these facilities as safety measures for the workers and the admitted patients,” said Ondoa. A total of seven student nurses who attended to a Marburg patient at Ibanda Hospital and died on October 24 at Mbarara Regional Hospital have been quarantined. The ministry is also monitoring a total 436 people who had contact with the patients. “Those being monitored got into contact with either the dead or confirmed cases. The team continues to monitor them on a daily basis for possible signs and symptoms of this highly infectious disease until they have completed 21 days without showing any signs and symptoms,”Ondoa said.

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:38 UTC
Description
As of the end of October, 18 cases and nine deaths have been reported as a result of Marburg hemorrhagic fever outbreak, according to WHO. The outbreak began in mid-October, and cases have been reported from five districts in southwestern Uganda, Kampala, Ibanda, Mbarara and Kabarole, with a case fatality rate of 50%. Blood samples from nine patients have been confirmed for Marburg virus at the Uganda Virus Research Institute. Currently, 13 patients have been admitted to the hospital, and their contacts are listed for daily follow-up. The latest confirmed case was admitted to an Ibanda district isolation ward on Oct. 26. The WHO and international partners, including the CDC, the Uganda Red Cross, African Field Epidemiology Network and Médecins-Sans-Frontières, are supporting the national authorities in outbreak investigation and response. The national task force has identified additional health care workers and epidemiologists to strengthen the teams in the field. Training of health workers on infection prevention and control, surveillance and clinical case management is ongoing, and the first shipment of personal protective equipment arrived recently. WHO and its partners have deployed additional staff to support the response teams. As the investigation into the outbreak continues, WHO and partners continue to support the national authorities as needed in the areas of coordination, infection prevention and control, surveillance, epidemiology, public information and social mobilization, anthropological analysis and logistics for outbreak response. Neighboring countries have been contacted to strengthen cross-border surveillance and preparedness to prevent cross border spread of the outbreak.
Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of California, [San Quentin State Prison, Marin County] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in USA on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:40 (04:40 AM) UTC.

Description
Officials at San Quentin State Prison say the prison is on a medical lockdown after at least two inmates became sick with chickenpox. Prison spokesman Lt. Sam Robinson says the prison has been locked down since last Friday, with only employees being allowed to enter and leave the facility. He could not say when the lockdown would be lifted. Robinson says the last time there was a medical lockdown at the prison was in March of last year when at least four inmates became sick with chickenpox. The Centers for Disease Control describes chickenpox as a “very contagious disease” that spreads easily from infected people to others who have never had chickenpox or have never received the chickenpox vaccine. San Quentin, located north of San Francisco, is the oldest prison in California. It houses about 3,800 inmates.
Biohazard name: Chicken Pox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
31.10.2012 Epidemic Sudan State of South Darfur, [Region-wide] Damage level Details

Epidemic in Sudan on Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 at 04:13 (04:13 AM) UTC.

Description
A previously unknown disease which has claimed more than 30 lives in Sudan’s troubled Darfur region this month has been identified as yellow fever, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Tuesday. Preparations for a mass vaccination campaign are now underway. The outbreak was first detected early this month when a number of people in the central and southern regions of Darfur became ill and eventually died. Sudanese media said the victims suffered from a number of symptoms, including diarrhea, vomiting, and bleeding from both the mouth and nose. Tarik Jasarevic, a spokesman for the World Health Organization (WHO), on Tuesday said it had been informed by Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) that the outbreak is being caused by yellow fever. Since the first week of October, a total of 84 suspected cases, including 32 deaths, have been reported in the districts of Azoom, Kass, Mershing, Nertiti, Nyala, Wadi Salih and Zalingei. “FMoH said that the immediate priority is to control the vector, reinforcing the disease surveillance system and raising public awareness on the prevention and control of this disease,” Jasarevic said. “Preparations for a mass vaccination campaign are underway to vaccinate the at risk population in Darfur.”According to Darfur radio station Dabanga, however, at least 37 people are believed to have died as a result of the disease while 125 others have been infected. The radio station quoted a resident as saying that local authorities were slow to react and did not immediately take necessary action to contain the outbreak. “FMoH, WHO, as well as health partners are working on ground to ensure timely containment of the outbreak,” Jasarevic added. There is no cure for yellow fever, which is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Treatment is aimed at reducing the symptoms for the comfort of patients, and measures often taken include supportive care to treat dehydration and fever and blood transfusion if needed. “It is a preventable disease with symptoms and severity varying from case to case,” Jasarevic explained. “Protective measures like the use of bed nets, insect repellent and long clothing are considered the best methods to contain an outbreak. Vaccination is the single most important measure for preventing yellow fever.”
Biohazard name: Yellow Fever
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

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Space

01.11.2012 Event into space USA State of California, Novato Damage level Details

Event into space in USA on Monday, 22 October, 2012 at 09:50 (09:50 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:36 UTC
Description
A magnetic piece of rock stirred up controversy last week, but scientists confirmed, and reconfirmed, that the mysterious object in Novato residents Lisa and Kurt Webber’s backyard was a meteorite. And to prove it, a second was discovered just miles from the Webbers’ home. Webber gave the meteorite to her neighbor Glenn Rivera as a birthday gift. He helped her analyze the chunk before calling scientists. The meteorite broke off from the meteor shower that blazed over the night sky at approximately 7:44 p.m. on Oct. 17. It also happened to be Rivera’s birthday. “As a result, Glenn was asked by the scientific team to ride in the airship Eureka from Moffett Field on Friday,” said Leigh Blair, Rivera’s mother. “They flew over Novato and all the way up to Lake Berryessa, following the calculated trajectory of the meteor, looking for signs of larger meteorites on the ground.” Peter Jenniskens, the meteor scientist at the Seti Institute, a nonprofit scientific and education organization that has projects sponsored by NASA and other foundations and research groups, at first dismissed the first rock because the surface appeared strange and weathered, unlike most meteorites. But everything changed when a second rock showed small specks of what seemed to be metal, when observed under a microscope. Brien Cook, a meteorite hunter and Sacramento resident, found the second rock in the Novato area, but too dismissed it as a meteorite until the two chunks were compared. After cutting it open and looking inside, he knew he had found an extraterrestrial treasure. Cook is offering one chip of his meteorite on eBay. It weighs 6.6 grams, and objects like it regularly sell for approximately $100 a gram, he said. Lisa Webber, a University of California San Francisco nurse, found the meteorite in her backyard on Oct. 20. She returned the piece to Jenniskens, and he will send samples of both rocks to a noted meteorite expert Professor Alan E. Rubin of the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at UCLA.

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 4 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 5 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 6 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 8 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 11 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 11 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 18 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 23 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
(2007 VB188) 25th November 2012 24 day(s) 0.1446 56.3 14 m – 32 m 10.32 km/s 37152 km/h
(1994 XD) 27th November 2012 26 day(s) 0.0518 20.2 400 m – 890 m 20.03 km/s 72108 km/h
(2009 LS) 28th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.1418 55.2 670 m – 1.5 km 25.88 km/s 93168 km/h
(2010 VW98) 29th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1321 51.4 81 m – 180 m 7.03 km/s 25308 km/h
(2009 XH8) 30th November 2012 29 day(s) 0.1288 50.1 61 m – 140 m 6.70 km/s 24120 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Environmental pollution / Hazmat

Today Biological Hazard USA State of Arizona, Phoenix [40000 block of W. Magnolia Road] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:18 (04:18 AM) UTC.

Description
Two men were transported to the hospital Wednesday afternoon after a bees’ nest was disturbed when one of the men, an unidentified DirectTV employee, was working on a home in the 40000 block of W. Magnolia Road. “It was terrible,” Phoebe Lechuga, one of the home’s five residents, said. “They were flying everywhere.” Lechuga’s 33-year-old son, Resugio Furwilder, was also transported to the hospital. Furwilder went outside to help the DirectTV worker and was stung himself, Lechuga said. Her daughter, Vanessa Lechuga, 27, was also stung but was not taken to the hospital. Lechuga said at first the worker thought there were only a few bees and didn’t come inside after the first stings.
Biohazard name: Bees Attack (Non-Fatal)
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status:
Today Environment Pollution USA State of New Jersey, Woodbridge Damage level Details

Environment Pollution in USA on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 04:03 (04:03 AM) UTC.

Description
New Jersey environmental officials say 336,000 gallons of diesel fuel spilled after a storage tank was lifted and ruptured from the surge from superstorm Sandy. The Coast Guard says all the spilled oil is believed to be contained by booms put in the water. Officials said today the spill happened Monday night at the Motiva oil tank facility in Woodbridge. Coast Guard spokesman Les Tippets says a secondary tank caught most of the oil and that the liquid that escaped moved into the Arthur Kill, the waterway separating New Jersey from New York’s Staten Island. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection spokesman Larry Ragonese says the company reported the spill and hired contractors to clean it up.
Today HAZMAT USA State of Maryland, Baltimore Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Thursday, 01 November, 2012 at 03:53 (03:53 AM) UTC.

Description
Three people from North Laurel, Maryland have been taken to the hospital Tuesday morning with carbon monoxide poisoning, caused by a generator running inside their house. Authorities reported that Howard County Fire crews and paramedics found a man and two women inside the home in Brevard Street after responding to a 911 call which was made by one of the women. The victims suffered elevated levels of carbon monoxide. According to a spokesman from the Howard County Department of Fire and Rescue Services, the three were transported to the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center in Baltimore. The two females have been released on Tuesday morning but the male, who was in critical condition, remained in the hospital for further treatment. The spokesman confirmed that all three patients underwent therapy in the hyperbaric chamber at the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center. The male patient is scheduled to receive another hyperbaric therapy. Police said the firefighters discovered a generator operating at the bottom of the stairs on the ground level of the residence. It was placed in a doorway leading to the garage, but the garage door was closed, restricting ventilation. Firefighters later confirmed that the amount of carbon monoxide inside the house was 30 times more than the normal level.
01.11.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Kentucky, Louisville [Near the Dixie Highway] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Monday, 29 October, 2012 at 21:24 (09:24 PM) UTC.

Description
Emergency officials have evacuated a few dozen homes near a derailed train in southern Jefferson County over concerns of hazardous material leaks. The Paducah & Louisville Railway train derailed just after 6 a.m. EDT Monday near Dixie Highway. Emergency officials are asking residents within a 2 ½-mile radius of the scene to stay inside their homes until they are told they can leave. Beuchel Fire assistant chief Rick Harrison says the train has a “small leak” of butadiene, which is a chemical used in the manufacturing of rubber. No other leaks have been found. Tom Garrett, president of P&L Railway, says the train was on its way to Louisville from Paducah with a total of 57 cars. He says company officials have not yet been able to get to the scene because of safety concerns. Garrett says the two crew members on the train were not hurt. Officials say eight of the 40 cars on the train were off the track.

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Articles of Interest

Amazing Roll Cloud over Andrews, Texas

S.A
Sott.net
A Sott.net reader sent in these amazing images and video of a spectacular ‘roll cloud’ over the town of Andrews, Texas, USA

Email

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  5.3   2012/10/25 23:05:27   39.855   16.044 3.8  SOUTHERN ITALY
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 22:58:19   11.214   126.100 45.1  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 22:33:49  -50.133   113.885 9.1  SOUTHEAST INDIAN RIDGE
MAP  2.6 2012/10/25 22:11:06   37.733  -121.365 9.3  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/25 22:09:11   51.508  -178.230 25.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/25 20:50:04   17.552   -68.919 66.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.4   2012/10/25 20:49:34   -5.905   -76.116 8.0  NORTHERN PERU
MAP  3.4 2012/10/25 20:26:45   18.159   -68.659 110.0  ISLA SAONA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  2.5 2012/10/25 19:51:31   19.830  -155.599 15.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  5.0   2012/10/25 18:57:08   -3.939   140.288 44.4  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.3   2012/10/25 18:40:40  -19.830  -178.196 604.1  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/25 17:37:24   59.271  -152.148 53.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 16:54:17   31.943   131.661 41.7  KYUSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.6 2012/10/25 16:12:00   37.640  -118.948 7.9  LONG VALLEY AREA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.5 2012/10/25 12:57:36   63.781  -148.382 10.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 11:19:55   60.630   -43.993 9.9  WESTERN GREENLAND
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 10:57:21   32.707  -115.251 15.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/25 10:42:21   60.156  -153.882 200.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.8   2012/10/25 10:32:28   38.306   141.733 48.1  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.1   2012/10/25 10:31:18   22.450   120.514 21.3  TAIWAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/25 10:09:44   0.665   124.548 163.5  MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/25 09:25:59  -17.974  -178.448 599.5  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 07:04:36   60.593  -152.038 115.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 05:39:31   -6.965   155.468 86.0  BOUGAINVILLE REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/25 05:37:59  -32.866   -69.930 91.8  MENDOZA, ARGENTINA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/25 04:35:39   18.916   -64.243 34.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/10/25 03:07:26   51.580  -178.083 4.7  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/25 01:39:43   -6.319   130.430 142.8  BANDA SEA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/25 01:21:59   59.819  -147.419 10.1  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/25 01:11:32   59.513  -155.530 11.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/25 00:42:30   63.738  -148.906 124.9  CENTRAL ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 23:32:40   57.988  -155.593 102.1  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 22:12:02   0.085   123.564 137.3  MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 22:05:51  -22.821   -63.751 523.1  SALTA, ARGENTINA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 21:57:37   31.451  -116.858 18.4  OFFSHORE BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 21:19:48   -5.420   151.861 47.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 20:08:07   51.569  -178.171 12.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 18:29:07   39.264  -123.156 7.0  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.4   2012/10/24 17:56:01   17.844   -81.690 32.7  CAYMAN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/24 16:03:58   44.956  -114.564 22.5  SOUTHERN IDAHO
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 13:36:43   65.240  -134.216 5.0  NORTHERN YUKON TERRITORY, CANADA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/24 12:54:37   18.020   -65.423 18.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 11:29:59   19.498  -155.780 10.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 11:20:41   59.907  -147.356 0.0  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 10:00:49   19.368  -155.237 3.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 09:33:45   59.870  -147.421 11.3  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/24 08:35:14   51.279  -177.774 25.6  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 07:59:02   61.511  -148.037 12.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 07:35:26   59.481  -154.834 201.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/24 07:05:43   36.446   140.763 69.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.7   2012/10/24 06:50:48   54.778  -163.536 90.5  UNIMAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/24 05:56:17   61.494  -146.560 26.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/24 05:43:44   59.581  -152.361 84.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/24 03:08:17   61.853  -149.981 16.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/24 01:55:27   10.049   -85.500 11.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/24 01:36:43   16.581   -97.336 46.8  OAXACA, MEXICO
MAP  6.5   2012/10/24 00:45:34   10.121   -85.314 20.1  COSTA RICA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/24 00:35:42   19.663   -64.265 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/24 00:02:52   -4.750   145.221 45.7  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.5   2012/10/23 22:15:29  -18.423  -177.822 628.7  FIJI REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/23 22:00:54   51.606  -178.015 6.7  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 21:55:17   38.755   142.351 42.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.6 2012/10/23 20:01:02   51.577  -178.354 9.0  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.6   2012/10/23 19:11:53   2.150   92.447 29.0  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/23 18:00:44   -6.583   147.923 38.3  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/23 17:47:57   -6.635   147.918 53.4  EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.2 2012/10/23 16:34:18  -10.809   113.654 25.9  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/23 16:17:56   42.094   47.695 20.6  CAUCASUS REGION, RUSSIA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/23 15:25:43   51.265  -177.752 20.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 15:20:42   38.956   20.662 10.0  GREECE
MAP  3.2 2012/10/23 12:43:48   58.444  -150.322 3.1  GULF OF ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/23 11:53:27   19.178   -64.126 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/23 11:28:39   60.162  -152.321 92.2  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/23 10:45:21  -25.717   -70.556 32.4  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
MAP  6.0   2012/10/23 09:39:31  -22.316   171.675 127.0  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  5.2   2012/10/23 09:33:20  -57.575   148.078 10.0  WEST OF MACQUARIE ISLAND
MAP  5.9   2012/10/23 08:53:39   29.090   139.244 443.0  IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/23 08:22:15   18.889   -65.004 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/10/23 07:45:52   40.299  -124.532 8.7  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 07:29:43   36.006  -120.567 5.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.8 2012/10/23 05:52:19   61.398  -150.053 13.6  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/23 05:38:28   -8.994   124.106 103.0  KEPULAUAN ALOR, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 05:22:05   36.296  -120.856 8.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/23 04:37:57   35.577  -120.883 5.0  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 03:55:47   38.767  -122.742 2.3  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/23 02:10:08   58.059  -152.767 96.0  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/23 00:37:09   39.570   143.027 26.5  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/23 00:21:12   14.215   -89.814 260.5  GUATEMALA

………………………………..

Earthquake-Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear Plants

Nuclear Plants Vulnerable to Earthquakes

The American government has officially stated that fracking can cause earthquakes. Some fracking companies now admit this fact The scientific community agrees. See this, this, this, this and this.

Earthquakes can – of course – damage nuclear power plants. For example, even the operator of Fukushima and the Japanese government now admit that the nuclear cores might have started melting down before the tsuanmi ever hit. More here.

Indeed, the fuel pools and rods at Fukushima appear to have “boiled”, caught fire and/or exploded soon after the earthquake knocked out power systems. See this, this, this, this and this. And fuel pools in the United States store an average of ten times more radioactive fuel than stored at Fukushima, have virtually no safety features, and are vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attacks. And see this.

Indeed, American reactors may be even more vulnerable to earthquakes than Fukushima.

But American nuclear “regulators” have allowed numerous nuclear power plants to be built in earthquake zones (represented by black triangles in the following diagram):

 Earthquake Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear PlantsSome plants are located in very high earthquake risk zones:

No1 Earthquake Causing Fracking to Be Allowed within 500 FEET of Nuclear Plants (Note: Ignore the long lines in the diagram … they represent the Missouri and Mississippi rivers, which present a huge danger of flooding nuclear reactors , but not an earthquake risk).

And they have covered up the risks from earthquakes for years … just like the Japanese regulators did. For example:

  • The NRC won’t even begin conducting its earthquake study for Indian Point nuclear power plant in New York until after relicensing is complete in 2013, because the NRC doesn’t consider a big earthquake “a serious risk”
  • Congressman Markey has said there is a cover up. Specifically, Markey alleges that the head of the NRC told everyone not to write down risks they find from an earthquake greater than 6.0 (the plant was only built to survive a 6.0 earthquake)
  • We have 4 reactors in California – 2 at San Onofre 2 at San Luis Obisbo – which are vulnerable to earthquakes and tsunamis

For example, Diablo Canyon is located on numerous earthquake faults, and a state legislator and seismic expert says it could turn into California’s Fukushima:

see  video here

On July 26th 2011 the California Energy Commission held hearings concerning the state’s nuclear safety. During those hearings, the Chairman of the Commission asked governments experts whether or not they felt the facilities could withstand the maximum credible quake. The response was that they did not know.

This is similar to what happened at Fukushima: seismologists dire warnings were ignored (and see this.)

Yet the Nuclear Regulatory Commission doesn’t even take earthquake risk into account when deciding whether or not to relicense plants like Diablo Canyon.

Are They Fracking With Us?

American nuclear regulators are allowing earthquake-inducing fracking to be conducted mere feet from nuclear power plants.

As the Herald Standard reports:

Chesapeake Energy has a permit to frack just one mile from the Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Station in Shippingport. Whether that is cause for alarm, experts can’t say.

***

“Hydraulic fracturing near a nuclear plant is probably not a concern under normal circumstances,” [Richard Hammack, a scientist at the Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory] said. “If there is a pre-stress fault that you happen to lubricate there (with fracking solution), that is the only thing that might result in something that is (seismically) measurable.”

That’s not very reassuring, given that “lubrication” of faults is the main mechanism by which fracking causes earthquakes. (Indeed,  the point is illustrated by the analogous fact that leading Japanese seismologists say that the Fukushima earthquake “lubricated” nearby faults, making a giant earthquake more likely than ever.)

And as Akron Beacon Journal notes, fracking is allowed with 500 feet of nuclear plants:

“We’re not aware of any potential impacts and don’t expect any,” said FirstEnergy spokeswoman Jennifer Young today. “We see no reason to be particularly concerned.”

***

[But] experts can’t say if the proposed well so close to two nuclear power plants is cause for concern.

***

DEP spokesperson John Poister told the Shale Reporter that there are no required setbacks specifically relating to a required distance between such shale wells and nuclear facilities, just a blanket regulation requiring a 500-foot setback from any building to a natural gas well.

REYKJAVIK (Reuters) – Icelandic authorities warned people in the north of the island on Thursday to prepare for a possible big earthquake after the biggest tremors in the area for 20 years.

The north Atlantic island, where almost 320,000 people live, is a hotspot of volcanic and seismic activity as it straddles a fault in the earth’s surface.

The Civil Protection Department said in a statement that recent small quakes in an area under the sea about 20 km (12 miles) off the north of Iceland had prompted it to issue a warning to local people.

It said such shocks, one of which was a magnitude 5.6, often led to stronger quakes. Warnings were issued when there were grounds to expect a natural or manmade event that could threaten health and human safety, it added.

“People are anxious because they don’t know what might happen,” said Amundi Gunnarsson, chief of the fire brigade in Fjallabyggd, one of the small towns in the area, and a member of the Civil Protection Department.

“At the same time, life goes on as usual. People are going to work and children are going to school, but everyone is on alert,” he told Reuters by telephone.

The coastal area in the north is home to several small towns and a population of several thousand people.

The biggest town in the north of Iceland, Akureyri, has a population of about 17,000 people, and lies roughly 100 km south of the seismic activity.

Geologist Benedikt Ofeigsson said houses in Iceland could typically withstand quakes of a magnitude about 7.

“Of course there could be some damage to in walls and concrete in such strong earthquakes, but what is important that houses have stood firm,” he told Reuters.

(Reporting by Robert Robertsson, writing by Patrick Lannin; Editing by Alistair Scrutton and Keith Weir)

Today Earthquake Italy Provincia di Cosenza (Calabria), [Cosenza regio] Damage level Details

Earthquake in Italy on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 04:36 (04:36 AM) UTC.

Description
A magnitude 5 earthquake struck north of Cosenza in southern Italy early on Friday, and police said a hospital had been evacuated after cracks were found in its structure, but there were no reports of injuries. The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. (7.05 p.m. EDT on Thursday) about 6.3 km (3.9 miles) underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV). It said on its website that at least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake. An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure. No injuries were reported, the official said. Italian news agencies reported scenes of panic in the hospital and said many inhabitants of Mormanno and surrounding towns had come out in the streets. Police and fire fighters are surveying the area for further damage, officials said.
Today Earthquake Iceland North Atlantic Ocean, [North of the island (under the sea)] Damage level Details

Earthquake in Iceland on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
Icelandic authorities warned people in the north of the island yesterday to prepare for a possible earthquake after the biggest tremors in the area for 20 years. The north Atlantic island, where almost 320,000 people live, is a hotspot of volcanic and seismic activity. The Civil Protection Department said in a statement that recent small quakes in an area under the sea about 20km off the north of Iceland had prompted it to issue a warning. It said such shocks, one of which was a magnitude 5.6, often led to stronger quakes

………………………….

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 26, 2012 05:49:05 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Hawaii’s big Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes linked

New model says they are connected underground and relieve pressure in each other

By Becky Oskin

OurAmazingPlanet

The past decade of eruptions of Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano may have acted as a pressure-relief valve for neighboring Mauna Loa, according to a new model suggesting two of the planet’s biggest volcanoes connect deep underground.

Scientists know each of the two Hawaiian volcanoes has its own plumbing —separate, shallow magma chambers. Such chambers are the source of Kilauea’s rising lava lake, which is threatening to spill over. But 50 miles (80 kilometers) down, in a part of the Earth’s mantle layer called the asthenosphere, Mauna Loa and Kilauea are dynamically coupled, said Helge Gonnermann, a professor at Rice University in Houston, who is the lead author of a new study showing the link.

“It’s like groundwater in an aquifer or oil in an oil reservoir,” Gonnermann told OurAmazingPlanet. “We know that there is melt that extends beneath both volcanoes. Changes in pressure can be transmitted to both volcanoes.”

The Hawaiian Islands are hotspot volcanoes, formed as the Pacific plate moves over a plume of hot magma in the mantle. Pressure changes in the pooled magma in the mantle could rapidly affect both volcanoes, the model indicates.

The model helps explains some intriguing observations: When one volcano inflates, the other starts to bulge about six months later. At times, such as in 2005, both volcanoes inflate at the same, GPS data show

The study suggests that Mauna Loa’s and Kilauea’s opposing pattern — when one is active, the other is quiet — occurs because eruptions at one volcano release pressure in the other.

The model suggests Mauna Loa, which produced its most recent blast in 1984, had accumulated enough magma for another eruption, but its pressure was relieved by Kilauea’s heightened activity.

“The hypothesis coming out of this model is that if we hadn’t seen this increased activity at Kilauea, then we would not have seen this pressure relief,” Gonnermann said.

The summit of Kilauea has recently started inflating, giving the researchers a real-world test. “If Kilauea continues to inflate like it is right now, and if our model holds water, we should also see another period of inflation at Mauna Loa in about half a year,” Gonnermann said.

The scientists also hope to test the model in other hotspot volcanoes, such as those of the Galapagos.

The findings are detailed in the November issue of the journal Nature Geosciences.

Reach Becky Oskin at boskin@techmedianetwork.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.

вулкан Алаид

Kuril’s Alaid volcano.
© Photo: ru.wikipedia.org

The Kuril Island volcano named Alaid, in Russia’s Far East has begun spewing ash with the giant ash cloud rising to an altitude of up to 700 meters.

The Alaid Volcano is the tallest and northernmost volcano in the islands, with a crater which is approximately 1.5-km-wide.

The first signs of activity were recorded on October 7th when thermal anomalies were observed a cloud of steam appeared.

Volcanologists are issuing warnings regarding the likelihood of an eruption of ash emissions which may reach a height of 10-15 kilometers above sea level.

Voice of Russia, Russia 24

25.10.2012 03:12 AM Australian Antarctic Territory in the Southern Ocean, Heard Island and McDonald Islands Madison Complex Volcano (Madison Peak) Volcano Activity 0304-001 Stratovolcano No. 0 Details

Volcano Activity in Heard Island and McDonald Islands on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
One of Australia’s two active volcanoes seems to be erupting. We say seems because the volcano in question, on Heard Island, is located in the southern reaches of the Indian Ocean, 2000km north of Antarctica and closer to Africa than to Australia. That’s about as close to the middle of nowhere as it is possible to be. Heard Island and its neighbour MacDonald Island are Australian territories and are uninhabited, but each possesses an active volcano. Scientific expeditions venture there infrequently, due to conservation issues and the fact the islands have a wretched climate, are thousands of miles from anywhere nice and can only be accessed or supplied by ship. That means little attention is paid to the islands, with the satellite images such as the one below seldom acquired. But NASA’s Earth Observatory says the image and other analysis detected heat signatures on Heard Island’s 2475m Mawson Peak that suggest recent volcanic activity. “Although not definitive, this natural-color satellite image also suggests an ongoing eruption,” NASA writes. “The dark summit crater (much darker than Mawson’s shaded southwestern face) is at least partially snow-free, and there’s a faint hint of an even darker area—perhaps a lava flow—within. Shortwave infrared data (collected along with the visible imagery) shows hot surfaces within the crater, indicating the presence of lava in, or just beneath, the crater.” The Australian Government’s official Heard and McDonald Island website, which has a nifty .aq domain, reports eruptions on McDonald Island. In 1992. Heard Island’s remote location means any eruptions are unlikely to bother anyone, as the region has no history of colossal, world-shaking, events. Penguins and expeditions that plan to visit the islands are, however, in jeopardy. Two of the latter are scheduled for the near future. In 2013 a solo adventurer plans to sail to the islands and then kayak ashore.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Today Forest / Wild Fire USA State of North Carolina, [Croatan National Forest ] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:09 (03:09 AM) UTC.

Description
A sudden, unexpected burst of high winds caused a controlled burn in the Croatan National Forest to get out of control and burn 21,000 acres this summer, according to a report on the fire. The U.S. Forest Service released its “Learning Analysis” of the fire that prompted road closures in the forest and affected the region for weeks with heavy smoke. The report shows that the controlled burn that began on June 14 to remove undergrowth and improve habitat for the red cockaded woodpecker in 1,567 acres went well at first. Subsequent burns on June 15 and June 16 also had no issues. However, the report cites a sudden burst of high winds during a 20- to 30-minute window around 2:30 p.m. on June 16 that sent embers across South Little Road outside of the controlled burn area as the reason behind the wildfire. The report shows that maximum winds had been up to only 15 mph, but that the wind suddenly picked up to 23 mph. “The winds that kicked up for that half an hour were what we suspect as contributing to us having a spot fire,” Barry Garten, acting district ranger for the Croatan National Forest, said on Thursday. “We did everything that we possibly could to make sure that everything was in good shape but when the wind comes up like that, a kind of anomaly of a wind that no one saw, it makes it difficult to keep everything in check.”

According to the report, a forest service helicopter spotted the new fire at about 3 p.m. June 16 and estimated its size at 50 to 75 acres. By 6 p.m., it had grown to 235 acres. Forestry officials opted not to fight the fire through the night of June 16, citing safety concerns, according to the report. By the morning of June 17, the fire had spread to 2,800 acres. The report lists that the controlled burn created a “smoke screen” that made detecting the wildfire difficult. The report also mentioned the importance of maintaining communication with the National Weather Service about weather conditions during controlled burns. The report, put together by eight forestry officials that were not directly connected to the fire, mentioned that the preparation, plan and practices established for controlled burns were followed and that officials took appropriate action once the wildfire started.

25.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Colorado, [Wetmore area] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Wednesday, 24 October, 2012 at 03:06 (03:06 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 03:07 UTC
Description
Colorado authorities said they were hoping to determine Wednesday how many buildings had been burned by a fast-moving wildfire that sprang up Tuesday afternoon. The blaze in south-central Custer County was quickly spread by 50 mph winds. The high winds prevented crews from fighting the fire from the air. Officials said the wildfire was ignited by a house fire in a subdivision south of Wetmore and that it had burned into “broken terrain” of relatively uninhabited areas of Custer and Pueblo counties. More than 300 homes have been evacuated, said Steve Segin of the Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center. A separate wildfire in Estes Park has consumed 979 acres and was only partially contained, the National Park Service reported.

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Storms/ Flooding

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 26.10.2012 Hurricane III 335 ° 148 km/h 185 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 824.38 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 05:01:30 N 12° 42.000, W 78° 36.000 0 74 93 Tropical Storm 0 12 998 MB NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 04:57:08 N 15° 12.000, W 77° 12.000 17 93 111 Tropical Storm 15 12 989 MB NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 05:02:54 N 19° 24.000, W 76° 18.000 20 148 185 Hurricane I. 10 12 954 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:02:25 N 25° 18.000, W 76° 6.000 20 148 185 Hurricane III 335 ° 12 968 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 36.000, W 77° 24.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
27th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 28° 54.000, W 76° 54.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
28th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 24.000, W 75° 24.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 0.000, W 72° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
30th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 37° 30.000, W 72° 30.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 76° 30.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
Tony (AL19) Atlantic Ocean 23.10.2012 25.10.2012 Tropical Depression 70 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Tony (AL19)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 22° 18.000, W 51° 42.000
Start up: 23rd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 886.99 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
23rd Oct 2012 04:48:04 N 22° 18.000, W 51° 42.000 11 56 74 Tropical Depression 350 9 1006 MB NOAA NHC
23rd Oct 2012 05:00:42 N 23° 0.000, W 51° 48.000 15 56 74 Tropical Depression 355 12 1006 MB NOAA NHC
24th Oct 2012 04:49:58 N 26° 42.000, W 49° 12.000 19 65 83 Tropical Storm 50 10 1004 MB NOAA NHC
25th Oct 2012 05:00:08 N 30° 6.000, W 40° 18.000 37 83 102 Tropical Storm 70 10 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
25th Oct 2012 17:59:58 N 31° 0.000, W 36° 18.000 33 65 83 Tropical Depression 70 ° 16 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 12.000, W 27° 48.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
Son-Thin (24W) Pacific Ocean 24.10.2012 26.10.2012 Typhoon I 285 ° 102 km/h 130 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Son-Thin (24W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000
Start up: 24th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 779.31 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
24th Oct 2012 04:45:21 N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000 20 65 83 Tropical Storm 305 10 JTWC
25th Oct 2012 04:49:30 N 12° 24.000, E 121° 36.000 30 83 102 Tropical Storm 295 14 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:05:24 N 14° 36.000, E 116° 6.000 19 102 130 Typhoon I 285 ° 12 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
27th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 17° 36.000, E 107° 18.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
27th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 42.000, E 109° 42.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
28th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 19° 12.000, E 104° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
29th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 21° 42.000, E 103° 42.000 Tropical Depression 28 46 JTWC
Murjan (01A) Indian Ocean 25.10.2012 26.10.2012 Tropical Depression 270 ° 56 km/h 74 km/h 0.00 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Murjan (01A)
Area: Indian Ocean
Start up location: N 10° 30.000, E 53° 54.000
Start up: 25th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 252.63 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
25th Oct 2012 04:47:31 N 10° 30.000, E 53° 54.000 26 65 83 Tropical Storm 70 12 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th Oct 2012 05:06:12 N 9° 36.000, E 50° 18.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 270 ° 0 JTWC

………………………………………

Hurricane Sandy: Florida coastline under storm warning

Satellite image provided by the National Hurricane Center showing Sandy moving north towards the US coastline, 25 October 2012 Sandy is expected to bring high winds, heavy rain and extreme tides to the eastern US seaboard

Hurricane Sandy has swept north over the Bahamas towards the US, having reportedly killed some 20 people as it tore through Cuba, Haiti and Jamaica.

Schools, offices, airports and bridges had closed across the Bahamas as residents stocked up on supplies.

Forecasters warn the storm could pose a major threat to the US East Coast.

Early on Friday, Sandy had dropped to a category one hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 90 mph (150 kph), said the US National Hurricane Center.

It was moving north at about 13 mph centred between Cat Island and Eleuthera in the central Bahamas about 185 miles south-east of Freeport on Grand Bahama Island.

Florida was already being lashed by heavy rain and high winds, with the coastal state being put under a tropical storm warning.

“We’re looking for tropical-storm force winds along the coast and then some very dangerous surf conditions over the next couple of days,” said James Franklin, the NHC’s chief hurricane forecaster.

“So we can’t really emphasise enough to keep people out of the water, the winds are going to be very strong.”

Some US broadcasters were already referring to Sandy as The Halloween Hurricane – or even Frankenstorm, due to the possibility of it blending with a winter storm over the United States – as it was expected to bring coastal flooding and power outages around All Hallow’s Eve – on 31 October.

The storm was expected to head north-west at a slower pace on Friday, getting gradually larger all the while.

Although it is forecast to weaken, the NHC said it would likely remain a hurricane during the next 48 hours.

Guantanamo battered

Earlier on Thursday Sandy had caused a storm surge leading to severe flooding along Cuba’s south-eastern coastline.

Civil emergency authorities revealed 11 people died as the storm lashed the communist island – nine of those in Santiago de Cuba, the island’s second-largest city.

TV footage of the popular tourist destination showed fallen trees, toppled houses and debris-choked streets.

More than 50,000 people had been moved from their homes in the city as a precaution.

Strong winds and rain also battered the US naval base and detention facility at Cuba’s Guantanamo Bay, confining some workers to their quarters, delaying a hearing and prompting a number of prisoners to be moved to safer accommodation.

Elsewhere, nine deaths were reported in Haiti – where much of the infrastructure remains in a very poor condition following a massive earthquake in 2010.

New map

In Jamaica earlier, more than 1,000 people sought refuge in shelters as Sandy caused widespread power outages, flooded streets and damaged buildings.

One elderly Jamaican was killed when a boulder fell on his house.

A 48-hour curfew was imposed in the island’s major towns to deter the looting that had accompanied previous storms.

Related Stories

One person killed as Hurricane Sandy batters Jamaica

Forecasters warned the category one hurricane would grow in size

A man has been crushed to death by boulders as Hurricane Sandy sweeps across Jamaica, moving north to Cuba.

The category one hurricane struck the island on Wednesday, unleashing heavy rains and winds of 125km/h (80mph).

Schools and airports are closed, and a curfew has been imposed in major towns. A police officer was shot and injured by looters in the capital, Kingston.

A hurricane warning has also been issued in Cuba, where Sandy is expected to make its next landfall.

Moving at 22km/h, the hurricane struck Kingston on Wednesday evening and headed north, emerging off the island’s northern coast near the town of Port Antonio.

Sandy has prompted a hurricane watch in the Bahamas, while Florida has been placed on tropical storm watch.

“It’s a big storm and it’s going to grow in size after it leaves Cuba,” said forecaster Michael Brennan from the National Hurricane Center (NHC) in Miami.

Officer shot

The NHC predicts that Sandy could dump up to 50cm (inches) of rain across parts of Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and eastern Cuba.

“These rains may produce life-threatening flash floods and mudslides, especially in areas of mountainous terrain,” the centre warned in a statement.

More than 1,000 Jamaicans have sought refuge in shelters, with residents reporting widespread power outages, flooded streets and damages to buildings.

An elderly man was crushed to death by stones that fell from a hillside as he tried to get into his house in a rural village, authorities said.

Much of the island’s infrastructure is in a poor state of repair, and a lack of effective planning regulation has resulted in homes being built close to embankments and gullies.

“A part of the roof of my veranda just went like that [and] at least five of my neighbours have lost their entire roofs,” a resident of the coastal city of Iter Boreale told Reuters news agency.

Boarding up windows in the capital Kingston Kingston prepares for the arrival of the hurricane

The country’s sole energy provider, the Jamaica Public Service Company, said 70% of its customers were without electricity.

Authorities have imposed a 48-hour curfew in all major towns. But looters in Kingston ignored the order and wounded a senior officer in a shooting, police said.

In some southern Jamaican towns, crocodiles were caught in rushing floodwaters, which carried them out of mangrove thickets, the Associated Press reports.

One big croc was washed into a family’s front yard in the city of Portmore, according to the news agency.

While Jamaica was ravaged by winds from Hurricane Ivan in 2004, the eye of a hurricane hasn’t crossed the island since Hurricane Gilbert in 1988.

Almost 50 people were killed by that storm, and the then Prime Minister, Edward Seaga, described the hardest hit areas near where Gilbert made landfall as looking “like Hiroshima after the atom bomb”.

Related Stories

Hurricane Sandy Heads Toward Cuba, May Strike U.S.

By Brian K. Sullivan

Hurricane Sandy, which closed businesses and airports on Jamaica as it moved north in the Caribbean, may strike the U.S. East Coast next week with the potential to cause millions of dollars in damage.

Sandy’s top winds reached 85 miles (137 kilometers) an hour as it moved off the north coast of Jamaica and headed toward Cuba, according to a U.S. National Hurricane Center advisory at 8 p.m. New York time.

“The table is set for some pretty major weather,” said Henry Margusity, an expert senior meteorologist at AccuWeather Inc. in State College, Pennsylvania. “Is it going to be an epic storm or is going to be just your typical nor’easter? We will have the answers next week.”

Sandy is expected to cross Cuba overnight and the Bahamas tomorrow, according to the hurricane center. The storm may then move parallel to the U.S. East Coast and either be pushed into the Atlantic Ocean or pulled into the coastline.

A computer model based in Europe took the storm up Delaware Bay, while another by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration had Sandy curve into Portland, Maine, Margusity said. Both events would take place early next week.

The Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency said residents should monitor the storm’s progress.

Weather Patterns

One of the major weather patterns determining where Sandy will end up is the North Atlantic Oscillation, which is currently blocking weather systems moving off the U.S. The system may turn Sandy into the U.S. coast, Margusity said.

A storm on that potential track may do millions in damage from downed trees, power outages and flooding, he said.

Before then, Sandy is forecast to cross eastern Cuba and the Bahamas, where hurricane warnings have been issued, according to the hurricane center.

As much as 20 inches (51 centimeters) of rain may fall on parts of Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica, the center said. Three inches are possible in Florida.

To contact the reporter on this story: Brian K. Sullivan in Boston at bsullivan10@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Dan Stets at dstets@bloomberg.net

Hybrid of Sandy, Winter Storm Threatens East Coast

Hurricane Sandy aftermath in Santo Domingo
ORLANDO BARRIA / EPAA boy plays next to firefighters in a flooded street amidst garbage that was dragged by the heavy rains in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic after Hurricane Sandy hit the country on Oct. 25, 2012. About 8,755 people have been forced to leave their homes due to heavy rains caused by Hurricane Sandy.

(WASHINGTON) — Much of the U.S. East Coast has a good chance of getting blasted by gale-force winds, flooding, heavy rain and maybe even snow early next week by an unusual hybrid of hurricane and winter storm, federal and private forecasters say.

Though still projecting several days ahead of Halloween week, the computer models are spooking meteorologists. Government scientists said Wednesday the storm has a 70 percent chance of smacking the Northeast and mid-Atlantic.

(PHOTOS: The Most Destructive U.S. Hurricanes of All Time)

Hurricane Sandy in the Caribbean, an early winter storm in the West, and a blast of arctic air from the North are predicted to collide, sloshing and parking over the country’s most populous coastal corridor starting Sunday. The worst of it should peak early Tuesday, but it will stretch into midweek, forecasters say.

“It’ll be a rough couple days from Hatteras up to Cape Cod,” said forecaster Jim Cisco of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration prediction center in College Park, Md. “We don’t have many modern precedents for what the models are suggesting.”

It is likely to hit during a full moon when tides are near their highest, increasing coastal flooding potential, NOAA forecasts warn. And with some trees still leafy and the potential for snow, power outages could last to Election Day, some meteorologists fear. They say it has all the earmarks of a billion-dollar storm.

Some have compared it to the so-called Perfect Storm that struck off the coast of New England in 1991, but Cisco said that one didn’t hit as populated an area and is not comparable to what the East Coast may be facing. Nor is it like last year’s Halloween storm, which was merely an early snowstorm in the Northeast.

Today Flash Flood Philippines Province of Zamboanga Sibugay, [Buug and Lamare] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Philippines on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 05:13 (05:13 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 1,250 families evacuated to safer ground as flash flood, triggered by incessant rains, hit the town of Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay, a military officer said here. Two families were also forced to flee their homes due to landslides near the mining village of Lamare, Bayog town in the adjacent province of Zamboanga del Sur Thursday. No one was hurt or injured during the incident as the two families managed to flee before huge chunks of crumbling earth destroyed their houses made of light materials. Capt. Alberto Caber, Spokesman of the Army’s 1st Division, said ground troops and civilian disaster response teams reported that the flood water swelled in the Barangay Poblacion – the town center of Buug and in the nearby village of Bula-an, prompting residents residents to flee to higher ground. “The flood water reached as [high] as five feet, prompting the rescue and evacuation Thursday of the affected residents in the area,” Caber said. He said local disaster officials on the ground reported that the flood was triggered by continuous rains since Wednesday night.

Local weather bureau of Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said the incessant rain was triggered by the monsoon and enhanced by the tail ends of tropical storm Ofel. Close to 6,250 persons were evacuated by the rescuing police and military troops to the nearby Villa Castor Elementary School. Caber said no casualty was reported while local authorities have yet to assess the damage brought by the flood. Maj. Gen. Ricardo Rainier Cruz III, 1st Army Division chief, directed the military units located in the coastal areas to closely monitor the water level. “As the need arises, [we will] undertake rescue and retrieval operations jointly with the PNP, local officials and civilian volunteers,” Cruz said.

Today Flash Flood Turkey Province of Gaziantep, [Gaziantep-Sanl urfa Highway] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Turkey on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 05:11 (05:11 AM) UTC.

Description
Three people were killed early on Thursday in the province of Gaziantep in southeastern Turkey when a passenger bus was drifted in flood. The passenger bus was among several vehicles which were drifted by flood along the Gaziantep-Sanl urfa Highway after flash floods hit the city, said the report, adding that several people were also missing. Search and rescue teams were dispatched for searching for the missing people since the early hours of the day, said the report. The floods came during the holidays of Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), a four-day Islamic holiday. Thousands of people were jamming the roads during the Eid to visit relatives, with authorities calling on drivers to be careful while driving.
Today Flash Flood Malaysia Capital City, Kuala Lumpur [Jalan Damansara] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Malaysia on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:23 (03:23 AM) UTC.

Description
Petty traders preparing for Hari Raya Haji shoppers had their business interrupted by flash floods. Lemang stall operators along Jalan Damansara had to wait for the floods to subside after heavy rain at 5pm yesterday before reopening for business. The flash floods also caused a 3km-long jam on the Sprint Highway from Section 16. Muslims are celebrating Hari Raya Haji today amid a forecast of heavy rain by the Meteorology Department.

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Radiation / Nuclear

Fukushima Update: Unit 4 Is Sinking … Unevenly

… And May Begin Tilting

The spent fuel pool at Fukushima Unit 4 is the top short-term threat to humanity, and is a national security issue for America.

As such, it is disturbing news that the ground beneath unit 4 is sinking.

Specifically, Unit 4 sunk 36 inches right after the earthquake, and has sunk another 30 inchessince then.

Moreover, Unit 4 is sinking unevenly, and the building may begin tilting.

An international coalition of nuclear scientists and non-profit groups are calling on the U.N. to coordinate a multi-national effort to stabilize the fuel pools. And see this.

Given the precarious situation at Unit 4, it is urgent that the world community pool its scientific resources to come up with a fix.

Minor hydrogen leak at closed Calif. nuclear plant

The Associated Press

LOS ANGELES—The operators of the shuttered San Onofre nuclear power plant say a hydrogen leak is the latest problem to plague the troubled plant, but it was small and presented no risk to workers or the public.Plant operator Southern California Edison said in a statement Monday that the leak was discovered in a non-nuclear part of the facility Sunday and has been reported to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

The Orange County Register (http://bit.ly/RSeFa9) reports that hydrogen is used to cool electrical generators at the plant, and a pipe fitting will be replaced because of the leak.

The plant located between Los Angeles and San Diego hasn’t produced power since Jan. 31 because of excessive wear in its reactors, and it’s not clear when, or if, it will return to service.

———

Information from: The Orange County Register, http://www.ocregister.com

25.10.2012 Nuclear Event France Lower Normandy, Flamanville [Flamanville Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in France on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 15:47 (03:47 PM) UTC.

Description
A contained radioactive water leak detected at EDF’s Flamanville nuclear plant did not cause any damage to the environment or harm any employees, France’s nuclear safety watchdog ASN and EDF said on Thursday. The nuclear safety agency said on its website EDF had detected a leak in a water pipe that feeds the plant’s reactor 1 primary circuit late on Wednesday. It was stopped and did not cause any radioactive contamination. The incident was defined as a grade 1 incident on the international nuclear event scale (INES), where the maximum 7 is the most severe. There were 66 Level 1 incidents in 2011 in France according to the ASN.

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

25.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Description
Health experts have confirmed an outbreak of the deadly Marburg virus in the western district of Kabale after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute tested positive. Police Thursday stopped the burial of Boaz Turyahikayo a lecturer at Uganda Christian University and his sister Mildrid Asasira after it emerged that their family had lost four people from a mysterious disease in just a month. The other two are Lillian Banegura their mother and an elder brother Bernard Rutaro who passed away early this month. Dr. Patrick Tusiime the Kabale district health officer said a team from the Ministry of Health and World Health Organization is on its way to oversee the burial of the two victims. The Marburg virus was last reported in Uganda in 2008. It carries symptoms similar to those of Ebola that include fever, vomiting and internal bleeding.
Biohazard name: Marburg virus disease (MVD)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard Canada Province of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Canada on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:24 (03:24 AM) UTC.

Description
Measles hasn’t been seen in the Saskatoon Health Region in the past 15 years, but Thursday the region is reporting a case of the disease. Parents of infants should to check their children’s vaccination records, said Julie Kryzanowski, the region’s medical health officer. About one in four children younger than two are not properly covered by the vaccine because their immunizations are not up to date, she said. “We’re at about 76 per cent coverage rate for children under two years with two doses, so public health will be calling parents of children who are behind with their measles vaccine,” Kryzanowski said. “We’ve set up extra drop in clinics in Saskatoon and some of the surrounding communities of our health region starting Saturday and running through next week.” Measles can be quite serious. “If somebody isn’t protected by immunization and they are exposed to a case of measles, over 90 per cent will be infected,” Kryzanowski said. “Whenever we see a single case of measles we are concerned about the risk of an outbreak because measles is so contagious.” While rare, there are cases seen across the country. “Most of the cases of measles that we do see in Canada are sporadic cases and usually attributed to travel internationally or people coming from overseas to Canada and bringing the measles virus with them.” The case here has been linked to a case in Prince Albert reported last month.
Biohazard name: Measles
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Climate Change

Climate-changing methane ‘rapidly destabilizing’ off East Coast, study finds

NOAA

In this visualization, the Gulf Stream is seen as the dark red current coming into the Atlantic from the Gulf of Mexico.

By Miguel Llanos, NBC News

A changing Gulf Stream off the East Coast has destabilized frozen methane deposits trapped under nearly 4,000 square miles of seafloor, scientists reported Wednesday. And since methane is even more potent than carbon dioxide as a global warming gas, the researchers said, any large-scale release could have significant climate impacts.

Temperature changes in the Gulf Stream are “rapidly destabilizing methane hydrate along a broad swathe of the North American margin,” the experts said in a study published Wednesday in the peer-reviewed journal Nature.

Using seismic records and ocean models, the team estimated that 2.5 gigatonnes of frozen methane hydrate are being destabilized and could separate into methane gas and water.

It is not clear if that is happening yet, but that methane gas would have the potential to rise up through the ocean and into the atmosphere, where it would add to the greenhouse gases warming Earth.

The 2.5 gigatonnes isn’t enough to trigger a sudden climate shift, but the team worries that other areas around the globe might be seeing a similar destabilization.

USGS

Methane hydrate samples

“It is unlikely that the western North Atlantic margin is the only area experiencing changing ocean currents,” they noted. “Our estimate … may therefore represent only a fraction of the methane hydrate currently destabilizing globally.”

The wider destabilization evidence, co-author Ben Phrampus told NBC News, includes data from the Arctic and Alaska’s northern slope in the Beaufort Sea.

And it’s not just under the seafloor that methane has been locked up. Some Arctic land area are seeing permafrost thaw, which could release methane stored there as well.

An expert who was not part of the study said it suggests that methane could become a bigger climate factor than carbon dioxide.

“We may approach a turning point” from a warming driven by man-made carbon dioxide to a warming driven by methane, Jurgen Mienert, the geology department chair at Norway’s University of Tromso, told NBC News.

“The interactions between the warming Arctic Ocean and the potentially huge methane-ice reservoirs beneath the Arctic Ocean floor point towards increasing instability,” he added.

For thousands of years, permafrost has trapped Siberia’s carbon-rich soil, a compost of Ice Age plant and animal remains. But global warming is melting the permafrost and exposing the soil, causing highly flammable methane to seep out. NBC’s Jim Maceda reports.

He also noted, however, that “one of the big unknowns is the magnitude of rapid methane escape from the ocean floor, and how natural filter systems react and affect the future ocean, its environment and the climate.”

Relate: Thawing Arctic permafrost is releasing methane

Another unknown is what caused the Gulf Stream changes, said Phrampus, an earth sciences PhD candidate at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas.

“Multiple events can play a factor, such as changing sea level or an addition of cold/fresh water from the north,” Phrampus said, adding he was hopeful that the changes might be “reversible under their own influence.”

But, he added, “we need more data to resolve this, and we are currently investigating this process.”

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Solar Activity

3MIN News October 23. 2012: X Flare

Published on Oct 23, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
New York Stalls Fracking: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-10-21/fracking-needs-rules-not-flawed-stud…
Mars Canyon: http://www.universetoday.com/98122/valles-marineris-the-grandest-canyon-of-all/
Wyoming Windfarm: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-huge-farm-wyoming.html
California Tornados: http://www.weather.com/news/california-severe-20121022

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

3MIN News October 24. 2012

 

Published on Oct 24, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
Uruguay Waves: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/waves-crash-ove…
Italy Quake Trial: http://www.weather.com/news/italy-earthquake-trial-20121021
Russia Sends Human ISS Capsule: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/24/c_131926094_2.htm
Antarctic Melt: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-australia-antarctic-runway.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 25. 2012

 

Published on Oct 25, 2012 by

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Australia Volcano: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/travel/penguin-panic-is-this-aussie-volcano-e…
Gulf Stream Methane: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/346009/description/Gulf_Stream_mig…
Catastrophic Methane Release: http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/extinction_causes/Clathrate_gun_hypothesis
Permian Methane Event: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/08/030828071722.htm
Solar Plasma Penetration: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMOVAMFL8H_index_0.html

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 11 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 12 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 16 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 17 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 20 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 24 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 29 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Sinkholes

Tremors reported at giant Louisiana sinkhole

By Amber Stegall

(Source: Assumption Office of Emergency Preparedness) (Source: Assumption Office of Emergency Preparedness)

BAYOU CORNE, LA (WAFB) –

A sharp tremor was recorded by USGS monitors just after 9 p.m. Wednesday at the site of the giant Louisiana sinkhole in Assumption Parish.

The giant sinkhole appeared in August near the Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas.

The Assumption Parish Police Jury says the tremor was large enough that the body wave phases could easily be identified. A body wave travels through the interior of the earth.

The preliminary location of the tremor was just SE of Oxy #3 cavern at a depth of 500m.  There is no additional information specific to this seismic activity at this time.

The sinkhole is now about four acres in size.

Residents were forced from their homes on August third, two months after the bayous started bubbling. They are still evacuated from their homes.

SLIDESHOW: Giant Louisiana Sinkhole

The Assumption Parish, LA sinkhole continues to grow. The ground opened up on August 3, 2012 and residents were evacuated from their homes. The sinkhole, or slurry, is consuming land and trees.

 

 

 

Today Unusual geological event USA State of Louisiana, [Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas, Assumption Parish] Damage level Details

 

Unusual geological event in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:10 (03:10 AM) UTC.

Description
A sharp tremor was recorded by USGS monitors just after 9 p.m. Wednesday at the site of the giant Louisiana sinkhole in Assumption Parish. The giant sinkhole appeared in August near the Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas. The Assumption Parish Police Jury says the tremor was large enough that the body wave phases could easily be identified. A body wave travels through the interior of the earth. The preliminary location of the tremor was just SE of Oxy #3 cavern at a depth of 500m. There is no additional information specific to this seismic activity at this time. The sinkhole is now about four acres in size. Residents were forced from their homes on August third, two months after the bayous started bubbling. They are still evacuated from their homes.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife /  Hazmat

26.10.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Texas, Texas City [Dallas Group of America Inc] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 15:44 (03:44 PM) UTC.

Description
Officials say nine people have been slightly hurt in a chemical tank leak that restricted outdoor activities in a Southeast Texas city. Emergency authorities in Texas City lifted the shelter-in-place order shortly after 5 a.m. Thursday in a storage tank spill involving hydrochloric acid. Diane Tracy with New Jersey-based Dallas Group of America Inc. says company officials are investigating Wednesday night’s accident. Tracy says one Dallas Group employee, four workers with a neighboring transportation company and four firefighters were injured. Tracy says all nine victims were treated and released from a hospital. Homeland Security coordinator Bruce Clawson says the victims suffered acid exposure in the leak around 11 p.m. Wednesday. A shelter-in-place order was issued just before midnight Wednesday.
25.10.2012 HAZMAT USA State of California, Santa Monica [Lincoln and Ocean Park boulevards] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Thursday, 25 October, 2012 at 11:25 (11:25 AM) UTC.

Description
Fire crews have blocked off the parking lot outside Albertson’s grocery store in Santa Monica while a hazardous materials team investigates a low-level radioactive substance which was found inside a trash bin close by. The material was discovered Wednesday morning near the store on Lincoln and Ocean Park boulevards, according to reports. The store has not been evacuated but the parking lot has been blocked off. “We do have firefighters inside the Albertson’s doing radiation monitoring,” Santa Monica Fire Department Chief Mark Bridges told KNX Newsradio. “They are not getting any radiation readings inside the store, but outside we’re getting above-normal readings.” Bridges also confirmed that “low-level radioactive material”, thought to be medical waste, was found in a trash bin.

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Articles of Interest

Today Unusual geological event USA State of California, [Salton Buttes area] Damage level Details

Unusual geological event in USA on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
Earthquake swarms and a region-wide rotten egg smell recently reminded Southern California residents they live next to an active volcano field, tiny though it may be. At the time, scientists said the phenomena did not reflect changes in the magma chamber below the Salton Sea. But now, researchers may need to revise estimates of the potential hazard posed by the Salton Buttes – five volcanoes at the lake’s southern tip. The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Geology reports. The new age – which makes these some of California’s youngest volcanoes – pushes the volcanic quintuplets into active status. The California Volcano Observatory, launched in February by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), already lists the area as a high threat for future blasts. “The USGS is starting to monitor all potentially active volcanoes in California, which includes the Salton Buttes,” said study author Axel Schmitt, a geochronologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “With our results, I think this will further enhance the need to look into the system,” Schmitt told OurAmazingPlanet. Schmitt and his colleagues dated zircon crystals in the hardened lava of the buttes with a relatively new technique, a “helium clock” that starts ticking once the minerals begin cooling at the surface.

The National Science Foundation’s EarthScope project funds an extensive seismic imaging project in the Salton Sea that may soon reveal more information about what’s happening deep underground. “We’ll be looking with great interest to see what we can tell from the Salton Seismic Imaging Project,” said Joann Stock, a Caltech professor and an expert on the region’s volcanic hazards who was not involved in the new study. “I think (Schmitt’s study) is a great contribution,” she said. “It’s an area where we should be concerned. We know that there’s a lot of hot stuff down there,” she told OurAmazingPlanet. In August, an earthquake swarm shook the nearby town of Brawley. The USGS attributed the temblors to faults in the Brawley Seismic Zone. In September, a sulfurous stench emanated from the Salton Sea and wafted across the Inland Empire. The odor was tentatively linked to a fish die-off, but could also have been caused by volcanic gases, Stock said.

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.9 2012/10/07 23:48:20   19.083   -64.763 37.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/07 23:34:07   19.085   -64.797 19.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/07 23:31:10   18.962   -64.695 52.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/07 23:14:56   59.767  -151.986 54.5  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/07 21:10:23   49.483  -120.490 0.0  BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/07 21:04:00   18.420   -64.879 83.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/10/07 16:53:10   19.600   -64.442 47.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/07 13:25:09   33.986  -117.189 14.2  GREATER LOS ANGELES AREA, CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/07 12:59:21   19.155   -64.604 82.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/07 12:44:53   18.145   -64.599 3.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/07 12:12:06   19.093   -65.859 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/07 12:01:34   18.978   -64.108 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.3   2012/10/07 11:42:51   40.737   48.470 40.9  AZERBAIJAN
MAP  4.5   2012/10/07 11:34:14   -7.423   124.922 376.0  BANDA SEA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/07 11:19:37   19.658   -64.352 47.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/10/07 11:08:55   -3.211   135.196 32.8  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/07 11:06:20   19.926   -64.301 49.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  3.2 2012/10/07 10:17:13   59.028  -154.559 135.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/07 09:16:49   12.368   -89.199 35.0  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
MAP  5.3   2012/10/07 08:36:32   -5.533   151.810 35.3  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.9 2012/10/07 08:34:03   18.899   -64.974 19.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.6 2012/10/07 07:49:31   18.015   -68.561 97.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/07 07:44:51   19.786   -64.281 30.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  2.7 2012/10/07 07:41:26   18.562   -64.104 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/07 07:39:36   17.543   -68.570 37.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/07 07:38:46  -15.420  -172.065 10.0  SAMOA ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/07 07:00:55   9.685   -85.056 23.7  OFF THE COAST OF COSTA RICA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/07 06:10:09   18.890   -65.249 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/07 06:09:00   19.027   -64.584 18.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/07 05:45:23   19.094   -64.508 35.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.6   2012/10/07 03:14:23   18.550   120.959 33.1  LUZON, PHILIPPINES
MAP  3.4 2012/10/07 03:07:43   19.631   -64.387 50.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/10/07 02:48:34   19.457   -64.256 81.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/07 02:32:07   54.567   167.322 25.4  KOMANDORSKIYE OSTROVA, RUSSIA REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/07 01:56:51  -20.659  -174.094 21.8  TONGA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.7 2012/10/06 23:42:18   41.274  -123.381 40.4  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/06 22:57:02   61.735  -150.726 55.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/06 22:49:37  -32.097   -72.290 15.2  OFFSHORE COQUIMBO, CHILE
MAP  2.7 2012/10/06 22:11:34   55.639  -161.901 166.7  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/06 21:58:29   33.456  -116.388 5.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/06 20:15:36   60.232  -141.851 36.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/06 16:59:06   19.259  -155.287 32.7  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/06 15:01:11   57.067  -157.532 6.1  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/06 10:25:44   59.825  -141.784 5.0  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/06 09:27:41   41.113   88.308 36.1  SOUTHERN XINJIANG, CHINA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/06 08:49:17   23.769  -108.551 10.1  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/06 08:40:51   62.423  -153.554 37.8  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.1 2012/10/06 08:35:37   19.436  -109.056 10.0  REVILLA GIGEDO ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/06 07:56:29  -25.457  -177.582 150.0  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  3.4 2012/10/06 06:15:15   19.693   -64.379 28.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/06 05:32:16   18.969   -64.278 64.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/06 05:27:44   31.424   140.165 153.2  IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/06 04:43:03   19.525   -64.421 55.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.9   2012/10/06 03:40:04   23.833   -45.674 9.9  NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE
MAP  4.6   2012/10/06 03:18:16  -32.172   -72.138 12.3  OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
MAP  2.6 2012/10/06 03:01:36   61.519  -146.737 49.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/06 01:19:35   76.129   7.725 10.0  SVALBARD REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/06 00:31:54   60.497  -152.071 16.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 23:07:26   41.349  -117.348 0.0  NEVADA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/05 22:37:55   58.209  -137.906 0.0  SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/05 20:51:27   43.771  -127.756 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  2.8 2012/10/05 20:32:11   47.709  -122.613 26.2  SEATTLE-TACOMA URBAN AREA, WASHINGTON
MAP  5.0   2012/10/05 20:02:09   23.502  -108.680 1.0  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/05 19:54:29   32.205  -115.280 35.0  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.2 2012/10/05 19:45:33   18.518   -66.071 119.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/05 19:42:54   58.162  -153.726 99.0  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  5.4   2012/10/05 18:22:58   13.032   -91.557 50.9  OFF THE COAST OF GUATEMALA
MAP  5.0   2012/10/05 18:08:20   -6.673   129.509 157.2  BANDA SEA
MAP  4.5   2012/10/05 17:56:02  -15.542   -70.700 185.2  SOUTHERN PERU
MAP  3.0 2012/10/05 17:12:44   19.047   -64.315 63.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/05 17:11:53   19.233   -64.451 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/05 17:05:21   19.380  -155.238 3.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 13:58:11   19.129   -64.295 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/05 13:57:01   18.777   -64.128 69.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 13:32:58   19.649   -64.397 8.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/05 13:14:47   19.108   -64.405 44.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/05 13:11:09   19.182   -64.559 7.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/10/05 12:39:03   18.809   -64.120 70.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/05 12:35:36   19.177   -64.409 45.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/05 12:28:00   19.033   -64.353 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 11:59:32   19.629   -64.393 13.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.2 2012/10/05 11:23:01   19.471   -64.115 86.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/05 11:19:23  -23.038  -175.509 35.0  TONGA REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/05 10:25:28   39.369   33.833 4.8  CENTRAL TURKEY
MAP  5.0   2012/10/05 08:13:19   26.233   125.176 154.7  NORTHEAST OF TAIWAN
MAP  4.0 2012/10/05 06:37:31   19.961   -65.465 36.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/05 04:55:52   11.931   -86.656 100.0  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/05 04:38:39   19.642   -64.378 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 04:03:31   19.078   -64.707 78.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/05 03:25:18   19.132   -64.382 52.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/05 02:36:23   18.940   -64.274 66.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/05 02:23:54   18.963   -64.271 68.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/10/05 02:17:31   19.108   -64.314 53.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.0 2012/10/05 02:08:30   18.969   -64.384 59.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/10/05 01:17:22   35.928  -117.680 2.7  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.4 2012/10/05 01:10:44   19.236   -64.360 46.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.7   2012/10/05 00:19:57   17.496   -46.461 10.0  NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE
MAP  5.5   2012/10/05 00:15:42   17.509   -46.465 10.0  NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE

……………………………

‘Silent Earthquakes’ Ripple Under Cascadia

Credit Pacific Northwest Seismic Network
The past five weeks saw two swarms of “slow slip and tremor” in the Northwest.

Parts of Washington and Oregon are in the midst of silent earthquakes this week. You can’t feel this so-called “slow slip” quake and it doesn’t cause damage. Still, scientists want to learn more about the recently discovered phenomenon.

Little is certain so far, but there’s a possibility these deep tremors could trigger a damaging earthquake or serve as a warning bell for the Big One.

A bank of computer monitors covers one wall of the University of Washington seismology lab. Some display seismograph readouts that look like jagged mountain ranges stacked one over the other. A big screen shows a current map of tremors under the Pacific Northwest. It is lit up with activity.

“Each dot represents the location of a five minute burst of tremor,” says earth scientist Ken Creager.

He scrutinizes a dense slash of blue, yellow, green and red dots. The arc stretches south from mid-Vancouver Island, goes under the Olympic Peninsula, Puget Sound and peters out south of Olympia. A separate patch of color radiates out from near Roseburg, Ore.

Washington State Seismologist John Vidale is also keeping an eye on the busy map.

“This kind of earthquake is distinctly different than the earthquakes we have been watching for a hundred years, because this patch of fault that we’re watching takes three weeks to break. Whereas ordinarily something a hundred miles long would take a minute or less to break.”

“About half of our instruments can see it,” Vidale adds. “It’s a very slight level of rattling. I don’t think I have ever heard of somebody who we believed could feel it.”

Local seismologists woke up to the phenomenon about a decade ago and have since discovered a big non-volcanic tremor swarm happens fairly routinely around here — every 14 months or so in western Washington, a little less often in Oregon and more often in northern California.

Scientists have coined a variety of names including “slow slip quake” or “episodic tremor and slip” to describe what they’re seeing.

Vidale says the mechanisms at work deep underground remain fairly mysterious. This current slow slip quake under the Salish Sea has lasted five weeks. Creager says scientists have calculated that a significant event like this releases the equivalent energy of a magnitude 6.5 regular quake.

“It’s a lot of energy being released,” Creager says. “It just happens so slowly that you’re not going to feel it. This is the way we like to see energy released.”

But there’s a flip side. The grinding and slippage at depth increases the strain closer to the surface where the North American plate and the oceanic plate are stuck together or “locked.” When that offshore fault zone eventually gives way, we get the damaging Big One.

University of Oregon Professor David Schmidt makes an analogy to a car teetering partway over a cliff.

“And these small slow slip events are somebody standing behind that car giving it a little nudge every several months. So even though the nudge is small, at some point that nudge might be enough to kind of tip us over the edge and cause the car to fall off the cliff.”

Or set off the Cascadia megaquake in this analogy.

Schmidt points to a study published in the journal Science that describes how last year’s great earthquake and tsunami in Japan was preceded by slow slip and tremor near the epicenter.

John Vidale mentions another killer earthquake, in Turkey in 1999, where instruments picked up a slow slip precursor.

“One of the goals of our research is to say, how often does that slow slip trigger a great earthquake? How often are great earthquakes triggered by slow slip? That’s almost completely unknown at this point.”

Vidale and his colleague Creager are more certain that we don’t need to quake with worry. They note that great earthquakes strike very infrequently in the Northwest.

So even if a megaquake becomes more likely during a slow slip event, the chances of one happening are still quite slim.

Copyright 2012 Northwest News Network

On the Web:

Interactive tremor map (Pacific Northwest Seismic Network)

“Slow Slip, ETS and Cascadia” (Central Washington University)

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 8, 2012 05:18:48 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Maar Volcanoes: Odd Explosions Beneath Earth Explained

By Megan Gannon, News Editor | LiveScience.com

The eruption of a so-called maar-diatreme volcano is short-lived but violent. Magma creeps up through a crack in the Earth’s crust and mixes with water, setting off a series of explosions — as many as a few each hour for several weeks. When the action stops, a crater-topped, rock-filled fracture called a diatreme is left behind. Now researchers are proposing a new way to think about how these structures are formed, which could help geologists predict eruptions and find new sources of diamonds. “Previously it was thought that those explosions started at very shallow levels and got progressively deeper,” geologist Greg Valentine, a professor at the University at Buffalo in New York, told LiveScience. This old model seemed to explain the shape of a diatreme, which sits like an inverted cone beneath a shallow maar, or crater. But that model didn’t match with what geologists were finding at volcanic sites, Valentine said. If the explosions started at shallow levels and moved deeper, shallow rocks would be spewed from the mouth of the volcano first and the deeper rock deposits would pile up on top. At maar sites, however, scientists were finding deep rock fragments mixed mostly with shallow fragments, indicating that explosions occur at essentially every depth throughout the episode. Valentine and James White, an associate professor at the University of Otago in New Zealand, created a new model to account for the apparently more jumbled order of explosions. Their model, published online Sept. 18 by the journal Geology, also shows that individual explosions are relatively small, and shallow explosions are more likely than deep explosions to cause eruptions. The last known maar-diatreme eruption occurred in 1977 in Alaska’s remote Aleutian Range, forming two vents known as the Ukinrek Maars. The threats associated with these volcanoes tend to be localized, but they can still be significant, Valentine said. “These volcanoes can send ash deposits into populated areas. They could easily produce the same effects that the one in Iceland did when it disrupted air travel, so what we’re trying to do is understand the way they behave,” he explained in a statement.

08.10.2012 Volcano Eruption Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mount Lokon _Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Sunday, 07 October, 2012 at 15:46 (03:46 PM) UTC.

Description
A volatile volcano in northern Indonesia erupted Sunday, spewing smoke and ash that caused muddy rain to fall in nearby villages, an official said. Mount Lokon in North Sulawesi province rumbled as heavy rain fell around its cloud-covered crater, local monitoring official Farid Ruskanda Bina said. He said the sound was heard 5 kilometers (3 miles) away but the height of the eruption was not visible. The ash made the rain thick and muddy in six villages, Bina said. “Soldiers are distributing masks to the villagers,” he said. There was no plan for evacuations because the nearest villages are beyond the danger area, he said. More than 33,000 people live along the fertile slopes of the 5,741-foot (1,750-meter) mountain. Mount Lokon is one of about 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia. Its last major eruption in 1991 killed a Swiss hiker and forced thousands of people to flee their homes.
05.10.2012 Volcano Activity Italy Sicily, [ Etna Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Activity in Italy on Friday, 05 October, 2012 at 17:01 (05:01 PM) UTC.

Description
A slight increase in shaking was reported at Etna volcano on the island of Sicily but it does not appear in danger of eruption, volcano experts said Friday. Activity on a recently opened crater has been registered since Wednesday, Italian news agency ANSA reported. The activity has been accompanied by “a slight increase in volcanic shaking,” volcano experts said. Etna has experienced nine “eruptive events” this year. The volcano belched a plume of smoke in a full-blown explosion in January that led to the temporary closure of Catania airport.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

07.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Tanzania Multiple areas, [Namtumbo and Tunduru districts] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Tanzania on Sunday, 07 October, 2012 at 07:05 (07:05 AM) UTC.

Description
Recently, fire occurrence surveys were conducted in Namtumbo and Tunduru districts, covering all villages in Selous-Niassa Wildlife Protection Corridor (SNWPC) Project Area. The surveys were conducted by teams composed of staff belonging to natural resources sectors.Similar situations where wild fires are seen include Coast Region, Morogoro, Singida, Kigoma and Mara. The selected area served as a study case to general situation in rural areas where this dry season phenomenon is common to the detriment of the environment.It has been found that the major cause for fires is shifting cultivation but other factors also come into play, such as poachers, lumberers, honey gatherers and charcoal burners. Also cases of accidental fires cannot be ruled out. However, fires that occur often get out of hand due to lack of action from villagers as well as lack of laws to control fire occurrences and where laws exist there is a lot of laxity in enforcing them. The report compiled by staff from Natural Resources Sector revealed that incidents of wildfire have increased along with effects of climatic changes. Fires are rare in the wet season because the grass usually has high water content to burn properly. The above situation is also applicable to other areas in Coast Region, Morogoro and Tanga, since wildfires are a commonplace in many parts during the dry season.The majority of interviewed residents and villagers agreed that wildfires tend to occur during the dry season, from July to November. This is the time when the grass is tinder dry and, unfortunately, wild fires can often get out of hand. Again, this is the period most peasants are preparing their plots for the next farming season.The fires are used as short-cut measures in removing long grasses and thick bushes.

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Storms /  Flooding / Landslides

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Olivia (EP15) Pacific Ocean – East 06.10.2012 08.10.2012 Tropical Depression 355 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Olivia (EP15)
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 14° 0.000, W 118° 42.000
Start up: 06th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 211.23 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
07th Oct 2012 08:08:10 N 14° 0.000, W 120° 30.000 17 83 102 Tropical Storm 280 19 1000 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
08th Oct 2012 05:01:14 N 16° 12.000, W 120° 54.000 11 93 111 Tropical Depression 355 ° 16 998 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
09th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 17° 24.000, W 121° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
09th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 18.000, W 121° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
10th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 12.000, W 122° 12.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
11th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 54.000, W 123° 48.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
12th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 0.000, W 125° 42.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC
Prapiroon (22W) Pacific Ocean 08.10.2012 08.10.2012 Tropical Depression 270 ° 83 km/h 102 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Prapiroon (22W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000
Start up: 08th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
08th Oct 2012 05:04:27 N 17° 54.000, E 135° 42.000 9 83 102 Tropical Depression 270 ° 15 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
09th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 54.000, E 133° 36.000 Typhoon II 130 157 JTWC
09th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 17° 54.000, E 133° 0.000 Typhoon III 148 185 JTWC
10th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 17° 54.000, E 132° 30.000 Typhoon III 157 194 JTWC
11th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 18° 12.000, E 131° 48.000 Typhoon IV 176 213 JTWC
12th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 0.000, E 131° 0.000 Typhoon IV 185 232 JTWC
13th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 20° 12.000, E 130° 30.000 Typhoon IV 194 241 JTWC

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All 18 children confirmed dead in China landslide

by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP)

Rescuers have found the bodies of all 18 children buried when a landslide engulfed their primary school in China as they made up classes lost due to recent deadly earthquakes, state media said Friday.

The landslide, triggered by sustained rains, buried the school and three farmhouses on Thursday in the village of Zhenhe in Yunnan province where a pair of earthquakes last month killed 81 people and injured hundreds.

Any last hope for survivors evaporated early Friday when rescuers pulled the body of the last missing child from the landslide debris, China National Radio said in a report on its website.

The disaster in the village of Zhenhe is likely to raise questions over why the children had been brought back into the school, located in a deep mountain valley, when the rest of China was on a week-long national holiday.

But local officials have said the children needed to make up class time lost due to disruptions stemming from the September 7 earthquakes.

China has a highly competitive education system built around cramming for high-stress testing that determines entry into good schools later.

A local villager also was buried under the rubble and has yet to be found by rescuers, China National Radio said.

State media reports initially identified the school as the Youfang Primary School, but subsequent reports have said its official name is the Tiantou Primary School.

School safety is a sensitive issue in China after thousands of students died when an 8.0-magnitude tremor centred in Sichuan province rocked the southwest of the country in 2008.

Many schools collapsed in that quake, which killed more than 80,000 people.

This led to accusations that corner-cutting in construction projects and possibly corruption led to shoddy buildings, especially as many buildings near such schools held firm.

There have so far been no such allegations in the Yunnan landslide.

However, like many schools, homes, and other structures in the rugged region, the disaster-hit primary school was located at the base of steep slopes.

Mountainous southwestern China is prone to deadly landslides, a threat worsened by frequent seismic activity.

The 2008 earthquake triggered giant landslides that left whole mountainsides scarred.

The students killed in Thursday’s landslide were from another school who were brought in to study because their own school had been too heavily damaged in last month’s quakes, state-run Xinhua news agency said.

The two 5.6-magnitude quakes left more than 820 people injured and 201,000 displaced in the poor region.

Thursday’s landslide also blocked a nearby river, creating a lake and forcing the evacuation of more than 800 residents living downstream, the agency said.

Almost 2,000 people had been mobilised to unblock the waterway and help in the rescue, it said.

At least 30 students had been scheduled to resume classes at the school in Zhenhe. Those who were unharmed by the landslide will resume classes at a nearby school, Xinhua said.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes

07.10.2012 Landslide Italy Provincia di La Spezia, [Cinque Terre] Damage level Details

Landslide in Italy on Sunday, 07 October, 2012 at 17:41 (05:41 PM) UTC.

Description
Rescuers say a rockslide slammed into Italy’s popular Way of Love hiking trail in the coastal Cinque Terre resort area, injuring four Australian women. One was crushed by rocks and another was knocked off the steep path. Dr. Davide Battistella said those two hikers were in grave condition and two others were less seriously injured by the landslide Monday morning on the trail, which cuts into a steep hillside overlooking the Ligurian Sea south of Genoa. Battistella told The Associated Press that one woman was dug out from under the rocks and flown by helicopter to a hospital. The woman who landed on a precarious perch on the hillside was carried out by a human chain of rescuers. The Cinque Terre area is breathtakingly beautiful but geologically fragile.

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Epidemic Hazards  / Diseases

Meningitis Outbreak: 5 Dead

ublished on Oct 5, 2012 by

Some steroid shots contaminated with a fungus incite health scare. For more: http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Wellness/meningitis-outbreak-highlights-hazards-…

Medication tied to rare meningitis outbreak reached 23 states

By Tim Ghianni

NASHVILLE, Tennessee

(Reuters) – A steroid medication linked to the death of at least five people from rare fungal meningitis may have been administered to patients in 23 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control said on Thursday, raising fears the rare outbreak could spread.

In a briefing for reporters, the CDC said five people had died so far and 35 had taken ill from fungal meningitis in six states. The outbreak was first reported in Tennessee, where three people have died and 25 of the cases have been reported.

The other confirmed deaths were in Virginia and Maryland.

The CDC said it had not yet determined the rate of infection among those patients who received the potentially tainted steroid. The rate of infection is an important barometer of the potential for the outbreak to spread.

The steroid is administered to patients, usually by injection, primarily to control back pain.

All the cases have so far been traced to three lots of Methylprednisolene Acetate from a pharmaceutical compounding plant in Massachusetts, according to the briefing.

The company, New England Compounding Center Inc, or NECC, in Framingham, Massachusetts, prepared the medication, which has been voluntarily recalled. The company has also voluntarily surrendered its license. NECC could not immediately be reached for comment.

“We are encouraging all health facilities to immediately cease use of any product produced by NECC,” Dr. Madeleine Biondolillo, Massachusetts public health director of safety, told reporters in a conference call from Boston.

NECC could not immediately be reached for comment.

A fungus linked to the steroid medication has been identified in specimens from five patients, according to the CDC’s Dr. Benjamin Park.

The Massachusetts Health Department said there were 17,676 vials of medication in each of the three lots under investigation. They were sent out July through September and have a shelf life of 180 days.

The CDC said the fungal contamination was detected in the examination of one of the sealed vials taken at that company.

Fungal meningitis is rare and life-threatening, but is not contagious from person to person. Meningitis can be passed to humans from steroid medications that weaken the immune system. Symptoms include a sudden onset of fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting, according to the CDC web site.

In addition to the 25 cases in Tennessee, one has been reported in North Carolina, two in Florida, four in Virginia, two in Maryland and one in Indiana, according to CDC’s Park.

SOME TENNESSEE PATIENTS ‘REALLY CRITICALLY ILL’

About 75 facilities could have received the steroid in the 23 states. They include California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Texas and West Virginia, according to Park.

In one example of how widespread the steroid was distributed, one facility in Indiana, St. Mary’s Health, said on Thursday that 560 patients had received the recalled medication. They received the steroid at the Surgicare Cross Pointe clinic in Evansville, said St. Mary’s spokeswoman Laura Forbes. It was not immediately known if any patients were infected there.

In Tennessee, the worst-hit state, Dr. John Dreyzehner, the state health commissioner, said expectations were that the number of cases would rise. “We are awaiting results of tests from other cases,” he told a news conference in Nashville.

Some Tennessee patients are “really critically ill” and in intensive care units, said Dr. Marion Kainer of the state health department. She declined to say how many were critical.

The Massachusetts Health Department said there had been several complaints against the company linked to the steroid. Complaints in 2002 and 2003 about the processing of medication resulted in an agreement with government agencies in 2006 to correct deficiencies

In 2011, there was another inspection of the facility and no deficiencies were found. In March 2012, another complaint was made about the potency of a product used in eye surgery procedures. That investigation is continuing, the state health department said.

(Additional reporting by Mary Wisniewski and Susan Guyett; Writing by Greg McCune; Editing by Cynthia Johnston and Peter Cooney)

The Next Pandemic: Why
It Will Come from Wildlife

Experts believe the next deadly human pandemic will almost certainly be a virus that spills over from wildlife to humans. The reasons why have a lot to do with the frenetic pace with which we are destroying wild places and disrupting ecosystems.

by david quammen

Emerging diseases are in the news again. Scary viruses are making themselves noticed and felt. There’s been a lot of that during the past several months — West Nile fever kills 17 people in the Dallas area, three tourists succumb to hantavirus after visiting Yosemite National Park, an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo claims 33 lives. A separate Ebola outbreak, across the border in Uganda, registers a death toll of 17. A peculiar new coronavirus, related to SARS, proves fatal for a Saudi man and puts a Qatari into critical condition, while disease scientists all over the world wonder: Is this one — or is that one — going to turn into the Next Big One?

By the Next Big One, I mean a murderous pandemic that sweeps around the planet, killing millions of people, as the so-called “Spanish” influenza did in 1918-19, as AIDS has been doing in slower motion, and as SARS might have done in 2003 if it hadn’t been stopped by fast science, rigorous

Avian bird flu test

Carl De Souza/AFP/Getty Images
An official from the Scottish Agricultural College holds a dead swan to be tested for avian flu.

measures of public health, and luck. Experts I’ve interviewed over the past six years generally agree that such a Next Big One is not only possible but probable. They agree that it will almost certainly be a zoonotic disease — one that emerges from wildlife — and that the causal agent will most likely be a virus. They agree that sheer human abundance, density, and interconnectedness make us highly vulnerable. Our population now stands above seven billion, after all, a vast multitude of potential victims, many of us living at close quarters in big cities, traveling quickly and often from place to place, sharing infections with one another; and there are dangerous new viruses lately emerging against which we haven’t been immunized. Another major pandemic seems as logically inevitable as the prospect that a very dry, very thick forest will eventually burn.

That raises serious issues in the realm of health policy, preparedness, and medical response. It also suggests a few urgent questions on the scientific side — we might even say, the conservation side — of the discussion. Those questions, in simplest form, are: Where? How? and Why? Addressing them is crucial to understanding the dynamics of emerging diseases, and understanding is crucial to preparedness and response.

First question: From where will the Next Big One emerge? Answer, as I’ve noted: Most likely from wildlife. It will be a zoonosis — an animal infection that spills over into humans.

Everything comes from somewhere. New human diseases don’t arrive from Mars. Notwithstanding the vivid anxieties of The Andromeda Strain (1969) and other such fictions, lethal microbes don’t arrive on contaminated satellites returning from deep space. (Or anyway, knock wood, they haven’t so far.) They emerge from nonhuman animals, earthly ones, and spill over into human populations, catching hold, replicating, sometimes adapting and prospering, then passing onward from human to human.

According to one study, 58 percent of all pathogen species infecting humans are zoonotic. Another study found that 72 percent of all recently emerged zoonotic pathogens have come from wildlife. That list includes

According to one study, 72 percent of all recently emerged zoonotic pathogens have come from wildlife.

everything from Ebola and Marburg and the HIVs and the influenzas to West Nile virus, monkeypox, and the SARS bug.

In Malaysia, a virus called Nipah spilled over from fruit bats in 1998. Its route into humans was indirect but efficient: The bats fed in fruit trees overshadowing factory-scale pigsties; the bat droppings carried virus, which infected many pigs; the virus replicated abundantly in the pigs, and from them infected piggery workers and employees at abattoirs. That outbreak killed 109 people and ended with the culling of 1.1 million pigs.

Second question: How do such pathogens get into humans? The particulars are various but the general answer is: contact. Contact equals opportunity, and the successful pathogens are those that seize opportunities to proliferate and to spread, not just from one host to another but from one kind of host to another.

Wild aquatic birds defecate in a village duck pond, passing a new strain of influenza to domestic ducks; the ducks pass it to a Chinese boy charged with their care, after which the boy passes it to his brother and sister. A man in Cameroon butchers a chimpanzee and, elbow deep in its blood, acquires a simian virus that becomes HIV-1. A miner in Uganda enters a shaft filled with bats carrying Marburg virus and, somehow, by ingesting or breathing bat wastes, gets infected. Contact between people and wildlife, sometime direct, sometimes with livestock as intermediaries, presents opportunities for their infections to become ours.

Third question: Whydo such spillovers seem to be happening now more than ever? There’s been a steady drumbeat of new zoonotic viruses

We are interacting with wild animals and disrupting the ecosystems they inhabit to an unprecedented degree.

emerging into the human population within recent decades: Machupo (1961), Marburg (1967), Lassa (1969), Ebola (1976), HIV-1 (inferred in 1981, first isolated in 1983), HIV-2 (1986), Sin Nombre (the first-recognized American hantavirus, 1993), Hendra (1994), the strain of influenza called “avian flu” (1997), Nipah (1998), West Nile (1999), SARS (2003), and others. These are not independent events. They are parts of a pattern. They reflect things that we’re doing, not just things that are happening to us.

What we’re doing is interacting with wild animals and disrupting the ecosystems that they inhabit — all to an unprecedented degree. Of course, humans have always killed wildlife and disrupted ecosystems, clearing and fragmenting forests, converting habitat into cropland and settlement, adding livestock to the landscape, driving native species toward extinction, introducing exotics. But now that there are seven billion of us on the planet, with greater tools, greater hungers, greater mobility, we’re pressing into the wild places like never before, and one of the things that we’re finding there is… new infections. And once we’ve acquired a new infection, the chance of spreading it globally is also greater than ever.

We cut our way through the Congo. We cut our way through the Amazon. We cut our way through Borneo and Madagascar and northeastern Australia. We shake the trees, figuratively and literally, and things fall out. We kill and butcher and eat many of the wild animals found there. We settle in those places, creating villages, work camps, towns, extractive

Evolution seizes opportunity, explores possibilities, and helps convert spillovers to pandemics.

industries, new cities. We bring in our domesticated animals, replacing the wild herbivores with livestock. We multiply our livestock as we’ve multiplied ourselves, operating huge factory-scale operations such as the piggeries in Malaysia, into which Nipah virus fell from the bats feeding in fruit trees planted nearby, after the bats’ native forest habitats had been destroyed. We export and import livestock across great distances and at high speeds. We export and import other live animals, especially primates, for medical research. We export and import animal skins, exotic pets, contraband bushmeat, and plants, some of which carry secret microbial passengers.

We travel, moving between cities and continents even more quickly than our transported livestock. We eat in restaurants where the cook may have butchered a porcupine before working on our scallops. We visit monkey temples in Asia, live markets in India, picturesque villages in South America, dusty archeological sites in New Mexico, dairy towns in the Netherlands, bat caves in East Africa, racetracks in Australia — breathing the air, feeding the animals, touching things, shaking hands with the friendly locals — and then we jump on our planes and fly home. We get bit by mosquitoes and ticks. We alter the global climate with our carbon emissions, which may in turn alter the latitudinal ranges within which those mosquitoes and ticks live. We provide an irresistible opportunity for enterprising microbes by the ubiquity and abundance of our human bodies.

 

Climate’s Strong Fingerprint
In Global Cholera Outbreaks

  YALE e360

Climate’s Strong Fingerprint in Global Cholera Outbreaks

For decades, deadly outbreaks of cholera were attributed to the spread of disease through poor sanitation. But recent research demonstrates how closely cholera is tied to environmental and hydrological factors and to weather patterns — all of which may lead to more frequent cholera outbreaks as the world warms.

Everything I’ve just mentioned is encompassed within this rubric: the ecology and evolutionary biology of zoonotic diseases. Ecological circumstance provides opportunity for spillover. Evolution seizes opportunity, explores possibilities, and helps convert spillovers to pandemics. But the majesty of the sheer biological phenomena involved is no consolation for the human miseries, the deaths, and the current level of risk.

There are things that can be done — research, vigilance, anticipation, fast and effective response — to stave off or at least mitigate the Next Big One. My point here is different. My point is about human ecology, not human medicine. It behooves us to remember that we too are animals, interconnected with the rest of earthly biota by shared diseases, among other ways. We should recall that salubriuous biblical warning from the Book of Proverbs: “He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind.” The planet is our home, but not ours only, and we’d be wise to tread a little more lightly within this wonderful, germy world.

7 dead as meningitis outbreak grows

By the CNN Wire Staff
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: The pharmacy that manufactured the steroid recalls all its other products
  • The number of cases grows to 64 people in 9 states
  • It is linked to contaminated steroid injections
  • The steroid is used to treat pain and inflammation

Atlanta (CNN) — The death toll from an outbreak of fungal meningitis linked to contaminated steroid injections has risen to seven, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Saturday.

The total number of cases has also grown to 64 people in nine states, the CDC said. That is 17 more cases and two more states than the day before.

Patients contracted the deadly meningitis after being injected in their spine with a preservative-free steroid called methylprednisolone acetate that was contaminated by a fungus. The steroid is used to treat pain and inflammation.

What is meningitis?

The New England Compounding Center, the Massachusetts-based pharmacy that made the contaminated injections, voluntarily recalled three lots of the injected steroid last week.

On Saturday, the same pharmacy announced a voluntary nationwide recall of all its other products as well. NECC said the new recall was being announced out of an abundance of caution and that there is no indication any of its other products are contaminated.

The Food and Drug Administration has already asked doctors, clinics, and consumers to stop using any of the pharmacy’s products. The pharmacy on Wednesday voluntarily surrendered its license to operate until the FDA investigation into the contamination is complete.

Health officials say 76 medical facilities in 23 states received the contaminated steroid injections from NECC. A list of the 76 affected medical facilities is on the CDC’s website at http://www.cdc.gov/hai/outbreaks/meningitis-facilities-map.html.

The CDC raised the death toll Saturday after two people died in Michigan. Other deaths have been reported in Maryland, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Tennessee is reporting the most number of overall cases — 29 — which includes three deaths, according to the CDC.

There are also confirmed cases in Florida, Indiana, Minnesota, North Carolina and Ohio.

The other states that received the contaminated products from NECC are California, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas and West Virginia.

Federal health inspectors began inspecting the NECC plant last Monday. Inspectors found foreign particles in unopened vials, and after testing one of the unopened vials, they determined the substance was a fungus.

The investigation is still under way.

Nearly 10% of drugs administered in the United States come from compound pharmacies, according to a 2003 Government Accountability Office report.

Drugs manufactured by compound pharmacies do not have to go through FDA-mandated pre-market approval. Instead, oversight and licensing of these pharmacies comes from state health pharmacy boards.

Compound pharmacists create customized medication solutions for patients for whom manufactured pharmaceuticals won’t work, according to the International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It is usually caused by an infection, frequently with bacteria or a virus, but it can also be caused by less common pathogens like fungi, according to the CDC.

Fungal meningitis is very rare and, unlike viral and bacterial meningitis, it is not contagious.

Symptoms of fungal meningitis are similar to symptoms from other forms of meningitis, but they often appear more gradually and can be very mild at first, the CDC says.

Dr. William Schaffner, chairman of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, told CNN that fungal infections are not usually mild. He said when a fungus invades small blood vessels, it can cause them to clot or bleed, which can lead to symptoms of small strokes.

In addition to typical meningitis symptoms like headache, fever, nausea and stiffness of the neck, people with fungal meningitis may also experience confusion, dizziness and discomfort from bright lights. Patients might just have one or two of these symptoms, the CDC says.

Health officials say any patients who received an injection at one of the facilities beginning July 1 and who began showing symptoms between one and three weeks after being injected should see their doctor right away.

The earlier a patient gets treatment, the more likely he or she will survive.

Patients are treated with anti-fungal medication, which is given intravenously so patients have to be admitted to the hospital, the CDC said. Patients may need to be treated for months.

The FDA is urging anyone who has experienced problems following an injection with the NECC product to report it to MedWatch, the FDA’s voluntary reporting program, by phone at 1-800-FDA-1088 or online at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch/report.htm.

CNN’s Miriam Falco contributed to this report.

Today Epidemic Hazard India State of Orissa, Kandhamal Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in India on Monday, 08 October, 2012 at 02:58 (02:58 AM) UTC.

Description
The vector-borne disease of chicken pox has been spreading among the inmates of a government-run residential school in Kandhamal district. At least 19 inmates, aged 6 to 12 years, in the residential school at Daberi in Daringibadi block, have been infected with the disease. There are 131 inmates in the hostel at present. “The situation is under control and there is no cause to panic,” a senior medical officer said, however. District malaria officer (DMO) J N Patnaik visited the hostel along with a team of doctors on Sunday. “The infected children were segregated in a room to prevent the spread of the disease. They are being administered the required medication,” the DMO said. He said the condition of the other students, who have already left the hostel after being infected, was not known. “We are trying to bring them to the hostel for treatment. If their parents do not agree, the medical staff will go to their respective places to provide treatment,” Patnaik said. The outbreak of chicken pox was first reported in the hostel on September 29, sources said. The disease spread gradually. “It’s a viral disease which spreads through the air and after contact with the affected persons. We have advised the school authorities not to allow the affected students to venture outside the hostel,” the DFO said.
Biohazard name: Chicken pox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Climate Change

Arctic Sea Ice Shatters Previous Low Records; Antarctic Sea Ice Edges to Record High

ScienceDaily

This September, sea ice covering the Arctic Ocean fell to the lowest extent in the satellite record, which began in 1979. Satellite data analyzed by NSIDC scientists showed that the sea ice cover reached its lowest extent on September 16. Sea ice extent averaged for the month of September was also the lowest in the satellite record.

The near-record ice melt occurred without the unusual weather conditions that contributed to the extreme melt of 2007. In 2007, winds and weather patterns helped melt large expanses of ice. “Atmospheric and oceanic conditions were not as conducive to ice loss this year, but the melt still reached a new record low,” said NSIDC scientist Walt Meier. “This probably reflects loss of multi-year ice in the Arctic, as well as other factors that are making the ice more vulnerable.” Multi-year ice is ice that has survived more than one melt season and is thicker than first-year ice.

NSIDC Director Mark Serreze said, “It looks like the spring ice cover is so thin now that large areas melt out in summer, even without persistent extreme weather patterns.” A storm that tracked through the Arctic in August helped break up the weakened ice pack.

Arctic sea ice extent reached its lowest point this year on September 16, 2012 when sea ice extent dropped to 3.41 million square kilometers (1.32 million square miles). Averaged over the month of September, ice extent was 3.61 million square kilometers (1.39 million square miles). This places 2012 as the lowest ice extent both for the daily minimum extent and the monthly average. Ice extent was 3.29 million square kilometers (1.27 million square miles) below the 1979 to 2000 average.

The Arctic ice cap grows each winter as the sun sets for several months and shrinks each summer as the sun rises higher in the northern sky. Each year the Arctic sea ice reaches its annual minimum extent in September. It hit its previous record low in 2007. This summer’s low ice extent continued the downward trend seen over the last 33 years. Scientists attribute this trend in large part to warming temperatures caused by climate change. Since 1979, September Arctic sea ice extent has declined by 13 percent per decade. Summer sea ice extent is important because, among other things, it reflects sunlight, keeping the Arctic region cool and moderating global climate.

In addition to the decline in sea ice extent, a two-dimensional measure of the ice cover, the ice cover has grown thinner and less resistant to summer melt. Recent data on the age of sea ice, which scientists use to estimate the thickness of the ice cover, shows that the youngest, thinnest ice, which has survived only one or two melt seasons, now makes up the large majority of the ice cover.

Climate models have suggested that the Arctic could lose almost all of its summer ice cover by 2100, but in recent years, ice extent has declined faster than the models predicted. Serreze said, “The big summer ice loss in 2011 set us up for another big melt year in 2012. We may be looking at an Arctic Ocean essentially free of summer ice only a few decades from now.” NSIDC scientist Julienne Stroeve recently spent three weeks in the Arctic Ocean on an icebreaker ship, and was surprised by how thin the ice was and how much open water existed between the individual ice floes. “According to the satellite data, I expected to be in nearly 90% ice cover, but instead the ice concentrations were typically below 50%,” she said.

As the Arctic was experiencing a record low minimum extent, the Antarctic sea ice was reaching record high levels, culminating in a Southern Hemisphere winter maximum extent of 19.44 million square kilometers (7.51 million square miles) on September 26. The September 2012 monthly average was also a record high, at 19.39 million square kilometers (7.49 million square miles) slightly higher than the previous record in 2006. Temperatures over Antarctica were near average this austral winter. Scientists largely attribute the increase in Antarctic sea ice extent to stronger circumpolar winds, which blow the sea ice outward, increasing extent.

NSIDC scientist Ted Scambos said, “Antarctica’s changes — in winter, in the sea ice — are due more to wind than to warmth, because the warming does not take much of the sea ice area above the freezing point during winter. Instead, the winds that blow around the continent, the “westerlies,” have gotten stronger in response to a stubbornly cold continent, and the warming ocean and land to the north.”

Weather-Making High-Pressure Systems Predicted
To Intensify In Coming Years!
 


MessageToEagle.com – The intensity of two such high-pressure systems, present over the northern Pacific and Atlantic oceans during the summer, has changed in recent years.

Scientists do not know whether these changes are related to climate warming.

Conducted simulations from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report suggest that these summertime highs are likely to intensify in the twenty-first century as a result of an increase in atmospheric greenhouse-gas concentrations, according to a Duke University-led study published online this week in Nature Geoscience.


Click on image to enlargeSouth Indian Ocean, Oval-shaped Hole in a Blanket of Marine Stratocumulus Clouds photographed off Australia on June 5, 2012. High-pressure weather systems often bring fair weather and relatively clear skies. In early June 2012, a high off the coast of Tasmania did just that…and in spectacular fashion. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this view of a hole in a cloud formation at 3:00 p.m. local time (05:00 Universal Time) on June 5, 2012.
The weather system over the Great Australian Bight cut out the oval-shaped hole from a blanket of marine stratocumulus clouds. The cloud hole, with a diameter that stretched as far as 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) across, was caused by sinking air associated with an area of high pressure near the surface. Credits: NASA

High-pressure systems over oceans that largely determine the tracks of tropical cyclones and hydrological extremes will posssibly play an increasingly important role regarding drought and extreme summer rainfall.

The black lines of all the historical tropical storm and hurricane paths curving around that subtropical ridge. If that ridge extends far to the west, tropical storms or hurricanes south of it can in turn be forced far to the west. Credits: http://www.weather.com

Changes in the dominant heating component between the twenty-first- and twentieth-century run. p>Blue, red and green colours denote long-wave radiative cooling, sensible heating and condensational heating, respectively, obtained from the CMIP3 multi-model ensemble mean. Credits: Duke University


A team of scientists led by Wenhong Li, assistant professor of earth and ocean sciences at Duke’s Nicholas School of the Environment, conducted a series of simulations predicting future changes in the strength of the annually occurring North Atlantic Subtropical High “subtropical ridge” (also known as the Bermuda High), and the North Pacific Subtropical High.

Based on their results, these changes will intensify over the 21st century as a result of increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations and – the difference between ocean and land heating, as Earth’s climate warms – will fuel the systems’ intensification.

Research paper

© MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Escalating Problem: Satellites See Collapse of the Greenland Glaciers!

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Solar Activity

3MIN News October 5. 2012: Tsunamis on the Sun

Published on Oct 5, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
China Landslide: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-10/05/c_131889256.htm
F*cking Monsanto: http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2012/10/european-food-safety-author…
Head of NOAA: http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2012/10/despite-tumult-noaas-lubche…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 6. 2012

Published on Oct 6, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Snow: http://www.weather.com/news/weather-winter/snow-seasons-first-average-20121004

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

3MIN News October 7. 2012

Published on Oct 7, 2012 by

Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Colombia Landslide: http://au.news.yahoo.com/world/a/-/world/15055199/13-missing-in-colombia-muds…
Australia cold: http://www.weatherzone.com.au/news/record-cold-october-day-across-nsw-and-vic…
Canary Quake List: http://www.01.ign.es/ign/layoutIn/volcaListadoTerremotos.do?zona=2&cantid…
Draconid Meteors: http://earthsky.org/tonight/legendary-draconids-boom-or-bust

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

The Past 99 Days

Published on Oct 7, 2012 by

July 1st to October 7th

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Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 QE50) 09th October 2012 1 day(s) 0.0809 31.5 450 m – 1.0 km 11.47 km/s 41292 km/h
(1994 EK) 14th October 2012 6 day(s) 0.1356 52.8 230 m – 520 m 12.22 km/s 43992 km/h
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 7 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 10 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 29 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

NIWAKA Japanese Minisatellite Is Sending A Morse Code Beacon Signal 

MessageToEagle.com – Scientists from Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Japan developed a small artificial satellite named FITSAT-1. It also has the nickname “NIWAKA”.

The shape is a 10cm cube, and the weight is 1.33kg.

The main mission of this satellite is to demonstrate the high speed transmitter developed. It can send a jpeg VGA-picture(480×640) within 6 sec.

NIWAKA, which is now in a regular orbit, was launched from the International Space Station 390 kilometres (242 miles) above Earth at 15:44 on 4th October 2012 (UTC).

NIWAKA will write messages in the night sky with Morse code as:


Click on image to enlargeA Morse code in the night sky – transmitted by a palm sized satellite, NIWAKA designed by scientists from Fukuoka Institute of Technology. Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Japan

NIWAKA will test the possibility of optical communication by satellite. It will actually twinkle as an artificial star.

The minisatellite’s high power LEDs, which is driven with more than 200W pulses to produce extremely bright flashes, will be observable by the unaided eye or with small binoculars.


Click on image to enlargeThe beacon signal is a standard Morse code CW signal. The signal starts with “HI DE NIWAKA …” and telemetry data follows. Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

The LEDs will also be driven in detecting faint light mode. The light will received by a photo-multiplier equipped telescope linked to the 5.8 GHz parabolic antenna.


Duty 30%, 10Hz signal is modulated with also duty 30%, 5kHz signal. So the average input power will be 220W x 0.3 x 0.3 = 20W. In order to detect the faint light, a high gain amplifier with 5kHz filter may be useful.

While, the Morse code is modulated with duty 15%, 1kHz signal. So, the signal can directly drive a speaker with AF-amplifier to hear Morse sound.


Click on image to enlargeFlight Model – Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

The NIWAKA body is made by cutting a section of 10cm square aluminum pipe. Both ends of the cut pipe are covered with aluminum plates. The surface of the body is finished with black anodic coating.


Click on image to enlargeBottom View of The Model – Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

The CubeSat slide rails and side plates are not separate; they are made as a single unit. The thickness of the square pipe is 3mm, but the surfaces attached by solar cells are thinned to 1.5mm because of weight limit.

In order to make the 8.5mm square CubeSat rails, 5.5mm square aluminum sticks are attached to the four corners of the square pipe.


Click on image to enlargeCredits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

The trajectory of the ISS is inclined 51.6 deg from the equator, so NIWAKA will travel between 51.6 degrees south latitude and 51.6 degrees north latitude.

NIWAKA minisatellite will carry a mounted neodymium magnet to force it to always point to magnetic north like a compass. When NIWAKA rises above the horizon, it will be to the south of the Fukuoka ground station, and both the 5.8 GHz antenna and the LEDs will be aimed accurately enough by the magnet aligning itself and the satellite with the earth’s magnetic field that the Fukuoka ground station will be within the main beams.


Click on image to enlargeScientists perform both 5.8 GHz high-speed and optical communication experiments for about 3 minutes as the satellite travels along the orbit shown as the red line in the figure. Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

After Deployment from NASA pictures:


Click on image to enlargeCredits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology


Click on image to enlargeCredits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology


Click on image to enlargeProfessor Takushi Tanaka holding a palm sized satellite at his laboratory in Fukuoka. Credits: Fukuoka Institute of Technology

Scientists will perform both 5.8 GHz high-speed and optical communication experiments for about 3 minutes as the satellite travels along the orbit shown as the red line in the figure.

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Dawn Spacecraft Is Heading Towards Dwarf Planet Ceres To Investigate The Formation Of Our Solar System

X-Ray Nova Reveals A New Black Hole 

MessageToEagle.com – A new stellar-mass black hole has been discovered in our Milky Way galaxy by NASA’s Swift satellite.

The presence of a previously unknown black hole, was revealed by high-energy X-rays emanating from a source towards the center of our galaxy.

“Bright X-ray novae are so rare that they’re essentially once-a- mission events and this is the first one Swift has seen,” according to Neil Gehrels, the mission’s principal investigator at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.


Click on image to enlargeCredit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

“This is really something we’ve been waiting for.”

An X-ray nova is a short-lived X-ray source that appears suddenly, reaches its emission peak in a few days and then fades out over a period of months. The outburst arises when a torrent of stored gas suddenly rushes toward one of the most compact objects known.


The nova – dubbed Swift J1745-26 – is located a few degrees from the center of our galaxy toward the constellation Sagittarius. While astronomers do not know its precise distance, they think the object resides about 20,000 to 30,000 light-years away in the galaxy’s inner region.

The nova peaked in X-rays — energies above 10,000 electron volts, or several thousand times that of visible light — on September 18, when it reached an intensity equivalent to that of the famous Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant that serves as a calibration target for high-energy observatories and is considered one of the brightest sources beyond the solar system at these energies.


Click on image to enlargeCredit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

As it dimmed at higher energies, the nova brightened in the lower-energy emissions detected by Swift’s X-ray Telescope.

“The pattern we’re seeing is observed in X-ray novae where the central object is a black hole,” said Boris Sbarufatti, an astrophysicist at Brera Observatory in Milan, who currently is working with other Swift team members at Pennsylvania State

“Once the X-rays fade away, we hope to measure its mass and confirm its black hole status.”

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Halo Of Hot Gas Surrounds The Milky Way

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife /Hazmat

Officials baffled as Nearly 8,500 Deer found Dead in Michigan in recent weeks due to mystery Virus

Published on Oct 4, 2012 by

(Oct 4, 2012) Almost 8,500 deer across Michigan have died from EHD according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. EHD is a disease that causes deer to suffer a high fever and internal bleeding. The DNR says a small fly known as a midge bites the deer transferring the disease. Officials say nearly half of the deer that have died from EHD have been found in Ionia County. Just two days into bow hunting season and many are talking about the problem. Steve Hayes, a manager at Bob’s Gun and Tackle Shop in Barry County, says people are not putting away their bows just yet.”Our customers are concerned, they are also concerned sportsman too. They’re deciding if they are going to back off on the number of deer they are going to shoot this year, but what we are seeing so far is most people are still interested in going out and doing some deer hunting,” said Hayes. James Waller says the outbreak will cause him to cutback because he has a concern of wiping out too many prize game. Waller says he usually gets out around 15-20 times per season.”A lot of the big bucks, the DNA that is there, we are losing that gene of that deer. We’re trying to create a really good herd to raise some nice deer,” said Waller. “Something like this comes along and it wipes out a lot of work, time and effort.””We’re going to be carefully watching the situation to and watching how it affects business, so we can react to that going forward,” says Hayes. A frost is expected to hit as early as this weekend, leaving many hopeful it will put an end to the disease and see hunting season can return to normal. http://www.wlns.com/story/19724898/dnr-over-8000-deer-dead-in-michigan

(Zephaniah 1:2-3) “I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith the Lord.I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumbling blocks with the wicked: and I will cut off man from off the land, saith the Lord.”

(Hosea 4:3) “Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.”

06.10.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Texas, Halliburton Damage level Details

 

HAZMAT in USA on Friday, 14 September, 2012 at 03:03 (03:03 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 06 October, 2012 at 03:42 UTC
Description
A small radioactive cylinder that went missing from a Halliburton (HAL) truck last month was found on a Texas road late Thursday, the company said, ending a weeks-long hunt for the device that involved local, state and federal authorities. The seven-inch stainless steel tube, which contained a small amount of radioactive material, was lost by an oil-and-gas crew somewhere along the 130-mile journey from the vicinity of Pecos to Odessa, in West Texas. A Halliburton spokesman said Friday that the device was found late Thursday on a road in Reeves County, Texas. The company first reported it missing to the state health department on Sept. 11, according to another report to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. State officials, company inspectors and members of a Texas National Guard unit had combed the area for the device, which is used in the process of measuring and evaluating conditions within oil and gas wells. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission report stated that the tube was a “category 3” radioactive device, a class that includes some pacemakers.
07.10.2012 HAZMAT India State of Maharashtra, Jalgaon Damage level Details

HAZMAT in India on Sunday, 07 October, 2012 at 14:18 (02:18 PM) UTC.

Description
Over 50 labourers fell ill on Sunday in an industrial area of Jalgaon city in Maharashtra owing to a chlorine gas leak from a factory, police said. “The workers belonged to a factory called Tulsi Pipes. They suffered from breathing problems and acute vomiting as one of the 25 chlorine cylinders stacked in the adjoining Kalpataru Agro-Chem Industries leaked,” an official from Jalgaon police station said. The manager of Kalpataru Agro-Chem told police that the cylinders were kept on the factory premises for being taken to another plant. He said that he did not know how the chlorine leaked from one of the cylinders, police said. “All victims have been sent to hospital. While 10 labourers are still under medical care, others have been discharged,” the official added. A complaint has been registered by one of the labourers, Mohammed Aslam Mehboob Ilahi, against owners of Kalpataru Agro-Chem under Indian Penal Code Sections 284 (negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance), 336 (act endangering life or personal safety of other), 337 (causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of other) and 338 (causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of other), the official said.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 23:09:57   18.014   -68.532 83.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  5.1   2012/10/01 22:55:52   39.776   143.189 37.9  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  6.2   2012/10/01 22:21:45   39.853   143.047 9.7  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.8 2012/10/01 22:04:33   18.573   -64.947 33.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.4 2012/10/01 21:33:34   51.634  -177.375 10.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 21:16:51   49.443  -120.513 0.0  BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 21:02:44   60.441  -150.822 12.1  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/01 18:40:52   36.959   141.059 6.7  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  5.1   2012/10/01 17:32:32   18.713  -107.151 21.3  OFF THE COAST OF JALISCO, MEXICO
MAP  5.0   2012/10/01 17:24:42  -24.588  -179.380 461.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/10/01 15:01:08   18.042   -67.154 11.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  2.8 2012/10/01 14:14:47   51.484  -178.135 5.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.0 2012/10/01 13:45:35   40.223   63.890 35.0  WESTERN UZBEKISTAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 13:25:59   -0.554   97.488 10.0  KEPULAUAN BATU, INDONESIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/01 13:24:00   19.387  -155.896 7.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/01 13:05:31   19.568   -64.376 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/01 12:55:37   4.401   127.108 10.0  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/01 11:57:48   58.879  -154.917 118.4  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.7 2012/10/01 09:56:04   19.667   -64.350 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 09:42:27   19.645   -64.394 11.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 08:43:52   38.545   55.603 22.8  TURKMENISTAN
MAP  4.6   2012/10/01 08:06:31  -30.791   -71.210 54.0  COQUIMBO, CHILE
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 06:29:01   19.617   -64.254 58.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/01 06:08:39   19.760   -64.305 20.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/10/01 05:17:57   35.956   141.359 42.4  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.7 2012/10/01 04:05:54   56.315  -152.141 9.1  KODIAK ISLAND REGION, ALASKA
MAP  3.6 2012/10/01 02:28:56  -43.500   172.820 5.0  SOUTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND
MAP  4.5   2012/10/01 01:36:26  -26.153   178.338 621.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.1 2012/10/01 01:32:33   2.155   -84.794 10.2  OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL AMERICA
MAP  3.1 2012/10/01 01:19:08   62.015  -151.724 90.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/01 01:00:49   40.264   142.724 53.2  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

…………………………

6.2 magnitude earthquake occurs off Japan’s eastern coast

By

6.2 magnitude earthquake occurs off Japan’s eastern coast

The U.S. Geological Survey reports that early Tuesday morning local time, a magnitude 6.2 earthquake hit off of Japan’s eastern coast. Originating from a depth of 9.7 kilometers (6 miles), it was centered about 96 kilometers (60 miles) off the coast of Miyako, Iwate Prefecture, in the northeast region of the country that was struck by the devastating earthquake and tsunami on March 11th, 2011. There have been no reports of damages or signs of approaching tsunami.

In comparison from Tokyo, the 6.2 magnitude quake was about 550 kilometers (342 miles) from the capital city. Neither the Japan Meteorological Agency or the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued tsunami warnings or advisories on Tuesday as it wasn’t necessary. Geophysicist Gerard Fryer, with the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, says the quake was too small to generate any kind of tsunami, but the residents of northeastern Japan would surely have felt it.

The quake probably gave some frightful flashbacks to those of Japan’s Tohoku region who survived last year’s disaster. The tsunami disaster that took tens of thousands of lives and washed away entire coastal cities was caused by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake just over a year and a half ago, and led to the world’s worst nuclear crisis in 25 years in Fukushima Prefecture.

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 2, 2012 07:48:57 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

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CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

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CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

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CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

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CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

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CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

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CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

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CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

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CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

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IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

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IC/ENH, Enshi, China

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IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

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IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

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IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

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IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

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IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

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IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Heard volcano (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean) activity update: hotspots detected in late September 2012

BY: T

MODIS hotspots at Heard Island during 17-24 Sep 2012 (Univ. of Hawai'i)

MODIS hotspots at Heard Island during 17-24 Sep 2012 (Univ. of Hawai’i)

MODIS satellite data showed hotspots at Heard Island volcano on 21 and 24 September 2012. This suggests that there was or perhaps still is some new activity at the volcano.
No further hotspots appeared on satellite data since 24 Sep.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Today Heat Wave USA State of California, [Great Los Angeles regio] Damage level Details

Heat Wave in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 04:35 (04:35 AM) UTC.

Description
Blazing temperatures are set to hit the Los Angeles area Monday as numbers may climb to the triple digits in several areas of the city. Officials from the National Weather Service predict temperatures to peak around 100 degrees in downtown L.A., 104 degrees in the Hollywood Hills and a potentially record-breaking 110 degrees in inland and valley areas. The projected temperatures are expected to match heat records set in Southern California in 2008. The combination of intense heat, high winds, and low humidity levels has even prompted the National Weather Service to issue Red Flag warnings, indicating a high risk of wildfires in both the Santa Clarita Valley and the San Gabriel Mountains. “Fire danger is expected to peak on Monday,” NWS officials said, “when record-breaking triple digit heat and widespread single-digit humidities will combine with very dry fuels.” The Red Flag warnings are currently in effect until 6:00pm on Tuesday. People are advised to avoid strenuous activity in the heat, wear loose light clothing and drink plenty of non-alcoholic and non-caffeinated beverages.

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Storms / Flooding /  Landslide

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 02.10.2012 Hurricane I 125 ° 102 km/h 120 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

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Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: 28th September 2012
Track long: 1,296.94 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000 22 120 148 Hurricane I. 25 17 985 MB NOAA NHC
16th Sep 2012 05:13:53 N 30° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 130 157 Hurricane I. 95 15 983 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 05:22:55 N 31° 24.000, W 38° 6.000 30 111 139 Tropical Storm 75 16 987 MB NOAA NHC
17th Sep 2012 10:47:47 N 32° 0.000, W 36° 24.000 28 111 139 Tropical Storm 65 15 985 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 05:15:16 N 33° 54.000, W 34° 12.000 15 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 18 989 MB NOAA NHC
18th Sep 2012 10:46:51 N 34° 18.000, W 33° 36.000 13 93 111 Tropical Storm 45 14 990 MB NOAA NHC
19th Sep 2012 05:31:59 N 35° 48.000, W 32° 12.000 11 83 102 Tropical Storm 25 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
20th Sep 2012 05:12:41 N 37° 6.000, W 31° 24.000 6 83 102 Tropical Storm 60 9 990 MB NOAA NHC
21st Sep 2012 10:40:35 N 35° 6.000, W 27° 12.000 13 102 120 Tropical Storm 140 14 981 MB NOAA NHC
22nd Sep 2012 06:38:52 N 31° 54.000, W 26° 36.000 20 93 111 Tropical Storm 165 15 984 MB NOAA NHC
27th Sep 2012 04:58:41 N 29° 30.000, W 31° 24.000 9 83 102 Tropical Storm 220 15 993 MB NOAA NHC
30th Sep 2012 06:48:45 N 35° 36.000, W 37° 30.000 17 139 167 Hurricane I. 340 19 984 MB NOAA NHC
01st Oct 2012 04:38:54 N 36° 42.000, W 39° 24.000 11 139 167 Hurricane I. 230 16 981 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 05:24:46 N 34° 42.000, W 38° 54.000 9 102 120 Hurricane I 125 ° 15 995 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 34° 54.000, W 34° 6.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, W 36° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 36° 42.000, W 31° 12.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 44° 0.000, W 26° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 48° 0.000, W 27° 0.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
Maliksi (20W) Pacific Ocean 01.10.2012 02.10.2012 Tropical Depression 305 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 5.18 m JTWC Details

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Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Maliksi (20W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 54.000, E 146° 18.000
Start up: 01st October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 290.65 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
01st Oct 2012 04:46:07 N 16° 54.000, E 146° 18.000 20 56 74 Tropical Depression 290 10 JTWC
01st Oct 2012 10:51:23 N 17° 48.000, E 145° 48.000 19 56 74 Tropical Depression 310 15 JTWC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 10:37:02 N 20° 54.000, E 142° 30.000 22 74 93 Tropical Depression 320 ° 19 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 26° 48.000, E 140° 42.000 Typhoon I 111 139 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 24° 6.000, E 140° 36.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 12.000, E 141° 54.000 Typhoon I 120 148 JTWC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 38° 6.000, E 149° 0.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 42° 12.000, E 161° 30.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
Gaemi (21W) Pacific Ocean 01.10.2012 02.10.2012 Tropical Depression 170 ° 65 km/h 83 km/h 4.57 m JTWC Details

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 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Gaemi (21W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 17° 18.000, E 114° 48.000
Start up: 01st October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 70.41 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
02nd Oct 2012 10:37:35 N 16° 6.000, E 115° 36.000 7 74 93 Tropical Depression 135 ° 9 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
03rd Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 15° 18.000, E 115° 54.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
03rd Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 42.000, E 115° 42.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC
04th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 0.000, E 115° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
05th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 6.000, E 113° 48.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
06th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 15° 36.000, E 110° 30.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
07th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 18.000, E 106° 24.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 JTWC

………………….

The Yomiuri Shimbun/Asia News Network

JAPAN – Typhoon No. 17 moved out into the Pacific Ocean from southeast Hokkaido via the Sanriku region early Monday after making its way across the country and causing at least 1 death and dozens of injuries.

A 56-year-old man was found dead at a rice paddy in Suzuka, Mie Prefecture. The man was believed to have been swept away by a swollen river.

According to figures compiled by The Yomiuri Shimbun, 23 people in eastern Japan, including 12 in Kanagawa Prefecture, suffered minor or serious injuries due to the typhoon. Injuries, including falls caused by strong winds, were also reported in the Tokai and Kanto-Koshinetsu regions, where the typhoon hit from late Sunday to early Monday.

Airline disruptions continued Monday, affecting 8,000 passengers. Japan Airlines cancelled 54 flights, including those between Haneda and Chitose airports, while All Nippon Airways cancelled 16 flights, including those between Sendai and Itami airports.

Temperatures exceeding 30 C were recorded in many areas following the typhoon. The mercury rose as high as 30.7 C shortly after 10 a.m. in Kasama, Ibaraki Prefecture, with temperatures reaching 30.5 C in Isesaki, Gunma Prefecture, and 30.3 C in Nerima Ward, Tokyo.

Today Landslide Nepal Eastern Region, [Near to Kilbung ] Damage level Details

Landslide in Nepal on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:15 (03:15 AM) UTC.

Description
An official in Nepal says a landslide has swept several vehicles off a mountain highway. Four people are confirmed dead and nine others have been reported missing. Government administrator Purushottam Ghimire says the landslide Sunday night swept away five vehicles traveling on the Mechi highway near Kilbung village in eastern Nepal. He says eight people have been rescued, four bodies have been pulled out and people remain missing. Details were still sketchy Monday morning but rescue teams have reached the area.

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Radiation / Nuclear

Today Nuclear Event South Korea Province of Yeongnam, Busan Metropolitan City [Shingori Nuclear Power plant] Damage level Details

Nuclear Event in South Korea on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:19 (03:19 AM) UTC.

Description
South Korea shut down one of its nuclear reactors Tuesday following a malfunction in its control system but there was no risk of a radiation leak, plant operators said. The 1,000-megawatt Shingori 1 reactor near the southern city of Busan was shut down after a warning signal at 8:10 am (2310 GMT Monday), the state-run Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP) said. “There was a malfunction in the reactor’s control rod, but the reactor is now stable with no danger of a radiation leak,” a KHNP spokesman said. It is the first time the reactor has been shut down since it began operations in February last year. South Korea operates 23 nuclear power plants which meet more than 35 percent of the country’s electricity needs. In July, another 1,000-megawatt reactor at Yeonggwang — some 260 kilometres (156 miles) south of Seoul — went into automatic shutdown after a malfunction.

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Epidemic Hazards /  Diseases

Potentially Dangerous New Malaria Mosquito Identified

University of Notre Dame entomologists are part of a team of researchers that recently discovered a potentially dangerous new malaria-transmitting mosquito. The as yet unnamed, and previously unreported, mosquito breeds in the western areas of Kenya and has an unknown DNA match to any of the existing malaria-transmitting species.

The Anopheles species of mosquitoes which transmits malaria in Africa is already widely studied by researchers. It prefers to rest indoors during the day and feed on humans during the night. Current malaria control programs, including spraying of insecticides and using insecticide-treated bed nets, are designed with these behaviors in mind.

Although the new species has never been implicated in the transmission of malaria, new discoveries in its biting habits pose a threat because it was found to be active outdoors and prefers to bite people earlier in the evening, soon after sunset, when people are not protected by current malaria control techniques.

Neil Lobo, a Notre Dame research associate professor and Brandy St. Laurent, a former Notre Dame doctoral student, joined forces on the team of researchers that made the discovery. y Frank Collins, Notre Dame’s George and Winifred Clark Professor of Biology, Collins was principal investigator of the Malaria Transmission Consortium effort funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The discovery was announced in a paper whose lead author was Jennifer Stevenson of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

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Climate Change

Ocean warming could lead to smaller fish size, study finds

ocean

Changes in ocean and climate systems could lead to smaller fish, according to a new study led by fisheries scientists at the University of British Columbia.

The study, published today in the journal Nature Climate Change, provides the first-ever global projection of the potential reduction in the maximum size of fish in a warmer and less-oxygenated ocean. The researchers used computer modeling to study more than 600 species of fish from oceans around the world and found that the maximum body weight they can reach could decline by 14-20 per cent between years 2000 and 2050, with the tropics being one of the most impacted regions. “We were surprised to see such a large decrease in fish size,” says the study’s lead author William Cheung, an assistant professor at the UBC Fisheries Centre. “Marine fish are generally known to respond to climate change through changing distribution and seasonality. But the unexpectedly big effect that climate change could have on body size suggests that we may be missing a big piece of the puzzle of understanding climate change effects in the ocean.” This is the first global-scale application of the idea that fish growth is limited by oxygen supply, which was pioneered more than 30 years ago by Daniel Pauly, principal investigator with UBC’s Sea Around Us Project and the study’s co-author. “It’s a constant challenge for fish to get enough oxygen from water to grow, and the situation gets worse as fish get bigger,” explains Pauly. “A warmer and less-oxygenated ocean, as predicted under climate change, would make it more difficult for bigger fish to get enough oxygen, which means they will stop growing sooner.” This study highlights the need to curb greenhouse gas emissions and develop strategies to monitor and adapt to changes that we are already seeing, or we risk disruption of fisheries, food security and the way ocean ecosystems work.

 More information: DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1691

Journal reference: Nature Climate Change search and more info website

Provided by University of British Columbia search and more info website

Research reports climate change could cripple Southwestern forests

Climate change could cripple southwestern forests

This shows bare branches and rust-colored foliage denote dead and dying trees in Colorado’s Front Range. Credit: Copyright Daniel Griffin.

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-climate-cripple-southwestern-forests.html#jCp

Combine the tree-ring growth record with historical information, climate records, and computer-model projections of future climate trends, and you get a grim picture for the future of trees in the southwestern United States. That’s the word from a team of scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Arizona, and other partner organizations.

If the Southwest is warmer and drier in the near future, widespread tree death is likely and would cause substantial changes in the distribution of forests and of species, the researchers report this week in the journal Nature Climate Change. Southwestern forests grow best when total winter precipitation is high combined with a summer and fall that aren’t too hot and dry. The team developed a Forest Drought-Stress Severity Index that combines the amount of winter precipitation, late summer and fall temperatures, and late summer and fall precipitation into one number. “The new ‘Forest Drought-Stress Index’ that Williams devised from seasonal precipitation and temperature-related variables matches the records of changing forest conditions in the Southwest remarkably well,” said co-author Thomas W. Swetnam, director of the UA Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. “Among all climate variables affecting trees and forests that have ever been studied, this new drought index has the strongest correlation with combined tree growth, tree death from drought and insects, and area burned by forest fires that I have ever seen.” A. Park Williams of Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico is the lead author of the paper, “Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality.” Six of the paper’s 15 authors are at the UA. A complete list of authors is at the bottom of this release. To figure out which climate variables affect forests, the researchers aligned some 13,000 tree core samples with known temperature and moisture data. The team also blended in events known from tree-ring, archaeological and other paleorecords, such as the late 1200s megadrought that drove the ancient Pueblo Indians out of longtime settlements such as those at Mesa Verde, Colo. By comparing the tree-ring record to climate data collected in the Southwest since the late 1800s, the scientists identified two climate variables that estimate annual southwestern tree-growth variability with exceptional accuracy: total winter precipitation and average summer-fall atmospheric evaporative demand, a measure of the overall dryness of the environment.
Williams said, “Atmospheric evaporative demand is primarily driven by temperature. When air is warmer, it can hold more water vapor, thus increasing the pace at which soil and plants dry out. The air literally sucks the moisture out of the soil and plants.” Finding that summer-fall atmospheric evaporative demand is just as important as winter precipitation has critical implications for the future of southwestern forests, he said.

Climate change could cripple southwestern forests

This Douglas-fir sample from the Southwest has annual tree rings dating back to the year 1527. The narrowing of the rings that formed from the 1560s through the 1590s indicates that the tree grew little during the 16th century megadrought. Credit: Copyright Daniel Griffin. These trends, the researchers noted, are already occurring in the Southwest, where temperatures generally have been increasing for the past century and are expected to continue to do so because of accumulating greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. There still will be wet winters, but increased frequency of warmer summers will put more stress on trees and limit their growth after wet winters, the study reports. “We can use the past to learn about the future,” Williams said. “For example, satellite fire data from the past 30 years show that there has been a strong and exponential relationship between the regional tree-ring drought-stress record and the area of southwestern forests killed by wildfire each year. This suggests that if drought intensifies, we can expect forests not only to grow more slowly, but also to die more quickly.” The study points out that very large and severe wildfires, bark-beetle outbreaks and a doubling of the proportion of dead trees in response to early 21st-century warmth and drought conditions are evidence that a transition of southwestern forest landscapes toward more open and drought-tolerant ecosystems may already be underway. And while 2000s drought conditions have been severe, the regional tree-ring record indicates there have been substantially stronger megadrought events during the past 1,000 years. The strongest megadrought occurred during the second half of the 1200s and is believed to have played an important role in the abandonment of ancient Puebloan cultural centers throughout the Southwest. The most recent megadrought occurred in the late 1500s and appears to have been strong enough to kill many trees in the Southwest. “When we look at our tree-ring record, we see this huge dip in the 1580s when all the tree rings are really tiny,” Williams said. “Following the 1500s megadrought, tree rings get wider, and there was a major boom in new trees. Nearly all trees we see in the Southwest today were established after the late-1500s drought, even though the species we evaluated can easily live longer than 400 years. So that event is a benchmark for us today. If forest drought stress exceeds late 1500 levels, we expect that a lot of trees are going to be dying.” Will future forest drought-stress levels reach or exceed those of the megadroughts of the 1200s and 1500s? Using climate-model projections, the team projected that such megadrought-type forest drought-stress conditions will be exceeded regularly by the 2050s. If climate-model projections are correct, forest drought-stress levels during even the wettest and coolest years of the late 21st century will be more severe than the driest, warmest years of the previous megadroughts. The study forecasts that during the second half of this century, about 80 percent of years will exceed megadrought levels. The current drought, which began in 2000, is a natural case study about what to expect from projected climate scenarios. While average winter precipitation totals in the Southwest have not been exceptionally low, average summer-fall evaporative demand is the highest on record. And trees, Williams says, are paying the price. The team concluded forest drought stress during more than 30 percent of the past 13 years, including 2011 and 2012, matched or exceeded the megadrought-type levels of the 1200s and 1500s. The only other 13-year periods when megadrought-type conditions were reached with such frequencies in the past 1,000 years were during the megadroughts themselves. UA co-author Daniel Griffin said, “This research is distinctly different from work done in a similar vein in two ways: One, it puts these projections for the future in a concrete historical context, and two, it shows that the impacts on the forests will not be restricted to one species or one site at low elevation, but in fact will take place at forests across the landscape.” Griffin is a doctoral candidate in the UA School of Geography and Development. Co-author Craig D. Allen, a research ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, said, “Consistent with many other recent studies, these findings provide compelling additional evidence of emerging global risks of amplified drought-induced tree mortality and extensive forest die-off as the planet warms.” More information: The article, “Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality,” is written by A. Park Williams (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Craig D. Allen (U.S. Geological Survey), Alison K. Macalady (University of Arizona), Daniel Griffin (UA), Connie A. Woodhouse (UA), David M. Meko (UA), Thomas W. Swetnam (UA), Sara A. Rauscher (LANL), Richard Seager (Columbia Univ.), Henri D. Grissino-Mayer (Univ. of Tennessee), Jeffrey S. Dean (UA), Edward R. Cook (Columbia Univ.), Chandana Gangodagamage (LANL), Michael Cai (LANL) and Nate G. McDowell (LANL).

Journal reference: Nature Climate Change search and more info website

Provided by University of Arizona search and more info website

Extreme climate change linked to early animal evolution

by Staff Writers
Riverside, CA (SPX)


This photo shows researchers studying exposures of the Doushanto Formation. Located in China, the formation is most notable for its scientific contributions in the hunt for Precambrian life. Credit: M. Kennedy.

An international team of scientists, including geochemists from the University of California, Riverside, has uncovered new evidence linking extreme climate change, oxygen rise, and early animal evolution.

A dramatic rise in atmospheric oxygen levels has long been speculated as the trigger for early animal evolution. While the direct cause-and-effect relationships between animal and environmental evolution remain topics of intense debate, all this research has been hampered by the lack of direct evidence for an oxygen increase coincident with the appearance of the earliest animals – until now.

In the Sept. 27 issue of the journal Nature, the research team, led by scientists at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, offers the first evidence of a direct link between trends in early animal diversity and shifts in Earth system processes.

The fossil record shows a marked increase in animal and algae fossils roughly 635 million years ago. An analysis of organic-rich rocks from South China points to a sudden spike in oceanic oxygen levels at this time – in the wake of severe glaciation. The new evidence pre-dates previous estimates of a life-sustaining oxygenation event by more than 50 million years.

“This work provides the first real evidence for a long speculated change in oxygen levels in the aftermath of the most severe climatic event in Earth’s history – one of the so-called ‘Snowball Earth’ glaciations,” said Timothy Lyons, a professor of biogeochemistry at UC Riverside.

The research team analyzed concentrations of trace metals and sulfur isotopes, which are tracers of early oxygen levels, in mudstone collected from the Doushantuo Formation in South China. The team found spikes in concentrations of the trace metals, denoting higher oxygen levels in seawater on a global scale.

“We found levels of molybdenum and vanadium in the Doushantuo Formation mudstones that necessitate that the global ocean was well ventilated. This well-oxygenated ocean was the environmental backdrop for early animal diversification,” said Noah Planavsky, a former UCR graduate student in Lyons’s lab now at CalTech.

The high element concentrations found in the South China rocks are comparable to modern ocean sediments and point to a substantial oxygen increase in the ocean-atmosphere system around 635 million years ago.

According to the researchers, the oxygen rise is likely due to increased organic carbon burial, a result of more nutrient availability following the extreme cold climate of the ‘Snowball Earth’ glaciation when ice shrouded much of Earth’s surface.

Lyons and Planavsky argued in research published earlier in the journal Nature that a nutrient surplus associated with the extensive glaciations may have initiated intense carbon burial and oxygenation. Burial of organic carbon – from photosynthetic organisms – in ocean sediments would result in the release of vast amounts of oxygen into the ocean-atmosphere system.

“We are delighted that the new metal data from the South China shale seem to be confirming these hypothesized events,” Lyons said.

The joint research was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the NASA Exobiology Program, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Besides Lyons and Planavsky, the research team includes Swapan K. Sahoo (first author of the research paper) and Ganqing Jiang (principal investigator of the study) of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Brian Kendall and Ariel D. Anbar of Arizona State University; Xinqiang Wang and Xiaoying Shi of the China University of Geosciences (Beijing); and UCR alumnus Clint Scott of United States Geological Survey.

Related Links
University of California – Riverside
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 1. 2012: 7.4 Quake & Strong(G3) Magnetic Storm

ublished on Oct 1, 2012 by Pole Shift Video: http://youtu.be/uI10tKuLtFU

TODAY’S LINKS
Typhoon Flings Car: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/must-see-typhoo…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

  Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2012 RH10) 03rd October 2012 1 day(s) 0.1260 49.0 98 m – 220 m 12.90 km/s 46440 km/h
(2012 QE50) 09th October 2012 7 day(s) 0.0809 31.5 450 m – 1.0 km 11.47 km/s 41292 km/h
(1994 EK) 14th October 2012 12 day(s) 0.1356 52.8 230 m – 520 m 12.22 km/s 43992 km/h
(2012 PA20) 15th October 2012 13 day(s) 0.1502 58.5 100 m – 230 m 10.36 km/s 37296 km/h
(2012 RV16) 18th October 2012 16 day(s) 0.1270 49.4 310 m – 700 m 16.14 km/s 58104 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat

Today Biological Hazard USA MultiStates, [States of North Carolina and Tennessee] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
A dozen people have been sickened and two have died after an outbreak of fungal meningitis tied to injections given at outpatient surgical centers in Tennessee and North Carolina, health officials said. At least 737 people who received lumbar epidural steroid injections between July 30 and Sept. 20 have been notified of the cluster of rare aspergillus meningitis infections, which attack the central nervous system, said Curtis Allen, a spokesman for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Aspergillus is a mold present in the environment, and the meningitis is not related to the more common bacterial or viral types of meningitis. “The main thing is that it’s not transmissible person-to-person,” said Allen. Federal, state and local health officials are investigating the source of the outbreak. Eleven of the victims received injections at the Saint Thomas Outpatient Neurosurgery Center in Nashville. Another patient received an injection at an unidentified clinic in North Carolina. The Tennessee clinic was closed Sept. 20 and has been shuttered until further notice, officials said. The patients were older people, between the ages of 40 and 80, who were receiving the steroid injections as treatment for musculoskeletal disorders, said Woody McMillin, spokesman for the Tennessee Department of Health. Neither federal nor state health officials would identify the brand of epidural steroids given to the patients nor the manufacturer of the drugs. Asked whether the drugs themselves could have been contaminated, McMillin said that’s one possibility. “Right now, we’re not taking anything off the table,” he said. Erica Jefferson, a spokeswoman for the federal Food and Drug Administration, said that it’s too soon to speculate about that because the investigation is still “evolving.” Meningitis caused by aspergillus is very rare, according to the Journal of Microbiology. Symptoms often include a fever and headache that might be present for weeks before a diagnosis is made.
Biohazard name: Meningitis (fungal)
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today HAZMAT USA State of Nebraska, Lincoln [Near to 56th and Highway 2] Damage level Details

HAZMAT in USA on Tuesday, 02 October, 2012 at 03:09 (03:09 AM) UTC.

Description
Nuclear waste travels through Nebraska almost daily. On Saturday, a bit of scare here in Lincoln. Officials say the incident at 56th and Highway 2 could have been worse. The truck was carrying low-level waste, but thankfully it didn’t end up causing any harm. Emergency vehicles swarm a flatbed semi Saturday after it stopped too quickly, causing its load to shift, it happened near 56th and Highway 2. That load contained low-level nuclear waste. “The public should stay away from anything labeled radioactive material,” Environmental Health Specialist Ralph Martin said. Ralph Martin is an Environmental Health Specialist who works closely on these types of events. He says in this instance, the low-level waste never left its container, which was a very good thing. “Well, anytime you have radioactive material in a place it’s not meant to be, you would have concern. The levels of this material would be unlikely that anybody could be injured,” Martin said. So we asked the question, what exactly is low-level Nuclear waste? Here’s how the U.S. Nuclear regulatory commission defines it. Items that have been contaminated with radioactive material or that have been exposed to radiation. These items usually include shoe covers and clothing, rags, equipment and syringes. The radioactivity of the items ranges from levels found in nature, to sometimes, highly radioactive. Martin says items like these travel through Nebraska almost daily. But don’t be alarmed, he says, there are strict rules when it comes to transporting it. Low-level waste is usually stored and stabilized in solid containers. Once the radioactivity wears off, officials say it can then be taken to your typical landfill or trash site.

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Articles of Interest

Earth is undergoing true polar wander, scientists say

earth_nasa_300
Scientists developed a computer model to identify four possible instances of true polar wander in the past. And, they say, true polar wander is happening now.

Scientists based in Germany and Norway today published new results about a geophysical theory known as true polar wander. That is a drifting of Earth’s solid exterior – an actual change in latitude for some land masses – relative to our planet’s rotation axis. These scientists used hotspots in Earth’s mantle as part of a computer model, which they say is accurate for the past 120 million years, to identify four possible instances of true polar wander in the past. And, they say, true polar wander is happening now. These scientists published their results in the Journal for Geophysical Research today (October 1, 2012).

The scientists – including Pavel V. Doubrovine and Trond H. Torsvik of the University of Oslo, and Bernhard Steinberger of the Helmholtz Center in Potsdam, Germany – established what they believe is a stable reference frame for tracking true polar wander. Based on this reference frame, they say that twice – from 90 to 40 million years ago – the solid Earth traveled back and forth by nearly 9 degrees with respect to our planet’s axis of rotation. What’s more, for the past 40 million years, the Earth’s solid outer layers have been slowly rotating at a rate of 0.2 degrees every million years, according to these scientists.

Diagram showing solid-body rotation of the Earth with respect to a stationary spin axis due to true polar wander. This diagram is greatly exaggerated. According to Doubrovine and his team, Earth’s solid outer layers have been slowly rotating at a rate of 0.2 degrees every million years. Diagram via Wikimedia Commons.

True polar wander is not:

  • A geomagnetic reversal, or reversal of Earth’s magnetic field, known to have happened before in Earth history.
  • Plate tectonics, which describes the large-scale motions of great land plates on Earth and is thought to be driven by the circulation of Earth’s mantle.
  • Precession of the Earth, whereby our world’s axis of rotation slowly moves, tracing out a circle among the stars, causing the identity of our North Star changes over time.

True polar wander is a geophysical theory, a way of thinking about Earth processes that might happen and that these scientists believe do happen. The theory suggests that if an object of sufficient weight on Earth – for example, a supersized volcano or other weighty land mass – formed far from Earth’s equator, the force of Earth’s rotation would gradually pull the object away from the axis around which Earth spins. A supersized volcano far from Earth’s equator would create an imbalance, in other words. As explained at Princeton.edu:

If the volcanoes, land and other masses that exist within the spinning Earth ever became sufficiently imbalanced, the planet would tilt and rotate itself until this extra weight was relocated to a point along the equator.

That’s the theory of true polar wander. It would cause a movement of Earth’s land masses, but for a different reason than the reason the continents drift in the theory of plate tectonics (formerly called “continental drift”). In the theory of plate tectonics, the continents drift because Earth’s the layer of Earth underlying our planet’s crust, called the mantle, is convective. That is, it circulates, slowly – like water about to boil. In true polar wander, on the other hand, a similar-seeming movement of land masses on Earth’s crust happens in order to correct an imbalance of weight with respect to Earth’s spin.

Scientists’ understanding of true polar wander overlaps with their understanding of plate tectonics in various ways. That’s understandable, since it’s all the same Earth.

Scientists delving into true polar wander want to know when, in which direction, and at what rate the Earth’s solid exterior might be rotating due to true polar wander. To sort it out, they say, you would need a stable frame of reference to which observations of relative motion might be compared. Doubrovine and his team say they found one: volcanic hotspots.

Hotspot forming an island chain. As land plates drift, a successive of volcanoes form over the hotspot. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

In geology, hotspots are volcanic regions fed by Earth’s underlying mantle. For example, the Hawaiian islands are believed to have formed over a hotspot in the mantle. The hotspot created a volcano, but then – as that land plate drifted over time, as described by the theory of plate tectonics – the volcano drifted, too, and was eventually cut off from the hotspot. Gradually, another volcano begins to form over the hotspot, right next to the first one. And then it moves on … and another one forms … and so on … and so on. Earth’s crust produces first one, then another volcano over the hotspot until a long chain of volcanoes forms, such as in Hawaii. Hotspots have long been used to understand the motion of tectonic plates.

Doubrovine and colleagues went a step further in order to understand true polar wander. Instead of treating the hot spots as static – frozen in place at one spot above Earth’s mantle – their computer model let the hotspots’ positions drift slowly. According to these scientists, this drifting is what produced a model of a stable reference frame, which in turn let them draw conclusions about true polar wander.

They say their model does a good job of matching observations of real hotspot tracks on Earth – the path drawn by each hotspot’s island chain – which gives them confidence their results about true polar wander are accurate.

The Hawaiian islands are believed to have formed over a hotspot – a particularly hot place in Earth’s underlying mantle. Scientists expanded on previous thinking about hotspots to suggest that Earth’s solid surface is drifting, minutely, with respect to our planet’s rotation axis.

Bottom line: German and Norwegian scientists have incorporated hotspots in Earth’s mantle into a computer model being used to study true polar wander. They say their work established a stable reference frame for this study that lets them conclude Earth is undergoing true polar wander today.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  3.2 2012/09/27 23:59:40   18.546   -68.963 101.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  6.0   2012/09/27 23:53:49   -8.825   157.557 10.0  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/09/27 22:18:21  -22.905   -68.620 86.1  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
MAP  3.3 2012/09/27 21:06:05   19.631   -64.225 62.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.0   2012/09/27 16:54:44  -24.893  -179.256 515.1  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.8   2012/09/27 16:39:00  -20.066   -69.068 94.3  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.2 2012/09/27 15:36:08   24.693  -110.239 14.8  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/27 13:14:30   15.442   -91.632 228.7  GUATEMALA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/27 12:38:43   37.629   95.888 32.9  NORTHERN QINGHAI, CHINA
MAP  4.0 2012/09/27 11:24:11   24.419  -110.135 10.2  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.5 2012/09/27 10:41:15   61.984  -154.418 36.4  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/27 10:28:41   -9.422   123.543 98.1  TIMOR REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/27 09:44:48   19.410  -155.304 4.0  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  3.2 2012/09/27 08:36:34   36.890  -117.414 7.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/27 08:04:29   63.355  -151.197 10.6  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/27 07:16:10   51.653  -177.636 35.7  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/27 05:58:59   38.827  -122.851 2.7  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/27 05:39:23   39.417  -123.535 3.2  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/27 05:21:53   39.467  -123.110 3.9  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/27 05:02:20   59.693  -152.430 67.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/27 04:23:58   19.694   -64.231 50.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.7 2012/09/27 04:12:45   62.877  -150.522 92.1  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  3.1 2012/09/27 04:03:04   19.676   -64.369 36.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.7 2012/09/27 03:50:39   18.045   -66.858 22.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  2.6 2012/09/27 03:45:04   61.149  -150.911 50.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/27 03:28:52   51.728  -177.860 44.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/27 01:36:29  -23.208   -66.655 190.3  JUJUY, ARGENTINA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/27 01:08:24   41.218   15.026 5.0  SOUTHERN ITALY
MAP  4.5   2012/09/27 00:56:04   38.412   46.709 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN

…………………………………..

6.0 magnitude quake hits off Solomon Islands: USGS

Agencies : Sydney,

A quake measuring magnitude 6.0 hit off the Solomon Islands today, but Australian seismologists said there was little risk of a tsunami.

The US Geological Survey put the quake at 6.0-magnitude some 272 kilometres west-northwest of the capital Honiara. With a depth of about 9 kilometres, it was about 112 kilometres southeast of the western city of Gizo.

Geoscience Australia measured the quake at about 6.2-magnitude but said it was unlikely to create a tsunami or cause serious damage in the capital.

“It’s just off the plate boundary so it’s a normal-sized earthquake and positioning for the area,” seismologist Hugh Glanville told AFP.

“It’s not too close to Honiara. There’s a local city with a population of about 6,000 or so that might get a bit of damage,” he said in reference to Gizo.

“But the majority of the population is a bit too far away to suffer more than a bit of shaking. And the population in the area is pretty sparse really.”

Glanville also said the quake was too small to generate a tsunami.

“Generally a local tsunami starts at about 6.5 (magnitude). It’s always possible, but it’s just extremely rare that it would generate a tsunami,” he said.

“It’s just one of the plate boundary earthquakes along the Ring of Fire that normally happens in this area.”

The Solomon Islands form part of the Ring of Fire, a zone of tectonic activity around the Pacific Ocean that is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

In 2007 a tsunami following an 8.1-magnitude earthquake killed at least 52 people in the Solomons and left thousands homeless.

Matt Burrows Reporting
    The San Andreas, Calaveras, and Hayward fault lines -which run underneath Silicon Valley – could set off tremors and aftershocks globally, according to a new study.
Researchers at UC Berkeley and the U.S. Geological Survey found that fault lines of the “strike-slip” type, where plates of land slide past each other, were more likely to set off the worldwide aftershocks.
As an example, the researchers found the 8.6 earthquake in Indonesia this April set off 16 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.5 or greater within days.
Not only could these “strike slip” faults like the San Andreas, Calaveras, and Hayward faults set off worldwide aftershocks, but the researchers indicate the faults could also be set off if another earthquake’s tremors struck when the fault was ready to rupture.
However, the study indicates a quake powerful enough to do that only happens once every 50 years or so.

Sumatran quakes in April were part of tectonic plate breakup

Scientists document an episode in the breakup of the Indo-Australian plate into two pieces, an epic process that began roughly 50 million years ago and isn’t done yet.

 Sumatran earthquakeA woman and her baby evacuate to higher ground after a strong earthquake in Sumatra in April. (Heri Juanda / Associated Press / April 11, 2012)

By Monte Morin, Los Angeles Times

Planet Earth may be 4.5 billion years old, but that doesn’t mean it can’t serve up a shattering surprise now and again.

Such was the case on April 11 when two massive earthquakes erupted beneath the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, far from the usual danger zones. Now scientists say the seafloor ruptures are part of a long suspected, yet never before observed, event: the slow-motion splitting of a vast tectonic plate.

The first of the quakes, a magnitude 8.7, was 20 times more powerful than California’s long anticipated “big one” and tore a complex network of faults deep in the ocean floor. The violence also triggered unusually large aftershocks thousands of miles away, including four off North America’s western coast.

“It was jaw-dropping,” said Thorne Lay, a professor of Earth and planetary sciences at UC Santa Cruz. “It was like nothing we’d ever seen.”

At first, Lay wondered whether the computer code he used to analyze earthquakes was wrong. Eventually, he and other scientists realized that they had documented the breakup of the Indo-Australian plate into two pieces, an epic process that began roughly 50 million years ago and will continue for tens of millions more. Lay and other scientists reported their findings online Wednesday in the journal Nature.

Most great earthquakes occur along plate borders, where one plate dives beneath the adjoining plate and sinks deep into Earth’s mantle, a process called subduction. The April 11 quakes, however, occurred in the middle of the plate and involved a number of strike-slip faults, meaning the ground on one side of the fault moves horizontally past ground on the other side.

Scientists say the 8.7 main shock broke four faults. The quake lasted 2 minutes and 40 seconds — most last just seconds — and was followed by a second main shock, of magnitude 8.2, two hours later.

Unlike the magnitude 9.1 temblor that struck in the same region on Dec. 26, 2004, and created a deadly tsunami, the April 11 quakes did not cause similar destruction. That’s because horizontally moving strike-slip faults do not induce the massive, vertical displacement of water that thrust faults do on the borders of plates.

The type of interplate faults involved in the Sumatran quakes are the result of monumental forces, some of which drove the land mass of India into Asia millions of years ago and lifted the Himalayan Mountains. As the Indo-Australian plate continues to slide northwest, the western portion of the plate, where India is, has been grinding against and underneath Asia. But the eastern portion of the plate, which contains Australia, keeps on moving without the same obstruction. That difference creates squeezing pressure in the area where the quakes occurred.

The study authors say that over time, as more quakes occur and new ruptures appear, the cracks will eventually coalesce into a single fissure.

“This is part of the messy business of breaking up a plate,” said University of Utah seismologist Keith Koper, senior author of one of the studies. “Most likely it will take thousands of similar large quakes for that to happen.”

The quakes were also notable for triggering powerful aftershocks thousands of miles away. Though major quakes have been known to trigger aftershocks at great distance, they are usually less than 5.5 in magnitude. The April earthquakes triggered 11 aftershocks that measured 5.5 or greater in the six days that followed, including a magnitude 7. Remote shocks were felt 6,000 to 12,000 miles from the main quakes.

Fred Pollitz, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, Calif., and lead author of one of the studies, said the quakes were extremely effective in transmitting seismic wave radiation around the world. Though Pollitz said the magnitude of the larger Sumatran quake is No. 10 on the list of quakes since 1900, no other temblor has triggered so many strong aftershocks so far away.

“It’s the most powerful earthquake ever in terms of capability of putting stress on other fault zones around the world,” he said.

Pollitz said the quakes were likely to teach seismologists about the physics of earthquakes, particularly those along strike-slip faults. That knowledge, he said, would certainly apply to California’s San Andreas fault, which is also a strike-slip fault.

Lay said that the Sumatran quakes were most surprising in that they were completely unanticipated by seismologists and that he did not expect the event to repeat any time soon.

monte.morin@latimes.com

Big quake was part of crustal plate breakup

by Staff Writers
Salt Lake City UT (SPX)


This map of the Indian Ocean region shows boundaries of Earth’s tectonic plates in the area, and the epicenters (red stars) of two great earthquakes that happened April 11, 2012. A new study from the University of Utah and University of California, Santa Cruz, says the main shock measured 8.7 in magnitude, about 40 times larger than the previous estimate of 8.6. An 8.2-magnitude quake followed two hours later.The scientists explain how at least four faults ruptured during the 8.7 main shock, and how both great quakes are likely part of the breakup of the Indo-Australian Plate into separate subplates. The northeastward-moving plate is breaking up over scores of millions of years because the western part of the plate is bumping into Asia and slowing down, while the eastern part is sliding more easily beneath Sumatra and the Sunda plate. Credit: Keith Koper, University of Utah Seismograph Stations.

Seismologists have known for years that the Indo-Australian plate of Earth’s crust is slowly breaking apart, but they saw it in action last April when at least four faults broke in a magnitude-8.7 earthquake that may be the largest of its type ever recorded.

The great Indian Ocean quake of April 11, 2012 previously was reported as 8.6 magnitude, and the new estimate means the quake was 40 percent larger than had been believed, scientists from the University of Utah and University of California, Santa Cruz, report in the Sept. 27 issue of the journal Nature.

The quake was caused by at least four undersea fault ruptures southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia, within a 2-minute, 40-second period. It killed at least two people, and eight others died from heart attacks. The quake was felt from India to Australia, including throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia.

If the four ruptures were considered separate quakes, their magnitudes would have been 8.5, 7.9, 8.3 and 7.8 on the “moment magnitude” scale used to measure the largest quakes, the scientists report.

The 8.7 main shock broke three faults that were parallel but offset from each other – known as en echelon faults – and a fourth fault that was perpendicular to and crossed the first fault.

The new study concludes that the magnitude-8.7 quake and an 8.2 quake two hours later were part of the breakup of the Indian and Australian subplates along a yet-unclear boundary beneath the Indian Ocean west of Sumatra and southeast of India – a process that started roughly 50 million years ago and that will continue for millions more.

“We’ve never seen an earthquake like this,” says study co-author Keith Koper, an associate professor geophysics and director of the University of Utah Seismograph Stations.

“This is part of the messy business of breaking up a plate. … This is a geologic process. It will take millions of years to form a new plate boundary and, most likely, it will take thousands of similar large quakes for that to happen.”

All four faults that broke in the 8.7 quake and the fifth fault that ruptured in the 8.2 quake were strike-slip faults, meaning ground on one side of the fault moves horizontally past ground on the other side.

The great quake of last April 11 “is possibly the largest strike-slip earthquake ever seismically recorded,” although a similar size quake in Tibet in 1950 was of an unknown type, according to the new study, which was led by two University of California, Santa Cruz, seismologists: graduate student Han Yue and Thorne Lay, a professor of Earth and planetary sciences. The National Science Foundation funded the study.

The 8.7 jolt also “is probably the largest intraplate [within a single tectonic plate of Earth’s crust] ever seismically recorded,” Lay, Yue and Koper add. Most of Earth’s earthquakes occur at existing plate boundaries.

The researchers cannot be certain the April great quake was the largest intraplate quake or the largest strike-slip quake because “we are comparing it against historic earthquakes long before we had modern seismometers,” says Koper.

Why the Great Quake Didn’t Unleash Major Tsunamis
Koper says the 2012 quakes likely were triggered, at least in part, by changes in crustal stresses caused by the magnitude-9.1 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of Dec. 26, 2004 – a jolt that generated massive tsunamis that killed most of the 228,000 victims in the Indian Ocean region.

The fact the 8.7 and 8.2 quakes were generated by horizontal movements along seafloor strike-slip faults – not by vertical motion along thrust faults – explains why they didn’t generate major tsunamis. The 8.7 quake caused small tsunamis, the largest of which measured about 12 inches in height at Meulaboh, Indonesia, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

Without major tsunamis, the great earthquake caused “very little damage and death, especially for this size of an earthquake, because it happened in the ocean and away from coastlines,” and on strike-slip faults, says Koper.

The researchers studied the quake using a variety of methods to analyze the seismic waves it generated. Because the same data can be interpreted in various ways, Koper says it is conceivable that more than four fault segments broke during the 8.7 quake – conceivably five or even six – although four fault ruptures is most likely.

Breaking Up is Hard to Do
The Indo-Australian plate is breaking into two or perhaps three pieces (some believe a Capricorn subplate is separating from the west side of the Indian subplate). The magnitude-8.7 and 8.2 great quakes on April 11 occurred over a broad area where the India and Australian subplates are being sheared apart.

“What we’re seeing here is the Indo-Australian plate fragmenting into two separate plates,” says Lay.

The breakup of the northeast-moving Indo-Australian plate is happening because it is colliding with Asia in the northwest, which slows down the western part of the plate, while the eastern part of the plate continues moving more easily by diving or “subducting” under the island of Sumatra to the northeast. The subduction zone off Sumatra caused the catastrophic 2004 magnitude-9.1 quake and tsunami.

Seismic analysis shows the April 11 quakes “involve rupture of a very complex network of faults, for which we have no documented precedent in recorded seismic history,” the researchers write.

The analysis revealed this sequence for the faults ruptures that generated the 8.7 quake, and the estimated fault rupture lengths and slippage amounts:

+ The quake began with the 50-second rupture of a fault extending west-northwest to east-southeast, with an epicenter a few hundred miles southwest of Sumatra. The fault ruptured along a roughly 90-mile length, breaking “bilaterally” both west-northwestward and east-southeastward, and also at least 30 miles deep, “almost ripping through the whole plate,” Koper says. The seafloor on one side of the fault slipped about 100 feet past the seafloor on the fault’s other side.

+ The second fault, which slipped about 25 feet, began to rupture 40 seconds after the quake began. This rupture extended an estimated 60 miles to 120 miles north-northeast to south-southwest – perpendicular to the first fault and crossing it.

+ The third fault was parallel to the first fault and about 90 to the miles southwest of it. It started breaking 70 seconds after the quake began and ruptured along a length of about 90 miles. This fault slipped about 70 feet.

+ The fourth fault paralleled the first and third faults, but was to the northwest of both of them. It began to rupture 145 seconds after the quake began and continued to do so for 15 seconds until the quake ended after a total time of 2 minutes and 40 seconds. The fault rupture was roughly 30 miles to 60 miles long. The ground on one side of this fault slipped about 20 feet past ground on the other side.

Related Links
University of Utah
Tectonic Science and News

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 28, 2012 10:49:03 UTC

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CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

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CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

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CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

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CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

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CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

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CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

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CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

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CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

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CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

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IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

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IC/ENH, Enshi, China

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IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

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IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

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IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

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IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

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IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

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IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

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IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

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IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

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IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

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IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

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IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

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IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

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IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

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IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

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IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

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IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

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IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

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IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

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IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

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IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

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IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

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IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

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IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

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IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

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IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

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IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

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IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

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IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

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IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

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IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

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IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

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IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

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IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

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IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

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IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

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IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

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IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

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IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

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IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

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IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

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IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

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IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

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IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

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IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

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IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

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IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

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IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

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IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

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IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

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IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

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IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

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IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

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IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

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IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

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IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

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IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

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IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

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IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

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IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

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IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

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IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

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IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

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Volcanic Activity

Volcano erupts with smoke on Sumatra

A volcano has erupted on Indonesia’s Sumatra island, spewing thick grey smoke up to 1.5 kilometres into the sky.

Monitoring official Suparno says Mount Marapi’s eruption on Wednesday is its strongest since August last year, when its status was raised to level three out of four.

Suparno, who uses one name, says there is no plan for an evacuation because the nearest villages are far beyond the danger zone of three kilometres from the crater.

Marapi is among about 129 active volcanos in Indonesia, which is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanos and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.

Its last major eruption in 1992 killed a climber and injured several others, including two American tourists.

Today Volcano Activity China Baekdu Mountain, [Changbaishan Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Activity in China on Friday, 28 September, 2012 at 02:31 (02:31 AM) UTC.

Description
A volcano on the border of China and North Korea is showing signs of increasing activity and could erupt in the next few decades, Chinese researchers say. A massive eruption of Changbaishan around 1,100 years ago spread ash and volcanic gases for 30 miles and left a 3-mile-wide crater atop the volcano, scientists said. Three smaller eruptions have occurred since then, the most recent in 1903, they said. Seismic activity, ground deformation and gas emissions recorded in a period of heightened activity from 2002 to 2006 suggests the magma chamber beneath the volcano is growing. This activity suggests an explosion could occur in the next couple of decades, researchers said. “We need to upgrade our current monitoring system in order to be able to meet the need for the early warning system for Changbaishan,” Jiandong Xu, a vulcanologist at the China Earthquake Administration in Beijing. Of the dozen or so volcanoes located in mainland China Changbaishan is the most likely to experience an eruption with potential catastrophic effects, Xu said.
27.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Indonesia West Sumatra, [Mount Marapi Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Wednesday, 26 September, 2012 at 18:03 (06:03 PM) UTC.

Description
A volcano has erupted on Indonesia’s Sumatra island, spewing thick grey smoke up to 1.5 kilometres into the sky. Monitoring official Suparno says Mount Marapi’s eruption on Wednesday is its strongest since August last year, when its status was raised to level three out of four. Suparno, who uses one name, says there is no plan for an evacuation because the nearest villages are far beyond the danger zone of three kilometres from the crater.
27.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Mexico States of Puebla and Mexico, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Mexico on Wednesday, 26 September, 2012 at 03:15 (03:15 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 26 eruptions accompanied by steam and gas, as well as a volcano tectonic quake were registered as a consequence of the Mexican volcano Popocatépetl activity during the last hours, it was reported Tuesday. The National Center of Disaster Prevention (Cenapred) said eruptions were of low and medium intensity with no ash expulsion in any of them. According to the institution, the volcano tectonic quake was registered at 11.54 local time (16:54 GMT). At this moment, the alert light of volcano activity remains yellow phase 2 and the surrounding population to keep informed as to alerts on the activity of the volcano also known as Don Goyo. Traffic between Santiago Xalitzintla and San Pedro Nexapa, via the Cortes passage, is under control. The Popo is located at the center of the country, in the territorial limits of the Morelos, Puebla and Mexico states. Located 55 kilometers Southeast of the Federal District, the Popocatépetl is the second highest volcano in Mexico, with a maximum height of five thousand 458 meters above sea level, only second to the Pico de Orizaba (Veracruz) with five thousand 610 meters.

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Storms / Flooding / Tornadoes

 Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Nadine (AL14) Atlantic Ocean 11.09.2012 27.09.2012 Tropical Depression 240 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 4.88 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Nadine (AL14)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 16° 18.000, W 43° 6.000
Start up: 11th September 2012
Status: 22nd September 2012
Track long: 1,092.58 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
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Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
12th Sep 2012 05:01:17 N 17° 48.000, W 45° 12.000 24 65 83 Tropical Storm 300 13 1004 MB NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 10:46:22 N 18° 36.000, W 46° 36.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 300 15 1001 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 05:34:52 N 20° 42.000, W 50° 6.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 11:12:43 N 21° 30.000, W 51° 18.000 26 111 139 Tropical Storm 305 17 990 MB NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 05:11:31 N 25° 0.000, W 53° 42.000 24 111 139 Tropical Storm 330 17 989 MB NOAA NHC
15th Sep 2012 06:55:17 N 30° 0.000, W 52° 48.000