Tag Archive: Hawke’s Bay


Earthquakes

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:57 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:47 PM
3.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:37 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 23:22 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 23:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     9.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 22:47 PM
3.0     56.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     29.4     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     46.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.7     47.2     MAP

GEOFON     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:59 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 21:34 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 23 21:25 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 21:24 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     42.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.6     68.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:19 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:11 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 23 21:03 PM
2.7     38.8     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 23 20:55 PM
2.6     6.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
4.9     89.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
5.0     93.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 20:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:39 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:27 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 19:15 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 19:15 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:52 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:38 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 18:20 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 18:09 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 23 17:58 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:55 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:51 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:47 PM
3.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 17:42 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Greater Los Angeles Area, California
Apr 23 17:37 PM
3.9     13.1     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     116.7     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.9     107.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 17:34 PM
3.7     26.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.5     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:50 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.2     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.4     15.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.5     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:41 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 16:36 PM
2.7     9.2     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 16:36 PM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:33 PM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:27 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:22 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.2     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     5.0     MAP

USGS     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     117.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.1     140.0     MAP

USGS     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     129.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 14:40 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 23 14:39 PM
2.6     18.5     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 14:32 PM
2.4     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 14:19 PM
2.7     9.1     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 14:15 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.4     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 13:57 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 13:42 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 23 13:39 PM
3.2     89.6     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 12:59 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 12:47 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 23 12:38 PM
3.1     0.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 11:07 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Corsica, France
Apr 23 11:00 AM
2.8     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 10:58 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.0     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.1     16.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 10:43 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 10:41 AM
2.9     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 09:53 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu
Apr 23 09:52 AM
3.4     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 23 09:00 AM
2.6     11.7     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 23 08:15 AM
3.3     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Jujuy Province, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.6     172.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.4     182.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.3     176.9     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     42.9     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     43.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 07:21 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     50.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     44.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 06:57 AM
3.0     138.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:33 AM
2.4     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 23 06:32 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 06:29 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.6     125.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan-xinjiang Border Region
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.8     117.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.5     129.8     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 23 06:17 AM
2.9     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 06:06 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:31 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:19 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 05:13 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:56 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:51 AM
3.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 23 03:08 AM
4.8     238.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     192.4     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     200.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 23 03:04 AM
2.9     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     18.6     MAP

EMSC     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 02:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 02:38 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 02:01 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 02:00 AM
2.8     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 23 01:40 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 01:27 AM
3.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 01:00 AM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:40 AM
2.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

 

 

Sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

 

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
12 23.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level
Details
  Today Landslide Colombia Departmento de Caquetá, [Malvinas section, Florencia region] Damage level
Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, [Coastal area] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA Capital city, Washington D.C. Damage level
Details
  Today Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Explosion Norway Ostfold, Fredrikstad Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Heat Wave USA State of Nevada, Las Vegas Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Russia [Asia] Nenets Autonomous Okrug, [Trebs oil field, Timan-Pechora Basin] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level
Details
1 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee]

 

 

 

 

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby Town

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby TownPhoto: Tungurahua’s recent eruption makes gravel fall on local town.

Click Here to Enlarge Photo

Over the weekend, the Tungurahua’s volcanic eruption had a strong explosion that caused gravel to fall down in the nearby town of Pillate, Ecuador.

The explosion, characterized by its loud “cannon ball shot”, was immediately detected by locals and scientists observing the volcano’s progress. The explosion was later followed by a slight tremor and a constant pulsation of “high energy” said reports.

The constant cloud coverage surrounding the volcano has caused scientists, from the Geophysical Institute branch of the National Polytechnic School to have trouble determining its current state. Most of the direct observations are conducted in the Guadalupe Observatory, the closest in the vicinity.

Tungurahua, located in the Andes Mountains in Ecuador, is 5,016 meters high and its eruptions began in 1999. Since then, the volcano has transitioned from times of high activity and those of calm.

However, Tungurahua is not the only volcano causing extreme damage and concern in the Hispanic world. Popocatépetl, located in Mexico City, has also been under close watch due to its recent activity which included ash blasts.

 

 

Residents evacuated over eruption fears

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 04/24/2012 7:31 AM

Local residents around Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, have been asked to evacuate the area, following the mountain’s steady increase of activity since 4 p.m. Monday.

“We are on alert status [Level 3],” National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said on Monday.

“We ask that local disaster mitigation agencies follow the technical recommendations we have given them. There should be no community activity within a 2.5 kilometer radius of the volcano’s crater.”

Mt Lokon is located on the outskirts of Tomohon. It is 1,580 meters high and is located 20 kilometers west from Manado, North Sulawesi.

According to the Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG), Mt Lokon last erupted on June 14, 2011, sending ash and debris 1,500 meters into the sky.

The following day, another eruption threw volcanic material 600 meters into the air. Two residents died as a result of the eruptions.

Other eruptions occurred in 1991 and 2001, with the earlier one causing Rp 1 billion (US$108,000) in damage, as well as the death of Swiss tourist Vivian Clavel.

The 2001 eruption covered Manado in ash and debris. The dust coming from the mountain formed a 400 meter plume. (png)

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Late snow storm sucker-punches US northeast

by Staff Writers
New York (AFP) April 23, 2012

Just as the US northeast was easing from a mild winter into a historically warm spring, a storm left thousands without power and prematurely leafy trees sagging under snow.

The spring storm that started Sunday and moved slowly through on Monday left tens of thousands of people without electricity, including nearly 25,000 in New York state, Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

“Outage numbers are likely to continue to climb,” his office said.

The hard-hit areas ranged from upstate New York and Pennsylvania to West Virginia and Maryland.

Flood watches were in place in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, the national weather service said, while on higher ground, the rain turned to heavy snow.

An inch (2.5 centimeter) an hour of snow was expected, with 14 inches (35 centimeter) already recorded in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, weather.com reported.

“Winds will combine with heavy snow to reduce visibilities, leading to hazardous driving conditions through Monday night from western New York to northern West Virginia,” the weather site said.

Trees could collapse under the weight of early leaves and wet snow.

This will “likely lead to downed trees and powerlines, leading to power outages, possibly for several days,” weather.com said. “These downed trees may make roads impassable in some areas.”

The region saw record warm spring temperatures after an unusually mild winter.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
BLACKSBURG VA
CHARLESTON WV
 MORRISTOWN TN
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC



Red Flag Warning

JACKSONVILLE FL
GRAND JUNCTION CO
CHEYENNE WY
 TALLAHASSEE FL

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Storms, Flooding

By , Senior Meteorologist
Apr 23, 2012; 3:14 PM ET

A small tornado has been caught on video on the ground in the Netherlands.

The twister was stirring up dust over tilled land in southeastern Netherlands, near the Germany border, late last Friday, local time.

Although the video did not clearly show a funnel, it did reveal dark cloud bases, confirming that it was more than a mere “dust devil.”

Weather observations from nearby Maastricht, seen by meteorologists at AccuWeather.com, indicated that a thunderstorm was in the area at the reported time of the tornado.

Even so, temperature and dew point, key markers used in forecasting tornadoes, were relatively low, suggesting that the phenomenon was an example of a “cold air funnel.”

Dutch-language text accompanying the video seemed to indicate that it showed a “confirmed” EF0-rated tornado.

Tornadoes are not unheard-of in western Europe. For instance, “weak” tornadoes are occasionally sighted in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

 

BUFFALO NY



Flood Warning

 

SPOKANE, WA
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA





 


 


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Climate Change

CU research shows warming climate threatens ecology at mountain research site west of Boulder

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


Climate warming is affecting high mountain ecological systems at NSF-funded site west of Boulder. Credit: University of Colorado.

A series of papers published this month on ecological changes at 26 global research sites – including one administered by the University of Colorado Boulder in the high mountains west of the city – indicates that ecosystems dependent on seasonal snow and ice are the most sensitive to changes in climate.

The six papers appeared in the April issue of the journal BioScience. The papers were tied to data gathered at sites in North America, Puerto Rico, the island of Moorea near Tahiti, and Antarctica, which are known as Long-Term Ecological Research, or LTER, sites and are funded by the National Science Foundation.

CU-Boulder’s Niwot Ridge site, one of the five original LTER sites designated by NSF in 1980, encompasses several thousand acres of subalpine forest, tundra, talus slopes, glacial lakes and wetlands stretching up to more than 13,000 feet on top of the Continental Divide.

As part of the new reports, LTER scientists in association with NSF have come up with a new evaluation system of the research sites that brings in the “human dimension,” said CU-Boulder Professor Mark Williams, the principal investigator on CU’s Niwot Ridge LTER site.

“In the past we tried to look at pristine ecosystems, but those are essentially gone,” said Williams. “So we’ve come up with an approach that integrates human activities with our ecological research.”

One of the six papers, “Long-Term Studies Detect Effects of Disappearing Ice and Snow,” was led by Portland State University Professor Andrew Fountain and co-authored by several others, including Williams, a geography professor and a fellow at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. According to the authors, there are big changes occurring in temperate areas beyond the poles, where warming temperatures have triggered declines in polar bear and penguin populations.

Key measurements at the Niwot Ridge site – which has climate records going back more than 60 years thanks to pioneering work by CU biology Professor John Marr in the 1950s – are temperature and precipitation logs from two stations, one at 12,700 feet in elevation and a second at 10,000 feet.

Although the climate at the higher meteorological station – by far the highest long-term climate station in the United States – has been getting slightly wetter and cooler in recent decades, the station at 10,000 feet in a subalpine forest is getting significantly warmer and drier.

Williams said warming at 10,000 feet and lower may be causing enhanced surface water evaporation and transport that moves westward and higher in the mountains, with the water vapor being converted to snow that falls atop the Continental Divide.

Snow cover increases reflectivity of incoming sunlight, further cooling the alpine area and overriding the overall warming signal in the West, which is believed to be a 2 or 3 degree Fahrenheit rise over the past decade due to rising greenhouse gases.

“These two Niwot Ridge stations are less than five miles away from each other – you can see one from the other – but there are totally different trends occurring,” he said. In many places in the mountainous West, only a small increase in temperature can cause the climate to cross a “threshold” that triggers earlier and more intense snow melting, said Williams, principal investigator on a 2011 grant of $5.9 million from NSF to CU to continue long-term ecological studies at Niwot Ridge.

With snowpack roughly half of normal in 2012 and snow melting in the high country that began more than three months earlier than last year, the outlook is not good for montane and subalpine forests in Colorado and other parts of the West, he said.

Low snowpack and early melt invariably have a huge impact on the Colorado economy, said Williams. Despite near record snowfall in 2010-11, warming temperatures have caused less snow and shorter winters in recent years and affected the ski industry – one of Colorado’s largest economic drivers, said Williams.

As for the future of flora and fauna in subalpine and alpine regions like Niwot Ridge, there will be “winners and losers” as the climate warms, said Williams. Animals like American pikas, potato-sized denizens of alpine talus slopes in the West, need heavy snowpack to insulate them from cold winters as they huddle in hay piles beneath the rocks. In lower, more isolated mountain ranges in Nevada, researchers are already seeing a marked decline in American pika populations.

The predictions of the study authors are that microbes, plants and animals that depend on snow and ice will decrease if they are unable to move higher into areas of snow and ice. But shallower snow could cause big game like deer and elk to move higher in altitude to browse, according to the authors.

A big concern in temperate mountains like Colorado is the heath and welfare of coniferous trees as the climate changes, said Williams. “Trees in Colorado’s mountains are under a tremendous amount of stress due to drought and pine beetle outbreaks. And the fire danger, at least now, is through the roof,” he said.

“If some of these forested areas disappear, I think the chances of them coming back are pretty low,” Williams said. “The climate they grew up in doesn’t exist anymore. As we lose trees to drought, beetles and wildfires, we are likely to see an invasion of grasses and shrubs in areas where we have never seen them, causing a complete restructuring of our forest community.”

As snowline moves up due to warming temperatures, so will parts of alpine tundra in the West, Williams said. “The tundra may be able to function reasonably well for several decades – it will be awhile before warming climate change pushes the tundra off the tops of mountains. But that is the direction we are heading.”

Williams co-authored three of the six BioScience studies, including the main LTER overview paper and a paper on ecosystem and human influences on stream flow in response to climate change at LTER sites. CU-Boulder Professor Tim Seastedt was a co-author on another of the papers, a study on the past, present and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER network.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Warming set to make corn prices pop

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 22, 2012

Climate change will more than quadruple US corn prices in years of peak volatility, environmental scientists said on Sunday.

In a study of the factors that drive up prices in the world’s key market for corn, more frequent heatwaves, predicted as a result of global warming, proved far more important than government policies to promote biofuels or than higher oil prices.

“Severe heat is the big hammer,” said Noah Diffenbaugh of Stanford University in California.

“Even one or two degrees of global warming is likely to substantially increase heatwaves that lead to low-yield years and more price volatility.”

The study found that climate change would increase year-on-year corn price volatility by a factor of 4.1.

The fluctuations were based on a projection for 2020-40 compared to volatility in recent history.

The study, published in Nature Climate Change, used a computer scenario based on warming that ultimately reaches 2.0 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.

Many climate scientists say 2 C (3.6 F), enshrined as a goal by the UN, is an under-estimate.

Current trends of carbon emissions are placing Earth on a track for warming of 3 C (5.4 F) or more, according to some estimates. This figure is the overall global average, so it disguises big regional variations, including seasonal bouts of extreme weather.

Before the results of the study became clear, it was not obvious to Diffenaugh that climate change would be a more important factor than higher oil prices or government policies to promote biofuels.

“Frankly, I was surprised that climate had the largest effect of these three influences. These are substantial changes in price volatility that come from relatively moderate global warming,” Diffenaugh noted.

The researchers found that climate’s yo-yo effect was accentuated by government support for biofuels.

By growing corn for fuel, this removed a buffer of surplus grain, making the market more inelastic.

“Our results suggest that energy policy decisions are likely to interact with climate change to affect corn price volatility, and that the market effect of a binding biofuel mandate is likely to intensify as the climate warms,” said Diffenbaugh.

Unless corn farmers increase their crops’ heat tolerance by as much as 3.3 C (6 F), areas of high production will have to move north from the current US corn belt, the researchers said in a press release.

“By the time today’s elementary schoolers graduate from colleage, the US corn belt could be forced to move to the Canadian border to escape devastating heat waves brought on by rising global temperatures,” it said.

Related Links
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr23: CME Impact, Full Updates, Quake Watch Extended

 

 

Reports of SeaGulls Moving Inland/US & China and Solar Update

Published on Apr 23, 2012 by

Also a Solar Update.
Links @ http://www.mrcometwatch.com

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Space

Space Weather News for April 23, 2012
http://spaceweather.com

SIERRA FIREBALL DECODED:

An explosion over California that rattled homes across at least two states on Sunday, April 22nd, has been analyzed by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office:  It was a natural meteoroid the size of a mini-van. Analysts say the space rock exploded in the atmosphere with an energy equal to nearly 4 kilotons of TNT and might have sprayed the Sierra Nevada mountains with meteorites.  Visit http://spaceweather.com for more information.

AURORA WATCH:

At the time this alert is being written on April  23rd, a minor geomagnetic storm is underway. The storm is likely due to Earth’s passage through the wake of a CME that swept past our planet earlier in the day.  Sign up for aurora alerts at http://spaceweathertext.com (text) or http://spaceweatherphone.com (voice).

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Articles of Interest

Japan chemical plant blast kills one

TOKYO: A blast at a chemical plant in western Japan killed one worker and injured at least fifteen others on Sunday, police said.

The accident occurred at a factory operated by comprehensive chemical manufacturer Mitsui Chemicals in Yamaguchi prefecture, some 700 kilometres (434 miles) southwest of Tokyo, an official at Yamaguchi prefectural police said. The deceased was a 22-year-old male employee, police said, with Jiji Press identifying him as Shota Sunakawa.

Nine other company employees and workers for subcontract companies were severely or slightly injured, while at least four residents in the neighbourhood were slightly injured, police said. “The fire is not extinguished yet as the fire department is cooling the plant while waiting for combustible materials to burn out,” he told.

“It may take more than a few days for us to find out the cause of the accident, but we are investigating it as a case of professional negligence resulting in death and injury,” he said. The plant had been manufacturing materials to make adhesives, he said. afp

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part I)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2006. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (Elizabeth Ruiz/AFP/Getty Images)

Kiril Novoselsky, professor of economics and a consultant for several museums, recently conducted a field trip to the Yucatan Peninsula and Cozumel Island, Mexico. On his way through Mayan football fields, pyramids, and prophecies, he came across Russian influence from the past century.

Near the famous Chichen Itza Pyramid, he discovered Pre-Columbian fields that were created for ball games.

“I was very surprised by the fact that the Mayans were obsessed with football,” said Novoselsky, who is also a member of the Russian Geographical Society. “Football was a sacred game. The captain of the winning team was sacrificed to gods, and it was a big honor.”

If I hadn’t read anything about the topic before, I would think that these things aren’t from the current human civilization.

—Kiril Novoselsky

The golden age of classic Mayan civilization ended in the late 9th century. Cities became empty and silent. Lianas and roots of trees penetrated stone walls of temples and pyramids, destroying them.

Archeologists classify several periods of Mayan civilization: pre-classic (2000 to 300 B.C.), classic (300 B.C. to A.D. 900), and post-classic (900 to 1530).

During these last centuries, highly populated and economically developed cities disappeared in jungles. The Mayan city Tikal, mentioned on a stela in 869, was the last historical mention of a Mayan city.

Invasions of other tribes as well as wars are considered possible reasons for the Mayan civilization’s decline. The true reason, however, still remains a mystery to scientists.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part II)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

The coastal archaeological site Tulum, located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, on the Caribbean Sea, is one of the best-preserved Pre-Columbian Mayan sites. (CRIS BOURONCLE/AFP/Getty Images)

Another interesting complex is Fort Tulum, on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. During the time of the Mayan civilization’s decline, several tribes moved to the coast and built Fort Tulum to protect inhabitants from attacks of fellow tribes.

“All those grey stones were once colored in bright colors. Different colors symbolized different nature powers: heaven, earth, moon, sun, fire, and so on,” Novoselsky said.

In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.

—Kiril Novoselsky

Mayan Prophecies

Mayan life is described in a sacred book called “Popol Vuh.” Novoselsky said it could be compared to the Bible, “but all information is in allegoric form.” “There are some interpretations, but I think they are all far from the truth,” he said.

All commentaries were either destroyed or written with the hieroglyphic script, which is difficult to read. “Most secrets are still hidden. One of the most popular interpretations is the prophecy about the end of the days in 2012,” Novoselsky said.

As to whether he believes in this prophecy, Novoselsky said, “As a scientist, I investigated this question.”

He mentioned the well-known esoteric researcher Drunvalo Melchisedek, who had discussed this question with Guatemalan priests and found out that the predicted transformation would be a process that would happen gradually—not in two days, but during 200 years.

“In their opinion, the year 2012 is a milestone of the old epoch and the beginning of something new, maybe the beginning of a new culture. And they emphasized that this would happen slowly and gradually without cataclysms and earthquakes,” Novoselsky said. “People living in the center of the Mayan civilization haven’t any panic about this prophecy.”

He added, “In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.”

Hundreds of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2005. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (LUIS BARRERA/AFP/Getty Images)

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion

by Staff Writers
Madison WI (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today.

Then something happened. Over several tens of millions of years – a relative blink of an eye in geologic terms – a burst of evolution led to a flurry of diversification and increasing complexity, including the expansion of multicellular organisms and the appearance of the first shells and skeletons.

The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

New research shows that the answer may lie in a second geological curiosity – a dramatic boundary, known as the Great Unconformity, between ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks and younger sediments.

“The Great Unconformity is a very prominent geomorphic surface and there’s nothing else like it in the entire rock record,” says Shanan Peters, a geoscience professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who led the new work. Occurring worldwide, the Great Unconformity juxtaposes old rocks, formed billions of years ago deep within the Earth’s crust, with relatively young Cambrian sedimentary rock formed from deposits left by shallow ancient seas that covered the continents just a half billion years ago.

Named in 1869 by explorer and geologist John Wesley Powell during the first documented trip through the Grand Canyon, the Great Unconformity has posed a longstanding puzzle and has been viewed – by Charles Darwin, among others – as a huge gap in the rock record and in our understanding of the Earth’s history.

But Peters says the gap itself – the missing time in the geologic record – may hold the key to understanding what happened.

In the April 19 issue of the journal Nature, he and colleague Robert Gaines of Pomona College report that the same geological forces that formed the Great Unconformity may have also provided the impetus for the burst of biodiversity during the early Cambrian.

“The magnitude of the unconformity is without rival in the rock record,” Gaines says. “When we pieced that together, we realized that its formation must have had profound implications for ocean chemistry at the time when complex life was just proliferating.”

“We’re proposing a triggering mechanism for the Cambrian explosion,” says Peters. “Our hypothesis is that biomineralization evolved as a biogeochemical response to an increased influx of continental weathering products during the last stages in the formation of the Great Unconformity.”

Peters and Gaines looked at data from more than 20,000 rock samples from across North America and found multiple clues, such as unusual mineral deposits with distinct geochemistry, that point to a link between the physical, chemical, and biological effects.

During the early Cambrian, shallow seas repeatedly advanced and retreated across the North American continent, gradually eroding away surface rock to uncover fresh basement rock from within the crust. Exposed to the surface environment for the first time, those crustal rocks reacted with air and water in a chemical weathering process that released ions such as calcium, iron, potassium, and silica into the oceans, changing the seawater chemistry.

The basement rocks were later covered with sedimentary deposits from those Cambrian seas, creating the boundary now recognized as the Great Unconformity.

Evidence of changes in the seawater chemistry is captured in the rock record by high rates of carbonate mineral formation early in the Cambrian, as well as the occurrence of extensive beds of glauconite, a potassium-, silica-, and iron-rich mineral that is much rarer today.

The influx of ions to the oceans also likely posed a challenge to the organisms living there. “Your body has to keep a balance of these ions in order to function properly,” Peters explains. “If you have too much of one you have to get rid of it, and one way to get rid of it is to make a mineral.”

The fossil record shows that the three major biominerals – calcium phosphate, now found in bones and teeth; calcium carbonate, in invertebrate shells; and silicon dioxide, in radiolarians – appeared more or less simultaneously around this time and in a diverse array of distantly related organisms.

The time lag between the first appearance of animals and their subsequent acquisition of biominerals in the Cambrian is notable, Peters says. “It’s likely biomineralization didn’t evolve for something, it evolved in response to something – in this case, changing seawater chemistry during the formation of the Great Unconformity. Then once that happened, evolution took it in another direction.” Today those biominerals play essential roles as varied as protection (shells and spines), stability (bones), and predation (teeth and claws).

Together, the results suggest that the formation of the Great Unconformity may have triggered the Cambrian explosion.

“This feature explains a lot of lingering questions in different arenas, including the odd occurrences of many types of sedimentary rocks and a very remarkable style of fossil preservation. And we can’t help but think this was very influential for early developing life at the time,” Gaines says.

Far from being a lack of information, as Darwin thought, the gaps in the rock record may actually record the mechanism as to why the Cambrian explosion occurred in the first place, Peters says.

“The French composer Claude Debussy said, ‘Music is the space between the notes.’ I think that is the case here,” he says. “The gaps can have more information, in some ways, about the processes driving Earth system change, than the rocks do. It’s both together that give the whole picture.”

Related Links
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 23:56 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 23:29 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:37 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:30 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 22:25 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:18 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:16 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 22:12 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:55 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Syria-iraq Border Region
Apr 17 21:49 PM
3.1     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:45 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:29 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:26 PM
3.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 21:24 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:18 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:12 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 21:10 PM
2.5     110.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:02 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:52 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 20:49 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 17 20:31 PM
4.1     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 20:23 PM
3.0     9.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 17 20:15 PM
2.8     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:01 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 19:59 PM
2.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     12.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 19:37 PM
3.7     75.0     MAP

GEOFON     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

USGS     East Of The South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     1.0     MAP     

EMSC     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.0     2.0     MAP     

USGS     New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.4     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 18:09 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 17:35 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     9.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 17:03 PM
2.6     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 16:50 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 16:33 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:52 PM
3.6     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:33 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.7     201.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.6     210.6     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
5.0     200.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:04 PM
2.9     17.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     56.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

EMSC     Kerkira Region, Greece
Apr 17 14:27 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 14:20 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 13:59 PM
2.8     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 13:53 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 13:27 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:26 PM
3.8     30.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:20 PM
3.9     20.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 13:03 PM
3.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:43 PM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Hawaii Region, Hawaii
Apr 17 12:36 PM
3.0     36.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     26.2     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.8     73.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     65.3     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:25 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 12:12 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 11:50 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 11:11 AM
3.0     99.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.7     126.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.9     80.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     63.6     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     54.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 17 10:05 AM
2.7     120.0     MAP

GEOFON     Chile-argentina Border Region
Apr 17 09:49 AM
4.2     147.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:46 AM
3.3     40.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 09:29 AM
3.2     6.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 17 09:22 AM
2.5     89.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece-turkey Border Region
Apr 17 09:13 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:03 AM
3.9     73.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     44.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     15.1     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 08:42 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 08:24 AM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     27.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:54 AM
2.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:49 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 07:32 AM
2.6     78.1     MAP

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea    

Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     208.2     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     211.0     MAP     

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea   

 Apr 17 07:13 AM     
7.0     202.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     207.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 07:07 AM
3.2     19.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 17 06:20 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oregon
Apr 17 06:14 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 06:10 AM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.4     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Samoa Islands Region
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 05:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 05:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 17 05:19 AM
2.5     2.9     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 17 04:53 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 04:48 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     31.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
4.8     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.1     36.6     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 03:57 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 03:55 AM
3.1     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:54 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     37.0     MAP     

EMSC     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     30.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     29.0     MAP     

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 03:43 AM
3.7     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 03:32 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     43.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
5.1     41.7     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 03:18 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:54 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:46 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.7     34.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.9     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:30 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 01:19 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 00:19 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 17 00:12 AM
3.4     24.8     MAP

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile near the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, causing mudslides and some minor damage, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

“We could feel the ground shaking,” said journalist Richard Madan. “It felt like we were standing on a subway track but multiply that by about 200.”

Read Full Article Here
http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/.element/apps/cvp/3.0/swf/cnn_416x234_embed.swf?context=embed&videoId=world/2012/04/17/bpr-chile-earthquake-manuel.cnn

Did N. Sumatra earthquakes set off a chain-reaction? Planet shaken by shocking number of tremors since April 11, 2012

Posted on April 17, 2012
April 17, 2012WORLD – The shocking number of earthquakes that have rattled the globe, especially along tectonic plate boundaries, since the double 8.0+ magnitude earthquakes struck off the coast of Northern Sumatra on April 11 could be early indication the planet may be shifting towards a new catastrophic model. Romania’ s top seismologist, Gheorghe Marmureanu, told the Bucharest Herald: “There is no doubt something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes.” I said in my book: “If you keep seismically shaking the Earth, like a bottle of soda, its structural integrity eventually will become compromised and it will start to fracture like an egg. In this case, the fracturing will be thermal dissipation by hyper-volcanism, mega-thrust earthquakes, and greater tectonic boundary plate agitation around volcanic arcs and subduction zones…if this is what’s indeed happening, the pressure will continue to build in the interior of the planet until it eventually destabilizes all tectonic plates in a spectral pattern of continous seismic oscillation. Every earthquake generates and emits enough kinetic energy through the earth to potentially trigger more seismic disturbances.” – The Extinction Protocol, page 495

7.0-magnitude quake hits off Papua New Guinea: USGS

by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) April 17, 2012


Quake sends Indonesians fleeing from Aceh parliament
Banda Aceh, Indonesia (AFP) April 17, 2012 – A moderate earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island Tuesday, US seismologists said, sending people running in fear from Aceh province’s parliament.The 5.1-quake hit at 10:24 am (0324 GMT) at a depth of around 42 kilometres (26 miles), 80 kilometres southwest of the provincial capital Banda Aceh, the US Geological Survey said.”The epicentre was located in the sea and was felt by people in Banda Aceh,” said Arif Achir of Indonesia’s meteorology and geophysics agency, adding there was no tsunami threat or immediate reports of damage.

An AFP correspondent said the quake lasted around 45 seconds, sending people running from parliament and children from classrooms.

Aceh province was shaken last Wednesday by two huge earthquakes that triggered an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

A 7.0-magnitude quake struck off the northeast of Papua New Guinea on Tuesday, the US Geological Survey said, but there was no tsunami warning issued.

The quake hit at 5:13 pm (0713 GMT) 141 kilometres (88 miles) north of the country’s second largest city of Lae and 443 kilometres from the capital Port Moresby at a depth of 201 kilometres, it said.

“A destructive tsunami was not generated based on earthquake and historical tsunami data,” the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said in a statement.

Geoscience Australia measured the quake at 6.8 magnitude and at a depth of 215 kilometres but agreed it was unlikely to generate dangerous waves in the developing Pacific island nation.

“It’s pretty deep so it’s not a tsunami threat we believe, even though it’s slightly offshore,” Geoscience Australia seismologist Clive Collins told AFP.

Collins said there had been reports of the quake being felt as far away as Goroko, a highland region about 250 kilometres from the epicentre.

“There would be quite some shaking to the areas close by… because it’s about 20 kilometres offshore,” Collins said.

“So it’s obviously been felt in a wide area around Papua New Guinea, which you would expect from something that big.”

Quakes of such magnitude are common in impoverished PNG, which sits on the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a hotspot for seismic activity due to friction between tectonic plates.

“That northern part of Papua New Guinea is subject to quite strong earthquakes reasonably frequently,” Collins said, adding that the biggest risk in the mountainous country was generally from landslips caused by tremors.

“There are very steep valleys and if it’s been wet you get landslides which generally cause trouble. But I think this being a little bit offshore it may not be such a problem,” he said.

“Of course it will be a while before we know that.”

A giant tsunami in 1998 killed more than 2,000 people near Aitape, on the country’s northwest coast.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

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Volcanic Activity

Santorini’s underwater volcano activity resumes

20:54 17 APR 2012

(AGI) Washington – Santorini’s volcanic basin is showing signs of resumed volcanic activity. According to researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, satellite research tools suggest that a build-up of some 14m cubic metres of lava at a depth of 5km took place between September and January last.
Widely touted by academics as the cause of the Minoan civilisation’s obliteration, what is left of the volcano – a small archipelago – last witnessed significant geological activity in January of 2011. Having published his findings in the latest issue of Geophysical Research Letters, the Institute’s Andrew Newman says “our research shows that the lava build-up is accelerating,” suggesting that even though the build-up may not indicate an imminent eruption, it may cause minor volcanic events, including ash fall-out, landslides and even tsunami type phenomena.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Unusual geological event Canada Province of New Brunswick, McAdam Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Ontario, [Uxbridge area] Damage level Details
  Today Flood Nigeria Edo State, Benin City Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire China Province of Liaoning, [Qipan Mountain] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution Australia State of New South Wales, [Pacific Highway, Near to Port Macquarie] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of Michigan, Traverse City [Cherry Capital Airport] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of California, San Diego Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Haryana, Gurgaon [Government High School Sector 40] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, Seattle [Bell Harbor Marina, Elliott Bay] Damage level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Greece Island of Thera, [Santorini volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Hailstorm USA State of California, [San Joaquin Valley] Damage level Details
1 18.04.2012 CBRNE Afghanistan Province of Takhar, [The area is not defined.] Damage level Details

Gale Warning

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT

Freeze Warning

STATE COLLEGE PA
BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY
GRAND RAPIDS MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
ALBANY NY

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

ALBUQUERQUE NM

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Flooding

Flood Warning

KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS
 NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
SHREVEPORT LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR

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Radiation/ Nuclear

Ukraine nuclear plant halts reactor after electrical failure

by Staff Writers
Kiev (AFP) April 17, 2012

A reactor at a nuclear power station in the south of Ukraine has been shut down following an electrical failure but radiation levels were not elevated, authorities said on Tuesday.

The second reactor of the Yuzhno-Ukrainskaya Nuclear Power Station in the south of Ukraine was shut down following the failure of its main transformer and the subsequent breakage of the high voltage power line late Monday, the emergencies ministry said.

“The reactor no 2 has been switched to the minimum capacity and unplugged from Ukraine’s energy grid,” the emergencies ministry said in a statement on its website.

“Radiation and fire safety levels are normal,” it said, adding the nuclear power station’s employees were taking steps to bring the situation under control.

Ukraine is home to the now defunct Chernobyl nuclear plant whose fourth reactor exploded in April 1986 with fallout hitting the three Soviet republics along with a large part of Europe.

The Chernobyl nuclear plant is located about 100 kilometres (60 miles) north of Kiev and close to the borders with Russia and Belarus. The explosion remains the world’s worst nuclear disaster.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes

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Solar Activity

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION:

Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

Using data from SDO, Steele Hill of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center assembled a must-see movie of the event. It shows the explosion unfolding at 304Å, a wavelength which traces plasma with a temperature around 80,000 K.

Coverage of the blast was not limited to space telescopes. Amateur astronomers saw it, too. Jim Lafferty sends this picture from his backyard observatory in Redlands, California:

“Yesterday’s prominence on the sun’s eastern limb was was one of the largest in years—short lived, it was mostly gone in a few hours,” says Lafferty. “It was a wonderful sight in the eyepiece and in the camera!”

2MIN News Apr17: Massive CME & Earthquakes


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Articles of Interest

Toxic gases hamper search at Pakistan avalanche site

by Staff Writers
Islamabad (AFP) April 17, 2012

Toxic gases Tuesday hampered the search for 138 people buried by an avalanche at a high-altitude Pakistan army camp, as teams from the United States and Norway arrived at the site to help operations.

A huge wall of snow crashed into the remote Siachen Glacier base high in the mountains in disputed Kashmir more than a week ago, smothering an area of one square kilometre (a third of a square mile).

Rescuers have dug tunnels in the hard mass of snow and ice to try to reach the buried soldiers and civilians at the Gayari base, but toxic gases have built up inside one of them, the military said in a statement.

A rise in the temperature has increased the risk of further snow slides, the statement said, forcing workers on the site to take extra precautions.

Specialist teams from Norway and the United States arrived at Gayari, while Swiss and German teams have returned home after helping the efforts.

Search teams are looking for the trapped soldiers and civilians at six different points on the site, around 4,000 metres (13,000 feet) up in the mountains.

More than 450 rescuers are working at the site near the de facto border with India in the militarised region of Kashmir, though experts have said there is virtually no chance of finding any survivors.

Kashmir has been the cause of two wars between India and Pakistan and the nuclear-armed rivals fought over Siachen in 1987, though guns on the glacier have largely fallen silent since a peace process began in 2004.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
A world of storm and tempest
When the Earth Quakes

S.Lanka fishermen accused of damaging tsunami buoy

by Staff Writers
Colombo (AFP) April 17, 2012

Five Sri Lankan fishermen have been charged with vandalising a tsunami warning buoy just weeks before an earthquake triggered a major alert across the Indian Ocean, police said Tuesday.

Parts of the electronic floating device were removed from the buoy’s deep-sea mooring off the coast last month and later recovered in the southern coastal district of Matara.

The fishermen appeared before the chief magistrate in Matara on Monday and were remanded in custody until April 30, police spokesman Ajith Rohana told AFP.

“They said they thought the device could be a nice ornament they can fit onto their boat,” a court official said by telephone.

Tsunami warnings are vital to Sri Lanka, which had its south and east coasts devastated in the December 2004 tsunami when 31,000 people died in the island.

On April 11, a 8.6-magnitude earthquake off Indonesia’s Sumatra island set off high-level tsunami alerts around the Indian Ocean but no large waves were created and it caused little damage.

The Deep ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) buoy, which belongs to India, is part of a wider warning system to detect unusual rises in sea levels and predict tsunamis.

“The Indian authorities complained to us that one of their buoys had been cut from the moorings,” Sarath Lal Kumara, spokesman for Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Centre, told AFP.

He said police investigations led to the arrest of the five men and the recovery of some of the parts of the buoy, which cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

Huge tire fire causes Kuwait ‘catastrophe’

by Staff Writers
Kuwait City (AFP) April 17, 2012

Hundreds of Kuwaiti firemen on Tuesday fought to contain a massive fire in a dump for used tires, with some members of parliament calling the blaze an environmental catastrophe.

Firemen from the national guard, the army and the oil sector joined efforts to extinguish the fire that was still raging 10 hours after it broke out in the dump of more than five million tires, the fire department said.

Environment authorities advised residents in the area to stay away and to use masks, but the education ministry rejected calls by MPs to suspend classes at local schools.

A number of MPs described the fire as an “environmental catastrophe” and vowed to demand a debate on the issue in a special parliamentary session next week. Some said they will demand an official probe.

Medics said that one man was treated for minor burns.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 16 23:57 PM
3.2     80.6     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     9.6     MAP

EMSC     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 23:53 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 16 23:51 PM
2.8     30.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 16 23:42 PM
2.8     28.6     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 16 23:25 PM
2.5     28.4     MAP

USGS     Nevada
Apr 16 23:15 PM
2.8     10.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:00 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 21:40 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 21:35 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:31 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:18 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:49 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 20:46 PM
2.6     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:45 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:41 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:30 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 20:26 PM
3.3     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 20:24 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 16 20:16 PM
4.8     87.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 16 20:16 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 16 19:58 PM
3.0     2.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 16 19:46 PM
2.8     169.5     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 16 19:39 PM
2.7     55.5     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 19:28 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 19:09 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 19:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:59 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:46 PM
3.1     8.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 16 18:36 PM
5.0     150.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:03 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.3     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 17:53 PM
2.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 16 17:04 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:03 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     38.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 16 16:39 PM
3.7     149.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 16:13 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:41 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 15:11 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.7     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.8     40.7     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 16 14:39 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 14:24 PM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 14:23 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 14:14 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     East Of Severnaya Zemlya
Apr 16 13:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:44 PM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:43 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 13:23 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 13:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:00 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.2     14.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:56 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:47 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:39 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 12:33 PM
2.9     107.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:28 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:24 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:23 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:21 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:19 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:12 PM
3.3     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:03 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.5     51.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:01 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:56 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 16 11:51 AM
2.6     132.0     MAP

EMSC     Canary Islands, Spain Region
Apr 16 11:45 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:44 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:42 AM
3.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:36 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:34 AM
2.8     11.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 11:32 AM
2.5     122.5     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.6     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:19 AM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 11:15 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:50 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 16 10:46 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:43 AM
2.9     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 16 10:41 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:40 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.2     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:38 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:36 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:25 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 10:22 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:22 AM
3.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:19 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:15 AM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     9.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     14.7     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Malay Peninsula, Thailand
Apr 16 09:44 AM
3.9     10.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 09:41 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 09:31 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 09:21 AM
3.2     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:54 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:40 AM
3.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 08:33 AM
3.5     56.0     MAP

GEONET     Whanganui
Apr 16 08:23 AM
2.4     12.0     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 16 08:12 AM
3.9     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Java, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.8     36.7     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 07:27 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 16 06:56 AM
3.2     42.2     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 16 06:52 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 06:27 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:25 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:12 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 06:08 AM
3.4     15.1     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.5     10.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 04:37 AM
2.5     47.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:24 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northeastern Iran
Apr 16 04:22 AM
4.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:16 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 03:37 AM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.3     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

“There is no doubt that something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes,” said Marmureanu.

croatiantimes.com

A leading earthquake scientist has warned that the planet could be cracking up after a series of massive quakes in just 48 hours.

Expert Gheorghe Marmureanu – from Romania’s National Institute of Earth Physics – says 39 quakes had hit the globe within two days.

The series started with two massive quakes in Indonesia measuring 8.6 and 8.2 on the Richter scale rapidly followed by three more only slightly smaller in Mexico within hours.

Read Full Article Here

Mexico quake causes ‘tsunami’ at Devil’s Hole

By Henry Brean
LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL
Posted: Apr. 10, 2012 | 6:00 p.m.

A powerful earthquake in southern Mexico last month churned the waters of a normally tranquil spring pool west of Pahrump, and a team of researchers was there to capture the bizarre phenomenon on video.

About 10 minutes after the magnitude-7.4 quake struck in the mountains east of Acapulco, some 1,700 miles from Southern Nevada, the water in Devil’s Hole began to slosh back and forth. The inch-high waves gradually grew, eventually surging to more than 2 feet and splashing across the metal catwalks researchers use to study the warm spring pool and its tiny population of endangered Devil’s Hole pup-fish.

The National Park Service is calling the event a “tsunami in the desert.”

“To see it change that dramatically in such a short period of time was amazing,” said Jeffrey Goldstein, a Park Service bio-technician who filmed the waves.

The video has since been posted on YouTube, where it has been viewed more than 32,000 times.

Read Full Article Here

Magnitude-5.5 Quake Jolts Southern Greece, No Injuries Reported

    2012-04-16 20:44:21     Xinhua       Web Editor: Li

A moderate earthquake measuring 5.5 magnitude on the Richter scale jolted southern Peloponnese in Greece on Monday noon, local media cited the Euro-mediterranean Seismic Institute as saying.

No injuries or major material damages have been reported by local authorities.

The epicenter of the quake was traced at a distance of some 19 kilometers off the coast of the city of Methoni at a depth of about 40 kilometers, according to seismologists. The tremor was felt in a major part of Peloponnese.

Earthquake-prone Greece is regularly hit by moderate tremors and catastrophic ones many times in recent years. The earthquake in 1999 measuring 6 degrees on the Richter scale in Athens caused many deaths and extensive damages.

M 3.9      2012/04/16 08:12     Depth 5.0 km      OKLAHOMA, USA
03:12:00 AM at epicenter – Epicenter location see below in list
One of the many aftershocks in the greater Shawnee area still irritating the local people, especially when they happen in the middle of the night. Only a few seconds but long enough shaking to wake up.
Approx. 85,000 people will have felt a light shaking and nearly 2.5 million a weak shaking !
Light shaking would have been (theoretically) experienced in the vicinity of Prague, Chandler, Stroud, Boley, Shawnee and McLoud

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff
updated 1:24 AM EDT, Tue April 17, 2012
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • An earthquake in 2010 killed hundreds in Chile
  • Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire”
  • No tsunami warning has been issued
  • The quake has a depth of 16.1 miles

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile about 26 miles (42 kilometers) from the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, but there were no immediate reports of major damage, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

No tsunami warning has been issued, according to Chile’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service, although the government did issue a “mandated preventive evacuation off the coast of Tangoy and Constitution.”

The same region of the country was hit with an 8.8-magnitude earthquake in February 2010, killing hundreds of people.

Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines circling the Pacific Basic that is prone to frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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Volcanic Activity

Russian Volcano Spews Ash to 9,500 Meters

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

© Photo NASA/JSC

07:16 17/04/2012
PETROPAVLOVSK KAMCHATSKY, April 17 (RIA Novosti)

Russia’s northernmost active volcano is churning out ash to a height of 9,500 meters (over 31,000 feet) in the country’s Far East, local scientists reported on Tuesday.

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009 and has been periodically spewing ash from three to ten kilometers.

“A powerful eruption of ashes took place 05.59 a.m. local time [17:59 GMT on Monday], a source at the Far Eastern Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said.

The official said the column of ashes could be clearly seen from a distance of 40 kilometers spreading to the east.

“It is the most powerful eruption this year,” the expert said.

According to scientists, the volcanic activity over the past two-three years has significantly altered the contour of the volcano with the crater increasing in size by 50% and the slopes becoming far steeper than before.

Although the current eruption poses no immediate threat to nearby settlements, the ensuing ash fallouts could be hazardous to health and the environment.

The clouds of volcanic ash could also pose threat to air traffic because the tiny particles cause problems with aircraft engine turbines.

So far, local authorities issued no warnings to air traffic in the area.

There are more than 150 volcanoes on Kamchatka, 29 of them active.

Sangay volcano (Ecuador), activity update: growing lava dome, lava flows and ash explosions

Tuesday Apr 17, 2012 02:30 AM
BY: T
View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

During an overflight on 13 April, an explosion from Sangay volcano was observed at 08:25 local time. It generated an ash and steam column of 2 km above the summit crater.
A new vent was detected, both on visible and thermal images, located next to the active dome on the SE flank (Ñuñurqu). The activity in this area has intensified since October, when the last aerial survey had taken place.
Extensive lava flows are descending on the SE flank of the dome and reaching the base of the cone.
Strong fumarolic activity was seen on the SE flank of the dome and on the S flank of the central crater.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Ecuador Northern Volcanic Zone , [Sangay Volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Connecticut, Rocky Hill [Connecticut State Veterans Home] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Zimbabwe Masvingo Province, [Masvingo-Beitbridge road] Damage level Details
2 17.04.2012 Vehicle Incident United Kingdom England (The English Channel), [About 20 miles south of the Isle of Wight] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Nigeria State of River, [Obite Gas production facilities – Total] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident India State of Assam, [Golaghat District] Damage level Details
1 17.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT, WA
MARQUETTE MI
CHICAGO IL
GAYLORD MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

Freeze Warning

 GREEN BAY WI
LA CROSSE WI
 GRAND RAPIDS MI

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Flooding

Flash Flood Watch

 NEW ORLEANS LA
 LAKE CHARLES LA

Flood Warning

EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
ST LOUIS MO
LAKE CHARLES LA
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA
DES MOINES IA

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Solar Activity

LYRID METEOR SHOWER:

Earth is approaching the debris field of ancient Comet Thatcher, source of the annual Lyrid meteor shower. Forecasters expect the shower to peak on April 21-22; a nearly-new moon on those dates will provide perfect dark-sky conditions for meteor watching. Usually the shower is mild (10-20 meteors per hour) but unmapped filaments of dust in the comet’s tail sometimes trigger outbursts 10 times stronger. [video] [Lyrid chat]

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION (UPDATED): Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

This event confirms suspicions that an active region of significance is rotating onto the Earth-facing side of the sun. Stay tuned for updates

Solar wind
speed: 310.3 km/sec
density: 0.4 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 0206 UT

X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C8 1800 UT Apr16
24-hr: M1 1745 UT Apr16
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2359 UT

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Space

Flat Pancake-Shaped Galaxy Harbors Three Black Holes

MessageToEagle.com – Universe is still a big mystery. The bright galaxy NGC 3621 is the so-called “flat galaxy” which appears to be just a classical spiral. But it is rather unusual astronomical object

Bulgeless and therefore described as a pure-disc galaxy, NGC 3621 lies far beyond the local group of galaxies, some 22 million light-years away in the constellation of Hydra (The Sea Snake). The winding spiral arms of this gorgeous island universe are loaded with luminous young star clusters and dark dust lanes.

It is comparatively bright and can be seen well in moderate-sized telescopes.

NGC 3621 is flat and pancake-shaped.Apparently, it hasn’t yet experienced a galactic collision with another galaxy.Merging with other galaxy would have disturbed the thin disc of stars.Over time, this should create a bulge in the galaxy’s center.

This galaxy is of further interest to astronomers because its relative proximity allows them to study a wide range of astronomical objects within it, and use some of its brighter stars as standard candles to establish important estimates of extragalactic distances and the scale of the Universe.

Previously, astronomers thought, that bulgeless galaxies should not be able to host an Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). And yet, several observations of AGN in bulgeless galaxies currently indicate that a classical bulge is not a requirement for a nuclear black hole.

Today, they know much more about NGC 3621 and other flat galaxies.

NGC 3621 – is a galaxy full of surprises. It is bulgeless but has three central black holes. Credits: ESO

Read Full Article Here       

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Articles of Interest

Underground water in eastern Shasta County mysteriously disappears

Some believe quakes causing lowered levels

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.<br /><br />

Photo by Andreas Fuhrmann

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

Stephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.<br /><br /> Photo by Andreas FuhrmannStephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.

Stephen Wolf thinks something strange is happening underground in eastern Shasta County and it is draining water wells and maybe even causing sinkholes and subsiding pavement.

A retired marine geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, Wolf said he has seen what is happening in eastern Shasta County before. After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, water well levels in the area of the quake fell significantly, he said.

Following the 6.9 magnitude quake in the Santa Cruz Mountains, Wolf wrote a paper for the USGS about the effects the quake had on surface and groundwater.

“The correlation is there. The behavior is identical,” said Wolf, who has lived in the tiny eastern Shasta County community of Cassel since 2001.

Back in October, 131 earthquakes hit the Lassen Peak area. Most were less than 2.0 in magnitude. But since then the water table has fallen significantly, Wolf said.

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

“We’ve never had a water problem before. We never thought about the water table going down,” Amos said.

Terry Briggs, who owns Gallagher Pump in Fall River Mills, said what is going on in Cassel is unusual. He said the drop in the water table in eastern Shasta County is the most dramatic he has seen in the past 10 to 15 years.

“It always moves up and down a little bit, but this was way more,” Briggs said.

Since January, he has had to help homeowners whose water tables have dropped below their pumps.

Briggs said he isn’t sure why the water level is dropping. Seismic activity may be affecting wells. Rainfall levels also affect the water level, he said. And Cassel, like the rest of the north state, went through a dry winter.

Wolf said the seismic activity further fractures the rocky, volcanic soil, allowing the water to flow deeper into the Earth.

Every time a small quake rattles the area around Lassen Peak, his toilet fills with dirty, silted water, he said. That is the silt that is broken loose from the volcanic soil underground, he said.

Officials at the USGS said they are hesitant to draw a correlation between the quakes and the drop in the water level in Cassel.

Read Full Article Here

Incredible Images Show Giant Sinkhole In Sweden Keeps Expanding!

MessageToEagle.com – It looks like something taken straight from a horror movie. An enormous hole leading to hell, some would say. But this is not a movie.

This is a real and dangerous phenomenon. New shocking images clearly show the enormous pit in Sweden is expanding.

The 200 foot wide open pit is called the “Fabiangropen” (Fabian pit) and is in the Malmberget area is located at Gällivare, 75km from Kiruna, Sweden.

As you can see on the map, it is in the northern regions of Sweden.

Due to presence of many orebodies, mining at Malmberget is conducted at different levels at 600m, 815m and 1,000m.

According to the locals sometimes the tremor around here can last up to 45 minutes!

The enormous sinkhole at Malmberget is expanding. This is an image showing the giant pit from above.

Read Full Article Here

Total shuts down Nigerian gas plant after leak

Reuters 

ABUJA (Reuters) – French oil major Total has shut down a gas plant in Nigeria’s onshore Niger Delta, following a leak caused by a technical incident, the company said in a statement.

The leak occurred on a block that also contains crude oil in Rivers state, one of the three states that make up the Niger Delta, a vast wetlands region veined with hundreds of kilometres of labyrinthine creeks and waterways.

“On April 3rd, Total E&P Nigeria Limited (TEPNG) was alerted about some water and gas resurgence points, observed in an uninhabited area close to its onshore Obite gas production facilities, on the OML 58 license,” a statement on the company’s website said.

Read Full Article Here

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 23:20 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 13 22:18 PM
3.5     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 13 22:13 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Italy
Apr 13 22:13 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 13 21:39 PM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Syria
Apr 13 21:33 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 13 21:31 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 13 21:20 PM
3.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 20:48 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.5     30.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 20:46 PM
4.5     9.8     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 13 20:39 PM
4.1     80.0     MAP

USGS     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 13 20:28 PM
4.5     213.0     MAP

EMSC     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 13 20:28 PM
4.5     213.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 20:04 PM
2.4     25.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.6     27.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 20:00 PM
4.7     8.0     MAP     I Felt It

EMSC     Romania
Apr 13 19:56 PM
2.9     141.0     MAP

USGS     Izu Islands, Japan Region
Apr 13 19:54 PM
4.1     429.2     MAP

EMSC     Izu Islands, Japan Region
Apr 13 19:54 PM
4.1     429.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.7     16.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 19:52 PM
4.8     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 13 19:50 PM
3.1     151.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.8     66.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.5     64.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 13 19:35 PM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 19:34 PM
2.5     14.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 13 19:16 PM
3.4     139.8     MAP

GEONET     Bay Of Plenty
Apr 13 19:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 13 18:47 PM
3.0     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 13 18:42 PM
2.6     21.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 18:12 PM
4.0     10.3     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 18:12 PM
4.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 13 17:50 PM
2.7     11.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 13 17:45 PM
2.7     1.5     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 13 17:04 PM
4.5     80.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 13 17:04 PM
4.4     67.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.8     502.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.8     488.6     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 13 16:42 PM
4.9     420.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.5     35.8     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 15:54 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 13 15:52 PM
4.5     245.2     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 13 15:52 PM
4.5     245.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.4     14.8     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 15:33 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 15:09 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Mexico-guatemala Border Region
Apr 13 13:50 PM
4.6     129.0     MAP

EMSC     Guatemala
Apr 13 13:49 PM
4.6     111.0     MAP

USGS     Guatemala
Apr 13 13:49 PM
4.6     102.5     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 13:06 PM
5.3     14.3     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.8     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.8     15.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 12:48 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
5.0     35.2     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 12:12 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.3     30.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 12:03 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 11:43 AM
4.7     11.2     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 11:35 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Gibraltar
Apr 13 11:01 AM
3.1     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 10:30 AM
3.2     15.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 13 10:16 AM
3.3     12.8     MAP

GEOFON     Myanmar-india Border Region
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.4     70.0     MAP

USGS     Myanmar
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.3     73.4     MAP

EMSC     Myanmar
Apr 13 10:11 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.4     10.1     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 13 10:10 AM
5.7     8.7     MAP

EMSC     Tyrrhenian Sea
Apr 13 09:59 AM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 13 09:54 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 09:45 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 13 08:10 AM
2.7     4.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 13 07:54 AM
2.7     31.1     MAP

USGS     Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 13 07:47 AM
2.9     37.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 13 07:46 AM
3.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 07:41 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 07:41 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 07:15 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 13 07:07 AM
3.2     137.6     MAP

USGS     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 13 06:48 AM
4.5     63.4     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 13 06:48 AM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:44 AM
2.4     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 13 06:39 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 13 06:22 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 13 06:22 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

USGS     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.7     26.8     MAP

GEOFON     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.3     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 13 06:21 AM
4.7     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Maule, Chile
Apr 13 06:13 AM
4.7     40.0     MAP

USGS     Maule, Chile
Apr 13 06:13 AM
4.7     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 05:50 AM
3.3     12.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
4.9     17.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:31 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 13 05:31 AM
2.9     5.3     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 05:08 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.8     15.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 04:49 AM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.2     10.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 04:22 AM
4.5     21.0     MAP

USGS     San Pedro Channel, California
Apr 13 04:18 AM
2.6     0.1     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 13 04:15 AM
4.8     56.0     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 13 04:15 AM
4.9     60.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 13 04:15 AM
5.0     46.5     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.6     154.0     MAP

USGS     Banda Sea
Apr 13 04:02 AM
4.5     154.8     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 13 03:52 AM
2.6     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 13 03:51 AM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.5     15.5     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:38 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 13 03:23 AM
3.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.4     14.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 13 03:17 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 13 02:20 AM
3.2     68.2     MAP

EMSC     Russia-mongolia Border Region
Apr 13 01:35 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 13 01:09 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 13 00:54 AM
3.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Armenia-azerbaijan-iran Border Reg.
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 13 00:04 AM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

Ruins left over from the 2004 temblor that nearly destroyed Banda Aceh.
The Nation/Asia News Network
Friday, Apr 13, 2012

A fierce earthquake from the Nicobar Islands could strike over Songkran, sending a tsunami crashing into the Andaman Coast, an expert warned yesterday after finding that the 8.6magnitude Sumatran tremor three days ago was exceptionally deep.

“Whenever there is a quake rooted in the [Earth’s] mantle, a following quake will be likely in the next few days,” said Professor Thanawat Jaruphongsakul, a senior seismologist at Chulalongkorn University.

Fear of another devastating tsunami panicked Thailand and Southeast Asia on Wednesday.

An underwater quake, with its epicentre at the Nicobar Islands, about 150 kilometres north of Aceh on Sumatra, would affect six coastal provinces of Thailand on the Andaman Sea, especially Ranong, which lies closest to a fault line connecting with the Nicobar Islands, he said.

The quakes on Wednesday originated from mantlelevel crust, 20 kilometres below the Earth’s surface, which is regarded as a layer that would cause very high magnitude tremblers.

The quake that hit Japan in March came from a shallower layer, so it would take up to 100150 years for the next quake. However Wednesday’s quakes, with their epicentre at Aceh, followed just eight years after the massive one that triggered a continentwide tsunami that killed hundreds of thousands of people in many countries, he said.

“Why did Wednesday’s quakes emerge just eight years afterwards? This is new to most seismologists and geologists, who are unfamiliar with quakes with depth rooting to the mantle layer,” he said.

Seismologists were closely watching and cautiously studying the 9.0 quake that devastated Sendai in Japan on March 11 last year. The first tremor on March 9 was recorded at 7.3 on the Richter scale. That one was understood by seismologists as the main shock, but there were two aftershocks on an even greater scale at 9.0 on March 11 that followed, he said.

The tsunamis created on Wednesday were not powerful or harmfully high because the quake was the horizontal dipslide type. But a mantlebased quake at an island with active underwater volcanoes located north of the Nicobar Islands would probably be a vertical strikeslip type, which would directly impact the six Thai coastal provinces, and possibly deluge them with tsunamis, he added.

Professor Michio Hashzume, a wellknown Japanese seismologist, said Wednesday’s quakes were a new type known to have started in the mantle. It was difficult to tell whether a new quake would follow within a few days, like the Sendai quakes, which were similar to Wednesday’s quakes. Then there was a 7.3, followed by a 9.0 two days later.

If there are quakes near the Nicobar Islands, they may cause huge collapses in the seabed and outer crust. The seabed may rise and form new islands, he said.

Minor earthquake in sea off Italy’s Sicily

  • From: AAP
  • April 13, 2012 5:50PM

A 4.3 MAGNITUDE earthquake has struck in the sea off Italy’s Sicily, sending residents into the streets but with no immediate reports of victims or injuries, officials said.

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Volcanic Activity


Turrialba Volcano Increases Activity

Thursday morning the Turrialbla volcano unleashed a new series of eruptions, with experts converging on the colossus to take a close look at the smoke emanations coming from its centre.



For a live view of the volcano (photos update every 10 seconds) click here.

According to the Red Sismológica Nacional (RSN) and the Observatorio Vulcanologio y Sismologico de Costa Rica (OVISCORI) the activity does not present any danger, but will continue to monitor the volcano much closer.

The alert followed reports by area residents of hearing a large rumble and then the sighting of dark coloured smoke, produced by gas fumes from the volcano.

Last January the volcano became a concern for residents and experts following the emanation of white gas fumes.

Several RSN experts are on their way to the top of the volcano and the OVISCORI is keeping the national park closed and under a green alert.

Fiery lava and ash spew from Italy’s Mount Etna volcano

Published on Apr 13, 2012 by itnnews

Mount Etna has begun spewing blood-red lava and grey and white ash into the air, the volcano’s 24th eruption in a series that started this year. Report by Sophie Foster.



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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather Saudi Arabia Capital city, Riyadh Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of Alaska, [Juneau area] Damage level Details
  Today Extreme Weather India MultiStates, [States of Bengal and Kolkata] Damage level Details
  Today Technological Disaster Pakistan State of Punjab, Gujranwala Damage level Details
  Today Tornado USA State of Oklahoma, Norman Damage level Details
  13.04.2012 Volcano Activity Costa Rica Cartago, [Turrialba Volcano, Turrialba County] Damage level Details
1 13.04.2012 Hailstorm China MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Jiangxi and Guizhou] Damage level Details

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php

Fire Weather Watch

Lubbock,Texas
Tiyan, Guam

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Storms, Flooding

Tornado Watch

TORNADO WATCH OUTLINE UPDATE FOR WT 164
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
340 AM CDT SAT APR 14 2012
  OKLAHOMA COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE

CRAIG                CREEK               DELAWARE
KAY                  LINCOLN             LOGAN
MAYES                NOBLE               NOWATA
OSAGE                OTTAWA              PAWNEE
PAYNE                ROGERS              TULSA
WAGONER              WASHINGTON

Flash Flood Watch

St. Louis , Missouri
Springfield, Missouri

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

Norman, Oklahoma

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Radiation

Fukushima leak may have flowed into Pacific: TEPCO

by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP)

About 12 tonnes of radioactive water has leaked at Japan’s crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, with the facility’s operator saying Thursday that some may have flowed into the Pacific Ocean.

Tokyo Electric Power Co. said the leak was found early Thursday from a pipe attached to a temporary decontamination system, and the water had already gone through some of the cleansing process.

The water, once it has been used to cool the reactors, contains massive amounts of radioactive substances and is put into the water-processing facility so it can be recycled for use as a coolant.

“Our officials confirmed that cooling water leaked at a joint in the pipes,” a TEPCO spokesman told AFP, adding that “it is possible that part of the water may have flowed outside the facility and poured into the ocean”.

The leak has since been plugged, the spokesman added, saying the utility was probing the cause of the accident and how much, if any, water flowed into the Pacific.

The accident was the latest of several leaks of radioactive water at the troubled plant, undermining the government’s claim made in December that the shuttered Fukushima reactors were now under control.

In one incident last month, about 120 tonnes of radioactive water leaked at the plant’s water decontamination system and about 80 litres (21 gallons) seeped into the ocean, according to TEPCO.

The plant about 220 kilometres (135 miles) northeast of Tokyo was crippled by meltdowns and explosions caused by Japan’s massive earthquake and tsunami in March last year.

Radiation was scattered over a large area and made its way into the sea, air and food chain in the weeks and months after the disaster.

Tens of thousands of people were evacuated from their homes around the plant and swathes of this zone remain badly polluted. The clean-up is proceeding slowly, amid warnings that some towns could be uninhabitable for three decades.

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Climate Change

Key ice shelf in Antarctica has shrunk by 85 percent

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP)

A vast ice shelf in the Antarctic peninsula, a hotspot for global warming, has shrunk by 85 percent in 17 years, the European Space Agency (ESA) said on Thursday.

Images taken by its Envisat satellite show that the so-called Larsen B ice shelf decreased from 11,512 square kilometres (4,373 square miles) in 1995, an area about the size of the Gulf state of Qatar, to only 1,670 sq km (634 miles) today.

Larsen B is one of three ice shelves that run from north to south along the eastern side of the peninsula, the tongue of land that projects towards South America.

From 1995 to 2002, Larsen B experienced several calving events in which parts of the shelf broke away. It had a major breakup in 2002 when half of the remainder disintegrated.

Larsen A broke up in January 1995.

“Larsen C so far has been stable in area, but satellite observations have shown thinning and an increasing duration of melt events in summer,” the agency said in a press release.

Ice shelves are thick floating mats of ice, attached to the shore, that are created by the runoff into the sea from glaciers.

Scientists say they are extremely sensitive to changes in atmospheric temperature and can be hollowed out from below by warmer ocean currents.

The northern Antarctic peninsula has been subject to atmospheric warming about 2.5 degrees Celsius (4.5 degrees Fahrenheit) over the last 50 years, a figure that is several times greater than the global average.

Ice shelves are not the same as ice sheets, the vast blanket of frozen water that covers Antarctica.

If these melted, even partially, they would drive up sea levels, threatening small island states and coastal cities. But the scientific evidence is that the icesheets so far are stable.

“These observations are very relevant for measuring the future behaviour of the much larger ice masses of West Antarctica if warming spreads further south,” ESA quoted Helmut Rott, a professor at the University of Innsbruck in Austria, as saying.

Related Links
Earth Observation News – Suppiliers, Technology and Application

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Solar  Activity

Massive Solar Flare rocked Earth with Earthquakes & Volcano eruptions this week! (April 13, 2012)

Published on Apr 13, 2012 by adrinilinjunky

A massive Earth directed Solar Flare that launched off the Sun on (April 9th 2012). The expected arrival date was 2 days later which was (April 11th 2012). This was also the day; the Earth just got rocked by all the magor Earthquakes such as a 8.6 off the coast of Sumatra, 7.0 Michoacan Mexico, 6.2 the off the coast of Oregon, 4.3 Utah, 5.0 North Indian Ocean, 6.9 in the Gulf of California & many other less magnitude quakes. So it clearly shows that Solar Flares/CME affect & have a magor impact on our Seismic activity dealing in reguards to Earthquakes & volcano eruptions.

http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater
http://quakes.globalincidentmap.com/
http://spaceweather.com/

2MIN News Apr13: MAGNETIC STORM

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Articles of Interest

Long-term studies detect effects of disappearing snow and ice

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX)


File image: sea ice.

Ecosystems are changing worldwide as a result of shrinking sea ice, snow, and glaciers, especially in high-latitude regions where water is frozen for at least a month each year-the cryosphere.

Scientists have already recorded how some larger animals, such as penguins and polar bears, are responding to loss of their habitat, but research is only now starting to uncover less-obvious effects of the shrinking cryosphere on organisms.

An article in the April issue of BioScience describes some impacts that are being identified through studies that track the ecology of affected sites over decades.

An article in the April issue of BioScience describes some impacts that are being identified through studies that track the ecology of affected sites over decades.

The article, by Andrew G. Fountain of Portland State University and five coauthors, is one of six in a special section in the issue on the Long Term Ecological Research Network. The article describes how decreasing snowfall in many areas threatens burrowing animals and makes plant roots more susceptible to injury, because snow acts as an insulator.

And because microbes such as diatoms that live under sea ice are a principal source of food for krill, disappearing sea ice has led to declines in their abundance-resulting in impacts on seabirds and mammals that feed on krill. Disappearing sea ice also seems, unexpectedly, to be decreasing the sea’s uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

On land, snowpack changes can alter an area’s suitability for particular plant species, and melting permafrost affects the amount of carbon dioxide that plants and microbes take out of the atmosphere-though in ways that change over time. Shrinking glaciers add pollutants and increased quantities of nutrients to freshwater bodies, and melting river ice pushes more detritus downstream.

Disappearing ice on land and the resulting sea-level rise will have far-reaching social, economic, and geopolitical impacts, Fountain and his coauthors note. Many of these changes are now becoming evident in the ski industry, in infrastructure and coastal planning, and in tourism. Significant effects on water supplies, and consequently on agriculture, can be predicted.

Fountain and his colleagues argue that place-based, long-term, interdisciplinary research efforts such as those supported by the Long Term Ecological Research Network will be essential if researchers are to gain an adequate understanding of the complex, cascading ecosystem responses to the changing cryosphere.

Other articles in the special section on the Long Term Ecological Research Network detail further notable scientific and societal contributions of this network, which had its origins in 1980 and now includes 26 sites.

The achievements include contributions to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, to ecological manipulation experiments, to bringing decision makers and researchers together, and to mechanistic understanding of long-term ecological changes.

Deadly March Tornadoes Were First Billion-Dollar Disaster of 2012

The swarms of March caused more than $1.5 billion in damage and killed 40. However, the drama is difficulty to qualify because tornadoes are ‘atypical events’ by nature

By Andrea Mustain and OurAmazingPlanet

tornado damage

Tornado damage in Henryville, Ind., after a tornado swept through the small community on March 2, 2012. Image: Michael Raphael/FEMA

A swarm of tornadoes that tore through the Midwest and Southeast in early March has earned the grim title of the nation’s first billion-dollar weather disaster of 2012.

From March 2 through the early hours of March 3, 132 tornadoes were reported across nine states. Although those numbers are preliminary, and will undoubtedly decrease once overlapping reports are eliminated, their aftermath was devastating, causing more than $1.5 billion in damage and killing 40 people.

The storms killed four people in Ohio, but they took the greatest toll in Indiana, killing 13, and Kentucky, where 23 people died.

The costly disaster follows on the heels of a record-breaking year for devastation wrought by the vagaries of the weather and longer-term climate conditions. Last year, the United States experienced 14 separate events that caused $1 billion or more in damage. Five of those events were tornado outbreaks.

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 04 23:54 PM
2.4 6.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 23:44 PM
2.6 5.0 MAP

USGS British Columbia, Canada
Apr 04 23:31 PM
2.5 0.0 MAP

EMSC Pyrenees
Apr 04 23:06 PM
2.7 5.0 MAP

USGS Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 04 22:58 PM
3.3 170.2 MAP

EMSC Fiji
Apr 04 22:41 PM
4.8 18.0 MAP

USGS Fiji
Apr 04 22:41 PM
4.8 17.7 MAP

EMSC Romania
Apr 04 22:35 PM
2.7 109.0 MAP

USGS Central Alaska
Apr 04 22:28 PM
3.9 87.4 MAP

USGS Central Alaska
Apr 04 22:10 PM
2.6 12.4 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 21:56 PM
3.2 12.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 21:45 PM
2.5 6.0 MAP

USGS Baja California, Mexico
Apr 04 20:59 PM
3.0 8.9 MAP

GEONET Hawke’s Bay
Apr 04 20:49 PM
3.7 30.0 MAP

USGS Southern Alaska
Apr 04 20:46 PM
3.4 28.0 MAP

GEOFON Luzon, Philippines
Apr 04 20:35 PM
4.6 185.0 MAP

EMSC Luzon, Philippines
Apr 04 20:35 PM
4.9 160.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 20:33 PM
2.7 6.0 MAP

EMSC New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 04 20:27 PM
5.3 15.0 MAP

USGS New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 04 20:27 PM
5.5 16.7 MAP

GEOFON New Ireland Region, P.n.g.
Apr 04 20:27 PM
5.3 10.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 19:36 PM
3.5 5.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 19:34 PM
2.8 7.0 MAP

EMSC Crete, Greece
Apr 04 18:53 PM
2.6 1.0 MAP

EMSC Czech Republic
Apr 04 17:39 PM
2.7 2.0 MAP

USGS Southern California
Apr 04 17:02 PM
2.6 5.0 MAP

USGS Nevada
Apr 04 16:21 PM
2.6 0.0 MAP

EMSC Papua, Indonesia
Apr 04 16:20 PM
4.8 130.0 MAP

GEOFON Irian Jaya, Indonesia
Apr 04 16:20 PM
4.8 134.0 MAP

USGS Papua, Indonesia
Apr 04 16:20 PM
4.8 124.8 MAP

USGS Southern California
Apr 04 15:36 PM
2.8 5.8 MAP

EMSC Kyrgyzstan
Apr 04 14:21 PM
4.1 10.0 MAP

USGS Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 14:18 PM
4.3 35.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 14:18 PM
4.4 14.0 MAP

USGS Southern California
Apr 04 14:09 PM
2.5 5.3 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 04 14:08 PM
3.0 7.0 MAP

USGS Southern Alaska
Apr 04 13:54 PM
2.6 25.8 MAP

EMSC Aegean Sea
Apr 04 13:34 PM
2.5 6.0 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 04 12:58 PM
2.6 5.0 MAP

EMSC Central Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 04 12:10 PM
4.9 10.0 MAP

USGS Central Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 04 12:10 PM
4.9 10.2 MAP

GEOFON Central Mid Atlantic Ridge
Apr 04 12:10 PM
4.8 10.0 MAP

USGS Southern California
Apr 04 12:06 PM
2.7 3.5 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 04 11:11 AM
2.9 42.7 MAP

USGS Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 04 11:05 AM
4.2 9.9 MAP

EMSC Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 04 11:05 AM
4.3 20.0 MAP

EMSC Aegean Sea
Apr 04 10:21 AM
3.6 10.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 09:50 AM
3.2 13.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 09:41 AM
4.5 2.0 MAP

USGS Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 09:41 AM
4.5 2.6 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 04 08:57 AM
2.5 5.0 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 04 08:03 AM
3.4 75.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 07:37 AM
2.4 5.0 MAP

EMSC North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 04 07:08 AM
2.8 30.0 MAP

EMSC Central Italy
Apr 04 07:08 AM
3.2 26.0 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 04 06:57 AM
3.2 31.0 MAP

USGS Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 04 06:48 AM
3.0 13.1 MAP

GEONET Hawke’s Bay
Apr 04 06:24 AM
3.3 30.0 MAP

USGS Bay Of Campeche
Apr 04 06:11 AM
4.1 15.2 MAP

EMSC Bay Of Campeche
Apr 04 06:11 AM
4.1 15.0 MAP

USGS Alaska Peninsula
Apr 04 06:00 AM
2.6 193.4 MAP

USGS South Of Panama
Apr 04 05:41 AM
4.3 10.0 MAP

GEOFON South Of Panama
Apr 04 05:41 AM
4.5 10.0 MAP

EMSC South Of Panama
Apr 04 05:41 AM
4.3 2.0 MAP

USGS Southern Alaska
Apr 04 05:37 AM
2.8 129.8 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 05:32 AM
2.5 13.0 MAP

EMSC Near East Coast Of Kamchatka
Apr 04 05:21 AM
4.6 40.0 MAP

USGS Near The East Coast Of The Kamchatka Peninsul

Apr 04 05:21 AM
4.6 39.1 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 04:37 AM
2.6 14.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 04:33 AM
3.8 20.0 MAP

GEOFON Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 04 04:29 AM
4.7 108.0 MAP

EMSC Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 04 04:29 AM
4.5 100.0 MAP

USGS Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 04 04:28 AM
4.4 83.1 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 03:45 AM
2.6 4.0 MAP

EMSC Bay Of Campeche
Apr 04 02:28 AM
4.3 15.0 MAP

USGS Bay Of Campeche
Apr 04 02:28 AM
4.3 15.2 MAP

USGS Anguilla Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 04 01:46 AM
3.4 78.7 MAP

USGS Central Alaska
Apr 04 01:46 AM
3.6 126.8 MAP

EMSC Greece
Apr 04 01:45 AM
3.6 2.0 MAP

USGS Southern California
Apr 04 01:12 AM
3.5 2.4 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 00:44 AM
2.5 5.0 MAP

GEOFON Turkey
Apr 04 00:33 AM
4.3 10.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 04 00:33 AM
4.3 7.0 MAP

USGS Western Turkey
Apr 04 00:33 AM
4.1 8.8 MAP

EMSC Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 04 00:13 AM
4.7 40.0 MAP

USGS Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 04 00:13 AM
4.7 38.9 MAP

GEOFON Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 04 00:12 AM
4.7 10.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 04 00:01 AM
2.8 7.0 MAP

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Volcanic Activity

Significant increase in the activity of the volcano Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia

BY: T

Nevado del Ruiz seems to be getting closer to a new eruption. INGEOMINAS reports that during the last week, there has been a significant increase in the activity of the volcano, which can be summarized as follows:
– From March 27, there have been phases of volcanic tremor pulses related probably to deep magma movements
– Since the last week, there were seismic signals interpreted with rock fracturing, i.e. dike intrusions, located west of the active crater. Similar seismic activity was observed prior to the eruptions in November 1985 and September 1989, although this time it is less energetic.
– On March 29 at 10:54 local time, for a period of 25 minutes, there were over 135 earthquakes located south of Arenas crater at a depth of about 4 km.
– From 04:00 am local time on 31 March, there has been a significant increase in seismicity of events associated with fluid movements and fracturing of rock located in the active crater.
– SO2 emissions continue at high levels.

According to the diagnosis made so far, INGEOMINAS expects an eruption in the coming weeks, but smaller in size than those in November 1985 and September 1989.

Check Here for Updates

China

City shakes and booms as quake, thunder strike

A 1.2-magnitude earthquake hit Shanghai Monday night just as a brief thunderstorm struck, causing no casualties but raising public concern online because of the coincidental timing.

It also happened to occur a day after the local seismological bureau had dismissed any possibility that Shanghai might suffer serious damages should another major tsunami be unleashed by a powerful earthquake off Japan.

A prediction by a Japanese government-commissioned panel of another big Japan earthquake had made headlines in local media, with locals fearing the predicted 34-meter-high tsunami waves, caused by a potential 9.0-magnitude earthquake near the Japanese coast, would inundate Shanghai.

Just as locals breathed a sigh of relief reading a no-worry clarification from the seismological authority, many were surprised Monday night to feel several seconds of strong building shaking from the local earthquake.

The city’s seismological bureau said the 1.2-magnitude quake took place at 11:27pm, with the epicenter in Minhang District at a depth of just 10 kilometers.

Given its shallow depth, the slight-magnitude quake was still obvious enough to be felt by many locals, seismological officials said.

“Did I just feel an earthquake? Who else felt the same?” read a post, and many like it, sweeping through Weibo.com, a twitter-like social-networking platform, minutes after the quake. Curious netizens discussed the scope of affected areas by reporting where they felt it.

Read Full Article Here

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Extreme Temperatures

Hosepipe bans enforced in drought areas

Hosepipe bans affecting about 20 million customers have been introduced by seven water authorities in parts of southern and eastern England.

People who flout the bans, which follow one of the driest two-year periods on record, face fines of up to £1,000.

Suppliers Thames, Southern, South East, Anglian, Sutton and East Surrey, Veolia Central and Veolia South East have all introduced “temporary use bans”.

The government has urged householders to be “smarter about how we use water”.

Using a hosepipe to water a garden, water plants, fill a pond not containing fish, or clean outdoor surfaces are all banned as are filling and maintaining ornamental fountains.

But exemptions are in place for grass and surfaces used for national and international sports which means the Olympic and Paralympic games will be unaffected.

Disabled people with blue badges are exempt, while some businesses, including car washing firms, will also be allowed to continue using hosepipes in most areas.

And some drip irrigation systems featuring perforated hoses are allowed…..

Read Full article Here

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Storms,   Tornadoes

TORNADOES SMASH A SEMI DEPOT DALLAS FT WORTH TEXAS USA

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr4: NASA, Nuclear, Earthquakes, Planetary/Solar Update

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Articles of Interest

Extreme Weather is the New Normal

By Stephen Leahy

“Extreme weather is fast becoming the new normal. Canada and much of the United States experienced summer temperatures during winter this year, confirming the findings of a new report on extreme weather.”

Extreme weather is fast becoming the new normal. Canada and much of the United States experienced summer temperatures during winter this year, confirming the findings of a new report on extreme weather.

For two weeks this March most of North America baked under extraordinarily warm temperatures that melted all the snow and ice and broke 150-year-old temperature records by large margins.

Last year the U.S. endured 14 separate billion-dollar-plus weather disasters including flooding, hurricanes and tornados.

A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released Mar. 28, provides solid evidence that record-breaking weather events are increasing in number and becoming more extreme. And if current rates of greenhouse gas emissions are maintained, these events will reach dangerous new levels over the coming century.

Read Full Article Here

No Way To Stop The North Sea Gas Leak

Massive Gas Leak Could Be the North Sea’s Deepwater Horizon

—By Julia Whitty

A natural gas well in the North Sea 150 miles off Aberdeen, Scotland, sprung a massive methane leak on March 25. The 238 workers were all safely evacuated. But the situation is so explosive that an exclusion zone for ships and aircraft has been set up around the rig, reports the Mail Online. And nearby rigs have been evacuated, reports the New York Times:

Royal Dutch Shell said it closed its Shearwater field, about four miles away, withdrawing 52 of the 90 workers there; it also suspended work and evacuated 68 workers from a drilling rig working nearby, the Hans Deul.

But that’s not the worst of it. The platform lies less than 100 yards/meters from a flare that workers left burning as crew evacuated. The French super-major oil company owner of the rig, Total, dismissed the risk, while the British government claimed the flame needs to burn to prevent gas pressure from building up. But Reuters reports:

[O]ne energy industry consultant said Elgin could become “an explosion waiting to happen” if the oil major did not rapidly stop the leak which is above the water at the wellhead.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Carbon Dioxide Linked to End of Last Ice Age

 

Wynne Parry
Live Science

 
The circumstances that ended the last ice age, somewhere between 19,000 and 10,000 years ago, have been unclear. In particular, scientists aren’t sure how carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, played into the giant melt.

New research indicates it did in fact help drive this prehistoric episode of global warming, even though it did not kick it off. A change in the Earth’s orbit likely started of the melt, setting off a chain of events, according to the researchers.

The ambiguity about the end of the ice age originates in the Antarctic. Ice cores from the continent reveal a problematic time lag: Temperatures appeared to begin warming before atmospheric carbon dioxide increased. This has led scientists to question how increasing carbon dioxide – a frequently cited cause for global warming now and in the distant past – factored into the end of the last ice age. Global warming skeptics have also cited this as evidence carbon dioxide produced by humans is not responsible for modern global warming.

But the data from Antarctica alone offer too narrow a perspective to represent what was happening on a global scale, according to lead study researcher Jeremy Shakun of Harvard University…..

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

Magnitude 4.6 earthquake, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 09:20 AM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 119.330 GEO: Latitude
18.210

Source
EMSC

Magnitude 4.7 earthquake, off the east coast of Honshu, Japan

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 11:53 AM

Depth 38.7 km GEO: Longitude 143.320 GEO: Latitude 39.685

Source
USGS

Magnitude 4.7 earthquake, OFF EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 11:53 AM

Depth 39 km GEO: Longitude 143.320 GEO: Latitude 39.690

Source
EMSC

Magnitude 5 earthquake, Mindoro, Philippines

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 15:30 PM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 120.540 GEO: Latitude 13.660

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 4.7 earthquake, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 16:41 PM

Depth 46.1 km GEO: Longitude 142.168 GEO: Latitude 38.940

Source
USGS

Magnitude 5 earthquake, Western Iran

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 18:21 PM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 47.060 GEO: Latitude 33.010

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 4.6 earthquake, Hawke’s Bay

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 19:21 PM

Depth 50 km GEO: Longitude 176.403 GEO: Latitude -40.200

Source
GEONET

Magnitude 5.1 earthquake, Mindoro, Philippines

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 20:03 PM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 120.470 GEO: Latitude 13.680

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 4.8 earthquake, Seram, Indonesia

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 20:36 PM

Depth 23 km GEO: Longitude 129.430 GEO: Latitude -2.830

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 6 earthquake, Southern Xinjiang, China

UTC Date / Time Mar 08 22:50 PM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 81.380 GEO: Latitude 39.410

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 4.8 earthquake, Southern Sumatra, Indonesia

UTC Date / Time Mar 09 01:38 AM

Depth 10 km GEO: Longitude 100.430 GEO: Latitude -3.330

Source
GEOFON

Magnitude 4.7 earthquake, MINDORO, PHILIPPINES

UTC Date / Time Mar 09 02:01 AM

Depth 212 km GEO: Longitude 120.690 GEO: Latitude 13.820

Source
EMSC

Magnitude 4.7 earthquake, NEAR EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN

UTC Date / Time Mar 09 02:24 AM

Depth 34 km GEO: Longitude 141.180 GEO: Latitude 36.580

Source
EMSC

Magnitude 4.6 earthquake, off the east coast of Honshu, Japan

UTC Date / Time Mar 09 03:38 AM

Depth 34.9 km GEO: Longitude 144.413 GEO: Latitude 39.360

Source
USGS

Earthquake hits Southern Lebanon

Residents of the Lebanese southern city of Tyre and its suburbs at around 10:47 a.m. on Wednesday felt the ground shake, the National News Agency reported.

A small quake measuring 3.6 on the Richter scale jolted cities in southern Lebanon on Wednesday, without causing any injuries or damage, the Bhannes Center for Seismic and Scientific Research announced, adding “There is nothing to worry about.”

Residents of the southern city of Tyre and its suburbs felt the earthquake at around 10:47 am, the National News Agency said.

Residents also felt the tremor in Nabatiyeh, the agency added.

Now Lebanon & Naharnet

http://www.yalibnan.com/2012/03/07/earthquake-hits-southern-lebanon/

Storms

Tropical storm Irina killed 72 in Madagascar

Antananarivo- At least 72 people were killed when the tropical storm Irina hit northern Madagascar in late February, causing floods and landslides, authorities said on Thursday.

Three people were also reported missing and some 77,911 displaced, said the National Office for Disaster and Risk Management, BNGRC.

http://www.vanguardngr.com/2012/03/tropical-storm-irina-killed-72-in-madagascar/

Volcanic Activity

Russia Volcano Bezymianny put on Code Red for imminent eruption

(TheWeatherSpace.com) – One of the most active volcanoes in the world has been put on aviation color code red, the highest alert given by the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team.

KVERT assigned the code on Tuesday and warns of an imminent eruption. “Activity of the volcano continuously increases,” says the alert. “Strong ash explosions up to 42,640 ft (13 km) a.s.l. possible at any time. Ongoing activity could affect international and low-flying aircraft.

http://www.theweatherspace.com/news/TWS-30712-russian-volcano-red-code-alert.html

Sakurajima volcano (Kyushu, Japan) activity update: increased numer and size of ash eruptions, reaching 1.2-3 km height above crater

Sakurajima volcano appears to be at higher levels of activity, as the last week has seen an increased average number and size of eruptions. According to the latest USGS / Smithsonian report “explosions during the past week “often” produced plumes that rose to altitudes of 1.2-3 km (4,000-10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW, E, and SE.” Many obseervations of ash plumes originate of analysis of satellite data and dedicated Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers (VAAC) around the world monitor them and transmit real-time information about hazardous ash plumes to aircraft and air traffic control centers. Such reports are often complemented by direct observations from pilots passing nearby.

http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/view_news/6177/Sakurajima-volcano-Kyushu-Japan-activity-update-increased-numer-and-size-of-ash-eruptions-reaching-1.html

Blast shakes restless volcano in remote Aleutian Islands

A restless Aleutian volcano exploded Wednesday night and may have blown off a slow-growing lava dome that was building for months in its summit crater, volcanologists say.

Cleveland Volcano, 940 miles southwest of Anchorage, probably burped up a small amount of ash — a potential hazard to trans-oceanic air travel — but the ash did not appear to reach above 20,000 feet, said Steve McNutt, a researcher with the Alaska Volcano Observatory.

http://www.adn.com/2012/03/08/2359467/blast-shakes-restless-volcano.html#storylink=cpy

Solar Activity

Double Blast – Exciting Space Weather from AR11429

Uploaded by thesuntoday on Mar 7, 2012

http://www.thesuntoday.org – Sunspot group, AR11429 (Active Region), is at it again. When it first began its journey across the Earthward side of the Sun it released an M-class flare, an X-class flare and several more M flares, along with several CMEs. Early on March 7, 2012 (00:24 UT) it erupted with an X5.4 flare, a coronal wave and a CME. Shortly after that (01:14) it erupted again with an X1.3 flare, another coronal wave and a CME. The CMEs were observed by the Cor2 coronagraph on STEREO Behind. Solar radio bursts also accompanied the flares and proton flux began to rise. This proton event is probably due to both the flares and the CME produced shocks. Earth’s magnetosphere is already disturbed due an early CME from AR11429 and it will probably feel at least a glancing blow from one or both of the recent CMEs in the next few days. We await more data and predictions from the various spacecraft and space weather research teams. More is sure to come from AR11429.

credit: NASA, ESA, NOAA, SDO, SOHO, STEREO, GOES, helioviewer.org, JHelioviewer and virtuallinda.com

 

Magnetic Field

 

Earth’s magnetic field is being shaken like a snow globe by the large solar storm. After hurtling through space for a day and a half, a massive cloud of charged particles arrived Tuesday and could disrupt utility grids, airline flights, satellite networks and GPS services, especially in northern areas. But the same blast also could paint colourful auroras farther from the poles than normal. Scientists say the storm, which started with a massive solar flare early in the week, is growing as it races outward from the sun, expanding like a giant soap bubble and moving at 6.4 million km/h. “It’s hitting us right in the nose.”
The storm is part of the sun’s normal 11-year cycle, which is supposed to reach peak storminess next year. Solar storms do not harm people, but they do disrupt technology. And during the last peak around 2002, experts learned that GPS was vulnerable to solar outbursts. Because new technology has flourished since then, scientists could discover that some new systems also are at risk.
A decade ago, this type of solar storm happened a couple of times a year. “This is a good-size event, but not the extreme type.” The region of the sun that erupted can still send more blasts earth’s way. Another set of active sunspots is ready to aim at Earth right after this. “This is a big sun spot group, particularly nasty. Things are really twisted up and mixed up. It keeps flaring.”
Storms like this start with sun spots. Then comes an initial solar flare of subatomic particles that resemble a filament coming out of the sun. That part already hit earth only minutes after the initial burst, bringing radio and radiation disturbances. After that comes the coronal mass ejection, which looks like a growing bubble and takes a couple of days to reach earth. It’s that ejection that could cause magnetic disruptions today. “It could give us a bit of a jolt.” The storm follows an earlier, weaker solar eruption that happened Sunday. Still, the potential for problems is widespread. Solar storms have three ways they can disrupt technology on earth: with magnetic, radio and radiation emissions. This is an UNUSUAL situation, when all three types of solar storm disruptions are likely to be strong. That makes it the strongest overall since December 2006.
That means “a whole host of things” could follow.
Solar storms also can make global positioning systems less accurate and cause GPS outages. The storm could trigger communication problems and additional radiation around the north and south poles – a risk that probably will force airlines to reroute flights. Some already have done so. Satellites could be affected, too. NASA is not taking any extra precautions to protect astronauts on the International Space Station from added radiation. The charged particles are expected to hit Earth at 4,000,000 mph (6,400,000 km/h), and NOAA predicts the storm will last until Friday morning.