Tag Archive: East Coast of the United States


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jstaletovich@miamiherald.com

October 2, 2015 Updated 5 hours ago

Hurricane Joaquin continued hammering the Bahamas early Friday but began turning toward the north, taking a track that should steer clear of the U.S. coast.

At 2 p.m. Friday, the National Hurricane Center said the extremely dangerous Category 4 storm would likely batter the Bahamas through the day. New computer models aim the storm further east, away from the Carolinas and the heavily populated New Jersey-New York area, which had been devastated by Superstorm Sandy. The latest track takes the storm closer to Bermuda, keeping hurricane winds well offshore of the East Coast as it slowly weakens to a Category 1 by Sunday, then tropical storm by midweek.

 

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Joaquin Pounds Bahamas, Unlikely To Threaten East Coast

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Hurricane Joaquin pounded the Bahamas for a second day with powerful winds and waves on Friday, but it was not expected to be a major threat to the U.S. East Coast, the U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) said.

An easterly shift in the forecast track of the slow-moving Joaquin spared the Carolinas, New York and New Jersey, where Superstorm Sandy killed more than 120 people and caused $70 billion of property damage in October 2012.

“The forecast models continue to indicate a track farther away from the United States East Coast and the threat of direct impacts from Joaquin in the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic states appears to be decreasing,” the NHC said.

 

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Miami Herald

Coast Guard searches for missing ship as Joaquin pounds Bahamas

Cargo ship and 33 crew members reported missing near Crooked Island

Latest track continues to shift away from East Coast

Storm, still a major hurricane, could clear Bahamas later tonight

 

Video: The Army says the aerostats being deployed near D.C., will not be equipped with cameras like the ones in Afghanistan. The Post’s Craig Timberg, explains how aerostats work and how powerful their radar and camera sensors can be.

 

 

They will look like two giant white blimps floating high above I-95 in Maryland, perhaps en route to a football game somewhere along the bustling Eastern Seaboard. But their mission will have nothing to do with sports and everything to do with war.

The aerostats — that is the term for lighter-than-air craft that are tethered to the ground — are to be set aloft on Army-owned land about 45 miles northeast of Washington, near Aberdeen Proving Ground, for a three-year test slated to start in October. From a vantage of 10,000 feet, they will cast a vast radar net from Raleigh, N.C., to Boston and out to Lake Erie, with the goal of detecting cruise missiles or enemy aircraft so they could be intercepted before reaching the capital.

 

Graphic

Surveillance aircraft floating high above Maryland

Click Here to View Full Graphic Story

Surveillance aircraft floating high above Maryland

 

GRAPHIC: How the aerostats work

Aerostats deployed by the military at U.S. bases in Iraq and Afghanistan typically carried powerful surveillance cameras as well, to track the movements of suspected insurgents and even U.S. soldiers. When Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales murdered 16 civilians in Kandahar in March 2012, an aerostat above his base captured video of him returning from the slaughter in the early-morning darkness with a rifle in his hand and a shawl over his shoulders.

Defense contractor Raytheon last year touted an exercise in which it outfitted the aerostats planned for deployment in suburban Baltimore with one of the company’s most powerful high-altitude surveillance systems, capable of spotting individual people and vehicles from a distance of many miles.

The Army said it has “no current plans” to mount such cameras or infrared sensors on the aerostats or to share information with federal, state or local law enforcement, but it declined to rule out either possibility. The radar system that is planned for the aerostats will be capable of monitoring the movement of trains, boats and cars, the Army said.

The prospect of military-grade tracking technology floating above suburban Baltimore — along one of the East Coast’s busiest travel corridors — has sparked privacy concerns at a time of rising worry about the growth of government eavesdropping in the dozen years since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

“That’s the kind of massive persistent surveillance we’ve always been concerned about with drones,” said Jay Stanley, a privacy expert for the American Civil Liberties Union. “It’s part of this trend we’ve seen since 9/11, which is the turning inward of all of these surveillance technologies.”

The Army played down such concerns in written responses to questions posed by The Washington Post, saying its goal is to test the ability of the aerostats to bolster the region’s missile-defense capability, especially against low-flying cruise missiles that can be hard for ground-based systems to detect in time to intercept them.

The Army determined it did not need to conduct a Privacy Impact Assessment, required for some government programs, because it was not going to collect any personally identifiable information, officials said in their written responses to The Post.

“The primary mission . . . is to track airborne objects,” the Army said. “Its secondary mission is to track surface moving objects such as vehicles or boats. The capability to track surface objects does not extend to individual people.”

Even the most powerful overhead surveillance systems, experts say, struggle to make out individual faces or other identifying features such as license plates because of the extreme angles when viewing an area from above.

But privacy advocates say location information can easily lead to the identification of individuals if collected on a mass scale and analyzed over time.

Researchers have found that people vary their movements little day to day, typically traveling from home to work and back while also regularly visiting a small number of other locations, such as stores, gyms or the homes of friends.

 

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9 November 2013, 20:14

US East Coast: dolphins dying in record numbers of viral infection

 

US East Coast: dolphins dying in record numbers of viral infection

 

According to America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a whopping 753 bottlenose dolphins washed up dead on the Atlantic coast from New York to Florida between July 1 and November 3.

 

This represents a roughly tenfold increase in the number of dolphins that would typically turn up dead along the East Coast during this four-month period.

The killer is a measles-type virus which causes fatal pneumonia and brain inflammation.

The previous similar outbreak occurred in 1987 and 88, resulting in 740-plus dolphin strandings.

Officials say the current die-off is only halfway through its expected time frame, and the final beach death toll in the bottlenose population may climb to around 1,500.

And without a way to vaccinate the wild population, there is little officials can do but collect the carcasses and examine them. The Virginia Aquarium alone has performed necropsies on 333 dead dolphins.

Scientists have already speculated about a possible link between marine die-offs and phenomena like climate change and human-produced pollution.

Al-Jazeera America, AFP

 

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Dolphin virus kill in U.S. East soars

AFP-JIJI

The deadliest known outbreak of a measleslike virus in bottlenose dolphins has killed a record number of the mammals along the U.S. Atlantic coast since July, officials said Friday.

A total of 753 bottlenose dolphins have washed up from New York to Florida from July 1 until Nov. 3, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said. That is more than 10 times the number of dolphins that would typically turn up dead along East Coast beaches, said Teri Rowles, program coordinator of the NOAA Fisheries Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program.

“Historic averages for this same time frame, same geographic area is only 74, so you get an idea of the scope,” she told reporters.

The toll is also higher than the more than 740 strandings in the last major Atlantic morbillivirus outbreak in 1987-1988.

And they have come in a much shorter time period, leading officials to anticipate this event could get much worse.

“It is expected that the confirmed mortalities will be higher,” Rowles said. “If this plays out similar to the ’87-88 die-off, we are less than halfway through that time frame.”

 

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Largest ‘dolphin measles’ outbreak in history kills 753 and threatens whales as Bottlenose herds migrate south

  • Hundreds of dolphins have washed up on East Coast beaches since July
  • Researchers say the problem hasn’t stopped and that Bottlenose dolphins threaten to spread the disease during their yearly migration south
  • The bodies of five whales have also washed ashore, and may be suffering from the same measles-like virus
  • Current outbreak of morbillivirus is largest in history, recently eclipsing previous outbreak in the late 80s which killed 740 dolphins

By Steve Nolan and Ashley Collman

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An outbreak of a measles-like virus affecting Bottlenose dolphins has become the largest in history – resulting in 753 dolphins washing up on beaches along the East Coast since July.

And it’s only getting worse. As Bottlenose herds migrate south for the winter, they may spread morbillivirus to local groups in Florida.

The only other time an outbreak this bad happened was between August 1987 and April 1988 when the virus killed 740 dolphins. The current outbreak has already exceeded that death toll and if it plays out on the same time frame – it isn’t even halfway over.

Outbreak: Since July, 753 dolphins have washed up dead on East Coach beaches, most having died form a strain of a measles-like virus

Outbreak: Since July, 753 dolphins have washed up dead on East Coach beaches, most having died form a strain of a measles-like virus

 

Spreading: Researchers now fear that the outbreak will get worse with herbs moving south for the winter. Above, researchers conduct a necropsy on a dead dolphin in Virginia Beach, Virginia in August

Spreading: Researchers now fear that the outbreak will get worse with herbs moving south for the winter. Above, researchers conduct a necropsy on a dead dolphin in Virginia Beach, Virginia in August

 

Largest in history: The current outbreak has already eclipsed the last largest outbreak of morbillivirus which killed 740 dolphins between August 1987 and April 1988

Largest in history: The current outbreak has already eclipsed the last largest outbreak of morbillivirus which killed 740 dolphins between August 1987 and April 1988

 

 

While the virus hasn’t impacted other species of dolphins in the North and Mid-Atlantic, there is evidence that it may be killing some whales after the bodies of three humpback whales and two pygmy whales were recently found decaying on beaches.

Researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) haven’t been able to confirm yet whether these whales were suffering from the same virus since their bodes were ‘very decomposed’.

Teri Rowles, of the NOAA Fishers Marine Mammal Stranding Response Program, said in a conference call today that the number of dead beached whales is ‘slightly’ elevated’ from usual but that it’s too early to know if it’s an outbreak in the whale population.

 

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Dolphin-killing virus reaches Florida, and is infecting whales, too

 

 

 

Nov. 8, 2013 at 3:11 PM ET

 

Wild bottlenose dolphins play off the bow of a sportfishing boat Friday, Aug. 8, 2008, off the Florida Keys near Islamorada, Fla. (AP Photo/Florida Ke...

Michael Newman / Florida Keys News Bureau via AP
Wild bottlenose dolphins, off the Florida Keys near Islamorada, Fla.

The bottlenose dolphin die-off that began in July has been traveling steadily south with migrating Atlantic herds, and now diseased and dead dolphins are turning up in Florida. The culprit, a measles-like virus, has claimed 753 victims and counting, making this the worst outbreak ever recorded. Recently, the bug has also been spotted in two species of whale.

Three humpback whales and two pygmy whales, stranded and decaying, tested positive for the dolphin morbillivirus, preliminary sequencing has confirmed. NOAA researchers are doing more tests to find out if it was the virus, usually rare in these animals, that killed them.

“Most of them are very decomposed,” Teri Rowles, of the NOAA Fishers Marine Mammal Stranding Response Program, told reporters on a teleconference call Friday. This has made observing the appearance of the disease in tissue samples harder, she said.

“Slightly elevated” stranding numbers for whales have been recorded in New York and Delaware, but it is too early to say if there is an outbreak. Researchers have tested three other marine mammal species for the virus: Common dolphins, spotted dolphins and harp seals sampled in various locations off the East coast seem free of the infection so far.

Meanwhile, the bug continues to take its toll on bottlenose herds. The last great die-off — classified by NOAA as an Unusual Mortality Event — killed about 740 dolphins off the Atlantic coast between August 1987 and April 1988. If this year’s outbreak follows the same pattern, “we are less than half way through the time frame” the disease will take to fizzle out, Rowles said, and the death toll has already crossed that historical mark.

Resident Florida bottlenose herds could catch the virus, which spreads through close contact or shared air, Rowles said. Researchers are studying how much the local hosts interact with the visiting migrants, but they can’t stop the virus from hopping.

“There is no vaccine that can be deployed for a large bottlenose dolphin population or any cetacean species,” Rowles said. “Currently there is nothing that can be done to prevent the infection spreading, or prevent animals that get infected from having severe clinical disease.”

 

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Graph modified after Verisimilus

The graph shows the percentage of marine animals becoming extinct. The five major events are:

Ordovician-Silurian, Late Devonian, Permo-Triassic, Triassic-Jurassic and Cretaceous-Paleogene.

Image Source

 

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March 23, 2013

Is Earth Undergoing a 6th Mass Extinction? –“99.9% of all Past Species Extinct”

 

 

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Of all species that have existed on Earth, 99.9 percent are now extinct. Many of them perished in five cataclysmic events. The classical “Big Five” mass extinctions identified by Raup and Sepkoski are widely agreed upon as some of the most significant: End Ordovician, Late Devonian, End Permian, End Triassic, and End Cretaceous. According to a recent poll, seven out of ten biologists think we are currently in the throes of a sixth mass extinction. Some say it could wipe out as many as 90 percent of all species living today. Other scientists dispute such dire projections.

“If you look at the fossil record, it is just littered with dead bodies from past catastrophes,” observes University of Washington paleontologist Peter Ward. Ward says that only one extinction in Earth’s past was caused by an asteroid impact – the event 65 million years ago that ended the age of the dinosaurs. All the rest, he claims, were caused by global warming.

Ward’s study, Under a Green Sky, explores extinctions in Earth’s past and predicts extinctions to come in the future. Ward demonstrates that the ancient past is not just of academic concern. Everyone has heard about how an asteroid did in the dinosaurs, and NASA and other agencies now track Near Earth objects.

Unfortunately, we may not be protecting ourselves against the likeliest cause of our species’ demise. Ward explains how those extinctions happened, and then applies those chilling lessons to the modern day: expect drought, superstorms, poison–belching oceans, mass extinction of much life, and sickly green skies.

The significant points Ward stresses are geologically rapid climate change has been the underlying cause of most great “extinction” events. Those events have been, observed Harvard evolutionary biologist Stephen Gould, major drivers of evolution.

Drastic climate change has not always been gradual; there is solid empirical evidence of catastrophic warming events taking place in centuries, perhaps even decades. The impact of atmospheric warming is most potent in its modification of ocean chemistry and of circulating currents; warming inevitably leads to non-mixing anoxic dead seas.

We are already in the middle, not the beginning, of an anthropogenic global warming, caused by agriculture and deforestation, which began some 10,000 years ago but which is now accelerating exponentially; though the earliest wave of anthropogenic warming has been stabilizing and beneficial to human development, it appears to have the potential for catastrophic effects within a lifetime or two.

Looking at the ancient evidence, Ward notes that ice caps began to shrink. “Melting all the ice caps causes a 75-meter increase in sea level will remove every coastal city on our planet.” It will also cover earth’s most productive farmland, the author warns, adding, “It will happen if we do not somehow control CO2 rise in the atmosphere.”

An analysis of the geological record of the Earth’s sea level, carried out by scientists at Princeton and Harvard universities supports Ward using a novel statistical approach that reveals the planet’s polar ice sheets are vulnerable to large-scale melting even under moderate global warming scenarios. Such melting would lead to a large and relatively rapid rise in global sea level.

According to the analysis, an additional 2 degrees of global warming could commit the planet to 6 to 9 meters (20 to 30 feet) of long-term sea level rise. This rise would inundate low-lying coastal areas where hundreds of millions of people now reside. It would permanently submerge New Orleans and other parts of southern Louisiana, much of southern Florida and other parts of the U.S. East Coast, much of Bangladesh, and most of the Netherlands, unless unprecedented and expensive coastal protection were undertaken. And while the researchers’ findings indicate that such a rise would likely take centuries to complete, if emissions of greenhouse gases are not abated, the planet could be committed during this century to a level of warming sufficient to trigger this outcome.

 

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Earth Watch Report –  Storms

ABCNews

Published on Mar 7, 2013

ABC News’ Ron Claiborne was there when the wind and the rain moved in.

Earth Watch Report  –  Storms

More Intense North Atlantic Tropical Storms Likely in the Future

NOAA’s GOES-13 satellite captured this visible image of Hurricane Sandy battering the U.S. East coast on Monday, Oct. 29 at 9:10 a.m. EDT. Sandy’s center was about 310 miles south-southeast of New York City. Tropical Storm force winds are about 1,000 miles in diameter. (Credit: Image courtesy of NASA GOES Project.)

That’s the prediction of one University of Iowa researcher and his colleague as published in an early online release in the Journal of Climate, the official publication of the American Meteorological Society.

The study is a compilation of results from some of the best available computer models of climate, according to lead author Gabriele Villarini, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering and assistant research engineer at IIHR-Hydroscience & Engineering, and his colleague Gabriel Vecchi of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Princeton, N.J.

“We wanted to conduct the study because intense tropical cyclones can harm people and property,” Villarini says. “The adverse and long-lasting influence of such storms recently was demonstrated by the damage Hurricane Sandy created along the East Coast.”

The study itself examines projected changes in the North Atlantic Power Dissipation Index (PDI) using output from 17 state-of-the-art global climate models and three different potential scenarios. The PDI is an index that integrates storm intensity, duration, and frequency.

“We found that the PDI is projected to increase in the 21st century in response to both greenhouse gas increases and reductions in particulate pollution over the Atlantic over the current century. By relating these results to other findings in a paper we published May 13, 2012 in the journal Nature Climate Change, we found that, while the number of storms is not projected to increase, their intensity is,” he says.

“Moreover, our results indicate that as more carbon dioxide is emitted, the stronger the storms get, while scenarios with the most aggressive carbon dioxide mitigation show the smallest increase in intensity,” he says.

 

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Iowa. The original article was written by Gary Galluzzo.

Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.


Journal Reference:

  1. Gabriele Villarini, Gabriel A. Vecchi. Projected Increases in North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Intensity from CMIP5 Models. Journal of Climate, 2012; : 121116142835009 DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00441.1

 Earth Watch Report

 

 

East Coast faces variety of tsunami threats

The most likely source for an East Coast tsunami would be an underwater avalanche along the continental slope.

By Douglas Main, OurAmazingPlanet Staff Writer
tsunami evacuation route sign
An offshore earthquake of magnitude 4.5 or above could cause submarine avalanches and create dangerous tsunamis with waves higher than 26 feet. (Photo: epugachev/flickr)
An offshore earthquake of magnitude 4.5 or above could cause submarine avalanches and create dangerous tsunamis with waves higher than 26 feet.

The most likely source for an East Coast tsunami would be an underwater avalanche along the continental slope.

Although the risk is small, tsunamis are possible on the East Coast of the United States from a variety of sources, according to new research.

And as Hurricane Sandy showed, the region is completely unprepared for a major influx of water, said U.S. Geological Survey researcher Uri ten Brink.

The most likely source for an East Coast tsunami would be an underwater avalanche along the continental slope, according to research presented by ten Brink and others earlier this month at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in Charlotte, N.C. Ten Brink also outlined several other possible sources of tsunamis, including earthquakes and even collapsing volcanoes.

Underwater avalanches

An offshore earthquake of magnitude 4.5 or above could cause submarine avalanches and create dangerous tsunamis with waves higher than 26 feet (8 meters), ten Brink told OurAmazingPlanet. Underwater canyons and bays could focus these waves and make them even bigger.

A 7.2-magnitude earthquake off the southern coast of Newfoundland in 1929 caused a large underwater landslide, creating a large wave that rushed ashore and killed 28 people on the island, ten Brink said. The waves were up to 26 feet high until some reached narrow inlets, where they grew to 43 feet (13 m), he said.

While the tsunami was catastrophic for Newfoundland, it created only small waves for most of the U.S. coast and didn’t cause any fatalities there. That’s typical of tsunamis from submarine landslides: They tend to be large for nearby areas but quickly taper off, ten Brink said.

While this is the only example of a tsunami near the East Coast in recorded history, there are plenty of areas along the continental slope – where the North American continent ends and drops into the Atlantic Ocean basin – at risk for these landslides, ten Brink said.

Ten Brink and his colleagues are currently taking core samples of sediment from the submarine canyons along the continental slope, to find evidence of past landslides and how often landslides occur, he said. His team has been working for more than five years to map these submarine canyons with sonar to highlight areas most at risk of landslides, he added.

The Puerto Rico trench

The movement of tectonic plates beneath the ocean can create waves that travel much farther than those caused by submarine landslides, because they involve the movement of a much larger volume of water, with longer waves that don’t quickly dissipate, ten Brink said. The most dangerous earthquakes are those at subduction zones, where one plate dives beneath another.

While the most infamous subduction zones are found around the Pacific Ring of Fire – such as the one that set off the massive 2011 Japan tsunami – there is indeed a subduction zone capable of creating tsunamis near the East Coast. In the northeast Caribbean, the area called the Puerto Rico trench features a subduction zone.

When the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami hit, ten Brinks’ group received funding from the U.S. government to study the tsunami potential of the Puerto Rico trench. Although its work is still ongoing, his group has found that much of the fault doesn’t appear capable of creating an earthquake and tsunami large enough to cause big problems for the East Coast. But a tsunami originating there could cause significant destruction in the Caribbean.

University of Puerto Rico researcher Zamara Fuentes, who isn’t involved in ten Brinks’ research, said one quake in this region in 1918 created a tsunami that killed 116 people on Puerto Rico. Fuentes studies sediment cores around the Caribbean to look for evidence of past tsunamis. Based on historical records, the USGS says 27 tsunamis in the Caribbean have caused fatalities and extensive damage since the 16th century.

Risks across the Atlantic

Another possible source for East Coast tsunamis is the Azores-Gibraltar Transform Fault, off the coast of Portugal. One massive earthquake along this fault in 1755 destroyed most of Lisbon and created a tsunami recorded as far away as Brazil. It was barely noticed on the East Coast, however, ten Brink said. His group has created computer models that suggest underwater mountains west of Portugal helped reduce the impact of this tsunami by slowing the waves and disrupting their movement – and they could do the same thing in the future.

The nearby Canary Islands, off the coast of Morocco, also present a possible hazard. One large volcano on the island of La Palma, called Cumbre Vieja, could erupt, collapse and create a large tsunami capable of reaching the East Coast. A 2001 study suggested this series of events could send a 70-foot (21 m) wave crashing into the East Coast. But ten Brink said that study hasn’t held up to subsequent review, and that the wave would be unlikely to exceed several feet in height by the time it reached North America. “I don’t see it as a credible threat,” he said.

The last possible tsunami source is a slow-moving fault north of Cuba, which has caused earthquakes in the past and possibly could create a tsunami that affected Florida and the Gulf Coast. Due to the current political situation, neither Cuban nor American researchers can conduct research in the area, he said.

To get a good idea of how often tsunamis from this or any source are likely to strike the East Coast in the future, ten Brink and others are trying to peer back in time – but much remains to be discovered. “There are more questions than answers at this point,” ten Brink said.

Earth Watch Report

Geologists find East Coast quakes travel farther

By Michael Felberbaum

Associated Press

RICHMOND, Va. — Data from the 2011 earthquake centered in Virginia shows East Coast tremors can travel much farther and cause damage over larger areas than previously thought, the U.S. Geological Survey said Tuesday.

The agency estimated about one-third of the U.S. population could have felt the magnitude 5.8 tremor centered about 50 miles northwest of Richmond, which would mean more people were affected than any earthquake in U.S. history. Scientists also found the quake that caused more than $200 million in damage triggered landslides at distances four times farther and over an area 20 times larger than research from previous quakes has shown.

“Scientists are confirming with empirical data what more than 50 million people in the eastern U.S. experienced firsthand: this was one powerful earthquake,” USGS Director Marcia McNutt said in a news release about the findings presented at the Geological Society of America conference in Charlotte, N.C.

Researchers used landslides to see how far-reaching the shaking from East coast earthquakes could be. The unexpected jolt cracked the Washington Monument in spots and toppled delicate masonry high atop the National Cathedral. The shaking was felt from Georgia to New England.

According to the findings, the farthest landslide from the quake was 150 miles from the epicenter, a greater distance than any other similar-sized earthquake. Previous similar quakes have resulted in landslides no farther than 36 miles from the epicenter.

Additionally, the landslides from the 2011 tremor occurred in an area of about 12,895 square-miles — about the size of the state of Maryland. Previous studies indicated an area of about 580 square-miles — about the size of Houston — from an earthquake of similar magnitude.

“It’s just much more dangerous to have an earthquake at that level back on the East Coast than it would be on the West Coast,” said Edwin Harp, a USGS scientist and co-author of the study. “If something big happened, although it’s much less frequent, it would tend to damage a lot more buildings because they’re probably not quite up to the codes that they are in California.”

Geologic structure and rock properties on the East Coast allow seismic waves to travel farther without weakening compared with the West Coast, Harp said.

He said equations used to predict ground shaking might need to be revised now that scientists know more about the power of East Coast earthquakes.

The information also will help with building codes as well as emergency preparedness, the USGS said.

While West Coast earthquake veterans scoffed at what they viewed as only a moderate temblor, the August 2011 quake changed the way officials along the East Coast viewed emergency preparedness. Emergency response plans that once focused on hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding and snow are being revised to include quakes.

Some states have enacted laws specifically related to the quake, and there is anecdotal evidence of a spike in insurance coverage for earthquake damage.

Read more: Geologists find East Coast quakes travel farther – Washington Times http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/nov/6/geologists-east-coast-earthquakes-travel-farther/print/#ixzz2BbnSN1oD
Follow us: @washtimes on Twitter

Earth Watch Report

 

 

05.11.2012 Extreme Weather USA MultiStates, [States of New York and New Jersey] Damage level
Details

 

 

Extreme Weather in USA on Monday, 05 November, 2012 at 04:33 (04:33 AM) UTC.

Description
A significant winter storm off the U.S. East Coast is likely to hit Sandy-battered areas of New York and New Jersey by Thursday, forecasters said on Sunday, warning that the nor’easter will have a greater impact than usual in the already devastated region. The National Weather Service (NWS) said the strengthening storm is expected to be off the coast of North Carolina by Wednesday morning before reaching the New Jersey and New York coasts on Thursday. This could bring hurricane-force winds of up to 55 miles (88 kilometers) per hour to the region, with the strongest winds directly along the coast. The storm will likely also result in rain mixed with snow in northern New Jersey and east-central Pennsylvania, but forecasters said it is too soon for snowfall forecast amounts. “[We] will be able to be more specific (about snowfall) as we get closer to the event,” the National Weather Service said. Temperatures already dipped to 39 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) early on Sunday morning in New York City, but the nor’easter could bring wind chill values in the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit (-6.6 to -1.1 Celsius) for much of the region during the height of the winter storm. “Moderate coastal flooding is possible with this storm along the Atlantic coast of New Jersey and Delaware. High tides Wednesday and Wednesday night are the ones to watch,” the forecasters added. “Waves in surf zone will be 7 to 9 feet (2.1 to 2.7 meter). Moderate beach erosion is possible.” While the storm will not nearly be as strong as Superstorm Sandy, authorities have called on residents in the region to be on alert. “The nor’easter will have a greater impact than usual because of the serious impacts from Coastal Storm Sandy,” forecasters said in a weather briefing.

 

Earth Watch Report

Powerful storm kills at least 30 in Philippines, Vietnam

By Jethro Mullen, CNN
Boats sit in the Beilun River, which separates China and Vietnam, on Tuesday, October 30. Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency reported. Boats sit in the Beilun River, which separates China and Vietnam, on Tuesday, October 30. Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency reported.

A Chinese soldier hands over a Vietnamese baby he rescued from the flood to his mother at a waterlogged market near the China-Vietnam on Monday.

A Chinese soldier hands over a Vietnamese baby he rescued from the flood to his mother at a waterlogged market near the China-Vietnam on Monday.
A man stands on a flooded road in Sanya, China, on Sunday, October 28.
A man stands on a flooded road in Sanya, China, on Sunday, October 28.

An uprooted tree crushes a car in China on Sunday. An uprooted tree crushes a car in China on Sunday.

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • More than a thousand rescue workers have been deployed in Vietnam
  • Helicopters are on standby to search for an oil rig adrift from its towboats
  • Tropical Storm Son-Tinh had already killed at least 27 people in the Philippines

 

Hong Kong (CNN) — As Hurricane Sandy lashes the East Coast of the United States with wind and rain, Southeast Asia is dealing with the trail of death and damage from a powerful storm that has killed at least 30 people in the region over the past few days.

Superstorm Sandy threatens ‘catastrophe’ of a lifetime

Tropical Storm Son-Tinh was moving northeast along the northern Vietnamese coast on Monday after tearing the roofs off hundreds of houses and breaching flood defenses overnight, the state-run Vietnam News Agency (VNA) reported.

Son-Tinh was at typhoon level when it thumped into northern Vietnam late Sunday with winds as strong as 133 kilometers per hour (83 mph). It left three people dead and two injured, according to an initial estimate from the Office of the National Search and Rescue Committee reported by (VNA).

More than a 1,300 rescue workers and soldiers have been deployed to work with local authorities on search and rescue efforts in the aftermath of the storm, VNA said.

Helicopters were on standby for a search and rescue mission for an oil rig with 35 people on board that became disconnected from its towboats miles out at sea amid strong waves generated by the storm, according to VNA.

And five people were missing Sunday after winds from Son-Tinh sank an engineering vessel near a cargo terminal in Sanya, a city on the southern Chinese island of Hainan, China’s state-run news agency Xinhua reported.

Son-Tinh is expected to gradually weaken over the course of Monday, regional weather agencies said. At least 260,000 people in Vietnam had been relocated to safer areas as it approached Sunday.

The storm had already killed 27 people when it swept across the central Philippines during the second half of last week, causing flash floods and landslides, according to the Philippine National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. Nine people remain missing, the council said Monday.

East Asia is buffeted for several months a year by heavy storms that roll in from the western Pacific Ocean. In August, a big typhoon, named Bolaven, killed more than 60 people on the Korean peninsula.