Tag Archive: Central America


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Mongabay Environmental News

There have been more than 11,000 fires in just one region of the Brazilian Amazon this year

5th November 2015 / Mike Gaworecki

While climate change can certainly exacerbate drought conditions, leading to more frequent wildfires, this year’s ferocious fire season might also have been heavily influenced by the El Niño event developing in the Pacific Ocean.

  • Satellite images revealed that on October 4, 2015 there were over 900 fires burning in the Brazilian Amazon at once.
  • The region most affected by the fires was the northern state of Amazonas, where some 11,114 forest fires were recorded this year.
  • If the Pacific El Niño continues to strengthen, researchers expect fire risk in the Amazon to increase, as well.
On October 4, 2015, satellite images revealed that there were over 900 fires burning in the Brazilian Amazon.That figure was reported by Brazil’s Institute for Space Research, known as INPE, which said that the region most affected by the fires was the northern state of Amazonas. Some 11,114 forest fires have already been observed in Amazonas this year, a 47 percent increase over the same period last year, according to INPE.

Amazonas is not alone in dealing with increased incidence of forest fires. More than a quarter of the fires so far this year have occurred in the Cerrado agricultural region, which encompasses parts of the central states of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Tocantins and Minas Gerais, for instance.

Meanwhile, Brazil’s southeastern states have been suffering from extreme drought, and a study by researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford University determined that the area of the Amazon affected by mild to severe drought is likely to double in the eastern part of Amazonia and triple in the west by 2100, due largely to the impacts of deforestation.

The Carnegie Institution researchers did not factor rising global temperatures into their calculations, however, meaning drought conditions are likely to be even worse than they projected. That does not bode well for future fire seasons being tamer than 2015.

 

Read More Here

 

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the guardian

El Niño: food shortages, floods, disease and droughts set to put millions at risk

Agencies warn of unchartered territory as strongest-ever El Niño threatens to batter vulnerable countries with extreme weather for months

Indonesian workers load rice on a truck at Tanjung Priok Port in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 14 November. Indonesia will import about 1.5m tonnes of rice from Vietnam due to the impact of El Niño.
Indonesian workers load rice on a truck at Tanjung Priok Port in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 14 November. Indonesia will import about 1.5m tonnes of rice from Vietnam due to the impact of El Niño. Photograph: Bagus Indahono/EPA

The UN has warned of months of extreme weather in many of the world’s most vulnerable countries with intense storms, droughts and floods triggered by one of the strongest El Niño weather events recorded in 50 years, which is expected to continue until spring 2016.

El Niño is a natural climatic phenomenon that sees equatorial waters in the eastern Pacific ocean warm every few years. This disrupts regular weather patterns such as monsoons and trade winds, and increases the risk of food shortages, floods, disease and forest fires.

This year, a strong El Niño has been building since March and its effects are already being seen in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Malawi, Indonesia and across Central America, according to the World Meteorological Organisation. The phenomenon is also being held responsible for uncontrolled fires in forests in Indonesia and in the Amazon rainforest.

The UN’s World Meteorological Organization warned in a report on Monday that the current strong El Niño is expected to strengthen further and peak around the end of the 2015. “Severe droughts and devastating flooding being experienced throughout the tropics and sub-tropical zones bear the hallmarks of this El Niño, which is the strongest in more than 15 years,” said WMO secretary-general Michel Jarraud.

Jarraud said the impact of the naturally occurring El Niño event was being exacerbated by global warming, which had already led to record temperatures this year. “This event is playing out in uncharted territory. Our planet has altered dramatically because of climate change,” he said. “So this El Niño event and human-induced climate change may interact and modify each other in ways which we have never before experienced. El Niño is turning up the heat even further.”

 

Read More Here

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Volcán de Fuego
Volcan de Fuego October 1974 eruption.jpg

Volcán de Fuego, 1974 eruption. via Wikipedia.org
Elevation 3,763 m (12,346 ft)

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RSOE EDIS
Event Report

Volcano Eruption Guatemala Sierra Madre, [Volcan de Fuego] Damage level Details

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Volcano Eruption in Guatemala on Thursday, 08 October, 2015 at 03:16 (03:16 AM) UTC.

Description
The Volcan de Fuego (Fire Volcano( of Guatemala registered Wednesday its 8th eruption in this year, and keeps itself expelling gases and ashes to more than 4,800 meters of altitude over sea level. A communique by the National Seismology and Volcanology Institute gave information on the implementation of the yellow alert in the region and called the population to keep informed on the situation. Also, it recommended the authorities of the aeronautics to take precautions with the air traffic, since the ash column can increase in the next hours. The colossus with 1,300 meters high, as he warned the National Coordinating committee for the Reduction of Disasters, can increase the energy in the next hours and there is probability to generate ardent clouds that may descend on its skirts. For the time being it is not necessary to realize evacuations, said the entity.

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Volcano Eruption in Guatemala on Thursday, 08 October, 2015 at 03:16 (03:16 AM) UTC.

Base data
EDIS Number: VE-20151008-50410-GTM
Event type: Volcano Eruption
Date/Time: Thursday, 08 October, 2015 at 03:16 (03:16 AM) UTC
Last update:
Cause of event:
Damage level: Minor Damage level
Geographic information
Continent: Central-America
Country: Guatemala
County / State: Sierra Madre
Area: Volcan de Fuego
City:
Coordinate: N 19° 33.800, W 103° 36.500
Number of affected people / Humanities loss
Foreign people: Affected is unknown.

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Jan 16, 2014 by Sci-News.com

By using the same experimental framework normally applied to test learnt behavioral responses in animals, biologists from Australia and Italy have successfully demonstrated that Mimosa pudica – an exotic herb native to South America and Central America – can learn and remember just as well as it would be expected of animals.

Mimosa pudica at the Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. Image credit: H. Zell / CC BY-SA 3.0.

Mimosa pudica at the Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. Image credit: H. Zell / CC BY-SA 3.0.

Mimosa pudica is known as the Sensitive plant or a touch-me-not. Dr Monica Gagliano from the University of Western Australia and her colleagues designed their experiments as if Mimosa was indeed an animal.

They trained Mimosa‘s short- and long-term memories under both high and low-light environments by repeatedly dropping water on them using a custom-designed apparatus.

The scientists show how Mimosa plants stopped closing their leaves when they learnt that the repeated disturbance had no real damaging consequence.

The plants were able to acquire the learnt behavior in a matter of seconds and as in animals, learning was faster in less favorable environment.

Most remarkably, these plants were able to remember what had been learned for several weeks, even after environmental conditions had changed.

Read More Here

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Epoch 10 news you need to know

Curbing Gang Violence in Central America

Gang violence, fueled by the drug traffic in Latin America, Central America, and the Caribbean, is having a serious effect on people’s lives and threatens to alter the social fabric of the countries in the region. Central American gangs, also called maras, named after the voracious ants known as marabuntas, are involved in a wide range of criminal activities, such as arms and drug trafficking, kidnapping, human trafficking, human smuggling, and illegal immigration.

One of the best-known Central American gangs, Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, has an estimated 70,000 members who are active in urban and suburban areas. It originated in Los Angeles in the 1960s, and then spread to other parts of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America. The gang’s activities have caught the attention of the FBI and the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which have conducted raids and arrested hundreds of gang members. The FBI called MS-13 “America’s most violent gang.”

MS-13 has been particularly active in Los Angeles County, the San Francisco Bay Area, Washington, D.C., Long Island, New York City, and the Boston area. Their code of conduct includes fierce revenge and cruel retribution. Members of this gang were originally recruited by the Sinaloa in their battle against the Los Zetas Mexican cartels in their ongoing drug war south of the U.S. border.

Many gang members living in the U.S. have been deported back to El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala, adding to the already serious social problems in those countries. They brought with them crack cocaine and predictably, drug-related crimes were soon on a steep increase. Those gang members deported from the United States enlarged the local groups and found easy recruits among the local disenfranchised youth. Today, most of the members are in their 20s, while their leaders are in the late 30s and 40s.

The gangs’ battles with the police for control of working-class neighborhoods were met in each case with strong-arm tactics by the police. They also proved unproductive, since they unleashed more random violence and terror. As a result of each government’s efforts to eliminate them, many gang members returned to the United States, where they continued their involvement in criminal activities. Today, the gangs have expanded into southern Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil, which has generated calls for a more organized effort to combat them.

Read More Here

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Earth’s Tectonic Plates Are ‘Lubricated’

By News Staff | March 20th 2013 09:06 PM
Science2.0
  The discovery was made at the magma layer at the Middle America trench offshore Nicaragua. Using advanced seafloor electromagnetic imaging technology pioneered atScripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Dieg , the scientists imaged a 16 mile-thick layer of partially melted mantle rock below the edge of the Cocos plate where it moves underneath Central America.

The new images of magma were captured during a 2010 expedition aboard the U.S. Navy-owned and Scripps-operated research vessel Melville. After deploying a vast array of seafloor instruments that recorded natural electromagnetic signals to map features of the crust and mantle, the scientists realized they found magma in a surprising place.

“This was completely unexpected,” said  Kerry Key, an associate research geophysicist at Scripps. “We went out looking to get an idea of how fluids are interacting with plate subduction, but we discovered a melt layer we weren’t expecting to find at all—it was pretty surprising.”

 

Read Full Article Here

Earth Watch Report  –  Extreme  Weather

 

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Today Cold Wave Guatemala Departmento de Olintepeque, Olintepeque Damage level
Details

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Cold Wave in Guatemala on Tuesday, 11 December, 2012 at 06:13 (06:13 AM) UTC.

Description
A sharp drop in temperatures has caused two deaths in the western Guatemalan province of Quetzaltenango, first responders said Monday. Oscar de Jesus Elias was found dead of hypothermia on a street outside the town of Olintepeque, fire rescue said. The other fatality, identified only as a homeless woman, was discovered in Quetzaltenango city. Parts of western Guatemala experienced temperatures as low as minus 7 C (19 F), the National Institute of Meteorology said, while many residents woke up Monday to find frost on their homes and vehicles. Guatemalan weather forecasters predict the country will be affected by at least a dozen cold fronts between now and the end of next March. The Conred emergency response agency announced that it has established shelters to provide homeless people with a refuge from the cold. More than 500 people have flocked to the shelters over the last few days, Conred said Monday.

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 Environmental

 

 

Oil drilling approved for national park in Belize

By: Robin Oisín Llewellyn, special to mongabay.com

Dawn breaking over Black Creek, Sarstoon Temash National Park. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.
Dawn breaking over Black Creek, Sarstoon Temash National Park. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.

The decision is believed to have been taken on November 1st by the National Environmental Assessment Committee (NEAC) of the Department of Environment, but the exact terms of the settlement have not yet been made public. The oil company, backed by US energy investment group Aspect Holdings, has applied to drill at five points in the Sarstoon Temash National Park and adjacent areas.

While oil extraction in national parks is banned under the Belizean National Parks Act, the government is largely satisfied with the company’s environmental statement (ES) for exploratory drilling in the “Block 19” concession covering the park and neighbouring indigenous areas. NEAC has reportedly made its approval conditional on the provision of further information relating to the proposed treatment of drilling mud, and relating to the company’s oil spill response plan. It has also requested clarification on whether the company will dredge waterways, and has demanded the survey questionnaires that US Capital Energy was to have circulated as part of its social assessment.

A SATIIM patrol in the national park, escorted by the Belize Defense Force. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.
A SATIIM patrol in the national park, escorted by the Belize Defense Force. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.

Sarstoon Temash National Park (STNP) is the second largest national park in Belize, and is listed under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance. It comprises 16,590 hectares of permanently and seasonally inundated tropical evergreen lowland forest, Manicaria swamp forest, and lowland peat shrubland. The only known comfra palm forest in Belize grows within the park boundaries, as do the region’s best stretches of undisturbed red mangrove forest. STNP is also home to the only known low-lying sphagnum moss bog in Central America, which fosters flower species believed to be unique.

Three assessments of US Capital Energy’s environmental statement were carried out by analysts from or on behalf of Belizean environmental NGOs, and all found the company’s proposal to be “fatally flawed.” The scientific team of the Toledo Institute for Development and Environment (TIDE) highlighted the potential for toxic drilling materials and benzene escaping from the well shafts, and in their evaluation noted that the largest fault line in Central America runs through the park which could fracture the bore holes leading to groundwater contamination.

TIDE also drew attention to a fatal flaw in the company’s failure to detail the chemicals that will be added to the drilling fluid, and its provision of contradictory information on whether drilling fluid would be water based or pseudo water based.

The government’s decision is the latest act in a long running drama that has pitted US Capital Energy and the government against the indigenous community organization which co-manages the park, the Sarstoon Temash Institute of Indigenous Management (SATIIM).

The rangers of SATIIM are drawn from the indigenous Mayan and Garifuna communities that border the National Park, and they have been patrolling the area throughout the company’s exploration phase which saw increased illegal logging along seismic lines, disruption to the park’s fauna, and the burning down of over 250 acres of the unique sphagnum moss bog.

An evaluation on behalf of SATIIM by environmental consultant Richard Steiner also found US Capital Energy’s drilling project to be flawed on the following grounds:

  • That the project violates the purposes and regulations of the protective designations of the STNP, which falls within IUCN category I and II protective status, as well as being recognized under the RAMSAR Convention.
  • Contradictions exist in the ES’s claim that “There will not be any adverse impact on the terrestrial flora and fauna of the area,” with its admission in section 16.3.5 that a spill would “create serious impacts to wildlife and the local economy”. The environmental statement does not further discuss this potential for the serious social as well as environmental impact from a major spill.
  • Section 15.4 discusses Response Measures in the Event of a Major Oil Spill, but in a vague and general way: At the time of a spill, “a program of management and control options will be put together.” Thus, there is no pre-established Oil Spill Contingency Plan discussed, detailing equipment available, response approaches, etc. As well, there is no development of a worst-case oil spill scenario.
  • The ES does not consider or discuss any potential impacts to the offshore marine ecosystem, which could be impacted by an oil spill flowing down the Temash River and then offshore towards Honduras and Guatemala, or from a vessel transporting diesel fuel for generators at the drill sites.
  • The ES and its appendices do not specify how blowouts, such as that which caused the Deepwater disaster, will be prevented. Steiner writes: “The broader and more important issue of blow out prevention includes well design and well integrity management, yet Appendix B does not discuss this at all. Section 15.2 discusses these issues in only very general terms (e.g., that certain valves and devices will be installed, etc.) without any further detail. The ES does not detail well design and well integrity management in necessary detail, and it does not discuss anticipated reservoir pressures, BOP pressure ratings, casing design, cement slurry formulation, pressure testing during drilling, and plans to manage pressure anomalies (e.g. “kicks”) during drilling. The ES fails to acknowledge any commitment by the operator to comply with American Petroleum Institute (API) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standards, which are the global industry standards. The API standards also incorporate the U.S. Integrity Management (IM) protocols, and designate High Consequence Areas (HCAs) where consequences of an oil spill are greater, thus requiring enhanced design standards. Yet the ES does not discuss this.”
  • Two drilling sites, A and E, are located within the park. A is located 200m from the Temash River, while E is in the heart of the sphagnum moss bog. The ES downplays the company’s interest in drill site E, and does not state how transportation will arranged to reach it, merely saying that “further studies will be carried out”. Yet the statement is a request of approval by the operator to drill at the site.
Allan Herrera of US Capital Energy presenting the environmental statement, Sunday Wood, Belize, 25 October. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.
Allan Herrera of US Capital Energy presenting the environmental statement, Sunday Wood, Belize, 25 October. Photo by: Robin Oisín Llewellyn.

Scientists from the Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide (ELAW) highlighted the dangers to biodiversity of the access roads, which destroy selected areas of vegetation to fragment and ultimately degrade rainforest ecosystems. In their evaluation they wrote: “Such fragmentation is the principal cause of the loss of ‘area-sensitive’ species …and is considered the most serious threat to biological diversity.”

The evaluations of the ES also highlighted the hitherto unresolved legal injunctions against oil exploration stemming from the Supreme Court’s rulings of Maya land claims in the area. The Q’eqchi’ Maya rainforest communities on whose lands US Capital Energy hopes to drill had long campaigned for full legal title over the territories on which they relied for their livelihoods, and their claims were settled by the Supreme Court in 2007 (for two Maya villages) and 2010 (for 22 further Maya villages).

The government has so far refused to comply with the rulings’ instruction to issue written collective land titles to the communities, and currently is appealing the 2010 decision. No oil exploration or extraction can occur on these contested lands with or without the consent of the inhabitants until the government issues written title to the indigenous villages.

While Prime Minister Dean Barrow argues that the Supreme Court rulings don’t influence the prior agreements made with US Capital Energy, the eight year production sharing agreement made between the Belizean Government and US Capital Energy in January 22, 2001 (revised on January 2, 2004) has expired, leaving the project currently progressing without a legal basis.

The prominence of the 2007 and 2010 rulings has been heightened by the decision of four of the indigenous communities bordering the park to explicitly withhold their consent from US Capital Energy’s project, and to nominate SATIIM as their representative in negotiations with both the company and the government.

US Capital Energy presented its ES to a crowd it had bussed into the Maya village of Sunday Wood, a community it has heavily invested in and whose Alcalde (mayor) Mateo Tush supports drilling. A collective letter from the leaders of five Maya and Garifuna indigenous communities to the Chief Environment Officer and NEAC chairperson Martin Alegria requesting a delay to NEAC’s decision until they could review all relevant information in the ES went unanswered.

The meeting on October 25th saw SATIIM director Gregory Ch’oc being silenced, his microphone grabbed by Martin Alegria. All members of the public had their participation limited to one minute of speaking time. US Capital subsequently announced its satisfaction with the success of the meeting, but its optimism may prove short-lived.

Statements from the rainforest communities of Conejo,Crique Sarco, Graham Creek, and Midway have asserted that they withhold their free, prior and informed consent to the drilling project, and at their request SATIIM has contracted leading American law firm Sheppard, Mullin, Richter and Hampton LLP to uphold their rights under the Supreme Court rulings.

Bulldozers are now entering the communities to create access for drilling, with a 13-meter wide road to Drilling Site A being measured by US Capital Energy engineers.

Earth Watch Report

Globe with Earthquake Location

7.4 Mww – GUATEMALA

Preliminary Earthquake Report
Magnitude 7.4 Mww
Date-Time
  • 7 Nov 2012 16:35:50 UTC
  • 7 Nov 2012 10:35:50 near epicenter
  • 7 Nov 2012 10:35:50 standard time in your timezone
Location 14.083N 91.916W
Depth 41 km
Distances
  • 56 km (35 miles) SSW (206 degrees) of Retalhuleu, Retalhuleu, Guatemala
  • 61 km (38 miles) SSE (148 degrees) of Suchiate, Chiapas, Mexico
  • 66 km (41 miles) SW (221 degrees) of Mazatenango, Suchitepéquez, Guatemala
  • 95 km (59 miles) SSW (208 degrees) of Quezaltenango, Guatemala
  • 163 km (101 miles) WSW (248 degrees) of GUATEMALA CITY, Guatemala
Location Uncertainty Horizontal: 15.0 km; Vertical 9.0 km
Parameters Nph = 635; Dmin = 245.0 km; Rmss = 1.17 seconds; Gp = 59°
M-type = Mww; Version = 7
Event ID us b000dlwm

For updates, maps, and technical information, see:
Event Page
or
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program

National Earthquake Information Center
U.S. Geological Survey
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/neic/

 

Tectonic Summary

The November 7, 2012 M 7.4 earthquake south of Champerico, Guatemala occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone interface between the subducting Cocos plate and the overlying Caribbean and North America plates, near their triple junction.  At the latitude of this earthquake, the Cocos plate moves north-northeast with respect to the Caribbean and North America plates at a velocity of approximately 70-80 mm/yr, and subducts beneath Central America at the Middle America Trench.

Over the past 40 years, the region within 250 km of the November 7 earthquake has experienced 50 earthquakes with M 6 or greater; two of these were larger than M 7. The first was a M 7.1 in December of 1983, in approximately the same location as the November 7 event, and resulted in no documented fatalities. The second had a magnitude of M 7.2, and struck a region just over 100 km to the northwest offshore Mexico in September 1993. There was one known fatality associated with the 1993 event. A M6.8 earthquake in October of 1979, 120 km to the east-southeast of the November 7 earthquake, resulted in 7 fatalities in Guatemala.

Additional Commentary

At least 30 people killed and damage in Quetzaltenango and San Marcos.

Strong earthquake off Guatemala kills at least 48

By Jorge Dan and Milton Castillo | Reuters  

    • A worker moves food rations before they are further transported to earthquake-affected areas, at Guatemala's emergency agency CONRED in Guatemala City November 7, 2012. REUTERS/William Gularte

      Enlarge Photo

      Reuters/Reuters – A worker moves food rations before they are further transported to earthquake-affected areas, at Guatemala’s emergency agency CONRED in Guatemala City November 7, 2012. REUTERS/William Gu …more 

    SAN MARCOS, Guatemala (Reuters) – A strong earthquake off the coast of Guatemala killed at least 48 people and trapped others under rubble on Wednesday, crushing homes and cars, destroying roads and forcing evacuations as far away as Mexico City.

    Most of the dead were buried under debris in San Marcos state, a mountainous region near the Mexican border. Landslides triggered by the 7.4-magnitude quake blocked highways and complicated rescue efforts.

    It was the strongest earthquake to hit the Central American nation since 1976, when a 7.5-magnitude quake killed more than 20,000 people.

    President Otto Perez, who confirmed the death toll after returning to the capital Guatemala City from a lightning trip to San Marcos, said that as many as 23 people were unaccounted for, while 153 people were being housed in emergency shelters.

    “It’s very sad to meet people here who are waiting to find their families who are still buried,” Perez said in San Marcos. “It’s really a tragedy and we will do all we can to help the families that are suffering.”

    Rescue workers in bright yellow helmets worked through the night pulling bodies from the rubble-strewn streets of San Pedro Sacatepequez, San Marcos, as dazed locals looked on, taking stock of the damage.

    “Thank God we’re alive,” said resident Arnulfo Portillo. “To be honest, there’s quite a few families who have been hit badly, but we’re a tight-knight community and we’ll come out on top.”

    In San Cristobal Cucho, also in San Marcos, all but one of an 11-member family died, buried under rubble, volunteer fireman Ovidio Fuentes told local radio. Only the 17-year-old son survived.

    Local Red Cross chief Carlos Enrique Alvarado said 75 homes were destroyed in the city of San Marcos alone and authorities said damage to the prison forced them to transfer 101 inmates to another jail.

    Perez, who announced three days of mourning, said Spain and Venezuela had offered help. Authorities distributed 16,000 emergency rations and mobilized more than 2,000 soldiers to help with the rescue effort. The energy ministry said 73,000 people were left without electricity.

    In Guatemala City, 100 miles from the quake’s epicenter, the streets filled with office workers forced to evacuate buildings, although most soon returned to work.

    “It was really big. I felt quite nauseous,” said Vanessa Castillo, 32, a secretary who was evacuated from her 10th floor office in the capital.

    Building janitor Jorge Gamboa said: “I was in the bathroom. When I came out the office was empty and I thought, what’s happening? They didn’t even say goodbye.”

    The epicenter was 26 miles below the surface, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

    The quake was felt in El Salvador and more than 760 miles away in Mexico City, where some people also fled offices and homes.

    The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said a small tsunami was registered on Guatemala’s coast, although there were no reports that it caused any damage.

    (Reporting by Jorge Dan and Milton Castillo in San Marcos, Mike McDonald in Guatemala City; Writing by Krista Hughes; Editing by Kieran Murray, Paul Simao and Lisa Shumaker)

    Earthquakes

    USGS

    MAG UTC DATE-TIME
    y/m/d h:m:s
    LAT
    deg
    LON
    deg
    DEPTH
    km
     Region
    MAP  5.0   2012/08/27 23:16:01   30.614  -113.876 10.1  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.5   2012/08/27 23:05:49   12.470   -88.692 35.6  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/27 23:05:29   36.508   142.857 31.4  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 22:40:51   33.030  -115.556 13.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.8   2012/08/27 22:07:40   12.397   -88.645 35.6  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.8   2012/08/27 21:13:29   11.914   -88.719 35.3  OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL AMERICA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 19:13:03   52.305  -170.594 25.5  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/27 18:05:59   32.961  -115.549 12.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  5.3   2012/08/27 17:54:24   3.639   126.675 19.9  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
    MAP  3.7 2012/08/27 17:50:47   19.525   -64.451 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.7 2012/08/27 17:47:52   33.008  -115.567 9.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 17:44:27   33.043  -115.543 10.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 17:44:25   58.486  -154.149 71.5  ALASKA PENINSULA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 17:14:10   32.926  -115.605 8.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.8 2012/08/27 17:05:14   19.628   -64.284 42.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 17:04:31   32.990  -115.577 12.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.6 2012/08/27 17:00:51   19.599   -64.225 60.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.4 2012/08/27 16:39:43   19.572   -64.531 6.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  5.0   2012/08/27 16:00:50  -27.140  -176.751 39.7  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 15:34:57   33.002  -114.709 23.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/27 15:33:48   36.014  -118.404 2.6  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 14:44:40   32.928  -115.507 9.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/27 14:36:32   11.963   -89.195 35.0  OFF THE COAST OF CENTRAL AMERICA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/27 13:48:49   19.425  -155.320 7.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  4.5   2012/08/27 13:46:15   12.098   -88.540 35.0  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.4 2012/08/27 13:34:21   12.571   -88.256 35.0  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/27 12:55:21   12.926   -88.450 20.5  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/27 12:19:58   60.281  -152.437 94.6  SOUTHERN ALASKA
    MAP  5.0   2012/08/27 12:05:23   10.346   92.937 45.4  ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/27 11:25:54   37.173  -114.842 5.2  NEVADA
    MAP  4.7   2012/08/27 10:59:41   12.124   -88.490 20.6  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  5.1   2012/08/27 09:05:01   12.154   -88.306 20.1  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
    MAP  5.3   2012/08/27 09:01:23   2.378   99.002 151.2  NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/27 08:58:23   33.056  -115.537 8.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/27 08:16:18   12.360   -88.673 19.9  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.5   2012/08/27 08:14:48   12.312   -88.932 20.2  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 08:08:30   19.527   -64.337 9.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.8   2012/08/27 08:05:54   12.313   -89.105 20.4  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 07:55:33   19.432  -155.313 6.5  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 07:53:38   32.961  -115.531 3.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 07:50:59   33.026  -115.542 13.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.7   2012/08/27 07:47:13   12.063   -88.435 20.2  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/27 07:32:06   32.979  -115.579 14.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.2 2012/08/27 06:37:42   12.100   -88.661 19.2  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.5   2012/08/27 06:37:30   48.907   154.883 62.1  KURIL ISLANDS
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/27 06:31:29   33.044  -115.529 5.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 06:24:54   19.693   -64.214 25.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 06:13:00   19.677   -64.217 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 06:09:05   19.631   -64.278 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.3 2012/08/27 06:02:30   12.326   -88.682 20.0  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.4 2012/08/27 05:55:48   12.253   -88.534 20.0  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 05:47:33   19.426  -155.312 5.9  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/27 05:47:25   33.040  -115.532 12.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 05:39:43   32.913  -115.532 14.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  5.4   2012/08/27 05:38:02   12.258   -88.656 20.3  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  5.2   2012/08/27 05:23:23   30.732  -113.875 10.1  GULF OF CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 05:20:51   33.054  -115.582 0.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/27 05:09:05   33.056  -115.544 8.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 05:08:00   32.527  -115.648 18.5  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
    MAP  4.5   2012/08/27 05:06:06   12.065   -88.997 20.2  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/27 05:01:30   12.124   -88.645 19.9  OFF THE COAST OF EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 05:01:22   33.048  -115.535 10.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 04:59:36   33.008  -115.548 10.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 04:59:24   19.791  -155.570 16.2  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/27 04:57:04   33.050  -115.542 8.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 04:54:56   33.008  -115.567 0.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.8   2012/08/27 04:53:53   12.593   -88.753 20.3  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 04:49:10   33.027  -115.542 10.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 04:46:14   33.020  -115.494 11.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.9   2012/08/27 04:41:37   33.030  -115.531 9.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  7.3   2012/08/27 04:37:20   12.278   -88.528 20.3  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 04:20:13   32.988  -115.595 12.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.6 2012/08/27 03:47:43   19.740   -64.342 34.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  5.0   2012/08/27 03:47:18   2.234   126.844 82.3  MOLUCCA SEA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 03:41:41   33.014  -115.547 13.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/27 03:29:42   33.025  -115.546 13.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.8 2012/08/27 03:21:31   19.730   -64.180 35.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 03:18:48   33.021  -115.546 14.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/27 03:03:33   32.993  -115.588 13.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/27 02:57:52   19.503   -64.109 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/27 02:53:15   32.977  -115.609 13.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 02:47:24   33.009  -115.554 12.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/27 02:28:10   33.023  -115.540 14.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/27 02:03:19   19.204   -64.090 92.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/27 01:51:03   19.461   -64.165 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/27 00:58:45   32.998  -115.579 13.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/27 00:58:34   33.018  -115.539 0.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/27 00:47:02   19.521   -64.144 71.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  5.1   2012/08/27 00:39:53  -23.805   -69.120 57.1  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/27 00:29:10   19.658   -64.140 57.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 00:13:45   33.005  -115.596 18.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/27 00:12:26   33.037  -115.549 8.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.4 2012/08/27 00:12:11  -23.850   -68.707 76.6  ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/27 00:05:53   19.637   -64.268 49.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/27 00:03:52   19.730   -64.194 21.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION

    MAG UTC DATE-TIME
    y/m/d h:m:s
    LAT
    deg
    LON
    deg
    DEPTH
    km
     Region
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 23:59:20   19.736   -64.176 22.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 23:57:54   19.657   -64.209 10.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/26 23:53:15   33.033  -115.535 13.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 23:46:34   32.246  -114.746 9.1  SONORA, MEXICO
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/26 23:44:32   19.486   -64.145 76.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.8 2012/08/26 23:36:58   33.052  -115.533 7.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 23:34:51   33.001  -115.547 5.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/26 23:33:25   33.033  -115.531 9.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 23:28:51   19.545   -64.174 67.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 23:26:14   19.174   -63.901 99.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 23:23:41   19.115   -63.923 96.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 23:21:07   59.992  -153.523 100.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 23:21:05   33.021  -115.541 13.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 23:19:06   18.894   -63.961 90.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.3 2012/08/26 23:17:16   12.167   -88.074 65.5  NEAR THE COAST OF NICARAGUA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 23:16:22   33.007  -115.564 13.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 23:13:46   33.032  -115.536 12.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  5.0   2012/08/26 23:06:13   2.684   128.858 44.6  HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 23:01:19   19.496   -64.081 81.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.3 2012/08/26 22:58:42   32.990  -115.590 13.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 22:54:48   33.011  -115.553 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 22:53:36   33.023  -115.553 12.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 22:52:10   32.998  -115.589 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 22:51:34   40.304  -124.429 11.0  OFFSHORE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 22:51:23   32.997  -115.570 0.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 22:38:56   19.618   -64.347 26.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.2 2012/08/26 22:34:57   14.065   -91.259 90.9  GUATEMALA
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 22:34:46   33.007  -115.589 13.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 22:34:05   32.992  -115.593 13.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 22:23:57   32.989  -115.428 6.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 22:22:54   32.923  -115.555 12.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 22:22:35   32.962  -115.564 12.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 22:16:24   32.998  -115.589 13.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 22:16:03   32.938  -115.669 0.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 22:13:04   32.999  -115.578 15.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.6 2012/08/26 22:10:24   19.691   -64.186 40.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 22:08:06   33.021  -115.549 14.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 22:06:29   33.014  -115.539 9.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 22:03:09   19.525   -64.229 66.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 22:02:00   33.028  -115.541 13.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 21:54:16   33.004  -115.586 16.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 21:53:58   32.971  -115.551 14.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 21:47:18   33.026  -115.538 10.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 21:46:12   32.996  -115.591 12.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 21:45:26   32.967  -115.551 13.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 21:42:51   33.022  -115.541 11.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 21:37:50   33.051  -115.577 0.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 21:34:48   33.027  -115.532 11.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 21:30:55   33.005  -115.565 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.8 2012/08/26 21:26:40   33.038  -115.527 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 21:23:24   32.999  -115.590 14.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 21:21:57   32.998  -115.549 0.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 21:21:22   32.970  -115.588 12.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 21:20:24   33.032  -115.524 4.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 21:20:06   33.022  -115.536 10.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 21:19:35   32.974  -115.561 1.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 21:19:01   33.013  -115.536 0.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.9 2012/08/26 21:17:27   32.984  -115.608 9.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.2 2012/08/26 21:15:29   33.041  -115.543 8.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 21:13:59   33.026  -115.524 11.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 21:12:38   32.959  -115.585 0.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.6 2012/08/26 21:08:46   32.997  -115.587 11.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 21:05:12   33.027  -115.537 4.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  5.5   2012/08/26 20:57:58   33.024  -115.549 9.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 20:45:49   33.030  -115.545 12.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 20:34:40   19.646   -64.273 14.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:33:02   33.008  -115.529 0.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 20:31:13   33.024  -115.543 4.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 20:28:58   33.009  -115.528 9.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:28:20   33.004  -115.553 12.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:24:52   33.007  -115.553 12.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 20:20:25   33.026  -115.543 11.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 20:16:54   33.012  -115.564 12.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:16:43   33.029  -115.535 10.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 20:14:46   32.996  -115.582 12.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 20:10:14   33.000  -115.561 11.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:08:32   32.928  -115.577 7.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 20:06:10   33.029  -115.537 3.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 20:04:50   33.008  -115.559 9.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.6 2012/08/26 19:58:17   33.025  -115.541 13.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 19:57:34   33.010  -115.541 9.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 19:50:15   33.007  -115.586 12.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 19:48:04   33.021  -115.558 24.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 19:47:08   32.989  -115.572 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/26 19:45:56   32.993  -115.575 0.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 19:43:41   33.023  -115.541 10.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.3 2012/08/26 19:40:13   32.990  -115.598 13.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 19:39:31   32.998  -115.572 7.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 19:35:52   32.995  -115.485 7.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.9   2012/08/26 19:33:01   33.021  -115.554 14.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  5.3   2012/08/26 19:31:23   33.019  -115.546 12.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 19:30:55   33.035  -115.536 10.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 19:28:45   33.023  -115.561 13.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 19:21:04   33.003  -115.546 11.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/26 19:20:05   33.019  -115.545 13.1  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.0 2012/08/26 19:16:12   33.019  -115.549 10.6  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 19:06:48   33.024  -115.541 13.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 19:06:32   33.027  -115.542 13.3  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 19:03:19   33.027  -115.538 14.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 18:58:12   33.024  -115.546 13.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 18:56:40   19.681   -64.297 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 18:55:55   33.008  -115.560 12.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 18:43:16   19.789   -64.160 30.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 18:39:37   19.734   -64.201 15.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.5 2012/08/26 18:32:55   19.537   -64.491 16.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 18:11:24   33.014  -115.560 12.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 18:08:57   19.745   -64.083 25.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 18:05:13   19.778   -64.120 38.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 17:39:03   19.603   -64.288 25.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 17:37:16   33.011  -115.551 12.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 17:30:42   19.595   -64.374 16.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.2 2012/08/26 17:24:23   19.609   -64.302 31.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 17:18:13   33.010  -115.556 12.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 17:17:23   33.017  -115.556 12.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/26 17:16:02   33.023  -115.549 13.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 17:13:52   33.017  -115.555 12.7  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 17:06:53   19.441   -64.472 53.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 17:03:40   32.996  -115.548 6.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.8 2012/08/26 17:02:13   33.019  -115.563 13.2  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 16:45:42   59.587  -153.405 100.0  SOUTHERN ALASKA
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 16:26:17   19.765   -64.094 54.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 16:18:16   33.018  -115.555 12.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 16:14:51   59.977  -152.290 60.5  SOUTHERN ALASKA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 16:12:37   19.665   -64.083 66.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.4 2012/08/26 16:02:12   19.616   -64.311 27.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 16:00:53   18.701   -63.541 104.0  ANGUILLA REGION, LEEWARD ISLANDS
    MAP  4.2 2012/08/26 15:56:10   19.582   -64.388 9.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 15:50:28   19.660   -64.239 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 15:48:24   32.998  -115.559 11.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 15:48:11   33.010  -115.548 12.0  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 15:33:04   33.015  -115.552 12.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 15:28:27   19.889   -64.354 73.0  NORTH OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 15:17:06   18.299   -67.322 82.0  MONA PASSAGE, PUERTO RICO
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 15:13:53   19.708   -64.140 14.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  3.1 2012/08/26 15:11:57   19.674   -64.290 42.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  6.6   2012/08/26 15:05:37   2.197   126.835 91.9  MOLUCCA SEA
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 15:00:15   19.634   -64.040 71.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 14:57:31   19.691   -64.293 27.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.9 2012/08/26 14:55:14   19.762   -68.845 55.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 14:49:52   19.736   -64.133 39.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.8 2012/08/26 14:42:11   19.420   -63.968 95.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.1 2012/08/26 14:37:51   19.660   -64.264 32.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  4.4 2012/08/26 14:30:30   37.077   142.533 36.3  OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
    MAP  2.6 2012/08/26 14:00:24   35.640   -97.282 5.0  OKLAHOMA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 12:09:34   19.347  -155.091 8.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/26 12:02:48   -6.038   103.379 35.5  SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
    MAP  4.9   2012/08/26 11:27:04   -6.634   102.996 34.2  SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
    MAP  5.4   2012/08/26 11:22:23  -65.439  -179.843 10.0  PACIFIC-ANTARCTIC RIDGE
    MAP  4.1 2012/08/26 11:13:41   13.670   -90.199 91.7  OFFSHORE GUATEMALA
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 09:55:43   61.708  -154.202 0.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
    MAP  3.3 2012/08/26 09:53:14   33.871  -116.194 7.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  3.0 2012/08/26 07:21:32   18.416   -66.209 113.0  SAN JUAN URBAN AREA, PUERTO RICO
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 06:49:34   35.984  -117.863 4.7  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
    MAP  4.3 2012/08/26 06:43:25   55.519  -162.540 132.0  ALASKA PENINSULA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 06:41:15   19.136   -64.889 63.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
    MAP  2.5 2012/08/26 06:06:07   38.437  -122.254 11.8  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
    MAP  2.7 2012/08/26 04:22:07   19.245  -155.536 7.4  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
    MAP  4.8   2012/08/26 03:20:55   53.041   -35.183 10.6  REYKJANES RIDGE
    MAP  4.6   2012/08/26 03:16:52   53.058   -35.054 10.0  REYKJANES RIDGE

    ……………………………………….

    Globe with Earthquake Location

    6.4 Mwp – MOLUCCA SEA

    Preliminary Earthquake Report
    Magnitude 6.4 Mwp
    Date-Time
    • 26 Aug 2012 15:05:35 UTC
    • 26 Aug 2012 23:05:35 near epicenter
    • 26 Aug 2012 09:05:35 standard time in your timezone
    Location 2.231N 126.865E
    Depth 69 km
    Distances
    • 169 km (105 miles) NNW (340 degrees) of Ternate, Moluccas, Indonesia
    • 239 km (148 miles) ENE (70 degrees) of Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia
    • 460 km (286 miles) ENE (66 degrees) of Gorontalo, Sulawesi, Indonesia
    • 1021 km (634 miles) SW (236 degrees) of KOROR, Palau
    Location Uncertainty Horizontal: 13.4 km; Vertical 7.2 km
    Parameters Nph = 250; Dmin = 170.5 km; Rmss = 1.18 seconds; Gp = 15°
    M-type = Mwp; Version = 8
    Event ID us c000c76x

    For updates, maps, and technical information, see:
    Event Page
    or
    USGS Earthquake Hazards Program

    National Earthquake Information Center
    U.S. Geological Survey
    http://neic.usgs.gov/

    Globe with Earthquake Location

    7.4 Mwp – OFF COAST OF CENTRAL AMERICA Near Ecuador

    Preliminary Earthquake Report
    Magnitude 7.4 Mwp
    Date-Time
    • 27 Aug 2012 04:37:23 UTC
    • 26 Aug 2012 22:37:23 near epicenter
    • 26 Aug 2012 22:37:23 standard time in your timezone
    Location 12.279N 88.530W
    Depth 52 km
    Distances
    • 118 km (74 miles) S (185 degrees) of Usulután, Usulután, El Salvador
    • 138 km (86 miles) SSW (196 degrees) of San Miguel, San Miguel, El Salvador
    • 139 km (86 miles) SSW (212 degrees) of La Unión, La Unión, El Salvador
    • 169 km (105 miles) SSE (156 degrees) of SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador
    Location Uncertainty Horizontal: 16.5 km; Vertical 8.8 km
    Parameters Nph = 362; Dmin = 130.5 km; Rmss = 1.02 seconds; Gp = 114°
    M-type = Mwp; Version = 8
    Event ID us c000c7yw

    For updates, maps, and technical information, see:
    Event Page
    or
    USGS Earthquake Hazards Program

    National Earthquake Information Center
    U.S. Geological Survey
    http://neic.usgs.gov/

    California earthquake swarm felt in Arizona, Mexico, USGS says

    City map The series of moderate earthquakes — including several magnitude 5.0 and above — were felt as far north as Orange County, east into Arizona and south into Mexico, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

    The USGS recorded more than two dozen earthquakes in Imperial County, many of them near Brawley. Officials said people reported feeling the quake in Yuma, Ariz., Lake Havasu as well as in Baja California.

    The USGS’s “Do You Feel It” system shows the quakes were felt as far away as San Diego, Temecula and San Clemente. The 5.4 quake was also felt in Moreno Valley, Indio, National City and Palm Desert.

    The quakes could be felt in the press box at the Del Mar Race Track in neighboring San Diego County, where the $1-million Pacific Classic is scheduled later Sunday.

    Between 10 a.m. and 12:50 p.m., the same area was shaken by quakes ranging in magnitude from 2.0 to 5.4, the USGS reported.

    The burst of quakes took place roughly 16 miles from El Centro and 92 miles from Tijuana. In the last 10 days, there have been six earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or greater centered nearby.

    There were no immediate reports of serious damage or injuries from the temblor, though reports were still coming in.

    The border region is known for frequent seismic activity, though the size of these quakes is larger than typically seen.

    Here is a preliminary magnitude count of some of the quakes Sunday:

    — 5.3  magnitude at 12:32:59

    — 5.4 magnitude at 12:31:23

    — 5.3 magnitude at 12:30:54

    — 3.7 magnitude at 12:30:27

    — 4.7 magnitude at 12:21:04

    — 4.6 magnitude at 12:20:04

    The size of the quakes are subject to change as the USGS refines its data.

    Read more about California earthquakes on L.A. Now.

    Earthquake swarm rattles Southern California

    By Associated Press and KOMO Staff
    Earthquake swarm rattles Southern California

     

    Map provided by the U.S. Geologic Survey shows the earthquake swarm. The most recent quakes are in red.
     

    SAN DIEGO (AP) – Dozens of small to moderate earthquakes struck the southeastern corner of California on Sunday, causing minor damages to structures and rattling nerves in a small farming town east of San Diego.

    The largest quake registered at a magnitude 5.5 and was centered about three miles northwest of the town of Brawley, said Robert Graves, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey. Another quake Sunday registered at magnitude 5.3.

    More than 30 additional earthquakes with magnitudes of at least 3.5 jiggled the same area near the southern end of the Salton Sea, Graves said.

    “The type of activity that we’re seeing could possibly continue for several hours or even days,” Graves said.

    At the El Sol Market in Brawley, food packages fell from the shelves, littering aisle ways.

    Several glasses and a bottle of wine crashed to the floor and shattered at Assaggio, an Italian restaurant in Brawley, said owner Jerry Ma. The shaking was short-lived but intense, he said.

    “It felt like there was quake every 15 minutes. One after another. My kids are small and they’re scared and don’t want to come back inside,” said Mike Patel, who manages Townhouse Inn & Suites in Brawley.

    A TV came crashing down and a few light fixtures broke inside the motel, Patel said.

    A Brawley Police Department dispatcher said several downtown buildings sustained minor damage. No injuries were reported.

    The first quake, with a magnitude of 3.9, occurred at 10:02 a.m. The USGS said more than 100 aftershocks struck the same approximate epicenter, about 16 miles north of El Centro.

    Some shaking was felt along the San Diego County coast in Del Mar, some 120 miles from the epicenter, as well as in the Coachella Valley, southern Orange County and parts of northern Mexico.

    USGS seismologist Lucy Jones said earthquake swarms are characteristic of the region, known as the Brawley Seismic Zone.

    “The area sees lots of events at once, with many close to the largest magnitude, rather than one main shock with several much smaller aftershocks,” Jones said.

    The last major swarm was in 2005, following a magnitude-5.1 quake, she said.

    Sunday’s quake cluster occurred in what scientists call a transition zone between the Imperial and San Andreas faults, so they weren’t assigning the earthquakes to either fault, Graves said.

     

     

    27.08.2012 Earthquake USA State of California, [Imperial County] Damage level
    Details

     

     

    Earthquake in USA on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 03:20 (03:20 AM) UTC.

    Description
    The series of moderate earthquakes — including several magnitude 5.0 and above — were felt as far north as Orange County, east into Arizona and south into Mexico, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The USGS recorded more than two dozen earthquakes in Imperial County, many of them near Brawley. Officials said people reported feeling the quake in Yuma, Ariz., Lake Havasu as well as in Baja California. The USGS’s “Do You Feel It” system shows the quakes were felt as far away as San Diego, Temecula and San Clemente. The 5.4 quake was also felt in Moreno Valley, Indio, National City and Palm Desert. The quakes could be felt in the press box at the Del Mar Race Track in neighboring San Diego County, where the $1-million Pacific Classic is scheduled later Sunday. Between 10 a.m. and 12:50 p.m., the same area was shaken by quakes ranging in magnitude from 2.0 to 5.4, the USGS reported. The burst of quakes took place roughly 16 miles from El Centro and 92 miles from Tijuana. In the last 10 days, there have been six earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or greater centered nearby. There were no immediate reports of serious damage or injuries from the temblor, though reports were still coming in. The border region is known for frequent seismic activity, though the size of these quakes is larger than typically seen.

    Home video captured the aftermath of one of two moderate earthquakes that struck Imperial County on Sunday, part of a swarm of more than 70 that hit the region. The video shows books and DVDs toppled from shelves and some belongings fallen to the floor. The video was posted on YouTube on Sunday afternoon. But damage appear to be minor. Imperial County officials said no injuries have been reported. A handful of buildings in downtown Brawley had minor damage after an earthquake swarm rattled the area Sunday, officials said. Most of the quakes occurred in and around that California town. Capt. Jesse Zendejas of the Brawley Fire Department described the damage as “cosmetic” and said it occurred in at least three buildings dating to the 1930s. Crews were still assessing other areas of the city, but no injuries had been reported, he said. Imperial County firefighters were also assisting in the survey. The first quake – a magnitude 3.8 temblor, which was downgraded from 3.9 – occurred at 10:02 a.m. about three miles northwest of Brawley and was followed by a series of other quakes in the same general area, according to the U.S. Geological Survey, which may continue to revise the numbers. Thomas Jordan, director of the USC-based Southern California Earthquake Center, called the activity a “very active swarm” – something not unusual for the southern edge of the San Andreas Fault, which has seen similar occurrences in recent years. This swarm could continue to rumble the region for a few days, Jordan added. “It’s been pretty productive so far,” he said. “It’s a vigorous one. We got some pretty good-sized events.” As data continued to roll in, Jordan said, scientists would study the swarm to learn how the sequence developed and what effect it could have on the fault. “We’re always concerned where there is significant seismic activity because that means there is a higher probability of having more seismic activity,” he said.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    …………………………………………….

    Intense Magnitude 5 quake nearby Fukushima plant — Hits hours after even stronger quake in Northern Japan (MAP)

    Title: Earthquake Information
    Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

    USS Live Seismic Server

    CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

     ANWB 24hr plot

    CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

     BBGH 24hr plot

    CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

     BCIP 24hr plot

    CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

     GRGR 24hr plot

    CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

     GRTK 24hr plot

    CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

     GTBY 24hr plot

    CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

     MTDJ 24hr plot

    CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

     SDDR 24hr plot

    CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

     TGUH 24hr plot

    IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

     BJT 24hr plot

    IC/ENH, Enshi, China

     ENH 24hr plot

    IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

     HIA 24hr plot

    IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

     LSA 24hr plot

    IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

     MDJ 24hr plot

    IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

     QIZ 24hr plot

    IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

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    IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

     AFI 24hr plot

    IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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    IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

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    IU/BBSR, Bermuda

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    IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

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    IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

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    IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

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    IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

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    IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

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    IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

     COR 24hr plot

    IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

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    IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

     DAV 24hr plot

    IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

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    IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

     FUNA 24hr plot

    IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

     

    IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

     GNI 24hr plot

    IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

     GRFO 24hr plot

    IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

     GUMO 24hr plot

    IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

     HKT 24hr plot

    IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

     HNR 24hr plot

    IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

     HRV 24hr plot

    IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

     INCN 24hr plot

    IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

     JOHN 24hr plot

    IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

     KBS 24hr plot

    IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

     KEV 24hr plot

    IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

     KIEV 24hr plot

    IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

     KIP 24hr plot

    IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

     KMBO 24hr plot

    IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

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    IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

     KONO 24hr plot

    IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

     KOWA 24hr plot

    IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

     LCO 24hr plot

    IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

     LSZ 24hr plot

     

     

    IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

     MAJO 24hr plot

    IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

     MAKZ 24hr plot

    IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

     MBWA 24hr plot

    IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

     MIDW 24hr plot

     

    IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

     NWAO 24hr plot

    IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Ecuador

     OTAV 24hr plot

    IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

     PAB 24hr plot

    IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

     PAYG 24hr plot

    IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

     PET 24hr plot

    IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

     PMG 24hr plot

    IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

     PMSA 24hr plot

    IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

     POHA 24hr plot

    IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

     PTCN 24hr plot

    IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

     PTGA 24hr plot

    IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

     QSPA 24hr plot

    IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermadec Islands

     RAO 24hr plot

    IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

     RAR 24hr plot

    IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

     RCBR 24hr plot

    IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

     RSSD 24hr plot

    IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

     SAML 24hr plot

    IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

     SBA 24hr plot

    IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

     SDV 24hr plot

    IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

     SFJD 24hr plot

    IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

     SJG 24hr plot

    IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

     SLBS 24hr plot

    IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

     SNZO 24hr plot

    IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

     SSPA 24hr plot

    IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

     TARA 24hr plot

    IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

     TATO 24hr plot

    IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

     TEIG 24hr plot

    IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

     TIXI 24hr plot

    IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

     TRIS 24hr plot

    IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

     TRQA 24hr plot

    IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

     TSUM 24hr plot

    IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

     TUC 24hr plot

    IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

     ULN 24hr plot

    IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

     WAKE 24hr plot

    IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

     WCI 24hr plot

    IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

     WVT 24hr plot

    IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

     XMAS 24hr plot

     

    IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

     YSS 24hr plot

     

    ***********************************************************************************************************

    Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Kansas, [Wilson County] Damage level
    Details

     

     

    Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 16:34 (04:34 PM) UTC.

    Description
    Authorities have released preliminary damage estimates of last week’s grass fire that burned more than 1,300 acres in Wilson County. Emergency Management officials said Monday that the fire affected 12 landowners. One home was totally destroyed, along with several outbuildings. Firefighters were able to save five other homes in the path of Thursday’s fire. The fire also destroyed 28 electrical poles, about 315 bales of hay valued at $30,000 and killed one calf. About 8.25 miles of fencing with a replacement value of $123,000 also burned. The cause of the fire may never be determined, but authorities believe it may have been started by a discarded cigarette.

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Montana, [Delphia Region] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 09:13 (09:13 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Officials say 10 to 15 structures have been destroyed in south-central Montana and evacuations have been ordered ahead of a fast-moving wildfire that grew to at least 23 square miles on Saturday since starting a day earlier. Fire spokesman Paula Short says the destroyed buildings are believed to be secondary structures and no injuries have been reported. She says the Delphia Fire is in a rural area about 14 miles northeast of Roundup burning in grass, sage and timber. Musselshell County officials have ordered residents along Fishel Creek Road to evacuate, and residents along Hawk Creek Road are under a pre-evacuation notice. Short says about 30 to 40 homes are threatened. She says more than 100 firefighters are battling the fire along with four air tankers and three helicopters.

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Bulgaria Multiple Regions, [Rila Mountain] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Forest / Wild Fire in Bulgaria on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 09:09 (09:09 AM) UTC.

    Description
    The wildfire that erupted in southern Bulgaria in the Rila Mountain is continuing to engulf the pine forests for the fifth consecutive day. The situation is reported as extremely serious despite the ongoing effort of hundreds of firemen, forest rangers, military servicemen, and volunteers. The two MI-17 helicopters from the Krumovo Air Base, which helped to halt the spread of the flames Sunday, will resume work on Monday. Volunteers will not be allowed Monday and the extinguishing will be only in the hands of professionals. Over 1 500 decares of vegetation have been affected. The wind is further worsening the situation, which was monitored overnight by a new team of 20 people on duty. The fire started on August 23 at an altitude of 2 300 meters and a very difficult to access terrain, right above the historical Rila monastery. The monastery is not in danger, according to authorities. There are 84 active wildfires in the country, the Interior Ministry’s press office reports. The large number of blazes in Bulgaria is attributed to the summer heat and draught, and to human recklessness.

     

     

    27.08.2012 Forest / Wild Fire France Multiple region, [Between Avignon and Aix-en-Provence] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Forest / Wild Fire in France on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 09:06 (09:06 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Gendarmes have moved in to try to find the cause of a fire that destroyed two houses and around 900 hectares of forest and arable farmlands and forced the evacuation of a campsite. Around 900 firefighters plus 12 water-bomber aircraft were needed to control what was the summer’s largest forest fire in the south-east, half-way between Avignon and Aix-en-Provence. The fire, which covered lands in the communes of Orgon, Sénas and Eyguières, was pushed by a strong Mistral wind which was reaching up to 70kph after several days of intense hot weather. The RD569 between Organ and Eyguières was cut by the fire. Smoke could be seen from several tens of kilometres away and ash was blown as far as Marseille. Firefighters managed to stop the spread late yesterday afternoon but 700 of them were still on the scene at Orgon in Bouches-du-Rhône, near the border with the Vaucluse, this morning. Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur prefect Hugues Parant said they fear that the wind will turn around midday and the fire will take off again. It is not yet known how the fire started, but it was first spotted around midnight on Saturday night near a campsite on a rocky ridge on the edge of the Alpilles. Halfway through the night rescue crews evacuated 70 people from the campsite but could not save two houses and outbuildings in Sénas from being destroyed. One man was also rescued from his car which was caught in the path of the flames. The initial 500 firefighters from Vaucluse and Bouches-du-Rhône were reinforced by others from Hérault, Drôme and Alpes-Maritimes along with seven Canadair, two Tracker and one Dash water-bombers, plus two helicopters. Already this summer more than 650 hectares of forest have been destroyed in a fire at Lacanau, in Gironde, in the south-west.

     

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    Tsunami

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Tsunami Other Pacific Ocean – South, [DART 43413 buoy] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Tsunami in Other on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:24 (07:24 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Tsunami wave has been observed in DART 43413 buoy on 27.08.2012 at 06:19 UTC. The observed tsunami wave height was 0.1 feet (0.10 cm). The wave height wasn’t dangerous.

     

    Tsunami in Other on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:24 (07:24 AM) UTC.

    Base data
    EDIS Number: TS-20120827-36341-OTH
    Event type: Tsunami
    Date/Time: Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:24 (07:24 AM) UTC
    Last update:
    Cause of event:
    Damage level: Unknown Damage level
    Geographic information
    Continent: Other
    Country: Other
    County / State: Pacific Ocean – South
    Area: DART 43413 buoy
    City:
    Coordinate: N 10° 48.000, W 100° 6.000
    Number of affected people / Humanities loss
    Foreign people: Affected is unknown.
    Dead person(s):
    Injured person(s):
    Missing person(s):
    Evacuated person(s):
    Affected person(s):

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Tsunami El Salvador Departamento de La Union, La Union Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Tsunami in El Salvador on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:22 (07:22 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Tsunami wave has been observed following the M 7.3 magnitude earthquake in La Union, El Salvador on 27.08.2012 at 06:27 UTC. The observed tsunami wave height was 0.1 feet (0.20 cm). The wave height wasn’t dangerous.

     

     

    Tsunami in El Salvador on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:22 (07:22 AM) UTC.

    Base data
    EDIS Number: TS-20120827-36340-SLV
    Event type: Tsunami
    Date/Time: Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 07:22 (07:22 AM) UTC
    Last update:
    Cause of event:
    Damage level: Unknown Damage level
    Geographic information
    Continent: Central-America
    Country: El Salvador
    County / State: Departamento de La Union
    Area:
    City: La Union
    Coordinate: N 13° 18.000, W 87° 48.000
    Number of affected people / Humanities loss
    Foreign people: Affected is unknown.
    Dead person(s):
    Injured person(s):
    Missing person(s):
    Evacuated person(s):
    Affected person(s):

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    27.08.2012 Tsunami El Salvador Departmento de Sonsonate, Acajutla Damage level
    Details

     

     

    Tsunami in El Salvador on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 06:25 (06:25 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Tsunami wave has been observed following the M 7.3 magnitude earthquake in El Salvador on 27.08.2012 at 05:40 UTC. The observed tsunami wave height was 0.3 feet (0.10 cm). The wave height wasn’t dangerous.

     

     

    Tsunami in El Salvador on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 06:25 (06:25 AM) UTC.

    Base data
    EDIS Number: TS-20120827-36339-SLV
    Event type: Tsunami
    Date/Time: Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 06:25 (06:25 AM) UTC
    Last update:
    Cause of event:
    Damage level: Unknown Damage level
    Geographic information
    Continent: Central-America
    Country: El Salvador
    County / State: Departmento de Sonsonate
    Area:
    City: Acajutla
    Coordinate: N 13° 36.000, W 89° 48.000
    Number of affected people / Humanities loss
    Foreign people: Affected is unknown.
    Dead person(s):
    Injured person(s):
    Missing person(s):
    Evacuated person(s):
    Affected person(s):

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Storms / Flooding

     

     

     Active tropical storm system(s)
    Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
    Tembin (15W) Pacific Ocean 19.08.2012 28.08.2012 Typhoon I 35 ° 102 km/h 130 km/h 5.79 m JTWC Details

     

     

     

     

     

     

     Tropical Storm data

    Share:
    Storm name: Tembin (15W)
    Area: Pacific Ocean
    Start up location: N 17° 42.000, E 124° 36.000
    Start up: 19th August 2012
    Status: Active
    Track long: 405.65 km
    Top category.:
    Report by: JTWC
    Useful links:

    Past track
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave Pressure Source
    20th Aug 2012 05:16:05 N 18° 0.000, E 124° 48.000 6 139 167 Typhoon I. 360 9 JTWC
    21st Aug 2012 04:48:23 N 20° 12.000, E 125° 18.000 13 213 259 Typhoon IV. 360 15 JTWC
    23rd Aug 2012 04:49:56 N 22° 30.000, E 123° 36.000 4 204 232 Typhoon III. 270 9 JTWC
    25th Aug 2012 05:19:01 N 22° 24.000, E 118° 6.000 13 139 167 Typhoon I. 260 17 JTWC
    27th Aug 2012 04:54:48 N 20° 18.000, E 117° 36.000 11 157 194 Typhoon II. 125 19 JTWC
    Current position
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave
    feet
    Pressure Source
    28th Aug 2012 04:53:36 N 23° 0.000, E 121° 54.000 28 102 130 Typhoon I 35 ° 19 JTWC
    Forecast track
    Date Time Position Category Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Source
    29th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 29° 24.000, E 124° 0.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
    29th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 27° 6.000, E 123° 54.000 Typhoon I 93 120 JTWC
    30th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 31° 42.000, E 123° 48.000 Typhoon I 102 130 JTWC
    31st Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 36° 30.000, E 123° 54.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
    01st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 42° 42.000, E 126° 0.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC
    02nd Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 48° 6.000, E 130° 6.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

     

     

    Bolaven (16W) Pacific Ocean 20.08.2012 28.08.2012 Typhoon I 350 ° 102 km/h 130 km/h 7.01 m JTWC Details

     

     

     

     Tropical Storm data

    Share:
    Storm name: Bolaven (16W)
    Area: Pacific Ocean
    Start up location: N 17° 18.000, E 141° 30.000
    Start up: 20th August 2012
    Status: Active
    Track long: 1,586.63 km
    Top category.:
    Report by: JTWC
    Useful links:

    Past track
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave Pressure Source
    20th Aug 2012 05:13:46 N 17° 18.000, E 141° 30.000 13 56 74 Tropical Depression 330 12 JTWC
    21st Aug 2012 04:47:46 N 18° 12.000, E 140° 30.000 9 93 120 Tropical Storm 295 10 JTWC
    23rd Aug 2012 04:49:02 N 19° 42.000, E 135° 36.000 9 167 204 Typhoon II. 280 10 JTWC
    24th Aug 2012 05:22:54 N 21° 0.000, E 133° 36.000 11 194 241 Typhoon III. 325 16 JTWC
    25th Aug 2012 05:16:28 N 23° 30.000, E 132° 6.000 15 232 278 Typhoon IV. 325 18 JTWC
    26th Aug 2012 05:21:23 N 25° 18.000, E 129° 30.000 17 213 259 Typhoon IV. 315 19 JTWC
    27th Aug 2012 04:52:17 N 28° 36.000, E 126° 48.000 22 176 213 Typhoon II. 335 19 JTWC
    Current position
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave
    feet
    Pressure Source
    28th Aug 2012 04:51:25 N 34° 48.000, E 124° 42.000 33 102 130 Typhoon I 350 ° 23 JTWC
    Forecast track
    Date Time Position Category Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Source
    29th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 47° 24.000, E 130° 36.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 JTWC
    29th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 43° 0.000, E 127° 24.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 JTWC

     

     

     

    Isaac (AL09) Atlantic Ocean 21.08.2012 27.08.2012 Hurricane I 305 ° 102 km/h 120 km/h 5.18 m NOAA NHC Details

     

     

     

     Tropical Storm data

    Share:
    Storm name: Isaac (AL09)
    Area: Atlantic Ocean
    Start up location: N 15° 12.000, W 51° 12.000
    Start up: 21st August 2012
    Status: Active
    Track long: 2,435.14 km
    Top category.:
    Report by: NOAA NHC
    Useful links:

    Past track
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave Pressure Source
    22nd Aug 2012 04:54:04 N 15° 36.000, W 55° 36.000 30 65 83 Tropical Storm 275 16 1006 MB NOAA NHC
    23rd Aug 2012 05:06:43 N 15° 48.000, W 63° 0.000 31 74 93 Tropical Storm 270 22 1003 MB NOAA NHC
    24th Aug 2012 05:17:31 N 16° 42.000, W 68° 42.000 28 74 93 Tropical Storm 290 19 1001 MB NOAA NHC
    25th Aug 2012 05:21:33 N 17° 42.000, W 72° 30.000 22 111 139 Tropical Storm 310 15 990 MB NOAA NHC
    27th Aug 2012 04:49:08 N 24° 12.000, W 82° 54.000 22 102 120 Tropical Storm 285 19 993 MB NOAA NHC
    Current position
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave
    feet
    Pressure Source
    28th Aug 2012 05:00:18 N 27° 6.000, W 87° 0.000 17 111 139 Hurricane I 310 ° 19 310 MB NOAA NHC
    Forecast track
    Date Time Position Category Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Source
    29th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 29° 54.000, W 90° 6.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
    29th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 29° 6.000, W 89° 12.000 Hurricane III 148 185 NOAA NHC
    30th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 30° 42.000, W 90° 42.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
    31st Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 33° 18.000, W 91° 42.000 Tropical Depression 56 74 NOAA NHC
    01st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 37° 30.000, W 91° 30.000 Tropical Depression 46 65 NOAA NHC
    02nd Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 40° 30.000, W 87° 30.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 NOAA NHC

     

     

    Ileana (EP09) Pacific Ocean – East 28.08.2012 28.08.2012 Tropical Depression 290 ° 74 km/h 93 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

     

     

     

     

    Tropical Storm data

    Share:
    Storm name: Ileana (EP09)
    Area: Pacific Ocean – East
    Start up location: N 15° 30.000, W 107° 42.000
    Start up: 28th August 2012
    Status: Active
    Track long: 0.00 km
    Top category.:
    Report by: NOAA NHC
    Useful links:

    Past track
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave Pressure Source
    Current position
    Date Time Position Speed
    km/h
    Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Category Course Wave
    feet
    Pressure Source
    28th Aug 2012 04:45:33 N 15° 30.000, W 107° 42.000 19 74 93 Tropical Depression 290 ° 15 1000 MB NOAA NHC
    Forecast track
    Date Time Position Category Wind
    km/h
    Gust
    km/h
    Source
    29th Aug 2012 12:00:00 N 17° 18.000, W 111° 54.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
    29th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 16° 36.000, W 110° 36.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
    30th Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 18° 6.000, W 112° 48.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
    31st Aug 2012 00:00:00 N 19° 30.000, W 114° 0.000 Hurricane II 139 167 NOAA NHC
    01st Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 21° 0.000, W 115° 30.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
    02nd Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 22° 30.000, W 119° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC

    …………………………

    Massive Typhoon Bolaven slams Okinawa, heads for Koreas

    By the CNN Wire Staff
    Watch this video

    Riding out typhoon in Okinawa

    STORY HIGHLIGHTS
    • NEW: “It’s been a long and rough night,” storm chaser says
    • Bolaven crosses over Okinawa
    • It is the strongest typhoon in the region since 1956
    • Typhoon Bolaven’s cloud field is about 20 times the length of Okinawa

    Tokyo (CNN) — A massive typhoon crossed over Okinawa on Sunday, bringing winds more ferocious than even the typhoon-weary Japanese island has seen in decades.

    Typhoon Bolaven, with wind gusts that reached as high as 259 kilometers per hour (161 mph), is the strongest to strike the region in nearly 50 years. And with a cloud field of 2,000 kilometers (1,250 miles), it is 20 times larger than Okinawa’s length.

    “It’s been very, very severe,” said storm chaser James Reynolds, who was on the northwestern coast of the island during the worst of the storm.

    Typhoon makes landfall in Taiwan

    Tree branches were flying through the air amid torrential rain, he said.

    Speaking to CNN early Monday morning on Okinawa, Reynolds said, “It’s been a long and rough night.”

    “The eye of the typhoon actually crashed ashore just after dark. … Like the rest of the population we all just kind of holed up in the strong and sturdy buildings which make up Okinawa,” he said.

    The infrastructure on Okinawa is designed to withstand violent storms. “Everything’s made of solid concrete,” said Reynolds.

    The last storm of this scale was Typhoon Naha in 1956.

    At 3 a.m. Monday local time (2 p.m. ET Sunday), Bolaven had winds of 194 kilometers per hour, with gusts at 240 kilometers per hour, CNN International meteorologist Jennifer Delgado reported.

    Bolaven could make landfall at the Korean peninsula on Tuesday morning, or potentially in South Korea on Monday night, Delgado said.

     

    In the meantime, rainfall totals in Okinawa could top 500 mm (20 inches) in 24 hours, said CNN International meteorologist Tom Sater.

    Bolaven is “roughly the size of France to Poland in land mass,” said Sater.

     

    Storm surges were expected to be a major problem for Okinawa. More than 400,000 people in the area live at elevations less than 50 meters (164 feet).

    “The large battering waves on both sides of Okinawa are going to be a threat to people living near the water,” Reynolds predicted. “But I think the worst has passed now. The storm is moving away and unfortunately it’s the people in the Korean peninsula who look like they’ve got to prepare for the incoming storm.”

    Taiwan, meanwhile, could be in for a pounding due to something called the Fujiwhara effect.

    Typhoon Tembin made landfall in southern Taiwan a few days ago, and was expected to work its way toward Hong Kong. But Bolaven, which is much stronger, has stopped Tembin’s movement toward Hong Kong and has been spinning it around. Tembin is likely to make a second landfall in southern Taiwan, also on Tuesday morning.

    “As Typhoon Bolaven moves northward towards the Yellow Sea, it will drag Tembin toward the China coast very near Shanghai,” said Sater. “That’s an amazing change in direction.”

     

     

    27.08.2012 Power Outage USA State of Florida, [Southern Regions] Damage level
    Details

     

     

    Power Outage in USA on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 16:06 (04:06 PM) UTC.

    Description
    About 63,000 homes and businesses were out of power mid-morning in the South Florida area as heavy wind and rain continue. The outages represent about 3 percent of Florida Power and Light’s 2.4 million customers in the tri-county area. In Broward, roughly 24,130 locations are without power, according to FPL, out of 800,000 customers. In Miami-Dade, 23,200 are without power out of more than 1 million customers. In Palm Beach, 18,380 locations are without power out of 600,000 customers. That’s significantly more than the roughly 18,000 customers left without power in the hours following Isaac’s closest path to the area, as the large storm continues sending debris and branches into FPL lines. “Palm fronds, believe it or not, are actually a huge cause of power outages,’’ said Richard Gibbs, an FPL spokesman.

     

     

    27.08.2012 Flash Flood India Capital City, New Delhi Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Flash Flood in India on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 18:34 (06:34 PM) UTC.

    Description
    A torrential downpour Monday evening turned several roads in the capital into virtual rivulets, causing massive traffic jams that affected tens of thousands. “The whole of Delhi is witnessing traffic jams,” an exasperated Delhi Traffic Police officer told IANS. A city that had been complaining about poor rainfall this year was suddenly hit by blinding rains after 6 p.m., taking motorists and people by surprise. In no time, scores of roads big and small became flooded, thanks to choked drains. In some areas, water entered houses and shops. Motorists had a harrowing time all across the city. On some streets, there was knee deep water. “It took me more than 45 minutes to cross a distance that normally takes just 15 minutes,” complained software professional Punit Chadda. Chadda was driving on the arterial Ring Road, which witnessed flooding at several spots.

    North Delhi Mayor Meera Aggarwal told IANS that there was no flooding in the areas she visited. “But when there is such heavy downpour, flooding is bound to happen,” she said. Public Relations Executive Manish Arora was stuck on an otherwise busy road near the All India Institute of Medical Sciences for some 30 minutes because of bumper to bumper traffic. Delhi Metro reported huge crowds as harried Delhites chose the network, even dumping their own vehicles. “Though office hours are always rush hours in metro, today the volume of crowd is more than usual,” Madhulika, a regular commuter, told IANS. South Delhi Mayor Sarita Chaudhary blamed multiple civic agencies for the chaos on the roads. “Sometimes PWD digs up the road but it doesn’t come under us. Who is responsible?” North and East Delhi Municipal Corporation spokesman Yogendra Singh Mann said it was high time the capital’s drainage system was given an overhaul. Rainfall recorded in the last 24 hours till 5.30 p.m. was 26 mm. Officials said data for the later rains was not immediately available. Rains are also expected Tuesday, with the India Meteorological Department predicting light rains or thundershowers. With the Yamuna’s level rising menacingly, the Delhi government asked people living along the river’s banks to move to safer places.

    An official said the Yamuna had touched 204.16 metres — 67 centimetres short of danger mark. “All preparations are in place to deal any flood like situation in Delhi,” said Irrigation and Flood Control Minister A.K. Walia. The official said 43,218 cusecs (cubic meters per second) of water has been released from upstream at the Hathnikund Barrage in Yamuna Nagar district of Haryana Monday. Delhi’s rainfall this monsoon has been 26 percent less than the average. So far, 372.1 millimetres of rain has been recorded, against the average of 504.3 millimetres.

     

     

    27.08.2012 Flash Flood Nigeria MultiStates, [States of Adamawa, Katsina and Niger] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Flash Flood in Nigeria on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 10:09 (10:09 AM) UTC.

    Description
    Floods wreaked havoc in several states in the North at the weekend, killing at least 15 people in Adamawa State and another four in Niger State. Hundreds of homes and farmlands were destroyed in floods in Katsina State, while roadways and bridges were submerged in Nasarawa State. The Adamawa flood affected 36 villages in 13 local government areas and was partly caused by the release of excess water from the Lagdo Dam in Cameroon, emergency authorities said. A local diver said apart from the 15 people who died, as many others were declared missing. “In Yola we counted three corpses, Numan 2, Demsa 3, Guyuk 4, Michika 2, and the list goes on,” he said, asking not to be named. Apart from the Cameroon dam water release, torrential rainfall in the affected areas worsened the floods, head of the Adamawa State Emergency Management Agency, Mr Shadrach Daniel, said. Hundreds of acres of farmlands were submerged in Mayo-Belwa, Song, Fufore, Yola South, Yola North, Shelleng, Lamurde and Numan local government areas wasting farm produce worth millions. Daniel said over 20,000 people have so far been rendered homeless by the incident across the three senatorial districts of the state. He confirmed that people died but said he could not give figures.

     

    27.08.2012 Flash Flood Philippines Provincia del Zamboanga del Sur, [Province-wide] Damage level
    Details

     

     

     

    Flash Flood in Philippines on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 09:14 (09:14 AM) UTC.

    Description
    At least one person was killed while two people were reported missing in two separate flash flooding incidents in Zamboanga del Sur over the weekend, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) said on Monday. In its 6:00 a.m. report, the NDRRMC said a person was killed after a flash flood caused a cargo truck to overturn in the Salug Dako River, Mahayag town in Zamboanga del Sur at 5:30 p.m. p.m. on Saurday. “The victims were on board a cargo truck when a strong current coming from the said river hit the vehicle, which caused it to overturn,” the NDRRMC said. The NDRRMC heavy rain may have caused the river to overflow and destroyed the spillway that connects Mahayag and Dumingag towns. The NDRRMC did not name the fatality but said five other passengers of the truck were rescued.

     

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    Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

     

     

     

    Epidemic Hazard in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 03:14 (03:14 AM) UTC.

    Description
    An anthrax outbreak in a Siberian village left one person dead and 10 others hospitalized as the Russian government declared a state of emergency in the area in a bid to prevent an epidemic. There were at least two other confirmed cases of anthrax infection in the village of Druzhba in the Altai region, reported an unidentified officials. The death was reported in a statement today by the Moscow-based Emergency Situations Ministry, which didn’t say whether it was caused by anthrax. Roads around the village have been closed off, Yevgenia Belikova, a spokeswoman for investigators in Altai. Veterinary officials killed several heads of cattle infected with anthrax and vaccinated another 187, as well as 21 horses and pigs, the Altai region’s press office said on its website. The anthrax outbreak is “under control and localized,” Deputy Governor Daniil Bessarabov said in the statement. The anthrax bacteria, known as Bacillus anthracis, occurs most commonly in cattle, sheep and goats and can be lethal to humans. The bacteria, which can cause skin infections and more severe lung infections, may survive in soil decades after an outbreak.
    Biohazard name: Anthrax
    Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
    Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
    Symptoms:
    Status: confirmed

     

    Epidemic Hazard in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 03:14 (03:14 AM) UTC.

    Back

    Updated: Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 16:11 UTC
    Description
    Russian emergency officials quarantined the village of Druzhba after a suspected exposure to anthrax killed one person and sent 10 others to area hospitals. Officials said one person died and three people were sickened from anthrax exposure Saturday in Druzhba. Seven others were hospitalized for tests, officials said. Authorities said 32 people in the Altai territory are thought to have come into contact with infected animals. Druzhba, with a population of 740, was quarantined and officials ordered all animals vaccinated. Stray animals were killed to help contain the outbreak.

     

     

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    Climate Change

    United States Is Losing Ozone!
    Unexpected And Serious Discovery Scientists Say
     

    MessageToEagle.com – Scientists have discovered a serious and unexpected loss of ozone over United States this summer.

    How worried should we be?

    The finding is startling because the complex atmospheric chemistry that destroys ozone has previously been thought to occur only at very cold temperatures over polar regions where there is very little threat to humans. (A large hole in the ozone layer persists over Antarctica.)

    The discovery also links—for the first time—ozone loss (an issue around which world leaders successfully organized to ban chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs) to climate change (a global problem that has so far proven politically intractable).

    The ozone layer blocks a large fraction of the sun’s ultraviolet light from reaching the earth, protecting life forms from potentially damaging radiation that in humans can lead to skin cancer.But stratospheric ozone is susceptible to chemical catalysts of manmade origin, such as chlorine and bromine, which are present in the earth’s atmosphere as a result of the formerly widespread commercial use of CFCs. And the chemical reactions that destroy ozone are highly dependent on both atmospheric temperature and the presence of water vapor.

     

    The finding was published in advance online on July 26 at Science’s Science Express website.

    Anderson’s team has discovered that during intense summer storms over the United States, water vapor is thrust by convection far higher into the lower stratosphere than previously thought possible, altering atmospheric conditions in a way that leads to substantial, widespread ozone loss throughout the ensuing week.

    The paper links the loss of ozone over populated mid-latitude regions in summer to the frequency and intensity of these big storms, which could increase with climate change resulting from rising levels of carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere.

    Storms threaten ozone layer over United States. Image credit: Harvard

    “We were investigating the behavior of convective water vapor as part of our climate research,” Anderson says, “not ozone photochemistry.

    What proved surprising was the remarkable altitude to which water vapor was being lofted—altitudes exceeding 60,000 feet—and how frequently it was happening.” Anderson and his team realized the significance of the finding because higher water- vapor concentrations in the cold reaches of the lower stratosphere change the threshold temperature at which chlorine is converted to a free radical state: in the presence of water vapor, direct catalytic removal of ozone takes place at warmer temperatures.

    In continuing studies the team used isotopic signatures to demonstrate that the water vapor had been carried directly to the stratosphere as a result of convective injection. And in the region of convectively injected water vapor, the researchers found that the catalytic loss of ozone increased by a hundredfold.

    As a result, rates of ozone loss could exceed the natural rates of ozone regeneration (and replacement through transport from other regions) by two orders of magnitude. These data come from experimental evidence gathered over the United States, but the researchers note that similar conditions may exist elsewhere.

    Harvard scientists have discovered that intense summer storms can force water vapor into the dry and cold stratosphere through a process called convective injection. The presence of such water vapor, which normally stops at the tropopause (the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere), changes the threshold temperature at which ozone is destroyed by chemistry dependent on manmade chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which are still present in the atmosphere despite an international ban on their use.

    The chemical reactions that destroy ozone typically occur only at very cold temperatures. The presence of water vapor raises the temperature at which ozone loss takes place, to the point that threshold conditions for ozone destruction are routinely crossed during the summer above the United States and possibly elsewhere. The frequency and intensity of these summer storms is expected to increase with climate forcing due to increasing levels of heat-trapping atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane. Reductions in stratospheric ozone would allow more DNA-damaging ultraviolet radiation to reach Earth, with potential biological effects on human beings, animals, and plants. Image credit: James G. Anderson/Art by Rob Stanhope

    These findings have a public-health impact because they indicate that significant amounts of ozone can be destroyed in only a few days within regions of high water-vapor concentration—and skin-cancer incidence is associated with ultraviolet (UV) dosage levels, which in turn depend on ozone concentrations.

    The findings are troubling also because—if the currently extremely dry stratosphere were to become wetter (as happened during earlier periods of elevated carbon dioxide, as indicated in the paleorecord)—the impact on ozone levels could be significant. The high current loading of chlorine and bromine resulting from earlier commercial release of CFCs and halons is unprecedented in Earth’s history. “Were the intensity and frequency of convective events to increase irreversibly as a result of climate forcing,” the scientists write, “decreases in ozone and associated increases in UV dosage would also be irreversible.”

    The Science paper notes that loss of ice in the Arctic threatens to release significant amounts of carbon dioxide and methane from the soils of Siberia and Northern Alaska, potentially accelerating climate change. The researchers also note that an increasingly cited remedy for climate change—geo-engineering the climate by launching sulfate particles directly into the atmosphere in order to reflect sunlight away from Earth—would accelerate the process of ozone loss by increasing the reactive surface area for the conversion of chlorine to free radical form, as was observed after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991.

    Loss of ice in the Arctic threatens to release significant amounts of carbon dioxide.

    Mario Molina, S.D. ’12, Distinguished Professor of chemistry and biochemistry at UC, San Diego, and co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work on CFCs and ozone depletion, says that the findings described in the Science paper are “something very much to worry about, because there is the potential for a pretty significant effect on stratospheric ozone at latitudes where we normally wouldn’t think that would happen.” His own famous 1974 paper on CFC and ozone chemistry, he notes, was largely hypothesis, whereas the Anderson team’s work is based on science that is well-established: even though the results will have to be tested with further measurements, he says that “there is not much speculation” in the paper.

    The location of the ozone loss in this case gives special cause for concern. Because the Antarctic ozone hole is confined to the most southern latitudes and only occasionally moves toward the southern tip of South America, scientists have little field experience with biological impacts. “DNA, of course, is constantly being damaged by ultraviolet radiation,” notes Molina, “and there is a natural repair mechanism.

    But should ozone disappear in the way described in Professor Anderson’s paper, this would very much be a threat. Many ecological systems are quite sensitive to ultraviolet radiation and they have not evolved the repair mechanisms for more severe ozone depletion.”

    Dramatic loss of ozone in the lower stratosphere over Antarctica was first noticed in the 1970s by a research group from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) who were monitoring the atmosphere above Antarctica from a research station. Today, we learn about unexpected loss of ozone over United States.

    Molina says this is “a further indication of society having impacts on the environment which in principle we can do something about.” Harking back to the ozone issue, he points out that if there had “been no international agreement to ban CFCs” in the late 1980s, this newly described problem “would have been a lot worse.” He hopes that “these types of warnings will make the case even stronger for society to begin to react to the climate-change issue, just like we managed to do with the ozone issue.”

    Ralph Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences and himself an atmospheric chemist, says that Anderson’s group has “come up with a very important overall picture where the individual pieces are well mapped out; they have been studied by the world’s best experts and they work.”

    How serious the findings are is not yet clear, Cicerone says, “but what the Anderson group is talking about can be measured fairly quickly. It is now just a matter of marshaling the people and resources to investigate further.”

    “Then we can figure out what the influence is on ozone,” he continues, “and how much more ultraviolet light penetrates to the surface of the earth, so that we can get to the bottom-line effects on human health, as well as crop and other damage.” If further investigation verifies the Anderson team’s findings, then the impacts in “a future climate where the air is getting warmer and moister” will need to be considered, Cicerone says.

    Are these storms that “thrust moisture into the stratosphere going to be more frequent?” he asks. “We think they are.”

    MessageToEagle.com based on information provided by Harvard

    See also:
    Escalating Problem: Satellites See Collapse of the Greenland Glaciers!

    ************************************************************************************************************

    Solar Activity

    2MIN News August 26.2012: Gulf Coast Alert

    Published on Aug 26, 2012 by

    TODAY’S LINKS
    Isaac Video: http://www.reuters.com/video/2012/08/25/isaac-roars-through-the-caribbean?vid…
    Isaac Video 2: http://www.weather.com/weather/videos/news-41/top-stories-169/raw-isaac-cause…
    Venezuela Oil Explosion: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/25/us-venezuela-refinery-idUSBRE87O02R…
    Venezuela Fire Video: http://www.reuters.com/article/video/idUSBRE87O02R20120825?videoId=237280302

    REPEAT LINKS
    Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

    HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

    SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

    SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

    Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

    SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

    SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

    iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

    NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
    NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

    NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

    RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

    JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

    LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

    Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

    BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

    TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

    GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

    EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

    PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

    HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

    INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

    NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

    PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

    2MIN News August 27. 2012: Earth Shakes

    Published on Aug 27, 2012 by

    TODAY’S LINKS
    Rainfall Records: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

    REPEAT LINKS
    Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

    HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

    SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

    SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

    Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

    SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

    SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

    iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

    NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
    NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

    NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

    RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

    JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

    LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

    Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

    BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

    TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

    GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

    EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

    PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

    HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

    INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

    NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

    PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

    ************************************************************************************************************

    Space

     

     

    Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

    Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
    331769 (2003 BQ35) 28th August 2012 0 day(s) 0.1585 61.7 240 m – 530 m 4.64 km/s 16704 km/h
    (2010 SC) 28th August 2012 0 day(s) 0.1679 65.3 16 m – 36 m 9.56 km/s 34416 km/h
    4769 Castalia 28th August 2012 0 day(s) 0.1135 44.2 1.4 km 12.06 km/s 43416 km/h
    (2012 LU7) 02nd September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1200 46.7 440 m – 990 m 8.16 km/s 29376 km/h
    (2012 FS35) 02nd September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 2.3 m – 5.2 m 2.87 km/s 10332 km/h
    (2012 HG31) 03rd September 2012 6 day(s) 0.0716 27.9 440 m – 990 m 10.33 km/s 37188 km/h
    (2012 PX) 04th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.0452 17.6 61 m – 140 m 9.94 km/s 35784 km/h
    (2012 EH5) 05th September 2012 8 day(s) 0.1613 62.8 38 m – 84 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
    (2011 EO11) 05th September 2012 8 day(s) 0.1034 40.2 9.0 m – 20 m 8.81 km/s 31716 km/h
    (2007 PS25) 06th September 2012 9 day(s) 0.0497 19.3 23 m – 52 m 8.50 km/s 30600 km/h
    329520 (2002 SV) 08th September 2012 11 day(s) 0.1076 41.9 300 m – 670 m 9.17 km/s 33012 km/h
    (2011 ES4) 10th September 2012 13 day(s) 0.1792 69.8 20 m – 44 m 12.96 km/s 46656 km/h
    (2008 CO) 11th September 2012 14 day(s) 0.1847 71.9 74 m – 160 m 4.10 km/s 14760 km/h
    (2007 PB8) 14th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1682 65.5 150 m – 340 m 14.51 km/s 52236 km/h
    226514 (2003 UX34) 14th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1882 73.2 260 m – 590 m 25.74 km/s 92664 km/h
    (1998 QC1) 14th September 2012 17 day(s) 0.1642 63.9 310 m – 700 m 17.11 km/s 61596 km/h
    (2002 EM6) 15th September 2012 18 day(s) 0.1833 71.3 270 m – 590 m 18.56 km/s 66816 km/h
    (2002 RP137) 16th September 2012 19 day(s) 0.1624 63.2 67 m – 150 m 7.31 km/s 26316 km/h
    (2009 RX4) 16th September 2012 19 day(s) 0.1701 66.2 15 m – 35 m 8.35 km/s 30060 km/h
    (2005 UC) 17th September 2012 20 day(s) 0.1992 77.5 280 m – 640 m 7.55 km/s 27180 km/h
    (2012 FC71) 18th September 2012 21 day(s) 0.1074 41.8 24 m – 53 m 3.51 km/s 12636 km/h
    (1998 FF14) 19th September 2012 22 day(s) 0.0928 36.1 210 m – 480 m 21.40 km/s 77040 km/h
    331990 (2005 FD) 19th September 2012 22 day(s) 0.1914 74.5 320 m – 710 m 15.92 km/s 57312 km/h
    (2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 27 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
    333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 28 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
    (2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 29 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
    1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

     

     

     

    ………………………………….

    First X-Rays From The Remains Of A Supernova
    Observed Over 50 Years Ago

    MessageToEagle.com – Astronomers have detected X-rays from the remains of a supernova in the constellation Hydra, first seen from Earth over 50 years ago.

    While detected in the radio and optical for decades, the supernova SN 1957D, the fourth one detected in the year 1957, did not appear in previous X-ray images.

    Astronomers needed a long observation (8.5 days) from Chandra of the spiral galaxy where SN 1957D is found to finally detect it.

    The Chandra data suggest a rapidly rotating neutron star was formed by the explosion, which would be one of the youngest objects of this type ever observed.Over fifty years ago, a supernova was discovered in M83, a spiral galaxy about 15 million light years from Earth. Astronomers have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory to make the first detection of X-rays emitted by the debris from this explosion.

    Named SN 1957D because it was the fourth supernova to be discovered in the year of 1957, it is one of only a few located outside of the Milky Way galaxy that is detectable, in both radio and optical wavelengths, decades after its explosion was observed.

    In 1981, astronomers saw the remnant of the exploded star in radio waves, and then in 1987 they detected the remnant at optical wavelengths, years after the light from the explosion itself became undetectable.

    A relatively short observation — about 14 hours long — from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory in 2000 and 2001 did not detect any X-rays from the remnant of SN 1957D.


    Click on image to enlargeThis new Chandra image of M83 is one of the deepest X-ray observations ever made of a spiral galaxy beyond our own. Credits: Chandra X-Ray Observatory
    However, a much longer observation obtained in 2010 and 2011, totaling nearly 8 and 1/2 days of Chandra time, did reveal the presence of X-ray emission. The X-ray brightness in 2000 and 2001 was about the same as or lower than in this deep image.

    This new Chandra image of M83 is one of the deepest X-ray observations ever made of a spiral galaxy beyond our own.

    This full-field view of the spiral galaxy shows the low, medium, and high-energy X-rays observed by Chandra in red, green, and blue respectively. The location of SN 1957D, which is found on the inner edge of the spiral arm just above the galaxy’s center, is outlined in the box (or can be seen by mousing over the image.)


    Click on image to enlargeMultipanel with Optical, H-alpha & X-ray images of SN 1957D in M83

    This set of images from the Hubble Space Telescope shows optical and H-alpha images of the area around SN 1957D in M83. The optical images, shown at two different zooms, includes one filter at ultraviolet wavelengths and two different filters at optical wavelengths, colored blue, green and red. The H-alpha images show light emitted by hydrogen in red, sulfur in green and oxygen in blue. In each case SN 1957D is located in the middle of the image. In the optical images the star cluster containing the supernova is visible and in the H-alpha images the remains of the supernova are visible. The multipanel shows the optical and H-alpha images next to the Chandra image. Credit: Optical: NASA/STScI
    The new X-ray data from the remnant of SN 1957D provide important information about the nature of this explosion that astronomers think happened when a massive star ran out of fuel and collapsed. The distribution of X-rays with energy suggests that SN 1957D contains a neutron star, a rapidly spinning, dense star formed when the core of pre-supernova star collapsed. This neutron star, or pulsar, may be producing a cocoon of charged particles moving at close to the speed of light known as a pulsar wind nebula.

    If this interpretation is confirmed, the pulsar in SN 1957D is observed at an age of 55 years, one of the youngest pulsars ever seen. The remnant of SN 1979C in the galaxy M100 contains another candidate for the youngest pulsar, but astronomers are still unsure whether there is a black hole or a pulsar at the center of SN 1979C.

    An image from the Hubble Space Telescope (in the box labeled “Optical Close-Up”) shows that the debris of the explosion that created SN 1957D is located at the edge of a star cluster less than 10 million years old.

    Many of these stars are estimated to have masses about 17 times that of the Sun. This is just the right mass for a star’s evolution to result in a core-collapse supernova as is thought to be the case in SN 1957D.

    These results will appear in an upcoming issue of The Astrophysical Journal. The researchers involved with this study were Knox Long (Space Telescope Science Institute), William Blair (Johns Hopkins University), Leith Godfrey (Curtin University, Australia), Kip Kuntz (Johns Hopkins), Paul Plucinsky (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), Roberto Soria (Curtin University), Christopher Stockdale (University of Oklahoma and the Australian Astronomical Observatory), Bradley Whitmore (Space Telescope Science Institute), and Frank Winkler (Middlebury College).
    MessageToEagle.com

    See also:
    A Young Star Flaunts Its X-ray Spots In McNeil’s Nebula

    *************************************************************************************************************

    Mysterious Booms / Rumblings & Sinkholes

    Source Of Loud Boom In Foothills A Mystery

    EL DORADO COUNTY (CBS13) – People from all over El Dorado County say they’re hearing loud booms several times a week, but there are many theories on what is causing them.

    “I thought it was thunder,” said one person.

    “It’s definitely not thunder; too consistent. I thought it was just mining,” said another person.

    “I always considered them to be sonic booms from flying aircrafts for years,” said Loring Brunius, owner of Sierra Rock Diamond Quarry.

    People who live near Pleasant Valley say their days have been interrupted by loud booms, shaking the floor beneath them.

    “You can feel it in the ground, no question about it. But no one’s been able to figure out why,” said Pleasant Valley resident Peter O’Grady. “I tend to hear somewhere between four to six of these things during the weekdays usually between 11 p.m. and 2 p.m.

    “Boom, boom, boom, boom just like that,” said Lorren Gonzales, who lives near Pleasant Valley.

    And the rolling foothills of El Dorado County make it difficult for them to even tell where it’s coming from.

    We asked the owner of Sierra Rock Diamond Quarry what he knew about it. He says they havent blasted since last year. And any miners or quarry owners would need government permission before they can set off any explosives.

    “It’s a federally mandated system, and enforced,” said Brunius.

    Some think the booms are from nearby wineries using propane cannons to scare away birds.

    “We’ve never done it and I don’t know of any other winery that does,” said Carrie Bendick, a winemaker at Holly’s Hill Winery.

    According to USGS, there aren’t enough seismic stations to pinpoint the exact location. Meanwhile, some say the booms have been around so long and happen so often they barely notice them anymore. Still, others want to solve the mystery.

    “I would like to know what it is, yeah. And I’d like to know when it’s going to stop too,” said O’Grady.

    CBS13 spoke to Fallon Naval Air Station that said any supersonic flight operations they do are only allowed over Dixie Valley, which is hundreds of miles away.

    Some think illegal mining could be the source of the sounds, but Brunius doubts that theory. He said if that was the case, the culprit would have been caught by now.

    08/25/12 Flyover  Bayou Corne

    Gas-detecting plane will fly near sinkhole

    BY DAVID J. MITCHELL

    River Parishes bureau

    PIERRE PART — A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency aircraft is expected to make back-and-forth aerial passes at 300 feet as soon as Saturday over the Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou areas in an attempt to detect possible plumes of natural gas leaking from the land and water below.

    The Louisiana Department of Natural Resources has hired a firm to drill a ground water observation well to test whether natural gas may be in a water aquifer underneath the same area.

    And, a science advisory team has recommended a battery of tests for Texas Brine Co. LLC to conduct with the investigatory well that Texas Brine is already drilling to peer inside one of the company’s salt caverns.

    Louisiana Department of Natural Resources officials detailed these and other steps during a public meeting Friday.

    All are aimed at getting to the bottom of a large sinkhole that was found between Bayou Corne and Grand Bayou on Aug. 3 and prompted an ongoing mandatory evacuation of people living in about 150 homes.

    DNR was one of several agencies providing an overview Friday at the parish hall of St. Joseph the Worker Catholic Church in Pierre Part about recent developments in response to the sinkhole and the continuing natural gas releases that preceded the sinkhole by about two months.

    DNR scientists think the cavern inside the Napoleonville Dome may have failed and released its brine contents, causing the sinkhole.

    The 1-mile-by-3-mile dome is a large salt deposit pushed up from an ancient sea bed under the earth.

    The cavern was used in solution mining for nearly three decades to produce brine for industry. In the process, the cavern was hollowed out of the salt dome with water into the shape of a narrow, upside-down vase 3,400 feet underground.

    Brent Campbell, DNR Pipeline Division director, told a few hundred people in the church hall that the Office of Conservation and DNR are committed to be in the Bayou Corne area for the long haul.

    “We are going to continue to provide any resources that we need to personnel so we can find the cause and try to resolve this problem,” he said.

    The group also learned about other theories being considered as a possible causes of the sinkhole or natural gas releases.

    Officials with the Louisiana departments of Environmental Quality and Health and Hospitals also continued to say that samples collected from the air and water in and around the sinkhole do not pose a risk to public health.

    “While there are a lot of interesting things happening here, one of them is not health risk from pollution. I’d like to make that very clear and the Health Department will point that out when they come as well,” said Chris Piehler, DEQ Inspection Division administrator, adding: “Your health is not threatened from air pollution.”

    Piehler noted that the agency’s equipment is sensitive and picking up a variety of chemicals but they are at very low levels, including traces of carcinogenic benzene, or are not toxic, such as natural gas.

    “These are incredibly low levels. In fact, I confirmed before coming here tonight that the air quality as indicated by those samples is better than it is in Baton Rouge,” Piehler said.

    But residents also received some unsettling news as well.

    Michel Cernuska, 36, of Brule St. Martin, asked DNR officials what was being considered by the science advisory group to fix the cavern or its well casing if either has had a failure.

    “If it’s as simple as a casing, yes (it can be fixed). If it’s a cavern fracture, failure, whatever, there’s little that you can do,” said Chris Knotts, a civil engineer with DNR who is coordinating the science group studying the sinkhole.

    A low but audible rumble in the crowd followed that statement.

    Cernuska also asked about the “oxymoronic” evacuation order in light of DEQ and DHH are saying people’s health is not at risk.

    But Assumption parish Police Jury President Martin “Marty” Triche said parish officials are not comfortable lifting the order with so many unknowns about the cavern’s cause.

     

    **************************************************************************************************************

    Articles of Interest

     

     

    27.08.2012 Explosion Venezuela Departmento de Falcon, [Paraguana Refinery Complex] Damage level
    Details

     

     

    Explosion in Venezuela on Saturday, 25 August, 2012 at 12:56 (12:56 PM) UTC.

    Back

    Updated: Monday, 27 August, 2012 at 03:19 UTC
    Description
    After nightfall on Friday, as red lights began glowing atop the massive Amuay refinery in western Venezuela, the odor of sulfur made its way through the surrounding neighborhood of working-class homes and small shops. Francisco Gonzalez, a stocky accountant with dark hair, noticed the smell after 7 p.m. as he climbed the stairs to his second-story apartment across the street from the refinery. He had smelled the fumes from gas leaks many times before, so he didn’t think much about it as he shut the door. Six hours later, disaster struck. A powerful explosion ripped through the neighborhood and engulfed part of the refinery in flames, killing at least 39 people and injuring more than 80 in Venezuela’s deadliest refinery blast ever. “The first thing I saw was that the apartment didn’t have windows or doors or walls, just a floor and a roof,” Gonzalez said. “I don’t know how we survived.” In the dark, the 31-year-old man made his way downstairs to the street, where he, his brother and sister-in-law joined terrified neighbors. Some were wounded. Others were shouting.

    When Gonzalez looked at the back of his right hand, it was bleeding from gashes. At about 2 a.m., the halls of the hospital were filling up with wounded people. Doctors and nurses hurried to treat the most seriously hurt, while Gonzalez and others sat on the floor waiting their turn. Back at the refinery, soldiers, firefighters and state oil company workers were diving into action. Bodies were pulled from the rubble and lifted onto pickup trucks. Stella Lugo, the governor of Falcon state, went on state television to update the nation, setting the initial toll at seven people dead and 48 injured. The toll steadily rose in the next hours. When she reached the refinery at dawn, Lugo posted a photo on Twitter showing balls of fire and black smoke billowing. Other government officials went on television saying the gas leak had led to the blast and that the fire was being brought under control. President Hugo Chavez ordered an investigation and declared three days of mourning in the country. A total of 209 homes and 11 businesses were damaged in the explosion, and a National Guard post next to the refinery was destroyed, Vice President Elias Jaua said on Saturday. He said 18 of the victims were National Guard soldiers.

    On Saturday night, dozens of people who had fled their homes in the neighborhood of La Pastora returned to streets covered with rubble, twisted scraps of metal and puddles of spilled fuel. Gabriela Nunez, a housewife, went back to her home to gather belongings, saying she was worried about looters who had stolen goods from nearby stores hours after the explosion. “That forced us to come back, even though we’re afraid, to save what can be saved and secure our houses,” Nunez said. More than a day after the blast, the flames were still raging on Sunday, sending up a column of dark smoke. Some oil experts and government critics were also raising questions, saying they believe there hasn’t been sufficient maintenance at refineries and that the situation could be making such incidents more likely. Refinery manager Jesus Luongo denied that, as did Chavez, who spoke to journalists near the refinery on Sunday. The president said investigators haven’t determined what caused the disaster. “Lack of maintenance? Who can, who can say that right now with any seriousness? Nobody,” Chavez said. He said he had spoken personally with some of the military officers who were on duty at the time. “They tell me that very night, in the rounds that were made a few hours earlier, no substantial leak was detected,” said Chavez, who later visited the refinery complex and attended a Mass for the victims. Amuay is among the world’s largest refineries and is part of the Paraguana Refinery Complex, which also includes the adjacent Cardon refinery. Together, the refineries process about 900,000 barrels of crude per day ad 200,000 barrels of gasoline. Oil Minister Rafael Ramirez said the country has enough fuel in storage, “10 days of inventories,” to keep the Venezuelan market fully supplied. He said fires were still burning in two fuel storage tanks but that other “process areas” of the refinery were otherwise unaffected.

    Once the flames are completely extinguished, Ramirez said, “we have the ability to restart our refinery in two days.” Restarting will be a challenge for Gonzalez, who picked through what remained of his family’s apartment, sweeping away debris with a broom. Broken glass littered the floor along with fragments of the shattered walls. The shop on the first floor was also destroyed, but Gonzalez and his brother and sister-in-law all survived with only minor injuries. “I’m happy to be here telling this story,” Gonzalez said, his hand covered in a bandage and with stitches on his arms. “Material things, although they cost us a great deal to obtain, aren’t worth much when you compare them with life.”

    ………………………………….

    Hidden Rift Valley As Big As Grand Canyon
    Discovered Beneath West Antarctica
     

    MessageToEagle.com – A new discovery suggests that a rift in the Antarctic rock as deep as the Grand Canyon is increasing ice melt from the continent.

    Experts from the University of Aberdeen and British Antarctic Survey (BAS) made the discovery below Ferrigno Ice Stream, a region visited only once previously, over fifty years ago, in 1961, and one that is remote even by Antarctic standards.

    Their findings, reported in Nature this week reveal that the ice-filled ancient rift basin is connected to the warming ocean which impacts upon contemporary ice flow and loss.

    The West Antarctic Ice Sheet is of great scientific interest and societal importance as it is losing ice faster than any other part of Antarctica with some glaciers shrinking by more than one metre per year.

    Understanding the processes that influence ice loss from West Antarctica is important to improve predictions of its future behaviour in a warming world.

    Dr Robert Bingham, a glaciologist working in the University of Aberdeen’s School of Geosciences and lead author of the study, discovered the rift valley whilst undertaking three months of fieldwork with British Antarctic Survey in 2010.Dr Bingham, whose fieldwork was funded by the UK’s Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) said:“Over the last 20 years we have used satellites to monitor ice losses from Antarctica, and we have witnessed consistent and substantial ice losses from around much of its coastline.

     

    “For some of the glaciers, including Ferrigno Ice Stream, the losses are especially pronounced, and, to understand why, we needed to acquire data about conditions beneath the ice surface.”

    The team gathered the data using an ice-penetrating radar system towed behind a skidoo driven across the relatively flat ice surface, over a distance of 1500 miles — greater than that between London and Athens.

    Dr Bingham continued: “What we found is that lying beneath the ice there is a large valley, parts of which are approximately a mile deeper than the surrounding landscape.

    “If you stripped away all of the ice here today, you’d see a feature every bit as dramatic as the huge rift valleys you see in Africa and in size as significant as the Grand Canyon.

    “This is at odds with the flat ice surface that we were driving across — without these measurements we would never have known that it was there.

    “What’s particularly important is that this spectacular valley aligns perfectly with the recordings of ice-surface lowering and ice loss that we have witnessed with satellite observations over this area for the last twenty years.”

    Co-author and geophysicist Dr Fausto Ferraccioli from British Antarctic Survey added: “The newly discovered Ferrigno Rift is part of a huge and yet poorly understood rift system that lies beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

    The ice-margin of Ferrigno Ice Stream where it flows into Eltanin Bay.
    (Credit: Photo Rob Bingham)

    “What this study shows is that this ancient rift basin, and the others discovered under the ice that connect to the warming ocean can influence contemporary ice flow and may exacerbate ice losses by steering coastal changes further inland.”

    Image credit: NASA

    Professor David Vaughan, from British Antarctic Survey leads Ice2sea, a major EU-funded FP7 research programme to improve projections of global and regional sea-level. He said, “Thinning ice in West Antarctica is currently contributing nearly 10 per cent of global sea level rise. It’s important to understand this hot spot of change so we can make more accurate predictions for future sea level rise.”

    Glossary

    Rift valley: A linear-shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault. This action is manifest as crustal extension, a spreading apart of the surface which is subsequently further deepened by the forces of erosion.

    Glacier: A ‘river of ice’ fed by the accumulation of snow. Glaciers drain ice from mountains to lower levels, where the ice either melts, breaks away into the sea as icebergs, or feeds into an ice shelf.

    Ice sheet: The huge mass of ice, up to 4 km thick that covers bedrock in Antarctica or Greenland. It flows from the centre of the continent towards the coast where it feeds ice shelves.

    MessageToEagle.com via British Antarctic Survey

    See also:
    Something Mysteriously Warms Antarctica Ice

    *************************************************************************************************************

    [In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

    Global Disaster Watch – March 5th, 2012

    Earthquakes

    Magnitude 5.1 earthquake, Off Coast Of Central America

    UTC Date / Time  Mar 04 09:44AM

    Depth  60 km  GEO: Longitude  -84.470

    GEO  Latitude  2.630

    Source  EMSC

    Magnitude 5.5 earthquake, Southeast of Loyalty Islands

    UTC Date / Time   Mar 04 12:49 PM

    Depth 10 kmGEO: Longitude169.760GEO: Latitude-21.510

    Source
    GEOFON

    Magnitude 4.5 earthquake , Luzon,Philippines

    UTC Date / Time  Mar 04 14:26 PM

    Depth 152.5 km    GEO: Longitude120.625   GEO: Latitude14.254

    Source
    USGS

    Magnitude 5.1 earthquake, Southern Sumatra, Indonesia

    UTC Date / Time   Mar 04 23:17 PM

    Depth 10 km   GEO: Longitude 102.490 GEO: Latitude -4.500

    Source
    GEOFON

    Magnitude 4.5 earthquake, Southwestern, Siberia, Russia

    UTC Date / Time   Mar 04 23:33 PM

    Depth 14.9 km GEO: Longitude 95.983 GEO: Latitude 51.542

    Source
    USGS

    Magnitude 4.5 earthquake,Northern Algeria

    UTC Date / Time   Mar 05 02:45 AM

    Depth  10 km GEO: Longitude  0.690 GEO: Latitude 36.520

    Source
    EMSCKuril Islands,

    Magnitude 4.8 earthquake, Kuril Islands

    UTC Date / Time Mar 05 03:33 AM

    Depth123 km GEO: Longitude153.450 GEO:Latitude  46.250

    Source
    GEOFON

    Magnitude 4.8 earthquake, Southeast of Loyalty

    Date / Time  Mar 05 05:14 AM

    Depth 287 km GEO: Longitude 169.720

    GEO: Latitude –22.130

    Source
    GEOFON

    Solar Activity

    BIG SUNSPOT: A sunspot almost four times as wide as Earth itself is rotating onto the solar disk. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded its entrance on March 2nd and 3rd; click to view a 24-hour animation:

    The sunspot has a ‘beta-gamma’ magnetic field that harbors energy for strong M-class solar flares. Indeed, it has already unleashed an M3-class eruption on March 2nd that created mild waves of ionization in the atmosphere over Europe.

    Earth-effects could become stronger as the sunspot turns toward our planet in the days ahead. NOAA forecasters estimate a 55% chance of additional M-class flares and a 5% chance of an X-flare during the next 24 hours. Solar flare alerts: text,phone.

    more images: from Dennis Put of Brielle, The Netherlands; from Pavol Rapavy of Observatory Rimavska Sobota, Slovakia; from Maximilian Teodorescu of Bucharest, Romania; from Jim Werle of Henderson, Nevada;

    THE SUN TODAY: 4 March 2012 – ANOTHER HUGE FLARE

    Solar System

    The Lunar Cataclysm

    http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/4603/the-lunar-cataclysm

    Drought

    Portugal prays for rain as drought adds to crisis

    http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/03/us-portugal-drought-idUSTRE8220EV20120303

    Tornadoes

    Tornadoes cut violent path across U.S. leaving trail of destruction and 37 dead

    http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2012/03/03/tornadoes-cut-violent-path-across-u-s-leaving-trail-of-destruction-and-32-dead/

    Whole town ‘completely gone’ after Indiana tornado

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242398-Whole-town-completely-gone-after-Indiana-tornado

    Storms Demolish Small Towns in Indiana, Kentucky; 38 Dead

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242471-Storms-Demolish-Small-Towns-in-Indiana-Kentucky-38-Dead

    Volcanic Activity

    The Tungurahua volcano increased its activity level at 18:30 on Saturday. According to the technicians of the Observatory of the Geophysical Institute, this is characterized by the explosive ejection of incandescent rocks with additional steam and ash. Moreover, the intensity of the bellows rose relative to those detected at 14:20 on the start of this new eruptive process.  Jorge Bustillos, a volcanologist, said the expulsion of the material reaches 500 meters above the crater and the vapor cloud 800. “The activity is Strombolian type, this is identified by the output of lava, steam and ash.”  Lookouts of the colossus said there was a fall of volcanic dust cam in communities Puela, Chonglontus and El Manzano, in Chimborazo. The cloudy nights have impeded direct observation of the giant crater.  Serafin Medina, a resident of Palictahua said that since the late bellows have been emitted from the volcano, activity at the volcano has increased. “We listen to what they say the technicians of the Geophysical Institute.” –El Comerico translated

    Lights in the Sky

    Green Object Reported in the Sky Over Newfoundland

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242337-Green-Object-Reported-in-the-Sky-Over-Newfoundland

    Green Fireball Seen All Over Southeastern Canada

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242383-Green-Fireball-Seen-All-Over-Southeastern-Canada

    Fireball seen from southern Norway and Sweden

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242443-Fireball-seen-from-southern-Norway-and-Sweden

    Meteor Lights up the Sky Across England

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242478-Meteor-Lights-up-the-Sky-Across-England

    Thousands Witness Spectacular Fireball Streak Over UK (VIDEO)

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242486-Thousands-Witness-Spectacular-Fireball-Streak-Over-UK-VIDEO-

    Radioactivity

    Tokyo Bay Radioactive Cesium Deposits Now Over 10 Inches Deep

    http://www.sott.net/articles/show/242464-Tokyo-Bay-Radioactive-Cesium-Deposits-Now-Over-10-Inches-Deep

    Asteroids

    Asteroid 2012 DA14 heads for Earth next year

    Misc

    3MIN News Mar4: Earthquake Watch, M-FLARE WHILE UPLOADING!