Tag Archive: Carlsberg Ridge


Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 23:16:47   38.959   22.937 16.7  GREECE
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 22:31:18   38.260   46.780 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  5.0   2012/10/26 21:38:19  -11.569   165.470 34.1  SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS
MAP  4.9   2012/10/26 21:11:57   10.667   126.806 35.0  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 19:44:36   33.465   133.450 17.0  SHIKOKU, JAPAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 19:33:11   37.690   141.561 61.0  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  2.8 2012/10/26 19:18:39   19.384  -155.243 3.8  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.6 2012/10/26 18:48:13   18.910   -64.522 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:31:54   46.260  -119.384 0.0  WASHINGTON
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 18:04:57   51.499  -178.225 21.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 17:15:25   35.417  -117.957 2.9  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 16:28:48   60.736  -151.633 85.4  KENAI PENINSULA, ALASKA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 14:18:20   42.016  -126.835 10.0  OFF THE COAST OF OREGON
MAP  2.7 2012/10/26 12:41:49   19.881  -155.686 16.3  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:34   19.383  -155.245 3.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 11:38:31   19.386  -155.244 4.1  ISLAND OF HAWAII, HAWAII
MAP  4.6   2012/10/26 10:52:59   43.224   142.871 131.2  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 10:36:32   38.718   141.990 48.9  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.3 2012/10/26 10:32:52   59.367  -152.218 55.3  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/10/26 08:40:46   19.383   -64.224 80.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/10/26 06:28:47   -0.364   132.895 43.2  NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 04:34:59   43.355   -78.634 5.0  NEW YORK
MAP  4.5   2012/10/26 04:24:31  -18.032  -178.574 608.0  FIJI REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/10/26 02:56:53   59.477  -152.370 59.8  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/26 00:33:14   41.046   142.272 59.8  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  2.9 2012/10/26 00:10:22   52.389  -174.294 223.1  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA

 

 

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 22:23:15   -6.126   154.350 62.1  BOUGAINVILLE REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 21:17:01   -7.054   123.441 621.9  BANDA SEA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 21:10:42   -2.088   126.482 35.0  CERAM SEA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 20:56:46  -16.255  -175.946 355.6  TONGA
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 20:55:31   18.554   146.531 77.6  PAGAN REGION, NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 20:36:28   51.201  -179.933 30.5  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  5.1   2012/10/27 20:15:00  -21.474   169.833 35.7  SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS
MAP  5.5   2012/10/27 20:13:02   -6.178   151.602 22.7  NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
MAP  2.6 2012/10/27 17:48:08   32.146  -115.206 23.6  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 16:53:00   19.619   -63.980 24.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 16:46:42   18.172   -68.373 93.0  MONA PASSAGE, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
MAP  4.9   2012/10/27 16:22:10   14.566   -92.195 115.0  CHIAPAS, MEXICO
MAP  3.0 2012/10/27 15:52:14   63.171  -144.328 1.9  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 15:46:29   10.500   126.823 36.7  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.5 2012/10/27 15:31:11   52.755  -162.915 35.9  SOUTH OF ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/10/27 15:00:47   -2.294   100.628 64.6  KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 12:33:05  -33.589   -72.028 23.8  OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 12:02:28   62.841  -151.149 111.3  CENTRAL ALASKA
MAP  4.4 2012/10/27 10:51:24   -9.175   111.272 69.2  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 10:43:50   17.475   -68.812 83.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  3.1 2012/10/27 10:32:09   17.414   -68.841 57.0  DOMINICAN REPUBLIC REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 10:20:59   10.637   126.874 35.1  PHILIPPINE ISLANDS REGION
MAP  5.2   2012/10/27 09:32:31   9.897   57.100 10.0  CARLSBERG RIDGE
MAP  4.2 2012/10/27 08:00:10   36.999   70.494 67.0  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 07:02:41  -22.284   179.922 554.8  SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
MAP  4.6   2012/10/27 06:37:34   28.502   128.715 35.5  RYUKYU ISLANDS, JAPAN
MAP  2.5 2012/10/27 06:18:51   18.511   -64.789 5.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.3 2012/10/27 06:07:59   68.491  -147.349 6.0  NORTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.8   2012/10/27 05:52:18  -10.845   160.919 45.4  SOLOMON ISLANDS
MAP  5.0   2012/10/27 04:06:51   -4.074   140.267 41.6  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.3 2012/10/27 03:56:44   38.259   46.633 10.0  NORTHWESTERN IRAN
MAP  2.7 2012/10/27 01:49:15   32.184  -115.220 15.8  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.5   2012/10/27 00:49:37  -27.746   -66.615 144.2  CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
MAP  3.2 2012/10/27 00:34:51   56.972  -158.394 150.9  ALASKA PENINSULA

Panic as magnitude-5 earthquake rattles southern Italy

NBCNewsWorld

Mario Tosti / AFP – Getty Images

People who had been evacuated from a hospital wait in a rescue center in Mormanno, southern Italy, after an earthquake early on Friday.

By NBC News staff and wire reports

ROME — A hospital was evacuated after a magnitude-5 earthquake struck southern Italy early on Friday, authorities said.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. local time (7:05 p.m. ET Thursday) about 3.9 miles underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV).

At least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake, according to INGV’s website.

Italian media reported that an elderly man who lived near the tremor’s epicenter had died of a heart attack.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

Italian news agencies reported scenes of panic in the hospital and said many inhabitants of Mormanno and surrounding towns had come out in the streets.

Police and firefighters were surveying the area for further damage, officials said.

NBC News’ Claudio Lavanga and Reuters contributed to this report.

Scientists convicted of manslaughter for not predicting quake

Magnitude 5 earthquake hits s. Italy, hospital evacuated

By REUTERS

ROME – A magnitude 5 earthquake struck north of Cosenza in southern Italy early on Friday, and police said a hospital had been evacuated after cracks were found in its structure, but there were no reports of injuries.

The quake hit at 1:05 a.m. (2305 GMT on Thursday) about 6.3 km (3.9 miles) underground, north of Cosenza in the Pollino mountains area on the border of the southern regions of Calabria and Basilicata, according to data from the Italian Geophysics Institute (INGV). It said on its website that at least 14 other tremors followed the initial earthquake.

An Italian police official told Reuters a hospital in the small town of Mormanno had been evacuated as a precautionary measure because some cracks were found in its structure.

No injuries were reported, the official said.

AN elderly man died from a heart attack and panic-stricken residents rushed into the streets fearing building collapses when a 5.3-magnitude earthquake struck a southern Italian province.

The 84-year-old victim suffered heart failure when the quake struck the province of Cosenza early on Friday and was dead before emergency services could reach him.

No injuries have been reported but several buildings have been damaged. A local hospital was also evacuated and schools closed as a precautionary measure.

According to the US Geological Survey, the quake, with a 5.3 magnitude at a depth of 3.8km, had its epicentre 6km southeast of Mormanno town in the Calabria region.

“Some plaster fell, a crack appeared in the stairway. We came down in a panic to the streets using our mobile phones for light,” Mormanno bed-and-breakfast owner Giuseppina Capalbi told the Corriere della Sera newspaper.

Many homes in the town centre suffered damage and police said it would take some hours to evaluate the scale of the problem, as local officials decided to close schools.

“There was a lot of panic, but happily there are no injured,” Mormanno mayor Guglielmo Armentano told Ansa.

“In our historic centre, there are some damaged buildings. As a precaution we have evacuated the hospital.”

More than 2200 tremors had struck the same region along the Pollino massif in recent years, but all but a handful were of a magnitude under 3.

Italy frequently falls victim to earthquakes. Among the most devastating was the 6.3-magnitude quake in the central city of L’Aquila that in 2009 killed 309 people and left tens of thousands homeless.

On Monday, six Italian seismologists and a government official were sentenced to six years in jail for multiple manslaughter for underestimating the risk of that earthquake, in a move viewed by some as a dangerous blow to

Related Coverage

 

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: October 27, 2012 09:19:03 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

 RCBR 24hr plot

IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

 RSSD 24hr plot

IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

 SJG 24hr plot

IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

 SNZO 24hr plot

IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Niwa observes underwater volcano changes

New Zealand scientists investigating an active undersea volcano that erupted three months ago have discovered significant changes to the seafloor.

Niwa research ship Tangaroa has mapped the Kermadec volcano that erupted 800km northeast of Tauranga on July 19, producing a pumice raft the size of Canterbury.

The eruption was strong enough to breach the ocean surface from a depth of 1100 metres. It was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the pumice on their way back home from Samoa.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

It was mapped in 2002, showing a 1km-high undersea mountain with a 5km wide, 800-metre deep central crater.

This week, scientists found a new volcanic cone which has formed on the edge of the volcano, towering 240 metres above the crater rim.

They also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Several cubic kilometres of new material has also been added to the volcano, with large volumes of freshly erupted pumice accumulating on the caldera floor, raising it by up to 10 metres.

“We couldn’t find any biology on the floor and the immediate vicinity has been completely wiped out,” Wysoczanski said.

Fresh volcanic rocks, up to beach ball size, will be brought back to Niwa for analysis.

Tangaroa embarked on the expedition to study the volcanic chain that stretches for 1000km north from Bay of Plenty. It is due back in Wellington on November 1.

  • Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural territory.

    Enlarge Photo

    LiveScience.com/Janet C. Harvey/Axel Schmitt – Projectile point made from Obsidian Butte obsidian, collected west of Palomar Mountain in northern San Diego County, and attributed to the Luiseño cultural te …more 

Related Content

  • In this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of the Salton Sea, where water conservation efforts are attempting to restore the once natural playground and tourist site. The evaporating Salton Sea is the flashpoint for the latest dispute in California's water wars, testing an uneasy alliance that has sought to wean the Golden State from overreliance on Colorado River water.Enlarge GalleryIn this Dec. 27, 2010 photo, the barren earth and dead trees reveal the blight of …
  • Moonset at Rock Hill, one of five volcanoes that comprise the Salton Buttes. The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study finds.Enlarge PhotoMoonset at Rock Hill, one of five …

Earthquake swarms and a region-wide rotten egg smell recently reminded Southern California residents they live next to an active volcano field, tiny though it may be.

At the time, scientists said the phenomena did not reflect changes in the magma chamber below the Salton Sea. But now, researchers may need to revise estimates of the potential hazard posed by the Salton Buttes — five volcanoes at the lake’s southern tip.

The buttes last erupted between 940 and 0 B.C., not 30,000 years ago, as previously thought, a new study detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Geology reports. The new age — which makes these some of California’s youngest volcanoes — pushes the volcanic quintuplets into active status. The California Volcano Observatory, launched in February by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), already lists the area as a high threat for future blasts.

“The USGS is starting to monitor all potentially active volcanoes in California, which includes the Salton Buttes,” said study author Axel Schmitt, a geochronologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “With our results, I think this will further enhance the need to look into the system,” Schmitt told OurAmazingPlanet.

Schmitt and his colleagues dated zircon crystals in the hardened lava of the buttes with a relatively new technique, a “helium clock” that starts ticking once the minerals begin cooling at the surface.

Resolving the Obsidian Butte riddle

The revised age solves a long-standing archeological conundrum, said Steve Shackley, emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. Artifacts created from one of the five buttes, Obsidian Butte, first appear in Native American villages around 510 B.C. to 640 B.C. The Kumeyaay people, whose territory ranged from the coast to the Coso Mountains, crafted projectiles from Obsidian Butte glass, he said. “The men produced some of the best in the world,” Shackley told OurAmazingPlanet.

However, for decades, researchers thought Obsidian Butte erupted thousands of years earlier. To explain why no one collected the valuable obsidian, archeologists hypothesized that Obsidian Butte was submerged under ancient Lake Cahuilla, the precursor to today’s Salton Sea. But geologists had long proved that Lake Cahuilla was ephemeral, flooding and emptying over and over again, so the explanation was always problematic.

“If this dating method is correct, then the Obsidian Butte material wasn’t even available, and that makes more sense archaeologically,” Shackley said.

Rifting brings rising magma

In fact, that Obsidian Butte rises above the Salton Sea is what first attracted Schmitt’s attention. A 30,000-year-old butte should have been buried by a combination of sediment and subsidence by now, he said. “It had to be very young,” Schmitt said.

The buttes exist because California is tearing apart, forming new oceanic crust as magma wells up from below. The sinking Salton Trough is the landward extension of the Gulf of California, and marks the boundary between the Pacific and North America tectonic plates.

The lava source for the volcanoes is a magma chamberbeneath the Salton Sea, which also heats water for a nearby geothermal plant. Decay of uranium isotopes in zircon crystals show magma built up underneath the volcanoes for thousands of years before the latest eruption, the study shows. [50 Amazing Volcano Facts]

If another eruption occurs at the Salton Buttes, it will likely mimic past breakouts, Schmitt said. The volcanoes are made of sticky, slow-moving rhyolite lava. At Obsidian Butte, the lava cooled so quickly it turned into glass. However, pumice and ash found nearby means past breakouts started with a bang.

Schmitt said he hopes to study the area in more detail to better understand the most recent eruption. “The amounts of magma involved are relatively small and the impacts of an explosive eruption, meaning an ash cloud, would most likely be very local,” he said. “We don’t know very well how far any ash would have been dispersed, and that’s something I would like to follow up on in the research.”

Researching future hazards

The National Science Foundation’s EarthScope project funds an extensive seismic imaging project in the Salton Sea that may soon reveal more information about what’s happening deep underground.

“We’ll be looking with great interest to see what we can tell from the Salton Seismic Imaging Project,” said Joann Stock, a Caltech professor and an expert on the region’s volcanic hazards who was not involved in the new study.

“I think [Schmitt’s study] is a great contribution,” she said. “It’s an area where we should be concerned. We know that there’s a lot of hot stuff down there,” she told OurAmazingPlanet.

In August, an earthquake swarm shook the nearby town of Brawley. The USGS attributed the temblors to faults in the Brawley Seismic Zone. In September, a sulfurous stench emanated from the Salton Sea and wafted across the Inland Empire. The odor was tentatively linked to a fish die-off, but could also have been caused by volcanic gases, Stock said.

Reach Becky Oskin at boskin@techmedianetwork.com. Follow her on Twitter @beckyoskin. Follow OurAmazingPlanet on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook and Google+.

Submarine eruption from Havre volcano built a new volcanic cone

By

Adonai
The Watchers Tweet Tweet New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report) Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found...

New Zealand scientists investigating an active Kermadec undersea volcano Havre discovered significant changes to the seafloor during last eruption on July 19, 2012. The eruption was captured by a Nasa satellite, and a Royal New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol spotted the huge pumice area on their way back home from Samoa (read our earlier report)

Scientists, aboard Niwa research ship – Tangaroa (deepwater research vessel), used multibeam sonar to map the seamount and found evidence of a new volcanic cone, 240 m tall and reaching withing 1,100 m below sea level, built on the side of the large submarine caldera of Havre. Aside from new volcanic cone they also found one side of the caldera wall is bulging in towards the volcano’s centre, indicating where an eruption may occur in the future or it may lead to an undersea avalanche.

Niwa’s volcanologist Dr Richard Wysoczanski, who is leading the 23-day expedition, said there had been volcanic activity every year for the past decade, but this was the largest by far.

“It is a substantial eruption. Had it occurred on land in New Zealand, it would have been a bit of a disaster.”

The volcanic caldera, which is like Lake Taupo, known to produce large and violent eruptions, spewed up to 10,000 more material than the Mt Tongariro eruption on August 6, he said.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

27.10.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Kentucky, [Clay County] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:38 (04:38 AM) UTC.

Description
A forest fire burned nearly 100 acres near the Sattler Branch community in Clay County. Fire fighters responded to the blaze late Thursday. By Friday afternoon, the flames were contained. Still, the fire gave folks who live nearby quite a scare. “It’s about that time of year you have to start worrying, leaves and everything is dry. There’s a lot of trees around here. It wasn’t as bad this year as it was last year; it was real close last year,” said resident Rebecca Combs. Back then, Combs says a forest fire came so close to her home that fire fighters had to hose it down to keep it from igniting. “All we could really see was the smoke this time. It was on the other side so it didn’t get really close, but it was close enough to make you nervous,” Combs said. Combs’ sister says their ailing father lives in the home. She says getting him out of the house in an emergency would be difficult. “He’s wheelchair bound so that wouldn’t have been something fun to try to do. It would’ve been a hassle. We try to think about going over fire evacuations any way, just in case because of him,” said sister Monica Baker. People we talked to in Clay County say the threat of fire is a constant concern this time of year. They say people need to be more careful.

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Storms / Flooding

Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Sandy (AL18) Carib Sea 22.10.2012 27.10.2012 Hurricane I 30 ° 120 km/h 148 km/h 3.66 m NOAA NHC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Sandy (AL18)
Area: Carib Sea
Start up location: N 13° 30.000, W 78° 0.000
Start up: 22nd October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,078.30 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
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Category Course Wave
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27th Oct 2012 17:31:37 N 29° 0.000, W 76° 0.000 15 120 148 Hurricane I 30 ° 12 958 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 36° 24.000, W 72° 0.000 Hurricane II 130 157 NOAA NHC
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 34° 12.000, W 72° 6.000 Hurricane I 120 148 NOAA NHC
30th Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 39° 48.000, W 77° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
31st Oct 2012 12:00:00 N 40° 48.000, W 77° 30.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
01st Nov 2012 12:00:00 N 43° 48.000, W 76° 48.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC
Son-Thin (24W) Pacific Ocean 24.10.2012 27.10.2012 Typhoon IV 300 ° 204 km/h 250 km/h 3.35 m JTWC Details

Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Son-Thin (24W)
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 9° 30.000, E 126° 24.000
Start up: 24th October 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 1,302.25 km
Top category.:
Report by: JTWC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
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Date Time Position Speed
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27th Oct 2012 15:47:24 N 17° 30.000, E 108° 48.000 19 204 250 Typhoon IV 300 ° 11 JTWC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
29th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 20° 54.000, E 105° 24.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 JTWC
30th Oct 2012 00:00:00 N 21° 42.000, E 106° 18.000 Tropical Depression 37 56 JTWC

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WASHINGTON –  The U.S. military will be moving ships from the Norfolk Naval Station region in Virginia out to sea to get out of the path of Hurricane Sandy.

The Navy says 24 of the larger ships in southeastern Virginia bases, including the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman, are preparing to leave and will be moving out over the next day or so. The orders affect ships at Naval Station Norfolk and Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story in the Hamption Roads area.

Other ships will be secured at the base. Military installations along the Eastern Seaboard, including Andrews Air Force Base and Langley Air Force Base in Virginia and Naval Submarine Base New London in Connecticut were also prepared to move ships and aircraft if needed.

New York faces most intense storm in history

City would actually benefit from a direct hit, forecast say

By Eric Holthaus


Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Fla. on Friday.

NEW YORK (MarketWatch) — As we’ve all heard by now, there is a big storm brewing on the East Coast. Looking at the latest weather models, that may be a bit of an understatement.

The National Weather Service has labelled the hybrid gyre that may result from the merging of Hurricane Sandy and a Midwest snowstorm a “Frankenstorm.” When it hits, the storm could have truly scary implications befitting the Halloween holiday it will coincide with.

You can read my latest forecast post on this rare menace over on the Wall Street Journal’s Metropolis blog.

In fact, computer models are now showing a storm so intense that it would break 100-plus year weather records for the most intense pressure readings ever recorded throughout nearly all of the Mid-Atlantic region northward into New York City and Long Island.

Every hurricane that has ever hit that area — from last year’s Hurricane Irene, to the “Perfect Storm” of 1991, even the Long Island Express of 1938 — would all rank below this storm should current models of the atmosphere pan out. That’s a stunning conclusion, but one worth pondering, even though the storm’s peak impacts won’t be felt until Tuesday and there’s still time for models to shift.

There’s reason to believe the models may be overdoing it. First off, what’s happening right now doesn’t have a clear precedence in the weather records. Our best available number-crunching simulations of the atmosphere simply weren’t designed for this scenario.

Normally, when hurricanes approach the East Coast from Sandy’s angle, they are pulled safely out to sea by a semi-permanent low-pressure center near Iceland. This time around, that low pressure isn’t there. In fact, it’s been replaced by a high pressure so intense it only occurs approximately 0.2% of the time on average.

The coincidence of that strong of a high pressure “block” being in place just when a hurricane is passing by — in and of itself a very rare occurrence — is just mind bogglingly rare. It’s the kind of stuff that’s important enough to rewrite meteorological textbooks. The result: Instead of heading out to sea Sandy’s full force will be turned back against the grain and directed squarely at the East Coast.

To top it off, an intense early-season snowstorm moving eastward out of the Great Lakes will provide an additional boost of energy to Sandy as it approaches the shore, broadening its windfield, strengthening its rainfall and waves, and increasing its destructive potential. This is truly a Frankenstein scenario — a hybrid of weather badness that is now coming alive.

The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center — the same folks at the National Weather Service that gave Sandy its “Frankenstorm” name — have had to manually adjust their official forecasts to tone down the exceptional scenarios that the weather models are currently showing.

It’s not that they don’t think the worst-case scenario is possible. It’s just that it’s never happened before. As a meteorologist, you have to be very, very careful if you are going to predict a historic scenario.

The storm is still a few days away, so there will be plenty of time to see how new model runs change with the addition of data from future Hurricane Hunter flights before the National Weather Service goes in full bore with an unprecedented forecast. For the time being, those from D.C. to Boston should remain especially vigilant and begin to take preparations to make sure they and their families are safe.

Storm may hit New York the hardest

Because the storm is expected to be so huge, the only reason its exact landfall location matters relates to the direction of the winds. Everyone from D.C. to New England will feel some type of effects, but because hurricanes rotate counter-clockwise, those north of the center will have massive amounts of seawater directly deposited on their shores.

For those south of the center, the storm’s circulation will actually be pushing flooding seas away from shore, lessening potential impacts.

Right now, the most reliable model tracks have clustered in a relatively tight range from Delaware to New York City. Counterintuitively, should the center of the storm make a direct strike on New York City, the city may actually be spared some of the more serious coastal impacts from the storm.

Should the storm continue on its current path (the National Hurricane Center’s most likely landfall is now in southern New Jersey), all bets are off for the five boroughs.

The latter scenario — the one that now appears most likely — would have many feet of ocean water funneled into New York Harbor over a period of up to 36 hours. Unlike Irene, which quickly transited New York City last year as a weakening tropical storm, Sandy may actually be in the process of strengthening when it makes landfall.

The result could prove incredibly damaging for coastal residents and critical infrastructure. Keep in mind that Irene was only inches away from flooding subway tunnels in Lower Manhattan. Storm-surge forecasts for this scenario haven’t been officially released yet, but six to 10 feet in the city is not out of the question in a worst-case scenario.

That result would put about 700,000 people’s homes underwater, according to a Climate Central interactive analysis. Add to that waves of 10 to 20 feet on ocean-facing shores, and an additional foot or so of tidal influence from the full moon, and we could be dealing with quite a mess on our hands.

With National Geographic reporting that sea level rise is already accelerating at three to four times the global rate in the Northeast due to climate change, impacts are expected to be worse than if the same exact storm would have hit several years ago.

Should Sandy veer further north of its current track and make landfall right over the city, storm surge could be dramatically lessened, though the city could receive about double the amount of rainfall — up to a foot or more.

For these reasons, if I were a resident of New York right now, I’d be rooting for a direct hit. If given a choice, I’d take 12 inches of rain over six feet of coastal flooding any day.

Meteorologist Eric Holthaus digs deeper into how weather and climate can affect markets for MarketWatch. He can be reached at wxriskforecaster@gmail.com.

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Rolling coverage: East Coast girds for Sandy

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declares State of Emergency as Hurricane Sandy barrels through Caribbean, killing 43

Sandy could be ‘worst case’ superstorm, more powerful than Hurricane Irene; officials will decide Saturday whether to evacuate wide swaths of New York City as ‘Frankenstorm’ approaches

By AND / NEW YORK DAILY NEWS

Resident Antonio Garces tries to recover his belongings from his house destroyed by Hurricane Sandy in Aguacate, Cuba, Thursday Oct. 25, 2012. Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas after causing at least two deaths in the Caribbean. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy leveled homes in Cuba and Jamaica this week and it has been blamed for more than 20 deaths. The storm is marching north towards the U.S., and could slam New York with lashing rain, powerful winds and even snow.

In the face of a potentially devastating storm, Gov. Cuomo declared a state of emergency Friday and city officials considered evacuating as many as 375,000 New Yorkers.

The MTA was also considering a total shut down of buses and subways if the worst predictions about Hurricane Sandy come true.

The deadly tempest, which killed at least 41 people in the Caribbean, according to The Associated Press, is expected to make landfall late Monday night near Delaware.

NEW YORKERS: CLICK HERE TO SEE WHETHER YOU LIVE IN A HURRICANE EVACUATION ZONE

Mayor Bloomberg said he’d make a decision about evacuations in low-lying areas in all five boroughs as soon as Saturday.

“We are taking all the steps that we need to take,” Bloomberg said during a hastily called afternoon press conference on Friday.

HURRICANE27N_1_WEB

Franklin Reyes/AP

Hurricane Sandy blasted across eastern Cuba on Thursday as a potent Category 2 storm and headed for the Bahamas en route to the East Coast, forecasters predict.

HURRICANE NEW 3

Gilbert Bellamy/Reuters

Residents watch firefighters fight a blaze in a private home in Kingston October 26, 2012. The fire, which destroyed the home, was started by a faulty generator used to provide electricity in the blackout caused by the passing of Hurricane Sandy, firefighters said.

“But the storm is moving at a rate that we’re still not going to have a good sense of when and where it’s going to hit land.”

MTA Chairman Joseph Lhota said officials would begin the second shutdown of all buses and subways in its history if winds reach 39 mph.

“Our first priority is always safety, and the MTA is taking no chances with the safety of our customers, our employees and our equipment,” Lhota said in a statement. “We are hoping for the best but preparing for the worst. Whatever happens, we’ll be ready.”

Parts of the subway that are below sea level are particularly susceptible to flooding.

The MTA halted the subways for the first time in its history during Hurricane Irene last year.

HURRICANE NEW 2

Desmond Boylan/Reuters

People walk on a street littered with debris after Hurricane Sandy hit Santiago de Cuba October 26, 2012.

HURRICANE27N_4_WEB

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Locals walk across the flooded streets of La Plaine, Haiti after Hurricane Sandy caused flooding and claimed more than 20 lives across the Caribbean.

Hurricane Irene was downgraded to a tropical storm before reaching the city but dire predictions in the days before it arrived triggered mandatory evacuations of lower Manhattan and other coastal neighborhoods.

With some forecasts predicting that Sandy could deliver an even more powerful punch, the city is again considering those extreme measures.

“The thing that we worry about the most is that people decide not to listen to the order to evacuate and then later on find themselves in harm’s way and then our police and fire departments have to put their lives on the line,” Bloomberg said.

City officials ordered construction crews to halt work as of Saturday evening and warned residents to prepare “go-bags” equipped with water and First Aid kits.

Officials were also deciding whether to cancel school on Monday.

story_hurricane2

Bryan Smith for New York Daily News

Mayor Michael Bloomberg discusses the city’s preparations ahead of Hurricane Sandy’s possible arrival early next week at City Hall on Friday.

Another major concern is “prolonged power outages,” Bloomberg said, and the city is working closely with ConEd.

“There are probably 20 different forecasts tracts for this storm and any one of them could be right,” Bloomberg said.

City Health Commissioner Thomas Farley said the city was asking six hospitals and 41 chronic care facilities, including nursing homes, in the low-lying areas to move patients who could be easily relocated.

HURRICANE NEW 4

nhc.noaa.gov

Hurricane Sandy path as shown by NOAA map.

The city could decide to evacuate the facilities using city buses as it did during Irene.

Cuomo declared a state of emergency for all 62 counties and said at a Long Island event that the state was taking “every precaution possible.”

A state of emergency gives the state more flexibility to help cities and counties. Cuomo also put the National Guard on alert, which makes Guard personnel and equipment available to help.

story_hurricane3

Julia Xanthos/New York Daily News

Workers from the MTA install plywood over subway grating to prevent flooding expected from Hurricane Sandy near the Staten Island Ferry in lower Manhattan on Friday.

He also said he will call up repair crews and reach out to other states that may have crews available.

The state is also asking for a pre-disaster declaration that would get New York federal aid and assistance, he said.

HURRICANE NEW 1

Carl Juste/The Miami Herald via AP

Residents of Leogane, Haiti find higher ground as the water level continues to rise Friday, Oct. 26, 2012.

story_hurricane1

Steve Nesius/Reuters

Jean Marie Brennan walks along the jetty at Lighthouse Point Park as Hurricane Sandy passes offshore in Ponce Inlet, Florida on Friday.

“There’s no need to panic,” he said. “We have a lot of time and we’re prepared for any eventuality, but we’d rather err on the side of caution.”

Cuomo canceled plans to campaign in Florida for President Obama so he could stay in New York. He also scrapped a homeland security conference scheduled for Monday in Albany so the 1,000 first responders who planned to attend could prepare for the storm in their home counties.

A host of other events were canceled as the storm loomed, including an exam for specialized high schools admissions scheduled for Sunday.With News Wire Services
With News Wire Services
tmoore@nydailynews.com

FoxNews.com

With a name like “Frankenstorm,” this could get ugly.

Hurricane Sandy, moving north from the Caribbean, was expected to make landfall Monday night near the Delaware coast, then hit two winter weather systems as it moves inland, creating a hybrid monster storm that could bring nearly a foot of rain, high winds and up to 2 feet of snow.

Experts said the storm would be wider and stronger than last year’s Irene, which caused more than $15 billion in damage, and could rival the worst East Coast storm on record.

Officials did not mince words, telling people to be prepared for several days without electricity. Jersey Shore beach towns began issuing voluntary evacuations and protecting boardwalks

Atlantic Beach casinos made contingency plans to close, and officials advised residents of flood-prone areas to stay with family or be ready to leave. Airlines said to expect cancellations and waived change fees for passengers who want to reschedule.

“Be forewarned,” said Connecticut Gov. Dannel P. Malloy. “Assume that you will be in the midst of flooding conditions, the likes of which you may not have seen at any of the major storms that have occurred over the last 30 years.”

Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell declared a state of emergency Friday morning to help mobilize emergency response. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said that wherever the storm comes ashore, there will be 10 inches of rain and extreme storm surges. Up to 2 feet of snow should fall on West Virginia, with lighter snow in parts of Ohio and Pennsylvania.

The storm threatened to hit two weeks before Election Day, while several states were heavily involved in campaigning, canvassing and get-out-the-vote efforts. Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney and Vice President Joe Biden both canceled weekend campaign events in coastal Virginia Beach, Va., though their events in other parts of the states were going on as planned.

In Rhode Island, politicians asked supporters to take down yard signs for fear they might turn into projectiles in the storm.

With a rare mix of three big merging weather systems over a densely populated region, experts predict at least $1 billion in damage.

STORM TIPS

Residents in the storm’s expected path should have a three days’ supply of water on hand, or one gallon per person per day, enough for drinking, cooking and some bathing, Virginia’s Department of Emergency Management recommends, and to combat extended power outages, residents should purchase battery-powered radios and extra batteries.

And if they meet Tuesday morning around New York or New Jersey, as forecasters predict, they could create a big, wet mess that settles over the nation’s most heavily populated corridor and reaches as far west as Ohio.

Airlines are giving travelers a way out if they want to scrap their plans due to Hurricane Sandy.

All the major airlines are offering waivers to customers who wish to reschedule their flights without incurring the typical fee of up to $150. The offers cover passengers flying in or out of just about any airport from Latin America to New Hampshire. Most waivers for travel in the Northeast are only valid Monday through Wednesday.

The airlines have only canceled a handful of flights so far, nearly all of them in and out of Florida and the Caribbean.

They say there will be hundreds of miles of steady, strong and damaging winds and rain for the entire Eastern region for several days. That could produce a bigger wallop than last year’s damaging Irene, which caused the cancellation of nearly 14,000 flights in a four-day period.

Those hoping to fly in or out of affected areas are asked to check their flight status before heading to the airport. Airlines also promise to update their Facebook pages and Twitter feeds with the latest information. To cancel, passengers should call the airline directly. Some airlines also allow changes to be made on their websites.

Passengers can expect cancellations to increase as the storm moves north over the weekend.

“Airlines and other operators generally stop flying to airports in the potential storm path long before winds reach dangerous levels,” the Federal Aviation Administration said in a statement.

Utilities are lining up out-of-state work crews and canceling employees’ days off to deal with expected power outages. From county disaster chiefs to the federal government, emergency officials are warning the public to be prepared. And President Barack Obama was briefed aboard Air Force One.

“It’s looking like a very serious storm that could be historic,” said Jeff Masters, meteorology director of the forecasting service Weather Underground. “Mother Nature is not saying, `Trick or treat.’ It’s just going to give tricks.”

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecaster Jim Cisco, who coined the nickname Frankenstorm, said: “We don’t have many modern precedents for what the models are suggesting.”

Government forecasters said there is a 90 percent chance — up from 60 percent two days earlier — that the East will get pounded.

Coastal areas from Florida to Maine will feel some effects, but the storm is expected to vent the worst of its fury on New Jersey and the New York City area, which could see around 5 inches of rain and gale-force winds close to 40 mph. Eastern Ohio, southwestern Pennsylvania and western Virginia could get snow.

And the storm will take its time leaving. The weather may not start clearing in the mid-Atlantic until the day after Halloween and Nov. 2 in the upper Northeast, Cisco said.

“It’s almost a weeklong, five-day, six-day event,” he said from a NOAA forecast center in College Park, Md. “It’s going to be a widespread, serious storm.”

It is likely to hit during a full moon, when tides are near their highest, increasing the risk of coastal flooding. And because many trees still have their leaves, they are more likely to topple in the event of wind and snow, meaning there could be widespread power outages lasting to Election Day.

Eastern states that saw outages that lasted for days after last year’s freak Halloween snowstorm and Hurricane Irene in late August 2011 are already pressuring power companies to be more ready this time.

Asked if he expected utilities to be more prepared, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick responded: “They’d better be.”

Jersey Central Power & Light, which was criticized for its response to Irene, notified employees to be ready for extended shifts. In Pennsylvania, PPL Corp. spokesman Michael Wood said, “We’re in a much better place this year.”

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg on Thursday said the city was striking a tone of calm preparedness.

“What we are doing is we are taking the kind of precautions you should expect us to do, and I don’t think anyone should panic,” Bloomberg said. The city has opened an emergency situation room and activated its coastal storm plan.

Some have compared the tempest to the so-called Perfect Storm that struck off the coast of New England in 1991, but that one hit a less populated area. Nor is this one like last year’s Halloween storm, which was merely an early snowfall.

“The Perfect Storm only did $200 million of damage and I’m thinking a billion” this time, Masters said. “Yeah, it will be worse.”

As it spun away from the Bahamas late Friday, Sandy was blamed for more than 43 deaths across the Caribbean. The 18th named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season hit the Bahamas after cutting across Cuba, where it tore roofs off homes and damaged fragile coffee and tomato crops. It is expected to move north, just off the Eastern Seaboard.

Norje Pupo, a 66-year-old retiree in Holguin, was helping his son clean up early Thursday after an enormous tree toppled in his garden.

“The hurricane really hit us hard,” he said. “As you can see, we were very affected. The houses are not poorly made here, but some may have been damaged.”

The Associated Press contributed to this story.

27.10.2012 Tropical Storm Cuba MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Holguin] Damage level Details

Tropical Storm in Cuba on Friday, 26 October, 2012 at 02:49 (02:49 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 04:35 UTC
Description
The Cuban government said on Thursday night that 11 people died when the storm barreled across the island, most killed by falling trees or in building collapses in Santiago de Cuba province and neighboring Guantanamo province. The Cuban deaths were an unusually high number for the communist island which prides itself on protecting its people from storms by ordering mass evacuations.

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Radiation

Fish Off Japan’s Coast Said to Contain Elevated Levels of Cesium

By

TOKYO — Elevated levels of cesium still detected in fish off the Fukushima coast of Japan suggest that radioactive particles from last year’s nuclear disaster have accumulated on the seafloor and could contaminate sea life for decades, according to new research.

Asahi Shimbun, via Getty Images

A broker inspected octopus from Fukushima at a market in Tokyo in August.

World Twitter Logo.

The findings published in Friday’s issue of the journal Science highlight the challenges facing Japan as it seeks to protect its food supply and rebuild the local fisheries industry.

More than 18 months after the nuclear disaster, Japan bans the sale of 36 species of fish caught off Fukushima, rendering the bulk of its fishing boats idle and denying the region one of its mainstay industries.

Some local fishermen are trying to return to work. Since July, a handful of them have resumed small-scale commercial fishing for species, like octopus, that have cleared government radiation tests. Radiation readings in waters off Fukushima and beyond have returned to near-normal levels.

But about 40 percent of fish caught off Fukushima and tested by the government still have too much cesium to be safe to eat under regulatory limits set by the Japanese government last year, said the article’s author, Ken O. Buesseler, a leading marine chemistry expert at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, who analyzed test results from the 12 months following the March 2011 disaster.

Because cesium tends not to stay very long in the tissues of saltwater fish — and because high radiation levels have been detected most often in bottom-feeding fish — it is likely that fish are being newly contaminated by cesium on the seabed, Mr. Buesseler wrote in the Science article.

“The fact that many fish are just as contaminated today with cesium 134 and cesium 137 as they were more than one year ago implies that cesium is still being released into the food chain,” Mr. Buesseler wrote. This kind of cesium has a half-life of 30 years, meaning that it falls off by half in radioactive intensity every 30 years. Given that, he said, “sediments would remain contaminated for decades to come.”

Officials at Japan’s Fisheries Agency, which conducted the tests, said Mr. Buesseler’s analysis made sense.

“In the early days of the disaster, as the fallout hit the ocean, we saw high levels of radiation from fish near the surface,” said Koichi Tahara, assistant director of the agency’s resources and research division. “But now it would be reasonable to assume that radioactive substances are settling on the seafloor.”

But that was less of a concern than Mr. Buesseler’s research might suggest, Mr. Tahara said, because the cesium was expected to eventually settle down into the seabed.

Mr. Tahara also stressed that the government would continue its vigorous testing and that fishing bans would remain in place until radiation readings returned to safe levels.

Naohiro Yoshida, an environmental chemistry expert at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, said that while he agreed with much of Mr. Buesseler’s analysis, it was too early to reach a conclusion on how extensive radioactive contamination of Japan’s oceans would be, and how long it would have an impact on marine life in the area.

Further research was needed on ocean currents, sediments and how different species of fish are affected by radioactive contamination, he said.

As much as four-fifths of the radioactive substances released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant are thought to have entered the sea, either blown offshore or released directly into the ocean from water used to cool the site’s reactors in the wake of the accident.

Sea currents quickly dispersed that radioactivity, and seawater readings off the Fukushima shore returned to near-normal levels. But fish caught in the area continue to show elevated readings for radioactive cesium, which is associated with an increased risk of cancer in humans.

Just two months ago, two greenling caught close to the Fukushima shore were found to contain more than 25,000 becquerels a kilogram of cesium, the highest cesium levels found in fish since the disaster and 250 times the government’s safety limit.

The operator of the Fukushima plant, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, said that the site no longer released contaminated water into the ocean, and that radiation levels in waters around the plant had stabilized.

But Yoshikazu Nagai, a spokesman for the company, said he could not rule out undetected leaks into the ocean from its reactors, the basements of which remain flooded with cooling water.

To reduce the chance of water from seeping out of the plant, Tokyo Electric is building a 2,400-foot-long wall between the site’s reactors and the ocean. But Mr. Nagai said the steel-and-concrete wall, which will reach 100 feet underground, would take until mid-2014 to build.

 

 

Fukushima owner says plant may be leaking radiation into sea

 

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

Volunteers to remove radioactive substances from a fishing boat in Minamisoma, Fukushima Prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 24, 2011. (Reuters / Kyodo)

TEPCO, operator of the Fukushima nuclear facility, failed to confirm that radiation leaks at the plant had fully stopped. This came after a US report that irradiated fish are still being caught off the coast of Japan following the 2011 meltdown.

­The Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) told journalists Friday they could not confirm that radiation had stopped leaking from the nuclear power plant struck by a massive earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. Still, they said that radiation levels in the seawater and seabed soil around the plant were declining.

A recent article in the academic journal Science revealed that 40 percent of bottom-dwelling marine species in the area show cesium-134 and 137 levels that are still higher than normal.

The numbers aren’t going down. Oceans usually cause the concentrations to decrease if the spigot is turned off,” Ken Buesseler, study author and senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution told the Associated Press. “There has to be somewhere they’re picking up the cesium.”

Option one is the seafloor is the source of the continued contamination. The other source could be the reactors themselves,” Buesseler added.

Radioactive cesium is a human-made radioactive isotope produced through nuclear fission of the element cesium. It has a half-life of 30 years, making it extremely toxic.

TEPCO confirmed that the radioactive water used to cool the plant’s reactors leaked into the ocean several times, most recently in April.

The plant is struggling to find space to store the tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water used to cool the broken reactors and prevent it from a meltdown.

The company managed to collect the water used to cool the spent fuel rods and circulate it back into reactor cores, so the reactors are now being cooled with recycled water. However, groundwater is still seeping through cracks in basement where the reactor and turbine are stored, posing further dangers.

With the groundwater seeping in, the volume of decontaminated water collected and stored at the Fukushima Daiichi plant could triple within three years, TEPCO told the AP.

The accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant was triggered by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake that struck northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. An enormous tsunami crashed onto the land, resulting in the flash-flooding of four of the plant’s six reactors, shattering the cooling system. This led to a series of oxygen blasts, and a partial meltdown of the reactor core.

The incident was the biggest nuclear disaster in 25 years since the tragedy at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Multiple cases of contamination of air and seawater by radioactive material have been reported. Over 140,000 people were forced to leave an evacuation area 40 kilometers in diameter around the plant. Most of those people are still living in shelters. Full management of the disaster, including dismantling the reactors, is expected to take around 40 years.

 

 

Fukushima ‘running out of space’ to store dirty water

by Our Foreign Desk

Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant is struggling to find space to store tens of thousands of tons of highly contaminated water, it emerged today.

About 200,000 tons of radioactive water used to cool the broken reactors are being stored in hundreds of gigantic tanks built around the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant.

Operator Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco) has already chopped down trees to make room for more tanks and predicts the volume will more than triple within three years.

“Our land is limited and we could eventually run out of storage space,” said water treatment manager Yuichi Okamura.

Tepco’s tanks are filling up mostly because leaks in reactor facilities are allowing ground water to pour in.

Outside experts say that if contaminated water is released, there will be a lasting impact on the environment.

And they fear that because of the reactor leaks and water flowing from one part of the plant to another, that may already be happening.

Nuclear engineer Masashi Goto said the contaminated water build-up poses a long-term threat.

He said that the radioactive water in the basements may already be getting into the underground water system, where it could reach far beyond the plant, possibly into the ocean or public water supplies.

“You never know where it’s leaking and once it’s out you can’t put it back,” he said.

He added that the Tepco roadmap for dealing with the problem was “wishful thinking.”

“The longer it takes, the more contaminated water they get.”

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Epidemic Hazards / Diseases

27.10.2012 Epidemic Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Kabale District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Uganda on Friday, 19 October, 2012 at 10:56 (10:56 AM) UTC.

Back

Updated: Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 12:43 UTC
Description
Another person has died of the Marburg viral disease in the southwestern district of Kabale, bringing the total number of such deaths to seven. Lydia Rusanyuka died Saturday morning at Rushoroza health center three after spending less than a week under medical care inside the isolation center. The deadly virus claimed its seventh victim just a little over a week since its outbreak in the district was first reported by health experts. The medics had settled onto the conclusion after samples from two relatives taken to the Uganda Virus Institute had tested positive. Rusanyuka, the mother of a mortuary attendant who also succumbed to the disease had been tested positive with the virus prior to her death. Her son, Jason Tumukunde also died of the same disease. Doctor Patrick Tusiime, the Kabale District health officer has said the deceased will be buried in Bukora, Kitumba sub-county Kabale district today. Meanwhile, the wife of the late Tumukunde, his sister and their eight-year-old daughter remain in isolation at Rushoroza after testing positive.

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Climate Change

Opposite Behaviors? Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks, Antarctic Grows

by Maria-Jose Vinas for NASA’s Earth Science News
Greenbelt MD (SPX)


September 2012 witnessed two opposite records concerning sea ice. Two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low for the satellite era (left), Antarctic sea ice reached a record winter maximum extent (right). But sea ice in the Arctic has melted at a much faster rate than it has expanded in the Southern Ocean, as can be seen in this image by comparing the 2012 sea ice levels with the yellow outline, which in the Arctic image represents average sea ice minimum extent from 1979 through 2010 and in the Antarctic image shows the median sea ice extent in September from 1979 to 2000. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio and NASA Earth Observatory/ Jesse Allen. View Arctic larger. View Antarctic larger.

The steady and dramatic decline in the sea ice cover of the Arctic Ocean over the last three decades has become a focus of media and public attention. At the opposite end of the Earth, however, something more complex is happening.

A new NASA study shows that from 1978 to 2010 the total extent of sea ice surrounding Antarctica in the Southern Ocean grew by roughly 6,600 square miles every year, an area larger than the state of Connecticut. And previous research by the same authors indicates that this rate of increase has recently accelerated, up from an average rate of almost 4,300 square miles per year from 1978 to 2006.

“There’s been an overall increase in the sea ice cover in the Antarctic, which is the opposite of what is happening in the Arctic,” said lead author Claire Parkinson, a climate scientist with NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. “However, this growth rate is not nearly as large as the decrease in the Arctic.”

The Earth’s poles have very different geographies. The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by North America, Greenland and Eurasia. These large landmasses trap most of the sea ice, which builds up and retreats with each yearly freeze-and-melt cycle. But a large fraction of the older, thicker Arctic sea ice has disappeared over the last three decades. The shrinking summer ice cover has exposed dark ocean water that absorbs sunlight and warms up, leading to more ice loss.

On the opposite side of the planet, Antarctica is a continent circled by open waters that let sea ice expand during the winter but also offer less shelter during the melt season. Most of the Southern Ocean’s frozen cover grows and retreats every year, leading to little perennial sea ice in Antarctica.

Using passive-microwave data from NASA’s Nimbus 7 satellite and several Department of Defense meteorological satellites, Parkinson and colleague Don Cavalieri showed that sea ice changes were not uniform around Antarctica.

Most of the growth from 1978 to 2010 occurred in the Ross Sea, which gained a little under 5,300 square miles of sea ice per year, with more modest increases in the Weddell Sea and Indian Ocean. At the same time, the region of the Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas lost an average of about 3,200 square miles of ice every year.

Parkinson and Cavalieri said that the mixed pattern of ice growth and ice loss around the Southern Ocean could be due to changes in atmospheric circulation. Recent research points at the depleted ozone layer over Antarctica as a possible culprit.

Ozone absorbs solar energy, so a lower concentration of this molecule can lead to a cooling of the stratosphere (the layer between six and 30 miles above the Earth’s surface) over Antarctica. At the same time, the temperate latitudes have been warming, and the differential in temperatures has strengthened the circumpolar winds flowing over the Ross Ice Shelf.

“Winds off the Ross Ice Shelf are getting stronger and stronger, and that causes the sea ice to be pushed off the coast, which generates areas of open water, polynyas,” said Josefino Comiso, a senior scientist at NASA Goddard.

“The larger the coastal polynya, the more ice it produces, because in polynyas the water is in direct contact with the very cold winter atmosphere and rapidly freezes.” As the wind keeps blowing, the ice expands further to the north.

This year’s winter Antarctic sea ice maximum extent, reached two weeks after the Arctic Ocean’s ice cap experienced an all-time summertime low, was a record high for the satellite era of 7.49 million square miles, about 193,000 square miles more than its average maximum extent for the last three decades.

The Antarctic minimum extents, which are reached in the midst of the Antarctic summer, in February, have also slightly increased to 1.33 million square miles in 2012, or around 251,000 square miles more than the average minimum extent since 1979.

The numbers for the southernmost ocean, however, pale in comparison with the rates at which the Arctic has been losing sea ice – the extent of the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean in September 2012 was 1.32 million square miles below the average September extent from 1979 to 2000. The lost ice area is equivalent to roughly two Alaskas.

Parkinson said that the fact that some areas of the Southern Ocean are cooling and producing more sea ice does not disprove a warming climate.

“Climate does not change uniformly: The Earth is very large and the expectation definitely would be that there would be different changes in different regions of the world,” Parkinson said. “That’s true even if overall the system is warming.” Another recent NASA study showed that Antarctic sea ice slightly thinned from 2003 to 2008, but increases in the extent of the ice balanced the loss in thickness and led to an overall volume gain.

The new research, which used laser altimetry data from the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat), was the first to estimate sea ice thickness for the entire Southern Ocean from space.

Records of Antarctic sea ice thickness are much patchier than those of the Arctic, due to the logistical challenges of taking regular measurements in the fierce and frigid waters around Antarctica. The field data collection is mostly limited to research icebreakers that generally only travel there during spring and summer – so the sole means to get large-scale thickness measurements is from space.

“We have a good handle of the extent of the Antarctic sea ice, but the thickness has been the missing piece to monitor the sea ice mass balance,” said Thorsten Markus, one of the authors of the study and Project Scientist for ICESat-2, a satellite mission designed to replace the now defunct ICESat. ICESat-2 is scheduled to launch in 2016. “The extent can be greater, but if the sea ice gets thinner, the volume could stay the same.”

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Solar Activity

2MIN News October 26. 2012

Published on Oct 26, 2012 by

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Methane Followup: http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/10/24/14670511-climate-changing-methane-…
Saturn Storm: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121025105209.htm
Saturn Storm Visualizations: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-after-effects-saturn-super-storm-video.html
Hawaii Volcano Update: http://news.discovery.com/earth/kilauea-lava-lake-threatens-to-spill-121024.html
Soyuz/ISS Update: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-soyuz-astronauts-docks-space-station.html
China’s Largest Fresh Lake: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931543.htm
China NavSat: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-10/26/c_131931037.htm
Italy Quake: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/9634929/One-dead-as-5….

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

2MIN News October 27. 2012

 

Published on Oct 27, 2012 by

All Images seen and Information heard here can be found at the Links Below, with gratitude. [Click SHOW MORE]

Collapsing Atmosphere/Magnetic Shield: http://youtu.be/woVitezc-zU
STARWATER: http://youtu.be/LiC-92YgZvQ

TODAY’S LINKS
Fukushima Worry: http://www.weather.com/news/japan-nuclear-water-worries-20121025

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

CERES JPL: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=ceres;orb=1;cov=0;log=0;cad=0#orb

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

Helioviewer: http://www.helioviewer.org/

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON: http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

RADIATION Network: http://radiationnetwork.com/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

CANYON OF FIRE:

A filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on Oct 26th. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. Click on the circle to animate the event:

The glowing walls of the canyon are formed in a process closely related to that of arcade loops, which appear after many solar flares. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

As erupting magnetic filaments often do, this one launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space. The Solar and Heliospheric Observary recorded the expanding cloud: movie. The CME does not appear to be heading for Earth or any other planet.

Solar activity at low levels with possible Earth-directed CME…

By

chillymanjaro
 
The Watchers Tweet Tweet Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600. A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected. SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of...

Solar activity was at low levels for the past 24 hours and X-Ray flux plot shown merely C-class threshold. However, a prominence eruption was observed north of Region 1600.

A bright CME was observed in STEREO Ahead COR 2 imagery at 18:24 UTC on October 27. Latest STEREO Ahead COR2 images indicate that this CME may be Earth directed. SIDC reports that a halo or partial-halo CME was detected.

STEREO Behind COR2 image from 21:40 UTC on OCtober 27 and earlier STEREO Ahead COR2 image from 18:54 UTC on October 27

SOHO’s LASCO C2 latest image is recorded at 11:12 UTC on October 26.

SpaceWeather.com reports that filament of magnetism snaking around the sun’s southeastern limb erupted on October 26. The blast created a “canyon of fire” in the sun’s lower atmosphere. This solar filament launched a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space but luckily, it was not Earth-directed. Stretching more than 250,000 km from end to end, the “canyon” traces the original channel where the filament was suspended by magnetic forces above the stellar surface.

GOES X-Ray flux show mostly quit conditions, only 3 C-class flares were observed during the past 24 hours.

All four visible Sunspot regions (1596, 1598, 1599, 1600) are currently stable. Three low-level C-class flares were observed from behind the west limb, likely from old Region 1594. Region 1598 remained the most magnetically complex region on the visible disk and produced a B9 flare at 12:35 UTC on October 27. Region 1596 has shown signs of penumbral decay, mainly in its trailer spots. There are no large coronal holes on the Earthside of the Sun.

There will be a slight chance for an isolated M-Class flare throughout the weekend. NOAA/SWPC forecasters estimated 15 % chances of M-class event. Sunspot 1598 is the one to watch.

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Space

NASA: Rare, enormous gas storm detected on Saturn

By Todd Sperry, CNN
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
These red, orange and green clouds on Saturn represent the tail end of a 2010/11 massive storm.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • The storm, first detected in 2010, let out something of a cosmic burp
  • If on Earth, it would cover North America top to bottom and wrap the globe many times
  • The storm also led to a drastic change in the ringed planet

(CNN) — NASA says the Cassini spacecraft recorded the aftermath of a massive storm on Saturn that let out an “unprecedented belch of energy.”

Not only was the size of the storm unusual, but what the storm was made of left scientists puzzled.

The source of the cosmic burp, which rapidly changed the atmosphere’s temperature, was ethylene gas, an odorless, colorless gas that has rarely been observed on Saturn, NASA said.

“This temperature spike is so extreme it’s almost unbelievable,” said Brigette Hesman, the study’s lead author who works at Goddard. “To get a temperature change of the same scale on Earth, you’d be going from the depths of winter in Fairbanks, Alaska, to the height of summer in the Mojave Desert,” Hesman said in a statement released by NASA.

NASA’s NuStar gets first look at black hole at the center of the Milky Way

Scientists still haven’t figured out from where the ethylene gas came.

By comparison, a storm of similar size on Earth would cover North America from top to bottom and wrap the planet many times, researchers said.

The Cassini spacecraft first detected the disruption on December 5, 2010, and has been following it since, but researchers said the ethylene gas disruption that followed the storm was unexpected.

A storm this size happens once every 30 years, or once every Saturn year, NASA scientists said.

Launched in 1997, the Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency.

A full report will be published in November’s issue of the Astrophysical Journal.

A COMET IN TROUBLE?

Amateur astronomers have been keeping a close eye on Comet 168P/Hergenrother since October 1st when it suddenly brightened 500-fold, from 15th to 8th magnitude. At the time, the comet was making its closest approach to the sun (1.4 AU). Some observers speculated that solar heating caused the fragile comet to break apart. On Oct. 26th, a group of astronomers found evidence to support this idea. “Using the Faulkes North (F65) telescope,” writes Ernesto Guido et al., “we detected a fragmentation in Comet 168P.”

“Our images, taken on Oct. 26th, reveal the presence of a secondary nucleus, or fragment, about two arcseconds away from the main central condensation of comet 168P.” This is probably a chunk of rocky ice emerging from the haze of gas and dust that surrounds the main nucleus, still hidden inside. Comets are notoriously fragile, so its no surprise that Comet 168P/Hergenrother is breaking apart in this way.

The only question is, what happens next? Will the comet spit in two, with two heads and two tails, one tracking the fragment and the other tracking the parent? Or is this the prelude to a more complete disintegration? Amateur astronomers are encouraged to monitor developments while the comet remains bright enough to see through backyard telescopes. Here are the comet’s coordinates. For best results, we recommend the Comet Hunter Telescope.

Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
214869 (2007 PA8) 05th November 2012 8 day(s) 0.0433 16.8 1.5 km – 3.3 km 10.79 km/s 38844 km/h
(2011 UG21) 06th November 2012 9 day(s) 0.1784 69.4 340 m – 760 m 19.73 km/s 71028 km/h
(2010 WT) 07th November 2012 10 day(s) 0.1251 48.7 53 m – 120 m 6.53 km/s 23508 km/h
333358 (2001 WN1) 09th November 2012 12 day(s) 0.1285 50.0 370 m – 830 m 8.73 km/s 31428 km/h
330233 (2006 KV86) 11th November 2012 14 day(s) 0.1876 73.0 450 m – 1.0 km 23.35 km/s 84060 km/h
(2008 LH2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.1487 57.9 35 m – 78 m 5.10 km/s 18360 km/h
(2001 YM2) 12th November 2012 15 day(s) 0.0860 33.5 440 m – 980 m 9.26 km/s 33336 km/h
(2012 KF25) 15th November 2012 18 day(s) 0.1528 59.5 23 m – 51 m 9.75 km/s 35100 km/h
(1999 SF10) 19th November 2012 22 day(s) 0.0346 13.5 41 m – 92 m 4.08 km/s 14688 km/h
(2009 WB105) 24th November 2012 27 day(s) 0.0400 15.6 59 m – 130 m 18.86 km/s 67896 km/h
(2007 VB188) 25th November 2012 28 day(s) 0.1446 56.3 14 m – 32 m 10.32 km/s 37152 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

 

 

Galactic Dinners –
The Milky Way Slowly Consuming Ancient Star Cluster

MessageToEagle.com – Based on current models, galaxies grow by consuming other star systems and the so-called galactic cannibalism process is widespread in the universe.

Around the Milky Way galaxy and in the vicinity of our immediate cosmic neighborhood, known as the “Local Group” of galaxies, traces of spiral galaxies swallowing dwarf galaxies have been known to astronomers since 1997.

Using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, researchers have recently discovered a band of stars, or stellar stream.
It is the first of its kind found in the southern Galactic sky, a region that has been hard to examine due to a relative lack of deep-sky imaging there. Deeper imaging enables astronomers to detect fainter stars.

 

Credits: NASA
This stellar stream, named the Triangulum stream, could be the remnant of an ancient star cluster slowly being ingested by the Milky Way, Earth’s home galaxy.

“The Milky Way is constantly gobbling up small galaxies and star clusters,” said Ana Bonaca, a Yale graduate student and lead author of a study forthcoming in Astrophysical Journal Letters.

 


Click on image to enlarge

M33, the Triangulum Galaxy, is a perennial favorite of amateur and professional astronomers alike, due to its orientation and relative proximity to us. It is the second nearest spiral galaxy to our Milky Way (after M31, the Andromeda Galaxy) and a prominent member of the “local group” of galaxies. From our Milky Way perspective, M33’s stellar disk appears at moderate inclination, allowing us to see its internal structure clearly, whereas M31 is oriented nearly edge-on. The Galaxy Evolution Explorer imaged M33 as it appears in ultraviolet wavelengths. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
The discovery will help astronomers reconstruct how the Milky Way’s mass is distributed, further revealing its dynamic structure.

“The more powerful gravity of our Milky Way pulls these objects apart and their stars then become part of the Milky Way itself.”

 

Researchers have previously found evidence of the Milky Way eating up dwarf galaxies.Bonaca argues that the newly found stellar stream is the remnant of a star cluster rather than of a larger galaxy, because the stream is very narrow.

“Our discovery is more of a light snack than a big meal for the Milky Way,” says Marla Geha, associate professor of astronomy at Yale and a co-author of the study.

“Studying this digestion process in detail is important because it gives us new insight into how all galaxies form and evolve.”

 

Galaxies are believed to form hierarchically through the merger of smaller galaxies and still smaller star clusters.
Stellar streams form as they are ripped apart by the gravitational force of galaxies.
This process may be the primary way galaxies such as the Milky Way grow in mass, the researchers say.

 

 

A map of stars in the outer region of the Milky Way as traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Streams of stars are seen throughout both the Northern (top) and Southern Galactic hemispheres, corresponding to small galaxies and star clusters which are in the process of being ingested by the Milky Way. The newest discovery is designated as the Triangulum Stream. Credits: yale.edu
Triangulum was found by searching a region recently surveyed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), an international collaboration that is mapping the sky through wide-field photometry.

Bonaca, Geha and co-author Nitya Kallivayalil, a Yale postdoctoral fellow, relied specifically on the survey’s Data Release 8, which included information about vast new areas of the southern galactic sky.

The study is available now on the arXiv preprint server.

MessageToEagle.com via cordis.europa.eu

See also:
ESA’s New Satellite Cheops Will Study Super-Earths

 

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

By: Meg Rossman

A loud, unexplained noise set off dozens of calls to the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office Friday morning after residents reported hearing an explosion so loud it shook their homes. YNN’s Meg Rossman reveals the source behind that explosion and why there’s no mystery behind that mystery boom.

NIAGARA COUNTY, N.Y. — It was the mystery boom heard ’round the world – or at least Niagara County that caused the Niagara County Sheriff’s Office to field dozens of calls similar to this exchange from concerned residents:

Dispatch: “Niagara County 911 what’s your emergency?”Caller: “…I heard an explosion and my windows all shook.

Dispatch: “You don’t see any fire or anything?

Caller: “No. No, I don’t.”

No fire and no damage but after several reports just after midnight Friday, Niagara County Undersheriff Michael J. Filicetti said deputies went to investigate.”We actually had several units respond down to the, mostly it was the Newfane area, Town of Somerset, Barker area,” he explained. “They checked around and couldn’t find anything.”

But they were offered plenty of suggestions, everything ranging from a sonic boom to a meteor.

“As of early this morning, we still hadn’t figured out what caused it,” Filicetti said.

According to officials at Columbia University, it’s not out of the question for tremors like Friday’s to be caused by landslides, sonic booms or even a meteor. In this case, however, the source turned out to be a 2.5 magnitude earthquake centered in the Town of Barker.

Dispatch: “Niagara County 9-1-1 what’s the address of your emergency?

Caller: “It’s not actually an emergency. I heard that explosion…”

So how do you explain that mystery boom?”They likely experienced a jolt and that jolt would likely set one’s house in motion and I suspect that’s the noise they heard,” Andrew Whittaker explained.

Whittaker, a structural engineering professor from the University at Buffalo, said it’s a common occurrence with minor earthquakes so close to the surface. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the area sits on a fault line and experiences several very minor quakes every few years, though none of any apocalyptic proportions.

“We have no evidence whatsoever that a large magnitude event is around the corner,” Whittaker said.

Mystery solved.

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Biological Hazards / Wildlife

DNR: More than 11,000 deer dead of EHD

Virus will not impact this hunting season

  • By Steve Kelso

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WOOD) – The number of Michigan deer dead of a virus continues to rise.

More than 11,000 deer that have been reported dead of epizootic hemorrhagic disease, or EHD, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

The disease causes extensive internal hemorrhages, according to the DNR. White-tailed deer usually develop symptoms seven days after exposure. Between eight and 36 hours after the start of symptoms like rapid pulse and breathing, fever and weakness, the deer lie down and die.

EHD is spread by a gnat called the midge — a species that multiplied well in this summer’s drought. It has been know to exist in Michigan for years, but this year’s outbreak is the worst in history.

“It is way worse than any other outbreak. We have had a few that got over 1,000 or maybe over a thousand a few years back, but this is by far the worst we have seen it,” said DNR Wildlife Biologist John Niewoonder.

The hardest-hit areas are in southwest Michigan, a DNR map shows. Ionia County has also seen a big outbreak. There have been 2,244 reported cases there. Kent County has had 1,637 reported cases.

The DNR says that the number of deer dead of EHD is actually much higher than the 11,000 or so reported, but admits that there is no telling exactly how many deer have died.

The DNR had hoped that by October, the numbers would be on the decrease because a hard freeze should kill off the midges.

Hunters should still feel free to hunt, the DNR says, and the agency will not put any limitations on deer hunting this year. But after this season concludes, the DNR will consider numbers gathered from deer check stations as they decide how many permits to issue next year.

“Typically these re-evaluations don’t result in big changes because the population just doesn’t change that much from one year to the next. This year may be different because of the disease. Hunters may notice bigger changes for next year than they normally would,” said Niewoonder.

It is important to put the number of dead deer in perspective. While there are more than 11,000 deer dead from EHD, hunters harvested more than 440,000 last year and an average of more than 50,000 die every year in car crashes.

The DNR says it does not anticipate that Michigan’s deer herd is in danger.

Humans cannot contract EHD. It occasionally infects domesticated animals — usually hoof stock, the DNR says — but they rarely get sick.

Online:

DNR field offices contact information

Details on this year’s EHD outbreak and FAQ

Watch video here

27.10.2012 Biological Hazard USA State of California, South Lake Tahoe Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in USA on Saturday, 27 October, 2012 at 17:27 (05:27 PM) UTC.

Description
A total of 3 chipmunks tested positive for the plague in the South Lake Tahoe area. California Department of Public Health tested 38 chipmunks and 3 squirrels for the plague during the this month’s surveillance effort, El Dorado County Department of Environmental Health spokesperson Karen Bender said. The department said the results of the tests are not surprising, but do warrant precaution. The plague is an infectious bacterial disease that is spread by wild rodents and their fleas. People can be infected by close contact with the rodents or their fleas. “Risk of transmission is significantly reduced during the winter months because rodents and their fleas are less active when the weather is cold,” Interim El Dorado County Health Officer, Dr. Robert Hartmann said. Cases of the plague are common in mountain and foothill areas of California, but cases in people are rare. The plague can be treated by antibiotics if detected early. Symptoms of the plague appear within two weeks of exposure and include fever, nausea, weakness and swollen lymph nodes.
Biohazard name: Yersinia pestis (chipmunks)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Articles of Interest

 

 

Rocket Explosion:
New Space Debris Cloud Threatens Future Space Missions

 

MessageToEagle.com – ‘Briz-M’, a Russian rocket recently exploded into some 500 fragments. Most of the debris is now, floating in low Earth orbit.

The good news is that the ISS can avoid a possible collision.

The bad news is that this new space junk cloud has become a threat to future space missions.

The rocket was previously floating inert in space after it failed on a mission to deliver two satellites to its intended orbits in a botched August launch. The rocket engine stalled seven seconds after ignition, leaving some 10 to 15 tons of rocket fuel unused in its tanks. On October 16, Briz-M detonated and shattering into hundreds of fragments.

A proton-M rocket carrying Briz-M.
The debris from the explosion was first noticed by Australian astronomer Robert McNaught. Russia is carefully monitoring the fragments, but there is a risk the number may increase further as the space junk pieces collide with each other and break apart, an industry source told Interfax on Thursday.

The space junk poses no immediate danger, but could threaten future space missions. “We just expanded the list of potential threats with new entries,” the source explained.

The debris is spread across altitudes ranging from 250 to 5,000 kilometers.Both American and Russian space experts believe most of the scrap will continue to orbit the earth.

Air Force Lt. Col. Monica Matoush, a Pentagon spokesperson, said the U.S. military was tracking debris from the Breeze M breakup.

The Defense Department’s joint functional component command for space, known by the acronym JFCC-Space, monitors objects in orbit and issues collision alerts to U.S. government, international and commercial satellite owners.

“The resulting debris field and impact to space objects on orbit are being assessed at this time, however JFCC-Space is currently tracking over 500 pieces of debris,” Matoush said in an email Tuesday. ”

We expect that number to fluctuate as work to characterize the debris field continues.”

The explosion of Briz-M has cteared a space debris cloud that can threaten future space missions. Image credit: ESA

 

“Although some of the pieces have begun to re-enter, most of the debris will remain in orbit for an extended period of time,” US State Department spokesperson Jamie Mannina said in a statement.

The International Space Station orbits Earth at an altitude of about 400 kilometers. The station is not currently on a collision course with any of the fragments, and can be repositioned in the future if any danger arises.

Experts are worried how the debris cloud will affect future space missions.

© MessageToEagle.com

See also:
New Supercomputer Can Prevent Asteroid Impact By Using An Atomic Bomb

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 23:37 PM
2.6     5.3     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 23:02 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:54 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 22:53 PM
2.8     6.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:51 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 29 22:50 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:39 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.9     48.2     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Fyr Of Macedonia
Apr 29 22:26 PM
2.6     1.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     52.6     MAP

EMSC     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     49.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 29 21:16 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Otago    , New Zealand
Apr 29 21:14 PM
4.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 20:48 PM
3.2     95.8     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 29 20:46 PM
2.5     83.6     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 20:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 19:57 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 29 19:44 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 19:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 29 19:21 PM
2.6     29.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 29 19:03 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 18:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:31 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:16 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 29 17:49 PM
2.7     8.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     37.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 16:57 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:15 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Long Valley Area, California
Apr 29 16:05 PM
2.6     4.6     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 29 16:01 PM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     47.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     41.7     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.3     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 13:54 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.6     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 12:56 PM
2.5     12.0     MAP

USGS     San Francisco Bay Area, California
Apr 29 12:53 PM
2.7     10.6     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 12:50 PM
2.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     212.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     220.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     61.7     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.4     103.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     97.8     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 11:34 AM

EMSC     Azores Islands, Portugal
Apr 29 11:15 AM
3.1     1.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 10:57 AM
3.2     5.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:46 AM
2.8     14.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     39.9     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     0.0     MAP

GEONET     Gisborne   , New Zealand
Apr 29 10:05 AM
3.8     25.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:04 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 09:51 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:40 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:03 AM
2.7     3.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     35.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     36.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 29 08:59 AM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.4     23.3     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 07:18 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 06:25 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.3     0.0     MAP

USGS     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     114.8     MAP

EMSC     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 05:54 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 29 05:41 AM
2.7     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 05:32 AM
2.5     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Germany
Apr 29 05:28 AM
2.6     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Off Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.4     24.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 29 04:07 AM
2.7     23.7     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.2     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 29 03:13 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 03:13 AM
2.7     31.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 03:09 AM
3.1     32.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 03:03 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
4.9     15.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 02:55 AM
3.3     46.2     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 02:14 AM
4.8     51.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
5.0     0.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
4.6     14.9     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece

 Apr 29 01:58 AM

 2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     15.2     MAP

USGS     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     18.9     MAP

EMSC     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 01:42 AM
2.9     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 01:04 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.3     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 29 00:27 AM
2.5     16.7     MAP

sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

Earthquakes

Published on Apr 28, 2012 by

EARTHQUAKE/SPACEWEATHER/PLANETARY GEOMETRY DATASET:
http://www.4shared.com/office/jQf-jJVD/Earthquakes_Planetary_Bodies_S.html?
TRY THIS IF THAT FIRST LINK BUGS YOU OUT: http://www.mediafire.com/view/?8yd7ddtd2rd7ffb
Sources Used to Compile Data Set: USGS, SDO, SOHO, JPL, Stellarium, fourmilab [Google them if you don’t know.]

PLANETARY GEOMETRY:
Bigbytes – http://dcsymbols.com/future/quepaso.htm
dcsymbols – http://www.youtube.com/user/dcsymbols

EARTH’s ANGULAR VELOCITY & WEATHER CORRELATION
John Thomas Bryant Jr. – http://www.youtube.com/user/astrotometry

SOLAR/SEISMIC CONNECTION:
1) Solar Activity as a Trigger Mechanism For Earthquakes. Simpson, John F. University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, Revised December 16, 1967
[In my opinion, only valuable for the theorized trigger mechanism]
2) Long-Period Trends in Global Seismic and Geomagnetic Activity and their Relation to Solar Activity. S. Odintsov, K. Boyarchuk, K. Georgieva, B. Kirov, D. Atanasov. Russian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia University, Bulgaria. Accepted March 18, 2005.
3) Does the Solar Cycle Modulate Seismic and Volcanic Activty? A. Mazzarella, A. Palumbo. University of Naples, Italy. Accepted April 10, 1989.

SOLAR/ATMOSPHERIC CONNECTION:
Physical Mechanism of the Action of Solar Activty and other Geophysical Factors on the State of the Lower Atmosphere, meteorological parameters, and Climate. M. I. Pudovkin, O. M. Raspoov. Phys.-Usp. 36 644 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1063-7869/36/7/A09). 1993.

CHINA QUAKE – 5/12/2008:
Formation Mechanism of Great Positive TEC Disturbances Prior to Wenchuan Earthquake on May 12, 2008. M. V. Klimenko, V. V. Klimenko, I. E. Zakharenkova, S.A. Pulinets, B. Zhao, M. N. Tsidilina. West Dept. of N.V. Pushkov, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Fedorov Institute of Applied geophysics, IKI (Moscow), Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Accepted March 31, 2011

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Volcanic Activity

Nicaragua Monitors Microseismic Activity Increase in Volcano

Imagen activaManagua, Apr 29 (Prensa Latina) Nicaraguan Experts reported Sunday more seismic activity at Masaya volcano, about 20 kilometers south of Managua, with an increase in expulsions of sulfur gases, which keeps the disaster warning system in high alert.According to the report, a crack in the main crater causes higher emissions and a sound similar to a jet engine.

Specialists of the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Attention to Disasters (SINAPRED) and the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER), told the press that they detected this unusual behavior several days ago, but for now there is no reason for alarm.

The INETER geophysics director, Angelica Munoz, told the site El 19 Digital they monitor Masayaâ�Ös situation closely because of rising emissions and temperature above the normal range.

Technical teams assess the seismic tremor, but there is no emergency declared and the gates of Masaya Volcano National Park remain open to the public, said the director of INETER, Jorge Castro, and the executive secretary of SINAPRED, Guillermo Gonzalez.

sgl/ isa/rmh/mjm

Modificado el ( domingo, 29 de abril de 2012 )

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Deadly tent collapse due to high winds

Moscow swelters in record heat

by Staff Writers
Moscow (AFP) April 29, 2012


6.4-magnitude quake strikes off Tonga: USGS
Sydney (AFP) April 28, 2012 – A strong 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the Pacific nation of Tonga on Saturday, US seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning was issued.The quake happened at 11:08 PM (1008 GMT) 78 kilometres (49 miles) from the town of Neiafu, on the south coast of the island Vava’u, at a depth of about 130 kilometres (80 miles), the US Geological Survey (USGS) said.The epicentre of the tremor was 280 kilometres (173 miles) north of the capital Nuku’alofa.The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said in a statement that the quake did not generate a tsunami. The USGS had initially reported it as a 6.7-magnitude quake.

Tonga, almost 2,000 kilometres (1,240 miles) northeast of New Zealand, lies on the so-called Pacific “Ring of Fire”, where continental plates collide causing frequent seismic activity.

 

Moscow sweltered in unseasonable heat on Sunday, with temperatures of nearly 29 degrees Celsius (84.2 Fahrenheit), a record for April since data collection began 130 years ago, authorities said.

“At 4:00 p.m. (1200 GMT), the temperature reached 28.6 degrees Celsius, an absolute record for the month of April,” an official from the Russian capital’s weather service told the Interfax news agency.

“The previous record for the month goes back to April 24, 1950, with 28 degrees,” he added.

The mercury had already climbed to 26.3 degrees on Saturday.

Several central and eastern European countries recorded unseasonably high temperatures on Saturday, with a record 32 degrees recorded in northern Austria.

Central, eastern Europe swelter in record heat
Vienna (AFP) April 28, 2012 – Summer came early to central and eastern Europe as unseasonally high temperatures were recorded Saturday in several parts of Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic.

Temperatures “are exceptionally mild for April”, Austria’s ZAMG meteorological centre said, reporting a record 32 Celsius (90 Fahrenheit) in the northern region of Lower Austria.

The centre said the main reason for the summer weather gracing the region was a strong southern wind from Africa’s Sahara desert.

Temperatures hovering around 28 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) in Vienna drew large crowds to the banks of the Danube while Germany’s Bild carried frontpage pictures of Berlin residents sunbathing in 30 degrees.

Prague experienced its hottest April 28 in 212 years, with mercury hitting 27.7 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) while unusually high temperatures were also recorded in Poland and Slovakia.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

  Short Time Event(s)

  29.04.2012 Extreme Weather Bangladesh Tripura, Panisagar [Dharmanagar town area] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Bangladesh on Sunday, 29 April, 2012 at 18:32 (06:32 PM) UTC.

Description
At least three persons including a 76-year-old man was killed and 500 houses collapsed when rain storms swept different parts of Tripura, official sources said on Sunday.A 76-year-old farmer died in Dharmanagar town area and a 30-year-old man died in Panisagar in northern Tripura district when lightning struck them on Saturday, police said.A nine-year-old boy died of electrocution when he came in contact of live wire at Sonamura in Sipahijala district, police said.The pre-monsoon rain accompanied by hailstorm swept different parts of the state collapsing at least 500 houses, uprooting many trees and electric posts.Security forces and civil defence volunteers were engaged in distribution of relief and immediate relieves were given to the next of keens of the deceased, official sources said.At least 12 persons had died within this month due to lightning and electrocution.

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT
POINT ST GEORGE TO POINT ARENA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION

Hard Freeze Warning

BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY

Freeze Warning

ALBANY NY
NEW YORK NY
BUFFALO NY
TAUNTON MA
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
BURLINGTON VT
STATE COLLEGE PA

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Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Watch

NORMAN OK
AMARILLO TX

Flash Flood Watch

ST LOUIS MO
SPRINGFIELD MO

Flood Warning

NORMAN OK
TULSA OK
SPRINGFIELD MO
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
SPOKANE, WA
WICHITA KS
ST LOUIS MO
BOISE ID
 FAIRBANKS AK

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Radiation/Biological Hazard

Poisonous Cloud Could Be Heading Towards The United States
How Dangerous Is It?
28 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – A highly poisonous cloud depleted with uranium and radioactive material is heading towards the United States

There are many conflicting reports and it remains unclear just how dangerous the cloud is.

On April 22, at 2:a5 am, the Mitsui petrochemical plant exploded in the town Wagi Yamaguchi, Japan. One worker, and 11 people were injured.

In their press release, the plant owner Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. (Toshikazu Tanaka, President & CEO) declared that “causes of the accident are under investigation by authorities.”

Read Full Article Here

4/27/2012 — Cloud of depleted URANIUM heading towards Hawaii and West Coast?!


full website post here plus links to monitor radiation detection at several world wide locations

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Climate Change

“Warming hole” delayed climate change over eastern United States

by Staff Writers
Boston MA (SPX) Apr 30, 2012


Observed change in surface air temperature between 1930 and 1990. Observations are from the NASA GISS Surface Temperature Analysis. Image courtesy of Eric Leibensperger.

Climate scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have discovered that particulate pollution in the late 20th century created a “warming hole” over the eastern United States-that is, a cold patch where the effects of global warming were temporarily obscured.

While greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane warm the Earth’s surface, tiny particles in the air can have the reverse effect on regional scales.

“What we’ve shown is that particulate pollution over the eastern United States has delayed the warming that we would expect to see from increasing greenhouse gases,” says lead author Eric Leibensperger (Ph.D. ’11), who completed the work as a graduate student in applied physics at SEAS.

“For the sake of protecting human health and reducing acid rain, we’ve now cut the emissions that lead to particulate pollution,” he adds, “but these cuts have caused the greenhouse warming in this region to ramp up to match the global trend.”

At this point, most of the “catch-up” warming has already occurred.

The findings, published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, present a more complete picture of the processes that affect regional climate change. The work also carries significant implications for the future climate of industrial nations, like China, that have not yet implemented air quality regulations to the same extent as the United States.

Until the United States passed the Clean Air Act in 1970 and strengthened it in 1990, particulate pollution hung thick over the central and eastern states. Most of these particles in the atmosphere were made of sulfate, originating as sulfur emissions from coal-fired power plants. Compared to greenhouse gases, particulate pollution has a very short lifetime (about 1 week), so its distribution over the Earth is uneven.

“The primary driver of the warming hole is the aerosol pollution-these small particles,” says Leibensperger. “What they do is reflect incoming sunlight, so we see a cooling effect at the surface.”

This effect has been known for some time, but the new analysis demonstrates the strong impact that decreases in particulate pollution can have on regional climate.

The researchers found that interactions between clouds and particles amplified the cooling. Particles of pollution can act as nucleation sites for cloud droplets, which can in turn reflect even more sunlight than the particles would individually, leading to greater cooling at the surface.

The researchers’ analysis is based on a combination of two complex models of Earth systems. The pollution data comes from the GEOS-Chem model, which was first developed at Harvard and, through a series of many updates, has since become an international standard for modeling pollution over time. The climate data comes from the general circulation model developed by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Both models are rooted in decades’ worth of observational data.

Since the early 20th century, global mean temperatures have risen-by approximately 0.8 degrees Celsius from 1906 to 2005-but in the U.S. “warming hole,” temperatures decreased by as much as 1 degree Celsius during the period 1930-1990. U.S. particulate pollution peaked in 1980 and has since been reduced by about half. By 2010 the average cooling effect over the East had fallen to just 0.3 degrees Celsius.

“Such a large fraction of the sulfate has already been removed that we don’t have much more warming coming along due to further controls on sulfur emissions in the future,” says principal investigator Daniel Jacob, the Vasco McCoy Family Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Engineering at SEAS.

Jacob is also a Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard and a faculty associate of the Harvard University Center for the Environment.

Besides confirming that particulate pollution plays a large role in affecting U.S. regional climate, the research emphasizes the importance of accounting for the climate impacts of particulates in future air quality policies.

“Something similar could happen in China, which is just beginning to tighten up its pollution standards,” says co-author Loretta J. Mickley, a Senior Research Fellow in atmospheric chemistry at SEAS. “China could see significant climate change due to declining levels of particulate pollutants.”

Sulfates are harmful to human health and can also cause acid rain, which damages ecosystems and erodes buildings.

“No one is suggesting that we should stop improving air quality, but it’s important to understand the consequences. Clearing the air could lead to regional warming,” Mickley says.

Leibensperger, Jacob, and Mickley were joined by co-authors Wei-Ting Chen and John H. Seinfeld (California Institute of Technology); Athanasios Nenes (Georgia Institute of Technology); Peter J. Adams (Carnegie Mellon University); David G. Streets (Argonne National Laboratory); Naresh Kumar (Electric Power Research Institute); and David Rind (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies). The research was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); neither EPRI nor the EPA has officially endorsed the results. The work also benefited from resources provided by Academic Computing Services at SEAS.

Related Links
Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

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Solar Activity

2MIN Apr29: World Update, Spaceweather

Published on Apr 29, 2012 by

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Space

Tiny ‘spherules’ reveal details about Earth’s asteroid impacts

by Staff Writers
West Lafayette, IN (SPX) Apr 27, 2012


Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock. The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to the surface as a thin layer. This sample was found in Western Australia and formed 2.63 billion years ago in the aftermath of a large impact. Credit: Oberlin College photo/Bruce M. Simonson.

Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock.

The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into the Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded into space as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten and vaporized rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to Earth as a thin layer. The round or oblong particles were preserved in layers of rock, and now researchers have analyzed them to record precise information about asteroids impacting Earth from 3.5 billion to 35 million years ago.

“What we have done is provide the foundation for understanding how to interpret the layers in terms of the size and velocity of the asteroid that made them,” said Jay Melosh, an expert in impact cratering and a distinguished professor of earth and atmospheric sciences, physics and aerospace engineering at Purdue University.

Findings, which support a theory that the Earth endured an especially heavy period of asteroid bombardment early in its history, are detailed in a research paper appearing online in the journal Nature on Wednesday (April 25). The paper was written by Purdue physics graduate student Brandon Johnson and Melosh. The findings, based on geologic observations, support a theoretical study in a companion paper in Nature by researchers at the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colo.

The period of heavy asteroid bombardment – from 4.2 to 3.5 billion years ago – is thought to have been influenced by changes in the early solar system that altered the trajectory of objects in an asteroid belt located between Mars and Jupiter, sending them on a collision course with Earth.

“That’s the postulate, and this is the first real solid evidence that it actually happened,” Melosh said.

“Some of the asteroids that we infer were about 40 kilometers in diameter, much larger than the one that killed off the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago that was about 12-15 kilometers. But when we looked at the number of impactors as a function of size, we got a curve that showed a lot more small objects than large ones, a pattern that matches exactly the distribution of sizes in the asteroid belt. For the first time we have a direct connection between the crater size distribution on the ancient Earth and the sizes of asteroids out in space.”

Because craters are difficult to study directly, impact history must be inferred either by observations of asteroids that periodically pass near the Earth or by studying craters on the moon. Now, the new technique using spherules offers a far more accurate alternative to chronicle asteroid impacts on Earth, Melosh said.

“We can look at these spherules, see how thick the layer is, how big the spherules are, and we can infer the size and velocity of the asteroid,” Melosh said. “We can go back to the earliest era in the history of the Earth and infer the population of asteroids impacting the planet.”

For asteroids larger than about 10 kilometers in diameter, the spherules are deposited in a global layer.

“Some of these impacts were several times larger than the Chicxulub impact that killed off the dinosaurs 65 million years ago,” Johnson said. “The impacts may have played a large role in the evolutional history of life. The large number of impacts may have helped simple life by introducing organics and other important materials at a time when life on Earth was just taking hold.”

A 40-kilometer asteroid would have wiped out everything on the Earth’s surface, whereas the one that struck 65 million years ago killed only land animals weighing more than around 20 kilograms.

“Impact craters are the most obvious indication of asteroid impacts, but craters on Earth are quickly obscured or destroyed by surface weathering and tectonic processes,” Johnson said. “However, the spherule layers, if preserved in the geologic record, provide information about an impact even when the source crater cannot be found.”

The Purdue researchers studied the spherules using computer models that harness mathematical equations developed originally to calculate the condensation of vapor.

“There have been some new wrinkles in vapor condensation modeling that motivated us to do this work, and we were the first to apply it to asteroid impacts,” Melosh said.

The spherules are about a millimeter in diameter.

The researchers also are studying a different type of artifact similar to spherules but found only near the original impact site. Whereas the globally distributed spherules come from the condensing vaporized rock, these “melt droplets” are from rock that’s been melted and not completely vaporized.

“Before this work, it was not possible to distinguish between these two types of formations,” Melosh said. “Nobody had established criteria for discriminating between them, and we’ve done that now.”

One of the authors of the Southwest Research Institute paper, David Minton, is now an assistant professor of earth and atmospheric sciences at Purdue.

Findings from the research may enable Melosh’s team to enhance an asteroid impact effects calculator he developed to estimate what would happen if asteroids of various sizes were to hit the Earth. The calculator, “Impact: Earth!” allows anyone to calculate potential comet or asteroid damage based on the object’s mass.

Related Links
Purdue University
Asteroid and Comet Impact Danger To Earth – News and Science

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 23:28 PM
3.8     2.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 23:11 PM
3.0     220.7     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.6     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 24 22:04 PM
3.1     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:57 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 24 21:55 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:53 PM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     543.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.8     527.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     534.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 20:26 PM
3.0     28.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.4     37.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:45 PM
2.5     18.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:44 PM
3.3     18.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     14.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 19:22 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:20 PM
4.4     194.0     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     23.5     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.6     22.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     14.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 19:07 PM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:58 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:48 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.8     1.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
3.5     52.1     MAP

EMSC     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     35.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 18:17 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     52.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     51.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:55 PM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:36 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:31 PM
3.3     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:26 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 17:07 PM
2.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 16:53 PM
2.7     4.1     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 16:35 PM
2.8     130.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 15:52 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.6     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     8.7     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 15:05 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 15:04 PM
2.9     47.6     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     52.9     MAP

EMSC     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.7     527.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.8     533.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.5     511.1     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.6     27.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     12.7     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 14:52 PM
3.4     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:44 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:37 PM
3.5     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:28 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:23 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 14:17 PM
2.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Iraq
Apr 24 13:36 PM
3.0     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 24 13:25 PM
2.5     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:54 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 24 12:53 PM
4.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:51 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.4     58.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     607.8     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     608.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:22 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 24 12:13 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:10 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 12:10 PM
2.9     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:01 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:39 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:29 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.2     87.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.6     72.0     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     12.3     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 10:38 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 24 09:57 AM
3.3     68.8     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:50 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 08:57 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 08:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 08:01 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 07:23 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 07:14 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:39 AM
2.4     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:32 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 06:14 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 06:10 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 05:53 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 24 05:36 AM
2.5     0.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 05:12 AM
3.2     58.9     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 24 04:45 AM
3.4     101.9     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 24 04:38 AM
3.4     12.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 03:57 AM
2.8     76.2     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.5     23.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.4     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 03:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 03:02 AM
4.2     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 02:50 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     21.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Maui Region, Hawaii
Apr 24 02:42 AM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 02:33 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Isl.
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     35.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.1     48.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     56.6     MAP

EMSC     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     47.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 01:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 01:01 AM
2.6     4.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 00:34 AM
2.9     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 24 00:14 AM
2.4     31.0     MAP

 

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Mount  Etna  Spews  Ash and  Lava

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Etna’s fingers of fire: Europe’s most active volcano sends molten lava streaming menacingly down its mountainside

  • Fourth eruption of 11,000ft volcano in last month alone

By Mail Foreign Service

Etna, erupted for the seventh – and without doubt the most spectacular – time this year today, spewing forth molten lava hundreds of metres into the air.

Residents living close by were covered in hot ash but Europe’s tallest and most active volcano didn’t seem to pose any threat to human safety.

Local inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Catania were grateful that Etna at least didn’t close the local airport as it did last month, preventing a visiting Serie A football team from leaving the island.

Spewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again todaySpewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again today

Mexican volcano keeps locals awake

2012-04-24 12:02

line

The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)

Xalitzintla – Residents at the foot of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano no longer sleep soundly since the towering mountain roared back into action over a week ago, spewing out a hail of rocks, steam and ash.

“We close our eyes, but we don’t sleep much. In the past, there was only smoke but this time it’s stronger,” said Francisco Jimenez, who lives in the nearby town of Xalitzintla in central Mexico, 55km from Mexico City.

The volcano, Mexico’s second highest peak at 5 452m, started rumbling and spurting high clouds of ash and steam on 13 April, provoking the authorities to raise the alert to level five on a seven-point scale.

The alert extended a security cordon around the volcano but stopped short of starting evacuations of about 685 000 residents from nearby communities.

Over the weekend, residents watched as Popocatepetl, which means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language, lived up to its name, spouting glowing rocks and shaking the ground beneath their feet.

“When we went out to see, my son cried: ‘We have to leave!’ We were ready to leave for Mexico City but then it calmed down a bit,” said 67-year-old Leopolda Perez of Xalitzintla.

‘Relative calm’ state

Authorities from the National Centre of Disaster Prevention maintained their alert level and said on Monday that the volcano remains at a “relative calm” state.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, Popocatepetl registered more intense rumblings from 1994, with the strongest in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Juan Carlos Salazar, head of civil protection for the central state of Puebla, said that while many people thought lava was now coming out of the volcano, the crater was only spewing glowing rocks, with no risk to the population.

Popocatepetl is an explosive volcano that can suddenly erupt at tremendous force, thrusting out rocks and ashes at large distances. That kind of volcano can be more dangerous than those releasing only flowing lava.

Residents nervous

Residents say they are used to the permanent threat of the volcano, which they affectionately nickname “Don Gregorio” or “Don Goyo”, but many say the new activity makes them nervous again.

“We’ve been watching out for many nights, waiting to see what happens,” said Gabino Santibanez, mayor of San Pedro Benito Juarez, a small town only 9km from the glowing crater.

Locals said that most frightening was the unusual rumbling coming from the volcano, which many compared to an aircraft turbine.

“We’ve never heard a noise like it,” said Maximiliano Grajales.

About 4.5 million people live on the outskirts of the volcano, which lies at the crossroads of the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico.

Preparations made

Officials in the area have prepared temporary shelters for possible evacuations and even taken stock of livestock, in case of possible theft.

“Some people won’t want to leave because of their animals. Thieves pillaged houses during the 2000 evacuation,” Grajales said.

Some now wear face masks to protect their lungs from falling ashes as Don Goyo rumbles and smokes nearby.

– SAPA
 Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
13 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

Heat wave shifts to central US — drought-hit West Texas in the cross-hairs

By Miguel Llanos, msnbc.com

The heat wave that baked the Southwest the previous two days is shifting to the central U.S.

Starting Tuesday, highs will reach into the 80s from Texas all the way up to the border with Canada, weather.com reported.

“Over 30 locations may tie or set new daily record highs Tuesday in the Rockies and Plains,” it added, and some areas as far north as Nebraska could reach into the 90s.

On Wednesday, West Texas will get blasted by triple-digit heat, forecasters said, worsening the prolonged drought that area has experienced. Midland will feel some of the worst of the heat.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record” for an April 25, National Weather Service forecaster Jack Ciccone of the Midland office told msnbc.com. The forecast is for 101 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 degrees above the existing record set in 1996.

Read Full Article Here
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

 

 

 

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China [Northern and Eastern Region] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather India State of Assam, [Tinsukia district ] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, Purchase [Westchester County Airport] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Mexico State of Jalisco, [Primavera forest] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Vietnam Province of Binh Thuan, [About 20km from Phan Thiet town] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Selby Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Explosion Canada Province of British Columbia, Prince George [Lakeland Mills sawmill] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level

V

 

Freeze Warning

 

ALBANY NY
BLACKSBURG VA
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA


Red Flag Warning

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

 

MELBOURNE FL
JACKSONVILLE FL
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

 

 

***********************************************************************************************************

Flooding

Flood Warning

 

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA



Flood Advisory

 

 FAIRBANKS AK
MISSOULA MT

************************************************************************************************************

Radiation

press release

April 24, 2012, 10:29 a.m. EDT

Nuclear Famine Report: Limited Nuclear Exchange In One Of World’s Regions Would Trigger Mass Global Starvation After Slashing Chinese, U.S. Food Production

CHICAGO, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — Amidst Growing Tensions in Asia, India-Pakistan Confrontation Used to Show Dire Consequences Around the Globe; More Than A Billion People Would be at Risk Under “Nuclear Famine” Scenario.

More than a billion people around the world would face starvation following a limited regional nuclear weapons exchange (such as a clash between India and Pakistan) that would cause major worldwide climate disruption driving down food production in China, the U.S. and other nations, according to a major new report released today by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and its U.S. affiliate, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR).

Dr. Ira Helfand, the author of “Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk–Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture, Food Supplies, and Human Nutrition,” said: “The grim prospect of nuclear famine requires a fundamental change in our thinking about nuclear weapons. The new evidence that even the relatively small nuclear arsenals of countries such as India and Pakistan could cause long lasting, global damage to the Earth’s ecosystems and threaten hundreds of millions of already malnourished people demands that action be taken. The needless and preventable deaths of one billion people over a decade would be a disaster unprecedented in human history. It would not cause the extinction of the human race, but it would bring an end to modern civilization as we know it.”

The findings and the methodology on which the study is based will be published in a forthcoming issue of the peer-reviewed journal Climatic Change. Released during the World Summit of Nobel Laureates in Chicago April 23-25, 2012, the Helfand report was made possible with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among the specific findings outlined in the report:

Corn production in the U.S. would decline by an average of 10 percent for an entire decade, with the most severe decline (20 percent) in Year 5. Soybean production would decline by about 7 percent, with the most severe loss, more than 20 percent, in Year 5.

There would be a significant decline in middle-season rice production in China. During the first four years, rice production would decline by an average of 21 percent; over the next six years the decline would average 10 percent.

Resulting increases in food prices would make food inaccessible to hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest. Even if agricultural markets continued to function normally, 215 million people would be added to the rolls of the malnourished over the course of a decade. The 925 million people in the world who are already chronically malnourished (with a baseline consumption of 1,750 calories or less per day), would be put at risk by a further 10 percent decline in their food consumption.

Significant agricultural shortfalls over an extended period would almost certainly lead to panic and hoarding on an international scale, further reducing accessible food.

The IPPNW/PSR report concludes: “There is an urgent need to reduce the reliance on nuclear weapons by all nuclear weapons states and to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons convention that will ban these weapons completely.”

Read Full Article Here

************************************************************************************************************

Climate Change

Hunger crisis stalks Chad’s children

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Almost 130,000 children are at risk of developing acute malnutrition in the central African nation of Chad within this year, according to the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

The crisis is worsening by the day and aid agencies say funds are not coming in quick enough to help.

Charles Stratford reports.

 

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News: Volcanos, Spaceweather, Planetary/Lunar Position

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Sun-Diving Comet – Earth Directed CME – 24th April 2012.wmv

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

With thanks and gratitude for SolarWatcher’s dedicated time and effort uploading this video.

A Sun-Diving comet was caught on the Soho satellite feed on 23rd April 2012. Shortly after the comet’s death plunge, a large Halo coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed and is currently earth directed. Impact on the earth’s magnetic field is expected around 26th/27th April 2012.

 

 

 

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

>

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

 
************************************************************************************************************

Articles of Interest

Teenager disappears into ground as sinkhole opens up in Chinese pavement

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

A Chinese teenager is lucky to escape with minor injuries after falling into a sinkhole in Xi’an, northern China. Report by Sam Datta-Paulin.

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 21 23:47 PM
3.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 23:27 PM
4.6     524.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 21 23:19 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 23:12 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 22:40 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nw Balkan Region
Apr 21 21:48 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.7     12.7     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 20:22 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 21 20:01 PM
3.1     51.5     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 21 19:54 PM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     112.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     111.6     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 21 19:28 PM
3.3     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 18:24 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     23.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 17:17 PM
2.9     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 16:23 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 16:18 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
5.0     17.0     MAP

USGS     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 15:28 PM
2.5     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 21 15:19 PM
3.2     6.9     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.4     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.0     MAP

USGS     Puget Sound Region, Washington
Apr 21 14:25 PM
2.6     2.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 14:18 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 21 14:11 PM
4.7     61.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 14:09 PM
2.5     21.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:59 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:44 PM
2.6     28.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 21 13:41 PM
4.3     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 13:39 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 13:37 PM
3.1     0.8     MAP

USGS     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.7     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.8     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Minahassa Peninsula, Sulawesi
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.7     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.5     14.2     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 12:56 PM
2.8     78.8     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 21 12:45 PM
2.9     4.9     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of The Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.2     39.5     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.1     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 12:18 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 12:11 PM
2.5     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.3     100.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.4     90.9     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:35 AM
5.2     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 11:31 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 11:21 AM
2.8     113.7     MAP

EMSC     Montenegro
Apr 21 11:20 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.5     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 10:57 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 10:07 AM
2.6     14.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 09:44 AM
2.5     8.9     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 21 09:32 AM
2.7     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 08:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Ryukyu Isl., Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:41 AM
2.5     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:25 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 08:22 AM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     29.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.9     43.3     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     28.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:44 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:43 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:42 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:40 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 05:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 21 05:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:40 AM
3.6     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.4     607.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.6     606.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:33 AM
4.6     597.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 05:29 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.4     90.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 04:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 03:50 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 03:46 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:21 AM
3.2     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:06 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 02:28 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 21 02:25 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.7     87.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.1     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 21 01:53 AM
2.9     8.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 21 01:49 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 01:47 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 01:26 AM
3.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     27.6     MAP

GEOFON     Tristan Da Cunha Region
Apr 21 01:19 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     16.0     MAP     

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.9     33.0     MAP     

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     27.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 01:04 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 21 00:58 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 00:55 AM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:08 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 21 00:05 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:03 AM
3.2     5.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

Taupo super-eruption secrets revealed

OLIVIA WANNAN

Last updated 11:13 21/04/2012

Lake Taupo

Lloyd Homer/GNS Science

CALM EXTERIOR: Research into the Lake Taupo eruption has thrown up new theories on the tectonic forces involved.

Taupo eruption

A computer-generated graphic of the Lake Taupo eruption.

One of the most intriguing unsolved cases for New Zealand geologists is the ancient Taupo super-eruption.

Victoria University PhD student Aidan Allan has found new evidence that explains how and why the volcano blew.

While the general public is fascinated by the magnitude – the event buried the North Island in debris, with the ash cloud all the way to the Chathams – geologists’ interest lies elsewhere.

They are intrigued because the eruption’s cause isn’t open-and-shut – while most super-volcanoes simply explode, with Taupo there was a short hiatus just as things got underway.

“There were breaks of weeks to months [in the early stages] and then all hell breaks loose,” Mr Allan said.

As geologists worldwide have to make the life-or-death call as to when an eruption has ended, it’s crucial to know why this super-volcano acted the way it did.

Read Full Article  Here

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Alberta, [Near to Symons Valley] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard South Africa State of Eastern Cape, East London Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Illinois, Chicago [W Madison St & S Karlov Ave] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Bolivia Departmento de El Beni, [San Ramon municipality] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood China Province of Guangdong, [Huazhou city and Xinyi city] Damage level Details
1 22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Netherlands Capital city, Amsterdam [North Holland] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood United Arab Emirates Trucial Coast, [Oman Region] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire China Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, [Old Barag] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide]

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Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

MIAMI FL

Tornado Watch

TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL
MIAMI FL
MELBOURNE FL
 NORMAN OK

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

MOUNT HOLLY NJ
NEW YORK NY
MOBILE AL
NEW ORLEANS LA
CAPE FEAR
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Freeze Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr21: Meteor Shower [Where to Look Tonight] & Quake Watch Begins – 6.9 already…

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Space

 Lyrid Meteor Shower


[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC Syria
Apr 10 23:23 PM
3.4 2.0 MAP

GEOFON Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 23:16 PM
4.5 10.0 MAP

EMSC Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 23:16 PM
4.7 40.0 MAP

USGS Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 23:16 PM
4.6 31.7 MAP

EMSC Central Italy
Apr 10 22:46 PM
2.7 29.0 MAP

USGS Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 22:45 PM
4.3 35.7 MAP

EMSC Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 22:45 PM
4.3 36.0 MAP

EMSC Central Italy
Apr 10 22:37 PM
3.4 32.0 MAP

USGS Wyoming
Apr 10 20:29 PM
3.0 1.9 MAP

GEONET Taupo
Apr 10 19:42 PM
4.7 100.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 19:28 PM
2.6 9.0 MAP

EMSC Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 10 19:22 PM
3.0 88.0 MAP

USGS Offshore Northern California
Apr 10 19:07 PM
2.6 26.4 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 17:56 PM
2.5 7.0 MAP

EMSC Pyrenees
Apr 10 17:40 PM
2.8 2.0 MAP

USGS Puerto Rico Region
Apr 10 17:39 PM
2.6 4.0 MAP

EMSC Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines
Apr 10 16:44 PM
4.4 51.0 MAP

USGS Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines
Apr 10 16:44 PM
4.4 51.1 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 16:39 PM
3.1 6.0 MAP

EMSC Sea Of Japan
Apr 10 16:36 PM
4.0 374.0 MAP

USGS Sea Of Japan
Apr 10 16:36 PM
4.0 374.3 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 15:20 PM
2.5 18.0 MAP

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 14:01 PM
3.0 9.0 MAP

GEOFON Southeast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 13:54 PM
4.6 10.0 MAP

EMSC Greece
Apr 10 13:45 PM
2.4 1.0 MAP

GEOFON Near S. Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 13:42 PM
4.7 360.0 MAP

EMSC Near S. Coast Of Western Honshu
Apr 10 13:42 PM
4.6 353.0 MAP

USGS Near The South Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 13:42 PM
4.4 357.2 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 13:37 PM
2.6 8.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 13:31 PM
2.5 9.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 13:24 PM
2.4 30.0 MAP

USGS Molucca Sea
Apr 10 13:00 PM
4.5 51.3 MAP

EMSC Molucca Sea
Apr 10 13:00 PM
4.6 47.0 MAP

GEOFON Southern Molucca Sea
Apr 10 13:00 PM
4.6 43.0 MAP

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 12:52 PM
2.8 23.0 MAP

USGS Southern Alaska
Apr 10 12:47 PM
2.5 0.6 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 10 11:58 AM
2.4 30.0 MAP

EMSC Germany
Apr 10 11:50 AM
2.4 10.0 MAP

EMSC Central Turkey
Apr 10 11:42 AM
2.8 5.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 11:36 AM
3.4 7.0 MAP

USGS Northern Alaska
Apr 10 11:07 AM
2.9 7.5 MAP

USGS Puerto Rico Region
Apr 10 10:42 AM
3.6 6.9 MAP

EMSC France
Apr 10 10:33 AM
2.8 10.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 10:25 AM
2.5 14.0 MAP

EMSC Aegean Sea
Apr 10 10:12 AM
3.2 2.0 MAP

EMSC Sicily, Italy
Apr 10 09:57 AM
2.4 20.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 09:52 AM
2.9 5.0 MAP

EMSC Sicily, Italy
Apr 10 09:39 AM
2.4 157.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 09:34 AM
2.6 5.0 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 10 09:28 AM
3.0 38.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 09:26 AM
2.8 18.0 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 10 09:24 AM
3.1 52.0 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 10 09:22 AM
3.2 66.0 MAP

USGS Java, Indonesia
Apr 10 09:18 AM
4.7 59.9 MAP

EMSC Java, Indonesia
Apr 10 09:18 AM
4.8 55.0 MAP

GEOFON Java, Indonesia
Apr 10 09:18 AM
4.8 47.0 MAP

USGS Virgin Islands Region
Apr 10 08:48 AM
2.7 53.0 MAP

USGS Western Xizang
Apr 10 08:25 AM
4.3 35.0 MAP

EMSC Western Xizang
Apr 10 08:25 AM
4.4 10.0 MAP

GEOFON Xizang
Apr 10 08:25 AM
4.4 10.0 MAP

USGS Western Xizang
Apr 10 08:08 AM
4.7 34.5 MAP

EMSC Western Xizang
Apr 10 08:08 AM
4.7 30.0 MAP

GEOFON Xizang
Apr 10 08:08 AM
4.8 10.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 07:58 AM
2.5 10.0 MAP

USGS Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 07:13 AM
4.4 36.0 MAP

EMSC Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 07:13 AM
4.4 36.0 MAP

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 06:01 AM
4.0 30.0 MAP

USGS Offshore Northern California
Apr 10 05:43 AM
2.9 10.6 MAP

EMSC North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.8 33.0 MAP

GEOFON North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.7 10.0 MAP

USGS North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.8 9.9 MAP

USGS Washington
Apr 10 04:43 AM
3.2 11.0 MAP

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 04:34 AM
2.6 12.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 04:19 AM
2.7 8.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 04:13 AM
2.9 3.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 04:11 AM
3.0 10.0 MAP

GEOFON Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.5 10.0 MAP

EMSC Northern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.6 10.0 MAP

USGS Northern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.7 10.4 MAP

EMSC Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 02:57 AM
4.8 55.0 MAP

GEOFON Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 02:57 AM
4.7 60.0 MAP

EMSC Spain
Apr 10 01:54 AM
2.9 10.0 MAP

EMSC Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.7 30.0 MAP

USGS Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.8 15.2 MAP

GEOFON Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.6 10.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 01:16 AM
3.0 5.0 MAP

USGS Northern California
Apr 10 01:09 AM
2.5 1.4 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 00:02 AM
2.5 12.0 MAP

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Freeze Watch – URGENT – WEATHER MESSAGE

VIRGINIA
1239 AM EDT WED APR 11 2012

INDIANA
1116 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

KENTUCKY
1105 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

SOUTH CAROLINA
1019 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

GEORGIA
1009 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

TENNESSEE
801 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

WEST VIRGINIA
801 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
758 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

OHIO
749 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

NORTH CAROLINA
345 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

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Fire Conditions

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

EL PASO, TEXAS ,SANTA TERESA, NEW MEXICO
909 PM MDT TUE APR 10 2012

JACKSONVILLE , FLORIDA
947 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

TAMPA BAY AREA – RUSKIN, FLORIDA
758 PM EDT TUE APR 10 2012

ALBUQUERQUE ,NEW MEXICO
320 PM MDT TUE APR 10 2012

PUEBLO , COLORADO
255 PM MDT TUE APR 10 2012

GLASGOW ,MONTANA
242 PM MDT TUE APR 10 2012

MOBILE ,ALABAMA
233 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

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Storms, Flooding

Cyclonic storms in Tripura, India

-Seven killed and at least 30 people injured in Tripura.
-Strong winds and hailstorms from last five days have damaged more than 1,000 houses.
-10.5 mm rainfall in capital city and hailstorms reported across the state.
-Amarpur subdivision to be worst affected.
-District administrations has distributed Rs.1,000 to each affected family as immediate assistance.
-Tripura is a state in North-East India which is surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, south, and west.

 

Tornadoes in Woodward Region, Oklahoma

 

-Two tornadoes reported in northwest Oklahoma.
-One tornado reported 3 miles south-southwest of Woodward and other east of Sharon.
-Two people injured and damage of about $250,000 estimated.

 

Tornadoes, giant hail slam northwest Oklahoma

(CBS/AP) OKLAHOMA CITY – At least two tornadoes have touched down and hail the size of softballs pounded northwestern Oklahoma, injuring two people and damaging a county jail and numerous vehicles.

The National Weather Service says one tornado was spotted about 3 miles south-southwest of Woodward about 5:30 p.m. Monday. Another tornado was spotted east of Sharon.

CBS affiliate KWTV in Oklahoma City reports the storm has caused more than $250,000 in damage so far.

In Woodward, hail up to 4.25 inches broke vehicle windows and damaged roofs.

Woodward County Emergency Management Director Matt Lehenbauer says an infant was cut by glass when hail knocked out windows in its parents’ vehicle. Lehenbauer says he didn’t believe the baby was seriously hurt.

Sheriff Gary Stanley says hail broke every skylight in the jail and one hail stone cut an inmate on the back.

Stanley says the hail damage caused the roof to leak.

 

Winter Storm Watch – URGENT

RENO, NEVADA
217 PM PDT TUE APR 10 2012

…HEAVY SNOW POSSIBLE IN THE SIERRA…

.

Flood Warning

HOUSTON/GALVESTON, TEXAS
915 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

LAKE CHARLES ,LOUISIANA
849 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA
757 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

SHREVEPORT ,LOUISIANA
756 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

LITTLE ROCK ,ARKANSAS
819 PM CDT TUE APR 10 2012

***********************************************************************************************

SOLAR ACTIVITY

2MIN News Apr10: NASA News, Seismicity, Solar/Planetary Update

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 06:01 AM
4.0 30.0 MAP

USGS Offshore Northern California
Apr 10 05:43 AM
2.9 10.6 MAP

EMSC North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.8 33.0 MAP

GEOFON North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.4 10.0 MAP

USGS North Of Ascension Island
Apr 10 05:09 AM
5.8 9.9 MAP

USGS Washington
Apr 10 04:43 AM
3.2 11.0 MAP

EMSC Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 10 04:34 AM
2.6 12.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 04:19 AM
2.7 8.0 MAP

EMSC Western Turkey
Apr 10 04:13 AM
2.9 3.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 04:11 AM
3.0 10.0 MAP

GEOFON Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.5 10.0 MAP

EMSC Northern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.6 10.0 MAP

USGS Northern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 10 03:37 AM
4.7 10.4 MAP

EMSC Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 02:57 AM
4.8 55.0 MAP

GEOFON Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 10 02:57 AM
4.7 60.0 MAP

EMSC Spain
Apr 10 01:54 AM
2.9 10.0 MAP

EMSC Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.7 30.0 MAP

USGS Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.8 15.2 MAP

GEOFON Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 10 01:42 AM
4.6 10.0 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 01:16 AM
3.0 5.0 MAP

USGS Northern California
Apr 10 01:09 AM
2.7 1.2 MAP

EMSC Eastern Turkey
Apr 10 00:02 AM
2.5 12.0 MAP

 

Swarm of small earthquakes hit Mt. Rose area

 

A series of small earthquakes over the weekend in the area between Mt. Rose and Incline Village is nothing out of the norm, a seismologist for the University of Nevada, Reno said Monday.

More than a dozen small tremors registering between 1.0 and 1.9 on the Richter scale were recorded on Sunday, most taking place about 6 miles north of Incline Village. The quakes were so small, and at a depth that they likely weren’t felt.

“I wouldn’t consider this unusual,” said Diane Depolo, a seismologist with the UNR Seismological Lab. “These are pretty small, and depth-wise, they’re what we’d consider normal depth for that area.”

The quakes were about 8 to 12 kilometers deep. Depolo said it would normally take a quake of 2.5 to 3 to be felt at that depth.

Depolo said this cluster of quakes is different from those that affected the Verdi-Mogul area in past years because the Verdi-Mogul quakes were much shallower.

A 1.1 quake was registered in the Mt. Rose area on Monday morning.

 

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Volcanic Activity

 

Colombia issues Nevado del Ruiz volcano warning

 

 

BOGOTA (AFP) – Colombia on Sunday issued a warning for areas crossed by rivers that pass through the Nevado del Ruiz volcano area, amid heavy rains and concern that an eruption could be in the works.

Authorities issued a ‘red alert’ for rivers near the volcano in Caldas and Tolima departments ‘due to the change in the eruption threat and to heavy rains in the area,’ the national weather and environmental institute (IDEAM) said.

The volcano has been rumbling at a greater rate in recent days; its alert level was boosted on March 31.

On Saturday, the volcano’s activity was still unstable and it was emitting more gases, the National Geological Service said.

 

 

Ecuador: Increase in Seismic Activity of Tungurahua Volcano

 

Quito, Apr 9 (Prensa Latina) A new increase in the seismic activity of Tungurahua Volcano, in Ecuador, began early Monday with a constant sign of high energy tremor linked with ash emissions.

According to the report of the Geophysics Institute of the National Polytechnic School, the increase of the seismic activity in this crater started with a column of smoke that reached 3 kilometers high along with low intensity roaring and sounds.

The first explosions caused minor thunders or crashes due to the rolling of blocks through the side walls of the volcano.

Shortly after, the falling of black and fine ashes on populations in the south-southwest regions, such as Palitahua, Capil, and Toctes, was reported.

According to the last report, the area surrounding the volcano remains highly cloudy, and with seismic activity.

 

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

National heat records shattered during March

 

Associated Press

 

It’s been so warm in the United States this year, especially in March, that national records weren’t just broken, they were deep-fried.

Temperatures in the lower 48 states were 8.6 degrees above normal for March and 6 degrees higher than average for the first three months of the year, according to calculations by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. That far exceeds the old records.

The magnitude of how unusual the year has been in the U.S. has alarmed some meteorologists who have warned about global warming. One climate scientist said it’s the weather equivalent of a baseball player on steroids, with old records obliterated.

“Everybody has this uneasy feeling. This is weird. This is not good,” said Jerry Meehl, a climate scientist who specializes in extreme weather at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. “It’s a guilty pleasure. You’re out enjoying this nice March weather, but you know it’s not a good thing.”

It’s not just March…..

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Extreme weather in Sydney, Australia

 

-Heavy storm and rainfall in Australia damaged roofs of several houses.
-Power outage in several areas of Ryde, Lindfield, Killara, St Ives, Frenchs Forest and Turramurra.
-Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued a severe thunderstorm warning for Sydney, the Hunter region, the Mid North Coast, North West Slopes and Plains districts.

 

 

Massive Wildfire in Harford County, Maryland, USA

 

 

-Evacuation order issued to several houses across Harford county.
-100 firefighters controlled the fire which spread to more than 50 acres.
-People were allowed to return their homes after three hours.

 

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Storms, Flooding

 

Natural Disasters List April 9, 2012-Flooding In Turner Falls, Oklahoma

 

Flooding in Turner Falls, Oklahoma

-More than 500 people evacuated from Turner Falls area after flooding caused by heavy rainfall.
-Evacuated people are taking shelter in Murray County Expo Center.
-Many flood affected people are from Texas.
-Power outage reported in several places.
-The National Weather Service hadn’t issued any weather watches or warnings in this area.
-Turner Falls is currently closed and expected to reopen when water levels are safe.
-No fatalities or injuries reported.
-In March, Norman and Oklahoma City were affected by Flash floods
Update
-About 600 people are living in evacuation centers.
-The American Red Cross is supporting the shelter in the evacuation center.
-Following officials, more storms are expected in Oklahoma this week.

 

 

Strong winds and sandstorm in Northern part of China

 

-National Meteorological Center (NMC) of China has issued a BLUE ALERT for different areas of Northern China.

-Strong winds and sandstorms are forecast over the next 24 hours in parts of Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, Inner Mongolia autonomous region, Ningxia Hui autonomous region and the provinces of Gansu, Shaanxi and Shanxi.
-Last week Gansu province of China was hit by the biggest sandstorm in 2012

 

 

Flooding in Fiji Islands

 

-Schools in Western Division will resume classes from Tomorrow.
-Flood victims are currently living in 60 different evacuation centers. Click for detail report on Fiji floods

 

 

Flooding in Indonesia

 

-More than 900 people affected by flood last week are suffering from influenza and skin rashes.
-About 7,000 people were affected by flood which caused due to torrential rainfall.
-Following Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), rainfall last week was a normal phenomenon during the transition period from the rainy to dry season

 

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Radiation

 

Radioactive fluid leaks at French nuclear reactor

 

Radioactive cooling fluid leaked at a French nuclear reactor Thursday following two small fires, but the spillage was safely collected in special tanks, officials said.

 

A reactor at the power plant in Penly on the English Channel near the port of Dieppe shut down automatically after two small fires broke out Thursday, the plant’s operator EDF said.

Firefighters easily extinguished the blazes but a cooling pump was damaged, in turn causing a joint to leak radioactive water into collection tanks located inside the reactor building, EDF said.

The reactor continued to be cooled properly and teams were working to lower the water pressure, the company said.

EDF said the installation was secure, no one was injured, and there were “no consequences for the environment”…..

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

California nuclear plant shut indefinitely amid hunt to find cause of problems

 

By the CNN Wire Staff

 

(CNN) — A large Southern California nuclear plant is out of commission indefinitely, and will remain so until there is an understanding of what caused problems at two of its generators and an effective plan to address the issues, the nation’s top nuclear regulator said Friday.

Gregory Jaczko, chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, refused to give a timetable as to when the San Onofre nuclear plant could resume operation. He said only that his agency had “set some firm conditions” as to when that could happen.

“We won’t make a decision (to approve the facility’s restart) unless we’re satisfied that public health and safety will be protected,” Jaczko told reporters. “They have to demonstrate to us that they understand the causes, and … that they have a plan to address them.”

The power plant has been shut down since this winter, when a small amount of radioactive gas escaped from a steam generator during a water leak. At the time, federal regulators said there was no threat to public health, though they could not identify how much gas leaked or exactly why it had happened.

 

Read Full Article Here

 

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Climate Change

 

North Sea Gas Leak: Experts Assess Climate Impact of Ongoing Accident

 

Elizabeth Grossman, InsideClimate News:

 

“The French energy company Total estimates that its North Sea Elgin field gas well is leaking about 200,000 cubic meters of natural gas per day … If the gas continues escaping at that rate, and all of it reaches the atmosphere, it would approximate the annual global warming impact of 35,000 Americans. The gas is mostly methane, which is considered the second largest contributor to human-caused global warming after carbon dioxide.”

 

Read Full Article Here

 

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SOLAR ACTIVITY

 

2MIN News Apr9: NASA, WW3, Extreme Weather, Solar/Planetary Update

 

 

 

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Wildlife

 

Polar bears have symptoms of mystery disease: U.S. agency

 

(Reuters) – Symptoms of a mysterious disease that has killed scores of seals off Alaska and infected walruses are now showing up in polar bears, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) said on Friday.

Nine polar bears from the Beaufort Sea region near Barrow were found with patchy hair loss and oozing sores on their skin, similar to conditions found in diseased seals and walruses, the agency said in a statement.

Unlike the sickened seals and walruses, the affected polar bears seem otherwise healthy, said Tony DeGange, chief of the biology office for the USGS’s Alaska Science Center. There had been no deaths among polar bears, he said.

The nine affected bears were among the 33 that biologists have captured and sampled while doing routine studies on the Arctic coastline, DeGange said.

 

Read Full Article Here

 

 

 

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]