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Tag Archive: Canterbury


Earth Watch Report  –  Tornado

 

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February 26 2014 06:35 PM Tornado New Zealand South Island, [North Canterbury] Damage level Details

 

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Tornado in New Zealand on Wednesday, 26 February, 2014 at 18:35 (06:35 PM) UTC.

Description
A tornado has ripped its way through North Canterbury in New Zealand as rough weather and lightning caused extensive damage. The Civil Defence has arrived at the scene to inspect the damaged properties. According to fire service shift manager Andrew Norris, a group of homes in Amberley have been heavily damaged. The town is 50km north of Christchurch. Based on fire service reports, strong winds from the tornado had lifted the tiles off roofs of homes near the Burnham Military Camp. Southern Fire Communications Shift Manager Karl Patterson said he received reports of one house losing an entire roof. The tornado, barreling its way through South Island, also knocked down trees and caused power poles to catch fire. Mr Patterson said the fire service put out fires in Halsquell Quarry which were caused by lightning. Despite the damages to some homes and power lines, no casualties or injuries were reported. The clean-up continues in tornado-damaged areas, although 30 homes reported having no electricity by the afternoon of Feb 24. A resident from Amberley, Donna Graham, told Radio New Zealand that she and her husband, Geoff, saw the tornado form from hanging black clouds and realised the twister was moving straight to her house. She and her husband began running away from the house. They could hear the noises made by the tornado as it moved. The couple came out when they noticed they could not hear the tornado anymore. Civil Defence inspector Kerry Walsh said the damage caused by the tornado was worse than he expected. He said the clean-up was doing well. South Island’s lines company Mainpower remarked that some of the power poles had to be replaced before electricity will be restored to homes. Aside from the tornado in Amberley, a smaller tornado was spotted in Leeston and was captured on video by “stormchaser” Stephen Burrows. Mr Burrows said the smaller tornado was approximately 100 metres wide but looked weaker in comparison to the one in Amberley. The tornadoes were caused by a severe thunderstorm in parts of Canterbury. The MetService has warned residents in the area to prepare for a storm with torrential rain and large hail. According to weather authorities, the storm had formed near the coast of Timaru and made its way to Christchurch. The storm was classified as a “supercell” because it caused large hailstones and small tornadoes.

 

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The New Zealand Herald

 

Tornado strikes homes as storm lashes town

By Ben Irwin

A damaged building on a plant farm near Amberley, north Canterbury. Photo / Martin Hunter

A damaged building on a plant farm near Amberley, north Canterbury. Photo / Martin Hunter

Rough weather, lightning, and reports of a tornado caused extensive damage in North Canterbury last night.

Video

Fire service shift manager Andrew Norris said a “cluster of houses” in Amberley, 50km north of Christchurch, had been badly damaged about 6.30pm.

Southern fire communications shift manager Karl Patterson said the strong winds lifted tiles off roofs near the Burnham Military Camp area and three houses in Amberley, 50km north of Christchurch, were also affected.

“One house completely lost its roof. Another house had extensive roof damage [and] windows blown in.”

The weather also caused power pole fires and trees to be knocked down,” Mr Patterson said.

“Apparently a tornado of some description sort of went through just near the coast – it caused a little bit of damage, but we did a check of all the houses in the area and they were ok.

“We had a couple of fires started by lightning, we had a fire in Halswell Quarry, out the south-west side of town.

“Also, in Little River we had a tree catch on fire in the middle of a tree plantation of some description.”

There were no reports of injuries, Mr Patterson said.

 

Read More Here

 

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Earth Watch Report  –  Extreme Weather

'Horrific' noise as 'tiny tornado' hits Kaikoura  (Source: Maeve Ryan)

09.01.2013 Extreme Weather New Zealand Southland, Kaikoura Damage level
Details

Extreme Weather in New Zealand on Wednesday, 09 January, 2013 at 21:20 (09:20 PM) UTC.

Description
A “mini-tornado” has hit Kaikoura, cutting power to a number of homes, as gales and heavy rain continue to lash the country. Police confirmed they were at the scene, on Beach Rd, after the “mini tornado” hit earlier this morning. No one was believed to have been injured but a house was understood to have lost its roof, police south communications shift manager Hemi Waratini said. Power was also out in many areas. Mainpower confirmed a number of power lines were down and linesmen were working to restore electricity to houses. Engineering network manager Peter Hurford said Beach Rd was the worst affected area. Meanwhile, wind continued to howl in Wellington and eastern areas this morning, with gusts in excess of 130kmh hammering the capital, while heavy rain was moving away from Southland toward the headwaters of Otago and the Canterbury lakes. Fire service shift manager Murray Dunbar said between 7.30am and 8am firefighters were called to secure roofs that were lifting in the Wellington suburbs of Karori and Kilbirnie.

 

Earthquakes

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 23:37 PM
2.6     5.3     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 23:02 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:54 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 29 22:53 PM
2.8     6.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:51 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 29 22:50 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 22:39 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.9     48.2     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands, New Zealand
Apr 29 22:35 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Fyr Of Macedonia
Apr 29 22:26 PM
2.6     1.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     52.6     MAP

EMSC     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands
Apr 29 22:00 PM
4.5     49.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 29 21:16 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Otago    , New Zealand
Apr 29 21:14 PM
4.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 20:48 PM
3.2     95.8     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 29 20:46 PM
2.5     83.6     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 20:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 19:57 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 29 19:44 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 19:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 29 19:21 PM
2.6     29.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 29 19:03 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 18:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:31 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 29 18:16 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 29 17:49 PM
2.7     8.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     37.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 17:28 PM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 16:57 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 16:15 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Long Valley Area, California
Apr 29 16:05 PM
2.6     4.6     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 29 16:01 PM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     47.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     41.7     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 29 15:45 PM
4.9     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 15:02 PM
5.3     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 29 13:54 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 13:23 PM
2.6     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 12:56 PM
2.5     12.0     MAP

USGS     San Francisco Bay Area, California
Apr 29 12:53 PM
2.7     10.6     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 12:50 PM
2.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.7     0.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     212.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Fiji Islands
Apr 29 12:46 PM
4.6     220.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.8     0.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 12:16 PM
4.6     61.7     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.4     103.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     97.8     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 29 11:58 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 11:34 AM

EMSC     Azores Islands, Portugal
Apr 29 11:15 AM
3.1     1.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 29 10:57 AM
3.2     5.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:46 AM
2.8     14.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     39.9     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 29 10:28 AM
5.8     0.0     MAP

GEONET     Gisborne   , New Zealand
Apr 29 10:05 AM
3.8     25.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 10:04 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 29 09:51 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:40 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 09:03 AM
2.7     3.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     35.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 29 09:01 AM
4.5     36.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 29 08:59 AM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.4     23.3     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 08:09 AM
5.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 29 07:18 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 29 07:17 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Easter Island
Apr 29 06:52 AM
4.8     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 06:25 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.3     0.0     MAP

USGS     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     114.8     MAP

EMSC     Tarapaca, Chile
Apr 29 06:22 AM
4.1     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 29 05:54 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 29 05:41 AM
2.7     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 05:32 AM
2.5     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Germany
Apr 29 05:28 AM
2.6     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 29 05:12 AM
3.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Off Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 29 04:39 AM
4.4     24.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 29 04:07 AM
2.7     23.7     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
5.2     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:52 AM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 29 03:13 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 29 03:13 AM
2.7     31.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 03:09 AM
3.1     32.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 03:03 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 03:00 AM
4.9     15.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 29 02:55 AM
3.3     46.2     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 29 02:14 AM
4.8     51.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
5.0     0.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 29 02:13 AM
4.6     14.9     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 02:11 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece

 Apr 29 01:58 AM

 2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.1     0.0     MAP

USGS     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 29 01:57 AM
5.2     15.2     MAP

USGS     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     18.9     MAP

EMSC     North Of Honduras
Apr 29 01:55 AM
4.4     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 29 01:42 AM
2.9     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 29 01:04 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Ecuador
Apr 29 00:43 AM
4.7     115.3     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 29 00:27 AM
2.5     16.7     MAP

sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

Earthquakes

Published on Apr 28, 2012 by

EARTHQUAKE/SPACEWEATHER/PLANETARY GEOMETRY DATASET:
http://www.4shared.com/office/jQf-jJVD/Earthquakes_Planetary_Bodies_S.html?
TRY THIS IF THAT FIRST LINK BUGS YOU OUT: http://www.mediafire.com/view/?8yd7ddtd2rd7ffb
Sources Used to Compile Data Set: USGS, SDO, SOHO, JPL, Stellarium, fourmilab [Google them if you don’t know.]

PLANETARY GEOMETRY:
Bigbytes – http://dcsymbols.com/future/quepaso.htm
dcsymbols – http://www.youtube.com/user/dcsymbols

EARTH’s ANGULAR VELOCITY & WEATHER CORRELATION
John Thomas Bryant Jr. – http://www.youtube.com/user/astrotometry

SOLAR/SEISMIC CONNECTION:
1) Solar Activity as a Trigger Mechanism For Earthquakes. Simpson, John F. University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, Revised December 16, 1967
[In my opinion, only valuable for the theorized trigger mechanism]
2) Long-Period Trends in Global Seismic and Geomagnetic Activity and their Relation to Solar Activity. S. Odintsov, K. Boyarchuk, K. Georgieva, B. Kirov, D. Atanasov. Russian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia University, Bulgaria. Accepted March 18, 2005.
3) Does the Solar Cycle Modulate Seismic and Volcanic Activty? A. Mazzarella, A. Palumbo. University of Naples, Italy. Accepted April 10, 1989.

SOLAR/ATMOSPHERIC CONNECTION:
Physical Mechanism of the Action of Solar Activty and other Geophysical Factors on the State of the Lower Atmosphere, meteorological parameters, and Climate. M. I. Pudovkin, O. M. Raspoov. Phys.-Usp. 36 644 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1063-7869/36/7/A09). 1993.

CHINA QUAKE – 5/12/2008:
Formation Mechanism of Great Positive TEC Disturbances Prior to Wenchuan Earthquake on May 12, 2008. M. V. Klimenko, V. V. Klimenko, I. E. Zakharenkova, S.A. Pulinets, B. Zhao, M. N. Tsidilina. West Dept. of N.V. Pushkov, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Fedorov Institute of Applied geophysics, IKI (Moscow), Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Accepted March 31, 2011

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Volcanic Activity

Nicaragua Monitors Microseismic Activity Increase in Volcano

Imagen activaManagua, Apr 29 (Prensa Latina) Nicaraguan Experts reported Sunday more seismic activity at Masaya volcano, about 20 kilometers south of Managua, with an increase in expulsions of sulfur gases, which keeps the disaster warning system in high alert.According to the report, a crack in the main crater causes higher emissions and a sound similar to a jet engine.

Specialists of the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Attention to Disasters (SINAPRED) and the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER), told the press that they detected this unusual behavior several days ago, but for now there is no reason for alarm.

The INETER geophysics director, Angelica Munoz, told the site El 19 Digital they monitor Masayaâ�Ös situation closely because of rising emissions and temperature above the normal range.

Technical teams assess the seismic tremor, but there is no emergency declared and the gates of Masaya Volcano National Park remain open to the public, said the director of INETER, Jorge Castro, and the executive secretary of SINAPRED, Guillermo Gonzalez.

sgl/ isa/rmh/mjm

Modificado el ( domingo, 29 de abril de 2012 )

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Deadly tent collapse due to high winds

Moscow swelters in record heat

by Staff Writers
Moscow (AFP) April 29, 2012


6.4-magnitude quake strikes off Tonga: USGS
Sydney (AFP) April 28, 2012 – A strong 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the Pacific nation of Tonga on Saturday, US seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning was issued.The quake happened at 11:08 PM (1008 GMT) 78 kilometres (49 miles) from the town of Neiafu, on the south coast of the island Vava’u, at a depth of about 130 kilometres (80 miles), the US Geological Survey (USGS) said.The epicentre of the tremor was 280 kilometres (173 miles) north of the capital Nuku’alofa.The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said in a statement that the quake did not generate a tsunami. The USGS had initially reported it as a 6.7-magnitude quake.

Tonga, almost 2,000 kilometres (1,240 miles) northeast of New Zealand, lies on the so-called Pacific “Ring of Fire”, where continental plates collide causing frequent seismic activity.

 

Moscow sweltered in unseasonable heat on Sunday, with temperatures of nearly 29 degrees Celsius (84.2 Fahrenheit), a record for April since data collection began 130 years ago, authorities said.

“At 4:00 p.m. (1200 GMT), the temperature reached 28.6 degrees Celsius, an absolute record for the month of April,” an official from the Russian capital’s weather service told the Interfax news agency.

“The previous record for the month goes back to April 24, 1950, with 28 degrees,” he added.

The mercury had already climbed to 26.3 degrees on Saturday.

Several central and eastern European countries recorded unseasonably high temperatures on Saturday, with a record 32 degrees recorded in northern Austria.

Central, eastern Europe swelter in record heat
Vienna (AFP) April 28, 2012 – Summer came early to central and eastern Europe as unseasonally high temperatures were recorded Saturday in several parts of Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic.

Temperatures “are exceptionally mild for April”, Austria’s ZAMG meteorological centre said, reporting a record 32 Celsius (90 Fahrenheit) in the northern region of Lower Austria.

The centre said the main reason for the summer weather gracing the region was a strong southern wind from Africa’s Sahara desert.

Temperatures hovering around 28 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) in Vienna drew large crowds to the banks of the Danube while Germany’s Bild carried frontpage pictures of Berlin residents sunbathing in 30 degrees.

Prague experienced its hottest April 28 in 212 years, with mercury hitting 27.7 Celsius (82 Fahrenheit) while unusually high temperatures were also recorded in Poland and Slovakia.

Related Links
Weather News at TerraDaily.com

  Short Time Event(s)

  29.04.2012 Extreme Weather Bangladesh Tripura, Panisagar [Dharmanagar town area] Damage level Details

Extreme Weather in Bangladesh on Sunday, 29 April, 2012 at 18:32 (06:32 PM) UTC.

Description
At least three persons including a 76-year-old man was killed and 500 houses collapsed when rain storms swept different parts of Tripura, official sources said on Sunday.A 76-year-old farmer died in Dharmanagar town area and a 30-year-old man died in Panisagar in northern Tripura district when lightning struck them on Saturday, police said.A nine-year-old boy died of electrocution when he came in contact of live wire at Sonamura in Sipahijala district, police said.The pre-monsoon rain accompanied by hailstorm swept different parts of the state collapsing at least 500 houses, uprooting many trees and electric posts.Security forces and civil defence volunteers were engaged in distribution of relief and immediate relieves were given to the next of keens of the deceased, official sources said.At least 12 persons had died within this month due to lightning and electrocution.

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT
POINT ST GEORGE TO POINT ARENA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION

Hard Freeze Warning

BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY

Freeze Warning

ALBANY NY
NEW YORK NY
BUFFALO NY
TAUNTON MA
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
BURLINGTON VT
STATE COLLEGE PA

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Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Watch

NORMAN OK
AMARILLO TX

Flash Flood Watch

ST LOUIS MO
SPRINGFIELD MO

Flood Warning

NORMAN OK
TULSA OK
SPRINGFIELD MO
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
SPOKANE, WA
WICHITA KS
ST LOUIS MO
BOISE ID
 FAIRBANKS AK

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Radiation/Biological Hazard

Poisonous Cloud Could Be Heading Towards The United States
How Dangerous Is It?
28 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – A highly poisonous cloud depleted with uranium and radioactive material is heading towards the United States

There are many conflicting reports and it remains unclear just how dangerous the cloud is.

On April 22, at 2:a5 am, the Mitsui petrochemical plant exploded in the town Wagi Yamaguchi, Japan. One worker, and 11 people were injured.

In their press release, the plant owner Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. (Toshikazu Tanaka, President & CEO) declared that “causes of the accident are under investigation by authorities.”

Read Full Article Here

4/27/2012 — Cloud of depleted URANIUM heading towards Hawaii and West Coast?!


full website post here plus links to monitor radiation detection at several world wide locations

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Climate Change

“Warming hole” delayed climate change over eastern United States

by Staff Writers
Boston MA (SPX) Apr 30, 2012


Observed change in surface air temperature between 1930 and 1990. Observations are from the NASA GISS Surface Temperature Analysis. Image courtesy of Eric Leibensperger.

Climate scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have discovered that particulate pollution in the late 20th century created a “warming hole” over the eastern United States-that is, a cold patch where the effects of global warming were temporarily obscured.

While greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane warm the Earth’s surface, tiny particles in the air can have the reverse effect on regional scales.

“What we’ve shown is that particulate pollution over the eastern United States has delayed the warming that we would expect to see from increasing greenhouse gases,” says lead author Eric Leibensperger (Ph.D. ’11), who completed the work as a graduate student in applied physics at SEAS.

“For the sake of protecting human health and reducing acid rain, we’ve now cut the emissions that lead to particulate pollution,” he adds, “but these cuts have caused the greenhouse warming in this region to ramp up to match the global trend.”

At this point, most of the “catch-up” warming has already occurred.

The findings, published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, present a more complete picture of the processes that affect regional climate change. The work also carries significant implications for the future climate of industrial nations, like China, that have not yet implemented air quality regulations to the same extent as the United States.

Until the United States passed the Clean Air Act in 1970 and strengthened it in 1990, particulate pollution hung thick over the central and eastern states. Most of these particles in the atmosphere were made of sulfate, originating as sulfur emissions from coal-fired power plants. Compared to greenhouse gases, particulate pollution has a very short lifetime (about 1 week), so its distribution over the Earth is uneven.

“The primary driver of the warming hole is the aerosol pollution-these small particles,” says Leibensperger. “What they do is reflect incoming sunlight, so we see a cooling effect at the surface.”

This effect has been known for some time, but the new analysis demonstrates the strong impact that decreases in particulate pollution can have on regional climate.

The researchers found that interactions between clouds and particles amplified the cooling. Particles of pollution can act as nucleation sites for cloud droplets, which can in turn reflect even more sunlight than the particles would individually, leading to greater cooling at the surface.

The researchers’ analysis is based on a combination of two complex models of Earth systems. The pollution data comes from the GEOS-Chem model, which was first developed at Harvard and, through a series of many updates, has since become an international standard for modeling pollution over time. The climate data comes from the general circulation model developed by NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Both models are rooted in decades’ worth of observational data.

Since the early 20th century, global mean temperatures have risen-by approximately 0.8 degrees Celsius from 1906 to 2005-but in the U.S. “warming hole,” temperatures decreased by as much as 1 degree Celsius during the period 1930-1990. U.S. particulate pollution peaked in 1980 and has since been reduced by about half. By 2010 the average cooling effect over the East had fallen to just 0.3 degrees Celsius.

“Such a large fraction of the sulfate has already been removed that we don’t have much more warming coming along due to further controls on sulfur emissions in the future,” says principal investigator Daniel Jacob, the Vasco McCoy Family Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Engineering at SEAS.

Jacob is also a Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard and a faculty associate of the Harvard University Center for the Environment.

Besides confirming that particulate pollution plays a large role in affecting U.S. regional climate, the research emphasizes the importance of accounting for the climate impacts of particulates in future air quality policies.

“Something similar could happen in China, which is just beginning to tighten up its pollution standards,” says co-author Loretta J. Mickley, a Senior Research Fellow in atmospheric chemistry at SEAS. “China could see significant climate change due to declining levels of particulate pollutants.”

Sulfates are harmful to human health and can also cause acid rain, which damages ecosystems and erodes buildings.

“No one is suggesting that we should stop improving air quality, but it’s important to understand the consequences. Clearing the air could lead to regional warming,” Mickley says.

Leibensperger, Jacob, and Mickley were joined by co-authors Wei-Ting Chen and John H. Seinfeld (California Institute of Technology); Athanasios Nenes (Georgia Institute of Technology); Peter J. Adams (Carnegie Mellon University); David G. Streets (Argonne National Laboratory); Naresh Kumar (Electric Power Research Institute); and David Rind (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies). The research was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); neither EPRI nor the EPA has officially endorsed the results. The work also benefited from resources provided by Academic Computing Services at SEAS.

Related Links
Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

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Solar Activity

2MIN Apr29: World Update, Spaceweather

Published on Apr 29, 2012 by

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Space

Tiny ‘spherules’ reveal details about Earth’s asteroid impacts

by Staff Writers
West Lafayette, IN (SPX) Apr 27, 2012


Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock. The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to the surface as a thin layer. This sample was found in Western Australia and formed 2.63 billion years ago in the aftermath of a large impact. Credit: Oberlin College photo/Bruce M. Simonson.

Researchers are learning details about asteroid impacts going back to the Earth’s early history by using a new method for extracting precise information from tiny “spherules” embedded in layers of rock.

The spherules were created when asteroids crashed into the Earth, vaporizing rock that expanded into space as a giant vapor plume. Small droplets of molten and vaporized rock in the plume condensed and solidified, falling back to Earth as a thin layer. The round or oblong particles were preserved in layers of rock, and now researchers have analyzed them to record precise information about asteroids impacting Earth from 3.5 billion to 35 million years ago.

“What we have done is provide the foundation for understanding how to interpret the layers in terms of the size and velocity of the asteroid that made them,” said Jay Melosh, an expert in impact cratering and a distinguished professor of earth and atmospheric sciences, physics and aerospace engineering at Purdue University.

Findings, which support a theory that the Earth endured an especially heavy period of asteroid bombardment early in its history, are detailed in a research paper appearing online in the journal Nature on Wednesday (April 25). The paper was written by Purdue physics graduate student Brandon Johnson and Melosh. The findings, based on geologic observations, support a theoretical study in a companion paper in Nature by researchers at the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colo.

The period of heavy asteroid bombardment – from 4.2 to 3.5 billion years ago – is thought to have been influenced by changes in the early solar system that altered the trajectory of objects in an asteroid belt located between Mars and Jupiter, sending them on a collision course with Earth.

“That’s the postulate, and this is the first real solid evidence that it actually happened,” Melosh said.

“Some of the asteroids that we infer were about 40 kilometers in diameter, much larger than the one that killed off the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago that was about 12-15 kilometers. But when we looked at the number of impactors as a function of size, we got a curve that showed a lot more small objects than large ones, a pattern that matches exactly the distribution of sizes in the asteroid belt. For the first time we have a direct connection between the crater size distribution on the ancient Earth and the sizes of asteroids out in space.”

Because craters are difficult to study directly, impact history must be inferred either by observations of asteroids that periodically pass near the Earth or by studying craters on the moon. Now, the new technique using spherules offers a far more accurate alternative to chronicle asteroid impacts on Earth, Melosh said.

“We can look at these spherules, see how thick the layer is, how big the spherules are, and we can infer the size and velocity of the asteroid,” Melosh said. “We can go back to the earliest era in the history of the Earth and infer the population of asteroids impacting the planet.”

For asteroids larger than about 10 kilometers in diameter, the spherules are deposited in a global layer.

“Some of these impacts were several times larger than the Chicxulub impact that killed off the dinosaurs 65 million years ago,” Johnson said. “The impacts may have played a large role in the evolutional history of life. The large number of impacts may have helped simple life by introducing organics and other important materials at a time when life on Earth was just taking hold.”

A 40-kilometer asteroid would have wiped out everything on the Earth’s surface, whereas the one that struck 65 million years ago killed only land animals weighing more than around 20 kilograms.

“Impact craters are the most obvious indication of asteroid impacts, but craters on Earth are quickly obscured or destroyed by surface weathering and tectonic processes,” Johnson said. “However, the spherule layers, if preserved in the geologic record, provide information about an impact even when the source crater cannot be found.”

The Purdue researchers studied the spherules using computer models that harness mathematical equations developed originally to calculate the condensation of vapor.

“There have been some new wrinkles in vapor condensation modeling that motivated us to do this work, and we were the first to apply it to asteroid impacts,” Melosh said.

The spherules are about a millimeter in diameter.

The researchers also are studying a different type of artifact similar to spherules but found only near the original impact site. Whereas the globally distributed spherules come from the condensing vaporized rock, these “melt droplets” are from rock that’s been melted and not completely vaporized.

“Before this work, it was not possible to distinguish between these two types of formations,” Melosh said. “Nobody had established criteria for discriminating between them, and we’ve done that now.”

One of the authors of the Southwest Research Institute paper, David Minton, is now an assistant professor of earth and atmospheric sciences at Purdue.

Findings from the research may enable Melosh’s team to enhance an asteroid impact effects calculator he developed to estimate what would happen if asteroids of various sizes were to hit the Earth. The calculator, “Impact: Earth!” allows anyone to calculate potential comet or asteroid damage based on the object’s mass.

Related Links
Purdue University
Asteroid and Comet Impact Danger To Earth – News and Science

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 23:28 PM
3.8     2.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 23:11 PM
3.0     220.7     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.6     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 24 22:04 PM
3.1     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:57 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 24 21:55 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:53 PM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     543.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.8     527.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     534.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 20:26 PM
3.0     28.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.4     37.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:45 PM
2.5     18.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:44 PM
3.3     18.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     14.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 19:22 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:20 PM
4.4     194.0     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     23.5     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.6     22.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     14.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 19:07 PM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:58 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:48 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.8     1.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
3.5     52.1     MAP

EMSC     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     35.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 18:17 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     52.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     51.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:55 PM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:36 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:31 PM
3.3     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:26 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 17:07 PM
2.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 16:53 PM
2.7     4.1     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 16:35 PM
2.8     130.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 15:52 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.6     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     8.7     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 15:05 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 15:04 PM
2.9     47.6     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     52.9     MAP

EMSC     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.7     527.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.8     533.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.5     511.1     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.6     27.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     12.7     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 14:52 PM
3.4     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:44 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:37 PM
3.5     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:28 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:23 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 14:17 PM
2.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Iraq
Apr 24 13:36 PM
3.0     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 24 13:25 PM
2.5     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:54 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 24 12:53 PM
4.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:51 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.4     58.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     607.8     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     608.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:22 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 24 12:13 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:10 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 12:10 PM
2.9     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:01 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:39 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:29 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.2     87.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.6     72.0     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     12.3     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 10:38 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 24 09:57 AM
3.3     68.8     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:50 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 08:57 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 08:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 08:01 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 07:23 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 07:14 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:39 AM
2.4     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:32 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 06:14 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 06:10 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 05:53 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 24 05:36 AM
2.5     0.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 05:12 AM
3.2     58.9     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 24 04:45 AM
3.4     101.9     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 24 04:38 AM
3.4     12.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 03:57 AM
2.8     76.2     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.5     23.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.4     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 03:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 03:02 AM
4.2     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 02:50 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     21.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Maui Region, Hawaii
Apr 24 02:42 AM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 02:33 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Isl.
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     35.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.1     48.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     56.6     MAP

EMSC     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     47.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 01:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 01:01 AM
2.6     4.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 00:34 AM
2.9     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 24 00:14 AM
2.4     31.0     MAP

 

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Volcanic Activity

Mount  Etna  Spews  Ash and  Lava

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Etna’s fingers of fire: Europe’s most active volcano sends molten lava streaming menacingly down its mountainside

  • Fourth eruption of 11,000ft volcano in last month alone

By Mail Foreign Service

Etna, erupted for the seventh – and without doubt the most spectacular – time this year today, spewing forth molten lava hundreds of metres into the air.

Residents living close by were covered in hot ash but Europe’s tallest and most active volcano didn’t seem to pose any threat to human safety.

Local inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Catania were grateful that Etna at least didn’t close the local airport as it did last month, preventing a visiting Serie A football team from leaving the island.

Spewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again todaySpewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again today

Mexican volcano keeps locals awake

2012-04-24 12:02

line

The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)

Xalitzintla – Residents at the foot of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano no longer sleep soundly since the towering mountain roared back into action over a week ago, spewing out a hail of rocks, steam and ash.

“We close our eyes, but we don’t sleep much. In the past, there was only smoke but this time it’s stronger,” said Francisco Jimenez, who lives in the nearby town of Xalitzintla in central Mexico, 55km from Mexico City.

The volcano, Mexico’s second highest peak at 5 452m, started rumbling and spurting high clouds of ash and steam on 13 April, provoking the authorities to raise the alert to level five on a seven-point scale.

The alert extended a security cordon around the volcano but stopped short of starting evacuations of about 685 000 residents from nearby communities.

Over the weekend, residents watched as Popocatepetl, which means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language, lived up to its name, spouting glowing rocks and shaking the ground beneath their feet.

“When we went out to see, my son cried: ‘We have to leave!’ We were ready to leave for Mexico City but then it calmed down a bit,” said 67-year-old Leopolda Perez of Xalitzintla.

‘Relative calm’ state

Authorities from the National Centre of Disaster Prevention maintained their alert level and said on Monday that the volcano remains at a “relative calm” state.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, Popocatepetl registered more intense rumblings from 1994, with the strongest in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Juan Carlos Salazar, head of civil protection for the central state of Puebla, said that while many people thought lava was now coming out of the volcano, the crater was only spewing glowing rocks, with no risk to the population.

Popocatepetl is an explosive volcano that can suddenly erupt at tremendous force, thrusting out rocks and ashes at large distances. That kind of volcano can be more dangerous than those releasing only flowing lava.

Residents nervous

Residents say they are used to the permanent threat of the volcano, which they affectionately nickname “Don Gregorio” or “Don Goyo”, but many say the new activity makes them nervous again.

“We’ve been watching out for many nights, waiting to see what happens,” said Gabino Santibanez, mayor of San Pedro Benito Juarez, a small town only 9km from the glowing crater.

Locals said that most frightening was the unusual rumbling coming from the volcano, which many compared to an aircraft turbine.

“We’ve never heard a noise like it,” said Maximiliano Grajales.

About 4.5 million people live on the outskirts of the volcano, which lies at the crossroads of the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico.

Preparations made

Officials in the area have prepared temporary shelters for possible evacuations and even taken stock of livestock, in case of possible theft.

“Some people won’t want to leave because of their animals. Thieves pillaged houses during the 2000 evacuation,” Grajales said.

Some now wear face masks to protect their lungs from falling ashes as Don Goyo rumbles and smokes nearby.

– SAPA
 Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
13 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

Heat wave shifts to central US — drought-hit West Texas in the cross-hairs

By Miguel Llanos, msnbc.com

The heat wave that baked the Southwest the previous two days is shifting to the central U.S.

Starting Tuesday, highs will reach into the 80s from Texas all the way up to the border with Canada, weather.com reported.

“Over 30 locations may tie or set new daily record highs Tuesday in the Rockies and Plains,” it added, and some areas as far north as Nebraska could reach into the 90s.

On Wednesday, West Texas will get blasted by triple-digit heat, forecasters said, worsening the prolonged drought that area has experienced. Midland will feel some of the worst of the heat.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record” for an April 25, National Weather Service forecaster Jack Ciccone of the Midland office told msnbc.com. The forecast is for 101 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 degrees above the existing record set in 1996.

Read Full Article Here
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

 

 

 

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China [Northern and Eastern Region] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather India State of Assam, [Tinsukia district ] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, Purchase [Westchester County Airport] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Mexico State of Jalisco, [Primavera forest] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Vietnam Province of Binh Thuan, [About 20km from Phan Thiet town] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Selby Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Explosion Canada Province of British Columbia, Prince George [Lakeland Mills sawmill] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level

V

 

Freeze Warning

 

ALBANY NY
BLACKSBURG VA
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA


Red Flag Warning

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

 

MELBOURNE FL
JACKSONVILLE FL
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

 

 

***********************************************************************************************************

Flooding

Flood Warning

 

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA



Flood Advisory

 

 FAIRBANKS AK
MISSOULA MT

************************************************************************************************************

Radiation

press release

April 24, 2012, 10:29 a.m. EDT

Nuclear Famine Report: Limited Nuclear Exchange In One Of World’s Regions Would Trigger Mass Global Starvation After Slashing Chinese, U.S. Food Production

CHICAGO, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — Amidst Growing Tensions in Asia, India-Pakistan Confrontation Used to Show Dire Consequences Around the Globe; More Than A Billion People Would be at Risk Under “Nuclear Famine” Scenario.

More than a billion people around the world would face starvation following a limited regional nuclear weapons exchange (such as a clash between India and Pakistan) that would cause major worldwide climate disruption driving down food production in China, the U.S. and other nations, according to a major new report released today by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and its U.S. affiliate, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR).

Dr. Ira Helfand, the author of “Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk–Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture, Food Supplies, and Human Nutrition,” said: “The grim prospect of nuclear famine requires a fundamental change in our thinking about nuclear weapons. The new evidence that even the relatively small nuclear arsenals of countries such as India and Pakistan could cause long lasting, global damage to the Earth’s ecosystems and threaten hundreds of millions of already malnourished people demands that action be taken. The needless and preventable deaths of one billion people over a decade would be a disaster unprecedented in human history. It would not cause the extinction of the human race, but it would bring an end to modern civilization as we know it.”

The findings and the methodology on which the study is based will be published in a forthcoming issue of the peer-reviewed journal Climatic Change. Released during the World Summit of Nobel Laureates in Chicago April 23-25, 2012, the Helfand report was made possible with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among the specific findings outlined in the report:

Corn production in the U.S. would decline by an average of 10 percent for an entire decade, with the most severe decline (20 percent) in Year 5. Soybean production would decline by about 7 percent, with the most severe loss, more than 20 percent, in Year 5.

There would be a significant decline in middle-season rice production in China. During the first four years, rice production would decline by an average of 21 percent; over the next six years the decline would average 10 percent.

Resulting increases in food prices would make food inaccessible to hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest. Even if agricultural markets continued to function normally, 215 million people would be added to the rolls of the malnourished over the course of a decade. The 925 million people in the world who are already chronically malnourished (with a baseline consumption of 1,750 calories or less per day), would be put at risk by a further 10 percent decline in their food consumption.

Significant agricultural shortfalls over an extended period would almost certainly lead to panic and hoarding on an international scale, further reducing accessible food.

The IPPNW/PSR report concludes: “There is an urgent need to reduce the reliance on nuclear weapons by all nuclear weapons states and to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons convention that will ban these weapons completely.”

Read Full Article Here

************************************************************************************************************

Climate Change

Hunger crisis stalks Chad’s children

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Almost 130,000 children are at risk of developing acute malnutrition in the central African nation of Chad within this year, according to the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

The crisis is worsening by the day and aid agencies say funds are not coming in quick enough to help.

Charles Stratford reports.

 

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News: Volcanos, Spaceweather, Planetary/Lunar Position

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Sun-Diving Comet – Earth Directed CME – 24th April 2012.wmv

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

With thanks and gratitude for SolarWatcher’s dedicated time and effort uploading this video.

A Sun-Diving comet was caught on the Soho satellite feed on 23rd April 2012. Shortly after the comet’s death plunge, a large Halo coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed and is currently earth directed. Impact on the earth’s magnetic field is expected around 26th/27th April 2012.

 

 

 

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

>

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

 
************************************************************************************************************

Articles of Interest

Teenager disappears into ground as sinkhole opens up in Chinese pavement

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

A Chinese teenager is lucky to escape with minor injuries after falling into a sinkhole in Xi’an, northern China. Report by Sam Datta-Paulin.

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:57 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:47 PM
3.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:37 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 23:22 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 23:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     9.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 22:47 PM
3.0     56.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     29.4     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     46.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.7     47.2     MAP

GEOFON     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:59 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 21:34 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 23 21:25 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 21:24 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     42.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.6     68.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:19 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:11 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 23 21:03 PM
2.7     38.8     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 23 20:55 PM
2.6     6.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
4.9     89.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
5.0     93.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 20:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:39 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:27 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 19:15 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 19:15 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:52 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:38 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 18:20 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 18:09 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 23 17:58 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:55 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:51 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:47 PM
3.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 17:42 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Greater Los Angeles Area, California
Apr 23 17:37 PM
3.9     13.1     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     116.7     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.9     107.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 17:34 PM
3.7     26.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.5     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:50 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.2     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.4     15.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.5     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:41 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 16:36 PM
2.7     9.2     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 16:36 PM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:33 PM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:27 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:22 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.2     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     5.0     MAP

USGS     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     117.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.1     140.0     MAP

USGS     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     129.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 14:40 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 23 14:39 PM
2.6     18.5     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 14:32 PM
2.4     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 14:19 PM
2.7     9.1     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 14:15 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.4     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 13:57 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 13:42 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 23 13:39 PM
3.2     89.6     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 12:59 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 12:47 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 23 12:38 PM
3.1     0.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 11:07 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Corsica, France
Apr 23 11:00 AM
2.8     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 10:58 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.0     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.1     16.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 10:43 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 10:41 AM
2.9     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 09:53 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu
Apr 23 09:52 AM
3.4     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 23 09:00 AM
2.6     11.7     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 23 08:15 AM
3.3     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Jujuy Province, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.6     172.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.4     182.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.3     176.9     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     42.9     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     43.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 07:21 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     50.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     44.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 06:57 AM
3.0     138.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:33 AM
2.4     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 23 06:32 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 06:29 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.6     125.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan-xinjiang Border Region
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.8     117.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.5     129.8     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 23 06:17 AM
2.9     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 06:06 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:31 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:19 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 05:13 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:56 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:51 AM
3.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 23 03:08 AM
4.8     238.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     192.4     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     200.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 23 03:04 AM
2.9     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     18.6     MAP

EMSC     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 02:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 02:38 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 02:01 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 02:00 AM
2.8     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 23 01:40 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 01:27 AM
3.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 01:00 AM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:40 AM
2.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

 

 

Sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

 

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
12 23.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level
Details
  Today Landslide Colombia Departmento de Caquetá, [Malvinas section, Florencia region] Damage level
Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, [Coastal area] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA Capital city, Washington D.C. Damage level
Details
  Today Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Explosion Norway Ostfold, Fredrikstad Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Heat Wave USA State of Nevada, Las Vegas Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Russia [Asia] Nenets Autonomous Okrug, [Trebs oil field, Timan-Pechora Basin] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level
Details
1 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee]

 

 

 

 

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby Town

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby TownPhoto: Tungurahua’s recent eruption makes gravel fall on local town.

Click Here to Enlarge Photo

Over the weekend, the Tungurahua’s volcanic eruption had a strong explosion that caused gravel to fall down in the nearby town of Pillate, Ecuador.

The explosion, characterized by its loud “cannon ball shot”, was immediately detected by locals and scientists observing the volcano’s progress. The explosion was later followed by a slight tremor and a constant pulsation of “high energy” said reports.

The constant cloud coverage surrounding the volcano has caused scientists, from the Geophysical Institute branch of the National Polytechnic School to have trouble determining its current state. Most of the direct observations are conducted in the Guadalupe Observatory, the closest in the vicinity.

Tungurahua, located in the Andes Mountains in Ecuador, is 5,016 meters high and its eruptions began in 1999. Since then, the volcano has transitioned from times of high activity and those of calm.

However, Tungurahua is not the only volcano causing extreme damage and concern in the Hispanic world. Popocatépetl, located in Mexico City, has also been under close watch due to its recent activity which included ash blasts.

 

 

Residents evacuated over eruption fears

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 04/24/2012 7:31 AM

Local residents around Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, have been asked to evacuate the area, following the mountain’s steady increase of activity since 4 p.m. Monday.

“We are on alert status [Level 3],” National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said on Monday.

“We ask that local disaster mitigation agencies follow the technical recommendations we have given them. There should be no community activity within a 2.5 kilometer radius of the volcano’s crater.”

Mt Lokon is located on the outskirts of Tomohon. It is 1,580 meters high and is located 20 kilometers west from Manado, North Sulawesi.

According to the Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG), Mt Lokon last erupted on June 14, 2011, sending ash and debris 1,500 meters into the sky.

The following day, another eruption threw volcanic material 600 meters into the air. Two residents died as a result of the eruptions.

Other eruptions occurred in 1991 and 2001, with the earlier one causing Rp 1 billion (US$108,000) in damage, as well as the death of Swiss tourist Vivian Clavel.

The 2001 eruption covered Manado in ash and debris. The dust coming from the mountain formed a 400 meter plume. (png)

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Late snow storm sucker-punches US northeast

by Staff Writers
New York (AFP) April 23, 2012

Just as the US northeast was easing from a mild winter into a historically warm spring, a storm left thousands without power and prematurely leafy trees sagging under snow.

The spring storm that started Sunday and moved slowly through on Monday left tens of thousands of people without electricity, including nearly 25,000 in New York state, Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

“Outage numbers are likely to continue to climb,” his office said.

The hard-hit areas ranged from upstate New York and Pennsylvania to West Virginia and Maryland.

Flood watches were in place in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, the national weather service said, while on higher ground, the rain turned to heavy snow.

An inch (2.5 centimeter) an hour of snow was expected, with 14 inches (35 centimeter) already recorded in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, weather.com reported.

“Winds will combine with heavy snow to reduce visibilities, leading to hazardous driving conditions through Monday night from western New York to northern West Virginia,” the weather site said.

Trees could collapse under the weight of early leaves and wet snow.

This will “likely lead to downed trees and powerlines, leading to power outages, possibly for several days,” weather.com said. “These downed trees may make roads impassable in some areas.”

The region saw record warm spring temperatures after an unusually mild winter.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
BLACKSBURG VA
CHARLESTON WV
 MORRISTOWN TN
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC



Red Flag Warning

JACKSONVILLE FL
GRAND JUNCTION CO
CHEYENNE WY
 TALLAHASSEE FL

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Storms, Flooding

By , Senior Meteorologist
Apr 23, 2012; 3:14 PM ET

A small tornado has been caught on video on the ground in the Netherlands.

The twister was stirring up dust over tilled land in southeastern Netherlands, near the Germany border, late last Friday, local time.

Although the video did not clearly show a funnel, it did reveal dark cloud bases, confirming that it was more than a mere “dust devil.”

Weather observations from nearby Maastricht, seen by meteorologists at AccuWeather.com, indicated that a thunderstorm was in the area at the reported time of the tornado.

Even so, temperature and dew point, key markers used in forecasting tornadoes, were relatively low, suggesting that the phenomenon was an example of a “cold air funnel.”

Dutch-language text accompanying the video seemed to indicate that it showed a “confirmed” EF0-rated tornado.

Tornadoes are not unheard-of in western Europe. For instance, “weak” tornadoes are occasionally sighted in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

 

BUFFALO NY



Flood Warning

 

SPOKANE, WA
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA





 


 


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Climate Change

CU research shows warming climate threatens ecology at mountain research site west of Boulder

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


Climate warming is affecting high mountain ecological systems at NSF-funded site west of Boulder. Credit: University of Colorado.

A series of papers published this month on ecological changes at 26 global research sites – including one administered by the University of Colorado Boulder in the high mountains west of the city – indicates that ecosystems dependent on seasonal snow and ice are the most sensitive to changes in climate.

The six papers appeared in the April issue of the journal BioScience. The papers were tied to data gathered at sites in North America, Puerto Rico, the island of Moorea near Tahiti, and Antarctica, which are known as Long-Term Ecological Research, or LTER, sites and are funded by the National Science Foundation.

CU-Boulder’s Niwot Ridge site, one of the five original LTER sites designated by NSF in 1980, encompasses several thousand acres of subalpine forest, tundra, talus slopes, glacial lakes and wetlands stretching up to more than 13,000 feet on top of the Continental Divide.

As part of the new reports, LTER scientists in association with NSF have come up with a new evaluation system of the research sites that brings in the “human dimension,” said CU-Boulder Professor Mark Williams, the principal investigator on CU’s Niwot Ridge LTER site.

“In the past we tried to look at pristine ecosystems, but those are essentially gone,” said Williams. “So we’ve come up with an approach that integrates human activities with our ecological research.”

One of the six papers, “Long-Term Studies Detect Effects of Disappearing Ice and Snow,” was led by Portland State University Professor Andrew Fountain and co-authored by several others, including Williams, a geography professor and a fellow at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. According to the authors, there are big changes occurring in temperate areas beyond the poles, where warming temperatures have triggered declines in polar bear and penguin populations.

Key measurements at the Niwot Ridge site – which has climate records going back more than 60 years thanks to pioneering work by CU biology Professor John Marr in the 1950s – are temperature and precipitation logs from two stations, one at 12,700 feet in elevation and a second at 10,000 feet.

Although the climate at the higher meteorological station – by far the highest long-term climate station in the United States – has been getting slightly wetter and cooler in recent decades, the station at 10,000 feet in a subalpine forest is getting significantly warmer and drier.

Williams said warming at 10,000 feet and lower may be causing enhanced surface water evaporation and transport that moves westward and higher in the mountains, with the water vapor being converted to snow that falls atop the Continental Divide.

Snow cover increases reflectivity of incoming sunlight, further cooling the alpine area and overriding the overall warming signal in the West, which is believed to be a 2 or 3 degree Fahrenheit rise over the past decade due to rising greenhouse gases.

“These two Niwot Ridge stations are less than five miles away from each other – you can see one from the other – but there are totally different trends occurring,” he said. In many places in the mountainous West, only a small increase in temperature can cause the climate to cross a “threshold” that triggers earlier and more intense snow melting, said Williams, principal investigator on a 2011 grant of $5.9 million from NSF to CU to continue long-term ecological studies at Niwot Ridge.

With snowpack roughly half of normal in 2012 and snow melting in the high country that began more than three months earlier than last year, the outlook is not good for montane and subalpine forests in Colorado and other parts of the West, he said.

Low snowpack and early melt invariably have a huge impact on the Colorado economy, said Williams. Despite near record snowfall in 2010-11, warming temperatures have caused less snow and shorter winters in recent years and affected the ski industry – one of Colorado’s largest economic drivers, said Williams.

As for the future of flora and fauna in subalpine and alpine regions like Niwot Ridge, there will be “winners and losers” as the climate warms, said Williams. Animals like American pikas, potato-sized denizens of alpine talus slopes in the West, need heavy snowpack to insulate them from cold winters as they huddle in hay piles beneath the rocks. In lower, more isolated mountain ranges in Nevada, researchers are already seeing a marked decline in American pika populations.

The predictions of the study authors are that microbes, plants and animals that depend on snow and ice will decrease if they are unable to move higher into areas of snow and ice. But shallower snow could cause big game like deer and elk to move higher in altitude to browse, according to the authors.

A big concern in temperate mountains like Colorado is the heath and welfare of coniferous trees as the climate changes, said Williams. “Trees in Colorado’s mountains are under a tremendous amount of stress due to drought and pine beetle outbreaks. And the fire danger, at least now, is through the roof,” he said.

“If some of these forested areas disappear, I think the chances of them coming back are pretty low,” Williams said. “The climate they grew up in doesn’t exist anymore. As we lose trees to drought, beetles and wildfires, we are likely to see an invasion of grasses and shrubs in areas where we have never seen them, causing a complete restructuring of our forest community.”

As snowline moves up due to warming temperatures, so will parts of alpine tundra in the West, Williams said. “The tundra may be able to function reasonably well for several decades – it will be awhile before warming climate change pushes the tundra off the tops of mountains. But that is the direction we are heading.”

Williams co-authored three of the six BioScience studies, including the main LTER overview paper and a paper on ecosystem and human influences on stream flow in response to climate change at LTER sites. CU-Boulder Professor Tim Seastedt was a co-author on another of the papers, a study on the past, present and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER network.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Warming set to make corn prices pop

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 22, 2012

Climate change will more than quadruple US corn prices in years of peak volatility, environmental scientists said on Sunday.

In a study of the factors that drive up prices in the world’s key market for corn, more frequent heatwaves, predicted as a result of global warming, proved far more important than government policies to promote biofuels or than higher oil prices.

“Severe heat is the big hammer,” said Noah Diffenbaugh of Stanford University in California.

“Even one or two degrees of global warming is likely to substantially increase heatwaves that lead to low-yield years and more price volatility.”

The study found that climate change would increase year-on-year corn price volatility by a factor of 4.1.

The fluctuations were based on a projection for 2020-40 compared to volatility in recent history.

The study, published in Nature Climate Change, used a computer scenario based on warming that ultimately reaches 2.0 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.

Many climate scientists say 2 C (3.6 F), enshrined as a goal by the UN, is an under-estimate.

Current trends of carbon emissions are placing Earth on a track for warming of 3 C (5.4 F) or more, according to some estimates. This figure is the overall global average, so it disguises big regional variations, including seasonal bouts of extreme weather.

Before the results of the study became clear, it was not obvious to Diffenaugh that climate change would be a more important factor than higher oil prices or government policies to promote biofuels.

“Frankly, I was surprised that climate had the largest effect of these three influences. These are substantial changes in price volatility that come from relatively moderate global warming,” Diffenaugh noted.

The researchers found that climate’s yo-yo effect was accentuated by government support for biofuels.

By growing corn for fuel, this removed a buffer of surplus grain, making the market more inelastic.

“Our results suggest that energy policy decisions are likely to interact with climate change to affect corn price volatility, and that the market effect of a binding biofuel mandate is likely to intensify as the climate warms,” said Diffenbaugh.

Unless corn farmers increase their crops’ heat tolerance by as much as 3.3 C (6 F), areas of high production will have to move north from the current US corn belt, the researchers said in a press release.

“By the time today’s elementary schoolers graduate from colleage, the US corn belt could be forced to move to the Canadian border to escape devastating heat waves brought on by rising global temperatures,” it said.

Related Links
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr23: CME Impact, Full Updates, Quake Watch Extended

 

 

Reports of SeaGulls Moving Inland/US & China and Solar Update

Published on Apr 23, 2012 by

Also a Solar Update.
Links @ http://www.mrcometwatch.com

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Space

Space Weather News for April 23, 2012
http://spaceweather.com

SIERRA FIREBALL DECODED:

An explosion over California that rattled homes across at least two states on Sunday, April 22nd, has been analyzed by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office:  It was a natural meteoroid the size of a mini-van. Analysts say the space rock exploded in the atmosphere with an energy equal to nearly 4 kilotons of TNT and might have sprayed the Sierra Nevada mountains with meteorites.  Visit http://spaceweather.com for more information.

AURORA WATCH:

At the time this alert is being written on April  23rd, a minor geomagnetic storm is underway. The storm is likely due to Earth’s passage through the wake of a CME that swept past our planet earlier in the day.  Sign up for aurora alerts at http://spaceweathertext.com (text) or http://spaceweatherphone.com (voice).

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Articles of Interest

Japan chemical plant blast kills one

TOKYO: A blast at a chemical plant in western Japan killed one worker and injured at least fifteen others on Sunday, police said.

The accident occurred at a factory operated by comprehensive chemical manufacturer Mitsui Chemicals in Yamaguchi prefecture, some 700 kilometres (434 miles) southwest of Tokyo, an official at Yamaguchi prefectural police said. The deceased was a 22-year-old male employee, police said, with Jiji Press identifying him as Shota Sunakawa.

Nine other company employees and workers for subcontract companies were severely or slightly injured, while at least four residents in the neighbourhood were slightly injured, police said. “The fire is not extinguished yet as the fire department is cooling the plant while waiting for combustible materials to burn out,” he told.

“It may take more than a few days for us to find out the cause of the accident, but we are investigating it as a case of professional negligence resulting in death and injury,” he said. The plant had been manufacturing materials to make adhesives, he said. afp

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part I)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2006. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (Elizabeth Ruiz/AFP/Getty Images)

Kiril Novoselsky, professor of economics and a consultant for several museums, recently conducted a field trip to the Yucatan Peninsula and Cozumel Island, Mexico. On his way through Mayan football fields, pyramids, and prophecies, he came across Russian influence from the past century.

Near the famous Chichen Itza Pyramid, he discovered Pre-Columbian fields that were created for ball games.

“I was very surprised by the fact that the Mayans were obsessed with football,” said Novoselsky, who is also a member of the Russian Geographical Society. “Football was a sacred game. The captain of the winning team was sacrificed to gods, and it was a big honor.”

If I hadn’t read anything about the topic before, I would think that these things aren’t from the current human civilization.

—Kiril Novoselsky

The golden age of classic Mayan civilization ended in the late 9th century. Cities became empty and silent. Lianas and roots of trees penetrated stone walls of temples and pyramids, destroying them.

Archeologists classify several periods of Mayan civilization: pre-classic (2000 to 300 B.C.), classic (300 B.C. to A.D. 900), and post-classic (900 to 1530).

During these last centuries, highly populated and economically developed cities disappeared in jungles. The Mayan city Tikal, mentioned on a stela in 869, was the last historical mention of a Mayan city.

Invasions of other tribes as well as wars are considered possible reasons for the Mayan civilization’s decline. The true reason, however, still remains a mystery to scientists.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part II)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

The coastal archaeological site Tulum, located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, on the Caribbean Sea, is one of the best-preserved Pre-Columbian Mayan sites. (CRIS BOURONCLE/AFP/Getty Images)

Another interesting complex is Fort Tulum, on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. During the time of the Mayan civilization’s decline, several tribes moved to the coast and built Fort Tulum to protect inhabitants from attacks of fellow tribes.

“All those grey stones were once colored in bright colors. Different colors symbolized different nature powers: heaven, earth, moon, sun, fire, and so on,” Novoselsky said.

In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.

—Kiril Novoselsky

Mayan Prophecies

Mayan life is described in a sacred book called “Popol Vuh.” Novoselsky said it could be compared to the Bible, “but all information is in allegoric form.” “There are some interpretations, but I think they are all far from the truth,” he said.

All commentaries were either destroyed or written with the hieroglyphic script, which is difficult to read. “Most secrets are still hidden. One of the most popular interpretations is the prophecy about the end of the days in 2012,” Novoselsky said.

As to whether he believes in this prophecy, Novoselsky said, “As a scientist, I investigated this question.”

He mentioned the well-known esoteric researcher Drunvalo Melchisedek, who had discussed this question with Guatemalan priests and found out that the predicted transformation would be a process that would happen gradually—not in two days, but during 200 years.

“In their opinion, the year 2012 is a milestone of the old epoch and the beginning of something new, maybe the beginning of a new culture. And they emphasized that this would happen slowly and gradually without cataclysms and earthquakes,” Novoselsky said. “People living in the center of the Mayan civilization haven’t any panic about this prophecy.”

He added, “In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.”

Hundreds of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2005. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (LUIS BARRERA/AFP/Getty Images)

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion

by Staff Writers
Madison WI (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today.

Then something happened. Over several tens of millions of years – a relative blink of an eye in geologic terms – a burst of evolution led to a flurry of diversification and increasing complexity, including the expansion of multicellular organisms and the appearance of the first shells and skeletons.

The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

New research shows that the answer may lie in a second geological curiosity – a dramatic boundary, known as the Great Unconformity, between ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks and younger sediments.

“The Great Unconformity is a very prominent geomorphic surface and there’s nothing else like it in the entire rock record,” says Shanan Peters, a geoscience professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who led the new work. Occurring worldwide, the Great Unconformity juxtaposes old rocks, formed billions of years ago deep within the Earth’s crust, with relatively young Cambrian sedimentary rock formed from deposits left by shallow ancient seas that covered the continents just a half billion years ago.

Named in 1869 by explorer and geologist John Wesley Powell during the first documented trip through the Grand Canyon, the Great Unconformity has posed a longstanding puzzle and has been viewed – by Charles Darwin, among others – as a huge gap in the rock record and in our understanding of the Earth’s history.

But Peters says the gap itself – the missing time in the geologic record – may hold the key to understanding what happened.

In the April 19 issue of the journal Nature, he and colleague Robert Gaines of Pomona College report that the same geological forces that formed the Great Unconformity may have also provided the impetus for the burst of biodiversity during the early Cambrian.

“The magnitude of the unconformity is without rival in the rock record,” Gaines says. “When we pieced that together, we realized that its formation must have had profound implications for ocean chemistry at the time when complex life was just proliferating.”

“We’re proposing a triggering mechanism for the Cambrian explosion,” says Peters. “Our hypothesis is that biomineralization evolved as a biogeochemical response to an increased influx of continental weathering products during the last stages in the formation of the Great Unconformity.”

Peters and Gaines looked at data from more than 20,000 rock samples from across North America and found multiple clues, such as unusual mineral deposits with distinct geochemistry, that point to a link between the physical, chemical, and biological effects.

During the early Cambrian, shallow seas repeatedly advanced and retreated across the North American continent, gradually eroding away surface rock to uncover fresh basement rock from within the crust. Exposed to the surface environment for the first time, those crustal rocks reacted with air and water in a chemical weathering process that released ions such as calcium, iron, potassium, and silica into the oceans, changing the seawater chemistry.

The basement rocks were later covered with sedimentary deposits from those Cambrian seas, creating the boundary now recognized as the Great Unconformity.

Evidence of changes in the seawater chemistry is captured in the rock record by high rates of carbonate mineral formation early in the Cambrian, as well as the occurrence of extensive beds of glauconite, a potassium-, silica-, and iron-rich mineral that is much rarer today.

The influx of ions to the oceans also likely posed a challenge to the organisms living there. “Your body has to keep a balance of these ions in order to function properly,” Peters explains. “If you have too much of one you have to get rid of it, and one way to get rid of it is to make a mineral.”

The fossil record shows that the three major biominerals – calcium phosphate, now found in bones and teeth; calcium carbonate, in invertebrate shells; and silicon dioxide, in radiolarians – appeared more or less simultaneously around this time and in a diverse array of distantly related organisms.

The time lag between the first appearance of animals and their subsequent acquisition of biominerals in the Cambrian is notable, Peters says. “It’s likely biomineralization didn’t evolve for something, it evolved in response to something – in this case, changing seawater chemistry during the formation of the Great Unconformity. Then once that happened, evolution took it in another direction.” Today those biominerals play essential roles as varied as protection (shells and spines), stability (bones), and predation (teeth and claws).

Together, the results suggest that the formation of the Great Unconformity may have triggered the Cambrian explosion.

“This feature explains a lot of lingering questions in different arenas, including the odd occurrences of many types of sedimentary rocks and a very remarkable style of fossil preservation. And we can’t help but think this was very influential for early developing life at the time,” Gaines says.

Far from being a lack of information, as Darwin thought, the gaps in the rock record may actually record the mechanism as to why the Cambrian explosion occurred in the first place, Peters says.

“The French composer Claude Debussy said, ‘Music is the space between the notes.’ I think that is the case here,” he says. “The gaps can have more information, in some ways, about the processes driving Earth system change, than the rocks do. It’s both together that give the whole picture.”

Related Links
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     124.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     113.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 22 23:45 PM
4.6     112.8     MAP

EMSC     Syria-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 23:38 PM
3.1     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 23:27 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 23:15 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.8     39.5     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 22 23:05 PM
4.9     32.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 22 23:05 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 22 22:25 PM
2.6     2.1     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 22 22:04 PM
2.9     1.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 22 21:55 PM
3.1     51.3     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     591.3     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     590.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 22 21:41 PM
4.6     595.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 22 21:37 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 22 21:37 PM
3.0     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 22 21:09 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 22 20:48 PM
3.3     85.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 22 19:54 PM
2.7     36.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 19:28 PM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 19:08 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 22 18:31 PM
4.7     368.0     MAP

USGS     Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 22 18:12 PM
4.6     85.7     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Jalisco, Mexico
Apr 22 18:11 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     La Paz, Bolivia
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.4     155.6     MAP

EMSC     La Paz, Bolivia
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.4     140.0     MAP

GEOFON     Peru-bolivia Border Region
Apr 22 18:04 PM
4.6     134.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 22 18:01 PM
3.0     10.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 17:30 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 22 17:16 PM
2.8     18.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 17:14 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 16:51 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 22 16:18 PM
3.5     4.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 22 16:06 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Kep. Tanimbar Region, Indonesia
Apr 22 15:37 PM
5.0     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tanimbar Islands Reg., Indonesia
Apr 22 15:37 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 15:21 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 14:28 PM
3.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 22 14:27 PM
2.5     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 14:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 13:58 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 13:58 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:56 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 13:50 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 13:50 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 22 13:37 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:15 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 22 13:13 PM
5.0     180.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 22 13:13 PM
4.7     156.0     MAP

GEOFON     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 13:11 PM
5.0     9.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 13:09 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 22 13:04 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 22 13:04 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 12:27 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     West Of Macquarie Island
Apr 22 12:20 PM
5.2     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 12:07 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 12:02 PM
3.1     8.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.3     39.2     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.3     34.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 22 11:44 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 10:33 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Island Of New Zealand
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.0     MAP

USGS     South Island Of New Zealand
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.3     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 22 10:08 AM
4.2     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 10:01 AM
2.6     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 09:47 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu,
Japan     Apr 22 09:45 AM
4.5     24.5     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 22 09:45 AM
4.5     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 22 09:32 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 22 09:19 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 22 09:19 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 09:07 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 22 08:59 AM
2.5     51.9     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 22 08:57 AM
2.6     27.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 08:46 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 08:37 AM
2.4     17.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.4     20.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 22 08:36 AM
4.4     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:14 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:14 AM
4.5     88.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 08:13 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Guatemala
Apr 22 08:07 AM
4.1     67.0     MAP

USGS     Guatemala
Apr 22 08:07 AM
4.1     67.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 22 08:00 AM
3.0     40.5     MAP
USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 22 07:54 AM
3.1     6.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:50 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 07:26 AM
2.9     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:19 AM
2.8     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:09 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 22 07:09 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 22 07:06 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 07:05 AM
2.4     8.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 22 07:04 AM
2.5     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 22 07:03 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 07:01 AM
3.5     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 22 06:58 AM
2.5     9.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Alaska
Apr 22 06:56 AM
3.4     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:50 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:40 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Iran
Apr 22 06:38 AM
4.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:26 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 06:15 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 05:59 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 05:56 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 22 05:11 AM
2.6     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 22 04:34 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Chile-bolivia Border Region
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.1     137.0     MAP

EMSC     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.4     133.0     MAP

USGS     Potosi, Bolivia
Apr 22 04:08 AM
4.4     122.8     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 22 04:00 AM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 03:23 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
4.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 22 03:17 AM
4.9     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 22 01:54 AM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 22 01:11 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.5     344.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.8     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 22 00:35 AM
4.8     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:22 AM
4.2     20.0     MAP

USGS     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:22 AM
4.2     10.4     MAP

GEOFON     Western Iran
Apr 22 00:21 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 22 00:08 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Syria
Apr 22 00:06 AM
3.0     15.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
2 23.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
11 22.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Central Region, [ The area was not defined.] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Minnesota, Duluth [Edgewater Resort and Water Park] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Florida, Hillsborough Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Western Australia, Broome [Cable Beach] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Japan Prefecture of Kagoshima, [About 2 kilometers west of Sata Cape] Damage level Details
  Today Flash Flood Kenya Rift Valley Province, [Hell’s Gate National Park] Damage level Details
2 23.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee] Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Explosion Japan Prefecture of Yamaguchi, [Mitsui Chemicals] Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident China Municipality of Shanghai, Shanghai Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Zimbabwe Mashonaland West Province, Kadoma Damage level Details
  22.04.2012 Vehicle Incident Pakistan State of Sindh, Karachi [Jinnah International Airport] Damage level

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Storms, Flooding

Destructive Snowstorm Targets Interior Northeast

by Jonathan Erdman, weather.com Sr. Meteorologist
Updated: April 23, 2012 6:15 am ET
The snow season “that largely wasn’t” in the Northeast will be “book-ended” by two destructive winter storms.

A heavy, wet snowstorm in 2011 downed trees and power lines, knocking out power to over 3 million customers in the Northeast just before Halloween 2011, in a storm dubbed “Snowtober”.

Snowtober 2011: Photos | A record-setter | #1 winter storm of 2011-2012

Unfortunately, another “Snowtober”-type destructive snowstorm will wreak havoc in parts of the Northeast kicking off this week. Let’s get to the critical details.
Click here to track current power outages

Read Full Article  and  Watch Video Here

Lakeshore Flood Warning

 BUFFALO NY

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

CARIBOU ME
TAUNTON MA
CHICAGO IL
NORTHERN INDIANA
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
BUFFALO NY
SOUTH OF NEW ENGLAND
GULF OF MAINE TO THE HAGUE LINE
GEORGES BANK...FROM THE NORTHEAST CHANNEL TO THE GREAT SOUTH
CHANNEL INCLUDING WATERS EAST OF CAPE COD...TO THE HAGUE LINE
GAYLORD MI
GRAY ME
CLEVELAND OH
ANCHORAGE AK

Freeze Warning

OMAHA/VALLEY NE
BLACKSBURG VA
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC
QUAD CITIES IA IL
MORRISTOWN TN
INDIANAPOLIS IN
NORTHERN INDIANA
GRAND RAPIDS MI
LINCOLN IL

Red Flag Warning

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

MOBILE AL
MIAMI FL
CHICAGO IL
TALLAHASSEE FL
 MELBOURNE FL

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Radiation

Is Fukushima’s Doomsday Machine About to Blow?

By (about the author)

opednews.com

Mounting troubles at Japan’s hobbled Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant now pose a real threat to human survival. If the area in which Unit 4 is struck by another 7.0 magnitude earthquake, there’s a 70 percent chance that “the entire fuel pool structure will collapse” and massive doses of lethal nuclear radiation will be released into the atmosphere. The disaster would release approximately “134 million curies is Cesium-137 — roughly 85 times the amount of Cs-137 released at Chernobyl as estimated by the U.S. National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP).” Experts believe that the amounts are sufficient to “destroy the world environment and our civilization,” which makes containment “an issue of human survival.” (“The Greatest Single Threat to Humanity: Fuel Pool Number 4,” Washington’s blog)

The structural integrity of Unit 4’s cooling pool was greatly compromised by the earthquake and following tsunami which struck the facility over a year ago. At present, the pools are not adequately protected or reinforced, which means that a sizable tremor could “cause a disaster worse than the three reactor meltdowns.” If such a disaster were to occur, “people should get out of Japan, and residents of the West Coast of America and Canada should shut all of their windows and stay inside,” says nuclear expert Arnie Gundersen.

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr22


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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

NorCal Sonic Boom Possible Meteor Impact

Overnight meteor shower continued Sunday morning.

By Lori Preuitt
|  Sunday, Apr 22, 2012  |  Updated 1:58 PM PDT
Possible Sonic Boom a Meteor in NorCal

This is from a very active Leonid meteor shower, but you get the idea.

People in Northern California and Nevada reported hearing a loud boom in the sky above the Sierra Sunday morning.

The Tuolumne County sheriff’s department said they are investigating the possibility that it might have been the physical impact of an overnight meteor shower. Some people in the Tahoe area said they saw what they believed to be a meteor just prior to the sound. Others said they saw a fireball streak across the sky at the same time.

People who live in in Lake Tahoe, El Dorado County, Placer County, Tuolumne County, Amador County and Nevada County contacted our sister station in Sacramento. KCRA is reporting that they heard the sound just after 8:30 a.m.

The Associated Press reported the explosion rattled windows and shook houses from Reno to Winnemucca in Nevada, and from the Sacramento to Bakersfield.

Meteorologists in California and Nevada including our own Rob Mayeda said there were meteor showers Saturday night that could have still been going on Sunday morning.

Read Full Article Here

Inexplicable Earthquake Swarm in Canada; “Sounds like dynamite exploding.”

http://sheilaaliens.net/?p=539 “A New Brunswick town has been experiencing small earthquakes over the past month and residents are getting worried.”
source: http://www.globalnews.ca/video/natural+phenomenon+rocks+nb+town/video.html?v=…
Canada’s EQ Center:
http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/index-eng.php

And an interesting article by CanadianBusiness from today entitled
“Manmade earthquakes trigger government drill-down into possible fracking link”:

“VANCOUVER – A booming gas extraction process that has environmentalists all shaken up is being probed by two different studies to determine if it’s also causing the depths of Canada to rattle and roll.

The research into whether hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, can trigger earthquakes is being conducted just as a pair of independent papers were released internationally this week suggesting they do.

The studies out of mid-continent U.S. and Britain found that shallow, man-made tremors may be linked to the blasting of water, sand and chemicals deep underground to break open rock to obtain crude oil and natural gas.

Experts and critics alike are waiting for conclusive results from home soil before suggesting industry practices should be altered.

“These are tiny earthquakes and they’re the variety that occur thousands of times a day around the world,” said John Cassidy, a federal government seismologist in Victoria, B.C., of the international findings.
He said mounting interest and unusual vibrations in British Columbia have prompted closer study at home.

“The idea is to be able to provide well-grounded science advice that can be used by regulators across the country for their decision-making.”

A four-year study was launched by the federal Natural Resources Department on April 1. With the aid of industry regulators and universities, it will seek to unearth whether fracking has inducing quakes in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Quebec, Cassidy said.

A provincial study is also underway in a region of northeastern B.C. called the Horn River Basin, where at least 11 energy companies are developing significant shale gas extraction projects. The study, being conducted by the BC Oil and Gas Commission with commercial co-operation, should be completed later this year.”
Read more: http://www.canadianbusiness.com/article/80131–manmade-earthquakes-trigger-go…

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Wildlife

Mass Dolphin Death Mystery In Peru, Authorities Blame It On Viral Infection

By Sreeja VN | Apr 22, 2012 08:14 AM EDT

Investigations are on into the deaths of hundreds of dolphins that washed up on the northern coast of Peru. Around 877 carcasses of dolphins and porpoises were found on Peruvian beaches in two and half months. Peruvian officials and environmentalists are trying to unravel the mystery behind the phenomenon.

No concrete reasons have been figured out yet but the authorities believe that it could possibly be a viral infection that may have killed the dolphins in huge numbers. While environmental groups in the country blame the seismic oil exploration work carried out by BPZ Energy Company for the dolphin deaths.

Read Full Article Here

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Articles of Interest

World — 22 April 2012
100% Certainty of Total Catastrophic Failure of the Entire Power Infrastructure Within 3 Years (Video)

Mac Slavo
SHTFplan

As smart grid metering systems expand across the developed world, many are starting to ask whether the threats posed by the new devices, which officials promise will save energy and reduce end user utility costs, outweigh their benefits. In addition to documented health concerns resulting from radiation emissions and no cost savings being apparent, opponents of the technology argue that smart meters are violative of basic privacy rights and give the government yet another digital node of unfettered access to monitor and control personal electricity consumption.

Now, an alarming new documentary suggests that security problems with the inter-connected and seemingly convenient smart grid may be so serious that they could lead to a catastrophic failure of our nation’s entire power infrastructure.

In an interview for the upcoming documentary titled Take Back Your Power, Cyber defense expert David Chalk warns that our nation is in crisis. Not only are our smart power grids susceptible to hacking, but they may very well already be infected with Trojan viruses and back doors that will ultimately lead to disastrous consequences:

Read Full Article Here

4/21/2012 — Solar poles to flip next month (1yr early) — TWO north poles = Quadri-polar(???)

Published on Apr 21, 2012 by

update 115am CDT 4/23/2012: Per the Japanese.. last time this sort of thing occurred was about 300 years ago:

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/features/science/T120420005829.htm

quote the article:

“Magnetic field polarity at the solar poles will reverse and become quadrupolar in May, meaning positive fields will emerge in the North and South poles and negative fields will emerge on the equator, according to the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and other institutes.

When a similar phenomenon occurred about 300 years ago, the Earth’s average temperature fell slightly. ”

Per the Japanese Hinode team (pronounced hee-no-day) — in about one months time — (may 2012) the suns north pole will reach a magnetic point of “zero” and then form into MULTIPLE positive poles — creating TWO solar north poles, and TWO corresponding south poles .. also.. this is happening a year ahead of the expected “nominal” time.

full website post here: http://sincedutch.wordpress.com/2012/04/22/4212012-solar-poles-to-flip-next-m…

some are asking IS there a difference between .. quadri , quadru, quadra … quick answer.. no difference.. all are variants of Quadri … which means four in Latin ..

http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/quadri-
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/quadra-
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/quadru-

thanks to jeorgekite:

http://www.youtube.com/jeorgekite

download the japanese pdf below his video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eTdlI9bc4Mw

Here is the press release from HINODE Japan:

http://hinode.nao.ac.jp/news/120419PressRelease/index_e.shtml

Polar Field Reversal as observed with Hinode
19 April 2012
Naional Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ/NINS)
RIKEN
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency(JAXA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Science and Technology Facilities Council(STFC)
European Space Agency(ESA)

The polarity of the extended uni-polar magnetic field in the solar polar region is known to reverse every 11 years, and the reversal occurs at around the maximum of solar activity, which is expected to take place at around 2013 May (NOAA ).

High latitude magnetic fields have been observed with solar telescopes on the ground. However, actual process of the polar field reversal is poorly understood because of the difficulty of the observations on the extreme limb combined with atmospheric seeing effect. The solar optical telescope aboard the Hinode satellite allows us for the first time to perform extremely high-quality observations of the deep polar region of the Sun (Figure A). The initial discoveries include that there are many magnetic patches with intense magnetic field in the polar regions. Their field strength is close to that of sunspots, and their size is as large as small sunspots called pore.

The international research team led by Saku Tsuneta, a professor at NAOJ, has been performing the monthly polar observations with Hinode from September 2008. We here report the discovery that the average magnetic flux of the north polar region is rapidly and steadily decreasing during the period of 2008 and 2012 (Figure B). The reversal (from minus to plus polarity) is taking place in sequence from lower latitude to higher latitude. The average magnetic flux of the polar region soon becomes zero. The estimated completion of the reversal of the north polar region will take place in 1 months or so, about one year earlier than the nominal expected reversal time.

In striking contrast to the north polar situation, the magnetic flux of the south polar region has been very stable, and maintains the plus polarity (Figure C). These latest Hinode observations suggest that the global magnetic field of the Sun will become different from the normal bipolar configuration.

Observations of the polar magnetic fields are the key for understanding the cyclic solar dynamo. Their results will shed light on the origin of the solar magnetism, and will contribute to our understating on the Sun’s effect to the solar-terrestrial environment.

HERE COME THE GREEN POLICE: DHS LAUNCHES ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE UNITS

04-20-2012 1:44 pm – The Rat – ConstitutionClub.org
Sleep well tonight, America. The ever-vigilant Obama Regime stands at red alert in its unflinching effort to protect you, your loved ones and life as you know it. From “climate change” and “melting Arctic ice.” Uh huh. The epic battle is on – and O’s Army is all over it – just like Dennis Quaid in The Day After Tomorrow. Where would our nation be were it not for Barack Hussein Obama’s extraordinary aptitude for keeping his priorities straight? Other countries should be so fortunate.

Not a minute too soon, the Department of Homeland Security has announced that it is creating “environmental justice” units that will be empowered to oversee regulations in conjunction with local governments throughout the country. The framework for the Environmental Justice Working Group includes eleven federal government agencies, including the TSA, the Secret Service and FEMA. Go big or go home, right?

In its just-released Environmental Justice Strategy document, the DHS says the idea is to “include environmental justice practices in our larger mission efforts involving federal law enforcement and emergency response activities” and to incorporate environmental justice in “securing the homeland.” Roll that around in your head for awhile:

“Federal law enforcement” agents conducting “emergency response activities” in the name of “environmental justice” for the purpose of “securing the homeland.” The Green Police. Oh. My. God.

Lest you think these people are crazy as a loon, (which they are), here’s the official explanation from the Regime:

Our nation’s vision of homeland security is a homeland that is safe and secure, resilient against terrorism and other hazards – where American interests and aspirations, and the American way of life can thrive. In seeking to fulfill this vision, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) aspires to avoid burdening minority and low-income populations with a disproportionate share of any adverse human health or environmental risks associated with our efforts to secure the nation.

What a complete crock of crap. Since when is terrorism a mere “hazard,” – comparable to environmentalist wacko-ism? The “American way of life”? As defined by whom – Barack Obama, Al Gore and the rest of the greenies? And – why must the Divider-in-Chief single out – as he always does – “minority and low-income populations”? And their “disproportionate share”? That “efforts to secure the nation” part is hysterical as well. How low of a common denominator are these people playing to?

The DHS document also lists concerns such as “climate change” and “melting Arctic ice,” despite recent reports confirming that the amount of floating ice in the Arctic’s Bering Sea “reached all-time record high levels last month,” according to the US National Snow and Ice Data Center. Then again, liberals never let facts or data get in the way of “securing the nation” according to their agendas, do they?

Memo to O: If you’re so interested in securing the nation, why do you continue your incessant efforts to divide its people? Why do continue your relentless drive to mortgage the future of “the nation’s” grandchildren – all for the self-serving reason of pandering for votes?

In the event that you missed Audi’s Green Police ad during the Super Bowl, it gave a glimpse of things to come – courtesy of the courageous Barack Hussein Obama – without whom, America may very well have been denied the Chevy Volt.

Hell, the O-man reduced NASA to little more than a Muslim-outreach program – why shouldn’t he straighten out the Secret Service, too? Besides, they’ve been somewhat distracted lately anyway.

I can see the television series now – a Maxwell Smart or Barney Fife character – riding a Segway – as he battles diabolical conservatives hellbent on destroying the planet’s environment. Must-see TV.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 21 23:47 PM
3.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 23:27 PM
4.6     524.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 21 23:19 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 23:12 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 22:40 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nw Balkan Region
Apr 21 21:48 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.7     12.7     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 20:22 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 21 20:01 PM
3.1     51.5     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 21 19:54 PM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     112.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     111.6     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 21 19:28 PM
3.3     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 18:24 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     23.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 17:17 PM
2.9     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 16:23 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 16:18 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
5.0     17.0     MAP

USGS     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 15:28 PM
2.5     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 21 15:19 PM
3.2     6.9     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.4     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.0     MAP

USGS     Puget Sound Region, Washington
Apr 21 14:25 PM
2.6     2.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 14:18 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 21 14:11 PM
4.7     61.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 14:09 PM
2.5     21.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:59 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:44 PM
2.6     28.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 21 13:41 PM
4.3     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 13:39 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 13:37 PM
3.1     0.8     MAP

USGS     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.7     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.8     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Minahassa Peninsula, Sulawesi
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.7     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.5     14.2     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 12:56 PM
2.8     78.8     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 21 12:45 PM
2.9     4.9     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of The Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.2     39.5     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.1     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 12:18 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 12:11 PM
2.5     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.3     100.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.4     90.9     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:35 AM
5.2     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 11:31 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 11:21 AM
2.8     113.7     MAP

EMSC     Montenegro
Apr 21 11:20 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.5     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 10:57 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 10:07 AM
2.6     14.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 09:44 AM
2.5     8.9     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 21 09:32 AM
2.7     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 08:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Ryukyu Isl., Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:41 AM
2.5     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:25 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 08:22 AM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     29.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.9     43.3     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     28.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:44 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:43 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:42 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:40 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 05:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 21 05:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:40 AM
3.6     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.4     607.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.6     606.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:33 AM
4.6     597.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 05:29 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.4     90.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 04:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 03:50 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 03:46 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:21 AM
3.2     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:06 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 02:28 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 21 02:25 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.7     87.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.1     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 21 01:53 AM
2.9     8.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 21 01:49 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 01:47 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 01:26 AM
3.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     27.6     MAP

GEOFON     Tristan Da Cunha Region
Apr 21 01:19 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     16.0     MAP     

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.9     33.0     MAP     

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     27.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 01:04 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 21 00:58 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 00:55 AM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:08 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 21 00:05 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:03 AM
3.2     5.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Taupo super-eruption secrets revealed

OLIVIA WANNAN

Last updated 11:13 21/04/2012

Lake Taupo

Lloyd Homer/GNS Science

CALM EXTERIOR: Research into the Lake Taupo eruption has thrown up new theories on the tectonic forces involved.

Taupo eruption

A computer-generated graphic of the Lake Taupo eruption.

One of the most intriguing unsolved cases for New Zealand geologists is the ancient Taupo super-eruption.

Victoria University PhD student Aidan Allan has found new evidence that explains how and why the volcano blew.

While the general public is fascinated by the magnitude – the event buried the North Island in debris, with the ash cloud all the way to the Chathams – geologists’ interest lies elsewhere.

They are intrigued because the eruption’s cause isn’t open-and-shut – while most super-volcanoes simply explode, with Taupo there was a short hiatus just as things got underway.

“There were breaks of weeks to months [in the early stages] and then all hell breaks loose,” Mr Allan said.

As geologists worldwide have to make the life-or-death call as to when an eruption has ended, it’s crucial to know why this super-volcano acted the way it did.

Read Full Article  Here

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Alberta, [Near to Symons Valley] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard South Africa State of Eastern Cape, East London Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Illinois, Chicago [W Madison St & S Karlov Ave] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Bolivia Departmento de El Beni, [San Ramon municipality] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood China Province of Guangdong, [Huazhou city and Xinyi city] Damage level Details
1 22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Netherlands Capital city, Amsterdam [North Holland] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood United Arab Emirates Trucial Coast, [Oman Region] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire China Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, [Old Barag] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide]

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

MIAMI FL

Tornado Watch

TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL
MIAMI FL
MELBOURNE FL
 NORMAN OK

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

MOUNT HOLLY NJ
NEW YORK NY
MOBILE AL
NEW ORLEANS LA
CAPE FEAR
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Freeze Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr21: Meteor Shower [Where to Look Tonight] & Quake Watch Begins – 6.9 already…

************************************************************************************************************

Space

 Lyrid Meteor Shower


[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
4.2     123.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
3.8     122.8     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 23:47 PM
2.6     41.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:40 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:32 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:27 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 20 23:14 PM     
6.0     10.0     MAP   

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 20 23:04 PM
2.5     69.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 22:39 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     28.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:28 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 22:23 PM
2.5     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     16.9     MAP

USGS     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.4     70.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.6     54.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 21:40 PM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 21:31 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 20 21:28 PM
2.6     63.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 21:05 PM
2.5     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 21:04 PM
3.4     12.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 20 21:03 PM
2.9     15.1     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 20 20:56 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 20 20:37 PM
2.8     34.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 20:25 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:48 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 19:47 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     11.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:32 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:16 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:26 PM
2.7     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:05 PM
3.7     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     7.3     MAP

EMSC     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 17:45 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.5     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:19 PM
4.6     44.3     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.4     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:32 PM
4.2     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 20 16:18 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
4.7     34.1     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 20 16:11 PM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:57 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 20 15:55 PM
3.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:48 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 20 15:45 PM
2.5     26.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 20 15:23 PM
2.4     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:09 PM
3.7     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Magadanskaya Oblast’, Russia
Apr 20 14:54 PM
4.2     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:51 PM
2.4     28.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 14:46 PM
2.7     21.5     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 20 14:34 PM
2.9     125.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:00 PM
2.5     24.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 20 13:19 PM
3.3     105.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 12:15 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 12:13 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 20 11:52 AM
2.7     203.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 11:23 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 10:49 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 20 09:55 AM
2.7     9.0     MAP

USGS     Bougainville Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.1     MAP

EMSC     Bougainville Region, P.n.g.
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 08:35 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 08:17 AM
2.8     115.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 07:31 AM
2.5     13.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:29 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 07:25 AM
2.7     7.5     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 07:07 AM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 07:02 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Italy
Apr 20 06:52 AM
2.7     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 06:50 AM
2.4     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 06:11 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 05:51 AM
3.2     51.2     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 05:22 AM
3.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 20 04:57 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:49 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:43 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:12 AM
4.3     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:11 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 04:03 AM
2.8     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 03:59 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.7     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iraq
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:52 AM
4.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.1     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 03:41 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Libertador General Bernardo O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     111.7     MAP

EMSC     Libertador O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     112.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     44.3     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
4.9     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.0     45.5     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:55 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 02:55 AM
3.0     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:54 AM
3.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 20 02:53 AM
2.6     6.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:48 AM
3.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:45 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Peru
Apr 20 02:43 AM
4.5     87.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 20 02:42 AM
2.5     121.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 01:57 AM
3.3     121.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:51 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:48 AM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:30 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 20 01:29 AM
2.4     116.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:28 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.1     34.2     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 20 01:14 AM
3.3     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 20 01:07 AM
2.4     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:00 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 00:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.5     118.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.3     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.0     MAP

 

 

Two earthquakes rock Indonesia

Posted: 21 April 2012 0946 hrs

JAKARTA: A strong 6.6-magnitude earthquake rocked Indonesia’s Papua region on Saturday, sending panicked residents running from their homes and schools, officials said.

Authorities said there was no threat of a tsunami, and that the worst-hit area was the town of Ransiki in western Papua, where students attending morning classes ran from school buildings that shook for around a minute.

“We’ve had reports of mostly superficial damage to buildings, but two houses have caved and a church wall has collapsed,” Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) official Yulson Sineri, told AFP.

“There are so far no reports of victims, but there has been some damage to buildings in Ransiki,” he said.

The quake struck at 10:16 am (0116 GMT) at a depth of 30 kilometres (19 miles), 83 kilometres southeast of Manokwari, according to the USGS.

Authorities said the quake was felt in various parts of the West Papua province, on the western tip of New Guinea island.

The BMKG reported the quake’s magnitude at 6.8, with a depth of 10 kilometres.

A hotel receptionist at the Mansinam Beach Resort in Manokwari reported a minute of shaking, but said she saw no damage.

“All our guests panicked and ran out of the building, but they went back after the quake was over and everything is back to normal as far as I can see,” Anita, who goes by one name, told AFP.

The Papua region was struck by two mild aftershocks, while a 6.1-magnitude quake hit off Sumatra island, with no reports of damage or casualties.

Earlier on Saturday, a strong 6.1-magnitude earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island on Saturday, the US Geological Survey said, but no tsunami warning was issued.

The quake struck at 5:14 am (2314 GMT Friday) at a depth of about 34 kilometres (21 miles), 427 kilometres southwest of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra. There were no immediate reports of damage.

Aceh province was shaken earlier this month by two huge earthquakes, triggering an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

– AFP/ck

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Colombia prepares for imminent volcano eruption

Friday, 20 April 2012 11:14 Mary Cecelia Bittner

Nevado del Ruiz

Colombia‘s government has called for high risk areas to be prepared for the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano.

The Interior Ministry has ordered the fire departments of 19 municipalities in the central Caldas and Tolima departments to be on high alert after the Colombian Geological Survey (SGC) announced that an eruption is “probable” in the coming days or weeks.

The alert level was raised from yellow to orange in March as the volcano became increasingly active. Last week a column of gas and steam approximately 1,200 meters tall extended from its crater.

The national director of the firefighting system warned that there is urgent need for a special contingency plan that outlines tactics to be used in emergency volcanic situations, especially for search and rescue groups. He called for a focus on high risk areas in or near the paths of rivers that originate in the Ruiz, whose levels may be elevated by pyroclastic fragments and the melting of ice.

The director of the Colombian Fire Department Federation in the town of Riosucio explained that local firemen are preparing a plan and educating communities.

In 1985 The Nevado del Ruiz erupted, wiping out the town of Armero and killing 25,000 people.

Villages rocked by volcano eruption

(UKPA) – 6 hours ago

A 17,886ft volcano outside Mexico City has exhaled dozens of towering plumes of ash and shot fragments of glowing rock down its slopes, frightening the residents of surrounding villages with hours of low-pitched roaring not heard in a decade.

A white cloud of ash, gas, water vapour and superheated rock spewed from the cone of Popocatepetl high above the village of Xalitzintla, whose residents said they were awakened by a window-rattling series of eruptions.

Mexico’s National Disaster Prevention Centre said that a string of eruptions had ended in the early morning, then started up again at 5.05am, with at least 12 in two hours.

“Up on the mountain, it feels incredible,” said Aaron Sanchez Ocelotl, 45, who was in his turf grass fields when the eruptions happened. “It sounds like the roaring of the sea.”

The white cone of Popo, as most call the mountain, is an iconic backdrop to Mexico City’s skyline on clear days, but its 40-mile distance means even a moderately large eruption is unlikely to do more than dump ash on one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas.

It is a different matter for the villages on the flanks of the volcano, where the quiet of the corn fields and fruit orchards was pervaded by the volcano’s spooky roaring.

“Everyone needs to take this seriously. This buzzing, this roaring isn’t normal,” said Gregorio Fuentes Casquera, the assistant mayor of Xalitzintla, a village of 2,600 people about seven miles from the summit. He said the town had prepared 50 buses and was sending out its six-member police forces to alert people to be ready to evacuate.

Dozens of women lined up in Xalitzintla’s main square to get free face masks and bottles of water. Health authorities were giving out 10 masks and 10 bottles of water to each family, and the surgical-style masks, intended to filter out the fine ash released by the volcano, were becoming common among the town’s students, who are required to wear them in school. Few adults wore them.

President Felipe Calderon said live on national television that authorities are keeping open roads around the mountain, preparing emergency shelters and making sure residents know the latest information about a potential eruption.

Authorities this week raised the alert level due to increasing activity at the volcano, whose most violent eruption in 1,200 years occurred on December 18 2000. More than 30 million people live within view of the volcano, which sits at a point where the states of Mexico, Puebla, and Morelos come together. It has been erupting intermittently since December 1994.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Heat Wave India State of Uttar Pradesh, [UP-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Mexico State of Veracruz, Alamo Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of California, [San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  Today HAZMAT USA State of Minnesota, loc: 1350 Gardena Avenue Northeast, Fridley, MN [Totino-Grace High School] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Pakistan State of Punjab, [Residential area of Rawalpindi] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Extreme Weather Israel [Jordan Valley-wide] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

 

LA CROSSE WI
QUAD CITIES IA IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
GREEN BAY WI
CHICAGO IL

 

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CAPE FEAR TO 31N OUT TO 32N 73W TO 31N 74W
JUNEAU AK
NEW ORLEANS LA
ANCHORAGE ALASKA

 

Flood Warning

 

LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA


Flood Advisory

 

FAIRBANKS AK



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Radiation/Nuclear

NRC Action Will Force Major Court Fight

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Apr 18, 2012


File image: Vogtle nuclear reactor project.

An adverse decision by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will force parties concerned about the already troubled Vogtle nuclear reactor project in Georgia to file a motion this week in federal court, according to representatives of nine organizations that are seeking to slow down the Vogtle project so that necessary post-Fukushima safety enhancements can be taken into account on the front end – before billions of ratepayer dollars are spent.

In a phone-based news conference held just hours after the NRC rejection of their motion to stay construction, the groups explained that the NRC is violating federal law by issuing the Vogtle license without fully considering important public safety and environmental implications of the catastrophic Fukushima accident in Japan.

The new court proceeding would unfold against a backdrop of more than 30-plus license changes for the Vogtle reactors that Southern Company has said are needed and that the nine groups believe may result in possible delays and cost overruns.

The nine groups are the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, Center for a Sustainable Coast, Citizens Allied for Safe Energy, Friends of the Earth, Georgia Women’s Action for New Directions, North Carolina Waste Awareness and Reduction Network, Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Nuclear Watch South, and the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

They have asked federal judges to order the NRC to prepare a new environmental impact statement (EIS) for the proposed Vogtle reactors that would detail how cooling systems for the proposed reactors and spent fuel storage pools would meet new regulatory requirements in light of the Fukushima accident to protect the site, and nearby communities, against earthquakes, flooding and prolonged loss of electric power to the site.

Post-Fukushima safety requirements may also lead to a change in the economics of the Vogtle project compared to other energy alternatives.

Sara Barczak, High Risk Energy Choices program director, Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, said: “As evidenced by today’s NRC decision, regulators unfortunately continue to ignore the real ramifications that this risky, expensive nuclear project could have on utility customers and local communities. There are serious safety and economic concerns that will eventually come to a front. Before billions more dollars are spent, post-Fukushima issues should be dealt with in order to best protect surrounding communities and ratepayers’ pocketbooks.”

Diane Curran, Harmon, Curran, Spielberg and Eisenberg, L.L.P., attorney for organizations, said: “The NRC predicts we are going to lose our case in federal court and therefore it refuses to order the suspension of construction at Vogtle while our court case proceeds. But the NRC only digs itself in deeper with this decision, which confirms that the NRC applied the wrong standard in refusing to supplement the EIS for Vogtle to address the environmental implications of the Fukushima accident – whether there was an ‘imminent risk’ of a Fukushima-like accident.

“But that is not the correct standard for whether a supplemental environmental analysis should be required. The standard is whether there is a significant risk of a severe accident sometime during the operating life of the reactor – not tomorrow.”

Dr. Arjun Makhijani, president, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, said: “In denying a stay of the license, the Commission completely ignored our principal concern about the harm that will be caused by going ahead with construction now – that the costs of Fukushima-related backfits that may be required will be much greater after construction starts than if that issue is settled before construction, which is what we ask. The NRC gave short shrift to the interests of the public and specifically the ratepayers who are bearing the risks of Vogtle 3 and 4.

“For instance, the NRC ignored its own statements, as recent as January 2012, that the frequency of earthquakes of a given ground motion in the eastern region is now estimated to be higher than before. The Commission has failed to learn the lessons of the more than one hundred reactors to which it gave construction licenses in the 1970s that were later cancelled at great damage to ratepayers and the public in general in part because safety-related backfits were needed once construction had begun.”

Rev. Charles Utley, Environmental Justice coordinator, Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, said: “As residents living within view of Plant Vogtle, we oppose the siting yet another nuclear plant in our backyard. For years we have participated in public hearings, legal actions and many other tactics to slow, stop and reverse this fundamental injustice. For our children, our homes and our community, we will never give up.”

Curran added: “The decision also vividly illustrates how NRC tries to have it both ways, telling the public to ‘trust us’ that it is taking the Fukushima accident seriously, at the same time it refuses to be accountable to the public by supplementing the environmental impact statement for Vogtle or by even holding a hearing on whether it should be supplemented.

“Attendance at the only hearing the NRC has held on the question of whether the NRC should supplement the environmental study for Vogtle was limited to Southern Nuclear Operating Co. and the NRC technical staff. The NRC would not let the public participate and refused these groups’ request for a hearing on the very same issue. We should have learned from the Japanese accident that such a cozy relationship between industry and government regulators leads to complacency and poor regulatory decisions.”

In February, the groups asked the NRC to delay construction of the new Vogtle reactors until the court decided their case. Since the NRC refused their request today, they will re-file the stay motion on construction with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit later this week. They contend that construction should not be allowed until the NRC decides whether the proposed new reactors should be re-designed to provide for more rigorous protection against earthquakes and extended power outages.

To build reactors that might need to be significantly modified later and extensively backfitted in light of new post-Fukushima regulatory requirements risks wasting ratepayer dollars, causing unnecessary pollution, and even possible abandonment of the project.

The NRC’s order today is available online.

Related Links
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Nuclear Power News – Nuclear Science, Nuclear Technology
Powering The World in the 21st Century at Energy-Daily.com

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr20

 

 

 

Incoming Plasma Clouds to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars

Spaceweather.com
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:08 CDT

On April 18th and 19th, a series of minor CMEs puffed away from the sun. Three of them are heading in our general direction. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have prepared an animated forecast track of the ensemble.

© Goddard Space Weather Lab

According to the forecast, the clouds are going to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars and rover Curiosity en route to Mars. The impact on our planet, on April 22nd around 00:50 UT, is expected to be minor with auroras likely only at higher latitudes.
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Space

Black Hole In Scorpius Seen Firing Fast Cosmic Bullets 20 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – Located about 28,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius, there is a black hole named H1742-322.

Racing outward at about one-quarter the speed of light, “bullets” of ionized gas are thought to arise from a region located just outside the black hole’s event horizon, the point beyond which nothing can escape.

Using the Very Large Baseline Array and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite, an international team of astronomers have successfully managed to capture a detailed image of the black hole eruption.

The Very Large Baseline Array is a set of 10 radio telescopes that spans 5,000 miles from Mauna Kea in Hawaii to St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. It provides astronomers with the sharpest vision of any telescope on Earth or in space.

A black hole in the constellation Scorpius is firing fast cosmic bullets.“If your eyes were as sharp as the VLBA, you could see a person on the moon,” said physicist Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta.

“Like a referee at a sports game, we essentially rewound the footage on the bullets’ progress, pinpointing when they were launched,” said Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta in Canada.

Discovered by NASA’s HEAO-1 satellite in 1977, the system is composed of a normal star and a black hole of modest but unknown masses.Their orbit around each other is measured in days, which puts them so close together that the black hole pulls a continuous stream of matter from its stellar companion.

The flowing gas forms a flattened accretion disk millions of miles across, several times wider than our sun, centered on the black hole.

As matter swirls inward, it is compressed and heated to tens of millions of degrees, so hot that it emits X-rays.

Some of the infalling matter becomes re-directed out of the accretion disk as dual, oppositely directed jets.

Read Full Article Here

A wonderful night in April – April 21 and the 3D Lyrid Meteor Shower

Dr. Tony Phillips
Science@NASA
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:02 CDT

This weekend, NASA scientists, amateur astronomers, and an astronaut on board the International Space Station will attempt the first-ever 3D photography of meteors from Earth and space.

“The annual Lyrid meteor shower peaks on April 21-22,” says Bill Cooke, the head of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office. “We’re going to try to photograph some of these ‘shooting stars’ simultaneously from ground stations, from a research balloon in the stratosphere, and from the space station.”

 

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Articles of Interest

Vietnam baffled by mystery disease

(UKPA)

Vietnam has asked the World Health Organization to help investigate a mystery disease that has killed 19 people and left 171 others sick.

Le Han Phong, chairman of the People’s Committee in Ba To district in Quang Ngai province, said patients first experience a rash on their hands and feet along with high fever, loss of appetite and eventually organ failure.

He said nearly 100 people remain in hospital, including 10 in critical condition. Patients with milder symptoms are being treated at home.

Mr Phong said the first case was detected last year and that the disease had died down until a spate of new infections were recently reported, mostly in one impoverished village.

A Ministry of Health investigation was inconclusive.

 

 

Incurable Mystery Hand, Foot and Mouth Virus Kills 19 Vietnamese Children to Date

Russia Today
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 13:41 CDT
Print
Red Cross volunteer

© Quang Tuan / Vietnam Red Cross
A Red Cross volunteer talks to Hoang Thi Kim Phung, whose two-and-a-half -month-old son was admitted to hospital in Long An, Vietnam, with symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease
Hanoi has asked the World Health Organization for help to cure a virulent disease affecting children. Symptoms include blistering on hands, feet and mouths accompanied by high fever and eventual organ failure.

­Nineteen children died from the illness in 2011 alone.

The virus spreads through direct contact with an infected person’s oral discharges or saliva, the fluid from burst blisters or the stool of infected persons.

The Red Cross mission in Vietnam reports the disease has already infected over 28,000 children this year, which is more than 10 times the number of infected children in the same period last year.

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), last year a record 110,000 children became infected, with 169 deaths.

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) disease mostly affects children under three years old (80 per cent of totals cases) the Red Cross said. There is no known treatment for HFMD.

Human HFMD differs from a similar foot-and-mouth disease affecting cattle, sheep, and pigs.

The virus was first detected last year in central Vietnam. Initially the disease died away, but later many new infections were reported. Most of those infected are from one impoverished villages.

Last year HFMD killed 19 people, reportedly most of them children. One hundred and seventy-one people were hospitalized, 10 in a critical condition. Some patients get milder symptoms and are able to be treated at home.

Vietnam’s Ministry of Health launched a fruitless investigation.

In previous years the registered HFMD cases were mild and most patients recovered after a maximum 10 days, but the new virulent strain EV71 has developed into a fatal disease.

The IFRC say it needs $840,000 to sponsor a program preventing the spread of the disease.

Vietnamese authorities are conducting a campaign to improve sanitation and hygiene practices in internal migrant families living in densely-populated areas.

Cases of HFMD are also on increase in other Asian countries, including Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.

HFMD (Hand, foot and mouth disease) awareness posters (Vietnam Red Cross / p-VNM0322)

 

 

Did Climate Change Cause Witch Hysteria?

Alan Burke
Salem News
Salem Witch Trials

© Public domain / Artist unknown
An engraving depicting a scene from the Salem Witch Trials. The central figure in this 1876 illustration of the courtroom is usually identified as Mary Walcott, 17, one of several girls in Salem with a psychological disorder known as mass hysteria, and whose condition was blamed on witchcraft..

Salem – The Salem witch tragedy of 1692 took less than two years to play out. Yet 300 years later, explanations for how and why it happened are still coming.

One theory recently gaining exposure thanks to bloggers comes from a 2004 college thesis that places the blame on something we think of as a strictly modern phenomenon: climate change.

Proposed in a Harvard thesis, the paper by economist Emily Oster has earned attention due to the modern swirl of controversy surrounding the possibility that human interaction has altered world temperatures.

Currently an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, Oster linked periodic outbreaks of violence against people accused of witchcraft with dramatic temperature drops.

“The most active period of the witchcraft trials (mainly in Europe) coincides with a period of lower-than-average temperature known to climatologists as the ‘little ice age,'” Oster wrote. “The colder temperatures increased the frequency of crop failure, and colder seas prevented cod and other fish from migrating as far north, eliminating this vital food source for some northern areas of Europe.”

When crops failed, “people would have searched for a scapegoat in the face of deadly changes in weather patterns,” she wrote. Thus, desperate people traced their troubles to unpopular neighbors and outcasts allied to the devil.

Oster noted that the persecutions “spread even across the Atlantic Ocean to Salem, Massachusetts.”

Moreover, she added, “The coldest segments of this ‘little ice age’ period were in the 1590s and between 1680 and 1730.”

 

 

 

 

Mysterious Balancing Rocks Resist Quakes’ Shakes

Andrea Mustain
OurAmazingPlanet
PBR

© James Brune
A Precariously Balanced Rock, or PBR.

San Diego – In the western San Bernardino Mountains, near the highway that links Los Angeles and Las Vegas, scientists recently discovered a geological mystery: colossal rocks perched in precarious poses right next door to the San Andreas Fault.

It’s not the rocks’ balancing act that is perplexing, said Lisa Grant Ludwig, a scientist who presented this puzzle to colleagues this week here at the annual meeting of the Seismological Society of America.

It’s how the rocks have managed to stay that way with such an aggressive maker of powerful earthquakes just a few miles away.

 

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 19 23:51 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 19 23:41 PM
4.4     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 23:36 PM
3.2     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:34 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 23:22 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:03 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     135.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     122.7     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
5.2     102.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 23:01 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 22:54 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 19 22:36 PM
2.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 22:18 PM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 22:11 PM
2.9     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.8     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:32 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 19 21:13 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:49 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:25 PM
3.2     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:12 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:09 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:06 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:00 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:55 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 19:32 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     New South Wales, Australia
Apr 19 19:09 PM
3.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 18:48 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 18:37 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 17:47 PM
2.5     16.1     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     72.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 17:03 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 19 17:02 PM
3.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 16:36 PM
2.6     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 16:26 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Kamchatka
Apr 19 16:17 PM
4.0     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     25.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 15:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 19 15:11 PM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 14:58 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 14:43 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 19 13:40 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 13:38 PM
2.4     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 19 13:31 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 13:04 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 12:58 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:36 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 12:31 PM
2.5     2.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 19 12:19 PM
3.0     77.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:15 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:46 AM
3.0     1.7     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:45 AM
2.8     1.5     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 11:24 AM
2.5     75.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 11:00 AM
3.1     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     589.0     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     545.0     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.7     553.1     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.7     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.9     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:54 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 10:51 AM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 10:34 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:14 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 10:13 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 19 09:40 AM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 19 09:34 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:25 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:16 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 19 09:06 AM
4.6     104.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 08:31 AM
2.9     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 19 07:56 AM
2.9     7.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:52 AM
3.3     159.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.7     46.8     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:22 AM
3.1     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.8     14.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 06:25 AM
3.3     112.1     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic
Apr 19 06:15 AM
3.4     100.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 05:00 AM
4.7     32.1     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
5.2     18.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
4.9     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
4.9     18.2     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 19 02:32 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:14 AM
3.4     144.1     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:00 AM
3.3     71.0     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     17.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     18.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 01:20 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
Apr 19 01:17 AM
2.7     11.9     MAP

USGS     Coquimbo, Chile
Apr 19 01:14 AM
4.7     52.3     MAP

GEOFON     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.7     97.0     MAP

USGS     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.4     94.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr  19 00:24 AM
4.5     59.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 19 00:24 AM
4.8     71.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 19 00:13 AM
2.6     8.6     MAP

 

Earthquake swarm on Iran-Iraq border continues

Posted on April 20, 2012
April 20, 2012 IRAN5.1 and 5.0 earthquakes are the latest in a swarm of about six earthquakes that have erupted along the convergent plate boundaries between the Arabian and Eurasian plate. The swarm is about 528 km (328 miles) SW of TEHRAN, Iran. The epicenter of the earthquakes is located on the convergent boundary where the two tectonic plates are colliding along the border of Iraq and Iran in what’s known as the Alpide Belt. Three moderate earthquakes have erupted along the epicenter in less than 20 hours. Most of the volcanoes in Iran lie in the north and south of the country, so this region outside the Tigris River is not considered a high-risk region for magma intrusion. Might this be the precursor to some event? We will have to wait and see.

New research puts focus on earthquake, tsunami hazard for southern California

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

Scientists will convene in San Diego to present the latest seismological research at the annual conference of the Seismological Society of America (SSA), April 17-19. This year’s meeting is expected to draw a record number of registrants, with more than 630 scientists in attendance, and will feature 292 oral presentations and 239 poster presentations.

“For over 100 years the Annual Meeting of SSA has been the forum of excellence for presenting and discussing exciting new developments in seismology research and operations in the U.S. and globally,” said Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade, president of SSA, which is a scientific society devoted to the advancement of earthquake science. von Hillebrandt-Andrade is manager of the NOAA National Weather Service Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program in Puerto Rico.

A special public town hall meeting is scheduled for the evening of April 17, featuring talks by experts on the seismic hazard to San Diego from future earthquakes and tsunamis.

“We are extremely excited by the range, depth, and quality of science to be presented at this meeting” said David Oglesby, associate professor of earth sciences at the University of California, Riverside. “The meeting will cover all aspects of seismology and earthquake science, from geology to numerical models, and from seismograms to tsunamis.

“Our location near the US-Mexican border also help to illuminate the exciting opportunities in international scientific collaborations,” said Oglesby, who is a co-organizer of the conference program along with Raul Castro, a seismologist at the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Baja California.

The presentations by the international gathering of seismologists will focus on a broad range of topics, covering the Earth’s surface to its center. Some highlights that focus more closely on the San Diego area include:

Downtown San Diego:
The city of San Diego sits atop a fault system that poses considerable seismic hazard to the millions of the region’s residents. In an evaluation by Ivan Wong and colleagues from the URS Corporation, an international engineering consulting firm, the potential hazard from both strong ground shaking and surface faulting was quantified in the downtown area.

Several rupture scenarios of the Rose Canyon fault system were considered including rupture of the associated San Diego fault that traverses downtown San Diego.

The surface faulting hazard for locations along the San Diego fault is estimated to be low because of its low rate of activity but the ground shaking hazard is probably high throughout much of San Diego because of the distributed nature of the Rose Canyon fault system.

The behavior of the Rose Canyon fault system as it traverses San Diego is poorly understood. It is unclear what the role of individual faults in the fault system are in the vicinity of San Diego Bay and the downtown area in a large magnitude 7+ earthquake and how often such events may occur.

“It is clear however that the threat to the city from a future large earthquake is considerable and that research is needed to define what that level of hazard is,” said Ivan Wong, principal seismologist and vice president of URS Corporation.

San Jacinto Fault Zone:
Geophysicist Tom Rockwell, and colleagues from San Diego State University will describe the latest research findings on the San Jacinto Fault (SJF) Zone, which is a seismically active, major component of the overall southern San Andreas Fault system, and of particular importance to the San Diego region. They have mapped evidence of past ruptures consistent with very large earthquakes along the Clark Fault, an individual strand associated with the SJF.

Tom Rockwell and other presenters will discuss their work at a news briefing on April 19, beginning at 12:10 p.m. (local time) in the Terrace Salon 2 room of the Town and Country Resort and Convention Hotel.

Offshore faults:
A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

The new map covers a series of faults in the near-shore portion of the region known as the Inner Continental Borderland, located between the coast and the San Clemente fault, about 35-40 miles offshore.

The crumpled and uplifted seafloor from Santa Monica Bay to the Mexican border includes several high-angled and north-south trending faults. Using high-resolution seismic reflection data from a number of sources, including multiple sources of sonar beamed from research ships and unmanned underwater vehicles, the researchers were able to revise the current map in some surprising ways.

The data show linkages between faults that were not known previously, for example, and in some cases show a fault slip rate of 1-2 millimeters per year.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Popocatepetl Volcano Threatening to Erupt, 19 Million Prepare to Evacuate

By Sami K. Martin , Christian Post Contributor
April 18, 2012|11:57 am

The Popocatepetl volcano is making movement and threatening to erupt, causing Mexican officials to raise the alert level from yellow phase three to yellow phase two.

The volcano has already begun spewing red-hot bits of rock, and its opening has expanded. These are signs that the volcano, still quite active, could soon erupt. In a statement by Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention, the volcano could produce “moderate exhalations, some with ash, sporadic low to moderate explosions with likely burning fragments, and flaming magma within the crater.”

Residents and tourists have been advised to remain at least seven miles away from the volcano’s base, lest magma or hot rock injure anyone. Mexico has been experiencing natural disasters with increasing frequency.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Popocatépetl Volcano Erupts Spewing Hot Rock Fragments and Ash in Mexico

Alex Sosnowski
AccuWeather
Thu, 19 Apr 2012 11:40 CDT
Print
Popocatepetl volcano

© AP
Birds fly in the foreground as a plume of ash and steam rise from Popocatepetl volcano as seen from San Andres Cholula, Mexico, Wednesday April 18, 2012. Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano is continuing to spout gases and hot rock fragments and it is dusting towns on its flanks with volcanic ash.
A volcano within view of Mexico City continues to erupt.

Steam, smoke and hot fragments of rock began to be ejected from Popocatepetl this past weekend.

The volcano is located about 50 miles southeast of Mexico’s capital, Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is home to approximately 21 million people.

According to Reuters, Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention this week raised the alert level to three on a scale from one to seven, with seven being the greatest threat.

If eruptions intensify, evacuations of nearby villages may be necessary.

The volcano has had a long history of frequent minor to moderate eruptions.

In 2000, thousands of residents surrounding the nearly 18,000-foot mountain were forced to evacuate. Popocatepetl is North America’s second highest volcano.

Eruptions have occurred in November and June of 2011.

According to VolcanoDiscovery.com, Popocatepetl was dormant during the 1950s, 60s, 70s and 80s.

This is a very active volcanic region of the globe and is known as the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

Mexico authorities were recommending limiting access to the area, including air travel due to the frequency of the volcanic activity of late.

Ash from volcanoes can be carried into the intake of engines, leading to failure.

During a major eruption, smoke and ash can be carried for hundreds and thousands of miles downwind, depending on weather conditions. Such was the case with Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland during 2010.

Accord to Smithsonian, the last major eruption of Popocatepetl, which including a pyroclastic flow, occurred around 800 AD.

A pyroclastic flow is a combination of lethal hot gas and ash, similar to what happened in Pompeii, Italy.

Popocatepetl is the Aztec word for smoking mountain.

Surface winds in the vicinity of the volcano during April 19, 2012, were generally from the west and northwest, carrying smoke and ash away from the Mexico capital.

The town of Puebla, located southeast of Popocatepetl was reporting volcanic ash in the vicinity for a few hours during April 18.

This story was first published on Monday, April 16, 2012 and has been updated.

Reventador volcano (Ecuador), activity update: steaming and ash emission

Thursday Apr 19, 2012 09:04 AM | Age: 23 hrs
BY: T

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

Reventador continues to be mildly active with ongoing weak to moderate steam and ash emissions. The Instituto Geofísico reports a 2 km high column of steam and ash rising from Reventador volcano on 18 April. The ash cloud moved to the NW.
IG characterizes the actual activity level (visual and seismic activity) of Reventador “moderate”. No major changes have been observed at the volcano in recent days.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Tamil Nadu, Valparai [Vellamalai Top Division Tea Estate] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Samoa Capital city, Apia [Tafaigata prison] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather Turkey [Statewide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Indiana, Indianapolis [Zionsville Road, Pike Township] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, New York City [John F. Kennedy International Airport ] Damage level
Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire India State of Andhra Pradesh, [Tirumala Forest] Damage level
Details
  Today Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Pocklington [East Yorkshire] Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of Pennsylvania, [Limerick Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Bolivia Departamento de La Paz, El Castillo Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Texas, Pleasanton Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Turkey Province of Karabük, [Villages of Cıraklar, Kadibükü and Cercen, Safranbolu district ] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Dominican Republic Moca Municipio, [Canca, Tamboril and Ceiba de Madera] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Biological Hazard South Africa State of Western Cape, Cape Town [Koeel Bay] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of , [About 120 miles west of Tampa] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Pennsylvania, Wissinoming [James Sullivan Elementary School] Damage level
Details
1 20.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CHICAGO IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
JUNEAU AK
ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GAYLORD MI
GREEN BAY WI
MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
 DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

 

Flood Warning

 

LAKE CHARLES LA
LITTLE ROCK AR
JACKSON, MS
SHREVEPORT LA



Winter Weather Advisory

 

GREEN BAY WI
GAYLORD MI
MARQUETTE MI

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Climate Change

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change

by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change
by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

Severe outbreaks of new, invasive pests triggered by rising temperatures could threaten Southeast Asia’s multi-billion dollar cassava industry, as well as the livelihoods of the hundreds of thousands of small farmers that rely on the crop for income, according to research from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

“Warmer conditions and longer dry seasons linked to climate change could prove to be the perfect catalyst for outbreaks of pests and diseases. They are already formidable enemies affecting food crops,” said Pramod K. Aggarwal, regional program leader for Asia at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Around five million small producers across Southeast Asia supply cassava to domestic and foreign processing industries, which convert the roots to animal feed and biofuels and also extract starch for use in a wide variety of food and other products. Thailand’s cassava industry accounts for more than 60 percent of global exports. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of tapioca starch, made from the cassava root. In 2011, Thai farmers exported 2.8 billion metric tons of tapioca starch worth almost 48 billion Thai Baht, according to the Thai Tapioca Starch Association.

For cassava in Southeast Asia, mealybugs and whiteflies are already endemic in the region. But new threats, such as the tiny green mite (Mononychellus mcgregori), are already emerging, says the research, published recently in the scientific journal Tropical Plant Biology.

“The cassava pest situation in Asia is pretty serious as it is,” said Tony Bellotti, a cassava entomologist at CIAT. “But according to our studies, rising temperatures could make things a whole lot worse.”

The research was discussed at “Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia: Research and Development Priorities,” a conference convened in Bangkok this week by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

“One outbreak of an invasive species is bad enough, but our results show that climate change could trigger multiple, combined outbreaks across Southeast Asia, Southern China and the cassava-growing areas of Southern India,” added Belloti. “It’s a serious threat to the hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers for whom cassava is a lifeline, and their main source of income.”

The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

An invasive species-one whose movement is aided by the boom in global travel and trade, and which has no natural enemies in Asia-green mite populations could explode if left unchecked.

The report calls for a range of responses to minimize the risk of outbreaks, and to limit damage where outbreaks occur, under the broad banner of Integrated Pest Management. This includes renewed scientific focus on breeding cassava plants with increased resistance to the pests, minimal use of pesticides to avoid killing any possible natural enemies, as well as the identification, rearing and introduction of so-called “biological control agents”-predator and parasite species that hunt down and kill the pests.

In 2009, Thailand showed how a sudden, severe cassava mealybug outbreak could be swiftly brought under control through the use of the parasitic wasp Anagyrus lopezi, which was released into Thai cassava fields in 2010.

“These pest outbreaks need to be continually monitored,” Bellotti said. “Our research shows that there are specific niches that these exotic species can exploit, not just in Asia, but in Africa and the Americas too.”

Scientists emphasize the importance of taming these threats to cassava because the crop is one of the few that can prosper as the climate changes. Previous CIAT research identified cassava as a “Rambo root,” exceptionally tolerant of higher temperatures and droughts. But while the plant can survive the changing temperatures, in order to fully realize its potential to thrive in the face of climate change, it needs assistance in overcoming the crop pests that also come with modified climates.

The Climate Smart Agriculture conference in Bangkok featured leading agriculture, climate and development experts, as well as government representatives from 14 countries in South and Southeast Asia, who brought similar experiences of how agriculture has changed, discussed the most up-to-date research on the impacts of climate change on food security, and identified the priorities to make agriculture “climate-smart.”

These regions are home to more than 30 percent of the world’s population, but half of the world’s poor and malnourished. Agriculture is the backbone of most economies in the region, with nearly 50 percent of the population dependent on the sector for food and livelihoods. Agriculture, along with forestry and land use change, also account for almost one third of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and some of the most innovative approaches to reducing these emissions have been developed in Southeast Asia, one of the leading exporters of rice and cassava to the rest of the world.

In Vietnam, some farmers are switching from rice to shrimp farming to respond to increased salinity and other changes in water resources. Scientists are also working with farmers to disseminate varieties in Mekong Delta countries that can tolerate a larger amount of saltwater flooding, more acidic water and soil, elevated levels of pollution, and new strains of pests and diseases-all while decreasing the crop’s water usage and emissions footprint.

“Last year’s record flooding in Thailand and Southeast Asia was preceded by a record drought in 2010. These and many other extreme weather events have hammered global food prices,” said Bruce Campbell, program director at CCAFS. “With climate change in South and Southeast Asia expected to reduce agriculture productivity by as much as 50 percent in the next three decades, agriculture must become more productive, more resilient and more climate-friendly. Agriculture needs to shift from being climate dependent to being climate-smart.”

The research was published in Tropical Plant Biology, vol 4, numbers 3-4 Dec 2011.

Related Links
CGIAR
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr19: Earth-Directed CME/Quake Watch Peaks 21st/22nd


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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 23:56 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 23:29 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:37 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:30 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 22:25 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:18 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 22:16 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 22:12 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:55 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Syria-iraq Border Region
Apr 17 21:49 PM
3.1     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:45 PM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:29 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:26 PM
3.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 21:24 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:18 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:12 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 21:10 PM
2.5     110.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 21:02 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:52 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 20:49 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:45 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 17 20:31 PM
4.1     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 20:23 PM
3.0     9.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 17 20:15 PM
2.8     11.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 20:01 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 19:59 PM
2.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 19:45 PM
5.0     12.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 19:37 PM
3.7     75.0     MAP

GEOFON     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

USGS     East Of The South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.2     1.0     MAP     

EMSC     East Of South Sandwich Islands     
Apr 17 19:03 PM     
6.0     2.0     MAP     

USGS     New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.4     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 17 18:21 PM
4.7     256.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 18:09 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 17:35 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     9.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 17:06 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 17:03 PM
2.6     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 16:50 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 16:33 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:52 PM
3.6     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:33 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 15:29 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.7     201.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
4.6     210.6     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 17 15:15 PM
5.0     200.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 15:04 PM
2.9     17.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.6     56.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 14:29 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

EMSC     Kerkira Region, Greece
Apr 17 14:27 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 14:20 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 13:59 PM
2.8     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 13:53 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 13:27 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:26 PM
3.8     30.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 17 13:20 PM
3.9     20.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 13:03 PM
3.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:43 PM
2.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Hawaii Region, Hawaii
Apr 17 12:36 PM
3.0     36.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     26.2     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.7     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 12:29 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.8     73.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     65.3     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Southern Peru
Apr 17 12:26 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 12:25 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 12:12 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 11:50 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 11:11 AM
3.0     99.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 17 11:01 AM
2.7     126.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.9     80.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     63.6     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 17 10:49 AM
4.6     54.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 17 10:05 AM
2.7     120.0     MAP

GEOFON     Chile-argentina Border Region
Apr 17 09:49 AM
4.2     147.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:46 AM
3.3     40.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 17 09:29 AM
3.2     6.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 17 09:22 AM
2.5     89.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece-turkey Border Region
Apr 17 09:13 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 09:03 AM
3.9     73.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     44.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     15.1     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 17 08:51 AM
5.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 08:42 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 17 08:24 AM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.8     27.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 17 07:58 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:54 AM
2.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 07:49 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 17 07:32 AM
2.6     78.1     MAP

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea    

Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     208.2     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     211.0     MAP     

USGS     Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea   

 Apr 17 07:13 AM     
7.0     202.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Eastern New Guinea Reg., P.n.g.     
Apr 17 07:13 AM     
6.8     207.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 17 07:07 AM
3.2     19.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 17 06:20 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Oregon
Apr 17 06:14 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 06:10 AM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.4     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Samoa Islands Region
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 17 06:07 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 05:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 05:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 17 05:19 AM
2.5     2.9     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 17 04:53 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 04:48 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.8     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 17 04:25 AM
4.9     31.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
4.8     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Valparaiso, Chile
Apr 17 04:03 AM
5.1     36.6     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 17 03:57 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 17 03:55 AM
3.1     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:54 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     37.0     MAP     

EMSC     Valparaiso, Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     30.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile     
Apr 17 03:50 AM     
6.7     29.0     MAP     

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 17 03:43 AM
3.7     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 17 03:32 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
4.9     43.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
Apr 17 03:24 AM
5.1     41.7     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 17 03:18 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 03:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:54 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 02:46 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.7     34.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Iran
Apr 17 02:37 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kenya
Apr 17 02:01 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid indian Ridge
Apr 17 01:41 AM
4.9     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:33 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 17 01:30 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 17 01:19 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 17 00:19 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 17 00:12 AM
3.4     24.8     MAP

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile near the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, causing mudslides and some minor damage, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

“We could feel the ground shaking,” said journalist Richard Madan. “It felt like we were standing on a subway track but multiply that by about 200.”

Read Full Article Here
http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/.element/apps/cvp/3.0/swf/cnn_416x234_embed.swf?context=embed&videoId=world/2012/04/17/bpr-chile-earthquake-manuel.cnn

Did N. Sumatra earthquakes set off a chain-reaction? Planet shaken by shocking number of tremors since April 11, 2012

Posted on April 17, 2012
April 17, 2012WORLD – The shocking number of earthquakes that have rattled the globe, especially along tectonic plate boundaries, since the double 8.0+ magnitude earthquakes struck off the coast of Northern Sumatra on April 11 could be early indication the planet may be shifting towards a new catastrophic model. Romania’ s top seismologist, Gheorghe Marmureanu, told the Bucharest Herald: “There is no doubt something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes.” I said in my book: “If you keep seismically shaking the Earth, like a bottle of soda, its structural integrity eventually will become compromised and it will start to fracture like an egg. In this case, the fracturing will be thermal dissipation by hyper-volcanism, mega-thrust earthquakes, and greater tectonic boundary plate agitation around volcanic arcs and subduction zones…if this is what’s indeed happening, the pressure will continue to build in the interior of the planet until it eventually destabilizes all tectonic plates in a spectral pattern of continous seismic oscillation. Every earthquake generates and emits enough kinetic energy through the earth to potentially trigger more seismic disturbances.” – The Extinction Protocol, page 495

7.0-magnitude quake hits off Papua New Guinea: USGS

by Staff Writers
Sydney (AFP) April 17, 2012


Quake sends Indonesians fleeing from Aceh parliament
Banda Aceh, Indonesia (AFP) April 17, 2012 – A moderate earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island Tuesday, US seismologists said, sending people running in fear from Aceh province’s parliament.The 5.1-quake hit at 10:24 am (0324 GMT) at a depth of around 42 kilometres (26 miles), 80 kilometres southwest of the provincial capital Banda Aceh, the US Geological Survey said.”The epicentre was located in the sea and was felt by people in Banda Aceh,” said Arif Achir of Indonesia’s meteorology and geophysics agency, adding there was no tsunami threat or immediate reports of damage.

An AFP correspondent said the quake lasted around 45 seconds, sending people running from parliament and children from classrooms.

Aceh province was shaken last Wednesday by two huge earthquakes that triggered an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

A 7.0-magnitude quake struck off the northeast of Papua New Guinea on Tuesday, the US Geological Survey said, but there was no tsunami warning issued.

The quake hit at 5:13 pm (0713 GMT) 141 kilometres (88 miles) north of the country’s second largest city of Lae and 443 kilometres from the capital Port Moresby at a depth of 201 kilometres, it said.

“A destructive tsunami was not generated based on earthquake and historical tsunami data,” the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said in a statement.

Geoscience Australia measured the quake at 6.8 magnitude and at a depth of 215 kilometres but agreed it was unlikely to generate dangerous waves in the developing Pacific island nation.

“It’s pretty deep so it’s not a tsunami threat we believe, even though it’s slightly offshore,” Geoscience Australia seismologist Clive Collins told AFP.

Collins said there had been reports of the quake being felt as far away as Goroko, a highland region about 250 kilometres from the epicentre.

“There would be quite some shaking to the areas close by… because it’s about 20 kilometres offshore,” Collins said.

“So it’s obviously been felt in a wide area around Papua New Guinea, which you would expect from something that big.”

Quakes of such magnitude are common in impoverished PNG, which sits on the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a hotspot for seismic activity due to friction between tectonic plates.

“That northern part of Papua New Guinea is subject to quite strong earthquakes reasonably frequently,” Collins said, adding that the biggest risk in the mountainous country was generally from landslips caused by tremors.

“There are very steep valleys and if it’s been wet you get landslides which generally cause trouble. But I think this being a little bit offshore it may not be such a problem,” he said.

“Of course it will be a while before we know that.”

A giant tsunami in 1998 killed more than 2,000 people near Aitape, on the country’s northwest coast.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

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Volcanic Activity

Santorini’s underwater volcano activity resumes

20:54 17 APR 2012

(AGI) Washington – Santorini’s volcanic basin is showing signs of resumed volcanic activity. According to researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, satellite research tools suggest that a build-up of some 14m cubic metres of lava at a depth of 5km took place between September and January last.
Widely touted by academics as the cause of the Minoan civilisation’s obliteration, what is left of the volcano – a small archipelago – last witnessed significant geological activity in January of 2011. Having published his findings in the latest issue of Geophysical Research Letters, the Institute’s Andrew Newman says “our research shows that the lava build-up is accelerating,” suggesting that even though the build-up may not indicate an imminent eruption, it may cause minor volcanic events, including ash fall-out, landslides and even tsunami type phenomena.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Unusual geological event Canada Province of New Brunswick, McAdam Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Ontario, [Uxbridge area] Damage level Details
  Today Flood Nigeria Edo State, Benin City Damage level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire China Province of Liaoning, [Qipan Mountain] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution Australia State of New South Wales, [Pacific Highway, Near to Port Macquarie] Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of Michigan, Traverse City [Cherry Capital Airport] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard USA State of California, San Diego Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Haryana, Gurgaon [Government High School Sector 40] Damage level Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, Seattle [Bell Harbor Marina, Elliott Bay] Damage level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Greece Island of Thera, [Santorini volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Hailstorm USA State of California, [San Joaquin Valley] Damage level Details
1 18.04.2012 CBRNE Afghanistan Province of Takhar, [The area is not defined.] Damage level Details

Gale Warning

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT

Freeze Warning

STATE COLLEGE PA
BINGHAMTON NY
BUFFALO NY
GRAND RAPIDS MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
ALBANY NY

FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

ALBUQUERQUE NM

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Flooding

Flood Warning

KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS
 NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
SHREVEPORT LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR

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Radiation/ Nuclear

Ukraine nuclear plant halts reactor after electrical failure

by Staff Writers
Kiev (AFP) April 17, 2012

A reactor at a nuclear power station in the south of Ukraine has been shut down following an electrical failure but radiation levels were not elevated, authorities said on Tuesday.

The second reactor of the Yuzhno-Ukrainskaya Nuclear Power Station in the south of Ukraine was shut down following the failure of its main transformer and the subsequent breakage of the high voltage power line late Monday, the emergencies ministry said.

“The reactor no 2 has been switched to the minimum capacity and unplugged from Ukraine’s energy grid,” the emergencies ministry said in a statement on its website.

“Radiation and fire safety levels are normal,” it said, adding the nuclear power station’s employees were taking steps to bring the situation under control.

Ukraine is home to the now defunct Chernobyl nuclear plant whose fourth reactor exploded in April 1986 with fallout hitting the three Soviet republics along with a large part of Europe.

The Chernobyl nuclear plant is located about 100 kilometres (60 miles) north of Kiev and close to the borders with Russia and Belarus. The explosion remains the world’s worst nuclear disaster.

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Solar Activity

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION:

Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

Using data from SDO, Steele Hill of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center assembled a must-see movie of the event. It shows the explosion unfolding at 304Å, a wavelength which traces plasma with a temperature around 80,000 K.

Coverage of the blast was not limited to space telescopes. Amateur astronomers saw it, too. Jim Lafferty sends this picture from his backyard observatory in Redlands, California:

“Yesterday’s prominence on the sun’s eastern limb was was one of the largest in years—short lived, it was mostly gone in a few hours,” says Lafferty. “It was a wonderful sight in the eyepiece and in the camera!”

2MIN News Apr17: Massive CME & Earthquakes


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Articles of Interest

Toxic gases hamper search at Pakistan avalanche site

by Staff Writers
Islamabad (AFP) April 17, 2012

Toxic gases Tuesday hampered the search for 138 people buried by an avalanche at a high-altitude Pakistan army camp, as teams from the United States and Norway arrived at the site to help operations.

A huge wall of snow crashed into the remote Siachen Glacier base high in the mountains in disputed Kashmir more than a week ago, smothering an area of one square kilometre (a third of a square mile).

Rescuers have dug tunnels in the hard mass of snow and ice to try to reach the buried soldiers and civilians at the Gayari base, but toxic gases have built up inside one of them, the military said in a statement.

A rise in the temperature has increased the risk of further snow slides, the statement said, forcing workers on the site to take extra precautions.

Specialist teams from Norway and the United States arrived at Gayari, while Swiss and German teams have returned home after helping the efforts.

Search teams are looking for the trapped soldiers and civilians at six different points on the site, around 4,000 metres (13,000 feet) up in the mountains.

More than 450 rescuers are working at the site near the de facto border with India in the militarised region of Kashmir, though experts have said there is virtually no chance of finding any survivors.

Kashmir has been the cause of two wars between India and Pakistan and the nuclear-armed rivals fought over Siachen in 1987, though guns on the glacier have largely fallen silent since a peace process began in 2004.

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S.Lanka fishermen accused of damaging tsunami buoy

by Staff Writers
Colombo (AFP) April 17, 2012

Five Sri Lankan fishermen have been charged with vandalising a tsunami warning buoy just weeks before an earthquake triggered a major alert across the Indian Ocean, police said Tuesday.

Parts of the electronic floating device were removed from the buoy’s deep-sea mooring off the coast last month and later recovered in the southern coastal district of Matara.

The fishermen appeared before the chief magistrate in Matara on Monday and were remanded in custody until April 30, police spokesman Ajith Rohana told AFP.

“They said they thought the device could be a nice ornament they can fit onto their boat,” a court official said by telephone.

Tsunami warnings are vital to Sri Lanka, which had its south and east coasts devastated in the December 2004 tsunami when 31,000 people died in the island.

On April 11, a 8.6-magnitude earthquake off Indonesia’s Sumatra island set off high-level tsunami alerts around the Indian Ocean but no large waves were created and it caused little damage.

The Deep ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) buoy, which belongs to India, is part of a wider warning system to detect unusual rises in sea levels and predict tsunamis.

“The Indian authorities complained to us that one of their buoys had been cut from the moorings,” Sarath Lal Kumara, spokesman for Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Centre, told AFP.

He said police investigations led to the arrest of the five men and the recovery of some of the parts of the buoy, which cost hundreds of thousands of dollars.

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Huge tire fire causes Kuwait ‘catastrophe’

by Staff Writers
Kuwait City (AFP) April 17, 2012

Hundreds of Kuwaiti firemen on Tuesday fought to contain a massive fire in a dump for used tires, with some members of parliament calling the blaze an environmental catastrophe.

Firemen from the national guard, the army and the oil sector joined efforts to extinguish the fire that was still raging 10 hours after it broke out in the dump of more than five million tires, the fire department said.

Environment authorities advised residents in the area to stay away and to use masks, but the education ministry rejected calls by MPs to suspend classes at local schools.

A number of MPs described the fire as an “environmental catastrophe” and vowed to demand a debate on the issue in a special parliamentary session next week. Some said they will demand an official probe.

Medics said that one man was treated for minor burns.

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