Tag Archive: Biosafety level


Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

17.07.2013 Biological Hazard Uganda Western Uganda, [Bundibugyo refugee camp] Damage level
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Biological Hazard in Uganda on Wednesday, 17 July, 2013 at 03:22 (03:22 AM) UTC.

Description
Cholera has broken out in Bundibugyo District, in camps accommodating refugees who fled fighting between the Congolese and alleged rebels of the Allied Democratic Forces in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Mr Mathias Kisembo, a clinical officer at Nyahuka Health Centre III, said they had 15 cases of cholera by Monday, with the most affected being children under five years. “More than 50 children are also admitted with malaria at this facility and we lack enough drugs,” he said yesterday. As more refugees continue to enter Uganda, military sources said Ugandan security officials are keeping a close watch on the identities and activities of the refugees to ensure that insurgents do not enter the country disguising to be refugees. At least 10 primary schools in Bundibugyo have closed after they were occupied by refugees. Bundibugyo District chairman Jolly Tibemanya on Monday said they have to first re-empty the school toilets or build new ones so that schools can re-open.
Biohazard name: Cholera Outbreak
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

Cholera outbreak reported in Bundibugyo refugee camp

By Ruth Katusabe, Thembo Kahungu & Francis Mugerwa

Posted  Wednesday, July 17  2013 at  01:00

BUNDIBUGYO

Cholera has broken out in Bundibugyo District, in camps accommodating refugees who fled fighting between the Congolese and alleged rebels of the Allied Democratic Forces in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Mr Mathias Kisembo, a clinical officer at Nyahuka Health Centre III, said they had 15 cases of cholera by Monday, with the most affected being children under five years. “More than 50 children are also admitted with malaria at this facility and we lack enough drugs,” he said yesterday.

As more refugees continue to enter Uganda, military sources said Ugandan security officials are keeping a close watch on the identities and activities of the refugees to ensure that insurgents do not enter the country disguising to be refugees.

 

Read More  Here

 

Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazard

Flow chart of the West Nile Virus. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is a part of the public domain.

West Nile Virus via MicrobeWiki

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16.07.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of Louisiana, [Lafayette Parish] Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in USA on Tuesday, 16 July, 2013 at 03:21 (03:21 AM) UTC.

Description
West Nile virus surveillance data collected in recent days indicate an outbreak of this mosquito-borne disease in several areas throughout Lafayette Parish, prompting officials to take more intense measures to stem the tide. Scientific test results obtained from dead birds, sentinel chickens and mosquito pools – collections of mosquitoes of same species from a specific area – all indicate a very high level of West Nile virus in the parish, according to a press release. According to Mike Mouton, emergency operations and security coordinator for Lafayette Parish, there are usually one or two hotspots for West Nile infections that are easily handled. In the last three weeks alone, there are eight. “We have stepped up spraying morning and night in the areas that tested positive,” said Mouton. “Then we test the area again after five to seven days of spraying, then we will reassess the situation as needed.” Should these tactics remain ineffective, Mouton said the parish would try aerial spraying in areas of reported infection, something that is typically done in South Louisiana after hurricanes and tropical storms when mosquitoes go on a breeding rampage after the area is saturated.
Biohazard name: West Nile Virus
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status:

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Lafayette taking action against West Nile Virus

Jul. 15, 2013   |
Lafayette Biting Back Against West Nile Virus
Lafayette Biting Back Against West Nile Virus: The Lafayette Consolidated Government is ramping up efforts to prevent the spread of the West Nile Virus in response to recent surveillance data collected within Lafayette Parish. Video by Leslie Westbrook, The Daily Advertiser

West Nile virus surveillance data collected in recent days indicate an outbreak of this mosquito-borne disease in several areas throughout Lafayette Parish, prompting officials to take more intense measures to stem the tide.

Scientific test results obtained from dead birds, sentinel chickens and mosquito pools — collections of mosquitoes of same species from a specific area — all indicate a very high level of West Nile virus in the parish, according to a press release.

Read More and Watch Video Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological  Hazards

View of Broken Arrow's water main near Pryor from Osage SkyNews 6. View of Broken Arrow’s water main near Pryor from Osage SkyNews 6.

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12.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of Oklahoma, Broken Arrow Damage level
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Biological Hazard in USA on Wednesday, 12 June, 2013 at 02:55 (02:55 AM) UTC.

 

Description
The City of Broken Arrow has now issued a precautionary boil order effective immediately. City leaders say the main water line break have contaminated the water. As a precaution, it is advised that the consumers of the this water system bring the water to full, rolling boil for at least one minute before consumption, food preparation, dish washing, tooth brushing, wound care and bathing infants who may ingest bath water. Broken Arrow police say the city hasn’t run out of water as of yet. The City of Broken Arrow is asking neighbors to take the emergency water order issued earlier today seriously. “We have reached a critical time in our water distribution system,” said City Manager Thom Moton. “If our customers do not start conserving water immediately, the City will run out of water, possibly as early as 6 p.m. today.” KRMG has learned that, if the water towers reach critically low levels, customers will experience a period of low water pressure and possibly no water at all. If this point is reached, city officials say a boil order will be issued. “We are asking our customers to use as little water as possible until 6 a.m. tomorrow morning to give our crews time to repair the line and refill and recharge the water towers,” Director of Communications Stephanie Higgins said. Crews hope to have the repair finished later this evening.
Biohazard name: Contamined water
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.

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Broken Arrow Issues Precautionary Boil Order After Water Main Break

Posted: Jun 11, 2013 11:46 AM CST Updated: Jun 11, 2013 7:33 PM CST

 

View from Osage SkyNews 6 of Broken Arrow's water intake on Grand River. View from Osage SkyNews 6 of Broken Arrow’s water intake on Grand River.

BROKEN ARROW, Oklahoma –

The city of Broken Arrow has declared a water emergency and issued a precautionary boil order for all customers, because of a break in a main water line into Broken Arrow from Pryor.

 

According to a news release, the city is asking residents to use water for essential purposes only such as cooking and bathing.

 

The City Manager urged residents to take the water emergency seriously Tuesday afternoon.

 

“We have reached a critical time in our water distribution system,” said City Manager Thom Moton. “If our customers do not start conserving water immediately, the City will run out of water, possibly as early as 6 p.m. today.”

 

As of about 7 p.m., the City of Broken Arrow issued a precautionary boil order. Due to the water main break, the water pressure was low enough in the system that the city said it may be at risk of contamination.

The City of Broken Arrow advised consumers to bring any water that comes out of their taps to a full rolling boil for at least one minute before drinking it or using it for food preparation, dish washing, tooth brushing, wound care, or for bathing infants who may ingest bath water.

 

Read Full Report  and  Watch Video Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic  Hazards

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06.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard Russia [Asia] Rostovskaya Oblast, Rostov-on-Don [Teremok kindergarten] Damage level Details

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Epidemic Hazard in Russia [Asia] on Thursday, 06 June, 2013 at 10:11 (10:11 AM) UTC.

Description
One child has died and nearly 80 others have been affected by an outbreak of acute respiratory infection, in some cases complicated by meningitis, in Rostov-on-Don. Twenty-eight children from the Teremok kindergarten are currently in hospital, 11 with symptoms of pneumonia and nine with meningitis. One child died yesterday despite receiving medical treatment, ITAR-TASS reported Thursday. A group of specialists from the Research and Development Institute for Childhood Infections will today fly to Rostov-on-Don, about 1,000 kilometers south of Moscow, to assist local pediatricians who are treating the children. “All of the children have been examined by specialists from the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases Medical University and bacteriological and virological blood tests have been carried out,” the regional Health Ministry said, adding that there is no meningitis epidemic in the region. The kindergarten has been closed and 34 preschoolers being kept at home under constant observation of pediatricians, ITAR-TASS reported. Health Minister Veronika Skvortsova has commissioned Russia’s chief pediatrician for infectious diseases Yuri Lobzin to provide assistance to regional specialists, said the ministry’s press service. The Investigative Committee in the Rostov region has opened a criminal case against the head of the kindergarten under charges of negligence. The virus is likely to have come from a clothing market where mostly immigrants from Vietnam, China and other Asian countries work. The market is located in the Pervomai district, where the kindergarten is also based.1
Biohazard name: Acute respiratory infection and meningitis
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Meningitis Outbreak in Rostov Kindergarten, 1 Child Dead

The Moscow Times

One child has died and nearly 80 others have been affected by an outbreak of acute respiratory infection, in some cases complicated by meningitis, in Rostov-on-Don.

Twenty-eight children from the Teremok kindergarten are currently in hospital, 11 with symptoms of pneumonia and nine with meningitis. One child died yesterday despite receiving medical treatment, ITAR-TASS reported Thursday.

A group of specialists from the Research and Development Institute for Childhood Infections will today fly to Rostov-on-Don, about 1,000 kilometers south of Moscow, to assist local pediatricians who are treating the children.

“All of the children have been examined by specialists from the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases Medical University and bacteriological and virological blood tests have been carried out,” the regional Health Ministry said, adding that there is no meningitis epidemic in the region.

Read Full Article  and Listen to the  Report  Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological  Hazards

File:CD3622-0005 - Flickr - USDAgov.jpg

English: Hallaway Dairy Farm in Delhi, New York, USA, September 1999. USDA Photo.

***Photo is  simply  a  representation of  Cattle in the  US

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06.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of North Dakota, [Adams County] Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in USA on Thursday, 06 June, 2013 at 05:41 (05:41 AM) UTC.

Description
North Dakota’s first case of anthrax this year has been confirmed in Hettinger County, and the state veterinarian said conditions are right for more cases. “A case of anthrax in an unvaccinated beef cow has been confirmed … near the Adams County line, the first confirmed case in the state this year,” said state veterinarian Susan Keller. “Producers should consult with their veterinarians to make sure the vaccination schedule for their animals is up to date,” she said. Beth Carlson, deputy state veterinarian, said anthrax – which is caused by a naturally-occurring bacteria – is spread when animals graze or consume forage or water contaminated with spores produced by the bacteria. With the amount of rain received in the state, Carlson said, the water will move those spores around, increasing the chances of more reports.

“Certainly, we will not be surprised if we see more cases,” she said. Carlson said if producers have had a history of anthrax in their area, they should consult with their veterinarian on vaccinations. She said the vaccine is relatively inexpensive and very effective, but needs about a week to take effect. Anthrax, however, moves rapidly and is fatal within a day of symptoms appearing. Those symptoms include labored breathing, weakness and staggering and bloody discharges from body openings after death. Carlson said each year there are some confirmed cases of anthrax in the state and it has been found in nearly every part of the state, although most frequently it occurs in the northeast, southeast and south central areas. Cattle are not the only animals susceptible, she said. Sheep, horses, bison, deer – all animals that graze – are at risk. The worst outbreak of anthrax happened in 2005 when more than 500 cattle were confirmed to have died from the disease. Carlson said the death toll was likely more than 1,000 animals, however, because in cases when single animals died, those animals were not tested for the disease.

Biohazard name: Anthrax
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.

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The Global Dispatch

North Dakota top veterinarian reports first animal anthrax case of 2013

North Dakota agriculture officials is advising livestock owners to take the appropriate actions to protect their animals from the lethal bacterial disease, anthrax, after a cow turned up positive, according to a North Dakota Department of Agriculture news release June 5.

Image/Agricultural Research Service/USDA

Image/Agricultural Research Service/USDA

“A case of anthrax in an unvaccinated beef cow has been confirmed in Hettinger County near the Adams County line, the first confirmed case in the state this year,” said Dr. Susan Keller.

“Producers should consult with their veterinarians to make sure the vaccination schedule for their animals is up to date.”

Keller said effective anthrax vaccines are readily available, but that it takes about a week for immunity to be established, and it must administered annually.

Anthrax has been most frequently reported in northeast, southeast and south central North Dakota, but it has been found in almost every part of the state,” she said. “With the precipitation we have had, conditions are right for the disease to occur,” she said.

Anthrax is a pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels and deers.

It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins.

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

World Health Organisation/AFP/File

An expert works in a mobile laboratory in Mweka in DR Congo in 2007 after Ebola cases were confirmed. A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out a new Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by UN staff. – Copyright : World Health Organisation/AFP/File

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03.06.2013 Biological Hazard Democratic Republic of the Congo Eastern Province, Bas-Uele Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in Democratic Republic of the Congo on Wednesday, 29 May, 2013 at 21:11 (09:11 PM) UTC.

Description
Six suspected cases of Ebola have been reported in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, just six months after an outbreak of the deadly virus ended in the area, the United Nations said Wednesday. Sylvestre Ntumba, an official working for the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said the cases had been recorded between May 1 and May 12 in the Bas-Uele district, in the northeastern Orientale Province. “Six suspected cases of Ebola haemorrhagic fever have been reported,” he told reporters at a press conference in Kinshasa. “With the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO), a team from the provincial health division is on the ground to investigate and to take samples,” he said, adding they are currently awaiting results. To date, no treatment or vaccine is available for Ebola, which kills between 25 and 90 percent of those who fall sick, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the WHO. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, faeces or sweat, or by sexual contact or unprotected handling of contaminated corpses.
Biohazard name: Ebola
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

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ReliefWeb

Six suspected cases of Ebola reported in DR Congo: UN

Published on 29 May 2013

05/29/2013 13:20 GMT

KINSHASA, May 29, 2013 (AFP) – Six suspected cases of Ebola have been reported in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, just six months after an outbreak of the deadly virus ended in the area, the United Nations said Wednesday.

Sylvestre Ntumba, an official working for the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said the cases had been recorded between May 1 and May 12 in the Bas-Uele district, in the northeastern Orientale Province.

“Six suspected cases of Ebola haemorrhagic fever have been reported,” he told reporters at a press conference in Kinshasa.

“With the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO), a team from the provincial health division is on the ground to investigate and to take samples,” he said, adding they are currently awaiting results.

To date, no treatment or vaccine is available for Ebola, which kills between 25 and 90 percent of those who fall sick, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the WHO.

The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, faeces or sweat, or by sexual contact or unprotected handling of contaminated corpses.

Ebola, one of the world’s most virulent diseases, was first discovered in the DRC in 1976 and the country has had eight outbreaks.

The most recent epidemic, in the same region, infected 62 people and left 34 dead between May and November last year, according to the country’s health ministry.

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‘No Ebola outbreak’ in DR Congo

World Health Organisation/AFP/File

An expert works in a mobile laboratory in Mweka in DR Congo in 2007 after Ebola cases were confirmed. A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out a new Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by UN staff. – Copyright : World Health Organisation/AFP/File

KINSHASA (AFP)

A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out an Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by United Nations staff.

“There were six cases, including four children under five and two adults, who suffered from fever and haemorrhagic symptoms. We have carried out analyses at the INRB (National Institute of Biomedical Research) and the results are negative… It’s not Ebola,” Benoit Kabela Ilunga, who runs the contagious diseases department at the ministry, told AFP.

Kabela added that further tests were in hand to determine which disease had killed three of the children among the six cases reported last Wednesday by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic Hazards

Microscopic images of the novel coronavirus

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02.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard Italy Tuscany , [The area was not defined.]

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Epidemic Hazard in Italy on Saturday, 01 June, 2013 at 02:56 (02:56 AM) UTC.

 

Back

 

Updated: Sunday, 02 June, 2013 at 14:54 UTC
Description
Three people were being treated Saturday for a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, in the first cases in Italy, the country’s health ministry said. A 45-year-old man who had recently returned from a 40-day visit to Jordan was hospitalized in Tuscany with a high fever, cough and respiratory problems, the ministry said. Tuscan regional officials say that a young child who is related to the man and a work colleague also have the virus, the ministry said. All three patients were reported to be in good condition and were being treated in isolation.

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SARS-related virus spreads to Italy

Three people were being treated Monday in the first cases in Italy of a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, the country’s health ministry said.

ROME —Three people were being treated Monday in the first cases in Italy of a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, the country’s health ministry said.

A 45-year-old man who had recently returned from a 40-day visit to Jordan was hospitalized in Tuscany with a high fever, cough and respiratory problems, the ministry said.

The ministry told the World Health Organization that the other two people were close contacts of the man and had also recently travelled to Jordan. One is a two-year-old girl and the second patient is a 42-year-old woman.

They were in stable condition, the ministry told WHO.

 

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic  Hazards

Frozen Berries

Hepatitis A outbreak linked to Oregon berry farm, 30 illnesses reported in 5 states (Photo : Creative Commons via Flickr/ J. Chris Vaughan)

01.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard USA MultiStates, [States of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Nevada] Damage level
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Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 01 June, 2013 at 09:49 (09:49 AM) UTC.

 

Description
State and federal health officials are investigating an outbreak of hepatitis A in Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Nevada. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday approximately 30 cases have been reported. CDC says the cases are “potentially associated” with Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend frozen berries purchased from Costco. In total, seven cases have been confirmed in Arizona. Five of those were in Maricopa County. “At this time, early in the investigation, it appears that there is a low risk in contracting hepatitis A from these berries, however, out of an abundance of caution, it is best to just throw away these berries if they are in your freezer,” said Dr. Bob England, director of Maricopa County Department of Public Health in a release. “If you have already received a hepatitis A vaccine or if you have had hepatitis A in the past, you should have protection from the illness.” Townsend Farms of Fairview, Ore., referred calls to attorney Bill Garr. He didn’t immediately return a message. A Costco spokesman in Issaquah, Wash., says the company has removed the product from stores and is contacting its members.
Biohazard name: Hepatitis A
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

Organic Frozen Berries from Costco Leaves 30 People with Hepatitis, 9 in Hospital

 

By HNGN Staff Reporter | Jun 01, 2013 10:48 PM EDT

 

 

Frozen Berries

Hepatitis A outbreak linked to Oregon berry farm, 30 illnesses reported in 5 states (Photo : Creative Commons via Flickr/ J. Chris Vaughan)

 

Organic frozen berries sold at Costco have left 30 people infected with Hepatitis A, and nine of them have been hospitalized, according to reports.

 

Health officials have linked an outbreak of acute hepatitis A that has sickened at least 30 people in five states to a frozen berry and pomegranate mix. Officials say they bracing for more reported cases if cafes and restaurants bought the frozen blend to make smoothies, frozen bar drinks and other desserts for customers.

 

At least 30 cases of hepatitis A were reported nationwide, six of which were in California, including patients in San Diego, Orange and Riverside counties.  Illnesses were also reported in Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Arizona. Health officials warned consumers not to eat Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend frozen berries sold at Costco, which all six California patients ate.

 

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic Hazards

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30.05.2013 Epidemic Hazard United Arab Emirates Emirate of Dubai, Dubai Damage level
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Epidemic Hazard in United Arab Emirates on Thursday, 30 May, 2013 at 05:48 (05:48 AM) UTC.

Description
’A few schools in Dubai have warned parents about an increase in number of chicken pox cases in the emirate. Parents of kids who study in Jumeriah Primary School were sent a note from the school nurse, informing them that they have registered a few cases in their school. “Apart from detailing the symptoms of the disease, the note advices parents to keep their child at home (if diagnosed with the disease) until he/she has fully recovered,” explains a parent. Sporadic cases were also reported at Modern School. A parent informed that he was warned from taking his sick child (who had a stomach bug) to a hospital emergency because his child might contract the chicken pox virus when there. “My friend, who was already at the hospital, told me it’s better to keep my child home and away from the more dangerous virus,” he recalled. “Many kids here are being treated for Chicken Pox”. A pharmacist in Al Nahda reported that the numbers are high. “I’ve seen many cases over the last few weeks,” he added. “Yes, while this is the season, there’s no need to be alarmed,” explained Dr Fatima Al Attal, head of preventive services unit at the DHA. “Chicken Pox has drastically come down over the last three years. And one of the reason is that the Chicken Pox vaccine is compulsory on the child heath immunization programme, which is followed by UAE.” She listed out the statistics for the previous years to enunciate her point. “Number of cases in 2011 was 3,821 and in 2012, it went down to3,674”. “If a child has contracted the disease, they should be kept home for nearly 10 days. A laboratory assistant at City Hospital informed that the vaccination is priced at around Dh170, and will be administered following a check-up by a general physician.
Biohazard name: Chicken pox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic Hazards

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30.05.2013 Epidemic Hazard USA State of California, Carlsbad [Aviara Oaks Elementary School] Damage level Details

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Epidemic Hazard in USA on Thursday, 30 May, 2013 at 03:33 (03:33 AM) UTC.

Description
Five kindergartners and one adult at Aviara Oaks Elementary School in the Carlsbad Unified School District have been diagnosed with chickenpox (varicella), according to San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency (HHSA) officials. The children diagnosed include two 5-year-olds and three 6-year-olds. One child received the two recommended doses of the varicella vaccine, but the other five individuals were not immunized. The school notified students and staff about the outbreak as well as those at neighboring Aviara Oaks Middle School because the schools are located on the same campus and share some facilities.
Biohazard name: Chickenpox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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