Tag Archive: Biological hazard


Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

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Today Biological Hazard Peru Departmento de Callao, [The area was not defined.] Damage level
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Biological Hazard in Peru on Monday, 15 July, 2013 at 03:00 (03:00 AM) UTC.

 

Description
One person has died and a total of 46 people have been infected with the AH1N1 swine flu virus in Peru this year, a Health Ministry official said. “At this time, we do not have an increase in AH1N1 cases” even though a man died at a hospital in Callao province, outside Lima, from the disease, Health Ministry director of epidemiology Martin Yagui said in a press conference on Saturday. The man, who suffered from diabetes, asthma and cirrhosis, was considered to be in a high-risk group and died on July 9, Yagui said. Peru has registered swine flu cases every year since 2009, when the disease first appeared in the South American country, Yagui said. “There were 141 cases last year, 135 in 2011 and 46 so far this year. The majority (of the cases) were reported in Lima,” Yagui said. People in high-risk groups, including adults over the age of 60 and children younger than 5, should be vaccinated “against AH1N1 influenza … because it could mean the difference between life and death,” the health official said.
Biohazard name: AH1N1
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Peru reports first death from swine flu

Placard

Lima, Jul 14 (EFE).- One person has died and a total of 46 people have been infected with the AH1N1 swine flu virus in Peru this year, a Health Ministry official said.

“At this time, we do not have an increase in AH1N1 cases” even though a man died at a hospital in Callao province, outside Lima, from the disease, Health Ministry director of epidemiology Martin Yagui said in a press conference on Saturday.

The man, who suffered from diabetes, asthma and cirrhosis, was considered to be in a high-risk group and died on July 9, Yagui said.

 

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

 

(Photo : Wikimedia Commons) Recent outbreaks of norovirus and hantavirus in US national parks have officials warning visitors to take precautions against disease.

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21.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of Wyoming, [Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park] Damage level
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Biological Hazard in USA on Friday, 21 June, 2013 at 02:57 (02:57 AM) UTC.

Description
After 200 park employees and visitors reported bouts of gastrointestinal illness at Yellowstone National Park and nearby Grand Teton National Park this month, national park officials have warned visitors to be vigilant about hygiene. The outbreak started on June 7, when a group touring the Mammoth Hot Springs complained of stomach flu and other gastrointestinal problems. After the tour group members reported their illnesses, about other 50 visitors and 150 park employees reported similar symptoms. Preliminary reports found that they had norovirus, or “stomach flu,” which affects up to 21 million people, every year according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Al Mash, spokesman for Yellowstone National Park, said campers who were worried about the outbreak should take care to properly store their food and wash their hands with soap and water before eating. “Don’t rely on hand sanitizer. It’s good for a while if you don’t have access to water,” said Mash. “But sanitizer is a poor second to washing your hands.”

According to the CDC, the norovirus can be very contagious and is usually passed from contaminated surfaces or food. Mash said that while it might be more difficult to wash hands before and after meals on camping trips, sporting goods stores sell soap slivers or biodegradable soap that can be used on camping trips. “My manta is be aware but not afraid,” said Mash. Employees at Yellowstone and nearby Grand Teton park have been cleaning and disinfecting the areas where the illnesses were first reported. Yellowstone National Park regularly has 20,000 visitors a day. The norovirus outbreak is just the latest one to hit the national parks. Last year, Yosemite National Park experienced an outbreak of the deadly hantavirus. Infection with hantavirus, often contracted through contact with contaminated mouse feces or urine, can lead to hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, which can be fatal, according to the CDC. Kathy Kupper, a spokeswoman for the National Park Service, said if campers were worried about becoming sick they should be sure to check in with the park’s website or information line before they arrive. Any potential hazards from disease outbreaks from high concentrations of ticks, for example, will be listed in each national park’s newsletter or on its website.

Biohazard name: Norovirus Outbreak
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

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Norovirus outbreaks reported in Yellowstone, Grand Teton parks

In the northern section of the mountain valley known as Jackson Hole, Wyo., Grand Teton National Park is seen in this image.

In the northern section of the mountain valley known as Jackson Hole, Wyo., Grand Teton National Park is seen in this image. / Jon Cook

JACKSON, Wyo.A norovirus outbreak that may have originated at Yellowstone National Park in Wyo. may have affected around 200 people at both Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Park.

About 50 visitors have reported symptoms associated with norovirus, a highly contagious stomach flu that is easily spread by touching an infected person or contaminated surfaces. Up to 150 park employees may have been infected, though not all those cases have been confirmed.

The outbreak is believed to have started with a group of tourists who visited the Mammoth Hot Springs area in Yellowstone on June 7. They complained of stomach flu symptoms and, within 48 hours, employees who work with visitors also reported being sick.

Physician’s assistant Michael Takagi told the Jackson Hole Daily that the outbreak is one of the most significant ones he’s seen.

The National Park Service issued a June 19 statement urging visitors to northwestern Wyoming to be vigilant about washing their hands, due to “greater-than-normal reports of gastrointestinal illness” after visitors and employees visited medical clinics with symptoms of norovirus.

 

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic  Hazards

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15.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard USA State of New Jersey, Watchung [BJ’s Wholesale Club] Damage level Details

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Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 15 June, 2013 at 10:16 (10:16 AM) UTC.

Description
A public health alert has been issued for anyone who visited the BJ’s Wholesale Club in Watchung, N.J., between 1:30 and 4 p.m. on June 3. State health officials say a person confirmed to have measles may have exposed those at the store to the highly contagious illness. The state is urging anyone who visited the BJ’s at the time to contact a health provider to discuss potential exposure and risk of measles. Measles is spread through the air when an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes. People can also get sick when they come in contact with mucus or saliva from an infected person. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose and watery eyes. Those exposed at the BJ’s may develop symptoms as late as June 24.
Biohazard name: Measles
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

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Measles Case Confirmed at Popular NJ Supermarket

State health officials say a person confirmed to have measles may have exposed those at the store to Measles

Friday, Jun 14, 2013  |  Updated 11:19 AM EDT
Measles Case Confirmed at Popular NJ Supermarket

A public health alert has been issued for anyone who visited the BJ’s Wholesale Club in Watchung, N.J., between 1:30 and 4 p.m. on June 3.

State health officials say a person confirmed to have measles may have exposed those at the store to the highly contagious illness.

The state is urging anyone who visited the BJ’s at the time to contact a health provider to discuss potential exposure and risk of measles.

Read More Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic Hazards

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12.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard Netherlands Province of Zeeland, Veluwe Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Netherlands on Wednesday, 12 June, 2013 at 10:22 (10:22 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 30 people from the Dutch Bible belt have so far been diagnosed with measles in the first outbreak of the sometimes fatal disease in 13 years. The infections are largely based around strict Protestant schools in a broad sweep across the country from the Veluwe area to Zeeland province, the public health institute RIVM said in a statement. Fundamentalist Protestants in the Netherlands do not believe in having their children vaccinated. The measles vaccine is given to most children in the BMR combination injection at the age of 14 months and again at nine years. The total number of cases may be far higher than 30 because not everyone will have visited their doctor, the RIVM said. Measles is spread by coughing and sneezing. The RIVM said it is monitoring developments closely and expects the spread of the disease to widen among unvaccinated children. Parents can visit their doctor for a catch-up injection, the RIVM said. The last measles outbreak in the Netherlands was between 1999 and 2000 when there were some 3,300 infections and three children died.
Biohazard name: Measles
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

12.06.2013 Biological Hazard India State of Odisha, Angul Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in India on Wednesday, 12 June, 2013 at 03:28 (03:28 AM) UTC.

Description
Anthrax scare has gripped Angul district in Odisha with more than 35 people falling ill with suspected symptoms of the disease at Suleipal village under Kaniha block. Fifteen persons have been rushed to the SCB Medical College Hospital while the rest are being treated at the local hospital at Kaniha. All the affected persons are from the same village and are displaying symptoms of cutaneous anthrax infections, like severe lesions or wounds on the skin. “They have been admitted to the isolation ward of the hospital and are under the treatment of a special team of doctors. Though anthrax is yet to be confirmed, the symptoms are typical”, emergency medical officer of the SCBMCH, Dr B M Moharana, said. According to sources, the people are suspected to have contracted the infection from dead animals. The villagers are reported to have consumed meat of about three dead goats. While the cause of the death of the animals could not be ascertained, the people who had partaken the meat have begun to fall ill. The suspected outbreak has become a cause of serious concern because Angul district is known to be non-endemic to the disease.
Biohazard name: Anthrax
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

The Global Dispatch

India: At least 35 people sickened with suspected anthrax in Odisha

Some 35 people in Angul district in Odisha have presented with symptoms consistent with cutaneous anthrax sending fear into the community, according to the New Indian Express today.

Anthrax image/Janice Carr-CDC

Anthrax image/Janice Carr-CDC

All the affected persons are from the same village and are suspected to have consumed meat of about three dead goats. It has not yet been determined if the goats were infected.

Fifteen persons have been rushed to the SCB Medical College Hospital while the rest are being treated at the local hospital at Kaniha.

“They have been admitted to the isolation ward of the hospital and are under the treatment of a special team of doctors. Though anthrax is yet to be confirmed, the symptoms are typical”, emergency medical officer of the SCBMCH, Dr B M Moharana, said.

Anthrax is a pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels and deers.

It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins.

Anthrax is caused by the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. This spore forming bacteria can survive in the environment for years because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drying, etc. this is usually the infectiousstage of anthrax.

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological  Hazards

View of Broken Arrow's water main near Pryor from Osage SkyNews 6. View of Broken Arrow’s water main near Pryor from Osage SkyNews 6.

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12.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of Oklahoma, Broken Arrow Damage level
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Biological Hazard in USA on Wednesday, 12 June, 2013 at 02:55 (02:55 AM) UTC.

 

Description
The City of Broken Arrow has now issued a precautionary boil order effective immediately. City leaders say the main water line break have contaminated the water. As a precaution, it is advised that the consumers of the this water system bring the water to full, rolling boil for at least one minute before consumption, food preparation, dish washing, tooth brushing, wound care and bathing infants who may ingest bath water. Broken Arrow police say the city hasn’t run out of water as of yet. The City of Broken Arrow is asking neighbors to take the emergency water order issued earlier today seriously. “We have reached a critical time in our water distribution system,” said City Manager Thom Moton. “If our customers do not start conserving water immediately, the City will run out of water, possibly as early as 6 p.m. today.” KRMG has learned that, if the water towers reach critically low levels, customers will experience a period of low water pressure and possibly no water at all. If this point is reached, city officials say a boil order will be issued. “We are asking our customers to use as little water as possible until 6 a.m. tomorrow morning to give our crews time to repair the line and refill and recharge the water towers,” Director of Communications Stephanie Higgins said. Crews hope to have the repair finished later this evening.
Biohazard name: Contamined water
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.

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Broken Arrow Issues Precautionary Boil Order After Water Main Break

Posted: Jun 11, 2013 11:46 AM CST Updated: Jun 11, 2013 7:33 PM CST

 

View from Osage SkyNews 6 of Broken Arrow's water intake on Grand River. View from Osage SkyNews 6 of Broken Arrow’s water intake on Grand River.

BROKEN ARROW, Oklahoma –

The city of Broken Arrow has declared a water emergency and issued a precautionary boil order for all customers, because of a break in a main water line into Broken Arrow from Pryor.

 

According to a news release, the city is asking residents to use water for essential purposes only such as cooking and bathing.

 

The City Manager urged residents to take the water emergency seriously Tuesday afternoon.

 

“We have reached a critical time in our water distribution system,” said City Manager Thom Moton. “If our customers do not start conserving water immediately, the City will run out of water, possibly as early as 6 p.m. today.”

 

As of about 7 p.m., the City of Broken Arrow issued a precautionary boil order. Due to the water main break, the water pressure was low enough in the system that the city said it may be at risk of contamination.

The City of Broken Arrow advised consumers to bring any water that comes out of their taps to a full rolling boil for at least one minute before drinking it or using it for food preparation, dish washing, tooth brushing, wound care, or for bathing infants who may ingest bath water.

 

Read Full Report  and  Watch Video Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological  Hazards

File:CD3622-0005 - Flickr - USDAgov.jpg

English: Hallaway Dairy Farm in Delhi, New York, USA, September 1999. USDA Photo.

***Photo is  simply  a  representation of  Cattle in the  US

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06.06.2013 Biological Hazard USA State of North Dakota, [Adams County] Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in USA on Thursday, 06 June, 2013 at 05:41 (05:41 AM) UTC.

Description
North Dakota’s first case of anthrax this year has been confirmed in Hettinger County, and the state veterinarian said conditions are right for more cases. “A case of anthrax in an unvaccinated beef cow has been confirmed … near the Adams County line, the first confirmed case in the state this year,” said state veterinarian Susan Keller. “Producers should consult with their veterinarians to make sure the vaccination schedule for their animals is up to date,” she said. Beth Carlson, deputy state veterinarian, said anthrax – which is caused by a naturally-occurring bacteria – is spread when animals graze or consume forage or water contaminated with spores produced by the bacteria. With the amount of rain received in the state, Carlson said, the water will move those spores around, increasing the chances of more reports.

“Certainly, we will not be surprised if we see more cases,” she said. Carlson said if producers have had a history of anthrax in their area, they should consult with their veterinarian on vaccinations. She said the vaccine is relatively inexpensive and very effective, but needs about a week to take effect. Anthrax, however, moves rapidly and is fatal within a day of symptoms appearing. Those symptoms include labored breathing, weakness and staggering and bloody discharges from body openings after death. Carlson said each year there are some confirmed cases of anthrax in the state and it has been found in nearly every part of the state, although most frequently it occurs in the northeast, southeast and south central areas. Cattle are not the only animals susceptible, she said. Sheep, horses, bison, deer – all animals that graze – are at risk. The worst outbreak of anthrax happened in 2005 when more than 500 cattle were confirmed to have died from the disease. Carlson said the death toll was likely more than 1,000 animals, however, because in cases when single animals died, those animals were not tested for the disease.

Biohazard name: Anthrax
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.

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The Global Dispatch

North Dakota top veterinarian reports first animal anthrax case of 2013

North Dakota agriculture officials is advising livestock owners to take the appropriate actions to protect their animals from the lethal bacterial disease, anthrax, after a cow turned up positive, according to a North Dakota Department of Agriculture news release June 5.

Image/Agricultural Research Service/USDA

Image/Agricultural Research Service/USDA

“A case of anthrax in an unvaccinated beef cow has been confirmed in Hettinger County near the Adams County line, the first confirmed case in the state this year,” said Dr. Susan Keller.

“Producers should consult with their veterinarians to make sure the vaccination schedule for their animals is up to date.”

Keller said effective anthrax vaccines are readily available, but that it takes about a week for immunity to be established, and it must administered annually.

Anthrax has been most frequently reported in northeast, southeast and south central North Dakota, but it has been found in almost every part of the state,” she said. “With the precipitation we have had, conditions are right for the disease to occur,” she said.

Anthrax is a pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels and deers.

It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins.

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

World Health Organisation/AFP/File

An expert works in a mobile laboratory in Mweka in DR Congo in 2007 after Ebola cases were confirmed. A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out a new Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by UN staff. – Copyright : World Health Organisation/AFP/File

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03.06.2013 Biological Hazard Democratic Republic of the Congo Eastern Province, Bas-Uele Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in Democratic Republic of the Congo on Wednesday, 29 May, 2013 at 21:11 (09:11 PM) UTC.

Description
Six suspected cases of Ebola have been reported in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, just six months after an outbreak of the deadly virus ended in the area, the United Nations said Wednesday. Sylvestre Ntumba, an official working for the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said the cases had been recorded between May 1 and May 12 in the Bas-Uele district, in the northeastern Orientale Province. “Six suspected cases of Ebola haemorrhagic fever have been reported,” he told reporters at a press conference in Kinshasa. “With the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO), a team from the provincial health division is on the ground to investigate and to take samples,” he said, adding they are currently awaiting results. To date, no treatment or vaccine is available for Ebola, which kills between 25 and 90 percent of those who fall sick, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the WHO. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, faeces or sweat, or by sexual contact or unprotected handling of contaminated corpses.
Biohazard name: Ebola
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: suspected

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ReliefWeb

Six suspected cases of Ebola reported in DR Congo: UN

Published on 29 May 2013

05/29/2013 13:20 GMT

KINSHASA, May 29, 2013 (AFP) – Six suspected cases of Ebola have been reported in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, just six months after an outbreak of the deadly virus ended in the area, the United Nations said Wednesday.

Sylvestre Ntumba, an official working for the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said the cases had been recorded between May 1 and May 12 in the Bas-Uele district, in the northeastern Orientale Province.

“Six suspected cases of Ebola haemorrhagic fever have been reported,” he told reporters at a press conference in Kinshasa.

“With the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO), a team from the provincial health division is on the ground to investigate and to take samples,” he said, adding they are currently awaiting results.

To date, no treatment or vaccine is available for Ebola, which kills between 25 and 90 percent of those who fall sick, depending on the strain of the virus, according to the WHO.

The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, faeces or sweat, or by sexual contact or unprotected handling of contaminated corpses.

Ebola, one of the world’s most virulent diseases, was first discovered in the DRC in 1976 and the country has had eight outbreaks.

The most recent epidemic, in the same region, infected 62 people and left 34 dead between May and November last year, according to the country’s health ministry.

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‘No Ebola outbreak’ in DR Congo

World Health Organisation/AFP/File

An expert works in a mobile laboratory in Mweka in DR Congo in 2007 after Ebola cases were confirmed. A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out a new Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by UN staff. – Copyright : World Health Organisation/AFP/File

KINSHASA (AFP)

A senior health ministry official in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday ruled out an Ebola outbreak in the northeast of the country, after possible cases were reported by United Nations staff.

“There were six cases, including four children under five and two adults, who suffered from fever and haemorrhagic symptoms. We have carried out analyses at the INRB (National Institute of Biomedical Research) and the results are negative… It’s not Ebola,” Benoit Kabela Ilunga, who runs the contagious diseases department at the ministry, told AFP.

Kabela added that further tests were in hand to determine which disease had killed three of the children among the six cases reported last Wednesday by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic Hazards

Microscopic images of the novel coronavirus

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02.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard Italy Tuscany , [The area was not defined.]

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Epidemic Hazard in Italy on Saturday, 01 June, 2013 at 02:56 (02:56 AM) UTC.

 

Back

 

Updated: Sunday, 02 June, 2013 at 14:54 UTC
Description
Three people were being treated Saturday for a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, in the first cases in Italy, the country’s health ministry said. A 45-year-old man who had recently returned from a 40-day visit to Jordan was hospitalized in Tuscany with a high fever, cough and respiratory problems, the ministry said. Tuscan regional officials say that a young child who is related to the man and a work colleague also have the virus, the ministry said. All three patients were reported to be in good condition and were being treated in isolation.

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SARS-related virus spreads to Italy

Three people were being treated Monday in the first cases in Italy of a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, the country’s health ministry said.

ROME —Three people were being treated Monday in the first cases in Italy of a new respiratory virus that is alarming global health officials, the country’s health ministry said.

A 45-year-old man who had recently returned from a 40-day visit to Jordan was hospitalized in Tuscany with a high fever, cough and respiratory problems, the ministry said.

The ministry told the World Health Organization that the other two people were close contacts of the man and had also recently travelled to Jordan. One is a two-year-old girl and the second patient is a 42-year-old woman.

They were in stable condition, the ministry told WHO.

 

Read Full Article Here

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Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic  Hazards

Frozen Berries

Hepatitis A outbreak linked to Oregon berry farm, 30 illnesses reported in 5 states (Photo : Creative Commons via Flickr/ J. Chris Vaughan)

01.06.2013 Epidemic Hazard USA MultiStates, [States of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Nevada] Damage level
Details

 

Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 01 June, 2013 at 09:49 (09:49 AM) UTC.

 

Description
State and federal health officials are investigating an outbreak of hepatitis A in Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Nevada. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday approximately 30 cases have been reported. CDC says the cases are “potentially associated” with Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend frozen berries purchased from Costco. In total, seven cases have been confirmed in Arizona. Five of those were in Maricopa County. “At this time, early in the investigation, it appears that there is a low risk in contracting hepatitis A from these berries, however, out of an abundance of caution, it is best to just throw away these berries if they are in your freezer,” said Dr. Bob England, director of Maricopa County Department of Public Health in a release. “If you have already received a hepatitis A vaccine or if you have had hepatitis A in the past, you should have protection from the illness.” Townsend Farms of Fairview, Ore., referred calls to attorney Bill Garr. He didn’t immediately return a message. A Costco spokesman in Issaquah, Wash., says the company has removed the product from stores and is contacting its members.
Biohazard name: Hepatitis A
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

Organic Frozen Berries from Costco Leaves 30 People with Hepatitis, 9 in Hospital

 

By HNGN Staff Reporter | Jun 01, 2013 10:48 PM EDT

 

 

Frozen Berries

Hepatitis A outbreak linked to Oregon berry farm, 30 illnesses reported in 5 states (Photo : Creative Commons via Flickr/ J. Chris Vaughan)

 

Organic frozen berries sold at Costco have left 30 people infected with Hepatitis A, and nine of them have been hospitalized, according to reports.

 

Health officials have linked an outbreak of acute hepatitis A that has sickened at least 30 people in five states to a frozen berry and pomegranate mix. Officials say they bracing for more reported cases if cafes and restaurants bought the frozen blend to make smoothies, frozen bar drinks and other desserts for customers.

 

At least 30 cases of hepatitis A were reported nationwide, six of which were in California, including patients in San Diego, Orange and Riverside counties.  Illnesses were also reported in Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Arizona. Health officials warned consumers not to eat Townsend Farms Organic Antioxidant Blend frozen berries sold at Costco, which all six California patients ate.

 

Read Full Article Here

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