Tag Archive: Antarctic


Earth Watch Report Banner photo FSPEarthWatchReport900x228Blogger_zps53ef6af0.jpg          Global Community Report Banner photo FSPLogoGlobalCommunityFulloldworldmapbckgrnd_zps43d3059c.jpg

……………………………………………………………………………………….

 

GLOBAL WARMING? NASA says Antarctic has been COOLING for past SIX years

ANTARCTIC temperatures have cooled over the past six years, according to US space agency NASA.

PUBLISHED: 07:51, Sat, Nov 28, 2015 | UPDATED: 12:58, Sat, Nov 28, 2015

Heimdal Glacier in southern Greenland, in an image captured on Oct. 13, 2015, from NASA Langley Research Center's Falcon 20 aircraft flying 33,000 feeNASA

Heimdal Glacier southern Greenland, from NASA’s Falcon 20 aircraft at 33,000 feet above sea level.

An intensive scientific study of both Earth’s poles has found that from 2009 to 2016 overall temperature has dropped in the southern polar region.NASA’s Operation IceBridge is an airborne survey of polar ice and has finalised two overlapping research campaigns at both the poles.In the last few weeks NASA has revealed the overall amount of ice has increased at the Antarctic and the amount of sea ice has also extended.Coupled with the latest announcement of slight cooling in the area, it has fuelled claims from climate change deniers that human industrialisation is not having the huge impact on global tenperature as often is claimed.

Map showing the extent of ice during the NASA studiesNASA

Map showing the extent of ice during the NASA studies

 

Read More Here

……………………………………………………………………………

Examiner.com

New paper claims no pause in warming, but unaltered data says otherwise

November 25, 2015 9:20 AM MST
Authors Naomi Oreskes (L) and Erik Conway attend the 'Merchants of Doubt' premiere during the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival.
Photo by Aaron Harris

 

Read More Here

 

Next: How NOAA rewrote climate data to hide global warming pause

 

………………………………………………………………………………………

Nasa Earth Observatory

Earth is Cooling…No It’s Warming

 

 

In 1967 Hansen went to work for NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, in New York City, where he continued his research on planetary problems. Around 1970, some scientists suspected Earth was entering a period of global cooling. Decades prior, the brilliant Serbian mathematician Milutin Milankovitch had explained how our world warms and cools on roughly 100,000-year cycles due to its slowly changing position relative to the Sun. Milankovitch’s theory suggested Earth should be just beginning to head into its next ice age cycle. The surface temperature data gathered by Mitchell seemed to agree; the record showed that Earth experienced a period of cooling (by about 0.3°C) from 1940 through 1970. Of course, Mitchell was only collecting data over a fraction of the Northern Hemisphere—from 20 to 90 degrees North latitude. Still, the result drew public attention and a number of speculative articles about Earth’s coming ice age appeared in newspapers and magazines.

 

Graph of Northern Hemisphere temperatures, 1860 through 1970

Initial efforts to observe Earth’s temperature were limited to the Northern Hemisphere, and they showed a cooling trend from 1940 to 1970 (jagged line). Scientists estimated the relative effects of carbon dioxide (warming, top curve) and aerosols (cooling, bottom curve) on climate, but did not have enough data to make precise predictions. (Graph from Mitchell, 1972.)

But other scientists forecasted global warming. Russian climatologist Mikhail Budyko had also observed the three-decade cooling trend. Nevertheless, he published a paper in 1967 in which he predicted the cooling would soon switch to warming due to rising human emissions of carbon dioxide. Budyko’s paper and another paper published in 1975 by Veerabhadran Ramanathan caught Hansen’s attention. Ramanathan pointed out that human-made chlorofluorocarbons (or CFCs) are particularly potent greenhouse gases, with as much as 200 times the heat-retaining capacity of carbon dioxide. Because people were adding CFCs to the lower atmosphere at an increasing rate, Ramanathan expressed concern that these new gases would eventually add to Earth’s greenhouse effect and cause our world to warm. (Because CFCs also erode Earth’s protective ozone layer, their use was mostly abolished in 1989 with the signing of the Montreal Protocol.)

Read More Here

…………………………………………………………………………………….

This graph, based on the comparison of atmospheric samples contained in ice cores and more recent direct measurements, provides evidence that atmospheric CO2 has increased since the Industrial Revolution. (Source: [[LINK||http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/icecore/||NOAA]])
This graph, based on the comparison of atmospheric samples contained in ice cores and more recent direct measurements, provides evidence that atmospheric CO2 has increased since the Industrial Revolution. (Credit: Vostok ice core data/J.R. Petit et al.; NOAA Mauna Loa CO2 record.)

The Earth’s climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.

Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.
– Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is very likely human-induced and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented in the past 1,300 years.1

Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

 

Read More Here

The evidence for rapid climate change is compelling:


  • Republic of Maldives: Vulnerable to sea level rise

    Photograph by Shahee Ilyas  

    Malé, capital of Maldives  Wikipedia.org

    Sea level rise

    Global sea level rose about 17 centimeters (6.7 inches) in the last century. The rate in the last decade, however, is nearly double that of the last century.4

    + expand


  • Global temperature rise

    All three major global surface temperature reconstructions show that Earth has warmed since 1880.5 Most of this warming has occurred since the 1970s, with the 20 warmest years having occurred since 1981 and with all 10 of the warmest years occurring in the past 12 years.6 Even though the 2000s witnessed a solar output decline resulting in an unusually deep solar minimum in 2007-2009, surface temperatures continue to increase.7

    + expand


  • Warming oceans

    The oceans have absorbed much of this increased heat, with the top 700 meters (about 2,300 feet) of ocean showing warming of 0.302 degrees Fahrenheit since 1969.8

    + expand


  • Flowing meltwater from the Greenland ice sheet

    Shrinking ice sheets

    The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have decreased in mass. Data from NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment show Greenland lost 150 to 250 cubic kilometers (36 to 60 cubic miles) of ice per year between 2002 and 2006, while Antarctica lost about 152 cubic kilometers (36 cubic miles) of ice between 2002 and 2005.

    + expand

Read More Here

OZONE NEWS

Plugging an ozone hole


by Staff Writers
Boston MA (SPX) Apr 17, 2014


File image.

Since the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, scientists, policymakers, and the public have wondered whether we might someday see a similarly extreme depletion of ozone over the Arctic.

But a new MIT study finds some cause for optimism: Ozone levels in the Arctic haven’t yet sunk to the extreme lows seen in Antarctica, in part because international efforts to limit ozone-depleting chemicals have been successful.

“While there is certainly some depletion of Arctic ozone, the extremes of Antarctica so far are very different from what we find in the Arctic, even in the coldest years,” says Susan Solomon, the Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Science at MIT, and lead author of a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Frigid temperatures can spur ozone loss because they create prime conditions for the formation of polar stratospheric clouds. When sunlight hits these clouds, it sparks a reaction between chlorine from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), human-made chemicals once used for refrigerants, foam blowing, and other applications – ultimately destroying ozone.

A success story of science and policy
After the ozone-attacking properties of CFCs were discovered in the 1980s, countries across the world agreed to phase out their use as part of the 1987 Montreal Protocol treaty. While CFCs are no longer in use, those emitted years ago remain in the atmosphere.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

An aerial view of clouds over a mountain range in Greenland.

Courtesy of Michael Studinger/NASA Earth Observatory

Full Screen

Courtesy of Michael Studinger/NASA Earth Observatory

 

.

An Arctic ozone hole? Not quite

MIT researchers find that the extremes in Antarctic ozone holes have not been matched in the Arctic.

Audrey Resutek | Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change
April 14, 2014

Since the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, scientists, policymakers, and the public have wondered whether we might someday see a similarly extreme depletion of ozone over the Arctic.

But a new MIT study finds some cause for optimism: Ozone levels in the Arctic haven’t yet sunk to the extreme lows seen in Antarctica, in part because international efforts to limit ozone-depleting chemicals have been successful.

“While there is certainly some depletion of Arctic ozone, the extremes of Antarctica so far are very different from what we find in the Arctic, even in the coldest years,” says Susan Solomon, the Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Science at MIT, and lead author of a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Frigid temperatures can spur ozone loss because they create prime conditions for the formation of polar stratospheric clouds. When sunlight hits these clouds, it sparks a reaction between chlorine from chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), human-made chemicals once used for refrigerants, foam blowing, and other applications — ultimately destroying ozone.

‘A success story of science and policy’

After the ozone-attacking properties of CFCs were discovered in the 1980s, countries across the world agreed to phase out their use as part of the 1987 Montreal Protocol treaty. While CFCs are no longer in use, those emitted years ago remain in the atmosphere. As a result, atmospheric concentrations have peaked and are now slowly declining, but it will be several decades before CFCs are totally eliminated from the environment — meaning there is still some risk of ozone depletion caused by CFCs.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

OZONE NEWS

NASA Pinpoints Causes of 2011 Arctic Ozone Hole


by Maria-Jose Vinas for NASA’s Earth Science News
Greenbelt MD (SPX) Mar 13, 2013


Maps of ozone concentrations over the Arctic come from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA’s Aura satellite. The left image shows March 19, 2010, and the right shows the same date in 2011. March 2010 had relatively high ozone, while March 2011 has low levels. Credit: NASA/Goddard.

A combination of extreme cold temperatures, man-made chemicals and a stagnant atmosphere were behind what became known as the Arctic ozone hole of 2011, a new NASA study finds. Even when both poles of the planet undergo ozone losses during the winter, the Arctic’s ozone depletion tends to be milder and shorter-lived than the Antarctic’s.

This is because the three key ingredients needed for ozone-destroying chemical reactions -chlorine from man-made chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), frigid temperatures and sunlight- are not usually present in the Arctic at the same time: the northernmost latitudes are generally not cold enough when the sun reappears in the sky in early spring. Still, in 2011, ozone concentrations in the Arctic atmosphere were about 20 percent lower than its late winter average.

The new study shows that, while chlorine in the Arctic stratosphere was the ultimate culprit of the severe ozone loss of winter of 2011, unusually cold and persistent temperatures also spurred ozone destruction. Furthermore, uncommon atmospheric conditions blocked wind-driven transport of ozone from the tropics, halting the seasonal ozone resupply until April.

“You can safely say that 2011 was very atypical: In over 30 years of satellite records, we hadn’t seen any time where it was this cold for this long,” said Susan E. Strahan, an atmospheric scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., and main author of the new paper, which was recently published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres.

“Arctic ozone levels were possibly the lowest ever recorded, but they were still significantly higher than the Antarctic’s,” Strahan said. “There was about half as much ozone loss as in the Antarctic and the ozone levels remained well above 220 Dobson units, which is the threshold for calling the ozone loss a ‘hole’ in the Antarctic – so the Arctic ozone loss of 2011 didn’t constitute an ozone hole.”

The majority of ozone depletion in the Arctic happens inside the so-called polar vortex: a region of fast-blowing circular winds that intensify in the fall and isolate the air mass within the vortex, keeping it very cold.

 

Read More Here

 

…..

Enhanced by Zemanta

Antarctic rescue: all 52 ship passengers airlifted to safety

 

antarctic rescue
The helicopter from Chinese icebreaker Xue Long arrives to collect passengers. Photograph: Reuters

All 52 passengers, including tourists, scientists and journalists, on board a ship trapped in Antarctica have been rescued, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (Amsa) has confirmed.

The Akademik Shokalskiy became stuck in the ice on Christmas Eve and two icebreakers, the Aurora Australis and Chinese vessel Xue Long, have been trying in vain to reach it.

On Thursday afternoon a helicopter sent from the Xue Long landed next to the ship and began evacuating passengers, dropping them on sea ice next to the Aurora Australis 14 nautical miles away. Five flights were made, carrying all non-crew and their luggage.

“Aurora Australis advised Amsa that helicopter operations had been completed at about 10.45pm AEDT and all passengers, luggage and equipment had been transferred,” Amsa said in a statement.

The acting director of the Australian Antarctic division of the department of environment, Jason Mundy, said the rescue was carried out without a hitch and it was a relief to have all passengers on board the Aurora Australis.

“The passengers seem very glad to now be with us and they are settling into their new accommodation. There are sufficient berths on the ship for the extra passengers and preparations have been made to ensure we can look after them well for this final part of their journey,” he said.

The “quite difficult” rescue was complicated by changing weather and ice conditions and passengers not trained for the complex situation, but it was not the most remote ever conducted by Amsa, said John Young, general manager of the authority’s rescue division.

“But we wouldn’t want it to be much more remote than this on a regular basis,” he said.

“Antarctica presents particular challenges, and we’re also grateful to the international Antarctic programs that co-operate in many respects, including this one.”

 

Read More Here

Enhanced by Zemanta
ICE WORLD

Antarctic ship rescue set to start: authorities


by Staff Writers
Sydney, Australia (AFP) Jan 02, 2014


Although the ship is well provisioned and not in any immediate danger, the Russian crew have had to spend Christmas and New Year marooned amid snow storms and blizzards and are preparing to wait until the ice breaks up. (AFP/Footloose)

Rescuers are expected Thursday to launch a complex operation using a Chinese helicopter to airlift passengers from a Russian ship ice-bound in Antarctic seas as weather improves, Australia’s maritime authority said.

The Akademik Shokalskiy, carrying 52 passengers and 22 crew, has been trapped in pack ice 100 nautical miles east of the French base Dumont d’Urville since December 24.

An Australian government supply ship, the Aurora Australis, admitted Tuesday it was unable to break through, forcing a more complex helicopter rescue.

Attempts to launch the airborne rescue were called off Wednesday because of adverse conditions.

But in a message posted Thursday on its official Twitter account, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) said a rescue effort could soon start.

“Akademik Shokalskiy has advised RCC (Rescue Coordination Centre) Australia that weather conditions have improved and rescue operations are likely to commence shortly,” AMSA said.

“Wind in the area is now down to 10 knots and visibility has improved,” the statement said.

“Weather conditions are expected to remain favourable over the next 36 hours.”

The announcement will be a source of much-needed cheer for the mixed group of scientists, journalists and tourists, mostly Australians and New Zealanders, on board the stranded vessel.

However, AMSA warned: “This rescue will be a complex operation involving a number of steps and subject to factors such as weather.”

Australian authorities, who are coordinating the rescue, plan to use a helicopter on board the Chinese-flagged icebreaker Xue Long to bring the passengers off the boat, leaving behind the crew members.

Read More Here

 

…..

A dose of COLD reality: The ironic saga of the eco-campaigners trying to highlight global warming and melting ice caps trapped in the freezing Antarctic

  • Australian scientists set out on Russian ship MV Akademik Shokalskiy
  • The £900,000 expedition began full of high hopes early last month
  • But ship was hit on Christmas Eve by a 50-knot blizzard and became in ice

 

By James Delingpole

 

|

 

 

No matter whether you are a true believer in ‘climate change’ or an ardent sceptic, you’ll surely appreciate the delicious irony of the story which has been playing out in Antarctica.

A scientific research team who headed south to prove the threat to mankind from global warming by establishing that the region is melting have found themselves trapped on their ship in the unexpectedly thick pack ice.

The £900,000 expedition began full of high hopes early last month.

 

MV Akademik Shokalskiy trapped in the ice at sea off Antarctica. A scientific research team who headed south to prove the threat to mankind from global warming by establishing that the region is melting have found themselves trapped on their ship

MV Akademik Shokalskiy trapped in the ice at sea off Antarctica. A scientific research team who headed south to prove the threat to mankind from global warming by establishing that the region is melting have found themselves trapped on their ship

 

A team of Australian climate scientists set out on a Russian research ship MV Akademik Shokalskiy on a mission to raise awareness of global warming.

‘The research stakes are high,’ claimed a sympathetic report on Australia’s ABC TV station.

‘Antarctica is one of the great engines driving the world’s oceans, winds and weather. But there are ominous signs of climate change . . .’

Up until Christmas, all seemed to be going well. Besides the Russian crew and the Australian climate scientists, the ship’s 85-strong company included an Australian Green MP, two environment journalists from the Guardian newspaper and a BBC science journalist eager to relay details of the expedition’s vital findings which support their gospel of man-made global warming.

 Each day, Guardian readers were entertained by bulletins of the expedition’s latest adventures: the seasickness; the icy cold; the penguins; ‘the mysterious song of the leopard seal’.

But then on Day 16, disaster struck. ‘Stuck in Antarctica’s icy grasp’ noted the report, describing how the ship had been hit on Christmas Eve by a 50-knot blizzard and then become stuck in pack ice.

At first, the intrepid explorers put a brave face on the irony of their predicament. The ice would soon blow away and besides, here was some unexpected free time to extend their researches. 

As the days went by, though, it slowly became clear that this wasn’t going to be a temporary problem. The ship was stuck fast — at the height of what is supposed to be the Antarctic summer and when the ice normally melts rather than thickens — and was in urgent need of rescue.

Trapped ship passengers prepare ground for helicopter landing

 

The Russian-registered MV Akademik Shokalskiy became stuck in ice on 24 December with 48 passengers, mostly Australians, and around 20 crew on board

The Russian-registered MV Akademik Shokalskiy became stuck in ice on 24 December with 48 passengers, mostly Australians, and around 20 crew on board

 

Perhaps, with hindsight, it was a mistake to christen the expedition the Spirit of Mawson in memory of Sir Douglas Mawson, the great Edwardian-age Australian explorer in whose icy footsteps the mission hoped to follow. 

But though Mawson did much fine work mapping the then-unknown region, his 1911-1913 expedition came badly unstuck. On a trek into the interior, Mawson and his crew lost most of their food supplies when their sledge disappeared into a crevasse.

Stuck 350 miles from the coast with only one and a half weeks’ worth of food, Mawson nearly came to an end as sticky as Captain Scott’s earlier that same year. 

Mawson and his sole surviving companion, Mertz, were driven to eating their dogs, unaware that the livers were poisonous. Their hair fell out; the soles of Mawson’s feet fell off; Mertz ultimately went mad, bit off the top of his finger and died.

By the time Mawson staggered back to base in February 1913, he was so hideously ravaged that no one recognised him.

Still, in at least one respect, Mawson had an advantage over his 21st century followers. As we can see from period photographs, this part of the Antarctic was noticeably less frozen in the early 20th century than it is today. There was no visible sea ice in Commonwealth Bay where the MV Akademik Shokalskiy and its crew first got stuck.

And where, unfortunately, it remains stuck — despite the best efforts of three icebreakers.

 

Read More and Watch Video Here

……

Enhanced by Zemanta

 

Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources negotiations aim to ban fishing across much of Southern Ocean

Graphic: proposed areas of protection in Antarctica

Emperor Penguin in Australian Antarctic Territory

Emperor Penguin in Australian Antarctic Territory. Photograph: Pete Oxford/Corbis

Fishing and oil drilling could be banned across more than two million square kilometres of the frigid seas around Antarctica in a historic attempt to conserve the last pristine ocean.

Negotiations this week at a meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) will centre on a proposal for a 1.25m square kilometre “no take” zone, which would cover much of the Ross Sea. Another proposal would establish several other smaller protected areas in the seas around East Antarctica, adding a further 1.9m sq km protection zone. A third reserve, proposed by Germany and backed by Britain, would bar fishing from a large portion of the Weddell Sea, which is the site of the British Antarctic Survey’s research station, and where Ernest Shackleton’s ship Endurance was crushed by ice in 1915.

The prize, says a coalition of 30 conservation groups including Greenpeace and WWF, is the long-term protection of the nutrient-rich seas around the continent, which are home to more than 10,000 unique species – including most of the world’s penguins, whales, seabirds, squid and Antarctic toothfish. The seas are also full of krill, the minute shrimp-like creatures that eat algae and plankton and are the main food for whales, penguins, seals, albatrosses and petrels, but are also increasingly used as feed for fish farms and health supplements.

According to some scientists, the two proposed marine protection areas are vitally important because they support a high percentage of all marine life. At the moment just 1% of the world’s oceans is protected, with the result that most of the world’s fishing grounds have been significantly depleted.

 

Read More Here

Enhanced by Zemanta

EcoAlert: Changes in Earth’s Orbit Appear to be Key to Antarctic Warming

Antarctica-warming-660
Image Credit:  Adventure Journal

Analysis of an ice core taken by the National Science Foundation- (NSF) funded West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide drilling project reveals that warming in Antarctica began about 22,000 years ago, a few thousand years earlier than suggested by previous records. This timing shows that West Antarctica did not “wait for a cue” from the Northern Hemisphere to start warming, as scientists had previously supposed.

For more than a century scientists have known that Earth’s ice ages are caused by the wobbling of the planet’s orbit, which changes its orientation to the sun and affects the amount of sunlight reaching higher latitudes.

The Northern Hemisphere’s last ice age ended about 20,000 years ago, and most evidence had indicated that the ice age in the Southern Hemisphere ended about 2,000 years later, suggesting that the South was responding to warming in the North.
But research published online Aug. 14 in the journal Nature shows that Antarctic warming began at least two, and perhaps four, millennia earlier than previously thought.

Most previous evidence for Antarctic climate change had come from ice cores drilled in East Antarctica, the highest and coldest part of the continent. However, a U.S.-led research team studying the West Antarctic core found that warming there was well underway 20,000 years ago.

WAIS Divide is a large-scale and multi-year glaciology project supported by the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), which NSF manages. Through USAP, NSF coordinates all U.S. science on the southernmost continent and aboard vessels in the Southern Ocean and provides the necessary logistics to make the science possible.

 

Read More Here

Enhanced by Zemanta

Earth Watch Report  –  Climate Change

 

 

 

 

 

See Additional  Photos Here

 

….

10.07.2013 Climate Change Antarctica [Pine Island Glacier] Damage level
Details

….

Climate Change in Antarctica on Wednesday, 10 July, 2013 at 10:15 (10:15 AM) UTC.

 

Description
Pine Island Glacier (PIG), the longest and fastest flowing glacier in the Antarctic, has spawned a huge iceberg. The block measures about 720 sq km in area – roughly eight times the size of Manhattan Island in New York. Scientists have been waiting for the PIG to calve since October 2011 when they first noticed a spectacular crack spreading across its surface. Confirmation that the fissure had extended the full width of the glacier was obtained on Monday. It was seen by the German TerraSAR-X satellite. This carries a radar instrument that can detect the surface of the ice stream even though the Antarctic is currently in the grip of winter darkness. The berg that broke away was part of the PIG’s ice shelf – the front segment of the glacier that lifts up and floats as it pushes out into the ocean. The shelf will reach tens of km beyond the grounding line. German researchers have been receiving images from TerraSAR-X every three days or so, hoping to understand better the processes that drive the glacier forward and prompt it to fracture. This will help them improve the computer models that are used to forecast future changes in the Antarctic. “We were very keen to see how the crack propagated,” said Prof Angelika Humbert, a glaciologist with the Alfred Wegener Institute. “We need proper calving laws, to be able to describe the evolution of ice sheets over centuries,” she told BBC News.

Very big tabular bergs will come off the end of the ice shelf every 6-10 years. Previous notable events occurred in 2007 and 2001. It is a very natural process and scientists say it should not be tied directly to the very real climate changes that are also affecting this part of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Satellite and airborne measurements have recorded a marked thinning and a surge in velocity of the PIG in recent decades. This has been attributed in part to warmer waters getting under, and melting, the ice shelf. The PIG’s grounding line has pulled back further and further towards the land. The glacier’s behaviour means it is now under close scrutiny, not least because it drains something like 10% of all the ice flowing off the west of the continent. “The PIG is the most rapidly shrinking glacier on the planet,” explained Prof David Vaughan from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). “It’s losing more ice than any other glacier on the planet, and it’s contributing to sea level rise faster than any other glacier on the planet. That makes it worthy of study.” BAS has recently deployed a series of instrumented “javelins” along the PIG to monitor its movement. When the big crack propagating across the 30km width of the PIG was first photographed in 2011 by a Nasa airborne expedition, many assumed the moment of final calving would come quite quickly.

That it took almost two years for the tabular berg to break away is something of a surprise, concedes Prof Humbert. What should not be a surprise, she says, is that it has occurred in deep winter when the ocean is covered in sea-ice. This relatively thin covering would always be overwhelmed by the internal stresses in the massive ice shelf. What will be interesting now, she adds, is to see how long it takes for the berg to move out of the bay in front of it. It could take several months. TerraSAR-X will provide the tell-tale data. The world’s largest recorded iceberg was the tabular block that became known as B-15. When it broke off the Ross Ice Shelf in 2001, it had a surface area of about 11,000 sq km. It took years to melt away as it moved out into the Southern Ocean.

….

 

 

A glacier

Pine Island Glacier’s vast crack, pictured via NASA satellite late last fall.

Image courtesy NASA/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS

 

Richard A. Lovett

 

for National Geographic News

 

Published February 2, 2012

 

With a gargantuan crack slowly splitting it apart, Antarctica‘s fastest-melting glacier is about to lose a chunk of ice larger than all of New York City, scientists say.

(Also see “Manhattan-Size Ice Island Cracks in Half.”)

The crevasse stretches 19 miles (30 kilometers) long and up to 260 feet (80 meters) wide, as shown in a picture taken by NASA’s Terra satellite in October and featured this week as a NASA Image of the Day.

Snaking across the floating tongue of the Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica, the crack is expected to create an iceberg 350 square miles (907 square kilometers)—versus 303 square miles (785 square kilometers) for Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, and the Bronx combined, according to NASA.

As for when the iceberg might shove off, “that is very difficult to predict,” said oceanographer Eric Rignot of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “but in the coming months for sure.”

Glacier “Contributing Most to Sea Level”

Usually there’s nothing extraordinary about a glacier calving, said glaciologist Ted Scambos of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in Boulder, Colorado.

Glaciers that flow into the sea, like the Pine Island Glacier, go through a normal cycle in which the floating section grows, stresses mount, and an iceberg breaks off, Scambos said.

“That is nothing unusual in most cases.”

 

Read More  Here

….

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

Science Daily

Feb. 25, 2013 — Particles from the upper atmosphere trapped in a deep pile of Antarctic snow hold clear chemical traces of global meteorological events, a team from the University of California, San Diego and a colleague from France have found.

The chemical signature of global El Niño events opens a window to reconstructing paleoclimate cycles. (Credit: Image courtesy of University of California – San Diego)

Anomalies in oxygen found in sulfate particles coincide with several episodes of the world-wide disruption of weather known as El Niño and can be distinguished from similar signals left by the eruption of huge volcanoes, the team reports in the early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences published the week of February 25.

“Our ability to link of reliable chemical signatures to well-known events will make it possible to reconstruct similar short-term fluctuations in atmospheric conditions from the paleohistory preserved in polar ice,” said Mark Thiemens, Dean of the Division of Physical Sciences and professor of chemistry and biochemistry, who directed the research and dug up much of the snow.

Thiemens, graduate student Justin McCabe and colleague Joel Savarino of Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnment in Grenoble, France, excavated a pit 6 meters deep in the snow near the South Pole, with shovels.

“At an elevation of 10,000 feet and 55 degrees below zero, this was quite a task,” Thiemens said. Their efforts exposed a 22 year record of snowfall, a pileup of individual flakes, some of which crystallized around particles of sulfate that formed in the tropics.

Atmospheric sulfates form when sulfur dioxide — one sulfur and two oxygen molecules — mixes with air and gains two more oxygen molecules. This can happen a number of different ways, some of which favor the addition of variant forms of oxygen, or isotopes, with and extra neutron or two, previous work by Thiemens’s group has shown.

Unlike polar ice, which compresses months of precipitation so tightly that resolution is measured in years, relatively fluffy snow allowed the team to resolve this record of atmospheric chemistry on a much finer scale.

Read Full Article Here

Earthquakes

 

RSOE EDIS

 

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
26.05.2012 07:25:23 2.7 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:25:49 2.4 Asia Turkey Cukurgol Yaylasi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:26:11 4.4 Asia China Kuqa Chang VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 07:26:32 2.1 Europe Italy La Fruttarola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:20:33 4.4 Asia Afghanistan Razer VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:22:21 4.4 Asia Afghanistan Velayat-e Badakhshan Razer VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:20:59 2.0 Europe Italy Masseria Salituri VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 06:21:19 2.6 Asia Turkey Cinarli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:50:35 5.0 Asia Russia Taymyrskiy (Dolgano-Nenetskiy) Avtonomnyy Okrug Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:21:39 5.1 Europe Russia Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:51:01 4.6 Asia Russia Taymyrskiy (Dolgano-Nenetskiy) Avtonomnyy Okrug Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 06:21:58 4.9 Europe Russia Khantayskoye Ozero VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:20:48 2.0 Europe Italy Ponte di San Pellegrino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:10 2.3 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:29 4.0 Europe Romania Tipau VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:21:50 2.4 Asia Turkey Kizlaralani There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 05:22:12 2.2 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:45:42 2.3 North America United States Alaska Iniskin There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 04:20:26 2.8 Asia Turkey Karakisla VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:20:48 2.3 Europe Italy Cancelli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:21:09 4.8 Middle-America Guatemala Churirin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:40:41 4.8 Middle America Guatemala Departamento de Suchitepequez Churirin VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 04:21:30 2.3 Europe Italy San Biagio VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:21:52 2.4 Asia Turkey Killik VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:15 2.5 Europe Italy Palata Pepoli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:36 2.4 Europe Italy Il Motto VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 04:22:58 3.2 Europe Portugal Pontinha There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:15:35 5.1 Pacific Ocean – West New Caledonia Wakone VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:17:12 5.1 Pacific Ocean – West New Caledonia Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies Wakone VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 03:15:57 3.3 Europe Greece Mikhoion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:16:20 3.1 Europe Greece Rovianitis VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:00:27 2.3 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Cerro Prieto There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:15:24 2.1 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:35:56 2.9 Caribbean Puerto Rico El Combate VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:15:44 2.9 Europe Greece Sougia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:30:37 2.1 North America United States Alaska Happy Valley There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 02:16:05 3.3 Europe Greece Rodhakinon VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 02:16:29 3.0 Europe Greece Kaleryiana VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:13:17 2.1 North America United States Alaska Golden VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 01:10:36 2.0 Europe Italy Alberica VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:10:56 2.5 Europe Greece Ayioi Pandes VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:17 2.1 Europe Italy San Biagio VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:38 2.4 Europe Italy Torre Tre Ponti There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:11:58 2.6 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:12:22 2.4 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:05:34 2.3 Europe Italy Sant’Agostino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:05:56 2.6 Europe Greece Sotaina VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 01:12:22 2.3 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:40:39 4.0 North America United States Alaska Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 01:12:44 4.0 North-America United States Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:55:38 3.9 North America United States Alaska Amchitka VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 00:06:25 2.0 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:06:45 2.2 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:07:07 2.4 Asia Turkey Kalkan There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:07:29 2.4 Europe Italy La Collevata VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:30:39 3.0 Caribbean British Virgin Islands The Settlement VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
26.05.2012 00:07:51 2.3 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 00:08:14 3.4 Asia Turkey Sogut There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
26.05.2012 03:16:42 2.6 Asia Turkey Dorumlar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:05:54 2.1 Europe Italy Villa Magri VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:06:20 2.5 Europe Greece Kalamakion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:06:42 3.0 Asia Turkey Suruguden There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:05:30 2.2 Europe Italy Gavello VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:07:05 4.5 South-America Ecuador Santo Tomas VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:05:51 2.3 Asia Turkey Bekdemir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:36:24 2.7 North America United States Alaska Happy Valley There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 21:15:40 4.6 Asia Japan Iwate-ken Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 22:06:14 4.6 Asia Japan Aneyoshi VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:05:31 3.0 Asia Turkey Ortakaracik VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:05:52 2.1 Europe Italy Ponte Trevisani VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:06:15 2.6 Europe Greece Tsoukalaiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 22:06:39 4.0 Europe Russia Karaus VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 21:06:36 2.2 Asia Turkey Inlice VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:00:41 2.5 Europe Italy Mirandola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 19:40:38 2.1 North America United States Washington Grisdale VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 20:01:02 2.4 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:21 2.0 Europe Greece Koumaria VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:40 2.0 Europe Greece Ambeloi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 20:01:59 4.7 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:55:33 3.1 Caribbean Puerto Rico Vinet VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:00:29 2.1 Europe Italy Gavello VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:25:40 2.6 North America United States Alaska Boswell Bay VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:00:54 2.3 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:10:41 2.2 North America United States California Mercuryville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 18:01:14 2.0 Europe Macedonia Dabile VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 23:21:21 3.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 18:01:36 4.4 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Silabuhan VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:01:57 3.0 Asia Turkey Tepecik VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:02:18 2.2 Europe Albania Himare VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 18:02:40 2.4 Europe Italy Sala Bolognese VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:00:35 2.3 Asia Turkey Cokene VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:30:41 2.5 North America United States Hawaii Pähala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 17:00:56 2.0 Asia Turkey Kandilli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:00:56 2.4 Asia Turkey Kandilli VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:15 3.2 Europe Italy San Giacomo Roncole VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:50:33 2.1 North America United States Alaska Port William There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:55:30 3.5 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:55:54 4.0 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:58:59 4.2 Europe Italy Ponte di San Pellegrino VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:20:35 2.1 North America United States California Sepulveda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:56:16 2.5 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:56:37 2.4 Asia Turkey Kozagac There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:25:46 4.5 Europe Sweden (( Skaraborgs Lan )) Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 15:56:56 4.5 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:57:16 3.2 Europe France Saint-Andre VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:57:37 2.4 Asia Turkey Yenikoy There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:55:34 3.1 Europe Italy La Massara VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:55:55 3.4 Asia Turkey Kadidagi Koyu see Kadidagi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:16 2.6 Europe Italy La Pettenella VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:37 2.0 Europe Greece Vasilitsion VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 15:58:21 2.1 Asia Turkey Irsadiye VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:56:58 2.3 Asia Turkey Tuncbilek VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:30:41 4.8 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County Horoera VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 14:57:20 4.8 Australia & New-Zealand New Zealand Horoera VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:57:41 2.9 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:36 2.1 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:58:02 2.3 Europe Greece Alexandreia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 17:01:58 2.3 Asia Turkey Karacaviran VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:55:25 2.4 Asia Turkey Bayindir Yaylasi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 14:05:47 4.3 Asia Turkey Malatya Ili Sogutlu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 13:55:50 4.6 Asia Turkey Kirim VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:13 2.0 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:33 2.0 Europe Italy L’Orlanda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 13:56:58 2.2 Europe Greece Kamariotissa VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:55:24 2.1 Europe Spain Moalde VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:55:49 2.8 Asia Turkey Nize There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:12 3.9 Europe Italy La Fruttarola VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:33 2.0 Europe Czech Republic Prostredni Dvur VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:56:53 3.2 Asia Turkey Aslankent VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:57:15 2.2 Asia Turkey Cayhisar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:57:36 2.7 Europe Italy Finale Emilia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:31:03 3.4 North America United States Alaska Hospital Valley VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 12:57:57 2.8 Europe Greece Akrotirion There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:50:35 2.7 North America United States Alaska Tanana VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:50:59 2.8 North America United States Alaska Kantishna VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:55:21 3.5 Europe Greece Tsaflaiika VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:25:40 3.1 Caribbean Dominican Republic Provincia de La Altagracia Cabo Engano VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:55:47 2.1 Asia Turkey Isiktepe VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:15:45 3.8 Caribbean Dominican Republic Provincia de La Altagracia Cabo Engano VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:05:34 2.4 North America United States California Solromar VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:56:54 2.7 Europe France Port-Cros VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:01:14 3.4 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 11:57:15 2.7 Asia Turkey Sarkoy VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:57:36 2.5 Europe Italy Santa Bianca VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:50:55 2.9 Europe Italy L’Orlanda VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:51:16 3.6 Europe Greece Kattavia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 10:51:35 2.2 Asia Turkey Haciomerli VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 09:52:38 2.0 North America United States California Caldwell Pines There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 10:30:41 4.1 North America Canada British Columbia Port Alice VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 10:51:56 4.1 North-America Canada Port Alice VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 16:15:40 2.2 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:50:56 2.8 Europe Bulgaria Vitanovtsi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 12:01:26 3.0 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 09:05:41 2.5 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California El Centinela There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 12:58:20 2.5 Europe Greece Kattavia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 09:00:34 4.4 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:51:17 4.4 North-America United States Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:52:51 4.6 North America United States Alaska Atka There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 09:51:38 3.1 Europe Greece Khamaitoulon VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:50:33 2.5 Asia Turkey Colpan There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:50:54 3.2 Asia Turkey Uzumlu VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:16 2.4 Europe Italy Le Cremosine VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:34 3.6 Asia Azerbaijan Neft Daslari VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 08:51:56 4.6 Pacific Ocean – East Tonga Haatua VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:01:44 3.4 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County New Brighton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
25.05.2012 21:11:06 2.0 North America United States Utah Circleville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
25.05.2012 11:57:56 2.2 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:58:17 2.5 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
25.05.2012 11:58:39 2.8 Europe Sweden Vastbacken VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details

 

 

 

……….

Western Bulgaria Earthquake Strongest for Sofia since 1858

Bulgaria: Western Bulgaria Earthquake Strongest for Sofia since 1858
A file photo shows destruction from the 1928 earthquake in Chirpan; the small Bulgarian town was hit by another quake in 1942. Photo from Lost Bulgaria

The earthquake that the Bulgarian capital Sofia experienced at 3 am on Tuesday has been the strongest in its history since 1858, i.e. in 154 years, historical records indicate.

On Tuesday, Bulgaria’s territory saw over 60 weak aftershocks after the 5.8-5.9-magnitude it experienced early Tuesday morning, according to the Geophysics Institute of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

All of the 60 aftershocks had magnitudes of over 1 on the Richter scale, and their epicenters were around the western Bulgarian city of Pernik, where the initial earthquake hit at about 2:58 am on Tuesday. Some of the major aftershocks had a magnitude of 4.2-4.7, and were felt in Pernik and Sofia.

On September 30, 1858, when the future Bulgarian capital was still only a provincial town in the Ottoman Empire, it suffered an earthquake that had an estimated magnitude of 6.6-7.0 on the Richter Scale, damaging some 80% of its buildings.

As a result of the earthquake, 19 out of the 24 then mosques in Sofia saw their minarets collapse, while only two out of the seven churches remained operational. The 1858 earthquake claimed 4 lives in Sofia, and created huge cracks in the ground outside of the town.

The May 22, 2012, earthquake in Sofia, Pernik, and other parts of Western and Southern Bulgaria luckily, also pales in comparison with the strongest earthquake in the country ever – the March 17, 1942, earthquake in the southeastern town of Chirpan

Another strong earthquake in Bulgaria was the 1977 quake with its epicenter in Vrancea, Romania, which killed between 100 and 250 people in the Bulgarian Danube town of Svishtov, according to various estimates.

The latest earthquake in Sofia is comparable to the December 7, 1986 earthquake in Northeastern Bulgaria, which killed two people, and destroyed 150 buildings in the town of Strazhitsa.

After 2000, Bulgaria has seen a total of seven earthquakes with a magnitude beyond 4 on the Richter scale. The strongest one was in 2009 in the Black Sea near the town of Shabla, with a magnitude of 4.8.

New quake shakes nervous Christchurch

  • From: AFP

NERVOUS shoppers fled into the streets when a 4.7-magnitude earthquake rattled the New Zealand city of Christchurch, halting rebuilding work following last year’s tremor that killed 185.

These were no immediate reports of damage or injuries and police and ambulance services said they had received no calls for assistance.

The quake struck at 12.44pm (AEST) at a shallow depth of eight kilometres about 25 kilometres east of New Zealand’s second largest city, the US Geological Survey said.

The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority, which is overseeing reconstruction after the deadly 6.3 tremor in February last year, said it suspended demolition work in the city centre as a precaution.

Christchurch has experienced thousands of aftershocks in the past 18 months, delaying efforts to rebuild and further unsettling residents.

AFP

Seismic Hazard: Faults Discovered Near Lake Tahoe Could Generate Earthquakes Ranging from 6.3 to 6.9

ScienceDaily  :  Results of a new U.S. Geological Survey study conclude that faults west of Lake Tahoe, Calif., referred to as the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone, pose a substantial increase in the seismic hazard assessment for the Lake Tahoe region of California and Nevada, and could potentially generate earthquakes with magnitudes ranging from 6.3 to 6.9. A close association of landslide deposits and active faults also suggests that there is an earthquake-induced landslide hazard along the steep fault-formed range front west of Lake Tahoe.


Lake Tahoe Faults, Shaded Relief Map. Shaded relief map of western part of the Lake Tahoe basin, California. Faults lines are dashed where approximately located, dotted where concealed, bar and ball on downthrown side. Heavier line weight shows principal range-front fault strands of the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone (TSFFZ). Opaque white boxes indicate approximate segment boundaries and right steps in range front separating principal fault strands. EB— Emerald Bay; ELP—Ellis Peak; EP—Echo Peak; MT—Mt. Tallac; RP—Rubicon Peak; TW—Twin Peaks (Credit: James Howle , U.S. Geological Survey)

Using a new high-resolution imaging technology, known as bare-earth airborne LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging), combined with field observations and modern geochronology, USGS scientists, and their colleagues from the University of Nevada, Reno; the University of California, Berkeley; and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, have confirmed the existence of previously suspected faults. LiDAR imagery allows scientists to “see” through dense forest cover and recognize earthquake faults that are not detectable with conventional aerial photography.

“This study is yet one more stunning example of how the availability of LiDAR information to precisely and accurately map the shape of the solid Earth surface beneath vegetation is revolutionizing the geosciences,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “From investigations of geologic hazards to calculations of carbon stored in the forest canopy to simply making the most accurate maps possible, LiDAR returns its investment many times over.”

Motion on the faults has offset linear moraines (the boulders, cobbles, gravel, and sand deposited by an advancing glacier) providing a record of tectonic deformation since the moraines were deposited. The authors developed new three-dimensional techniques to measure the amount of tectonic displacement of moraine crests caused by repeated earthquakes. Dating of the moraines from the last two glaciations in the Tahoe basin, around 21 thousand and 70 thousand years ago, allowed the study authors to calculate the rates of tectonic displacement.

“Although the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone has long been recognized as forming the tectonic boundary between the Sierra Nevada to the west, and the Basin and Range Province to the east, its level of activity and hence seismic hazard was not fully recognized because dense vegetation obscured the surface expressions of the faults,” said USGS scientist and lead author, James Howle. “Using the new LiDAR technology has improved and clarified previous field mapping, has provided visualization of the surface expressions of the faults, and has allowed for accurate measurement of the amount of motion that has occurred on the faults. The results of the study demonstrate that the Tahoe-Sierra frontal fault zone is an important seismic source for the region.”

**********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

High Wind Warning

 

SALT LAKE CITY UT
SAN DIEGO CA
GRAND JUNCTION CO
FLAGSTAFF AZ
ALBUQUERQUE NM




Dust Storm Warning

 

FLAGSTAFF AZ



Gale Warning

 

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION
HONOLULU HI
ANCHORAGE ALASKA



Fire Weather Watch

 

EL PASO TX/SANTA TERESA NM
ALBUQUERQUE NM
TALLAHASSEE FL

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding,Landslides

 

  Active tropical storm system(s)

 
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details

 

 

 

 

Bud Pacific Ocean – East 21.05.2012 26.05.2012 Tropical Storm 360 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 3.66 m NHC Details

 

 

 

 Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Bud
Area: Pacific Ocean – East
Start up location: N 9° 18.000, W 99° 36.000
Start up: 21st May 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 800.22 km
Top category.:
Report by: NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd May 2012 07:05:36 N 9° 48.000, W 101° 48.000 15 56 74 Tropical Depression 290 12 1005 MB NHC
23rd May 2012 08:05:27 N 12° 54.000, W 105° 54.000 22 65 83 Tropical Storm 315 12 1004 MB NHC
24th May 2012 06:05:39 N 14° 12.000, W 107° 54.000 9 111 139 Tropical Storm 350 12 991 MB NHC
25th May 2012 06:05:32 N 17° 6.000, W 105° 54.000 17 185 222 Hurricane III. 30 12 960 MB NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th May 2012 07:05:26 N 19° 42.000, W 105° 36.000 11 93 111 Tropical Storm 360 ° 12 1000 MB NHC

 

Sanvu Pacific Ocean 21.05.2012 26.05.2012 Typhoon I. 50 ° 139 km/h 167 km/h 3.66 m JTWC Details

 

 

 Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Sanvu
Area: Pacific Ocean
Start up location: N 10° 48.000, E 145° 54.000
Start up: 21st May 2012
Status: 01st January 1970
Track long: 1,006.04 km
Top category.:
Report by: TSRC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
22nd May 2012 07:05:29 N 13° 24.000, E 144° 6.000 17 74 93 Tropical Storm 340 12 TSRC
23rd May 2012 08:05:09 N 16° 24.000, E 140° 54.000 20 93 120 Tropical Storm 315 12 TSRC
24th May 2012 06:05:36 N 18° 42.000, E 139° 12.000 15 120 148 Typhoon I. 340 12 TSRC
25th May 2012 06:05:35 N 22° 12.000, E 139° 12.000 17 148 185 Typhoon I. 25 12 TSRC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
26th May 2012 07:05:07 N 24° 42.000, E 141° 18.000 17 139 167 Typhoon I. 50 ° 12 TSRC

 

 

Beryl Atlantic Ocean 26.05.2012 01.01.1970 ER ° 0 km/h 0 km/h 0.00 m Details

 

 

 

Tropical Storm data

Storm name: Beryl
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 32° 30.000, W 74° 48.000
Start up: 26th May 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 0.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NHC
Useful links:

………………………………………

Tornado damages 15 homes in North Port, Florida

Herald Tribune

A possible tornado damaged 15 homes in North Port on Thursday evening, leaving one family homeless,

According to a news release from the City of North Port:

At about 6:30 pm Firefighters received a call of structural damage to a home from a tornado. When firefighters arrived on scene they discovered roof damage to a mobile home in the Holiday Park community. A flurry of calls came in from the Highland Ridge community nearby, and that is where several more homes received damage.

Three fire engines, three ambulances and three command cars responded to assess the damage to the neighborhood. While firefighters conducted a ground survey, the Sarasota Sheriff’s helicopter surveyed from the air.

“The damage was relatively minor and there were no injuries to citizens or first responders,” said Battalion Chief James Woods, “that’s the outcome we want”.

Only one family was displaced for the night, with enough damage to the house that the power had to be disconnected.

James and Elsie Hudson’s home at the corner of Talbrook and Gable lost its roof in the storm.

“I didn’t know what it was,” Elsie Hudson told SNN. “When I ran to the back to the lanai, everything was gone.”

The winds had taken off part of the home’s roof, and rain water was flowing into the living room, she said. The power was disconnected and the couple decided to stay with relatives.

The Red Cross was on scene to help storm victims, SNN Local News 6 was reporting.

The storm struck suddenly, and although the National Weather Service had been monitoring throughout the evening, inclement weather was not evident on the radar.

  Today Tornado USA State of Florida, North Port Damage level
Details

Tornado in USA on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:21 (05:21 AM) UTC.

Description
Although Jimmy Jones’ home was damaged in Thursday evening’s tornado, he called a roofing company to secure his neighbor’s roof after parts of it flew off. The two families had only a few moments’ warning before the twister ripped through their Highland Ridge neighborhood near South Biscayne Drive and North Port Boulevard, damaging 17 homes.Around 6:30 p.m., Jones called 911 to say it looked like a funnel cloud was forming down the street from his home.“I got off the phone and the funnel came toward my home. I told my wife and daughter to get in the tub,” he said Thursday night. “It was so loud it sounded like a freight train was rushing through the neighborhood. It was very scary.”Seconds later, parts of his fence became projectiles, embedded in the exterior wall of his home.According to city Emergency Management Coordinator Richard Berman, a EF0 tornado with winds of 80 mph, about 150 yards wide, touched down in Holiday Park, hit a four-block radius around Gabo Road, then passed through the area by the Gene Matthews Boys & Girls Club.Within two minutes, the tornado had damaged roofs and ripped apart pool cages, fences, tree limbs and sheds, then burst through Highland Ridge Park, knocking over wooden benches, toppling a tree behind the Boys & Girls Club and twisting metal bleachers at the North Port Bike Park. The roof of a manufactured home at Holiday Park also reportedly was damaged.“The Sarasota (County) Sheriff’s Office sent (the) Air One (helicopter) up to do an aerial view of the damage,” said North Port Fire Marshal Mike Frantz. “Thankfully, no one was injured, including our first responders. The Red Cross came to help any of the (families) whose homes were damaged, and to help if firefighters needed them.”Overall damage was estimated at $50,000, according to the National Weather Service in Ruskin, near Tampa.On Friday, a man in a Lowe’s store vest drove near Elroy Hall’s Talbrook Road home. He said he was sorry about the damage to his roof and left a case of bottled water.“I’m very appreciative of the help,” said Hall, who, along with his parents Elsie, 86, and James, 96, now is staying with his brother, who also has a home in North Port. “My neighbor Jimmy called Suncoast Roofing and they came over and put tarps and wood on the roof.”Hall said he was at Winn-Dixie when the tornado struck the home with his parents inside. He said they were scared, but were all right.Richard Edwards, who lives on Gabo, retrieved Hall’s rain gutter across North Port Boulevard near the tennis courts at Highland Ridge Park.“I was in my backyard when I saw the funnel form above my head,” Edwards said. “I ran to get my camcorder, but realized it was serious. I ran inside and told my wife the tornado was in the backyard. As I said it, it moved to the front yard and jumped across the road. It was so loud and scary. My house only has minor damage. I think it may have started in (nearby) Holiday Park and reformed in my backyard.”Lou Sperduto, city Property Maintenance manager, said the two sets of bike park bleachers probably would have to be replaced. They cost about $2,500 each. Gianni Tsiogas, 13, and two of his friends were riding their bikes along Talbrook when the tornado came toward them.“We rode as fast as we could and then dropped our bikes and ran to someone’s front porch,” Gianni said. “It reminded me of when I lived in Port Charlotte during Hurricane Charley (in 2004). It was scary.”Read more here: http://www.bradenton.com/2012/05/25/4053481/tornado-damages-17-homes-in-north.html#storylink=cpy

Weather officials have confirmed a tornado touched down about two miles south of Marathon City in Marathon County, and was on the ground intermittently for about five minutes.

There were no immediate reports of injuries or major structural damage.

Jeff Last is a meteorologist with the National Weather Service. He says that at about 7 p.m. Thursday, a Wisconsin State Patrol officer saw the tornado touch down. It was on the ground off and on for several miles as it moved northeast.

Last says the tornado lifted off the ground about two miles northwest of Rib Mountain State Park.

He says the storm was fast-moving.

Local authorities are surveying the area. So far, they have seen several downed trees.

Streamline winds also downed trees as storms moved across the state.

Source: The Associated Press

Hurricane Bud heading for area near Puerto Vallarta

MSNBC
Hurricane Bud lost some strength as it moved closer to Mexico’s Pacific Coast and was forecast to hit land south of the popular tourist town of Puerto Vallarta Friday night, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said.

Bud weakened overnight from a powerful Category 3 storm, but it’s dangerous as a Category 2 with 110 mph winds. And it’s expected to dump heavy rains in several states in western Mexico, threatening floods and landslides.The government of Jalisco state prepared hundreds of cots and dozens of heavy vehicles like bulldozers that could be needed to move debris.

Officials in Puerto Vallarta said they were in close contact with managers of the hundreds of hotels in the city in case tourists needed to move to eight emergency shelters. It said the sea along the city’s famous beachfront was calm, but swimming had been temporarily banned as a precaution.

At Mexico’s largest Pacific port of Manzanillo, skies were overcast and rainy before the forecast landfall.

The hurricane is the Pacific’s first of the 2012 season.

“Hurricane conditions are expected to reach the coast within the hurricane warning area this afternoon,” the center said in an advisory.

Located about 105 miles southwest of Manzanillo, the hurricane was moving north-northeast at around 8 mph and Mexico’s government issued a hurricane watch along the coast from Punta San Telmo to Cabo Corrientes.

Bud is expected to soak the states of Michoacan, Colima and Jalisco and southern Nayarit with around 6 to 8 inches of rain.

In some places, the storm could dump as much as 15 inches of rain.

“These rainfall amounts could produce life-threatening flash floods and mudslides,” the center said. “Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed to completion.”

Most of Mexico’s oil platforms and exporting ports are in the Gulf of Mexico and affected by storms in the Atlantic, where forecasters are expecting a “near normal” hurricane season this year with up to 15 tropical storms and four to eight hurricanes.

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Visit msnbc.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy

Late-season storm could bring summer snow to Sierra, California

Cathy Locke
Sacramento Bee

© Randy Pench
A skier walks toward the lift at Alpine Meadows where green grass contrasts with snow. While the valley bakes under an unrelenting sun, some head up the hill for a ski weekend on the Fourth of July. Sunday, July 3, 2011.

The advice this Memorial Day weekend, particularly for folks heading into the Sierra, is “Be prepared.”

National Weather Service and state transportation officials say travelers can expect everything from snow showers and accumulations of up to 6 inches in the high country today and Saturday to temperatures in the 80s in the Sacramento Valley on Sunday and Monday.

“We have a cool-weather system dropping down from British Columbia and washing over Northern California,” said Karl Swanberg, a forecaster with the National Weather Service in Sacramento.

A high of 69 degrees is forecast for the Sacramento area today, 15 degrees below the average high of 84 for this time of year. The drop in temperature will be accompanied by a 30 percent chance of rain and a slight chance of afternoon thunder-showers.

In the mountains, a winter weather advisory is in effect from 5 a.m. to 6 p.m. today, and snow levels are expected to drop to about the 5,500-foot elevation, with some accumulation above 6,000 feet.

“The road surface is warm this time of year,” Swanberg said, which should help keep snow from accumulating on the roadway. “But there could be enough to cause slippery conditions.”

California Department of Transportation officials say motorists should be prepared for winter driving conditions and warn that chain controls could be in effect at times today.

High temperatures today in the Sierra are expected to range from the mid-30s to about 50 degrees. Southwesterly winds of 15 to 30 mph also are forecast, with gusts to 45 mph.

Although storms this late in the spring are somewhat unusual, it’s still May, the tail end of the potentially active period of the season, Swanberg said, and people should plan accordingly.

“Bring along the coat, the gloves and the long pants, and expect a brief period of winter driving conditions,” he said.

Although snow showers will continue at higher elevations through much of Saturday, the Valley will begin to dry out. Highs in the Sacramento area are expected to be in the low to mid-70s Saturday and in the low 80s Sunday and Monday.

A high around 48 degrees is forecast for South Lake Tahoe on Saturday, but temperatures are expected to reach the low 60s on Sunday and Monday.

 

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

SIOUX FALLS SD



Hurricane Statement

 

JACKSONVILLE FL
MELBOURNE FL



Tropical Storm Watch

 

JACKSONVILLE FL
CHARLESTON SC
CHARLESTON SC
CHARLESTON SC



Winter Storm Warning

 

BILLINGS MT
GREAT FALLS MT
MISSOULA MT



Flood Warning

 

WICHITA KS
DULUTH MN
SIOUX FALLS SD



Flood Advisory

 

KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
FAIRBANKS AK
DULUTH MN

 

 

 

  25.05.2012 Flood Serbia Osečina Damage level
Details

 

 

Flood in Serbia on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 18:33 (06:33 PM) UTC.

Description
200 households in the western Serbian town of Osečina are threatened by floods and traffic has been interrupted in the area of Valjevo.MUP Emergency Sector chief Predrag Marić says that one elderly person has been evacuated and that nobody is currently in immediate danger.He added that there was a danger of torrential floods on many rivers in eastern Serbia.More rainfall is expected this weekend.According to him, water levels of the Sava and Danube Rivers in Belgrade are dropping and there is no danger that they could overflow.Marić said that all regional rescue teams would be on standby over the weekend and be sent to potential flood sights.He noted that around 140 municipalities out of 170 had drafted a flood protection operation plan, adding that the new government would have to address the issue.The Tamnava River overflowed its banks in the Koceljeva municipality and flooded between 1,500 and 2,000 hectares of arable land.The Koceljeva-Donje Crniljevo road has been closed due to the flood.Koceljeva Mayor Milutin Cvejić stressed that residential areas are not threatened by the flood.Several roads near the western town of Valjevo have been closed due to heavy rainfall, floods and mudslides, Roads of Serbia public company has stated.The Loznica-Osečina road in the village of Komirić is completely closed due to floods caused by the Jadar River.The Zavlaka-Krupanj road in the village of Mojković is also closed.Roads of Serbia public company teams are working on clearing the roads.

 

 

  25.05.2012 Landslide Indonesia West Java, [Bogor] Damage level
Details

 

 

Landslide in Indonesia on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 18:36 (06:36 PM) UTC.

Description
An official says a landslide on Indonesia’s main island of Java has killed at least six gold miners.Six other workers at the illegal mine are still missing after the landslide in West Java’s district of Bogor.Disaster management agency official Budi Aksomo said Friday several days of rain caused the landslide at the mountainous site Thursday.He added that eight miners were found alive.Rescuers are still evacuating the bodies from the scene and searching for the missing miners.
Seasonal downpours often cause landslides and flash floods in Indonesia, an archipelego nation where millions of people live on mountains or near fertile flood plains.

************************************************************************************************************

Radiation

Utility Says It Underestimated Radiation Released in Japan

By REUTERS

TOKYO (Reuters) — The amount of radioactive materials released in the first days of the Fukushima nuclear disaster was almost two and a half times the initial estimate by Japanese safety regulators, the operator of the crippled plant said in a report released on Thursday.

The operator, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, said the meltdowns it believes took place at three reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi plant released about 900,000 terabecquerels of radioactive substances into the air during March 2011. The accident, which followed an earthquake and a tsunami, occurred on March 11.

The latest estimate was based on measurements suggesting the amount of iodine-131 released by the nuclear accident was much larger than previous estimates, the utility said in the report. Iodine-131 is a fast-decaying radioactive substance produced by fission that takes place inside a nuclear reactor. It has a half-life of eight days and can cause thyroid cancer.

It is difficult to judge the health effects of the larger-than-reported release, since even the latest number is an estimate, and it does not clarify how much exposure people received or continue to receive from contaminated soil and food. Experts have been divided on the health impacts since the disaster because the studies of assessing radiation risks are based mainly on a different type of exposure — the large doses delivered quickly by the atomic bombs in Japan in 1945.

Although people who lived closest to the plant were evacuated, many people remain in areas with significantly higher radiation levels than normal.

Tokyo Electric said it had initially been unable to accurately judge the amount of radioactive materials released soon after the accident because radiation sensors closest to the plant were disabled in the disaster.

“If this information had been available at the time, we could have used it in planning evacuations,” a spokesman for Tokyo Electric, Junichi Matsumoto, said at a news conference.

More than 99 percent of the radiation released by the accident came in the first three weeks, the utility company added.

The newly released information is likely to add to concerns among many Japanese that they were never told the extent of the accident or the risks it posed.

A terabecquerel is a trillion becquerels, a commonly used measure of the radiation emitted by a radioactive material.

************************************************************************************************************

Climate Change

Pollution teams with thunderclouds to warm atmosphere

by Staff Writers
Richland WA (SPX)


Inside a thunderstorm cloud, warm air rises in updrafts, pushing tiny aerosols from pollution or other particles upwards. Higher up, water vapor cools and condenses onto the aerosols to form droplets, building the cloud. At the same time, cold air falls, creating a convective cycle. Generally, the top of the cloud spreads out like an anvil.

Pollution is warming the atmosphere through summer thunderstorm clouds, according to a computational study published May 10 in Geophysical Research Letters. How much the warming effect of these clouds offsets the cooling that other clouds provide is not yet clear. To find out, researchers need to incorporate this new-found warming into global climate models.

Pollution strengthens thunderstorm clouds, causing their anvil-shaped tops to spread out high in the atmosphere and capture heat – especially at night, said lead author and climate researcher Jiwen Fan of the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

“Global climate models don’t see this effect because thunderstorm clouds simulated in those models do not include enough detail,” said Fan. “The large amount of heat trapped by the pollution-enhanced clouds could potentially impact regional circulation and modify weather systems.”

Clouds are one of the most poorly understood components of Earth’s climate system. Called deep convective clouds, thunderstorm clouds reflect a lot of the sun’s energy back into space, trap heat that rises from the surface, and return evaporated water back to the surface as rain, making them an important part of the climate cycle.

To more realistically model clouds on a small scale, such as in this study, researchers use the physics of temperature, water, gases and aerosols – tiny particles in the air such as pollution, salt or dust on which cloud droplets form.

In large-scale models that look at regions or the entire globe, researchers substitute a stand-in called a parameterization to account for deep convective clouds. The size of the grid in global models can be a hundred times bigger than an actual thunderhead, making a substitute necessary.

However, thunderheads are complicated, dynamic clouds. Coming up with an accurate parameterization is important but has been difficult due to their dynamic nature.

Inside a thunderstorm cloud, warm air rises in updrafts, pushing tiny aerosols from pollution or other particles upwards. Higher up, water vapor cools and condenses onto the aerosols to form droplets, building the cloud. At the same time, cold air falls, creating a convective cycle. Generally, the top of the cloud spreads out like an anvil.

Previous work showed that when it’s not too windy, pollution leads to bigger clouds . This occurs because more pollution particles divide up the available water for droplets, leading to a higher number of smaller droplets that are too small to rain. Instead of raining, the small droplets ride the updrafts higher, where they freeze and absorb more water vapor. Collectively, these events lead to bigger, more vigorous convective clouds that live longer.

Now, researchers from PNNL, Hebrew University in Jerusalem and the University of Maryland took to high-performance computing to study the invigoration effect on a regional scale.

To find out which factors contribute the most to the invigoration, Fan and colleagues set up computer simulations for two different types of storm systems: warm summer thunderstorms in southeastern China and cool, windy frontal systems on the Great Plains of Oklahoma. The data used for the study was collected by different DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement facilities.

The simulations had a resolution that was high enough to allow the team to see the clouds develop. The researchers then varied conditions such as wind speed and air pollution.

Fan and colleagues found that for the warm summer thunderstorms, pollution led to stronger storms with larger anvils. Compared to the cloud anvils that developed in clean air, the larger anvils both warmed more – by trapping more heat – and cooled more – by reflecting additional sunlight back to space. On average, however, the warming effect dominated.

The springtime frontal clouds did not have a similarly significant warming effect. Also, increasing the wind speed in the summer clouds dampened the invigoration by aerosols and led to less warming.

This is the first time researchers showed that pollution increased warming by enlarging thunderstorm clouds. The warming was surprisingly strong at the top of the atmosphere during the day when the storms occurred. The pollution-enhanced anvils also trapped more heat at night, leading to warmer nights.

“Those numbers for the warming are very big,” said Fan, “but they are calculated only for the exact day when the thunderstorms occur. Over a longer time-scale such as a month or a season, the average amount of warming would be less because those clouds would not appear everyday.”

Next, the researchers will look into these effects on longer time scales. They will also try to incorporate the invigoration effect in global climate models.

Reference: Jiwen Fan, Daniel Rosenfeld, Yanni Ding, L. Ruby Leung, and Zhanqing Li, 2012. Potential Aerosol Indirect Effects on Atmospheric Circulation and Radiative Forcing through Deep Convection, Geophys. Res. Lett. May 10, DOI 10.1029/2012GL051851.

Related Links
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
The Air We Breathe at TerraDaily.com

‘Scientific experts’ confounded by increasing snow cover on Mount Kilimanjaro

Apolinari Tairo
eTN Tanzania

© worldtopjourneys.com

Constituting the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is slowly building up its snow cover, allaying the fears of prominent scientists who had predicted witnessing the eminence lose its famous white hat. The drifts are slowly thickening on the top point of this summit, giving new hopes to Mount Kilimanjaro environmental watchdogs and tourists that the peak may not lose its beautiful snowy cap, as scientific experts have long been warning.

Covered in mist for most of the day, Mount Kilimanjaro is the most tourist-attractive site in Tanzania, pulling in tens of thousands of foreigners and locals each year. The snow, which once had disappeared on some parts of the mountain, is piling up again gradually, making a beautiful picture out of the Kibo peak.

Sources from Kilimanjaro environmental groups said this precipitation could rise to cover most areas of the mountain, but the effects of climate change and global warming could still affect the peak’s snow layers, which have been becoming thinner and thinner.

Environmentalists had warned that this highest peak in Africa could lose its ice cover and glaciers between 2018 and 2020 unless global campaigns to save the mountain’s ecology were taken and a stop put to rampant tree-felling and unchecked agricultural activity on its slopes.

The writer of this article observed during this week’s flight closer to the mountain, recovering snow piled up, covering the whole mountain peak.

Despite several warnings by scientists over disappearing snow, new hopes are rising to see this highest peak in Africa regain its face through stringent environmental protection campaigns.

Kilimanjaro Area Governor Mr. Leonidas Gama said environmental degradation has to be checked by all possible means lest Kilimanjaro residents live to regret it, adding that after inspecting the natural plants and plantation forests on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro aboard a hired helicopter, he found people harvesting timber, and livestock grazing in different areas, with total impunity.

“The situation has become alarming and has to be arrested now, to restore the former glories of the mountain, the highest peak in Africa, one of the World Heritage sites and an absolute destination choice of foreign visitors to our country,” Gama said.

He said residents should be sensitized to the need to lend their hands to reforestation practices, so as to ensure that the region becomes once again a choice place to live in, with all its natural resources intact. He expressed the need to deploy security organizations to curb the ever-worsening scourge of timber-harvesting from natural and reserved forest areas.

This reporter observed with enthusiasm during the recent flight around the mountain’s peak that there was a deepening of the snow, which had once practically disappeared.

Standing freely and majestically with its frozen cover gleaming in the sun, our beloved Kilimanjaro has been in great danger of losing its eye-catching glaciers. The mountain is located some 330 kilometers and 3 degrees south of the equator.

Mount Kilimanjaro is an awesome and magnificent peak, one of the prides of Africa, and one of the chief free-standing mountains in the world. It is composed of three independent peaks – Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira – covering a total area of 4,000 kilometers.

The snow-capped Kibo, with permanent glaciers covering its entire tip, is the highest at 5,895 meters altitude and is the most attractive sight, pulling in over 40,000 foreign and local tourists per year.

This peak is indeed considered one of the leading tourist attractions in Tanzania, due to its beautiful appearance and its strange geological characteristics.

Global warming effects are being felt in most parts of Africa with important impacts indeed on tourist sites, included in which are Tanzanian wildlife parks and Mount Kilimanjaro’s unique ecosystem.

************************************************************************************************************

Epidemic Hazards/Diseases

 

  Today Epidemic Hazard Ireland West Cork, Damage level
Details

 

 

Epidemic Hazard in Ireland on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:27 (05:27 AM) UTC.

Description
Seventeen new case of measles have been reported during the last six days in an outbreak in southern Ireland.The total number of confirmed cases in West Cork, Ireland, stands at 42. Public health officials are urging parents to make certain their children are fully protected against the highly infectious illness, according to CorkIndependent.com.“At the moment, the best way to ensure safety is to ensure that babies are not exposed to older children who may not be vaccinated and who are incubating the disease,” Dr. Fiona Ryan, a consultant in public health medicine, said, CorkIndependent.com reports. “Some cases have unvaccinated brothers and sisters, so they are very likely to become infected. Unfortunately the symptoms are very non-specific before they get the rash.”Two doses of the MMR vaccine are recommended, with the first dose to be given at 12 months of age and the second between the ages of four and five.Children or teenagers who have not received both doses of the vaccine can have it administered by a general practitioner free of charge. Those affected in the outbreak have mainly been teenagers, but children under the age of 12 months are considered especially at risk.“We have a worry that it will spread to other children,” Ryan said, according to CorkIndependent.com. “We are expecting more cases.“In West Cork, we have quite a number of children that haven’t been vaccinated. There are so many unvaccinated that you are getting a lot of spread. It’s a very, very infectious disease.”The nationwide MMR vaccination rate in Ireland for children aged 24 months is 92 percent, but in West Cork 14 percent of children at that age remain unvaccinated.
Biohazard name: measles
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

  Today Epidemic Hazard Pakistan [Bajaur Agency] Damage level
Details

 

 

Epidemic Hazard in Pakistan on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:19 (05:19 AM) UTC.

Description
At least eight children have died in the past three days and dozens are sick after a measles outbreak across Bajaur Agency, senior health official Dr. Khursheed Khan told Central Asia Online.About 30 other children are sick, but their condition is good now, Khursheed said May 25.Vaccinators have been deployed to vaccinate the children. “We have also sent a mobile hospital to the affected areas to ensure that children in inaccessible areas are administered vaccine,” he said.He attributed the outbreak to a lapse in vaccinations in some insurgency-prone areas over the past three months.In North Waziristan Agency, 20 children have died from measles in the past two weeks, he said.
Biohazard name: measles
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

**********************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News May25: ArticQuake, Hurricane Bud, Solar/Planetary Update

Published on May 25, 2012 by

New Link: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2149227/Gospel-Barnabas-cause-… Thanks Dee

http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/storms/2012/Bud
http://phys.org/news/2012-05-spacex-readies-space-station-rendezvous.html
http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/4777/nomads-of-the-galaxy

Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

************************************************************************************************************

Space

UPCOMING CLOSE APPROACHES TO EARTH

1 AU = ~150 million kilometers
1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers 
Object
Name
Close
Approach
Date
Miss
Distance
(AU)
Miss
Distance
(LD)
Estimated
Diameter*
H
(mag)
Relative
Velocity
(km/s)
(2012 KO11)  2012-May-25 0.0731 28.4 30 m – 66 m 24.8 8.88
(2012 HL8)  2012-May-25 0.1316 51.2 49 m – 110 m 23.7 6.64
(2012 KD6)  2012-May-25 0.0335 13.0 52 m – 120 m 23.5 10.47
(2012 KX)  2012-May-26 0.0566 22.0 59 m – 130 m 23.3 7.07
154330 (2002 VX94)  2012-May-26 0.1869 72.8 670 m – 1.5 km 18.0 13.62
(2012 KF25)  2012-May-26 0.0291 11.3 23 m – 52 m 25.3 8.61
(2002 AW)  2012-May-26 0.1924 74.9 210 m – 460 m 20.6 6.95
(2012 KB4)  2012-May-27 0.0904 35.2 22 m – 49 m 25.4 3.44
(2012 KP24)  2012-May-28 0.0004 0.1 16 m – 36 m 26.1 13.33
(2001 CQ36)  2012-May-30 0.0258 10.0 77 m – 170 m 22.7 5.62
(2002 OA22)  2012-May-31 0.1197 46.6 360 m – 820 m 19.3 7.01
(2007 LE)  2012-Jun-02 0.0478 18.6 390 m – 870 m 19.2 19.77
(2012 KO18)  2012-Jun-02 0.0827 32.2 100 m – 220 m 22.1 15.29
(2012 JW11)  2012-Jun-02 0.1309 51.0 110 m – 250 m 21.9 5.14
(2012 HK31)  2012-Jun-04 0.0336 13.1 22 m – 49 m 25.4 3.03
(2012 KN18)  2012-Jun-05 0.0424 16.5 34 m – 76 m 24.5 10.29
(2008 MG1)  2012-Jun-05 0.1268 49.3 290 m – 640 m 19.8 22.32
(2009 LE)  2012-Jun-06 0.1150 44.8 50 m – 110 m 23.6 13.61
(2006 SG7)  2012-Jun-06 0.0857 33.4 71 m – 160 m 22.9 16.47
(2001 LB)  2012-Jun-07 0.0729 28.4 210 m – 470 m 20.5 11.56
(2012 JU11)  2012-Jun-09 0.0731 28.4 27 m – 60 m 25.0 3.77
(2012 GX11)  2012-Jun-10 0.1556 60.5 170 m – 380 m 21.0 6.38
(2012 KM11)  2012-Jun-14 0.0933 36.3 30 m – 66 m 24.8 5.91
(2012 HN40)  2012-Jun-15 0.1182 46.0 240 m – 530 m 20.3 13.79
(2002 AC)  2012-Jun-16 0.1598 62.2 740 m – 1.7 km 17.8 26.71
137120 (1999 BJ8)  2012-Jun-16 0.1769 68.8 670 m – 1.5 km 18.0 14.88
(2011 KR12)  2012-Jun-19 0.1318 51.3 140 m – 310 m 21.4 10.10
(2004 HB39)  2012-Jun-20 0.1605 62.5 77 m – 170 m 22.7 8.88
(2008 CE119)  2012-Jun-21 0.1811 70.5 21 m – 46 m 25.5 3.22
308242 (2005 GO21)  2012-Jun-21 0.0440 17.1 1.4 km – 3.1 km 16.4 13.27
(2011 AH5)  2012-Jun-25 0.1670 65.0 17 m – 39 m 25.9 5.84
(2012 FA14)  2012-Jun-25 0.0322 12.5 75 m – 170 m 22.8 5.28
(2004 YG1)  2012-Jun-25 0.0890 34.7 140 m – 310 m 21.4 11.34
(2010 AF3)  2012-Jun-25 0.1190 46.3 16 m – 36 m 26.1 6.54
(2008 YT30)  2012-Jun-26 0.0715 27.8 370 m – 820 m 19.3 10.70
(2010 NY65)  2012-Jun-27 0.1023 39.8 120 m – 270 m 21.7 15.09
(2008 WM64)  2012-Jun-28 0.1449 56.4 200 m – 440 m 20.6 17.31
(2010 CD55)  2012-Jun-28 0.1975 76.8 64 m – 140 m 23.1 6.33
(2004 CL)  2012-Jun-30 0.1113 43.3 220 m – 480 m 20.5 20.75
(2008 YQ2)  2012-Jul-03 0.1057 41.1 29 m – 65 m 24.8 15.60
(2005 QQ30)  2012-Jul-06 0.1765 68.7 280 m – 620 m 19.9 13.13
(2011 YJ28)  2012-Jul-06 0.1383 53.8 150 m – 330 m 21.3 14.19
276392 (2002 XH4)  2012-Jul-07 0.1851 72.0 370 m – 840 m 19.3 7.76
(2003 MK4)  2012-Jul-08 0.1673 65.1 180 m – 410 m 20.8 14.35
(1999 NW2)  2012-Jul-08 0.0853 33.2 62 m – 140 m 23.1 6.66
189P/NEAT  2012-Jul-09 0.1720 66.9 n/a 0.0 12.47
(2000 JB6)  2012-Jul-10 0.1780 69.3 500 m – 1.1 km 18.6 6.42
(2010 MJ1)  2012-Jul-10 0.1533 59.7 52 m – 120 m 23.6 10.35
(2008 NP3)  2012-Jul-12 0.1572 61.2 57 m – 130 m 23.3 6.08
(2006 BV39)  2012-Jul-12 0.1132 44.1 4.2 m – 9.5 m 29.0 11.11
(2005 NE21)  2012-Jul-15 0.1555 60.5 140 m – 320 m 21.3 10.77
(2003 KU2)  2012-Jul-15 0.1034 40.2 780 m – 1.7 km 17.7 17.12
(2007 TN74)  2012-Jul-16 0.1718 66.9 20 m – 45 m 25.6 7.36
(2007 DD)  2012-Jul-16 0.1101 42.8 19 m – 42 m 25.8 6.47
(2006 BC8)  2012-Jul-16 0.1584 61.6 25 m – 56 m 25.1 17.71
144411 (2004 EW9)  2012-Jul-16 0.1202 46.8 1.3 km – 2.9 km 16.5 10.90
(2012 BV26)  2012-Jul-18 0.1759 68.4 94 m – 210 m 22.2 10.88
(2010 OB101)  2012-Jul-19 0.1196 46.6 200 m – 450 m 20.6 13.34
(2008 OX1)  2012-Jul-20 0.1873 72.9 130 m – 300 m 21.5 15.35
(2010 GK65)  2012-Jul-21 0.1696 66.0 34 m – 75 m 24.5 17.80
(2011 OJ45)  2012-Jul-21 0.1367 53.2 18 m – 39 m 25.9 3.79
153958 (2002 AM31)  2012-Jul-22 0.0351 13.7 630 m – 1.4 km 18.1 9.55
(2011 CA7)  2012-Jul-23 0.1492 58.1 2.3 m – 5.1 m 30.3 5.43
(2012 BB124)  2012-Jul-24 0.1610 62.7 170 m – 380 m 21.0 8.78
(2009 PC)  2012-Jul-28 0.1772 68.9 61 m – 140 m 23.2 7.34
217013 (2001 AA50)  2012-Jul-31 0.1355 52.7 580 m – 1.3 km 18.3 22.15
(2012 DS30)  2012-Aug-02 0.1224 47.6 18 m – 39 m 25.9 5.39
(2000 RN77)  2012-Aug-03 0.1955 76.1 410 m – 920 m 19.0 9.87
(2004 SB56)  2012-Aug-04 0.1393 54.2 380 m – 840 m 19.2 13.72
(2000 SD8)  2012-Aug-04 0.1675 65.2 180 m – 400 m 20.9 5.82
(2006 EC)  2012-Aug-06 0.0932 36.3 13 m – 28 m 26.6 6.13
(2006 MV1)  2012-Aug-07 0.0612 23.8 12 m – 28 m 26.7 4.79
(2005 RK3)  2012-Aug-08 0.1843 71.7 52 m – 120 m 23.6 8.27
(2009 BW2)  2012-Aug-09 0.0337 13.1 25 m – 56 m 25.1 5.27
277475 (2005 WK4)  2012-Aug-09 0.1283 49.9 260 m – 580 m 20.1 6.18
(2004 SC56)  2012-Aug-09 0.0811 31.6 74 m – 170 m 22.8 10.57
(2008 AF4)  2012-Aug-10 0.1936 75.3 310 m – 690 m 19.7 16.05
37655 Illapa  2012-Aug-12 0.0951 37.0 770 m – 1.7 km 17.7 28.73
(2012 HS15)  2012-Aug-14 0.1803 70.2 220 m – 490 m 20.4 11.54
4581 Asclepius  2012-Aug-16 0.1079 42.0 220 m – 490 m 20.4 13.48

* Diameter estimates based on the object’s absolute magnitude.

*************************************************************************************************************

Mysterious Sightings

Fireball, UFO, flare? US Airways Express flight crew sees mysterious object

Todd Sperry
newsnet5.com

US Airways jet

© Associated Press Graphics Bank

A US Airways Express flight crew reported seeing what looked like a flare with a smoke trail in the vicinity of its aircraft while on approach to Philadelphia International Airport on Tuesday.

According to authorities, what the crew witnessed remains a mystery. The aircraft with 34 passengers and three crew members landed safely.

Flight 4321, originating from Elmira-Corning Regional Airport, was about 500 feet above the ground in Philadelphia when the incident took place.

After landing in Philadelphia, the aircraft taxied to the gate, according to US Airways spokesman Liz Landau. Runway 17 was closed for about 30 minutes after the incident for investigation, the FAA said. Law enforcement authorities are investigating the incident.

The aircraft involved was a Bombardier Dash 8 twin engine plane operated for US Airways by Piedmont Airlines.

CNN’s Aaron Cooper contributed to this report.

Source: 2012 Cable News Network, Inc.

Strange objects over Blue Springs, Missouri

Chris Oberholtz and Dave Jordan
KCTV

(US) Strange lights in the night sky over Blue Springs have UFO investigators interested.

Neighbors say in the past two weeks they have seen multi-colored lights in the sky, and the Missouri UFO Network is now conducting its own investigation. The video of these orbs hovering is causing quite the debate in Blue Springs and is the topic of discussion in the quiet suburb.

Robert Kover first noticed it two weeks ago and went down to get a closer look. He was confronted by a neighbor who thought he was spying on women, until he handed her his binoculars.

“I showed her the star that in the sky, just to get somebody else’s perspective on it, and they said they had never seen anything like it before,” Kover said.

Becky Neely said it was vibrating red, green and blue lights.

“It was like nothing I’ve ever seen before, but with binoculars we could see it fairly well, and it was off in the distance,” Neely said.

Teresa Price saw it as well, at least twice. The same night Kover and Neely did and again when she was walking her dogs the following week. However, this time, things were even more bizarre.

“It was up in the sky and then it just dropped and stayed stationary in that lower position,” Teresa Price said.

Price had seen KCTV5’s recent news report on domestic drones that are now being used by local governments and law enforcement agencies and thought that was what it was.

“It kind of made me think that there is some sort of drone out there. Why is it out at night? I don’t know,” Price said.

Kover called the KCTV5 Investigative Hotline and posted a sighting on a UFO spotters website. The night of a interview, KCTV5’s Dave Jordan spotted similar sightings.

Kover was contacted by Margie Kay with the Missouri UFO Network, who decided to investigate for herself the following night.

Kay interviewed everyone who claimed to have seen the UFOs and then set up telescopes to watch the sightings herself. Neighbors came out hoping to see similar activity that captivated the community.

As the sky darkened, one of them appeared. Kay initially dismissed it.

“I am 90 percent sure we are looking at Vega in this instance, and they’re some other planets out right now,” said Margie Kay with the Missouri UFO Network.

But she came to a different conclusion after others starting appearing. And after she put in a call to a colleague to take a look at what she thought was Vega, that person described it as Pure White.

“That is not what we are seeing. We’re seeing colors in this. I see green in this one and in the other I see red, green and blue,” Kay said. “I don’t think it’s a planet at this point. I don’t know what it is. It’s unidentified.”

KCTV5 contacted Blue Springs police, and they have said they haven’t received any calls about this. KCTV5 also contacted NORAD, and a spokesman said that he did hear about similar sighting, but he wasn’t sure if it was in Missouri because that division of NORAD monitors the entire Midwest.

Watch Video Here

Show In The Sky:
Strange, Dancing, Shape-Shifting Lights Over Milford, Pennsylvania


MessageToEagle.com – These strange lights seen dancing in the skies over Milford, Pennsylvania were filmed with an android phone.

As you can see the light, flicker, change not only color, but shape as well!

What could they be?

Youtube user lisah6083 who filmed these mysterious lights says they look like stars, but she also points out it was a crystal clear night.

“You could see every star in the sky but they are so small that my camera doesn’t even pick them up.These were large bright objects moving slowly to the left.

No noise. And they had a orange, flickering type appearance.

I believe some of them even disappeared in a flash. Hard to tell they are moving in the pic, but in person they were all moving in a clear path across the sky.

When the seem to “squiggle” in the sky that’s just me moving my camera. The noise in the background is a motorcycle that came across…. completely oblivious to the lights in the sky, ” lisah6083 says.

The lights appear at about 0:17According to lisah6083 there was also another eyewitness who saw the dancing lights in the sky.

It was an amazing light show in the night sky.

Have you taken any interesting images or filmed something unusual? Remember you can always send the images to us so we can publish them.

MessageToEagle.com

See also:
Mysterious Object Falls From The Sky After Explosion

*************************************************************************************************************

Biological Hazards/Wildlife

Hundreds of endangered antelopes dying in Kazakhstan Astana: A massive wave of deaths has been reported among the endangered saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan. Around 540 carcasses of the animal has been found in the country, RIA Novosti reported Thursday.

According to the Kazakh agriculture ministry, the carcasses were found in the Kostanai region.

“Aviation monitoring today (Thursday) discovered a new concentration of saiga deaths with the approximate number of dead animals reaching beyond 400,” the ministry said.

Last year, at least 12,000 saiga antelopes died in Kazakhstan, presumably from pasteurellosis infection and from overeating. In November 2010, Kazakhstan introduced a ban on saiga hunting.

The latest statistics put the number of saiga antelopes in Kazakhstan at 85,500. The country spends $800,000 annually to prevent the deaths.

Saiga were virtually exterminated in the 1920s but then their numbers increased in the 1950s. The animals mostly became endangered because of hunting and the high demand for their horns in traditional Chinese medicine.

Saiga are also found in Russia’s Kalmykia region and in Mongolia.

IANS

**************************************************************************************************************

Articles of Interest

Latest Southern Ocean research shows continuing deep ocean change

by Staff Writers
Canberra, Australia (SPX)


Deploying a mooring carrying a suite of monitoring sensors into the sea ice. Credit: Steve Rintoul.

Comparing detailed measurements taken during the Australian Antarctic program’s 2012 Southern Ocean marine science voyage to historical data dating back to 1970, scientists estimate there has been as much as a 60 per cent reduction in the volume of Antarctic Bottom Water, the cold dense water that drives global ocean currents.

In an intensive and arduous 25-day observing program, temperature and salinity samples were collected at 77 sites between Antarctica and Fremantle. Such ship transects provide the only means to detect changes in the deep ocean.

The new measurements, which have not yet been published, suggest the densest waters in the world ocean are gradually disappearing and being replaced by less dense waters.

“The amount of dense Antarctic Bottom Water has contracted each time we’ve measured it since the 1970s,” said Dr Steve Rintoul, of CSIRO and the Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems CRC. “There is now only about 40 per cent as much dense water present as observed in 1970.”

The ocean profiles also show that the dense water formed around Antarctica has become less saline since 1970.

“It’s a clear signal to us that the oceans are responding rapidly to variations in climate in polar regions. The sinking of dense water around Antarctica is part of a global pattern of ocean currents that has a strong influence on climate, so evidence that these waters are changing is important,” Dr Rintoul said.

The research was carried out by more than 50 scientists on the Australian Antarctic Division’s research and resupply vessel Aurora Australis, which sailed to Commonwealth Bay, west along the Antarctic coast, and returned into Fremantle.

The Australian Antarctic Division’s Chief Scientist, Dr Nick Gales, said the findings of the oceanographic study are profoundly important.

“Not only will this research improve our understanding of ocean currents, but will also feed into our knowledge of how the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic continent drives the world’s climate processes,” Dr Gales said.

Dr Rintoul was Chief Scientist on the recent voyage and has made a dozen voyages to the Southern Ocean. “When we speak of global warming, we really mean ocean warming: more than 90 per cent of the extra heat energy stored by the earth over the last 50 years has gone into warming up the ocean.

The Southern Ocean is particularly important because it stores more heat and carbon dioxide released by human activities than any other region, and so helps to slow the rate of climate change” Dr Rintoul said. “A key goal of our work is to determine if the Southern Ocean will continue to play this role in the future.”

The causes of the observed changes in the Southern Ocean are not yet fully understood. Changes in winds, sea ice, precipitation, or melt of floating glacial ice around the edge of Antarctica may be responsible. Data collected on the latest voyage will help unravel this mystery.

A major challenge is the lack of observations at high latitude, where much of the ocean is covered by sea ice in winter. During the voyage scientists deployed nine drifting profilers, called Argo floats, which will transmit profiles of temperature and salinity every 10 days for the next five years. These ice-capable floats in the seasonal ice zone in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean are funded through Australia’s Integrated Marine Observing System.

“The Argo floats have revolutionised our ability to measure the ocean, particularly in winter when ship observations are very rare,” said Dr Rintoul. “On this voyage, we deployed a new kind of float designed to survive encounters with the sea ice. These floats will allow us to see how dense water forms in winter for the first time.”

The Aurora Australis visited Commonwealth Bay as part of a celebration of the centenary of Sir Douglas Mawson’s Australian Antarctic Expedition. Dr Rintoul’s team had the opportunity to repeat oceanographic measurements made by Mawson’s team 100 years ago, obtaining one of the few century-long records obtained anywhere in the ocean.

“Our measurements collected in 2012 are quite different to those collected by Mawson in 1912,” Dr Rintoul said. “This is an indication of a change in the ocean currents that may be related to a reduction in the amount of dense water formed near Antarctica.”

“Mawson’s expedition really marked the transition from the “Heroic Age” of Antarctic exploration to a period where science was the primary motivation for Antarctic expeditions. I think he would have gotten a real kick out of the idea that measurements made by his team a century ago are still useful and that Australian scientists are continuing his legacy by studying Antarctica and its connection to the rest of the globe.”

Related Links
CSIRO
Water News – Science, Technology and Politics

Ancient giant turtle fossil revealed

by Staff Writers
Raleigh NC (SPX)


This is a reconstruction of Carbonemys preying upon a small crocodylomorph. Credit: Artwork by Liz Bradford.

Picture a turtle the size of a Smart car, with a shell large enough to double as a kiddie pool. Paleontologists from North Carolina State University have found just such a specimen – the fossilized remains of a 60-million-year-old South American giant that lived in what is now Colombia.

The turtle in question is Carbonemys cofrinii, which means “coal turtle,” and is part of a group of side-necked turtles known as pelomedusoides. The fossil was named Carbonemys because it was discovered in 2005 in a coal mine that was part of northern Colombia’s Cerrejon formation.

The specimen’s skull measures 24 centimeters, roughly the size of a regulation NFL football. The shell which was recovered nearby – and is believed to belong to the same species – measures 172 centimeters, or about 5 feet 7 inches, long. That’s the same height as Edwin Cadena, the NC State doctoral student who discovered the fossil.

“We had recovered smaller turtle specimens from the site. But after spending about four days working on uncovering the shell, I realized that this particular turtle was the biggest anyone had found in this area for this time period – and it gave us the first evidence of giantism in freshwater turtles,” Cadena says.

Smaller relatives of Carbonemys existed alongside dinosaurs. But the giant version appeared five million years after the dinosaurs vanished, during a period when giant varieties of many different reptiles – including Titanoboa cerrejonensis, the largest snake ever discovered – lived in this part of South America.

Researchers believe that a combination of changes in the ecosystem, including fewer predators, a larger habitat area, plentiful food supply and climate changes, worked together to allow these giant species to survive. Carbonemys’ habitat would have resembled a much warmer modern-day Orinoco or Amazon River delta.

In addition to the turtle’s huge size, the fossil also shows that this particular turtle had massive, powerful jaws that would have enabled the omnivore to eat anything nearby – from mollusks to smaller turtles or even crocodiles.

Thus far, only one specimen of this size has been recovered. Dr. Dan Ksepka, NC State paleontologist and research associate at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, believes that this is because a turtle of this size would need a large territory in order to obtain enough food to survive.

“It’s like having one big snapping turtle living in the middle of a lake,” says Ksepka, co-author of the paper describing the find.

That turtle survives because it has eaten all of the major competitors for resources. We found many bite-marked shells at this site that show crocodilians preyed on side-necked turtles. None would have bothered an adult Carbonemys, though – in fact smaller crocs would have been easy prey for this behemoth.”

The paleontologists’ findings appear in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. Dr. Carlos Jaramillo from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama and Dr. Jonathan Bloch from the Florida Museum of Natural History contributed to the work.

“New pelomedusoid turtles from the late Palaeocene Cerrejon Formation of Colombia and their implications for phylogeny and body size evolution” Authors: Edwin Cadena, Dan Ksepka, North Carolina State University; Carlos Jaramillo, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama; Jonathan Bloch, Florida Museum of Natural History Published: In the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology

Related Links
North Carolina State University
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

 

 

Today Chemical Accident USA State of California, Santa Maria [C & D Zodiac Inc.] Damage level
Details

 

 

Chemical Accident in USA on Saturday, 26 May, 2012 at 05:29 (05:29 AM) UTC.

Description
Hazardous material response crews are cleaning up about 20 gallons of industrial-strength paint that spilled this morning at C & D Zodiac Inc. in Santa Maria, sending one woman to the hospital for treatment of nausea.The spill happened just before 8 a.m., and in the wake of the incident, employees’ cars were streaming out of the lot on Airpark Drive due to a mandatory evacuation of the building. Some 800 employees were evacuated.The paint reportedly spilled after some shelving collapsed, dropping and puncturing some cans of water-based paint used to coat aircraft interiors.C & D Zodiac designs and manufactures aircraft interiors, such as overhead baggage bins.
Scott Johnson, battalion chief with the Santa Maria Fire Department, said the paint had a low level of flammability and posed little hazard, but gave off some biting fumes that made several employees feel ill.“There was a nice amount of fumes in there and a big mess,” he added.Employees were expected to return to work around 11:30 a.m. after cleanup was complete, said C&D Zodiac General Manager Tony Guy.

 

 

  25.05.2012 Chemical Accident USA State of Nebraska, [Tyson Fresh Meats Pork Plant] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

Chemical Accident in USA on Friday, 25 May, 2012 at 08:37 (08:37 AM) UTC.

Description
About 30 workers at the Tyson Foods pork plant in Madison, Neb., were taken to the hospital Thursday night after an anhydrous ammonia leak.The employees were directly exposed to ammonia and needed medical care, a spokeswoman for Faith Regional Health Services in Norfolk told KTIV-TV in Sioux City, Iowa.Ten of the injured workers were taken by ambulance to the Norfolk hospital about 8:45 p.m.“Patients were quickly assessed for severity of inhalation and potential contamination,” Kelly Driscoll, vice president of patient care services, told KTIV.“All 10 patients were found to suffer from minor chemical inhalation, were treated and then released.”The leak was at the Tyson Fresh Meats Pork Plant.
The Tyson plant, with 1,200 full-time employees, is the largest employer in Madison, which has a population of 2,438.

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

RSOE EDIS

Date/Time (UTC) Magnitude Area Country State/Prov./Gov. Location Risk Source Details
09.05.2012 23:50:25 2.6 North America United States California Longville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 23:40:34 2.4 North America United States California Mono Mills There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 23:01:00 2.8 North America United States California Capetown VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 22:55:35 2.0 North America United States California Caravan Mobile Home Park There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 21:51:07 4.3 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County Clarence VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
09.05.2012 23:00:26 2.4 Asia Turkey Zeytinbagi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 21:25:54 2.4 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Canon de Guadalupe There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 21:55:33 3.0 Asia Turkey Alakilise There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 21:15:33 2.3 North America United States California Longville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 21:05:29 2.6 North America United States California Santa Rita Peak VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 21:55:54 3.6 Europe Greece Voulista VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 20:55:29 2.8 Asia Turkey Inlice VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 20:55:55 2.6 Europe Greece Neon Sfinoton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 20:05:29 2.0 North America United States California Longville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 20:56:17 4.5 Asia Turkey Bekdemir VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 18:51:37 2.0 North America United States California Longville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 18:52:01 2.6 North America United States California Longville There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 19:55:32 2.0 Europe Greece Marathias VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 19:55:53 4.1 Asia Afghanistan Sarask VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 19:30:52 4.4 Asia Afghanistan Velayat-e Badakhshan Daravan VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 18:50:33 2.2 Europe Greece Kranea VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 18:50:52 2.5 Europe Greece Tyrgia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 18:55:36 2.5 North America United States Arkansas Hart VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 19:15:28 2.5 North America United States Arkansas Hart VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 19:20:45 4.7 Indonesian archipelago Papua New Guinea Watpi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 19:56:15 4.7 Indonesian Archipelago Papua New Guinea Watpi There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 17:45:33 3.7 Europe Portugal Aldeia da Serra VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 17:45:54 3.0 Europe Greece Tyrgia VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 17:46:16 5.4 Africa Morocco Zaouia bou Said VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 17:25:46 5.5 Africa Morocco Region de Doukkala-Abda Zaouia bou Said VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 17:50:36 4.7 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 18:51:10 4.8 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 17:35:45 4.6 Pacific Ocean Northern Mariana Islands Marasu There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 17:46:37 4.6 Pacific Ocean – East Northern Mariana Islands Marasu There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 15:35:38 2.5 North America United States California Truckhaven VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
10.05.2012 00:01:53 2.8 Pacific Ocean New Zealand Woodville County Halswell VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 GEONET Details
09.05.2012 15:10:46 4.3 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 15:45:34 4.3 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia Simatorkis VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 14:15:41 2.3 North America United States Hawaii Pua‘äkala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 14:16:03 2.2 North America United States Hawaii Pua‘äkala There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 14:45:29 3.1 Europe France Esparros VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 13:45:32 4.4 Europe Cyprus Episkopi VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 13:10:42 4.3 Europe Cyprus Limassol District Katalynata ton Plakoton VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 12:40:31 2.6 Europe Greece Khiradhes VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 12:15:34 2.5 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Canon de Guadalupe There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 11:50:57 3.8 Middle America Mexico Estado de Baja California Canon de Guadalupe There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
09.05.2012 12:40:51 3.8 Middle-America Mexico Canon de Guadalupe There are volcano(s) nearby the epicenter. There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
09.05.2012 11:40:31 3.4 Asia Turkey Gulbahce VulkĂĄn 0 There are airport(s) nearby the epicenter. VulkĂĄn 0 EMSC Details
10.05.2012 01:25:29 4.4 Indonesian archipelago Indonesia Keudesuie VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details
10.05.2012 03:11:42 3.1 North America United States California Capetown VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 VulkĂĄn 0 USGS-RSOE Details

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Debris from volcano closes Mexico airport

by Staff Writers
Puebla, Mexico (AFP)

 

Ashes from Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano forced officials to close the airport in nearby Puebla for some 14 hours, to allow for cleanup after it spewed out heaps of ash and rock.

The Puebla International Airport was able to reopen Wednesday after dozens of workers cleared its runways of volcanic ash that posed a risk to departing and arriving aircraft, said officials.

The airport’s closing caused just one cancellation, a flight to Houston, Texas early Wednesday, said Puebla’s civil protection director Jesus Morales.

Since Popocatepetl came to life several weeks ago, it has spewed gas and glowing rock as much as one mile (1.6 kilometers) beyond its crater, and has intermittently belched out water vapor and ash.

Officials in this central Mexican state have prepared temporary shelters as a precaution and locals were wearing face masks to protect their lungs from ashes in a populous area around the volcano.

The city of Puebla lies in the shadow of the volcano about 55 kilometers (35 miles) from the federal capital Mexico City.

The country’s second highest peak, Popocatepetl, means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, the mountain registered intense rumblings beginning in 1994, with the strongest coming in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Related Links
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Japan Extreme Weather: 8 Senior Mountaineers Die in Snowstorm

Published on May 9, 2012 by

Rsoe EDIS Code: ST-20120505-35077-JPN – Japan Extreme Weather: 8 Senior Mountaineers Die in Snowstorm

Forest Fire Breaks Out in Los Angeles

Published on May 9, 2012 by

A forest fire broke out Tuesday afternoon in the Acton region, suburbs of Los Angeles.

Gale Warning

MEDFORD OR

BALTIMORE CANYON TO HAGUE LINE S OF 1000 FM

GEORGES BANK…FROM THE NORTHEAST CHANNEL TO THE GREAT SOUTH CHANNEL INCLUDING WATERS EAST OF CAPE COD…TO THE HAGUE LINE

ANCHORAGE ALASKA

EUREKA CA

POINT ST GEORGE TO POINT ARENA

POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION

CAPE LOOKOUT TO POINT ST GEORGE

SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA

SEATTLE WA

JUNEAU AK

KODIAK AK

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding, Landslides

Storm Warning

ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Flash Flood Watch

MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

SAN ANGELO TX

AUSTIN/SAN ANTONIO TX

Flood Warning

ALBANY NY

LITTLE ROCK AR

MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI

LINCOLN IL

CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL

INDIANAPOLIS IN

BOISE ID

TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN

SIOUX FALLS SD

  09.05.2012 Landslide India Mathura Damage level Details

Landslide in India on Wednesday, 09 May, 2012 at 10:08 (10:08 AM) UTC.

Description
Three people were killed and a girl injured in separate incidents of mudslides in the district, police said today. Khushboo (14) and Kanti (16) died of suffocation after being buried in a mudslide at Jugsana village, they said, adding that farmers were able to rescue the third girl, Renu, upon hearing her cries for help. In a second incident, Vimlesh (25) died in Barotha village when trapped while digging for mud, they said.

************************************************************************************************************

Climate Change

New Antarctic ice shelf threatened by warming

By CHRIS WICKHAM | REUTERS

Published: May 9, 2012 21:02 Updated: May 9, 2012 21:02

LONDON: Scientists are predicting the disappearance of another vast ice shelf in Antarctica by the end of the century that will accelerate rising sea levels.

The Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf fringing the Weddell Sea on the eastern side of Antarctica has so far not seen ice loss from global warming and much of the observation of melting has focused on the western side of the continent around the Amundsen Sea. But new research from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Germany says the 450,000-sq-km ice shelf is under threat.

“According to our calculations, this protective barrier will disintegrate by the end of this century,” said Dr. Harmut Hellmer, lead author of the study, published in the journal Nature this week.

The huge ice shelves that float on the seas fringing Antarctica provide a buffer against warming waters eating away at the base of the much larger glaciers behind them that sit on the land.

“Ice shelves are like corks in the bottles for the ice streams behind them,” said Hellmer. “They reduce the ice flow.

“If, however, the ice shelves melt from below, they become so thin that the dragging surfaces become smaller and the ice behind them starts to move.”

Hellmer and his team predict the melting of the Filchner-Ronne shelf could add up to 4.4 mm per year to rising global sea levels.

According to the latest estimates based on remote sensing data, global sea levels rose 1.5 mm a year between 2003 and 2010 due to melting glaciers and ice shelves, the scientists say. This is on top of an estimated 1.7 mm annual rise due to the expansion of the oceans as the water warms.

Costly sea defenses

The research was funded by the European Union’s ‘Ice2sea’ program, set up in the wake of the 2007 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that highlighted ice-sheets as the most significant remaining uncertainty in projections of rising sea levels. Projections from the Ice2sea project will feed into the fifth IPCC report due in 2013/2014.

It will also inform plans for major capital spending on sea defenses to protect Europe’s coastlines, particularly areas of economic importance like London, with its tidal barrier on the River Thames, and the port of Rotterdam. A large part of the Netherlands is below sea level and protected by an elaborate system of dykes.

Professor David Vaughan of the British Antarctic Survey, who heads the Ice2sea program, told Reuters the Alfred Wegener Institute’s findings add to evidence that warming oceans are having the greatest impact on the ice sheets, as opposed to atmospheric changes or the legacy of some long-term change decades or even hundreds of years ago.

“What people need to know with a sense of urgency is what is going to happen to sea levels over the next few decades,” said Vaughan. “In those terms, these results are very big news indeed.”

Vaughan is cautious about precise projections of the impact on sea levels. “For me, those numbers are about what might be plausible,” he said. “I think we need to do some more work with the ice sheet models to determine exactly what sea level rises we might expect, but those are plausible numbers.”

All other things being equal, the polar ice sheets reach a balance where the amount of snow going in each year is broadly matched by the number of icebergs coming out, but subtle changes like those associated with global warming, can affect that balance quite rapidly.

Vaughan said there was clear evidence that the widely-reported disintegration of the Larsen A and Larsen B ice shelves in 1995 and 2002 respectively, had led to the ice sheets that fed them moving faster into the sea, some of them many times the rate seen before collapse.

The scientific focus on the melting ice in the Amundsen sea is down to the fact that this is where it is happening now, but Vaughan said although the Weddell Sea is not seeing ice loss at the moment, the German research supports the view that it will spread to other areas.

If there is a lesson for climate scientists, it’s “don’t behave like the infant school football team and follow the ball,” he said.

Hot Enough for You? Warmest May to April Ever for U.S

Reuters

sun, clouds, sunny day

© unknown

US, Washington – The contiguous U.S. states posted record warmth from May 2011 through April, and drought conditions spread across more than a third of this area during the first months of 2012, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.L said on Tuesday.

The contiguous United States had a national average temperature of 55.7 F (13.2 C) from May 2011 to April 2012, 2.8 F (1.6 C) above the 20th century average, NOAA said in a statement.

It was the warmest ever May-to-April period in the lower 48 states. It included the second-hottest summer, fourth-warmest winter and the warmest March. Twenty-two states posted record warmth for the period.

The first four months of the 2012 were the warmest on record. The average temperature for the contiguous states during these months was 45.4 F (7.4 C), 5.4 F (3 C) above normal.

Twenty-six states, all east of the Rocky Mountains, had record warmth for the May-April period, NOAA said. U.S. temperatures for April were the third-warmest on record.

The agency said 38.2 percent of the contiguous United States was experiencing drought conditions as of May 1, up from 31.9 percent at the start of the year. Drought worsened across the Northeast, Southeast and the interior West.

The U.S. Climate Extremes Index was a record 42 percent for the first four months of the year, more than twice the average value. The index tracks the highest and lowest 10 percent of extremes in temperature, precipitation, drought and tropical cyclones across the 48 states.

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News May10: Earth Update, Spaceweather

Published on May 10, 2012 by

SUNSPOT SUNSET: Sunspot AR1476 is so large, people are noticing it without the aide of a solar telescope. The behemoth appears at sunrise and sunset when the light of the low-hanging sun is occasionally dimmed to human visibility. Alberto Lao sends this picture from Manila, the Phillippines:

“The sky was hazy and a bit cloudy today, [perfect for sunspot photography],” says Lao. “Hoping to get a glimpse of AR 1476, I waited until a few minutes before sunset to try to image the sun. My patience was rewarded.”

The sunspot looks a lot like Hawaii, but it is much bigger than any island on Earth. From end to end the sprawling active region stretches ~160,000 km, or a dozen times wider than our entire planet. If you have a sunspot telescope, take a look. The view is magnificent.

Caution: Even when the sun is dimmed by clouds and haze, looking into the glare can damage your eyes. Looking through unfiltered optics is even worse. If you chose to photograph the low sun with a digital camera, please use the camera’s LCD screen for pointing. Do not peer through the optical viewfinder.

NORTHERN LIGHTS: A solar wind stream hit Earth’s magnetic field during the late hours of May 8th, stirring geomagnetic activity and auroras at high latitudes. Zoltan Kenwell photographed the display from a dark-sky site 120km northeast of Edmonton, Alberta:

“The frogs by the lake were deafening!” says Kenwell. “The show began very slowly around 10:00pm MST and was done around 1:00am MST. Temperatures of +12 deg C made for a very enjoyable night while taking in a splendid display.”

A pair of CMEs en route to Earth could add to the effect of the solar wind stream, igniting even brighter auroras during the next 24-48 hours. NOAA forecasters estimate a 40% chance of geomagnetic storms on May 9th.

SOLAR ACTIVITY INTENSIFIES: Huge sunspot AR1476 is crackling with M-class solar flares and appears to be on the verge of producing something even stronger. The sunspot’s ‘beta-gamma-delta’ magnetic field harbors energy for X-class flares, the most powerful kind. Earth is entering the line of fire as the sunspot rotates across the face of the sun. Solar flare alerts: text, phone.

Earlier today, amateur astronomer Thomas Ashcraft of New Mexico detected strong shortwave radio bursts coming from the sunspot. Click to hear the “solar static” that roared out of his loudspeaker:


Dynamic spectrum courtesy of Wes Greenman, Alachua Radio Observatory

“The strongest burst so far occured around 1631 UT on May 9th,” reports Ashcraft. “I am observing at 28 MHz and 21.1 MHz. As I send this note I am hearing more bursting, indicating powerful magnetic dynamism within active region 1476.”

Solar radio bursts are caused by plasma instabilities that ripple through the sun’s atmosphere in the aftermath of powerful flares. With AR1476 poised for more eruptions, this ‘radio activity’ is likely to continue for days. Stay tuned.

************************************************************************************************************

Space

 Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(1998 HE3) 10th May 2012 0 day(s) 0.0319 12.4 120 m – 270 m 11.93 km/s 42948 km/h
(2005 SQ9) 11th May 2012 1 day(s) 0.0852 33.2 68 m – 150 m 10.21 km/s 36756 km/h
141432 (2002 CQ11) 12th May 2012 2 day(s) 0.1022 39.8 280 m – 630 m 16.26 km/s 58536 km/h
(2010 SO16) 13th May 2012 3 day(s) 0.1423 55.4 200 m – 440 m 9.53 km/s 34308 km/h
(2008 CB6) 13th May 2012 3 day(s) 0.1103 42.9 10 m – 23 m 10.85 km/s 39060 km/h
(2011 KY15) 15th May 2012 5 day(s) 0.1586 61.7 41 m – 93 m 17.61 km/s 63396 km/h
(2001 BA16) 18th May 2012 8 day(s) 0.1157 45.0 18 m – 41 m 6.66 km/s 23976 km/h
(2010 KK37) 19th May 2012 9 day(s) 0.0058 2.3 19 m – 43 m 10.94 km/s 39384 km/h
4183 Cuno 20th May 2012 10 day(s) 0.1218 47.4 3.5 km – 7.8 km 14.40 km/s 51840 km/h
(2006 KY67) 23rd May 2012 13 day(s) 0.1499 58.3 68 m – 150 m 13.88 km/s 49968 km/h
(2011 KG4) 24th May 2012 14 day(s) 0.1216 47.3 67 m – 150 m 11.50 km/s 41400 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

*************************************************************************************************************

Epidemic  Hazard

  09.05.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Quang Ngai , Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Vietnam on Wednesday, 09 May, 2012 at 10:11 (10:11 AM) UTC.

Description
Two more people from a central Vietnamese province have died from an unidentified skin disease in the past 2 days, taking the total death toll to 21 so far. Meanwhile, the cause of the disease remains a mystery.The perished victims all hailed from Quang Ngai Province which has been hit by the disease since April 2011.Yesterday, a 53-year-old man, Pham Van Nhoc, of Ba Dien Commune, Ba To District, died at Hospital C in Da Nang City, Pham Van But, chairman of the commune People’s Committee, said.Nhoc and his wife, Pham Thi Sao, suffered from the disease early this year, but the woman gradually recovered.On Monday, a 60-year-old woman, Pham Thi Ngot, also of Ba Dien, died from the disease.The disease is characterized by thickened skin (keratosis) over the palms and sole, causing stiffness in the limbs and ulcers on victims’ hands and feet that look like burns.The initial symptoms of the illness are high fever, loss of appetite and a rash on the palms and feet. If it is not treated early, the disease can cause eye and liver problems and subsequently damage other body organs.The district has so far recorded about 200 contracting the strange disease, 190 of whom are in Ba Dien Commune, But said.Through some initial research and investigations, the Ministry of Health said the patients might be infected with toxic substances in food through respiratory or digestive tracts.On April 24, the provincial Health Department reported that 14 out of 26 blood samples of patients in Ba To district were positive with Rickettsia virus, a genus of the tribe Rickettsieae, transmitted by lice, fleas, ticks, and mites to humans and other animals, causing various diseases.However, head of the Ministry of Health’s Preventive Health Agency, Dr. Nguyen Van Binh, said that this virus is only one of the agents that cause the disease.Yesterday, a group of 70 experts in dermatology in epidemiology from the health ministry came to Ba To to train local doctors in the ministry’s new treatment process for the unidentified disease.The experts also examined the source of local food and sprayed antiseptics in areas with infected patients.
Biohazard name: Unknow or unidentifed hazard
Biohazard level: 1/4 Low
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses including Bacillus subtilis, canine hepatitis, Escherichia coli, varicella (chicken pox), as well as some cell cultures and non-infectious bacteria. At this level precautions against the biohazardous materials in question are minimal, most likely involving gloves and some sort of facial protection. Usually, contaminated materials are left in open (but separately indicated) waste receptacles. Decontamination procedures for this level are similar in most respects to modern precautions against everyday viruses (i.e.: washing one’s hands with anti-bacterial soap, washing all exposed surfaces of the lab with disinfectants, etc). In a lab environment, all materials used for cell and/or bacteria cultures are decontaminated via autoclave.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

*************************************************************************************************************

Wildlife

Mystery surrounds dead pelicans found along Indian River

By Greg Pallone, Reporter

BREVARD COUNTY — 

A mystery is unfolding in Brevard County as several dead pelicans have been found along the Indian River over the past few weeks.

Florida Fish and Wildlife biologists collected two of the dead pelicans after at least eleven of the birds have been found along the bank in Palm Shores near Melbourne, and people are puzzled as to why they died.

Wildlife officials said there have been no reports of fish kills, algae blooms or other factors that could have contributed to the deaths.

Meantime, the mystery remains.

“I might see one once in a blue moon,” said Tim Carlisle of Palm Shores Public Works. “But for this many popping up on the shore, it’s unexplained.”

Palm Shores Public Works says they’ve gotten many calls lately from resident complaining about the problem.

Another resident who contacted News 13 said they found more than a dozen just a couple miles along the river north.

Florida Fish and Wildlife officials say tests are being done on the animals to try and determine the cause of death.

“We were thinking maybe it’s the fish, or somebody doing something to them.  But it’s in a lot of different place,” said Carlisle.

Meanwhile overseas, Peru’s health ministry is asking people to avoid beaches in Lima and north of the capital until officials can determine what is killing hundreds of pelicans.

Last month, the country’s production ministry said the authorities were investigating the deaths of more than 538 pelicans, and other birds, on the northern coast.

Peru says 5,000 birds, nearly 900 dolphins dead

by Staff Writers
Lima (AFP)

 

The Peruvian government said Wednesday that 5,000 birds, mostly pelicans, and nearly 900 dolphins have died off the country’s northern coast, possibly due to rising temperatures in Pacific waters.

The country’s northern beaches were earlier this week declared off-limits as scientists scrambled to pin down what was causing such a massive toll, with non-government organizations blaming oil exploration work.

But Peru’s deputy environment minister Gabriel Quijandria, disputed this and said warming waters, which disturbs species’ food supplies, was a possible cause.

He said that although tests conducted on 877 dolphins found dead on the coast had not been completed, contamination from heavy metals or the presence of bacterial infections was not responsible.

It is probable that the phenomenon “will extend to other coastal areas,” Quijandria said, noting that there could be a resulting increase in the numbers of birds and other sea life killed.

The South American nation’s health ministry declared an alert at the weekend, urging the public to stay away from the beaches around Lima and on the northern coast until the cause of death of marine life is known.

One non-government conservation organization, known as ORCA, has blamed the dolphin deaths on oil exploration activities in the area, which it claims produces noises which are having an acoustic impact on the mammals.

A representative from the group, Carlos Yaipen, said Wednesday it had tested 30 dead specimens and found broken ears and damaged organs consistent with the victims suffering “the bends,” also known as decompression sickness.

Weather expert Abraham Levy told AFP on Tuesday that the warming of the Pacific waters due to El Nino could be to blame.

Related Links
Our Polluted World and Cleaning It Up

**************************************************************************************************************

 

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]