Tag Archive: Anhui


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21 doctors, nurses infected with pneumonia in E China

English.news.cn   2013-06-14 16:20:52

HEFEI, June 14 (Xinhua) — Twenty-one doctors and nurses in east China’s Anhui Province have been hospitalized after being diagnosed with viral pneumonia, local health authorities said Friday.

The medical workers have been quarantined for treatment and none of their infections are critical, according to a statement from the municipal health bureau of the city of Suzhou.

All of the infected work in the department of respiratory care at the General Hospital of the Wanbei Coal-Electricity Group.

One nurse began to show symptoms of fever, headache and coughing on the night of June 5, with the rest exhibiting symptoms soon afterward, the bureau said.

 

Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

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18.05.2013 Biological Hazard China Multiple areas, [Provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hangzhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian and Capital City region] Damage level
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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Saturday, 18 May, 2013 at 05:07 UTC
Description
Four more people have died from a new strain of bird flu in China, bringing the death toll from the H7N9 virus to 36 from 131 confirmed cases, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has said. The United Nations health agency said a written statement on Friday that the four deaths were from cases that had already been identified in laboratories. It said here had been no new cases of infection with H7N9 Since May 8. The WHO reiterated that there was no evidence that the new strain of bird flu, which was first detected in patients in China in March, was passing easily from human to human. If such a feature emerged it could spark a pandemic. But it said: “Until the source of infection has been identified and controlled, it is expected that there will be further cases of human infection with the virus.” The WHO said that Chinese health authorities had continued with enhanced surveillance, epidemiological investigations, close contact tracing, clinical management, laboratory testing and sharing of samples as well as prevention and control measures. The number of new cases has dwindled in some provinces and operations.

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China reports 4 more bird flu deaths

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Four more people in China have died from a new strain of bird flu, bringing the number of deaths from the mysterious H7N9 virus to 31, with the number of infections rising by two to 129, according to Chinese health authorities.

Among the deaths, two occurred in the eastern province of Jiangsu; one was from eastern Zhejiang; while another was from central Anhui, based on a Reuters analysis of the data provided by Chinese health authorities on Monday.

The government did not provide more details of the victims.

Chinese health authorities said two new infections were reported in the eastern coastal province of Fujian. The virus, which was mostly concentrated in the region around the commercial capital of Shanghai, spread to Fujian in late April.

The Geneva-based World Health Organization (WHO) has said it has no evidence that the new strain of bird flu, which was first detected in patients in China in March, is easily transmissible between humans.

Chinese scientists have confirmed that the H7N9 strain has been transmitted to humans from chickens. But the WHO has said 40 percent of people infected with H7N9 appear to have had no contact with poultry.

The head of the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention said the current strain of bird flu cannot spark a pandemic in its current form – but he added that there is no guarantee it will not mutate and cause a serious pandemic.

Voice of Russia, Reuters

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64 15.05.2013 Biological Hazard China Multiple areas, [Provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hangzhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian and Capital City region] Damage level
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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Tuesday, 14 May, 2013 at 03:09 UTC
Description
The death toll due to the deadly new strain of bird flu in China has climbed to 35 with one more death due to H7N9 infection, even as a fresh outbreak of the older strain H5N1 was reported in remote region of Tibet. Newly detected H7N9 virus has claimed 35 lives so far, while 57 infected patients have recovered, National Health and Family Planning Commission said. Meanwhile, Tibet reported an outbreak of the highly contagious older strain of the bird flu virus among chickens, the Ministry of Agriculture announced today. Thirty-five chickens at a farm in a village in Mainling County of Nyingchi Prefecture showed symptoms of avian flu and died last Tuesday, according to the ministry. The National Avian Influenza Reference Laboratory today confirmed that the virus was H5N1, after testing samples collected at the farm. Local authorities have sealed off and sterilised the infected area, where a total of 372 chickens have been culled and safely disposed of in order to prevent the disease from spreading, the MOA said. Since the first H7N9 infections was reported in late March, China has confirmed a total of 130 cases. China, along with World Health Organisation has commissioned research teams to find a way to treat the deadly disease, as well as to develop a vaccine.

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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Wednesday, 15 May, 2013 at 10:14 UTC
Description
The H7N9 bird flu has killed one person in central China’s Hunan Province, local health authorities said Wednesday. A 64-year-old woman surnamed Guan died Tuesday morning at a hospital in the city of Shaoyang some 20 days after her infection was confirmed, the Hunan Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission said. She was the first person in Hunan diagnosed with the virus. Another three patients were confirmed afterward. One of the three died earlier this month, one has recovered and the other is still in critical condition, according to the commission. The first human infection was reported in China in late March. Authorities have recorded 130 confirmed cases thus far. Previously the National Health and Family Planning Commission said the virus had killed 35 people on the mainland, while 57 of those infected had recovered as of May 13.

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H7N9 bird flu kills one in Central China

Updated: 2013-05-15 15:28

( Xinhua)

CHANGSHA – The H7N9 bird flu has killed one person in Central China’s Hunan province, local health authorities said Wednesday.

A 64-year-old woman surnamed Guan died Tuesday morning at a hospital in the city of Shaoyang some 20 days after her infection was confirmed, the Hunan Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission said.

She was the first person in Hunan diagnosed with the virus. Another three patients were confirmed afterward. One of the three died earlier this month, one has recovered and the other is still in critical condition, according to the commission.

The first human infection was reported in China in late March. Authorities have recorded 130 confirmed cases thus far.

Previously the National Health and Family Planning Commission said the virus had killed 35 people on the mainland, while 57 of those infected had recovered as of May 13.

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Earth Watch Report  –  Biological Hazards

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62 12.05.2013 Biological Hazard China Multiple areas, [Provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hangzhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian and Capital City region] Damage level   Details

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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Sunday, 12 May, 2013 at 03:42 UTC
Description
The toll due to the H7N9 avian influenza in China has risen to 33, with the death of an 83-year-old woman in Shanghai, officials said Saturday. The woman surnamed Jiang died Friday evening at a hospital in Shanghai, a month after her infection was confirmed, Xinhua cited the Shanghai Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission as saying. Till Saturday, Shanghai confirmed 33 H7N9 infection cases. Four of them are being treated in hospital, 15 have recovered and 14 died. China has so far reported 130 confirmed H7N9 cases, that includes the 33 deaths.

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News Analysis: China’s poultry prices to rise as H7N9 wanes

 

English.news.cn      2013-05-13 20:33:27

 

BEIJING, May 13 (Xinhua) — Prices of poultry products in China could rise sharply as early as next month as the waning H7N9 virus helps consumers regain confidence in poultry meat and eggs, experts said.Since late March, authorities have closed many poultry markets in eastern China to curb the spread of the virus and many consumers have stayed away from poultry products due to fears of being infected by the deadly virus.Since the beginning of May the number of new infections has been decreasing, according to health authorities.The new strain of bird flu, which has killed 33 people among 130 confirmed cases nationwide, has led to huge losses for the country’s poultry industry and driven many farms out of business.Due to the H7N9 virus, the country’s poultry industry has suffered losses worth more than 40 billion yuan (6.5 billion U.S. dollars), according to the China Animal Agriculture Association.”Many breeders in Shandong, a major poultry production province in eastern China, have reduced or killed all their breeding stocks in response to losses,” said Cui Zhizhong, a professor at Shandong Agricultural University.”In a couple of production cycles, poultry prices could go up sharply and this could affect the market order nationwide,” said Cui.He estimated that prices could go up in June or July.Qin Fu, director of the research institute of agricultural economics and development under the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, shared this viewpoint. “As consumer confidence regains, the ensuing shortfall in supply of poultry meat and eggs will trigger big rises in prices,” he said.”The whole industry was severely hit over the six weeks after the first H7N9 human infections were reported,” said Qin

 

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News Analysis: China’s poultry prices to rise as H7N9 wanes
English.news.cn   2013-05-13 20:33:27

China reports four more bird flu deaths, toll rises to 31

BEIJING (Reuters) – Four more people in China have died from a new strain of bird flu, bringing to 31 the number of deaths from the mysterious H7N9 virus, with the number of infections rising by two to 129, according to Chinese health authorities.

Among the deaths, two occurred in the eastern province of Jiangsu; one was from eastern Zhejiang; while another was from central Anhui, based on a Reuters analysis of the data provided by Chinese health authorities on Monday.

A man holds a pigeon at a pigeon farm, which according to the owner has not been affected by the H7N9 bird flu strain, in Quzhou, Zhejiang province, May 6, 2013. REUTERS/Stringer
A man holds a pigeon at a pigeon farm, which according to the owner has not been affected by the H7N9 bird flu strain, in Quzhou, Zhejiang province, May 6, 2013. REUTERS/Stringer

 

The government did not provide more details of the victims.

Chinese health authorities said two new infections were reported in the eastern coastal province of Fujian. The virus, which was mostly concentrated in the region around the commercial capital of Shanghai, spread to Fujian in late April.

 

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06.04.2013 Biological Hazard China Multiple areas, [Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces] Damage level Details

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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 05 April, 2013 at 03:13 UTC
Description
The reporter learned from the Shanghai Municipal Population and Family Planning Commission at 21:00 on Thu 4 Apr 2013 that 3 more cases of H7N9 avian influenza infection were reported in Shanghai. To date, total 6 cases including 4 deaths have been reported in the city. One of the cases is a 4-year-old child who is recovering now. On Wed 3 Apr 2013, 2 patients admitted in Tongji Hospital and Huashan Hospital died even after emergency treatments. Two of them were confirmed to have H7N9 avian influenza infection on Thu 4 Apr 2013. Another reporter also learned from Shanghai Municipal Population and Family Planning Commission that the National Avian Influenza Reference Laboratory has identified H7N9 avian influenza virus in specimens from a dove [pigeon] at the Shanghai Huai agricultural products wholesale market in Songjiang District. The genetic sequence analysis showed that the strains of low pathogenic avian influenza virus isolates were highly homologous with the H7N9 avian flu virus. The Shanghai Agriculture Commission is taking appropriate prevention and control measures rapidly as per guidance from the Ministry of Agriculture.

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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 05 April, 2013 at 04:36 UTC
Description
H7N9 Human Cases 2013
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Date of Report: 3/8/13
Name: Li Family Father 2 Sons
Ages: 55 69 (below)- 55(M) Son of 87(M)
Adm: yes between Feb 14-24 w/pneumonia
Confirmation: no
DOD: 2/28
Note: Cause of death under investigation.- 69(M) Eldest son of 87(M)
Adm: Between Feb 14-24 w/pneumonia
Confirmation: no
Note: Recovered and discharged.

Shanghai
———-
Date of Report 3/31/13
Name: Lee 87(M) Father of 2 above
From: Minhang District, Shanghai
Admitted: 2/24 (?)Shanghai No. 5 People’s Hospital
Onset: 2/19
Notes: No mutual infections among the 3 cases. 88 contacts are fine. H7N9 has never been contracted by humans before. Virus shows no signs of being
highly contagious. All symptoms were fever, cough developing into severe pneumonia difficulty breathing in later stage.
Confirmation: 3/30/13
DOD: 3/4

Shanghai
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Date of Report: 3/31/13
Name: Wu 27(M) Pork Dealer in wet market
From: Minhang District, Shanghai
Onset: 2/27
Adm: Small clinic
Adm: 3/3 Shanghai No. 5 People’s Hospital, diagnosis: pneumonia
3/6: ICU, critical condition.
Notes: Sane as case above.
Confirmation: 3/30/13
DOD: 3/10

Anhui Province
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Date of Report: 3/31/13
Name: Mr. Han 35(F)
From: Chuzhou City, Anhui Province
Onset: 3/9
3/14 fever 39. 3/15 Community Clinic.
Then another Clinic, fever 40. No relief.
Adm: 3/19 Chinese Western Medicine, Chuzhou
Adm: 3/20 First People’s Hospital, Chuzhou City
Adm: 3/20 Afternoon – Nanjing Zhongshan University Hospital, Jiangsu, ICU
Notes: Critical Condition 3/31. Contact with birds 5 days before onset, purchased live chickens. Cut chicken up, made soup. No mutual infections
among the 3 cases. 88 contacts are fine.
Confirmation: 3/30/13

Jiangsu Province
——————
Date of Report: 4/2/13
Name: Xu – 45(F)
From: Jiangning District, Jiangsu Province
Onset: 3/19, dizzy, fever, aches, fatigue
Adm: 3/27, ICU Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital
Confirmed: 3/30 Prov. Ctr for Disease Detection
Confirmed: 4/2 China CDC
Notes: Critical Condition. 49 contacts being monitored. Worked as poultry butcher at local market.

Jiangsu Province
——————
Date of Report: 4/2/13
Name: Female (48)
From: Suqian Shuyang, Jiangsu Province
Onset: 3/19, fever, dizzy, cough
Adm: 3/30, Nanjing Hospital ICU
Confirmed: 3/30 Jiangsu Provinial Center for Disease Detection
Confirmed: 4/2 China CDC
Notes: Critical Condition. 60 contacts monitored.

Jiangsu Province
——————
Date of Report: 4/2/13
Name: Shen 83(M)
From: Suzhou Wujiang District, Jiangsu Province
Onset: 3/20, fever, cough, sputum production
Adm: 3/29 Transferred Expert Group Wujiang
Confirmed: 4/1 Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Detection
Notes: Critical Condition. 15 contacts monitored.

Jiangsu Province
——————
Date of Report: 4/2/13
Name: Zhang 32(F)
From: Wuxi City, unemployed, Jiangsu Province
Onset: 3/21
Adm: 3/28 Wuxi ICU
Confirmed: 3/31 Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Detection
Confirmed: 4/2 China CDC
Notes: Critical Condition. 43 contacts monitored. Lives alone, rural area. No large-scale farms or farmer’s markets, but habit of backyard poultry livestock in rural areas.

Zhejiang Province
——————-
Date of Report: 4/3/13
Name: Hung (38) Cook, worked in Taicang City, Jiangsu Province
From: Hangzhou Jiande, Zhejiang Province
Onset: 3/7
Adm: 3/18
DOD: 3/27
Confirmed: 4/1 Zhejiang Province CDC
Confirmed: 4/3 China CDC
Notes: 125 contacts monitored.

Zhejiang Province
——————-
Date of Report: 4/3/13
Name: Yang (67)M, Retired, unemployed
From: Hangzhou, Zhejiang Prov.
Adm: 3/25 Hangzhou Hospital
Adm: 4/2 Zhejiang Univ. School of Med Hospital
Confirmed: 4/2 Zhejiang Province CDC
Confirmed: 4/3 China CDC
Notes: Critical Condition. 58 contacts monitored

Zhejiang Province
——————-
Date of Report 4/4/13
Name: Zhang 64(M) Farmer
From: Wuxing district, Huzhou City
Onset: 3/29
Adm: 3/31 Huzhou
Confirmed: 4/3
Notes: 55 contacts monitored
DOD: 4/4/13

Shanghai
———-
Date of Report: 4/4/13
Name: Chu 48(M) Transported chickens ducks
From: Rugao (could be road?)
Onset: 3/28 cough, sputum, fever
Adm: 4/1 private clinic
Adm: 4/3 Tongji Hospital (deteriorated sharply)
Confirmed: 4/4 Shanghai CDC
Note: Died 3 hours after admission. 8 contacts monitored.
DOD: 4/3/13

Shanghai
———-
Date of Report: 4/4/13
Name: 52(F)
From: Shanghai
Adm: Huashan Hospital
DOD: 4/3/13
Confirmed: 4/4/13
Note: Close contact developed fever and runny nose.

Shanghai
———-
Date of Report: 4/4/13
Name: 4(M)
From: Shanghai
Confirmed: yes
Note: Recovering from mild illness. Satisfactory.

Shanghai 6th case
Date of Report: 4/4/13
Name: 67(F)
From: Shanghai
Confirmed: Yes
Note: Critical Condition

Special thanks to ProMed!

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Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 05 April, 2013 at 06:30 UTC
Description
A sixth person in eastern China has died from an unusual strain of bird flu, Chinese health authorities said Friday, as researchers in the United States work on developing a vaccine for the virus. No cases of human-to-human transmission of the H7N9 virus have been confirmed so far, but Shanghai authorities said late Thursday that a person who had close contact with a patient who died of the virus was being treated in quarantine after showing symptoms of fever, runny nose and itchy throat. A 64-year-old man died Thursday night in Huzhou, Zhejiang province, the provincial health bureau said Friday. He died hours after doctors had confirmed he had been infected with the H7N9 virus, it said. He is one of the 14 human cases of H7N9 reported so far — all of them in eastern China. The H7N9 strain of bird flu had not been detected in humans before the recent Chinese cases, which authorities began reporting on Sunday. Four of the deaths happened in Shanghai, the two others in Zhejiang. The CDC, based in Atlanta, is working closely with Chinese authorities trying to find the source of the human infections, Bresee said.

Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 05 April, 2013 at 11:40 UTC
Description
Chinese authorities have killed more than 20,000 birds from a live-poultry trading zone in Shanghai after an unusual strain of bird flu that has so far killed six people in the country was found in pigeons on sale in the city, state-run media Xinhua reported Friday. Details of the slaughter of chickens, ducks, geese and pigeons come as the city prepares to temporarily close all its live poultry markets. It wasn’t clear how long the market closures — announced Friday on the Shanghai Municipal Government press office’s microblog account — would last. By Friday morning, authorities in Shanghai had already closed the Huhai agricultural market, where the H7N9 avian flu virus had been found in pigeons.The virus had not previously been found in humans until a series of cases were reported in China this week. The cull at the Shanghai poultry trading zone came as researchers in the United States said they had started work on developing a vaccine for H7N9. The Chinese Minister of Agriculture said Thursday an analysis showed a strong genetic overlap between the strain found in the Huhai market pigeons and the one detected in infected humans. At the Huhai market, Shanghai authorities were disinfecting the area and objects that came into contact with the birds. Officials are trying to track where the infected pigeons came from.

A 64-year-old man died Thursday night in Huzhou, Zhejiang province, the provincial health bureau said Friday. He died hours after doctors had confirmed he had been infected with the H7N9 virus, it said. He is one of the 14 human cases of H7N9 reported so far — all of them in the coastal area of eastern China. Authorities there began reporting the first cases on Sunday. Four of the deaths happened in Shanghai, the two others in Zhejiang. The ages of those infected have ranged from a 4-year-old child, who was reported to be recovering, to an 83-year-old man. No cases of human-to-human transmission of the H7N9 virus have been confirmed so far. A person in Shanghai who developed flu symptoms after coming into close contact with a patient who died of the virus tested negative for H7N9, city authorities said.

Biological Hazard in China on Sunday, 31 March, 2013 at 13:02 (01:02 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Saturday, 06 April, 2013 at 04:44 UTC
Description
Chinese public health officials have reported 14 cases of human infection with a novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus from four different provinces in China. All patients were hospitalized with severe respiratory illness, and six persons have died. These are the first human infections identified with an avian influenza A (H7N9) virus infection. Six cases are from Shanghai, one is from Anhui Province, four are from Jiangsu Province, and three are from Zhejiang Province. Thirteen cases are in adults aged 27 through 87 years, and one case is in a child aged 4 years; all cases had illness onset from February 19 through March 31, 2013. No person-to-person transmission or epidemiologic link between any of the cases has been identified. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says it is aware of reports of possible sources of infection but these have not been confirmed. It is investigating and will provide further information when it is available. Preliminary functional data of the isolated viruses from the first three cases suggest that they are likely susceptible to neuraminidase inhibitors, according to the CDC. Investigations by Chinese public health officials are ongoing.

HANThis is an official

CDC HEALTH ADVISORY

Distributed via the CDC Health Alert Network
April 5, 2013, 10:00 a.m. ET
CDCHAN-00344

Human Infections with Novel Influenza A (H7N9) Viruses

Summary and Background

As of April 4, 2013, Chinese public health officials have reported 14 cases of human infection with a novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus from four different provinces in China. All patients were hospitalized with severe respiratory illness, and six persons have died. These are the first human infections identified with an avian influenza A (H7N9) virus infection. Six cases are from Shanghai, one is from Anhui Province, four are from Jiangsu Province, and three are from Zhejiang Province. Thirteen cases are in adults aged 27 through 87 years, and one case is in a child aged 4 years; all cases had illness onset from February 19 through March 31, 2013. No person-to-person transmission or epidemiologic link between any of the cases has been identified. We are aware of reports of possible sources of infection but these have not been confirmed. We are investigating and will provide that information when it is available.
Preliminary functional data of the isolated viruses from the first 3 cases suggest that they are likely susceptible to neuraminidase inhibitors. Investigations by Chinese public health officials are ongoing. These cases are a reminder that novel A influenza viruses can infect and cause severe respiratory illness in humans. Novel influenza A viruses are influenza viruses that are different from currently circulating human influenza A virus subtypes and include influenza viruses from predominantly avian and swine origin. In recent years, human infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in several Asian countries and Egypt, highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H7N3) virus in Mexico, and variant influenza A (H3N2)v viruses in the United States have been reported (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6136a4.htm, http://www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/EN_GIP_20130312CumulativeNumberH5N1cases.pdf, http://emergency.cdc.gov/HAN/han00325.asp). The clinical presentation of human infection with avian influenza A viruses varies considerably–from mild illness, including conjunctivitis, fever, and cough, to severe illness, including fulminant pneumonia leading to death in cases of H5N1 and in these recent cases of H7N9 virus infections. To date there has been no evidence of person-to-person transmission of influenza A (H7N9) viruses.

At this time, no cases of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) viruses have been detected in the United States. Rapid detection and characterization of novel influenza viruses remain a critical component of national efforts to prevent further cases, evaluate clinical illness associated with them, and assess any ability for these viruses to spread among humans. As a result, clinicians are reminded to consider influenza as a possible diagnosis when evaluating patients with acute respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia, even outside of the typical influenza season.

Clinicians should consider the possibility of novel influenza A (H7N9) virus infection in persons with respiratory illness and an appropriate travel or exposure history. Although the majority of novel influenza A (H7N9) cases have resulted in severe respiratory illness in adults, infection with this virus may cause mild illness in some and may cause illness in children as well. When performing influenza diagnostic testing in patients with respiratory illness for whom an etiology has not been confirmed, clinicians may identify human cases of avian influenza A virus infection or new cases of variant influenza in the United States. Patients with novel influenza A (H7N9) virus infections should have a positive test result for influenza A virus via reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing but be unsubtypeable.

Suspected infections with novel influenza A (H7N9) viruses in the United States should be reported to CDC within 24 hours of initial detection, and state health departments should notify CDC promptly of all patients under investigation for possible novel influenza A virus infection.

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ECDC logo  European Center for Disease Prevention and Control

Six new confirmed cases of novel influenza A virus, A(H7N9) in China

03 Apr 2013

ECDC

Following the announcement of three patients presenting with a novel influenza A virus on 31 March 2013,  the health bureau of Jiangsu province of China confirmed four more cases of influenza A(H7N9) from different cities in the province on 2 April 2012. Jiangsu province is bordering Shanghai province and Anhui province, where the three initial cases were reported.

All four new cases are reported to be in critical condition. Three of the four new cases are female, aged 45, 48 and 32 years, and the fourth is an 83-year-old male. One of the female cases has been exposed to poultry in her workplace while no information on poultry exposure is known regarding the other cases.

On 3 April 2013, the Zhejiang Provincial Health Department notified two additional cases from their province, which is bordering Anhui and Shanghai provinces. One of them, a 38-year-old male cook, who was working in Jiangsu Taicang, fell ill on 7 March and was reported to have died 20 days later. The other case, a 67-year-old retired male from Hangzhou was admitted to hospital on 25 March.

The onset of symptoms of these six newly reported cases was between 7 and 21 March 2013 and the date of hospitalisation between 25 and 30 March 2013. There is no epidemiological link between the cases. 350 close contacts of the new cases from are being followed-up and all are reported to be asymptomatic to date.

With these six newly reported cases, there are now nine confirmed cases including three deaths from avian influenza virus A(H7N9) reported in Eastern China.

There is currently no evidence of human-to-human transmission of the influenza A(H7N9) virus.
ECDC continues to monitor the situation. More cases are expected to be reported.

This epidemiological update does not change the conclusions and recommendations of ECDC’s Rapid Risk Assessment of 2 April 2013.

External links:
WHO: question and answers on human infection with influenza A(H7N9) virus, China (updated 3 April 2013)

Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention: question and answers about human infection with A(H7N9) avian influenza virus (published 31 March 2013)

Earth Watch Report  –  Epidemic  Hazards

 

 

Published on Mar 31, 2013

Two people in Shanghai have died after being infected with H7N9 avian flu. A third person is in critical condition.

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China downplays new bird flu fears

todaysnewsvideos

Published on Mar 31, 2013

Two Shanghai men have died from a lesser-known type of bird flu in the first known human deaths from the strain, and Chinese authorities said Sunday that it wasn’t clear how they were infected, but that there was no evidence of human-to-human transmission.

A third person, a woman in the nearby province of Anhui, also contracted the H7N9 strain of bird flu and was in critical condition, China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission said in a report on its website.

There was no sign that any of the three, who were infected over the past two months, had contracted the disease from each other, and no sign of infection in the 88 people who had closest contact with them, the medical agency said.

H7N9 bird flu is considered a low pathogenic strain that cannot easily be contracted by humans. The overwhelming majority of human deaths from bird flu have been caused by the more virulent H5N1, which decimated poultry stocks across Asia in 2003.

The World Health Organization is “closely monitoring the situation” in China, regional agency spokesman Timothy O’Leary said in Manila.

“There is apparently no evidence of human-to-human transmission, and transmission of the virus appears to be inefficient, therefore the risk to public health would appear to be low,” O’Leary said.

One of the two men from Shanghai, who was 87, became ill on Feb. 19 and died on Feb 27. The other man, 27, became ill on Feb. 27 and died on March 4, the Chinese health commission said. A 35-year-old woman in the Anhui city of Chuzhou became ill on March 9 and is being treated.

The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention conducted tests and confirmed Saturday that all three cases were H7N9, the health commission said.

Scientists have been closely monitoring the H5N1 strain of the virus, fearing that it could mutate into a form that spreads easily among people, potentially sparking a pandemic. So far, most human cases have been connected to contact with infected birds.

 

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China bird flu: Two men die in Shanghai

BBC News

H5N1 Bird Flu virus
The H5N1 virus has caused more than 360 deaths since 2003

Two men have died in the Chinese city of Shanghai, after contracting a strain of bird flu not previously known in humans, Chinese officials say.

The men, aged 27 and 87, both fell ill with the H7N9 strain in February and died some weeks later in March, Xinhua news agency reported.

A woman of 35 who caught the virus elsewhere is said to be critically ill.

It is unclear how the strain spread, but the three did not infect each other or any close contacts, officials say.

While both men who died were in Shanghai, the third victim was reported in Chuzhou in the eastern province of Anhui.

According to China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission, all three became ill with coughs and fevers before developing pneumonia.

Commission experts said on Saturday the cause had been identified as H7N9, a strain of avian flu not thought to have been transmitted to humans before.

There is no vaccine against the strain, the commission said, adding it was currently testing to assess its ability to infect humans.

Another strain of bird flu, H5N1, has led to more than 360 confirmed human deaths since 2003 and the deaths of tens of millions of birds.

The World Health Organization says that most avian flu viruses do not infect humans and the majority of H5N1 cases have been associated with contact with infected poultry.

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