Tag Archive: Aegean Sea


Earthquakes

USGS

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  4.6   2012/09/10 23:17:34   36.656   141.015 18.3  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
MAP  3.7 2012/09/10 23:15:16   19.660   -67.586 58.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/10 23:14:31   0.522   98.457 52.7  NIAS REGION, INDONESIA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/10 22:03:31   19.509   -67.637 17.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.5   2012/09/10 22:00:01   51.178   157.428 60.5  NEAR THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/10 19:51:24   51.944  -177.653 13.2  ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA
MAP  2.5 2012/09/10 19:33:40   18.162   -67.025 24.0  PUERTO RICO
MAP  4.9   2012/09/10 19:08:46   0.905   92.783 15.4  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
MAP  2.7 2012/09/10 18:55:26   57.166  -157.577 4.9  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/10 15:46:03   33.289  -115.706 3.5  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  2.6 2012/09/10 15:45:48   33.282  -115.714 2.8  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/10 15:44:43   33.280  -115.713 3.4  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  5.2   2012/09/10 14:35:43   10.465   93.611 37.7  ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/10 14:03:18   39.263   74.211 45.3  SOUTHERN XINJIANG, CHINA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/10 13:16:25   10.488   93.546 62.3  ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  4.8   2012/09/10 11:31:16   12.347   -88.630 25.0  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  5.1   2012/09/10 11:23:29   3.993   126.189 42.4  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
MAP  4.6   2012/09/10 10:43:55   41.733   143.691 30.0  HOKKAIDO, JAPAN REGION
MAP  4.1 2012/09/10 09:08:39   51.896  -171.046 48.7  FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/10 07:51:09   -6.561   129.720 143.5  BANDA SEA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/10 06:23:51  -33.487   151.950 0.0  NEAR THE SOUTHEAST COAST OF AUSTRALIA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/10 06:19:20   13.685   92.837 24.0  ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
MAP  4.7   2012/09/10 05:41:51   24.163   126.191 31.9  RYUKYU ISLANDS, JAPAN
MAP  3.3 2012/09/10 05:09:00   19.684   -64.160 33.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/10 05:03:24   17.937   -66.060 13.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/09/10 04:54:14   35.375  -118.541 4.5  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.2 2012/09/10 04:33:39   19.672   -64.386 41.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.6   2012/09/10 04:32:40   2.952   128.440 178.4  HALMAHERA, INDONESIA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/10 03:28:03   19.654   -64.253 59.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.6 2012/09/10 02:23:17   32.181  -115.225 7.7  BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
MAP  4.5   2012/09/10 02:14:05  -20.370   -68.968 122.9  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.8   2012/09/10 00:38:26  -10.690   114.006 10.0  SOUTH OF BALI, INDONESIA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/10 00:04:45  -20.370  -176.533 250.7  FIJI REGION

MAG UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s
LAT
deg
LON
deg
DEPTH
km
 Region
MAP  2.6 2012/09/09 23:40:17   61.364  -152.700 142.7  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/09 22:35:06   19.009   -64.539 36.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.5 2012/09/09 22:13:33   40.577  -124.314 21.9  NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
MAP  3.3 2012/09/09 21:57:19   19.674   -64.236 48.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/09 21:41:11   56.591  -155.437 27.5  ALASKA PENINSULA
MAP  4.3 2012/09/09 21:37:36   9.795   -84.849 24.9  COSTA RICA
MAP  4.8   2012/09/09 21:29:51  -27.470   -67.282 166.6  CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/09 21:06:11   -7.328   128.600 150.8  KEPULAUAN BARAT DAYA, INDONESIA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/09 19:30:22   40.004   24.802 13.6  AEGEAN SEA
MAP  5.3   2012/09/09 19:23:51   52.819   174.936 120.6  NEAR ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/09 18:59:39   16.095   -98.097 15.2  OFFSHORE OAXACA, MEXICO
MAP  3.3 2012/09/09 18:56:23   19.454   -64.305 66.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  2.8 2012/09/09 18:36:22   59.917  -153.782 136.1  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/09 16:49:21   -3.167   135.036 49.5  PAPUA, INDONESIA
MAP  2.8 2012/09/09 16:31:19   19.105   -66.785 31.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/09 15:56:57  -21.004   -68.763 119.7  TARAPACA, CHILE
MAP  4.1 2012/09/09 15:21:23   36.197   70.611 109.9  HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
MAP  5.0   2012/09/09 14:36:37  -30.378  -177.959 56.9  KERMADEC ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND
MAP  2.5 2012/09/09 13:27:30   36.628  -119.214 25.1  CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
MAP  4.5   2012/09/09 11:27:28   -3.652   144.354 37.1  NEAR NORTH COAST OF NEW GUINEA, P.N.G.
MAP  4.5   2012/09/09 11:08:44   12.560   -88.868 35.0  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.3 2012/09/09 10:02:08   23.371   36.375 10.0  RED SEA
MAP  4.2 2012/09/09 09:50:03   12.652   -88.512 35.3  OFFSHORE EL SALVADOR
MAP  4.8   2012/09/09 09:39:15  -10.839   113.817 6.3  SOUTH OF JAVA, INDONESIA
MAP  5.1   2012/09/09 09:36:40   45.281   151.328 30.8  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  3.1 2012/09/09 09:10:43   19.175   -64.251 26.0  VIRGIN ISLANDS REGION
MAP  4.3 2012/09/09 07:26:07   36.862   24.422 120.3  SOUTHERN GREECE
MAP  6.0   2012/09/09 05:39:21   49.429   155.537 58.7  KURIL ISLANDS
MAP  2.5 2012/09/09 05:33:23   60.625  -147.676 13.9  SOUTHERN ALASKA
MAP  4.7   2012/09/09 05:14:53   16.230   -98.198 11.9  OAXACA, MEXICO
MAP  4.4 2012/09/09 03:30:27  -10.749   114.053 22.2  SOUTH OF BALI, INDONESIA
MAP  3.0 2012/09/09 02:09:00   18.629   -66.737 27.0  PUERTO RICO REGION
MAP  3.4 2012/09/09 01:58:53   35.379   -96.543 4.9  OKLAHOMA
MAP  4.9   2012/09/09 00:13:50  -28.087  -176.526 9.9  KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION

Scores Dead After Quakes Hit Southwest China

By Jack Phillips
Epoch Times Staff Created

A boulder lies on a road in Yiliang, in southwestern China's Yunnan Province, following two shallow quakes that struck the area. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

A boulder lies on a road in Yiliang, in southwestern China’s Yunnan Province, following two shallow quakes that struck the area. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

A series of earthquakes on Friday in southwestern China struck a heavily populated area that lacks sound infrastructure, killing at least 64 people and leaving hundreds more injured, with the death toll likely to increase, state-run media reported.

The U.S. Geological Survey confirmed that two 5.6-magnitude earthquakes hit within an hour of one another in the southwestern province of Yunnan, with both epicenters lying near the mountainous city of Zhaoyang. The agency said there were dozens of aftershocks.

Although only moderately powerful, the two quakes struck at a relatively shallow depth, which increases the likelihood of damage.

The quake was felt and did the most damage in Yunnan and Guizhou provinces, state media said. Video footage from state-run CCTV showed piles of rubble, including bricks and pieces of concrete, strewn about streets.

Nearly all of the deaths were reported in Yunnan’s Yiliang County, a heavily populated area with what is said to have poor infrastructure and building construction. The region, considered one of the poorest in China, is mainly occupied by the Yi ethnic group.

“Many of the buildings there are built from bricks and beams, and they don’t have much load-bearing capacity,” Yunnan seismological chief Huang Fugang said, according to Radio Free Asia. “These structures basically aren’t earthquake-proof.”

State media reported that roads, telecommunications lines, medical facilities, schools, power plants, and other infrastructure were damaged in the quakes.

Four years ago, a quake that struck rural Sichuan Province, located north of Yunnan, left nearly 90,000 people dead. Many people blamed the devastation on badly built schools, bridges, and other buildings.

More than 100,000 people were evacuated in affected areas throughout Yunnan, state mouthpiece Xinhua said, adding that more than 6,000 houses were destroyed and 430,000 homes were said to be damaged. Around 200,000 people will likely have to be moved in Yiliang and the lives of 700,000 people were affected, the news agency reported.

Two buses make their way across a road full of fallen rocks after a series of earthquakes hit the area near Zhaotong municipality at the border of southwest China's Yunnan and Guizhou province on September 7, 2012. (STR/AFP/GettyImages)

Two buses make their way across a road full of fallen rocks after a series of earthquakes hit the area near Zhaotong municipality at the border of southwest China’s Yunnan and Guizhou province on September 7, 2012. (STR/AFP/GettyImages)

Mr. Zhu of Maoping village in Yilang County told The Epoch Times that around “a third of the houses have collapses and 90 percent are damaged so badly that people can’t live there.”

The death toll is likely to increase in the coming days due to landslides and mudslides triggered by the quakes.

“The hardest part of the rescue now is [the] traffic [situation],” Li Fuchun, the head of the Luozehe township, located near the epicenter of the quake, told Xinhua. “Roads are blocked and rescuers have to climb the mountains to reach hard-hit villages.”

A settlement located near a zinc mine in Luozehe was also seriously damaged with around two dozen families forced to evacuate due to falling boulders. “It is scary. My brother was killed by falling rocks. The aftershocks struck again and again. We are so afraid,” miner Peng Zhuwen was quoted as saying.

News of the quake reverberated throughout Chinese social media websites, including the Sina Weibo Twitter-like site, where numerous people posted their condolences, prayers, and pictures of candles for the victims in the disaster.

chinareports@epochtimes.com

южные курилы курильские острова остров Кунашир

Photo: RIA Novosti   i

On Sunday, two earthquakes hit Kuril Islands in the Russian Far East. The first quake of 5.6 point magnitude on the Richter scale was recorded near the island of Paramushir, says seismological station in the city of Severo-Kurilsk. Glass-ware ringed in cupboards for ten seconds, and ceiling lamps rocked.

The second earthquake with a magnitude of 5.3 points in Richter scale took place in the deep-water Kurilo-Kamchatka trench. The epicenter was located 270 kilometers east of the city of Kurilsk on the island of Iturup.

There was no tsunami warning.

TASS

Four more tremors at Song Tranh hydro-power plant

 VietNamNet Bridge – In the morning of September 6, thousands of residents of Bac Tra My district, Quang Nam province, panicked because of four consecutive quakes up to 3.4 on the Richter scale. In the last four days, this region suffered from 12 quakes.

Quang Nam: Six earthquakes near hydro-power plant
Earthquakes in Quang Nam have no relation to volcanoes
Quang Nam: in powerful earthquakes, hydro-power plant will create a disaster


Song Tranh 2 dam.

While attending a ceremony to see recruits off, many officials of Bac Tra My district heard big explosions in the earth and fell tremors.

“After the explosion, the ground shook and my car was also shaken,” said Ms. Dung, a district official.

Mr. Tran Van Anh in Phuoc Hiep commune, Phuoc Son district, where is very close to Song Tranh 2 hydro-power plant, said: “At 7.20am, when I was drinking tea with my neighbors, an underground blast exploded. After that the ground shook strongly. We had to run out of the house immediately.”

In Hiep Duc and Nam Tra My districts, hundreds of people fled from their houses because of underground blasts and tremors in the early morning.

The Geo-physic Institute verified that four quakes occurred near the Song Tranh 2 plant in the morning of September 6. The strongest tremor is 3.4 Richter and its epicenter was in Phuoc Hiep commune, which is very close to Song Tranh 2.

According to the institute’s statistics, up to 58 tremors were recorded around Song Tranh 2 plant over the last year. From September 3-6, up to 12 quakes occurred. The strongest tremor was 4.2 Richter. Tremors may come from the Tra Bong or Hung Nhuong-Ta Vi faults, around 3km from Song Tranh 2 dam.

According to a research work by the Geophysics Institute, Song Tranh 2 hydro-power plant is built on the weak layer of the earth’s crust. If strong earthquakes occur, they will cause danger for both the plant and people in the downstream area.

According to the Institute of Science and Technology of Vietnam’s initial conclusion, underground explosions in the region were caused by reservoir induced earthquakes of 3-4 Richter scale from the fault on the left bank of Tranh River.

The capacity of Song Tranh hydro-power plant’s reservoir is over 730 million of cubic meters, which is located over 100m higher than the downstream area. Experts worry that if the dam is broken, it will cause disaster to the downstream region. It is predicted that the reservoir can cause maximal earthquake of up to 5.5 Richter scale.

Prof. Cao Dinh Trieu from the Geophysics Institute says it needs to set up five fixed quake observing stations around the Song Tranh hydro-power plant.

Compiled by Le Ha

LISS – Live Internet Seismic Server

GSN Stations

These data update automatically every 30 minutes. Last update: September 11, 2012 03:18:49 UTC

Seismograms may take several moments to load. Click on a plot to see larger image.

CU/ANWB, Willy Bob, Antigua and Barbuda

 ANWB 24hr plot

CU/BBGH, Gun Hill, Barbados

 BBGH 24hr plot

CU/BCIP, Isla Barro Colorado, Panama

 BCIP 24hr plot

CU/GRGR, Grenville, Grenada

 GRGR 24hr plot

CU/GRTK, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

 GRTK 24hr plot

CU/GTBY, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba

 GTBY 24hr plot

CU/MTDJ, Mount Denham, Jamaica

 MTDJ 24hr plot

CU/SDDR, Presa de Sabaneta, Dominican Republic

 SDDR 24hr plot

CU/TGUH, Tegucigalpa, Honduras

 TGUH 24hr plot

IC/BJT, Baijiatuan, Beijing, China

 BJT 24hr plot

IC/ENH, Enshi, China

 ENH 24hr plot

IC/HIA, Hailar, Neimenggu Province, China

 HIA 24hr plot

IC/LSA, Lhasa, China

 LSA 24hr plot

IC/MDJ, Mudanjiang, China

 MDJ 24hr plot

IC/QIZ, Qiongzhong, Guangduong Province, China

 QIZ 24hr plot

IU/ADK, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA

 ADK 24hr plot

IU/AFI, Afiamalu, Samoa

 AFI 24hr plot

IU/ANMO, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

 ANMO 24hr plot

IU/ANTO, Ankara, Turkey

 ANTO 24hr plot

IU/BBSR, Bermuda

 BBSR 24hr plot

IU/BILL, Bilibino, Russia

 BILL 24hr plot

IU/CASY, Casey, Antarctica

 CASY 24hr plot

IU/CCM, Cathedral Cave, Missouri, USA

 CCM 24hr plot

IU/CHTO, Chiang Mai, Thailand

 CHTO 24hr plot

IU/COLA, College Outpost, Alaska, USA

 COLA 24hr plot

IU/COR, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

 COR 24hr plot

IU/CTAO, Charters Towers, Australia

 CTAO 24hr plot

IU/DAV,Davao, Philippines

 DAV 24hr plot

IU/DWPF,Disney Wilderness Preserve, Florida, USA

 DWPF 24hr plot

IU/FUNA,Funafuti, Tuvalu

 FUNA 24hr plot

IU/FURI, Mt. Furi, Ethiopia

 FURI 24hr plot

IU/GNI, Garni, Armenia

 GNI 24hr plot

IU/GRFO, Grafenberg, Germany

 GRFO 24hr plot

IU/GUMO, Guam, Mariana Islands

 GUMO 24hr plot

IU/HKT, Hockley, Texas, USA

 HKT 24hr plot

IU/HNR, Honiara, Solomon Islands

 HNR 24hr plot

IU/HRV, Adam Dziewonski Observatory (Oak Ridge), Massachusetts, USA

 HRV 24hr plot

IU/INCN, Inchon, Republic of Korea

 INCN 24hr plot

IU/JOHN, Johnston Island, Pacific Ocean

 JOHN 24hr plot

IU/KBS, Ny-Alesund, Spitzbergen, Norway

 KBS 24hr plot

IU/KEV, Kevo, Finland

 KEV 24hr plot

IU/KIEV, Kiev, Ukraine

 KIEV 24hr plot

IU/KIP, Kipapa, Hawaii, USA

 KIP 24hr plot

IU/KMBO, Kilima Mbogo, Kenya

 KMBO 24hr plot

IU/KNTN, Kanton Island, Kiribati

 KNTN 24hr plot

IU/KONO, Kongsberg, Norway

 KONO 24hr plot

IU/KOWA, Kowa, Mali

 KOWA 24hr plot

IU/LCO, Las Campanas Astronomical Observatory, Chile

 LCO 24hr plot

IU/LSZ, Lusaka, Zambia

 LSZ 24hr plot

IU/LVC, Limon Verde, Chile

 LVC 24hr plot

IU/MA2, Magadan, Russia

 MA2 24hr plot

IU/MAJO, Matsushiro, Japan

 MAJO 24hr plot

IU/MAKZ,Makanchi, Kazakhstan

 MAKZ 24hr plot

IU/MBWA, Marble Bar, Western Australia

 MBWA 24hr plot

IU/MIDW, Midway Island, Pacific Ocean, USA

 MIDW 24hr plot

IU/MSKU, Masuku, Gabon

 MSKU 24hr plot

IU/NWAO, Narrogin, Australia

 NWAO 24hr plot

IU/OTAV, Otavalo, Equador

 OTAV 24hr plot

IU/PAB, San Pablo, Spain

 PAB 24hr plot

IU/PAYG Puerto Ayora, Galapagos Islands

 PAYG 24hr plot

IU/PET, Petropavlovsk, Russia

 PET 24hr plot

IU/PMG, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

 PMG 24hr plot

IU/PMSA, Palmer Station, Antarctica

 PMSA 24hr plot

IU/POHA, Pohakaloa, Hawaii

 POHA 24hr plot

IU/PTCN, Pitcairn Island, South Pacific

 PTCN 24hr plot

IU/PTGA, Pitinga, Brazil

 PTGA 24hr plot

IU/QSPA, South Pole, Antarctica

 QSPA 24hr plot

IU/RAO, Raoul, Kermandec Islands

 RAO 24hr plot

IU/RAR, Rarotonga, Cook Islands

 RAR 24hr plot

IU/RCBR, Riachuelo, Brazil

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IU/RSSD, Black Hills, South Dakota, USA

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IU/SAML, Samuel, Brazil

 SAML 24hr plot

IU/SBA, Scott Base, Antarctica

 SBA 24hr plot

IU/SDV, Santo Domingo, Venezuela

 SDV 24hr plot

IU/SFJD, Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland

 SFJD 24hr plot

IU/SJG, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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IU/SLBS, Sierra la Laguna Baja California Sur, Mexico

 SLBS 24hr plot

IU/SNZO, South Karori, New Zealand

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IU/SSPA, Standing Stone, Pennsylvania USA

 SSPA 24hr plot

IU/TARA, Tarawa Island, Republic of Kiribati

 TARA 24hr plot

IU/TATO, Taipei, Taiwan

 TATO 24hr plot

IU/TEIG, Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico

 TEIG 24hr plot

IU/TIXI, Tiksi, Russia

 TIXI 24hr plot

IU/TRIS, Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic Ocean

 TRIS 24hr plot

IU/TRQA, Tornquist, Argentina

 TRQA 24hr plot

IU/TSUM, Tsumeb, Namibia

 TSUM 24hr plot

IU/TUC, Tucson, Arizona

 TUC 24hr plot

IU/ULN, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

 ULN 24hr plot

IU/WAKE, Wake Island, Pacific Ocean

 WAKE 24hr plot

IU/WCI, Wyandotte Cave, Indiana, USA

 WCI 24hr plot

IU/WVT, Waverly, Tennessee, USA

 WVT 24hr plot

IU/XMAS, Kiritimati Island, Republic of Kiribati

 XMAS 24hr plot

IU/YAK, Yakutsk, Russia

 YAK 24hr plot

IU/YSS, Yuzhno Sakhalinsk, Russia

 YSS 24hr plot

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Volcanic Activity

Giant ‘balloon of magma’ inflates under Santorini

Santorini

Volcanic craters at Santorini. Image Wikipedia. A new survey suggests that the chamber of molten rock beneath Santorini’s volcano expanded 10-20 million cubic metres – up to 15 times the size of London’s Olympic Stadium – between January 2011 and April 2012. Ads by Google $1249+ Austin Laser Lipo – Get a Free Liposuction Consult. Liposuction Financing is Available. – SonoBelloAustin.com/Liposuction The growth of this ‘balloon’ of magma has seen the surface of the island rise 8-14 centimetres during this period, a team led by Oxford University scientists has found. The results come from an expedition, funded by the UK’s Natural Environment Research Council, which used satellite radar images and Global Positioning System receivers (GPS) that can detect movements of the Earth’s surface of just a few millimetres. The findings are helping scientists to understand more about the inner workings of the volcano which had its last major explosive eruption 3,600 years ago, burying the islands of Santorini under metres of pumice. However, it still does not provide an answer to the biggest question of all: ‘when will the volcano next erupt?’ A report of the research appears in this week’s Nature Geoscience. In January 2011, a series of small earthquakes began beneath the islands of Santorini. Most were so small they could only be detected with sensitive seismometers but it was the first sign of activity beneath the volcano to be detected for 25 years. Following the earthquakes Michelle Parks, an Oxford University DPhil student, spotted signs of movement of the Earth’s surface on Santorini in satellite radar images. Oxford University undergraduate students then helped researchers complete a new survey of the island. Michelle Parks of Oxford University’s Department of Earth Sciences, an author of the paper, said: ‘During my field visits to Santorini in 2011, it became apparent that many of the locals were aware of a change in the behaviour of their volcano. The tour guides, who visit the volcano several times a day, would update me on changes in the amount of strong smelling gas being released from the summit, or changes in the colour of the water in some of the bays around the islands. On one particular day in April 2011, two guides told me they had felt an earthquake while they were on the volcano and that the motion of the ground had actually made them jump. Locals working in restaurants on the main island of Thera became aware of the increase in earthquake activity due to the vibration and clinking of glasses in their bars.’ Ads by Google Ground Penetrating Radar – Nationwide Ground Penetrating Radar Service – http://www.nationalgpr.com Dr Juliet Biggs of Bristol University, also an author of the paper, said: ‘People were obviously aware that something was happening to the volcano, but it wasn’t until we saw the changes in the GPS, and the uplift on the radar images that we really knew that molten rock was being injected at such a shallow level beneath the volcano. Many volcanologists study the rocks produced by old eruptions to understand what happened in the past, so it’s exciting to use cutting-edge satellite technology to link that to what’s going on in the volcanic plumbing system right now.’ Professor David Pyle of Oxford University’s Department of Earth Sciences, an author of the paper, said: ‘For me, the challenge of this project is to understand how the information on how the volcano is behaving right now can be squared with what we thought we knew about the volcano, based on the studies of both recent and ancient eruptions. There are very few volcanoes where we have such detailed information about their past history.’ The team calculate that the amount of molten rock that has arrived beneath Santorini in the past year is the equivalent of about 10-20 years growth of the volcano. But this does not mean that an eruption is about to happen: in fact the rate of earthquake activity has dropped off in the past few months. More information: A report of this research, entitled ‘Evolution of Santorini Volcano dominated by episodic and rapid fluxes of melt from depth’, is published in the journal Nature Geosience on Sunday 09 September. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1562 Journal reference: Nature Geoscience search and more info website Provided by Oxford University search and more info website

Dinosaur die-out may have been the second of two massive extinctions: Researchers believe huge underwater volcanoes ‘killed off all the sea-life first’

By Eddie Wrenn
Popular opinion holds that an asteroid struck the Earth 65million years ago, hustling out the Age of Dinosaurs and allowing the mammals – us – to rise.

But new research now paints another picture – with the University of Washington indicating that a separate extinction came shortly first, triggered by volcanic eruptions that warmed the planet and killed life on the ocean floor.

They suggest that by the time of the asteroid impact, life on the seafloor – mostly species of clams and snails – was already perishing, because of the effects of huge volcanic eruptions on the Deccan Plateau, in what is now India.

Round 1: An underwater volcano erupts near Tonga in 2009 - perhaps a reminder of an extinction more than 65million years agoRound 1: An underwater volcano erupts near Tonga in 2009 – perhaps a reminder of an extinction more than 65million years ago

Round 2: An artist’s impression of how the six-mile wide asteroid might have looked as it ploughed into our world, decimating life on the surface

The well-known dinosaur extinction event is believed to have been triggered by an asteroid at least six miles in diameter slamming into Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula.

Thomas Tobin, a UW doctoral student in Earth and space sciences, said: ‘The eruptions started 300,000 to 200,000 years before the impact, and they may have lasted 100,000 years.’

During the earlier extinction it was primarily life on the ocean floor that died, in contrast to the later extinction triggered by the asteroid impact, which appeared to kill many more free-swimming species.

The eruptions would have filled the atmosphere with fine particles, or aerosols, that initially cooled the planet.

But, more importantly, the eruptions also would have spewed carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to produce long-term warming that led to the first of the two mass extinctions.

Thomas Tobin clears sand from around the fossil of a giant ammonite he found in 2009 on James Ross Island in AntarcticaThomas Tobin clears sand from around the fossil of a giant ammonite he found in 2009 on James Ross Island in Antarctica

Thomas Tobin clears sand from around the fossil of a giant ammonite he found in 2009 on James Ross Island in Antarctica

Tobin said: ‘The aerosols are active on a year to 10-year time scale, while the carbon dioxide has effects on a scale of hundreds to tens of thousands of years.

‘The species in the first event are extinct but the groups are all recognisable things you could find around on a beach today,’ he said.

Tobin is the lead author of a paper in the journal Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology that documents results of research conducted in a fossil-rich area on Seymour Island, off the Antarctic Peninsula.

That particular area has very thick sediment deposits and, for a given interval of time, might contain 10 times more sediment as the well-known Hell Creek Formation in Montana. That means scientists have much greater detail as they try to determine what was happening at the time, Tobin said.

The researchers took small surface core samples from rocks and fossils in the Antarctic sediment and used a method called magnetostratigraphy, employing known changes over time in Earth’s magnetic field to determine when the fossils were deposited. The thicker sediment allowed dating to be done more precisely.

‘I think the evidence we have from this location is indicative of two separate events, and also indicates that warming took place,’ Tobin said.

There is no direct evidence yet that the first extinction event had any effect on the second, but Tobin believes it is possible that surviving species from the first event were compromised enough that they were unable to survive the long-term environmental effects of the asteroid impact.

‘It seems improbable to me that they are completely independent events,’ he added.

11.09.2012 Volcano Eruption Nicaragua Chinandega Department, [ San Cristobal volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Nicaragua on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 18:12 (06:12 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Sunday, 09 September, 2012 at 03:31 UTC
Description
The San Cristobal volcano in Nicaragua rumbled to life Saturday with three explosions, forcing the evacuation of 3,000 residents, authorities said. Television footage showed a column of smoke and ash rising from the cone of the volcano, Nicaragua’s tallest at 1,745 meters (5,725 feet), in the northeast. The civil defense agency said it readied 50 trucks and 350 troops to support the population in case of greater emergency, while the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies, or INETER, added they expect “more gas emissions and sporadic explosions.” There are some hamlets perched on the slopes of the volcano, and winds could push the fumes from the eruption there, said the director of the national disaster prevention and mitigation agency, William Gonzalez. He said authorities ordered some 3,000 people living in villages in that zone to evacuate. Ashes fell on the towns of El Viejo, El Chonco, Villa 15 de Julio and Rancheria, according to a statement by INETER, which monitors volcanic activity. San Cristobal, located 135 kilometers (83 miles) northwest of Managua, is one of the country’s most active volcanoes. Since Thursday, when an earthquake of 7.6-magnitude rocked neighboring Costa Rica and was also felt in Nicaragua, INETER began surveillance at several active volcanoes, fearing the powerful quake would have an “impact on the activation” on the volcanoes. Rosario Murillo, the first lady and government spokeswoman, said some US experts have noted that the ash plume reaches 5,000 meters, which could be an indicator of potential for greater activity.

Volcano Eruption in Nicaragua on Saturday, 08 September, 2012 at 18:12 (06:12 PM) UTC.

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Updated: Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 03:11 UTC
Description
Nicaragua has begun evacuating around 3,000 people after the country’s largest volcano, San Cristobal, which is located along its Pacific coast, started to erupt with vehemence. Authorities have so far pointed to no immediate reports of injuries or damage, but the government has issued a yellow alert in a sign that emergency plans had been activated following the eruption on Saturday of the volcano, located about 154 kilometers (95 miles) north of the capital Managua, Reuters reported. The volcano has let out an ash plume of up to five kilometers (three miles), which has formed a cloud extending 48 kilometers (30 miles). Firefighter Sergeant Fernando Quintero said, “At this stage, we try to evacuate the people, who are in the neighboring areas, but most resist being evacuated.” The Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies noted in a preliminary report that “more gas emissions and sporadic explosions” could be expected from San Cristobal, and said in its monthly bulletin that the volcano has emitted “abundant gases in a constant manner.”

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought

Kazakhstan falls prey to drought

Published on Sep 9, 2012 by

Kazakhstan’s wheat farmers have suffered from drought affecting grain production with a drop to more than half. An exceptionally dry summer has yielded a miserable harvest amounting to the loss of 600,000 hectares, according to figures. Al Jazeera’s Robin Forestier-Walker reports from the Kostanay region on Kazakhstan’s northern border with Russia.

Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Alberta, [Blood Reserve] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Canada on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:41 (03:41 AM) UTC.

Description
More than 3,500 people have been evacuated, at least one building has been destroyed and local states of emergency have been declared in several southern Alberta communities Monday as two huge grass fires are being fueled by powerful winds. The first fire, which officials believe started on the Blood Reserve, near Lethbridge, about 220 kilometres southeast of Calgary, jumped the Oldman River. A second wildfire has now forced the evacuation of Milk River, which is southeast of Lethbridge. A sudden drastic change in winds has pushed about 800 residents to seek refuges in Raymond, to the north, after first being told by officials to flee south, to Coutts, at the U.S. border. That first blaze sparked the evacuation of the nearby town of Coalhurst, where about 500 homes are in the path of the swift-moving fire. Residents had been told to seek refuge to the north along Highway 25 at the Picture Butte Community Centre, but the roadway quickly became clogged with traffic making the escape route slow-going and then, it was closed when “people gawking” at the smoke caused a head-on collision, according to Lethbridge County Reeve Lorne Hickey.

Between 300 and 400 residents of Mountain Meadows and Sunsets Acres as well as Township 8-22 in his county have also been told to get out. Lethbridge Deputy Fire Chief Wayne Johnson said the city and county is throwing every emergency worker at the fire and has called in off-duty firefighters to help. Fire breaks are being dug to try to contain the blaze. While the city of Lethbridge is under a state of emergency, residents in the neighbourhoods of Indian Battle Heights, Heritage Heights and West Highlands are being told to prepare for possible evacuation. A mandatory evacuation ordered was order for the Westside Trailer Court. Affected residents are being told to go to the Fritz Sick Centre or the ENMAX Centre. City officials also told residents to stay off their cell phones to “keep lines clear for emergency services.” In some cases, residents had only minutes to get out. Others are now preparing to leave.

10.09.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Wyoming, [Casper Mountain] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 18:29 (06:29 PM) UTC.

Description
A rapidly spreading wildfire has burned at least six structures and forced some 400 people to be evacuated from Casper Mountain. Wyoming State Forester Bill Crapser says still more buildings may have been lost to the Sheep Herder Hill Fire about 10 miles southeast of the Casper city limits. The fire began Sunday afternoon and winds quickly fanned the blaze to more than seven square miles. About 150 homes and cabins remain evacuated Monday. Crapser estimates about three-quarters are year-round homes and the rest are seasonal cabins. Nine families that fled are staying at the Parkway Plaza Hotel in Casper. The Red Cross says it may open a shelter for evacuees. Dry, windy weather has prompted the National Weather Service to put all of Wyoming under a wildfire alert.
10.09.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Russia [Asia] Tomsk Oblast, [Districts of Verkhneketsky, Parabelsky, Barguzinsky ] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Russia [Asia] on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 10:29 (10:29 AM) UTC.

Description
Five forest fires had been raging in Siberia as of Monday morning, the Siberian Federal District Forestry Department said. The fires are 62 hectares in size; the largest of them (44 hectares) in the Verkhneketsky district of the Tomsk region has been confined. There are also fires in the Barguzinsky district of Buryatia, the Parabelsky district of the Tomsk region and the Krasnoyarsk territory. Fires were burning on nine hectares in Siberia on Friday. The fire zone grew 6.9 times by Monday morning. Forest guards had put out 12 forest fires on 22 hectares by Monday. One hundred and twenty-seven people, 39 fire trucks and two aircraft extinguished the fires. “There is no threat to residential areas or economic sites,” the department said.
11.09.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of British Columbia, [Peachland region (Trepanier Forest Fire)] Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in Canada on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 06:47 (06:47 AM) UTC.

Description
More than 900 residents of Peachland, B.C., were forced to flee their homes and hundreds of others were on alert when a forest fire spread through the Okanagan town Sunday. A state of emergency was declared and an evacuation order and alert were put in place by Sunday evening after the Trepanier Forest Fire broke out about 3 p.m. Kari O’Rourke, public information officer with the Emergency Operations Centre, said 593 homes, equating to 950 people in Peachland and the Trepanier Bench area were put on evacuation order, and 375 houses, or 600 residents, south of the Trepanier area were put on alert, including the Ponderosa Golf Club. Under the evacuation alert, residents were told to prepare to leave their homes with little notice should the fire threat increase. Hwy. 97 was closed at Princeton Rd. in Peachland and at Glenrosa Rd. in West Kelowna. Residents affected by the fire were asked to report to the Emergency Support Services Reception Centre set up at the Westbank Lions Community Hall, 2466 Main St. in West Kelowna, B.C. A second reception centre was opened at the Summerland Arena and Curling Club, 8820 Jubilee Road East. Crews from B.C. Wildfire Management, Kelowna and West Kelowna, Peachland were still fighting the flames as of Sunday night but were unsure of what caused the massive blaze. O’Rourke said it was not known how large the fire was as of press time.
10.09.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Nevada, Dayton Damage level Details

Forest / Wild Fire in USA on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 06:46 (06:46 AM) UTC.

Description
A wildfire had burned at least 800 acres southeast of Dayton on Sunday as crews worked to keep the flames from threatening homes or structures. Containment is expected Tuesday, Sierra Front reports. The fire was in the Brunswick Canyon area east of Carson City on the boundary with Lyon County Crews were attacking the fire from the air and on the ground, dispatcher Charlie Peters of the Sierra Front fire responders said. Firefighters were called just after noon Sunday to Mount Como, after sagebrush, pinion and juniper were ablaze, Peters said. Officials were concerned that gusty winds could cause the flames to spread. Communication towers and power lines are in the area. NV Energy also was on the scene. The fire on federal land was being attacked by the U.S. Forest Service and Nevada Division of Forestry. Two helicopters, five air tankers, two water tenders, four hand crews and five fire engines are assigned to the fire.

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Storms / Flooding / Landslides

  Active tropical storm system(s)
Name of storm system Location Formed Last update Last category Course Wind Speed Gust Wave Source Details
Leslie (AL12) Atlantic Ocean 30.08.2012 10.09.2012 Tropical Depression 30 ° 93 km/h 111 km/h 4.57 m NOAA NHC Details

 Tropical Storm data

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Storm name: Leslie (AL12)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 14° 6.000, W 43° 24.000
Start up: 30th August 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 2,140.00 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
31st Aug 2012 04:48:01 N 14° 42.000, W 46° 48.000 30 83 102 Tropical Storm 280 12 1002 MB NOAA NHC
01st Sep 2012 05:02:48 N 17° 24.000, W 52° 48.000 33 102 120 Tropical Storm 295 19 999 MB NOAA NHC
02nd Sep 2012 05:34:37 N 20° 12.000, W 58° 24.000 30 102 120 Tropical Storm 305 11 998 MB NOAA NHC
03rd Sep 2012 04:53:21 N 23° 24.000, W 61° 42.000 17 93 111 Tropical Storm 325 19 998 MB NOAA NHC
04th Sep 2012 05:13:40 N 24° 0.000, W 63° 6.000 0 102 120 Tropical Storm 0 12 998 MB NOAA NHC
05th Sep 2012 05:20:37 N 25° 12.000, W 62° 48.000 4 102 120 Tropical Storm 345 9 994 MB NOAA NHC
06th Sep 2012 04:44:33 N 26° 12.000, W 62° 30.000 4 120 148 Hurricane I. 10 9 985 MB NOAA NHC
07th Sep 2012 05:21:34 N 26° 30.000, W 62° 12.000 0 120 148 Hurricane I. 0 19 985 MB NOAA NHC
08th Sep 2012 05:14:29 N 27° 36.000, W 62° 18.000 6 102 120 Tropical Storm 350 9 983 MB NOAA NHC
10th Sep 2012 05:41:20 N 34° 24.000, W 61° 48.000 26 93 111 Tropical Storm 15 14 988 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 07:31:46 N 42° 42.000, W 57° 30.000 65 111 139 Hurricane I 25 ° 19 988 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
12th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 59° 48.000, W 38° 36.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 54° 12.000, W 47° 12.000 Hurricane I 111 139 NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 62° 30.000, W 29° 0.000 Hurricane I 102 120 NOAA NHC
14th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 62° 30.000, W 10° 0.000 Tropical Depression 93 111 NOAA NHC
Michael (AL13) Atlantic Ocean 04.09.2012 10.09.2012 Hurricane II 275 ° 130 km/h 157 km/h 4.27 m NOAA NHC Details

 Tropical Storm data

Share:
Storm name: Michael (AL13)
Area: Atlantic Ocean
Start up location: N 25° 54.000, W 42° 48.000
Start up: 04th September 2012
Status: Active
Track long: 718.61 km
Top category.:
Report by: NOAA NHC
Useful links:

Past track
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave Pressure Source
04th Sep 2012 05:09:18 N 25° 54.000, W 42° 48.000 7 56 74 Tropical Depression 305 8 1012 MB NOAA NHC
05th Sep 2012 05:21:26 N 27° 24.000, W 43° 42.000 0 83 102 Tropical Storm 0 11 1005 MB NOAA NHC
06th Sep 2012 04:47:08 N 29° 18.000, W 42° 12.000 11 120 148 Hurricane I. 50 16 990 MB NOAA NHC
07th Sep 2012 05:20:37 N 30° 48.000, W 40° 48.000 7 167 204 Hurricane II. 25 9 970 MB NOAA NHC
08th Sep 2012 05:11:40 N 31° 48.000, W 41° 48.000 9 157 194 Hurricane II. 320 10 974 MB NOAA NHC
10th Sep 2012 05:44:13 N 33° 36.000, W 44° 24.000 9 139 167 Hurricane I. 265 10 983 MB NOAA NHC
Current position
Date Time Position Speed
km/h
Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Category Course Wave
feet
Pressure Source
11th Sep 2012 07:34:11 N 35° 18.000, W 48° 0.000 20 120 148 Hurricane I 345 ° 19 989 MB NOAA NHC
Forecast track
Date Time Position Category Wind
km/h
Gust
km/h
Source
12th Sep 2012 12:00:00 N 47° 12.000, W 41° 36.000 Tropical Depression 74 93 NOAA NHC
12th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 42° 0.000, W 46° 0.000 Tropical Depression 83 102 NOAA NHC
13th Sep 2012 00:00:00 N 52° 12.000, W 34° 30.000 Tropical Depression 65 83 NOAA NHC

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Beijing Floods- Worst in Six Decades- Displace Thousands- Kill at Least 37

Internet users say authorities’ incompetence to blame, at least in part

By Jack Phillips
Epoch Times Staff Created

Flooding leaves many vehicles submerged in water in a residential community in Beijing on July 21. (The Epoch Times Photo Archive)

Flooding leaves many vehicles submerged in water in a residential community in Beijing on July 21. (The Epoch Times Photo Archive)

Some of the worst flooding to hit Beijing in decades left at least 37 people dead and forced more than 30,000 residents to flee, state-run media reported, citing local authorities on Sunday. The number of deaths officially sits at 37, but numbers in China are often political and are likely to not reflect the full toll.

The floods, which state media said were the worst in six decades, came on Saturday afternoon and lasted into the night, leaving 80,000 people stranded as over 500 flights were canceled.

Around 6.7 inches of rain on average fell on Beijing by 6 a.m., but some areas fared worse than others. In suburban Hebei township, 18.1 inches fell. In six townships, Internet access and mobile communication was cut, while train services between Beijing and Guangzhou were shut down because railway sections were inundated.

A lightning strike killed a person, and the head of the police bureau in Fangshan district was shocked by a downed electric wire.

Four people were killed in Shuozhou city in northern Shanxi Province when floods carried their truck into the middle of a river while attempting to cross it. Six people were left dead in southwestern Sichuan Province in rain-caused landslides. Seven counties said they received more than 3.9 inches of rain.

Photos uploaded to the popular Sina Weibo microblogging website showed numerous instances of flooding in Beijing. One showed several dozen men pulling a rope in a tug-of-war fashion, in an attempt to drag out five cars and trying to help one man who was drowning.

One user on Weibo said that some of the figures released by state media, which said that 10 people were killed, may not be correct. The user said that “certainly far more than 10 people” were killed in the floods.

Other posts on the microblogging site blamed local officials for not doing enough to mitigate the disaster and said the city’s draining systems and roads have a problem.

“Lang,” a Weibo user, said that the roads were poorly designed because they could only hold “50 millimeters (1.9 inches) of rainfall,” while Beijing authorities only blame the disaster on “acts of God” rather than admitting that the roads and the city’s infrastructure have problems.

“Bad engineering, corruption, and incompetence forced people to suffer” during the floods, said user “Not to V.”

Another user sarcastically said, “We hoped [authorities] could have established a drainage system that is as effective as deleting the words they dislike,” referring to China’s censorship policy on the Internet.

One user, “Han Zhiguo” said the floods showed that there were “two totally different sides of Beijing,” saying that kind-hearted people spontaneously rescued thousands of people and even provided shelter locations, but the local government provided no shelter locations including hotels or officials buildings.

Even worse, the user said, “toll stations still paid close attention and collected the charges and traffic cops posted tickets on flooded vehicles,” accusing the city’s management of being “inhumane.”

Today Flash Flood Canada Province of Nova Scotia, [NS-wide] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Canada on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:38 (03:38 AM) UTC.

Description
Nova Scotia was pummelled with rain Monday, with upwards of 75 millimetres falling in the central part of the province washing out roads, stranding residents and causing dozens of families to leave their homes. While the rain was letting up Monday evening in the Truro area, it’s just beginning in Cape Breton, according to Peter Coade, CBC’s meteorologist. Upwards of 125 millimetres is expected in Cape Breton overnight. While water levels were receding in central Nova Scotia later Monday evening, officials are watching high tide closely, which began around 9 p.m. AT. In the Indian Brook First Nation, near Shubenacadie, 135 people are stranded as Monday’s heavy rain washed out the two access roads to their community. Forecasters with the Canadian Hurricane Centre said Monday’s rainstorm was not due to tropical storm Leslie — the current storm is blocking Leslie’s progression. Leslie is expected to head for Newfoundland Tuesday morning. Chris Fogarty said the weather would likely get worse overnight as the two systems converge, with Cape Breton getting the highest winds and heaviest rain. Donna Munro, who lives in North River near Truro, was paddled to safety by a neighbour in a canoe as the area around her home flooded with about 1.5 metres of water. Munro said she and her son stepped onto the doorstep and the doorstep started separating from the front of the house. Her son got to safety and she was rescued a short time later by a neighbour with a canoe. “The force of the water, when the tide came in, is what I think really elevated everything on top of all the rain we had too. It just all added to it like a snowball effect,” she said. “It was the force and the viciousness of it, I think, that just sped it along that much quicker.”

Roads and bridges will be inspected by engineers from the Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal as quickly as possible, he said. Motorists should continue to use caution and watch for closed roads and water on roads, according to the provincial release. The Canadian Red Cross has set up two reception centres for area residents who have been displaced by the storm: at the Bible Hill Village Fire Hall at 69 Pictou Rd. and the Immanuel Baptist Church at 295 Young St. However, the reception centres are not serving as shelters at the moment, according to Mona O’Brien, district community supervisor for the Canadian Red Cross in Truro. The flooding in central Nova Scotia Monday posed some concern in the Salmon River area, according to the Emergency Management Office. Water levels are on the decline in some areas, but the area isn’t in the clear yet. “The water has subsided quite a bit in the North River and the Salmon River,” according to Bob Taylor, mayor of the municipality of Colchester. “Having said that, there’s still a lot of water from the uplands, also we don’t know how much the tide is going to affect us.” People are being asked to stay away from flooding areas because of the high tide.

Today Flash Flood China Province of Sichuan, [Guangyuan and Suining] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in China on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:34 (03:34 AM) UTC.

Description
A new round of torrential rains that started Sunday night inundated parts of Southwest China’s Sichuan province, leaving six people dead and four missing, local authorities said Monday. The victims were reported in the cities of Guangyuan and Suining, the Sichuan provincial flood control office said in a statement. Rainstorms continued into Monday night and a township in Shehong county of Suining reported the largest precipitation of 257.3 mm in just six hours Monday, it said. The rains also left parts of the county seats of Daying and Shehong in Suining submerged under waters of up to two meters deep. The rains are forecast to last till 8 am Wednesday, according to the provincial meteorological center.
10.09.2012 Flash Flood Pakistan MultiStates, [States of Punjab and North West Frontier] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Pakistan on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 10:07 (10:07 AM) UTC.

Description
At least 78 people died and dozens were injured as torrential rains and flash floods wreaked havoc in Pakistan over the past three days, a government spokesman said Monday. Heavy monsoon rains which began falling last week destroyed more than 1,600 houses while damaging a further 5,000, Irshad Bhatti, a spokesman for the country’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reported. “A total of 78 people have died and 68 injured in rains and flash floods in the country so far,” he said, adding that the casualties were caused mostly by houses collapsing and people being caught in floods. The worst-hit region was Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province where 32 people have died and 26 were injured in several districts, he said, adding that 83 houses were totally destroyed and another 4,200 were partially damaged, he said. In the northwestern district of Swabi eight Afghan refugees were killed when the roof of their mud house collapsed overnight, police official Mohammad Ali said. The dead, who were members of the same family, included two women and six children aged between one and 12 years he said. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir, flash flood killed at least 31 people, Bhatti said. Rains killed at least 26 people in that region last month. A state of emergency, meanwhile has been declared in the Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur districts of the Punjab province, where army troops have been called to join rescue work, local administration officials aid. Weather officials predict heavy rain in the next two days in southern Sindh and Baluchistan provinces. Rescue teams are closely monitoring the situation, Bhatti said. Floods in Pakistan in the summer of 2011 affected 5.8 million people, with flood waters killing livestock, destroying crops, homes and infrastructure as the nation struggled to recover from record inundations the previous year.
10.09.2012 Flash Flood USA State of Arizona, [Great Phoenix region] Damage level Details

Flash Flood in USA on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 05:46 (05:46 AM) UTC.

Description
Thunderstorms struck parts of the north and west Valley Sunday evening, and forecasters at the National Weather Service said there was a chance of more rain overnight. Charlotte Dewey, a meteorologist at the Weather Service’s Phoenix office, said two storm systems — one starting near Circle City, northwest of Phoenix, and the other near North Mountain Park — moved on a northwest trajectory. Those storms began diminishing at about 8 p.m., but forecasters called for a 30 percent chance of measurable rain in the metro area overnight. The temperature on Sunday hit a high of 93 degrees at about 3:50 p.m. The chance of thunderstorms on Monday was 50 percent, according to the Weather Service’s website. Those odds grow to 60 percent going into Monday night and on Tuesday. Weather experts predicted Monday’s high to hit 94 degrees, and Tuesday’s predicted high is 92 degrees. Rain chances decrease later in the week and Thursday is expected to be sunny with a high of 95 degrees, according to the Weather Service’s website. The Weather Service reported flash floods in the northwest and southwest ends of the state Sunday. Mike Bruce, a meteorologist, said blowing dust and wind, downed power lines and street flooding was reported in the Yuma area.

The strongest wind gust was reported to be 65 miles an hour at the Yuma International Airport, Bruce said. Jose Guerrero, a Yuma resident living near Interstate 8 and 16th Street, said he did not see much rain but the gusting wind knocked down some neighbors’ patio furniture. Clay Morgan, a meteorologist at the National Weather Service in Las Vegas, said his office got reports of several flooded and impassible roads in Golden Valley, a town just west of Kingman. The water was reported to be as high as 2 feet in some areas. The agency had issued a flash flood watch at about 3:45 p.m. Sunday. Santana Madrid, an employe at a Subway restaurant at Marana Road and State Route 68 in Golden Valley, said his tires were nearly submerged driving into work Sunday evening. Madrid said some the dirt roads in the town got it the worst. Morgan said the reason for the flooding was due to washes that flow northeast-southwest through the town. Morgan said flash-flood watches remained in effect for the area Monday and Monday night as the storm system currently buffeting Yuma makes its way north.

……………………..

10.09.2012 Complex Emergency Vietnam Province of Yen Bai, [Yen Bai-wide] Damage level Details

Complex Emergency in Vietnam on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 05:57 (05:57 AM) UTC.

Description
Officials say landslides and flooding caused by heavy rains have killed 29 people and left four missing in northern and central Vietnam. Disaster official Ngo Van Hung of northern Yen Bai province said Monday that 16 villagers from the mostly poor Hmong ethnic minority group died in a landslide while they were illegally collecting tin ore from a mine operated by a private company. Authorities are searching for two other people missing from Friday’s incident, he added. The government disaster agency says flooding killed another 13 people and left two missing in central Vietnam over the past week. The agency says on its website that flooding caused by heavy rains has caused an estimated $22 million in damage to rice crops and infrastructure.

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Radiation

26.33 microSv/h- Tomioka-Naraha- Border- R6 Barricade for Fukushima Daiichi- Sep 2012

Published on Sep 9, 2012 by

On 9 Sep 2012, I measured radiation at Tomioka-Naraha, Border, of Fukushima prefecture Japan.
I monitored 0.86 micro Sievert per hour in air at chest hight, 26.33 on road side dust.
The monitorinig place is 16km (10 miles) from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear power plant.
Along the national road route 6, No Entory barricade for Fukushima Daiich nuclear power plant.
Young policemen sent from a west region of Japan are guarding this place standing outside for long hours, only wearing “family use” masks.
This Route-6 barricade has been moved 6km (4 miles) closer to Fukushima Daiich since Aug of 2012. They, the young policemen also have been faced to higher risk of internal exposure.
The map shown in the video is from “Radiation counter map of the Fukushima Daiich accident, the 7th edition” by Prof. Yukio HAYAKAWA of Gunma university, Japan.
Measuring instrument is made of Ukraine, ECOTEST MKS-05.
26.33μSv/h 富岡-楢葉町境 国道6号通行止地点 路上砂 2012.9.9

 

 

 

 

 

#Fukushima I Nuke Plant: Pipe Shavings Causing the Decrease in Water Flow- TEPCO Thinks

Incurious TEPCO’s conclusion for now is that the white pieces floating in the buffer tank and caught by the strainer are the shavings of plastic pipes and they are the cause of the decreased water flow into the reactors.

From Yomiuri Shinbun (9/6/2012):

福島第一の注水量低下、配管の削りかすが原因か

Decrease in the amount of water injected [into the reactor] caused by shavings from the pipes?

福島第一原子力発電所1~3号機の原子炉を冷やす注水量が必要量を下回った問題で、東京電力は6日、ポリエチレン製配管の削りかすが弁や配管などに詰まった可能性が高いと発表した。

TEPCO announced on September 6 that it was likely that the shavings from the polyethylene pipes were clogging up the valves and pipes and causing the amounts of water injected into the reactors at Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant to fall below the necessary amounts for cooling.

東電はこれまで、鉄さびが配管につまった可能性を示唆していたが、注水量の低下は、処理した汚染水を冷却用タンクに移す全長2・7キロ・メートルの配管 を8月30日にポリ塩化ビニール製からポリエチレン製(直径15センチ・メートル)に切り替えた後に起こったことを重視。削りかすは配管の切断作業などで 出たとみられる。タンク内や、冷却装置のフィルター部分からは、削りかすとみられる白い物質が見つかっている。

TEPCO had hinted at the possibility of metal rust clogging the pipes. However, the company thought it important that the problem started to happen after August 30, when the 2.7-kilometer pipes that transport the treated water to the cooling tanks were switched from polyvinyl chloride pipes [probably Kanaflex] to polyethylene pipes (15 centimeter in diameter). The shavings are considered to have been generated when the pipes were being cut. White substances that looks like the shavings have been found inside the [buffer] tank and on the filter of the cooling equipment.

If it is true, I don’t know what to say, other than that TEPCO is fast running out of money and quality subcontractors. This is decidedly not the “nuclear plant” spec.

Posted by arevamirpal::laprimavera

 

 

 

#Radioactive Japan: Radiation Exposure Offers Many “Educational” Opportunities for Children

Exactly one and a half year since the start of the nuclear accident on March 11, 2011, this is where Japan stands. All the lip service to “protecting children” or “children are our future” is, well, lip service.

The mayor of a big city in Kanagawa Prefecture declares eating food containing radioactive cesium in the school lunches is part of children’s education. A large city in Fukushima Prefecture in the highly contaminated Nakadori (middle third) refuses to install air conditioning systems in the city’s public schools because children should not miss the opportunity to learn about global warming. A city in Tokyo has just started feeding children with milk from Fukushima for their school lunch program. A professor in a college in Shizuoka Prefecture with the PhD in tourism sends her students to Fukushima to buy Fukushima produce and goods to dispel “baseless rumors”.

It is worse than the worst that Professor Kunihiko Takeda of Chubu University feared exactly a year ago, with his short poetic prose titled “A girl doesn’t talk“; he pleaded with teachers and educators to do all they could to protect children. His plea has fallen on totally deaf ears, and here we are. This has got to be the end.

First, for Takao Abe, Mayor of Kawasaki City in Kanagawa Prefecture, making children eat food that has been proven to contain radioactive cesium of Fukushima origin is nothing but highly educational, and the parents should just shut up (Tokyo Shinbun 9/5/2012):

Mayor Takao Abe said during the regular press conference on September 4 that it was important for children to learn that they were living in dangers, and that he would continue to use the frozen oranges from Kanagawa and canned apples from Yamagata that were found with radioactive cesium in the school lunches in the elementary schools in Kawasaki City, emphasizing the educational aspect of using food [known to be contaminated with radioactive cesium].

According to the city’s inspection, 9.1 Bq/kg of radioactive cesium was found in the frozen oranges [from Kanagawa], and 1.6 Bq/kg in the canned apple [from Aomori]. However, since the levels are below the national safety limit (100 Bq/kg) the city has been serving the frozen oranges in the school lunches since April this year. The city will start using the canned apple in September.

When asked about Yokohama City and Kamakura City not using the frozen oranges, Mayor Abe responded, “It is a mistake to teach children to be afraid of such a trivial level [of radioactive cesium].” He further commented, “On the road, there is a danger of being hit by a car. A total stranger may stab you. Do you teach children not to walk past a stranger?”

There are parents who are not convinced, but to them, the mayor said, “Don’t be a chicken.”

Mayor Abe was born and raised in Fukushima, by the way. But that has nothing to do with anything, right?

Koriyama City in high-radiation Nakadori of Fukushima Prefecture refused to install air conditioning systems in the city’s schools because it was important for children to suffer to learn about “ecology” (tweet from one of my followers, about an NHK program on the topic):

郡山の学校、エアコン設置が認められないと、6月東電説明会でもあった。教育委員会からも「こどもにエコを学ばせたい」と言われたとのこと。先の動画から。放射能汚染と猛暑の中の児童を心配する親からの嘆願を、市議会も東電も教育委員会も却下。

They don’t allow installation of air conditioning systems in schools in Koriyama City. It was talked about in the meeting with TEPCO in June. The city’s Board of Education also said [to the parents], “We want children to learn ecology.” From the video. The Koriyama City Assembly, TEPCO, and Board of Education all turned down the petition from the parents who worried about their children in the radiation contamination and the severe heat of the summer.

When the Japanese say “ecology“, all they mean is “energy-saving to prevent global warming“. Global warming.

Then, it is more important for Fuchu City in western Tokyo to help Fukushima recover from the “baseless rumors” than protecting children from potentially contaminated food; or good deal with a major milk supplier (Snow Brand Megmilk) cannot be ditched (the link goes to a page with the handout from the Board of Education). The latter, more likely. So, starting September 10, Fuchu City’s milk from Snow Brand Megmilk will contain milk from Fukushima, in addition to Kanagawa, Chiba, Tochigi, Gunma, Iwate, Miyagi, Yamagata, Aomori. In for a penny, in for a pound, or literally, “Eat poison, lick the platter that serves the poison”.

And lastly, Professor Akane Okubo got her PhD in tourism (I never heard of such a thing until I checked her bio), and teaches at Fuji Tokoha University in Shizuoka Prefecture while she continue to work for the research institute of Japan Travel Bureau (JTB), one of the largest tour operators in Japan. In the past, she worked for another tourism outfit (Jalan). How does she educate her students? By sending them off to Fukushima to buy up produce and goods in Fukushima to counter “baseless rumors”. She must have gotten a lucrative grant from the national government for her “research”. From Yomiuri Shinbun (9/10/2012):

大久保教授は「地元の人に話を聞いて、自分で何ができるか考えることが重要。風評被害の払拭に少しでも役に立てれば」と話した。

Professor Okubo said, “It is important for the student to listen to the local people and to think about what they can do. We would like to do any small thing to help dispel baseless rumors.”

Now that’s unintentionally funny. “Japanese university students” and “think” clearly don’t go together.

The pace of descending into deeper and deeper lunacy seems to be accelerating in Japan. Maybe this is what people must have felt like in the 1930s, right before the last world war.

Posted by arevamirpal::laprimavera

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Epidemic Hazards  /  Diseases

Vietnam hit by new ‘highly-toxic’ bird flu

HANOI: A new highly-toxic strain of the potentially deadly bird flu virus has appeared in Vietnam and is spreading fast, according to state media reports.

The strain appeared to be a mutation of the H5N1 virus which swept through the country’s poultry flocks last year, forcing mass culls of birds in affected areas, according to agriculture officials.

The new virus “is quickly spreading and this is the big concern of the government”, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Diep Kinh Tan said, according to a Thursday report in the VietnamNet online newspaper.

Experts cited in the report said the new virus appeared in July and had spread through Vietnam’s northern and central regions in August.

Outbreaks have been detected in six provinces so far and some 180,000 birds have been culled, the Animal Health department said.

The Central Veterinary Diagnosis Center said the virus appeared similar to the standard strains of bird flu but was more toxic.The center will test how much protection existing vaccines for humans offer, the report said.

Some experts suggested that the new strain resulted from widespread smuggling of poultry from China into the northern parts of Vietnam.

According to the World Health Organization, Vietnam has recorded one of the highest numbers of fatalities from bird flu in southeast Asia, with at least 59 deaths since 2003.

The avian influenza virus has killed more than 330 people around the world, and scientists fear it could mutate into a form readily transmissible between humans, with the potential to cause millions of deaths. — AFP

Today Epidemic Hazard China Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong [Chai Wan District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in China on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:22 (03:22 AM) UTC.

Description
A rare superbug first linked to travel to India has been found in a 78-year-old Burmese man who died of pneumonia, the Centre for Health Protection revealed yesterday. The man, a Hong Kong resident who lived in Eastern District, died on Friday 10 days after being admitted to Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Chai Wan, with fever, shortness of breath and a cough. His urine specimen tested positive for NDM-1, in reference to New Delhi. The man visited Burma from March 21 to June 24 and was treated there for an infection. A center spokesman said NDM is an enzyme, which can inactivate antibiotics carbapenems and other beta-lactams such as penicillin. The case was the 11th detected here since a worldwide health alert was sounded in 2008. The first fatality was recorded two years later. The spokesman said proper use of antibiotics and personal hygiene, especially hand cleansing, are required to prevent contagion. Meanwhile, the center has warned travelers to Sichuan province of a bubonic plague outbreak. It received notification from the Ministry of Health yesterday that three villagers in Ganzizhou ate a dead marmot on September 2. One of them suffered painful swelling to the lymph nodes two days later and died on Friday. The provincial health authority confirmed the case as bubonic plague and has traced 59 close contacts. None, including the other two villagers who ate the animal, has shown symptoms. Plague is transmitted from infected animals, mainly rodents, to man through the bite of a flea from an infected animal. Humans may also contract plague when cuts or other breaks in their skin come into contact with the body fluid or tissue of infected animals. The center spokesman reminded travelers to avoid visiting plague- endemic areas. Those who need to visit such areas should be vigilant, wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers to avoid being bitten by fleas and apply insect repellent.
Biohazard name: Metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard China Municipality of Shanghai, Shanghai [Changqiao area in Xuhui District] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in China on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:12 (03:12 AM) UTC.

Description
Over 400 residents in the Changqiao area in Xuhui District received emergency measles shots after a migrant woman from Anhui Province living in the neighborhood was detected with the infectious disease on Monday last week, local news portal eastday.com said yesterday. More than 400 nearby residents received measles shots within four hours. The woman is the first measles case detected in the community this year.
Biohazard name: Measles
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed
Today Epidemic Hazard Tanzania Mwanza Region, [District of Mwanza] Damage level Details

Epidemic Hazard in Tanzania on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:02 (03:02 AM) UTC.

Description
With summer season at its prime, one of Malawi’s border districts, Mwanza, has been hit by chickenpox outbreak which according to health officials has already attacked 100 people. Chickenpox, according to various health journals Nyasa Times accessed, is a contagious viral infection in which a person develops extremely itchy blisters all over the body. It used to be one of the classic childhood diseases before the introduction of the chickenpox vaccine. Mwanza district health office spokesperson Taonga Kasomekera told private owned radio Zodiak that the situation is serious as over 100 people have already been given treatment. The situation is under control and as we are speaking our medical team is on the ground administering medical treatment,” said Kasomekera. Meanwhile, the development according to Kasomekera has affected the official opening of some schools in the district. Malawi school calendar got underway on September 3. He added that this is the case because the disease is spread easily to others through coughing or sneezing as well as touching fluids from the blisters. Moses Jumbe a teachers at Matope primary school said that District Education Manager for Neno Reuben Menyere has since advised the Primary Education Advisors for the area not to open the schools for the new term for new term following the out break. “Chickenpox can be spread very easily to others. You may get chickenpox from touching the fluids from a chickenpox blister, or if someone with the disease coughs or sneezes near you. Even those with mild illness may be contagious,” said Kasomekera. Added he: “A person with chickenpox becomes contagious 1 to 2 days before their blisters appear. They remain contagious until all the blisters have crusted over. So I guess that is the reason why some schools especially in most affected areas have not commenced classes.” The disease, according to information Nyasa Times sourced on World Health Organization (WHO) website, mostly occurs in children younger than 10. However, it becomes more deadly when it attacks older children as they get sicker than kids.
Biohazard name: Chickenpox
Biohazard level: 2/4 Medium
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. “Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures”, see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Sept 9. 2012

Published on Sep 9, 2012 by

TODAY’S LINKS
NYC Tornados: http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/08/us/northeast-severe-weather/index.html
Nicaragua Volcano: http://youtu.be/xoIXBaevn8k

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

 

 

 

 

2MIN News Sept 10. 2012: Global Update, Spaceweather

Published on Sep 10, 2012 by

US Wind Map: http://hint.fm/wind/

TODAY’S LINKS
Santorini Volcano: http://phys.org/news/2012-09-giant-balloon-magma-inflates-santorini.html
US Economy: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/10/us-usa-fed-idUSBRE88807C20120910
EU Economy: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/10/us-eurozone-idUSBRE88805520120910
China Economy: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/09/us-china-economy-output-idUSBRE8880…

REPEAT LINKS
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]

HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]

SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos – as seen from earth]

SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT – as seen from earth]

Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI – as seen from the side]

SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it… trust me]

SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]

iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]

NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov:8080/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=…
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/

NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/

NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/Default.php

RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]

GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/goes15/index.html

JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/

LISS: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/monitoring/operations/heliplots_gsn.php

Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can’t figure out what this one is for?]

BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]

TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]

GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]

RAIN RECORDS: http://www.cocorahs.org/ViewData/ListIntensePrecipReports.aspx

EL DORADO WORLD WEATHER MAP: http://www.eldoradocountyweather.com/satellite/ssec/world/world-composite-ir-…

PRESSURE MAP: http://www.woweather.com/cgi-bin/expertcharts?LANG=us&MENU=0000000000&…

HURRICANE TRACKER: http://www.weather.com/weather/hurricanecentral/tracker

INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]

NASA News: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/

PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]

QUAKES LIST FULL: http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/seismologist.php

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Space

 

 

Earth approaching objects (objects that are known in the next 30 days)

Object Name Apporach Date Left AU Distance LD Distance Estimated Diameter* Relative Velocity
(2008 CO) 11th September 2012 0 day(s) 0.1847 71.9 74 m – 160 m 4.10 km/s 14760 km/h
(2007 PB8) 14th September 2012 3 day(s) 0.1682 65.5 150 m – 340 m 14.51 km/s 52236 km/h
226514 (2003 UX34) 14th September 2012 3 day(s) 0.1882 73.2 260 m – 590 m 25.74 km/s 92664 km/h
(1998 QC1) 14th September 2012 3 day(s) 0.1642 63.9 310 m – 700 m 17.11 km/s 61596 km/h
(2002 EM6) 15th September 2012 4 day(s) 0.1833 71.3 270 m – 590 m 18.56 km/s 66816 km/h
(2002 RP137) 16th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1624 63.2 67 m – 150 m 7.31 km/s 26316 km/h
(2009 RX4) 16th September 2012 5 day(s) 0.1701 66.2 15 m – 35 m 8.35 km/s 30060 km/h
(2005 UC) 17th September 2012 6 day(s) 0.1992 77.5 280 m – 640 m 7.55 km/s 27180 km/h
(2012 FC71) 18th September 2012 7 day(s) 0.1074 41.8 24 m – 53 m 3.51 km/s 12636 km/h
(1998 FF14) 19th September 2012 8 day(s) 0.0928 36.1 210 m – 480 m 21.40 km/s 77040 km/h
331990 (2005 FD) 19th September 2012 8 day(s) 0.1914 74.5 320 m – 710 m 15.92 km/s 57312 km/h
(2009 SH2) 24th September 2012 13 day(s) 0.1462 56.9 28 m – 62 m 7.52 km/s 27072 km/h
333578 (2006 KM103) 25th September 2012 14 day(s) 0.0626 24.4 250 m – 560 m 8.54 km/s 30744 km/h
(2002 EZ2) 26th September 2012 15 day(s) 0.1922 74.8 270 m – 610 m 6.76 km/s 24336 km/h
(2009 SB170) 29th September 2012 18 day(s) 0.1789 69.6 200 m – 440 m 32.39 km/s 116604 km/h
(2011 OJ45) 29th September 2012 18 day(s) 0.1339 52.1 18 m – 39 m 4.24 km/s 15264 km/h
(2012 JS11) 30th September 2012 19 day(s) 0.0712 27.7 270 m – 600 m 12.60 km/s 45360 km/h
137032 (1998 UO1) 04th October 2012 23 day(s) 0.1545 60.1 1.3 km – 2.9 km 32.90 km/s 118440 km/h
(2012 GV11) 05th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1830 71.2 100 m – 230 m 6.96 km/s 25056 km/h
(2009 XZ1) 05th October 2012 24 day(s) 0.1382 53.8 120 m – 280 m 16.87 km/s 60732 km/h
(2006 TD) 06th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.1746 68.0 88 m – 200 m 13.03 km/s 46908 km/h
(2009 TK) 06th October 2012 25 day(s) 0.0450 17.5 100 m – 230 m 11.10 km/s 39960 km/h
(2004 UB) 08th October 2012 27 day(s) 0.1995 77.6 240 m – 530 m 14.65 km/s 52740 km/h
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers,1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers Source: NASA-NEO

 

 

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Mysterious  Rumblings / Noises

PTI
Thane,

Heavy rains washed away a culvert at Takav in Chelavali region of Palghar taluka as people residing near rivers and creeks here shifted to safer locations, the district control room said.

Meanwhile, geological experts visited Jawhar on Monday to study so called ‘tremors’ in the

area and submit their report to the collector directly.The Thane district additional collector Ashok Shingare told PTI that told this correspondent that the intensity of loud sounds were on the rise causing concern among citizens.

Seismologists from IMB Mumbai and Pune as well other experts will also be visiting Jawhar on Tuesday to study the situation, he said.

For the past ten days, Jawhar town’s residents have been running out of their houses after hearing mysterious loud sounds like ‘tremors’ throughout the day on Monday.

The Jawhar municipal council also announced that there was no cause for fear and people should not panic, after they complained of their cots, vessels and even the walls, windows, tables and chairs shaking badly due to ‘tremors’, though walls have not developed any cracks.

The Nationalist Congress Party’s (NCP) state unit secretary Advocate Rajaram Mukne told PTI that there were at least seven ‘tremors’ accompanies by loud sounds.

Jawhar MLA Chintaman Wanga who represents the area also told PTI that locals are of the opinion that these were ‘tremors’.

related stories

6 killed in Maharashtra downpour; heavy rains likely for next 2 days

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Biological Hazards /Wildlife / Environmental Pollution / Hazmat

Today Biological Hazard Canada Province of Ontario, [Goose Islands, West Nipissing] Damage level Details

Biological Hazard in Canada on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:18 (03:18 AM) UTC.

Description
The North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit is advising all cottagers and visitors at the Goose Islands in Lake Nipissing that a bloom of blue-green algae has been detected at latitude 46.1539 N, longitude 79.4350 W. Sample results indicate that this bloom is toxin producing, and the bacteria toxin concentration is above the limit for drinking water.
Biohazard name: Blue-Green (cyanobacteria) Algae bloom
Biohazard level: 0/4 —
Biohazard desc.: This does not included biological hazard category.
Symptoms:
Status:

………………………………..

Today Environment Pollution USA State of Washington, Richland [Hanford Nuclear Reservation] Damage level Details

Environment Pollution in USA on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 03:17 (03:17 AM) UTC.

Description
The Department of Energy has found evidence that a tank at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation maybe leaking radioactive material. More unknown material has been found in a third place between the two shells of Tank AY-102, which went into use in 1971. A photo taken of the same spot in 2006 shows that the area was clean then. The finding this week of a third spot increases concerns that the tank, one of Hanford’s 28 double shell tanks, has a leak from its inner shell. The tanks are needed to hold high level radioactive waste for up to 40 more years until the last of the waste can be treated for disposal. Tank AY-102 has a capacity of about 1 million gallons but currently stores about 707,000 gallons of liquid waste and 151,00 gallons of waste sludge.
Today HAZMAT India State of Karnataka, Belgaum Damage level Details

HAZMAT in India on Tuesday, 11 September, 2012 at 02:56 (02:56 AM) UTC.

Description
As many as 42 persons, including 38 children of Government High School at Benkatti in Saundatti taluk of Belgaum district were hospitalized due to suspected water poisoning on Monday. The affected included a teacher, a peon and two workers. The condition of all the affected persons is stable and out of danger, Deputy Director of Public Instruction Diwakar Shetty said. Mr. Diwakar Shetty said that children and staff of the school complained of stomach ache and vomiting after consuming water. He suspected that someone had poured about 2 litres of endosulfan into the overhead water tank, thus poisoning the water. Of the victims, 14 were shifted to the government hospital in Saundatti town and 28 were shifted to the district government hospital in Belgaum city. Block Education Officer Srishail Karikatti rushed to the spot and collected water samples to send it for testing. He lodged a complaint with the local police station. The police are investigating. To a question, Mr. Shetty said there was no immediate history of the school staff or members of the School Development and Monitoring Committee having any dispute with anybody.

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Articles of Interest

10.09.2012 Power Outage Cuba Capital City, Havanna Damage level Details

Power Outage in Cuba on Monday, 10 September, 2012 at 03:08 (03:08 AM) UTC.

Description
Power failed across a large swath of western Cuba on Sunday night, plunging millions of people into darkness including those in the capital of Havana and at the popular bearch resort of Varadero. The outage knocked out air-conditioning units and electric fans on a sweltering late-summer Caribbean night. Other cities in central and eastern Cuba also had outages, but for only brief spans. “We were on our balcony waiting for our TV program,” said Richard Laredo, a 47-year-old Havana resident who quickly transferred food from the refrigerator to the freezer. “Nobody knows what happened, but people are worried about what they have in their refrigerators.” There was no immediate word on what caused the blackout, which struck a little after 8 p.m. in the middle of the nightly news on state television and was still out more than two hours later. The lights were back on in at least one eastern Havana suburb after about 2 and half hours. State radio said power was gradually being restored but urged people not to use power-hungry appliances. Calls to the electrical system’s headquarters met busy signals.

Officials in the national government were not immediately able to offer an explanation. In the capital, home to about 2 million people, the lights went out in a 24-mile-wide (40-kilometer) stretch from Havana’s western residential neighborhoods across the city’s center and Old Havana district and on to suburbs on the other side of the bay. In the Vedado entertainment and business district, the only buildings with visible light were tourist hotels and upscale apartment towers, which have backup generators. Problems extended well beyond Havana’s city limits, including in the popular tourist resort of Varadero. “We are on our generators, but our guests are not having any problems,” said a receptionist who answered the phone at the Arenas Doradas hotel in Varadero but would not give her full name. Outages that began at the same time as Havana’s were reported as far away as Santiago, the nation’s second-largest metropolis about 475 miles (740 kilometers) away at the other end of the island. The power in Santiago returned after only a few minutes, however. Electricity was out for about 20 minutes in the central cities of Ciego de Avila and Santa Clara. The western city of Pinar del Rio was also without power.

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Earthquakes

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 23:43 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 23:38 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 27 23:08 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 22:56 PM
3.5     9.0     MAP

USGS     Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 27 22:55 PM
2.7     41.8     MAP

EMSC     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.9     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Prince Edward Islands Region
Apr 27 21:51 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Cochabamba, Bolivia
Apr 27 21:36 PM
4.0     42.0     MAP

USGS     Cochabamba, Bolivia
Apr 27 21:36 PM
4.0     42.3     MAP

EMSC     Azores Islands Region
Apr 27 21:32 PM
3.0     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 27 21:20 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Taiwan
Apr 27 21:08 PM
4.2     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 27 20:15 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 27 20:11 PM
2.6     4.7     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 19:44 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 27 19:22 PM
4.9     58.2     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 27 19:22 PM
4.9     58.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 19:17 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 27 18:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Libertador General Bernardo O’higgins, Chile
Apr 27 18:34 PM
4.7     50.2     MAP

EMSC     Libertador O’higgins, Chile
Apr 27 18:34 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 18:18 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.6     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Maule, Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.6     51.0     MAP

USGS     Maule, Chile
Apr 27 17:58 PM
4.7     41.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 17:36 PM
2.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 16:44 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 16:22 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 16:22 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 16:02 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Vanuatu
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.5     71.5     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 27 15:22 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.4     46.9     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.3     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Taiwan
Apr 27 14:48 PM
4.4     43.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 27 14:47 PM
2.6     20.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 14:24 PM
2.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 14:13 PM
3.2     12.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 27 13:38 PM
2.8     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 13:35 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 27 13:27 PM
3.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 13:15 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 27 13:11 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 13:05 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 12:53 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 27 12:52 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:46 PM
3.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:37 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 27 12:36 PM
3.1     118.6     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 12:34 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 27 12:30 PM
2.9     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 27 12:28 PM
2.9     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 12:18 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 27 12:00 PM
2.8     84.8     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:47 AM
2.9     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:19 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 11:08 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:49 AM
3.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 10:43 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Germany
Apr 27 10:33 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Germany
Apr 27 10:33 AM
2.5     1.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 27 10:32 AM
4.6     49.2     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 27 10:32 AM
4.6     50.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu , New Zealand
Apr 27 10:32 AM
3.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 27 10:29 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 27 10:24 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:19 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 10:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
Apr 27 09:46 AM
3.4     25.8     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 27 09:39 AM
3.3     121.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 09:16 AM
3.1     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 09:14 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Xinjiang, China
Apr 27 09:01 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Luzon, Philippines
Apr 27 08:59 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

USGS     Luzon, Philippines
Apr 27 08:59 AM
4.5     42.1     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 27 08:52 AM
2.5     25.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 08:52 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 08:49 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Northern California
Apr 27 08:38 AM
4.1     6.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Northern California
Apr 27 08:38 AM
3.8     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 27 08:01 AM
3.0     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of New Guinea, Png.
Apr 27 07:49 AM
4.3     123.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of New Guinea, Papua
Apr 27 07:49 AM
4.3     123.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:49 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:39 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:15 AM
3.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 07:11 AM
2.9     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     29.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 06:48 AM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 06:46 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 06:28 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 06:07 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 27 05:49 AM
4.5     219.0     MAP

GEOFON     Afghanistan-tajikistan Border Region
Apr 27 05:49 AM
5.0     221.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 27 05:49 AM
4.5     224.5     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 27 05:39 AM
3.1     49.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
5.0     27.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
5.1     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 27 05:37 AM
4.9     33.9     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 27 05:36 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 27 05:17 AM
4.2     157.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 05:11 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:45 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 04:42 AM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 27 04:37 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:33 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 04:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:58 AM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 03:51 AM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 03:37 AM
3.0     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 27 03:32 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:10 AM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 03:01 AM
2.8     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 27 02:55 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 02:54 AM
3.4     19.0     MAP

USGS     Western Montana
Apr 27 02:38 AM
2.6     9.7     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 27 01:46 AM
3.1     107.8     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:41 AM
4.8     60.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:40 AM
4.8     15.6     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 27 01:40 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:38 AM
2.9     36.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 27 01:27 AM
3.1     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:26 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:21 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:18 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 01:01 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 27 00:59 AM
2.6     9.0     MAP

GEONET     West Coast
Apr 27 00:58 AM
3.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 27 00:50 AM
3.0     86.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 27 00:36 AM
2.6     101.1     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 27 00:35 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 27 00:22 AM
3.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 27 00:02 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

sources: USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

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Volcanic Activity

Nyamuragira volcano (DR Congo): new lava lake forming in summit crater ?

Saturday Apr 28, 2012 00:23 AM | Age: 9 hrs
BY: T

Nyamuragira volcano in the DR Congo might be forming a new lava lake in its summit caldera.
The volcano’s last eruption from the Kimanura fissure NE of the summit caldera seems to have ended by now. Until early to mid March, a lava lake was observed in the eastern vent and a strong heat source could be detected on satellite imagery, but has now disappeared.
Seismic explosion signals from a source under the summit were noted on 24 February from the summit crater and overflights showed increased degassing from the central pit, which contained a lava lake until 1940. This activity increased in April and a strong SO2 odor from this area suggests the presence of near-surface magma. Scientists and the park rangers are speculating about the possibility that a new lava lake in the summit crater might be about to form.

  Current Emergencies

15 28.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

Popocatépetl volcanic activity

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

The Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico has presented 12 low-intensity exhalations, which were accompanied by emissions of water vapor, gas and only on three occasions moderate amounts of ash.

VIDEO: View of Popocatepetl volcano with fumes and gas being released.

Video by Odette Cid, http://www.demotix.com/users/cid-autant.


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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire USA State of Texas, [Kountze Region] Damage level Details

High Wind Warning

 GREAT FALLS MT

Gale Warning

LOS ANGELES/OXNARD CA
POINT ARENA TO POINT CONCEPTION
POINT CONCEPTION TO GUADALUPE ISLAND

Freeze Warning

BUFFALO NY
CLEVELAND OH
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
BURLINGTON VT
STATE COLLEGE PA
CHARLESTON WV
BINGHAMTON NY
NEW YORK NY
ALBANY NY
TAUNTON MA
PITTSBURGH PA
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI
GRAND RAPIDSMI
GRAND JUNCTION CO

Hard Freeze Warning

SALT LAKE CITY UT

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Storms, Flooding

 

India – Cyclone ravages 40 Tinsukia villages, 3 killed.

A severe cyclone accompanied by heavy hailstorm that reaped through the Tinsukia district in the late afternoon Wednesday claimed three lives, besides causing heavy damage to property. More than 40 villages under Kakopathar, Pengeree and Dhola police stations have faced the fury of the cyclone. At Majbari village of Kakopathar, a big tree fell over a nine-year-old girl killing her instantly. There are reports of injuries to several other people in the areas affected by the cyclone. The cyclone played havoc in the entire areas destroying hundreds of residential houses, animal sheds, granaries, schools and other government buildings. There are reports of heavy losses of livestock and wild animals in the cyclone. The National Highways 37 and 52 have been blocked by uprooted trees for several hours. The power supply and telecommunication system have also been disrupted in the cyclone-affected areas of the district, which are yet to be fully repaired. The exact amount of losses in the cyclone is yet to be assessed. The storm destroyed hundreds of houses, demolished a hospital and a church, besides uprooting trees and disrupting power supply in the two districts. The storm accompanied by rains lasted for about 30 minutes, leaving a trail of destruction in most parts of the two districts with Doomdooma circle in Tinsukia being among the worst hit. A few names of affected villages and tea estates are Talap, Dangri, Tezipathar, Katorbasti, Borali, Maithong, Laina, Khobang, Dhola, Haikhati, Ghutung Gaon, Kherbari, Samguri, Kakopathar, Dirak in Tinsukia district. In Laina tea estate alone, some 91 houses were demolished, its hospital roof blown away and a church pulled down. Road communication was severely disrupted in several areas with uprooted trees and electric poles blocking highways and other roads. Government officials failed to give estimate of the total number of displaced people, affected villages and tea estates since the assessment was being carried out. Around 3,000 people are believed to have been rendered homeless. Most parts of the district plunged into darkness since midnight and the powert supply has not yet been restored.

 

 

  Current Emergencies

  26.04.2012 Flash Flood MultiCountries [Haiti and Dominican Republic] Damage level Details
Local – 25 April 2012, 9:27 AM
Storm Olga. File.

SANTO DOMINGO.- The Emergency Operations Center (COE) issued flash flood and mudslide warnings to four provinces and alerts to 13 others, as a frontal system will bring downpours ant thunderstorms to many parts of the country.

The COE declared Montecristi, Puerto Plata, Santiago and Maria Trinidad Sanchez provinces under warnings, and issued alerts for Valverde, Samaná, Santiago Rodriguez, Espaillat, Dajabón and Hermanas Mirabal.

It said Monseñor Noel, La Vega, Duarte, Monte Plata, Hato Mayor, San Pedro and El Seibo provinces should also be on the lookout for flash floods.

 Short Time Event(s)

27.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Colorado, [Prowers, Kiowa and Bent counties] Damage level Details

7 Homes, Hog Farm Destroyed in Colorado Tornadoes

EADS, Colo. April 27, 2012 (AP)

At least seven homes and a hog farm were destroyed early Friday after authorities said rare nighttime tornadoes ripped through sparsely populated counties on the southeastern Colorado plains.

State officials say no deaths have been reported, only minor injuries from the twisters reported in Prowers, Kiowa and Bent counties. Preliminary findings indicate five tornadoes touched down.

Officials in the Prowers County city of Lamar said deputies and state troopers spotted a fast and large tornado south of town that ripped through homes.

One home in Bent County and two in Prowers County were destroyed, said state emergency management division spokeswoman Micki Trost. In Kiowa County, four homes and a former church building were damaged or destroyed, said Chris Sorensen of the county sheriff’s office.

The damage included one home in Chivington, in Kiowa County, that was totaled after the five people sleeping inside escaped, owner Therisa Brown said. She added there was no warning before her home was demolished.

“We woke up to the roof getting ripped off,” Brown said. “We went to the living room, and we lifted a wall off of a friend who was staying with us. That’s when the tornado circled back, and it hit the house again. We barely made it into the bathroom.”

Read Full Article Here

 

Most of Colombia’s 32 regions are suffering from flooding.

The country has seen widespread flooding in recent years, with some 3.6 million people, about 8% of the population, affected. 2012 seems set to continue this pattern. Army engineers have been busy evacuating people and livestock from disaster zones, working on roads, combating landslides, building emergency bridges and delivering aid. They were recently summoned to try to block off a burst river bank in one municipality of the capital Bogota. In the flood plains around the Chicu River, it was easy to spot the engineering problems. There are huge potholes in the streets, infrastructure was placed on delicate and unstable wetland. This is Bogota’s main problem. The capital lies at an altitude of 2,600m (8,530ft), and is criss-crossed by countless rivers that are constantly at risk of overflowing. Indeed Colombia as a whole, with its varied topography ranging from huge flood plains and savannahs to volcanic regions and the Andes, is more at risk than most from natural disasters. Repair work is often a race against time before more rains come. People dependent on farming this land are among those who are suffering most. On 24 April, the President enacted a law aimed at improving natural disaster response and prevention at both national and local level. More than 60,000 people were affected so far this year and the rains are forecast to continue until June.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

BILLINGS MT
GREAT FALLS MT

Flood Warning

MISSOULA MT
BOISE ID
SPOKANE, WA
NORTH PLATTE NE
LAKE CHARLES LA
POCATELLO ID

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Radiation/Biological Hazard

  Current Emergencies

1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
  27.04.2012 Biological Hazard Kazakhstan [Statewide] Damage level Details
  • Chinese health workers cull chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus at Hong Kong's Sham Shui Po poultry market in 2008. Agricultural authorities in northwest China have culled about 95,000 chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus, state press have reportedChinese health workers cull chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus …

Agricultural authorities in northwest China have culled about 95,000 chickens after an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus, state press reported Wednesday.

The outbreak in Touying township of the Ningxia region was discovered on Friday last week after over 23,000 chickens began showing symptoms, Xinhua news agency said, citing the Ministry of Agriculture.

The ministry said the “epidemic is now under control”, the report said, while work teams have been sent to the area to step up prevention measures.

China is considered one of the nations most at risk of bird flu epidemics because it has the world’s biggest poultry population and many chickens in rural areas are kept close to humans.

In January, a man in southwest China’s Guizhou province died after contracting the bird flu virus, the second such fatality reported in China this year, health authorities said.

 Short Time Event(s)

1 28.04.2012 Nuclear Event USA State of California, [Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

Diablo Canyon nuclear plant in California knocked offline by jellyfish-like creatures called salp

Diablo Canyon Power Plant / AP

This photo provided by the Diablo Canyon Power Plant on Friday shows salp, a gelatinous sea creature, at a nuclear reactor intake structure.

By James Eng, msnbc.com

In Japan, it was a monstrous earthquake and tsunami that brought down the Fukushima nuclear plant. In California, it’s a tiny, jellyfish-like sea creature called salp that’s causing problems at the Diablo Canyon atomic plant.

An invasion of salp has prompted Pacific Gas and Electric Co. to temporarily shut down a nuclear reactor at Diablo Canyon, in Avila Beach, San Luisa Obispo County, on the central California coast.

A giant swarm of the transluscent barrel-shaped organisms this week clogged intake screens that are used to keep marine life out of the seawater that is used as a coolant for the nuclear plant.

On Wednesday, PG&E officials reduced power output at the Unit 2 reactor, then decided to shut it down altogether “until conditions improve at the intake structure.” The plant’s other reactor, Unit 1, had already been shut down earlier in the week for a planned refueling and maintenance outage.

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr27: Solar Activity, GeoMagnetics, World Update

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

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Epidemic/Pandemic

  Current Emergencies

3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Epidemic Ukraine Multiple areas, [Western part of the country] Damage level Details
27.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard USA State of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Damage level Details

Euro 2012: Ukraine advises visiting supporters to get measles jabs

• Measles outbreak hit western areas of Ukraine in March
• ‘Epidemic expected to accelerate and spread’

Football fans measles jabs

Football supporters have been urged to have measles vaccinations if they are travelling to Ukraine for Euro 2012. Photograph: Carl Recine/Action Images

Ukraine – which hosts the European Championship in June together with Poland – has urged fans to get vaccinated against measles before visiting, the Kiev Post newspaper reported on Wednesday.

“If you plan to come to Ukraine, please get vaccinated at home,” the newspaper quoted Oleksandr Kravchuk, deputy head of the state sanitary and epidemiological service, as saying. “The situation with measles is unfavourable in our country.”

The European Centre of Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), a European Union agency in charge of fighting infectious diseases, reported a measles outbreak in the former Soviet republic last month with more than 5,000 cases registered.

The outbreak was concentrated in the west of the country bordering on Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.

“The epidemic is expected to accelerate and spread geographically during the peak transmission season for measles from February to June,” ECDC said.

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Wildlife

Dolphins are Mysteriously Dying Around the World

By Eddie Sage on 27 April 2012

Since January, dead dolphins have washed ashore in Peru, the death toll reaching a staggering 877. Scientists are still trying to explain the bizarre deaths, and their best prediction at the moment is that its due to a virus outbreak or acoustic trauma.

Environmental authorities are investigating the deaths of more than 800 dolphins that have washed up on the northern coast of Peru this year.

The dolphins may have died from an outbreak of Morbillivirus or Brucella bacteria, said Peruvian Deputy Environment Minister Gabriel Quijandria, according to Peru’s state-run Andina news agency. Speaking to CNN, he said he expects test results to be ready within the week.

“Right now, the most probable hypothesis is that it’s a virus outbreak,” he said.

Quijandria said Thursday that 877 dolphins have washed up in a 220-kilometer (137-mile) area from Punta Aguja to Lambayeque, in the north of the country.

More than 80% of those dolphins were found in an advanced state of decomposition, making it difficult to study their deaths, according to Andina.

Earlier last week, the Peruvian government put together a panel from different ministries to analyze a report by the Peruvian Sea Institute (IMARPE). Officials have been able to conclude that the dolphins’ deaths were not due to lack of food, interaction with fisheries, poisoning with pesticides, biotoxin poisoning or contamination by heavy metals.

“When you have something this large, my gut would tell me that there’s something traumatic that happened,” Sue Rocca, a marine biologist with the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, told CNN. She floated a number of number of possibilities as to what could have killed the animals, including acoustic trauma, but concluded that investigators just don’t know yet. “More investigation needs to be done,” she said.

More then 200 Dolphins have beached themselves on Manila Bay, Philippians

Read Full Article Here

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Articles of Interest

 Short Time Event(s)

  27.04.2012 Terror Attack Ukraine Dnipropetrovska Oblast, Dnepropetrovsk Damage level Details

Ukraine Terrorist Attacks

Published on Apr 27, 2012 by

We have it confirmed officially that four explosions happened in the Ukraine’s third largest city of Dnepropetrovsk in the east of the country. Twenty-seven people have received injuries, no people passed away so far as we understand. Twenty-five of them have been hospitalized, nine of them are children and some of them are in a very severe condition with very severe wounds. Now, the authorities are still trying to determine what exactly happened, but we do know that four self-made explosive devices went off with about a 20-minute difference each.

All were put in trash bins at tramway stops. Interesting that all those tram stops were on the very same tramway line in the central part of Dnepropetrovsk. Now panic is gripping the city, with people staying in their offices too afraid to go home fearing that more blasts could happen. The public transport has been suspended in the central part of the city, and mobile phones do not work, probably because authorities are afraid of more blasts and that’s why they are jamming all the cell phone connections.

Also, the Internet is just literally flooded with panic-driven messages that as many as 10 explosions have in fact happened in the city, but this has not been yet confirmed by the authorities. We for now know only of four explosions in the city of Dnepropetrovsk. But we are certainly waiting for any more developments from the eastern Ukrainian city.

Certainly, the authorities have already launched an investigation on terrorist attack, but nobody has yet claimed any responsibility for these actions and such things are in fact untypical for Ukraine. These things could be called irregularity, because Ukraine is not known for terrorist attacks on its soil. But investigators are saying that this is most likely a terrorist attack, because, as I’ve said, all of the four explosive devices were self-made and the fact that they went off with a particular time difference certainly adds to the theory that this was an orchestrated terrorist attack on Ukraine’s third largest city. Now, certainly while we are waiting for more information and explanation on who is behind this attack, already this attack has some serious implications, especially given that in just about 40 days Ukraine will have the Euro 2012 football championship starting here. And certainly with such string of explosions in its third largest city with a population over one million people puts serious concerns about the security during the football tournament and could in fact jeopardize the whole football championship. We have to wait and see what the authorities have to say, and whether they would be able to find those responsible for this attack in Dnepropetrovsk.

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
4.7     92.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands Region
Apr 25 23:43 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 25 23:19 PM
2.7     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:50 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:49 PM
4.5     13.8     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 25 22:49 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 25 22:42 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Italy
Apr 25 22:38 PM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 25 22:18 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 22:11 PM
4.6     44.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 22:11 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 22:06 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 21:04 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 25 21:02 PM
2.7     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 20:45 PM
4.7     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 25 20:45 PM
4.6     88.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 25 20:29 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 25 20:17 PM
4.7     262.0     MAP

EMSC     New Britain Region, P.n.g.
Apr 25 20:17 PM
4.8     256.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 25 18:17 PM
2.5     46.1     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 18:16 PM
3.4     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 17:52 PM
3.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
Apr 25 17:40 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 17:33 PM
2.5     24.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 25 16:54 PM
2.8     1.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:31 PM
5.1     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:31 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 16:30 PM
5.1     22.7     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 25 16:19 PM
2.8     141.3     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.8     93.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.6     109.6     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 25 16:19 PM
4.6     110.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 16:18 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 16:17 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 25 16:17 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Region
Apr 25 16:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Galapagos Islands Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Region
Apr 25 15:44 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 15:16 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 25 14:37 PM
3.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 14:21 PM
2.4     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 25 14:13 PM
2.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 14:07 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 25 13:39 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Mid Atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 25 13:27 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 13:01 PM
3.1     400.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 12:58 PM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Azores-cape St. Vincent Ridge
Apr 25 12:42 PM
2.4     27.0     MAP

USGS     Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
Apr 25 12:31 PM
2.5     0.2     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 12:07 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Whanganui
Apr 25 11:54 AM
2.9     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 11:49 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 11:30 AM
4.5     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 11:30 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 10:45 AM
2.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.5     10.2     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 10:34 AM
4.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 25 10:25 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greenland Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.5     2.0     MAP

USGS     Norwegian Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.6     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     Greenland Sea
Apr 25 10:09 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.2     9.2     MAP

GEOFON     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 25 10:07 AM
4.1     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 25 08:52 AM
2.5     20.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 25 08:23 AM
3.7     76.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 08:16 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.2     50.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:53 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 25 07:49 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 07:48 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.7     13.8     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 25 07:42 AM
5.8     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Democratic Republic Of Congo
Apr 25 07:24 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 07:22 AM
3.3     3.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 25 07:00 AM
2.7     63.5     MAP

USGS     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
5.0     122.8     MAP

GEOFON     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
4.8     99.0     MAP

EMSC     Samar, Philippines
Apr 25 06:55 AM
5.0     100.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 25 06:51 AM
2.8     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 25 06:24 AM
3.9     28.0     MAP

USGS     Vancouver Island, Canada Region
Apr 25 06:24 AM
3.9     27.8     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 05:42 AM
3.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of Santa Catalina, California
Apr 25 05:29 AM
3.0     13.3     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 25 05:23 AM
3.1     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Southern Chile
Apr 25 05:02 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The Coast Of Aisen, Chile
Apr 25 05:01 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off Coast Of Aisen, Chile
Apr 25 05:01 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Alaska
Apr 25 04:47 AM
2.8     11.1     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Mariana Islands
Apr 25 04:46 AM
4.7     226.0     MAP

USGS     Guam Region
Apr 25 04:45 AM
4.8     214.5     MAP

EMSC     Guam Region
Apr 25 04:45 AM
4.8     216.0     MAP

EMSC     Caucasus Region, Russia
Apr 25 04:17 AM
3.4     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 25 03:45 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP
EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 03:26 AM
2.5     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 25 03:23 AM
5.0     156.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 25 03:23 AM
4.8     159.7     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 25 03:23 AM
5.3     134.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 25 03:21 AM
2.8     153.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 25 03:19 AM
2.9     11.0     MAP

USGS     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     9.6     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 25 03:18 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 02:37 AM
3.0     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 25 02:08 AM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 25 01:26 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 25 00:55 AM
2.6     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 25 00:42 AM
3.4     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 25 00:04 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

 

sources : USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

 

 

Quake rocks Andaman Nicobar Islands

The Hindu

PTI

A tremor with moderate intensity shook parts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands on Wednesday.

No injury or casualty has been reported.

The epicentre of the tremor measuring 5.7 on the Richter Scale was between Little Andaman and Car Nicobar, said disaster management director Ashok Sharma.

The earthquake occurred at 1.12 PM and originated at a depth of 10 km, he said.

It may be recalled following a massive earthquake off Sumatra coast on April 11, a tsunami alert had been sounded in the islands.

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Volcanic Activity

Volcano Watch: Heavy Breathing in Santorini

Analysis by Sarah Simpson
Wed Apr 25, 2012 07:27 AM ET

SantoriniCliffsThe iconic white roofs of the Greek isles of Santorini may not stay that way forever. Those buildings are perched, after all, on the rim of a massive underwater volcano blamed for destroying the Minoan civilization of Crete. And it’s restless.

ANALYSIS: White Roofs Help Volcanoes Chill Out

About 3600 years ago, at the height of Minoan civilization, Santorini let loose with one of the largest volcanic eruptions in history. The explosion blanketed nearby islands with piles of ash hundreds of feet thick and sent out a gigantic tsunami that devastated Crete, about 68 miles to the south.

Smaller eruptions across the ensuing millennia ended abruptly in 1950. Then, after 60 years of calm, the caldera reawakened early last year with an escalating swarm of earthquakes. When geologists took a closer look, they could see the ground was swelling as well, as though the sleeping giant were yawning.

Read Full Article Here

Lava from Puu Oo spreads over coastal plain

By Star-Advertiser staff

POSTED: 03:35 p.m. HST, Apr 25, 2012
LAST UPDATED: 08:12 p.m. HST, Apr 25, 2012

COURTESY USGS/HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY
The flows active on the coastal plain for the last month and a half have entered Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park in this Monday photo. These flows were just 80 f eet within the Park boundary, and 0.6 miles from the ocean.

Lava flows from Puu Oo vent are spreading over the coastal plain in Kalapana and over the weekend entered the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. But the flows are still about a half-mile from the ocean.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory released new lava photos taken Monday that show slow-moving breakouts of pahoehoe lava, with the characteristic look of bunched up rope as it cools.

Other photos released in the last month show how the lava has been spreading on the plain, rather than moving directly to the south, toward the ocean.

The plain is below the Pulama Pali and the Royal Gardens subdivision.

The observatory also released video and thermal images showing the summit lava lake rising at Halemaumau Crater.

A glow from the lava lake illuminates the gas plume coming from the vent at night. The lava level rises and falls as the volcano goes through inflation and deflation cycles. The lake level is about 230 feet below the floor of Halemaumau Crater

Current Emergencies

14 26.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

  Short Time Event(s)

  25.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level Details

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Hard Freeze Warning

GRAND FORKS ND

Rare Weather Phenomenon Hit Part of Twin Lakes Area this Morning

By: KTLO
Posted: Wednesday, April 25, 2012

National Weather Service Meteorologist B. J. Simpson says a rare weather phenomenon occurred this morning at the Twin Lakes Area. Between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m. the temperature in Mountain Home rose some 18 degrees going from 64 to 82 degrees before dropping back into the upper 60’s just before 7 a.m. Local weather observer Chuck Beall at Mallard Point
reported about a 20 degree rise in a 90-minute span this morning before it dropped back.
Simpson on the phenomenon.

National Weather Service meteorologist B. J. Simpson on this mornings “heat burst” that saw the temperature rise some 18 degrees between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m.

Listen to the  Broadcast Here

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Storms, Flooding

Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Flash Flood MultiCountries [Haiti and Dominican Republic] Damage level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Indonesia Province of East Kalimantan, [Island of Borneo] Damage level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, [Southern regions] Damage level Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of California, [Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details
  Today Heat Wave USA State of Texas, San Angelo Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard India State of Maharastra, Mumbai (Bombay) [Girgaum] Damage level Details
  Today Flood Canada Province of British Columbia, [Princeton and Kimberley] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Vehicle Incident India State of West Bengal, Salar Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of South Carolina, Columbia [Columbia Nuclear Fuel plant. Westinghouse Ltd] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Florida, Deerfield Beach Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire New Zealand Northland, [Manawatu Region] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level Details
  25.04.2012 Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level Details
1 25.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level Details
3 25.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee] Damage level Details

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

LOUISVILLE KY
PADUCAH KY

Severe Thunderstorm Watch

LOUISVILLE KY
 NORMAN OK

Severe Weather Statement

LOUISVILLE KY
PADUCAH KY

Gale Warning

MARQUETTE MI
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
CHICAGO IL
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GEORGES BANK...FROM THE NORTHEAST CHANNEL TO THE GREAT SOUTH
CHANNEL INCLUDING WATERS EAST OF CAPE COD...TO THE HAGUE LINE

Flood Warning

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA
SPOKANE, WA
POCATELLO ID

Flash Flood Warning

JACKSON KY

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Solar Activity

3MIN News Apr25: Solar Watch/Magnetic Storm Watch

Published on Apr 25, 2012 by

Solar X-rays:Geomagnetic Field: >

Status
Status

From n3kl.org
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Solar System

NASA releases photo of meteor blazing across Nevada skies

Lisa Warren / NASA-JPL via AP

An image provided by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory shows a meteor over Reno, Nevada on April 22, 2012.

By David R Arnott, msnbc.com

NASA has released a photograph of a flaming meteor that unleashed a powerful sonic boom Sunday morning, rattling houses in California and Nevada when its disintegration released energy equivalent to a 5-kiloton explosion.

The former space rock entered Earth’s atmosphere around 8 a.m. PT on April 22 and exploded over California’s Central Valley, according to NASA, which pinpointed the location in a map posted on its website.

According to space.com, several witnesses initially thought they had experienced an earthquake.

“An event of this size might happen about once a year,” said Don Yeomans of NASA’s Near-Earth Object Program Office. “But most of them occur over the ocean or an uninhabited area, so getting to see one is something special.”

Hunt is on for pieces of van-sized California meteor

Wanted: fragments of a minivan-sized meteor that exploded over northern California and Nevada on Sunday morning and may well have survived to strike Earth.

Meteorites – meteors that make landfall – can provide crucial information about the chemical composition of the early solar system. “It’s like getting sample return without having to go there,” says Bill Cooke of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office at the Marshall Space Flight Centre in Huntsville, Alabama.

However, meteorites are rare. Though meteors frequently streak across the sky, they tend to burn up before reaching the ground or they land in the sea. There’s reason to think the recent meteor is different.

Apart from exploding over land, it created a sonic boom, so it must have stayed intact for long enough for it to get down into the denser air low in the atmosphere – just 16 kilometres above the Earth’s surface, Cooke reckons – raising the chance that some of it hit the dirt.

Read Full Article Here

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Mysterious Booms / Rumblings

Minor temblor in Appling confirmed

Staff Writer

Tuesday, April 24, 2012 4:03 PM

Last updated 8:23 PM

A mysterious boom that shook portions of Appling late Monday was confirmed Tuesday as a minor earthquake, according to Columbia County authorities.

The event, which registered a 2.1 magnitude on the Richter scale, occurred at 9:26 p.m. and was located near Columbia and Appling-Harlem roads, Emergency Services Director Pam Tucker said.

The temblor was not listed on national earthquake monitors, but was confirmed by a seismologist at Savannah River Site, she said.

“This would explain the loud boom and shaking that many residents felt,” she said.

Earthquakes occur periodically in the area, which lies along the fall line, where the Coastal Plains and Piedmont regions meet.

For decades, scientists have monitored the region around the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ earth-and-concrete Thurmond Dam for seismic activity, which has included dozens of small quakes.

According to the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colo., Thurmond Lake is one of the major earthquake centers in Georgia and South Carolina, where pressure changes caused by water in reservoirs can promote seismic movement.

The largest recent quake in the lake area occurred in Lincoln County on Aug. 2, 1974, and registered 4.2. Three other quakes were recorded in nearby Edgefield County, S.C., in 1996, measuring 2.5, 2.3 and 2.2.

Experts say Augusta is unlikely to experience a serious quake.

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Articles of Interest

 Warning signs from ancient Greek tsunami

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 25, 2012


This figure shows the study area in Greece (Thermaikos Gulf). Red stars indicate drilling sites, where researchers have found high-energy layers, which are interpreted a of a tsunami origin. Credit: Klaus Reicherter, RWTH Aachen University.

In the winter of 479 B.C., a tsunami was the savior of Potidaea, drowning hundreds of Persian invaders as they lay siege to the ancient Greek village.

New geological evidence suggests that the region may still be vulnerable to tsunami events, according to Klaus Reicherter of Aachen University in Germany and his colleagues.

The Greek historian Herodotus described the strange retreat of the tide and massive waves at Potidaea, making his account the first description of a historical tsunami. Reicherter and colleagues have added to the story by sampling sediments on the Possidi peninsula in northern Greece where Potidaea (and its modern counterpart, Nea Potidea) is located.

The sediment cores show signs of “high-energy” marine events like significant waves, and excavations in the suburbs of the nearby ancient city of Mende have uncovered a high-energy level dated to the 5th century B.C. The Mende layer contains much older marine seashells that were probably scoured from the ocean bed and deposited during a tsunami.

Earthquake forecast modeling in the North Aegean Basin near the peninsula suggests that future earthquakes in the area could produce significant tsunami waves, although the area is not included currently in the ten “tsunami” prone regions of Greece.

However, Reicherter and colleagues say their new findings suggest the Thermaikos Gulf where the peninsula is located should be included in tsunami hazard calculations, especially since the area is densely populated and home to many holiday resorts.

Reicherter will present his findings at the Annual Meeting of the Seismological Society of America (SSA) on April 19 in San Diego.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

New CU-NOAA monitoring system clarifies murky atmospheric questions

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 25, 2012


A new technique to measure CO2 and trace gas emissions may be of help in monitoring greenhouse gases. Credit: National Park Service.

A University of Colorado Boulder-led team has developed a new monitoring system to analyze and compare emissions from man-made fossil fuels and trace gases in the atmosphere, a technique that likely could be used to monitor the effectiveness of measures regulating greenhouse gases.

The research team looked at atmospheric gas measurements taken every two weeks from aircraft over a six-year period over the northeast United States to collect samples of CO2 and other environmentally important gases. Their method allowed them to separate CO2 derived from fossil fuels from CO2 being emitted by biological sources like plant respiration, said CU-Boulder Senior Research Associate Scott Lehman, who led the study with CU-Boulder Research Associate John Miller.

The separation was made possible by the fact that CO2 released from the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas has no carbon-14, since the half-life of that carbon radio isotope is about 5,700 years – far less than the age of fossil fuels, which are millions of years old.

In contrast, CO2 emitted from biological sources on Earth like plants is relatively rich in carbon-14 and the difference can be pinpointed by atmospheric scientists, said Lehman of CU’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research.

The team also measured concentrations of 22 other atmospheric gases tied to human activities as part of the study, said Miller of the CU-headquartered Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. The diverse set of gases impact climate change, air quality and the recovery of the ozone layer, but their emissions are poorly understood.

The authors used the ratio between the concentration level of each gas in the atmosphere and that of fossil fuel-derived CO2 to estimate the emission rates of the individual gases, said Miller.

In the long run, measuring carbon-14 in the atmosphere offers the possibility to directly measure country and state emissions of fossil fuel CO2, said Miller. The technique would be an improvement over traditional, “accounting-based” methods of estimating emission rates of CO2 and other gases, which generally rely on reports from particular countries or regions regarding the use of coal, oil and natural gas, he said.

“While the accounting-based approach is probably accurate at global scales, the uncertainties rise for smaller-scale regions,” said Miller, also a scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder. “And as CO2 emissions targets become more widespread, there may be a greater temptation to underreport. But we’ll be able to see through that.”

A paper on the subject was published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, published by the American Geophysical Union. Co-authors include Stephen Montzka and Ed Dlugokencky of NOAA, Colm Sweeney, Benjamin Miller, Anna Karion, Jocelyn Turnbull and Pieter Tans of NOAA and CIRES, Chad Wolak of CU’s INSTAAR and John Southton of the University of California, Irvine.

One surprise in the study was that the researchers detected continued emissions of methyl chloroform and several other gases banned from production in the United States. Such observations emphasize the importance of independent monitoring, since the detection of such emissions could be overlooked by the widely used accounting-based estimation techniques, said Montzka.

The atmospheric air samples were taken every two weeks for six years by aircraft off the coastlines of Cape May, N.J., and Portsmouth, N.H.

Fossil fuel emissions have driven Earth’s atmospheric CO2 from concentrations of about 280 parts per million in the early 1800s to about 390 parts per million today, said Miller. The vast majority of climate scientists believe higher concentrations of the greenhouse gas CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere are directly leading to rising temperatures on the planet.

“We think the approach offered by this study can increase the accuracy of emissions detection and verification for fossil fuel combustion and a host of other man-made gases,” said Lehman. He said the approach of using carbon-14 has been supported by the National Academy of Sciences and could be an invaluable tool for monitoring greenhouse gases by federal agencies like NOAA.

Unfortunately, NOAA’s greenhouse gas monitoring program has been cut back by Congress in recent years, said Lehman. “Even if we lack the will to regulate emissions, the public has a right to know what is happening to our atmosphere. Sticking our heads in the sand is not a sound strategy,” he said.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
The Air We Breathe at TerraDaily.com

How humans have transformed Earth: Incredible video illuminates every road, shipping route and flight path

  • Three per cent of the planet’s land surface is under tarmac – an area the size of India

By Rob Waugh and Ted Thornhill
UPDATED: 10:26 EST, 25 April 2012

From space Earth looks completely untouched.

However, it’s deceptive, as a new video shows in mesmerising fashion.

‘Anthropocene’ demonstrates just how much the planet has been transformed by humans by illuminating every road, shipping route and flight path.

SCROLL DOWN FOR VIDEO

Illuminating: Anthropocene is a three-minute rollercoaster ride through the latest chapter in the story of how one species has transformed a planetIlluminating: Anthropocene is a three-minute rollercoaster ride through the latest chapter in the story of how one species has transformed a planet

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.8     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 24 23:48 PM
4.6     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 23:28 PM
3.8     2.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 23:11 PM
3.0     220.7     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.6     55.4     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 22:43 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 24 22:04 PM
3.1     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:57 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 24 21:55 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 21:53 PM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     543.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.8     527.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 21:37 PM
4.9     534.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 20:26 PM
3.0     28.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.4     37.1     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 20:22 PM
5.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:45 PM
2.5     18.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 19:44 PM
3.3     18.1     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 24 19:43 PM
5.0     14.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 19:22 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:20 PM
4.4     194.0     MAP

EMSC     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Solomon Islands
Apr 24 19:19 PM
5.0     23.5     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.6     22.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     14.8     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 19:14 PM
4.8     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 19:07 PM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:58 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:48 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Austria
Apr 24 18:46 PM
2.8     1.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
3.5     52.1     MAP

EMSC     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     35.0     MAP

USGS     Beaufort Sea
Apr 24 18:32 PM
4.2     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 18:19 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 18:17 PM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     52.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 18:16 PM
4.5     51.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:55 PM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:36 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 24 17:31 PM
3.3     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 17:26 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 17:07 PM
2.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 24 16:53 PM
2.7     4.1     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 16:35 PM
2.8     130.0     MAP

EMSC     Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 24 16:16 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 15:52 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.6     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 15:52 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 15:21 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Fiji Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     8.7     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 24 15:15 PM
5.6     33.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 15:05 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 24 15:04 PM
2.9     47.6     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     52.9     MAP

EMSC     Antofagasta, Chile
Apr 24 15:02 PM
4.5     53.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.7     527.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.8     533.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 15:01 PM
4.5     511.1     MAP

EMSC     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     20.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.6     27.0     MAP

USGS     Nicobar Islands, India Region
Apr 24 14:57 PM
5.5     12.7     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 14:52 PM
3.4     48.9     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:44 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:37 PM
3.5     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:28 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 14:23 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 24 14:17 PM
2.6     162.0     MAP

EMSC     Iraq
Apr 24 13:36 PM
3.0     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 24 13:25 PM
2.5     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:54 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 24 12:53 PM
4.4     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:51 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.4     58.1     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 12:34 PM
4.5     56.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     607.8     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 24 12:26 PM
4.7     608.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:22 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 24 12:13 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 24 12:10 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 12:10 PM
2.9     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 12:01 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:39 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 11:29 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.2     87.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 24 11:17 AM
4.6     72.0     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.2     12.3     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 24 11:11 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 10:38 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 24 09:57 AM
3.3     68.8     MAP

EMSC     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:51 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 24 09:50 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 24 08:57 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 24 08:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     64.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Northern Peru
Apr 24 08:09 AM
4.5     42.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 08:01 AM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 24 07:23 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 07:14 AM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:39 AM
2.4     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 06:32 AM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 06:14 AM
4.3     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 24 06:10 AM
2.6     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 05:53 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 24 05:36 AM
2.5     0.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 05:12 AM
3.2     58.9     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 24 04:45 AM
3.4     101.9     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 24 04:38 AM
3.4     12.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 04:06 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 24 03:57 AM
2.8     76.2     MAP

GEOFON     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.5     23.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.4     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Honshu, Japan
Apr 24 03:28 AM
4.6     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 24 03:06 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 24 03:02 AM
4.2     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 02:50 AM
2.8     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Near Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The Coast Of Central Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.6     21.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Peru
Apr 24 02:42 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Maui Region, Hawaii
Apr 24 02:42 AM
2.7     0.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 24 02:33 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Islands
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     34.9     MAP

EMSC     Guadeloupe Region, Leeward Isl.
Apr 24 01:50 AM
4.0     35.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.1     48.0     MAP

USGS     South Of The Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     56.6     MAP

EMSC     South Of Kermadec Islands
Apr 24 01:05 AM
5.0     47.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 24 01:04 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 24 01:01 AM
2.6     4.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 24 00:34 AM
2.9     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 24 00:14 AM
2.4     31.0     MAP

 

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Volcanic Activity

Mount  Etna  Spews  Ash and  Lava

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

Etna’s fingers of fire: Europe’s most active volcano sends molten lava streaming menacingly down its mountainside

  • Fourth eruption of 11,000ft volcano in last month alone

By Mail Foreign Service

Etna, erupted for the seventh – and without doubt the most spectacular – time this year today, spewing forth molten lava hundreds of metres into the air.

Residents living close by were covered in hot ash but Europe’s tallest and most active volcano didn’t seem to pose any threat to human safety.

Local inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Catania were grateful that Etna at least didn’t close the local airport as it did last month, preventing a visiting Serie A football team from leaving the island.

Spewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again todaySpewed forth: The fiery fingers cascade down the side of Etna after it erupted again today

Mexican volcano keeps locals awake

2012-04-24 12:02

line

The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)The Popocatepetl volcano releases ash and steam during an eruption as seen from Cholula, Mexico. (Marco Ugarte, AP)

Xalitzintla – Residents at the foot of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano no longer sleep soundly since the towering mountain roared back into action over a week ago, spewing out a hail of rocks, steam and ash.

“We close our eyes, but we don’t sleep much. In the past, there was only smoke but this time it’s stronger,” said Francisco Jimenez, who lives in the nearby town of Xalitzintla in central Mexico, 55km from Mexico City.

The volcano, Mexico’s second highest peak at 5 452m, started rumbling and spurting high clouds of ash and steam on 13 April, provoking the authorities to raise the alert to level five on a seven-point scale.

The alert extended a security cordon around the volcano but stopped short of starting evacuations of about 685 000 residents from nearby communities.

Over the weekend, residents watched as Popocatepetl, which means “smoking mountain” in the indigenous Nahuatl language, lived up to its name, spouting glowing rocks and shaking the ground beneath their feet.

“When we went out to see, my son cried: ‘We have to leave!’ We were ready to leave for Mexico City but then it calmed down a bit,” said 67-year-old Leopolda Perez of Xalitzintla.

‘Relative calm’ state

Authorities from the National Centre of Disaster Prevention maintained their alert level and said on Monday that the volcano remains at a “relative calm” state.

After moderate activity during most of the 20th century, Popocatepetl registered more intense rumblings from 1994, with the strongest in December 2000, when nearby communities were evacuated.

Juan Carlos Salazar, head of civil protection for the central state of Puebla, said that while many people thought lava was now coming out of the volcano, the crater was only spewing glowing rocks, with no risk to the population.

Popocatepetl is an explosive volcano that can suddenly erupt at tremendous force, thrusting out rocks and ashes at large distances. That kind of volcano can be more dangerous than those releasing only flowing lava.

Residents nervous

Residents say they are used to the permanent threat of the volcano, which they affectionately nickname “Don Gregorio” or “Don Goyo”, but many say the new activity makes them nervous again.

“We’ve been watching out for many nights, waiting to see what happens,” said Gabino Santibanez, mayor of San Pedro Benito Juarez, a small town only 9km from the glowing crater.

Locals said that most frightening was the unusual rumbling coming from the volcano, which many compared to an aircraft turbine.

“We’ve never heard a noise like it,” said Maximiliano Grajales.

About 4.5 million people live on the outskirts of the volcano, which lies at the crossroads of the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico.

Preparations made

Officials in the area have prepared temporary shelters for possible evacuations and even taken stock of livestock, in case of possible theft.

“Some people won’t want to leave because of their animals. Thieves pillaged houses during the 2000 evacuation,” Grajales said.

Some now wear face masks to protect their lungs from falling ashes as Don Goyo rumbles and smokes nearby.

– SAPA
 Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
13 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

Heat wave shifts to central US — drought-hit West Texas in the cross-hairs

By Miguel Llanos, msnbc.com

The heat wave that baked the Southwest the previous two days is shifting to the central U.S.

Starting Tuesday, highs will reach into the 80s from Texas all the way up to the border with Canada, weather.com reported.

“Over 30 locations may tie or set new daily record highs Tuesday in the Rockies and Plains,” it added, and some areas as far north as Nebraska could reach into the 90s.

On Wednesday, West Texas will get blasted by triple-digit heat, forecasters said, worsening the prolonged drought that area has experienced. Midland will feel some of the worst of the heat.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record” for an April 25, National Weather Service forecaster Jack Ciccone of the Midland office told msnbc.com. The forecast is for 101 degrees Fahrenheit, 3 degrees above the existing record set in 1996.

Read Full Article Here
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32545640

 

 

 

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Extreme Weather China [Northern and Eastern Region] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather India State of Assam, [Tinsukia district ] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, Purchase [Westchester County Airport] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Mexico State of Jalisco, [Primavera forest] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood Afghanistan Province of Balkh, [Kushandi and Shulgara districts] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Vietnam Province of Binh Thuan, [About 20km from Phan Thiet town] Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Selby Damage level
Details
  24.04.2012 Explosion Canada Province of British Columbia, Prince George [Lakeland Mills sawmill] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
1 25.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level

V

 

Freeze Warning

 

ALBANY NY
BLACKSBURG VA
BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
STATE COLLEGE PA


Red Flag Warning

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

 

MELBOURNE FL
JACKSONVILLE FL
MIDLAND/ODESSA TX

 

 

***********************************************************************************************************

Flooding

Flood Warning

 

MISSOULA MT
PENDLETON OR
SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA



Flood Advisory

 

 FAIRBANKS AK
MISSOULA MT

************************************************************************************************************

Radiation

press release

April 24, 2012, 10:29 a.m. EDT

Nuclear Famine Report: Limited Nuclear Exchange In One Of World’s Regions Would Trigger Mass Global Starvation After Slashing Chinese, U.S. Food Production

CHICAGO, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — Amidst Growing Tensions in Asia, India-Pakistan Confrontation Used to Show Dire Consequences Around the Globe; More Than A Billion People Would be at Risk Under “Nuclear Famine” Scenario.

More than a billion people around the world would face starvation following a limited regional nuclear weapons exchange (such as a clash between India and Pakistan) that would cause major worldwide climate disruption driving down food production in China, the U.S. and other nations, according to a major new report released today by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) and its U.S. affiliate, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR).

Dr. Ira Helfand, the author of “Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk–Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture, Food Supplies, and Human Nutrition,” said: “The grim prospect of nuclear famine requires a fundamental change in our thinking about nuclear weapons. The new evidence that even the relatively small nuclear arsenals of countries such as India and Pakistan could cause long lasting, global damage to the Earth’s ecosystems and threaten hundreds of millions of already malnourished people demands that action be taken. The needless and preventable deaths of one billion people over a decade would be a disaster unprecedented in human history. It would not cause the extinction of the human race, but it would bring an end to modern civilization as we know it.”

The findings and the methodology on which the study is based will be published in a forthcoming issue of the peer-reviewed journal Climatic Change. Released during the World Summit of Nobel Laureates in Chicago April 23-25, 2012, the Helfand report was made possible with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among the specific findings outlined in the report:

Corn production in the U.S. would decline by an average of 10 percent for an entire decade, with the most severe decline (20 percent) in Year 5. Soybean production would decline by about 7 percent, with the most severe loss, more than 20 percent, in Year 5.

There would be a significant decline in middle-season rice production in China. During the first four years, rice production would decline by an average of 21 percent; over the next six years the decline would average 10 percent.

Resulting increases in food prices would make food inaccessible to hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest. Even if agricultural markets continued to function normally, 215 million people would be added to the rolls of the malnourished over the course of a decade. The 925 million people in the world who are already chronically malnourished (with a baseline consumption of 1,750 calories or less per day), would be put at risk by a further 10 percent decline in their food consumption.

Significant agricultural shortfalls over an extended period would almost certainly lead to panic and hoarding on an international scale, further reducing accessible food.

The IPPNW/PSR report concludes: “There is an urgent need to reduce the reliance on nuclear weapons by all nuclear weapons states and to move with all possible speed to the negotiation of a nuclear weapons convention that will ban these weapons completely.”

Read Full Article Here

************************************************************************************************************

Climate Change

Hunger crisis stalks Chad’s children

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Almost 130,000 children are at risk of developing acute malnutrition in the central African nation of Chad within this year, according to the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

The crisis is worsening by the day and aid agencies say funds are not coming in quick enough to help.

Charles Stratford reports.

 

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News: Volcanos, Spaceweather, Planetary/Lunar Position

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

Sun-Diving Comet – Earth Directed CME – 24th April 2012.wmv

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

With thanks and gratitude for SolarWatcher’s dedicated time and effort uploading this video.

A Sun-Diving comet was caught on the Soho satellite feed on 23rd April 2012. Shortly after the comet’s death plunge, a large Halo coronal mass ejection (CME) was observed and is currently earth directed. Impact on the earth’s magnetic field is expected around 26th/27th April 2012.

 

 

 

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

>

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

 
************************************************************************************************************

Articles of Interest

Teenager disappears into ground as sinkhole opens up in Chinese pavement

Published on Apr 24, 2012 by

A Chinese teenager is lucky to escape with minor injuries after falling into a sinkhole in Xi’an, northern China. Report by Sam Datta-Paulin.

*************************************************************************************************************

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:57 PM
3.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:47 PM
3.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:42 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 23:37 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 23:22 PM
2.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 23:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 23:00 PM
4.8     9.9     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 22:47 PM
3.0     56.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     29.4     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     46.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 22:40 PM
5.6     31.0     MAP

USGS     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.7     47.2     MAP

GEOFON     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Crete, Greece
Apr 23 22:15 PM
4.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:59 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 21:34 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 23 21:25 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 21:24 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     42.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.7     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 23 21:21 PM
5.6     68.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:19 PM
2.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 23 21:11 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 23 21:03 PM
2.7     38.8     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Poland
Apr 23 21:02 PM
3.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 23 20:55 PM
2.6     6.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
4.9     89.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 20:53 PM
5.0     93.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 20:14 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:50 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:39 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 19:27 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 19:15 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 19:15 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:52 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 18:38 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 18:20 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 18:09 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Xinjiang, China
Apr 23 17:58 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:55 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:51 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 17:47 PM
3.8     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 17:42 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

USGS     Greater Los Angeles Area, California
Apr 23 17:37 PM
3.9     13.1     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     116.7     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 23 17:36 PM
5.9     107.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 17:34 PM
3.7     26.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.5     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:53 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:50 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.2     98.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.4     15.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 23 16:43 PM
4.5     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:41 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 16:36 PM
2.7     9.2     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 16:36 PM
3.2     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:33 PM
2.7     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:27 PM
3.2     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:22 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 16:22 PM
4.4     211.2     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.3     2.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 23 16:14 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     5.0     MAP

USGS     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 23 15:50 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 15:23 PM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     117.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.1     140.0     MAP

USGS     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 23 14:54 PM
5.2     129.7     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 14:40 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 23 14:39 PM
2.6     18.5     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 14:32 PM
2.4     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 23 14:19 PM
2.7     9.1     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 23 14:15 PM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.4     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 23 14:00 PM
4.0     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 13:57 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 13:42 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic Region
Apr 23 13:39 PM
3.2     89.6     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 12:59 PM
2.5     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 12:47 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 23 12:38 PM
3.1     0.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 11:07 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Corsica, France
Apr 23 11:00 AM
2.8     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 10:58 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.0     15.3     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.1     16.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 10:57 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 10:43 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 10:41 AM
2.9     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 09:53 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Manawatu
Apr 23 09:52 AM
3.4     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 23 09:00 AM
2.6     11.7     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 23 08:15 AM
3.3     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Jujuy Province, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.6     172.0     MAP

EMSC     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.4     182.0     MAP

USGS     Jujuy, Argentina
Apr 23 07:45 AM
4.3     176.9     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     42.9     MAP

EMSC     Tonga Region
Apr 23 07:21 AM
4.8     43.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 07:21 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     50.3     MAP

EMSC     Kuril Islands
Apr 23 07:18 AM
4.6     44.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 23 06:57 AM
3.0     138.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:33 AM
2.4     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 23 06:32 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 06:29 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 23 06:28 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.6     125.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan-xinjiang Border Region
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.8     117.0     MAP

USGS     Tajikistan
Apr 23 06:27 AM
4.5     129.8     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 23 06:17 AM
2.9     1.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 23 06:06 AM
2.8     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Sumbawa Region, Indonesia
Apr 23 05:37 AM
4.6     71.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:31 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 05:19 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 23 05:13 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:56 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Ionian Sea
Apr 23 03:51 AM
3.8     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tonga Islands
Apr 23 03:08 AM
4.8     238.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     192.4     MAP

EMSC     Tonga
Apr 23 03:08 AM
5.0     200.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 23 03:04 AM
2.9     9.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     18.6     MAP

EMSC     South Sandwich Islands Region
Apr 23 02:57 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 02:46 AM
2.4     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 23 02:38 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     South Of Tonga
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.0     MAP

USGS     Tonga Region
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.1     42.8     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Tonga Islands
Apr 23 02:14 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 23 02:01 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 23 02:00 AM
2.8     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Cyprus Region
Apr 23 01:40 AM
3.2     2.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:31 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 23 01:27 AM
3.3     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.4     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 23 01:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 23 01:00 AM
2.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:40 AM
2.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 23 00:35 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

 

 

Sources:  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

 

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
12 23.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard Australia State of Queensland, [Gordonbrook Dam] Damage level
Details
  Today Landslide Colombia Departmento de Caquetá, [Malvinas section, Florencia region] Damage level
Details
  Today Enviroment Pollution USA State of Washington, [Coastal area] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA Capital city, Washington D.C. Damage level
Details
  Today Volcano Activity Indonesia North Sulawesi, [Mt Lokon Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Volcano Eruption Ecuador Cordillera Oriental , [Tungurahua Volcano] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Explosion Norway Ostfold, Fredrikstad Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Heat Wave USA State of Nevada, Las Vegas Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Russia [Asia] Nenets Autonomous Okrug, [Trebs oil field, Timan-Pechora Basin] Damage level
Details
  23.04.2012 Flash Flood Kenya State of Rift Valley, [Hells Gate National Park] Damage level
Details
1 24.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Taiwan Changhua County, [Fangyuan Township] Damage level
Details
3 24.04.2012 Event into space USA States of Nevada and California, [Reno-Sparks area, Carson City, Minden, South Lake Tahoe, Placerville and Truckee]

 

 

 

 

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby Town

Tungurahua Erupts Launching Gravel to Nearby TownPhoto: Tungurahua’s recent eruption makes gravel fall on local town.

Click Here to Enlarge Photo

Over the weekend, the Tungurahua’s volcanic eruption had a strong explosion that caused gravel to fall down in the nearby town of Pillate, Ecuador.

The explosion, characterized by its loud “cannon ball shot”, was immediately detected by locals and scientists observing the volcano’s progress. The explosion was later followed by a slight tremor and a constant pulsation of “high energy” said reports.

The constant cloud coverage surrounding the volcano has caused scientists, from the Geophysical Institute branch of the National Polytechnic School to have trouble determining its current state. Most of the direct observations are conducted in the Guadalupe Observatory, the closest in the vicinity.

Tungurahua, located in the Andes Mountains in Ecuador, is 5,016 meters high and its eruptions began in 1999. Since then, the volcano has transitioned from times of high activity and those of calm.

However, Tungurahua is not the only volcano causing extreme damage and concern in the Hispanic world. Popocatépetl, located in Mexico City, has also been under close watch due to its recent activity which included ash blasts.

 

 

Residents evacuated over eruption fears

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 04/24/2012 7:31 AM

Local residents around Mount Lokon in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, have been asked to evacuate the area, following the mountain’s steady increase of activity since 4 p.m. Monday.

“We are on alert status [Level 3],” National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said on Monday.

“We ask that local disaster mitigation agencies follow the technical recommendations we have given them. There should be no community activity within a 2.5 kilometer radius of the volcano’s crater.”

Mt Lokon is located on the outskirts of Tomohon. It is 1,580 meters high and is located 20 kilometers west from Manado, North Sulawesi.

According to the Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG), Mt Lokon last erupted on June 14, 2011, sending ash and debris 1,500 meters into the sky.

The following day, another eruption threw volcanic material 600 meters into the air. Two residents died as a result of the eruptions.

Other eruptions occurred in 1991 and 2001, with the earlier one causing Rp 1 billion (US$108,000) in damage, as well as the death of Swiss tourist Vivian Clavel.

The 2001 eruption covered Manado in ash and debris. The dust coming from the mountain formed a 400 meter plume. (png)

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Late snow storm sucker-punches US northeast

by Staff Writers
New York (AFP) April 23, 2012

Just as the US northeast was easing from a mild winter into a historically warm spring, a storm left thousands without power and prematurely leafy trees sagging under snow.

The spring storm that started Sunday and moved slowly through on Monday left tens of thousands of people without electricity, including nearly 25,000 in New York state, Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

“Outage numbers are likely to continue to climb,” his office said.

The hard-hit areas ranged from upstate New York and Pennsylvania to West Virginia and Maryland.

Flood watches were in place in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, the national weather service said, while on higher ground, the rain turned to heavy snow.

An inch (2.5 centimeter) an hour of snow was expected, with 14 inches (35 centimeter) already recorded in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, weather.com reported.

“Winds will combine with heavy snow to reduce visibilities, leading to hazardous driving conditions through Monday night from western New York to northern West Virginia,” the weather site said.

Trees could collapse under the weight of early leaves and wet snow.

This will “likely lead to downed trees and powerlines, leading to power outages, possibly for several days,” weather.com said. “These downed trees may make roads impassable in some areas.”

The region saw record warm spring temperatures after an unusually mild winter.

Related Links
It’s A White Out at TerraDaily.com

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC
BLACKSBURG VA
CHARLESTON WV
 MORRISTOWN TN
MOUNT HOLLY NJ
GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC



Red Flag Warning

JACKSONVILLE FL
GRAND JUNCTION CO
CHEYENNE WY
 TALLAHASSEE FL

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Storms, Flooding

By , Senior Meteorologist
Apr 23, 2012; 3:14 PM ET

A small tornado has been caught on video on the ground in the Netherlands.

The twister was stirring up dust over tilled land in southeastern Netherlands, near the Germany border, late last Friday, local time.

Although the video did not clearly show a funnel, it did reveal dark cloud bases, confirming that it was more than a mere “dust devil.”

Weather observations from nearby Maastricht, seen by meteorologists at AccuWeather.com, indicated that a thunderstorm was in the area at the reported time of the tornado.

Even so, temperature and dew point, key markers used in forecasting tornadoes, were relatively low, suggesting that the phenomenon was an example of a “cold air funnel.”

Dutch-language text accompanying the video seemed to indicate that it showed a “confirmed” EF0-rated tornado.

Tornadoes are not unheard-of in western Europe. For instance, “weak” tornadoes are occasionally sighted in the United Kingdom.

 

 

 

Winter Storm Warning

 

BUFFALO NY



Flood Warning

 

SPOKANE, WA
PENDLETON OR
LAKE CHARLES LA





 


 


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Climate Change

CU research shows warming climate threatens ecology at mountain research site west of Boulder

by Staff Writers
Boulder CO (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


Climate warming is affecting high mountain ecological systems at NSF-funded site west of Boulder. Credit: University of Colorado.

A series of papers published this month on ecological changes at 26 global research sites – including one administered by the University of Colorado Boulder in the high mountains west of the city – indicates that ecosystems dependent on seasonal snow and ice are the most sensitive to changes in climate.

The six papers appeared in the April issue of the journal BioScience. The papers were tied to data gathered at sites in North America, Puerto Rico, the island of Moorea near Tahiti, and Antarctica, which are known as Long-Term Ecological Research, or LTER, sites and are funded by the National Science Foundation.

CU-Boulder’s Niwot Ridge site, one of the five original LTER sites designated by NSF in 1980, encompasses several thousand acres of subalpine forest, tundra, talus slopes, glacial lakes and wetlands stretching up to more than 13,000 feet on top of the Continental Divide.

As part of the new reports, LTER scientists in association with NSF have come up with a new evaluation system of the research sites that brings in the “human dimension,” said CU-Boulder Professor Mark Williams, the principal investigator on CU’s Niwot Ridge LTER site.

“In the past we tried to look at pristine ecosystems, but those are essentially gone,” said Williams. “So we’ve come up with an approach that integrates human activities with our ecological research.”

One of the six papers, “Long-Term Studies Detect Effects of Disappearing Ice and Snow,” was led by Portland State University Professor Andrew Fountain and co-authored by several others, including Williams, a geography professor and a fellow at CU-Boulder’s Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. According to the authors, there are big changes occurring in temperate areas beyond the poles, where warming temperatures have triggered declines in polar bear and penguin populations.

Key measurements at the Niwot Ridge site – which has climate records going back more than 60 years thanks to pioneering work by CU biology Professor John Marr in the 1950s – are temperature and precipitation logs from two stations, one at 12,700 feet in elevation and a second at 10,000 feet.

Although the climate at the higher meteorological station – by far the highest long-term climate station in the United States – has been getting slightly wetter and cooler in recent decades, the station at 10,000 feet in a subalpine forest is getting significantly warmer and drier.

Williams said warming at 10,000 feet and lower may be causing enhanced surface water evaporation and transport that moves westward and higher in the mountains, with the water vapor being converted to snow that falls atop the Continental Divide.

Snow cover increases reflectivity of incoming sunlight, further cooling the alpine area and overriding the overall warming signal in the West, which is believed to be a 2 or 3 degree Fahrenheit rise over the past decade due to rising greenhouse gases.

“These two Niwot Ridge stations are less than five miles away from each other – you can see one from the other – but there are totally different trends occurring,” he said. In many places in the mountainous West, only a small increase in temperature can cause the climate to cross a “threshold” that triggers earlier and more intense snow melting, said Williams, principal investigator on a 2011 grant of $5.9 million from NSF to CU to continue long-term ecological studies at Niwot Ridge.

With snowpack roughly half of normal in 2012 and snow melting in the high country that began more than three months earlier than last year, the outlook is not good for montane and subalpine forests in Colorado and other parts of the West, he said.

Low snowpack and early melt invariably have a huge impact on the Colorado economy, said Williams. Despite near record snowfall in 2010-11, warming temperatures have caused less snow and shorter winters in recent years and affected the ski industry – one of Colorado’s largest economic drivers, said Williams.

As for the future of flora and fauna in subalpine and alpine regions like Niwot Ridge, there will be “winners and losers” as the climate warms, said Williams. Animals like American pikas, potato-sized denizens of alpine talus slopes in the West, need heavy snowpack to insulate them from cold winters as they huddle in hay piles beneath the rocks. In lower, more isolated mountain ranges in Nevada, researchers are already seeing a marked decline in American pika populations.

The predictions of the study authors are that microbes, plants and animals that depend on snow and ice will decrease if they are unable to move higher into areas of snow and ice. But shallower snow could cause big game like deer and elk to move higher in altitude to browse, according to the authors.

A big concern in temperate mountains like Colorado is the heath and welfare of coniferous trees as the climate changes, said Williams. “Trees in Colorado’s mountains are under a tremendous amount of stress due to drought and pine beetle outbreaks. And the fire danger, at least now, is through the roof,” he said.

“If some of these forested areas disappear, I think the chances of them coming back are pretty low,” Williams said. “The climate they grew up in doesn’t exist anymore. As we lose trees to drought, beetles and wildfires, we are likely to see an invasion of grasses and shrubs in areas where we have never seen them, causing a complete restructuring of our forest community.”

As snowline moves up due to warming temperatures, so will parts of alpine tundra in the West, Williams said. “The tundra may be able to function reasonably well for several decades – it will be awhile before warming climate change pushes the tundra off the tops of mountains. But that is the direction we are heading.”

Williams co-authored three of the six BioScience studies, including the main LTER overview paper and a paper on ecosystem and human influences on stream flow in response to climate change at LTER sites. CU-Boulder Professor Tim Seastedt was a co-author on another of the papers, a study on the past, present and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER network.

Related Links
University of Colorado at Boulder
Climate Science News – Modeling, Mitigation Adaptation

Warming set to make corn prices pop

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 22, 2012

Climate change will more than quadruple US corn prices in years of peak volatility, environmental scientists said on Sunday.

In a study of the factors that drive up prices in the world’s key market for corn, more frequent heatwaves, predicted as a result of global warming, proved far more important than government policies to promote biofuels or than higher oil prices.

“Severe heat is the big hammer,” said Noah Diffenbaugh of Stanford University in California.

“Even one or two degrees of global warming is likely to substantially increase heatwaves that lead to low-yield years and more price volatility.”

The study found that climate change would increase year-on-year corn price volatility by a factor of 4.1.

The fluctuations were based on a projection for 2020-40 compared to volatility in recent history.

The study, published in Nature Climate Change, used a computer scenario based on warming that ultimately reaches 2.0 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.

Many climate scientists say 2 C (3.6 F), enshrined as a goal by the UN, is an under-estimate.

Current trends of carbon emissions are placing Earth on a track for warming of 3 C (5.4 F) or more, according to some estimates. This figure is the overall global average, so it disguises big regional variations, including seasonal bouts of extreme weather.

Before the results of the study became clear, it was not obvious to Diffenaugh that climate change would be a more important factor than higher oil prices or government policies to promote biofuels.

“Frankly, I was surprised that climate had the largest effect of these three influences. These are substantial changes in price volatility that come from relatively moderate global warming,” Diffenaugh noted.

The researchers found that climate’s yo-yo effect was accentuated by government support for biofuels.

By growing corn for fuel, this removed a buffer of surplus grain, making the market more inelastic.

“Our results suggest that energy policy decisions are likely to interact with climate change to affect corn price volatility, and that the market effect of a binding biofuel mandate is likely to intensify as the climate warms,” said Diffenbaugh.

Unless corn farmers increase their crops’ heat tolerance by as much as 3.3 C (6 F), areas of high production will have to move north from the current US corn belt, the researchers said in a press release.

“By the time today’s elementary schoolers graduate from colleage, the US corn belt could be forced to move to the Canadian border to escape devastating heat waves brought on by rising global temperatures,” it said.

Related Links
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr23: CME Impact, Full Updates, Quake Watch Extended

 

 

Reports of SeaGulls Moving Inland/US & China and Solar Update

Published on Apr 23, 2012 by

Also a Solar Update.
Links @ http://www.mrcometwatch.com

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Space

Space Weather News for April 23, 2012
http://spaceweather.com

SIERRA FIREBALL DECODED:

An explosion over California that rattled homes across at least two states on Sunday, April 22nd, has been analyzed by NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office:  It was a natural meteoroid the size of a mini-van. Analysts say the space rock exploded in the atmosphere with an energy equal to nearly 4 kilotons of TNT and might have sprayed the Sierra Nevada mountains with meteorites.  Visit http://spaceweather.com for more information.

AURORA WATCH:

At the time this alert is being written on April  23rd, a minor geomagnetic storm is underway. The storm is likely due to Earth’s passage through the wake of a CME that swept past our planet earlier in the day.  Sign up for aurora alerts at http://spaceweathertext.com (text) or http://spaceweatherphone.com (voice).

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Articles of Interest

Japan chemical plant blast kills one

TOKYO: A blast at a chemical plant in western Japan killed one worker and injured at least fifteen others on Sunday, police said.

The accident occurred at a factory operated by comprehensive chemical manufacturer Mitsui Chemicals in Yamaguchi prefecture, some 700 kilometres (434 miles) southwest of Tokyo, an official at Yamaguchi prefectural police said. The deceased was a 22-year-old male employee, police said, with Jiji Press identifying him as Shota Sunakawa.

Nine other company employees and workers for subcontract companies were severely or slightly injured, while at least four residents in the neighbourhood were slightly injured, police said. “The fire is not extinguished yet as the fire department is cooling the plant while waiting for combustible materials to burn out,” he told.

“It may take more than a few days for us to find out the cause of the accident, but we are investigating it as a case of professional negligence resulting in death and injury,” he said. The plant had been manufacturing materials to make adhesives, he said. afp

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part I)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan

Thousands of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2006. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (Elizabeth Ruiz/AFP/Getty Images)

Kiril Novoselsky, professor of economics and a consultant for several museums, recently conducted a field trip to the Yucatan Peninsula and Cozumel Island, Mexico. On his way through Mayan football fields, pyramids, and prophecies, he came across Russian influence from the past century.

Near the famous Chichen Itza Pyramid, he discovered Pre-Columbian fields that were created for ball games.

“I was very surprised by the fact that the Mayans were obsessed with football,” said Novoselsky, who is also a member of the Russian Geographical Society. “Football was a sacred game. The captain of the winning team was sacrificed to gods, and it was a big honor.”

If I hadn’t read anything about the topic before, I would think that these things aren’t from the current human civilization.

—Kiril Novoselsky

The golden age of classic Mayan civilization ended in the late 9th century. Cities became empty and silent. Lianas and roots of trees penetrated stone walls of temples and pyramids, destroying them.

Archeologists classify several periods of Mayan civilization: pre-classic (2000 to 300 B.C.), classic (300 B.C. to A.D. 900), and post-classic (900 to 1530).

During these last centuries, highly populated and economically developed cities disappeared in jungles. The Mayan city Tikal, mentioned on a stela in 869, was the last historical mention of a Mayan city.

Invasions of other tribes as well as wars are considered possible reasons for the Mayan civilization’s decline. The true reason, however, still remains a mystery to scientists.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Mayan Culture Holds Secrets for Today (Part II)

Russian researcher looks for answers to earth’s future

By Uliana Kim
Epoch Times Staff

The coastal archaeological site Tulum, located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, on the Caribbean Sea, is one of the best-preserved Pre-Columbian Mayan sites. (CRIS BOURONCLE/AFP/Getty Images)

Another interesting complex is Fort Tulum, on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. During the time of the Mayan civilization’s decline, several tribes moved to the coast and built Fort Tulum to protect inhabitants from attacks of fellow tribes.

“All those grey stones were once colored in bright colors. Different colors symbolized different nature powers: heaven, earth, moon, sun, fire, and so on,” Novoselsky said.

In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.

—Kiril Novoselsky

Mayan Prophecies

Mayan life is described in a sacred book called “Popol Vuh.” Novoselsky said it could be compared to the Bible, “but all information is in allegoric form.” “There are some interpretations, but I think they are all far from the truth,” he said.

All commentaries were either destroyed or written with the hieroglyphic script, which is difficult to read. “Most secrets are still hidden. One of the most popular interpretations is the prophecy about the end of the days in 2012,” Novoselsky said.

As to whether he believes in this prophecy, Novoselsky said, “As a scientist, I investigated this question.”

He mentioned the well-known esoteric researcher Drunvalo Melchisedek, who had discussed this question with Guatemalan priests and found out that the predicted transformation would be a process that would happen gradually—not in two days, but during 200 years.

“In their opinion, the year 2012 is a milestone of the old epoch and the beginning of something new, maybe the beginning of a new culture. And they emphasized that this would happen slowly and gradually without cataclysms and earthquakes,” Novoselsky said. “People living in the center of the Mayan civilization haven’t any panic about this prophecy.”

He added, “In my opinion, all these prophecies are a chance to think about our behavior, the meaning of life, about how to improve yourself and other people’s life, and how to live in harmony.”

Hundreds of people gathered at the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza, Yucatan, southeastern Mexico, during the spring equinox celebration 2005. The steps of the pyramid throw the shadow of a snake onto the side wall of the staircases. (LUIS BARRERA/AFP/Getty Images)

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion

by Staff Writers
Madison WI (SPX) Apr 24, 2012


The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today.

Then something happened. Over several tens of millions of years – a relative blink of an eye in geologic terms – a burst of evolution led to a flurry of diversification and increasing complexity, including the expansion of multicellular organisms and the appearance of the first shells and skeletons.

The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.

New research shows that the answer may lie in a second geological curiosity – a dramatic boundary, known as the Great Unconformity, between ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks and younger sediments.

“The Great Unconformity is a very prominent geomorphic surface and there’s nothing else like it in the entire rock record,” says Shanan Peters, a geoscience professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who led the new work. Occurring worldwide, the Great Unconformity juxtaposes old rocks, formed billions of years ago deep within the Earth’s crust, with relatively young Cambrian sedimentary rock formed from deposits left by shallow ancient seas that covered the continents just a half billion years ago.

Named in 1869 by explorer and geologist John Wesley Powell during the first documented trip through the Grand Canyon, the Great Unconformity has posed a longstanding puzzle and has been viewed – by Charles Darwin, among others – as a huge gap in the rock record and in our understanding of the Earth’s history.

But Peters says the gap itself – the missing time in the geologic record – may hold the key to understanding what happened.

In the April 19 issue of the journal Nature, he and colleague Robert Gaines of Pomona College report that the same geological forces that formed the Great Unconformity may have also provided the impetus for the burst of biodiversity during the early Cambrian.

“The magnitude of the unconformity is without rival in the rock record,” Gaines says. “When we pieced that together, we realized that its formation must have had profound implications for ocean chemistry at the time when complex life was just proliferating.”

“We’re proposing a triggering mechanism for the Cambrian explosion,” says Peters. “Our hypothesis is that biomineralization evolved as a biogeochemical response to an increased influx of continental weathering products during the last stages in the formation of the Great Unconformity.”

Peters and Gaines looked at data from more than 20,000 rock samples from across North America and found multiple clues, such as unusual mineral deposits with distinct geochemistry, that point to a link between the physical, chemical, and biological effects.

During the early Cambrian, shallow seas repeatedly advanced and retreated across the North American continent, gradually eroding away surface rock to uncover fresh basement rock from within the crust. Exposed to the surface environment for the first time, those crustal rocks reacted with air and water in a chemical weathering process that released ions such as calcium, iron, potassium, and silica into the oceans, changing the seawater chemistry.

The basement rocks were later covered with sedimentary deposits from those Cambrian seas, creating the boundary now recognized as the Great Unconformity.

Evidence of changes in the seawater chemistry is captured in the rock record by high rates of carbonate mineral formation early in the Cambrian, as well as the occurrence of extensive beds of glauconite, a potassium-, silica-, and iron-rich mineral that is much rarer today.

The influx of ions to the oceans also likely posed a challenge to the organisms living there. “Your body has to keep a balance of these ions in order to function properly,” Peters explains. “If you have too much of one you have to get rid of it, and one way to get rid of it is to make a mineral.”

The fossil record shows that the three major biominerals – calcium phosphate, now found in bones and teeth; calcium carbonate, in invertebrate shells; and silicon dioxide, in radiolarians – appeared more or less simultaneously around this time and in a diverse array of distantly related organisms.

The time lag between the first appearance of animals and their subsequent acquisition of biominerals in the Cambrian is notable, Peters says. “It’s likely biomineralization didn’t evolve for something, it evolved in response to something – in this case, changing seawater chemistry during the formation of the Great Unconformity. Then once that happened, evolution took it in another direction.” Today those biominerals play essential roles as varied as protection (shells and spines), stability (bones), and predation (teeth and claws).

Together, the results suggest that the formation of the Great Unconformity may have triggered the Cambrian explosion.

“This feature explains a lot of lingering questions in different arenas, including the odd occurrences of many types of sedimentary rocks and a very remarkable style of fossil preservation. And we can’t help but think this was very influential for early developing life at the time,” Gaines says.

Far from being a lack of information, as Darwin thought, the gaps in the rock record may actually record the mechanism as to why the Cambrian explosion occurred in the first place, Peters says.

“The French composer Claude Debussy said, ‘Music is the space between the notes.’ I think that is the case here,” he says. “The gaps can have more information, in some ways, about the processes driving Earth system change, than the rocks do. It’s both together that give the whole picture.”

Related Links
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Explore The Early Earth at TerraDaily.com

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 21 23:47 PM
3.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 23:27 PM
4.6     524.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 21 23:19 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 23:12 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 22:40 PM
2.4     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Central Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Bio-bio, Chile
Apr 21 22:18 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Nw Balkan Region
Apr 21 21:48 PM
4.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.7     12.7     MAP

EMSC     Bosnia And Herzegovina
Apr 21 21:48 PM
3.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 20:22 PM
3.0     6.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 21 20:01 PM
3.1     51.5     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 21 19:54 PM
2.4     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     112.0     MAP

USGS     Hindu Kush Region, Afghanistan
Apr 21 19:51 PM
4.1     111.6     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 21 19:28 PM
3.3     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 18:24 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     23.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southeastern Uzbekistan
Apr 21 17:58 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 17:17 PM
2.9     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 16:23 PM
2.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 16:18 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
5.0     17.0     MAP

USGS     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     North Atlantic Ocean
Apr 21 15:52 PM
4.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 15:28 PM
2.5     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Kepulauan Babar, Indonesia
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 21 15:27 PM
4.6     98.0     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 21 15:19 PM
3.2     6.9     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.4     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     100.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 21 14:29 PM
4.8     94.0     MAP

USGS     Puget Sound Region, Washington
Apr 21 14:25 PM
2.6     2.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 14:20 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 14:18 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 21 14:11 PM
4.7     61.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 14:09 PM
2.5     21.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:59 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 13:44 PM
2.6     28.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 21 13:41 PM
4.3     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 13:39 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 13:37 PM
3.1     0.8     MAP

USGS     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.7     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.8     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Minahassa Peninsula, Sulawesi
Apr 21 13:23 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.7     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 21 13:01 PM
4.5     14.2     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 12:56 PM
2.8     78.8     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 21 12:45 PM
2.9     4.9     MAP

USGS     Southeast Of The Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.2     39.5     MAP

GEOFON     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southeast Of Loyalty Islands
Apr 21 12:36 PM
5.1     57.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 21 12:18 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 12:11 PM
2.5     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.6     28.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:53 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.3     100.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:36 AM
5.4     90.9     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 21 11:35 AM
5.2     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 11:31 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 21 11:21 AM
2.8     113.7     MAP

EMSC     Montenegro
Apr 21 11:20 AM
2.7     2.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.5     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:10 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 11:04 AM
5.2     9.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 10:57 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 21 10:07 AM
2.6     14.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 21 09:44 AM
2.5     8.9     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 21 09:32 AM
2.7     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 08:58 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Ryukyu Isl., Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.0     MAP

USGS     Southwestern Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 21 08:45 AM
4.7     30.1     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:41 AM
2.5     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 08:25 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 08:22 AM
3.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     29.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:13 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
4.9     43.3     MAP

EMSC     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kermadec Islands Region
Apr 21 07:12 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     28.6     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 21 06:54 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:44 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:43 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:42 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 06:40 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 06:13 AM
4.9     34.7     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 05:50 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Carlsberg Ridge
Apr 21 05:43 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:40 AM
3.6     9.0     MAP

GEOFON     Fiji Islands Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.4     607.0     MAP

EMSC     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:34 AM
4.6     606.0     MAP

USGS     Fiji Region
Apr 21 05:33 AM
4.6     597.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 05:29 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     48.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.4     90.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 05:25 AM
4.9     40.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 04:15 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 21 03:55 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 03:50 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 03:46 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:21 AM
3.2     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 21 03:06 AM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.6     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 02:39 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 02:28 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 21 02:25 AM
3.0     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.7     87.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:16 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 02:01 AM
4.3     35.1     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 21 01:53 AM
2.9     8.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 21 01:49 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 01:47 AM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 01:26 AM
3.7     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
6.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia

Apr 21 01:25 AM
5.6     27.6     MAP

GEOFON     Tristan Da Cunha Region
Apr 21 01:19 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Mid-atlantic Ridge
Apr 21 01:19 AM
5.0     33.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     16.0     MAP     

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     

Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.9     33.0     MAP     

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia     
Apr 21 01:16 AM     
6.6     27.0     MAP     

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 21 01:04 AM
2.5     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Mediterranean Sea
Apr 21 00:58 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 21 00:55 AM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:08 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 21 00:05 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 21 00:03 AM
3.2     5.0     MAP

Sources :  USGSEMSCGFZGEONET

**********************************************************************************************************

Volcanic Activity

Taupo super-eruption secrets revealed

OLIVIA WANNAN

Last updated 11:13 21/04/2012

Lake Taupo

Lloyd Homer/GNS Science

CALM EXTERIOR: Research into the Lake Taupo eruption has thrown up new theories on the tectonic forces involved.

Taupo eruption

A computer-generated graphic of the Lake Taupo eruption.

One of the most intriguing unsolved cases for New Zealand geologists is the ancient Taupo super-eruption.

Victoria University PhD student Aidan Allan has found new evidence that explains how and why the volcano blew.

While the general public is fascinated by the magnitude – the event buried the North Island in debris, with the ash cloud all the way to the Chathams – geologists’ interest lies elsewhere.

They are intrigued because the eruption’s cause isn’t open-and-shut – while most super-volcanoes simply explode, with Taupo there was a short hiatus just as things got underway.

“There were breaks of weeks to months [in the early stages] and then all hell breaks loose,” Mr Allan said.

As geologists worldwide have to make the life-or-death call as to when an eruption has ended, it’s crucial to know why this super-volcano acted the way it did.

Read Full Article  Here

***********************************************************************************************************

Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire Canada Province of Alberta, [Near to Symons Valley] Damage level Details
  Today Biological Hazard South Africa State of Eastern Cape, East London Damage level Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Illinois, Chicago [W Madison St & S Karlov Ave] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Bolivia Departmento de El Beni, [San Ramon municipality] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood China Province of Guangdong, [Huazhou city and Xinyi city] Damage level Details
1 22.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Netherlands Capital city, Amsterdam [North Holland] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Flash Flood United Arab Emirates Trucial Coast, [Oman Region] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire China Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, [Old Barag] Damage level Details
  21.04.2012 Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide]

***********************************************************************************************************

Storms, Flooding

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

MIAMI FL

Tornado Watch

TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL
MIAMI FL
MELBOURNE FL
 NORMAN OK

Flood Warning

SPOKANE, WA
LAKE CHARLES LA
JACKSON, MS

Gale Warning

MOUNT HOLLY NJ
NEW YORK NY
MOBILE AL
NEW ORLEANS LA
CAPE FEAR
BALTIMORE CANYON TO HATTERAS CANYON
HATTERAS CANYON TO CAPE FEAR
 ANCHORAGE ALASKA

Freeze Warning

GRAND RAPIDS MI

************************************************************************************************************

Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr21: Meteor Shower [Where to Look Tonight] & Quake Watch Begins – 6.9 already…

************************************************************************************************************

Space

 Lyrid Meteor Shower


[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
4.2     123.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 23:56 PM
3.8     122.8     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 23:47 PM
2.6     41.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:40 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:32 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 23:27 PM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 23:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.7     25.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 20 23:14 PM     
6.0     10.0     MAP   

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 23:14 PM
5.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 20 23:04 PM
2.5     69.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 20 22:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 22:39 PM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:29 PM
5.5     28.3     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:28 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 22:23 PM
2.5     119.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 22:19 PM
5.6     16.9     MAP

USGS     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.4     70.8     MAP

EMSC     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.6     54.0     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Java, Indonesia
Apr 20 21:45 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 21:40 PM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 21:31 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 20 21:28 PM
2.6     63.2     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 20 21:05 PM
2.5     17.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 20 21:04 PM
3.4     12.2     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Puerto Rico
Apr 20 21:03 PM
2.9     15.1     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 20 20:56 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 20 20:37 PM
2.8     34.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 20:25 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:48 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 19:47 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 19:34 PM
5.2     11.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:32 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 19:16 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:26 PM
2.7     13.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 18:05 PM
3.7     11.0     MAP

GEOFON     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.8     7.3     MAP

EMSC     Macquarie Island Region
Apr 20 18:02 PM
4.9     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 17:45 PM
2.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.5     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:20 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 17:19 PM
4.6     44.3     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 16:39 PM
4.4     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:32 PM
4.2     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Iran
Apr 20 16:18 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
4.7     34.1     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 16:17 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 20 16:11 PM
2.6     6.6     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:57 PM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 20 15:55 PM
3.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:48 PM
3.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 20 15:45 PM
2.5     26.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:37 PM
4.8     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 20 15:23 PM
2.4     18.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 15:09 PM
3.7     28.0     MAP

EMSC     Magadanskaya Oblast’, Russia
Apr 20 14:54 PM
4.2     20.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:51 PM
2.4     28.0     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 14:46 PM
2.7     21.5     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 20 14:34 PM
2.9     125.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 14:00 PM
2.5     24.0     MAP

USGS     Mona Passage, Dominican Republic
Apr 20 13:19 PM
3.3     105.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 12:15 PM
2.4     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 12:13 PM
2.5     21.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 20 11:52 AM
2.7     203.6     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 11:23 AM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 10:49 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 10:17 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 20 09:55 AM
2.7     9.0     MAP

USGS     Bougainville Region, Papua New Guinea
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.1     MAP

EMSC     Bougainville Region, P.n.g.
Apr 20 09:44 AM
4.6     147.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 20 08:35 AM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 08:17 AM
2.8     115.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:51 AM
4.9     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 07:31 AM
2.5     13.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 20 07:29 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 07:25 AM
2.7     7.5     MAP

USGS     Baja California, Mexico
Apr 20 07:07 AM
2.6     12.8     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 07:02 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Italy
Apr 20 06:52 AM
2.7     22.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 06:50 AM
2.4     17.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 06:11 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 05:51 AM
3.2     51.2     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 05:22 AM
3.7     6.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 20 04:57 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:49 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 04:43 AM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:12 AM
4.3     15.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 04:11 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 20 04:03 AM
2.8     113.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 20 03:59 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.7     8.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iraq
Apr 20 03:56 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:52 AM
4.2     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:43 AM
4.1     40.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 20 03:41 AM
2.4     6.0     MAP

USGS     Libertador General Bernardo O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     111.7     MAP

EMSC     Libertador O’higgins, Chile
Apr 20 03:37 AM
4.6     112.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     44.3     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:31 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
4.9     30.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.0     45.5     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 03:05 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:55 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 02:55 AM
3.0     7.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:54 AM
3.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Utah
Apr 20 02:53 AM
2.6     6.8     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:48 AM
3.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:45 AM
2.8     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:43 AM
3.6     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Peru
Apr 20 02:43 AM
4.5     87.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 20 02:42 AM
2.5     121.3     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 02:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 20 01:57 AM
3.3     121.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:51 AM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:48 AM
4.1     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:30 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 20 01:29 AM
2.4     116.0     MAP

EMSC     Near The Coast Of Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:28 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.1     34.2     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 20 01:21 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 20 01:14 AM
3.3     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Italy
Apr 20 01:07 AM
2.4     24.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 01:00 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 20 00:17 AM
3.2     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.5     118.0     MAP

USGS     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.3     MAP

EMSC     Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 20 00:06 AM
4.6     35.0     MAP

 

 

Two earthquakes rock Indonesia

Posted: 21 April 2012 0946 hrs

JAKARTA: A strong 6.6-magnitude earthquake rocked Indonesia’s Papua region on Saturday, sending panicked residents running from their homes and schools, officials said.

Authorities said there was no threat of a tsunami, and that the worst-hit area was the town of Ransiki in western Papua, where students attending morning classes ran from school buildings that shook for around a minute.

“We’ve had reports of mostly superficial damage to buildings, but two houses have caved and a church wall has collapsed,” Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) official Yulson Sineri, told AFP.

“There are so far no reports of victims, but there has been some damage to buildings in Ransiki,” he said.

The quake struck at 10:16 am (0116 GMT) at a depth of 30 kilometres (19 miles), 83 kilometres southeast of Manokwari, according to the USGS.

Authorities said the quake was felt in various parts of the West Papua province, on the western tip of New Guinea island.

The BMKG reported the quake’s magnitude at 6.8, with a depth of 10 kilometres.

A hotel receptionist at the Mansinam Beach Resort in Manokwari reported a minute of shaking, but said she saw no damage.

“All our guests panicked and ran out of the building, but they went back after the quake was over and everything is back to normal as far as I can see,” Anita, who goes by one name, told AFP.

The Papua region was struck by two mild aftershocks, while a 6.1-magnitude quake hit off Sumatra island, with no reports of damage or casualties.

Earlier on Saturday, a strong 6.1-magnitude earthquake struck off Indonesia’s Sumatra island on Saturday, the US Geological Survey said, but no tsunami warning was issued.

The quake struck at 5:14 am (2314 GMT Friday) at a depth of about 34 kilometres (21 miles), 427 kilometres southwest of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra. There were no immediate reports of damage.

Aceh province was shaken earlier this month by two huge earthquakes, triggering an Indian Ocean-wide tsunami alert.

At a magnitude of 8.6, the first of the two quakes was the strongest to hit since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 170,000 in Aceh. No major damage was reported.

– AFP/ck

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Colombia prepares for imminent volcano eruption

Friday, 20 April 2012 11:14 Mary Cecelia Bittner

Nevado del Ruiz

Colombia‘s government has called for high risk areas to be prepared for the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano.

The Interior Ministry has ordered the fire departments of 19 municipalities in the central Caldas and Tolima departments to be on high alert after the Colombian Geological Survey (SGC) announced that an eruption is “probable” in the coming days or weeks.

The alert level was raised from yellow to orange in March as the volcano became increasingly active. Last week a column of gas and steam approximately 1,200 meters tall extended from its crater.

The national director of the firefighting system warned that there is urgent need for a special contingency plan that outlines tactics to be used in emergency volcanic situations, especially for search and rescue groups. He called for a focus on high risk areas in or near the paths of rivers that originate in the Ruiz, whose levels may be elevated by pyroclastic fragments and the melting of ice.

The director of the Colombian Fire Department Federation in the town of Riosucio explained that local firemen are preparing a plan and educating communities.

In 1985 The Nevado del Ruiz erupted, wiping out the town of Armero and killing 25,000 people.

Villages rocked by volcano eruption

(UKPA) – 6 hours ago

A 17,886ft volcano outside Mexico City has exhaled dozens of towering plumes of ash and shot fragments of glowing rock down its slopes, frightening the residents of surrounding villages with hours of low-pitched roaring not heard in a decade.

A white cloud of ash, gas, water vapour and superheated rock spewed from the cone of Popocatepetl high above the village of Xalitzintla, whose residents said they were awakened by a window-rattling series of eruptions.

Mexico’s National Disaster Prevention Centre said that a string of eruptions had ended in the early morning, then started up again at 5.05am, with at least 12 in two hours.

“Up on the mountain, it feels incredible,” said Aaron Sanchez Ocelotl, 45, who was in his turf grass fields when the eruptions happened. “It sounds like the roaring of the sea.”

The white cone of Popo, as most call the mountain, is an iconic backdrop to Mexico City’s skyline on clear days, but its 40-mile distance means even a moderately large eruption is unlikely to do more than dump ash on one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas.

It is a different matter for the villages on the flanks of the volcano, where the quiet of the corn fields and fruit orchards was pervaded by the volcano’s spooky roaring.

“Everyone needs to take this seriously. This buzzing, this roaring isn’t normal,” said Gregorio Fuentes Casquera, the assistant mayor of Xalitzintla, a village of 2,600 people about seven miles from the summit. He said the town had prepared 50 buses and was sending out its six-member police forces to alert people to be ready to evacuate.

Dozens of women lined up in Xalitzintla’s main square to get free face masks and bottles of water. Health authorities were giving out 10 masks and 10 bottles of water to each family, and the surgical-style masks, intended to filter out the fine ash released by the volcano, were becoming common among the town’s students, who are required to wear them in school. Few adults wore them.

President Felipe Calderon said live on national television that authorities are keeping open roads around the mountain, preparing emergency shelters and making sure residents know the latest information about a potential eruption.

Authorities this week raised the alert level due to increasing activity at the volcano, whose most violent eruption in 1,200 years occurred on December 18 2000. More than 30 million people live within view of the volcano, which sits at a point where the states of Mexico, Puebla, and Morelos come together. It has been erupting intermittently since December 1994.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

  Current Emergencies
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
1 19.04.2012 Biological Hazard China Ningxia Autonomous region, [Touying township] Damage level
Details
1 21.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details
10 21.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level Photo available! Details
  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Complex Emergency Trinidad and Tobago Tobago, [Tobago-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Heat Wave India State of Uttar Pradesh, [UP-wide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident Mexico State of Veracruz, Alamo Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of California, [San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  Today HAZMAT USA State of Minnesota, loc: 1350 Gardena Avenue Northeast, Fridley, MN [Totino-Grace High School] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Pakistan State of Punjab, [Residential area of Rawalpindi] Damage level
Details
  20.04.2012 Extreme Weather Israel [Jordan Valley-wide] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Freeze Warning

 

LA CROSSE WI
QUAD CITIES IA IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
GREEN BAY WI
CHICAGO IL

 

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CAPE FEAR TO 31N OUT TO 32N 73W TO 31N 74W
JUNEAU AK
NEW ORLEANS LA
ANCHORAGE ALASKA

 

Flood Warning

 

LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA


Flood Advisory

 

FAIRBANKS AK



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Radiation/Nuclear

NRC Action Will Force Major Court Fight

by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Apr 18, 2012


File image: Vogtle nuclear reactor project.

An adverse decision by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will force parties concerned about the already troubled Vogtle nuclear reactor project in Georgia to file a motion this week in federal court, according to representatives of nine organizations that are seeking to slow down the Vogtle project so that necessary post-Fukushima safety enhancements can be taken into account on the front end – before billions of ratepayer dollars are spent.

In a phone-based news conference held just hours after the NRC rejection of their motion to stay construction, the groups explained that the NRC is violating federal law by issuing the Vogtle license without fully considering important public safety and environmental implications of the catastrophic Fukushima accident in Japan.

The new court proceeding would unfold against a backdrop of more than 30-plus license changes for the Vogtle reactors that Southern Company has said are needed and that the nine groups believe may result in possible delays and cost overruns.

The nine groups are the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, Center for a Sustainable Coast, Citizens Allied for Safe Energy, Friends of the Earth, Georgia Women’s Action for New Directions, North Carolina Waste Awareness and Reduction Network, Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Nuclear Watch South, and the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

They have asked federal judges to order the NRC to prepare a new environmental impact statement (EIS) for the proposed Vogtle reactors that would detail how cooling systems for the proposed reactors and spent fuel storage pools would meet new regulatory requirements in light of the Fukushima accident to protect the site, and nearby communities, against earthquakes, flooding and prolonged loss of electric power to the site.

Post-Fukushima safety requirements may also lead to a change in the economics of the Vogtle project compared to other energy alternatives.

Sara Barczak, High Risk Energy Choices program director, Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, said: “As evidenced by today’s NRC decision, regulators unfortunately continue to ignore the real ramifications that this risky, expensive nuclear project could have on utility customers and local communities. There are serious safety and economic concerns that will eventually come to a front. Before billions more dollars are spent, post-Fukushima issues should be dealt with in order to best protect surrounding communities and ratepayers’ pocketbooks.”

Diane Curran, Harmon, Curran, Spielberg and Eisenberg, L.L.P., attorney for organizations, said: “The NRC predicts we are going to lose our case in federal court and therefore it refuses to order the suspension of construction at Vogtle while our court case proceeds. But the NRC only digs itself in deeper with this decision, which confirms that the NRC applied the wrong standard in refusing to supplement the EIS for Vogtle to address the environmental implications of the Fukushima accident – whether there was an ‘imminent risk’ of a Fukushima-like accident.

“But that is not the correct standard for whether a supplemental environmental analysis should be required. The standard is whether there is a significant risk of a severe accident sometime during the operating life of the reactor – not tomorrow.”

Dr. Arjun Makhijani, president, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, said: “In denying a stay of the license, the Commission completely ignored our principal concern about the harm that will be caused by going ahead with construction now – that the costs of Fukushima-related backfits that may be required will be much greater after construction starts than if that issue is settled before construction, which is what we ask. The NRC gave short shrift to the interests of the public and specifically the ratepayers who are bearing the risks of Vogtle 3 and 4.

“For instance, the NRC ignored its own statements, as recent as January 2012, that the frequency of earthquakes of a given ground motion in the eastern region is now estimated to be higher than before. The Commission has failed to learn the lessons of the more than one hundred reactors to which it gave construction licenses in the 1970s that were later cancelled at great damage to ratepayers and the public in general in part because safety-related backfits were needed once construction had begun.”

Rev. Charles Utley, Environmental Justice coordinator, Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League, said: “As residents living within view of Plant Vogtle, we oppose the siting yet another nuclear plant in our backyard. For years we have participated in public hearings, legal actions and many other tactics to slow, stop and reverse this fundamental injustice. For our children, our homes and our community, we will never give up.”

Curran added: “The decision also vividly illustrates how NRC tries to have it both ways, telling the public to ‘trust us’ that it is taking the Fukushima accident seriously, at the same time it refuses to be accountable to the public by supplementing the environmental impact statement for Vogtle or by even holding a hearing on whether it should be supplemented.

“Attendance at the only hearing the NRC has held on the question of whether the NRC should supplement the environmental study for Vogtle was limited to Southern Nuclear Operating Co. and the NRC technical staff. The NRC would not let the public participate and refused these groups’ request for a hearing on the very same issue. We should have learned from the Japanese accident that such a cozy relationship between industry and government regulators leads to complacency and poor regulatory decisions.”

In February, the groups asked the NRC to delay construction of the new Vogtle reactors until the court decided their case. Since the NRC refused their request today, they will re-file the stay motion on construction with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit later this week. They contend that construction should not be allowed until the NRC decides whether the proposed new reactors should be re-designed to provide for more rigorous protection against earthquakes and extended power outages.

To build reactors that might need to be significantly modified later and extensively backfitted in light of new post-Fukushima regulatory requirements risks wasting ratepayer dollars, causing unnecessary pollution, and even possible abandonment of the project.

The NRC’s order today is available online.

Related Links
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Nuclear Power News – Nuclear Science, Nuclear Technology
Powering The World in the 21st Century at Energy-Daily.com

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr20

 

 

 

Incoming Plasma Clouds to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars

Spaceweather.com
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:08 CDT

On April 18th and 19th, a series of minor CMEs puffed away from the sun. Three of them are heading in our general direction. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab have prepared an animated forecast track of the ensemble.

© Goddard Space Weather Lab

According to the forecast, the clouds are going to hit Mercury, Earth, Mars and rover Curiosity en route to Mars. The impact on our planet, on April 22nd around 00:50 UT, is expected to be minor with auroras likely only at higher latitudes.
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Space

Black Hole In Scorpius Seen Firing Fast Cosmic Bullets 20 April, 2012 MessageToEagle.com – Located about 28,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius, there is a black hole named H1742-322.

Racing outward at about one-quarter the speed of light, “bullets” of ionized gas are thought to arise from a region located just outside the black hole’s event horizon, the point beyond which nothing can escape.

Using the Very Large Baseline Array and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite, an international team of astronomers have successfully managed to capture a detailed image of the black hole eruption.

The Very Large Baseline Array is a set of 10 radio telescopes that spans 5,000 miles from Mauna Kea in Hawaii to St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. It provides astronomers with the sharpest vision of any telescope on Earth or in space.

A black hole in the constellation Scorpius is firing fast cosmic bullets.“If your eyes were as sharp as the VLBA, you could see a person on the moon,” said physicist Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta.

“Like a referee at a sports game, we essentially rewound the footage on the bullets’ progress, pinpointing when they were launched,” said Gregory Sivakoff of the University of Alberta in Canada.

Discovered by NASA’s HEAO-1 satellite in 1977, the system is composed of a normal star and a black hole of modest but unknown masses.Their orbit around each other is measured in days, which puts them so close together that the black hole pulls a continuous stream of matter from its stellar companion.

The flowing gas forms a flattened accretion disk millions of miles across, several times wider than our sun, centered on the black hole.

As matter swirls inward, it is compressed and heated to tens of millions of degrees, so hot that it emits X-rays.

Some of the infalling matter becomes re-directed out of the accretion disk as dual, oppositely directed jets.

Read Full Article Here

A wonderful night in April – April 21 and the 3D Lyrid Meteor Shower

Dr. Tony Phillips
Science@NASA
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 16:02 CDT

This weekend, NASA scientists, amateur astronomers, and an astronaut on board the International Space Station will attempt the first-ever 3D photography of meteors from Earth and space.

“The annual Lyrid meteor shower peaks on April 21-22,” says Bill Cooke, the head of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office. “We’re going to try to photograph some of these ‘shooting stars’ simultaneously from ground stations, from a research balloon in the stratosphere, and from the space station.”

 

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Articles of Interest

Vietnam baffled by mystery disease

(UKPA)

Vietnam has asked the World Health Organization to help investigate a mystery disease that has killed 19 people and left 171 others sick.

Le Han Phong, chairman of the People’s Committee in Ba To district in Quang Ngai province, said patients first experience a rash on their hands and feet along with high fever, loss of appetite and eventually organ failure.

He said nearly 100 people remain in hospital, including 10 in critical condition. Patients with milder symptoms are being treated at home.

Mr Phong said the first case was detected last year and that the disease had died down until a spate of new infections were recently reported, mostly in one impoverished village.

A Ministry of Health investigation was inconclusive.

 

 

Incurable Mystery Hand, Foot and Mouth Virus Kills 19 Vietnamese Children to Date

Russia Today
Fri, 20 Apr 2012 13:41 CDT
Print
Red Cross volunteer

© Quang Tuan / Vietnam Red Cross
A Red Cross volunteer talks to Hoang Thi Kim Phung, whose two-and-a-half -month-old son was admitted to hospital in Long An, Vietnam, with symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease
Hanoi has asked the World Health Organization for help to cure a virulent disease affecting children. Symptoms include blistering on hands, feet and mouths accompanied by high fever and eventual organ failure.

­Nineteen children died from the illness in 2011 alone.

The virus spreads through direct contact with an infected person’s oral discharges or saliva, the fluid from burst blisters or the stool of infected persons.

The Red Cross mission in Vietnam reports the disease has already infected over 28,000 children this year, which is more than 10 times the number of infected children in the same period last year.

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), last year a record 110,000 children became infected, with 169 deaths.

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) disease mostly affects children under three years old (80 per cent of totals cases) the Red Cross said. There is no known treatment for HFMD.

Human HFMD differs from a similar foot-and-mouth disease affecting cattle, sheep, and pigs.

The virus was first detected last year in central Vietnam. Initially the disease died away, but later many new infections were reported. Most of those infected are from one impoverished villages.

Last year HFMD killed 19 people, reportedly most of them children. One hundred and seventy-one people were hospitalized, 10 in a critical condition. Some patients get milder symptoms and are able to be treated at home.

Vietnam’s Ministry of Health launched a fruitless investigation.

In previous years the registered HFMD cases were mild and most patients recovered after a maximum 10 days, but the new virulent strain EV71 has developed into a fatal disease.

The IFRC say it needs $840,000 to sponsor a program preventing the spread of the disease.

Vietnamese authorities are conducting a campaign to improve sanitation and hygiene practices in internal migrant families living in densely-populated areas.

Cases of HFMD are also on increase in other Asian countries, including Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.

HFMD (Hand, foot and mouth disease) awareness posters (Vietnam Red Cross / p-VNM0322)

 

 

Did Climate Change Cause Witch Hysteria?

Alan Burke
Salem News
Salem Witch Trials

© Public domain / Artist unknown
An engraving depicting a scene from the Salem Witch Trials. The central figure in this 1876 illustration of the courtroom is usually identified as Mary Walcott, 17, one of several girls in Salem with a psychological disorder known as mass hysteria, and whose condition was blamed on witchcraft..

Salem – The Salem witch tragedy of 1692 took less than two years to play out. Yet 300 years later, explanations for how and why it happened are still coming.

One theory recently gaining exposure thanks to bloggers comes from a 2004 college thesis that places the blame on something we think of as a strictly modern phenomenon: climate change.

Proposed in a Harvard thesis, the paper by economist Emily Oster has earned attention due to the modern swirl of controversy surrounding the possibility that human interaction has altered world temperatures.

Currently an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, Oster linked periodic outbreaks of violence against people accused of witchcraft with dramatic temperature drops.

“The most active period of the witchcraft trials (mainly in Europe) coincides with a period of lower-than-average temperature known to climatologists as the ‘little ice age,'” Oster wrote. “The colder temperatures increased the frequency of crop failure, and colder seas prevented cod and other fish from migrating as far north, eliminating this vital food source for some northern areas of Europe.”

When crops failed, “people would have searched for a scapegoat in the face of deadly changes in weather patterns,” she wrote. Thus, desperate people traced their troubles to unpopular neighbors and outcasts allied to the devil.

Oster noted that the persecutions “spread even across the Atlantic Ocean to Salem, Massachusetts.”

Moreover, she added, “The coldest segments of this ‘little ice age’ period were in the 1590s and between 1680 and 1730.”

 

 

 

 

Mysterious Balancing Rocks Resist Quakes’ Shakes

Andrea Mustain
OurAmazingPlanet
PBR

© James Brune
A Precariously Balanced Rock, or PBR.

San Diego – In the western San Bernardino Mountains, near the highway that links Los Angeles and Las Vegas, scientists recently discovered a geological mystery: colossal rocks perched in precarious poses right next door to the San Andreas Fault.

It’s not the rocks’ balancing act that is perplexing, said Lisa Grant Ludwig, a scientist who presented this puzzle to colleagues this week here at the annual meeting of the Seismological Society of America.

It’s how the rocks have managed to stay that way with such an aggressive maker of powerful earthquakes just a few miles away.

 

 

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

 

 

EMSC     Georgia (sak’art’velo)
Apr 19 23:51 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Madeira Islands, Portugal Region
Apr 19 23:41 PM
4.4     80.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 23:36 PM
3.2     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:34 PM
2.6     3.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 23:22 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 23:03 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     135.0     MAP

USGS     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
4.8     122.7     MAP

GEOFON     Central Peru
Apr 19 23:02 PM
5.2     102.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 23:01 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 22:54 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

USGS     Alaska Peninsula
Apr 19 22:36 PM
2.5     15.2     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 22:18 PM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 22:11 PM
2.9     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 19 21:53 PM
2.8     38.5     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 21:32 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 19 21:13 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:49 PM
3.2     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:25 PM
3.2     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:18 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:12 PM
2.5     4.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:09 PM
3.0     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:06 PM
3.4     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 20:00 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:55 PM
3.1     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 19:52 PM
4.5     7.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 19:32 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     New South Wales, Australia
Apr 19 19:09 PM
3.7     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 18:48 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 18:37 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 18:07 PM
4.7     50.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 17:47 PM
2.5     16.1     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     72.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 19 17:23 PM
5.3     12.1     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 17:03 PM
2.7     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Pyrenees
Apr 19 17:02 PM
3.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Washington
Apr 19 16:36 PM
2.6     19.8     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 16:26 PM
3.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Off East Coast Of Kamchatka
Apr 19 16:17 PM
4.0     33.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 15:56 PM
4.5     1.0     MAP

GEOFON     Irian Jaya Region, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near N Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     30.0     MAP

USGS     Near The North Coast Of Papua, Indonesia
Apr 19 15:46 PM
5.0     25.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 15:37 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Albania
Apr 19 15:11 PM
2.5     16.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 14:58 PM
2.5     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 14:43 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near Coast Of Guerrero, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Offshore Oaxaca, Mexico
Apr 19 14:35 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off Coast Of Northern Chile
Apr 19 13:40 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 19 13:38 PM
2.4     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Poland
Apr 19 13:31 PM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 13:04 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 12:58 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:36 PM
2.5     6.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 12:31 PM
2.5     2.4     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 19 12:19 PM
3.0     77.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 12:15 PM
2.5     7.0     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:46 AM
3.0     1.7     MAP

USGS     Southern California
Apr 19 11:45 AM
2.8     1.5     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 11:24 AM
2.5     75.6     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 11:00 AM
3.1     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     589.0     MAP

GEOFON     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.5     545.0     MAP

USGS     Celebes Sea
Apr 19 10:59 AM
4.7     553.1     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.7     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 10:55 AM
4.9     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:54 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 10:51 AM
2.8     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 10:34 AM
2.9     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 19 10:14 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 19 10:13 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Central Italy
Apr 19 09:40 AM
2.7     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 19 09:34 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:25 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 19 09:16 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern Chile
Apr 19 09:06 AM
4.6     104.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 19 08:31 AM
2.9     4.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 19 07:56 AM
2.9     7.2     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:52 AM
3.3     159.0     MAP

USGS     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.7     46.8     MAP

GEOFON     Iran-iraq Border Region
Apr 19 07:42 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 07:22 AM
3.1     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     29.9     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:52 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.8     14.8     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 19 06:30 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 19 06:25 AM
3.3     112.1     MAP

USGS     Dominican Republic
Apr 19 06:15 AM
3.4     100.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 05:00 AM
4.7     32.1     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
5.2     18.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 19 03:33 AM
4.9     14.0     MAP

GEOFON     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Volcano Islands, Japan Region
Apr 19 02:48 AM
4.9     18.2     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 19 02:32 AM
3.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:14 AM
3.4     144.1     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 19 02:00 AM
3.3     71.0     MAP

GEOFON     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     17.0     MAP

USGS     Taiwan
Apr 19 01:58 AM
5.1     18.8     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 19 01:20 AM
4.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
Apr 19 01:17 AM
2.7     11.9     MAP

USGS     Coquimbo, Chile
Apr 19 01:14 AM
4.7     52.3     MAP

GEOFON     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.7     97.0     MAP

USGS     El Salvador
Apr 19 00:48 AM
4.4     94.0     MAP

GEOFON     Kuril Islands
Apr  19 00:24 AM
4.5     59.0     MAP

USGS     Kuril Islands
Apr 19 00:24 AM
4.8     71.8     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico
Apr 19 00:13 AM
2.6     8.6     MAP

 

Earthquake swarm on Iran-Iraq border continues

Posted on April 20, 2012
April 20, 2012 IRAN5.1 and 5.0 earthquakes are the latest in a swarm of about six earthquakes that have erupted along the convergent plate boundaries between the Arabian and Eurasian plate. The swarm is about 528 km (328 miles) SW of TEHRAN, Iran. The epicenter of the earthquakes is located on the convergent boundary where the two tectonic plates are colliding along the border of Iraq and Iran in what’s known as the Alpide Belt. Three moderate earthquakes have erupted along the epicenter in less than 20 hours. Most of the volcanoes in Iran lie in the north and south of the country, so this region outside the Tigris River is not considered a high-risk region for magma intrusion. Might this be the precursor to some event? We will have to wait and see.

New research puts focus on earthquake, tsunami hazard for southern California

by Staff Writers
San Francisco CA (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

Scientists will convene in San Diego to present the latest seismological research at the annual conference of the Seismological Society of America (SSA), April 17-19. This year’s meeting is expected to draw a record number of registrants, with more than 630 scientists in attendance, and will feature 292 oral presentations and 239 poster presentations.

“For over 100 years the Annual Meeting of SSA has been the forum of excellence for presenting and discussing exciting new developments in seismology research and operations in the U.S. and globally,” said Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade, president of SSA, which is a scientific society devoted to the advancement of earthquake science. von Hillebrandt-Andrade is manager of the NOAA National Weather Service Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program in Puerto Rico.

A special public town hall meeting is scheduled for the evening of April 17, featuring talks by experts on the seismic hazard to San Diego from future earthquakes and tsunamis.

“We are extremely excited by the range, depth, and quality of science to be presented at this meeting” said David Oglesby, associate professor of earth sciences at the University of California, Riverside. “The meeting will cover all aspects of seismology and earthquake science, from geology to numerical models, and from seismograms to tsunamis.

“Our location near the US-Mexican border also help to illuminate the exciting opportunities in international scientific collaborations,” said Oglesby, who is a co-organizer of the conference program along with Raul Castro, a seismologist at the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Baja California.

The presentations by the international gathering of seismologists will focus on a broad range of topics, covering the Earth’s surface to its center. Some highlights that focus more closely on the San Diego area include:

Downtown San Diego:
The city of San Diego sits atop a fault system that poses considerable seismic hazard to the millions of the region’s residents. In an evaluation by Ivan Wong and colleagues from the URS Corporation, an international engineering consulting firm, the potential hazard from both strong ground shaking and surface faulting was quantified in the downtown area.

Several rupture scenarios of the Rose Canyon fault system were considered including rupture of the associated San Diego fault that traverses downtown San Diego.

The surface faulting hazard for locations along the San Diego fault is estimated to be low because of its low rate of activity but the ground shaking hazard is probably high throughout much of San Diego because of the distributed nature of the Rose Canyon fault system.

The behavior of the Rose Canyon fault system as it traverses San Diego is poorly understood. It is unclear what the role of individual faults in the fault system are in the vicinity of San Diego Bay and the downtown area in a large magnitude 7+ earthquake and how often such events may occur.

“It is clear however that the threat to the city from a future large earthquake is considerable and that research is needed to define what that level of hazard is,” said Ivan Wong, principal seismologist and vice president of URS Corporation.

San Jacinto Fault Zone:
Geophysicist Tom Rockwell, and colleagues from San Diego State University will describe the latest research findings on the San Jacinto Fault (SJF) Zone, which is a seismically active, major component of the overall southern San Andreas Fault system, and of particular importance to the San Diego region. They have mapped evidence of past ruptures consistent with very large earthquakes along the Clark Fault, an individual strand associated with the SJF.

Tom Rockwell and other presenters will discuss their work at a news briefing on April 19, beginning at 12:10 p.m. (local time) in the Terrace Salon 2 room of the Town and Country Resort and Convention Hotel.

Offshore faults:
A new map of active faults off the coast of southern California could clarify some of the earthquake hazard for the region, say Jaime Conrad of the U.S. Geological Survey and colleagues. Although this area is crisscrossed by faults, the seismic hazard posed by their activity isn’t well understood, partly because it’s unclear how much the faults slip and how they interact.

The new map covers a series of faults in the near-shore portion of the region known as the Inner Continental Borderland, located between the coast and the San Clemente fault, about 35-40 miles offshore.

The crumpled and uplifted seafloor from Santa Monica Bay to the Mexican border includes several high-angled and north-south trending faults. Using high-resolution seismic reflection data from a number of sources, including multiple sources of sonar beamed from research ships and unmanned underwater vehicles, the researchers were able to revise the current map in some surprising ways.

The data show linkages between faults that were not known previously, for example, and in some cases show a fault slip rate of 1-2 millimeters per year.

Related Links
Seismological Society of America
Bringing Order To A World Of Disasters
When the Earth Quakes
A world of storm and tempest

 

 

 

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Volcanic Activity

Popocatepetl Volcano Threatening to Erupt, 19 Million Prepare to Evacuate

By Sami K. Martin , Christian Post Contributor
April 18, 2012|11:57 am

The Popocatepetl volcano is making movement and threatening to erupt, causing Mexican officials to raise the alert level from yellow phase three to yellow phase two.

The volcano has already begun spewing red-hot bits of rock, and its opening has expanded. These are signs that the volcano, still quite active, could soon erupt. In a statement by Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention, the volcano could produce “moderate exhalations, some with ash, sporadic low to moderate explosions with likely burning fragments, and flaming magma within the crater.”

Residents and tourists have been advised to remain at least seven miles away from the volcano’s base, lest magma or hot rock injure anyone. Mexico has been experiencing natural disasters with increasing frequency.

Read Full Article Here

 

 

Popocatépetl Volcano Erupts Spewing Hot Rock Fragments and Ash in Mexico

Alex Sosnowski
AccuWeather
Thu, 19 Apr 2012 11:40 CDT
Print
Popocatepetl volcano

© AP
Birds fly in the foreground as a plume of ash and steam rise from Popocatepetl volcano as seen from San Andres Cholula, Mexico, Wednesday April 18, 2012. Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano is continuing to spout gases and hot rock fragments and it is dusting towns on its flanks with volcanic ash.
A volcano within view of Mexico City continues to erupt.

Steam, smoke and hot fragments of rock began to be ejected from Popocatepetl this past weekend.

The volcano is located about 50 miles southeast of Mexico’s capital, Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is home to approximately 21 million people.

According to Reuters, Mexico’s National Center for Disaster Prevention this week raised the alert level to three on a scale from one to seven, with seven being the greatest threat.

If eruptions intensify, evacuations of nearby villages may be necessary.

The volcano has had a long history of frequent minor to moderate eruptions.

In 2000, thousands of residents surrounding the nearly 18,000-foot mountain were forced to evacuate. Popocatepetl is North America’s second highest volcano.

Eruptions have occurred in November and June of 2011.

According to VolcanoDiscovery.com, Popocatepetl was dormant during the 1950s, 60s, 70s and 80s.

This is a very active volcanic region of the globe and is known as the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

Mexico authorities were recommending limiting access to the area, including air travel due to the frequency of the volcanic activity of late.

Ash from volcanoes can be carried into the intake of engines, leading to failure.

During a major eruption, smoke and ash can be carried for hundreds and thousands of miles downwind, depending on weather conditions. Such was the case with Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland during 2010.

Accord to Smithsonian, the last major eruption of Popocatepetl, which including a pyroclastic flow, occurred around 800 AD.

A pyroclastic flow is a combination of lethal hot gas and ash, similar to what happened in Pompeii, Italy.

Popocatepetl is the Aztec word for smoking mountain.

Surface winds in the vicinity of the volcano during April 19, 2012, were generally from the west and northwest, carrying smoke and ash away from the Mexico capital.

The town of Puebla, located southeast of Popocatepetl was reporting volcanic ash in the vicinity for a few hours during April 18.

This story was first published on Monday, April 16, 2012 and has been updated.

Reventador volcano (Ecuador), activity update: steaming and ash emission

Thursday Apr 19, 2012 09:04 AM | Age: 23 hrs
BY: T

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

eruption plume from Reventador on 18 April (photo: L. Gomezjurado / IG)

Reventador continues to be mildly active with ongoing weak to moderate steam and ash emissions. The Instituto Geofísico reports a 2 km high column of steam and ash rising from Reventador volcano on 18 April. The ash cloud moved to the NW.
IG characterizes the actual activity level (visual and seismic activity) of Reventador “moderate”. No major changes have been observed at the volcano in recent days.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

 

 

Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Biological Hazard India State of Tamil Nadu, Valparai [Vellamalai Top Division Tea Estate] Damage level
Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard Samoa Capital city, Apia [Tafaigata prison] Damage level
Details
  Today Extreme Weather Turkey [Statewide] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Accident USA State of Indiana, Indianapolis [Zionsville Road, Pike Township] Damage level
Details
  Today Vehicle Incident USA State of New York, New York City [John F. Kennedy International Airport ] Damage level
Details
  Today Forest / Wild Fire India State of Andhra Pradesh, [Tirumala Forest] Damage level
Details
  Today Flash Flood United Kingdom England, Pocklington [East Yorkshire] Damage level
Details
  Today Nuclear Event USA State of Pennsylvania, [Limerick Generating Station] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Bolivia Departamento de La Paz, El Castillo Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of Texas, Pleasanton Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Forest / Wild Fire Turkey Province of Karabük, [Villages of Cıraklar, Kadibükü and Cercen, Safranbolu district ] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Dominican Republic Moca Municipio, [Canca, Tamboril and Ceiba de Madera] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Biological Hazard South Africa State of Western Cape, Cape Town [Koeel Bay] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 Vehicle Accident USA State of , [About 120 miles west of Tampa] Damage level
Details
  19.04.2012 HAZMAT USA State of Pennsylvania, Wissinoming [James Sullivan Elementary School] Damage level
Details
1 20.04.2012 Epidemic Hazard Vietnam Province of Quang Ngai, [Son Ky Commune] Damage level
Details

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gale Warning

 

CHICAGO IL
GRAND RAPIDS MI
JUNEAU AK
ANCHORAGE ALASKA
GAYLORD MI
GREEN BAY WI
MILWAUKEE/SULLIVAN WI
 DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

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Storms, Flooding

 

 

 

Flood Warning

 

LAKE CHARLES LA
LITTLE ROCK AR
JACKSON, MS
SHREVEPORT LA



Winter Weather Advisory

 

GREEN BAY WI
GAYLORD MI
MARQUETTE MI

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Climate Change

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change

by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012

Southeast Asia’s billion dollar cassava industry at high risk due to climate change
by Staff Writers
Bangkok, Thailand (SPX) Apr 20, 2012


The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

Severe outbreaks of new, invasive pests triggered by rising temperatures could threaten Southeast Asia’s multi-billion dollar cassava industry, as well as the livelihoods of the hundreds of thousands of small farmers that rely on the crop for income, according to research from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

“Warmer conditions and longer dry seasons linked to climate change could prove to be the perfect catalyst for outbreaks of pests and diseases. They are already formidable enemies affecting food crops,” said Pramod K. Aggarwal, regional program leader for Asia at the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Around five million small producers across Southeast Asia supply cassava to domestic and foreign processing industries, which convert the roots to animal feed and biofuels and also extract starch for use in a wide variety of food and other products. Thailand’s cassava industry accounts for more than 60 percent of global exports. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of tapioca starch, made from the cassava root. In 2011, Thai farmers exported 2.8 billion metric tons of tapioca starch worth almost 48 billion Thai Baht, according to the Thai Tapioca Starch Association.

For cassava in Southeast Asia, mealybugs and whiteflies are already endemic in the region. But new threats, such as the tiny green mite (Mononychellus mcgregori), are already emerging, says the research, published recently in the scientific journal Tropical Plant Biology.

“The cassava pest situation in Asia is pretty serious as it is,” said Tony Bellotti, a cassava entomologist at CIAT. “But according to our studies, rising temperatures could make things a whole lot worse.”

The research was discussed at “Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia: Research and Development Priorities,” a conference convened in Bangkok this week by the Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

“One outbreak of an invasive species is bad enough, but our results show that climate change could trigger multiple, combined outbreaks across Southeast Asia, Southern China and the cassava-growing areas of Southern India,” added Belloti. “It’s a serious threat to the hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers for whom cassava is a lifeline, and their main source of income.”

The green mite was first sighted feeding on cassava in Vietnam in 2009, with further reports from Southern China and additional unconfirmed sightings in Cambodia in 2011. Originally from South America, the tiny mites feed on the leaves of cassava plants, causing them to wither and die. It is closely related to the green mite species Mononychellus tanajoa, which has caused extensive damage to cassava in Africa and South America.

An invasive species-one whose movement is aided by the boom in global travel and trade, and which has no natural enemies in Asia-green mite populations could explode if left unchecked.

The report calls for a range of responses to minimize the risk of outbreaks, and to limit damage where outbreaks occur, under the broad banner of Integrated Pest Management. This includes renewed scientific focus on breeding cassava plants with increased resistance to the pests, minimal use of pesticides to avoid killing any possible natural enemies, as well as the identification, rearing and introduction of so-called “biological control agents”-predator and parasite species that hunt down and kill the pests.

In 2009, Thailand showed how a sudden, severe cassava mealybug outbreak could be swiftly brought under control through the use of the parasitic wasp Anagyrus lopezi, which was released into Thai cassava fields in 2010.

“These pest outbreaks need to be continually monitored,” Bellotti said. “Our research shows that there are specific niches that these exotic species can exploit, not just in Asia, but in Africa and the Americas too.”

Scientists emphasize the importance of taming these threats to cassava because the crop is one of the few that can prosper as the climate changes. Previous CIAT research identified cassava as a “Rambo root,” exceptionally tolerant of higher temperatures and droughts. But while the plant can survive the changing temperatures, in order to fully realize its potential to thrive in the face of climate change, it needs assistance in overcoming the crop pests that also come with modified climates.

The Climate Smart Agriculture conference in Bangkok featured leading agriculture, climate and development experts, as well as government representatives from 14 countries in South and Southeast Asia, who brought similar experiences of how agriculture has changed, discussed the most up-to-date research on the impacts of climate change on food security, and identified the priorities to make agriculture “climate-smart.”

These regions are home to more than 30 percent of the world’s population, but half of the world’s poor and malnourished. Agriculture is the backbone of most economies in the region, with nearly 50 percent of the population dependent on the sector for food and livelihoods. Agriculture, along with forestry and land use change, also account for almost one third of greenhouse gas emissions globally, and some of the most innovative approaches to reducing these emissions have been developed in Southeast Asia, one of the leading exporters of rice and cassava to the rest of the world.

In Vietnam, some farmers are switching from rice to shrimp farming to respond to increased salinity and other changes in water resources. Scientists are also working with farmers to disseminate varieties in Mekong Delta countries that can tolerate a larger amount of saltwater flooding, more acidic water and soil, elevated levels of pollution, and new strains of pests and diseases-all while decreasing the crop’s water usage and emissions footprint.

“Last year’s record flooding in Thailand and Southeast Asia was preceded by a record drought in 2010. These and many other extreme weather events have hammered global food prices,” said Bruce Campbell, program director at CCAFS. “With climate change in South and Southeast Asia expected to reduce agriculture productivity by as much as 50 percent in the next three decades, agriculture must become more productive, more resilient and more climate-friendly. Agriculture needs to shift from being climate dependent to being climate-smart.”

The research was published in Tropical Plant Biology, vol 4, numbers 3-4 Dec 2011.

Related Links
CGIAR
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr19: Earth-Directed CME/Quake Watch Peaks 21st/22nd


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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 16 23:57 PM
3.2     80.6     MAP

GEOFON     Mid Indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

USGS     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     9.6     MAP

EMSC     Mid-indian Ridge
Apr 16 23:53 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 23:53 PM
3.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern Algeria
Apr 16 23:51 PM
2.8     30.0     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 16 23:42 PM
2.8     28.6     MAP

USGS     Northern California
Apr 16 23:25 PM
2.5     28.4     MAP

USGS     Nevada
Apr 16 23:15 PM
2.8     10.9     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:52 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:10 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 22:00 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 21:40 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 21:35 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:31 PM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 21:18 PM
2.6     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:49 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 20:46 PM
2.6     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:45 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:41 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 20:30 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 20:26 PM
3.3     51.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 20:24 PM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Vanuatu
Apr 16 20:16 PM
4.8     87.0     MAP

GEOFON     Vanuatu Islands
Apr 16 20:16 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 16 19:58 PM
3.0     2.0     MAP

USGS     Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Apr 16 19:46 PM
2.8     169.5     MAP

USGS     Virgin Islands Region
Apr 16 19:39 PM
2.7     55.5     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 19:28 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 19:09 PM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 19:05 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:59 PM
2.6     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:46 PM
3.1     8.0     MAP

GEONET     Taupo
Apr 16 18:36 PM
5.0     150.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 18:03 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.2     40.0     MAP

GEOFON     Sulawesi, Indonesia
Apr 16 18:01 PM
5.3     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 17:53 PM
2.6     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Southwestern Siberia, Russia
Apr 16 17:04 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:03 PM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Komandorskiye Ostrova Region
Apr 16 17:02 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

USGS     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     38.6     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:55 PM
4.4     39.0     MAP

EMSC     Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Molucca Sea
Apr 16 16:39 PM
4.5     70.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 16 16:39 PM
3.7     149.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 16:13 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.1     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 16:05 PM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:41 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 16 15:11 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.7     30.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.5     50.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 15:06 PM
4.8     40.7     MAP

EMSC     Central Turkey
Apr 16 14:39 PM
2.4     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 14:24 PM
2.6     12.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 14:23 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 16 14:14 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     East Of Severnaya Zemlya
Apr 16 13:56 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:44 PM
2.8     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:43 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 13:23 PM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 13:21 PM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 13:00 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.5     20.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.2     14.4     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 12:57 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:56 PM
2.6     9.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:47 PM
3.3     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:39 PM
2.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 12:33 PM
2.9     107.1     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:28 PM
2.4     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:24 PM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 12:23 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:21 PM
3.3     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:19 PM
4.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:12 PM
3.3     19.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 12:03 PM
3.1     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.6     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.5     51.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 12:02 PM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 12:01 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:56 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Sicily, Italy
Apr 16 11:51 AM
2.6     132.0     MAP

EMSC     Canary Islands, Spain Region
Apr 16 11:45 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:44 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:42 AM
3.1     6.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:36 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:34 AM
2.8     11.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 11:32 AM
2.5     122.5     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     40.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.5     36.0     MAP

GEOFON     Southern Greece
Apr 16 11:23 AM
5.6     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 11:19 AM
2.6     7.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 11:15 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:50 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

EMSC     France
Apr 16 10:46 AM
2.4     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:43 AM
2.9     3.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 16 10:41 AM
2.9     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:40 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.4     7.0     MAP

GEONET     Hawke’s Bay
Apr 16 10:39 AM
3.2     30.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:38 AM
3.1     14.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:36 AM
3.1     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:25 AM
3.3     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 10:23 AM
4.1     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 10:22 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:22 AM
3.5     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 10:19 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:15 AM
3.0     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.5     9.4     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 16 10:10 AM
4.2     1.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     14.7     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 16 09:46 AM
5.3     10.0     MAP

USGS     Malay Peninsula, Thailand
Apr 16 09:44 AM
3.9     10.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 09:41 AM
2.9     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 09:31 AM
3.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 09:21 AM
3.2     21.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:54 AM
3.0     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 08:40 AM
3.7     5.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 16 08:33 AM
3.5     56.0     MAP

GEONET     Whanganui
Apr 16 08:23 AM
2.4     12.0     MAP

USGS     Oklahoma
Apr 16 08:12 AM
3.9     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Java, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

EMSC     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.6     60.0     MAP

USGS     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 16 07:37 AM
4.8     36.7     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 07:27 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 16 06:56 AM
3.2     42.2     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Apr 16 06:52 AM
3.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 16 06:27 AM
2.6     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:25 AM
2.7     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 16 06:12 AM
2.7     14.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 06:08 AM
3.4     15.1     MAP

GEOFON     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.5     10.1     MAP

EMSC     South Of Alaska
Apr 16 05:23 AM
4.4     2.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 16 04:37 AM
2.5     47.1     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:24 AM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northeastern Iran
Apr 16 04:22 AM
4.0     8.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 16 04:16 AM
2.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 16 03:37 AM
2.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.3     MAP

GEOFON     Gulf Of California
Apr 16 03:27 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

“There is no doubt that something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes,” said Marmureanu.

croatiantimes.com

A leading earthquake scientist has warned that the planet could be cracking up after a series of massive quakes in just 48 hours.

Expert Gheorghe Marmureanu – from Romania’s National Institute of Earth Physics – says 39 quakes had hit the globe within two days.

The series started with two massive quakes in Indonesia measuring 8.6 and 8.2 on the Richter scale rapidly followed by three more only slightly smaller in Mexico within hours.

Read Full Article Here

Mexico quake causes ‘tsunami’ at Devil’s Hole

By Henry Brean
LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL
Posted: Apr. 10, 2012 | 6:00 p.m.

A powerful earthquake in southern Mexico last month churned the waters of a normally tranquil spring pool west of Pahrump, and a team of researchers was there to capture the bizarre phenomenon on video.

About 10 minutes after the magnitude-7.4 quake struck in the mountains east of Acapulco, some 1,700 miles from Southern Nevada, the water in Devil’s Hole began to slosh back and forth. The inch-high waves gradually grew, eventually surging to more than 2 feet and splashing across the metal catwalks researchers use to study the warm spring pool and its tiny population of endangered Devil’s Hole pup-fish.

The National Park Service is calling the event a “tsunami in the desert.”

“To see it change that dramatically in such a short period of time was amazing,” said Jeffrey Goldstein, a Park Service bio-technician who filmed the waves.

The video has since been posted on YouTube, where it has been viewed more than 32,000 times.

Read Full Article Here

Magnitude-5.5 Quake Jolts Southern Greece, No Injuries Reported

    2012-04-16 20:44:21     Xinhua       Web Editor: Li

A moderate earthquake measuring 5.5 magnitude on the Richter scale jolted southern Peloponnese in Greece on Monday noon, local media cited the Euro-mediterranean Seismic Institute as saying.

No injuries or major material damages have been reported by local authorities.

The epicenter of the quake was traced at a distance of some 19 kilometers off the coast of the city of Methoni at a depth of about 40 kilometers, according to seismologists. The tremor was felt in a major part of Peloponnese.

Earthquake-prone Greece is regularly hit by moderate tremors and catastrophic ones many times in recent years. The earthquake in 1999 measuring 6 degrees on the Richter scale in Athens caused many deaths and extensive damages.

M 3.9      2012/04/16 08:12     Depth 5.0 km      OKLAHOMA, USA
03:12:00 AM at epicenter – Epicenter location see below in list
One of the many aftershocks in the greater Shawnee area still irritating the local people, especially when they happen in the middle of the night. Only a few seconds but long enough shaking to wake up.
Approx. 85,000 people will have felt a light shaking and nearly 2.5 million a weak shaking !
Light shaking would have been (theoretically) experienced in the vicinity of Prague, Chandler, Stroud, Boley, Shawnee and McLoud

Strong earthquake strikes Chile; no serious damage reported

By the CNN Wire Staff
updated 1:24 AM EDT, Tue April 17, 2012
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • An earthquake in 2010 killed hundreds in Chile
  • Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire”
  • No tsunami warning has been issued
  • The quake has a depth of 16.1 miles

(CNN) — A strong earthquake struck coastal Chile about 26 miles (42 kilometers) from the port city of Valparaiso late Monday, the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

The 6.7-magnitude quake knocked out some power and phone lines in the region, but there were no immediate reports of major damage, authorities said.

The temblor was felt in the capital city, Santiago, located 69 miles from the epicenter. A CNN en Español anchor held onto his desk as the quake rattled the studio during a newscast in Huechurba, a suburb of the capital.

No tsunami warning has been issued, according to Chile’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service, although the government did issue a “mandated preventive evacuation off the coast of Tangoy and Constitution.”

The same region of the country was hit with an 8.8-magnitude earthquake in February 2010, killing hundreds of people.

Chile is on the so-called “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines circling the Pacific Basic that is prone to frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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Volcanic Activity

Russian Volcano Spews Ash to 9,500 Meters

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009

© Photo NASA/JSC

07:16 17/04/2012
PETROPAVLOVSK KAMCHATSKY, April 17 (RIA Novosti)

Russia’s northernmost active volcano is churning out ash to a height of 9,500 meters (over 31,000 feet) in the country’s Far East, local scientists reported on Tuesday.

The 3,283-meter (10,771-foot) Shiveluch volcano increased activity in May 2009 and has been periodically spewing ash from three to ten kilometers.

“A powerful eruption of ashes took place 05.59 a.m. local time [17:59 GMT on Monday], a source at the Far Eastern Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said.

The official said the column of ashes could be clearly seen from a distance of 40 kilometers spreading to the east.

“It is the most powerful eruption this year,” the expert said.

According to scientists, the volcanic activity over the past two-three years has significantly altered the contour of the volcano with the crater increasing in size by 50% and the slopes becoming far steeper than before.

Although the current eruption poses no immediate threat to nearby settlements, the ensuing ash fallouts could be hazardous to health and the environment.

The clouds of volcanic ash could also pose threat to air traffic because the tiny particles cause problems with aircraft engine turbines.

So far, local authorities issued no warnings to air traffic in the area.

There are more than 150 volcanoes on Kamchatka, 29 of them active.

Sangay volcano (Ecuador), activity update: growing lava dome, lava flows and ash explosions

Tuesday Apr 17, 2012 02:30 AM
BY: T
View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

View of the upper SE flank of Sangay volcano and thermal image showing the various vents at the dome emitting lava flows that form several branches and reach the base of the summit cone (Photo: P. Ramón OVT/IG)

During an overflight on 13 April, an explosion from Sangay volcano was observed at 08:25 local time. It generated an ash and steam column of 2 km above the summit crater.
A new vent was detected, both on visible and thermal images, located next to the active dome on the SE flank (Ñuñurqu). The activity in this area has intensified since October, when the last aerial survey had taken place.
Extensive lava flows are descending on the SE flank of the dome and reaching the base of the cone.
Strong fumarolic activity was seen on the SE flank of the dome and on the S flank of the central crater.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

  Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  Today Volcano Activity Ecuador Northern Volcanic Zone , [Sangay Volcano] Damage level Details
  Today Epidemic Hazard USA State of Connecticut, Rocky Hill [Connecticut State Veterans Home] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident Zimbabwe Masvingo Province, [Masvingo-Beitbridge road] Damage level Details
2 17.04.2012 Vehicle Incident United Kingdom England (The English Channel), [About 20 miles south of the Isle of Wight] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Enviroment Pollution Nigeria State of River, [Obite Gas production facilities – Total] Damage level Details
  16.04.2012 Vehicle Accident India State of Assam, [Golaghat District] Damage level Details
1 17.04.2012 Volcano Activity Mexico State of Puebla, [Popocatepetl Volcano] Damage level

Gale Warning

CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT, WA
MARQUETTE MI
CHICAGO IL
GAYLORD MI
DETROIT/PONTIAC MI

Freeze Warning

 GREEN BAY WI
LA CROSSE WI
 GRAND RAPIDS MI

**********************************************************************************************

Flooding

Flash Flood Watch

 NEW ORLEANS LA
 LAKE CHARLES LA

Flood Warning

EASTERN NORTH DAKOTA/GRAND FORKS ND
ST LOUIS MO
LAKE CHARLES LA
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
 LITTLE ROCK AR
SHREVEPORT LA
DES MOINES IA

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Solar Activity

LYRID METEOR SHOWER:

Earth is approaching the debris field of ancient Comet Thatcher, source of the annual Lyrid meteor shower. Forecasters expect the shower to peak on April 21-22; a nearly-new moon on those dates will provide perfect dark-sky conditions for meteor watching. Usually the shower is mild (10-20 meteors per hour) but unmapped filaments of dust in the comet’s tail sometimes trigger outbursts 10 times stronger. [video] [Lyrid chat]

SPECTACULAR EXPLOSION (UPDATED): Magnetic fields on the sun’s northeastern limb erupted around 17:45 UT on April 16th, producing one of the most visually-spectacular explosions in years. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the blast at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths:

The explosion, which registered M1.7 on the Richter Scale of solar flares, was not Earth-directed, but it did hurl a CME into space. Analysts at the Goddard Space Weather have analyzed the trajectory of the cloud and found that it will hit NASA’s STEREO-B spacecraft, the Spitzer space telescope, and the rover Curiosity en route to Mars. Planets Venus and Mars could also receive a glancing blow.

This event confirms suspicions that an active region of significance is rotating onto the Earth-facing side of the sun. Stay tuned for updates

Solar wind
speed: 310.3 km/sec
density: 0.4 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 0206 UT

X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C8 1800 UT Apr16
24-hr: M1 1745 UT Apr16
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2359 UT

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Space

Flat Pancake-Shaped Galaxy Harbors Three Black Holes

MessageToEagle.com – Universe is still a big mystery. The bright galaxy NGC 3621 is the so-called “flat galaxy” which appears to be just a classical spiral. But it is rather unusual astronomical object

Bulgeless and therefore described as a pure-disc galaxy, NGC 3621 lies far beyond the local group of galaxies, some 22 million light-years away in the constellation of Hydra (The Sea Snake). The winding spiral arms of this gorgeous island universe are loaded with luminous young star clusters and dark dust lanes.

It is comparatively bright and can be seen well in moderate-sized telescopes.

NGC 3621 is flat and pancake-shaped.Apparently, it hasn’t yet experienced a galactic collision with another galaxy.Merging with other galaxy would have disturbed the thin disc of stars.Over time, this should create a bulge in the galaxy’s center.

This galaxy is of further interest to astronomers because its relative proximity allows them to study a wide range of astronomical objects within it, and use some of its brighter stars as standard candles to establish important estimates of extragalactic distances and the scale of the Universe.

Previously, astronomers thought, that bulgeless galaxies should not be able to host an Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). And yet, several observations of AGN in bulgeless galaxies currently indicate that a classical bulge is not a requirement for a nuclear black hole.

Today, they know much more about NGC 3621 and other flat galaxies.

NGC 3621 – is a galaxy full of surprises. It is bulgeless but has three central black holes. Credits: ESO

Read Full Article Here       

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Articles of Interest

Underground water in eastern Shasta County mysteriously disappears

Some believe quakes causing lowered levels

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.<br /><br />

Photo by Andreas Fuhrmann

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

Stephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.<br /><br /> Photo by Andreas FuhrmannStephen Wolf of Cassel is a former United States Geological Survey worker who has a theory about why wells are running dry in eastern Shasta County.

Stephen Wolf thinks something strange is happening underground in eastern Shasta County and it is draining water wells and maybe even causing sinkholes and subsiding pavement.

A retired marine geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, Wolf said he has seen what is happening in eastern Shasta County before. After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, water well levels in the area of the quake fell significantly, he said.

Following the 6.9 magnitude quake in the Santa Cruz Mountains, Wolf wrote a paper for the USGS about the effects the quake had on surface and groundwater.

“The correlation is there. The behavior is identical,” said Wolf, who has lived in the tiny eastern Shasta County community of Cassel since 2001.

Back in October, 131 earthquakes hit the Lassen Peak area. Most were less than 2.0 in magnitude. But since then the water table has fallen significantly, Wolf said.

Pete Amos said his pump had been submerged 40 feet the entire 24 years he has lived in Cassel. But a couple months ago he ran out of water. When the pump company measured his water level, it had fallen to 54 feet, he said.

“We’ve never had a water problem before. We never thought about the water table going down,” Amos said.

Terry Briggs, who owns Gallagher Pump in Fall River Mills, said what is going on in Cassel is unusual. He said the drop in the water table in eastern Shasta County is the most dramatic he has seen in the past 10 to 15 years.

“It always moves up and down a little bit, but this was way more,” Briggs said.

Since January, he has had to help homeowners whose water tables have dropped below their pumps.

Briggs said he isn’t sure why the water level is dropping. Seismic activity may be affecting wells. Rainfall levels also affect the water level, he said. And Cassel, like the rest of the north state, went through a dry winter.

Wolf said the seismic activity further fractures the rocky, volcanic soil, allowing the water to flow deeper into the Earth.

Every time a small quake rattles the area around Lassen Peak, his toilet fills with dirty, silted water, he said. That is the silt that is broken loose from the volcanic soil underground, he said.

Officials at the USGS said they are hesitant to draw a correlation between the quakes and the drop in the water level in Cassel.

Read Full Article Here

Incredible Images Show Giant Sinkhole In Sweden Keeps Expanding!

MessageToEagle.com – It looks like something taken straight from a horror movie. An enormous hole leading to hell, some would say. But this is not a movie.

This is a real and dangerous phenomenon. New shocking images clearly show the enormous pit in Sweden is expanding.

The 200 foot wide open pit is called the “Fabiangropen” (Fabian pit) and is in the Malmberget area is located at Gällivare, 75km from Kiruna, Sweden.

As you can see on the map, it is in the northern regions of Sweden.

Due to presence of many orebodies, mining at Malmberget is conducted at different levels at 600m, 815m and 1,000m.

According to the locals sometimes the tremor around here can last up to 45 minutes!

The enormous sinkhole at Malmberget is expanding. This is an image showing the giant pit from above.

Read Full Article Here

Total shuts down Nigerian gas plant after leak

Reuters 

ABUJA (Reuters) – French oil major Total has shut down a gas plant in Nigeria’s onshore Niger Delta, following a leak caused by a technical incident, the company said in a statement.

The leak occurred on a block that also contains crude oil in Rivers state, one of the three states that make up the Niger Delta, a vast wetlands region veined with hundreds of kilometres of labyrinthine creeks and waterways.

“On April 3rd, Total E&P Nigeria Limited (TEPNG) was alerted about some water and gas resurgence points, observed in an uninhabited area close to its onshore Obite gas production facilities, on the OML 58 license,” a statement on the company’s website said.

Read Full Article Here

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[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes ‘FAIR USE’ of any such copyrighted material.]

Earthquakes

EMSC     Poland
Apr 15 23:44 PM
3.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 23:30 PM
2.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 22:58 PM
2.9     19.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 22:27 PM
4.4     30.7     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 22:27 PM
4.4     31.0     MAP

EMSC     Greece
Apr 15 22:00 PM
3.0     10.0     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 15 21:41 PM
2.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Dodecanese Islands, Greece
Apr 15 21:26 PM
3.0     8.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 20:26 PM
3.3     53.8     MAP

GEOFON     Banda Sea
Apr 15 19:59 PM
4.3     244.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 15 19:45 PM
3.7     78.4     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 19:16 PM
3.4     95.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 15 19:11 PM
2.5     76.0     MAP

GEOFON     Santa Cruz Islands
Apr 15 19:10 PM
4.5     46.0     MAP

EMSC     Java, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.7     67.0     MAP

USGS     Sunda Strait, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.5     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Java, Indonesia
Apr 15 18:22 PM
4.6     58.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 15 18:08 PM
3.0     5.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 16:57 PM
2.6     112.1     MAP

USGS     Island Of Hawaii, Hawaii
Apr 15 16:52 PM
2.7     2.7     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 16:49 PM
2.7     104.7     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.2     55.0     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.4     41.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 16:35 PM
4.5     43.1     MAP

EMSC     Lebanon – Syria Region
Apr 15 15:43 PM
3.0     0.0     MAP

EMSC     Strait Of Gibraltar
Apr 15 15:06 PM
3.0     40.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 14:29 PM
4.5     65.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 14:29 PM
4.5     65.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 13:57 PM
5.1     30.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 13:57 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 13:57 PM
4.9     10.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.5     14.7     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 12:30 PM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.2     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 12:15 PM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Southern Alaska
Apr 15 11:37 AM
2.5     15.6     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 11:05 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 10:44 AM
2.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.7     30.7     MAP

GEOFON     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.6     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Near East Coast Of Honshu, Japan
Apr 15 10:36 AM
4.7     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Turkey
Apr 15 10:30 AM
3.3     6.0     MAP

EMSC     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 10:20 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 10:20 AM
4.5     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 09:51 AM
4.8     10.0     MAP

USGS     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 09:50 AM
4.9     14.4     MAP

GEOFON     North Indian Ocean
Apr 15 09:50 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-syria Border Region
Apr 15 09:46 AM
2.5     6.0     MAP

GEOFON     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.2     168.0     MAP

USGS     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.5     182.0     MAP

EMSC     Flores Region, Indonesia
Apr 15 09:33 AM
4.5     182.0     MAP

EMSC     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.5     44.0     MAP

USGS     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.3     52.9     MAP

GEOFON     Seram, Indonesia
Apr 15 08:14 AM
4.4     27.0     MAP

EMSC     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.5     49.0     MAP

GEOFON     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.5     39.0     MAP

USGS     Hokkaido, Japan Region
Apr 15 08:05 AM
4.4     45.5     MAP

USGS     Central California
Apr 15 07:10 AM
2.8     8.9     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 06:08 AM
3.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     15.2     MAP     

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra     
Apr 15 05:57 AM     
6.2     10.0     MAP     

GEOFON     Mexico-guatemala Border Region
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Tabasco, Mexico
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.6     19.1     MAP

EMSC     Tabasco, Mexico
Apr 15 05:32 AM
4.4     15.0     MAP

EMSC     Romania
Apr 15 04:54 AM
2.6     2.0     MAP

EMSC     Southern Greece
Apr 15 04:45 AM
3.6     60.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 04:28 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

USGS     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
4.8     13.5     MAP

GEOFON     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Apr 15 04:06 AM
5.0     10.0     MAP

USGS     Kodiak Island Region, Alaska
Apr 15 04:04 AM
3.0     110.5     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 03:21 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

GEOFON     Tajikistan
Apr 15 02:57 AM
4.4     146.0     MAP

EMSC     Tajikistan
Apr 15 02:57 AM
4.3     148.0     MAP

EMSC     Eastern Kazakhstan
Apr 15 02:56 AM
3.4     2.0     MAP

GEOFON     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:49 AM
4.2     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:48 AM
4.4     10.0     MAP

USGS     Northern East Pacific Rise
Apr 15 02:48 AM
4.4     9.9     MAP

GEONET     Canterbury
Apr 15 02:46 AM
2.8     5.0     MAP

GEOFON     Off West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.5     10.0     MAP

EMSC     Off W Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.5     5.0     MAP

USGS     Off The West Coast Of Northern Sumatra
Apr 15 02:44 AM
4.3     11.0     MAP

EMSC     Western Turkey
Apr 15 02:35 AM
2.5     5.0     MAP

EMSC     Turkey-iran Border Region
Apr 15 02:29 AM
2.9     2.0     MAP

USGS     Central Alaska
Apr 15 02:22 AM
3.0     91.9     MAP

EMSC     Aegean Sea
Apr 15 02:05 AM
3.5     10.0     MAP

USGS     Puerto Rico Region
Apr 15 00:59 AM
3.3     89.3     MAP

Energy and Earthquakes: A Whole Lot of Shaking Going On

In recent years oil and gas production has been on the rise in the United States. So have minor earth shakes. Is there a link?

A new study (PDF) by the U.S. Geological Survey fingers increased energy production in the midcontinental United States1 for the recent uptick in magnitude3 or higher2 earthquakes.

Earthquakes of Magnitude 3 or Greater Way Up in Recent Years

Just how much has seismicity increased? Here are the numbers of earthquakes of magnitude 3 or greater over the past few decades:

1970-2000:   21 3
2001-2008:   29 3
2009:   50
2010:   87
2011: 134

Considered “minor,” magnitude 3 quakes are rarely strong enough to do damage but typically large enough to be felt.

Interestingly, over the same period that the number of these types of quakes has been rising, the United States has seen a rather sizable increase in the extraction of oil and gas.

So is oil and gas production causing the uptick in the country’s shaking? Could it be that the increase in earthquakes is specifically tied to the growing practice of using hydraulic fracturing (fracking) to release oil and gas from shale and other tight formations? And what about the high-pressure injection of wastewater from the production into geologic formations at a mile or more beneath the Earth’s surface?

Read Full Article Here

Is the Recent Increase in Felt Earthquakes in the Central US Natural or Manmade?


By David J. Hayes, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of the Interior

Last week, following the publication of an abstract intended to preview an upcoming talk by a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist, a number of news articles started popping up about new scientific evidence of a link between unconventional oil and gas production here in the United States, and seismic activity (earthquakes).

Unfortunately – although not surprisingly given the limited information available in the abstract – the accuracy of these media reports varied greatly. With this blog post, I want to clarify a few points about USGS’s important and ongoing work to study induced seismicity.

Science will continue to play a critical role as the Obama administration moves forward with an all-of-the-above strategy for American energy. USGS’s contributions to this effort, including scientist Bill Ellsworth’s work on the correlation between wastewater injection sites and seismicity, represent an important part of the overall dialogue about how we can continue to expand domestic oil and gas production safely and responsibly.

Read Full Article Here

Strong quake hits west Indonesia, no tsunami

April 15, 2012 11:13 GMT

BANDA ACEH, Indonesia (AP) — Officials say a strong earthquake measuring magnitude 6.2 has struck off the coast of western Indonesia but there is no danger of a tsunami.

The U.S. Geological Survey says Sunday’s quake was centered about 400 miles (650 kilometers) southwest of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province, at a depth of 9 miles (15 kilometers).

Indonesian meteorological official Suharjono says there is no threat of a tsunami. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

Two powerful quakes measuring magnitude 8.6 and 8.2 triggered a tsunami watch on Wednesday in more than two dozen nations and island territories, from Australia and India to as far off as Africa.


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Volcanic Activity

Increased Activity Reported For Two Volcanoes  in Costa Rica


Rincón de la Vieja Rumbles

Thursday last the Turrialba sent experts scurrying to analyse the recent activity at the colossus souteast of San José. On Saturday, however, the Volcán Rincón de la Vieja, decided on a rumble of its own.

It was around 2pm when residents heard the rumbles from the volanco located north of San José in the province of Guanacaste.

Maria Martinez, volcanologist from the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (OVSICORI), explained that the phreatic eruption occurred i the lake and spewed water and sediment over the outer edge on the north side of the volcano.

Authorities recommend not to approach the area and do not rule a new explosion.

The entrance to the national park is closed.

Both OVSICORI as the National Emergency Commission (CNE) will continue to closely monitor the volcano.

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Extreme Temperatures/ Weather

Drought in England could last beyond Christmas – agency

LONDON (Reuters) – A drought affecting parts of England could last until after Christmas, Britain’s environment agency warned on Monday, as rain over the spring and summer is unlikely to replenish low water levels.

In a country more usually associated with damp and drizzle, drought has been declared in seventeen counties in England’s southeast and central regions, after two dry winters left rivers and ground waters depleted.

Although public water supplies in these areas are unlikely to be affected, the lack of rain is taking its toll on the environment and farmers, causing problems for wildlife, wetlands and crop production, the agency said in a statement.

“A longer term drought, lasting until Christmas and perhaps beyond, now looks more likely and we are working with businesses, farmers and water companies to plan ahead to meet the challenges of a continued drought,” said Trevor Bishop, head of water resources at the Environment Agency.

Bishop urged the British public to conserve water supplies.

Images of umbrella-touting spectators at the often sodden summer tennis championship Wimbledon have reinforced Britain’s image as a rainy country.

In fact, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and other European countries have higher average annual rainfall than Britain.

Read Full Article Here

 Short Time Event(s)
Upd. Date (UTC) Event Country Location Level Details
  15.04.2012 Extreme Weather Iran Capital city, Tehran Damage level Details
 
  15.04.2012 Landslide Vietnam Province of Thai Nguyen, [Phan Me Mine] Damage level Details
  15.04.2012 Hailstorm Serbia District of Rasina, Trstenik Damage level Details
 
  15.04.2012 Complex Emergency USA State of Iowa, Des Moines Damage level Details
1 16.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Oklahoma , [Oklahoma-wide] Damage level Details
1 15.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Kansas, [Russel region] Damage level Details
1 15.04.2012 Tornado USA State of Iowa, [Iowa-wide] Damage level Details

Severe Thunderstorm Warning

CORPUS CHRISTI TX

Flood Warning

 LITTLE ROCK AR
TOPEKA KS

QUAD CITIES IA IL
LAKE CHARLES LA
NEW ORLEANS BATON ROUGE LA
SHREVEPORT LA
SPRINGFIELD MO
KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO
ST LOUIS MO
OMAHA/VALLEY NE

Flash Flood Warning

CORPUS CHRISTI TX

High Wind Warning

SIOUX FALLS SD
ABERDEEN SD

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Storms

Midwest tornadoes: authorities say 5 dead in Okla.

By ROCHELLE HINES, Associated Press

Sunday, April 15, 2012

(04-15) 02:00 PDT Oklahoma City (AP) —

Tornadoes reported across the Midwest and Plains on Saturday and early Sunday left five people dead in Oklahoma and damaged houses, a hospital, a jail, an Air Force base and other buildings around the region, officials said.

Oklahoma authorities said five people died early Sunday after a tornado hit in and around the northwest Oklahoma town of Woodward. Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management spokeswoman Keli Cain said the state medical examiner’s office confirmed the fatalities in the Woodward area. She didn’t know the gender or age of the victims or details of their deaths.

Tornadoes Leave Significant Damage in Plains

by weather.com

A large tornado captured in Woodward, Oklahoma Saturday night. More severe storms are expected to continue through Sunday.

(Track storms here)

Updated: April 15, 2012 at 9:30 p.m. E/T
Fast Facts

  • 5 confirmed fatalities in Woodward, Oklahoma; 29 people were injured in the town and the tornado was rated a preliminary EF3 by the National Weather Service
  • Thousands without power in Oklahoma and Kansas
  • 75 percent of Thurman, Iowa destroyed; tornado that touched down was rated EF2 (wind speeds of up to 130 mph) with a path length of about 10 miles
  • Tornado that hit Wichita, KS area rated a preliminary EF3, with some of the strongest damage observed at McConnell AFB
  • Ottawa/Dickinson Counties: Preliminary EF1 tornado with winds of up to 100 mph
  • Red Cross is focusing food and shelter efforts to impacted areas in Kansas, Iowa and Oklahoma. For shelter locations go to RedCross.org.

NWS Wichita: Prelim. EF4 near Kanopolis Lake, KS. A farmstead was decimated, trees stripped of bark, roads scoured.

Thurman , IA EF1/ EF2 damage. Only minor injuries with 6 minute warning. tout.com/m/3yakxs

Preliminary damage estimate in Sedgwick County/Wichita is $283 million. Will this end up being our second billion dollar disaster of 2012?

Read Full Report Here

Latest from Woodward, Oklahoma

April 15, 2012 9:30pm

Meteorologist Eric Fisher in Woodward, Oklahoma. Out of Saturday’s 120+ tornado reports this was the only deadly tornado. Meteorologist Eric Fisher walks through some of the devastation that left homes and lives in shambles.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

Neighbors help neighbors recover

April 15, 2012 8:15pm

Storm Tracker Jim Cantore is in Thurman, Iowa. Officials say 75 percent of this small town of about 250 people was destroyed by a possible tornado. Cantore talks about the volunteer response to the disaster.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

Five dead in Oklahoma storms

April 15, 2012

Keli Cain with the Oklahoma Dept. of Emergency Management says five people have been killed in Oklahoma and many more are injured. Severe weather, including tornadoes, rolled through the state Saturday and early Sunday.

http://c.brightcove.com/services/viewer/federated_f9?isVid=1&isUI=1

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Radiation

Fuel Pool 35 Miles from Major American City –

which Is Highly Vulnerable to Earthquakes –

Contains More Radioactive Cesium than Released By Fukushima, Chernobyl and All Nuclear Bomb Tests COMBINED

Radioactive Fuel Fires: Not Just a Japanese Problem

The spent fuel pools at Fukushima are currently the top short-term threat to humanity.

But fuel pools in the United States store an average of ten times more radioactive fuel than stored at Fukushima, have virtually no safety features, and are vulnerable to accidents and terrorist attacks.

If the water drains out for any reason, it will cause a fire in the fuel rods, as the zirconium metal jacket on the outside of the fuel rods could very well catch fire within hours or days after being exposed to air. See this, this, this and this. (Even a large solar flare could knock out the water-circulation systems for the pools.)

The pools are also filling up fast, according to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission:

fig044 Fuel Pool 35 Miles from Major American City   which Is Highly Vulnerable to Earthquakes   Contains More Radioactive Cesium than Released By Fukushima, Chernobyl and All Nuclear Bomb Tests COMBINED

The New York Times notes that squeezing more rods into pools may increase the risk of fire:

The reactor operators have squeezed spent fuel more tightly into the pools, raising the heat load and, according to some analyses, raising the risk of fire if the pools were ever drained.

Read Full Article Here

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Climate Change

Forget global warming: Scientists discover glaciers in Asian mountain range are actually getting BIGGER

By Ian Garland

Photos taken by a French satellite show glaciers in a mountain range west of the Himalayas have grown during the last decade.

The growing glaciers were found in the Karakoram range, which spans the borders between Pakistan, India and China and is home to the world’s second highest peak, K2.

The startling find has baffled scientists and comes at a time when glaciers in other parts of the region, and across the world, are shrinking.

Global cooling? Glaciers are growing in the Karakoram range, home to K2Global cooling? Glaciers are growing in the Karakoram range, home to K2

French scientists from the National Centre for Scientific Research and the University of Grenoble, were forced to rely on satellite images, to study the region – because much of the Karakoram range is inaccessible.

They compared observations made in 1999 and 2008 and found a marginal mass increase.

They estimated the glaciers had gained between 0.11 and 0.22 metres of ice each year

Read Full Article Here

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Solar Activity

2MIN News Apr15: Tornados, Earthquakes, Solar/Planetary Update

Solar X-rays:Geomagnetic Field: >

Status
Status

From n3kl.org

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 Wildlife

Loss of predators affecting ecosystem health

by Staff Writers
Corvallis, OR (SPX)


In Idaho and Montana, hundreds of wolves are now being killed in an attempt to reduce ranching conflicts and increase game herd levels.

A survey on the loss in the Northern Hemisphere of large predators, particularly wolves, concludes that current populations of moose, deer, and other large herbivores far exceed their historic levels and are contributing to disrupted ecosystems. The research, published by scientists from Oregon State University, examined 42 studies done over the past 50 years.

It found that the loss of major predators in forest ecosystems has allowed game animal populations to greatly increase, crippling the growth of young trees and reducing biodiversity. This also contributes to deforestation and results in less carbon sequestration, a potential concern with climate change.

“These issues do not just affect the United States and a few national parks,” said William Ripple, an OSU professor of forestry and lead author of the study. “The data from Canada, Alaska, the Yukon, Northern Europe and Asia are all showing similar results. There’s consistent evidence that large predators help keep populations of large herbivores in check, with positive effects on ecosystem health.”

Densities of large mammalian herbivores were six times greater in areas without wolves, compared to those in which wolves were present, the researchers concluded. They also found that combinations of predators, such as wolves and bears, can create an important synergy for moderating the size of large herbivore populations.

“Wolves can provide food that bears scavenge, helping to maintain a healthy bear population,” said Robert Beschta, a professor emeritus at OSU and co-author of the study. “The bears then often prey on young moose, deer or elk – in Yellowstone more young elk calves are killed by bears than by wolves, coyotes and cougars combined.”

In Europe, the coexistence of wolves with lynx also resulted in lower deer densities than when wolves existed alone.

In recent years, OSU researchers have helped lead efforts to understand how major predators help to reduce herbivore population levels, improve ecosystem function and even change how herbivores behave when they feel threatened by predation – an important aspect they call the “ecology of fear.”

“In systems where large predators remain, they appear to have a major role in sustaining the diversity and productivity of native plant communities, thus maintaining healthy ecosystems,” said Beschta. “When the role of major predators is more fully appreciated, it may allow managers to reconsider some of their assumptions about the management of wildlife.”

In Idaho and Montana, hundreds of wolves are now being killed in an attempt to reduce ranching conflicts and increase game herd levels.

The new analysis makes clear that the potential beneficial ecosystem effects of large predators is far more pervasive, over much larger areas, than has often been appreciated.

It points out how large predators can help maintain native plant communities by keeping large herbivore densities in check, allow small trees to survive and grow, reduce stream bank erosion, and contribute to the health of forests, streams, fisheries and other wildlife.

It also concludes that human hunting, due to its limited duration and impact, is not effective in preventing hyper-abundant densities of large herbivores. This is partly “because hunting by humans is often not functionally equivalent to predation by large, wide-ranging carnivores such as wolves,” the researchers wrote in their report.

“More studies are necessary to understand how many wolves are needed in managed ecosystems,” Ripple said. “It is likely that wolves need to be maintained at sufficient densities before we see their resulting effects on ecosystems.”

“The preservation or recovery of large predators may represent an important conservation need for helping to maintain the resiliency of northern forest ecosystems,” the researchers concluded, “especially in the face of a rapidly changing climate.”

The research was published online in the European Journal of Wildlife Research, a professional journal.

Related Links
Oregon State University
Darwin Today At TerraDaily.com

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Articles of Interest

Fungus threat escalates for food, wildlife: scientists

by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) April 11, 2012

Species of fungus, driven by trade, travel and climate change, pose a mounting threat to food supplies and biodiversity, scientists said on Wednesday.

Widely unknown to the general public, seven fungal epidemics are under way, striking bees, bats, frogs, soft corals and sea turtles as well as rice and wheat, they said.

Human health and livelihoods are at stake, for fungus costs $60 billion a year in losses to corn, wheat and rice alone, according to their assessment, published by the science journal Nature.

“In both animals and plants, an unprecedented number of fungal and fungal-like species have recently caused some of the most severe die-offs and extinctions ever witnessed in wild species, and are jeopardising food security,” it warned.

The paper said a lethal skin fungus called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, discovered in 1997, has infected 500 species of frogs and toads in 54 countries, on all continents where amphibians are found.

Some areas of Central America have lost more than 40 percent of their amphibian species.

Bats in North America and Canada are being decimated by “white nose syndrome,” a pathogen called Geomyces destructans, which causes a white fungal patch to grow on their muzzles. The fungus is believed to have a natural home in cave soil.

Species of the Microsporidia family of fungus are being blamed in part for for so-called colony collapse disorder among honeybees.

In tropical climates, the fungus Fusarium solani is causing eggs laid by the loggerhead turtle to fail to hatch, while a soft coral, the sea fan, is in decline, its immune system depressed by a soil fungus.

A pathogen called Magnaporthe oryzae, causing a disease called rice blast, has led to losses of 10-35 percent in the rice harvest in 85 countries.

Another fast-emerging concern for farmers is wheat rust, caused by Puccinia graminis. A strain called Ug99 can cause 100-percent crop loss, helped by farmers’ over-dependence on a single wheat type.

Fungal destruction of these crops, and also of corn, potatoes and soybeans, currently amounts to 125 million tonnes a year, according to the study. Tackling this problem would be enough to feed one in 12 of the world’s population.

Fungus is spread by tough, virulent and long-living spores that can be borne by wind or water.

But human intervention, through trade, transport and global warming, is accelerating its spread, the study said.

For instance, the amphibian fungus B. dendrobatidis has gained a foothold in some ecoystems by the introduction of the North American bullfrog, which is resistant to the disease.

In the mid-19th century, a fungus called Phytophthora infestans triggered a catastrophic disease in potatoes known as late blight, causing millions of deaths from famine and an exodus to America.

The fungus originated in the Andes but hitched a ride in tubers to Mexico, and from there to the United States and finally to Ireland, according one theory.

“Crop losses due to fungal attack challenge food security and threaten biodiversity, yet we are woefully inadequate at controlling their emergence and proliferation,” said Sarah Gurr, a professor of molecular plant pathology at Oxford University.

Addressing fungal epidemics starts at the bottom, with better understanding of how the pathogen interacts with hosts and the environment. In terms of action, “effective prevention and timely control” are best, as these stop an early outbreak in its tracks, according to the study.

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